Cordwainer street ward
Cordwainer street warde.
The next is Cordwainer street warde, taking that name of
Cordwainers, or Shoemakers, Curriars, and workers of Leather
dwelling there: for it appeareth in the records of H. the 6.
the ninth of his raigne, that an order was taken then for Cordwainers and Curriars in Corney streete, and Sopars lane.
Budge Row; Wathling streete.
This warde beginneth in the East on the west side of Walbrooke, and runneth west through Budge Row (a street so
called of Budge Furre, and of Skinners dwelling there), then
vp by S.Anthonies Church through Aetheling (or Noble street)
as Leyland termeth it, commonly called Wathling streete, to the
red Lion, a place so called of a great Lion of Timber placed
there at a Gate, entring a large Court, wherein are diuerse
fayre and large shoppes well furnished with broade cloathes,
and other draperies of all sorts to be solde, and this is the
farthest West part of this ward.
Turnbase lane.; Corwainer streete.; Hosiar lane in Cordwainer streete; Bassing lane.
On the South side of this streete from Budge Row, lieth
a lane turning downe by the west gate of the Tower Royall,
and to the south ende of the stone Wall beyond the said gate,
is of this ward, and is accounted a part of the Royall streete:
agaynst this west gate of the Tower Royall, is one other lane,
that runneth west to Cordwainer streete, and this is called
Turnebase lane: on the south side wherof is a peece of
Wringwren lane, to the Northwest corner of Saint Thomas
Church the Apostle. Then againe out of the high streete
called Wathling, is one other streete which runneth thwart the
same, and this is Cordwainer streete, whereof the whole warde
taketh name: this streete beginneth by West Cheape, and
Saint Marie Bow church is the head thereof on the west side,
and it runneth downe south through that part which of later
time was called Hosier lane, now Bow lane, and then by the
west end of Aldmary Church, to the new builded houses, in
place of Ormond house, and so to Garlicke hill, or hith, to
Saint Iames Church. The vpper part of this street towards
Cheape was called Hosiar lane of hosiars dwelling there in
place of Shoomakers: but now those hosiers being worne out
by men of other trades (as the Hosiars had worne out the
Shoomakers) the same is called Bow lane of Bow Church.
On the west side of Cordewainers street is Basing lane, right
ouer against Turne basse lane. This Basing lane west to the
backe gate of the red Lion, in Wathling streete, is of this
Cordwainers street warde.
S. Sythes lane.; Needlars lane.; Sopars lane.; Gray sope made in London dearer then bought from Bristow.; Goose lane.
Now againe on the north side of the high street in Budge
row, by the East end of S. Anthonies church, haue ye
S. Sithes lane, so called of S. Sithes Church, (which standeth
against the North end of that lane) and this is wholy of
Cordwainers streete ward: also the south side of Needlers
lane, which reacheth from the north end of Saint Sithes lane,
west to Sopers lane, then west from saint Anthonies Church
is the south ende of Sopars lane, which lane tooke that name,
not of Sope-making, as some haue supposed, but of Alen le
Sopar, in the ninth of Edward the second. I haue not read
or heard of Sope making in this Cittie till within this fourescore yeares, that Iohn Lame dwelling in Grassestreete set
vp a boyling house: for this Citie, of former time, was serued
of white Sope in hard Cakes (called Castell sope, and other)
from beyond the seas, and of gray sope, speckeled with white,
verie sweete and good, from Bristow, solde here for a pennie
the pound, and neuer aboue pennie farthing, and blacke
sope for a halfe pennie the pounde. Then in Bowe Lane
(as they now call it) is Goose lane, by Bow Church, William
Essex Mercer had Tenements there in the 26. of Edward the
Then from the south end of Bow lane, vp Wathling streete,
till ouer against the red Lion: And these bee the bounds of
Cordwainer streete warde.
Parish church of S. Anthonie.
Touching Monuments therein, first you haue the fayre
parish Church of saint Anthonies in Budge row, on the north
side thereof. This Church was lately reedified by Thomas
Knowles Grocer, Major, and by Thomas Knowles his sonne,
both buried there, with Epitaphes: of the father thus,
Epitaph of Th. Knowles.
Here lieth grauen under this stone,
Thomas Knowles, both flesh and bone,
Grocer and Alderman yeares fortie,
Shiriffe, and twice Maior truly.
And for he should not lie alone,
Here lieth with him his good wife Ioan.
They were togither sixtie yeare,
And nineteene children they had in feere, &c.
Thomas Holland Mercer was there buried 1456. Thomas
Windout Mercer, Alderman, and Katherine his wife. Thomas
Hind Mercer, 1528. He was a benefactor to this church, to
Aldemarie Church, and to Bow. Hugh Acton Marchant tayler
buried 1520. He gaue 36. pound to the repayring of the
steeple of this Church: Simon Street Grocer lyeth in the
Church wall toward the south, his armes be three Colts, and
his Epitaph thus.
Symon Streete his Epitaph.
Such as I am, such shall you be,
Grocer of London sometime was I,
The kings wayer more then yeares twentie,
Simon Streete called in my place,
And good fellowship faine would trace,
Therefore in heaven, euerlasting life
Iesu send me, and Agnes my wife:
Kerlie Merlie, my wordes were tho,
And Deo gratias I coupled thereto,
I passed to God in the yeare of grace.
A thousand foure hundred it was, &c.
William Dauntsey Mercer, one of the Shiriffes, buried 1542.
Henrie Collet Mercer, Maior, a great benefactor to this Church,
the pictures of him, his wife, ten sonnes, and ten daughters
remaine in the glasse window on the North side of the
Church: but the sayde Henrie Collet was buryed at Stebunhith.
Henrie Halton Grocer, one of the Shiriffes, deceased 1415.
Thomas Spight Marchant Tayler 1533. and Roger Martin,
Mercer, Maior, deceased 1573. Iohn Grantham and Nicholas
Bull had Chanteries there.
Richard Chancer Father to Geffery Chaucer the poet, as may be supposed.
Next on the south side of Budge row by the west corner
thereof, and on the East side of Cordwainer streete, is one
other fayre Church called Aldemarie Church, because the
same was very old, and elder then any Church of saint Marie
in the Citie, till of late yeares the foundation of a verie faire
new Church was laid there by Henrie Keble Grocer, Maior,
who deceased 1518. and was there buried in a vault by him
prepared, with a faire monument raised ouer him on the
North side the Quier, now destroyed and gone: he gaue
by his testament 1000. pound towards the building vp of that
Church, and yet not permitted a resting place for his bones
there. Thomas Roman, Maior 1310. had a Chauntrie there.
Richard Chawcer Vintner gaue to that Church his tenement
and tauverne, with the appurtenance, in the Royall streete,
the corner of Kirion lane, and was there buried, 1348. Iohn
Briton, Raph Holland Draper, one of the Shiriffes, deceased
1452. William Taylor, Grocer, Maior deceased, 1483. He
discharged that ward of fifteenes to bee paide by the poore.
Thomas Hinde Mercer, buried in saint Anthonies, gaue ten
fodder of lead to the couering of the middle Isle of this
Aldemarie Church. Charles Blunt Lord Montioy was buried
there, about the yeare 1545. he made or glased the East
window, as appeareth by his Armes: his Epitaph made by
him in his life time, thus:
Willingly haue I sought, and willingly haue I found,
The fatall end that wrought thither as dutie bound:
Discharged I am of that I ought to my cuntry by honest
My soule departed Christ hath bought, the end of man is
Sir William Laxton Grocer, Maior, deceased 1556. and
Thomas Lodge Grocer, Maior, 1563. were buried in the Vault
of Henrie Keble, whose bones were vnkindly cast out, and
his monument pulled downe, in place where of monuments are
set vp of the later buried, William Blunt L. Mountioy, buried
there, 1594. &c.
New Mary church or S. Mary Bow in west Cheping. Li. Colchester.
At the vpper ende of Hosier Lane, towarde West Cheape,
is the fayre Parish Church of Saint Marie Bow. This Church
in the reigne of William Conquerour, being the first in this
Cittie builded on Arches of stone, was therefore called newe
Marie Church, of Saint Marie de Arcubus, or le Bow in West
Cheaping: As Stratford Bridge being the first, builded (by
Matilde the Queene, wife to Henrie the first) with Arches of
stone, was called Stratford le Bow, which names to the said
Church and Bridge remayneth till this day. The Court of
the Arches is kept in this Church, and taketh name of the
place, not the place of the Court, but of what antiquitie
or continuation that Court hath there continued I cannot
Roofe of Bow church ouerturned by tempest.
This Church is of Cordwayner streete Warde, and for diuerse
accidents happening there, hath beene made more famous
then any other Parish Church of the whole Cittie, or suburbs.
First we reade that in the yeare 1090. and the thirde of
William Rufus, by tempest of winde, the roofe of the Church
of saint Marie Bow in Cheape was ouerturned, wherewith
some persons were slaine, and foure of the Rafters of 26. foote
in length, with such violence were pitched in the ground of
the high streete, that scantly foure foote of them remayned
aboue ground, which were faine to be cut euen with the ground,
because they could not bee plucked out, (for the Citie of
London was not then paued, and a marish ground.)
Bow steeple fortified. A false accuser of his elder brother in the end was hanged.
In the yeare 1196. William Fitz Osbert, a seditious traitor,
tooke the Steeple of Bow, and fortified it with munitions and
victualles, but it was assaulted, and William with his complices were taken, though not without bloodshed, for hee was
forced by fire and smoke to forsake the Church, and then by
the Iudges condemned, he was by the heeles drawne to the
Elmes in Smithfield, and there hanged with nine of his
fellowes, where because his fauourers came not to deliuer him,
hee forsooke Maries sonne (as hee tearmed Christ our Sauiour)
and called vpon the Diuell to helpe and deliuer him. Such
was the ende of this deceyuer, a man of an euill life, a secrete
murtherer, a filthy fornicator, a polluter of concubines, and
(amongest other his detestable facts) a false accuser of his
elder brother, who had in his youth brought him vp in learning,
and done many things for his preferment.
Bow steeple fell downe.; Laurence Ducket hanged in Bow steeple.
In the yeare 1271. a great part of the steeple of Bow fell
downe, and slue many people men and women. In the yeare
1284. the thirteenth of Edward the first, Laurence Ducket Goldsmith, hauing grieuously wounded one Raph Crepin in west
Cheape, fled into Bowe Church, into the which in the night
time entered certaine euill persons, friendes vnto the sayd
Raph, and slue the sayd Laurence lying in the steeple, and
then hanged him vp, placing him so by the window, as if he
had hanged himselfe, and so was it found by inquisition: for
the which fact Laurence Ducket being drawne by the feete,
was buried in a ditch without the Citie: but shortly after by
relation of a boy, who lay with the said Laurence at the time
of his death, and had hid him there for feare, the truth of
the matter was disclosed, for the which cause, Iordan Goodcheape, Raph Crepin, Gilbert Clarke, and Geffrey Clarke,
were attainted, a certaine woman named Alice, that was
chiefe causer of the sayd mischiefe was burned, and to the
number of sixteene men were drawne and hanged besides
others, that being richer, after long imprisonment were hanged
by the purse.
Bow church interdicted.
The Church was interdicted, the doores and windowes were
stopped vp with thornes, but Laurence was taken vp, and
honestly buried in the Churchyard.
Bow Bell to be rung nightly at nine of the clocke.
The Parish church of S. Mary Bow by meane of incrochment and building of houses, wanting roome in their Churchyard for buriall of the dead, Iohn Rotham or Rodham Citizen
and Tayler, by his Testament dated the yeare 1465. gaue to
the Parson and Churchwardens a certaine Garden in Hosier
lane, to bee a Churchyarde which so continued near a hundred
yeares. But now is builded on, and is a priuate mans house.
The olde steeple of this Church was by little and little reedified,
and newe builded vp, at the least so much as was fallen
downe, many men giuing summes of money to the furtherance
thereof, so that at length, to wit, in the yeare 1469. it was
ordayned by a common counsaile, that the Bow bell should
bee nightly rung at nine of the clocke. Shortly after, Iohn
Donne Mercer, by his testament dated 1472. according to the
trust of Reginald Longdon, gaue to the Parson and churchwardens of saint Mary Bow, two tenements with the appurtenances, since made into one, in Hosiar lane, then so called, to
the maintenance of Bowe bell, the same to bee rung as
aforesaid, and other things to bee obserued, as by the will
This Bell being vsually rung somewhat late, as seemed
to the yong men Prentises and other in Cheape, they made
and set vp a ryme against the Clarke, as followeth.
Clarke of the Bow bell with the yellow lockes,
For thy late ringing thy head shall haue knockes.
Whereunto the Clarke replying, wrote.
Children of Cheape, hold you all still,
For you shall haue the Bow bell rung at your will.
Bow or Arches on Bow steeple.
Robert Harding Goldsmith, one of the Shiriffes 1478. gaue
to the new worke of that steeple fortie pound. Iohn Haw
Mercer ten pound, Doctor Allen foure pound, Thomas Baldry
foure pound, and other gaue other summes, so that the said
worke of the steeple was finished in the yeare 1512. The
Arches or Bowes thereupon, with the Lanthornes fiue in number, to wit, one at each corner, and one on the top in the
middle vpon the Arches, were also afterward finished of stone,
brought from Cane in Normandie, deliuered at the Customers
Key for 4.s. 8.d. the tun, William Copland Tayler, the Kings
Merchant, and Andrew Fuller Mercer, being Churchwardens
1515. and 1516. It is said that this Copland gaue the great
Bell, which made the fift in the ring, to be rung nightly at
nine of the clocke. This Bell was first rung as a knell at the
buriall of the same Copland. It appeareth that the Lanthornes
on the toppe of this Steeple, were meant to haue beene glased,
and lightes in them placed nightly in the Winter, whereby
trauellers to the Cittie might haue the better sight thereof, and
not to misse of their wayes.
Grammar schoole in Bow Church yard.; Vaults vnder Bow church.
In this parish also was a Grammar schoole by commaundement of king Henrie the sixt, which schoole was of
olde time kept in an house for that purpose prepared in the
Churchyard, but that schoole being decayed as others about
this Citie: the schoole house was let out for rent, in the raign
of Henric the eight, for 4. shillings the yeare, a Celler for two
shillings the yeare, and two vaults vnder the Church for fifteene
The monumentes in this church be these, vz. of Sir Iohn
Couentrie, Mercer, Mayor 1425. Richard Lambert Alderman,
Nicholas Alwine Mercer, Mayor 1499. Roberte Harding
Goldsmith one of the Shiriffes, 1478. Iohn Loke one of the
Shiriffes, 1461. Edwarde Bankes Alderman, Haberdasher,
1566. Iohn Warde, William Pierson Scriuener, and Atturney
in the common place. In a proper Chappell on the south
side the Church standeth a Tombe, eleuate and arched, Ade
de Buke Hatter glased the Chappell and most parte of the
Church, and was there buried: all other monumentes bee
defaced, Hawley and Sowtham had chauntries there.
A shed or standing for the king called crown silde.; Crounsilde.; K. Henry the eight came in the likenes of a yeoman of his guard, to the kings head in Cheape.
Without the North side of this church of Saint Mary Bow
towardes west Chepe standeth one fayre building of Stone,
called in record Seldam, a shed, which greatly darkeneth the
said church, for by meanes thereof all the windowes and dores
on that side are stopped vp. King Edward the third vpon
occasion as shal be shewed in the Warde of Cheape, caused
this sild or shed to be made and strongly to bee builded of
stone, for himselfe, the Queene, and other Estates to stand in,
there to beholde the Iustinges and other shewes at their
pleasures. And this house for a long time after serued to that
vse, namely, in the raigne of Edward the third and Richard
the second, but in the yeare 1410. Henry the fourth in the
twelfth of his raigne confirmed the saide shedde or building
to Stephen Spilman, William Marchford, and Iohn Whatele
Mercers, by the name of one new Seldam, shed or building,
with shoppes, sellers, and edifices whatsoeuer appertayning,
called Crounsilde, or Tamarsilde, situate in the Mercery in
West Cheape, and in the parrish of Saint Mary de Arcubus in
London, &c. Notwithstanding which graunte, the Kinges of
England, and other great Estates, as well of forreine Countries
repayring to this realme, 'as inhabitantes of the same, haue
vsually repayred to this place, therein to beholde the shewes
of this Citty, passing through West Cheape, namely, the great
watches accustomed in the night, on the euen of S. Iohn
Baptist, and Saint Peter at Midsommer, the examples whereof
were ouer long to recite, wherefore let it suffice brieflie to
touch one. In the yeare 1510. on Saint Iohns euen at night,
King Henry the eight came to this place then called the
Kinges head in Cheape, in the liuerie of a Yeoman of the
Garde, with an halberde on his shoulder (and there beholding
the watch) departed priuily, when the watch was done, and
was not known to any but to whome it pleased him, but on
S. Peters night next following, hee and the Queene came
royally riding to the said place, and there with their Nobles
beheld the watch of the cittie, and returned in the morning.
This church of S. Mary with the saide shedde of stone, al
the housing in or aboute Bow Church yearde, and without on
that side the high streete of Cheape to the Standarde bee
of Cordewainer streete warde. These houses were of olde time
but sheddes: for I read of no housing otherwise on that side
the street, but of diuers sheddes from Sopars lane to the
Standarde, &c. Amongst other I read of three shops or
sheddes by Sopars lane, pertayning to the priorie of the holy
Trinity within Aldgate: the one was let out for 28 s. one
other for 20s. and the third for xii.s. by the yeare: Moreouer
that Richard Goodchepe Mercer, and Margery his wife, sonne
to Iordaine Goodchepe, did let to Iohn Dalinges the yonger,
mercer, their shed and chamber in west Cheape, in the parrish
of S. Mary de Arches, for iii.s. iiii.d. by the yeare. Also the
men of Bredstreete ward contended with the men of Cordwayner
street ward, for a selde or shede, opposite to the standard on
the south side, and it was found to be of Cordwainer streete
ward, W. Waldorne being then Mayor, the I. of Henrie the 6.
Thus much for Cordwainer streete ward: which hath an
Alderman, his Deputie, common Counsellors 8. Constables, 8.
Scauengers 8. Wardmote inquest men 14. and a Beadle. It
standeth taxed to the fifteene in London at 52.li. 16.s. in the
Exchequer at 52. pound, 6.s.