Coleman street warde.
Next to Chepe Warde on the North side thereof is Colemanstreete Ward, and beginneth also in the East, on the
course of Walbrooke in Lothbury, and runneth west on the
South side to the end of Ironmongers lane, and on the North
side to the West corner of Bassinges hall streete. On the
South side of Lothbury is the streete called the old Iury, the
one half and better on both sides towardes Cheape is of this
Warde. On the north side lyeth Colemanstreete, whereof the
Ward taketh name, wholy on both sides North to London
wall, and from that north ende along by the Wall, and Moregate East to the course of Walbrook. And again from
Coleman streete west to the Iron grates: and these bee the
boundes of this Warde.
Lothbery.; The lewes Sinagogue.; Fratres de sacca or de penitentia.; Cole church street, or Olde lury.; Robert Fitzwalter his house.; The windmill Tauerne in the old Iurie.
Antiquities to be noted therein are these: First the streete
of Lothberie, Lathberie, or Loadberie (for by all these names
haue I read it) tooke the name (as it seemeth) of Berie, or
Court of olde time there kept, but by whom is growne out of
memorie. This streete is possessed for the most part by
Founders, that cast Candlestickes, Chafingdishes, Spice mortars, and such like Copper or Laton workes, and do afterwarde
turne them with the foot & not with the wheele, to make
them smooth and bright with turning and scrating (as some
do tearme it) making a loathsome noice to the by-passers,
that haue not been vsed to the like, and therefore by them
disdainedly (fn. 1) called Lothberie. On the south side of this street,
amongst the Founders, be some faire houses and large for
marchantes, namely, one that of old time was the Iews Sinagogue, which was defaced by the Cittizens of London, after
that they had slaine 700. Iewes, and spoyled the residue of
their goods in the yeare 1262. the 47. of Henry the third.
And not long after in the yeare 1291. King Edward the 1.
banished the remnant of the Iewes out of England, as is afore
shewed. The said sinagogue being so suppressed certaine
Fryers got possession thereof: For in the yeare 1257. (sayth
Mathew Paris) there were seene in London a new order of
Fryers, called de pænitentia Iesu, or Fratres de sacca, because
they were apparrelled in sackecloth, who had their house in
London, neare vnto Aldersgate without the gate, and had
licence of Henry the third, in the 54. of his raigne, to remoue
from thence to any other place: and in the 56. hee gaue vnto
them this Iewes Sinagogue: after which time Elianor the
Queene, wife to Edward the first, tooke into her protection
and warranted vnto the Prior, & brethren de Penitentia Iesu
Christi of London, the said land and building in Colechurch
street in the parish of S. Olaue in the Iury, and S.Margaret
in Lothbery by her graunted, with consent of Stephen de
Fulborne, vnder-Warden of the Bridge house, & other brethren of that house, for lx. marks of siluer, which they had
receiued of the said prior and brethren of repentance to the
building of the said bridge. This order of friers gathered
many good schollers, & multiplied in number exceedingly
vntill the counsell at Lyons, by the which it was decreede,
that from that time forth there should be no more orders of
begging friers be permitted, but onely the 4. orders, to wit,
the Dominicke or preachers, the Minorites or Gray Fryers, the
Carmelites or white Fryers, and the Augustines: and so from
that time the begging Fryers decreased, and fell to nothing.
Now it followed that in the yeare 1305. Robert Fitzwalter
requested and obtayned of the said king Edward the first,
that the same Fryers of the Sacke might assigne to the said
Robert their chappell or church, of olde time called the Synagogue of the Iewes, neare adioyning to the then mansion
place of the same Robert, which was in place where now
standeth the Grocers hall: and the saide Sinagogue was at
the north Corner of the old Iury. Robert Large Mercer,
Mayor in the yeare 1439. kept his Mayoralty in this house,
and dwelled there vntill his dying day. This house standeth
and is of two parrishes, as opening into Lothberie, of S. Margarets parrish, and opening into the Old Iury of S. Olaues
parrish. The said Robert Large gaue liberally to both these
parrishes, but was buried at S. Olaues. Hugh Clopton Mercer,
Mayor 1492. dwelled in this house, and kept his Mayoralty
there: it is now a Tauerne, and hath to signe a Windmill.
And thus much for this house, sometime the Iewes Synagogue, since a house of Fryers, then a Noble mans house,
after that a Marchauntes house, wherein Mayoralties haue
beene kept, and now a Wine Tauerne.
The olde Iury.; The Iewes brought from Rone by W. Duke of Normandy.
Then is the olde Iurie, a streete so called of Iewes sometime
dwelling there, and neare adioyning, in the parrishes of S.
Olaue, S. Michaell Bassings Hall, S. Martin Ironmonger lane,
S. Lawrence called the Iury, and so West to Wodstreete.
William Duke of Normandy first brought them from Rone,
to inhabite here.
W. Rufus fauored them.
William Rufus fauoured them so farre, that hee sware by
Luks face his common oath, if they could ouercome the
Christians he would be one of their sect.
H. the 2. punished them.
Henry the second grieuously punished them for corrupting
Richard the I. forbad them to come to his coronation.
Richard the first forbad Iewes and women to bee present
at his coronation for feare of inchantments, for breaking of
which commaundement many Iewes were slayne, who being
assembled to present the king with some gifte, one of them
was stricken by a Christian, which some vnruly people perceyuing, fell vpon them, bet them to their houses, and brent
them therein, or slewe them at their comming out: Also the
Iewes at Norwich, Saint Edmondsbury, Lincolne, Stanford,
and Lynne, were robbed and spoyled, and at Yorke to the
number of 500. besides women and Children, entered a Tower
of the Castle, proffered money to be in suretie of their liues,
but the christians would not take it, whervpon they cut the
throtes of their wiues & children, and cast them ouer the wals
on the christians heads, and then entering the kings lodging,
they brent both the house and themselues.
King Iohn tormented the Iewes.
King Iohn in the eleuenth of his raigne, commaunded all
the Iewes both men and women to be imprisoned and
grieuously punished, because he would haue all their money,
some of them gaue all they had, and promised more to escape
so many kindes of tormentes, for euery one of them had one
of their eyes at the least plucked out, amongest whome there
was one which being tormented many wayes would not ransome himselfe, till the king had caused euery day one of his
great teeth to bee plucked out by the space of seuen dayes,
and then gaue the king 10000. markes of siluer, to the end
they should pull out no more: the sayde king at that time
spoyled the Iewes of 66000. markes.
The Barons rifled the Iews.
The 17. of this king, the Barons broke into the Iews
houses, rifeled their coffers, and with the stone of their houses
repaired the gates and walles of London.
Charta II. of H. 3. H. 3. excheted the lands and goods of the Iewes.
King Henry the third in the eleuenth of his raign graunted
to Semayne or Balaster the house of Benomye Mittun the Iew
in the parrish of S. Michaell Bassinghaughe in which the
saide Benomy dwelt, with the fourth part of all his land in
that parrish which William Elie held of the Fee of Hugh
Neuell, and all the land in Coleman streete, belonging to the
said Benomye, and the fourth parte of the land in the parrish
of S. Lawrence, which was the fee of T. Buckerell, and were
excheted to the king for the murder which the saide Benomye
committed in the Cittie of London, to hold to the sayde
Semaine, and his heyres of the king, paying at Easter a payre
of gilt spurres, and to doe the seruice thereof due vnto the
Lords Court. In like manner and for like seruices the king
graunted to Guso for his homage, the other parte of the lands
of the said Benomye in S. Michaels parrish, which Lawes the
Paynter held, and was the kinges Exchete, and the lands of
the saide Benomye in the sayde parrish, which Walter Turnar
held, and xv. foote of land which Hugh Harman held, with xv.
yron elles of land and halfe in the front of Ironmongar lane,
in the parrish of S. Martin, which were the said Benomies of
the fee of the Hospitall of S. Giles, and which Adam the
smith held, with two stone houses, which were Moses the Iewe
of Canterbury, in the parrish of S. Olaue, and which are the fee
of Arnold le Reus, and are the kinges exchetes as before said.
The Iewes builded them a Synagogue in London. H. the third founded an house for conuerted Iewes.; Iewes stale a child and circumcised him, and minded to haue crucified him.; H. the third exacteth money of the Iewes.; Iewes hanged for crucifying of a child.; 700. Iewes slayn at London.
The 16. of the saide Henrie the Iewes in London builded a
Synagogue, but the king commaunded it should bee dedicated
to our blessed Lady, and after gaue it to the Brethren of
S. Anthonie of Vienna, and so was it called S. Anthonies
Hospitall: this Henry founded a Church and house for conuerted Iewes, in new streete by the Temple, whereby it came
to passe that in shorte time there was gathered a great number
of Conuertes: the 20. of this Henry seuen Iewes were brought
from Norwich, which had stolne a Christened child, had circumcised, and minded to haue crucified him at Easter, wherefore their bodies and goodes were at the kinges pleasure: the
26. the Iewes were constrayned to pay to the king 20000.
markes at two termes in the yeare, or else to bee kept in
perpetuall prison: the 35. hee taketh inestimable summes of
money of all rich men, namely of Aaron a Iewe, borne at
Yorke, 14000. markes for himselfe, and ten thousande markes
for the Queene, and before hee had taken of the same Iewe as
much as in all amounted to 30000. markes of siluer, and 200.
markes of gold to the Queene. In the 40. were brought vp to
Westminster 202. Iewes from Lincolne, for crucifying of a
child named Hugh, eightteene of them were hanged: the 43. a
Iewe at Tewkesbery fell into a Priuie on the Saturday and
would not that day bee taken out for reuerence of his sabboth,
wherefore Richard Clare Earle of Glocester kepte him there
till munday that he was dead: the 47. the Barons slew the
Iews at London 700, the rest were spoyled and their Syna
gogue defaced, because one Iew would haue forced a Christian
to haue paide more then 2. d. for the lone of xx. s. a weeke.
Vsury forbiden.; English Iewes hanged.; Iewes hanged at London for crucifying a child at Northampton.; All the Iewes in England apprehended and redeemed for money.; All the Iewes banished this Realme.
The third of Edward the first, in a Parliament at London,
vsury was forbidden to the Iewes, and that all Vsurers might
be knowne, the king commaunded that euery Vsurer should
weare a Table on their breast, the bredth of a paueline, or
else to auoyde the Realme: the 6. of the said king Edward a
reformation was made for clipping of the kings coyne, for
which offence 267. Iewes were drawne and hanged, three were
English Christians, and other were English Iewes: the same
yeare the Iewes crucified a child at Northampton, for the
which fact many Iewes at London were drawn at Horse tayles
and hanged: the II. of Edward the first, Iohn Peckham
Archbishoppe of Canterbury commanded the Bishop of London to destroy all the Iewes Sinagogues in his Dioces. The
16. of the said Edward all the Iewes in England were in one
day apprehended by precept from the king, but they redeemed themselues for 12000. poundes of siluer: notwithstanding in the 19. of his raigne, he banished them all out of
England, giuing them onely to beare their charge, till they
were out of his Realm, the number of Iews then expulsed
were 15060. persons: the king made a mighty masse of money
of their houses, which he sold, and yet the Commons of
England had graunted & gaue him a fifteenth of all their
goods to banish them: and thus much for the Iewes.
Parish church of S. Olaue Vpwell in the Iewry.; A well was vnder the east end of this Church, late turned to a pumpe but decayed.
In this sayde streete, called the olde Iury, is a proper
parrish Church of S. Olaue Vpwell, so called in Record, 1320.
Iohn Brian Parson of Saint Olaue Vpwell, in the Iury,
founded there a Chauntrie, and gaue two messuages to that
Parrish the 16. of Edward the second, and was by the said
King confirmed: In this Church, to the commendation of the
Parsons and Parishioners, the monumentes of the deade remayne lesse defaced then in many other: first of William
Dikman Fereno or Ironmonger, one of the Shiriffes of London,
1367. Roberte Haueloke Ironmonger, 1390. Iohn Organ Mercer
one of the Shiriffes, 1385. Iohn Forest Vicker of Saint Olaues,
and of S. Stephen, at that time as a Chappell annexed to
S. Olaue, 1399. H. Friole Taylor, 1400. T. Morsted Esquire,
Chirurgion to Henry the fourth, fift and sixt, one of the
shiriffes, 1436. hee builded a faire new Ile to the enlargement
of this church, on the North side thereof, wherein he lyeth
buried, 1450. Adam Breakspeare, Chaplen, 1411. William
Kerkbie Mercer, 1465. Robert Large Mercer, Mayor 1440.
He gaue to that Church 200 pound. Iohn Belwine Founder,
1467. Gabriell Raue Fuller, 1511. Wentworth, Esquier, 1510.
Thomas Michell Ironmonger, 1527. Giles Dewes, seruant to
Henry the seuenth, and to Henry the eight, Cleark of their
Libraries, and schoolemaister for the French tongue to Prince
Arthur, and to the Lady Mary, 1535. Richard Chamberlaine
Ironmonger, one of the shiriffes, 1562. Edmond Burlacy Mercer, 1583. Iohn Brian, &c.
Kings pallace in the old Iewry.
From this parrish church of S. Olaue, to the north
ende of the Old Iurie, and from thence west to the north
end of Ironmongers lane, and from the said corner into
Ironmongers lane, almost to the parrish Church of saint
Martin, was of olde time one large building of stone,
very ancient, made in place of Iewes houses, but of what
antiquitie, or by whom the same was builded, or for what
vse I haue not lerned, more then that king Henry the 6.
in the 16. of his raign, gaue the office of being Porter or
keeper thereof, vnto Iohn Stent for terme of his life, by the
name of his principall palace in the olde Iurie: this was in my
youth called the old Wardrope: but of later time the outward
stone wall hath been by little and little taken downe, and
diuers fayre houses builded therevpon, euen round about.
Parish church of S. Margaret in Lothbery.
Now for the North side of this Lothburie, beginning again
at the East end thereof, vppon the water course of Walbrooke
haue yee a proper Parrish Church, called saint Margaret,
which seemeth to bee newly reedified and builded aboute the
yeare 1440. For Robert Large gaue to the Quire of that Church
one hundred shillinges, and twentie pounde for ornamentes,
more, to the vaulting ouer the Watercourse of Walbrooke
by the saide church, for the inlarging thereof, two hundred
There be monuments in this church, of Reginald Coleman
sonne to Robert Coleman buried there, 1383. This said
Robert Coleman may bee supposed the first builder or owner (fn. 2)
of Coleman streete, and that saint Stephens church then builded
in Coleman streete was but a chappell belonging to the parrish
Church of saint Olaue in the Iury: for we reade (as afore)
that Iohn Forest Vicker of saint Olaues, and of the chappell
annexed of saint Stephen, deceased in the yeare 1399. Hugh
Clopton Mercer, Mayor, deceased 1496. Iohn Dimocke, Anselme Becket, Iohn Iulian and William Ilford <had> Chaunteries
there. Sir Brian Tewke knight, Treasurer of the Chamber to
King Henrie the eight, and Dame Grisilde his wife, that
deceased after him, were there buried, 1536. Iohn Fetiplace,
Draper, Esquier, 1464, and Ioan his wife, sir Hugh Witch
Mercer, Mayor, sonne to Richard Witch, intombed there, 1466.
He gaue to his third wife three thousand pound, and to maides
marriages fiue hundred marks: Sir Iohn Leigh 1564. with this
No wealth, no prayse, no bright renowne, no skill,
No force, no fame, no princes loue, no toyle,
Though forraigne land by trauell search ye will,
No faithfull seruice of the country soyle,
Can life prolong one minute of an houre,
But death at length will execute his power.
For Sir Iohn Leigh to sundry countries knowne,
A worthy Knight well of his prince esteemde,
By seeing much to great experience growne,
Though safe on seas, though sure on land he seemde
Yet here he lyes too soone by death opprest,
His fame yet liues, his soule in heauen doth rest.
Conduit in Lothbery.
By the West end of this parrish church haue ye a fayre
water Conduit, builded at the charges of the cittie in the
yeare 1546. Sir Martin Bowes being Mayor: two fifteenes
were leuied of the Cittizens toward the charges thereof: this
water is conueyed in great aboundance from diuers springes
lying betwixt Hoxton and Iseldon.
The Founders hall.;Bay Hall.; Coleman street.; Armorers Hal.; Kings alley. Loue lane. Parish Church of S. Stenen sometime a Sinagogue of the Iewes.
Next is the Founders Hall, a proper House, and so to
the Southwest Corner of Bassinges Hall streete, haue yee
fayre and large houses for Marchauntes: namely the Corner
house, at the ende of Bassings hall streete, an olde peece of
worke builded of stone, sometime belonging to a certaine Iew
named Mansere, the sonne of Aron, the sonne of Coke the
Iew, the 7. of Edward the first: since to Rahere de Sopars
lane, then to Simon Francis. Thomas Bradbery mercer kept
his Maioraltie there, deceased 1509. Part of this house hath
beene lately imployed as a Market house for the sale of woollen bayes, Watmols (fn. 3) , Flanels, and such like: Alderman Bennet
now possesseth it. On this North side against the old Iurie,
is Coleman streete, so called of Coleman the first builder and
owner thereof, as also of Colechurch, or Coleman church
agaynst the great Conduit in Cheape. This is a faire and
large street, on both sides builded with diuerse faire houses,
besides Allies, with small tenements in great number. On
the East side of this streete, almost at the North end thereof,
is the Armourers Hall, which companie of Armourers were
made a fraternitie or Guild of Saint George, with a Chantrie
in the Chapple of saint Thomas in Paules Church, in the first
of Henrie the sixt. Also on the same side, is kings Alley,
and Loue lane, both containing many tenements. And on
the west side towards the south end, is the parish church of
Saint Stephen, wherein the Monuments are defaced: notwithstanding, I find that William Crayhag founded a Chantrie
there, in the raigne of Edward the second, and was buried
there. Also Iohn Essex the 35. of Edward the third, Adam
Goodman the 37. of Edward the third, William King Draper,
sometime owner of Kings Alley, the 18. of Richard the
second, Iohn Sokeling the 10. of Henrie the sixt, Iohn Arnold
Leatherseller, the 17. of Henrie the eight, his tombe remaineth on the north side the Quire. Richard Hamney 1418.
Kirnigham 1468. Sir Iohn Garme, Richard Colsel, Edmond
Harbeke Currier, all these were benefactors, and buried there.
This Church was sometime a Synagogue of the Iewes, then a
Parish church, then a chappell to saint Olaues in the Iurie,
vntill the seuenth of Edward the fourth, and was then incorporated a parish church.
Cocke of water by S. Stephens church.;Conduit at London wall.
By the East ende of this Church is placed a cocke of sweete
water, taken of the maine pipe that goeth into Lothberie.
Also in London wall directly against the north end of
Colman street, is a Conduit of water, made at the charges of
Thomas Exmew goldsmith, Maior 1517. And let here be the
ende of this warde, which hath an Alderman, his Deputie,
common Counsellers foure, Constables foure, Scauengers foure,
of the Wardmote inquest 13. and a Beedle. It is taxed to
the fifteene xv. l. xvi. s. ix. d.