Bridge warde without, the 26. in number, consisting of the Borough of Southwarke in the County of Surrey
Bridge Warde without.
Having treated of Wardes in London, on the North side
the Thames (in number 25.) I am now to crosse ouer the
said Riuer into the Borough of Southwark, which is also
a Warde of London, without the walles, on the South side
thereof, as is Portsoken on the East, and Faringdon extra on
This Borough, being in the County of Surrey, consisteth of
diuers streetes, wayes, and winding lanes, all full of buildings,
inhabited: and first to begin at the West part thereof, ouer
against the west Suburbe of the Citie.
On the banke of the Riuer Thames there is now a continuall
building of tenements, about halfe a mile in length to the
bridge. Then from the Bridge straight towardes the South
a continuall streete, called long Southwarke, builded on both
sides with diuers lanes and alleyes vp to S. Georges church,
and beyond it through Blackman streete towardes New Town
(or Newington) the liberties of which Borough extend almost
to the parrish Church of New town aforesaid, distant one mile
from London Bridge, and also southwest a continuall building,
almost to Lambith, more then one mile from the said bridge.
S. Olaues streete.
Then from the bridge along by the Thames Eastwarde, is
saint Olaues street hauing continuall building on both the sides,
with lanes and alleyes vp to Battle bridge, to Horsedowne,
and towardes Rother hith: also some good halfe mile in length
from London bridge.
So that I account the whole continual buildings on the
banke of the said riuer, from the west towardes the east, to be
more then a large mile in length.
Then haue ye from the entering towards the said Horsedown
one other continuall streete called Bermondes eye streete,
which stretcheth south, likewise furnished with buildinges on
both sides, almost halfe a mile in length, vp to the late dissolued
Monasterie of S. Sauiour called Bermondsey. And
from thence is one long lane (so called of the length) turning
west to saint Georges church afore named. Out of the which
lane mentioned, Long lane, breaketh one other streete towards
the south and by east, and this is called Kentish streete for
that it is the way leading into that countrie: and so haue you
the bounds of this Borough.
An Abbey. A Priory, A Colledge & Hospitall. A Lazar house. Parish churches.
The antiquities most notable in this Borough are these:
first, for ecclesiasticall, there was Bermondsey, an Abbey of
Blacke Monkes, S. Mary Oueries, a Priorie of Canons Regular,
saint Thomas a colledge or Hospitall for the poore, & the Loke
a Lazar house in Kent street. Parish churches, there haue
been 6. wherof 5. do remaine, vz. S. Mary Magdalen in the
priory of saint Mary Ouery, now the same S. Marie Ouery is
the parrish Church for the said Mary Magdalen, and for
S. Margaret on the hill, and is called S. Sauiour.
S. Margaret on the hill being put downe, is now a Court
for Iustice. S. Thomas in the Hospitall serueth for a parrish
church as afore. S. George a parrish church as before it did,
so doth saint Olaue, and saint Mary Magdalen by the Abbey
There be also these 5. prisons or Gaoles.
The Clinke on the Banke.
The Compter in the late parrish church of S. Margaret.
The Kinges Bench.
And the white Lyon, all in long Southwarke.
Houses most notable be these.
The Bishop of Winchesters house.
The Bishop of Rochesters house.
The Duke of Suffolks house, or Southwarke place.
The Tabard an Hosterie or Inne.
The Abbot of Hyde his house.
The Prior of Lewes his house.
The Abbot of saint Augustine his house.
The Bridge house.
The Abbot of Battaile his house.
The stewes on the Banke of Thomes.
And the Beare gardens there.
The Beare gardens.
Now to returne to the West banke, there be two Beare
gardens, the olde and new places, wherein be kept Beares,
Buls and other beastes to be bayted. As also Mastiues in
seuerall kenels, nourished to baite them. These Beares and
other Beasts are there bayted in plottes of ground, scaffolded
about for the Beholders to stand safe.
Liber manuscript. The Stewe on the bank side.
Next on this banke was sometime the Bordello or stewes,
a place so called, of certaine stew houses priuiledged there, for
the repaire of incontinent men to the like women, of the which
priuiledge I haue read thus.
In a Parliament holden at Westminster the 8. of Henry the
second, it was ordayned by the commons and confirmed by
the king and Lords, that diuers constitutions for euer should
bee kept within that Lordship or franchise, according to the
olde customes that had been there vsed time out of mind.
Amongest the which these following were some, vz.
That no stewholder or his wife should let or staye any
single Woman to goe and come freely at all times when they
No stewholder to keepe any woman to borde, but she to
borde abroad at her pleasure.
To take no more for the womans chamber in the weeke
then foureteene pence.
Not to keepe open his dores vpon the holydayes.
Not to keepe any single woman in his house on the holy
dayes, but the Bayliffe to see them voyded out of the
No single woman to be kept against her will that would
leaue her sinne.
No stewholder to receiue any Woman of religion, or any
No single woman to take money to lie with any man, but
shee lie with him all night till the morrow.
No man to be drawn or inticed into any stewhouse.
The Constables, Balife, and others euery weeke to search
No stewholder to keepe any woman that hath the perilous
infirmitie of burning, nor to sell bread, ale, flesh, fish, wood,
coale, or any victuals, &c.
Lib. S. Mariæ Eborum.; English people disdayned to be baudes. Froes of Flaunders were women for that purpose.; Robert Fabian.; Stewhouses put down by H. the 7 for a time.; Signes on the Stewhouses.; Single women forbidden rightes of the church.
These and many more orders were to be obserued vpon
great payne and punishment: I haue also seene diuers Patentes
of confirmation, namely one dated 1345. the nineteenth of
Edwarde the third. Also I find that in the fourth of Richarde
the second, these stew houses, belonging to William Walworth
then Mayor of London, were farmed by Froes of Flaunders,
and spoyled by Walter Tighler, and other rebelles of Kent:
notwithstanding I finde that ordinances for the same place
and houses were againe confirmed in the raigne of Henry the
sixt, to be continued as before. Also Robert Fabian writeth
that in the yeare 1506. the 21. of Henry the seuenth, the saide
stewe houses in Southwarke were for a season inhibited, and
the dores closed vp, but it was not long saith he, ere the
houses there were set open againe, so many as were permitted,
for (as it was said) whereas before were eighteene houses, from
thenceforth were appointed to bee vsed but twelue onely.
These allowed stewhouses had signes on their frontes, towardes
the Thames, not hanged out, but painted on the walles, as a
Boares heade, the Crosse keyes, the Gunne, the Castle, the Crane,
the Cardinals Hat, the Bel, the Swanne, &c. I haue heard
ancient men of good credite report, that these single women
were forbidden the rightes of the Church, so long as they
continued that sinnefull life, and were excluded from christian
buriall, if they were not reconciled before their death. And
therefore there was a plot of ground, called the single womans
churchyeard, appoynted for them, far from the parish church.
Stewhouses put downe.
In the yeare of Christ, 1546. the 37. of Henry the eight,
this row of stewes in Southwarke was put downe by the kings
commandement, which was proclaymed by sounde of Trumpet,
no more to be priuiledged, and vsed as a common Brothel,
but the inhabitants of the same to keepe good and honest rule
as in other places of this realme, &c.
The next is the Clinke, a Gayle or prison for the trespassers
in those parts, Namely in olde time for such as should brabble,
frey, or breake the Peace on the saide banke, or in the Brothell
houses, they were by the inhabitantes there about apprehended;
and committed to this Gayle, where they were straightly
Next is the Bishoppe of Winchesters house, or lodging when
hee commeth to this Cittie: which house was first builded by
William Gifford Bishoppe of Winchester, aboute the yeare
1107. the seuenth of Henry the first, vpon a plot of ground
pertayning to the Prior of Bermondsey, as appeareth by a writ
directed vnto the Barons of the Exchequer, in the yeare 1366.
the 41. of Edward the 3. (the Bishops sea being voyde) for
8.1. due to the Monks of Bermondsey, for the Bishop of
Winchesters lodging in Southwarke. This is a very fayre
house wel repayred, and hath a large Wharfe, and landing
place called the Bishop of Winchesters staires.
Adioyning to this on the south side thereof is the Bishoppe
of Rochesters Inne or lodging, by whome first erected, I do
not now remember me to haue read, but well I wot the same
of long time hath not beene frequented by any Bishoppe,
and lyeth ruinous for lacke of reparations. The Abbot of
Wauerley had a House there.
S. Mary Oueries a Priorie, and now a parish church.
East from the Bishop of Winchesters house directly ouer
against it, standeth a fayre church called saint Mary ouer the
Rie, or Ouerie, that is ouer the water. This Church or some
other in place thereof was of old time long before the conquest an house of sisters founded by a mayden named Mary,
vnto the which house and sisters she left (as was left to her by
her parents) the ouersight and profites of a Crosse ferrie or
trauerse ferrie ouer the Thames, there kept before that any
bridge was builded. This house of sisters was after by Swithen,
a noble Lady, conuerted vnto a colledge of Priests, who in
place of the Ferrie builded a bridge of timber, and from time
to time kept the same in good reparations, but lastlie the same
bridge was builded of stone, and then in the yeare 1106. was
this church againe founded for Channons Regular, by William
Pont de le Arche and William Dauncy, Knights Normans.
Lib. Roffen. Lib. Bermondsey.
William Gifford Bishop of Winchester, was a good benefactor also, for he as some haue noted, builded the body of
that church, in the yeare 1106. the seuenth of Henry the first.
The Canons first entered the said church, then Algodus was
the first Prior.
King Henry the 1. by his Charter gaue them the Church of
S. Margaret in Southwarke.
King Stephen confirmed the gift of king Henry, and also
gaue the stone house, which was Williams de Ponte le Arche
S. Thomas Hospitall.
This Priorie was burned about the yeare 1207. wherefore
the Chanons did found an Hospital near vnto their Priory,
where they celebrated vntill the Priory was repayred: which
Hospitall was after by consent of Peter de la Roch Bishop of
Winchester remoued into the land of Anicius Archdeacon of
Surrey in the yeare 1228. a place where the water was more
plentifull, and the ayre more holesome, and was dedicate to
Parish church of S. Mary Magdalen.
This Peter de Rupibus,or de la Roch, founded a large
chapell of S. Mary Magdalen in the said church of S. Mary
Ouerie, which Chappel was after appointed to be the parish
church for the inhabitants neare adioyning.
This church was againe newly builded in the raigne of
Richard the second, and King H. the fourth.
Iohn Gower was no knight, neither had he any garland of Iuie and Roses but a Chaplet of foure Roses onely.
Iohn Gower Esquier, a famous Poet, was then an especiall
benefactor to that worke, and was there buried on the North
side of the said church, in the chapple of S. Iohn, where hee
founded a chauntrie, he lieth vnder a tombe of stone, with his
image also of stone ouer him: The haire of his head aburne,
long to his sholders, but curling vp, and a small forked beard,
on his head a chaplet, like a coronet of foure Roses, an habite
of purple, damasked downe to his feet, a collar of Esses, gold
about his necke, vnder his head the likenes of three bookes,
which hee compiled. The first named Speculum Meditantis,
written in French: The second Vox clamantis penned in
Latine: The third Confessio amantis written in English, and
this last is printed, vox clamantis with his Cronica tripartita,
and other both in latine and French neuer printed, I haue
and doe possesse, but speculum meditantis I neuer saw, though
heard thereof to be in Kent: beside on the wall where he
lyeth, there was painted three virgins crowned, one of the
which was named Charity, holding this deuise.
En toy qui es Fitz de dieu le pere,
Sauve soit, qui gist souz cest piere.
The second writing Mercie, with this deuise.
O bone Iesu fait tamercie,
Al alme, dont le corps gist icy.
The third writing Pittie, with this deuice.
Pur ta pite Iesu regarde,
Et met cest alme en sauve garde.
His Armes a field argent, on a Cheueron azure, three Leopardes heads golde, their tongues gules, two Angels supportars,
on the creast a Talbot. His Epitaph.
Armigeri scutum nihil amodo fert sibi tutum,
Reddidit immo lutum morti generale tributum,
Spiritus exutum se gaudeat esse solutum,
Est vbi virtutum regnum sine labe statutum.
The roofe of the middle west Ile fell downe in the yeare 1469.
This Priorie was surrendered to Henry the eight, the 31. of
his raigne, the 27. of October, the yeare of Christ, 1539.
valued at 624.l. 6.s. 6.d. by the yeare.
Priory of saint Mary Ouery made a parish church.
About Christmas next following, the church of the said
Priory was purchased of the king by the inhabitantes of the
Borough. Doctor Stephen Gardner Bishop of Winchester,
putting to his helping hand, they made thereof a parrish
church, for the parish (fn. 1) of S. Mary Magdalen, on the south
side of the said Quire, and of S. Margaret on the hill, which
were made one parish of S. Sauiour.
There be monumentes in this church of Robert Liliarde, or
Hiliarde Esquier, Margaret daughter to the Lady Audley
wife to sir Thomas Audley, William Greuill Esquier, and
Margaret his wife, one of the heyres of William Spershut
Esquier, Dame Katherine wife to Iohn Stoke Alderman, Robert
Merfin Esquier, William Vndall Esquier, Lord Ospay Ferar,
Sir George Brewes Knight, Iohn Browne, Ladie Brandon wife
to sir Thomas Brandon, William Lord Scales, William Earle
Warren, Dame Maude wife to Sir Iohn Peach, Lewknor,
Dame Margaret Elrington, one of the heires of sir Thomas
Elrington, Iohn Bowden Esquier, Robert S. Magil, Iohn Sandhurst,
Iohn Gower, Iohn Duncell Marchant Taylor, 1516. Iohn
Sturton Esquier, Robert Rouse, Thomas Tong, first Norrey
and after Clarentiaulx King of Armes. William Wickham
translated from the sea of Lincolne to the Bishoprick of
Winchester, in the moneth of March 1595. deceased the 11. of
Iune next following, and was buried here.
Thomas Cure Esquier, Sadler to King Edward the sixte,
Queene Mary and Queene Elizabeth, deceased the 24. of May,
1588. (fn. 2) &c.
S. Mary Ouers Close. Pepper Alley.
Now passing through saint Mary Ouers Close, (in possession
of the Lord Mountacute) and Pepper Alley into Long Southwarke, on the right hand thereof, the Market hill, where the
leather is solde, there stoode the late named parrish church of
Saint Margaret giuen to S. Mary Oueries by Henry the
first, put downe and ioyned with the parrish of Saint Mary
Magdalen, and vnited to the late dissolued Priorie Church of
saint Mary Ouery.
S. Margaret on the hill made a court of iustice. Court of Admiralty. Compter in Southwarke.
A part of this parish church of S. Margaret is now a Court,
wherein the Assizes and sessions be kept, and the court of
Admiralty is also there kept. One other part of the same
church is now a prison called the Compter in Southwarke, &c.
Suffolke house.; A mint in Southwark.
Farther vp on that side, almost directly ouer against Saint
Georges church, was sometime a large and most sumptuous
house, builded by Charles Brandon late Duke of Suffolk, in
the raign of Henry the eight, which was called Suffolke house,
but comming afterwardes into the Kinges hands, the same was
called Southwarke place, and a mint of coynage was there
kept for the King.
To this place came king Edward the sixte, in the second of
his raigne, from Hampton court, and dined in it. He at that
time made Iohn Yorke one of the shiriffes of London knight,
and then rode through the Citty to Westminster.
Queene Mary gaue this house to Nicholas He<a>th Archbishop of Yorke, and to his successors for euer, to be their
Inne or lodging for their repaire to London, in recompence of
Yorke house neare to Westminster, which King Henry her
Father had taken from Cardinall Wolsey, and from the sea of
Parish church of S. George.
Archbishop Heth solde the same house to a Marchant, or
to Marchantes, that pulled it downe, solde the leade, stone,
iron, &c. And in place thereof builded many small cottages
of great rents to the encreasing of beggers in that Borough.
The Archbishoppe bought Norwich house, or Suffolke place,
neare vnto Charing Crosse, because it was neare vnto the
Court, and left it to his successors. Now on the south side, to
return backe againe towards the bridge. Ouer against this
Suffolke place, is the parrish church of S. George, sometime
pertayning to the Priorie of Barmondsey, by the gift of
Thomas Arderne and Thomas his sonne, in the yeare 1122.
There lie buried in this Church William Kirton Esquire, and
his wiues, 1464.
White Lyon a Gaole for Surrey.
Then is the white Lion, a Gaole so called, for that the
same was a common hosterie for the receit of trauellers by
that signe: This house was first vsed as a Gaole within these
fortie yeares last, since the which time the prisoners were once
remoued thence to an house in Newtowne, (fn. 3) where they remayned
for a short time and were returned backe againe to the foresaid White Lion, there to remayne as in the appointed Gaole
for the countie of Surrey.
Kinges Bench.; II. Knighton.
Next is the Gaole or prison of the kinges Bench, but of
what antiquitie the same is I know not. For I haue read
that the courts of the Kinges Bench and Chauncery haue oft
times beene remoued from London to other places, and so
hath likewise the Gayles that serue those Courts, as in the
yeare 1304. Edwarde the first commaunded the Courts of
the kinges Bench and the Exchequer which had remayned
seuen yeares at Yorke, to bee remoued to their old places at
London. And in the yeare 1387. the II. of Richard the 2.
Robert Trisilian chiefe Iustice came to the city of Couentrie,
and there sate by the space of a moneth, as Iustice of the
Kinges Benche, and caused to be indited in that Court, about
the number of two thousand persons of that Country, &c.
It seemeth therefore, that for that time, the prison or Gayle
of that court was not farre off. Also in the yeare 1392. the
sixteenth of the same Richard, the Archbishop of Yorke being
Lord Chauncelor, for good wil that he bare to his City, caused
the kings Bench and chauncery to be remoued from London
to Yorke, but ere long they were returned to London.
Marshalsey in Southwarke.
Then is the Marshalsey, an other gayle or prison, so called
as pertayning to the Marshalles of England. Of what continuance kept in Southwarke I haue not learned: but like it
is, that the same hath beene remoueable, at the pleasure of
the Marshalles: for I finde that in the yeare 1376, the fiftieth
of Edwarde the third, Henry Percie (being Marshall) kept
his prisoners in the Citie of London, where hauing committed
one Iohn Prendergast, of Norwich, contrarie to the liberties of
the City of London, the Citizens, by perswasion of the Lord
Fitzwalter theyr Standard-bearer, took Armour and ranne
with great rage to the Marshalles Inne, brake vp the gates,
brought out the prisoner, & conueyed him away, minding to
haue brent the stocks in the middest of their citty, but they
first sought for sir Henry Percy to haue punished him, as
I haue noted in my Annales.
Saylers brake up the Marshalsey.
More, about the Feast of Easter next following, Iohn Duke
of Lancaster, hauing caused all the whole Nauie of England
to be gathered together at London: It chanced a certaine
Esquier to kill one of the shipmen, which act the other shipmen taking in ill part, they brought their sute into the kings
court of the Marshalsey which then as chaunced (sayth mine
Author) was kept in Southwarke: but when they perceyued
that Court to be so fauourable to the murtherer, and further
that the kinges warrant was also gotten for his pardon, they
in greate fury ranne to the house, wherein the murtherer was
imprisoned, brake into it, and brought forth the prisoner with
his Giues on his legges, they thrust a knife to his heart, and
sticked him, as if hee had beene a Hogge, after this they tyed
a roape to his Giues, and drewe him to the gallowes, where
when they had hanged him, as though they had done a great
act, they caused the trumpets to be sounded before them to
theyr ships, and there in great triumph they spent the rest of
Rebels of Kent brake vp the Marshalsey.
Also the rebels of Kent, in the yeare 1381. brake downe the
houses of the Marshalsey, and Kinges Bench in Southwarke,
tooke from thence the prisoners, brake downe the house of sir
Iohn Imworth, then Marshall of the Marshalsey, and Kings
Bench, &c. After this in the yeare 1387. the eleuenth of
Richard the second, the morrow after Bartholomew day, the
king kept a great Councell in the Castle of Nottingham, and
the Marshalsey of the king was then kept at Lughborrow by
the space of sixe dayes or more. In the year 1443. sir Walter
Man<n>y was Marshal of the Marshalsey, the 22. of Henry the
sixt. William Brandon, Esquire, was Marshall in the eight
of E. the 4. In the yeare 1504 the prisoners of the Marshalsey, then in Southwarke, brake out, & many of them being
taken, were executed, especially such as had beene committed
for Felony or treason.
The Tabarde in Southwark.; Geff. Chaucer.
From thence towards London bridge on the same side, be
many fayre Innes, for receipt of trauellers, by these signes,
the Spurre, Christopher, Bull, Queenes head, Tabarde, George,
Hart, Kinges Head, &c. Amongst the which, the most
auncient is the Tabard, so called of the signe, which as we
now tearme it, is of a Iacquit, or sleeuelesse coat, whole
before, open on both sides, with a square coller, winged at the
shoulders: a stately garment of old time, commonly worne of
Noble men and others, both at home and abroad in the
warres, but then (to wit in the warres) their Armes embrodered, or otherwise depict vpon them, that euery man by
his coate of Armes might be knowne from others: but now
these Tabardes are onely worne by the Heraulds, and be
called their coates of Armes in seruice: for the Inne of the
Tabard, Geffrey Chaucer Esquire, the most famous Poet of
England, in commendation thereof writeth thus.
It befell in that season, on a day,
In Southwarke at the Tabert, as I lay,
Readie to wend<en> on my Pilgrimage,
To Canterburie with full deuout courage,
That night was comen into the Hosterie,
Well nine and twentie in a companie,
Of sundrie folke, by aduenture yfall
In fellowship, and Pilgrimes were they all,
That toward Canterburie woulden ride,
The stables and <the> chambers weren wide,
And well we were<n> eased at the best, &c.
The Abbot of Hide his lodging.
Within this Inne was also the lodging of the Abbot of
Hide, (by the Citie of Winchester) a faire house for him and
his traine, when he came to the Citie to Parliament, &c.
Hospitall of S. Thomas.
And then Theeues lane by S. Thomas Hospitall: the hospitall of Saint Thomas, first founded by Richard Prior of
Bermondsey, in the Selerers ground agaynst the wall of the
Monasterie, in the yeare 1213. He named it the Almerie, or
house of Almes for conuarts and poore children, for the which
ground the Prior ordained that the Almoner should pay ten
shillings foure pence yearely to the Selerer at Michaelmas.
Lib. S. Mariæ Ouery. S.Thomas Hospitall the second time founded.
But Peter de Rupibus, Bishop of Winchester, in the yeare
1215 founded the same againe more fully for Canons Regular,
in place of the first hospitall: he increased the rent thereof to
three hundred fortie foure pound by the yeare: thus was this
Hospitall holden of the Prior and Abbot of Bermondsey, till
the yeare 1428, at which time a composition was made
between Thomas Thetford, Abbot of Bermondsey, and Nicholas Buckland, master of the sayde Hospitall of Saint Thomas,
for all the landes and Tenements which were holden of the
sayde Abbot and Couent in Southwarke, or elsewhere, for the
olde Rent to bee payd vnto the said Abbot.
There be the Monuments in this Hospitall Church, of sir
Robert Chamber Knight, William Fines Lord Say, Richarde
Chaucer, Iohn Gloucester, Adam Atwood, Iohn Ward, Michaell
Cambridge, William West, Iohn Golding Esquires, Iohn Benham, George Kirkes, Thomas Knighton, Thomas Baker Gentlemen, Robert sonne to Sir Thomas Fleming, Agnes wife to Sir
Walter Dennis knight, daughter and one of the heyres of Sir
Robert Danuars, Iohn Euarey Gentleman, &c.
This Hospitall was by the visitors, in the yeare 1538. valued
at 266 pound seuenteene shillings sixe pence, and was surrendered to Henrie the eight, in the thirtieth of his raigne.
The 3. foundation of S. Thomas Hospitall by the Citizens of London. Gift of E. the 6 to the hospital of S. Thomas in Southwark.
In the yeare 1552 the Citizens of London, hauing purchased
the voyde suppressed Hospitall of Saint Thomas in Southwarke, in the Moneth of Iuly, began the reparations thereof,
for poore, impotent, lame, and diseased people, so that in the
Moneth of Nouember next following, the sicke and poore
people were taken in. And in the yeare 1553. on the tenth
of Aprill, King Edward the sixt, in the seuenth of his raigne,
gaue to the Maior, Comminaltie, and Citizens of London, to
bee a workehouse for the poore and idle persons of the Citie,
his house of Bridewell, and seauen hundred Markes landes of
the Sauoy rentes, which Hospitall hee had impressed, with all
the beddes, bedding, and other furniture belonging to the
same, towards the maintenance of the said workehouse of
Bridewell, and of this Hospitall of Saint Thomas in Southwarke. This gift, the King confirmed by his Charter, dated
the twentie sixe of Iune, next following, and willed it to be
called the Kings Hospitall in Southwarke.
S. Thomas Parish church.
The Church of this Hospitall, which of olde time serued for
the tenements neare adioyning and pertaining to the saide
Hospitall, remaineth as a Parish Church.
S. Olaues street and parish church.
But now to come to saint Olaues street: on the Banke
of the riuer of Thames, is the parish church of saint Olaue,
a faire and meetely large Church, but a farre larger Parrish,
especially of Aliens or straungers, and poore people: in which
Church, there lieth intombed sir Iohn Burcettur knight. 1466.
Prior of Lewes his Inne.
Ouer against this Parish church, on the south side the
street, was sometime one great house builded of stone, with
arched gates, <which> pertained to the Prior of Lewes in
Sussex, and was his lodging when he came to London: it is
now a common Hosterie for trauellers, and hath to signe the
Abbot of Augustines Inne.; Wil. Thorne.
Then East from the said Parish Church of saint Olaue is
a Key. In the yeare 1330, by the licence of Simon Swanlond
Maior of London, <it was> builded <by> Isabell widow to
Hamond Goodchepe. And next therevnto was then a great
house of stone and tymber, belonging to the Abbot of saint
Augustine without the walles, of Canterburie, which was an
auncient peece of worke, and seemeth to be one of the first
builded houses on that side the riuer, ouer against the citie:
It was called the Abbots Inne of saint Augustine in Southwarke, and was sometime holden of the Earles of Warren and
Surrey, as appeareth by a deede, made 1281. which I haue
read, and may be Englished thus:
To all to whome this present writing shall come, Iohn earle
Warren sendeth greeting. Know ye that wee haue altogither
remised and quiteclaimed for us and our heires for euer, to
Nicholas Abbot of saint Augustines of Canterburie, and the
Couent of the same, and their successors, suite to our court of
Southwarke, which they owe unto us, for al that Messuage and
houses theron builded, and all their appurtenances, which they
haue of our fee in Southwarke, scituate upon the Thames,
between the Bridge house and church of saint Olaue. And the
said Messuage, with the buildings thereon builded, and all their
appurtenances to them and their successors, we haue granted
in perpetuall almes to hold of us, and our heyres for the same:
sauing the seruice due to any other persons, if any such bee,
then to us: and for this remit and graunt, the sayde abbot and
Couent haue giuen unto us fiue shillings of rent yearly in
Southwarke, and haue receiued us and our heires in al benefices which shall be in their church for euer. This sute of
court, one William Graspeis was bound to do to the said Earle,
for the said Messuage: and heretofore to acquit in all things
the church of S. Augustine, against the said Earle.
Sentlegarhouse.; The Bridge house.
This house of late time belonged to sir Anthony Sentlegar,
then to Warham Sentlegar, &c. And is now called Sentlegar
house, but diuided into sundrie tenements. Next is the
Bridgehouse, so called as being a storehouse for stone, timber,
or whatsoeuer pertaining to the building or repairing of London
This house seemeth to haue taken beginning with the first
founding of the bridge either of stone or timber: it is a large
plot of ground, on the banke of the riuer Thames: containing
diuers large buildings, for stowage of things necessary towards
reparation of the said bridge.
Garners for corne in the Bridge house. Ouens in the Bridge house.; A Brew house builded in the Bridge house.
There are also diuers Garners, for laying vp of Wheate, and
other Grayners for seruice of the Citie, as neede requireth.
Moreouer, there be certaine Ouens builded, in number tenne:
of which sixe be very large, the other foure being but halfe so
bigge. These were purposely made to bake out the bread
corne of the sayd Grayners, to the best aduantage for reliefe
of the poore Citizens, when neede should require. Sir Iohn
Throstone knight, sometime an Embrotheror, then a Goldsmith, one of the Shiriffes 1516. gaue by his Testament
towardes the making of these Ouens two hundreth poundes:
which thing was performed by his Executors, Sir Iohn Munday
Goldsmith then being Mayor. There was of late, for the
enlarging of the said Bridge house, taken in an old Brewhouse, called Goldings, which was giuen to the City by
George Monox, sometime Mayor, and in place thereof, is now
a faire Brew-house new builded, for seruice of the Cittie with
Abbot of Battaile his Inne.
Next, was the Abbot of Battailes Inne, betwixt the
Bridge-house and Battaile bridge, likewise on the banke of
the Riuer of Thames: the walkes and gardens therevnto
appertaining, on the other side of the way, before the gate
of the said house, and was called the Maze: there is now an
Inne, called the Flower de Luce, for that the signe is three
Flower de Luces. Much other buildings of small tenements
are thereon builded, replenished with strangers and other, for
the most part poore people.
Then is Battaile bridge, so called of Battaile Abbey, for that
it standeth on the ground, and ouer a water course (flowing
out of Thames) pertayning to that Abbey, and was therefore
both builded and repaired by the Abbots of that house, as
being hard adioyning to the Abbots lodging.
Beyond this bridge is Bermondsey street, turning South, in
the South end whereof was sometime a Priory, or Abbey, of
saint Sauior, called Bermonds Eye in Suthwarke, founded by
Alwin Childe, a Citizen of London, in the yeare 1081.
Peter, Richard, Obstert, and Vmbalde, Monkes de Charitate,
came vnto Bermondsey, in the yeare 1089, and Peter was
made first Prior there, by appointment of the Pryor of the
house called Charity in France: by which meanes, this Priory
of Bermondsey (being a Cell to that in France) was accounted
a Priory of Aliens.
In the yeare 1094. deceased Alwin Childe founder of this
house. Then William Rufus gaue to the Monkes his mannor
of Bermondsey, with the appurtenances, and builded for them
there a new great Church.
Robert Blewet, Bishop of Lincolne (king Williams Chancelor) gaue them the mannor of Charlton with the appurtenances. Also Geffrey Martell, by the graunt of Geffrey
Magnauile, gaue them the land of Halingbury, and the tithe
of Alferton, &c.
More, in the yeare 1122. Thomas, of Arderne and Thomas his
sonne gaue to the Monkes of Bermonds Eye the Church of
saint George in Southwarke, &c.
Hide of South warke to the Monkes of Bermondsey.
In the yeare 1165. King Henry the second confirmed to
them the hyde or territory of Southwarke, & Laygham Wadden,
with the land of Coleman, &c.
In the yeare 1371. the Prior<ie>s of Aliens throughout
England being seized into the kings hands, Richard Denton,
an English man, was made Prior of Bermondsey: to whome
was committed the custody of the said Priory, by the letters
patents of king Edward the third, sauing to the king the
aduowsons of Churches.
Bermonds Eye made an Abbey.
In the yeare 1380. the fourth of Richard the second, this
priory was made a Denison (or free English) for the fine of
200. Markes, paid to the Kings, Hanaper in the Chauncery.
In the yeare 1399. Iohn Attelborough Prior of Bermondsey
was made the first Abbot of that house by Pope Boniface the
ninth, at the sute of king Richard the second.
Abbot of Bermondsey held Plea against the King, and preuailed.
In the yeare 1417. Thomas Thetford Abbot of Bermondsey,
held a Plea in Chauncery against the king, for the Mannors
of Preston, Bermondsey, and Stone, in the county of Summerset, in the which sute the Abbot preuailed and recouered
against the king.
In the yeare 1539. this Abbey was valued to dispend by the
yeare, foure hundred seuenty foure pound, fourteene shillings
foure pence halfe penny, and was surrendred to Henry the
eight, the 31. of his raigne: the Abbey church was then pulled
downe by sir Thomas Pope knight, and in place thereof,
a goodly house builded of stone and timber, now pertayning
to the Earles of Sussex.
There are buried in that church Leofstane, Prouost, shriue
or Domes man of London 1115. Sir William Bowes knight,
and Dame Elizabeth his wife. Sir Tho. Pikeworth knight,
Dame Anne Audley: George sonne to Iohn Lord Audley,
10. Winkefield, Esquier. Sir Nicholas Blonket knight, Dame
Bridget wife to William Trussell, Holgraue Baron of the
Parish church of Saint Mary Magdalen.
Next vnto this Abbey church, standeth a proper Church of
saint Mary Magdalen, builded by the priors of Bermondsey,
seruing for resort of the inhabitants, (tenants to the prior or
Abbots neare adioyning) there to haue their diuine seruice:
this Church remayneth and serueth as afore, and is called
a parish church.
The Loke a Lazer house in Kent street.
Then in Kent streete is a Lazer house, for Leprous people:
called the Loke in Southwarke: the foundation whereof
I find not. Now hauing touched diuers principall parts of
this Borough, I am to speake somewhat of gouernment, and
so to end.
Liberties of Southwarke, farmed by Citizens of London.
This Borough vpon petition made by the Citizens of London,
to E. the third (fn. 4) in the first yeare of his raigne, was, for diuers
causes, by Parliament granted to them for euer, yeelding into
the Exchequer the Fee firme of 10. li. by the yeare: which
grant was confirmed by E. the 3. who in the 3 of his raigne,
gaue them license to take a tole towards the charge of pauing
the said Borough with stone. H. the 4. confirmed the grant
of his predecessors: so did E. the 4. &c.
Liberties of Southwarke purchased. The Lordship and Mannor of Southwark pertaining to the Monastery of Bermondsey.; The Kings Mannor, Borough of Southwarke.; Faire in Southwarke.
But in the yeare 1550. King Edward the 6. for the summe
of 647. pound two shillings and one penny, payd into his
Court of Augmentations, and reuenewes of his Crowne,
graunted to the Mayor and Comminalty, all his lands and
tenements in Southwarke, except and reserued the capitall
Messuage, two mansions called Southwarke place, late the
Duke of Suffolkes, and all the gardens and lands to the same
appertaining: the Parke and the Messuage called the Antilope.
Moreouer, he gaue them the Lordship and Mannor of Southwarke, with all members & rights thereof, late pertayning to
the Monastery of Bermondsey. And all messuages, places,
buildings, rents, Courts, Waffes and streyes, to the same
appertaining, in the County of Surrey, except as is before
excepted. He also granted vnto them, his Manor & borough
of Southwarke, with all the members, rights & appurtenances,
late of the possession of the Archbishop of Canterbury & his
sea in Southwarke. Moreover for the summe of 500. marks,
he granted to the said Maior & Comminalty, and their successors, in & through the borough and towne of Southwarke:
and in al the parishes of S. Sauior, S. Olaue, and saint George,
and the parish of saint Tho. Hospitall, now called the kings
Hospitall: and elsewhere in the said towne and Borough of
Southwarke, and Kentish streete, Bermondsey street, in the
parish of Newington, all waifes and streyes, treasure troue,
all fellons goods, &c. within the parishes and precinct aforesaid, &c. The returne of writs, processes, and warrants, &c.
together with a fayre in the whole towne, for three dayes:
to wit, the 7. 8. and 9. of September, yearely, with a Court of
Pye powders: A view of Franke pledge, with attachments,
arrests, &c. Also to arrest all fellons, and other malefactors,
within their precinct, and send them to Ward, and to Newgate.
Prouided that nothing in that graunt should be preiudiciall to
the Steward and Marshall of the Kinges house. The same
premisses to be holden of the Mannor of East Greenwich, in
the County of Kent, by fealty in free socage. Dated at
Westminster the 23. day of April, in the 4. of his raigne. All
which was also confirmed by Parliament, &c. And the same
yeare in the Whitson weeke, in a Court of Aldermen kept at
the Guildhall of London, sir Iohn Aylophe knight was sworne
the first Alderman of the Bridge ward without, and made vp
the number of 26. Aldermen of London.
First Alderman of Southwark. Borough of Southwarke, one of the Wards of London. Muster of men in Southwark.
This Borough, at a subsidy to the king, yeeldeth about 1000.
Marks, or 800. li. which is more then any one Cittie in England
paieth, except the City of London. And also the Muster of
men in this Borough doth likewise in number surpasse all
other cities, except London. And thus much for the Borough
of Southwark: one of the 26. wards of London, which hath
an Alderman, Deputies 3. and a Bayliffe. Common Councell
none. Constables 16. Scauingers 6. Wardmote inquest 20.
And is taxed to the fifteene at 17. li. 17.s. 8.d.