The Citie of Westminster with the Antiquities,
Boundes, and Liberties thereof
Clements Inne of Chancerie.; Clements well., New Inne of Chancery.;
Lyons Inne of Chancery. Druery lane.; Cicill house.
Now touching the City of Westminster, I wil beginne at
Temple Barre, on the right hand or North side, and so passe
vppe West, through a Backe lane or streete, wherein doe stande
three Innes of Chancery, the first called Clements Inne, because
it standeth neare to saint Clements church, but nearer to the
fayre fountaine called Clements well: the second, New Inne, so
called as latelier made of a common hostery, and the signe of
our Lady, an Inne of Chancery for Students, then the other, to
wit about the beginning of the raigne of Henry the 7. and not
so late as some haue supposed, to wit, at the pulling downe of
Strand Inne, in the raigne of king Edward the sixt, for I read
that sir Thomas More, sometime Lord Chancellor, was a Student
in this new Inne, and went from thence to Lincolnes Inne, &c.
The thirde is Lyons Inne, an Inne of Chancery also. This
street stretcheth vppe vnto Drury lane, so called, for that there
is a house belonging to the Familie of the Druries. This lane
turneth North towarde S. Giles in the field. From the south
end of this lane in the high street are diuerse faire buildings,
Hosteries, and houses for Gentlemen, and men of honor,
amongst the which Cicile house is one, which sometime
belonged to the Parson of S. Martins in the fielde, and by
composition came to Sir Thomas Palmer knight in the raign
of Edward the sixt, who began to builde the same of Bricke
and Timber, very large and spacious, but of later time it hath
beene farre more beautifully encreased by the late sir William
Cicile Baron of Burghley, Lord Treasurer, and great counseller
of the estate.
Bedford house.; Parish church of S. Martin in the field.; An house belonging to Bethlem.
From thence is now a continuall new building of diuers
fayre houses, euen vp to the Earle of Bedfords house lately
builded nigh to Iuy Bridge, and so on the north side to
a lane that turneth to the parish Church of S. Martins in the
field, in the liberty of Westminster. Then had ye an house
wherein somtime were distraught and lunatike people, of what
antiquity founded, or by whom I haue not read, neither of the
suppression, but it was said that sometime a king of England,
not liking such a kind of people to remaine so neare his pallace,
caused them to be remoued farther of, to Bethlem without
Bishops gate of London, and to that Hospitall the said house
by Charing crosse doth yet remaine.
The Meuse by Charing crosse.; The Mewse new builded for stabling of the kings horses.
Then is the Mewse, so called of the kinges Faulchons there
kept by the kinges Faulconer, which of olde time was an office
of great account, as appeareth by a Recorde of Richard the
second, in the first yeare of his raigne: Sir Simon Burley
knight was made Constable for the castles of Windsor, Wigmore, and Guilford, and of the Manor of Kenington, and also
master of the kings Faulcons at the Mewse neare vnto Charing
crosse by Westminster. But in the yeare of Christ 1534. the 26.
of H. the 8. the king hauing faire stabling at Lomsbery (a
Manor in the farthest west part of Oldborne) the same was
fiered and burnt, with many great horses, and great store of
Hay. After which time, the forenamed house called the
Mewse by Charing crosse was new builded, and prepared for
stabling of the kings horses, in the raigne of Edward the sixt
and Queene Mary, and so remaineth to that vse, and this is the
farthest building West on the North side of that high streete.
The Bishop of Durhams house.
On the southside of the which street, in the liberties of
Westminster (beginning at Iuie Bridge), first is Durham house,
builded by Thomas Hatfielde Bishop of Durham, who was made
Bishop of that sea in the yeare 1345. and sat Bishop there 36.
Iusting feast at Durham house.
Amongst maters memorable concerning this house, this is
one. In the yeare of Christ 1540. the 32 of Henry the eight, on
May day, a great and triumphant Iusting was holden at Westminster, which had been formerly proclamed in France,
Flanders, Scotland and Spaine, for all commers that woulde
vndertake the challengers of England, which were sir Iohn
Dudley, sir Thomas Seymer, sir Thomas Po<y>nings, and sir
George Carew knights, and Anthonie Kingston, and Richarde
Cromwell Esquiers, all which came into the Lists that day richly
apparelled and their horses trapped al in white Veluet: there
came against them the sayde day 46. Defendants, or Vndertakers, vz. the Earle of Surrey formost, Lorde William Howard,
Lord Clinton, and Lord Cromwell, sonne and heyre to Thomas
Cromwell Earle of Essex, and Chamberlaine of England, with
other, and that day, after the Iustes performed, the Chalengers
rode vnto this Durham house, where they kept open household, and feasted the King and Queene, with her Ladies, and
all the Court: the second day Anthonie Kingston and Richard
Cromwell were made knights there: the thirde day of May
the said Chalengers did Turney on horsebacke with swordes,
and against them came 49. Defendants: sir Iohn Dudley, and
the Earle of Surrey, running first, which at the first course
lost their Gauntlets, and that day sir Richarde Cromwell
ouerthrew maister Palmer and his horse in the field, to the
great honor of the chalengers, the fift of May the Chalengers
fought on foote at the Barriers, and against them came 50.
Defendants, which fought valiantly: but sir Richard Cromwell
ouerthrew that day at the Barriers master Culpepper in the
field, and the sixt day the Chalengers brake vp their houshold.
In this time of their housekeeping they had not onely feasted
the King, Queene, Ladies, and all the Court, as is afore shewed:
but also they cheared all the Knightes and Burgesses of the
common house in the Parliament, and entertained the Maior
of London with the Aldermen and their wiues at a dinner, &c.
The king gaue to euery of the said chalengers, and their heyres
for euer, in reward of their valiant actiuitie, one hundred markes,
and a house to dwell in, of yearely reuenue, out of the landes
pertayning to the Hospitall of S. Iohn of Jerusalem.
The Bishop of Norwich his house.
Next beyond this Durham house is another great house
somtime belonging to the Bishop of Norwich, and was his
London lodging, which nowe pertaineth to the Archbishop
of Yorke by this occasion. In the yeare 1529, when Cardinall
Wolsey Archbishop of Yorke was indited in the Premunirey,
whereby king Henry the eight was entituled to his goodes
and possessions: hee also seazed into his hands the said Archbishops house, commonly called Yorke place, and changed
the name thereof into White hal: whereby the Archbishops
of Yorke being dispossessed, and hauing no house of repayre
about London, Queene Marie gaue vnto Nicholas Heth then
Archbishop of Yorke, and to his successors, Suffolke house in
Southwarke, lately builded by Charles Brandon, Duke of
Suffolke, as I haue shewed.
This house the said Archbishop sold, and bought the aforesayd house of old time belonging to the Bishops of Norwich,
which of this last purchase is now called Yorke house: the
Lord Chauncellors or Lord Keepers of the greate Seale of
England haue beene lately there lodged.
Hospitall of S. Mary Rounciuall.
Then was there an Hospitall of S. Marie Rounciuall by
Charing Crosse (a Cell to the Priorie and Couent of Rounciuall
in Nauar in Pampelion Dioces) where a Fraternitie was founded
in the 15. of Edward the 4. but now the same is suppressed
and turned into tenements.
Hermitage with a Chappell of Saint Katherine. Charing crosse.
Neare vnto this Hospitall was an Hermitage, with a chappell
of S. Katherine, ouer against Charing crosse, which crosse,
builded of stone, was of old time a fayre peece of worke there
made by commandement of Edward the first, in the 21. yeare
of his raigne, in memorie of Helianor his deceased Queene, as
is before declared.
Hospitall of Saint Iames.
West from this Crosse stoode sometime an Hospitall of
saint Iames, consisting of two hydes of lande with the appurtenances in the parish
<of> S. Margaret in Westminster, and
founded by the Citizens of London, before the time of any
mans memory, for 14. sisters maidens that were leprouse, liuing
chastly and honestly in diuine seruice.
S. Iames Fayre for 7. dayes.
Afterwards diuers Citizens of London gaue sixe and fifty li.
rent therevnto, and then were adioyned eight brethren to
minister diuine seruice there. After this also sundry deuout
men of London gaue to this Hospitall foure Hides of land in
the field of Westminster, and in Hendon, Calcote, and Hampsted, eighty acres of land and Woode, &c. King Edward the
first confirmed those giftes, and granted a Fayre to be kept
on the Eue of saint Iames, the day, the morrowe, and foure
dayes following, in the eighteenth of his raigne.
S. Iames parke.
This Hospitall was surrendred to Henry the eight, the three
and twentieth of his raigne, the sisters being compounded with
were allowed Pensions for tearme of their liues, and the king
builded there a goodly Mannor, annexing thereunto a Parke,
closed about with a wall of bricke, now called saint Iames
Parke, seruing indifferently to the said Mannor, and to the
Mannor or Pallace of White Hall.
Tylt yarde at Westminster.
South from Charing crosse on the right hand, are diuers
fayre houses lately builded before the Parke, then a large Tilt
yard for Noblemen and other to exercise themselues in Iusting,
Turn <ey>ing (fn. 1) , and fighting at Barryers.
Scotland, a plot of ground so called.
On the left hand from Charing Crosse bee also diuers fayre
Tenements lately builded, till ye come to a large plotte of
ground inclosed with bricke, and is called Scotland, where
great buildings hath beene for receipt of the kings of Scotland,
and other estates of that countrey: for Margaret Queene of
Scots and sister to King Henry the eight, had her abiding
there, when she came into England after the death of her
husband, as the kings of Scotland had in former times, when
they came to the Parliament of England.
Then is the said White Hal sometime belonging to Hubert
de Burgh Earle of Kent, and Iusticier of England, who gaue
it to the blacke Fryers in Oldborne, as I haue before noted.
King H. the eight ordayned it to be called an Honor, and
builded there a sumptuous Gallery and a beautifull Gate house,
thwart the high streete to saint Iames Parke, &c.
In this Gallory the Princes with their Nobility vse to stand
or sit, and at Windowes to behold all triumphant Iustings,
and other military exercises.
Beyond this Gallery on the left hand is the garden or
orchyard belonging to the said White Hall.
Tennis courts, Bowling Allies, and Cocke pit.
On the right hand be diuers fayre Tennis courtes, bowling
allies, and a Cocke pit, al built by king Henry the eight, and
then one other arched gate with a way ouer it thwarting the
street from the kings gardens to the said parke.
Long ditch. S. Stephens Ally.
From this gate vp Kings streete, to a bridge ouer Long
ditch (so called for that the same almost insulateth the City of
Westminster) neare which bridge is a way leading to Chanon
Row, so called for that the same belonged to the Deane and
Chanons of S. Stephens chappell, who were there lodged, as now
diuers Noblemen and Gentlemen be: Whereof one is belonging to sir Edward Hobby, one other to Iohn Thine Esquier,
once stately builded by Anne Stanhop Dutches of Somerset,
mother to the Earle of Hartford, who now enioyeth that house.
Next, a stately house now in building by William Earle of
Darby, ouer against the which is a fayre house builded by
Henry Clinton Earle of Lincolne.
From this way vp to the Woolestable and to the high
Tower, or gate which entreth the pallace court, all is replenished with buildings and inhabitantes.
Touching this Woolestable, I reade that in the raigne of
E. the first, the Staple being at Westminster, the parrishioners
of S. Margaret and Marchants of the Staple builded of new
the said church, the great Chancell excepted, which was lately
before new builded by the Abbot of Westminster.
Record. No siluer to be transported.
Moreouer that Edward the third, in the 17. of his raigne,
decreed that no siluer bee carried out of the Realme on paine
of death. And that whosoeuer transporteth wooll, should bring
ouer for euery sacke foure nobles of siluer Bullion.
Wool staple at Westminster.; Robert de Auesbury.
In the 25. of his raigne he appointed the Staple of Wooll to
be kept onely at Canterbury, for the honour of S. Thomas.
But in the 27. of the same king E. the Staple of Wooll, before
kept at Bruges in Flanders, was ordayned by Parliament to
be kept in diuers places of England, Wales and Ireland, as at
New Castle, Yorke, Lincolne, Canterbury, Norwich, Westminster, Chichester, Winchester, Excester, Bristow, Carmardyn,
&c. to the great benefit of the king, & losse vnto strangers & marchants. For there grew vnto the king by this meanes (as
it was said) the summe of 1000 a hundred and two pounds by
the yeare, more then any his predecessors before had receiued:
the Staple at Westminster at that time began on the next
morrow after the feast of S. Peter Ad vincula. The next yeare
was granted to the king by Parliament towardes the recouery
of his title in France, fifty shillings of euery sacke of wool
transported ouer seas, for the space of sixe yeares next ensuing,
by meanes whereof the king might dispend daily during those
yeares more then a thousand markes starling. For by the
common opinion there were more then 100000. sackes of
Wooll yearely transported into forraine landes, so that during
sixe yeares the said grant extended to fifteene hundred
thousand pound starling.
Staple at Callis let to farme.
In the 37. of Edward the third it was granted vnto him for
two yeares to take sixe and twenty shillings eight pence, vpon
euery sack of Wool transported, and the same yeare the staple
of wooll (notwithstanding the kings oath and other great
estates) was ordained to be kept at Callis, and sixe and twenty
Marchants, the best and wealthiest of all England, to be
farmers there, both of the Towne and Staple, for three yeares,
euery Marchant to haue sixe men of Armes, and foure Archers
at the kings cost. He ordained there also two Maiors, one for
the towne, and one for the Staple, and he tooke for mala capta,
commonly called Maltorth, twenty shillings, and of the said
Marchants Gardians of the Towne forty pence, vpon euery
sacke of Wooll.
In the 44. of Edward the third, Quinborough, Kingston
vpon Hull, and Boston, were made Staples of Wooll, which
matter so much offended some that in the 50. of his raigne, in
a Parliament at London, it was complained that the staple of
Wooll was so remoued from Callis to diuers townes in England,
contrary to the statute appointing that citizens and Marchants
should keepe it there, and that the king might haue the profits
and customes with the exchange of gold and siluer that was
there made, by al the Marchants in Christindome (esteemed
to amount to 8000. li. by yeare the exchange onely): and the
Citizens and Marchants so ordred the matter that the king
spent nothing vpon souldiers neither vpon defence of the
towne against the enemies, whereas now he spent 8000. li. by
In the 51. of Edward the third, when the Staple was setled (fn. 2)
at Callis, the Maior of the Staple did furnish the Captaine of
the towne vpon Enirode (fn. 3) with 100. Bilmen, 1200. Archers of
Marchants and their seruants, without any wages.
Manuscript.; French Wooll staples at Middleborough.
In the yeare 1388. the twelfth of Richard the second, in
a Parliament at Cambridge, it was ordayned that the Staple
of Wooles should be brought from Middlebrough in Holland
Staple Marchants the most ancientst of this realme.
In the fourteenth of his raigne there was granted 40. s. vpon
euery sacke of wooll, and in the 21. was graunted 50.s. vpon
euery sacke transported by english men, and three pound by
strangers, &c. It seemeth that the Marchants of this Staple
be the most ancient Marchants of this Realme, and that all
commodities of the realm are Staple Marchandizes by law
and Charter, as Wooles, Leather, Wool-fels, Lead, Tyn,
King Henry the sixt had sixe wooll houses within the staple
at Westminster: those he granted to the Deane and Cannons
of saint Stephen at Westminster, and confirmed it the 21. of
his raigne. Thus much for the Staple haue I shortly noted.
And now to passe to the famous Monastery of Westminster:
at the very entrance of the Close thereof, is a lane that leadeth
toward the west, called Theeuing lane, for that theeues were
led that way to the Gate house, while the sanctuary continued
Foundation of Westminster by Sebert, a Christian king not onely in word, but in deed.
This Monastery was founded and builded by Sebert king of
the East Saxons, vpon the perswasion of Ethelbert King of
Kent, who hauing embraced christianity, and being baptized
by Melitus Bishop of London: immediately (to shew himselfe
a christian indeed) built a church to the honour of God and
S. Peter, on the west side of the city of London, in a place
(which because it was ouergrowne with thornes, and enuironed
with water) the Saxons called Thorney, and now of the
Monastery and west scituation thereof is called Westminster.
In this place (saith Sulcardus) long before was a Temple of
Apollo, which being ouerthrowne, king Lucius built therin
a church of Christianity.
Sebert was buried in this church, with his wife Athelgoda,
whose bodies many yeares after, to wit in the raigne of Richard
the second (saith Walsingham) were translated from the old
church to the new, and there enterred.
Edgar king of the west Saxons repayred this Monastery
about the yeare of Christ, 958. E. the Confessor builded it
of new, whereupon T. Clifford writeth thus.
Without the walles of London (saith hee) vpon the Riuer
Thames, there was in times passed a little Monastery, builded
to the honour of God and Saint Peter, with a few Benedict
Monkes in it, vnder an Abbot, seruing Christ: very poore they
were, and little was giuen them for their reliefe. Here the
King entended (for that it was neare to the famous Cittie of
London and the Riuer of Thames, that brought in all kinde
of Marchandizes from all partes of the worlde) to make his
Sepulcher. Hee commaunded therfore that, of the tenthes of all
his rentes, the worke should bee begunne in such sort as should
become the Prince of the Apostles.
At this his commandement the worke is nobly begun, euen
from the foundation, and happily proceedeth till the same was
finished: the charges bestowed, or to bee bestowed, are not
regarded. Hee graunted to this church great priuiledges,
aboue all the churches in this land, as partly appeareth by
this his Charter.
Edwarde, King, greets William, Bishop, and Leofstane and Aelfsie Portreeues, and all my Burgesses of London friendly,
and I tell you that I haue this gift giuen and granted to Christ
and S. Peter the holy Apostle, at Westminster, full freedome ouer
all the land that belongeth to that holy place, &c.
Parish church of S. Margaret.
He also caused the parish church of S. Margaret to be
newly builded without the Abby church of Westminster, for
the ease & commodity of the Monks, because before that time
the parrish Church stood within the old Abbey church in the
south Isle, somewhat to their annoyance.
Mathew Paris.; A Mart at Westminster.
King Henry the third, in the yeare of Christ 1220, and in
the fift of his raigne, began the new worke of our Ladies
Chappell, whereof he layd the first stone in the foundation,
and in the yeare 1245. the walles and steeple of the old Church
(builded by king Edward) were taken downe, and inlarging
the same Church, he caused them to bee made more comely, for
the furtherance whereof, in the yeare 1246. the same king
(diuising how to extort money from the Citizens of London
towards the charges) appointed a Mart to bee kept at Westminster, the same to last fifteene dayes, and in the meane
space all trade of Marchandise to cease in the Citty, which
thing the Citizens were faine to redeeme with two thousand
pound of siluer.
Westmister with the palace burned.
The worke of this church, with the houses of Office, was
finished to the end of the quire, in the yeare 1285. the 14 of
E. the first. All which labour of 66. yeares, was in the yeare
1299. defaced by a fire kindled in the lesser Hall of the kinges
Pallace at Westminster, the same with many other houses
adioyning, and with the Queenes chamber, were all consumed,
the flame thereof also (being driven with the wind) fired the
Monastery, which was also with the pallace consumed.
Then was this Monastery againe repaired by the Abbots of
that church, king Edward the first and his successors putting
to their helping hands.
Edward the second appropriated vnto this Church the
patronages of the churches of Kelueden and Sabritsworth (fn. 4) in
Essex in the Diocesse of London.
Simon Langham Abbot (hauing beene a great builder there
in the yeare 1362.) gaue 400.li. to the building of the body
of the church: but (amongst others) Abbot Islip was in his
time a great builder there, as may appeare in the stone worke
and glasse windowes of the church. Since whose decease that
worke hath staied as he left it, vnperfected, the church and
steeple being all of one height.
New chappell at Westminster.
King Henry the seuenth, about the yeare of Christ 1502.
caused the chappel of our Lady, builded by Henry the third,
with a Tauern also called the White Rose neare adioyning,
to be taken downe: in which plot of ground, on the 24. of
Ianuary, the first stone of the new chappell was laid by the
hands of Abbot Islip, sir Reginald Bray, knight of the Garter,
Doctor Barnes, Maister of the Rolles, Doctor Wal, Chaplen
to the king, Maister Hugh Aldham, Chaplen to the Countess
of Darby and Richmond (the Kinges mother), sir Edward
Stanhop knight, and diuers other: vpon the which stone was
engrauen the same day and yeare, &c.
The charges in building this chappell amounted to the summe
of 14000. pound. The stone for this worke (as I haue beene informed) was brought from Huddlestone Quarrie in Yorkeshire.
The Altar and sepulture of the same king Henry the
seuenth, wherein his body resteth in this his new chappel, was
made & finished in the yeare 1519. by one Peter a Painter of
Florence: for the which he receiued 1000. pound starling for
the whole stuffe and workmanship, at the hands of the kings
executors, Richard Bishop of Winchester, Richard Bishop of
London, Thomas Bishop of Durham, Iohn Bishop of Rochester,
Tho. Duke of Norfolke, Treasurer of England, Charles Earle
of Worcester the kinges Chamberlaine, Iohn Fineux knight,
chiefe Iustice of the kinges Bench, Robert Reade knight, cheife
Iustice of the Common place.
Westminster a Bishops Sea.; Westminster made a Collegiat church.
This Monastery being valued to dispend by the yeare 3470.
pound, &c. was surrendrd to Henry the eight, in the yeare
1539. Benson, then Abbot, was made the first Deane: and not
long after it was aduanced to a Bishoppes Sea, in the yeare
1541. Thomas Thurlby being both the first and last Bishop
there, who when he had impouerished the church, was translated to Norwich in the yeare 1550. the fourth of Edward the
sixt, and from thence to Elie, in the yeare 1554. the second
of Queene Mary. Richard Cox Doctor in Diuinity (late
Schoolemaister to king Edward the 6.) was made Deane of
Westminster, whome Queene Mary put out, and made Doctor
Weston Deane, vntill the yeare 1556, and then he being
remoued from thence on the 21. of Nouember, Iohn Fekenham
(late Deane of Paules) was made Abbot of Westminster, and
tooke possession of the same, being installed, and fourteene
Monks more receiued the habite with him that day of the
order of saint Benedict: but the said Iohn Feckenham, with his
Monkes, enjoyed not that place fully three yeares, for in the
yeare 1559. in the Moneth of Iuly they were all put out, and
Queene Elizabeth made the said Monastery a Colledge, instituting there a Deane, twelue Prebends, a Schoolmaister, and
Usher, 40. schollers called commonly the Queenes schollers,
12. Alms men, & so it was named the Collegiat church of
Westminster, founded by Queene Elizabeth, who placed Doctor
Bil first Deane of that new erection, after whome succeeded
Doctor Gabriel Goodman, who gouerned that church forty
yeares, and after Doctor L. Andrewes.
King and Q. crowned at Westminster.
Kings and Queenes crowned in this church: William surnamed Conqueror, and Matilde his wife, were the first: and
since them all other Kings and Queenes of this realme haue
been there crowned.
Kings and Q. buried at Westminster.; S. Edwards shrine at Westminster.
Kinges and Queenes buried in this Church are these: Sebert
king of the East Saxons, with his wife Athelgade, Harold
surnamed Harefote, king of the West Saxons: Edward the
simple, surnamed Confessor, sometime richly shrined in a
Tombe of siluer and Gold, curiously wrought by commaundement of William the Conqueror: Egitha his wife was there
buried also. Hugolyn Chamberlaine to Edward the Confessor.
K. Henry the third, whose sepulture was richly garnished with
precious stones of Iasper, which his sonne Edward the first
brought out of France for that purpose: Elianor wife to
Henry the third: Edward the first, who offered to the
shrine of Edward the Confessor the chaire of Marble,
wherein the Kinges of Scotland were Crowned, with the
Scepter and Crowne also to the same King belonging. He gaue also to that church landes to the value of 100.
pound by the yeare, 20. pound thereof yearely to be distributed to the poore for euer: then there lyeth Eleanor his
wife, daughter to Ferdinando king of Castile, 1293. Edward
the third by Queene Phillip of Henault: Richard the second
and Anne his wife, with their images upon them which cost
more then foure hundred marks for the guilding: Henry the
fift with a royall image of siluer and guilt, which Katherine
his wife caused to bee laid vpon him, but the head of this
image being of massie siluer is broken off, and conuayed
away with the plates of siluer and guilte that couered his
body: Katherin his wife was buried in the old Lady chapel,
1438. but her corps being taken vp in the raign of Henry the
7. when a new foundation was to be laid, she was neuer since
buried, but remayneth aboue ground in a coffin of boordes
behinde the East end of the Presbyterie (fn. 5) : Henry the seuenth
in a sumptuous Sepulture and Chappell before specified, and
Elisabeth his Wife, Edwarde the sixt in the same Chappell
without any Monument, Queene Mary without any Monument, in the same Chappell: Matilde daughter to Malcolme
king of Scottes, wife to H. the first, dyed 1118. lyeth in the
Reuestrie: Anne wife to Richarde the 3. Margaret Countes
of Richmond and Darby, mother to H. the seuenth. Anne of
Cleue, wife to Henry the eight. Edmond second son to Henry
the third, first Earle of Lancaster, Darby, and Leycester, and
Aueline his wife, daughter and heyre to William de Fortibus
Earle of Albemarle. In S. Thomas chappell lie the bones of
the children of Henry the third, and of Edward the first, in
number nine. In the Chapter house, Elianor Countesse of
Barre, daughter to Edward the first, William of Windsore
and Blaunch his sister, children to Edward the thirde, Iohn
of Eltham Earle of Cornewell, sonne to Edward the second,
Elianor wife to Thomas of Woodstocke, Duke of Glocester,
Thomas of Woodstocke by king Edward the third his Father,
Margaret daughter to Edward the fourth, Elizabeth daughter
to Henry the seuenth, William de Valence Earle of Pembrooke,
A <ye> mer de Valence Earle of Pembrooke, Margaret and Iohn
sonne and daughter to William de Valence, Iohn Waltham
Bishop of Sarum, Treasurer of England, Thomas Ruthal
Bishop of Durham, 1522. Giles Lord Dawbeny, Lord Lieutenant of Callice, Chamberlaine to king Henry the seuenth,
1508. and Elizabeth his wife of the Family of the Arundelles
in Cornwal, 1500. Iohn Vicount Welles 1498. The Ladie
Katherine, daughter to the Dutches of Norfolke: sir Thomas
Hungerford knight, Father to sir Iohn Hungerford of Downampney kinght: a sonne and daughter to Humfrey Bohun
Earle of Hereford and Essex, and Elizabeth his wife: Philip
Dutches of Yorke, daughter to the Lord Mohun, thrice
married, to the Lord Fitzwalter, sir Iohn Golofer, and to the
Duke of Yorke: William Dudley Bishoppe elect of Durham,
sonne to Iohn Baron of Dudley, Nicholas Baron Carow (fn. 6) ,1470.
Walter Hungerford, sonne to Edward Hungerforde knight,
Sir Iohn Burley knight, and Anne his wife, daughter to Alane
Buxhull knight, 1416. sir Iohn Golofer knight, 1396. Humfrey Burcher, Lord Cromwell, sonne to Bourchier Earle of
Essex, slayne at Barnet, Henry Bourchier sonne and heyre to
Iohn Bourchier, Lord Barners also slayne at Barnet, 1471.
Sir William Trussell knight, Sir Thomas Vaughan knight,
Francis Brandon Dutchesse of Suffolke, 1560. Mary Gray
her daughter, 1578. Sir Iohn Hampden Knight, Sir Lewes
Vicount Robsart knight, Lord Bourchere of Henalt, 1430. and
his wife daughter and heyre to the Lord Bourchere: Robert
Brown and William Browne Esquers: The Lady Iohane
Tokyne daughter of Dabridge court: George Mortimer Bastarde, Iohn Felbye Esquier, Anne wife to Iohn Watkins,
William Southwike Esquier, William Southcot Esquier, Robert
Constantine Gentleman, Arthur Troffote Esquier, Robert
Hawley Esquier, slaine in that Church, sir Richarde Rouse
knight, sir Geffrey Maundeuile Earle of Essex, and Athelarde
his wife, Sir Foulke of Newcastle, Sir Iames Barons knight,
Sir Iohn Salisbery knight, Margaret Dowglas Countesse of
Lineaux (fn. 7) , with Charles her sonne, Earle of Lineaux, Henrie
Scogan, a learned Poet, in the Cloyster: Geffrey Chaucer, the
most famous Poet of England, also in the Cloyster, 1400. but
since Nicholas Brigham Gentleman raysed a Monumente for
him in the South Crosse Ile of the Church: his workes were partly published in Print by William Caxton in the raigne of
Henry the sixt, increased by William Thinne Esquier, in the
raigne of Henry the eight: corrected and twise encreased
through mine owne paynefull labors, in the raigne of Queene
Elizabeth, to witte in the yeare 1561. and againe, beautified
with notes by me collected out of diuers Recordes and Monuments, which I deliuered to my louing friend Thomas Speight,
and hee hauing drawne the same into a good forme and
Methode, as also explayned the olde and obscure wordes, &c.
hath published them in Anno 1597.
Anne Stanhope Dutches of Sommerset, and Iane her
daughter, Anne Cecill Countesse of Oxford, daughter to the
Lorde Burghley, with Mildred Burghley her Mother, Elizabeth
Barkley Countesse of Ormonde, Frauncis Sidney Countesse
of Sussex, Francis Howard Countesse of Hertford, 1598.
Thomas Baron Wentworth, Thomas Baron Wharton, Iohn
lord Russel, sir Thomas Bromley Lord Chauncellor, sir Iohn
Puckering Lord Keeper, Sir Henry Cary Lord Hunsdon, and
Lord Chamberlayne, 1596. to whose memory his sonne sir
George Cary lord Hunsdon and lord Chamberlaine, hath
erected a stately monument.
Sanctuary at Westminster.
This church hath had great priuiledge of Sanctuary within
the precinct therof, to wit, the church, churchyard and close,
&c. from whence it hath not beene lawfull for any prince or
other, to take any person that fled thether for any cause:
which priuiledge was first granted by Sebert king of the East
Saxons, since increased by Edgare king of the West Saxons,
renewed and confirmed by king Edward the Confessor, as
appeareth by this his Charter following.
Edward by the grace of God, King of Englishmen: I make
it to be known to all generations of the world after me, that by
speciall commandement of our holy father Pope Leo, I haue
renewed and honored the holy church of the blessed Apostle S.
Peter of Westminster, and I order and establish for euer, that
what person of what condition or estate soeuer hee be, from
whence soeuer he come, or for what offence or cause it be, either
for his refuge into the said holy place, he be assured of his life,
liberty and lims: And ouer this I forbid vnder the paine of
euerlasting damnation, that no Minister of mine or of my
successors intermeddle them with any the goods, lands or
possessions of the said persons taking the said sanctuary: for
I haue taken their goodes & liuelode into my speciall protection,
and therefore I grant to euery each of them, in as much as my
terrestriall power may suffice, all maner freedom of ioyous
libertie, and whosoeuer presumes or doth contrary to this my
graunt, I will hee lose his name, worship, dignity & power, and
that with the great traytor Iudas that betrayed our Sauiour, he
be in the euerlasting fire of hell, and I will and ordayne that
this my graunt endure as long as there remayneth in England,
eyther loue or dread of christian name.
More of this sanctuary ye may read in our histories, and
also in the statute of Henry the 8. the 32. yeare.
Parish church of S. Margaret.;In the raigne of E. the 6.
The parish church of S. Margaret sometime within the
Abbey, was by E. the Confessor remoued, and builded without, for ease of the Monks. This church continued till the
daies of E. the 1. at what time the marchants of the staple
and parishioners of Westminster builded it all of new, the
great chancell excepted, which was builded by the Abbots of
Westminster, and this remaineth now a fayr parish church,
though sometime in danger of down pulling: In the south Ile
of this church is a fayre marble monument of Dame Mary
Billing, the heyre of Robert Nesenham of Conington in
Huntingtonshire, first married to William Coton, to whose
issue her inheritance alone discended, remayning with Rob.
Coton at this day, heyre of her and her first husbandes familie:
her second husband was sir Thomas Billing chiefe Iustice of
England, & her last, whom likewise she buried, was Thomas
Lacy, erecting this monument to the memory of her 3.
husbands, with whose armes she hath garnished it, and for
her own burial, wherein she was enterred in the yeare 1499.
Great hall at Westminster. Mathew Paris.; Liber Woodbridge.; Pallace repayred. W. Fitzstephen.; Record Tower.; The vse of great Hall was to feed the poore.
Next to this famous Monastery, is the kings principall
Pallace, of what antiquity it is vncertain: but Edward the
Confessor held his court there, as may appeare by the testimony of sundrie, and namely of Ingulphus as I haue before
told you. The said king had his pallace, and for the most
remayned there: where hee also ended his life, and was
buried in the Monastery which hee had builded. It is not
to be doubted, but that king William the first, as hee was
crowned there, so he builded much at this Pallace, for he
found it far inferior to the building of princely pallaces
in France. And it is manifest by the testimonie of many
authors, that W. Rufus builded the great Hall there, about
the year of Christ 1097. Amongst others, Roger of Windouer, and Mathew Paris, doe write, that king William
(being returned out of Normandy, into England) kept his
feast of Whitsontide very roially at Westminster, in the new
hall which he had lately builded, the length whereof (say
some) was 270. foote, and seuenty foure foot in bredth, and
when he heard men say, that this Hall was too great, he
answered and said: this hall is not bigge inough by the one
halfe, and is but a Bedde chamber in comparison of that
I meane to make: a diligent searcher (saith Paris) might find
out the foundation of the hal, which he had supposed to haue
builded, stretching from the riuer of Thames euen to the
common high way. This Pallace was repaired about the
yeare 1163. by Thomas Becket Chauncelor of England, with
exceeding great celerity and speede, which before was ready
to haue fallen downe. This hath beene the principall seat
and Pallace of al the kings of England since the conquest:
for here haue they in the great hall kept their feasts of
coronation especially, and other solemne feasts, as at Christmas and such like most commonly: for proofe whereof, I finde
Recorded that in the yeare 1236. and the twentieth of Henry
the third, on the 29. of December, William de Hauerhull,
the kinges Treasurer, is commanded that vpon the day of
circumcision of our Lord he cause 6000. poore people to be
fed at Westminster, for the state of the king, the Queene, and
their children, the weake and aged to be placed in the great
hall, & in the lesser, those that were most strong and in
reasonable plight in the kinges chamber, the children in the
Queenes, and when the king knoweth the charge he would
allow it in the accounts.
Mathew Paris. Great Feastes in Great Feastes in Westminster hall.
In the yeare 1238. the same king Henry kepte his feast of
Christmas at Westminster in the great Hall, so did he in the
year 1241. where he placed the Legate in the most honorable
place of the Table, to wit in the midest, which the Noblemen
took in euill part: the king sate on the right hand, and the
Archbishop on the left, and then all the Prelates & Nobles
according to their estates: for the king himselfe set the Guests.
The yeare 1242, he likewise kept his Christmas in the hall, &c.
Also in the yeare 1243. Richard Earle of Cornewall, the kings
brother, maried Cincia, daughter to Beatrice Countesse of
Prouince, and kept his mariage feast in the great Hall at
Westminster, with great royalty and company of noble men:
insomuch, that there were told (triginta milia) 30000 dishes of
meates at that dinner.
H. the 3. sate in the exchequer & amerced the Shiriffes.
In the yeare 1256. King Henry state in the Exchequer of this
Hall, and there set downe order for the appearance of Shiriffes,
and bringing in of their accounts: there was fiue Markes set
on euery Shiriffes head for a fine, because they had not distrained euery person that might dispend fifteene pound land
by the yeare, to receyue the order of Knighthoode, as the
same Shiriffes were commaunded. Also the Maior, Aldermen,
and Shiriffes of London, being accused of oppression and
wrongs done by them, and submitting themselues in this
place before the king sitting in judgement vpon that matter,
they were condemned to pay their fines for their offences
committed, and further euery one of them discharged of assise
Translation of E. the Confessor.
In the yeares 1268. and 1269. the same king kept his
Christmas feasts at Westminster as before: and also in the
same 1269. he translated, with great solemnitie, the bodie of
king Edward the Confessor into a new Chappell, at the backe
of the high Altar: which Chappell he had prepared of a marueylous workemanship, bestowing a new Tombe or Shrine of
Golde, and on the day of his translation he kept a royall feast
in the great Hall of the Palace: thus much for the feasts of
old time in this hall.
Marshes about Woolwich drowned.; Wheries rowed in Westminster hall.
We read also, that in the yeare 1236. the riuer of Thames
ouerflowing the bankes, caused the Marches about Woolwich
to be all on a Sea, wherein Boats and other vesselles were
carried with the streame, so that besides cattell, the greatest
number of men, women and children, inhabitants there, were
drowned: and in the great Palace of Westminster, men did
row with wheryes in the middest of the Hall, being forced to
ryde to theyr chambers.
T. Walsing. Pallace at Westminster burnt.
Moreouer in the yeare 1242, the Thames ouerflowing the
bankes about Lambhithe, drowned houses and fieldes, by the
space of sixe miles, so that in the great hall at Westminster,
men tooke their horses, because the water ran ouer all. This
Palace was (in the yeare 1299. the 27. of Edward the first)
burnt by a vehement fire, kindled in the lesser hall of the
kings house: the same with many other houses adioyning, and
with the Queenes chamber, were consumed, but after that
The kings treasurie at Westminster robbed. The Abbot & Monks sent to the Tower.
In the yeare 1303. the 31. of Edward the first, the kings
treasurie at Westminster was robbed, for the which Walter,
Abbot of Westminster, with 49. of his brethren, and 32. other,
were throwne into the Tower of London, and indighted of the
robbery of an hundred thousand pound, but they affirming
themselues to be cleare of the fact, and desiring the king of
speedie iustice, a commission was directed for inquiry of the
truth, and they were freed.
E. the 2. keeping his feasts at westm. hall, was presente with a complaint of not rewarding souldiers.
In the yeare 1316. Edward the second did solemnize his feast
of Penticost at Westminster, in the great hall, where sitting
royally at the table with his Pears about him, there entred
a woman adorned like a Minstrell, sitting on a great horse,
trapped as Minstrels then vsed, who rode round about the
Tables, shewing pastime, and at length came vp to the kings
Table, and laide before him a letter, and forthwith turning her
horse, saluted euery one, and departed. The letter being
opened, had these contents: 'Our Soueraigne Lord the King
hath nothing curteously respected his knights, that in his
fathers time, and also in his owne, haue put forth their persons
to diuers perils, and haue vtterly lost, or greatly diminished
their substance, for honor of the said king, and he hath inriched aboundantly such as haue not borne the waight as yet
of the busines,' &c.
Great hall at westminster repayred.
This great hall was begun to be repayred in the yeare 1397.
by Richard the second, who caused the walles, windowes, & roofe, to be taken downe, and new made, with a stately porch,
and diuerse lodgings of a maruellous worke, and with great
costs: all which he leuied of strangers banished, or flying out
of their Countryes, who obtayned license to remaine in this
land by the Kinges Charters, which they had purchased with
great summes of money, Iohn Boterell being then Clarke of
Great feasts in Westminster hall.
This hall being finished in the yeare 1399. the same King
kept a most royal Christmas there, with dayly Iustings, and
runnings at Tilt, whereunto resorted such a number of people,
that there was euerie day spent twentie eight, or twentie
sixe Oxen, and three hundred sheepe, besides fowle without
number: he caused a Gowne for himselfe to be made of Golde,
garnished with Pearle and precious Stones, to the value of
3000. Marks: he was garded by Cheshire men, and had about
him commonly thirteene bishops, besides Barons, Knights,
Esquires, and other more then needed: insomuch, that to the
houshold, came euery day to meate 10000. people, as appeareth
by the Messes tolde out from the Kitchen to 300. seruitors.
Thus was this great hall for the honour of the Prince oftentymes furnished with guests, not onely in this kings time
(a prodigall Prince) but in the time of other also, both before
and since, though not so vsually noted. For when it is said,
the king held his feast of Christmas, or such a feast at Westminster, it may well be supposed to be kept in this great hall,
as most sufficient to such a purpose.
Ro. Fabian.; King Henry the 7. feasted the Maior of London, &c.
I find noted by Robert Fabian (sometime an Alderman of
London) that king Henrie the seuenth in the ninth of his
raigne (holding his royall feast of Christmas at Westminster)
on the twelfth day, feasted Raph Austry, then Maior of London,
and his brethren the Aldermen, with other commoners in great
number, and after dinner dubbing the Maior knight, caused
him with his brethren to stay and behold the disguisings and
other disports, in the night following shewed in the great hall,
which was richly hanged with Arras, and staged about on
both sides: which disportes being ended in the morning, the
king, the Queene, the Ambassadors, & other estates, being set
at a table of stone, 60. knights, and Esquires serued 60. dishes
to the kings Messe, and as many to the Queenes (neither flesh
nor fish) and serued the Maior with twentie foure dishes to
his messe, of the same maner, with sundrie wines in most
plenteous wise: and finally, the King and Queene, being conueyed
with great lights into the Pallace, the Mayor with his
companie in Barges returned and came to London by breake
of the next day. Thus much for building of this great hall, and feasting therein.
Parliament kept in Westminster hall.
It moreouer appeareth that many Parliament haue beene
kept there: for I find noted, that in the yeare 1397. the great
hall at Westminster, being out of reparations, and therefore, as
it were, new builded by Richard the second (as is afore shewed)
the same Richard in the meane time hauing occasion to
hold a parliament, caused for that purpose a large house to be
builded in the middest of the Palace Court, betwixt the clocke
Tower, and the gate of the olde great hall: this house was
very large and long, made of tymber, couered with Tyle, open
on both the sides, and at both the endes, that all men might
see and heare what was both sayde and done.
Bouch of Court.
The Kinges Archers (in number 4000. Cheshire men) compassed the house about with their Bowes bent, and Arrowes
nocked in their handes, alwayes readie to shoote: they had
bouch of Court (to wit, meate and drinke) and great wages, of
six pence by the day.
I find of record the 50. of Ed. the 3. that the Chapter house of the Abbot of Westm. was then the vsual house for the commons in Parliament.
The olde great Hall being new builded, Parliaments were
againe there kept as before: namely, one in the yeare 1399.
for the deposing of Richard the second. A great part of this
Palace at Westminster was once againe burnt in the yeare
1512. the 4. of Henry the eight, since which time, it hath not
beene reedified: onely the great Hall, with the offices neare
adioyning, are kept in good reparations, and serueth as afore,
for feastes at Coronations, Arraignments of great persons
charged with treasons, keeping of the Courts of iustice, &c.
But the Princes haue beene lodged in other places about the
city, as at Baynards Castle, at Bridewell, and White hall,
sometime called Yorke place, and sometime at S. Iames.
Magna Carta. Common place (fn. 8) in westminster hall.
This great hall hath beene the vsuall place of pleadings, and
ministration of Iustice, whereof somewhat shortly I will note.
In times past, the courts and benches followed the king,
wheresoeuer he went, as well since the conquest, as before,
which thing at length being thought combersome, painfull,
and chargeable to the people, it was in the yeare 1224. the
9. of H. 3. agreed that there should be a standing place
appointed, where matters should be heard and iudged, which
was in the great hall at Westminster.
T. Smith.; Court of the Chancerie.
In this hall he ordayned three iudgement seates, to wit, at
the entry on the right hand, the common place (fn. 9) , where ciuill
matters are to <be> pleaded, specially such as touch lands
or contracts: at the vpper end of the Hall, on the right hand,
or Southest corner, the Kings bench, where pleas of the
Crowne haue their hearing: and on the left hand or Southwest corner, sitteth the Lord Chancellor, accompanied with
the master of the Rowles, and other men, learned for the
most part in the Ciuill lawe, and called maisters of the
Chauncerie, which haue the Kings fee. The times of pleading
in these courts are foure in the yeare, which are called
Tearmes, the first is Hillarie Terme, which beginneth the
23. of Ianuary, if it be not Sundary, and endeth the 12. of
February. The second is Easter Terme, and beginneth
17. dayes after Easter day, and endeth dour doyers after Ascension day. The third Terme beginneth 6. or seuen dayes after
Trinitie Sunday, and endeth the Wednesday fortnight after.
The fourth is Michaelmas Terme, which beginneth the 9. of
October, if it be not Sunday, and endeth the 28. of Nouember.
Kings of this Realme haue sate on the Kings Bench in West. hall.
And here is to be noted, that the Kings of this Realme
haue vsed sometimes to sit in person in the Kings Bench;
namely King Edward the fourth, in the yere 1462. in Michaelmas Terme sate in the Kings Bench three dayes togither, in
the open Court, to vnderstand how his lawes were ministred
Court of the exchequer.; Informers.
Within the Port, or entrie into the Hall, on eyther side are
ascendings vp into large Chambers without the Hall adioyning
thereunto, wherein certaine Courts be kept; namely, on the
right hand, is the court of the Exchequer, a place of account
for the reuenewes of the Crowne; the hearers of the account
haue Auditors vnder them, but they which are the chiefe for
accounts of the prince, are called Barons of the Exchequer,
whereof one is called the chiefe Baron. The greatest officer of
al is called the high treasurer. In this Court be heard those that
are delators, or informers, in popular and penall actions, hauing
thereby part of the profite by the law assigned vnto them.
In this Court, if any question bee, it is determined after the
order of the common law of England by twelue men, and all
subsidies, Taxes and Customes, by account: for in this office,
the Shiriffes of the Shire do attende vpon the execution of
the commandements of the Iudges, which the Earle should
do, if he were not attending vpon the Princes in the warres, or
otherwise about him: for the chiefe office of the earl was, to
see the Kings iustice to haue course, and to bee well executed
in the Shire, and the Princes Reuenewes to bee well aunswered
and brought into the Treasurie.
If any fines or amerciaments be extracted out of any of the
sayde Courts vpon any man, or any arrerages of accounts of
such thinges as is of customes, taxes and subsidies, or other
such like occasions, the same the Shiriffe of the Shire doth
gather, and is aunswerable therefore in the Exchequer. As
for other ordinarie rents of patrimoniall landes, and most
commonly of taxes, customes, and subsidies, there be particular receyuers and collectors, which doe aunswere it into the
Exchequer. This Court of the Exchequer hath of olde time,
and as I thinke, since the Conquest, beene kept at Westminster, notwithstanding sometimes remoued thence by commaundement of the king, and after restored againe, as namely
in the yeare 1209, King Iohn commaunded the Exchequer
to be remoued from Westminster to Northhampton, &c.
Dutchy court.; Office of receit.; Star chamber.
On the left hand aboue the staire is the Duchie chamber,
wherein is kept the Court for the Duchie of Lancaster, by
a Chancellor of that Duchie, and other officers vnder him.
Then is there in an other chamber, the office of the receits of
the Queenes reuenewes for the Crowne: then is there also the
Starre Chamber, where in the Terme time euery weeke once
at the least, which is commonly on Frydayes and Wednesdayes, and on the next day after the Terme endeth, the Lord
Chancellor and the Lords, and other of the priuy Councell,
and the chiefe Iustices of England, from 9. of the clocke till
it be II. do sit.
This place is called the Starre Chamber, because the roofe
thereof is decked with the likenes of Stars guilt: there be
plaints heard, of ryots, rowts, and other misdemeanors, which if
they bee found by the kings Councell, the partie offender shall
be censured by these persons, which speake one after another,
and hee shal bee both fined and commaunded to prison.
The court of Wardes and Liueries. Court of Requests. S. Stephens Chappell.; Little Sanctuarie.
Then at the vpper end of the great hall by the Kings bench,
is a going vp to a great Chamber, called the White hall,
wherein is now kept the court of Wards and Liueries: and
adioyning thereunto is the Court of Requests. Then is
S. Stephens Chappell, of old time founded by king Stephen.
King Iohn in the 7. of his raign graunted to Baldwinus de
London Clarke of his Exchequer, the Chappleship of Saint
Stephens at Westminster, &c. This Chappell was againe
since, of a farre more curious workemanship, new builded by
king Edward the third, in the yeare 1347. for thirtie eight
persons in that Church to serue God, to wit, a Deane, 12. secular
Canons, thirteene Vicars, foure Clarkes, sixe Choristes, two
Seruitors, to wit, a Verger, and a keeper of the Chappell.
He builded for those from the house of receit, along nigh to
the Thames, within the same Pallace, there to inhabite, and
since that, there was also builded (fn. 10) for them, betwixt the
Clocke-house and the Wooll-staple, called the Wey house.
He also builded to the vse of this Chappell (though out of the
Pallace Court) some distance west, in the little Sanctuarie,
a strong Clochard of stone and timber, couered with Lead,
and placed therein three great Bels, since vsually rung at
coronations, triumphs, funerall of Princes, and their obits. Of
those Bels men fabuled, that their ringing sowred all the drinke
in the towne. More, that about the biggest Bell was written,
King Edward made me,
Thirtie thousand and three,
Take me downe and wey me,
And more shall ye find me.
But these Bels being taken downe indeed, were found all
three not to wey 20. thousand. True it is, that in the Citie of
Roane in Normandie, there is one great Bell, that hath such
inscription as followeth.
Ie suis George de Ambois,
Qui trente sinq mille pois:
Mes lui qui me pesera,
Trente six mill me trouera.
I am George of Ambois,
Thirtie fiue thousand in pois:
But he that shall weigh me,
Thiritie six thousand shall find me.
Cloyster of S. Stephens chappel builded.; Parliament house.
The said king Ed. endowed this chappell with lands, to the
yearly value of 500.l. Doctor Iohn Chambers the kinges
Phisitian, the last Deane of this Colledge, builded thereunto
a cloyster of curious workmanship, to the charges of 11000.
marks. This chappell, or colledge, at the supperssion, was
valued to dispend in lands by the yeare 1085. pound. 10.s.5.d.
and was surrendred to Edward the sixt, since the which time,
the same Chappell hath serued as a Parliament house.
Chappel of our Ladie in the piew.
By this chappel of S. Stephen, was sometime one other
smaller chappel, called our Lady of the Piew, to the which
Lady great offerings were vsed to be made. Amongst other
things I haue read that Richard the 2. after the ouerthrow of
Wat Tilar and other his rebels in the 4. of his raigne, went to
Westminster, and there giuing thanks to God for his victorie,
made his offering in this Chappell, but as diuerse haue noted,
namely Iohn Piggot, in the yeare 1452. (fn. 11) on the 17. of February,
by negligence of a Scholler appoynted by his Schoolemaister
to put foorth the lightes of this Chappell, the Images of our
Ladie richly decked with iewels, precious stones, pearles, and
rings, more then any Ieweller could iudge the price, for so
sayth mine Author, was with all this apparell, ornaments, and
Chappell it selfe burnt, but since againe reedified by Anthonie
Earle Riuers, Lord Scales, and of the Isle of Wight, Vncle
and gouernour to the Prince of Wales, that should haue beene
king Edward the fifth, &c.
Clocke house at westminster.; Fountain in the pallace Court.
The sayd Pallace, before the entrie thereunto, hath a large
Court, and in the same a Tower of stone, containing a clocke,
which striketh euery houre on a great Bell, to bee heard into
the Hall in sitting time of the Courts, or otherwise: for the
same Clocke, in a calme, will be heard into the Citie of
London. King Henrie the sixt gaue the keeping of this
clocke with the Tower, called the Clocke house, and the
appurtenances vnto William Walsby Deane of Saint Stephens,
with the wages of sixe pence the day out of his Exchequer.
By this Tower standeth a fountaine, which at Coronations and
great triumphes is made to runne with wine out of diuerse
Westminster bridge or common landing place.; High tower at Westminster.
On the East side of this Court, is an Arched Gate to the
riuer of Thames, with a fayre Bridge and landing place, for
all men that haue occasion. On the North side is the South
ende of Saint Stephens Alley, or Canon Row, and also a way
into the old wooll staple: & on the West side is a verie faire
gate begun by Richard the third, in the yeare 1484. and was
by him builded a great height, and many faire lodgings in it,
but left vnfinished, and is called the high Tower at Westminster. Thus much for the monasterie and pallace may
suffice. And now will I speake of the gate house, and of
Totehill streete, stretching from the west part of the Close.
Gate house at Westminster.
The Gate-house is so called of two Gates, the one out of the
Colledge court toward the North, on the East side whereof
was the Bishop of Londons prison for Clarkes conuict, and
the other gate, adioyning to the first but towards the west, is
a Gaile or prison for offenders thither committed. Walter
Warfield Celerer to the Monastery, caused both these gates
with the appurtenances to be builded in the raigne of Edward
Almeshouse of Henry the 7.; Chappell of Saint Anne.; Almeshouse founded by Lady Margaret.; Almory at Westminster.; Printing of bookes at Westm. the first in England.; Totehill street.; Hospital founded by Lady Anne Dacre.; Petty France.; Almeshouses for poor women. Chappell of Mary Magdalen.
On the Southside of this gate, king H. the 7. founded an
almes house for I.3. poore men: one of them to be a priest,
aged 45. yeres, a good Gramarian, the other 12. to be aged
fiftie yeares, without wiues, euery Saturday the priest to receyue
of the Abbot, or prior, foure pence by the day, and each other
two pence halfe penny by the day for euer, for their sustenance,
and euery yeare to each one a gowne and a hood ready made:
and to three women that dressed their meat, and kept them
in their sicknes, each to haue euery Saturday 16.d. and euery
yere a gowne ready made. More, to the 13. poore men yearly
80. quarters of cole, and 1000. of good fagots to their vse: in
the hall and kitchen of their mansion, a discreete Monke to be
ouerseer of them, and he to haue 40.s. by the yeare, &c. and
hereunto was euery Abbot and Prior sworne. Neare vnto
this house westward, was an old chappel of S. Anne, ouer
against the which the Lady Margaret mother to king H. the 7.
erected an Almeshouse for poore women, which is now turned
into lodgings for the singing men of the colledge: the place
wherein this chappell and Almeshouse standeth, was called
the Elemosinary or Almory, now corruptly the Ambry, for
that the Almes of the Abbey were there distributed to the
poore. And therein Islip Abbot of Westmin. erected the first
Presse of booke printing that euer was in England about the
yeare of Christ, 1471. William Caxton Cittizen of London,
mercer, brought it into England, and was the first that practised
it in the sayde Abbey, after which time, the like was practised
in the Abbyes of S. Augustine at Canterbury, S. Albons and
other monasteries. From the west gate runneth along Totehil
streete, wherein is a house of the Lord Gray of Wilton, and
on the other side at the entrie into Totehill fielde, Stourton
house, which Gyles, the last L. Dacre of the south, purchased
and builte new, whose Lady and wife Anne sister to Thomas
the Lorde Buckhurst, left money to her Executors to builde
an hospitall for twentie poore women, and so many children
to be brought vp vnder them, for whose maintenance she
assigned landes to the value of one hundred pound by the
yeare, which Hospitall her Executors haue new begun in
the field adioyning. From the entry into Totehill field, the
streete is called Petty France, in which, and vpon S. Hermits
hill, on the south side thereof, Cornelius van Dun (a Brabander
borne, Yeoman of the Guard to king H. the 8. king E. the 6.
Queene Mary and Queene Elizabeth) built 20. houses for poore
women to dwell rent free, and neare hereunto was a chappell
of Mary Magdalen, now wholy ruinated.
Mathew Paris. 700. messe of meat at one dinner in Totehill.
In the yeare of Christ 1256. the 40. of H. the third, Iohn
Mansell, the kings Counceller and a priest, did inuite to a
stately dinner the kings and Queens of England and Scotland,
Edward the kinges sonne, Earles, Barons and knightes, the
Bishop of London and diuers cittizens, whereby his guestes
did grow to such a number, that his house at Totehill could
not receiue them, but that he was forced to set vppe tentes
and pauillions to receiue his guestes, whereof there was such
a multitude that 700. messe of meate did not serue for the first
Gouernement of Weminster Citty.
The Cittie of Westminster for ciuill gouernment is diuided
into twelue seuerall Wardes, for the which the Deane of the
collegiate church of Westminster, or the high Steward doe
elect 12 Burgesses, and as many assistantes, that is, one
Burgesse, and one Assistant for euery Warde, out of the which
twelue Burgesses, two are nominated yearely, vpon Thursday
in Easter weeke, for chief Burgesses to continue for one yeare
next following, who haue authourity giuen them by the Act
of Parliament, 27. Elizabeth, to heare, examine, determine
and punish according to the lawes of the Realme, and lawfull
customes of the Cittie of London, matters of incontinency,
common scoldes, inmates, and common annoyances, and likewise to commit such persons as shall offend against the peace,
and therof to giue knowledge within foure and twentie houres
to some Iustice of Peace in the Country of Midlesex.