Gouernors of the Cittie of London, and first of
Ecclesiastical Bishops, and other Ministers there. (fn. 2)
W. Malmsbery. Antiquities of Glasto.
Hauing thus run through the description of these Cities of
London and Westminster aswell in their originall foundations,
as in their increases of buildinges and ornaments, together with
such incidentes of sundrie sortes as are before, both generally
and particularly, discoursed: It remaineth that somewhat bee
noted by me, touching the pollicie and gouernment, both
Ecclesiastical and ciuill, of London: as I haue already done
for Westminster, the order whereof is appointed by the late
statute, euen as that of London is maintained by the customes
thereof, most laudably vsed before all the time of memory.
Lib. Consti. Elentherius died in the yeare 186. when he had sitten Bishop 15. yeares.; Liber custom.
And first to beginne with the Ecclesiasticall iurisdiction,
I read that the Christian faith was first preached in this Iland
(then called Britaine) by Ioseph of Arimathea, and his brethren
disciples of Christ, in the time of Aruiragus, then Gouernor
here, vnder the Romaine Emperour, after which time, Lucius
king of the Britaines sent his Ambassadors Eluanus and
Meduuanus, two men learned in the scriptures, with letters to
Eleutherius Bishop of Rome, desiring him to send some deuout
and learned men, by whose instruction he and his people might
be taught the faith and religion of Christ. Eleutherius
baptized those messengers, making Eluanus a Bishoppe and
Meduuanus a Teacher, and sent ouer with them into Britaine
two other famous Clearkes, Faganus & Deruuianus, by whose
diligence Lucius and his people of Britaine were instructed in
the faith of Christ and baptized, the temples of Idols were
conuerted into cathedral churches, & Bishops were placed
where Flammines before had bin, at London, Yorke and
Carleon vpon Vske were placed Archbishops, saith some. The
Epistle said (fn. 1) to be (fn. 1) sent by Eleutherius to king Lucius, for the
establishing of the faith, ye may read in my Annales, Sommaries and Chronicles, truely translated & set down as mine
author hath it, for some haue curtoled and corrupted it, and
then fathered it vppon reuerend Bede, who neuer wrote word
thereof, or otherwise to that effect, more then this as followeth.
In the yeare 156. Marcus Aurelius Verus the 14. Emperor
after Augustus, gouerned the Empire with his Brother Aurelius
Comodus, In whose time Elutherius, a Holy man, being Pope
of the Church of Rome, Lucius king of Britaines wrote vnto
him, desiring that by his commaundement hee might bee
made Christian: which his request was graunted him, whereby the Britaines receiuing then the faith, kept it sound and
undefield inrest and peace, vntill Dioclesian the Emperours
time: thus farre Bede, which may suffice to proue the Christian
Faith there to be receiued here. And now of the London
Bishops as I find them.
Ioceline of Furnes.
There remaineth in the Parish Church of S.Petervppon
Cornhill in London, a table wherein is written that Lucius
founded the same Church to be an Archbishops see, and
Metropolitane or chiese church of his kingdome, and that it so
endured the space of foure hundred yeares, vntill the comming
of Augustine the Monk & others from Rome, in the raigne of
the Saxons. The Archbishops names, I finde onely to be
set downe by Ioceline of Furnes, in his book of Brittish
Bishoppes, and not else where. Thean (sayeth hee) was the
first Archbishoppe of London in the time of Lucius, who
builded the said church of S. Peter, in a place called Cornhill
in London, by the aide of Ciran, chiefe Butler to king
2.Eluanus was the second, and he builded a Library to the
same church adioyning, and conuerted many of the Druides,
(learned men in the Pagan law) to the Christian faith.
3. Cadar was the third, then followed,
12. Guidelium. (fn. 3)
13. Vodimusslaine by the Saxons.
I. Tome Conc.
14. Theanus, the foureteenth, fledde with the Britaines into
Wales, about the yeare of Christ, 587. Thus much out of
Ioceline of the Archbishops: the credit whereof I leaue to the
iudgement of the learned, for I reade of a Bishop of London
(not before named) in the yeare of Christ 326. to be present
at the 2. councell, holden at Arles, in the time of Constantine the
great, who subscribed thereunto in these wordes, Ex prouincia
Britaniæ Ciuitate Londinensi Restitutus Episcopus, as plainely
appeareth in the first Tome of the Councelles: hee writeth not
himselfe Archbishop, and therefore maketh the matter of
Archbishops doubtful, or rather ouerthroweth that opinion.
The Saxons being Pagans, having chased the Britons with
the Christian preachers into the mountaines of Wales and
Cornewall: and hauing diuided this kingdome of the Britons
amongst themselues, at the length, to wit, in the yeare, 596.
Pope Gregorymoued <of> a godly instiction (sayeth Bede)
in the 147. yeare after the arriual of the Angles or Saxons in
Britaine, sent Augustine, Melitus, Iustus and Iohn with other
Monks to preach the gospel to the saide Nation of the
Angles: these landed in the Ile of Thanet, and were first
receiued by Ethelbert, King of Kent, whome they conuerted
to the faith of Christ with diuers other of his people in the 34.
yeare of his raigne, which Ethelbert gaue vnto Augustine the
Citty of Canterbury.
Saint Paules Church in London first founded.; I. Melitus first Bishop of London, 619.
This Augustine in the yeare of Christ 604, consecrated
Melitus and Iustus bishops, appointing Melitus to preach
vnto the East Saxons, whose chiefe citie was London: and
there K. Sebert Nephew to Ethelbert by preaching of Melitus
receiued the word of life: and the Ethelbert, king of Kent
builded in the Citie of London S. Paules Church, wherein
Melitus began to bee Bishop in the yeare 619. and sate fiue
yeares. Ethelbert by his charter gaue lands to this Church
of S. Paul: so did other kings after him. King Sebert through
the good life, and like preaching of Melitus, hauing receiued
Baptisme, to shew himself a Christian builded a Church to the
honour of God and S. Peter, on the west side of London, which
Church is called Westminster, but the successors of Sebert,
being Pagans, expelled Melitus out of their kingdomes
2. Iustus, 624.
Iustus the second, Bishop for a time, and then Melitus
againe: after whose decease, the seate was voyde for a time:
at length Sigebert, sonne to Sigebert, brother to Sebert, ruled
in Essex: he became a Christian, and tooke to him a holy
man named Cedde, or Chadde, who wan many by preaching
and good life to the Christian religion.
3. Cedde. B. of London, 658:
Cedde, or Chad, was by Finan consecrated Bishop of the
East Saxons, and he ordred Priests and Deacons in all the
parts of Essex, but especially at Ithancaster, and Tilberie.
Ithancaster, and Tilberie. Raphe Cogshall.
This Citie of Ithancaster (sayth Raph Cogshall) stood on
the banke of the riuer Pante that runneth by Maldun in the
hundred of Danesey, but now is drowned in Pante, so that
nothing remaineth but the ruine of the Citie in the Riuer.
Tilberie (both the West and East) standeth on the Thames
side, nigh ouer agaynst Grauesand.
4. Wina, 666.
Wina, expelled from the Church of Winchester by Cenewalche the king, was adopted to be the 4. Bishop of London,
in the raigne of Wolferus king of Mercia, and sat 9. yeares.
5. Erkenwald, 680.; Crotesey, or Chattesey.
Erkenwalde, borne in the castle, or towne of Stallinborough
in Lindsey, first Abbot of Crotesey (fn. 4) was by Theodore archbishop
of Canterburie, appointed to be Bishop of the East
Saxons, in the Citie of London. This Erkenwald in the
yeare of Christ 677. before he was made Bishop, had builded
two Monasteries, one for himselfe, being a Monke in the Isle
of Crote in Surrey, by the riuer of Thames, and another for
his sister Edilburge, being a Nun, in a certain place called
Berching in Essex: he deceased at Berching in the yeare
697. and was then buried in Pauls church, and translated into
the new Church of saint Paule in the yeare 1148.
6. Waldhere 697. King Sebba became a Monke in Paules Church.
Waldhere was Bishop of London. Sebba, king of the East
Saxons, at his hands receyued the habite of Monke, for at
that time there were Monkes in Pauls church, as writeth
Redulphus De Diceto, (fn. 5) and others. To this Bishop he brought
a great summe of money, to bee bestowed and giuen to the
poore, reseruing nothing to himselfe, but rather desired to
remaine poore in goodes, as in Spirit, for the Kingdome of
Heauen: when hee had raigned thirty yeare, hee deceased at
Paules, and was there buried, and lyeth nowe in a coffin of
stone on the North side of the Isle next the Quire.
7. Ingwaldus, 716.
Ingwaldus, Bishop of London, was at the consecration of
Tatwine, Archbishop of Canterbury: he confirmed the foundation of Crowland in the yeare 716. sayth Ingulfus, and
deceased in the yeare 744. as sayth Houeden.
746. Engulfe, Bishop of London.
754. Wichet, or Wigerus, Bishop of London.
761. Eadbrightus, or Edbrithe, Bishop of London.
768. Eadgainor Eadgarus, Bishop of London.
773. Kenewallth, Bishop of London.
784. Eadbaldus, Bishop of London.
795. Heatbright, Bishop of London, deceased 802. saith Houeden.
813. Osmond Bishop of London: he was witnesse to a Charter
made to Crowland in the yeare 833. saith Ingulfus.
835. Ethelnothe, Bishop of London.
838. Elbertus, or Celbertus (fn. 6) Bishop of London.
841. Deorwulf, (fn. 7) Bishop of London.
850. Swithulfus, Bishop of London: he likewise was witnesse
to a Charter of Crowland 851.
860. Edstanus Bishop of London, witnesse to a Charter to
870. Vlfsius Bishop of London.
878. Ethelwardus, Bishop of London.
886. Elstanus Bishop of London, died in the yeare 900. saith
Asser: and all these, sayth the Authour of Flores Historiarum, were buried in the old church of saint Paule, but
there remayneth now no memorie of them.
900. Theodricus Bishop of London: this man confiremed king
Edreds Charter, made to Winchester in the yere 947. wherby
it seemeth that he was Bishop of London of a later time
then he is here placed.
922. Welstanus Bishop of London.
941. Brithelme Bishop of London.
958. Dunstanus Abbot of Glastonbeir, then Bishop of Worcester, and then Bishop of London: he was afterward
translated to Canterburie, 960.
960. Ealfstanus bishop of London, the 28. in number.
981. Edgare bishop of London: he confirmed the graunts
made to Winchester, and to Crowland, 966, and againe to
Crowland 970. the Charter of Etheldred, concerning Vlfrunhampton, 996.
1004. Elphinus bishop of London.
1010. Alwinus bishop of London.
1012. Alfhune bishop of London: he was sent into Normandie
in the yeare 1013. sayth Asser.
1044. Robert a Monke of Gemerisins (fn. 8) in Normandie, bishop
of London 7 yeares, afterward translated from London to
1050. Specgasius elected, but reiected by the king.
1051. William, a Norman, Chaplaine to Edward the Confessor, was made bishop of London, 1051. sate 17. yeares,
and deceased 1070. He obtained of William the Conqueror
the charter of liberties for the citie of London, as I haue set
downe in my Summarie, and appeareth by his Epitaph in
1070. Hugh de Orwell bishop of London: hee died of a
leprosie when he had sitten fifteene yeares.
1085. Mauricius bishop of London: in whose time, to wit, in
the yeare 1086. the Church of S. Paule was burnt, with the
most part of this Citie, and therefore he laid the foundation
of a new large Church, and hauing sitten 22. yeares, hee
deceased 107, saith Paris.
1108. Richard Beame, or Beamor, Bishop of London, did
wonderfully encrease the worke of this church begunne,
purchasing the streetes and lanes adioyning of his owne
money: and hee founded the Monasterie of S. Osyth in
Essex: he sate bishop 19. yeares, and deceased 1127.
1127. Gilbertus Vniuersalis, a Canon of Lions, elected by H.
the first: he deceased 1141. when he had sitten xiiii. yeares.
1142. Robert de Sigillo, a Monke of Reading, whom Mawde
the Empresse made Bishop of London, where he sate xi.
yeres. Geffrey de Magnauile tooke him prisoner at Fulham,
and he deceased 1152.
1153. Richard Beames, Archdeacon of Essex, bishop of London
ten yeares, who deceased 1162.
1163. Gilbert Foliot Bishop of Hereford, from whence translated
to London, sate 23. yeares, and deceased 1186.
1189. Richard Fitz Nele the kings Treasurer, Archdeacon of
Essex, elected Bishop of London at Pipwel, 1189: he sate
nine yeares, and deceased 1198. This man also tooke great
paines about the building of Paules Church, and raised many
other goodly buildings in his Diocesse.
1199. William S. Mary Church, a Norman, bishop of London,
who was one of the three Bishops that by the Popes commaundement executed his interdiction or curse vpon the
whole realme of England, but he was forced with the other
Bishops to flie the Realme in 1208. and his Castell at Stortforde (fn. 9) in Essex, was by commaundement of king Iohn ouerthrowne, 1210. This William in companie of the Archbishop
of Canterburie and of the Bishop of Elie went to Rome,
and there complained agaynst the king 1212. and returned,
so as in the yeare 1215. King Iohn in the Church of Saint
Paule, at the handes of this William tooke vpon him the
Crosse for the holy land: hee resigned his Bishopricke of
his owne voluntarie, in the yeare, 1221. sayth Cogshall.
1221. Eustachius de Fauconbridge, Treasurer of the Exchequer
(saith Paris) Chancellor of the Exchequer (sayth Taxtor, and
Cogshall) bishop of London, 1223. Whilest at Chelmesforde
he was giuing holy Orders, a great tempest of winde and
raine annoyed so many as came thither, whereof it was
gathered, how highly God was displeased with such as came
to receyue Orders, to the ende they might liue a more easie
life of the Stipende appoynted to the Church men, giuing
themselues to banketting, and so with vncleane and filthie
bodies, (but more vncleane soules) presume to minister vnto
God, the Authour of puritie and cleannesse. Falcatius de
Breut was deliuered to his custodie in the yeare 1224. This
Eustachius deceased in the yeare 1228. and was buryed
in Paules Church, in the South side without or aboue the
1229. Roger Niger Archdeacon of Colchester, made Bishop of
London. In the yeare 1230. sayth Paris, vpon the feast
day of the conuersion of S. Paul, when he was at Masse in
the Cathedrall Church of S. Paule, a great multitude of
people being there present, suddenly the weather waxed
darke, so as one could scantly see another, and an horrible
thunderclap lighted on the Church, which so shooke it that
it was like to haue fallen, and therewithal out of a darke
cloude proceeded a flash of lightning, that all the Church
seemed to be on fire, whereupon such a stench ensued, that
all men thought they should haue died: thousands of men
and women ran out of the church, and being astonied fell
vpon the ground voyd of all sence and vnderstanding, none
of all the multitude tarried in the Church, saue the Bishop
and one Deacon, which stood still before the high Aultar,
awayting the will of God: when the ayre was cleansed, the
multitude returned into the Church, and the bishop ended
This Roger Niger is commended to haue beene a man of
worthy life, excellently well learned, a notable Preacher,
pleasant in talke, milde of countenance, and liberall at his
table. He admonished the Vsurers of his time to leaue
such enormities, as they tendered the saluation of theyr
soules, and to doe penaunce for that they had committed:
but when hee sawe they laughed him to scorne, and also
threatned him, the bishop generally excommuni cated and
accursed all such, and commaunded streightly that such
Usurers should depart farther from the Citie of London,
which hither towardes had beene ignoraunt of such mischiefe
and wickednesse, least his Dioces should be infected therewithall. He fell sicke, and dyed at his Mannor of Bishops
hall, in the lordship and parish of Stebunheth, in the yeare
1241, and was buried in Pauls Church, on the north side of
the Presbiterie, in a faire tombe coped, of gray Marble.
1241. Fulco Basset Deane of Yorke, by the death of Gilbert
Basset possessed his lands, and was then made bishop of
London, deceased on the xxi. of May, in the yere 1259. as
saith Iohn Taxtor, and was buried in Paules Church.
1259. Henry Wingham Chancellor of England, made bishop
of London, deceased in the yeare 1262. sayth Taxtor, and
was buryed in Paules Church, on the South side without or
aboue the Quire, in a Marble Monument, close at the heade
1262. Richard Talbot Bishop of London, streghtwayes after
his consecration deceased, saith Euersden.
1262. Henry Sandwich, bishop of London, deceased in the
yeare 1273, as the same Author affirmeth.
1273. Iohn Cheshul Deane of Paules, treasurer of the Exchequer, and keeper of the great seale, was bishop of London,
and deceased in the yeare 1279. saith Euersden.
1280. Fulco Louel Archdeacon of Colchester, elected bishop of
London, but refused the place.
Fable of Richard Grauesend reproued.
1280. Richard Grauesend Archdeacon of Northampton, Bishop
of London. It appeareth by the Charter warren graunted
to this bishop, that in his time there were two woods in the
parish of Stebunhith pertaining to the said bishop: I haue
since I kept house for my self, knowne the one of them by
Bishops hal, but now they are both made plain of wood,
and not to be discerned from other grounds. Some haue
fabuled that this Richard Grauesend bishop of London,
in the yeare 1392. the 16. of Richard the 2. purchased the
Charter of liberties to this City: which thing hath no
possibility of truth, as I haue proued, for he deceased in the
yeare 1303. almost 90. yeares before that time.
1307. Raph Baldocke Deane of Powles, Bishop of London,
consecrated at Lyons by Peter Bishoppe of Alba, in the
yeare 1307: he was a great furtherer of the new work of
Powles, to witte, the East end called our Lady Chappell, and
other adioyning: this Ralph deceased in the yeare 1313. and
was buried in the said Lady Chappell, vnder a flat stone.
1313. Gilbert Segraue was consecrated Bishop of London,
and sate 3.yeares.
1317. Richard Newport, Bishop of London, sate 2.years, and
was buried in Paules church.
1318. Stephen Grauesend, Bishoppe of London, sate twentie
1338. Richard Bentworth Bishop of London and chancelour
of England, deceased the yeare 1339.
1339. Raph Straford Bishoppe of London: he purchased the
peece of ground called No mans land beside Smithfield, and
dedicated it to the vse of buriall, as before hath appeared:
hee was borne at Stratford vpon Auon, and therefore
builded a chappel to Saint Thomas there: he sate fourteene
yeares, deceased at Stebunhith.
1354. Michaell Norbroke, Bishop of London, deceased in the
yeare 1361. sayth Mirimouth, sate 7. yeares.
1362. Simon Sudbery Bishoppe of London, sate 13.yeares, translated to bee Archbishoppe of Canterbury in the yeare 1375.
1375. William Courtney translated from Hereford to the
Bishopricke of London, and after translated form thence
to the Archbishopricke of Canterbury, in the yeare 1381.
1381. Robert Breybrooke Chanon of Lichfield, Bishoppe of
London, made Chancellour in the 6. of R. the 2. sate
Bishoppe 20. yeares, and deceased in the yeare 1404: hee
was buried in the saide Lady chappell at Powles.
1405. Roger Walden Treasurer of the Exchequer, Archbishop
of Canterbury, was deposed, and after made bishop of
London: he deceased in the yeare 1406. and was buried
in Powles church, <by> Alhallowes aultar.
1406. Nicholas (fn. 10) Bubwith Bishoppe of London, treasurer of the
Exchequer, translated to Salisbury, and from thence to
Bathe, and lyeth buried at Wels.
1407. Richard Clifford, remoued from Worcester to London,
deceased 1422. as saith Thomas Walsingham, and was
buried in Paules.
1422. Iohn Kempe fellow of Martin (fn. 11) Colledge in Oxford, was
made Bishop of Rochester, from whence remoued to
Chichester, and thence to London: he was made the kings
Chancellor in the yeare 1425. the 4. of Henry the 6. and was
remoued from London to Yorke, in the yeare 1426. He sate
Archbishop there 25. yeares, and was translated to Canterbury, hee was afterwards made Cardinall in the yeare 1452.
In the Bishop of Londons house at Fulham he receiued the
Crosse, and the next day the Pall at the hands of Thomas
Kempe Bishop of London: he deceased in the yeare 1454.
1426. William Gray Deane of Yorke, consecrated Bishop of
London, who founded a Colledge at Thele in Hartfordshire
for a Maister and fourer Chanons, and made it a cell to Elsing
spittle in London, it had of old time beene a Colledge,
decayed & therefore newly founded: he was translated to
1432. Robert Fitzhugh Archdeacon of Northampton, consecrated Bishop of London, sate 5. yeares, deceased in the
yeare 1435, and was buried on the south side of the Quiere
1435. Robert Gilbert Doctor of Diuinity, Deane of Yorke, consecrated Bishop of London, sate 12. yeares, deceased 1448.
1449. Thomas Kempe, Archdeacon of Richmond, consecrated
Bishop of London at Yorke house, (now White hall) by the
hands of his vncle Iohn Kemp, Archbishop of Yorke, the
eight of February, 1449. He founded a chappell of the
Trinity in the body of saint Pauls church on the north side,
he sate Bishoppe of London 39. yeares, and 48 dayes, and
then, deceased in the yere 1489. was there buried.
1489. Iohn Marshal bishop of London, deceased in the year
1493. Richard Hill bishop of London, deceased 1495, and was
buried in the body of saint Paules church.
1496. Thomas Sauage first bishop of Rochester, then bishop
of London 5. yeares, was translated to Yorke, 1501. where
hee sate Archbishop seuen yeares, and was there buried in
the yere 1507.
1502. William Wareham Bishop of London, made keeper of
the great Seale, sate two yeares, was translated to Canterbury.
1504. William Barons Bishop of London, sate 10. moneths,
and II. dayes, deceased in the yeare 1505.
1505. Richard Fitz Iames fellow of Martin (fn. 12) Colledge in Oxford,
in the raigne of Henry the 6. was made Bishop of Rochester,
after Bishop of Chichester, and then Bishop of London. He
deceased 1521. and lyeth buried hard beneath the Northwest
pillar of the Steple in Paules, vnder a faire tomber of marble,
ouer the which was builded a faire Chappell of timber, with
stayres mounting thereunto: this chappell was burned with
fire from the steeple 1561. and the tombe was taken downe.
1521. Cuthbert Tunstal, Doctor of law, Master of the rowles,
Lord priuie Seale, and Bishop of London, was thence translated to the Bishopricke of Durham in the yeare 1529.
1529. Iohn Stokesley (fn. 13) Bishop of London, sate 9. (fn. 14) yeares,
deceased in the yeare 1539. and was buried in the Lady
chappel in Paules.
1539. Edmond Boner Doctor of the ciuill law, Archdeacon of
Leycester, then Bishop of Hereford, was elected to London
in the yeare 1539. whilest he was beyond the seas, Embassadour for king Henry the eight. On the first of
September 1549. he preached at Paules Crosse, for the
which sermon he was charged before the counsell of king
Edward the 6. by William Latimer Parson of saint Lawrence Poltney, and Iohn Hoper, sometime a white Monke,
and being conuented before certain Commissioners at Lambith, was for his disobedience to the kings order, on the 20.
day of the same month sent to the Marshalsey and depriued
from his bishopricke.
1550. Nicholas Ridley Bishop of Rochester, elected Bishop of
London, was installed in Paules church on the 12. of April.
This man by his deede dated the 12. day after Christmas,
in the 4. yeare of Edward the sixt, gaue to the king the
Mannors of Branketrie and Southminster, and the patronage of the church of Cogshall in Essex, the Mannors of
Stebunheth and Hackney, in the County of Middlesex, and
the Marsh of Stebunheth, with al and singular messuages,
lands, and tenements to the said Mannors belonging, and
also the aduowson of the viccarage of the parish church of
Cogshall in Essex aforesaid: which grant was confirmed by
the Deane and Chapter of Paules the same day and yeare
with exception of such lands in Southminster, Stebunheth
and Hackney, as onely pertayned to them. The said king
Edward by his letters patents, dated the 16. of Aprill, in
the said fourth yeare of his raigne, granted to Sir Thomas
Wentworth, Lord Wentworth, Lord Chamberlaine of the
kings houshold, for and in consideration of his good and
faithfull seruice before done, a part of the late receiued gift,
to wit, the Lordshippes of Stebunheth and Hackney, with
all the members and appurtenances thereto belonging in
Stebunheth, Hackney way, Shorditch, Holiwell streete,
White chappell, Stratford at Bow, Poplar, North streete,
Limehouse, Ratliffe, Cleue streete, Brockstreet, Mile end,
Bleten hall green, Oldford, Westheth, Kingsland, Shakelwell, Newinton streete, alias Hackney street, Clopton,
Churchstreete, Welstreet, Humbarton, Grouestreet, Gunston
street, alias Morestreet, in the county of Middlesex, together
with the Marsh of Stebunhith, &c. The Mannor of Hackney was valued at lxi. li. ix.s. 4.d. by yeare: and the Mannor
of Stebunhith at cxl. li. 8.s. II.d. ob. by yeare, to be holden
in chiefe, by the seruice of the twenti<e> th part of a knights
fee. This Bishop Nicholas Ridley, for preaching a sermon
at Paules crosse, on the 16. of Iuly in the yeare 1553. was
committed to the Towre of London, where he remained
prisoner till the 10. of Aprill, in the yeare 1554. and was
thence sent to Oxford, there to dispute with the Diuines
and learned men of the contrary opinion, and on the 16. of
October 1555. he was burned at Oxford for opinions against
the Romish order of sacraments, &c.
1553. Edmond Boner aforesaid, being released out of the
Marshalsey, was restored to the Bishoprick of London, by
Q. Mary on the 5. of August in the yeare 1553. and againe
deposed by Q. Elizabeth, in the moneth of Iuly An. 1559.
and was eftsoones committed to the Marshalsey, where he
died on the 5. of September 1569. and was at midnight
buried amongst other prisoners in S. Georges churchyard.
1559. Edmond Grindal bishop of London, being consecrated
the 21. of December 1559. was translated to Yorke, in the
yeare 1570. and from thence remoued to Canterbury, in the
yeare 1575. He died blind 1583. on the 6. of Iuly, and was
buried at Crodwne in Surrey.
1570. Edwine Sands, being translated from Worcester to the
bishopricke of London, in the yeare 1570. was thence translated to Yorke in the yeare 1576. and died in the yeare
1576. Iohn Elmere bishop of London, deceased in the yere
1594 on the 3 of Iune at Fulanham, & was buried in Paules
church before saint Thomas chappell.
1594. Richard Fletcher, bishop of Worcester, was on the 30.
of December in Paules church elected bishop of London,
and deceased on the 15 of Iune 1596. Hee was buried in
Paules church, without any solemne funerall.
1597. Richard Bancroft Doctor of Diuinity, consecrated at
Lambith on Sunday the eight of May, now sitteth bishop
of London, in the yeare 1598. being installed there.
This much for the succession of the Bishops of London,
whose diocesse containeth the citie of London, the whole
shires of Middlesex and Essex, and a part of Hartfordshire.
These Bishops haue for Assistants in the Cathedrall church
of saint Paules, a Deane, a chaunter, a chauncelor, a Treasurer,
5. Archdeacons, to wit, London, Middlesex, Essex, Colchester,
and saint Albons, and 30. prebendaries: there appertaineth
also to the said churches for furniture of the Quire in diuine
seruice, and ministration of the sacraments, a Colledge of 12.
pety Chanons, 6. vickars choral, & Queristers, &c.
This Diocesse is diuided into Parishes, euery parish hauing
his Parson, or vicar at the least, learned men for the most
part, and sufficient Preachers to instruct the people. There
were in this citty and within the suburbes thereof in the
raigne of Henry the second (as writeth Fitz Stephens) 13.
great conuentuall churches, besides the lesser sort called parish
churches, to the number of 126, al which conuentuall churches,
and some others since that time founded, are now suppressed
and gone, except the Cathedrall church of saint Paule in
London, and the colledge of saint Peter at Westminster: of
all which parish churches, though I haue spoken, yet for more
ease to the Reader, I will here againe set them downe in
manner of a Table, not by order of Alphabet, but as they be
placed in the wardes and suburbes.