Now of Leprose people, and Lazar houses.
Leuiticus 15. Numbers 5. Leprose persons to be separated from the sound.
It is to be obserued, that leprose persons were alwayes, for
auoiding the daunger of infection, to be separated from the
sound, &c. God himselfe commaunding to put out of the Host
euery leaper. Whereupon I reade that in a prouinciall Synode
holden at Westminster by Hubert Archbhishoppe of Canterbury,
in the yeare of Christ 1200. the second of king Iohn, it was
decreed according to the institution of the Lateran Counsaile,
that when so many leprose people were assembled, that might
bee able to builde a Church with a Churchyeared for themselues, and to haue one especiall priest of their owne, that they
should bee permitted to haue the same without contradiction,
so they bee not iniurious to the olde Churches, by that which
was graunted to them for pitties sake. And further it was
decreede, that they bee not compelled to giue any Tithes of
their Gardens or increase of cattell.
Leprouse persons to be voided the Citty.; Lazar houses builded. The locke in Kentstreet, one other beyonde the Miles end, one other at Kingesland, one other at Kinghtsbridge. W. Dunthorn.;
Portars of the gates of London sworn.
I haue moreouer heard, that there is a writte in our Law,
de leproso amouendo, and I haue read that king Edward the
third in the 20. yeare of his raigne, gaue commaundement to
the mayor and Shiriffes of London, to make proclamation in
euery Ward of the citty and suburbes, that all leprose persons
inhabiting there should auoid within fifteen dayes next, and
that no man suffer any such leprose person to abide within
his house, vpon paine to forfeite his said house, and to incurre
the kinges further displesure: And that they should cause
the said Lepers to be remoued into some out places of the
fieldes, from the haunt or company of sound people: whereupon certaine Lazara houses, as may be supposed, were then
builded without the cittie some good distance, to wit, the
locke without Southwarke in Kent street, one other betwixt
the Miles end and Stratford Bow, one other at Kingsland,
betwixt Shoreditch and Stoke Newington, and an other at
Knightes bridge, west from Charging crosse. These foure
I haue noted to bee erected for the receit of Leprouse people
sent out of the citty. At that time also the cittizens required
of the Gardian of saint Giles hospitall, to take from them, and
to keepe continually, the number of foureteene persons leprous,
according to the foundation of Matilde the Queene, which was
for leprous persons of the cittie of London and the shire of
Middlesex, which was granted: more, the Wardens or Keepers
of the Portes, Gates or Postenes of this citty were sworne in
the Mayors court before the Recorder, &c. That they should
well and faithfully keepe the same Portes and Posternes, and
not to suffer any leprous person to enter the sayde citty.
Portars of the gates and Posterns sworne.
Iohn Gardener Porter of the Postern by the Tower his oth
before the Mayor and Recorder of London, on Monday after
the feast of saint Bartlemew, the 49. of Edward the third:
That the Gates and Posterne be well and faithfully kept in his
office and Baylywicke, and that he should not suffer any leapers
or leaper to enter the citty, or to remaine in the suburbes, and if
any leaper or leapers force themselues to enter by his Gates or
Posterne, hee to binde them fast to horses, and send them to bee
examined of the superiors, &c.
Lazar house at Holoway.
Finally, I read that one William Pole Yeoman of the crowne
to king Edward the fourth, being striken with a leprosie, was
also desirous to build an Hospitall, with a chappell to the
honour of God and saint Anthony, for the reliefe and harborow
of such leprous persons as were destitute in the kingdome, to
the end they should not be offensiue to other in their passing
to and fro: for the which cause Edward the 4. did by his
charter dated the 12. of his raigne, giue vnto the said W. for
euer, a certaine parcell of his land, lying in his high way of
Highgate, and Haloway, within the Countie of Middlesex,
containing 60. foote in length, & 34. in breadth.