Aldermen, Maiors and Shiriffes
There bee in this Citie, according to the number of
Wardes 26. Aldermen, whereof yearely, on the feast day
of Saint Michael the Archangell, one of them is elected to
be Mayor, for the yeare following, to begin on the 28. of
October, the other Aldermen his brethren, are to him
Assistants in Counsails, Courtes, &c.
Recorder of London.
More, there is a Recorder of London, a graue and learned
Lawyer, skilfull in the Customes of this Citty, Also assistant
to the Lord Maior: Hee taketh place in Counsels, and in
Courts before any man that hath not beene Mayor: and
learnedly deliuereth the sentences of the whole Court.
Shiriffes of London.
The shiriffes of London, of old time chosen out of the
Commonalty, Commoners, and oftentimes neuer came to bee
Aldermen, as many Aldermen were neuer shiriffes, and yet
aduanced to bee Mayor, but of late (by occasion) the shiriffes
haue beene made Aldermen, before, or presently after their
Nicholas Faringdon was neuer shiriffe, yet foure times
Maior of this Cittie, and so of other, which reproueth a bye
worde, such a one will be Maior, or he be shiriffe, &c.
Then is there a Chamberlaine of London.
A Common Clarke, or Towne Clarke.
A Common Sergeant.
Officers belonging to the Lord Mayors house.
|Sword bearer.||Esquiers. 4.|
|Coroner of London.|
|Sergeant Caruers. 3.|
|Sergeants of the Chamber. 3.|
|Sergeant of the Chanell.|
|Yeoman of the Chanell.|
|Yeomen of the water side. 4.|
|Vnder water Bailiffe.|
|Yeomen of the Chamber. 2.|
|Meale weighers. 3.|
|Yeomen of the Wood wharefes. 2.|
|The Sword bearers man.||Gentlemens men 7.|
|Common Hunts men. 2.|
|Common Criers man.|
|Water Bailiffes men. 2.|
|The Caruers man.|
Whereof nine of these haue Liueries of the Lord Mayor,
viz. The sword bearer and his man, the three Caruers and
the foure Yeomen of the water side. All the rest haue their
Liueries from the Chamber of London.
Thus farre after my notes deliuered by an Officer of the
Lord Maiors house, but vnperfect: for I remember a Crowner,
an vnder Chamberlaine, and foure Clarkes of the Maiors
Court, and others.
The Shiriffes of London their Officers
The Shiriffes of London, in the yeare 1471. were appointed
each of them to haue 16. Sergeants, euery Sergeant to
haue his Yeoman. And 6. Clarkes, to wit, a Secondary, a
Clarke of the Papers, and 4. other Clarkes, besides the vnder
shiriffes Clarkes, their Stewards, Butlers, Porters, and other
in household many.
Of the Maiors and Shiriffes Liueryes somewhat.
To follow president of former time, the Clarkes of Companies were to enquire for them of their companies that
would haue the Maiors Lyuery, their money as a beneuolence
giuen, which must be xx s. at the least put in a purse, with
theyr names that gaue it, and the Wardens to deliuer it to
the Mayor by the first of December, for the which euery
man had then sent him foure yeardes of broade Cloath rowed
or striped thwart, with a different colour to make him a
Gowne, and these were called rey Gownes, which was then
the Liuery of the Mayor, and also of the Shiriffes, but each
differing from others in the colours.
Of Older times I reade, that the Officers of this Cittie
ware Gownes of partie colours, as the right syde of one
colour, and the left syde of an other: as for example, I reade
in Bookes of accountes in the Guildhall, that in the 19.
yeare of Henrie the sixt, there was bought for an Officers
Gowne two yeards of Cloath, coloured Mustard villars (a
colour now out of vse) and two yeardes of Cloath coloured
blew, price two shillinges the yeard, in all eight shillings.
More, paied to Iohn Pope, Draper, for two Gowne clothes,
eight yeards of two colours eux ambo deux de roug(or red)
medley brune and porre (or purple) colour, price the yeard
2. s. These Gownes were for Piers Rider, and Iohn Bukles,
Clarkes of the Chamber.
More, I reade that in the yeare 1516. in the seuenth of
Henrie the 8. it was agreed by a common Councell in the
Guildhall, that the shiriffes of London should (as they had
beene accustomed) giue yearely Reyed Gownes, to the Recorder, Chamberlaine, common Sergeant, and common
Clarke, the Sworde bearer, Common hunt, Water Bayly,
common Crier, like as to their owne Officers, &c.
1525. More, in the 16. of Henrie the eight, sir William
Bayly then being Maior, made a request for that clothes of
Ray (as hee alledged) were euill wrought, his Officers might
bee permitted (contrarie to custome) for that yeare to weare
Gownes of one colour, to the which in a common Councell
one answered and said, yea, it might be permitted, and no
man said nay, and so it passed. Thus much for partie
coloured, and Ray Gownes haue I read. But for beneuolence to the Maior, I find that of later time, [that] each man
giuing fortie shillings towards his charges, receyued foure
yeards of broade cloath to make him a Gowne, for Thomas
White performed it in the first of Queene Mary, but sir
Thomas Lodge gaue in stead of foure yeards of broad cloth,
three yards of Satten to make them Dublets, and since that
the three yeards of Satten is turned into a siluer spoone,
and so it holdeth.
The dayes of attendance that the fellowships doe giue to the
Maior at his going to Paules were seuen, as followeth.
1. Alhallowen day.
2. Christmasse day.
3. Saint Stephens day.
4. Saint Iohns day.
5. New years day.
6. Twelfe day.
7. Candlemasse day.
The 23. of Henrie the eight, these companies had place at the
Maiors feast, in the Guild hall in order as followeth, I speake
by president, for I was neuer feast-folower.
1. Mercers, the wardens and 17. persons, fiue messe.
2. Grocers, the wardens and 16. persons, foure messe.
3. Drapers, the wardens and 12. persons, foure messe.
4. Fishmongers, the wardens and 12. persons, three messe.
5. Goldsmiths, the wardens and 10. persons, three messe.
6. Skinners, the wardens and 8. persons, three messe.
7. Marchant Taylers, the wardens and 9. persons, three
8. Vintoners, the wardens and 6. persons, two messe.
9. Ironmongers the wardens and <1>4. persons 4. messe &
10. Marchant Haberdashers, the wardens and 14. persons,
foure messe and a halfe.
11. Saltars, the wardens and eight persons, two Messe and
12. Dyars, the Wardenes, and 6. persons 2. messe.
13. Lethersellars, the Wardens, and 8. persons, 3. messe.
14. Pewterers, the wardens, and 5. persons, 2. messe.
15. Cutlers, the wardens and 5. persons, 2. messe.
16. Armorers, the Wardens and three persons, one messe.
17. Waxechandlers, the wardens and 6. persons, two messe.
18. Tallow Chandlers, the wardens and three persons, two
19. Sheremen, the wardens and 5. persons, 2. messe.
20. Fullars, the wardens and 9. persons, 2. messe.
21. Sadlers, the Wardens and 4. persons, 2. messe.
22. Bruers, the wardens and 12 persons, 4. messe.
23. Scriueners, the wardens and 6. persons, 2. messe.
24. Butchers, the wardens and 7. persons, 3. messe.
25. Bakers, the wardens, and 4. persons, 2. messe.
26. Poultars, the wardens and one person, one messe.
27. Stacioners, the wardens and two persons, one messe.
28. Inholders, the wardens, and 4. persons, 2. messe.
29. Girdlars, the wardens and 4. persons, two messe.
30. Chirurgions, the wardens and two persons, one messe.
31. Foundars, the wardens and one person, one messe.
32. Barbars, the wardens, and 4. persons, two messe.
No Clothing. Vpholders, the wardens and 2. persons, one
34. Broyderars, the Wardens and two persons, one messe.
35. Bowiers, the wardens and two persons, one messe.
36. Fletchers, the wardens and 2. persons, one messe.
No Clothing. Turnars, the wardens and 2. persons, one messe.
38. Cordwainers, the wardens and 4. persons, 2. messe.
39. Painters stayners, the wardens and 5. persons, 2. messe.
40. Masons, the wardens and one person, one messe.
41. Plummers, the wardens, and two persons, one messe.
42. Carpentars, the wardens and 4. persons, 2. messe.
43. Powch makers, the wardens and 2. persons, one messe.
44. Joynars, the wardens and two persons, one messe.
45. Coopers, the wardens andone person, one messe.
No Clothing. Glasiars, the wardens and two persons, one
No Clothing. Linnendrapers, the wardens and two persons,
No Clothing. Woodmongers, the wardens, and two persons,
49. Coriars, the wardens and two persons, one messe.
No Clothing. Foystors, the wardens and two persons, one
No Clothing. Grey Tanners, the wardens and two persons,
52. Tilars, the wardens, and one person, one messe.
53. Weuers, the wardens and one person, one messe.
54. Blacksmithes, the wardens, and one messe.
No Clothing. Lorimars, the wardens and two persons, one
56. Spurriars, the wardens and two persons, one messe.
57. Wiresellars, the wardens and one person, one messe.
No Clothing. Fruterers, the wardens and two persons, one
No Clothing. Ferrers, the wardens and two persons, one
60. Bladesmithes, the wardens and two persons, one messe.
These Companies seuerally at sundry times purchased the
kinges fauour and licence by his Letters Patentes, to associate
themselues in Brotherhoodes with maister and Wardens for
their gouernment, many also haue procured Corporations with
Priuileges, &c. but I reade not of licence by them procured
for Liueries to be worne, but at their Gouernours discretion
to appoint as occasion asketh, some time in triumphant
manner, some time more mourning like, and such Liueries
haue they taken vppon them, as well before as since, they
were by licence associated into Brotherhoods or Corporations.
For the first of these companies that I reade of to bee
a Guild, Brotherhoode or Fraternitie in this Cittie were the
Weauers, whose Guild was confirmed by Henry the second.
The next Fraternity, which was of saint Iohn Baptist, time
out of minde called of Taylors, and Lonnen Armorers of
London, I find that king Edwarde the first, in the 28. of his
raigne, confirmed that Guild by the name of Taylors and
Linnen Armorers, and gaue to the Brethren there of
authority, yearely to chuse vnto them a Gouernour or Maister
with Wardens, &c. The other Companies haue since purchased licence of societies, Brotherhoodes, or Corporations in
the raignes of Edwarde the thirde, Richard the second,
Henry the fourth, Henry the fift, Henry the sixt, and Edward
the fourth, &c.