Volume 1, pp.101–200
101, l. 29. the vertue that a great fire hath. In his account of the
great pestilence of 1563 Stow relates that on July 9 every householder
was ordered 'to lay owt wooded and make bonfyers in ye stretes and lanes
to that intent they should therby consume ye corrupte ayers, which othar
wyse myght infecte yo sitie with ye plage … it wase commaundyd to
contynew ye same iij tymes a weke'. (Memoranda, p. 123.)
101, l. 30. On the Vigil, &c. The Hanse merchants made provision
in their expenses for 1400 for the hanging out of lamps on St. John's eve
and on St. Peter's eve, and also for furnishing two torches for the
Corpus Christi procession (cf. i. 230 above). See Lappenberg, Stahlhof,
103, l. 13. a great muster. Some contemporary notices for 1538–9,
apparently written by a citizen, and preserved amongst Stow's Collections
(Harley MS. 530, f. 119), include the following:
'Memorandum. That on Thorsday the viij day of May, in the yere of
our Lord M.vc. xxxix, was made a muster in London, suche a mouster
seyn in no kynges day yt eny man can tell of: for ther was in nomber
xxxvj M. men in harnys, wythe morys pykys, and handgonys, and
bowys; wt all ye alldermen one horsebak, wtye shreffes in blake velvet,
& chaynes of gold abowȝt ther neckes. And the fyrst settyng owt of
euery warde was commaundyd to goo owt at Algat to myllend grene,
& the ffeylde ther abowȝt; and browȝt forthe ageyn & set v in aray of
all maner of wepons; & so forthe a longste throwȝ Chepsyde & throwȝ
powlles chirche yard, & throwȝ ffleyt stret, & so to Westmyster throwȝ
Kyng Stret, & ye seyntwary; and so Rounde abowȝt ye kynges parke,
& by sent James, & so over ye feldes by ye condyt hede, & so forthe
to holborne, and in at new gat, & so euery man home.
'God save the Kyng.
'Master Wyllm. fforman then beyng meare of London.'
See other accounts in Wriothesley's Chronicle, i. 95–7, and Letters and
Papers, xiv. 940.
l. 20. forbad the marching watch. Wriothesley adds to a similar
account, that the sheriffs had made their preparations, 'and had noe
knowlege till two dayes afore Midsommer that yt should not be kept,
which was a great losse to pore men' (Chronicle, i. 100; and ii. 3 for
Gresham's revival). Another contemporary, after mentioning that there
was to be no solemn watch on Midsummer night, continues: 'at which
some of the citizens of London are not a little dissatisfied.' Letters and
Papers, xiv. 1144.
l. 32. Some attemptes. Stow describes one such, made in 1564, in his
Summarie for 1566 (f.275) thus: 'This yeare, thorough the earnest sute of
the Armorers, there was on the Vigile of Sainct Peter a certayne kynde of
a watche in the Citie of London, whiche dyd onely stande in the hyghest
streetes of Cheape, Cornhyll, and so foorthe towardes Algate: whyche
was to the commons of the same citie (for the most parte) as chargeable
as when in tymes paste it was most commendably done, where as this
beyng to very small purpose was of as small a number well lyked.
This is some what fuller than the notice as finally incorporated in the
Annales. There were other watches in 1566 on St. John's eve, and
in 1567 on St. Peter's eve. These appear to be the last which Stow
l. 33. a book. John Mountgomery's book is still preserved in the
City archives at the Guildhall. It is a thin folio of twenty leaves. See
i. 83 for a similar instance of a book presented by W. Patten.
108, l. 33. William Seuenoke. For various wills see Cal. Wills, ii. 462,
and C.P.R. Henry VI, ii. 216.
109, l. 12. monument of death See note on p. 346
112, l.12. a Cawsey. Norden refers to it in 1594; see Description of
Essex (Camd. Soc.). It is described as 'now broken down', in 1735, by
Farmer in his History of Waltham Abbey, p. 193.
l. 28. a rich coller of golde, &c. 'Att this Court [27 Oct. 1545] my
lorde Mayer brought in and delyvered here in the Court to the handes
of Mr. Chamberleyn the Coler of Esses lately gevyn to this Cittie by Sir
John Aleyn, Knyght and Alderman, to be used alweyes and worne by the
Lorde Mayer of this Cittie for the tyme beyng.' (Repertory II, f. 238, ap.
Cal. Wills, ii. 695.) This was at the end of Laxton's year. Sir Martin
Bowes, who was mayor 1545–6, left at his death in 1566 'a goodly cross of
gold set with "perell" and stone to hang at the collar of gold which the
Mayor wears at high feasts' (id.ib.).
114, l. 31. Barnard Randolph. His donation was made to enable
Peter Morris or Morice to bring water by means of his engine from London
Bridge to Old Fish Street, as he had already done to Leadenhall. See
Remembrancia, p.553—date Dec. 1582; and i. 188 and ii. 3, II above
115, l. 20. the Hole, or two penny wardes. The two lowest wards in the
Counters, occupied by the poorest prisoners, were so called. See Jo.
Cook in Greene's Tu Quoque (Hazlitt, Old Plays, xi. 257): 'Holdfast.
"If you have no money, you'd best remove into some cheaper ward."
Spendall. "What ward should I remove in?" Holdfast. "Why, to the
Two-penny ward; it's likeliest to hold out with your means: or if you
will you may go into the hole, and there you may feed for nothing."'
The two higher wards were the Master's side and the Knight's side.
So Webster, Westward Ho! Act III. sc. ii: 'Which is the dearest ward in
prison, Sergeant? The Knight's ward?' 'No! Sir; the Master's side.'
And Appius and Virginia, Act III, sc. iv: 'It is thought she shall lie
neither on the Knight-side, nor in the Two-penny ward; for if he may
have his will of her, he means to put her in the Hole.'
l. 35. One worthy citizen, &c. This no doubt refers to Robert
Dowe's charity (see Introduction, p. xxiv above). But Dowe provided
for thirteen almsmen, who received £6 13s.4d. apiece, with a gown,
costing £2 3s. 4d every third year. Clode, Early History of the Merchant
Taylors, i. 162–3.
117, l. 15. Hauing thus in generality handled, &c. Stow originally
arranged his narrative otherwise. In Harley MS. 538, f. 24, he writes:
'Havyng spoken of the Walls and gates, the ditche, the Castles and
Towers, and last of all of the bridges, all which for the moaste parte are
but the outmoste inclosure of this Citye, I am next to towche of the
Suburbes withoute the walls, and then returninge and enteringe the gates,
whereof I have spoken, there to view how the sayde citie is and hath of
old tyme bene devided into wardes, parishes, stretes, and lanes, of principall governors, inferior maiestrates, other officers, and matters as
occasyon offerith.' Accordingly he treated first of the suburbs and of the
Ward of Farringdon Without before he came to Portsoken. See also note
on p. 365.
118, l. 24. as some haue fabuled. A reference to Richard Grafton's
Manuell, f. xi, where this legend is given under date 235 A.D. The
legend comes from Geoffrey of Monmouth. See note on p. 271 above as to
the course of Walbrook.
119, l. 15. wardes, &c. The earliest list of Wards giving the names
now in use is one for 1285–6 in Letter-Book A, 209. Farringdon (the
undivided ward) there appears as 'Lodgate and Neugate'; Langborne
as 'Langeford'; and Broad-Street as 'Lodingeberi'. A list of 1293
(Letter—Book C, 12) gives 'Langeburne' and 'Lotheberi' with the addition
modo vocatur Bradestrate. A list of 1320 (Letter—Book E, 124–5) has
'Bradestrate' and 'Farndon'. (See also Cal. Wills, i. 702–4.) In earlier
lists the wards are usually called by the names of the aldermen holding
them. There is a list of this king for 1275 in the Hundred Rolls, giving,
however, 'Bassingeshol,' 'Warda Fori,' Colemannestrate, Portsokne,
Langeburne, Douegate, Walebrok, and Cornhull. A list for 1230 is given
in Madox, Hist. Exchequer, i. 708–9 with a reference to one of 1228; the
whole number of twenty-four already appear, Portsoken and Bassushage
are alone described by name. A list of about twenty wards, mostly under the
names of the aldermen, is contained in a document at St. Paul's; Warda
Fori (Cheap), Alegate, the Bishop's Ward, and ' Brocesgange' (Walbrook)
already appear; the document can be dated about 1130 (Hist. MSS.
Comm. 9th Rep. 66; Round, Geoffrey de Mandeville, 435–6). The last
list is printed in facsimile in Price's Account of the Guildhall, p. 16 sqq.
'Langebrod' also occurs in the twelth century (see p. 307 below). The
division of the wards into a western and eastern group by the Walbrook
is given in a list of 1346 (Letter-Book F, 143–4).
120, l. 23. a Guild. The Knighten guild of London is known to us
only through the gift of its soke to Trinity, and the consequent preservation
of the documents in the Priory Chartulary. Its true character is uncertain,
and its bearing on the history of municipal institutions in London has
been disputed. See Round, Geoffrey de Mandeville, 307–9, and Commune
of London, 97–105, 221; and Gross, The Gild Merchant, i. 186–8. The
documents have been printed in Trans. Lond. and Midd. v. 477–93, and
in Letter-Book C, 73–5, 216–25. See also a deed, ap. Chron. de Rameseia,
241, Rolls Ser.
ll. 23–4. in the dayes of king Edgar. The Guildhali MS. 122 has
'temporibus Edgari', which supports Stow. But Letter-Book C, 216
reads 'temporibus Knwti'. Similarly lower down (p. 121, l. 20) C reads
'Knyty, Edgari, et Edredi'.
121, 1. 28. William king of England, &c. In this charter C reads
G. de Magn. (sc. Magnavilla) et R. Delpare, and Henrico de Both as testes.
122, l. 3. insomuch that in the yeare 1115. The date should be 1125.
The names of the members of the Knighten Guild should be 'Radulfus
filius Algodi, Wlwardus le Doverisshe, Orgarus le Prude, Edwardus
Upcornhill, Blacstanus et Alwynus cognatus ejus, Ailwinus et Robertus
frater eius filii Leostani, Leostanus Aurifaber, et Wyzo filius eius, Hugo
filius Wulgari, Algarus, Secusenne, Orgarus filius Deremanni, Osbertus
Drinchepyn, Adelardus Hornepitesinne'. In the list of witnesses for 'John
prior of Derland' read' John prior de Landa'. Letter-book C. pp. 219–20.
123, l. 2. Geffrey Clinton the Chauncellor. The copy in Letter-Book
C, 220–21 reads 'Gaufrido Cancellario et Gaufrido de Clinton'. Geoffrey
the Chancellor is Geoffrey Rufus, who was chancellor from 1124 on wards.
124, l. I. Helianor the queene wife to king Edward the first. St.
Katherine's fell under the priory of Holy Trinity by the deed of William
of Ypres (quoted in vol. ii. p. 6). In 1255 Eleanor of Provence, the
queen of Henry III, recovered control, and it was she who refounded
it in 1273 (Mon. Angl. vi. 694–6).
l. 14. inhabitants, English and strangers. There were many aliens
there. Ben Jonson in The Devil is an Ass, Act I. sc. i, writes:
To Shoreditch, Whitechapel, and so to St. Katherns,
To drink with the Dutch there and take forth their patterns.
125, l. 13. Sir Arthur Darcie. He had a grant of New Abbey, 24 Aug
1542 (Letters and Papers, xvii. p.399). Stow has preserved, in Harley
MS. 544, f. 101, a list of burials at the Abbey from a visitation by
Clarencieux in 1533.–'In the Chaple of our Lady liethe buried sir T.
Mongomerye and his twoo wives; William Belknap, esquier; one of the
heires of Rafe Butler Lord of Sudeley and treasurer of England; more, in
a tomb one of the dowghters of ye sayd mongomery which was married
to one of the mortimeres. Also Alice Spice, sister and heyre to the
seyde sir Thomas, which had two husbands, first Clement Spice of Blake
notley in Essex.
'On the south syde the quier sir Nicholas Loveyn, syme tyme lord of
East Smithfield, and besyde hym on the flore his wyfe, doughter to Sir
William Poultney (fn. 1) . … Before the high altar Iyeth dame Elizabethe,
one of the daughters to Edward late Duke of Buckyngham, she was wyfe
to Robert lord Fitzewatar, Earle of Sussex; and besydes his brother
George Ratclyffe, second sonn to the sayde lord and lady, which died
without ysshew; and ryht before the high altar vnder a stone lieth dame
Jane Stafford doughtar to Humphrey duke of Bokyngham, and wyfe to sir
William Knyvet, knight. Also there Iyes on the north syde the qwire in
a tombe Lewes John, esquier, and his wyfe doughter to the Earl of Oxforde.
And besydes his tombe lyeth Eleanor dowghter to Lewes John, which
had foure husbands, to wite John White, sir William Tirell, sir Henry
Fitz Lewes, and Thomas Garthe, esquier, treasurer to Edward, late Duke
of Bokyngham. In a chaple without the qwire on the southe syd lieth sir
Thomas Charles, sometyme Lyvetenaunt of the Tower. Also at the qwire
dore lay Walter Hayward, secretary to the lord treasurer. Also Elizabeth
Rowley, gentlewoman. In a tombe in S. Annes Chaple on the south
syde sir John Mongomery, elder brother to Sir Thomas; in the same
chaple lyeth sir Andrew Cavendysshe and dame Rose his wyfe. On the
north syde lieth Richard or John Walden, esquire, and Elizabeth his
126, l. 22. Goodman … Farmers there. Rowland Goodman seems
to have been a considerable farmer in the eastern suburbs during the
reign of Henry VIII. Besides Goodman's Fields here referred to, he had
on 20 Jan. 1535 a lease from the Convent of St. Helen's of lands in St.
Botolph without Bishopsgate; at the dissolution in 1543 he obtained a
grant by purchase from the king (Cox, Annals of St. Helens, 16, 34). At
his death in Sept. 1547 he also held lands in St. Botolph, late the property
of the Hospital of St. Mary without Bishopsgate (Inq. p. m. London, i 95).
127, l. 7. Henrie Jorden, &c. He was a bell-founder of Billiter Lane,
and founded a chantry here by will dated 15 Oct. 1468, and proved Nov.
1470. See Stahlschmidt, Surrey Bells and London Bell—founders, 56–71,
and Cal. Wills, ii. 543.
l. 8. John Romeny, Ollarius, &c. John Romenye, Ollarius, by his
will dated 23 April, 1349, left money for St. Botolph's. He and his wife
Agnes both died in that year (id. i. 425, 555, 623; Letter-book F, 187).
'Olarie' in the text of 1603 is Stow's translation of Ollarius, a potter;
but till late in the fourteenth century Ollarius or Poter is the invariable
description of a bell-founder, which was probably Romany's business.
See Stahlschmidt, u.s., pp. 2 and 20 (giving the will in full).
ll. 28–9. Garden plottes, teynter yardes. This alludes to the
enclosure about 1574 by Benedict Spinola, a prominent Italian merchant,
of eight acres of land to form twenty tenter-yards and certain gardens.
In 1584 it was presented as an annoyance to the archers and others.
But it was shown in reply that the ground had never been commonly
used for archers, and that Hog Lane was so foul and filthy that none
could pass there; Spinola had, moreover, spent much money, and the
tenter-yards were of great use to the cloth-workers. (Strype, Survey,
Bk. II, ch. ii.) The gardens were no doubt the 'Spinilas' pleasure' of
vol. i. p. 166. The tenter-yards by Houndsditch are shown plainly in
Agas's map of London.
128, l. 33. Gunfounders surnamed Owens. In the Annales (p. 571
ed. 1631) Howes inserted under date 1535: 'John Owen began to make
brasse Ordinance … He was the first Englishman, that ever made that
kind of Artillerie in England; issue of his name, and the name of Pit
have continued unto the dayes of King James most ready and excellent
Robert and John Owen were at work at Houndsditch before 1531; they
had a grant of the 'Belfounders house' there in 1540. (Letters and
Papers, v. 664, xvi. p. 717.)
129, l. I. Brokers, &c. For brokers in Houndsditch see Beaumont
and Fletcher, The Woman's Prize, Act II. sc. ii:—
More knavery and usury,
And foolery, and brokery than Dog's ditch.
And Rowlands, Letting of Humours Blood in the Head Vaine,
But into Houndsditch to the Brokers row.
See also note on p. 361 below. Houndsditch and its neighbourhood are
still the haunt of brokers and second-hand clothes dealers.
131, l. 18. Monumentes … Alhallowes Barking. See a paper thereon
by G.R. Corner in Trans. London and Middlesex, ii. 224–58. It is there
suggested that Studenham is an error for Sir Thomas Tudenham, who
was executed in 1462; but he was buried at Austinfriars (see i. 178
above). Sir John Stile, draper, was alive in 1526. A John Style, mercer,
who died about 1505, was a benefactor of All Hallows Barking. In
Harley MS. 538, f. 44vo, John Bolt is styled 'grocer and merchant of the
Staple'. See also Maskell's Hist. of All Hallows Barking.
l. 35. John Crolys and Thomas Pike. John Croke (see vol. i. 131,
l. 3) founded a chantry here in 1477. Pike is an error for Thomas Pilk,
who founded a chantry in 1351 (Cal. Wills, i. 645; Maskell, u. s. 16).
l. 37. Sydon lane. 'Shyvethenestrat' in 1257 (Anc. Deeds, C. 1202),
'Syvidlane' in 1259, 'Sivendestrete' in 1291, 'Syvethenelane' in 1329,
'Sivedenelane' in 1334, and 'Syvedonlane' in 1516 (Cal. Wills, i. 2,
101, 352, 400, ii. 630). In a patent of 1312 it is called 'Sevyng lane'
(C.P.R. Edw. II, i. 481). It is now Seething Lane.
132, l. 10. Richard Cely and Robert Cely. They were merchants of the
Staple in the time of Edward IV. Their business correspondence is
preserved in the Record Office, and has been in part published by the
Royal Historical Society. Richard Cely the elder was patron of St. Olave's;
he died in 1481; Richard the younger (d 1494) and Robert were his sons.
They lived in Mark Lane, in St. Olave's parish. A present of a vernicle,
or copy of St. Veronica's handkerchief, to St. Olave's Church by Robert
is recorded (Cely Paper, pp. xlviii and 4; Povah, Annals of St. Olave,
l. 12. John Clarentiaulx. Probably Sir John Arundell.
l. 16. Chapone. Peter Capony, or Capponi, died of the plague,
Oct. 27, 1582, aged 32. His monument, with a kneeling effigy, describes
him as 'Petrus Caponius. Florentinus' (Povah, Annals of St. Olave, 94).
Referred to as 'Piero Capony a gentleman of Florence' in Acts of Privy
Council, x. 67.
l. 23. Cokedon hall. It occurs in 1316 and 1342 (Cal. Wills,
i. 262, 468).
l. 39. Galley halfe pence. In a churchwardens' account book sub
anno 1521, appears the entry 'Resaved for ij vnces of galy-halfepenys
sold this yere vjs. iiijd.', N. and Q., 4th ser. ii. 344. Stow's authority is
Letter-Book I, f. clx.
l. 30. Sporiar lane, of old time so called. 'Sporieres lane' in 1295
and 1354, 'Water lane' in 1459, and 'the lane sometime called Sporyers
lane now called Water lane' in 1513 (Cal. Wills, i. 122, 619, ii. 619).
134, l. 34. Edwaters. Strype corrects to 'Edward Waters'.
135, l. 3. John Tate. In Harley MS. 538, f. 46, 'son to Sir John Tate,
sometyme maior of London, was theyre buried in the sayd chaple of
W. Hariot, vnder a tombe in the northe wall now defaced, sir Christopher
Draper, Ironmonger, maior of London, 1566, deceased 1580.'
l. 21. Passekes wharffe. 'Pesokes wharf' and a tenement called
'Horneres keys' appear as the property of William Harendon in 1448
(Cal. Inq. p.m. iv. 236).
137, ll. 25–6. Hospitall … founded by Robert Denton. It was founded
as stated, but proving impracticable, was changed in July, 1378, to
a bequest for a Chantry-priest at St. Katherine's by the Tower (Mon.
Angl. vi. 708–9; Cal. Inq. p. m. ii. 307). Stow here follows Leland
(Collectanea, i. 110); he is more accurate in his own note on vol. ii.
l. 32. Cobhams Inne. As belonging to Sir John Oldcastle in right of
his wife, who died seized of it in 1434 (Cal. Inq. p. m. iv. 38, 155).
138, l. 21. Mistresse Cornewallies.'Principall Place' in St. Katherine,
Christchurch, which had formerly belonged to Evesham Abbey, was
granted to Edward and Alice Cornwallis by Henry VIII, in Sept. 1540
(Letters and Papers, xvi. p. 55). Alice Cornwallis died seized thereof on
Jan. 8, 1556. Her son, Thomas, sold it in 1562 to Nicholas Throckmorton,
who died there on Feb. 12, 1571 (Inq. p. m. Lond. i. 143, ii. 143). The
puddings are not mentioned in the grant, but the story is illustrated by
items of Henry's expenditure, e.g. on Oct. 26, 1530– To the wife that
made the King podings at Hampton Corte, vjs. viijd.' (Letters and Papers,
v. p. 752, cf. also pp. 749, 750, 758).
l. 29. Belzettars lane. Stow is right as to the older form, but wrong
as to the derivation. Belzeters means bell-founders; the first person to
be described as 'belyeter' is William Burford of St. Botolph without
Aldgate in 1390 (Cal. Wills, ii. 301). But the lane is called ' Belzeterslane' in 1298, and 'Belleyeterslane' as late as 1468 (id. i. 134, ii. 543).
See also Stahlschmidt, Surrey Bells and London Bellfounders, pp. 2, 3, 37;
and notes on p. 288 above.
139, l. 29. Thus much for the bounds. In the foregoing description
Stow has in part followed a statement in the Trinity Cartulary (Guildhall
MS. 122, f. 13): 'Praeterea sciendum est quanta sit ista Soka, cujus fines
tales sunt. A porta de Algate usque ad portam Bally Turris, que nuncupatur Tungate, et tota venella vocata Chykenlane versus Berkynchurche
usque ad cimiterium, excepta una domo viciniore cimiterio, et iterum
redditur eadem via usque ad ecclesiam Sancti Olavi, et tunc redditur per
viculum qui tendit ad ecclesiam de Colemanschurche, deinde versus
Fenchurch usque ad domum brasineam, ubi nunc habetur signum Columbe.
Extitit itaque ibi olim viculus, per quem ibatur usque ad domum Teol
filii Ivonis Aldermanni in Lymestrete, qui viculus nunc obstructus est quia
suspectus erat pro furibus nocturnis, et ideo, quod non ibi patet via,
redditur iterum per viculum versus capellam Sancti Michaelis, et sic
versus Lymstratam ad domum Ricardi Canel, et deinde itur per vicum
juxta ecclesiam Sancti Andree usque ad ecclesiam Sancti Augustini juxta
murum Trinitatis. Deinde usque ad portam de Algate.'
'Teol' should be 'Theobald'. 'Trinitatis' in the last line is probably
an error for 'ciuitatis'.
140, l. 12. in the parishes of. Stow translates from the Trinity Cartulary, ff. 25–6: 'In parochiis sancte Marie Magdalene, sancti Michaelis,
sancte Katerine, et beatissime Trinitatis, que nunc una est parochia,
scilicet Sanctissime Trinitatis, que antiquissime extitit Sancte Crucis.'
For supposed ruins of St. Michael's in 1789 see Gent. Mag. Library,
l. 16. The Priorie was builded, &c. Stow has fallen into a confusion. The deed which he quotes does not relate to the site of the
Priory, but to a plot of land on the opposite side of Aldgate Street. By
this deed, dated July 7, 1314, the Prior and Convent 'confirmaverunt
Johanni de la Marche civi London. quandam placeam terre cum pertinenciis in parochia Sancte Katerine versus Algate London., que quidem
placea terre jacet in longitudine inter vicum regium, quo itur versus
Algate, juxta capellam sancti Michaelis versus Aquilonem et terram
Johannis Page versus austrum, et continet in eadem longitudine iiijxxiij
ulnas et dimidium et j quartarium, et dimidium quartarii unius ulne de
ulnis ferreis domini Regis; et jacet in latitudine inter murum cimiterii
dicte capelle versus occidentem et terram Willelmi Manhale versus
orientem, et continet in eadem latitudine in capite Aquilonis xv ulnas et
unum quartarium unius ulne et tres polices, et continet in capite australi
a terra domini Johannis Cokermuth versus orientem usque ad venellam
vocatam Bellezeterlane versus occidentem xlviij ulnas unum quartarium
et dimidium quartarii unius ulne. 'The rent was to be 53s. 4d. annually.
This is from the Trinity Cartulary, u. s. f. 44.
141, l. 7. according to their estates. In Harley MS. 538, f. 48, Stow
continues: 'In so moche that as eny man mowght come into theyr
church to prayer, so mowght they enter the hall at meale tymes and fill
theyr bellyes, and at all tymes of the day come to the buttre and sellar
and have breade and drinke, or to the kitchen in the fore none and require of the coke a peace of befe, which shuld be given hym roste or sod
on his knife or dagger's poynt, and so to beare it abrode, whither he
would for himselfe and his frinds. The liberalite of this house, as I have
hard and partely sene, is rather to be wondered at than reviled of them
that have not sene the lyke.'
l. 8. monuments. There are lists in Harley MSS. 6033 and 6069.
The former reads for 'Heningham' Hemmyngham, and for 'Charcam'
Charchand de Mille; the latter Mannyngham, and Charthano de Mille.
Both have Nycke for 'Nucke.' For 'Beringham' Bermyngham or
Bernyngham. In 6069 Margaret Chenie's second and third husbands
are called Thomas Breus and William Burcestur (Berners and Burcestur,
ap. Anc. Deeds, A. 7356); for 'Halling' read Helmyng; and for 'Auesey',
Anestie. Stow has copied a list in Harley MS. 544, f. 66vo.
l. 24. Henrie Fitzalwine … 1213. See note on p. 315.
l. 37. gaue to sir Thomas Audley. On April 9, 1534. (Letters and
Papers, vii. 587 (10).)
142, l. 36. Monuments. A list in Harley MS. 6069, f. 30, supplies the
variants: 'Sir Thomas Fleming, knight, Lord of the Rowles in Essex';
'John Good'; and 'Sanche' for 'Sewch' (p. 143, l. 4).
143, l. 12. S. Andrew Vndershaft. In deeds of Prior Norman (d. 1147)
the Church is St. Andrew 'ad sanctam Trinitatem' (Anc. Deeds, A.
2338, 7285). Later it was usually called St. Andrew, Cornhill. In 1361 it
is called St. Andrew Aneknappe (atte Knappe), or 'on the hill', from knap,
O.E. cnaep, the top of a hill. St. Andrew 'atte Shafte' occurs in 1477 (Cal.
Wills, ii. 30, 583). For the history of the church see a paper by Mr. Philip
Norman in Transactions of the St. Paul's Ecclesiological Society, vol. v.
margin. Chaucer. chance of dice. No such poem appears in Stow's
own edition, nor amongst Chaucer's accepted works. Professor Skeat
has, however, identified this verse with the sixth stanza of an anonymous
poem entitled Chance of the Dice in Fairfax MS. 16, f. 194. He says
further: 'the poem is certainly not Chaucer's, but it may be Lydgate's.'
The Fairfax MS. supplies the following corrections: line 2, 'floon'
(=arrows) for 'flying'; line 4, 'when that' for 'when'; line 6, 'crokke'
(=crock, a round paunch) for 'croke'; line 7, 'clokke' (=cluck) for
'cloke'. 'Crowdeth' in line 6 means presses forward. See The Chaucer
Canon, p. 126.
144, ll. II, 12. neighbours and Tenants. In Harley MS. 538 the text
continues: 'of the sayd houses and alley, over whose dores and gate…
dined, gathered to them more strengthe,' &c.
l. 20. as he tearmed it. Stow, in Harley MS. 538, wrote 'as they
l. 25. the Baylife of Romfort. Wriothesley has 'taylor of Raynesford in Essex' (Chronicle, ii. 19). But the Greyfriars Chronicle has simply
'one that came from Romford' (Monumenta Franciscana, ii. 221).
145, l. 37. Hugh offley. 'Deceased 1594', Harley MS. 538. He died
Nov. 26, 1594 (Inq. p. m. Lond. iii. 224).
146, l. 3. one faire greate house. It came to Sir Edward Wotton with
his wife Hester, daughter of William Pickering the younger (Inq. p.m.
London, iii. 240–3). Sir William Pickering the elder had a grant of the
site from Henry VIII in 1538 (Letters and Papers, xiii. Pt. ii. 491 (18)).
l. 9. Robert Beale. A member of the old Society of Antiquaries.
He died in 1601, and was buried at All Hallows on the Wall. See
l. 12. The Papey. The original documents show that the Hospital of
le Papey was really founded (or refounded-for the brethren of St.
Augustine are mentioned in 1365, Anc. Deeds, A. 2273) in 1442 by Thomas
Symmineson or Symson, William Cleve ('Oliver' is a misreading, derived,
as it would seem, from Leland, Collectanea, i. III), William Barnaby, and
John Stafford, priests. It was for the benefit of priests disabled by age or
sickness. A contemporary refers to: 'Pappy Chyrche on the Wall betwyne Algate and Bevysse Markes. And hyt ys a great Fraternyte of
prestys and othyr seqular men. And there ben founde of almys certayne
prestys, both blynde and lame, that be empotent; and they have day
masse, and xiiijd. a weke, barber and launder, and one to dresse and
provyde for hyr mete and drinke' (Collections of a London Citizen,) p. viii.
Camd. Soc.). The patronage of the church belonged to the soke, which
Queen Matilda gave to Trinity Priory; in the fourteenth century document, where this is recorded, it is called 'ecclesia sancti Augustini Pavie
super murum' (Lansdowne MS. 448, f. 8). St. Augustin de Pavy occurs
in 1417 (see p. 297 below). Trinity was a priory of Augustinian Canons,
and St. Augustine's relics were preserved in the church of San Pietro at
Pavia (Papia)—held by the Augustinian canons of Mortara from 1221.
This probably explains the name 'Papey' as used to distinguish St.
Augustine on the Wall from the church of St. Augustine of Canterbury by
Paul's Gate. In 1170–87 the church is simply St. Augustine 'super
murum': in 1252–3 we get 'Parochia Sancti Augustini Pappay' (Guildhall MS. 122, f. 508). For an account of the Papey by T. Hugo see Trans.
Lond. & Midd. v. 183–221. For the 'Liber Papie' see note on p. 297.
l. 30. Buries Markes, corruptly Beuis markes. A Bury chronicler
refers to the abbot's house at 'Burys markys' about 1470 (Memorials of
St. Edmunds, iii. 299). But 'Bewesmarkes' occurs in 1407, and 'Bevys
Marke' in 1450 (Cal. Wills, ii. 372, 518). It was granted to Sir Thomas
Heneage in 1541 (Letters and Papers, see xv. 942 (118), xvi. p. 715).
147, l. 21. Thomas Mollington, Lord of Wem in Shropshire in the
time of Henry IV. See Eyton, Shropshire, ix. 178. A list in Harley MS.
6069, f. 25 has 'Thomas Molington, baron of Wem'. The same list gives
John Tyrrell for 'Tirres' (l. 20); Brosted for 'Brosked' (l. 28); and
Condorow for 'Couderow' (l. 29).
ll. 33, 34. Skeuington and Milborne. In Harley MS. 538 the
dates of death, viz. 1524 and 1539, are given.
148, margin. These poyntes not performed. Munday (Survey, p. 157,
ed. 1633) says that Stow was mistaken, and that Milborne's will contained
no bequest of bread and coal, but provided for Almshouses only. See
also Strype, ii. ch. iv.
l. 34. Lord Lumleyes house. Crutched Friars was granted to Sir
Thomas Wyatt on July 10, 1540 (Letters and Papers, xv. 942 (49); for his
messuage called 'Pekes Gardeyn' in 1540, see Anc. Deeds, A. 12598).
John, sixth Lord Lumley, who died at Lumley house in 1609, was
a member of the old Society of Antiquaries. The Navy Office was here
in Pepys's time.
149, l. 7. Monte Joues or Monasterie Cornute. Hornechurch Priory
or Monasterium Cornutum was founded by Henry II as a cell to the
Hospital de Monte Jovis, on the Great St. Bernard. Richard II granted
it to William of Wykeham for New College, Oxford. (Mon. Angl. vi.
652–3.) Stow follows the Trinity Cartulary (Guildhall MS. 122, f. 35)
for the grant of this site.
l. 15. made into bowling Alleys. In Dec. 1553 'the Lord Maior and
the sheriffes went to these three common bowlinge allies, that is to say,
Northumberland alley by Algate, St. Nicholas shambles alley, and an
alley in the Old Baylie; and with mattockes did breake and digge up all
the said alleys' (Wriothesley's Chronicle, ii. 105). Three years before
the Mayor and Sheriffs 'rode to the bowlinge allyes and play-houses at
Pawles wharfe and by Aldgate', and broke up the tables, and sent the
players to the Counters (id. ii. 43). See more on bowling alleys on
p. 368. This Northumberland House is to be distinguished from another
in Aldersgate (p. 343).
l. 36. Blanch apleton. 'Blanches appeltuna' in the soke of Robert
de Valoniis (de Vaux) occurs in 1177 (Anc. Deeds, A. 7295). A part of
the manor came to the family of Ros of Hamelake with one of the
co-heiresses of John de Vaux in 1288 (Cal. Inquisitions, ii. p. 404—new
ed.). Another part belonged to the Bohuns, Earls of Hereford. The
name was finally corrupted into Blind Chapel Court, through the intermediary Blanch Chapulton.
150, l. 3. Mart lane. It appears as 'Marthe lane' from the beginning
of the thirteenth century down to 1280; for the next two hundred years
'Marte lane' is the usual form. 'Marke' is a corruption of the sixteenth
century. (Anc. Deeds, A. 2679, 7354, 7820; Cal. Wills, i. 50, ii. 613, 689.)
l. 5. Basket makers, &c. By order of the Court of Common Council
on October 12, 1464. See Archaeologia, xxxii. 131, quoting, somewhat
inaccurately, City Record, ap. Jor. Cooke, No. 7, f. 43.
l. 19. Limestreete, of making or selling of Lime. This is confirmed
by the occurrence of Ailnoth the lime-burner of 'Lim Strate' in the
twelfth century (Anc. Deeds, A. 11559).
l. 37. diuerse fayre houses. Lime Street was in Stow's time a good
residential quarter. See quotation on p. 338 below.
151, l. 2. the king's Artirce. I am unable to identify the reference
or explain the word. It is 'Artirce' in Harley MS. 538. Possibly it
may be an error for 'Artirie'.
l. 6. belonging to the Lord Neuill, see note on p. 295.
l. 13. Benbriges Inne. In Holand's will called Penbridge's Inn (Cal.
Wills, ii. 525). Probably the house which Sir Richard de Pembridge
or Pembrugge held in 1375 (Cal. Inq. p. m. ii. 348).
l. 33. Lord Sowches Messuage. The lords Zouch of Harringworth
had a hospice in St. Andrew parish 'juxta Lymestrete', 1381–1415 (Cal.
Inq. p. m. iii. 43, 192, iv. 15).
152, ll. 35, 36. a faire house, &c. In Harley MS. 538, f. 52vo: 'a fayre
large house for an alderman or other of good worship, wherein, &c.'
l. 9. the greene gate. It fell to the crown in 1391 by the death of
Michael, son of Simon Pistoye(Cal. Inq. p.m.iii.140), and was granted
on December 24 to Roger Croppehulle and Thomas Brounflete (P.R.C.,
Richd. II, v. 12). Henry IV granted it on March 1, 1408, to Thomas
Walsyngham (id. Henry IV, iii. 409). Malpas by his will—proved May 8,
1468—left his great place in Cornhill and Lime Street to his daughter
Elizabeth and her husband, Sir Thomas Cooke. Cooke by his will—proved June 1, 1478— left 'Greene Gate' to his wife, with remainder to
his son Philip (Orridge, Illustrations of Jack Cade's Rebellion, 11, 18).
Possibly, however, 'The Green Gate had been forfeited through Cooke's
troubles in the regin of Edward IV, for on April 28, 1486, Henry VII
granted it to John Forester (Campbell, Materials Hist. Henry VII,
i. 417). Sir William de Ryvers was a Breton in the service of Henry VII,
and Master of the King's hawks (Chron. Lond. 202, 249, 251.) John
Mutas or Meautys was French secretary to Henry VIII; for the sack of
his house in 1517, see Letters and Papers, ii. 3204. David Woodroffe
was seized of 'The Greene Gate' at his death in 1563 (Inq. p. m. Lond.
153, l. l. Leaden Hall. The earliest mention is in 1296 as 'La
Ledene halle' (Cal Wills, i. 128). It occurs as 'la sale de plom' in
1302 (Lib. de Ant. Legg. 249; 'aula plumbea' in Ann Lond. 127), and
in 1321 when inspectors were appointed for the poultry-market there
(Mun. Gild. II. i 305). In 1345 there is reference to 'Ledenhalle gardyn'
belonging to Sir John Neville (Letter-Book F, 86), and in the will of
William de Kyngeston (see below) in 1375 there is a note of a tenement
called 'le ledenhall' formerly belonging to Sir John Nevill (Cal. Wills,
ii. 173; translation in Strype, ii. ch. viii).
l. 32. The Horsemill. Apparently a building which included tenements belonging to several persons. In 1353 Peter de Blithe disposed
of rents issuing from tenements called 'le Horsmille'; a share in
the Horsemill was included in the land which William de Kyngeston
gave to St. Peter's Cornhill in 1375; and in 1413 William Baret left his
share in a tenement, 'le Horsmelle, to the chruch of St. Dunstan in the
East (Cal. Wills, i. 674; ii. 139, 173, 396).
156, l. 32. Carts of Stratford. The London Chronicle, ap. Harley MS
540, f. 7, has the following under 1527, with reference to another time of
dearth: 'Ye bread carts yt came from Stratford to London were mett by
ye way at Myll ende by ye citisens of London, yt ye mayr and ye shrives
were fayne to goo and reskue them, and see them brought to ye markytes
apoynted'. This is reproduced by Stow in his Annales, p. 904, ed.
157, l. 5. Comfort of the Citizens. In Harley MS. 538, f. 55vo, Stow
adds: 'He dyd more than ryde about the market and away.'
l. 21. a Barker named John of Stratforde. See Letter-Book D, 311,
and compare for bakers of Stratford, Mun. Gild. 1. 241–2, III. 412–29.
l. 26. I read in the visions of Pierce Plowman. Stow's version,
written as prose, is inaccurate. The text as given by Professor Skeat,
Piers Plowman, vol. i. p. 402, II. 266–71, is as follows:—
There was a carful comune ˙ whan no carte come to toune
With bake bred fro Stretforth ˙ tho gan beggeres wepe,
And werkmen were agaste a litel ˙ this will be thou3te longe.
In the date of owre dryȝte ˙ in a drye Apprile,
A thousande and thre hondreth ˙ tweis thretty and ten,
My wafres there were gesen (fn. 2) ˙ whan Chichestre was maire.
The reference to John Chichester fixes the date as 1369–70. John
Malvern, whose name Stow puts in the margin, was author of a continuation of Higden's Polychronicon from 1346 to 1394 (Dict. Nat. Biog.
xxxvi. 8). The description of him as author of Piers Plowman is an
error due to the obvious connexion of William Langland with Malvern.
160, l. 29. S. Marie at the Axe. It occurs as St. Mary del Ax about 1200,
and this is the regular form throughout the thirteenth century (Anc. Deeds,
A. 2416, 2425, 2447). In the Rotuli Hundredorum it is called Sancta
Maria apud Ax, atte Ax, atten Ax, atte Nax. As S. Mary de Ax it was in
the patronage of the Nuns of St. Helen's in 1303 (Mun. Gild. II. i. 236).
In 1514 the parishioners in a petition to the king declared that 'the
Churche ys in soo great decaye that yt ys lyke every day to fall downe',
and 'the parson ys departyd frome the same Churche where it pleasethe
hym and left the parishyns withoute any maner of devyne service'. They
begged for assistance on account of their poverty, and because the 'said
poore Church ys honored by kepyng of an holly relyke an axe, oon of the
iij. that the xj.m1 Virgyns were be hedyd wt all, the whiche holly
relyke as yett remayneth in the said Churche' (Bills signed 5 Hen. VIII,
No. 79, ap. Gent. Mag. Library, xvi. 45–6; cf Letters and Papers,
i. 4993). After the suppression of St. Helen's the decay grew worse, and
ultimately on March 3, 1561, St. Mary Axe was united to St. Andrew
Undershaft (Hennesey, Novum Repertorium Lond. 94). It is impossible
to reject Stow's statement that there was a house with the sign of the
Axe close by; but the house may have borrowed its name from the
Church; or it may be that the name was the cause and not a consequence
of the relic. An alternative suggestion is that the name 'axe' was due to
the proximity of a stream; but for this there is no proof (see N. and Q.
9th ser. x. 425, xi. 110, 10th ser. i. 90). St. Mary 'Pellipariorum' occurs
as a heading in the Trinity Cartulary, and occasionally elsewhere.
161, l. 10. Grey a Pothecarie. Presumably Balthasar Gwercye, or
Guersye, the physician (Dict. Nat. Biog. xxiii. 316), who at his death in
1557 owned 'the house of preistes of the brotherhed of the Holy Trinite',
and messuages in St. Mary Axe (Inq. p. m. Lond. i. 144).
162. l. 5. inst boundes of Aldgate—see note on p. 290.
l. 15. grounde letten. In 1539 the Churchwardens of St. Martin's
paid 2l. 13s. 4d. 'to the Masters of Pappe, for the porchase of the
churche yrde'. Nichols, Illustrations of Manners, &c., p. 247.
l. 21. the fraternity of Papie. The 'Liber Papie' consists only of
eleven leaves, now Cotton MS., Vitellius, F. xvi, ff. 113–23, which suffered
terribly in the fire of 1731; the loss is in part made good by a partial
transcript written about 1550 in Harley MS. 604, f. 12. (Both the MSS.
seem to have been in Stow's possession.) The grant from the mayor on
f. 119 of the Cotton MS., though imperfect, corrects Stow's transcript:
'Be hit remembered that where nowe late the maister and wardeyns of
the ffraternitee of Pappey haue made a bryke walle closyng in the Chapell
of Seint Austyn called Pappey Chapell sette in the paroch' of all saintes
in the walle in the warde of lymestrete of the citee of London. ffrom the
south est corner of the which brike wall is a Skuncheon of xxj fote of
assise from the said corner westward. And from the same Skuncheon
there to a mesurage of lv. fote and di. westward. The forsaid Skunchon
brekith oute of lyneright southward betwixe the mesures aforesaid three
fote and v. ynches of assise vpon the comyn ground of the Citee aforsaid.
Rauf Verney maire of assise vpon the comyn ground of the Citee aforsaid.
Octobre the yere of the reigne of Kyng Edward the fourth the sixth
granted vnto John Hede, Prest, maister, John Bolt and Thomas Pachette,
also Preestes, wardeyns of the ffraternitee of Pappey aforsaid and their
successours for euermore, the said Skuncheon which brekith oute of the
Brike walle aforsaid and is sette thre foote and v. ynches vpon the comyn
grounde like as it is abouesaid. To haue and to holde the same withoute
any interupcion of the said maire and aldermen or their successours …'
The 'skuncheon' or triangular projection of the wall is clearly shown in
Agas's map. From f. 120 it appears that the master and wardens employed
Thomas Hardyng, citizen and Scrivener, to write the book in Sept. 1477.
Additions carrying on the history, with lists of the brethren, were afterwards made. The chief documents with two facsimiles are given in
Hugo's account—see p. 293 above.
163, l. 5. one large messuage. The hostel of the Earl of Oxford near
Bishopsgate street is mentioned in 1348 (Cal. Wills, i. 513). Richard de
Vere, 11th Earl of Oxford, had a messuage 'in parochia S. Augustini Pavy'
in 1417, as also his mother in 1401 (Cal. Inq. p. m. iii. 277, iv. 26). John,
13th Earl (d. 1513), had a house described as 'Bevesmarkes' in ward of
Lime Street (Inq. p. m. Lond. i. 30). John, 14th Earl, died in 1526;
his second sister and co-heiress, Elizabeth, married Sir Anthony Wingfield
(d. 1552), father of Sir Robert (d. 1597), who was living here in 1587
(Cal. State Papers, 1581–90, p. 395).
164, l. 24. the ditch. On Agas's map the ditch appears clearly,
and is shown to widen here to a point where a stream flows into it
from the north. On Faithorne's map (prepared 1643–7) the ditch has
completely disappeared. See further Archaeologia, lx. 197–200 with
illustration. Recent excavations have proved the accuracy of Stow's
statement as to the filling up of the ditch with soilage and other filthiness
(id. lx. 202).
l. 37. purchased the patronage. From a document in Letter-book F,
154, it appears that on Oct. 15, 1346, the House and Order 'Fratrum
milicie beate Marie de Bethlem' were taken under the protection and
patronage of the Mayor, Aldermen, &c., of the City of London. See also
Letter-books F, 163, and H, 338, where it is claimed in answer to a royal
writ that the patronage and appointment of a keeper rested with the Mayor
and citizens. In 1406 Henry IV again claimed the patronage and right
of visitation (C. P. R. Henry IV, iii. 231).
165, l. 10. banke of deepe ditch. In the foundation charter of Bethlehem
Hospital mention is made of the 'fossatum quod vocatur Depediche'
(Mon. Angl. vi. 622). Recent excavations revealed a part of its course
near Blomfield Street, and showed it as a deep, sluggish, stagnant stream.
It was ten feet below the base of the original Walbrook, which was
somewhat further west. It is the stream referred to in the last note but
one. See Archaeologia, lx. 206–7 with plan.
166, l. I. Fishers folly. It is to this large and sumptuously-built
house that Fletcher must refer in The Nice Valour, Act V. sc. iii.:—
Moulbazon. Is't possible such virtue should lie hid,
And in so little paper?
Lapet. How! …
Your Herring (fn. 3) proved the like, able to buy
Another Fisher's Folly.
The commentators have, however, interpreted this as an allusion to a
tract written in 1624 by the Puritan George Walker, in his controversy
with Piercy, a Jesuit, who was known as Father Fisher, and entitled:
Fisher's Folly unfolded, or The Vaunting Jesuites Vanity discovered.
Partly on this ground Dyce and others have held that The Nice Valour
was left incomplete by Fletcher, who died in 1625, and finished by
another hand (Dyce, Works of Beaumont and Fletcher, x. 363, and A. H.
Bullen, ap. Dict. Nat. Biog. xix. 309). But clearly Walker was punning
on Jasper Fisher's notorious building.
Jasper Fisher, son of John Fisher, was warden of the Goldsmiths'
Company in 1567 (Prideaux, Memorials of the Goldsmiths, i. 68). He
purchased six gardens of Sir Martin Bowes, on which he built his house.
He died on February 28, 1579 (Inq. p. m. London, iii. 20). In 1588
William, son of Thomas Cornwaleys, purchased Fisher's Folly from the
Earl of Oxford (Cal. Hatfield MSS., iii. 376–7). In May, 1594, Mr.
Cornwallis of Fisher's Folly was suspect of Popery (Cal. State Papers,
1591–4, p. 503). He was still living there in 1598 (see p. 241 above). Sir
Roger Manners purchased it before 1603. After him the Earl of Argyll
dwelt there: 'the Lord of Argyll's house, called Fisher's Folly, offered
to the East India Company—held unfit for their service' (Cal. East
Indies, p. 368—Jan. 10, 1615). Then it passed to the Marquis of
Hamilton, who died in March, 1625: 'His body was carried to Fisher's
Folly, his house without Bishopsgate' (Cal. State Papers, 1623–5, p. 697).
After this it was the residence of William Cavendish, second Earl of
Devonshire, who died there in 1628 (Survey, p. 175, ed. 1633), and of his
widow, Christiana (d 1675), who entertained Charles II there in 1660
(Gent. Mag. Library, xv. 171). Part of the site was occupied by a Baptist
meeting-house, whence Samuel Butler (Hudibras, Pt. III, canto ii. 894)
refers to 'The Rump' as representing: 'But Fisher's Folly congregation.'
Fisher's Folly stood on the site of Devonshire Square, Finsbury. See
Wheatley, London Past and Present, i. 503, and ii. 47–8.
For 'Spinilas pleasure' see note on p. 288 above.
'Kirkebyes Castell' is explained by a letter from William Fleetwood
to Burghley, in which he wrote, on July 21, 1578: 'John Kirby that
buylded the fayre howse upon Bednall Greene is ded, so is Fairfax and
Bower, all riche men. They died of surrfaite' (Lansdowne MS. 26,
f. 191vo). Strype identifies it with 'that now called the Blind Beggars
House' (Survey, iv. ch. ii). Kirby may be the Kirkbie named on vol. i.
p. 228 above. 'Megses glorie' was probably a house in the same
neighbourhood, for the Meggs family were connected with St. Mary
Matfellon (Strype, u.s.).
171, l. 26. William Basing Deane of paules was the first founder.
Stow has made some confusion. About 1212 Alard, the dean, and the
chapter of St. Paul's, made a grant to William, son of William, the Goldsmith, to establish Nuns at St. Helen's. The Canons of St. Paul's had
held the Church of St. Helen's for many years previously (Cox, Annals of
St. Helen's, 4–6, 359). There was no dean called William Basing. On
the monuments at St. Helen's see Cox, Annals, &c., 57–74. John
Langthorpe should be John Leenthorp (or Leventhorpe). the date of
William Bond's death was 1576.
l. 38. Purchased by the Companie of the Lethersellers. Henry VIII
granted it in 1542 to Sir Richard Williams, alias Cromwell (nephew of
Thomas Cromwell, and great-grandfather of the Protector), who sold it
to Thomas Kendall in 1544. Kendal was a leatherseller, and no doubt
purchased for his company, to whom he at once demised the property
(Inq. p. m. Lond. iii. 143; Letters and Papers, xvii. 220 (95)). On Leathersellers Hall see Gent. Mag. Library, xv. 296–8.
173, l. 18. since the which time, &c. Sir Bartholomew Rede dwelt
in Crosby Place in 1501–2, and Sir John Best in 1516. After him Sir
Thomas More, who, on Jan. 20, 1523, sold his lease to his friend Antonio
Bonvisi of Lucca (see Dict. Nat. Biog. v. 365). Bonvisi acquired the
reversion in 1542 (Letters and Papers, xvii. 881 (17)), and on April 1, 1547,
demised Crosby Place to William Rastell and William Roper, who in
turn surrendered their interest to Benedict Bonvisi and German Ceo or
Cyoll. Rastell, Roper, the Bonvisis, and Cyoll all left England in 1549–50.
Crosby Place was thereupon seized to the King's use (Wriothesley's
Chronicle, ii. 34). Afterwards it was occupied by Thomas, Lord Darcy.
Bonvisi returned in the reign of Queen Mary, and died seized of Crosby's
Place on Dec. 7, 1558. German Cyoll and his wife Cicely, daughter of
Sir John Gresham, lived there from 1560 to 1567, when he sold it to
William Bond (d. 1576). The French ambassador was living there in
1592. Bond's sons sold it in 1594 to Sir John Spencer. In Feb. 1601,
Crosby Place, the house of Sir John Spencer, 'being very large and he
seldom using it,' was suggested as suitable for the reception of the Earl
of Mar. Sir Walter Ralegh was living there in the following September
(Hist. MSS. Comm. Hatfield MSS. xi. 88, 382). It was prepared for the
reception of the Duc de Biron in the same year (Acts Privy Council,
xxxii. 190). See Inq. p. m. London, i. 114–6, 183, ii. 200, iii. 133–4; A
Memoir of Crosby Place, by T. Hugo, ap. Trans. Lond. and Midd. i. 35–55;
Gent. Mag. Library, xv. 249–66. For an account of seven original
documents relating to Crosby Hall see N. and Q. 10th ser. viii. 30; they
are dated 1552–67, the last being the sale by German Cyoll to William
174, l. 20. Alice Smith. The notice of her benefactions was inserted
in the edition of 1603 on p. 580 as an addendum. It is now put in its
l. 38. well with two buckets. See note on p. 301 below.
175, l. 24. grate of Iron. See note on p. 334.
176, l. 17. as large an house, builded, &c. It had been lately built by
Sir William Paulet, when in April, 1540, he obtained a grant of part of
Austinfriars. Another part of the site had belonged to Thomas Cromwell,
and was granted in 1543 to Sir Thomas Wriothesley. Paulet eventually
acquired the whole, receiving a grant of the upper part of the church in
1550 (Inq. p. m. Lond. iii. 283–6).
177, l. 39. There lye buried in this Fryers church. An article on
Austinfriars by T. Hugo, in Trans. Lond. and Midd. ii. 1–20, includes
a list of burials compiled from Harley MSS. 544, ff. 66 and 68vo, and
6033. It furnishes the following variants from Stow's list, p. 178, l. 5,
Hyndercke or Hynndemole (for Lindericle); l. 11, Graynsers or Greynfers;
l. 17, Walter Maynell; l. 19, Sir Bartholomew Badlesmere (probably
correct); l. 21, Merventon; l. 28, Talmache; l. 35, Chybury; l. 35, Peter
Morowes; l. 36, Berland; Chitting; l. 37, Chornott; l. 38, Howche;
p. 179, l. 1, Attepole (i.e. de la pole); l. 7, Boell; l. 7, Mawney (Mauny
is correct); l. 7, Deskay. A third list is in Harley MS. 6069, f. 23.
Harley MSS. 544 and 6033 give the epitaph of Lucia de Visconti,
Magnifice nata Bernabensis ecce Lucia,
Mediolanensis olim clarissima proles.
179, ll. 38–9. that …to forget themselues. Stow wrote in Harley MS.
538, f. 62vo: 'Of this unconscionable dealynge of hym, wherein he forgate
180, ll. 14, 15. Lethbury … now corruptly called Lothbury. See the
longer passage on i. 277, and note on p. 334.
ll. 22, 23. an house pertayning to the Abbot of S. Albons. Edward
Keacher or ketcher, pewterer, purchased the Abbot of St. Alban's Inn
from the grantee at the dissolution, and when he died in Jan. 1563, left
it to his son John, the Alderman Catcher of Stow's text (Inq. p. m.
l. 29. saint Martin called oteswich. John de Oteswich founded a
chantry here in Dec. 1331, for his father William and others (C. P. R.
Edw. III, ii. 230; cf. id. Henry IV, iii. 56). A Martin de Ottewich
occurs in connexion with the church about 1246 (Anc. Deeds, A. 2683).
But the name is much older; St.Martin Otteswich occurs in 1216 (see note
on 'Finkes Lane' below), and Otheswych in 1222 (Anc. Deeds, A. 2698).
The Alfwin Fink who held land in St. Martin Otteswich (id. A. 2658) may
be the same as the alderman of 1180 (Madox, Hist. Exchequer, i. 562).
Machyn (Diary, 175, 211, &c.) refers habitually to St. Martin Oteswich
as 'Sant Martin's with the well and ij bokettes'; see also vol. i. pp. 164,
174. For a similar list of burials see Harley MS. 6069, f. 54, reading
'Wodehouse' for 'Woodroffe' (p. 181, l. 2). For the tomb of John
de Oteswich see Gough, Sepulchral Monuments, and for inscriptions,
Gent. Mag. Libr. xvi. 42. For extracts from Churchwardens' Accounts
see J. Nichols, Illustrations of Manners, &c., 270–4. The site is now
39 Threadneedle Street.
182, l. 2. after some Record. See Memorials, 183–5; Letter-Book
E, 269. The date was 10 May, 1331, i. e. the fifth (not the sixth) of
Edward III. Yakesley is a better from than Yakley.
l. 38. Finkes lane, &c. Stow gets his information from a series of
Charters in Cotton MS., Faustina, B. II, f. 80—the Cartulary of the Nuns'
Priory at Clerkenwell. Rosamond, daughter of James Finke, gave to the
Priory in 1216–7 her stone house in the parish of St. Benet Finck, and
tenements in St. Martin Oteswich. The Priory regranted them to Robert,
son of Robert Finke.
183, l. 11. William Coolby. The list in Harley MS. 6069, f. 55, reads
l. 15. the little Conduit, called the pissing Conduit. So Middleton in
A Chaste Maid in Cheapside, Act III. sc. ii:
Come along presently by the Pissing-conduit,
With two brave drums and a standard-bearer.
In Henry VI, Pt. 2, Act IV. sc. vi, Cade says: 'Now is Mortimer lord
of this city. And here sitting upon London-stone, I charge and command,
that of the City's cost, the possing-conduit run nothing but claret wine this
first year of our reign.'
184, l. 21. one of the Proctors for saint Anthonies, &c. The pigs of
St. Anthony were privileged. But the Renter of the Hospital had to
swear that he would not claim any pigs wandering in the City, nor hang
bells round the necks of any which had not been given to the hospital in
pure alms. Other pigs were such a nuisance that at an early date men were
appointed to kill all that were found loose in the streets (Mun. Gild. I.
590–1, and Preface, p. xlii; Letter-Book D, 251).
185, l. 24. sir John Lepington. Apparently the same person as the
Sir John Lenthaine of vol. ii. p. 83.
l. 25. Alderban a Gascoyne. No doubt the 'Aldebrand Gascone,
Lombard' of 1376 (Letter-BookH, 27).
ll. 26 and 34. Capell and Barne. The dates of death, viz. 1519 and
1557, are added in Harley MS. 538.
186, l. 3. Margaret Norford. Margery de Nerford founded a chantry
here in 1407 (C. P. R., Henry IV, iii. 292, 316).
l. 4. John Clauering, 1421. His will, dated 8 Jan., enrolled 31 May,
1422, includes donations to St. Christopher's Church, but no bequest of
lands (Cal. Wills, ii. 429).
l. 7. had taken the Mantell and ring. It was a common custom for
a widow to take a vow of chastity, and thereon to receive in church the
mantle and ring. Cf. Cely Papers, p. 88: 'On the xxvij day [27 March,
1482] whos Byfelde berryd, and the morrow Herby hys whyfe toke the
mantell and the rynge.' For a description of the ceremony at the taking
of the mantle and ring, see Liber Pontificalis of Edmund Lacy, Bishop
of Exeter, ed. R. Barnes.
l. 16. John Norryholme. The list in Harley MS. 6069, f. 55, reads:
187, l. 14. Rippers of Rye. In 1384 an ordinance was made concerning
foreigners called 'Ripiers' bringing sea-fish to the city for sale; they
then occupied the Stocks. Elsewhere there is reference to 'les Ripiers
qi amesnent pessoun del mier a la cite', distinguishing them from the
'Peters' or fishers in the Thames (Letter-Book H, 234).
188, l. 25. but now no such matter, &c. In Harley MS. 538, f. 65vo:
'A great comoditie, if the sayd water were mayntayned to come at every
tyde some reasonable quantitee as at the first it dyd; but since the same
is almoaste altogether ceased, through whose defaute I know not.' The
text of 1598 stopped short at 'Stockes Market' (see p. 243 above). The
notice in the Annales (p. 1171, ed. 1605) agrees very nearly with the
Harley MS. In another place (Harley MS. 540, f. 123) Stow writes:
'The Standart at Ledenhall is to be reformed or pulled downe; it standeth
as a shadow, or rathar a playne mockery yildinge no comodytie to the
Citie, suche as was promised, but contrarywise it comberith the strete
with the let of cariage.'
Middleton in Michaelmas Term writes: 'I tell you what I ha' done.
Sometimes I carry my water all London over only to deliver it proudly at
189, ll. 18, 19. brake up … the Tunne. On 18 April, 1299, pardon
was granted to the persons of the City of London who broke the Tun
(tonelli) erected for the punishment of suspected persons wandering about
the city at night (C. P. R. Edw. I, iii. 408). The breaking of the Tun
seems to have taken place in the previous summer (Letter-Book B, 74–5);
the fine of 20,000 marks was remitted on payment of 1000l. (id. C, 38).
It is curious that the original in B has 'cuiusdam dolei', and in C
'pro condonatione rancoris sui pro factione (fractione) cuiusdam doley.'
The Tun is called dolium in Letter-Book H, 339. Neither Stow nor
his authorities explain the incident; the persons concerned were all
190, l. 10. punishment of Priests in my youth. One may suspect
here a covert allusion to the different treatment of a minister in later
times. In 1563 the minister of St. Mary Abchurch was caught in adultery
with another man's wife and taken to Bridewell, 'his breache hangynge
aboute his knes, his gowne and his (kyvar knave) hatt borne afftar hym
with myche honor; but he lay not longe ther, but was delyveryd with owt
punishment and still injoyed his beneffyssis. They were greatly blamed
that apprehended hym and comitted him' (Memoranda, 127). On this
latter incident see also Machyn, Diary, p. 310. At the end of LetterBook I, there is a long list of the punishment of priests taken in adultery.
See also Letter-Book H, 339, for a record of the custom in 1388–9.
191, ll. 4, 5. prison … called a Cage. So Dick the butcher said of
Jack Cade: 'his father had never a house but the cage.' Henry VI,
Pt. 2, Act IV. sc. ii.
l. 20. saith Robert Fabian. This passage does not appear in the
printed continuation of Fabyan's Chronicle, and must have been derived
by Stow from his manuscript. See Introduction, P. xxxv.
margin. a man … that had sworn foolishly against his brother.
Referring to John Stow's quarrel with his brother Thomas. See Introduction, pp. xviii, xix.
192, l. 25. the Royall Exchange. Stow in his Memoranda (pp. 134–5)
has this note: 'The xxij day of February, 1565, beynge Friday, the
howsys nere to ye Conduit in Cornhylle, abowt ye nombar of lx housholds,
poore and ryche, were cryed by the bell man abowte ye citie of London
to be solde to them that wowld gyve moaste for them, and remeve the
same from thens, that in the place ye marchaunts mowght buyld theyr
bursse. Thos howsys were dyverse tymes so cryed and at ye last solde,
and they begane to pull downe ye same shortly aftar owr Lady day in
Lent. In ye pullynge downe wherof dyverse persons were sore hurt and
ij in great peryll of deathe; and by Whitsontyde next followynge in 1566
ye same howsys were all pullyd downe and ye grownd clearyd; all whiche
chargis was borne by ye citizens of London, and then possessyon given
by sertayn aldarmen to Syr Thomas Gressham, who layed ye fyrst stone
(beynge bryke) of ye fowndacion on ye vij day of June, beynge Friday, in
ye aftar none next aftar Whitson halydays, betwen 4 and 5 of ye cloke.'
On lands in St. Michael, Cornhill, taken for the site of the Royal
Exchange, see Churchwardens' Accounts, pp. 213, 217, 233.
193, l. 17. the Pawne. It was a covered walk on the south side of the
Exchange. The word is derived from the Dutch pandt, originally meaning
a covered cloister, and now used for a store or shop. In the Remembrancia (p. 520) there is reference to the Pawne or Exchange built at Durham
House in the Strand in 1608. The Exchange, and the Pawne in parti
cular, was famous for the sale of fine silks and draperies. Webster,
Westward Ho ! Act II. sc. i: 'You must go to the Pawn to buy lawn.'
Rowlands, in A Crew of King Gossips, p. 13:
One of them gave me this same ruffe of Lawne,
It cost three pound, but laste week in the Pawne.
Middleton, A Chaste Maid in Cheapside, Act I. sc. ii: 'As if she lay
with all the gaudy-shops in Gresham's Burse about her.'
194, l. 14. a table. The inscription is given by Weever in his Funeral
Monuments, p. 413, by Strype, and in Trans. Lond. and Midd. iv. 301.
According to Strype the original dated from the time of Edward IV. It
was destroyed in the Great Fire. The story of the foundation of St. Peter's
by Lucius appears, in Letter-Book I (Memorials, 651–3), in 1417, when it
was decided that the Rector should have precedence among the City
clergy, because his church was for four hundred years and more the
Metropolitan See. On 'Archbishops of London' see Stubbs, Reg. Sacrum
Anglicanum, pp. 214–5. The Lucius legend (which Stow describes at
more length on ii. 125) first appears in the Liber Pontificalis not later
than 700 A.D. Thence it found its way into general circulation through
Nennius, and Bede's Ecclesiastical History. See art. by Prof. Haverfield
ap. Eng. Hist. Rev. xi. 419. The church of St. Peter 'binnon Lunden'
is mentioned in a charter of Bishop Ælfric about 1040 (Kemble, Cod.
l. 30. This Library. Leland in his Collectanea, iv. 48, has a note
of four manuscripts 'in bibliotheca Petrina Londini'.
l. 39. foure Grammar schooles. See Rot. Parl. v. 137, and note on
William Lichfield on p. 321 below.
195, l. 6. William Kingston. The reference to the Horsemill makes
it clear that William Kingston, fishmonger, who left tenements to
St. Peter's in 1375, is intended (Cal. Wills, ii. 173; compare i. 153 and
note on p. 295 above, and Hist. MSS. Comm. 6th Rep. 409).
l. 13. A Brotherhoode of Saint Peter. For a register of the Fraternity
of the Guild of St. Peter on Cornhill see Hist. MSS. Comm. 6th Rep.
407–18. The grant, on April 26, 1403, was to William Aghton, parson of
St. Peter's, Richard Rybrede, John Bury, and Peter Mason; Askham and
Brampton took part in the establishment of the Fraternity, but there is
nothing to connect it with the Fishmongers. The Ordinances are printed
in the Report, u.s. Mason died Dec. 20, 1412. Foxton founded his
chantry in 1391. Richard Manhale (see i. 195, l. 6), who died in 1410,
was another benefactor. See also Cal. Wills, ii. 286, 384, 397, 494, and
C. P. R. Henry IV, ii. 260.
l. 20. Elrington. According to the inscription given by Strype
'Erlington', ob. Feb. 16, 1558.
l. 23. Alonthus. See Chron. Evesham, 75: 'Alnod, sacerdos, dedit
ecclesiam beati Michaelis in Cornehalle London.' This was in 1055.
l. 34. Elizabeth Peake. The records of the Drapers' Company under
date Aug. 14, 1518, note the burial 'this day of Mistress Elizabeth Peke,
widow, from the Crane in the Vintre'; the Company lent their 'best
beryall clothe' and 'every of the vj berers had a sylver spone for his
labor' (London Past and Present, iii. 377).
196, l. 2. blemished by the building. In 1548 the Wardens of St.
Michael's sold the Church plate, weighing 322 ounces, for 84l. 5s. 4d., and
with the proceeds bought ten chambers or dwellings in the Churchyard.
The sale of vestments and ornaments in the two following years realized
151l. 5s. 7d., and in 1551 there was a further sale of 660 oz. of plate for
222l. 17s. 10d. These sacrilegious gains were then spent in building the
new houses in the Churchyard, of which Stow justly complains. The
entry to the church from Cornhill was through one of the houses, and the
use of back-doors and windows proved such a nuisance that in 1855,
when new leases were granted, openings in the south wall were prohibited (Churchwardens' Accounts of St. Michael's, Cornhill, ed. Overall,
pp. 69–70, 77–80, 90, 91, 98, 217–18, 231, 290).
l. 10. Bell named 'Rus'. In 1587 'Rus' was recast by Lawrence
Wright at a total cost of 65l., (fn. 4) to weigh 31 cwt. 56 lb. The bell soon
wanted repairs, and did not give satisfaction. Next year it was decided
that 'Rus' should be recast, though 'to stay tell somer come yt she
may be conveniently cast'. A new founder, Mr. Motte, was employed,
and the bell recast at the cost of 21l. 17s. 5d. There was also paid 3l. 2s.
for copper for 'Rus', and 3l. 12s. 9d. for tin, besides smaller items such
as a shilling 'for a company of musicions to take a noate of the same bell'.
'Rus' now weighed 34 cwt. 42 lb. Ten years later it was proposed to
recast 'the great bell Rous', but agreed to 'let it rest a while and use it as
it is'. Ultimately in 1600 Motte recast the bell again to weight 30 cwt.
108 lb.; after allowing for the old metal the cost was 11l. 2s. 2d., 'and so
we are content to make it up xij li. by reason he casted it so often.' An
unsatisfactory bell seems to have been cast in 1599. As Stow hints, the
fault was not entirely with the founders; in 1597 orders were given 'for
the bells with fewer men to be rong' (Churchwardens' Accounts, 176–80,
245, 252–4). From the statement on pp. 244–5 above it will be seen that
in 1598 'Rus' was broken, and 'therefore not rong as heretofore'. The
charge for 'a knyll wt Rus' was 8s. (id. 178–9). On Robert Mot, the
bell-founder of Whitechapel, see Stahlschmidt, Surrey Bells and London
l. 36. William Comerton. Probably identical with the William
Combarton of vol. i. p. 228. Cf. Cal. Wills, ii. 385–6.
197, l. 24. Robert Fabian. He died on 28 February, 1513 (Inq. p. m.
Lond. i. 29). The original draft in Harley MS. 538, f. 67vo, reads:
'Robart fabian, draper, one of the shryves and alderman of London in
the year 1491 (sic). He wrote a chronicle of London, England, and of
France, beginning at the creation and endynge in the third of Henry
the 8, which both I have in written hand.' Dr. Busch has suggested
that Stow must, by speaking of 'both', have intended to distinguish the
'Chronicle of London' and the 'Chronicles of England and France'.
If so, the former may have been the lost work coming down to 1512, and
omitting the extraneous portions of the original. It should, however, be
noted that a line has been drawn through the word 'London' in the
Harley MS. Fabyan styled his original work, which ends at 1485, The
Concordance of Chronicles. Richard Pynson published it in 1516 as The
new Chronicles of England and of France.
See further, Introduction, p. xxxv and notes on pp. 275, 280, 283, 303
and 365–6. See also the Introduction to my Chronicles of London,
pp. xxviii–xxxi and Busch, England under the Tudors, i. 410.
l. 34. Richard Garnam, &c. The original draft in Harley MS.
538, f. 67vo, reads: 'Elizabeth Peke, widow, who gave the patronage or
gyfte of benefice to the drapars of London, buried vnder a tombe of
marble in the belfrey, 1518. Richard Garnam, Skynner, in the belfrey,
1527. Edmond Trindle, draper and Robert Smythe, clothworker, my
godfathers at the font. William dixson, draper, and Margaret his wyfe,
which Margaret was my godmother. In the cloyster: Thomas Stowe my
graundfather, and his wife my graundmother; Thomas Stowe my father
and Elizabeth my mother.' See Introduction, pp. vii, xlvi, xlvii. The
Churchwardens' Accounts (p. 146) have under 1559 the entry: 'Res. of
Mrs Stowe for here husbandes grave in the Cloyster, ijs.'
198, l. 2. John Tolus. In 1548, Lodge, Heade and Bolde record the
receipt of 6l. 10s. from 'Mr Tolloz, Allderman', for half a year's rent.
There is no record in the Churchwardens' Accounts of any charity of
his, but in 1563 the Vestry ordered 'a certaine brasse potte which was in
the keping of the late Mr. Tolorge' to be demanded of his executor
(pp. 231, 87).
l. 13. Philip Gonter. Gonter or Gunter, skinner, was elected
Alderman of Portsoken Ward in 1569, but discharged at the request of
the Earl of Leicester and Cecil, not 'only from serving the office of Alderman but also from that of sheriff and collector of any fifteenths or subsidies
upon payment of £400.' He died on Feb. 15, 1582/3 (City Records, ap.
Churchwardens' Accounts, p. 231). See also below.
ll. 38–9. Burcheouer lane … now corruptly called Birchin lane.
The most usual form from 1260 and a century after was Bercherverelane,
but it appears also as Bercheners– lane and Berchernerelane (Cal. Wills
i. 7, 74, 286). Berchenes-lane occurs in 1301 (Mun. Gild I. 242), and
Berchen-lane in 1430 (Cal. Wills, ii. 489).
For drapers in Berchin Lane see Middleton, Blackbook (Works, viii.
29). 'Passing through Berchin Lane amid a camp-royal of hose and
Rowlands, The Melancholie Knight, p. 21:
Come traveler from Turkey, Roome, or Spaine,
And take a sute of trust in Birchin Lane.
199, l. 29. one great house, &c. Philip Gunter at his death owned
three tenements in Cornhill, in one of which 'commonly called the
Sarazens Heade he dwelt, being on the west part of the Back Alley or
approach of the tenement or wine tavern commonly called the Popeshead'. He lived here before 1538, and purchased the property of
George Monox in 1553. (Inq. p. m. London, i. 52, iii. 58.) The tenement
next 'le Popyshed' in Lombard Street was the property of Sir William
Eastfield, mayor in 1436–7 (Anc. Deeds, A. 644, 12276). The Popes
Head was bought by George Monox from Sir Henry Owen in 1517 (Letters
and Papers, xv. 806). John Wolfe, who published the first edition of the
Survey, had his shop in Pope's Head Alley.
200, l. 9. Langborne warde. Stow's 'long borne' is a myth based
on the supposed meaning of the name. Mr. J. E. Price (Safe Deposit,
25) has shown that the levels alone make it impossible that such a
stream should have existed. Like other wards Langbourn took its name
from its chief street. Geoffrey the alderman of 'Langebord' occurs in
the twelfth century (Anc. Deeds, A. 5853). St. Edmond in 'Longbord
strete' is mentioned in a document of the fourteenth century, which may,
however, have followed one of the twelfth century (Lansdowne MS.
448, f. 8). In 1252 some property opposite to the cemetery of St. Mary
de Neucherch (Woolchurch) is described as lying between the street
running to 'Longebrod' on the north and a lane on the south (Cal.
Charter Rolls, i. 407). In 1285 and 1312 the street is called 'Langburnestrate' (Cal. Wills, i. 74, 226). The ward appears as 'Langeford' about
1285, but 'Langeburn' in 1293 (id. i. 702–3). The name 'Lombard
Street' first appears in 1318, when a tenement there was granted to the
merchants of the society of the Bardi at Florence (C. P. R. Edw. II, iii.
246) as described by Stow in vol. i. p. 201. Lombards or Langeberdes
were resident in London in the twelfth century; Meinbod and his son
Picot the Lombard are mentioned in documents at St. Paul's (Hist.
MSS. Comm. 9th Rep. 67). 'Lombard' was used at an early date as
a generic name for bankers or money-dealers.
l. 14. Share borne lane. Like the 'Lang borne', the 'Share borne'
rests solely on Stow's conjectural etymology. The name first occurs in
1272 as 'Shitteborwelane', and so continues for two centuries with variations like 'Schiteboroulane', and 'Shiteburgh lane' (Watney, Account
of St. Thomas Acon, 289; Cal. Wills, i. 13, 162, 171, 220). 'Shirboruelane' appears in 1467, and 'Sherborne Lane' in 1556 (id. ii. 586, 666).
See also vol. i. p. 14 above.
l. 21. for suspition of theeues. See note on pp. 290–1.
l. 24. Fenne-church. The derivation is obscure. There cannot
well have been any fen here, though the statement in Lansdowne MS.
448 f. 11 that the 'Ecclesia de Fancherche' had belonged to the
Knighten-guild may conceivably suggest some connexion with the Fen
or Moor outside the city. There may, on the other hand, have been a
hay-market (faenum) here, as well as near Allhallows ad Faenum in
Dowgate. The form Fanchurch is common both in early deeds and
in the sixteenth century. See also N. and Q. 8th ser. xii. 201, and 10th
ser. iii. 181.