abashed, afraid: 'the Queene remayned
right sore abashed,' i. 244.
abbeyes, abbess, i. 126.
ABC or absey; primer, hornbook
(N.E. D., quoting Shaks. K. John.
1. i. 196), ii. 256.
abiding house: 'this was the Abbot's
abiding house when he came to
London,' ii. 16.
aboundance, abundance: 'He prouided
from beyond, the seas Corne in great
aboundance, so that the Citie was able
to serue the countrie,' ii. 169.
abstinecnie, i. 83.
aburn, auburn: the hair of his head
aburn,' ii. 57.
achates (oates), provisions, i. 350; lit.
acquit: 'The Queene was to acquite
her Church therof,' i. 139. Cf. i. 199.
Actiuities, acrobatic performances,
Comedies, &c., ii. 369.
—to show, i. 245.
adhorting, i. 4.
adiudged, sentenced, i, 51.
aduenture, v., venture, i. 100.
aduertized: 'whereof when the Earle
was aduertized,'i. 67.
aduouterie, adultery, i. 189.
advowsion, advowson, i. 131. Lat.
advocationem. Cf. Auotion.
afterclappes, later surprises; i.e. unwelcome contingencies in the shape
of expense of npkeep, i. 142.
against, again, ii. 196.
agast, p. pple.; also agasted, i. 97.
alablaster, i. 330.
alay, alloy, i. 55.
aldermany, ward, i. 117; office of
alderman, i. 310–11.
ale-cunners, -conners, 'examiners or
inspectors of ale; earliest know use
in Liber Albus' (N. E. D.), ii. 97.
Alhallon Eve, All Saints;' Eve (Oct.
31), i. 97.
allayed (of coins), i 55.
of alliance to, related to, i. 36.
Almaine, Haunce of, i. 136. See
Hanse in Index III.
almaine rivets, i. 102; 'a kind of
light armour, first used in Germany,
in which great flexibility was obtained
by overlapping plates sliding on
rivets' (N. E. D.).
Almerie: 'the Almerie, or house of
Almes for conuarts and poore children,' ii. 63.
almesehouses, i. 299, 302.
ambergris, amber, i. 80.
amblers, i. 80; trotters, ib.
amerce, v. a., ii. 7.
amerciaments, fines, ii. 119; amercements, i. 271.
ancris, ankerss, i. 164.
angelets (vis. viiid.), half angels and
farthings (vs. vid.) coined, 1465, i.
angell noble, the, sixth part of an
onnce troy, i. 56.
annoyances, nuisances, ii. 124.
annoyed, injured, i. 196.
'Anthonie pigges' and 'pigenons of
Paules' (schoolboy amenities), i. 75.
See i. 184. and note on p. 301; and
Halliwell. 'St. Anthonie was always
figured with a pig following him'
Apernes of Mayle, i. 103.
appeached, impeached, accused, i. 100.
appeached, of treason, ii. 75.
appellators, i. 189. See Articuli Cleri
Anglicani oblati Edw. 2 Regian. 1316
cap. 10: Placet etiam Domino Regi
ut Latrones et Appellatores, quandocumque voluerint, possint sacerdotibus
sua facinora confiteri.
appendant, adj., vnto the said soken,
apposers and answerers, i. 74.
apprehend, arrest, ii. 49.
appurtenances, i. 65.
—of a manor, i. 153 and passim.
—'the manor of Charlton, with the
appurtenances,' ii. 66.
'Aroches, Court of the,i. 254.
'Archers in coats of white fustian,
signed on the breast and back with
the armes of the Cittie,' i. 102.
argent, Easterling money so called,
aristocritie, the, aristocracy, ii. 199.
armors, armament, i. 158.
armour, sets of arms, i. 107.
arriue, v.n., to come to shore, i. 6.
arrows: standard, broad arrow, and
flight; 'broad arrow, an arrow with
a broad head for cleaving; flight, a
long and well-feathered arrow for
long-distance shooting' (N. E. D.). Cf.
'a good flight shoot,' ii. 74.
artiflicial, skilfully constructed, i. 18.
ascendings vp, staircases, ii. 118.
assay, v., essay, i. 100.
assesse, subs., assessment, ii. 213.
assise, law fixing the price of bread,
meat, &c. The regulation or assessment of the weight or price of bread,
&c. The ordinance in which such
regulation is embodied. Cf. 'Assize
of weights and measures,' ii. 97.
—inches of, i. 162.
—perches of, i. 10.
—tailor's yards of, i. 102.
assise of bread, the, ii. 156. See
assurance, to take of, i. 9.
attaint, p.p., attainted, ii. 76.
Auerell, April, i. 157.
auoid, v.n., depart, ii. 263; 'that all
leprose persons should auoid within
15 daies.' Cf. ii. 146, and 'auoyd
dyvel,' Introduction, p. liii.
—v.a., ib., remove from; 'all leprose
persons to be voided the citie & suburbs.' Cf. i. 214, 'which <charge>
the Chancellor by oath on the Sacrament auoideth.'
auotion, advowson, i. 131; also avoweson. Cf. Advowsion.
backsyde, ii. 369.
banck[it]ing <Stow's error> on the
Riuer Thames, standing on bank of,
i. 68, 336; ii. 13.
banketting, banqueting, ii. 131.
'Banqueting houses, like Banqueroutes, bearing great show and little
worth,' ii. 78 marg.
Bannerer of London, chief, i. 62.
barbican, i. 70, 302; 'an outer fortification or defence to a city or castle; of
uncertain origin, perhaps from Arabic
or Persian' (N.E.D.).
baronry of Little Dunmow, the, i. 61.
barons <freemen>, Londoners so called,
i. 94, 315, 339. Cf. the Barons of the
Cinque Ports, and see N.E.D.
barres, the, 'a marke shewing how
farre the liberties of the Citie do extend,' i. 1270.
baselard, a sort of dagger, pugio,
(Stratmann), i. 219. 'The Mayor
having received his stroke, drew his
basiliard <dagger, sica or pugio:
'traha sa baselarde,' Anom. Chron.
520>, and grievously wounded Wat.
basons, an offender rung with = 'rough
music,' i. 190–1.
Bassenet, a light helmet, worn sometimes with a movable front (Halliwell): 'The Maior had on his head
a Basonet,' i. 219.
baston, club, bat. 'The scholars of
every school have their ball, or
baston, in their hands,' i. 92. Cf.
Swift's hugeous battoons' (J. to S.).
battailes, battalions, i. 103.
battle, a light river boat, i. 206; dimin.
of Fr. bateau.
Bawdrike, a, of gold about his <the
Mayor's> necke <trilling>
down behind him, ii. 193.
bayled, having a half-hoop to support
the cover of a wagon, &c., ii. 82 (of
the Fraerie Cart).
Baylie, the Old, ii. 38, from Lat. balium
or ballium. The Old Bailey was so
called from the ancient bailey or ballium of the city wall between Ludgate and Newgate. Cf. Stow on 'Old
Bayly,' ii. 37, and note on p. 362.
Baylywicke, Bailiff-wick, ii. 146.
'Bailie, baillie (Lat. balliva), bailiwick, the limit of the authority of
a sheriff, bailiff, or other officer'
(Nichols' Britton, Glossary).
beam, the common, i. 156; supportation and charges of, ib.; farmer of
it, ib. 'The Common or King's
Beam was the public standard balance
formerly in the custody of the Grocers
Company' (N.E.D.). See Index III.
beame-light and lamp, i. 271.
beasts of venery, of the chase, i. 306.
beautify, i. 103, 306: a word hated of
Shakespeare: 'the most beautified
Ophelia'; 'that's an ill phrase, a vile
phrase; "beautified" is a vile phrase'
(Hamlet, II. ii. 110).
became, came, i. 119.
bedred, bedridden, i. 128.
belike, possibly, ii. 49.
bell: 'That faire steeple hath but one
bell, as Friers were wont to use,'
beneficially, i. 43.
benevolence: 'The citizens gave first
a great benevolence, and after that the
fifteenes to be speedily paid,' i. 332.
beseechers, petitioners, i. 159.
bestow much, spend much, i. 80.
bestowing, contributing, i. 101.
bet, pret. of beat, Introd. p. liv; i. 279.
beweld, wield: 'no man can beweld
it <Gerard's staff>,' ii. 353.
bewray, to betray, i. 266.
bin, been, ii. 70 and passim.
Biscay, Bay of, salt from, ii. 10; see
N.E.D., and Kingsford, Chronicles
of London, Glossary, s.v. 'baysalt.'
Bishops' alms dishes given to the
poor, i. 89, 91.
bisket, to serue H. M. Shippes, i. 125.
Blacke Parliament, i. 340.
Blanch Charters, i. e. blank, i. 265.
blanks (coining term): 'round plates,
called blanks, deliuered by weight', i.
blowed: 'the Keeper blowed the death
of the Bucke, and then the horners
presently answered him,' i. 334. Cf.
Madden's Diary of Master Silence
(ed. 1907), pp. 49, 57.
bolion, bullion, i. 54.
boltas mootes, and putting of cases,
i. 78; 'readinges, meetings, boltinges,
and other learned exercises,' ib., I. 16.
See note on p. 281.
bonelers: 'called as well of good amitie
amongest neighbours, as also for the
virtue that a great fire hath to purge
the infection of the ayre,' i. 101.
The obvious derivation (bone-fire) is
now generally accepted.
Books in use formerly sold by Stationers
in Paternoster Row: viz. A. B. C. with
Paternoster, Aue, Creede, Graces,
boorde, began the, i. 36. Cf. Chaucer,
ed. Skeat, vol. v, Notes to C. T.,
The Knight, p. 6, 'had been placed
at the head of the dais, or table of
bosse, a head or reservoir of water, i.
208 and passim.
bottelers, butlers, i. 95.
Bouche of Court, ii. 117. 'An allowance of victual granted by a king or
noble to his household, his attendants on a military expedition, &c.
Only with reference to the phrase
avoir bouche à (en, cour)' (N. E. D.).
bounder, i. 291: prob. a corruption of
boundure (N. E. D.), boundary.
bows and arrows of silver (school
prizes), i. 75.
bowyers, i. 81, almost worne out with
the Fletchers. The phrase recurs
constantly in the Survey, e.g. i. 336.
See Index III.
brabble, quarrel, ii. 55.
brake (of a gun), burst, i. 222.
braky = broke (of Sir Thomas Lodge,
Introd., xl), near bankruptey.
Branched, damaske, i. 249: 'adomed
with a figured... pattern in embroideruy,' &c. (N.E.D.).
breast, p.t. burst, i. 148.
break up: 'Certaine Cittizens of London brake vp the Tunne vppon
Cornhill, and took out prisoners,'
ii. 161 (A. D. 1297). Cf. Matt. xxiv.
brent, burnt, ii. 51.
bridge, a landing-stage. See 'Strand
bridge'; and 'a fayre bridge and
landing-place,' ii. 122.
bridgemaistors, i. 60.
bringers-in, of patients to a hospital,
broad cloath rowed or striped thwart,
ii. 190; broad cloathes, i. 250.
brokers, sellers of old apparel, and
such like. i. 129.
bruited: 'many fables have been
bruted,' i. 292.
budge, i. 86: 'A kind of fur, consisting
of lamb's skin, with the wool dressed
budget, ii. 19: 'a pounch, bag, or
wallet, usually of leather' (N. E. D.).
bulworkes, of the Tower, &c., i. 9.
Burdious, Burdeous, Bordeaux, i.
burel: 'burels or cloth listed,' i. 286;
var. of borrell, adj., buret, obs.;
cf. Fr. burac, 'stuff that's halfe
silke and half worsted' (Cotgrave);
but this may be a dim. of bure. See
French Book of Rates (1714), 36,
'Bures and Burets Stuff per 100
weight.' Cf. Bureau (N. E. D.).
burellers, or makers of the coarse
stuff called 'burel', ii. 313.
burgage, to hold in, i. 35, 270: 'a
form of Socage, 'Cowell's Interpreter;
'A tenure whereby lands or tenements
in cities and towns were held of the
king or other lord for a certain yearly
—'Lands held of the King in burgage,'
burganets, i. 102: 'burgonet, a very
light casque or steel cap' (N. E. D.).
Burgh-Kenning, i. 70, 302: (acc. to
Stow) = 'Barbican, as a bikenning
is called a Beacon,' i. 302 [ghostword].
burial, burial-place, i. 114 and passim.
burnt tile, i. 193.
called down (of coins), value diminished by proclamation, i. 57; 'called
to a lower rate.' ib.
calling, name, i. 43.
'came in with the Conqueror,' i. 68.
Candlemas, Feast of the Purification
(Feb. 2), i. 55, 97.
Cane-stone, i. e. from Caen in Normandy, i. 137.
canons, secular, ii. 307; regular, i.
140; ii. 47.
cap or pot verses, to, i. 72: see
N.E.D. The pot was a light helmet
worn later in the Civil Wars.
Cappers and Hurrers form company
of Haberdashers, i. 298.
carack: a Spanish carrack; a large
ship of burden, also fitted for warfare:
a galleon, i. 75. This refers to the
Madre de Dios— taken off the Azores in
1592. A prize of extraordinary value—after much plunder yielded £150,000.
The cargo was stored at Leadenhall.
cariage, Traffic, i. 35.
carit (carat), i. 56.
carriage, goods carried, i. 49; traffic,
i. 34; cf. 'we took up our cariages,
and went up to Jerusalem,' Acts xxi. 15
carrie-load, i. 293: carrie, a small
carted, carried in a cart through the
streets by way of punishment, i. 190.
Carts of the Franchise of the Temple
and S. Martin's le Grand; and of S.
John of Jerusalem. i. 213.
carts, shodde, having iron rims to
the wheels, i. 83, 169.
cast a trench, i. 8, &c. Cf. St. Luke
castellated, of a conduit, i. 300.
Castillon (Castellan), Robert, of London, ii. 14.
cattes lions, lion cubs, i. 48.
causeys, causeways, i. 112: Fr.
chaussée, from via calciata, and Milton
P.L.x. 415: so in Berners's trans. of
ceiled, provided with a ceiling, i. 145,
'Celerer' to the Monastery, ii. 122.
cellarage, i. 138; cf. Hamlet, I. v. 151
certaine, fixed: 'A certaine rent of
x pound by the yeare,' ii. 50.
cessed, assessed, i. 129: cess, subs.,
assessment, tax, or levy; cf. Shaks.
1 Hen. IV, II. i. 8. (and see N. E. D.).
chafron, i. 33: 'the frontlet of a
barded horse' (N.E.D.).
chanons, canons, i. 140.
chaplen, chaplain, i. 137.
chaptered, arranged in chapters: 'I
had long since gathered notes to haue
chaptered,' ii. 187.
chare coale, charcoal, i. 148.
chargeable, costly, i. 160; 'large summes
of monies,' ib.; also ii. 118. Cf. Introduction, lxvi.
charges, to the, at the cost of, i. 317.
charges and discharges, incomings
and outgoings, i. 24. Cf. Introduction, lxvii.
charnell: 'before the chernell and
Chappel of S. Edmond the Bishop,'
charter warren, ii. 132: 'Warren,
a franchise or place privileged, either
by prescription, or grant from the
King, to keep beasts and fowl of
Warren; which are Hares and Conies,
Partridges and Pheasants' (Cowell).
Chastilarie (for Chastellanie), i. 62.
chatysyd, chastised, ii. 347.
chaunteries, i. 41.
cheared, treated: 'they cheared all the
Knightes and the Burgesses,' ii. 100.
checke roll, i. 88: 'A Roll or Book
containing the Names of such as are
Attendants in Pay to great Personages,
as their Household Servants, 19 Car.
2, cap. I. It is otherwise called The
Chequer Roll, and seems to take its
Chequer Roll, and seems to take its
etymology from the Exchequer'
chest with three lockes, ii. 167.
Chief Butler of England, i. 143.
chirographer, i. 310: 'The officer appointed to engross fines in the Court
of Common Pleas (abolished 1833)'
Church of England: 'Edward IV
began his raigne the fourth of March
in the yeare 1460 after the account
of the Church of England,' ii. 175.
cider (also sidar), i. 87: in M.E. sicer,
cyder, syder (N.E.D.); 'lit. strong
drink (Judges xiii. 7), not necessarily
from apples' (Skeat).
cistern, v.a., i. 17; cistern (sestern),
subs., i. 17.
Citizen and paynter stayner of
London, i. 302, 304; Serjeant Painter,
City Courts enumerated, i. 271; Court
of Requests commonly called the
Court of Conscience, ib
clapboord, i. 137: 'a smaller size of
split oak, imported from N. Germany,
and used by coopers for making
barrel-staves, &c.' (N.E.D.).
clarkes, scholars, learned men, i. 99.
cleane decayed, i. 300; clean worn
out, i. 81; a gate clean taken downe,
clearke conuit, ii. 122: convict not
used in this sense till convict, ppl. adj.,
began to go out of use' (N.E.D.s.v.).
Clearkes of the Greene Cloathe, i.
131. One of the departments of the
Royal Household, having control of
various matters of expenditure, discipline, &c. (see N.E.D.); so called
from the green-covered table at
which its business was originally
'clipping' or 'washing' of coin, i. 55.
Cloath, coloured Mustard villars (a
colour now out of use), and two
yeardes of Cloath coloured blew,
price two shillinges the yeard, in all
eight shillings. More, paied to John
Pope, Draper, for two Gowne clothes
eight yards of two colours, lux
ambo deux de roug (or red) medley
brune and porre (or purple) colour
price the yeard 2s., ii. 190.
clochard, a bell tower, ii. 120;
clochier, i. 330; clochiarde, i. 331.
clochiarde, i. 331.
clocke house, ii. 121.
cloystry, cloister, i. 319.
coaped: 'the spring was coaped in,
and arched over with hard stone,
i. 301. See also cooped.
cofferer, i. 85. 'An officer of the royal
<or other great> household next under
the Controller' (N.E.D).
coffin, siluer, case, casket, i. 86; cf.
Plat, Delightes for Ladies (in N. E. D.),
'Coffins of white plate.'
cognisance of the Blew Bore, i. 89.
combe, a, of corn, i, 206: 'a dry
measure = 4 bushels' (N. E. D.).
combersome, awkward, i. 35.
— tangled, i. 2, 3.
commaunded, commended: 'This
Schoole was commaunded in the raigne
of H. the sixt, and sithence also aboue
other,' i. 185.
comminaltie of London, i. 153 (also
communalitie, i. 319).
commoditie, advantage, i. 54: 'Commodity, the bias of the world' (Shaks.
K. John II. 573).
commodity, convenience, ii. 169.
commons, to keep, i. 231: 'divers
Judges and Sergeants at the law keep
a Commons there,' ii. 47.
commune, commonalty, i. 157.
competently, adequately, i. 101.
composition, agreement, i. 237.
composition, arrangement, i. 166.
Compter (more recently Counter)
'The prison attached to a City Court.
In this sense, the official spellin;
from the 17th century was Compter
Compters, The, i. 37, 115, 308. Se
concluded, determined: 'it was con
cluded, the Image of Iesus to be
curiously painted on the wall in
Paules Church,' i. 337.
conduct, i. 146: 'a salaried chaplain
(N. E. D.).
conductes, conduits, i. 80.
Conduit vpon Cornhill was this yer
<1401> made of an old prison hous
called the Tunne, ii. 170.
conference, comparison, i. 81.
confidence, in, i. e. in trust. i. 116.
Congregations against the Fish
mongers, i. 214-15.
conseruer, generall of the… Re
cordes (i. e. the Tower), i. 59.
continuall, continuous, (passim).
continuation, continuance, i. 254.
controversies, to take vp, settle, ii.
conuented before certain commissioners at Lambeth, ii. 135.
conuey, to appropriate: 'He firs
dissolued the Quire, conneyer
the plate and ornaments, then the
bells,' i. 185. Cf. 'conuey, the
wise it call' (Shaks. Merry Wives
I. iii. 32).
conuict, p.p., convicted, i. 215.
cookerie or cookes row, i. 79.
cooped: 'the spring is cooped abou
with stone,' i. 16; 'a bridge of stone
faire coaped,' i. 25, 26: coping, i
26; curbed, i. 34.
cope, v. n.: 'the Champions coaper
together,' i.e. contended, i. 33.
copy: 'S. Eyre, sometime an Vpholster
then by changing of his copíe a Draper,
i. 153 marg.
coriars, curriers, ii. 191.
corrected: 'Basset corrected (i. e. re
formed) the Bakers,' '&c., ii. 177.
cottage: the Guildhall anciently:
little cottage, i. 271.
Cotton, umple, 'fine lawne, Pari
threed, Cotton, Vmple, and other linni
clothes,' i. 217.
couched, put away, hidden, i. 38.
couent, convent, i. 35.
couerture <covering> of mens head
was then hoodes, ii. 195.
counsell vnto, of: 'Sir John Aller
sometime… of counsell vnto Kin
Henry the eight,' i. 132.
countenance: 'for greater countenance
of the wonder,' ii. 353; cf. ii. 203.
counters, nails, and points, played
for at cards on festivals, i. 97 (all
mentioned as things of little intrinsic
courses: 'the Justes began, and
many commendable courses were
run,' ii. 30-1.
Coursitors, ii. 88: 'The 34 Clerks of
the Court of Chancery, whose office it
was to make out all original writs de
Court and Leete, ii. 97: T. of S.,
Induction, ii. 89; cf. 'Keep courts and
law days', Othello, III. iii. 140, and
Court of the Arches: 'the Court of
the Arches is kept in this (Bow)
Church, and taketh name of the place,
not the place of the Court,' i. 254.
coynes: 'Pophame dyed rich, leauing
great treasure of strange coynes,' ii. 33.
coyning irons, i. 54: 'viz. Standard
or Staple, and two Trussels or Punchons.'
cramping, pricking, cause to be
seized with cramp, i. 59.
cranage up, drawing up by cranes, i.
— of wares and merchandise, i. 135.
crane, v.: 'the merchants of Bordeaux
craned their wines out of Lighters,'
cresset, an iron vessel containing materials for burning, i. 102: N. E. D.
quotes Milton, P.L. i. 728.
crest and vent: 'the Conduit of
sweet water castellated with crest and
vent,' i. 211.
Cross, the, on coins, i. 52.
—' An ancient ensigne of Christianitie',
— an ancient, called 'The Standart
without the north doore of S. Paul's
— 'a cross, double to the ring, between
fower rowals of sixe poyntes,' i. 52.
Crowched Friars, crutched friers, so
called from wearing a cross, i. 139.
Crowdes (crypt) of the Cathedral
Church of Pauls, i. 329; also
Crown, pleas of the, i. 50.
Crowner, a, of the Lord Mayor's
house, ii. 188; cf. Hml. v. i. 4.
Crownsilde or Tamarsilde, i. 257:
selda = taberna mercatoria (Ducange).
cultars of iron, i. III; ploughshares;
currall (coral), i. 169.
curraunt, ii. 353.
cursing by the Cleargie, excommunication, i. 351.
curtelarge, curtilage, i. 200.
curtise, courteous, ii. 353.
curtoled, curtailed, ii. 125.
custom, of, customarily, i. 117.
customer, customs officer, i. 135.
customer of London outward, a custom-house officer for exports, i. 114.
Customers Key (Quay), i. 43.
custos set over the City, i. 51.
custos, as plur.: 'Nic. Marshall & Ri.
Coxe were Custos (sic) or Wardens,'
i. 147; 'Vnder flat stones do lye diuers
Custos of the chappel,' i. 274.
cultars: 'Three Artes or sortes of
workmen in Cultars' Company; viz.
(1) Bladers; (2) Haftmakers; (3)
Sheathmakers, later forming one fraternity,' i. 245.
Dairie houses, or Cottages, wherein
they make butter and cheese, are
vsually called Wickes, i. 218 <?>.
damasked: 'an habit of purple damasked down to his feet,' ii. 57.
damnified, injured, i. 101, 347.
Dance of Death (or of Paules), i. 109.
Deepe Ditch by Bethlehem, i. 165.
Defendants or Undertakers, opponents at Turney, ii. 99.
delators, informers, ii. 119.
delectable, ii. 347.
delicatenesse, delicacies, i. 79.
Demilaunces on great horses; light
horsemen armed with demi-lances,
i. 102, 103.
Demise, ii. 14; 'conveyance or transfer
of an estate by will or lease' (N.E.D.).
Democratie, or Aristocratie, ii. 206.
denarii, Latin, i. 53.
dension (denizen), a, or free English,
denting in (of a wall), i. 9; opposed
to 'as straight as the string of a bow.'
departed, parted, i. 33; 'how the…
heraulds departed therewith I have
not read,' i. 237.
depict, depicted, ii. 62.
deriue, to divert: 'deriue the river of
Thames, with her tides, to haue flowed
about it,' i. 28.
dilicately, i. 80.
dirte, dearth, i. 157.
disarmed, of launces, i. 84, 92.
discease, decease, i. 289 (bis).
discharged of assise and warde,
discommoditie, inconvenience, i. 46.
disdainly, disdainfully, ii. 252.
disguisings, masques and masquerades,
i. 97; ii. 116.
dispatch, to effect hastily, i. 44.
dispend, to spend, i. 340; 'This Hospital…was valued to dispend 478.
pounds,' i. 167.
dispense, expense, ii. 225.
dispensed with: 'Dr. Bull is dispensed with to read the Musick
lecture in English only,' i. 76.
dissimule, v.a., ii. 78.
distracted: 'an hospital for distracted
people,' i. 164.
distraight, i. 165.
distraine: 'to distraine the said
parishioners,' i. 14; ii. 114.
domesmen, or judges of the King's
Court, ii. 149.
Doomesday book, the, ii. 147.
Dortar (-er, -our), dormitory, i. 319.
dowked, ducked, i. 94.
drawne: 'a new foundation was
drawne,' i. 60; a Porter of the Tower
drawne, hanged, and headed, i. 58.
Draye man: 'the Draye man sitteth
…on his Drea,' i. 83.
drown (of ships), sink, ii. 71.
drowned with: 'Duke of Clarence
drowned with Malmsey in the
Tower,' i. 58.
drowning in Thames, execution by,
dubbing the Maior knight, ii. 116.
easements, conveniences, accommodations, i. 135.
Eastarling pence, first made by the
Easterlings in England, temp. Henry
II, i. 53; other derivations of the
name, i. 54; cf. i. 178.
edified, built, i. 39.
eftsoones, again; forthwith, immediately, i. 6.
eldarne (elder) trees, i. 34.
Elemosinary or Almory, at Westminster, now corruptly the Aumbry,
Elmes in Smithfield, the, place of
execution, i. 48, 49, 51, 65; ii. 29.
eln, iron, the King's: containing in
length 83, half, quarter, and half
quartern of, i. 140.
embattoled, embattled, i. 66.
embezzled (imbeseled), stolen.
embrotherer, embroiderer, ii. 65.
emortising and propriation; amortising = alienation in mortmain
(N. E. D.), i. 166.
encounter companion: 'I will no
fayle an encounter companion,' ii. 33
encroachment, i. 119.
endamaged, i. 60.
engine, mechanism, i. 41.
engrosse: 'merchants engrosse old
florins or nobles,' i. 55; 'coins of gold
enhaunced, and allayed,' ib.
enhanced, p.p.; enhaunoing, v.s.
to enhance, to raise the value of
coin, commodity, &c., i. 56.
Enirode [?], ii. 104.
enormities, abuses needing reformation, i. 83.
— crimes of violence, i. 101.
enterlaced, ii. 208.
enterludes, i. 15.
Enthimems… imperfect sillogismes;
a syllogism in which one premiss is
suppressed, i. 72; see N. E. D.
erect, erected, i. 130.
Ermony, Armenia, i. 71.
Eacheator, ex-, an officer who received
the escheats of the Crown (Stubbs),
Esses, a collar of, ii. 57.
Estates of England, great personages,
esteemation, estimation, i. 319.
Esterling pence, plates to be coined
into, ii. 259.
Esterlings, a riot made upon the, i. 178.
euerie <one> of these foure, i. 60.
euery <one of> these Wardes, i. 120.
Euil May Day, insurrection of prentices, &c., against aliens, May Day
1517, i. 99, 143, 152. See Index III.
Exchaunger, the King's, i. 49.
Exchetor, i. 35; from Escheat: 'an
officer that taketh notice of, the
escheats of the King in the county
whereof he is Escheator, and certifieth
them into the Exchequer' (Cowell's
Interpreter). See also Escheator.
Lands and goods of Jews excheated
to the king, i. 279.
Exchetre, the King's, i. 39; Escaetor,
i. 42; the King's exchetes, i. 280.
exhibited: 'a petition exhibited by
the commons to the common councell,
and by them allowed' (approved),
exhibition, i. 77.
— funds supplied by parents and friends,
exhibitors of petitions, i. 214.
expulsed: 'the number of Jews then
expulsed were 15,060 persons,' i.
fabule, to, i. 34, 305, 348.
fabulous book, a, i. 220.
fact, crime, i. 190; 'his detestable facts,'
crimes, deeds, i. 90, 254.
Faculty, i.e. the King of Armes,
Heraults, and Purseuantes, &c., ii. 17.
fadome, fathom, i. 160.
fall-gate, ii. 73: 'a gate across a
public road' (N.E.D.).
false packing, conspiracy (in collections of money), ii. 216.
false roof against the weather, i. 332.
fantasied, as some have, i. 286.
far-fetch, v., i. 14.
fastnes, a fortres, i. 4; see N.E.D.
fautor, friend and, ii. 215.
fealty in free socage, ii. 69: Free
socage, also called common socage, is
opposed to base socage = villenage.
feared <terrified> by Prognostications,
which declared that in the year of
Christ 1524, there should be such
Eclipses in watrie signes, and such
conjunctions that by waters and
floudes many people should perish
… all things necessary within him
<i.e. in his own house>, ii. 27.
feast folower: 'I [Stow] was neuer
feast folower,' ii. 191.
fee farme <s>: 'Lands held in fee by
rendering for them yearly the true
value, or more or less; which rent if
the feoffes cease to pay for two years
together, an action thereby accrues to
the feoffors their heirs, to demand
the tenements in demesne; for which
tenements neither homage, wardship,
marriage, nor relief can be demanded
without specialty in writing' (Britton,
ed, Oxford, 1865, ii. 5, 6).
fee farme (Lat. feodi firma), 'a free
tenure, the services of which were
rendered in money' (Nichols's Britton,
Glossary). Fee-farm rent of a
feere: 'in feere' in company, i. 252.
feet, of St. Paul, i. 318.
feffement, i. 115, 349: 'the act of
investing a person with a fief or fee'
feffles, feoffees, i. 115.
feleper, broker, ii. 361.
fellowship or companie incorporate,
i. 158, 273.
Fellowships of the cittie (Companies),
felmongers, skinners, i. 132.
fels, skins, i. 156.
feoffment, i. 349.
feoffment, feoffor, feoffee: see Stephen, quoted in Earle's L.C. p. xvii.
fereno, ironmonger, i. 281; see note,
ferling, farthing, i. 53: 'the fourth
part of a sterling' (Bp. Fleetwood in
N.E.D.); 'the quarter of a denarius'
ferer, a shoer of horses, a worker in
iron, ii. 172.
feruently: 'The fire burst out again
more feruently,' i. 326.
fewters (or idle people, lit, 'keepers
of greyhounds' (N.E.D.), ii. 39.
See note, p. 363.
flered out (of William Longbeard), ii.
fifteene, a, a tax formerly imposed on
all kinds of personal property, i. 13,
filed, defiled, ii. 13.
finding <i.e. support> of 13 poor people
for euer, ii. 168 and passim.
fishfull: 'the fishfull riuer of Thames,'
Flanders tile brought from Normandy,
i. 30; Britain or Roman Tile, i. 160.
floren of gold, called of the Florentines, makers thereof, i. 53; 'The old
Floren or noble [c. 1351]… worth
much above the taxed rate of the
new,' i. 55.
florences, gold, i. 51, 57 bis.
fodder, fother, i. 153: 'a definite
weight of some specified substance,
e. g. lead; now usually 19½ cwt.'
Folke Mootes, i. 325, 331: 'a general
assembly of the people of a town, city,
or shire' (N.E.D.).
follilie, foolishly, i. 241.
follower, technical term for a mode of
scouring the channel of Fleet dike
into the Thames, i. 13.
Font in Poules, the, i. 225.
fooles whoode, a, i. 157.
foond, found, ii. 35.
foranenst, opposite to, facing, ii. 44.
forced ground, opp. to the mayne,
forcier, n., contrivance for propelling
water (N.E.D.), i. 18; 'an engine or
forcier, for the winding up of water
to serue the cittie,' i. 42.
foreigner (forinsecus), a person not
enjoying the privileges of a borough
(Gross); 'out of the manor,' ii. 69.
foreigns, i. 155; all maner f., i. 156.
forreins, outsiders, i. 156, ii. 69;
'decreed that no forrein or stranger
should sell any wollen cloth,' i. 288.
forthright, straightforward, ii. 74.
fortuned, it, i. 100.
foyle, fine silver made into, i. 53
(called temp. Edw. I 'siluer of Guthuron's Lane').
foystor, a saddle-tree maker (N.E.D.),
Fraerie Cart, the, of the Priory of
S. John of Jerusalem, ii. 82.
frame, i. 34: 'a structure of timbers,
joists, &c., fitted together to form the
skeleton of a building' (N.E.D.,
quoting Prompt. Parv., &c.); 'a
large strong frame of timber and
brick,' i. 131; 'a fair large frame of
timber, containing [several] tenements,' i. 151.
franches, soke or court, i. 29.
franchises, privileges, i. 308.
Frankpledge, ii. 69: 'the French
and Latin terms frauncplege, francus
plegius, appear to have arisen from
a misunderstanding of the A.S. Fridbohs or Fribohs = pledge of peace'
Fratres de sacca or de penitentia,
i. 277; Friars of the Sack.
Fratrie, the, refectory, i. 317, 319.
fray: '1401. Souldiers made a fray
against the Maior,' ii. 174; '1452.
This yeare was a great fray at the
wrastling,' ii. 174.
free quitted: 'that all men of the
Realme should be free quitted and
discharged of all Toll,' i. 207.
freese, i. 110; 'ye kyveringe which
was but frise,' Introd. p. lix; 'coarse
woollen cloth, with a nap, usually on
one side only' (N.E.D.).
frequent, populous, ii. 206.
fripperers or vpholders, i. 199: 'fripper, a broker' (N.E.D.); cf. Introd.
p. lxxxvii, 'broker and fripper': upholder means broker or auctioneer
Froes of Flaunders, ii. 55 (i.e. Frows
= loose women).
fullage, refuse, street sweepings, ii. 270.
furniture: 'for furniture of the Quire
in divine service, and ministration of
the sacraments, a College of 12 pety
Chanons, &c., 'ii. 137.
furtherer: 'a great furtherer of the
new work of Powles,' ii. 133.
gailekeeping: 'so that both the old
and new worke of Ludgate aforesaid, be one prison, gailekeeping, and
charge for euermore,' i. 39.
galley halfpence, forbidden 13 Henry
IV and 4 Henry V, i. 132.
gallows were erect <ed>, i. 130.
galory, gallery, passim.
gardian or Warden, and a communaltie
garland, i.e. victory, or its reward, i. 74.
garner, granary: 'the common Garner
called Leaden Hall,' ii. 180.
gate, got, i. 128.
geason, scarce, ii. 296.
geld, the Flemish, i. 234.
gentlemanlike disposition, a, ii. 218.
Gerond, gironné, i. 287.
gersum, i. 311: 'a premium or fine
paid to a feudal superior on entering
upon a holding' (N.E.D.). See also
Cowell, s. v.
gild, 'to gild withal:' for gilding purposes, i. 57.
gilliflowers, the clove pink: 'paying
yearely one cloue of Gereflowers at
Easter,' i. 245; 'one cloue or slip of
Gilliflowers,' i. 311.
gin, contrivance, engine: 'a gin to
convey Thames water to Dowgate
conduit,' i. 232 marg.
glasier: 'Launcelot Young, Maister
Glasier to her Majestie,' i. 298.
glass house: 'a … wherein was made
glass of divers sorts to drink in,' i. 148.
goddards: 'from OF. Godart (1397),
F. Godet, a drinking-cup; still so
called in N. Wales' (N.E.D.), i. 343.
Goldyng Lyon, the, i. 312.
Gote on the Hope, Goat on the Hoop,
ii. 91: 'Fr. cerceau, sercle, the hoop
of a barrel, the sign of a brewster's
occupation' (Gross, G.M).
goutes, plur., i. 152.
grant to, i. 121: 'granted to their
request,' i. 120.
grayners, granaries, ii. 65.
Greene yard of the Leaden Hall, i.
151. Cf. green churchyard, Introd.
grithe, sanctuary, refuge, shelter: 'took
grithe of,' i. 308. Cf. Grithbriche,
violation of sanctuary, i. 324.
groate and halfe groate, i. 55.
ground, made (opp, to main, natural),
groundsell, i. 137: 'a doorsill, threshold' (N.E.D.).
g <u>arded, trimmed or turned up
with some material, i. 88, 89 (v.
Guildhall Teutonicorum: 'the
Companie called the Guildhall Teutonicorum (or the Flemish Geld),'
habiliments of war: munitions of war,
warlike implements, weapons, equipment, &c., i. 126.
hability: 'euery man graunted liberally according to his hability,' ii. 25.
had rather than much good: 'the
new serjeants had rather than much
good it had not so happened,' ii. 36.
halfe-hakes, half-hackbuts, i. 102.
Hallmotes, i. 344.
Hanaper, the King's, in the Chancery,
ii. 67: 'The department of the Chancery into which fees were paid for the
sealing and enrolment of charters and
other documents. Abolished. 1832'
(N.E.D.). (Lat. hanaperium, hamper): 'The Hanaper of the Chancery,
anno 10 R. 2, seems to signify the same
that Fiscus doth originally in the
Latin' (Cowell's Interpreter).
happened upon: 'a great fire happened upon … Leaden Hall,' i. 155.
happily, haply, i. 43; possibly, i. 82.
harbenger to the Queen, purveyor of
lodgings, &c., i. 133.
harborow of… leprous persons, ii.
harbouring: 'the blessed work of
harbouring the harbourlesse,' i. 198.
hard beneath (cf. hard by), ii. 135.
harnised men, accountred, equippend, i.
harth, 'made of Britain, or rather
Roman, tile,' i. 160.
haw, yard: 'Wooll Church Haw,' i. 226.
haw yard, or garden, a great, i. 149.
hazard, to, to game, i. 149.
henchman, i. 102-3: 'a squire or
page of honour to a great man, who
walked or rode beside him in pageants,
processions, &c.' (N.E.D.). See also
Henxemen, ii. 193.
herebefore, i. 157.
heuenly make <mate>, ii. 335.
hide, hyde, 'the hyde or territory of
Southwarke,' ii. 67.
hithertowardes, hitherto, ii. 132.
Hoisting, Husting, i. 292: a Court held
in the Guildhall of London by the Lord
Mayor, Recorder, and Sheriffs: long
the Supreme Court of the City. For
its etymology and history, see article
in N.E.D., and Index III. 'A full
hoystings,' i. 189.
holbard, halbert, i. 102.
holdefast's hands, a close-fisted person: 'that money being in holdefast's hands,' i. 114. Cf. Shaks.,
Henry V, 11. iii. 54 (Holdfast is the
only dog); and the proverb, 'Bray is
a good dog, but Holdfast is better.'
See Schmidt's Shakespeare-Lexicon,
Hole, i. 115: 'The worst ward in the
Counter Prisons.' See note on p. 285.
holme, holly, i. 97.
holydome, holiness, i. 115: 'The substitution of -dam, -dame was apparently due to popular etymology,
the word being taken to denote "Our
Honestly, honourably: '<He> was
honestly buried in the churchyard,'
honor: 'Euery man's house of Honor
or Worship,' i. 98.
honor of Baynards Castell, the, i. 61;
'honor was "a seignory of several
manors held under one baron or lord
hood or head attire, who might not
wear, except of reied or striped cloth,
Hoop, the Griffon on the, i. 323.
Horne, Sir W. Littlesbery, alias Horne:
'for K. Ed. the 4 so named him
because he was a most excellent
blower in a horne,' i. 246.
Horners of London: 'the horners that
were about the cittie, presently aunswered in like manner,' i. 334. There
were at least three classes of Horners:
(1) a worker in horn: (2) a maker of
musical horns; (3) a blower or winder
of the horn. See Munday (1633,
horse (plur.): '160 drawing horse,' i. 87.
horse-coursers, jobbing dealers in
horses, i. 82.
Horsemill, the, in Grasse Street, i. 153.
hospitall: 'an Hospitall of great
relief,' i. 167.
Hospitelar: 'the first Hospitelar or
Proctor, for the poor of S. Bartilmew,'
Hostelar, the, innkeeper, i. 348.
hostery, hostelry, i. 38.
hourded up, hoorded, i. 57.
houses, religious: 'by whose wealth
and haunt (= resort) many of those
places were chiefly fedde and nourished,' ii. 211.
housing: 'much housing was there
destroyed,' i. 155, 227.
hoysting, husting, i. 65, 189.
hurly burly, ii. 216.
Hurrer, i. 298: 'a dealer in, or maker
of hats and caps; a haberdasher'
Husband, economist, ii. 210.
'idol' (the Maypole at S. Andrew
Undershaft), sawn in pieces and
burnt, i. 144. Philip Stubbs, ap.
Strutt (ed. J. C. Cox, p. 277), calls
the Maypole 'a stinking idol.'
images of Kings defaced under Edward VI, by such as judged every
image to be an Idoll, i. 38.
imbeseled: 'Many jewels were burned,
and more imbeseled,' i. 295.
impeach, to hinder, ii. 206.
impoysoning, i. 164.
in perpetual alms, in frank almoigne,
incastellate, v., i. 45.
—'[water] incastellated in sufficient
cisterns,' i. 293.
incorporate<d>, i. 180.
increased, enlarged: 'He increased
the parish church of Saint Michael,'
ii. 168. Cf. p. 177.
indighted: 'Cross in Cheap indighted'
(i.e. 'presented by Juries or quests of
Wardmote'), i. 266 marg.; cf. i. 350
(1) Infangethef (2) Outfangethef:
'(1) a liberty granted from the King
to some lords of a manor to try all
thieves, their tenants, within their
own court; (2) a liberty of trying
foreigners apprehended for theft
within their own fee' (Kennett,
Glossary): see also Stubbs, Select
Charters, ed. 1900, p. 78.
infirmitorie, infirmary, i. 317.
infranchised: 'This sir R. Knoles,
thus worthily infranchised <to be> a
citizen,' i. 107.
inmates: 'subtenants or lodgers tending to increase the number of paupers
locally chargeable' (N.E.D.), ii. 124.
inned, gathered in: 'from the first of
Aprill till new corne was inned,' i. 90.
From v. 'to inn'; cf. innings (Skeat).
inquest, i. 303.
instinction, a godly, a divine impulse,
instore, to, the Grayners of the City
with wheat, i. 208.
insulate: 'Long Ditch almost insulateth the City of Westminster, 'ii. 102.
interdiction, interdict, ii. 130.
intermit, interfere: 'so that none but
they intermit within the Citie of their
craft but he be of their Guild,' i. 285.
inuesture, investiture, i. 45.
inwall, v. a., i. 5.
Iseldon, Islington, i. 31.
isle, aisle, i, 294. See note on p. 349.
jebit, obs. form of gibbet, i. 144.
jornet, i. 102: 'a loose travelling
cloak; in 15-16th cent. worn over
judgment by water, water-dome (marg.
ordalii), i. 100.
Jurie, the poor (of Jews dwelling there),
Jurors, forsworn, ride to the pillory
on Cornhill, with Miters of paper on
their heads, i. 191.
just, to, v., a course or twaine, i. 61.
justes (1458), jousts, i. 58.
Justioer, i. 50: from med. Lat. iustitiarius, a judge, magistrate.
keddles, large fixed nets (stake nets?),
A. Fr. Kidel, Act xii. Edw. IV
(1472), O.F. Quidel, engin àpâcher
(Lacurne) (Dialect Dict.), ii. 153.
kept, attended: 'This Mayor kept the
Market so well that he would be at
the Leaden hall by foure a clocke in
the Sommers mornings,' i. 157; =
remained, ii. 36.
Kiuerings, mentioned with Wolsteds,
Stayes, Staimus, &c., i. 155; Introd.,
p. lix. See Index II.
Knape: Church of S. Andrew the
Apostle, i. 143, called of the Knape
or Undershaft, from the May-pole set
up there yearly on May day morning.
'The real meaning is S. Andrew's on
the Knap or Hill.' See Index II.
Knight Marshall, i. 144.
Knighthood, conferment of, i. 220.
Kyrlie Merlie, prob. a corruption of
Kyrie eleison, i. 252.
landes euicted: 'if the landes should
be evicted <i. e. recovered by a
judicial process, &c.> … yet he
and his Heyres should accomplish
the gifte,' i. 334.
lapped: 'I have been shewed the same
body (that of James IV. of Scots) so
lapped in lead,' i. 298.
Larder, sargeant of the, i. 134.
'largeness of room,' i. 158; cf. 146.
Lateran, Patriarchate of the, i. 72.
lathar, ladder, ii. 353.
Laton workes; latten: 'a mixed
metal of yellow colour, either identical with, or closely resembling,
brass. The word occurs not infre
quently as a trans. of Lat. orichalcum' (N.E.D.).
lauer of brass, the, in the cloyster
of the Hospital of Bethlehem, i. 319.
Launder, a washerman or -woman, ii.
Law-worth, ii. 148: worthy of, i. e.
entitled to, the laws, &c.; having a
standing in the law courts, possessed
of full legal rights' (N.E.D.); Gross
compares probi homines, good men
Law-worthy. See Charter of William
I to the City of London, apud Stubbs,
Select Charters, p. 83.
laye, alloy, i. 53.
laystalle, a midden, manure-heap, i. 70.
lazar houses, lepers' hospitals, i. 110.
Leaden Hall, i. 153; meant to have
been made a Bursse for the assembly
of merchants, but without success;
part reserved for the making and
resting of the Midsummer pageants,
&c., i. 159. See Index II.
leades: 'faire leades to walk upon
well imbatailled,' i. 40.
least, lest, i. 47.
ledgier book, i. 161: 'a book containing records, a register, a cartulary'
(N.E.D.). Cf. 'a fayre leager booke,'
leese, to lose or forfeit, i. 133.
Leet, ii. 97: 'a special kind of court
of record which the lords of certain
manors were empowered by charter
or prescription to hold annually or
semi-annually. =Court-leet' (N.E.D.).
left, left off, ceased, i. 5, 349.
Legiance, allegiance, i. 117.
Lepers to be removed into some outplaces of the fields, ii. 146. Cf.
letted, hesitated: 'men have not letted
to speak their pleasure,' i. 166.
letten, pt. pa., i. 51.
—down, i. 49.
—out, i. 137.
letters insealed, i. 82.
Letters Patentes, i. 155; letters
lewde fellowe, a (a counterfeit
physician), his subtiltie, i. 58.
Liberties, &c., of the City: King
Edward III grants: (1) the Mayor
'to be Justice for the Gaole deliuery
at Newgate; (2) that the Citizens
should not be constrained to goe out
of the Citty to any warre; (3) that
the liberties and franchises of the citty
should not after this time, for any
cause, be taken into the Kinges
hands; (4) that no Escheter should
be in the citty, but the Mayor for
his time,' ii. 164. Cf. i. 127.
light, alight: 'hundreds of Lampes
light at once,' i. 101.
lighting the streets: 'This H. B.
ordayned Lanthornes with lights to
be hanged out on the Winter euening
betwixt Hallontide and Candlemass,
ii. 171. Cf. i. 271.
lightly, commonly, i. 99.
— gladly, readily, i. 98.
linces, lynxes, i. 48.
Lion Tower, the, i. 48; afterwards
called 'The Bulwarke,' ib.
liuelode, livelihood, i. 308; ii, 112.
liuings, means of living, i. 62.
lodgings for the poor translated into
stabling for horses, i. 294.
lofted, provided with lofts or upper
stories: 'this Library is now lofted
through,' i. 275.
Lomsbery, Bloomsbury, i. 217.
London called 'The Kinges Chamber,'
i. 117. See Chronicles of London,
pp. 99, 268; 'Camera regis,' ii. 202.
London Lickepennie, i. 217.
Londoners anciently called Barons,
lordship and parish of Stebunheth,
lorimar, loriner or lorimer, bitmaker,
i. 305: makers of bits and ornamental
metal work for reins; distinct from
saddlers. See Riley, Memorials, 156,
louer, ii. 90.
lowsed, loosed, i, 179.
Luce of the sea, the hake, i. 96:
N.E.D. quotes 'Luces, properly
called Pikes of the Sea.'
'Lunatike or phrensie people,' i. 137
lyne right, straight, ii. 297. Ephyphanye in Tundale (15th cent.), 'The
sterre hem brought to Beedlem And
lyne right the chyldeaboue' (N.E.D.).
Machabray, dance of, meters or poesie,
translated from French by John Lidgate, i. 327.
main and hard ground, ii. 77. See
maine, great: 'maine timber posts
were scrat and cleft,' i. 196.
mainetides, huge tides: 'The Thames
breaketh into the French Ocean by
maine tides,' i. II.
maioralities, i. 152.
Maister of defence, i. e. fencing
master, i. 276; ii. 86. This corporation
was organized by Henry VIII in July
1540, under the title of 'Maisters of
the Noble Science of Defence'
(Strutt, p. 211).
maletolt, mala tolta: 'evil, unjust, or
burdensome tax '(N.E.D.). See also
Hubert Hall, Customs Revenue of
England, i. 67.
malignant spirit, the, act of, i. 97.
Malmesies, imported by the Lombards, i. 241: 'a sweet, strong wine,
originally the product of Monemvasia
in the Morea; from Malvasia called
Malvoisie in French and Malmsey in
'Mampudding, Mother,' i. 137. See
marble, gray: 'a livery of marble gray,'
i. 89; cf. Machyn's Diary, Camden
Soc., p. 462, 'made with wool or
silk of various colours mixed together':
see Gent. Mag. 1835, N.S. vi. 2, 114,
226; and N.E.D. (variegated or
Marchandise of three sorts—(1)
Nauigation; (2) Inuection; (3) Negotiation, ii. 207.
marchants of Leauaunt, i. 210.
marchants vintners, of Gascoyne, i.
marching watch, the, i. 102.
marrish, marsh; cf. merse, a marsh
(Skeat, Etym. Dict.).
marshall (i. e. martial) law, i. 144.
Martin <Merton> College in Oxford,
ii. 134, 135.
Martinmas, Feast of St. Martin (Nov.
11), i. 55.
mascle, ii. 90: 'three Mascles sable, between three cinquefoils argent, Lat.
macula, also a net; in heraldry, a
charge in the form of a lozenge, with
a lozenge-shaped opening, through
which the field appears' (N.E.D.).
mases <= maces> of siluer and guilt, ii.
mayings, May festivities, i. 98.
mayne, solid or natural ground, i. 345.
See N.E.D. 4. b.
mayor and communalty, i. 164.
Mayster of the Workes of money
in the Tower of London, ii. 174.
Maze, the, Southwark, ii. 66.
measurer of the Queen's soke, i. 41:
'The Measurer (or the Meater) ought
to have 8. chiefe Master porters,' ii. 9.
medley brune, and porre (or purple)
colour, price the yeard 2s., ii. 190.
merced, amerced: six bakers merced
in the Guild Hall for baking under
the size appointed, i. 157.
Mercery in West Cheape, the, i. 257:
'The trade in mercery ware, or the
place where it is carried on' (N.E.D.).
merchants ingrosse vp old coins,
meyney, retinue, company; meynie,
i. 98, 334.
middest, midst, i. 139.
minchuns, mincheons, nuns, i. 132.
minde-day, the anniversary of death,
Misrule, Lord of, or Maister of merry
disports, i. 97.
mistery, i. 305; ii. 357; Lat. ministerium: 'a corruption of ME.
mistere, a trade, craft. Cf. OF.
mestier, Ital. mestiere' (Skeat).
moities of Cold Harborough, i. 236.
moneys forbidden: 'galley halfepence,
suskinges, or dodkins,' i. 132-3. Cf.
Camden's Remaines ed. 1629, pp.
monuments, public buildings, i. 313.
more larger, i. 119.
Morian, a Moor: 'his arms three
water budgets, and his crest a
Morians head,' i. 201.
morish ground, ii. 25.
morrow-mass, the mass on the moming after a festival, i. 261.
Mountgodard Street, etymology of
name, i. 343.
mured up, walled up: 'the other
two <arches> mured up,' i. 234.
murren, a, of kine, ii. 163.
murrey, dark red, ii. 195; properly
mulberry coloured (Skeat).
mustard-villers, mustre-de-villiars, ii.
189: 'a kind of mixed grey woollen
cloth, which continued in use up to
Elizabeth's reign' (Halliwell). The
name is due to Montivilliers (anciently
called Monstredevillars) in Normandy.
See under Cloath, supra.
namely, especially, i. 22, 132; ii. 113
napery, linen for the table, i. 231.
nathelesses, nevertheless, ii. 273. Cf.
Milton, P.L. i. 299; Spenser, Hymn
to Celestial Beauty, l. 159.
naughty packs, a pack of rascals, ii.
206; vnthriftes, ne'er do wells, ib.
Fabyan is called 'a nowghty Cronycle', Introd., p. li.
nayle: 'The nayle lying dry is by
scaling greatly wasted,' i. 170.
near hand, well-nigh, i. 244.
'nipping and quipping their fellows,
no… no: that no Butcher should kil
no flesh, i. 317.
no mo <more>, i. 49.
nobilitating, subs., i. 34.
nocked, notched: 'Arrowes nocked in
their hands,' ii. 117.
note, subs., mention, i. 31, 34: 'which
Well is the only peculiar note belonging to that gate'; a note or sign,
i. 38; v. i. 44.
noyances, injuries, i. 119.
noysance, offence, i. 209.
obedienciarie:'London is but a …
subiect, and no free estate, an obedienciarie, and no place indowed with
any distinct or absolute power,' ii.
Obit, funeral obsequies, annual memorial service; 'an obite, or aniuersary,
to be spent on the poore,' i. 197.
of new, anew, i. 34 and passim.
often (adj.) casualties by fire, i. 83.
or, ere: 'a bye worde, such a man will
be Maior, or he be shiriffe,' ii. 187.
orchyard, ii. 102: for ortyard, formerly
supposed to be derived from Greek
order, ordering, i. 302.
original, origin, i. 48.
osterie, a common, for travellers, i. 202;
cf. hosterie, i. 216.
othersome, others, i. 333.
ouer, outright: 'sold it over,' i. 152.
ouerhayled: 'which Bell, named Rus,
rung by one man for 150 years,…
of late ouerhayled by four or five at
once, hath been thrice broken and
new cast within … ten years,' i. 196.
ouerpasse, v.a., i. 306 and passim.
ouerplus, i. 207.
'Our Lady of the Piew,' ii. 127.
out places of the fields, ii. 146.
outward, outer, i. 121.
pageant, 'an allegorical device carried
on a fixed stage or car in a public
show' (N.E.D.); 'the Mayor had
besides his Giant three pageants,' i.
pageants, midsummer, i. 102, 159.
paine, pecuniarie, penalty, ii. 202.
Palatine Tower, belonging to the
sovereign, i. 44.
pale, paling, i. 20.
paled park, fenced in, i. 306.
papes: 'in some language Priests are
called Papes,' i. 146.
parcelled, divided, i. 129.
Park, Woodstock, the first in England,
i. 48. 'The word is English, being
a contraction of M.E. parrok from
A.S. pearroc, now also spelt paddock'
partie offender, the, ii. 120.
passed, excelled, i. 140.
passed not vpon the honor, cared
not for: 'Hee said that he passed
not vpon the honor, but came to
visite them,' ii. 25.
pastelars, pastry-cooks, i. 81.
pastime, shewing: 'pastimes were
shewed on the riuer of Thames,' i. 22;
and Text-writers, of late called
Stationers, i. 81; one paire of
Paternosters, i. 86, 338.
Patriarchie of Laterane (i. e. patriarchate), i. 72.
Patricksey, Battersea, i. 23.
Pattenmakers extinct, i. 81.
Paueline, i. 281 (a ghost word).
'Enery Vsurer should weare a Table
on their breast, the breadth of a paueline.' i. 281, 1. 6, paueline. This is
clearly a printer's error for 'palme',
which is the reading of the corresponding passage in the Summarie
Abridged both for 1598 and for 1604,
and also in the Annales, p. 305, ed.
1605; probably Stow wrote 'paulme'.
From the Annales it appears that
Stow's authority was the Historia
Regum of John Rous (p. 202, ed.
Hearne), which reads, 'rex eximius
Judaeis in regno suo ut ab aliis noscerentur tabulare ad unius palmae
longitudinem signa ferrent in exterioribus indumentis.' Rous copied the
Flores Historiarum (iii. 45). I am
indebted to Mr. Walter Worrall for
indicating the solution of this difficulty.
Paul, S., feet of, i. 318.
Pawne, the, at the Old Royal Exchange, ii. 303: 'richly furnished like
a bazaar with all sorts of the finest
wares in the Citie,' i. 193. The name
is derived from Du. pand, a walk.
See note, p. 303.
paynted table: 'A fayre paynted
Table of hir picture was placed in the
Chapple … which she had builded,'
penny force, 25½ gs.; penny deble or
feeble, 22½ gs., i. 53. See Foedera,
x. 161-3, date 1421. 'French mercenaries were paid in money so feeble
that it passeth not a good English
noble a month.' See Kingsford,
Henry V, p. 367.
Pens, the, (or folds) in Smithfield, ii.
pentises of one row of houses, eaves,
i. 143; 'an appendix or outbuilding'
(Skeat). See Much Ado, III. iii. 110.
Perchers: 'of lights for Paris candles,
called Perchers,' i. 85. See N.E.D.;
'a large wax candle, generally used
for the altar' (Halliwell).
perie plants, pear-trees, i. 48; so in
Chaucer and Piers Plowman (Skeat).
perpetual alms, in, i. 181.
person, parson, i. 37 and passim.
persuade: 'to persuade <enforce> the
Article of Christ's resurrection,' i.
pestered: 'many houses builded with
alleys backward <at the back> …
too much pesterd with people (a great
cause of infection),' i. 165; 'this house
… being now of late years enclosed
about or pestered with small tenements,' i. 124; a church 'pestered
with loftes and seates,' i. 127; 'with
diuerse Allyes,' ib.
Pew, Piew, Our Lady of the, ii. 121.
See Index II.
phrensie: 'lunatic or phrensie people,'
picked staff, a, pointed, i. 93.
pikes: 'A Bridge of stone faire coaped
on either side with iron pikes, on the
which be also certain lanthorns of
stone,' i. 26.
pilgrim: 'They chose H. de Ryall to
be their pilgrim, for the maister of
this misterie (as one that trauelled for
the whole companie (Merchant Taylors) was then so called … and the
four wardens were then called Purueyors of almes (now called quarterage) of the said fraternitie,' i. 181.
pill, v., to plunder: '[William Rufus]
pilled and shaued the people with
tribute,' i. 45.
Pix, or Boxe of Assay, i. 54: Lat. pixis,
chest, treasury (Gross).
Place of honour: 'In … 1238.
King Henry kepte his feast of Christmas at Westminster in the great
Hall, so did he in 1241, where he
placed the Legate in the most honorable place of the Table, to wit in the
midest,' ii. 113-4. Cf. begin the
plashed = pleached (Shaks. Much
Ado, III. i. 7; Skeat, Etymol. Dict.),
platform: 'the very platforme thereof
[St. Bride's House] remayned for
great part wast,' i. 69.
playne mockery, a, ii. 302.
Pleas, Common, or Place, i. 78 and
Pleas of the Crowne, pleaded in the
Tower; suits in the King's name
against offences committed against
his Crown and dignity, i. 51.
plot, site, i. 294: 'the plot of Aldgate,
and the Soke thereunto belonging,
pointed, appointed, i. 54.
popingey, a parrot, i. 166; here 'a
mark like a parrot, put on a pole to
be shot at' (Skeat).
porpentine, porcupine, i. 48; cf.
Hamlet, I. v. 20.
porre, purple colour, ii. 190.
Port the, or entrie into the Hall, ii.
portoloses, i. 29: 'portcullis, a sliding
gate' (Skeat, Etymol. Dict.).
portgrave, portreeve, derivation of,
portrature, i. 337.
pory, porous, i. 293.
Postles chappell, the, i. 321.
Pothecarie, apothecary, i. 161.
Potmaker for the Mint (W. Foxley),
his long sleep, i. 59.
Poulter, poulterer, i. 262.
pound starlings, i. 317.
poundage: 'they could not sell their
wines, paying poundage,' i. 238.
power, force, i. 1, 107; ii. 171.
poynting, appointing: 'the King
poynting a Custos,' i. 301.
practise, to intrigue: 'Richard, Duke
of Gloucester, then Protector, practised
for the Crown,' ii. 235.
pralle, app. variant of prolle, prowl,
Lat. scrutor (N.E.D.), i. 160.
'Premunire, the,' Premunirey, Cardinal Wolsey condemned in, i. 340.
preposterous zeal, ii. 75.
Presbeterie, chancel, sanctuary, ii. 46.
Presbytery, the quire or chancel, ii. 132.
present, immediate: 'the people did
nothing else but expect present death,'
presented: 'the Crosse in Cheape
presented (= indicted) by diuers Juries,
or Quests of Wardmote,' i. 266.
president, precedent, i. 130.
prest, loan, ii. 214.
Pricesset on victuals, &c. (A.D. 1313),
prilling, trickling, i. 267.
Priores aliens, i. e. priories alien,
Priories Aliens, suppressed 4 Henry V,
Priors: 'these Priors <of Christ Church>
have sitten and ridden amongst the
Aldermen of London, in liuery like
vnto them,' i. 141.
prise, price, i. 24; cf. Stratmann,
prises, goods taken from the French,
procession-way, i. 227; 'the aisle in
a cathedral or collegiate church
behind the high altar, round which a
procession could take its way' (Lee's
procurators, or Wardens, of London
Bridge, i. 31. Cf. St. Antonie's Procters,
procurement, by, i. 272.
professed trade: 'till of late time
euery man liued by his professed
trade, not any one interrupting
another,' i. 238.
proper, neat, handsome, i. 132 and
prosecute, to follow up, i. 118.
protracted, wasted: 'as they stayed
or protracted time,' i. 24.
Prusia: 'This man sent into Prusia,
and caused to be brought from thence
certaine ships laden with Rie,' ii.
Purbecke, hard stone of, i. 272.
purprestures, 'enchrochmentes on
highwayes, lanes, and common
grounds,' i. 83.
pursiuaunt, i. 99: 'an attendant on
Heralds' (Skeat); purseuants, i.
purueyors of almes, i. 181. See
put foorth, to, <i.e. to put out> the
lightes of this Chappel, i. 151.
put out, evicted, i. 151.
Pye-powders, Court of, ii. 69:
'travelling men, wayfarers, esp.
an itinerant merchant or trader
(Fr. pied-poundreux, Lat. pede pulverosus, dusty-foot)' (N.E.D.). See
also Ben Jonson's Bartholomew Fair,
and H. Morley's History.
Pyramis, a, to be set up in place of
the top of the Cross in Cheap, i.
quadrant, 'a proper, or squared court,'
i. 134, 159; 'the large Southeast
quadrant to the same gate <Ludgate>
quarterage, a quarter's wages or pension
(N.E.D.), i. 181. See pilgrim.
Queen: 'The Tower Royall called
the Queene's Wardrope,' i. 244.
Queen's Soke, measure and measurer
of the, i. 41.
queristers, choristers, i. 154.
quinten, running at the, for prizes, i. 94.
quire or queere (of a church), i. 21, 134.
quitclaim, 'quietum clamare, to quitclaim, release' (Gloss. to Nichols's
ray, striped, i. 86. See 'reied or striped
cloth,' ii. 166; 'ray gowns' of broad
cloth rowed or striped athwart, ii. 189.
Readers, i. e. Lecturers, a college of, i.
Reading tawney: 'a livery of Reading tawney,' i. 88-9; 'Tawny
=Tanny, a yellowish brown' (Skeat);
a fabric formerly made at Reading.
ready, made himself: accoutred himself, i. 64.
rebatement of Bishops liuinges, ii. 20.
receipt, reception, i. 49.
— of travellers, also recept, reception,
— capacity: 'an Hospital of great
receipt,' ii. 143.
recluse or ankorage, a, ii. 22.
Recognition: 'since the said Recognition,' ii. 7; see Skeat s.v.: from
recognizance, law term; Chaucer,
Recorder: He learnedly delivereth
the sentences of the whole Court:
'G. H., Alderman, was elected to
bee Recorder of London … and was
appointed to weare his apparrell as
an Alderman,' ii. 161-2.
red (p.p. of read): 'I haue not red of
Basing,' i. 348 bis, ii. 147, and passim.
re-edifler, or new builder, ii. 306.
reformed corrected, i. 215.
reforme peace, to, i. 71.
reforming, restoration: 'the reforming
of that church,' i. 173.
Registers (-trars), offices kept by, i. 342.
relief and harborow of … leprous
persons, ii. 146.
reliefe (v.a.) them [viz. prisons], i. 154.
Remembrancer of the office of the
first-fruits, i. 293. There were three
Remembrancers: (I) the King's;
(2) the Lord Treasurer's; (3) the
Remembrancer of the First Fruits
(see Cowell's Interpreter).
Remembrances, Book of, (Remembrancia in the Guildhall, i. 123.
The City Letter-books were also
called 'books of Remembrances.'
Here it refers to Letter-Book C.
remised and quiteclaimed, ii. 64; see
Cowell's Interpreter, s. vv., and under
remit, subs., ii. 65.
remove, subs., i. 351.
render, v., to surrender, i. 46.
renowmed, renowned, i. 71.
repayre, to make r. to, i. 84.
repayred, resorted: 'such Market
people as repayred to prayer,' i. 155.
repayrers to this Citie, i. 84.
replenished, adorned: 'replenished
… with beautiful houses of stone,'
i. 302 and passim.
replenished with, full of: 'replenished
with strangers,' ii. 66.
reprises, in all, i. 35: 'Deductions
and duties which are yearly paid out
of a Manor and Lands … Wherefore when we speak of the clear yearly
value of a Manor, we say it is so
much per annum ultra reprisas'
reuestry, sacristy, i. 347.
Rhodes, Knights of the, ii. 84 and
rifeled: 'the Barons rifeled the Jews
coffers,' i. 279.
rills or rillets, i. 14.
ring of nine bells, a, well tuned,
Ringleaders of Inquests defined,
Rippers or Rippiers of Rye, i. 187:
so called from carrying fish for sale
in a ripp or basket; pedlars in Kent
used them in pairs and slung on each
side of a horse for carrying loads,
such as salt, fish, sand, &c. (Dialect
rise against, to meet, i. 65: Lat.
assurgere alicui, quoted by Steele in
H. of C.
rising, accruing: 'C. li. so rising
yearly,' i. 116.
roade (of ships), v. p. t., 'as if they r. at
Queene Hith,' i. 41.
Roane <Rouen>, inscription on great
bell at, ii. 120.
'Romish' order of sacraments, the, ii.
romthes, rooms, ii. 353; see Skeat,
rood and tabernacle destroyed, i. 209.
rose nobles, i. 55.
Round walke, the, of the Temple
Church '(which is the West part
without the Quire) … the rest are
coaped stones,' ii. 50, 51.
roundelets of hoods, ii. 197.
routs, tumults, ii. 120.
rowals, of six points (on coinage of
William I), i. 52.
rowlocks (orelockes), boats provided
with, i. 206.
royalty, royal state, i. 66; 'countenance (i.e. show) of insufficiencie,' ib.
rub it out, tide it over: '<he> did rub
it out,' i. 351.
rugh and clench, shipnails so called:
'rugh and clenche, i.e. rugh nayles
with broad round heades, and
clenched on the other side with
square plates of iron: the roofe of
this hall is also wrought of the like
boord, …and seemeth as it were a
Gallie, the Keele turned upwards,'
ruinated, i. 163; ii. 123.
russet, cloth of, i. 85; clothes of
medley, i. 86.
— cotton, brown, i. 319.
Sabbaoth, the, and principall Feasts,
sacke and soke, toll, and Theam,
<and> infangthefe, i. 122. See
Stubbs, Select Charters, p. 78.
Sacraments and sacramentals, i.
319: 'Sacramentals: a term for certain rites, ceremonies, and religious
observances, … adopted as valuable
adjuncts to the sacraments' (Lee,
Glossary of Liturgical Terms.)
sacred, pple., consecrated (Stratmann),
St. Scithen, St. Swithin, i. 108.
Sake (or Sach) and Soke, toll, and
theam, i. 43: 'The right to hold a
court for one's tenants, and to have
the amercements arising from this
court' (Gross, G. M., ii. 417).
Sanctuary men, ii. 216.
sarpler, ii. 328. 'A sarpler of wool,
a pocket or half a sack' (Halliwell).
say, serge, i. 96, 102-3.
Sayes, Stamins, Kiuerings, i. 155.
say-maister, assay-master, i. 306; ii. 159.
Scabine, échevin, a gild officer, alderman, judge, i. 323.
scantly, scarcely: 'four foote scantly
remained above ground,' i. 254; ii.
131. Cf. Skant, i. 170.
schools … lately aduanced, set up, i.
73; decayed by suppression of religious houses whereof they were members, i. 73.
Scot and lot, i. 161: 'A customary
contribution laid upon all subjects,
according to their ability' (Cowell's
scour: 'Iohn Philpot sent shippes to
the sea, and scoured it of Pirates,'
scrating, scratching, i. 277; scrat, i.
scrine, screen, i. 350.
seacole forbidden to be burned in
London, Southwark, &c. (A.D. 1306),
Seals of the Mayoralty, i. 221. See
seased, seized, i. 152.
seasor, seizer, i. 234.
Secondarie, a delegate, deputy (ToddJohnson, quoting Wakefield's Memoirs for meaning of usher), ii. 1770.
The title is still held by one of the
chief City officials.
seiser of liberties, seizure, ii. 216.
Seisin, corporal possession: 'they did
put the … Prior in seisine thereof,' i.
122. 'Seisin in fact is when a corporal possession is taken; Seisin in
law, when something is done, which
the law accounteth a seisin, as an enrolment' (Cowell's Interpreter).
Seisin, Livery of: 'The documentary
habit did not for many centuries
extinguish the ceremony of personal
giving and taking; the old custom
survived into the period when Norman-French became the language of
law, and then it was called livery of
Seisin, and the feudal investitures
were conducted with a solemn delivery of possession' (Earle, Land
Charters, xvi-xvii, quoting also
Stephen's Commentaries for feoffment, feoffor, feoffee).
selda, a shed, i. 257.
sell, cell: 'a sell to Burton Lager,' ii. 90.
sellar, cellar, i. 35.
Sellarer to the King, saddler (sellarius),
i. 315. See note on p. 344.
separall, i. 41: 'separia, Separaria, a
several, or divided Enclosure, severed
or separated from other ground.
Placia quae jacet juxta separiam
Prioris et conventus de Burncestre'
(Kennett, quoted from Paroch. Antiq.
in Cowell's Interpreter).
Sergeants feast at Elie house: question of precedence, ii. 36.
seruiceable: 'a serviceable Gentleman,' ii. 19; 'officious; in a good
as well as a bad sense' (Schmidt,
Shakespeare-Lexicon). 'If it be so
to do good service, never let me be
counted serviceable' (Cymb. III. ii.
seruitude, opp. to 'liberty of a guild,'
set, arranged: 'set the guests,' ii. 114.
'The mummers set to the Prince
three jewels—a boule of gold, a cup
of gold, and a ring of gold,' i.
settles, double, of wainscot (for a
library), i. 318.
shank bone, a, 28½ inches of assisse
long, i. 292-3.
sheades, sheds, i. 330.
shearman, shereman, 'one whose occupation is to shear cloth' (2 H. VI,
IV. ii. 145), ii. 75.
shelues, sandbanks: 'shelues, and other
stoppages of … Thames,' i. 208.
Sheremoniers, such as cut and rounded
the plates to be coyned or stamped
into Estarling pence, ii. 18.
Sheremoniers' Lane, ii. 259. See
sheweth, appeareth, i. 28.
ships with tops, i. 206.
shoppes, with solars, sellars, &c., i.
Shriuewick, office of sheriff, ii. 149,
siege, house called the common, i. 25;
cf. ii. 232, 'common stage.'
signioritie, lordship, i. 64.
siluer of Guthuron's Lane, i. 53.
simetery, symmetry, i. 349.
sindals, i. 63: sendal, cendal, O.F.
A kind of rich thin silk used for lining,
very highly esteemed. Thynne says,
'a thinne stuff, like sarcenett.' Palsgrave, however, has cendell, thynne
lynen, sendal' (Skeat, in Notes to
Canterbury Tales, A. 440).
Sinke Portes, the, ii. 15.
sith, i. 233.
sithence, since, i. 71.
sithens, adv., since, i. 123.
sitten, pa. part., 129, &c.
skuncheon, a triangular projection of
a wall, i. 162; ii. 197. Stow interprets 'scutcheon', which suggests that
it was a shield-shaped piece of ground.
See note, p. 297.
sleepie drink, a, sleeping draught, i. 51.
slue, pret., slew, i. 30.
so that, on condition that, i. 5.
soap <sope>-making in London, i. 251.
soke, i. 29: 'Jurisdiction, the right to
hold a court; a district having this
privilege' (Gross, ii. 418).
soke, the Queen's, i. 41. See Index III.
sokeman, i. 64: 'tenant in ancient
demesne' (Nichols's Britton).
sokemanrie, i. 64; soken, or warde,
sole women, unmarried, i. 125: 'single;
legally independent' (Stanford Dict.).
soler, an upper story: 'sheds or shops,
with solers over them,' i. 268.
sophisters … flowed with words, i. 72.
sorency, astrology, i. ix.
sort, number, i. 3.
Sothorey, Southrey, Surrey, ii. 365.
soundeth, signifies, i. 120.
Southwarke, 'Manor and borough of,
with all the members, rights, and
appurtenances,' ii. 68. See also
soylage, dirt, sewage, i. 164.
speere, spire: 'the steeple had sometime a fair speere of stone,' ii. 257.
spoyle, spoiling, i. 20.
stall boards, their first and later use,
standard (of spring water), i. 38.
— 'a standard of tree set up full of
Holme and Iuie,' i. 265.
staple: 'Lat. stapulum, a scaffold for
the sale of wares; afterward, a town
where alone by law certain goods
might be vended' (Gross, Glossary).
See ii. 102-4.
stare, starling, i. 54.
starling penny, the, i. 52; derivation
of the name, i. 53.
— peny, starlings; Easterling,
Esterling, i. 52; marks easterlings,
Easterling pence, ib.
state, good estate: 'for the state of
the King, the Queene, and their
children,' ii. 113; 'stately tyred like
a Pope,' i. 96: the Pope was a 'state',
but a 'state' was not a 'Pope'. See
'estate' in Chron. Lond. Glossary
States of Nobilitie created at Bridewell, ii. 44.
staues in meter Royall, i. 99.
— ragged, imbrodered on coats of Earl
Warwick, i. 88.
stayning: 'that workemanship of s. is
departed out of use in England,' ii. 4;
cf. i. 302-4.
steely, like steel, i. 293.
stered chamber, the Star Chamber,
i. 308; starre chamber, ii. 119.
stilts: 'it leaneth vpon proppes or
stilts,' ii. 2.
sintes, meete, to be well governed
<a convenient limit of the population
of a city if it is to be properly
governed>, ii. 205.
stirring, prancing, i. 103.
stockes, for Gunnes, i. 155.
stookfishmongers, i. 81; opp. to wetfishmongers, ib.
strake, pret. of strike, i. 25.
Strand Bridge, 'with the lane under
it,' ii. 93; for 'Iuie bridge,' cf. p. 96
infra, par. 2.
Strandage, a fee for landing from a
boat, i. 206.
Stratford: '1491. Hugh Clopton
builded the great stone bridge at
Stratford vpon Hauen in Warwicke
shire,' ii. 178.
strawne hat, a, i. 102.
streightened, straitened, i. 118 and
strikes of iron, strips, bands, i. 323.
Striuelin (Stirling), i. 54.
stud, or nail of silver, i. 57.
stulpes, stulps, short stout posts fixed
in the ground as a barrier.
sturs, the seditious, of the said John,
subtiller, more, double comp., i. 54.
subtiltie, fraud, rouguery, i. 58.
sufficient, competent, i. 40.
— = substantial (of a pavement), i. 43.
summarie, in, summarily, i. 59.
summer houses …, like Midsommer
Pageantes, with Towers, Turrets, and
Chimney tops, ii. 78.
Suppression, the late general, i. 125.
supprior, the, ii. 26.
surceased, from surseoir, ceased:
'these disputations surceased,' i. 74.
surmaster, second master, i. 74.
surplesses, i. 230.
surplusage, excess, i. 55.
suskinges, or dodkins, i. 132-3: 'an
early name for the doit, a small
Dutch coin' (N.E.D., which quotes
Act 3 Hen. V, c. i. § 2, 'Les Galyhalpens, et la Moneie appelle Seskyn
sute, series, i. 315.
— suit, i. 155; ii. 67 bis.
sweating sickness, ii. 178.
tabard, or herald's coat, described,
tables, a game at, backgammon, i. 190.
talles, i. 191: 'a supply of men impannelled upon a Jury or Inquest,
and not appearing, or at their appear
ance challenged by either party as not
indifferent; in which case the judge
upon motion grants a supply to be
made by the Sheriff of one or more
such there present; and hereupon the
very act of supplying is called a
Tales de circumstantibus' (Cowell's
Tasell Close: 'a large Close called
Tasell Close … for that there were
Tasels planted for the use of Clothworkers,' i. 166. See Index III.
Tayler's yardes, i. 327; ii. 32.
tenement with purtenance in the lane,
Theam (Team, Them, Theim), ii. 122:
'the right of compelling the person
in whose hands lost property was
found "to vouch to warranty," that
is, to name the person from whom he
received it' (Stubbs).
thwart, crosswise, ii. 78.
'Tintegall (Tintagel), in the confines of
Cornwall,' i. 215.
tipplers of beere, publicans, i. 137.
toft, i. 249: 'a plantation, a green
knoll (Scand.); a place marked out
for a building' (Skeat).
Touch, a kind of very hard black granite
(Halliwell); basalt (Todd-Johnson):
'a tombe of Touch,' i. 203.
Tower Royal, the, called the Queenes
Wardrope, i. 244.
translated: 'Lodgings for the poore
are translated into stabling for horses,'
i. 294; 'His body was translated
1140, being richly shrined aboue the
Quire,' i. 332.
trauailers, travellers: (a) 'poore
people, trauailers and others that
were diseased,' i. 82. (b) 'This most
noble citizen … that had trauelled
(laboraverat) for the commoditie of
the whole Realme,' i. 107.
tree, wood, i. 97.
Trespasses, common, i. 33.
Trink, ii. 170: 'a narrow, open drain
for the passage of water; the bed or
channel of a river or stream; the
water which flows in the channel'
(Dialect Dict.). [?]
triumph: 'If any triumph or noblenesse were to be done,' i. 158.
tronage, tronagium, payment made
for weighing goods at the public
beam, i. 155; so tronare, to weigh at the
public beam or steelyard; tronarium,
public beam or steelyard by which
heavy articles were weighed. Cf.
Trongate of Edinburgh (see Gross,
troupe: 'one large middle row or
troupe of small tenementes,' ii. 91.
tutor, governor, i. 242.
tyred like a Pope, attired, i. 96.
vmbray: 'the shade for the eyes
placed immediately over the sight of
a helmet, and sometimes attached to
the vizor' (Halliwell). See Kingsford, London Chronicles, Glossary.
(Misprinted uniber, ii. 32.)
vnapt: 'the old Seale being very smal,
vnapt, and vncomely,' i. 221.
vnder [subject to] correction, i. 57.
vndesevered: 'of bones undesevered,'
Vniuersity of students of the Common
Law in London, i. 77.
vnneath, scarcely: 'Famine and mortality, so that the quicke might
vnneath bury the dead,' ii. 163.
vnprayseable, inestimable: 'vessels of
gold and silver vnprayseable,' ii. 49.
vnright: 'I forbid that any man do
to them any vnright or disease'
<Stow's words, not those of the
patent>, i. 286 (Patent of H. 2).
Vnwitting the Sergeants, and against
their willes, ii. 36.
vpholster, broker, i. 153.
vre, kept in, practice, i. 104.
Vtter Barresters, degree of, i. 78.
vttered (of wares): 'to be shewed,
sold, and vttered,' i. 156.
'vagabonde,' a common labourer,
valour, value: 'two acres of wood …
in valour 20s. and 3d. by yeare,' i. 249.
vawmure, an advanced wall, ii. 70;
cf. vant-warde, &c. (Stratmann).
Stow's trans. of FitzStephen's antemurale, i. 70.
vellem, i. 328.
verify to be true, confirm, i. 196, 226.
vertue vegitable, the, i. 99.
Vicecounties, Vicounties, or Shiriffes, ii. 149.
vinetree, vintry, i. 81.
Violets (violet robes): 'the Aldermen
accustomed to be present in their
Violets, and in their Scarlets at the
Spittle,' i. 167.
Vlfrimhampton, Wolverhampton, i.
void, v. a., 'Leprouse persons to be
voided the city,' ii. 145 marg.; v. n.,
'that all leprose persons inhabiting
there should avoid within fifteen days
voluntarie, freewill: he resigned his
bishopricke of his own voluntarie,
'Waddemole, now called woadmel, in
Oxfordshire woddenell, a coarse sort of
stuff used for the covering of the collars of cart-horses. Mr. Ray described
it to be a hairy, coarse stuffe, made of
Island wool, and brought thence by
our seamen to Norfolk, Suffolk,' &c.
(Kennett, Glossary, s. v.), i. 284.
waif, O. F. gaif, pl. waives, weives
waifs and strays: 'Waif, a thing
abandoned; also the right of a lord to
appropriate such things found upon
his manor' (Nichols's Britton).
Walling of Cities, i. 8.
wan upon: 'Knightes Hospitelars of
… S. John of Jerusalem … after
wan upon the sayd Turke dayly,' ii. 50.
wanne, pret., won, i. 51.
warden of the…Marches foranenst
Scotland, facing, i. 44.
warder, a staff, truncheon: 'the King
cast down his warder,' ii. 33. Cf.
Shaks, Rich. II, I. iii. 118.
Wardrope: 'the Tower Royal called
the Queenes Wardrope, i. 244.
waste of one Cocke [of water], i. 34, 38.
wasters, cudgels used in Fence schools
(Halliwell), i. 95.
Water-Bayly, the, Bailiffe, i. 189.
water-bugges, casks (heraldic): 'Stephen Bugge Gent., his Armes be
three water bugges, 1419,' i. 347.
waterdome, the (ordalii), i. 100. For
this ordeal, see Hubert Hall, Court
Life under the Plantagenets, 94 sq.
Watheling street: acc. to Leland,
Atheling or Noble street. Stow
rather takes it to be so named of the
great high way 'of the same calling'.
See Index II, and note, p. 352.
Watmols, i. 284, woollen bays, flannels,
and such like. Cf. curtains of Wedmole lace in Hubert Hall, Society in
the Elizabethan Age, p. 210; Rogers,
Agriculture and Prices, ii. 542,
'Wadmal for collars'; and Kennett,
Waytes of the City, the, i. 103. The
City watchmen provided with trumpets
(also known as waits) to give the alarm
(Riley, Memorials, 420). Skeat explains the word as 'one who is awake
to play music at night,' and compares
wayte, a spy, wayte, waker, vigil
wealthes, plur., ii. 78.
weapons ouergrown with foulness, i.
weauers: 'In London formerly weauers
of diuerse sorts … of Drapery, or
Taperie, and Naperie,' i. 218.
weeke (wick), the cotton or yarn of
candles, i. 218.
welbeloved to, i. 120.
were, weir, A.S. and M.E. wer, i. 45;
'qui dedit unum were Ecclesiae
whiffler, i. 102: 'one who goes first in
a procession; orig. a piper or fifer'
(Skeat). Cf. Introd., p. viii.
whirlicotes or chariots, i. 83-4.
white money, silver, i. 55.
whoodes, hoods, i. 98.
wiar drawers, spinners of wire, i. 150.
'widdowes almes,' the leg-irons,
Windgoose or Wildgoose Lane, i.
234. See Index II.
wine tunners, i. 242.
winning, to save space: 'for the winning of ground,' i. 295.
wirche, work, ii. 327.
with, a twisted tree, i. 98; cf. Judges
xvi. II, and see Skeat's Etym. Dict.
woad, woades, trade in, i. 82.
wodden (wooden), i. 7.
wols, wools, i. 155.
wolsteads, to scour or calender, i. 152.
wolsted, worsted, i. 102-3. From
Worstead Norfolk. 'Chaucer is
perhaps the earlist author who mentions it' (Skeat).
woodmen, wildmen, satyrs, fauns, i.
woodmen, wildmen, houses garnished
with the likeness of, i. 296, 345.
woollen cloths to be in breadth two
yards within the lists, i. 286.
wool-winders and packers wound and
packed their wools in Leaden Hall, i.
woon, p. p. of win, ii. 206.
woont, wont, i. 139.
worn out, extinct, i. 81, 136, 218 and
Wose, Wapping in the, a low marshy
place, ii. 70.
wrastling: '1452, a great fray at the
wrastling,' ii. 174.
year, by the, yearly, i. 36.
Ymaginour, image-maker, ii. 331.