Index of subjects

Sponsor

Centre for Metropolitan History

Publication

Author

C. L. Kingsford (editor)

Year published

1908

Supporting documents

Pages

467-476

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'Index of subjects', A Survey of London, by John Stow: Reprinted from the text of 1603 (1908), pp. 467-476. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=60080 Date accessed: 27 November 2014.


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ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVW

A

aldermen: their office and tenure, ii. 155, 166, 187, 205, 385–6; deposition of, ii. 168, 323; antiquity of, ii. 149; in 12th century, i. 80; ii. 286, 301, 307, 316; prior of Trinity an alderman by right, i. 123, 141; instances of hereditary, i. 310–11; ii. 343–4; wards called after, ii. 286, 343; first alderman of Southwark, ii. 69; their Court, i. 271; dress or livery of, i. 123, 167, 231; ii. 193–4; knighted, ii. 168; at St. Bartholomew's fair, i. 104.

ale: i. 83; export duty on, i. 206.

aliens: resident in Aldgate, i. 149–50; in Billingsgate, i. 208; at St. Martin's, i. 309; ii. 343; in Southwark, ii. 64, 66; at St. Katherine's, i. 124; ii. 287; unpopularity of, i. 152; ii. 175, 178; Dutchmen, i. 176, 208, 219; ii. 287, 314; French, i. 152, 164.

alien-merchants: duties and privileges of, i. 32, 44, 82, 232–3; regulations for, i. 155; ii. 162; place of meeting, i. 201. Easterlings, i. 32, 232–3; ii. 178, 278, 319; Florentines, i. 201; Genoese, i. 136–7: Lombards, i. 201, 241; ii. 175, 307.

alien-priories: i. 131, 137, 149, 301; ii. 13-14, 39, 67, 80, 144.

All-Hallows Eve: celebration of, i. 97; ii. 190.

almshouses: in London, i. 106, 109, 112–16, 125, 148, 170–1, 177, 181, 183, 240, 242–3, 299, 301–2, 304, 310, 347; ii. 4, 71, 74, 181; at Westminster, ii. 122–3, 380; elsewhere, i. 108, 112, 115; ii. 86.

Anthony-pigs: i. 75, 184; ii. 301.

antiquities: found in excavations, i. 160, 168–70, 333, 345; ii. 43, 351.

apothecaries: i. 161, 260; ii. 329–30.

apprentices: i. 107, 152, 271.

archery: practice of, in Finsbury field, i. 104; ii 77, 370; in Tasell close, i. 166; disuse of, i. 104; ii. 79; archers in marching-watch, i. 102.

Armourers Company: i. 63 284; ii. 190.

arms of the City: i. 63, 221; ii. 314.

artillery: i. 158, 166.

assize of bread; i. 157, 191; ii. 156.

B

Bailiffs: of the City, ii. 149, 206.

bakehouses: public, ii. 65. bakers: their places of trade, i. 157, 348; ii. 295; fraudulent, punishment of, i. 157, 191; ii. 177, 195; regulations for, i. 344; ii. 9.

Bakers Company: ii. 191; their Hall-motes, i. 344.

ball, games at: see football, tennis.

banqueting-houses: ii. 78, 80.

Barber-Surgeons Company: i. 315; ii. 191.

barges: i. 118, 259; ii. 1, 6, 10; the mayor's, ii. 117, 179.

barristers: i. 76–9.

Bartholomew Fair: i. 16, 104; ii. 27, 361.

basket-makers: i. 150, 209, 211; ii. 294.

beldles: seen end of account of each ward.

beams, or weighing machines: the king's, i. 192; common-beams, i. 156, 159; ii. 318.

bear-baiting: i. 93, 95; ii. 54. 366.

bearhouses: i. 42, 137.

bells: of churches, i. 142, 185, 196, 202, 246, 255–6, 261, 293, 330; ii. 28, 305; common bell of the City, i. 325, 331; ii. 278; Bow-bell, i. 255; ii. 329; in Clochard and Clockhouse at Westminster, ii. 120–1, 378–80; chime of, on Fleet Standard, ii. 41; names of, i. 330; ii. 305, 379.

bell-founders: ii. 288, 290, 305.

Blacksmiths Company: ii. 2, 5, 17, 192.

bladers: i. 245; ii. 325.

bladesmiths: i. 245; ii. 325.

Bladesmiths Company: ii. 192.

boats: i. 49, 206, 211, 229; ii. 1; number of, on Thames, i. 12; on Fleet, i. 13.

boltes: legal exercises, i. 78; ii. 281.

bones, ancient: i. 275, 292; ii. 333, 337.

bonfires: at Midsummer, i. 101; as precaution against plague, i. 101; ii. 283.

books: i. 87; 194; ii. 23, 123.

bournes or brooks: i. 12–15, 200, 239; ii. 270–1 vaulted over, i. 14, 27, 239; ii. 232.

bowling-alleys: i. 104, 126–7, 149, 165, 350; ii. 79, 80, 102, 294, 368.

bowyers: Company: i. 79, 370.

Bowyers Company: i 299; ii. 23, 75.

brasses: monumental, i 306; ii. 23, 75.

bread: assize of, i. 157, 191; ii. 156; charities for, i. 145, 148; price of, i. 156–7, 344.

brewers: i. 81; ii. 9.

Brewers Company: i. 297; ii. 191; rebuild Cripplegate, i. 33.

brewhouses: i. 64, 184, 211, 232, 235, 237; ii. 11, 13, 16–17, 43; public, ii. 66.

brick: use of, i. 119, 142, 194; made in Moorfields, i. 10; ii. 76.

bridges: i. 21–7, 239, 242; ii. 52, 66, 95; bridge, or landing-place, ii. 122; draw-bridge, i. 25–6.

Bridgemasters: i. 14, 226, 277.

brokers: i. 129; ii. 28, 289, 361.

brothels: see Stews.

Brotherhoods: see Fraternities.

Broyderars: see Embroiderers.

budget-makers: ii. 19.

building: character of early, i. 3–7; regulation of, i. 83, 193, 226; ii. 368: high houses come into use, i. 129, 151, 194; ii 19; vaulted, i. 325, 348. Growth of, in city, i. 124, 129, 149, 165–6, 250; ii. 21, 27–8, 367; in suburbs, i. 127–9; ii. 52, 66, 710–4, 78, 86–7, 98, 368; at Westminster, ii. 102, 368. see brick, foundationstones, glass, stone, thatch, tile, wood.

bull-baiting: i. 93; ii. 54, 366.

burel: (cloth), i. 286; ii. 313.

burial grounds: i. 114, 124, 162, 165, 201, 221, 227, 255, 262, 294; ii. 3, 17, 81, 296.

butchers: their places of trade, i. 81, 187–8, 211, 216, 316, 343; ii. 312; their scalding-house, i. 211; regulations for, i. 317.

Butchers Company: i. 316; ii. 191.

C

Candlemas: festivities at, i. 96–7.

candles: makers of, i. 218; ii. 313; price of, i. 85.

caps: worn by citizens, ii. 194.

cards: games at, i. 97.

Carpenters Company: i. 176; ii. 191.

carriages: see coaches.

carriers: i. 231, 346; ii. 282, 353.

carts: shod carts prohibited, i. 83; increased number of, id.; streets too narrow for, i. 240.

causeways: i. 32, 113.

Chamberlain: The City, i. 102, 156, 161–2, 207, 235; ii. 187–9; his court, i. 271; ii. 21, 37, 362.

chandlers: i. 218. see Tallow-chandlers, Waxchandlers.

chantries: i. 23, 124, 131, 185, 195–6, 205, 245–6, 218, 227, 235, 245–6 249, 253, 257, 262, 270, 274–5, 281, 284, 307, 309, 232, 355–6, 339, 342, 347, 351; ii. 2, 5, 39, 41, 57, 298–90, 302, 312, 315, 325–6, 328, 330–1, 352, 364; lands of, sequestered, i. 197, 263.

charcoal: i. 148, 302; ii. 335.

charities: of old time, i. 141; ii. 291; disregard of, i. 148, 154, 198, 246; ii. 293; for apprentices, i. 107, 116; for blind, i. 106; for bread, i. 145, 148; for churches, i. 114, 186, 195, 197–8, 210, 235, 252-3, 293, 297, 314; ii. 5, 86; for coal, i. 112–14, 174, 204; ii. 86; for education, i. 109, 174; for highways, i. 109–11, 174; 113, 245–6, 264–5; ii. 5, 86, 173, 178, 328; for maids' marriages, i 110–11, 154, 197, 283; ii. 173, 328; for poor and beggars, i. 89–90, 107–8, 110. 112–15, 197–8, 235, 246, 348; ii. 5, 86, 173, 179; for prisoners, i. 40, 106, 110, 112, 115, 154, 246; ii. 39, 173; for sermons, i. 110, 168, 185, 198, 201, 246. See also almshouses, hospitals, schools. charters: i. 22, 29, 43, 68, 121–5, 232, 324; ii. 6, 57, 105–6, 111, 128–9, 148.

cheese: i. 213

cheesemongers: ii. 4.

choirs and choristers: i 154, 198, 274; ii. 123, 137.

Christmas: sports and decorations at, i. 96–7; ii. 348.

claret: i. 85; ii. 323.

cloth: Colours of, i. 86, 89, 102; ii. 189. Kinds of: bayes, i. 116; burel, i. 286; ii. 313; canvas, i. 155; Mustardvillers, ii. 189; ray, i. 86; ii. 166, 190; say, i. 102, 155; worsted, i. 102, 155. Markets for, i. 155–6, 284, 288. Price of, i. 86; ii. 189.

Clothworkers Company: their hall, i. 133; almshouses, i. 310; bequests to, i. 316; ii. 86, 345.

coaches: first use of, i. 83–4; ii. 282–3.

coal: i. 112–13, 160, 174; ii. 38; duty on, i. 206; not to be burnt in London, ii. 162.

cockfighting: i. 92; cockpit at Westminster, ii. 102, 374.

coinage: i. 51–7. See money.

Colleges: religious, i. 220, 223, 243, 273, 307, 327–8; ii. 108; educational, i. 75–16.

common-beam: at Leadenhall, i. 156, 158; at the Erber, ii. 318.

Common Council, Court of: administration by, i. 29, 228; ii. 182; grants by, i. 20, 128, 155, 242, 327, 332, 342; meetings of, i. 65, 221, 271; ordinances by, i. 39; ii. 189; petition to, i. 158.

Common Councillors: number of. See at end of each Ward

common-fields: ii. 83; ii. 72, 74, 77.

Common Hunt: ii. 188–9, 370.

Common-Sergeant, The: ii. 188–9.

Companies, The City: ii. 191–3.

Compters, or Counters: the sheriffs prisons, i. 263, 296; clerks of the, i. 231; wards in, i. 115; ii. 285. See Compters in Index II.

Condnits: gifts for building, i. 173, 211, 266, 292–3, 300; ii. 34, 41, 173, 177, 179; built at charge of City, i. 128, 173, 283, 342; ii. 41; at charge of inhabitants, in 41. See Conduits in Index II.

Conscience, Court of: i. 271.

cooks and cookhouses: i. 79, 81, 152, 216–17. 238; ii. 313, 322.

Cooks Company: i. 309.

Coopers Company: i. 116, 289; ii. 191.

Cordwainers: their places of trade, i. 250, 261; regulations for, i. 351.

Cordwainers Company: i. 351; ii. 191.

corn: importation of, i. 41, 108–9, 206, 232–4; ii. 7, 9, 169, 173; garners for, i. 110, 153, 156–7, 208, 266; ii. 65, 174, 180; market for, i. 187, 343; duties on, i. 206, 213; price of, i. 110, 234; ii. 160, 163, 167, 173; charge for grinding, ii. 160.

Corporation, The City: property of, i. 153, 226, 234, 242, 273, 288; ii. 10, II, 336; revenue of, i. 271; ii. 209; farm sheriffwick of London and Middlesex, ii. 148–50, 209.

Corpus Christi procession: i. 230–1; ii. 284.

counsel of the City: i. 231, 308; ii. 386.

Counters: see Compters.

Courts of the City: i. 271; ii. 188.

Courts of Law: ii. 59, 117–20.

cranes: i. 238–9; ii. 10.

cressets: carried in marching watch, i. 102.

curfew: i. 99, 255; ii. 329.

curriers: i. 81, 176, 250, 261.

Curriers Company: i. 297; ii. 191.

Custos, or Warden, of the City: ii. 157–61, 169.

customs, customhouse: i. 41, 135.

cutlers: i. 245; ii. 19. 325.

Cutlers Company: i. 244–5; ii. 190.

D

Dance of Death, at St. Paul's: i. 109, 327–8; ii. 346.

dancing: i. 95–7, 102.

dearth: i. 90, 108–10; ii. 163.

debt: imprisonment for, i. 33, 37, 39.

devil, the: tears up a standard, i. 97; appears at St. Michael, Cornhill, i. 196.

decing: in private houses, i. 96, 106.

dicing-houses: public, i. 104, 149; ii. 79, 368.

ditch of the City: made in 1211, i. 19; ii. 273; its cleansing, i. 19, 20; ii. 273; nearly filled up, i, 20, 164; ii. 297; encroachments on, i. 126, 129; traces of Roman, ii. 273.

ditch of the Tower: i. 28, 129.

drainage: of streets, i. 175; of Moorfields, i. 32; ii. 76–7, 369–70.

drapers: i. 81, 199, 217, 218, 346; ii. 27, 352.

Drapers Company: ii. 190; their Hall and arms, i. 180; incorporated, id.; bequests to, i. 112, 154, 195; property of, ii. 91; repair wall, i. 10; their almshouse, i. 302.

dress: of aldermen, i. 123, 167, 231; ii. 193–4; of citizens, i. 95; ii. 193–5, 386; of mayor's officers, i. 102; ii. 189; of marching watch, i. 91, 102–3; of mummers, i. 96; of a nobleman's household, i. 86, 88–9; extravagant shoes, i. 351; legislation on, id. See also, caps, cloth, furs, silk.

drowning: accidents by, i. 16, 24, 25, 41, 230; punishment of death by, i. 65; ii. 273.

drunkenness: in early times, i. 7. 80; increase of in sixteenth century, i. 83; ii. 282; tipplinghouses, i. 343.

Dutch merchants and residents: i. 176, 208, 219; ii. 314, 323.

dye-houses: i. 232; ii. 320–1.

Dyers Company: i. 237; ii. 190.

E

earthquake: i. 47.

Easter: festivities at, i. 98.

education: i. 71–9. See charities, colleges, schools.

enclosures and encroachments: on highways and commons, i. 83; ii. 29, 72, 74, 77; on banks of streams, i. 12, 14, 16, 119; on Town ditch, i. 126, 129, 164; on Tower Hill, i. 129-30; on streets, i. 268, 297, 343, 346.

Embroiderers Company: i. 314; ii. 191.

epitaphs: i. 197, 207, 222, 248, 251–3, 262, 276, 283, 289, 296, 306-7, 336; ii. 23, 58, 309, 311, 321, 326–7, 335, 338–9, 341–2, 357.

exchange of money: i. 52–3, 71, 260, 323; ii. 18, 159.

executions: at Aldgate, i. 144; at the Elms, Smithfield, i. 49, 51, 65, 254; ii. 29; at the Standard, i. 234, 265; at TowerHill, i. 48, 58–9; at Tyburn, ii. 91, 372; at Wapping, ii. 70–1, 367.

executors: neglect shown by, i. 114–16, 148, 154, 198, 273.

F

fables: i. 118, 173, 206, 220–1, 275, 292, 305, 349; ii. 132.

fairs: i. 104; ii. 27, 69, 101, 361.

false accusers: i. 254; ii. 32, 76.

Farriers Company: ii. 192.

famines: i. 90, 108; ii, 163.

feasts: the mayor's, i. 272–3; ii. 190; at Goldsmiths Hall, i. 305; ii. 341–2; at Westminister, ii. 113–16; Midsummer

banqueting in streets, i. 101.

fellowships: see City Companies.

felons: burial of, ii. 82.

ferry: on site of London Bridge, i. 21; ii. 56, 273.

festivals: calabration of, i. 97–104; attendance of mayor at St. Paul's on, ii. 190. See All-Hallows Eve, Candlemas, Corpus Christi, Easter, Mayday, Midsummer.

fifteenths: grants of, by City, i. 128, 332; ii. 214; bequests for relief of wards from, i. 109, 205, 207, 253; ii. 172, 176, 309–10.

fires: in 1087, i. 35, 69, 118, 324; in 1136, i. 22, 139, 224; in 1212, i. 24; at St. Paul's, i. 326, 331–2; ii. 174, 346–7; at Westminster, ii. 106, 117, 121; other fires, i. 25, 30, 59, 60, 65, 148, 155, 209–10, 222, 294, 299, 347; ii. 98. Building regulations to prevent, i. 83, 193, 295.

fish: in Thomes, i. 8; in Town ditch, i. 20; shellfish, i. 42, 206; markets for, i. 42, 106, 117, 187, 225, 346; ii. 163, 302; ports for, i. 41, 206; ii. 5; price of, i. 85.

fishmongers: i. 81, 211, 213, 346, 351; ii. 4,5.

Fishmongers Company: precedence, ii. 190; brotherhood of, i. 195; anciently two companies, i. 213; united, i. 215; their Halls and Hallmotes, 214–15; ii. 5, 357; their importance, i. 214; quarrel with clothing guilds, i. 214–15; ii. 312; quarrel with the Skinners, ii. 331; their fables about Walworth, i. 215; renew and falsify his tomb, i. 220; amity with Goldsmiths, i. 215; their pageant in 1298, i. 95, 213.

flat-caps: of citizens, ii. 195–6, 386.

fletchers: i. 81; ii. 79.

Fletchers Company: ii. 191.

floods on Thames: ii. 114–15.

folkmote: of citizens, i. 325, 331; ii. 345–6.

football: i. 92, 94.

foundation-stones: laying of, i. 60, 166, 193, 272; ii. 107, 303.

founders: i. 81, 277.

Founders Company: i. 283; ii. 191.

Foysters Company: ii. 191.

Fratermities, or Brotherhoods: i. 131, 146, 155, 161, 170, 182, 195, 201, 205, 230, 237, 245, 263, 270, 284, 286, 300, 301, 309, 330; ii. 80, 92, 192, 293, 304.

freedom of city: honorary, i. 107; an alderman deprived of, ii. 323.

friars: i. 68, 277, 317–18, 339; ii. 88–9.

fripperers, or second-hand dealers: ii. 199, 217.

fripperers, or second-hand dealers: i. 109, 217.

fruit: import of, i. 206.

Fruiterers Company: i. 242; ii. 192.

Fruiterers Company: ii. 191.

furs: of variable Miniver (or powdred Ermin): of Budge or Lamb, i. 86; i. 87, 250; ii. 327.

G

galley-halfpence, i. 132-3; ii. 289.

galley-men: i. 132, 137.

games: i. 92, 94–5, 97. See bowling, cards, football, Quintain, tables, tennis.

gardens: in the city, i, 19, 31, 48, 149, 151, 165, 200, 211, 246, 255, 273, 288, 328; in suburbs, i. 291; ii. 66, 68, 78–80, 88; garden-plots, i. 125–7, 129; 131, 148; ii. 33; of pleasure, i. 165, 176, 179, 301; in Moorfields, i. 32, 291; ii. 78, 274, 369–70.

garden-houses: i. 127, 129, 301; ii. 78, 80, 370.

garlick: i. 249: ii. 9.

garners, or granaries: i. 110, 153, 156–7, 208, 266; ii. 65, 174, 180.

gates: i. 27–9; keeping of, i. 29; ii. 146; repair of, i. 32, 34, 42, 232-3.

giants: supposed remains of, i. 275, 348–9; ii. 333, 337, 353; Stow disbelieves in, i. 348; ii. 353; in City pageants, i. 103.

Girdlers Company: ii. 191.

glass: introduction of, i. 7; glazing of churches, i. 173, 248, 252–3, 317; of Guildhall, i. 109, 272, 274; ii. 194, 333; stained, i. 40, 107–8, 145, 173, 194, 196, 223, 229, 245, 248, 252–3, 262, 274; ii. 3, 33, 194; factory, i. 148; price of, ii. 327–8.

Glaziers Company: i. 248; ii. 191.

goddards:i. 343.

gold coinage: i. 51-7.

goldcoinage: i. 81, 345; ii. 351–2.

Goldsmiths Company: i. i. 303–6; ii. 171, 190, 355; bequests to, i. 305; ii. 171; repair City Wall, i. 10; quarrel with Taylors, ii. 158.

Grey Tanners Company: ii. 192.

grocers: i. 81, 211, 260–1, 264; i. 329–30.

Grocers Company: i. 118, 263; ii. 190, 325, 328, 334–5; bequests to, i. 108, 192, 263, 284, tribute to improvement of Guildhall, i. 273.

guilds: i. 120-1, 263, 284, 286: ii. 192, 312, See also Fraternities.

guns: use of in 1471, i. 30; hand-guns, i. 102, 261; stored at Leadenhall, i. 155, 158; gunners of the Tower, i. 166: gunfounding, i. 128; ii. 288.

gunpowderexplosions of, i. 49, 222; ii. 95.

H

haberdashers, i. 81, 211, 264; ii. 311.

Haberdashers Company, i. 298, 304; ii. 190.

haft-markers, i. 245.

Hallmote, Courts of, i. i.214–15, 271, 344; ii. 5, 357.

Hanse, The: i. 232–5; ii. 284, 319–20; repair Bishopgate, i. 32, 232–3.

henchmen: of the King, i. 131; of mayor and sheriffs, i. 102–3.

heralds, i. 132, 172, 237, 295, 299, 300; ii. 16, 17, 62.

haraldry, i. 40, 63, 180, 182, 199, 201, 221, 224, 274, 287, 347; ii. 15, 90, 337.

highways: bequests for improving, i. 110–11, 113, 245–6, 264–5; ii. 5, 86, 174, 178; encroachments on, ii. 72, 74.

hosiers, i. 81, 250–1.

Hospitals: i. 105–6, 108, 164, 166; ii. 39, 68, 90–1, 95, 100, 101, 143–5. See Bethlehem, Bridewell, Christ's, Denton's, Elsing, Papey, Rouncivall, St. Anthony's, St. Bartholomew's, St. Giles', St. James', St. Katherine's, St. Mary Barking, St. Thomas Acon, St. Thomas Southwark, in Index II.

Hospitallers, The Knights, ii. 50–1, 83–5, 146.

houses:of ecclesiastics, i. 146, 149, 180, 224, 234, 237, 302; ii. 4, 11, 13, 16, 29, 35, 43, 45, 53–4, 56, 60, 63–4, 66, 87–9, 92–3, 99, 100; of merchants, i. 132–3, 146, 150–2, 172–5, 179, 192, 199, 203, 209, 211, 222, 232, 235–7, 245, 248, 278, 283, 289, 292, 295, 305, 346; ii. 4, 338; of nobles, &c., i. 66, 70, 74, 136, 138, 142, 146, 148–9, 151, 163, 165, 173, 176, 179, 216, 222, 224, 236–7, 242, 247, 278, 302, 304, 315, 339, 343; ii. 13, 15–17, 45, 47, 53, 59, 65, 87–9, 92–5, 98, 102.

households, great, i. 85–9; ii. 20.

Husting, Court of, i. 65, 189, 271, 292.

I

illuminations, i. 95–6, 101, 102, 230; ii. 284.

images, unpopularity of, i. 38, 266-7, 272; ii. 331-2.

immorality, punishment and regulation of, i. 188–90, 350; ii. 54–5, 166, 176, 303.

inns, or hostels for travellers, i. 127, 164–5, 170, 174–5, 202, 270, 346, 348; ii. 29, 34, 62, 64, 74, 87. See also taverns.

Inns of Chancery, i. 77; ii. 37–40, 92-3, 97, 372-3.

Inns of Court, i. 77; ii. 50, 90.

Innholders Company, i. 231; ii. 191.

ironmongers, i. 81, 134, 270.

Ironmongers Company, i. 146–7; ii. 190; bequests to, i. 116; ii. 4.

iron-work, market for, i. 155.

J

Jews: ill treatment of, i. 9, 30, 36, 38, 277–81; charges against, i. 36, 280; expulsion of, i. 281; synagogues of, i. 277–8, 280–1, 286; stone-houses of, i. 9, 30, 38, 280, 282–3; burial place of, i. 301; House of Converts for, i. 280; ii. 42; in London, i. 3, 279–81; ii. 335–6, see Old Jewry, Poor Jewry, in Index II; in Norwich, i. 36, 279–80; in York, i. 279.

Joiners Company, i. 232; ii. 191.

jousts: in Cheap, i. 257, 268; ii. 164; on London Bridge, i. 25; at Smithfield, i. 245; ii. 29–33; at the Tower, i. 58–9; at Westminster, ii. 99, 102, 116, 374.

juries and jurors, i. 191, 350.

K

King's beam, the, i. 192.

Knighten-Guild, The, i. 29, 120–3, 140; ii. 286–7.

L

law, courts of; at Westminster, ii. 117–20; of Admiralty, ii. 59; justices sit at Tower, i. 50–1; at Stone-Cross, ii. 93; at Bridewell, i. 69.

laystalls, i. 70, 219; ii. 72, 74, 77.

lead: cisterns of, i. 17, 153, 264, 266; pipes of, i. 264; ii. 34, 41; roofs, i. 37, 177, 227, 248, 253, 332, 343; market for, i. 156.

leather, market for, ii. 59; money made of, i. 57.

Leathersellers Company, i. 171–2; ii. 190, 299.

lepers and lazer-houses, i. 105, 110, 112; ii. 68, 101, 143, 145–7, 372.

liberties of City: assertion of, against the Crown, i. 47, 49, 130; grants and confirmations of, ii. 149, 151, 153, 161, 164.

libraries, i. 109, 194, 231, 274–5, 282, 318, 328; ii. 23, 304, 346.

lighters, i. 238; ii. 10.

lighting: of streets, i. 26, 256, 271; ii. 171. See also illuminations.

lightning, buildings struck by, i. 326, 331, 347.

lime, lime-burners, i. 10, 150; ii. 38, 294.

linen, i. 155–6, 217, 232.

Linendrapers Company, ii. 191.

lions, at the Tower, i. 48, 59.

liveries: of nobles, i. 88–9; of Mayor and sheriffs, ii. 189–90; of citizens, ii. 193–4.

loans: by City or merchants to the King, i. 107-8; ii. 171; bequests for to apprentices, i. 107, 116; ii. 167.

Lombards, i. 201; ii. 307.

Loriners Company, ii. 192.

M

Maces, the City, ii. 165.

madhouses, i. 137, 164–5; ii. 98.

manors, i. 70, 153, 259; ii. 76.

mantle and ring, taking of by widows, i. 186; ii. 302.

marching-watch, the, i. 102–4, 257–8, 270; ii. 283–4.

markets:for bread, i. 157, 344; corn, i. 187, 342; fish, i. 42, 106, 117, 187, 225, 346; ii. 163; hardware, i. 155; horses and leather, i. 80; ii. 29, 361; leather, ii. 59; linen, i. 156; meat, i, 106, 117, 187, 217, 225, 316, 343; ii. 163; wool, woolen goods, and cloth, i. 115, 155–6, 226, 284, 288; general, i. 258; superintendence of by Mayor, i. 157; ii. 295. See Blackwell Hall, Leadenhall, Smithfield, Stocks, Woolchurchhaw, in Index II.

Marshal, the City, i. 63.

Masons Company, i. 285; ii. 191.

Mayday: festivals on, i. 98–9, 143; maypoles, i. 99, 143–4, 160, 349; evil Mayday, i. 99, 143, 152.

Mayor: the first, ii. 149, 384; election of, ii. 151; not to hold office more than one year, ii. 181; presented at Exchequer, ii. 156, 174–5, 179; a mayor rejected, ii. 155; mayors deprived, ii. 156-7, 168-9; mayors knighted, ii. 168, 175–6, 179, 181. Ranks before all but King in City, ii. 36; is escheator in the City, i. 270; ii. 35; his Court, i. 271–2; ii. 179; his chamber at Guildhall, i. 272; superintends markets, i. 157; alderman of the Hanse presented to, i. 233. His officers, i. 102–3; ii. 187–8; his serjeants, i. 231; ii. 165; Pageants, i. 103; his lord; and at sermons at of Misrule, i. 97. Takes part in marching-watch, i. 102–3; in Corpus Christi procession, i. 231; attends at St. Paul's, ii. 191; and at sermons at Spittle, i. 167–8; at Bartholomew fair, i. 104; at royal feasts, ii. 116. His dress, i. 231; ii. 193–5; his collar, i. 112; ii, 285; his livery, ii. 189.

Meat, see butchers, markets, prices.

mercers, i. 81, 211, 268, 339.

Mercers Company: i. 269–70; ii. 190; bequests to, i. 112. 330.

merchants, foreign, i. 32, 44, 82. 201; ii. 278.

Merchant Taylors Company: i. 181–2; ii. 190; quarrel with Goldsmiths, ii. 158; bequests to, i. 113–14, 125, 151, 181.

Midsummer, festivities at, i. 101, 103; ii. 284.

milk, price of, i. 126.

Mills: on Fleet, i. 12–13; ii. 14; on Thames, ii. 10.

Mind-day, i. 109.

Mints, i. 51, 323; ii. 59, 159, 174, 178.

Misrule, Lords of, i. 97.

Money: coinage of, i. 51–7; assay towns for, i. 54; sterling, i. 53–3, 314; sirculation of base, i. 56–7; bad and foreign, i. 132–3; clipping of, i. 281; exchange of, in London, i. 52, 54, 260, 323; ii. 18, 159.

Monuments, sepulchural; i. 124, 131–2, 134–5, 141–3, 145, 147, 172, 176–81 183–5, 195, 197–8, 201–5, 207–10, 212–13, 218–19, 221–4, 228–9, 235, 243 245, 248–9, 251–3, 256–7, 260–2, 264, 269, 271, 274–6, 281–4, 289, 293–300, 305–7, 314, 319–24 328, 323–3, 335–42, 346–8, 351; ii, 2–5, 15, 18, 23–14, 27–8, 39, 46–7, 51, 57–60, 63–4, 67, 75, 82–3, 85, 108–11, 287–93, 299–301, 306, 308–9 314–15, 324, 326–8, 330, 332, 334, 338–42, 344–5, 348–50, 352, 360, 364–7, 371, 376–7; defacement of, i. 135, 197, 204, 208, 212, 220, 224, 229, 235, 243, 253, 260–1, 269, 274, 281, 294, 314, 322, 328; ii. 75, 109, 314.

moots; legal exercises, i. 78; ii. 281. See also folk-mote, hall-mote, ward-mote.

morality, regulation of, i. 188–9; ii. 166, 176.

morris-dancers, i. 102–3.

mummings, i. 96–7.

murders, i. 100, 254–5; ii. 19, 72, 158, 160.

music, i. 96, 102, 104, 246.

musters, the City, i. 84–5, 104; in 1539, i. 91; ii. 284.

N

night-walkers, i. 100, 106, 188–9.

O

onions, i. 206; ii. 9.

oranges, i. 206.

ordeal: the water doom, i. 100; by battle, ii. 31.

ordeal: by battle, ii. 31.

Orphans, Court of, i. 271; its chest, i. 108.

ovens, public, ii. 65, 367.

overcrowding of houses, i. 124, 165.

oysters, i. 42, 247.

P

pageants: of Citizens, i. 95–6; ii. 193–4; in marching watch, i. 102–3; ii. 78; stores for, kept at Leadenhall, i. 158–60. >A royal pageant, i. 98.

Painter Stainers Company, ii. 3, 191.

paintings, i. 109, 327, 336–7, 345; ii. 194, 346.

parich churches, list of, ii. 137–43, 382.

Parish Clerks Company: i. 170–1, 240, 273–4; their plays, i. 15, 93; ii. 31, 272.

pastelars, i. 81; ii. 39.

paternoster makers, i. 81, 338.

patten-makers, i. 81; ii. 310.

paving of streets, i. 27, 142, 254, 264–5; ii. 96.

pepperers, i. 81, 261, 263. See Geocers.

pestilence, i. 124, 126; ii. 163.

Pewterers Company, i. 201–2; ii. 190.

physicians, i. 58–9, 75, 337; ii. 15, 18, 121.

Pie Powder, Court of, ii. 27, 69.

pillory, i. 191.

Pinners Company, i. 297; ii. 253.

pirates: 106–7; ii. 71, 168; execution of at Wapping, ii. 70–1, 367.

plague, the, i. 124, 126; ii. 81, 166, 170.

Plasterers Company, i. 297.

plate: i. 231; ii. 305; gold, i. 91; silver-gilt, ii. 341; silver, i. 86, 91, 226; ii. 341.

plays: of parish-clerks at Clerkenwell or Skinners well, ii. 15–16, 93; ii. 31, 171, 272.

Plumbers Company, i. 242; ii. 191.

poor, relief of, i. 88, 105, 108–12, 198, 300, 348; ii. 24–5, 65, 167.

popinjay, the, i. 166.

population: great increase of in eastern subusurbs, i. 127; ii. 72–3, 367–8; causes of increase, ii. 211–12, 367–8; influx of aliens, i. 208; ii. 367; of St. Giles', Cripplegate, ii. 80.

porters: of the King's beam, i. 104, 192; at Queenhithe, ii. 9.

portreeves, i. 287; ii. 147–9, 382.

Pouchmakers Company, ii. 191.

poulters, i. 163, 186, 264.

Poulterers Company, ii. 191.

prices of: bread, i. 157, 344; candles, i. 85; cloth, i. 85–6; ii. 189; corn, i. 110, 234; ii. 160, 163, 167, 173; eggs, ii. 162; fish, i. 85; fur, i. 86; meat, groceries, i. 85; meat, i. 187; ii. 37, 162; i. 126; parchment, i. 85; poultry, ii. 37, 162; saddles, i. 86; silk, i. 86; soap, i. 251; stone, i. 142, 256; wax, i. 85, 87; wine, i. 83, 85, 199, 240–1; ii. 165. Rise in, due to bad money, i. 57.

printing and printers, i. 34, 309; ii. 123, 276, 380.

prisons: for debt, i. 33 37, 39; for felony, i. 36, 39; for freemen, i. 37, 39; for heresy, ii. 19; for night-walkers, i. 188, 191. Sheriffs responsible for, i. 36, 50, 263, 350; abuses in, i. 350; ii. 355; unwholesomeness of, i. 36; wards in, i. 115; ii. 285; water supply of, i. 17, 37, 108; bequests for relief of prisoners, i. 36, 39, 106, 110, 115–16. See Cage, Clink, Compters, Cripplegate, Fleet, Gatehouse, King's Bench, Lollards Tower, Ludgate, Marshalsea, Newgate, Tower, Tun, White Lion, in Index II.

processions: Corpus Christi, i. 230–1; of the Buck at St. Paul's, i. 334; ii. 348.

pumps, i. 138, 160, 164, 175, 290, 292.

punishments: burning, i. 255; carting, i. 190–1; cutting-off hand, ii. 160; drowning, i. 65, 106; hanging, i. 254; pillory, i. 191; stocks, i. 64, 191; ii. 176. Of disorderly persons, i. 161; of pirates, ii. 71.

purprestures, or encroachments, i. 83; ii. 72.

Q

quintain, i. 94.

quires, see choirs.

R

Recorder, The, i. 243, 308; ii. 161–2, 187.

religious foundations, i. 122–5, 131, 137, 139–40, 161, 171, 220, 223, 242, 317, 328–9; ii. 22, 46, 56, 66, 73, 81, 83, 85, 89, 95, 101, 105; suppressed or surrendered, i. 73, 123, 125–6, 131, 141, 146–7, 167, 171, 243, 318, 328–9; ii. 24, 47, 58, 67; 73, 83, 85, 95, 101, 107–8; valuations of, i. 125–6, 147, 167, 171, 318; ii. 24, 47, 67, 73, 83, 86, 95; buildings turned to secular uses. i. 131, 294, 318; ii. 59, 84.

rents, i. 46, 151, 153, 172, 186, 208, 226, 234, 244, 249, 256, 258, 260, 570, 295, 314-15, 346; ii. 38, 42, 60, 63, 291; rise in, i. 57, 208.

riots, i. 30, 49, 50, 95, 99, 100, 217, 244, 247, 254; ii. 61–2, 153, 158, 174–6, 178.

Roman remains, i. 160, 168–70, 333; ii. 273.

S

Sack, Friars of the, i. 277; ii. 334.

saddles, i. 63; side, i. 84.

Saddlers Company, i. 314; ii. 191.

Saint Giles' bowl, ii. 91, 372.

salt, importation of, i. 206, ii. 9–10.

salters, i. 134.

Slaters Company, i. 246, 347; ii. 190.

Sanctuary, privileges and abuses of, i. 308; ii. 82, 111, 343, 377.

Scavengers. See at end of each Ward.

Schools: in the 12th century, i. 72–3; ii. 281; foundation of, in London under Henry VI, i. 73, 194, 256; ii. 38, 321; other London Schools, i. 154, 183, 237–8, 249, 269, 330; Gilbson's school at Ratcliffe, ii. 71; Schools founded by London Citizens in country, i. 108, 111–16. 301. Decay of London Schools, i. 256. Disputations and disputes of scholars, i. 74–5; ii. 281. See Christ's Hospital, Merchant Taylors, St. Anthony's, St. Paul's, St. Peter's Westminster, St. Thomas Acon, in Index II.

Scriveners Company, ii. 191.

sculpture: in churches, i. 314; ii. 33, 45; on tombstones, i. 249, 305, 333; ii. 57; on Cheap Cross, i. 266–7; on Fleet Standard, ii. 41; on Gates, i. 38-9; on Goldsmiths Row, i. 345; at Guildhall, i. 272, 274.

Seal of the City, i. 221, 315; ii. 153, 344.

Secondary, The, ii. 177, 188.

selds, i. 257–8, 268; ii. 329. See Tanners Seld, Winchester Seld, in Index II.

sergeants: of the City, i. 104; of the Mayor, i. 231; ii. 165; of the Sheriffs, ii. 153, 165, 176.

sergeants-at-law, i. 77; ii. 35–7, 47, 362.

sermons: at Paul's Cross, i. 143–4, 167–8, 246, 331; at Spittle Cross, i. 110, 167–8, 246. Bequests for, i. 110, 168, 185, 198, 201, 243; ii. 178.

sheathmakers, i. 245.

Sheremen Company, ii. 191.

sheremoniers, ii. 18.

Sheriffs: i. 80; ii. 148–9; election of, ii. 188; their court, i. 271; their prisons, i. 263, 296; their officers, ii. 188; their sergeants and clerks, ii. 153, 176-1, 182; their chaplains, i. 231; their livery, ii. 189; their pageants in marching-watch, i. 103; take part in Corpus Christi procession, i. 231; attend wrestling at Bartholomew fair, i. 104; attend sermons at Spittle, ii. 167. Sheriffs removed for taking bribes, ii. 159n; a sheriff fined by the Mayor, ii. 177.

ships, shipping: on Thomas, i. 12, 21, 25, 30, 41, 43, 136; ii. 1, 9; on Fleet, i. 12. Customs paid, for, i. 41, 206; ii. 7.

shipwrights, i. 41, 206; ii. 72.

shoes, fashions in, i. 351.

shoemakers, i. 81, 251, 351; ii. 281.

silk, i. 103, 217; ii. 313, 388.

silver, coinage of, i. 52–7; foil, i. 53; of Guthouron's Lane, i. 53, 314; plate, i. 86, 91, 226; ii. 341.

skating, i. 93.

skinners, i. 81, 250.

Skinners Company, i. 160, 230–1; ii. 190; help to repair walls, i. 10; bequests to, i. 113, 174; quarrel with Fishmongers, ii. 331.

slate, use of in building, i. 83, 125, 193.

slaughter-houses, i. 313, 316, 343.

soap and soap makers, i. 251; ii. 327.

sokes in the City, i. 29, 43, 64, 123; ii. 7, 14, 279, 294, 358.

sports: i. 91–9; bear-and bull-baiting, i. 93, 95; ii. 54; cock-fighting, i. 95, ii. 102; wrestling, i. 95, 104. See also archery, bowling alleys, games; and Christmas, Easter, May Day, Midsummer.

Spurriers Company, ii. 192.

stage, the: miracle-plays in 12th century, i. 92; plays at Clerkenwell and Skinners well, i. 15–16, 93, ii. 31, 272; theatres, i. 93; ii. 236, 368–9. See also mumming.

Staple, Merchants of the, i. 155; ii. 102–4, 289.

Stationers: of Patermoster Row; i. 329, 338; of Paul's churchyard, i. 81, 329–30; ii. 281.

Stationers Company, ii. 20, 191.

stews and brothels, ii. 10, 53–4, 311, 331, 366.

stpocks, the, i. 64, 191, 225; ii. 91, 176.

stockfishmongers, i. 81, 213.

stone: use of for building in early times, i. 5, 7; houses in London to be built of, i. 83; houses of Jews built of, i. 9, 30, 38, 193; ancient buildings of, i. 136, 138, 163, 193, 247, 259. Brought from Caen, i. 28, 30, 137, 256, 286, 325, 348; from Kent, i. 28; from Purbeck, i. 272; from Yorkshire, ii. 107. Price of, i. 142, 256.

Storehouses, religious buildings converted into, i. 125–6, 131, 177, 318; ii. 84, 371.

storms, i. 41, 45, 97, 177, 230, 254, 326; ii. 19, 360.

Streets: lighting of, i. 26, 256, 271; ii. 171; paving of, i. 27, 254, 264–5; ii. 96; dangers of through traffic, i. 35, 83; closing of, i. 35, 68-9, 139, 149, of, i. 35, 68–9, 139, 149, 176, 200, 234–5, 325, 339; ii. 318, 320, 356; encroachments on, licensed by corporation, i. 162, 226, 228, 314, 339, 342; ii. 297; an unlicensed encroachment, i. 346.

suburbs: description of, ii. 69–97; growth of building in, i. 127–9; ii. 52, 66, 70–4, 78, 86–7, 98, 367–8; abuses in, ii. 74, 79–80, 367–9.

sugar, ii. 4.

Surgeons Company, ii. 191.

surgeons, i. 281, 315–16.

surgery, lecturer on, i. 75.

sweating-sickness, ii. 178.

sword in the City arms, i. 221; ii. 314.

Sword-bearer, the Mayor's ii. 187–8.

T

tables, game of, i. 190.

tallow-chandlers, i. 218.

Tallow-Chandlers Company, i. 230; ii. 191.

tanners, i. 12; ii. 329.

tapestry at Guildhall, i. 273; ii. 333.

taverns, i. 199, 200, 211. 216, 238-9, 278, 297, 300, 309; ii. 107.

Temple, The Knights of the, ii. 47–51.

tenements, subdivision of large houses into, i. 163, 211, 231, 237, 242, 244; ii. 4, 15, 322, 368.

tennis and tennis-courts, i. 93, 147, 200; ii. 102, 374.

tenter-yards, i. 126–7; ii. 78, 288.

tenures: Burgage-tenure usual in London, i. 270, 288, 315; ii. 35. By payments: of a rose, i. 67, 236; ii. 13; of clove of gilliflower, i. 245, 311; of a pair of spurs, i. 279; of three barbed arrows, ii. 92.

thatch, not to be used, i. 83, 193.

theatres, i. 93; ii. 236, 262, 368–9.

thieves, thieving, i. 65, 100–1, 139, 193, 200, 350; ii. 104.

tile: to be used for roofs, i. 83, 193; Flanders tile introduced, i. 30.

Tilers Company, ii. 192.

timber, importation of, i. 232; ii. 10.

tournaments, see jousts.

Town Clerk, The, i. 308; ii. 187.

trade, regulation of, i. 82, 233, 238, 286.

traffic: regulation of, i. 83–4; crowding of streets with, i. 35, 83; obstructions to, presented in Wardmote, i. 266.

tronage, i. 1078, 135, 155, 226.

turners, i. 211.

Turners Company, ii. 191.

U

Universities: a University of Law in London, i. 76–7; bequests for Scholars at Oxford and Cambridge, i. 109, 165, 174; ii. 4, 39; foundations by citizens at Oxford, i. 113; ii. 183; at Cambridge, i. 128.

Upholders Company, or upholsters, i. 199, 217, 264.

Upholders Company, ii. 191.

usury, usurers, i. 47; ii. 131–2.

V

vineyards, i. 45; ii. 362.

vintners, i. 81, 238.

Vintners Company: i. 240, 242; ii. 190, 323; bequests to, i. 106, 240; ii. 167; their rebuff to Stow, ii. 247.

W

wages, i. 20, 88.

walls of the city: circuit of, i. 10; the Roman, i. 5; ii. 269; FitzStephen's description, i. 8–9; wall on the Thames side, i. 9; ii. 269; alteration in course of wall at Blackfriars, i. 9; ii. 280; repairs to, i. 9–10; ii. 157, 162, 164, 177; houses built on, i. 19.

wards of the city: in 12th century, i. 80; ii. 286; hereditary, i. 64, 311; division of city into, i. 11720, 310; ii. 20, 286; determination of boundaries of, i. 161–2, 258; derivation of names of, i. 287; ii. 307, 336; assessment of for taxation, i. 163, and see at end of each Ward; parish churches in, ii. 138–42.

Wards, Court of, ii. 120.

wardmotes, i. 162, 190, 266, 271. See also at end of each Ward.

watch, the City, i. 101, 188, 193, 217.

water supply: anciently derived from river and wells, i. 11–15; first brought in pipes from Tyburn in 1236, i. 16; and again later, ii. 17; 109, 191, 292; ii. 41; brought from Paddington, i. 17, 264; ii. 40; from Hackney, i. 128; from Hampstead, i. 13; from Highbury, i. 18, 293, 300; from Hoxton and Islington, i. 283; forciers for supplying water from Thames, i. 18, 42, 188, 232; ii. 3, 11, 18, 285. Service in streets: bosses and cocks, i. 17, 208, 284, 300; ii. 11, 38, 79, 83; conduits, i. 17–19, 109-10, 114, 173, 211, 266, 283-4, 292-3, 300; ii. 18, 34, 40-1, 79, 83, 173, 177, 179, 302; cisterns, i. 191; ii. 41, 43; pumps, i. 138, 160, 164, 175, 290, 292. See also wells. Services: of prisons, i. 17. 37, 108; of College of Pety Canons, i. 327; of Battle Inn, ii. 66.

wax-chandlers, i. 218; ii. 313.

Wax-chandlers Company, i. 298; ii. 190.

weavers: i. 218; ii. 336; foreign, i. 218.

Weavers Company, i. 285 -6; ii. 192, 336.

weirs and keddles on Thames, ii. 153, 170.

wells: in the City, i. II, 34, 138, 164, 174, 216, 219, 290, 292, 299, 316; in the suburbs, i. II, 15 -16; ii. 86, 272-3.

wharfs: on Thames, i. 22, 40-1, 43-4, 135, 206, 215-16, 234, 239; ii. 10, II, 13, 56, 64; on Fleet, i. 12.

wherries, i. 12, 94.

whifflers, i. 102.

whirlicotes, i. 83-4, 244.

wills, i. 34, 76, 108-16, 148, 154, 164, 174, 186, 197, 207, 211, 245-6, 255, 273, 294, 314, 316, 326; ii. 5, 10, 35, 39, 65, 123; not observed, i. 114-16, 148, 154, 198, 246, 328, 344; probate of, i. 342.

windmills, i. 330; ii. 77, 80, 370.

windows, see glass.

wine: importation of, i. 132, 238; wine houses, ii. 314, 320; sale of, in Vintry, i. 79, 81, 238; increased use of, i. 241; ii. 323; adulteration of, i. 240; price of, i. 83, 85, 199, 240-1; ii. 165; monopoly of, i. 240; ii. 323; claret, red, and white, i. 85; sack, i. 241; Gascon, i. 240, 248; ii. 165; Malmsey, i. 241; Rhenish, i. 219, 240; ii. 165, 314, 320; Rumney, i. 241.

wiredrawers, i. 150.

Wiresellers Company, ii. 192.

woad, i. 82.

wood: buildings of, i. 28, 34, 40, 125, 151, 231, 295; ii. 15; restriction on use for building, i. 83, 295. Wood wharves and woodmongers in Castle Baynard, ii. 13, 16, 279, 359.

Woodmongers Company, ii, 16, 191.

wool: markets for, at Bakewell Hall, i. 288; at Bay Hall, i. 284; at Leadenhall, i. 155-6, 160; at Woolchurch, i. 226-7; ii. 317, 324. Foreign wool, i. 286; wool from Andover, ii. 324; weighing or tronage of wool, i. 108, 135. 155, 226; regulation of wool trade, i. 286, 288; ii. 102-4; Woolstaple at Westminster ib. See also cloth.

wrestling, i. 95; at Bartholomew Fair, i. 16, 95, 104; ii. 174.



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