The principal acts of the general assembly, holden and begun at Edinburgh, May 9, 1745.
I. Sess. 1, May 9, 1745.—The King's Commission to Alexander Earl of Leven produced,
and ordered to be recorded
The General Assembly, &c.
II. Sess. 1, May 9, 1745.—The King's most gracious Letter to the General Assembly,
presented to them by his Majesty's Commissioner
piety, and the remarkable loyalty and affection you have ever expressed for our person and government in your former Assemblies, fully persuade us at this time, you
will be directed by the same laudable spirit; and, therefore, we most willingly countenance your present meeting by our approbation and royal authority. And we take
this opportunity to renew to you the assurances of our firm resolution to support
and maintain all the rights and privileges of the Church of Scotland, as by law
As we make no doubt but you now come together with the like good dispositions
and intentions, so you may depend upon our protection and assistance in all your endeavours to promote the true interest of religion, to prevent the growth of Popery,
and to discourage and suppress profaneness and immorality; and as you must be
sensible of the great importance of a good agreement and unanimity among yourselves in all your proceedings, so we hope your debates will be conducted with
all moderation, brotherly love, and charity.
We have again made choice of our right trusty and entirely beloved cousin, Alexander Earl of Leven, to represent our royal person in this Assembly. His known
zeal for our service, and his firm adherence to the principles of the Church of Scotland, and concern for its prosperity, will always render him acceptable to you. And
as we have the greatest confidence in his capacity, diligence, and application in the
discharge of so important a trust, we are persuaded that you, on your part, will
contribute every thing in your power towards the unanimous and speedy dispatch of
the bussiness proper for your consideration, and the attaining the good and desirable
ends for which you are now convened. And so we bid you heartily farewell.
Given at our Court at St James's the 18th day of April 1745, and in the eighteenth year of our reign.
By His Majesty's Command,
Directed,—To the Right Reverend and well-beloved, the Moderator, Ministers, and Elders, of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland.
III. Sess. 3, May 11, 1745.—The General Assembly's Answer to the King's most gracious
May it please your Majesty,
The very gracious letter with which your Majesty has been pleased to honour us
was received with all the duty and thankfulness becoming loyal subjects, sensible of
the great happiness they enjoy under your beign and auspicious government.
That your Majesty is pleased so willingly to countenance our meeting in this Assembly, by your royal approbation and authority, cannot but effect us with the more
warm and lively sense of gratitude, that it is supported by such honourable sentiments
of the zeal shown for the glory of God, and the advancement of true religion; and the
loyalty and affection expressed for your Majesty's person and government in our
former Assemblies, and such a full persuasion that we will be directed by the same
landable spirit in this Assembly. So obliging a confidence in us must render us
utterly inexcusable, if, by any neglect of our duty, we should disappoint it, and should
forfeit the applauses our Sovereign discovers such forwardness to bestow on us.
Your Majesty's renewed assurances of your firm resolution to support and maintain
all the rights and privileges of the Church of Scotland, as by law established, oblige
us, in the strongest manner, to renew our humble and dutiful expressions of the most
inviolable affection and loyalty to your Majesty's person and government, of our entire reliance on your royal assurances, and of our firm confidence in your protection
Your Majesty's goodness, in entertaining such a firm persuasion of the good dispositions and intentions with which we are now come together, and so strongly
encouraging our dependence upon your royal protection and assistance, in our
endeavours to do what is our unquestionable duty, lays us under additional obligations to use our best endeavours for promoting the true interest of religion,
for preventing the growth of Popery, and for discouraging and suppressing profaneness and immorality. And the sense we must have of the great importance of
a good agreement and unanimity among ourselves in all our proceedings, and that
our debates be conducted with all moderation, brotherly love, and charity, highly recommend to us such a complaince with your Majesty's kind and gracious injunctions, as may answer your favourable hopes.
The continance of your royal bounty, for promoting the knowledge of true religion in the Highlands and Islands of Scotland, we most thankfully receive, as a fresh
instance of your paternal regard, and of your generous designs for the greatest good of
your subjects, which obliges us to the strictest care in managing this your royal donation in such manner as may best answer the purpose of so tender a nursing-father.
Your Majesty's repeated choice of the Earl of Leven to represent your royal person in this Assembly, could not fail to be most agreeable to us, and to be regarded
by us as a further proof of your royal favour. His known zeal for your Majesty's
service, and his firm adherence to the principles of the Church of Scotland, and concern for its prosperity, must always render him acceptable to us. And it is with the
greatest satisfaction we observe the just confidence your Majesty has in his capacity,
diligence, and application, in the discharge of so important a trust. We should be
highly culpable if we were wanting on our part to contribute every thing in our power
towards the unanimours and speedy dispatch of the business proper for our consideration, and the attaining the good and desirable ends for which we are now convened.
That God may long preserve your Majesty for the good of all your people, and the
maintaining the true Protestant interest, the liberties of mankind, and the balance of
Europe;—that your sacred person and valuable life may always, and everywhere, be
under the protection of his good and watchful Providence;—that he may abundantly
bless the Prince and Princess of Wales, the Duke, the Princesses, and all the branches
of your royal family;—and that there may never be wanting one of your most illustriour house to sway the sceptre of these realms while sun and moon endure;—that he may
prosper your arms, and those of your allies, against the common disturbers of the
peace of Europe;—and that, after a long and prosperous reign over a free and happy
people, you may at last inherit a crown of glory that fadeth not away, are, and shall
be, the hearty and unfeigned prayers of,
May it please your Majesty, your Majesty's most faithful, most obedient, and most loyal subjects, the Ministers and Elders met in
the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland.
Signed in our name, in our presence, and at our appointment, by
Will. Wishart, Moderator.
IV. Sess. 8, May 17, 1745.—Act concerning the Fund for a Provision to the Widows and
Children of the Ministers of this Church
The General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, having had laid before them a
representation of the trustees, nominated and appointed by the late Act of Parliament,
for managing the Fund for a Provision to the Widows and Children of the Ministers of
the Church of Scotland, and of the Heads, Principals, and Masters of the Universities
of St Andrews, Glasgow, and Edinburgh, setting forth, that by the delay of several
Presbyteries in transmitting timeously the lists of particulars necessary to be known
by the trustees, it was with the utmost difficulty that they could make the charge on
the collector in due time, which delay was occasioned, in a great measure, through Presby the trustees, it was with utmost difficulty that they could make the charge on
the collector in due time, which delay was occasined, in a great measure, through Pres
byteries not keeping a separate register, according to the fourth Act of the late General
Assembly, appointing every Presbytery to keep a separtate register, and therein to
record the names and parish churches of the several ministers, members of their respective Presbyteries, with the particular daters of their admissions and marriages;
and also the dated of the birth or death of their children, and of several other facts; as
the said act more fully bears. And the Assembly, considering the great inconve
niences that may arise, through Presbyteries not duly keeping, and regulartly filling up,
the several particulars in their said separate register in an uniform manner, out of which
the facts may, from time to time, be taken, and in the most authentic manner attested and
transmitted to the said trustees, did, therefore, and hereby do, renew the foresaid 4th
Act of last General Assembly, and strictly enjoin the observation thereof; and to the
end the same may be more regularly and uniformly observed, do appoint the several
Presbyteriers to keep the said separate register according to the plan this day agreed
upon by the Assembly, and recorded in their register. And each minister is hereby
required duly to report to the Presbytery, either by himself or by letter, any alteration which shall happen from time to time in his family, at the first diet of Presbytery
immediately subsequent to such alteration; or in case of an unavoidable necessity
preventing his then notifying such alteration, he shall intimate the same as soon as
possible. And the Assembly do appoint the several Synods to call for the said separate registers at least once a year, and carefully inspect the same, and atleast that
they are kept according to the plan referred to in this Act; which attestation shall also
be marked in the Synod's records. And for the Better securing, and more regular
transmission of the foresaid annual lists to the trustces, the General Assembly do
enact and ordain, that every Presbytery shall meet annually on such day, betwixt
the 11th of November and the 11th of December, as they shall respectively judge most
convenient, (the Presbyteries in the Western and Northern Isles excepted;) and shall,
at such meeting, prepare and transmit to the trustee's clerk, may be the better en
respective lists for the preceding year, to the end the trustees may be the better enabled with accuracy to carry on the scheme. And the General Assembly do recommend to and enjoin the several Presbyteries to be careful in uplifting and transmitting to the collector-general of the fund the rates due out of vacant parishes, and out
of the annats in their several bounds. And the Assembly further appoints the several Presbyteries, so soon as this Act shall come to their hands, to insert the same, and
also the 4th Act of Assembly, 1744, in their separate register; and to acquaint such
of their members as are absent of the contents of this Act.
V. Sess. 8. May 17, 1745.—Act prohibiting Synods to disjoin or annex Parishes from one
Presbytery to another.
The General Assembly, considering the inconveniences that may arise, by Synods
passing acts for annexation or disjunction of parishes from one Presbytery to another, did, and hereby do, prohibit Synods to disjoin any parish from a Presbytery,
and annex the same to another, without first having the authority of the General
Assembly; and that what shall be done in virtue of such authority be reported to
the Assembly next following, and have their approbation to any such annexation or
VI. Sess. 9, May 18, 1745.—Act and Overture about some pieces of Sacred Poesy.
The General Assembly had laid before them, by their committee, some pieces of
sacred poesy, under the title of Translations and Paraphases of several Passages of
Sacred Scripture, composed by private persons; and though the Assembly have not
sufficient time to consider these poems maturely, so as to approve or disapprove of
them, Yet they judge the same may be printed; and do remit the consideration of
them to the several Presbyteries, in order to their transmitting their observations to
the next General Assembly, that they, or any subsequent Assembly, may give such
orders about the whole affair as they shall judge for edification; and the Assembly
appoint this their resolution to be prefixed to the impression.
VII. Sess. ult., May 20, 1745.—Commission to some Ministers and Ruling Elders for Reformation of the Highlands and Islands, and for Managing his Majesty's Royal
Bounty for that end
The General Assembly, &c.
VIII. Sess. ult., May 20, 1745.—Commission to some Ministers and Ruling Elders for
discussing Affairs referred to them.
The General Assembly, &c.
IX. Sess. ult., May 20, 1745.—Act concerning the Character and Behaviour of Ministers
and Probationers. (fn. *)
The General Assembly, considering how much it is for the honour of God and edification of the Church, that all ministers and preachers of the Gospel be persons of
good life and character, do carnestly recommend to and enjoin all Presbyteries to
take care that all ministers behave themselves as becomes their character; and to be
strict in adverting that young men whom they license to preach the Gospel, be persons of good report, and carefully observe their behaviour after they are licensed;
they do also appoint that the rules of the Form of Process, Chap. vii., with respect to
informations against ministers of this Church, be extended to probationers.
X. Sess. ult., May 20, 1745.—Act and Overture about Licensing Probationers.
XI. Sess. ult., May 20, 1745.—Act appointing the Diet of the next General Assembly.
The next General Assembly of this National Church is appointed to be held in
this place, upon the second Thursday of May next, being the 8th day of that
month, in the year 1746.
The General Assembly was concluded with prayer, and singing a part of the 122d
Psalm, from the 6th verse to the close, and pronouncing of the blessing.
Collected and extracted from the Records of the General Assembly, by
Will. Grant, Cls. Eccl. Scot.