Bishopsgate Poorhouse - Black Bull, Leadenhall

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Centre for Metropolitan History

Publication

Author

Henry A Harben

Year published

1918

Supporting documents

Citation Show another format:

'Bishopsgate Poorhouse - Black Bull, Leadenhall', A Dictionary of London (1918). URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=63033 Date accessed: 22 August 2014.


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Bishopsgate Poorhouse

In Rose Alley, Bishopsgate Without, a few yards from No. 34, near New Street (Lockie, 1810).

Bishopsgate Station

See Liverpool Street Stations.

Bishopsgate Ward

One of the twenty-six Wards of London, west of and adjoining to Aldgate and Portsoken Wards. It is of large extent and consists of two parts, the Ward Within and the Ward Without, the one part wholly included within the City walls, while the other part lay outside, forming, before the development of the modern suburban areas of the 19th century, the north-eastern suburbs, included within the City Liberties. These outer areas existed from early times, as in the neighbourhood of other large towns and cities, and have been compared to the "pomerium" or "territorium" of the cities of the Roman Empire. They were eventually incorporated into the City wards to which they were most nearly adjacent.

The ward has one alderman and two deputies, one for the Ward Within, one for the Ward Without.

First mention : "Ward of Bissopesgate," c. 1285 (Cal. L. Bk. A. p. 209). "Bisshopesgate Without" is mentioned 40 Ed. III. (Anc. Deeds, B. 2301-2).

Named after the gate of Bishopsgate.

Places of interest in the ward : Parish Churches, 3-St. Helen's Bishopsgate, St. Ethelburga, St. Botolph without Bishopsgate : Halls of Companies-Leathersellers' Hall.

The ward also contained amongst other places of interest : Old Artillery Ground, Gresham College, Bethlehem Hospital, St. Mary Spital, Crosby Hall, Sir Paul Pindar's house.

These no longer exist on their former sites, but have either been demolished or rebuilt elsewhere to allow for the formation and erection of the large railway centres which have recently sprung up in the neighbourhood.

In early times before the ward received its present appellation, it was designated by the names of its aldermen, as "Warda Edwardi Parole" (MS. D. and C. St. Paul's, c. 1130 Liber L. ff. 47-50). "Ward of Philip le Taylur" (Hund. Rolls, 3 Ed. I. p. 423). "Ward of Henry le Bole," 23 Ed. I. 1295 (Cal. L. Bk. B. p. 235).

See article on Wards.

Bishopsgate Ward Schools

In Primrose Street. Acquired by the Great Eastern Railway under their Act 1887 (End. Ch. St. Botolph, Rep. 1901, p. 59).

New site provided by the Railway Co. in Spital Square (ib.).

Bishopsgate Ward Within

See Bishopsgate Ward.

Bishopsgate Ward Without

See Bishopsgate Ward.

Bishopshead Court

See Bishops Court, Old Bailey.

Black and White Alley

East out of Tower Hill, near Woodruff Lane (Hatton, 1708-Boyle, 1799). Within the Tower precincts.

Not named in the maps.

Black and White Court

South out of Fleet Lane to Belle Savage Inn and the Old Bailey (Leake, 1666-Elmes, 1831).

Strype describes it in 1720 as a good, large and open place, with handsome buildings (ed. 1720, I. iii. 281).

Lady Rolles' house was in this court in 1666 (L. and P. Chas. II. 1665-6, p. 477).

Strype mentions an alley of the same name out of Old Bailey (ed. 1755, p. 817).

"Black and White Horse Court" (W. Stow, 1722).

See New Court, Old Bailey.

Black Bear Alley, Fleet Market

See Back Bear Alley

Black Boy (The), Watling Street

See Bear and Ragged Staff.

Black Boy Alley

,-North out of Chick Lane, in Farringdon Ward Without (P.C. 1732-Elmes, 1831).

Not named in the maps.

"Black Boy," West Smithfield, mentioned 1579-1639 (Chanc. Proc. 2nd series).

This name would be derived from the sign.

Black Boy Alley

South out of Thames Street to the Thames, leading to Wood Wharf, near Peter's Hill. In Queenhithe Ward (Leake, 1666-Boyle, 1799).

Site now occupied by wharves and warehouses, etc.

Black Boy Alley, Black Boy Court, Minories

See Golden Fleece Court.

Black Boy Alley, Seething Lane

See Black Dog Alley.

Black Boy and Camel

On the south side of Leadenhall Street, at No.8 (Lockie, 1810 and 1816).

Coach office for Essex.

Black Bull (The)

On the north side of Holborn, in Farringdon Ward Without, west of Hatton Garden.

See Bull Inn.

Black Bull Inn, Bishopsgate Street

See Bull Inn.

Black Bull Yard, Aldgate High Street

See Aldgate Avenue.

Black Bull, Leadenhall

Messuage called "le Blacke Bull," lying near Leadenhall in parish of St. Peter Cornehill, 31 Eliz. (1589) (Lond. I. p.m. III. p. 140).

Rent out of the Black Bull given for the poor of the parish of St. Peter Cornhill, 1635 (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 141).

In Leadenhall Street. Afterwards known as the Bull Inn (q.v.).