Peltry (The) - Peter (St.) de Bradestrate, Broadstreet

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Centre for Metropolitan History

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Author

Henry A Harben

Year published

1918

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'Peltry (The) - Peter (St.) de Bradestrate, Broadstreet', A Dictionary of London (1918). URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=63268 Date accessed: 28 August 2014.


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Peltry (The)

Situated apparently in that part of Cheap in which the skinners had their shops and selds, 1280 and 1273-4 (Ct. H.W. I. 47 and 18). From Latin "peletria"=peltry=skins.

No later reference.

Pemberton Row

At the north-west corner of Gough Square to Trinity Church Passage, in Farringdon Ward Without (P.O. Directory).

First mention : Rocque, 1746.

Named after the owner or builder.

Pemberton's Row

See Trinity Church Passage.

Pembrook's Inn

At the north end of Ave Maria Lane, in parish of St. Martin Ludgate, 18 Rich. II. (S. 341).

Formerly belonging to John, duke of Britaine, temp. Ed. II. , since called "Pembrook's Inn " as belonging to the Earl of Pembrook. Now called Burgavenny house (ib.), the residence of Henry Nevill, 6th Earl of Abergavenny, d. 1587.

In 1385 a grant was made to Michael Northburgh, bishop of London, of land near the stone wall of the bishop's palace, between the corner tenement called "le Briggehous" and the end of the wall opposite the great gate of the hostel of the Countess of Pembroke, 32 Ed. III.1358 (Cal. L. Bk. G. 132).

Site now occupied by Stationers' Hall (q.v.).

Penbrigge's Inn

See Benbridges Inn.

Peneritch Street

See Pancras Lane.

Penitentia (Fratres de)

An order of Friars, called " fratres de Penitencia Jesu Christi," and sometimes "Friars of the Sack," or Penance, because of the sackcloth they wore. A branch of the Franciscans (Newcourt, I. 515).

Stow says they were in England in 1257 (279-80).

First mention : 1259 (Ct. H.W. I. 5).

Their tenements and appurtenances were in "Colcherchstrate" in the parish of St. Olave in the Jewry and in the parish of St. Margaret de Lothebury, as appears from a charter of Queen Alianora, wife of Henry III. , confirming these tenements to them (Cal L. Bk. C. 61).

Their chapel was on the site of a former synagogue of the Jews in Colechurch Street in 1246. This has been located as at the northern end of the Old Jewry.

See Mary (St.), King's Chapel of.

The order was suppressed at the Council of Lyons and licence was granted to the brethren to assign their chapel in "Colemanestre," lately a synagogue of the Jews, to Robert Fitz Walter, 33 Ed. I. 1305 (Cal. P.R. Ed. I. 1301-7, p.317).

Stow says the chapel adjoined Fitz Walter's house, which occupied the site of what was afterwards Grocers' Hall. The site of the chapel in Stow's time was covered by a Tavern with the sign of a Windmill (S. 280).

See Windmill Court, Old Jewry.

Pennyfather's Rents

East out of Huggin Lane, south of Huggin Court (O.S. 1875). In Queenhithe Ward.

Occupies the site of" Faircloth Court" (q.v.).

Site now occupied by offices and business houses.

Named after the owner or builder.

Pentecost Lane

North out of Newgate Street, leading to the Bagnio, in Farringdon Ward Within, in parish of St. Nicholas Shambles, afterwards Christ Church, Newgate Street (S. 314).

First mention : " Pentecostelane," 1280 (Ct. H.W. I. 50).

Other forms: " Pentecosteslane," 22 Ed. I. (West. Abbey MS. Parcel 44 (12)). Pestcostlane," 1361 (Ct. H.W. II. 63). " Penthecoste Lane," 1539 (L. and P. H. VIII. XIV. (2), p. 101). " Pintottes " alias " Penticotes Lane," 1594 (Lond. I. p.m. III. 179). Pincock Lane" (O. and M. 1677-Strype, 1755).

See Roman Bath Street.

Possibly named after the original owner and corrupted in course of time to "Pin-cock."

Pepper Quern (The).-

At the corner of Cornhill and Bishopsgate, in the parish of St. Peter Cornhill, devised 1609 by Robert Warden to the Poulterers' Company for the parish of St. Peter (End. Ch. 1903, p. I).

No later mention.

Pepperers

Lived chiefly in Soper Lane, the Ropery and Chepe in 1345 (Cal. L. Bk. F. p.127).

In Bucklersbury in Stow's time (S. p.82).

Bequest made to the Fraternity of Pepperers of Soper Lane, 1350-1 (Ct. H.W. I. 648).

In 1365 Nicholas Chaucer was Surveyor of the Mistery of Grocers, Pepperers and Apothecaries of Sopereslane (Cal. L. Bk. G. p.204).

Person's Yard

See Alderman Stairs.

Perston's Yard

West out of the Minories, in Portsoken Ward (Hatton, 1708-Boyle, 1799).

Former name: "Preston's Yard" (O. and M. 1677).

Removed for the formation of "The Circus" (q.v.).

Named after the owner or builder.

Pestcostlane

See Pentecost Lane.

Peter (St.) ad Vincula in the Tower

On the west side of the Tower (O.S.).

In the Inner ward, at the north-west angle of the Parade (Bell, 2).

Parish church in the Tower for the inhabitants there, in Tower ward (S. 492).

First mention : Founded probably Temp. H. I. Mentioned in reign of K. John, 1210 (Bell, p. 1 ; Clark, ii. 257). Present church erected 1305-6 (Rot. claus., 34 Ed. I. m. 8, quoted Bell, 1). Rector and chaplains appointed 1353 (Newcourt, I. 529). Small cell or hermitage behind the chapel sometimes called " Recluso Sancti Eustachif Turris London" (Claus., 37 H. III. m. 21, quoted Bayley, Ed. 1830, p.125).

Early English columns in nave, Decorated window in north aisle, fine high Perpendicular window at east end. Piscina and squint (Bell, 5).

Burnt 1512 and restored 1532 (Bell, 4 and 5). Restored 1862, 1876-7.

A Rectory in the gift of the Crown.

Subjected to jurisdiction of Bishop of London, temp. Ed. VI. (P.S). Afterwards became Benefice donative (p.6).

Dedication: Uncommon one. Bell says it points to its use as a place of worship for the prisoners in contradistinction to the chapel of St. John, used by the Sovereign and the Court (p.3),

Peter (St.) at Baynardescastel

See Peter (St.) Paul's Wharf.

Peter (St.) at the Cross of Cheap

See Peter (St.) Westcheap.

Peter (St.) Cornhill

On the south side of Cornhill at No.55 (P.O. Directory). In Comhill Ward.

The parish is in Lime Street, Bishopsgate Within and Cornhill Wards. Earliest mention: "St. Peter binnon Lunden" (1040, Kemble, Codex Dip. dcclix.). Called also "St. Peter de Cornhill," "super Cornhill," "St. Peter Ledynhall in Corneyle," 1449 (Cal. P.R. H. VI. 1446-52, p, 304),

There was a tablet in the church in Stow's time recording that it was founded by King Lucius to be an Archbishop's See, c. 179, but that the see was removed to Canterbury temp. St. Augustine (S. 195; and see Riley's Memorials, 651-3).

Tablet afterwards in vestry.

A chapel of St. Mary in the Chancel (Strype).

Repaired 1628-33.

Destroyed in the Fire and rebuilt by Wren 1681 (Strype, Ed. 1720, I. ii. 139), and Parish Registers quoted in Trans. L. and M. Arch. Soc. IV. 305. Some ground was taken away from the Church for the widening of Gracechurch Street (Wilkinson, p.15).

A rood-screen erected at the time. Repaired 1889.

A Rectory. Patron: John de Nevyle, 10 Ed. I., Ch. I. p.m.

Advowson given to the Mayor and Aldermen by Richard Whittington. Presented first 1429 (Newcourt, I. 523).

The Lucius legend appears first in "Liber Pontificalis," not later than 700 A.D. Thence found its way into general circulation through Nennius and Bede's Ecclesiastical History (Kingsford's Stow, II. 304).

The Sixth Report of the Hist. MSS. Commission contains an account of some interesting MSS., belonging to the collection of Sir George Dasent, relating to the founding of the gild of St. Peter's Cornhill and the tenements set apart for its maintenance, etc. (pp.407-12).

Chiefly composed of members of the Fishmongers' Company (Trans. L. and M. Arch Soc. IV. p.303).

The church had attached to it 25 H. VI. one of the four parochial schools directed by Parliament to be maintained in London, and there was a fine library attached to the School (S. 195).

Peter (St.) Cornhill, Churchyard

Graveyard (disused) shown on the south side of the Church (O. and M. 1677-O.S.1880).

Peter (St.) de Bradestrate, Broadstreet

See Peter (St.) le Poor.