Thomas (St.) of Acon - Three Colt Yard, Crutched Friars

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Centre for Metropolitan History

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Author

Henry A Harben

Year published

1918

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'Thomas (St.) of Acon - Three Colt Yard, Crutched Friars', A Dictionary of London (1918). URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=63337 Date accessed: 26 October 2014.


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Thomas (St.) of Acon

A collegiate church and hospital on the north side of Cheapside on the site now occupied by Mercers' Hall and Chapel. In Cheap Ward.

A house of the military order of the Knights of St. Thomas of Acre. Adopted the rule of St. Augustine (Watney, 10).

First mention: "Hospital of St. Thomas of Acres" in England, 36 H. III. 1252 (Cal. P.R. H. III. 1247-58, p.135).

Stow says it was founded by Thomas Fitzthebald de heil and Agnes his wife, sister to Thomas Becket, in the reign of Hen. II. (S. 271).

About 1190 (Watney, 3).

The grant of land for the " basilica" in the Cartulary of the Hospital is dated 1221-8 (ib. 6).

Other names and forms of name: "Fratres Sancti Thomae Acon," 31 Ed. I. (Lib. Cust. I. 238). "Hospital of St. Thomas the Martyr of the Danes" (Dacorum), 16 Ed. II. 1323 (Cal. P.R. Ed. II. 1321-4, p.234). Surely a confusion of the name D'Acons, De Acon or De Acres. "St. Thomas the Martyr of Acon," 1399-40 (Ct. H.W. I. 436) St. Thomas de Acon," 1340 (ib. 437). " St. Thomas de Acres," 1349 (lb. 571). " St Thomas Dacon," 1349 (ib. 608). " St. Thomas near the Conduit," 1367 (ib. II. 104) St. Thomas de Aquino," 1361 (lb. 35). " St. Thomas de Acris," 1384 (lb. 243).

Surrendered 30 H. VIII. and since purchased by the Mercers' Co. (S. 271). Mercers' Hall and Chapel erected on the site.

Fraternity of Mercers constituted patrons of the Hospital.

Arnold Forster, in Dedications of Churches, I. 360, says this dedication commemorated St. Thomas of Canterbury, and this statement is supported by Stow's account of the foundation of the Hospital.

This account is confirmed by the Patent Roll, II Ed. III., in which pardon is granted to the master and brethren of the Hospital for acquiring property contrary to the Statutes of Mortmain, "out of affection for the martyr Thomas, late archbishop of Canterbury, who was born in the place now called the hospital of St. Thomas of Acon" (Cal. P.R. Ed. III. 1334-8, p.537).

The designation "de Acon" was, of course, the full title of the Order instituted in the Holy Land about the time of Becket's death, as a branch of the Templars, who had a house at Acre.

Thomas (St.) Walbrook

Parish of St. Thomas Walbrook, in Cordwainers Ward, 1568 (L. and P. Ed. VI. D.S. VII. 67).

Qy. = St. Thomas Apostle, Paternoster Royal.

Thomas (St.), Fraternity of

Bequest to the fraternity of St. Thomas the Martyr at the Conduit of London, 6 Ed. I. (Ct. H.W. I. 29).

Thomas Alley

See Throms Alley.

Thomas Johnson's Key

See Johnson's (Thomas) Key.

Thompson's Rents

See Leathersellers' Buildings.

Thompson's Rents

See Tomson's Rents.

Thornbastoneslane

See Turnebase Lane.

Threadneedle Street

South-west from No.11 Bishopsgate to the Bank of England (P.O. Directory). In Broad Street Ward. First mention Three needle Street" (S. 1598, p.137). Threed Needle Street" (Leake, 1666-O. and M. 1677).

In early days it seems to have been called Broad Street (q.v.) and extended to the Mansion House.

Hatton says it was so called of such a sign, i.e. of " Three needles."

Others suggest that it was so called on account of its connection with Merchant Taylors' Hall, while others suppose it to refer to the arms of the Needlemakers' Company -" three needles in fesse argent."

A Roman pavement was found under the French Protestant Church at a depth of 12-13 feet. The different levels suggest that the remains formed fragments of the flooring of various rooms. Coins have also been found (Arch. XXXVI. 206; XXIX. 401 et seq.).

The remains of Roman villas found on the line of the railway and extending across the roadway prove that it has no claim to be regarded as one of the older streets of the city (R. Smith, Illus. R. Lond., p. 56).

Three (The) Cranes

A famous tavern in the parish of St. Martin Vintry in the Ward of Vintree, 22 Eliz. (1580) (Lond. I. p.m. III. p.25).

Mentioned 1552 (Machyn's Diary, p.25).

Removed for the formation of Queen Street (q.v.).

See Three Cranes Lane.

Three Anchor Alley

In Shoe Lane (Strype, ed. 1755-Boyle, 1799).

Not named in the maps.

Name derived from the sign.

Three Arrows Brewhouse

Near to Sun Court, Golden Lane, in Cripplegate Ward Without (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 93).

Not named in the maps.

Three Bowl Court

South-west out of Houndsditch. In Portsoken Ward (O. and M. 1677-Dodsley, 1761).

Seems to have been demolished for the formation of Duke Street.

Three Cappes (The)

An Inn so called in parish of St. Andrew in Holborn, 36 H. VIII. 1544 (L. and P. H. VIII. XIX. (2), p.84).

There was a " Three Cup Yard "in Gray's Inn Passage. No later mention.

Three CCC Court

In Garlick Hill, in Vintry Ward (Lond. Guide, 1758-Boyle, 1799).

Perhaps the same as "Three Crown Court" in O. and M. 1677, and Rocque, 1746, and Three Shear Court (Strype, ed. 1755, 1.692).

Three Colt Court

At the west end of Slade's Buildings and south out of Angel Alley (Horwood, 1799-Elmes, 1831).

Former names: "Three Colts Alley" (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 108). "Lloyds Yard," "Loyds Yard" (Rocque, 1746-Boyle, 1799).

The site is now occupied by the Great Eastern Railway lines.

Three Colt Court

West out of Crutched Friars, in Aldgate Ward, north of Rangoon Street (O.S. 1875).

See Three Crown Court, Jewry Street.

Three Colt Court, Yard

South out of London Wall with a passage to Little Swan Alley. In Coleman Street Ward (Rocque, 1746-Boyle, 1799).

The site is now occupied by offices and business houses.

Name derived from the sign.

Three Colt Inn

On the south side of Bevis Marks, near Duke's Place (Hatton, 1708).

Not named in the maps.

Three Colt Yard, Crutched Friars

See French Horn Yard.