FREQUENTLY written in antient writings,
Snaves, lies the next parish eastward, in the level of
Romney Marsh, and within the liberty and jurisdiction of the justices of it. Part of it only is within the
hundred of Aloesbridge, another part in the hundred
of Ham, and the remainder in the hundred of Newchurch. The manor of Ickham, near Canterbury,
claims over a small part of this parish.
This PARISH is much the same as Brenset last described. There is no village. The church stands on
the south side of Snave green, or lees, along which
there are several straggling houses. There is nothing
further worth mention in it.
The MANOR OF SNAVE, alias Snaveleeze, was
held in early times by a family, which took its name
from their possessions here; for I find, as high as king
Richard I.'s reign, that John de Snave held land in
Snave, by knight's service, of the abbot of St. Augustine, bearing for his arms, as appears by his seal to
a deed in the Surrenden library, Six stars of six points,
three, two, and one. But after this name was extinct,
William de Sokenesse appears to have held it about
the reign of king Edward III. in like manner, of the
abbot and convent. It came next into the family of
Orlanstone, and after that in to the possession of the
eminent family of Haut, as appears by the register of
that abbey, (fn. 1) and continued so till at length Jane, the
youngest daughter and coheir of Sir William Haut,
of Bishopsborne, marrying Sir Thomas Wyatt, of
Allington, he became entitled to this manor, which
in the 33d year of king Henry VIII. an act having
passed for the purpose, he exchanged with the crown
for other premises, and it seems to have continued
there till queen Elizabeth, in her 22d year, granted it
to John Baptist Castilion and Margaret his wife, and
their heirs male, to hold in socage. Soon after which,
but by what means I have not discovered, it was become the property of Sir H. Sidney, K. G. and lord deputy of Ireland, who died possessed of it anno 28 queen
Elizabeth. (fn. 2) His son Sir Robert Sidney was created
Earl of Leicester, whose son Robert, earl of Leicester,
alienated this manor at the beginning of Charles I.'s
reign to Sir George Stonehouse, bart. of Berkshire,
whose descendant of the same name passed it away by
sale to Adye, whose heirs alienated it to John Marsh,
esq. of Nethersole, in Wimlingswold. Since which it
has passed with that seat, in the same descent of ownership, down to John Marsh, esq. of Chichester, in
Sussex, the present owner of it.
The MANOR OF SNAVEWICK, called likewise the
manor of Court at Week, and in the chronicles and registers of St. Augustine's abbey, the manor of Snave
only, was part of the antient possessions of that abbey,
and was given to it about the year 848, by one Wynemund, the friend of king Ethelwolf, by the name
of the land del Wyk, and he gave it freely for ever, in
the like manner as his lord had given it to him.
In the iter of H. de Stanton and his sociates, justices itinerant, anno 7 Edward II. the abbot, upon a
quo warranto, claimed, and was allowed free warren in
all his demesne lands in this manor, among others, and
view of frank pledge and all belonging to it, wreck of
the sea, and other liberties therein mentioned, the
abbot pleading the grants and confirmations of them
by the several kings, and that they had been allowed
in the last iter of J. de Berewick and his sociates, justices itinerant; all which was again confirmed to the
abbey by king Edward III. by his charter of inspeximus,
in his 36th year, (fn. 3) and king Henry VI. likewise confirmed the same. After which this manor remained
part of the possessions of the monastery till its dissolution, anno 30 Henry VIII. when it was surrendered,
with all its possessions, into the king's hands, where
this manor did not remain long, for the king, next
year, granted it, by the name of the manor of Snave,
alias the court of Wyke, with the advowson of the church
of Snave, and other premises, to Walter Hendley,
gent. afterwards sergeant-at law, to hold in capite, but
in the first year of king Edward VI. he conveyed it
back again to the crown, and the king immediately
granted it to archbishop Cranmer, by whose successor,
archbishop Parker, the manor itself (the advowson of
the church of Snave being reserved to the archbishop)
was again reconveyed to the crown in the beginning
of queen Elizabeth's reign. After which it was granted
for a term of years to Yates, of Berkshire, and the reversion of it by king Charles I. in the beginning of
his reign, to Mr. Patrick Blake, of Scotland, who conveyed his interest in it to Robert Austen, esq. of Hallplace, in Bexley, created a baronet anno 12 Charles II.
in whose descendants, baronets of that place, this manor continued down to Sir Robert Austen, bart. who
died possessed of it in 1743. (fn. 4) After which it was possessed, according to the limitations in his will, by the
several succeeding baronets, the last of whom, Sir Robert Austen, of Tenterden, dying in 1772, s. p. that
title became extinct, and he being only tenant for life,
the fee of this manor, by the above will, became
vested in Francis, lord le Despencer, whose sister Rachael, Sir Robert the testator, had married. He died
possessed of it in 1781, s. p. upon which that title
came to his sister lady Rachael Austen above-mentioned. but this manor by his will devolved on his relation Sir Thomas Stapleton, bart. of Grays, in Oxfordshire, afterwards by the death of Rachael, lady le
Despencer, above-mentioned, who died in 1788, æt.
80, s. p. on lord le Despencer, and he is the present
owner of it.
There are no parochial charities. The poor constantly relieved are about three, casually ten.
This PARISH is within the ECCLESIASTICAL JURISDICTION of the diocese of Canterbury, and deanry
The church, which is dedicated to St. Augustine,
consists of only one isle and one chancel of equal
length, and a small one on the north side. It is built
of sand-stone, and embattled all round, having a
tower steeple, with a beacon turret, at the west end,
in which are two bells. Within the altar-rails are several memorials of Brett.
This church, as an appendage to the manor of
Snave, alias Snavewick, was consequently of the patronage of the abbot and convent of St. 'Augustine. (fn. 5)
At the suppression of the abbey, anno 30 Henry VIII.
the advowson of this church came into the hands of
the crown, together with the manor, to which it continued an appendage in the different grants of it, till
archbishop Parker having in queen Elizabeth's reign
conveyed the manor back again to the crown, reserved
the advowson of the rectory of it. Since which it has
remained parcel of the possessions of the see of Canterbury, his grace the archbishop being the present
patron of it.
This rectory is valued in the king's books at
19l. 7s. 11d. and the yearly tenths at 1l. 18s. 9½d.
In 1588 it was valued at eighty pounds, communicants fifty-one. In 1640 it was valued at eighty-six
pounds, the like number of communicants. There
are nine acres of glebe land.
In the petition of the clergy, beneficed in Romney
Marsn, in 1635, for setting aside the custom of twopence an acre in lieu of tithe-wool and pasturage, a
full account of which has been given before, under
Burmarsh, the rector of Snave was one of those who
met on, this occasion; when this custom was agreed to
by him among others, and further, that no man had
ever heard or known wool in Romney Marsh to have
been paid in specie.
There is a modus of one shilling per acre on all the
grass lands in this parish.
Church of Snave.
|Or by whom presented.|
|The Archbishop.||William Hull, A. M. May 12,
1597, resigned 1600. (fn. 6) |
|John Graye, S. T. B. March 14,
1600, obt. 1621.|
|John Sandford, A. M. Oct. 27,
1621, obt. 1629.|
|William Jarvis, A. M. Oct. 14,
|Thomas Snelling, A. M. March
|Robert Richards, A. M. March
|Edward Bushnell, A. B. Oct.
23, 1683. obt. 1724.|
|Francis Cuil, A. B. Jan. 22,
1724, obt. 1738.|
|Francis Conduit, Aug. 17, 1738,
|Josiah Pomfret, LL. B. 1753,
obt. Nov. 1775. (fn. 7) |
|Philip Parsons, A. M. Feb. 9,
1775, the present rector. (fn. 8) |