235. [f.80v. Before 25 Feb. 1626] Bailiffs and portmen of Ipswich to the
king [See 236.]
Henry Rowndkettle, mariner of Ipswich, was part-owner and master of
the Christian Mary when, on a voyage to the East Country, she was lost
on 21 March last in foul weather on the coast of Norway near Wariburrow
[? Waersbergen, now Varberg in Sweden] with his adventure of £170.
He, his wife and family will perish unless the king extends his favour. All
which was proved in open session, and this petition made at Rowndkettle's request.
Richard Cooke, Matthew Browninge, Tobias Blosse, Christopher
Aldgate, Ro. Snellinge, William Cage, George Acton, Robert Sparrow.
236. 25 Feb. 1626. Trinity House to Sir Thomas Coventry, lord keeper
Upon the certificate  and at the request of the bearer, Henry
Rowndekettle, they commend him.
Thomas Best, Joshua Downinge, Samuel Doves, Walter Cook, William
Rainburrow, Thomas Trenchfeild, Robert Salmon, Robert Bell, John
Davis, Edward Maplesden, Christopher Browne.
237. [f.81] 14 Apr. 1626. Ratcliff. Trinity House [? to the navy
commissioners. Cf SP 16/24/77; CSPD 1625–6, 309.]
The navy commissioners required their opinion as to how fishing boats of
the north coast from Harwich to Boston might benefit from the waftage*
or convoy appointed for them. Their opinion is that boats from petty
places to the south of Yarmouth, viz. Harwich, Aldeburgh, Southwold,
Dunwich, etc., should repair to Yarmouth on a certain day, wind and
weather permitting, and, in the road there, meet the ships which are to
provide waftage. Meanwhile, the day should be notified to all places from
Yarmouth, viz. Lynn, Wells, Boston, so that all can be at or near Cromer
to meet the fleet coming from the south. One convoy should leave
Yarmouth a tide or 2 before the rest and sail for Cromer'so that all can
meet at the appointed time.
Thomas Best, Robert Salmon, Walter Cooke, John Davis, William
238. [f.81v] 7 Jan. 1626. Trinity House to Sir Thomas Coventry, lord
At the request of the bearer, Elizabeth Ensome, they certify the
knowledge of some of them that her husband Robert, mariner of Ratcliff,
is honest. He was master of the Unicorne of London on a voyage to the
Canary Islands, but returning homewards the ship was surprised by Sallee
men-of-war on about 29 Apr. last, within 10 or 12 leagues of Scilly.
Ensome lost his whole estate of at least £250, was taken to Sallee and sold
as a slave. He is cruelly misused to make him forsake Christ and serve
Mahomet. His ransom is set at 500 Barbary ducats which, at 10s a ducat,
amounts to £250. Neither he nor his wife can procure this amount and she
cannot maintain their 3 small children without charitable relief.
Thomas Best, master; Walter Cooke, Samuel Doves, John Bennett,
wardens; Gervais Hockett, William Goodlard, Robert Salmon, John
Davis, William Case, Anthony Tutchin.
239. [f.82] 14 [sic] Jan. 1626. Ratcliff. Trinity House [to an unidentified
addressee. See 240.]
According to his order of the 14th inst. they have interviewed the men
listed below and have set out each man's monthly wages according to his
St Andrew of Calais: Peter Lucas, master's mate, 36 guilder; John
Martinn, gunner, 20 guilder; Bengebin Binher, gunner's mate, 21s;
William Smith, 20s.
St George of Calais: Edward Dickinson, 23s; Nelles Alberson, boatswain,
St Claude of Calais: Peter Dulsnea, master gunner, 25 guilder; Jacob
Johnson, boatswain, 26 guilder; Peter Barnes, cook, 22 guilder; Jerricke
Myer, carpenter, 25 guilder; Nicholas Tise, carpenter, 25 guilder; Symon
Rych, sailor, 14 guilder.
If the king pays full freight to the owners of these ships as if the ships had
arrived at their home ports, the wages up to the date of the arrival of the
ships at Plymouth should be paid by the owners. If the king does not pay
freight, then he should pay these wages which the enemy should have
done in the previous case. From Plymouth they should be paid at the
same rate as 'our own seamen' for the period that they were in the king's
Thomas Best, Robert Salmon, John Bennet, William Case.
240. 18 Jan. 1626. Ratcliff. Trinity House [to an unidentified addressee]
Having received from Mr Cason the certificate which they sent 2 days ago
to the addressee concerning the wages of Dutch seamen who were in the
prizes [239,] for his full satisfaction they sent to the Nightingall of
Schiedam for the steersman, Bowen Johnson, the boatswain, Cornellis
Clayson, and the cook, Clayse Janson, the chief officers in the Holland
ships, who have certified that the monthly wages in their country are:
steersman from Holland, 36 guilder; gunner, boatswain and cook, 23
guilder each; carpenter, 32 guilder; ordinary man, 12 and 13 guilder.
While these men were before them, John Clayson, shipper of the White
Dove of Medemblik, came and confirmed these figures.
Thomas Best, Robert Salmon, Walter Cooke, William Rainborow,
241. [f.82v] 11 Jan. 1626. Trinity House [? to the navy commissioners. Cf
APC 1625–6, 294–5, 333–4; 242]
The ill service of seamen in the king's ships is due to the smallness of their
pay and an increase is the only remedy. The pay should be such that they
can live fairly on it, which they could do for 20s a month. This may be
given without any increase in charges or harm to the service by a
reduction of one-sixth in crews and by paying the men 20s a month, 12
months to the year. The common seamen in a ship allowed 200 men is
about 167. A one-sixth reduction would leave 167, of whom 40 would be
officers, leaving 127 sailors. Only men able to do all service, that is, for
top yards, helm, 'leedes' [? taking soundings with the lead] shall have 20s.
A small advance for the officers will give content: 20s a month for the
master, 25s for the pilot, 20s for the two master's mates, 6s or 7s for the
quartermasters, and so according to that rate for the other petty officers,
surgeons, trumpeters, drummers, etc. Trinity House will not meddle with
[the rates for] officers resident in the ships. These rates given, the king
will be well served, abuses of late years reformed, and the ships in more
security. Provided always that 'it be death to every man that shall receive
the king's money and not perform the service'. The difference in pay is:
|A ship with 200 men now paid 14s costs £140 a month
for wages and for 13 months:||1,820||0||0|
|Victuals for 200 men at 8d a man per day:||2,433||6||8|
[Continued at the foot of f.83]
|The same ship with 167 men paid 20s a month will cost
£167 and for 12 months:||2,004||0||0|
|The advance for officers for a year:||150||0||0|
|Victuals for 167 men at 8d a man per day:||2,031||16||8|
The saving is £67 10s a year. Towards the pay of the captain not
accounted for above, there is 20s a month and the £67 10s a year.
242. [f.83. ? 29 Dec. 1625 × 14 Jan. 1626] A proposition for the Newcastle
trade [Trinity House to the navy commissioners. Cf SP 16/18/59; CSPD
1625–6, 221; APC 1625–6, 295; 241.]
|Ten Newcastle ships of 350 or 400 tons each carrying 14, 15
or 16 pieces of ordnance with 60 men a ship at 40s a man
|Hire and freight of the ships per month:||460|
|Cost of 10 ships with 600 men:||1,660|
|Thirty barrels of powder, shot, muskets, swords and other
necessaries for each ship for a voyage of 8 months:||2,000|
|Cost of wages, victuals [hire and freight] at £1,660 a
month for 8 months:||13,280|
The business of raising the money is too weighty a matter for them, and
they leave it to the state to whom it belongs. Each great ship trading for
coal from 150 tons upwards should carry 4 pieces of ordnance. The new
light pieces of about 3 cwt. with minion* bore [? drakes*], 3 pound shot
and 2 pound powder to carry as far and as true as a minion would
be very suitable for all ships, especially those trading to Newcastle.
243. [f.83v. ? 29 Jan. 1626] Trinity House to the duke of Buckingham,
lord high admiral, about seamen's pay [Cf SP 16/19/78; CSPD 1625–6,
239. The SP text is annotated '39' Jan. 1629.]
244. [f.84. ? 8 Feb. × 24 Apr. 1626] (fn. 1) Trinity House to the house of
The defence of the kingdom much depends on its shipping and navy, for
which able and sufficient men are essential. Of late, whenever seamen
have been required for any service for defence, however important, a
sufficient number has been found only with difficulty, and being found,
many have evaded the service of the state in favour of that of the
merchants. Worse, some have fled to serve foreign princes and even
enemies, and have been the instruments of great loss to 'our' merchants.
The sole cause thereof is the smallness of the pay in the king's service
which is based on an ancient rate when victuals and other provisions were
much cheaper. The pay is not above 4d a day for ordinary seamen and
according to the same mean proportion for officers. Since most have
wives and children to support, it is far too little and not more than half the
amount usually allowed '(and the same well paid) both by our merchants
and by foreign states'. Furthermore merchant ships are vital for defence
and 'a navy royal' cannot set forth without them. Only 2s a ton per month
for merchant ships is allowed by the king, which, considering the wear
and spoil of ships in war service, is no way proportionate to the loss,
whereby shipowners are discouraged from building new ships or
245. [ff.84v–86. ? Early 1626] Statement of wages for the king's navy on
the basis of 20s a month [See 241, 243.]
1st rank, 400 men; 2nd, 250; 3rd, 200; 4th, 160; 5th, 120; 6th, 70 or 'for 60
or 80 proportioned from the medium of 20s per man a month'.
Captain: 1st–6th rank, 1 apiece.
Master: 1st rank, £5, 10s; 2nd, £5; 3rd, £4; 4th, £4; 5th, £3 10s; 6th, £3.
Pilot: 1st rank, £3; 2nd, £2 10s; 3rd, £2 5s; 4th–5th, £2; 6th, £1 15s.
Master's mates: 1st rank, 3, £6 15s; 2nd–3rd, 2, £4; 4th, 2, £3 10s; 5th, 1,
£1 16s 8d; 6th, 1, £1 10s.
Boatswain: 1st rank, £2; 2nd, £1 16s; 3rd–4th, £1 10s; 5th, £1 5s [sic]; 6th,
£1 6s 8d.
Boatswain's mates: 1st rank, 2, £2 10s; 2nd, 2, £2 5s; 3rd–4th, 1, £1 2s 6d;
5th–6th, 1, £1.
Quartermasters: 1st rank, 4, £5; 2nd–4th, 4, £4, 10s; 5th–6th, 4, £4.
Quartermasters' mates: 1st–4th rank, 4, £4.
Yeoman: 1st–2nd rank, 4, £4; 3rd, 2, £2.
Master carpenter: 1st–2nd rank, £1 16s; 3rd–4th, £1 10s; 5th–6th, £1 6s
Carpenter's mates: 1st rank, 2, £2 13s 4d; 2nd–4th, 1, £1 5s; 5th–6th, 1,
Carpenters: 1st rank, 9, £10 2s 6d; 2nd, 6, £6; 3rd, 4, £4.
Purser: 1st–2nd rank, £1 16s; 3rd–4th, £1 10s; 5th–6th, £1 6s 8d.
Steward: 1st–4th rank, £1 2s 6d; 5th–6th, £1.
Cook: As for the steward.
Steward's mates: 1st rank, 2, £2; 2nd, 1, 18s 6d; 3rd, 1, 18s.
Cook's mates: As for the steward's mates.
Surgeon: 1st rank, £1 16s; 2nd–4th, £1 10s; 5th–6th, £1 6s 8d.
Surgeon's mates: 1st rank, 2, £2 10s; 2nd–3rd, 1, £1.
Master trumpeter: 1st rank, £1 6s 8d; 2nd, £1 5s.
Trumpeters: 1st rank, 4, £4 10s; 2nd, 2, £2 5s; 3rd–6th, 1, £1 5s.
Drum and fife: 1st rank, 2, £2 5s; 2nd–4th, 2, £2.
Coxswain: 1st–4th rank, £1 2s 6d; 5th–6th, £1.
Coxswain's mate: 1st–3rd rank, £1.
'Skiffon' [skiff man]: 1st rank, £1 2s 6d.
'Skiffon's mate': 1st rank, £1.
Swabbers: 1st rank, 2, £2; 2nd, 1, 18s 6d; 3rd–4th, 1, 18s.
Swabber's mates: 1st rank, 2, £1 16s.
Armourer: 1st–3rd rank, £1 2s 6d; 4th–5th, £1.
Gunmaker: 1st–2nd rank, £1 2s 6d.
Master gunner: 1st rank, £1 16s; 2nd–4th, £1 10s; 5th–6th, £1 6s 8d.
Gunner's mates: 1st rank, 2, £2 5s; 2nd, 2, £2; 3rd–6th, 1, £1.
Quarter gunners: 1st–4th rank, 4, £4; 5th–6th, 2, £2.
Quarter gunner's mates: 1st rank, 4, £4.
Yeoman of the powder room: 1st–5th rank, £1.
Officers: 1st rank, 72, £91 2s 6d; 2nd, 53, £64 16s; 3rd, 42 [recte 44], £53 1s
6d; 4th, 34, £42 8s; 5th, 24, £29 3s 4d; 6th, 22, £26 3s 4d.
Able mariners at 18s each a month: 1st rank, 248, £223 4s; 2nd 147, £132
6s; 3rd, 118, £106 4s; 4th, 92, £82 16s; 5th, 72, £64 16s; 6th, 34, £30
Gromets [youths ranking between seamen and boys] and fresh men at 12s
each a month: 1st rank, 74, £44 8s; 2nd, 46, £27 12s; 3rd, 36, £21 12s;
4th, 30, £18; 5th, 20, £12; 6th, 11, £6 12s.
Boys at 8s each a month: 1st rank, 6, £2 8s; 2nd–5th, 4, £1 12s; 6th, 3, £1
Total: 1st rank, 400, £361 2s 6d; 2nd, 250, £226 6s; 3rd, 200, £182 9s 6d;
4th, 160, £144 16s; 5th, 120, £107 11s 4d; 6th, 70, £64 11s 4d.
Remaining for the captain's pay each month: 1st rank, £38 17s 6d; 2nd,
£23 14s; 3rd, £17 10s 6d; 4th, £15 4s; 5th, £12 8s 8d; 6th, £5 8s 8d.
Grand total: 1st rank, £400; 2nd, £250; 3rd, £200; 4th, £160; 5th, £120;
246. [f.86v] 3 Jan. 1626. Certificate by the parson of Rotherhithe and
Michael Fletcher, mariner of Rotherhithe and husband of the bearer, was
master of the Little James of London on a voyage to a plantation in New
England in America. Over a year ago, homeward bound and fully
freighted, the ship was surprised by a Sallee man-of-war on the west
coast, not many leagues from Plymouth. He and the ship were taken to
Sallee and it appears from his letters that he is in miserable captivity
there, having lost all that he is worth which, they are credibly informed, is
about £80. Neither he nor his wife can raise his £300 ransom. They have
lived honestly and it would be charitable to help to redeem him.
Thomas Gataker, parson of Rotherhithe, Aaron Woodcocke, William
Case, Gervais Hockett, David Edwardes, Henry Jesson, Thomas Wood,
John Blake, Austin Smith.
[Marginal note] Certificate for Thomasin [Elizabeth erased] Fletcher.
247. [f.87] 15 March 1626. Trinity House to Sir Thomas Coventry, lord
Certificate [as in 246 with minor differences].
Thomas Best, Walter Cooke, Samuel Doves, Robert Salmon, John
Bennett, Robert Bell, Thomas Trenchfeild.
248. [f.87v. After 13 May 1626] Thomas Askew of Faversham to the same
A petition seeking letters patent for a collection in Kent, Essex, Suffolk,
Norfolk, Middlesex and the cities of London and Norwich for his relief,
the need for which appears in the annexed certificates [249–50].
249. 27 Feb. 1626. Certificate by the mayor and jurats of Faversham
At Askew's request they certify that he has lived honestly among them
for many years, and is a mariner who was of good estate and who has
employed and trained many young seamen, many of whom have served
the king. On 2 July 1622, a small bark, the Ann of Faversham (23 tons),
which was laden with coal, John Calliver [Cullyver in 250] master, was
taken by Hollanders between Gravelines and Dunkirk. He was sole
owner of the bark and her cargo and he lost £60. On 14 Sept. 1623,
another bark, the Thomas of Faversham (30 tons) was cast away in foul
weather on the French coast on a voyage to load corn at 'St Valleries in
Sun' [Saint-Valéry-sur-Somme] in Picardy. The master was Thomas
Michell. Askew was half-owner and lost £45. On 12 March 1624, a new
bark [the Charles of Faversham, of which Askew was master in 250] (46
tons), was cast away in foul weather [in Yarmouth haven in 250] when
bound for Newcastle, laden with corn. The bark and most of the corn
belonged to Askewe, and his loss amounted to £300, while that of other
men came to £150. [f.88] On 2 July 1625, a bark, the Hopewell of
Faversham (80 tons) worth £200, of which he was master and owner, was
taken by a sloop or frigate of Blankenberge commanded by Capt.
Cornelis Stone, when bound for Newcastle. The crew were taken to
Blankenberge, cruelly handled and were kept in slavery for 5 months,
despite the efforts of Mr Trumball, the king's agent at Brussels, to secure
their release. They had to pay £155 14s 6d for ransom and charges, and
the bark and her goods worth £660 were confiscated. In addition there
was the loss of time and other damages. Askew's share of the loss was
£360. His total losses amount to about £765 and he and his wife and 5
small children are undone.
John Castlock, Reynold Edmondes, John Woodds, John Lawrence,
Certified by Edward Maplesden, John Totton and W. Bushill to be a true
250. [f.88v] 13 May 1626. Trinity House to Sir Thomas Coventry, lord
A certificate [as 249 with the differences there noted].
Thomas Love, Thomas Best, Richard Chester, Samuel Doves, Edward
Maplesden, Robert Salmon, William Case, Robert Bell, Robert
Adhams, Walter Cooke, John Bennett, Gervais Hockett, William
251. [f.89] 28 June 1626. Certificate by Trinity House for William Bunn,
mariner of Ratcliff [His misfortunes are recited as in 226 but (a) his losses
are given as £100 in 1616, £700 in 1622 and £300 in 1624; (b) the third
shipwreck is said to have occurred on 24 Nov. 1624; (c) in Nov. 1625 the
William and Thomas of London (140 dolls*) of which he was master and
part-owner, was cast away near Wells in Norfolk, whereby he lost over
Thomas Best, Robert Salmon, William Case, Robert Bell, William
[? recte Edward] Maplesden, Michael Geer, Robert Kitchen, John Davis,
William Ewens, John Totten, James Moyer.