LXVI. DAME MARY RAMSAY'S WILL (1601).
Dame Mary Ramsay, by Will, dated 8th July 1601, gave to
the master and wardens of the Merchant Tailors' Company
200l. to be delivered out to the brethren of their own company,
upon good security, at five per cent. for four years, the profit to
be distributed towards the relief of the poor of the company.
This sum of 200l. is supposed to have been lost by the failure
of the borrowers and their securities, but the company have
replaced the money out of their own funds, and the interest is
applied annually for the relief of the poor of the company under
a scheme sanctioned by the Court of Chancery.
By this scheme (settled by Order of the Court of Chancery
of the 3rd June 1835) a sum of 1,300l., which included the
above gift, together with the amount of interest on a sum of
500l., after deducting thereout 470l. 13s. 10d. for costs, was
ordered to be from time to time lent out in several sums of not
less than 50l. each, and not exceeding 300l. each, for a term not
exeeeding four years, according to the discretion of the com-
pany, at such a rate of interest as should yield an annual
income of 32l. per annum at least, that being the amount of
interest directed by the above will and those of Edward
Rennick and Henry Richards. (fn. 1)
LXVII. RICHARD SHEPHAM'S WILL (1604).
Richard Shepham, by Will, dated 20th July 1604, gave to the
master and wardens of the Merchant Tailors' Company 100l.
upon trust to be lent to four poor young men, artificers of the
company, for four years, and so to others from four years to
four years for ever, putting in sureties according to the custom
of the company, and the persons to whom the money lent
paying to the clerk 2s. 6d. for every bond, and the beadle 20d.
This 100l. may probably have been many years ago lost by
the failure of the parties borrowing, and their sureties, as for a
great many years no notice is taken of it in the company's
The same testator also, by a Codicil, dated the 28th July
1604, gave to the same company 50l. more, the interest thereof
to be laid out "in shirts and smocks, to the Merchant Tailors
Hall for ever, yearly, according to a precedent of a gift for the
like purpose made by a tailor of late."
The sum of 2l. 10s. is yearly carried to the almshouse account,
and expended in the purchase of shifts for the almswomen in
the company's almshouses.
LXVIII. JOHN HYDE'S WILL (1604).
John Hyde, by Will, dated 8th September 1604, gave to the
master and wardens of the Merchant Tailors Company certain
lands and tenements lying in the precinct called the Minories, in
London, and in Fleet-street, London, to hold to them and their
successors for ever, upon the trusts following, viz.:—
|To pay an annuity to the parson and churchwardens of the parish of
St. Andrew Undershaft||2||0||0|
|To the vicar and churchwardens of the parish of St. Bride, Fleet-street||1||10||0|
|To the minister and churchwardens of the Trinity, in the Minories||0||16||0|
|All these sums to be laid out in coals for the poor.|
|To the master and wardens of the Merchant Tailors Company, and their
successors, for the almswomen||5||0||0|
|To the minister of the chapel of Hayfield, in Derbyshire, keeping a
grammar-school within the chapel||10||0||0|
|To the clerk 20s. and beadle 10s.||1||10||0|
The rest of the rents to be employed for the discharge of
poor prisoners within the Compters and Ludgate, of London,
for small causes under 5l.
1l. 12s. is annually paid to the parish of St. Andrew Under-
shaft, being the amount of the bequest to that parish, land-tax
The sum of 30s. yearly is paid to the parish of St. Bride's.
The sum of 16s. yearly is paid to the parish of the Trinity
in the Minories.
The sum of 5l. per annum is retained by the Company, and
carried to the almshouse account, and applied yearly in the
support of the almswomen in the Company's almshouses.
The sum of 10l. is annually paid to the minister of Hayfield,
upon his receipt.
The 1l. 10s. is paid to the clerk and beadle of the company,
and the residue of the rents was, as in Blundell's trust, applied
to the discharge of poor debtors in the White-cross-street
Prison, in the Giltspur-street, Poultry Compter, and Ludgate
Wards, till imprisonment for debt was abolished, and is now,
with other prison funds, held in suspense till a scheme for distri-
bution is approved by the Court of Chancery. (fn. 2)
LXIX. ROBERT DOWE'S DEEDS (1605–10).
Robert Dowe, by Deed, dated 28th August 1605, and made
between the master and wardens of the Merchant Tailors
Company of the one part, and the said Robert Dowe of the
other part; reciting, that the said Robert Dowe had at sundry
times put into the hands of the said master and wardens divers
sums of money, to be bestowed in the purchase of lands,
tenements, and hereditaments, by the revenues whereof certain
decayed brethren of the company were to be relieved with
pensions, which sums amounted together to the sum of
2,158l. 10s. 8d., and reciting, that the said Robert Dowe, with
the advice of the court of assistants of the said company, had
with part of the said money caused to be purchased certain
lands, tenements and hereditaments, in the city of London,
therein particularly mentioned, and which had been duly assured
unto and to the use of the said master and wardens, their suc-
cessors and assigns for ever, the purchase-money for which said
premises amounted to the sum of 1,212l. 13s. 4d., leaving a
balance of 945l. 17s. 4d. to be employed upon some further
purchase; and reciting that the said Robert Dowe had appointed
the several yearly pensions thereinafter mentioned to be paid for
ever out of the revenue of the said lands, tenements, and here-
ditaments thereinbefore mentioned, and the revenue of such
other lands, tenements, and hereditaments as should be pur-
chased with the said 945l. 17s. 4d., or else by and out of other
the revenues belonging to the said company, which pensions
and payments amounted in the whole to the yearly sum of
133l. 8s. 1d. as thereinafter mentioned; It was by the said
indenture agreed, and the said master and wardens did thereby
covenant with the said Robert Dowe, his heirs, executors, and
administrators, to pay and make good the several pensions and
payments thereinafter appointed and specified, which were in
substance as follows:—
|To 13 poor aged and decayed brethren of the society, of good reputation,
and brought up tailors, who were to be of the age of 60 years, and
who had been housekeepers, the yearly pension of 6l. 13s. 4d. a-piece,
making the yearly sum of (fn. 3) ||86||13||4|
|To retain 9l. 7s. 9d. yearly, which in three years would make 28l. 3s. 3d.,
to be then expended for 13 gowns for the almsmen, at 2l. 3s. 4d. a-piece||9||7||6|
|To six persons similarly qualified to succeed to the places of any of the
before-mentioned 13 persons dying, from the time of their appoint-
ment as such reversioners, to the time of their actual succession
(which succession was to take place according to the order of their
several appointments), the yearly pension of 1l. 6s. 8d. a-piece, the
said last-mentioned persons to be elected at the age of 60 years, unless
blind or lame, and in such case to be eligible at the age of 50 years||8||0||0|
|To retain 3l. yearly, which in 3 years would amount to 9l., to be then
expended for six cloaks for them||3||0||0|
|To the clerk attending the pensioners every third year to church 6d.||0||0||2|
|To pay 2l. 16s. 4d. to the wardens substitutes, to be distributed as
|To the common box, to discharge the almsmen and reversioners dinner
when the feast is kept for the Bachelors Company||1||0||0|
|To be spent at the recreation or shooting dinner of the warden substitutes &c.||0||13||4|
|To be spent on the burial of every almsman, calculated at 3 every year||1||0||0|
|To the clerk 3s. by 12d. at every burial||0||3||0|
|To the churchwardens of St. Botolph without Aldgate, yearly, to be dis-
tributed among their poor||10||6||0|
|If the churchwardens are negligent in paying the same, &c., the company
to retain the 10l. 6s., but to distribute it as they should think fit, and
the renter warden for his pains to have||0||1||0|
|And if none of the renter wardens attend, the clerk to have 12d.,
and also 8d. parcel of the 6s. delivered to the churchwardens with
|To satisfy yearly 6l. to Robert Dowe's almswomen in the company's alm-
houses, near East Smithfield, as therein mentioned||6||0||0|
|To fuel for the almswomen||2||0||0|
|Also 6s. 8d. yearly for lanthorn and candle-light for the said almswomen,
viz., for cotton candles 4s.; 2s. to a poor almswoman having the care
of the lanthorn, and to light the candles, and for repairs||0||6||8|
|To be expended yearly in Lent, or convenient time by the master and
wardens (with other like money) for their comfort||2||0||0|
|To pay yearly to the four officers of the company, viz., 20s. to the clerk of
the company, 10s. to the beadle, 12s. to the clerk of the Bachelors
Company, and 8s. to the beadle of that company||2||10||0|
|To the chamberlain and town-clerk, to see the charity performed, 10s. each
every third year, and to the beadles 6d.||0||6||10|
Robert Dowe, by another Deed, dated the 4th April 1610,
and made between the said master and wardens of the one
part, and the said Robert Dowe of the other part, reciting that
the said Robert Dowe had at various times paid the further sum
of 800l. to the said master and wardens; It is witnessed, that
in consideration thereof the said master and wardens, for them-
selves and their successors, did covenant to pay the pensions
thereinafter mentioned for ever (that is to say), to pay yearly,
for ever, to increase Mr. Gregory Smith's almswomens pension—
|From 16d. per week to 2s. 4d. per week||2||12||0|
|Yearly, for ever, to Mr. Dowe's almswomen, more||1||4||0|
|Yearly, for ever, to pay to the churchwardens of St. Botolph without
Aldgate 10l. 3s., and the churchwardens thereof to pay 10l. to the
poor in addition to his former gift of 10l.; and more, to the clerk of
their church, 12d., and to the curate, four churchwardens, and com-
mon clerk of the company, 4d. each||10||3||0|
|To the wardens, substitutes more, to increase the 56s. 4d. given by the
first deed to 3l. 13s. 4d. for like purposes||0||17||0|
|To the common clerk for a grace on the death of any member, yearly||0||5||0|
|To expend, at the probation of Merchant Tailors' school, upon the masters
and examiners for bread and beer||8||0||0|
|To expend yearly for the release of prisoners in both compters, Ludgate,
Poultry, Giltspur-street ward, and Newgate, by 5l. to each house||20||0||0|
|And for seeing the charity distributed, to the two wardens, 5s. each; to
the clerk for his pains, 5s.; and to the beadle, 2s. 4d.: and to the
clerk, 3s. 4d. yearly, to resort to Christ Church three Sundays in the
year in Divine Service, to hear in what manner the schoolmaster and
singing children of Christ's Hospital perform their singing, and that
all things be performed between the city and company; and 3s. 4d. to
the beadle, to see that the churchwardens of St. Sepulchre perform
the passing bell||1||4||0|
|To two persons tending the lantern in the almshouse, 8d. a piece more||0||1||4|
|To lay up 50s. in order every three years, to produce 7l. 10s. which, with
7l. 10s., to be added by the company, was to be laid out in seven
gowns every third year||2||10||0|
And which said sum of 45l. 13s. 8d. being added to the former
yearly sum of 133l. 8s. 1d. directed to be paid by the first
indenture, would amount in the whole to the sum of 179l. 1s. 9d.,
which sum was to be paid by the said master and wardens so
long as the sun and moon should endure.
The company fulfil all these payments in the following
|By 13 aged brethren, 6l. 13s. 4d. each, per annum||86||13||4|
|Six reversioners, 2l. 2s. per annum (fn. 4) ||12||12||0|
|Seventy-three yards of cloth, at 7s. 6d. per yard, for gowns and
|Eighty-seven yards of baize for linings for ditto, at 1s. 8d.||7||5||0|
|Making 19 gowns and cloaks, at 6s. each||5||14||0|
|Nineteen badges, at 4s. each||3||16||0|
|Every third year||14||14||2|
|Which is per annum||113||19||6|
|Discharge of prisoners from the New Prison in the Ludgate, Newgate,
Poultry, and Giltspur-street Wards; to each ward 5l., for which
the company receive petitions, and appropriate the relief according to
the deserts of the objects applying (fn. 5) ||20||0||0|
|Almswomen on Tower-hill, sundry gifts as directed||13||11||4|
|Churchwardens of St. Botolph, Aldgate, due St. Thomas's-eve||20||9||0|
|The warden of the company paying the same||0||1||0|
|The 8l. to be expended upon the master and examiners at the probations
in March and October is considered as included in the expenditure of
the company in the entertainments given to the master and examiners
on those days, and for which they credit themselves accordingly||8||0||0|
|The company's clerk, for reading a commendable grace||0||5||0|
|The renter wardens, clerk, and beadle, for seeing prisoners discharged, &c.||1||7||0|
|The company's clerk, 1l. 12s.; beadle, 10s.; under-beadle, 8s.; potation
LXX. REYNOLD'S BARKER'S DEED (1608).
Reynold Barker, by Deed, dated 21st September 1608, granted
to the master and wardens of the Merchant Tailors Company
certain lands and houses at Stockbridge, near Bow, in the
county of Essex (about eleven small houses and a piece of
ground behind the same, containing one acre two roods, with a
chemical factory thereon) for the remainder of a term of 1,000
years from the 11th December 1580, upon the following trust,
viz., to bestow all the rents and profits among the poor alms-
women and almsmen in the said company's almshouses.
The rent of this estate is carried to the almshouse account,
and applied to the support of the almswomen in the company's
LXXI. FRANCES CLARKE'S CHARITY.
In the Court Book of the company, under date of 8th
January 1608, the following entry is found:—" At this assembly
were sealed with the common seal of this company two several
writings made between the corporation on the one part, and
Frances Clarke, of London, widow, late wife of Roger Clarke,
citizen and alderman of London, deceased, on the other part; by
one of which writings the company covenanted, in considera-
tion of 200l., to satisfy and pay for ever the sum of 10l. to
Mrs. Clarke during her life, and afterwards unto the church-
wardens of the parish church of Odiham, in the county of South-
ampton, at Midsummer and Christmas, or within ten days after,
by equal portions, to be employed towards the relief of the poor
of the said town as the gift of the said Mrs. Clarke."
The above annual sum of 10l. has been regularly paid, and
the receipts have been regularly kept and filed.
[For the application of this charity, see 14th Report, under
the head of the Odiham Charities.]
An annuity also of 10l. per annum was derived from the
same benefactress, as appears by an Indenture, dated 6th
January 1609, made between the master and wardens of the
said company of the one part, and Frances Clarke, of London,
widow, of the other part; whereby reciting that the said
Frances Clarke had, before the sealing and delivery of the said
indenture, paid unto the said master and wardens the sum of
200l. to charitable uses, the said master and wardens did, in con-
sideration thereof, covenant with the said Frances Clarke after
her death to pay unto the treasurer or governors of St. Bartho-
lomew's Hospital, London, the yearly sum of 10l. at the two
feasts therein mentioned, for the relief and maintenance of the
poor, lame, and impotent people within the said hospital, the
first payment to begin next after the death of the said Frances
The annuity of 10l. has been regularly paid to the treasurer
of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, as appears by his receipts in the
possession of the company.
LXXII. RICHARD OSMOTHERLAW'S WILL (1612).
Richard Osmotherlaw, by Will, dated the 7th May 1612, gave
to the master and wardens of the Merchant Tailors, after the
death of his wife, all the residue of his rents and profits whatso-
ever issuing out of his freehold lands and tenements in the
parish of St. Botolph, Aldersgate, to hold to them, their succes-
sors and assigns, for ever, subject nevertheless to the payment
of the following annuities, amongst others, at the feast of
St. Philip and Jacob, viz:-
An annuity of 10l. by his said will, limited to his wife, her
heirs and assigns, for ever, to such uses as she should direct.
To five poor people inhabiting within the parish of St. Botolph,
Aldersgate, 20d. a week for ever, equally amongst them, such
poor people to be nominated by the vestry of the said parish,
and distributed by the churchwardens of the same.
To a godly preacher, for a sermon to be made in remem-
brance of the testator the first Sunday in Lent, yearly, for ever,
in the said parish church, 6s. 8d.
To the churchwardens aforesaid for the time being for ever,
4s. equally between them, for their pains in distributing the
money to the five poor people.
To the clerk and sexton for the time being of the said parish,
16d. a piece yearly, for ever.
To his cousin John Osmotherlaw, clothworker, and his heirs,
for ever, an annuity of 5l.
To Robert Osmotherlaw, and his heirs, for ever, an annuity
To the parson and churchwardens of the parish church of
Bromefield for the time being, for ever, 10l. per annum, upon
condition that they should for ever find a sufficient and learned
schoolmaster to educate fifteen poor mens' children, inhabiting
within the towns of Langrigge and Bromefield, in the county
of Cumberland, two of the scholars to be for ever nominated
and appointed by the inhabitants of Langrigge Hall, seven
scholars more to be taken out of Langrigge, and six scholars
out of Bromefield; and the schoolmaster to teach the said
scholars within the parish church of Bromefield to be chosen by
the mutual consent of the inhabitants of the said towns of Lang-
rigge and Bromefield indifferently, and subject to such other
stipulations as were therein mentioned.
The property derived under the above will consists of five
houses, two in Aldersgate-street, and three in Little Britain.
Ann, the testator's wife, devised her annuity of 10l. in manner
following, viz. : to Peter Bowle, 4l. per annum, and to Peter
Mills, 6l. per annum. John Osmotherlaw, clothworker, purchasd
the latter annuity of 6l.; to the former there is no claimant.
The sums given as above to the poor, the preacher, the
churchwarden, clerk, and sexton of St. Botolph, would amount
to 5l. per annum; and the company pay to the churchwardens
of St. Botolph, Aldersgate, the sum of 4l. per annum only, to
answer those bequests as far as the same will extend, according
to their reduced proportions, 1l. being deducted from the said
5l. rentcharge for the land-tax.
John Osmotherlaw, the clothworker, who purchased the
annuity of 6l. devised by the testator's wife to Peter Mills, also
purchased the annuity of 2l. of Robert Osmotherlaw, and after-
wards, by will, dated 1st June, 1642, devised the whole 13l.
(including his own annuity of 5l.) as follows, viz.: to the Cloth-
workers' Company, 2l. 10s. per annum; to Christ's Hospital,
2l. 10s. per annum; to the parish of St. James, Garlick Hythe,
3l. per annum; and to one Andrews, 5l. per annum: the pay-
ments to the Clothworkers, Christ's Hospital, and St. James,
Garlick Hythe, are still paid, amounting to 8l. yearly.
The sum of 10l. is yearly paid to the parish of Bromefield
upon the receipt of the parson, churchwardens, and school-
By an Order of the Board of Charity Commissioners, sealed
on 28th October 1873, the then subsisting annuities (amounting
to 23l. per annum) were redeemed and extinguished by the
transfer from the company to the Official Trustees of Charitable
Funds of a sufficient sum in 3l. per cent. Consols to produce the
annual sum payable, and the property devised to the company
thus became wholly free and discharged therefrom.
LXXIII. RANDOLPH WOOLLEY'S WILL (1615).
Randolph Woolley, by Will, dated 23d June 1615, gave to the
master and wardens of the Merchant Tailors Company, 240l.
upon the following trust, to wit, to choose three poor men at
the next full court of the company, of the age of fifty-six years
at least, of good name and fame, and most to need; two to be
free of the Company of Merchant Tailors, and the third of the
Company of Clothworkers, and to pay to every of them 4l. a
year, by 20s. a quarter, and so for ever.
And the said testator also gave them 100l. upon trust, to
pay unto the master and usher of Wolverhampton free-school (fn. 6)
the yearly sum of 5l., viz. 1l. 13s. 4d. to the master, and 3l. 6s. 8d.
to the usher, yearly, for ever for their better maintenance,
besides the allowance paid them by the company.
And 50l. more, upon trust, to pay Woodnette,
the almswoman of Mr. John Robinson, in the company's alms-
house near Tower-hill, during her life, and such persons as
should succeed her, from time to time, the sum of 2l. 12s. yearly,
to be paid weekly.
And the said Randolph Woolley, gave to the company the
further sum of 100l. to be lent in free loan to four poor young
men free of the Merchant Tailors' Company, using the handy
occupation of tailors within the city of London or suburbs, to
each 25l. for four years, and so from four years to four years, for
The sum of 12l. yearly is paid as follows, viz. :—
To two poor freemen of the company, and to one poor free-
man of the Clothworkers Company, to each 4l. per annum by
The sum of 5l. is paid to the governors of Wolverhampton
grammar school, under a scheme established by the Endowed
School Commissioners on 9th August 1872.
The sum of 2l. 12s. is yearly carried to the almshouse
account, and applied towards the maintenance of the alms-
women in the Company's almshouses.
There is no evidence in the company's books of the receipt
of the 100l. to be lent to young men.
The company at their discretion increase the pensions to 5l.
per annum each out of their own funds.
LXXIV. SIR WILLIAM CRAVEN'S (fn. 7) CHARITIES (1615–16).
By Indenture, dated 20th December 1615, made between
Sir William Craven, knight, and alderman of London, and
Dame Elizabeth, his wife, of the one part, and the master and
wardens of the Merchant Tailors' Company of the other part;
the said Sir William and his lady, for the considerations therein
mentioned, did grant and confirm unto the said master and
wardens and their successors all that messuage or tenement,
and all shops and rooms thereunto belonging, with the apurten-
ances, sometimes called the Pope's Head, and then called the
Bishop's Head, situate in the parishes of St. Mary Woolnoth, in
Lombard-street, and St. Michael, Cornhill, to hold unto and to
the use of the said master and wardens, and their successors for
ever, to the intent, out of the rent and profits thereof, to pay
to himself the said Sir William Craven, for life, 140l. per annum,
and after his death such sums of money as he should limit by
his will, not exceeding 140l. per annum.
And the said Sir William Craven, by his Will, dated 9th
August 1616, after reciting the before-abstracted deed, did
direct and appoint, first, that the said master and wardens should
yearly, for ever, pay to 24 poor aged men, freemen of the city
of London, who should obtain their freedom by servitude or
patrimony, and not by redemption, and who should be or have
been householders, and lived in good report, and borne scot and
lot, the sum of 96l. parcel of the 140l., viz.:—
To seven poor freemen of the company, who had been
dressers of woollen cloth, past labour, 28l. yearly, to every of
them 4l. a piece, and to other seven freemen of the company
who had been tailors, decayed in their eyesight, 28l. yearly,
viz., to every of them 4l. a piece, and to six other freemen of
the said company of any other trade, in the city of London, old
and decayed, 24l. yearly, viz., to every of them 4l. a piece; and
to four others, freemen of the Clothworkers Company, who had
been dressers of woollen cloth, and past labour, 16l. yearly, viz.,
to every of them, 4l. a-piece; all the above to be paid quarterly,
at the hall; and in case any pensioner should die in the middle
of a quarter, that quarter to be paid to his widow, executors or
administrators; and if any pensioner should become disorderly,
or of evil report, he was to be dismissed.
To the churchwardens of the parish of Burnsall, in the
county of York, 20l. yearly, to be paid quarterly to the school-
master and his successors, for ever, of the grammar-school of
the town of Burnsall, founded by the said testator.
And also 10l. more to the said churchwardens; 40s. to be
applied to the repairs of the church, and 8l. for the repair of the
said school-house, and the bridges in the said parish (built at the
testator's charge), and amending the highways between Apple-
treewick and Burnsall, all then lately repaired at the like charge.
And yearly, for ever, to pay to the churchwardens of the
parish of St. Antholin, in London, in the summer season, 4l. to
be employed for the provision of fuel, for such poor in the same
parish as should have most need.
To the churchwardens of the parish of St. Andrew Under-
shaft, London, and their successors, yearly, for ever, in the
summer season, 4l. for the provision of fuel for their poor most
6l. to be paid to the company yearly, for ever; 10s. a-piece
to the master and wardens, 30s. to the clerk of the livery, 20s.
to the beadle of the livery, 10s. to the clerk of the bachelors,
and 10s. to the beadle of the bachelors.
These payments are made as follows, viz.:—
To six poor freemen of this company, past labour, who have
been clothworkers, 4l. to each, yearly.
To six poor freemen of this company who have been tailors,
and now decayed in their eye-sight, 4l. to each, yearly.
To six freemen of the company of several trades, old and
decayed, 4l. to each, yearly.
To six (fn. 8) others, freemen of the clothworkers company, who
have been clothworkers and past labour, 4l. yearly to each.
The 20l. per annum is yearly paid to the churchwardens of
the parish of Burnsall, in the county of York. The sum of 10l.
is also paid to them, less by 2l. for land-tax.
The sum of 4l. is annually paid to St. Antholin's parish, and
the sum of 4l. (less 16s. for land-tax) is paid to the parish of
St. Andrew Undershaft.
The annual sum of 6l, is paid to the master and wardens,
clerk, and beadle of the company, all which payments amount in
the whole to the annual sum of 140l.
The books do not explain why 2l. is deducted out of the
10l. and 16s. out of the 4l. payable to St. Andrew's Undershaft,
npon the account of land-tax, without making the same deduc-
tion from the other charities; but the practice has in this respect
prevailed for a great number of years, and it is presumable that
it had its commencement in some reasonable cause. In the
receipts given by the churchwardens of Burnsall for the sum of
10l. payable to them, that deduction appears to have been
always admitted without objection.
The company, at their discretion, increase the pensions to
their own poor freemen to 5l. each per annum out of their
LXXV. JOHN VERNON'S (fn. 9) WILL (1615).
John Vernon, by his Will, dated 10th October 1615, gave to
the master and wardens of the Merchant Tailors Company 60l.
to pay yearly, and so for ever, 3l. 6s. 8d. as follows, viz., to agree
with some baker, and pay him yearly 48s., for which money he
should deliver in St. Michael's Church, Cornhill, in the chancel
of the same, yearly, 52 dozen of sweet and good wheaten bread,
viz., 12 penny wheaten loaves every Sunday, by eight of the
clock in the morning, to be distributed by the churchwardens
to such poor of the parish as stood in most need thereof, after
service; to a learned man to be appointed by the master and
wardens, 10s. yearly, to preach a sermon upon the day of the
testator's funeral in St. Michael's Church, Cornhill, at which he
entreated the master, and wardens and assistants, and livery, to
attend; to the clerk, 12d. yearly; to the beadle, 12d. yearly; to
the sexton, to keep the monument made for Mr. Alderman
Houghton, and the testator there, clean, 6s. 8d. yearly, for ever.
And the above-named testator also gave 1,500l. to the said
master and wardens to purchase land to the value of 83l. by the
year, or more, if the master and wardens could with that sum
(which was after 18 years purchase, and at the rate of 5l. 10s.
in the hundred), which said 83l. he directed to be delivered and
paid yearly, for ever, as follows:—
To four poor scholars, students in divinity in St. John's
College, Oxford, 16l. yearly, viz., 4l. a man, to be elected by the
master, wardens and assistants, to continue no longer than they
should study divinity, and remain in the said college, or stand in
the liking of the said master, wardens and assistants, and so to
be disposed of from one to another for ever. (fn. 10)
And 16l. by the year to be paid to poor prisoners in Ludgate,
Newgate, the Compter in Wood-street, and the Compter in the
Poultry, the first year to release four in Ludgate and Newgate,
and the next year to release four in the Compter in Wood-street,
and in the Poultry, who should be there for 4l. debt, and if but
one or two be found, or none at all, then, in the discretion of
the five wardens, to distribute the said 16l. yearly amongst the
poor in the said four prisons, and the three wardens to have for
their pains 5s. each yearly; to the clerk, to keep a register of
the money paid, and of the objects, 3s. 4d. yearly; the beadle
20d. yearly. (fn. 11)
And the testator then directed that 40l. yearly should be
paid to 10 aged men, poor and needy, and past labour, of the
following six companies, viz., Clothworkers, Woolwinders,
Carpenters, Tilers, Plasterers and Armourers, being free of and
dwelling in the city, aged 60 and upwards, to be paid in
Merchant Tailors Hall by 4l. yearly a man, by 20s. a quarter.
And 7l. 10s. yearly, to be laid up for three years, which
would amount to 22l. 10s. to be then bestowed upon 10 gowns,
with the name of the testator embroidered thereon, to be
delivered to the said 10 poor men every third year, and so for
And the said testator directed the remaining 50s. to be laid
up yearly for three years, which would amount to 7l. 10s. of
which 10s. the testator directed that 12d. a-piece should be
given to the said 10 poor men on St. John's decollation-day,
when it was observed and kept at the Hall, and the remaining
7l. the said testator was to take allowance of in the next legacy.
The said testator then gave and devised to the said master
and wardens the fee-simple of his three houses in the parish of
St. Edmund the King, in Lombard-street, London, with all the
rents and fines, which the testator valued at 100l. a year, besides
the fines to be taken on renewals, to hold to the master and
wardens, and their successors, for ever, upon trust, to pay 93l.
by the year in manner following, viz.:—
72l. yearly, for ever, to be paid to 12 poor aged and needy
men past labour, to be chosen out of the Merchant Tailors'
Company, and dwelling in London, by 6l. to each man, not to
be under 60 years of age.
To four poor men, reversioners, aged 60 years, free of the
company, and dwelling in the City of London, to each man
yearly, for ever 26s. 8d.
To the master and wardens 20s. for their pains, yearly, 4s.
each. To the master, wardens and assistants, 20s. yearly, for
ever; to the potation-dinner, and to the wardens substitutes,
and 16 men, for their shooting dinner, 13s. 4d.; to the clerk of
the livery for his pains, yearly, 4s.; to the beadle of ditto, 3s.;
to the clerk of the Bachelors Company yearly, 3s.; and to the
beadle of ditto, 12d.
For three years to lay up the residue 12l. 10s. which would
make 37l. 10s., and taking the allowances or the before-stated
sum of 7l., making 44l. 10s., the testator entreated that 27l.,
part thereof, might be bestowed on 12 gowns every three years,
to be distributed to the 12 poor men, and to bestow upon four
cloaks for the reversioners, in every third year, 6l. 13s. 4d. with
his name embroidered on the shoulder.
To the said 16 men 16s.; every third year to every of them
12d. on St. John's decollation-day, (fn. 12) when kept, except the
wardens substitutes, and 16 men, take the allowances, and let
them dine at the hall; after which last three payments every
third year there would remain in every such year to the stock
of the house 10l. 0s. 8d.
The said testator gave to the company the sum of 30l., to be
lent out at interest, and to apply the principal and interest in
the purchase of two rooms lying contiguous to the before-men-
And the said testator further bequeathed to the said com-
pany the sum of 200l., as a stock to be employed in the purchase
of coal, to be bought when lowest, and sold again to the poor
of the company, or to any other poor, and the gains to be
applied as therein mentioned; but in the option of the company
if more troublesome than profitable, to lay out the said 200l.
in the purchase of lands in better support of the good uses
And the testator gave to the said company the residue of
his effects after the payment of his debts and legacies, to be
laid out in the purchase of lands to be applied to some good use
to the poor.
The residue does not appear to be laid out in land, but the
1,355l. 6s. 9d., the amount thereof and of the 200l. bequeathed
to them by the foregoing will, which is 67l. 15s. 4d. per annum.
The 30l. was laid out as directed in the purchase of the two rooms.
Particulars of the payments under the trusts of Mr. John
|To the parish of St. Michael, in Cornhill, for 12 penny loaves of bread, to
be distributed every Sunday in the said church||2||8||0|
|To the minister there, for a sermon on the day of testator's funeral, 1l. 1s.,
to the clerk and sexton 2s., and to the sexton for keeping the tomb
clean, 6s. 8d.||1||9||8|
|To four scholars of St. John's College, Oxford||16||0||0|
|To poor persons in White Cross-street prison, in the three wards, and
|To the wardens, clerk and beadle, for seeing them discharged||1||0||0|
|To 10 poor aged men, two clothworkers, two woolwinders, one carpenter,
one tiler, two plasterers, and two armourers, to each 4l. yearly||40||0||0|
|To 12 poor aged men free of this company, to each 6l. yearly||72||0||0|
|To four reversioners, to each 2l. 2s. yearly||8||8||0|
|To 110 yards of cloth for 26 gowns and cloaks, at 7s. 6d. per
|To 134 yards of baize for linings, at 22d. per yard||12||5||8|
|To making gowns and cloaks, at 6s. each||7||16||0|
|To 26 badges, at 3s. 6d. each||4||11||0|
|Every third year||65||17||8|
|To the master and wardens, 1l., to the clerk, 6s. 8d., beadle, 3s. 4d., and
the under beadle, 1s.||1||11||0|
The interest on the residue of the testator's effects (62l. 15s. 4d.)
as above, is carried to the account of the company's poor, and is
The company increase the pensions paid to the 12 aged
freemen and the four reversioners to 20l. and 15l. each
respectively, and the exhibitions to the four scholars to 10l. each
—all out of their own funds. (fn. 13)
As to the sum given for the relief of poor prisoners, see
LXXVI. ROBERT JENKINSON'S WILL (1616).
Robert Jenkinson, by Will, dated the 15th April 1616, gave to
the master and wardens of the Merchant Tailors Company 120l.,
upon trust, to distribute the sum of 6l. yearly for ever, as
follows, at the feast of All Saints, yearly, to provide and give,
as of the testator's gift, unto 14 poor ancient widows, who then
were or thereafter should be in the company's almshouses on
Tower Hill, a good large smock, a good pair of stockings, and a
good pair of shoes, and if any of the 6l. should be spared, to be
divided between the said widows.
By a Codicil, dated the 14th October 1617, the said testator
further gave to the said master and wardens 20l. more, in
augmentation of the sum given for the relief yearly of the 14
The interest of these two sums is carried to the almshouse
account, and applied towards the provision of shifts, stockings,
and shoes for the almswomen.
LXXVII. WILLIAM PARKER'S WILL (1616).
William Parker, by Will, dated in 1616, gave and bequeathed
to the master and wardens of the Merchant Tailors Company
the sum of 2,000l., to provide with all convenient speed 80l. per
annum, for ever, upon trust, therewith to pay as follows, viz.:—
To the parson for the time being of St. Autholin's parish,
yearly, for ever, 10l.
To the clerk of the same parish, yearly, for ever, 50s.
To the sexton, yearly, for ever, 50s.
To the minister to serve the cure in the chapel of Great
Bloxith, in the parish of Walsall, in Staffordshire, 20l. yearly, for
ever; the minister to be single and unmarried, and to teach
freely in the said chapel, or parson's house there, men children
of the inhabitants of Great Bloxith, Little Bloxith, Pellsall, and
Hardin, and others in Wallsall parish aforesaid, to read English,
both printed and written-hand, and that he should be such a
one as was obedient to the King's laws, and allowed by the
Bishop of Litchfield and Coventry, and of St. John, Oxford,
sent thither from Merchant Tailors School in London, and for
lack of such from the said college, the inhabitants of the town
of Great Bloxith should make choice of one themselves, where
they could find a fit man both in learning and good life, and
To the poor prisoners in the Compter in the Poultry, 40s.
yearly, for ever.
To the poor prisoners in the Compter of Wood-street, 40s.
yearly; in Newgate, 40s. yearly; in Ludgate, 30s. yearly; and
in the Fleet, 30s. yearly, for ever.
To the poor prisoners, in Bedlam, 20s.
To five poor aged men free of the Merchant Tailors Com-
pany who had gotten or should get their living by dressing
woollen cloth in London, 4l. a-piece, yearly, for ever, to be
chosen by their court of assistants and company, and in their
discretion, how long any man should have it, because where
most need it ought to be bestowed.
To the almsmen of the company, between them, 50s. yearly,
To the almswomen, between them, 5l. yearly, for ever.
To the clerk of the livery of the said company for the time
being, for his pains, 40s. yearly, for ever.
To the beadle of the livery of the company for the time
being, for his pains, 30s. yearly, for ever.
To the clerk of the yeomanry of the said company for the
time being, for his pains, 20s. yearly, for ever.
To the beadle of the yeomanry, 10s. yearly, for ever.
To the master and wardens for the time being of the said
company, 10s. a-piece, yearly, for ever, for their own uses, for
And the testator declared, that in case of negligence in the
company, or leaving the beforegoing bequests for one whole
year unperformed, the governors of Christ's Hospital in the City
of London were to recover the 2,000l. or the lands bought with
the same, and keep 15l. yearly, for ever, out of the same rent,
for the maintenance of the poor children in the said hospital;
and the Merchant Tailors Company were to have nothing to do
with it; and the rest of the 80l. yearly, for ever, above the 15l.,
the said governors were to pay yearly, for ever, in manner
The 2,000l. does not appear to have been laid out in land,
but the Court consider their corporate funds chargeable with
80l. per annum on account thereof.
The sum of 10l. (2l. being deducted for land-tax), is yearly
accounted for to the rector of the parish of St. Autholin upon
his receipt; as also the sum of 50s. each, deducting 10s. land-
tax, to the clerk and sexton, upon their respective receipts.
The sum of 20l. per annum is paid to the perpetual curate
of Great Bloxith, more commonly now called Bloxwich, who
gives his receipt for the same.
[See 9th Report, p. 605.]
The annual payment of 1l. is regularly made to the poor in
Bedlam, but the other prison funds were held in suspense as in
other prison funds (Mem. CXIII.)
The following payments are also regularly made—viz.,
To five poor clothworkers free of the company, 20s., quarterly,
The sums of 50s. and 5l. making 7l. 10s., are carried to the
The sum of 5l. is yearly paid to the clerk and beadle of the
company, in certain proportions, and 50s. is paid yearly to the
master and wardens.
LXXVIII. ALDERMAN JEFFERY ELWES'S WILL (1616).
Jeffery Elwes, by his Will, dated 8th April 1616, gave and
bequeathed to the master and wardens of the said company the
sum of 400l. to be disposed and distributed according as the
wardens of the company for the time being, and his friends,
Sir William Craven, knight, and Mr. John Vernon, or the
survivors of them, in their wisdom should think fit to devise and
determine, for the perpetual relief of the poor.
It appears that the 400l. was received by the company, who
have regularly accounted for an annual sum of 20l. as interest
for the same, at five per cent., which yearly sum of 20l. they
carry to the general fund for the relief of the poor of the com-
pany, and distribute among their own poor.
LXXIX. JOHN WOOLLERS CHARITY (1617).
John Wooller, by Will, dated 26th March 1617, devised to
the master and wardens of the Merchant Tailors' Company an
annuity of 24l., to be issuing out of his messuage or tenement,
with the wharf, and all other the appurtenances thereto belonging,
called the Cross Keys in Thames-street, in the parish of
St. Magnus the Martyr, near London Bridge; to bestow the
said yearly rentcharge of 24l. in manner following, viz., to pay
to the two poor women therein named in one of the hospitals or
almshouses erected by the company near Tower-Hill, called
Mr. Robert Dowe's and Mr. Medlicott's almswomen, and to such
as should succeed in their room, the sum of 5l. 4s., for ever,
yearly, towards their relief and sustentation, to either of them
12d. per week, weekly for ever, or after that rate to be paid
monthly, or otherwise, as the master and wardens should think
fit, and as they pay other almswomen in the almshouses.
To the governors of Christ's Hospital in London, or their
receiver, towards the relief of the poor children there harboured,
5l. by two payments of 50s., and 50s. on the feast of St. John
the Baptist, and 20th day of December.
To the relief of the poor in Bridewell 40s. at the same time.
To the relief of the poorest and sickliest prisoners in the two
compters in London, and of Ludgate and Newgate, 4l. yearly,
viz. to every of these prisons 20s. yearly for ever at the aforesaid
To the relief of the poor of the parish of St. Magnus, near
London Bridge, 20s. yearly at the said two terms.
To the churchwardens of the town of Brighthelmstone in
Sussex, or their assigns, towards the poor there, 20s. yearly, upon
the 20th or 19th December at Merchant Tailors' Hall in London.
To bestow yearly, for ever, 40s. to a poor scholar of the
college of St. John in Oxford, as should have most need, and
intending to study divinity.
To bestow yearly 20s. in wood or coals for the relief of seven
poor almswomen belonging to the company's almshouses.
Towards a potation when the company meet together, 20s.
To the master and wardens of the company for their pains
in bestowing the 24l., viz. to every one of them 5s., to the clerk
of the livery yearly, 7s. 6d., and the beadle 3s. 6d. yearly, for ever.
The sum of 5l. 4s. is yearly carried to the almshouse account,
and applied to the support of the almshouses.
The sum of 5l. is paid to the governors of Christ's Hospital
yearly, upon the receipt of their receiver, or his deputy.
The sum of 40s. is paid to the receiver for Bridewell.
The respective sums of 20s., 20s., 20s., and 20s., are paid on
the receipt of the respective stewards, attested by the keeper of
the New Prison, White Cross-street, in which prison the debtors
formerly confined in the compters of Ludgate and Newgate are
The sum of 4l. per annum is paid yearly to a poor scholar of
the college of St. John in Oxford.
To the master and wardens, clerk and beadle, 1l. 16s. is paid
The sums of 20s. and 20s. are yearly paid to the church-
wardens of St. Magnus and Brighthelmstone, upon their
The company make up the payment to a poor scholar to
10l. yearly out of their own funds. (fn. 14)
As to the sums given for the relief of poor prisoners, see
"The Prison Funds," Mem. CXIII.
LXXX. JOHN HARRISON'S WILL (1618).
John Harrison, by Will, dated 15th May 1618, gave to the
master and wardens of the Merchant Tailors Company, 500l.
for the following purpose, viz. to erect a grammar school at
Great Crosby, in the parish of Sephton, in the county of
Lancaster, for educating children and youth in the grammar
and rules of learning, for ever, to be called "The Merchant
Tailors School, founded at the charges of John Harrison," and
declared that the said school should have continuance for ever;
and that the master and wardens should be governors of the
same, and have the appointment of the master and usher for
ever; and for the maintenance of the said school and other
purposes thereinafter mentioned, the above-named testator gave
and devised to the said master and wardens, and their successors,
for ever, several messuages, houses, ground, and tenements,
situate in the parish of St. Augustin and St. Swithin, in
London, (fn. 15) to hold the same to them and their successors for
ever, upon trust, to pay, yearly, for ever—
|Unto the master of the said free-school at Great Crosby, for his stipend.||30||0||0|
|To the usher||20||0||0|
|To the poor in Lamb-alley, with the consent of the chiefest of the inhabi-
tants of the parish of St. Augustin||20||0||0|
And of the remainder, after reserving 5l. yearly, for repairs,
to be bestowed among the poor brethren of the company, by
20s. a quarter a-piece.
A school was erected at Great Crosby in 1620, in the building
whereof, and in the purchase of land for the same to be built
upon, the sum of 500l. was expended.
The sum of 4l. being deducted from the 20l. for land-tax, the
balance of 16l. is paid to the churchwardens of the parish of
One-fourth of the net rents is applied to pensions, and the
three-fourths to the school (as to which see "Great Crosby
School, Mem. CXXVII., p. 492).
LXXXI. WILLIAM PRIESTLEY'S WILL (1620).
William Priestley, by Will, dated 2d May 1620, gave to the
master and wardens of the Merchant Tailors Company 250l.,
upon trust, to maintain eight poor men, for ever, allowing each
of them four nobles a year, to be paid them quarterly; whereof
four of the said poor men were to be chosen at the discretion of
the master and wardens for the time being, and to be of the
poor of the company, and the other four to be of the parish of
Hornsey, in the county of Middlesex, and appointed at the
discretion of the parson and churchwardens for the time being
of the same parish.
The company now pay the sum of 13l. 14s. 8d. per annum,
viz. 8l. 8s. per annum to four poor members of the company
each 2l. 2s., by quarterly payments, being an additional gratuity
beyond their proportions under this charity of 15s. 4d. each;
and 5l. 6s. 8d. to four poor men of Hornsey, in Middlesex, to each
1l. 6s. 8d. by quarterly payments, being the exact amount of
The company, at their discretion, further increase the
pensions to their four poor members to 5l. each out of their own
LXXXII. ROBERT PARKER'S WILL (1622).
Robert Parker, by Will, dated 10th January 1622, gave unto
the master and wardens of the Merchant Tailors Company, the
sum of 400l. to purchase lands for good uses in Staffordshire,
upon trust to pay 20l. a year, for ever, to the poor people of the
parish of Walsall, and all the villages and towns belonging to
Walsall parish, as thereafter mentioned, the said 20l. to be
paid in the month of December, for ever, against Christmas,
|To Great Bloxwich||6||13||4|
|To Little Bloxwich, Tofcott, Harden, Capell, Rishall End, and Davend
Pelsall, Shellfitt, Woodend, and Caldmore||6||13|
|To all the poor of Walsall town in Staffordshire||6||13|
And the said testator did thereby desire the minister and
churchwardens of the several places, and the overseers of the
poor for the time being, to have a conscionable care that the
said money was given according to his will.
He gave to the said master and wardens 100l. more, to lay
out in land in Walsall parish-town in Staffordshire, upon trust,
to pay 5l. every year in the month of December, against
Christmas, as follows, viz. to the organ-player in Walsall church,
4l. per annum, and to his man that bloweth the bellows, 20s.
per annum, for the performance of which gift he had written
100l. to the said master and wardens to be paid them after his
And he also gave to the said master and wardens another
sum of 100l. to lay out in land, upon trust, to pay to
themselves 5l. a-year, for ever, as follows, viz. to the master 10s.,
to the four wardens 10s. a-piece, to the clerk and beadle of the
livery, and to the clerk and beadle of the yeomanry, 50s.,
And he also gave to the said master and wardens the
further sum of 100l. to purchase land, upon trust, for the poor
people in St. Antholin's parish in London, in Watling-street,
both men and women; to pay 5l. every year in the month
of December to the churchwardens of the parish of St. Antholin
in Watling-street, London, to be equally divided among the poor
people of that parish, both men and women, having most need.
The respective sums of 400l., 100l., 100l., and 100l.,
amounting to 700l. were not laid out in the purchase of land, as
directed; but the company have always considered and still
consider their funds charged with the payment of the several
annual sums so bequeathed.
The sum of 20l. per annum is paid to the parish, and 5l. per
annum is paid to the organist of Walsall, and the sum of 5l. per
annum is duly paid to the master, wardens, and officers of the
And the sum of 5l. per annum is paid to the parish of
LXXXIII. DAME DUCIE'S WILL (1635).
Dame Elizabeth Ducie, by Will, dated 16th December 1635,
gave to the master and wardens of the Merchant Tailors Com-
pany 100l. towards the maintenance of widows of almsmen of
the livery, placed in almshouses then about to be built.
The interest upon this sum, at the rate of 5l. per cent., is
carried yearly to the almshouse account.
LXXXIV. SAMUEL PROCTOR'S WILL (1636).
Samuel Proctor, by Will, dated the 1st February 1636, gave
to the master and wardens of the Merchant Tailors Company
100l. upon trust, to pay and distribute yearly, for ever, at
Christmas, 5l. to nine poor brethren of the society, by 10s. a-
To the clerk of the company, 6s. 8d. for registering the
To the beadle of the livery, 3s. 4d.
And the said testator desired that if amongst his kindred
any should need and deserve the gift, then they might be
The sum of 100l. above bequeathed was received, and has
been always considered as secured upon the general funds of
the company. The sum of 4l. 10s. is carried to the general fund
for the relief of the poor of the company, and the remaining 10s.
is paid to the clerk and beadle.
LXXXV. SIR JOHN GORE'S WILL (fn. 16) (1636).
Sir John Gore, by Will, dated 23d January 1636, granted to
the master and wardens of the Merchant Tailors Company an
annuity of 12l. issuing out of a capital tenement in Trinity-lane,
alias Knight Rider-street, London, to be paid quarterly, with
full powers of entry and distress in case of the non-payment
thereof, upon trust, to employ the same for the relief of three
poor old men, free of the said company, to each of them 4l. a
year a-piece, to be paid quarterly.
The company receive the sum of 9l. 12s. per annum (land-
tax of 2l. 8s. being deducted) as a rentcharge issuing out of a
house in Trinity-lane, lately in the occupation of Ritherden and
Co.; and they pay to three poor members of the company
9l. 12s. per annum, to each 3l. 4s. by quarterly payments of 16s.
a-piece. The names of the objects relieved are entered in a
book containing a list of the company's pensioners. The com-
pany at their discretion increase the pensions to 5l. per annum
each out of their own funds.
LXXXVI. THOMAS COVENTRY'S WILL (1636).
By Indenture, dated the 10th July 1636, made between
Thomas Coventry and Hugh Dashfield therein described, of the
one part, and Michael Grigg and others, citizens and Merchant
Tailors of London, of the other part; the said Thomas Coventry
and Hugh Dashfield granted to the said Michael Grigg, and others,
and their assigns, for ever, the three following rent-charges, viz.;
a yearly fee-farm rent of 10l. 3s. 4d. issuing out of the rectory of
East Mullsey, alias East Moulsey, in the county of Surrey; a fee-
farm of 14l. issuing out of the rectory and church of Winslowe,
in the county of Bucks; and a fee-farm rent of 7l. 13s. 4d.
issuing out of the rectory and church of Kympton, in the county
of Hertford; to hold the same unto and to the use of the said
Michael Grigg, and others their heirs and assigns, for ever, upon
trust, that the master and wardens of the Merchant Tailors
Company, and their successors, should yearly, for ever, pay 10l.
part thereof, for the binding apprentices to some fitting trade or
trades two or more poor children born in the parish of
St. Andrew Undershaft, London, and the further sum of 10l. for
the binding apprentices to some fitting trade two or more poor
children born in the parish of St. Antholin, London; children
without parents to be preferred, and to be chosen and presented
by the churchwardens of the respective parishes to the said
master and wardens in manner therein mentioned; and also that
they the said master and wardens should yearly, for ever, upon
the feast-day of All Saints, pay other 10l., parcel of the said
rents and profits, unto the overseers of the poor of the parish of
St. Pancras, in the county of Middlesex, and to the overseer or
overseers of the poor of the parish of Hornsey, in the said
county of Middlesex, equally to be bestowed for the benefit and
relief of poor people, dwelling as well in that part of the said
parish of Hornsey as in that part of the said parish of St. Pancras,
in the said county of Middlesex, which is situate near to High-
gate, whereof one half should be to poor people dwelling at or
near the said place of Highgate, in the said parish of St. Pancras,
and the other half to poor people dwelling at or near Highgate,
and in the said parish of Hornsey, the same to be bestowed in
fuel and clothes in such sort, as eight persons therein named,
being inhabitants there, or the more part of them, should by
writing under their hands limit and appoint, with power, as any
of such trustees should die, for the survivors to appoint other
inhabitants, so that always, for ever, there might be the full
number of eight persons to limit and appoint by writing under
their hands the disposition of the said 10l. yearly, which writing
should be brought in yearly to the said master and wardens, to
the end that the clerk might register the same.
And it was thereby declared, that the said master and
wardens should yearly, for ever, retain to their own use the sum
of 20s. out of the said rents and profits, and should dispose of
the residue thereof, being 16s. 8d., to the clerk of the said com-
pany, for his labour and pains, such payments to be made after
deducting all expense and risk of collection.
The fee-farms of 10l. 3s. 4d., 14l., and 7l. 13s. 4d., less
deductions for land-tax, which reduce the aggregate amount to
25l. 10s. per annum, have been severally received by the com-
pany in respect of the three several rectories of East Moulsey
Winslow, and Kimpton, respectively charged therewith by the
above-abstracted indenture, as appears by the accounts of the
The company annually obtain an order from the major part
of the trustees of this charity authorising the payment of the
10l. given to the poor of Highgate, under which order they have
hitherto paid over the said sum to some individual of that body,
taking upon himself the active management of the trust, who
gives his receipt for the same.
The parishes of St. Andrew Undershaft and St. Antholin
London, have been always considered by the company as
entitled to an annual payment of 10l. each (minus the land-tax)
for placing out apprentices from among the poor children of the
same respectively. The company always wait till application
is made to them from the above parishes; and as such applica-
tions have not been made every year, there have been occasional
accumulations, which have enabled the respective parishes, as
opportunities have occurred, to increase the number of their
apprentices. Out of these accumulations the company have for
many years past paid the sum of 10l. in full whenever they have
been applied to by the parishes.
LXXXVII. HELEN GULSTON'S WILL (1637).
Helen Gulston, by her Will, dated 15th July 1637, after
making various bequests as therein mentioned, desired that
600l. might be laid apart out of her estate, to be disposed of for
the good and relief of six widows in or about the City, two of
citizens, two of ministers, and two of gentlemen, if by any
means they might be so equally chosen, and such who had lived
formerly in good fame; and she requested that the Merchant
Tailors Company of London (whereof her father was a brother)
would bestow the said sum in purchasing such rents as might be
answerable to the said sum of money, and distribute the same
among widows, by them to be chosen, by 5l. to each, yearly,
viz. 50s. at Michaelmas, and 50s. at Lady-day, and if the rents
should amount to more, then the overplus to be divided amongst
The money does not appear to have been ever laid out in
the purchase of land or real estate, but the company have con-
sidered their own property as charged with the perpetual pay-
ment of 30l. per annum to the objects of the charity.
To two distressed widows of clergymen of the Church of
England, or of dissenting congregations, they give 5l. each; to
two other distressed widows, of respectable citizens, 5l. each ;
and the like sum to two distressed widows of other persons
who have filled respectable situations, and these pensions are
LXXXVIII. CHARITIES OF STINT, RAWTHORNE, LANE, and LEE (1638).
It appears by an entry in an old gift-book of the company
that certain persons, by the names of—Stint, Jeremy Raw-
thorne, William Lane, and Walter Lee, in 1638 gave to the master
and wardens of the Merchant Tailors Company 200l. by 50l. a-
piece, upon trust, that they would yearly, for ever, pay the sum
of 12l. to 24 poor aged brethren who had no pensions.
12l. is annually carried to the general fund for the relief of
the company's poor and is distributed in donations to poor
members of the company in fulfilment of the above charitable
LXXXIX. ROBERT GRAY'S WILL (1639).
Robert Gray, by Will, dated 1639, gave to the master and
wardens of the Merchant Tailors Company, 1,500l. and a rever-
sionary interest in 1,000l. expectant upon the death of the
testator's niece, under 22 years of age, upon trust to apply the
interest thereof in support of the almswomen of the company in
In the year 1651 the company sold their reversionary interest
for 6321. which, together with 1,500l., amounted to 2,132l.,
interest for which at five per cent., viz. 106l. 12s., is carried to
the almshouse account.
XC. SIR JOHN HANBURY'S WILL (1639).
Sir John Hanbury, by Will, dated 27th March 1639, gave to
the master and wardens of the Merchant Tailors Company 500l.
to purchase lands, upon trust, to pay out of the rent thereof,
yearly, for ever, to the poor of the parish of Feckenham, in the
county of Worcester, the sum of 13l., and to the poor of the
parish of Hanbury adjoining, in the same county, 6l. 10s., the
same to be expended and distributed by the respective church-
wardens in bread.
And he gave the overplus of the revenue of the said
premises when bought to the said company, to be disposed of
at their pleasure.
The said sums of 13l. and 6l. 10s. are yearly paid to the said
parishes of Feckenham and Hanbury respectively.
The company's predecessors do not appear to have laid out
the sum so bequeathed in the purchase of land, but the same
became blended with their general funds, which are considered
as charged with the above annual payments.
XCI. JOHN HEYMAN'S WILL (1646).
John Heyman, by Will, dated 15th October 1646, granted and
assigned unto the wardens of the parish church of St. Saviour,
in Southwark, all his houses, lands, and tenements, with the
appurtenances, situate at Barnet, in the county of Herts, held
by him for a term of 1,500 years, to hold to the said wardens
and their successors, for the remainder of the said term, upon
trust, (inter alia) to pay the Merchant Tailors Company, yearly,
and every year, the annual sum of 40s. to be by the said
company given yearly to two poor citizens, tailors, free of the
company, by 20s. a-piece; and the said John Heyman did
further direct, that the said wardens should pay the clerk of the
Merchant Tailors Company further, 4s. per annum for his trouble.
The company receive annually from the churchwardens of
St. Saviour, the sum of 2l. 4s. out of the rents of the premises
vested in them by the above devise, and pay to two poor
citizens, tailors, 10s. 6d. per quarter each, and 4s. to the clerk,
making an annual payment of 4l. 8s. which is ascribed to this
charity in their accounts, being 2l. 4s. per annum beyond the
receipt. The company, at their discretion, further increase these
pensions to 5l. per annum each, out of their own funds.
XCII. RALPH BOLTON'S DEED (1648).
By a Deed Poll, dated 27th February 1648, Ralph Bolton
reciting that he with the approbation of the Company of Mer-
chant Tailors, had paid into the hands of the master and
wardens of the same company the sum of 466l. 13s. 4d. upon
condition that they should pay yearly, for ever, by quarterly
payments, the sum of 20l. to him the said Ralph Bolton during his
life, and after his decease, to such person or persons as he by
his last will, or other deed in writing under his hand and seal,
should appoint to receive the same, towards the maintenance of
a free-school in the parish of Audlen, in the county of Chester,
or for such other charitable uses as he by his last will, or other
deed or writing under his hand and seal, should appoint, did
grant and assign unto William Massey, Esq, and eight other
persons therein mentioned, the said yearly sum of 20l. to hold
the same to them, their executors and assigns, for ever, to and
for the use and maintenance of a master of a free-school to be
built at Audlen aforesaid, the said master to be single, and an
University-man; and he did thereby give and grant authority
to the said trustees, or any five of them, or the survivor of them,
his executors and assigns, or such other person or persons as the
said trustees, or any five of them, or the survivor of them, should
from time to time, under his or their hands and seals, substitute
and appoint to receive from the master and wardens of the said
company, the said annuity of 20l.; and he further declared,
that as often as the said trustees should die, that then the
parishioners of the said parish should choose four other persons,
or so many as should be defective, to be added from time to
time to the said trustees, that so their number might continue
nine; and he declared that any five of the said nine should act
in the premises for the whole body, and directed that the master
of the said school should not admit above 30 scholars, who were
not children of the parish of Audlen, without the consent of five
of the trustees at least, under their hands in writing.
The company have no other instrument explaining the trusts
of this institution; nor does it appear whether the trusts have
been regularly transmitted by fresh appointments, or who at
present act in that capacity. All that is known by the company
is, that the annual sum of 20l. is paid to the schoolmaster: they
do not interfere in the local management of the school.
The Company, however, upon each fresh appointment of a
master to Audlem School, obtain from the then existing trustees
a certificate of such appointment, and a requisition to pay him
the said annuity.