Edward The Second.
The Names of the Mayors and Sheriffs, and other Marvels, in the time of
King Edward the Second.
1 Edward II. [A.D. 1307, 8]. Sir John le Blount, Knight, Mayor.
(fn. 1) Nicholas Pycot and (fn. 2) Neel Druerye, Sheriffs.
In this year, on the Friday after the Feast of Saint Luke [18
October], King Edward was nobly buried at Westminster. At this
time the Templars were destroyed. In this year, on the Sunday after
the Feast of (fn. 3) Saint Peter's Chair, the King and the Queen, Lady
Isabele, were crowned; at which Coronation, Sir John Bacwelle, a
knight, was (fn. 4) killed by falling from a wall. In this year there was a
great malady of the eyes, whereby many persons lost their sight.
2 Edward II. [A.D. 1308, 9]. (fn. 5) Nicholas de Farndon, Mayor. James
le Botiller and William de Basinge, Sheriffs.
3 Edward II. [A.D. 1309, 10]. (fn. 6) Thomas Romeyn, Mayor. Roger
Palmere and James (fn. 7) Fouke, Sheriffs.
At this time came Sir Piers de Gaverstone into England, who had
been banished by King Edward the (fn. 8) Conqueror; and was made Earl
of Cornwall, to the great detriment of all the realm. In this year there
was a very great frost on the Thames, so that many persons passed over
on foot, upon the ice, to Suthwerk, and back again to London. In this
year, judgment was given at Westminster against the (fn. 9) franchise, as to
the rights of bastardy; to the effect that if any one should die without heir
and without testament made, his lands and tenements should escheat to
4 Edward II. [A.D. 1310, 1]. (fn. 10) Richer de Refham, Mayor. (fn. 11) Symon
Corp and (fn. 12) Peter de Blakeneye, Sheriffs.
5 Edward II. [A.D. 1311, 2]. (fn. 13) John Gisors, Mayor. (fn. 14) Richard de
Welforde and Simon de Mereworthe, [Sheriffs].
In the same year there was great discord between the King and the Earls
by reason of Sir Piers de Gaverstone, because that the treasure of the
land was lavished by him in vanity and great display; and the said Sir
Piers entertained great indignation against the great men of the land,
and gave to each great man in the land a certain (fn. 15) nick-name in contempt
and mockery. Therefore, he was watched until out of the King's
company, and taken by the Earl of (fn. 16) Warwyk, and [by] counsel of other
great men of the land, and brought to Warwyk; and afterwards, by their
advice, on the 19th day of June, at the hour of Vespers, he was taken to
a field called "Blakelowe," near a running stream known as "Gaversik,"
and there beheaded.
In this year there was pulled down an earthen wall near the Tower,
which Sir (fn. 17) John Cromwell had made; and as to which there was a great
tumult on the same night, being the Vigil of Saint Matthew [21 September], between the commons of the City and Sir John de Cromwelle.
6 Edward II [A.D. 1312, 3]. John Gisors, Mayor. (fn. 18) Adam Lucekyn
and (fn. 19) John Lambyn, Sheriffs.
In the same year was born Sir Edward de Wyndesore, son of the
King by Lady Isabele the Queen, daughter of the King of France, on
Monday the Feast of Saint Bryce [13 November]; and upon the Day
of Saint Edmund de Pounteneye [16 November], he was baptized by
Sir Arnald the Cardinal. In this year, the Sunday after Candlemas
[2 February], the Fishmongers of London made pageant of a ship sailing
through the midst of Chepe, as far as Westminster. In this year also died
Robert de Winchelse, Archbishop of Caunterbury.
In this year the Iter was held in Kent, and there were as Justiciars,
Sir Hervy de Staunton, Henry Spygornel, William de Goldingtone,
and John de Motteforde. In this year died Ralph de Baldok, Bishop
7 Edward II. [A.D. 1313, 4]. Nicholas de Farndon, Mayor. Hugh de
(fn. 20) Barton and (fn. 21) Robert de Burdeyn, Sheriffs.
In this year, Sir Walter Reynold, Bishop of Worcester, was enthroned
Archbishop of Canterbury, on the Sunday next after the Feast of Saint
Peter's Chair [28 January]. In this year the King was discomfited at
(fn. 22) Strivelyn in Scotland by Robert de Brus, on the Day of Saint John
the Baptist [24 June]. In this battle were slain the (fn. 23) Earl of
Gloucester, Sir Robert de Clifford, Sir Giles d'Argentein, and many
others; and the Earl of Hereford and other great lords were taken and
imprisoned at (fn. 24) Bodevile, and the (fn. 25) Earl of Penbroke, Sir Hugh le
Despencer, Henry de Beaumond, John de Cromwell, and others, fled
to Dunbar, and there put to sea and came to Berwyk.
In this year the cross of the belfry of Saint Paul's was taken down
and repaired; and in the old cross certain relics were found, that is to say,
a (fn. 26) corporal with which they sing mass, white and entire, without any
defect; and in this corporal was found a part of the wood of the Cross
of Our Lord Jesus Christ, wrought in the form of a cross; a stone of
the sepulchre of Our Lord; and another stone from the place where
God stood when he ascended into heaven; and another stone from Mount
Calvary, where the Cross of Our Lord was erected. There was also
found a purse, and in this purse a piece of red (fn. 27) sendal, in which were
wrapped some bones of the (fn. 28) Eleven Thousand Virgins, and other relics,
the names of which were unknown. These relics Master (fn. 29) Robert de
Clothale shewed to the people during his preaching on the Sunday
before the Feast of Saint Botolph [17 June]; and after the same, the
relics were replaced in the Cross, and many other new ones as well, on
the Day of Saint Francis [16 July].
8 Edward II. [A.D. 1314, 5]. John Gisors, Mayor. Stephen de
Abingdone and Hamo de Chikewelle, Sheriffs.
In this year died the Earl of Warwik. In this year there were such
great rains that the wheat failed, and all other things as well, in August;
and the rains lasted from Pentecost to Easter.
In this year, upon the Day of Saint James [25 July] before August,
there was one baker drawn upon the hurdle alone; and because another
baker did not have the same sentence carried out, the same day the
Mayor before-mentioned was reviled by the people and called a (fn. 30) rogue;
for which many persons were imprisoned and impoverished, through the
malice and false compassing of the said John Gisors, the Mayor.
9 Edward II. [A.D. 1315, 6]. (fn. 31) Stephen de Abingdon, Mayor. (fn. 32) William Bodeleyhg and (fn. 33) Hamo Godchep, Sheriffs.
In this year there was a great famine, so that people without number
died of hunger; and there was also a great pestilence among the rest of
the people. The quarter of wheat was sold at Pentecost this year, and
after, at 38 and 40 shillings; salt also, at forty shillings, and two small
onions for one penny.
10 Edward II. [A.D. 1316, 7]. (fn. 34) John de Wengrave, Mayor. (fn. 35) William
de Caustone and (fn. 36) Ralph la Balaunce, Sheriffs.
The great dearth still continued. In July this year there was a
great thunder-storm, and a great fall of rain, which did vast (fn. 37) damage to
Flete Bridge and to Holborne Bridge.
11 Edward II. [A.D. 1317, 8]. John de Wengrave, Mayor. William
de Furneaux and John Prior, Sheriffs.
In this year, through collusion and conspiracy on part of the said
Mayor, there was great discord between the commons and him; and
the commons provided certain points in their new (fn. 38) Charter, a thing
that was much against the will of the said John, the Mayor.
12 Edward II. [A.D. 1318, 9]. John Wengrave, Mayor, by procuring letters from the King, and by consent of certain persons of influence,
against the will of the commons. (fn. 39) John Poyntel and John Dallingge,
In this year the new Charter was confirmed by the King, and cost
one thousand pounds. This same John Wengrave did much evil in his
time to the commons.
13 Edward II. [A.D. 1319, 20]. (fn. 40) Hamo de Chikewell, Mayor.
(fn. 41) John de Prestone and (fn. 42) Symon de Abingdone, Sheriffs.
In this year the King passed over into France to do his homage, and
the Queen with him. In this year (fn. 43) swords were forbidden, so that no
one was to wear them; by reason of which, many swords were taken
and hung up beneath Ludgate, within and without. At this time many
of the people of the trades of London were arrayed in livery, and a good
time was about to begin.
14 Edward II. [A.D. 1320, 1]. Nicholas de Farndon, Mayor.
William Prodhomme and Reginald de Cunduyt, Sheriffs.
At this time, on Wednesday the morrow of Saint Hilary [13
January], the Justiciars Itinerant sat at the Tower of London, namely,
Sir (fn. 44) Henry de Staunton, William Herle, [and] Edmund Passelee.
In this year the Mayoralty of London was forfeited, by reason of an
offence which John Gysors had committed in the time when he was
Mayor, in having admitted Henry de Braundeston, a felon to the King,
to enjoy the franchise of London after such felony committed. For this
Henry had slain a man in Holy Church, at (fn. 45) Our Lady atte Hill. And
Sir Robert de Kendale was made Warden, and continued such Warden
until Wednesday the morrow of (fn. 46) Saint Dunstan; when the King granted
unto the commons, that they might elect a Mayor for the remaining time
until the (fn. 47) quinzaine of Saint Michael; whereupon, Hamo de Chikewelle
was chosen Mayor.
In this Iter it was ordained, that no felon to the King should be held
to (fn. 48) mainprise until the Iter of the Justiciars. In this year a woman,
Isabele de Bury by name, slew the clerk of the Church of Allhallows
near London Wall; and kept herself within the same church for five
days, until the Bishop of London sent his letters to the effect that the
Church would not save her; whereupon, she was carried out of the
church to Neugate, and the third day after was hanged. At this Iter
also, certain men in power, Aldermen and others, were indicted for false
In this year began a disagreement between the great lords of the land
and Sir Hugh le Despenser, father and son, as to divers articles, and
evil, which the peers of the land imputed to them; whereupon the Earl
of Hereford, the Mortimers, and many other great lords, ravaged their
lands and castles, and came with a great host of armed men to London,
upon the (fn. 49) Grule  of August; and on the Vigil of the Assumption
of Our Lady [15 August], the Despenaers, both father and son, in
presence of the King at Westminster, were banished. Still however,
the King retained the son in the realm, through the Cinque Ports; and
the said Sir Hugh, the son, plundered (fn. 50) dromonds and other ships at sea,
in great numbers, of property that was coming towards England, and
great evil did he upon the water during this time.
15 Edward II. [A.D. 1321, 2]. Hamo de Chikewelle, Mayor, elected
by the commons at the King's-wish. (fn. 51) Richard Constantin and Richard
In this year, just before All Saints [1 November], the King assembled
his host and besieged the Castle of (fn. 52) Ledes, which belonged to Sir
Bartholemew Badlesmere, then (fn. 53) Seneschal to the King; and the King
reached the castle on the Vigil of All Saints, but was kept out of it for a
fortnight: at the end of which time, Sir Bartholemew de (fn. 54) Burghaisse
and Lady Badlesmere, and others of their company, were sent to the
Tower of London; and thirteen persons who were in the castle were
hanged without the gate, and one (fn. 55) Watekyn Colpeper of Kent was
drawn and hanged at Winchilsse. And soon after this, the King caused
a Charter of (fn. 56) great service to be made, and wished in every way that
the good people of London should have sealed it; but the people of the
City would not accede to it, for all that the King could do.
At this time, the King went towards (fn. 57) Wircestre with a great host,
and at the Feast of Saint Luke [18 October] the people of London sent
to the King at Wircestre 380 men, persons well armed.
In this year, at the Conversion of Saint Paul [25 January] the two
Mortimers threw themselves upon the King's favour, and were taken to
the Tower of London by the Earl of Warenne, Robert (fn. 58) Lewer, and many
others, after dinner on Saturday, the Vigil of Saint Valentine [14 February]. At this time, the Sheriff of Hereford was drawn and hanged at
Gloucester. At this time, on the third day of March, the people of
London sent to the King, a second time, 120 men-at-arms. At this time,
on the Tuesday after the Feast of Saint Gregory [12 March], being the
16th day of March, Sir Thomas de Lancaster, Earl of five Counties, was
taken at (fn. 59) Burghbrigge by one Sir Andrew de (fn. 60) Hercle; and Sir
Humphrey de Boun, Earl of Hereford, was slain, and many good folks,
Barons of the land, slain, or taken and imprisoned; and on the 21st day
of March the said Earl of Lancaster was beheaded at (fn. 61) Pountfreit. On the
(fn. 62) same day also, William Fitz-William, Sir Waryn del Isle, Sir Henry
de Bradebourne, Sir Thomas Mauduyt, Sir William Tuchet, Sir
William Cheyne, Barons, and Thomas Page, esquire to the said Earl of
Lancaster, were all drawn and hanged at London, it being the Vigil
of Palm Sunday. Also, Sir John Moubray, Sir Roger de Clifford, and
Sir Gosselyn d'Ey ville, were drawn and hanged at (fn. 63) Euerwik; and Sir
Henry Tyeis was drawn and hanged at London.
Afterwards, on the Vigil of Easter, Sir Bartholomew Badlesmere,
who was a great Baron and Seneschal to the King at London, was
[seized] on his road to (fn. 64) Caunterbure; and on Wednesday in Easter week
he was shamefully drawn, hanged, and beheaded at Caunterbure, near
his nephew Sir Bartholomew de Assebournham. Sir Francis de Aldenham was drawn and hanged at Windesore, on the Wednesday after
(fn. 65) Paske Florie: Sir Henry de Mountfort and Sir Henry de Wilingham
were drawn and hanged at (fn. 66) Bristuit: Sir John Giffard and Sir Roger
de Elmerigge were drawn and hanged at Gloucester: Sir William
Flemming was drawn and hanged at (fn. 67) Kerdyf: Sir Thomas Colepeper
was drawn and hanged at Winchelse: Sir Stephen Baret was drawn
and hanged at (fn. 68) Collyere. Sir Roger Dammory died a natural death
from sorrow, at Tuttebury. Sir Hughe de Audelee, the father, and
Sir John de Charltone, surrendered themselves to the King's favour.
Sir John Butturd, Sir John de Kingeston, Sir Nichol Percy, Sir John
Mautravers the son, Sir John de Twyford, and Sir William Trussel,
fled beyond sea. Sir Robert de Holond, Sir Hugh de Audele the son,
and ninety-two other good knights were put in prison, and ransomed
at the King's will.
On the Vigil of Saint Margaret [20 July] next ensuing, the good folks
of London sent to the King, at Newcastle-upon-Tyne, one hundred men,
well armed and equipped. At this time the bushel of wheat was sold at
3s. 8d. At this time, on the second day of August, the two Mortimers were
adjudged at Westminster, before six Justiciars, to be drawn and hanged
for homicide and robberies which the King imputed to them; but no
execution of this judgment was made by the King's writ. And the next
day, the King of his favour granted them their lives, on condition of
perpetual imprisonment. At this time, upon the Gule  of August,
the King went with his host into the parts of Scotland, and penetrated
full sixty miles into that land, and there great numbers of his people
died of hunger for want of food; and the King had no encounter there,
but shamefully returned into England, and his people were greatly
wasted through great misfortunes and mishaps.
16 Edward II. [A.D. 1322, 3]. Hamo de Chikewelle, Mayor. John
de Grantham, Pepperer, and Roger de Ely, Fishmonger, Sheriffs.
In this year, the Scots made a descent upon Blakomore in England,
and robbed and burnt everywhere, and took great part of the King's
provisions; for at this time he was in the vicinity of (fn. 69) Euerwik. In the
same year, upon Thursday the third day of March, Sir Andrew de
Hercleye was made Earl of (fn. 70) Carlil by the King, because he had taken
the noble Earl Sir Thomas de Lancaster, and had slain Humphrey de
Bohun, Earl of Hereford. And in the same year the said Sir Andrew
was taken at Carlil; and there he was drawn, hanged, and beheaded,
and his entrails burnt and [his body] quartered; and his head was sent
to London on Sunday, the morrow of Saint Gregory [12 March].
At this time, on the 4th day of April, Hamo de Chikewelle, the
Mayor, the Aldermen, Sheriffs, and clerks, were summoned to appear
before the King at Westminster; when the King, of his own will,
without any accusation made, ousted the said Hamo from his Mayoralty,
and made Nicholas de Farndone Warden of London. And the said
Hamo de Chikewelle, Hamo Godchep, Edmund Lambyn, and Roger
Palmere, Aldermen, followed the King's Court, to await his pleasure as
to what he might think proper to accuse them of.
At this time, God wrought many miracles in the Church of Saint
Paul, at the tablet there which the said Thomas of Lancaster made; in
remembrance that the King had granted and confirmed the Ordinances
which were made by Saint Robert de Winchelse, Archbishop of Canterbury, and by all the great and wise men of England, to the great
profit of all the realm. In which place, the crooked were made straight,
the blind received their sight, and the deaf their hearing, and other
beneficial works of grace were there openly shown. At this time, the
sixth penny upon property was levied in London and other cities in
England, and in (fn. 71) upland the tenth penny, to the great-distress and
impoverishment of the common people of the land. At this time, a truce
was made between the King of England and Sir Robert de Brus, to last
from the 12th day of June in the (fn. 72) 16th year for, thirteen years, upon
divers conditions between the parties confirmed, if loyally observed.
And after this, at the Translation of Saint Thomas [7 July], by the
King's writ, issued from the Chancery, the tablet in the Church of
Saint Paul, as also the wax taper that was there offered in devotion to
the martyr, was with great rigour taken away and removed; but still,
for all that, the devotion of the people was not wholly put an end to,
oblations being still made at the pillar from which the tablet had been
The same year, after dinner on Friday, the third day before the Gule
 of August, the King's Exchequer came from Euerwik to Westminster, and great treasure therewith. At the same time, on Monday the
(fn. 73) Feast of Saint Peter, on the Gule  of August, at night, Sir Roger
Mortimer, lord of Wigemor, by means of a potion subtly made, and given
the same evening to the (fn. 74) Constable and watch of the Tower, and to the
other persons therein, escaped from the Tower of London by a ladder
skilfully made of cord, and fled to Porchester; where he took ship and
crossed the sea, and so reached the dominions of the Count of (fn. 75) Henaude.
At this time, upon Thursday the morrow of the Exaltation of the Holy
Cross [14 September], the four burgesses who had followed the King's
Court, returned to London with a fair company of people.
17 Edward II. [A.D. 1323, 4]. Nicholas de Farndone, Mayor, not
elected or presented, but appointed at the will of the King. Adam de
Salesbury and John de Oxenford, Sheriffs.
At this time, at the Feast of Saint Martin [11 November] and after,
many good folks of London, and of other cities and towns of the land,
were arrested by a wicked ribald clerk, Thomas de Newebigging by
name, who held the King's commission therefor, and who imputed to
them that they had held converse with Sir Roger Mortimer, and counselled his escape from the Tower. Also, at the Feast of Saint Nicholas
[6 December], by the King's will, Hamo de Chikewelle was made Mayor,
and Nicholas de Farndone removed from the office. In the (fn. 76) same year,
at Saint Hilary [13 January], the Justiciars of the Forest sat at Stratford.
In the same year, at the beginning of Lent, the King held his Parliament at Westminster, and then the King caused to be seized into his
hand all the lands and chattels which the (fn. 77) Bishop of Herford possessed;
because that the King imputed to him that he had aided the Mortimers
against himself. And on the first Sunday in Lent, after this, a minstrel,
Roger Wade by name, a (fn. 78) crowder, solemnly celebrated his own inter
ment, as though he had been dead, and had masses sung for his soul,
both he himself and others in his company making offering, so that many
persons marvelled thereat. And this he did, because he put no trust in
executors; but by reason of this act, some persons of the religious Orders
would have withdrawn from him his (fn. 79) livery which he had bought
from them for the term of his life; he himself however died soon after
In the same year, at the Feast of Saint John [24 June], a disagreement arose between the King of France and the King of England, by
reason of homage not being made for the territories of Gascoigne; whereupon, the King of England sent thither the Earl of Kent, his brother, and
other persons, to defend the land.
18 Edward II. [A.D. 1324, 5]. Hamo de Chigewelle, Mayor.
Beneit de Folsham and (fn. 80) John de Caustone, Sheriffs.
At this time, by the instigation of Sir Hugh le Despencer, at Saint
Michael the King had seized into his hand all the lands which the Queen
held in England, and removed all her household, French and others, and
put her upon her wages, twenty shillings per day. At Easter in this
year, the Queen crossed the sea to treat of peace. And at the (fn. 81) Feast of
the Holy Cross in May, the Earl of Warenne and the (fn. 82) Earl of Atheles,
and other great men, passed over from Portesmouthe, with one hundred
ships, for the parts of Gascoigne: for which passage the people of
London sent 140 men-at-arms.
About the same time, on Tuesday, that is to say, the fourth day of
July, four persons escaped from Neugate to the (fn. 83) Friars Minors, at the
hour of noon, and slew the porter, Nicholas de Westmille by name.
And at Saint Bartholomew [24 August] next ensuing, the King with his
Council was at Dover three weeks, to make preparation for his passage;
and had sent over his purveyors, horses, and treasure, and had even gone
towards the ship to cross over, when, at the instigation of Sir Hugh
Despencer, he changed his mind, and did not cross over. However,
upon the Thursday next before the Feast of the Exaltation of the Holy
Cross [14 September], he sent Sir Edward de Windesore, his son and
heir, to do homage to the King of France in his stead.
In this year, at night on the Feast of the Nativity of Our Lady [8
September] which was on a Sunday, ten persons escaped from Neugate,
five of whom were brought back, and four escaped to the Church of Saint
Sepulchre, and one to the Church of Saint Bride; and afterwards, they
all (fn. 84) forswore England.
19 Edward II. [A.D. 1325-6]. Hamo de Chikewelle, Mayor.
Gilbert de Mordone and (fn. 85) John Cotoun, Sheriffs.
At this same time, proclamation was made by the King that no man
should be the bearer of letters from the Queen, or from his son, the heir
of England, who were then in the parts of France; and that if any one
should carry such letter, he should be arrested, as well as the person to
whom such letter should be going, and they should be brought before the
King and his Council. At this time, the Queen wore plain apparel, like
a lady in grief who had lost her husband; and by reason of the anguish
that she felt for maintaining peace, the common people greatly pitied her.
In this year, on the Sunday before the Conversion of Saint Paul
[25 January], one (fn. 86) Sir Roger Belers, Justiciar of the King, and a great
lord, was slain near Leycestre; as to which there was a great outcry
made, and many persons were imprisoned. At this time, Sir Henry de
Beaumond and other great men in power were attached and imprisoned
by the King, because they would not consent to do the will of Sir Hugh
Despencer, the son; and then the King, by advice of his councillors, had
the Tower of London and other castles stored with provisions. Also, Sir
Hugh Despencer, the son, had all the carpenters, masons, and smiths
taken, who were then in London, and everywhere around it, and caused
all the turrets and (fn. 87) crenelles in the Tower to be repaired, and bars and
(fn. 88) bretasches to be made at all the gates there, of the very stoutest timber that
in all England could be found; and had (fn. 89) mangonels, (fn. 90) springals, and other
manner of engines, made at great cost; and yet this availed him nothing, for
his purpose was thwarted in another way; and all this was done through
fear of strangers coming over in company with the Queen.
In this year, on the Vigil of Candlemas [2 February], at night, Saint
(fn. 91) Erkenwolde was placed in his new shrine in the Church of Saint Paul.
The King then gave orders that Sir William de (fn. 92) Hermine, Bishop of
Norwich, should be held as a traitor, and the King imputed to him that
he was the cause of the Queen and her son remaining in the parts of
France. And the common people greatly pitied the said William Hermyn,
seeing that he was a worthy man, and had laboured much to maintain the
well-being of the land. Then the King was at Dover, and messengers
from the Pope came there to him, and returned with their answer privily;
that there might be no common talk as to why they had come, or what
answer they had received. In this year there was a great drought in rivers
and in springs, so that there was a great want of water in many countries.
At this time, shortly before the Feast of Saint John [24 June], the town
of (fn. 93) Roiston was burnt, part of (fn. 94) Wandlesworth, and the Abbey of
(fn. 95) Croxton near Leicester; and at this time there happened other conflagrations in England.
At this time, for want of fresh water, the tide from the sea prevailed
to such a degree that the water of the Thames was salt; so much so, that
many folks complained of the ale being salt. At this time, at Saint
Barnabas [11 June] the English conquered the land of Gascoigne, which
the King of France had overrun, so that many persons were slain; by
reason whereof, the King had proclamation made, on the Day of Saint
Margaret [20 July], that no Frenchman should trade in England, or
come into these parts; and it was further set forth in the said proclamation, that the Queen of England ought no longer to be called 'Queen.'
At the same time, all the English who were in France were arrested on
the same day, being a great multitude of people.
At this time the said Sir Edward, heir of England, and the Lady
Isabele his mother, Queen of England, collected about them a great array
of persons, and a great fleet, to come over to England with many men
from (fn. 96) Henaud; and the King then gave orders for a great fleet to be
assembled, for the purpose of preventing the coming of his son, and of
the Queen and their company. But the mariners of England were
not minded to prevent their coming, by reason of the great anger they
entertained against Sir Hugh le Despencer; and took counsel among
themselves to go into Normandy, where, upon their arrival, they
plundered and burnt, to the great damage of the land, though many
of our English people were there slain. And then, upon the Wednesday
before the Feast of Saint Michael, which itself fell on a Monday, the
Queen of England and her son, and the Mortimer, with a vast company
of great lords and men-at-arms, arrived at (fn. 97) Herwiche and Orewelle in
Essex, to destroy the enemies of the land.
20 Edward II. [A.D. 1326, 7]. Hamo de Chikewelle, Mayor. (fn. 98) Richard
de Rothinge, Taverner, and Roger Chaunceler, Sheriffs.
At this time, at Saint Michael, Lady Isabele, the Queen, and Sir
Edward, her son, sent their letters to the commons of London, to the
effect that they should assist in destroying the enemies of the land; but
received no answer in return, as to their wishes thereon, through fear of
the King. Wherefore a letter was sent to London by the Queen and
her son, and was fixed at daybreak upon the Cross in Chepe, and a copy
of the letter on the windows elsewhere, upon Thursday, that is to say,
the Feast of Saint (fn. 99) Dionis [9 October], to the effect that the commons
should be aiding with all their power in destroying the enemies of the
land, and Hugh le Despencer in especial, for the common profit of all the
realm; and that the commons should send them information as to their
wishes thereon. Wherefore the Commonalty proceeded to wait upon the
Mayor and other great men of the City, at the (fn. 100) Friars Preachers in
London, upon the Wednesday before the Feast of Saint Luke [18
October] which then fell on a Saturday; so much so, that the Mayor,
crying mercy with clasped hands, went to the Guildhall and granted the
commons their demand, and cry was accordingly made in Chepe, that the
enemies to the King, and the Queen, and their son, should all quit the
City upon such peril as might ensue. It happened also on the same day,
at the hour of noon, that some persons had recourse to arms, and seized
one John le Marchal, a burgess of the City, in his own house near
Walbrok, who was held as an enemy to the City and a spy of Sir Hugh le
Despencer; and he was brought into Chepe, and there despoiled and
Just after this, upon the same day and at the same hour, there came
one Sir Walter de (fn. 101) Stapulton, the then Bishop of (fn. 102) Exestre, and Treasurer to the King the year before, riding towards his hostel in Eldedeaneslane, to dine there; and just then he was proclaimed a traitor; upon
hearing of which, he took to flight and rode towards Saint Paul's Church,
where he was met, and instantly dragged from his horse and carried into
Chepe; and there he was despoiled, and his head cut off. Also, one of
his esquires, who was a vigorous man, William Walle by name, took to
flight, but was seized at London Bridge, brought back into Chepe, and
beheaded; while John de Padington, another, who was warden of the
manor of the said Bishop, without Temple Bar, and was held in bad
repute, was beheaded the same day in Chepe.
Upon the same day, towards Vespers, came the choir of Saint Paul's
and took the headless body of the said Bishop, and carried it to Saint
Paul's Church; where they were given to understand that he had died
under sentence; upon which, the body was carried to the Church of
Saint Clement without Temple Bar. But the people of that church
put it out of the building; whereupon certain women and persons in the
most abject poverty took the body, which would have been quite naked,
had not one woman given a piece of old cloth to cover the middle, and
buried it in a place apart without making a grave, and his esquire near
him, all naked, and without any office of priest or clerk; and this spot is
called (fn. 103) 'the Lawless Church.' The same night, there was a burgess
robbed, John de Charltone by name. Also, on the Thursday following,
the Manors of Fynesbury and of (fn. 104) Yvilane, which belonged to Master
Robert Baldok, the King's Chancellor, were despoiled of the wines and
of all things that were therein, and many other robberies were committed
in the City.
Also, upon the same day, the commons of London were armed and
assembled at the Lede Halle on Cornhille, and the Constable of the Tower
there agreed with the commons that he would deliver unto them Sir
John de Eltham, the King's son; as also, the children of Sir Roger
Mortimer, Sir Moriz de Berklee, Sir Bartholomew de Burghasche, and
the other persons who had been imprisoned in the Tower, by reason
of the dissensions for which Sir Thomas de Lancaster and other great
men had been put to death; those who were released being sworn unto
the commons that they would live and die with them in that cause,
and that they would maintain the well-being of the City and the peace
thereof. Also, there were sworn and received into the protection of the
City, the Dean of Saint Paul's, the Official of Canterbury, the Dean
of the Arches, the Abbots of Westminster and of Stratford, and all the
(fn. 105) religious, and all the justices and clerks, to do such watch and ward as
unto them belonged to do.
At the same time, upon the Vigil of Saint Luke [18 October] the
tablet which Sir Thomas de Lancastre had had painted and hung
up in the Church of Saint Paul was replaced upon the pillar;
which tablet had been removed from the pillar by the rigorous command
of the King's writ. At the same time, the (fn. 106) Friars Preachers took to
flight, because they feared that they should be maltreated and annihilated; seeing that the commonalty entertained great enmity against
them by reason of their haughty carriage, they not behaving themselves
as friars ought to behave. At this time, it was everywhere the common
talk that if Stephen de (fn. 107) Segrave, Bishop of London, had been found,
he would have been put to the sword with the others who were beheaded; as well as some Justiciars and others, who betook themselves
elsewhere in concealment, so that they could not be found. At this
time no pleas were pleaded in the Court of the Official of Caunterburi,
neither in Consistory nor before Commissary, except as to matters
touching matrimony or testament, for fear of producing dissensions
thereby. At this time, a counterfeit letter was forged, and read in the
Guildhall, in deceit of the people, to the effect that the King and
Queen were reconciled, and that the enemies of the land were taken,
a thing that was then wholly false. At this time, the King, in company
with his (fn. 108) enemies, took ship from (fn. 109) Bristowe, so that for a time no
one knew what had become of him; and on Monday, the Vigil of
Saint Simon and Saint Jude [28 October], Sir Hugh le Despencer,
the father, was taken at Bristowe, and there hanged, drawn, and beheaded, his head being sent to Winchester, because he was Earl of
At this time, on Saturday the Vigil of Saint Edmund [16 November],
the (fn. 110) Bishop of Winchester, who had come from the Queen, came to the
Guildhall, and was there admitted to be one of the community, to live
and die with them in the cause, and to maintain the franchise; and he
brought letters from the Queen and from her son, to the effect that the
commons should elect a Mayor from among themselves; for before that,
there had been no Mayor, save only by the King's favour, seeing that
the Mayoralty had been (fn. 111) forfeited at the Iter of the Justiciars. Therefore, they chose the same day one (fn. 112) Richard de Betoygne to be Mayor;
who had then just come from the Queen, and who the same year suffered
great persecution from the King and Sir Hugh Despencer, the son.
At the same time, Sir Henry de Lancaster and other great men pursued
the King into Wales, near (fn. 113) Snaudon, so closely, that the King forsook
his enemies who had brought him away from his kingdom, and surrendered
himself to his liege people; and there the enemies were taken, Sir Hugh
Despencer, Sir Robert de Baldok, and others in their company, and
were brought to Hereforde. Also, on the Monday following, the (fn. 114) Earl
of Aroundel was beheaded at Hereforde; and, on the Wednesday after,
one (fn. 115) Bernard d'Espaygne, a wine-merchant, was beheaded in London, at
(fn. 116) Nomanneslond, for treason which he had committed. Also, on Monday
the Vigil of Saint Katherine [25 November], Sir Hugh le Despencer,
the son, was hanged, drawn, and beheaded, and his entrails burnt, at
Hereforde, and one (fn. 117) Symon de Redingge, who had shown contempt for
the Queen, was drawn and hanged. Also, one Master Robert de Baldok,
who was the King's Chancellor, one of the greatest lords of the land,
the (fn. 118) Bishop of Hereforde, and the Prior of Hereforde, were put in prison.
Also, on Thursday, after dinner, the day before the Vigil of Saint
Nicholas [6 December], the head of Sir Hugh le Despencer, the son, was
carried, with sound of trumpets, through Chepe, to London Bridge; and
there the head was fixed. At this time too, the King was sent to the Castle
of (fn. 119) Kelingeworthe, in the custody of Sir Henry, Earl of Lancaster. In
this year, the Queen and her son came to London, with a fine company
of great men of the land and of the burgesses of London, on the Sunday
next before the Tiffany [6 January], to hold a Parliament there; so that,
on Tuesday the Day of Saint Hilary [11 January], the (fn. 120) Archbishop of
Caunterbury pronounced at Westminster, before all the Baronage of the
land, many articles against the King. By reason whereof all the people
agreed, and cried aloud, that he ought no longer to reign, but that they
should make his son, the Duke of (fn. 121) Gyene, king. Wherefore, Bishops,
Abbots, Priors, Earls, Barons, Knights, and burgesses, were sent to him
at the Castle of (fn. 122) Kylingworthe, to hear his will thereupon, if he would
agree to the crowning of his son, and abdicate the kingdom; and if not,
the messengers were to withdraw their homage for all the land.
Whereupon, while the messengers were with the King, on the Sunday
before the Feast of Fabian and Sebastian [20 January], proclamation was
made in Chepe that all who owed service at the King's Coronation, or
who claimed to hold any service, should be present at the Coronation of
the new King, Sir Edward, Duke of Gyene, on Sunday the Vigil of
Candlemas [2 February.] At the same time, upon Tuesday the Feast of
Saints Fabian and Sebastian [20 January], Sir Walter Reynald, Archbishop of Caunterbury, preached at the Guildhall of London, and seven
Bishops came with him; and there he made oath, with the other Bishops,
in manner as the great men had before made oath. And because that
the commons of London had hostile feelings against the Archbishop for
many reasons, the said Archbishop agreed with the commons that he
would give them fifty tuns of wine, and, in addition thereto, would make
compensation the next day to every person who should wish by bill
reasonably to make plaint against him.
And then was Sir Edward of Carnarvan sent away to the Castle of
Berklee, from the Castle of Kelingworthe, through fear that he might
have been carried off by the abetting and procurement of a certain Friar
Preacher, Brother (fn. 123) Thomas Dunheued by name, and many others of that
Order who conspired with him; wherefore, he was taken, as well as
many others with him, and put into rigorous confinement at (fn. 124) Euerwik.
And then Sir Edward of Carnarvan had two keepers appointed, Sir
Thomas de Berkle and Sir John Mautravers, to keep him safely in
perpetual imprisonment. But by the abetting of certain persons, and
with the assent of his false keepers, he was traitorously and vilely
murdered by night, like false and disloyal perjurers as they were.
The said Edward reigned here nineteen years and a half, and lies
buried at Gloucester.