On the retirement of Mr. Percy Lovell who had collaborated
in the production of Parts 1 and 2 of the Survey of the Parish
of St. Pancras it has fallen to my lot to assist Mr. Marcham
in this third volume although I could not pretend to Mr.
Lovell's detailed local knowledge. It was decided that we should deal
with the South Western part of the parish which had suffered most
heavily from the air-raids of the late war, and this included the formerly
closely populated area west of Tottenham Court Road and the squares
east of it. In its prime this neighbourhood was an attractive and interesting example of eighteenth and early nineteenth century urban development, but the loss of residents and the extensive war damage had
marred its original charm and considerable sections had been destroyed
or were in process of demolition. This circumstance and the large
number of houses of almost uniform design have made it necessary to
deal more summarily with the buildings than in past volumes of the
Survey and streets have been described in general where the description
of buildings would have been merely repectitive and wasteful of space.
A similar policy has guided the record of the names of the inhabitants.
To have inserted the whole of the occupants would have meant too great
an addition to the size of the volume, and further there was the practical
difficulty that the rate books of the parish were not readily available.
An effort, however, has been made to include all the inhabitants of note
who could be traced, and I must acknowledge the considerable help
which the Committee has received from Miss Ida Darlington and her
assistants at the London County Council in presenting this information.
In the case of Fitzroy Square alone have we attempted a complete list
but the terminal dates of residence do not pretend to accuracy, since
the names have been extracted from the periodical rates of the
Commissioners of Sewers, checked by references to contemporary
directories. It will be noticed that the separate treatment of Fitzroy
Square has involved a slight difference of arrangement in setting out the
Every effort has been made to collect all the essential information
which will assist the student to carry his researches further into the
history of this part of London. The Committee gratefully acknowledges
the help accorded by a great number of persons connected with the
parish and by the researches of its own members. Mr. John Summerson
has written the accounts of University College and of Euston Station and
Railway Works. In connection with the latter our thanks are due to
Mr. G. Royde Smith, Secretary of the London Midland Region of
British Railways, for giving every facility in the inspection of the premises
at Euston, for lending certain documents, and providing access to the
drawings in the Chief Engineer's Department. Thanks are also due to
Dr. Leslie Martin, A.R.I.B.A. and Mr. Harold Wyatt, A.R.I.B.A.,
of the Railway architect's office for much information and advice.
Mr. Summerson has assisted in many other ways and our indebtedness to his books on Georgian London and John Nash is acknowledged in
the text. The architectural description of Percy Street, Charlotte Street,
and Fitzroy Square is largely the work of Mr. J. W. Bloe. The account
of the panelling in the Chapel of St. Saviour's Hospital has been supplied
by Mr. A. R. Dufty. We acknowledge the kind co-operation of the
Vicar of St. Pancras and the incumbents of Christ Church, Albany
Street, St. Mary Magdalene, Munster Square, and St. James', Hampstead Road. Mr. L. E. C. Osborne, Crown Surveyor, has been very
helpful in providing the dates of Crown leases, the Rev. James B.
Binns, Secretary and Librarian of New College, London, has assisted
in the history of Coward College, and the Secretaries of University
College and University College Hospital have kindly furnished
The illustrations have been drawn mainly from the collections of the
London County Council and the National Buildings Record. The fine
series of measured drawings were mostly made by Miss B. G. Bryan
Brown when she was assisting the National Buildings Record. For
other illustrations we are indebted to the following: Mr. Dennis
Flanders and the Daily Telegraph (drawing of Gresse Street); The
Guildhall Library (drawings of Percy and Fitzroy Chapels); St. Pancras
Public Library (various drawings in the Heal Collection); Sir Ambrose
Heal (Cecil Brewer's plans of the Farmhouse, Tottenham Court Road);
Mr. F. A. Evans (drawings of houses in Whitfield Street and Tavistock
House); Professor A. E. Richardson (drawing of University Memorial
Hall); Mr. J. M. Lickfold (photographs of the Catholic Apostolic
Church); The Editor of the Architect and Building News (plans of
Woburn Lodge); Mr. Ian Grant (plans of Euston Square). We
also have to thank the Marquess of Salisbury for permission to reproduce the plan of Tottenhall Manor (1591) from the Hatfield Collections; the Trustees and Curator of the Soane Museum for Robert
Adam's drawings of Fitzroy Square; the Hon. Arnold Palmer and
the Pilgrim Trust for permission to reproduce Miss Phyllis Ginger's
drawing of No. 12 Park Village West from Recording Britain, and
Mr. J. H. MacDonnell for the loan of several portraits from his collection.
Other photographs are reproduced by the kind permission of the
owners of the negatives.
On behalf of the Committee I should like to acknowledge the
constant and valuable help given throughout by the London County
Council. Not only have Miss Darlington and her staff given their
personal aid, but the Council has recently appointed an assistant whose
time will be devoted to the research required by the Committee in
volumes prepared by them. This timely help is greatly appreciated and
will materially assist the important work to which the Council and the
Committee have jointly set their hands.
Walter H. Godfrey.