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'References', Survey of London: volume 25: St George's Fields (The parishes of St. George the Martyr Southwark and St. Mary Newington) (1955), pp. 131-136. URL: Date accessed: 26 November 2014.


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1. Royal Comm. on Hist. Mon., Roman London, 1928.
2. Information supplied by Miss K. Kenyon, O.B.E.
3. Surrey Arch. Coll.—
Vol. LII, I. D. Margary, Stane Street at Talbot Yard, p. 80.
Vol. XLIII, B. F. Davis, The Roman Road from West Wickham to London, p. 82.
Vol. XXVIII, T. Codrington, London South of the Thames, pp. 111–163.
Vol. XV, T. S. Cooper, The Church Plate of Surrey, pp. 139–142.
4. I. D. Margary, Roman Ways in the Weald, 1949, p. 76.
5. L.C.C.R.O., Surr. and Kent Commrs. Sewers, Plans.
6. L.C.C., Chief Engineer's Dept., Boring records.
7. L.C.C. Survey of London, Vol. XXII, Bankside, 1950.
8. C.R.O., Bridge House Grant Book, 1570–1622.
9.C.R.O., Journal of Bridge House Committee.
10.Home Counties Mag., Vol. IX, p. 74.
11.W. de Gray Birch, Historical Chartersof the City of London, 1887.
12.J. Stow, Survey of London … enlarged, 1633.
13.L.C.C.R.O., Overseers' Accounts of St. George the Martyr, Southwark.
14.Guildhall Library, Broadside 22.28.
15.L.C.C.R.O., Churchwardens' Accounts of St. George the Martyr, Southwark.
16.C.R.O., Journal of the Court of Common Council.
17.Ibid., Proceedings of Southwark Court Leet, 1539–1564.
18.W. Rendle and P. Norman, Inns of Old Southwark, 1888.
19.St. Thomas' Hospital, L 4a/1/2.
20.J. Strype's ed. of Stow's Survey of London, 1720.
21.Cal. of Pat. Rolls.
22.J. Stow, The Annales, 1615, p. 342.
23.Camden Society, Chronicle of the Grey Friars of London, ed. J. G. Nichols, 1852.
24.J. Foxe, Ecclesiasticall Historie … and Monuments of Martyrs, 1641, Vol. III, P. 307.
25.Dict. of Nat. Biog.
26. P.R.O., SP 12/18.
27.Cal., of State Papers (Dom.).
28.A List of all Prisoners in the Upper Bench Prison, … the Third of May, 1653 … by Sir John Lenthall
29.Public Act 43 Eliz. I cap. 2.
30.The Journals of the House of Commons.
31.Guildhall Library, MS. 659/1.
32.Public Act 27 Geo. II cap. 17.
33.P.R.O., LR 1/121, f. 124b.
34.Ibid., LR 1/122, f. 98.
35.Messrs. Jacobs, Young and Westbury, Deeds.
36.P.R.O., C 54/5997.
37.R. and J. Dodsley, London and its Environs Described, 1761, Vol. III, pp. 278, 279.
38.Annual Register.
39.The Morning Chronicle and London Advertiser, 9th June, 1780.
40.P.R.O., AO 1/2494/411.
41.W. Smith, State of the Gaols in London …, 1776.
42.J. Howard, The State of the Prisons…, 1777.
43.A Description of the King's Bench Prison (c. 1823).
44.Public Act 5 & 6 Vic. cap. 22.
45.Public Act 32 & 33 Vic. cap. 62.
46.S. and B. Webb, English Prisons under Local Government, 1922, p. 1.
47.L.C.C., M.B.W. Building Act Case 28165.
48.Hell in Epitome or, a Description of the M . . SH . . SEA, 1718.
49.Report from the Committee appointed to enquire into the State of the gaols …, 1729.
50.Minet Library, Deed E 38.
51.Ibid., Deed D 89.
52.L.C.C., Members' Library, John Burns' Coll., Prisoners Last Appeal to the Commons of England.
53.S.C.R.O., QS 2/1/7–12.
54.P.R.O., PRIS 11/7.
55.Commissioners of Crown Lands, Sale Book 15.
56.Ibid., Marshalsea Prison Papers.
57.J. Stow, Survey of London, 1598.
58.S.C.R.O., QS 5/4/4 (1–29).
59.L.C.C.R.O., Vestry Min. of St. Saviour's, Southwark.
60.S.C.C., Surrey Quarter Sessions Records, Vols. VI-VIII.
61.S.C.R.O., QS 2/1/12.
62.Public Act 14 Geo. III cap. 59.
63.S.C.C., Surrey Quarter Sessions Records, Vol. V.
64.A Complete Collection of State Trials …, ed. T.B. Howell, Vol. XVIII, pp. 350, 351.
65.London Mag., August, 1780.
66.Public Act 31 Geo. III cap. 22.
67.Public Act 12 Geo. III cap. 65.
68.S.C.R.O., Sess. Bdle., 1772.
69.Newington Sessions House. Horsemonger Lane Gaol, abstract of title.
70.Ibid. Papers relating to Horsemonger Lane Gaol.
71.H. Mayhew and J. Binney, The Criminal Prisons of London, 1862.
72.The Times, 14th Nov., 1849.
73.Public Act 31 & 32 Vic. cap. 24.
74.South London Press, 12th March, 1892.
75. L.C.C., Minutes, 1st Feb., 1921.
76.J. Stow, Survey of London, 1603 ed.
77.Roxburghe Club, Manners and Household Expenses of England in the Thirteenth and Fifteenth centuries …, ed. T. H. Turner, 1841, f. 9.
78.P.C.C., 9 Horne.
79.Ibid., 29 Bennett.
80.Ibid., 7 Dogett.
81.Cal. of L. and P. Henry VIII.
82.Private Act 27 Hen. VIII, cap. 11.
83.Hall's Chronicle, ed. H. Ellis, 1809, p. 637.
84.Sir J. Craig, The Mint, 1953, p. 116.
85.Camden Society, Wriothesley Chronicle, ed. W. D. Hamilton, 1875–7, Vol. II, p. 122.
86.P.R.O., C 66/903.
87.Ibid., E 36/169, ff. 159–161.
88.Ibid., C 54/539.
89.Ibid., C 54/569.
90.C.R.O., The King's Manor, Court Leet Presentments, Box 2.
91. S.C.R.O., Special Coll. 26/8/4.
92.P.R.O., E 317/Surrey 54.
93.Private Act 1 Anne, 1st Sess., cap. 36.
94.Statistical Society of London, G. Weight, Statistics of the Parish of St. George the Martyr, Southwark, 1840, p. 56.
95.Local Act 5 & 6 Vic. cap. 107.
96.Southwark Town Hall, Vestry Min. of St. George the Martyr, Southwark.
97.P. J. Edwards, History of London Street Improvements 1855–1897, 1897, p. 73.
98.H. Mayhew, The London Street Folk, 1851.
99.W. H. Davies, Autobiography of a SuperTramp, 1908, p. 219.
100.L.C.C., Members' Library, Annales Abbatiae S. Salvatoris de Bermundseia (MS. transcript).
101.C.R.O., Bridgemasters' Account Roll 11, m. 6.
102.W. Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet, Act V, Sc. I11, 11. 109, 110.
103.G.E.C., Complete Peerage, Vol. VI, pp. 358, 359.
104.C. G. Young, An Account of the Controversy between Reginald Lord Grey of Ruthyn and Sir Edward Hastings …, 1841.
105.P.R.O., LR 2/215, f. 40.
106.B.M. Add. MS. 36672, f. 68.
107.Church Commrs., File 47189.
108.J. Aubrey, The Natural History and Antiquities of Surrey, 1719, Vol. V.
109.Public Act 6 Geo. II cap. 8.
110.P.R.O., AO 1/439/10, 12.
111.Public Act 23 Geo. II cap. 36.
112.Public Act 47 Geo. I11, 2nd Sess., cap. 132.
113.J. Ralph, A Critical Review of the Public Buildings … in and about London and Westminster, 1783, p. 20.
114.L.C.C.R.O., Misc. papers of St. George the Martyr, Southwark.
115.St. George the Martyr church, Southwark, Misc. papers in the Vestry safe.
116.The Builder, 3rd April, 1897.
117.Gentleman's Mag.
118.O. Manning and W. Bray, The History and Antiquities of the County of Surrey, 1814, Vol. III.
119.P.C.C., 359 Dodwell.
120.Public Act 56 Geo. III cap. 56.
121.L.C.C., Minutes, 3rd Nov., 1903.
122.Rot. Parl. Vol. III, p. 19b.
123.C.R.O., Bridge House Rental.
124. C.R.O., Manors of Southwark, 1539–1564.
125.Ibid., Comptroller Bridge House, Plan 205–27.
126.L.C.C.R.O., Surr. and Kent Commrs. of Sewers, Minutes.
127.Public Act 6 Geo. I cap. 26.
128.Public Act 24 Geo. II cap. 58.
129.Public Act 9 Geo. I11 cap. 89.
130.C.R.O., Minutes of the Blackfriars Bridge Committee.
131.Local Act 49 Geo. III cap. 191.
132.Local Acts 53 Geo. III cap. 184, 58 Geo. III cap. 28.
133.Local Act 51 Geo. III cap. 166.
134.Local Act 1 Geo. IV cap. 49.
135.L.C.C.R.O., Vestry Min. of St. Mary, Newington.
136.Endowed Charities (London), Vol. IV, 1901.
137.Southwark Town Hall, Records of the parish of St. Mary, Newington, Box 10.
138.P.C.C., 145 Isham.
139.L.C.C.R.O., Register of the charities of the parish of St. Mary, Newington.
140.Ibid., Parish Estate Box of St. Mary, Newington.
141.L.C.C., Building Act Case 10342; Improvements Committee Papers.
142.Local Act 21 Geo. V cap. 6.
143.L.C.C., Building Act Case 66015.
144.L.C.C., County of London Plan, 1943, p. 19.
145.L.C.C., Administrative County of London Development Plan (Analysis), 1951, p. 286.
146.Metropolitan Police, Census of Traffic, 1952, pp. 22, 23.
147.J. Gerard, Herbal, 1633, p. 828.
148.J.P. de Castro, The Gordon Riots, 1926, pp. 28–31.
149.London Top. Record, Vol. XIV, N. Brett-James, The Fortification of London, 1642–3.
150.C.R.O., Small Bridge House Register.
151.Ibid., Bridgemasters' Weekly Accounts.
152.Ibid., Comptroller Bridge House Plan 205–25.
153.J. H. Burn, Descriptive Catalogue of … Tokens, 1855, p. 217.
154.L.C.C., Members' Library, Rendle Coll. of Newspaper Cuttings.
155.City Comptroller, B.H.E.
156.P.C.C., 26 Oxford.
157.Public Acts 9 Geo. III cap. 31, 12 Geo. III cap. 65.
158.Local Act 49 Geo. III cap. 183.
159.Public Act 28 Geo. II cap. 23.
160.Local Act 4 & 5 Will. IV cap. 45.
161.Local Act 27 & 28 Vic. cap. 141.
162.Local Act 50 Geo. III cap. 191.
163.Local Act 52 Geo. III cap. 211.
164.H. and J. Smith, The Spread of London, 1813.
165.The Builder, 13th Jan., 1872.
166.E. W. Brayley, Historical and Descriptive Account of the Theatres of London, 1826, p. 67.
167.J. Elmes, Metropolitan Improvements, 1827.
168.P. Hartnoll, The Oxford Companion to the Theatre, 1951, p. 778.
169.C.R.O., Large Plan Roll 12.
170.P.C.C., 128 Collingwood.
171.Maudsley Hospital, Records.
172.E. G. O'Donoghue, The Story of Bethlem Hospital, 1914.
173.S. J. Price, Upton, 1935, p. 116.
174.Annual Charities' Register and Digest.
175.Endowed Charities (London), Vol. V, 1903, p. 419.
176.Messrs. Gamlen, Bowerman and Forward, Deeds.
177.L.C.C., Legal and Parliamentary Dept., Deeds.
178.Mariner's Mirror, Vol. XXIV, No. 2, pp. 191, 192.
179.Guildhall Library, Court Ledger of the Fishmongers' Company.
180.R. W. Bowers, Sketches of Southwark Old and New, 1905.
181.A. H. Johnson, The History of the Worshipful Company of the Drapers of London, 1922, Vol. III, p. 254.
182.182. H. F. B. Compston, The Magdalen Hospital, 1917.
183.Public Act 9 Geo. III cap. 31.
184.Local Act 29 & 30 Vic. cap. 130.
185.City Comptroller, B.H.E. 289/3.
186.N. Highmore, Pietas Londinensis: The History … of … Public Charities in and near London, 1810.
187.IIIustrated London News.
188.M. D. George, London Life in the XVIIIth century, 1925.
189.Local Act 46 Geo. III cap. 144.
190.Local Act 11 & 12 Vic. cap. 109.
191.Vic. County Hist., Surrey, Vol. IV.
192.The Times, 11th July, 1899.
193.D. Salmon, Joseph Lancaster, 1904, p. 16.
194.M. G. Jones, The Charity School Movement in the XVIIIth century, 1938, P. 339.
195.E. Bayley, The Borough Polytechnic Institute, 1910, pp. 5, 6.
196.School for the Blind, Leatherhead, Records.
197.J. Summerson, Georgian London, 1947.
198.Local Act 7 Geo. IV cap. 68.
199.Local Act 1 Will. IV cap. 19.
200.The Mirror, 21st Feb. 1835.
201.St. George's Cathedral, Contemporary MS. notebook.
202.B. Ferrey, Recollections of A. N. Welby Pugin, 1861.
203.St. George's Cathedral, Minute Book of the new Catholic Church and Schools in Southwark.
204.Private Act 2 & 3 Vic. cap. 27.
205.A. W. Pugin, The Present State of Ecclesiastical Architecture in England, 1843, p. 33.
206.T. F. Bumpus, London Churches, Ancient and Modern, 2nd Series, 1907, p. 174.
207.Rev. B. Bogan, The Great Link, [1951].
208.The Times, 5th July, 1848.
209.The Builder, 9th Sept., 1848.
210.P.R.O., C 47/21/5.
211.Cal. of Letter-Books … of the City of London, Letter Book F, ed. R. G. Sharpe, 1904, p. 154.
212.Letters Patent of King Henry the Eighth, and King Edward the Sixth; whereby the Mayor, Commonalty, and Citizens of the City of London, are incorporated governors of the Hospitals of Christ, St. Bartholomew, Bridewell, Bethlem and St. Thomas [1547].
213.Bridewell Hospital, Proceedings … respecting the rebuilding of Bethlem Hospital, 12th July, 1792.
214.Reports of the Committee … Respecting the State of Bethlem Hospital, 1800, 1803 & 1804, 1805.
215.Public Act 48 Geo. III cap. 96.
216.Public Act 55 Geo. III cap. 46.
217.An Account of Bethlem Hospital Abridged from the Report of the Late Charity Commissioners, 1853, p. 24.
218.Bridewell Hospital, Minutes of the Bethlem Building Committee.
219.Bridewell Hospital, Plans.
220.Minutes of Evidence taken before the Committee on the State of the Madhouses, 1815–1816, Vol. II.
221.P. Laurie, A Narrative of the Proceedings at the Laying of the First Stone of the New Buildings at Bethlem Hospital, 1838.
222.Report of the Commissioners in Lunacy, 1852.
223.Local Act 16 & 17 Geo. V cap. 48.
224.Eng. Hist. Soc., J. M. Kemble, Codex Diplomaticus Aevi Saxonici, 1839–48.
225.English Place-Name Society, The PlaceNames of Surrey, ed. J. E. B. Gover, A. Mawer and F. M. Stenton, 1934.
226.Book of Fees, 1920, Vol. I.
227.P.R.O., CP 25 (1)/282/8/25.
228.Ibid., C 54/219.
229.W. Curtis, The Botanical Magazine, 1797, P. 379.
230.T. Mawe and J. Abercrombie, Every Man his own Gardener, 1798.
231.Church Commrs., Index.
232.P.C.C., 477 St. Eloi.
233.Private Act 14 Geo. III cap. 43.
234.Chapter Library, Canterbury, Bunce's Index.
235.Church Commrs., Deed 69584.
236.Ibid., Deed 69618.
237.Local Act 51 Geo. III cap. 209.
238.Minet Library, Brandon Estate Papers, Chancery Suit Pennington v. Dalbiac.
239.Local Act 45 Geo. III cap. 115.
240.Private Act 12 & 13 Vic. cap. 4.
241.Private Act 23 & 24 Vic. cap. 3.
242.Church Commrs., File 59011.
243.Private Act 33 Geo III cap. 57.
244.Church Commrs., Deed 69756.
245.The Life and Correspondence of Robert Southey, ed. C. C. Southey, 1849–50.
246.F. Wilson, Crusader in Crinoline, 1942.
247.Chapter Library, Canterbury, Carta Antiqua W 149a.
248.Church Commrs., Deed 70470.
249.Chapter Library, Canterbury, Register W.
250. Church Commrs., Deed 69633.
251.Ibid., Deed 69634.
252.L.C.C.R.O., Catalogues of Sale.
253.Church Commrs., Deed 183783.
254.Private Act 10 Geo. III cap. 72.
255.L.C.C., Survey of London, Vol. XVIII, The Strand, 1937.
256.Messrs. Hunter, Hare Estate Deeds.
257.Church Commrs., Deeds 69731–69743.
258.L.C.C., Building Act Case 41416.
259.Messrs. Ward, Bowie and Co., Deeds.
260.Southwark Town Hall, Poor Rate Books of the parish of St. Mary, Newington.
261.Local Act 14 & 15 Vic. cap. 7.
262.P.C.C., 154 Tyndale.
263.Ibid., 61 Ellenbrough.
264.L.C.C.R.O., Deeds of St. Mary Magdalen, Massinger Street.
265.Church Commrs., Deeds 69667–82.
266.Lambeth Palace Library, Register Sancroft, ff. 391d, 392.
267.Record Commission, Valor Ecclesiasticus, ed. J. Hunter, 1814, Vol. II, p. 65.
268.P.R.O., E 305/E93.
269.P.C.C., 35 Rudd.
270.Lambeth Palace Library, Return of parish churches, 1705.
271.South London Press, 6th May 1876.
272.Building News, 24th Sept., 1875.
273.L.C.C.R.O., Terrier of St. Mary, Newington.
274.E. W. Brayley, History of Surrey, 1844, Vol. III, Part III.
275.Church Commrs., Plan of the Glebe of St. Mary, Newington.
276.Chapter Library, Canterbury, Carta Antiqua W. 70.
277.Ibid., Carta Antiqua W. 131.
278.P.R.O., CP 25(1)/227/21.
279. Canterbury and York Society, Registrum Henrici Woodlock, ed. A. W. Goodman, 1935–40.
280.Cal. of Close Rolls.
281.Canterbury and York Society, Registra Stephani Gardiner et Johannis Poynet, ed. H. Chitty, 1930.
282.A. à Wood, Athenae Oxonienses, ed. P. Bliss, 1813–20, Vol. III.
283.Census Returns, 1801 and 1821.
284.Church Commrs., File 17706.
285.Local Act 1 Geo. IV cap. 41.
286.L.C.C.R.O., Accounts of the Trustees for … Building Two New Churches.
287.Ibid., Minutes of a Society for the Abolition of Church Rates.
288.L.C.C., London Statistics, Vol. VI, 1897, p. 219.
289.Chamber's Encyclopedia, 1950, J. Summerson, The Scott family.
290.27th Report from the Ecclesiastical Commissioners of England, 1879.
291.Church Commrs., File 48739.
292.Kent's Directory.
293.M. Donovan, A History of S. Paul's, Lorrimore Square and St. Agnes, Kennington Park, 1930.
294.The Times, 22nd Jan., 1877.
295.The Builder, 1877.
296.P.C.C., 2 Hare.
297.Eighteen years in the Central City Swarm, [1913].
298.Somerset House, Register of births and baptisms of the York Street Chapel.
299.Browning Hall, tablet.
300.H. Elderkin, Walworth Wesleyan Chapel, [1913].
301.L.C.C., Building Act Case 33080.
302.Clubland, [1952], p. 48.
303.J. Ruskin, Praeterita I, 1908, p. 132.
304.Post Office Directories.
305.L.C.C., List of Streets Renamed in the Administrative County of London, 1929–1945, 1946.
306.The Morning Advertiser, 21st Oct., 1856.
307.L.C.C., Members' Library, Print Coll.
308.The Builder, 4th May, 1861.
309.Corporation of Trinity House, Deeds.
310.Ibid., Transactions.
311.Ibid., Book of Charters, Grants, Leases, etc.
312.Chapter Library, Canterbury, Carta Antiqua W. 76.
313.Corporation of Trinity House, Wardens' Minutes.
314.Ibid., By Committee Minutes.
315.St. Thomas' Hospital, Grand Committee Minutes.
316.L.C.C.R.O Deed 54/16
317.Local Act II Geo. IV cap. 45.
318.L.C.C.R.O., Records of the Surrey Dispensary.
319.Ibid., Vestry papers of Holy Trinity, Walworth.
320.T. Allen, A Complete History of the County of Surrey, 1830–31, Vol. I, p. 257.
321.F. G. Parsons, The History of St. Thomas' Hospital, 1936, Vol. III, p. 188.
322.Mosers, Ltd., Mosers of the Borough, 1948.
323.Church Commrs., Deed 69604.
324.Local Act 45 & 46 Vic. cap. 144.
325.Local Act 24 Geo. II cap. 58.
326.Southwark Town Hall, Poor Rate Books of the parish of St. George the Martyr, Southwark.
327.St. Bartholomew's Hospital, House Committee Minutes.
328.South London Press, 8th Jan., 1876.
329.Private Act 8 Eliz. I cap. 12.
330.L.C.C., The Housing Question in London, 1900, pp. 162, 163.
331.Messrs. Edgington, Records.
332.Information supplied by Mr. R. D. L. Ford.
333.P.C.C., 582 Bridport.
334.Information supplied by the Royal School for Deaf and Dumb Children, Margate.
335. southwark Southwark Town Hall, Accounts of Lord Brabazon's Trust.
336.Endowed Charities (London), Vol. II, 1899.
337.A. D. Belden and W. M. Field, A Southwark Ship, a Southwark Church, 1950.
338.Vic. County Hist., London, 1909, Vol. I, p. 542.
339.Cal. of Letter Books … of the City of London, Letter Book H, ed. R. G. Sharpe, 1907, p. 9.
340.C.R.O., Rep. Book 12 f. 154.
341.N. Moore, The History of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, 1918, Vol. II, p. 372.
342.St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Surveyor's Plan Book 2.
343.Oxford English Dict.
344.St. Bartholomew's Hospital, HA 1/13/ 351.
345.Ibid., Deeds.
346.Chapter Library, Canterbury, Register N, ff. 183, 183d.
347.P.C.C. 2 Hare.
348.Minet Library G. 130