5 January, 5 Edward VI.—True Bill that, at the Stroond co. Midd.
on the said day, Thomas Foster late of London yoman entered the
house of Henry the Earl of Arrundell and stole therefrom "quadraginta sex pisces salsar' vocat' haberdynes" worth forty shillings, of the
goods and chattels of the said Earl. Putting himself 'Guilty,' Thomas
Foster was sentenced to be hung. G. D., 21 Jan., 5 Edward VI.
22 February, 6 Edward VI.—True Bill that, at Hoggesden co.
Midd. on the said day, Alice Adams late of London spynster broke
into the house of John Shepherd at Hoggesdon, and stole therefrom
"a womans kertyll of Russell worsted superbodied with damaske"
worth forty shillings, "unum par manicarum de seric' voc' tawin
damaske ad valenc' vs.," a piece of gold called "an olde ryall" worth
fifteen shillings, a piece of gold called "a di-soueraign" worth ten
shillings, a piece of gold called "an old aungell" worth ten shillings,
eight pieces of linen worth six shillings and eightpence, and sixteen
shillings in numbered money, of the goods chattels and moneys of
the said John Shepherd. Alice Adams put herself 'Guilty' and was
remanded on account of her pregnancy. G. D. R., . . . . .,
6 Edward VI.
26 February, 6 Edward VI.—True Bill that, at Chartterhouse
Churchyarde co. Midd. on the said day, Alice Nedham late of London
spinster stole a piece of gold called "a doble duckett," a piece of
gold called "a French Crowne," and a piece of gold called "a Cruesadowe," of the goods and chattels of an unknown man. Po se non cull
nec. G. D., . . . ., 6 Edward VI.
14 March, 6 Edward VI.—True Bill that, at St. Clement's-Danes
without the bars of the New Temple on the said day, Philip Danyell
late of London yoman entered the house or hospice of Clementes Inne,
and stole therefrom sixty pieces "vasorum electri anglice vocat' pewter
vessels" worth four pounds, of the goods and chattels of the Fellows of
the said Hospice, then in the custody of Leonerd Stephenson, Principal
of the same hospice. G. D. R., 30 April, 6 Edward VI.
29 March, 6 Edward VI.—True Bill that, at Stebunheth co. Midd.
on the said day, Thomas Browne late of Stebunheth aforesaid yoman
entered the house of George Lyster, and stole therefrom a linen sheet
worth eight shillings, of the goods and chattels of Thomas Balton of
London citizen and goldsmith. Putting himself 'Guilty,' Thomas
Browne was sentenced to be hung. G. D. R., 3 June, 6 Edward VI.
6 April, 6 Edward VI.—Coroner's Inquisition-post mortem, taken
at Westminster on view of the body of John Rypley late of the said
city yoman, there lying dead: With Verdict that, on 8 Nov. 5 Edward
VI. about ten p.m., in a certain place within the said city called "the
lytle Sent Tuarie," a certain Thomas Rugg late of the said city yoman
was in God's and the King's peace, when the said John Rypley "gladiis
et cultellis" assaulted him, and forced upon him an affray, in which
the said Thomas Rugg, fighting in self-defence and for the preservation
of his life, with a staff gave the same John Ripley on the fore part of
his head a mortal blow, of which he died on the 22nd day of the same
November. [Here again the length of the time between the death
and the inquest is noteworthy.] G. D. R., 30 April, 6 Edward VI.
25 April, 6 Edward VI.—Coroner's Inquest, taken at Westminster
on view of the body of Richard Jorden late of the said city yoman:
With Verdict that, on the 26th of May 5 Edward VI. at Grenewiche
co. Kent, in a certain place called "the backesyde of the late Freer
House," William Evans late of Est Grenewiche yoman with a sword
gave the said Richard Jorden a mortal blow, of which he languished
from the said 26 May 5 Edward VI. to the 17th of June then next
following, on which last-named day the said Richard died of the said
blow. [The length of time between the death and the inquest is
remarkable]. G. D. R., 30 April, 6 Edward VI.
28 April, 6 Edward VI.—Coroner's Inquest, taken within Newgate Gaol on view of the body of Elizabeth Towers late of Suthwarke
co. Surrey spynster, there lying dead: With Verdict that she died
within the gaol on the day aforesaid by Divine Visitation. G. D. R.,
30 April, 6 Edward VI.
28 April, 6 Edward VI.—Coroner's Inquisition-post-mortem, taken
within Newgate Gaol on view of the body of Robert Carden late of
St. Katerins co. Midd. yoman: With Verdict that he died within the
gaol on the said day by Divine Visitation. G. D. R., 30 April, 6
20 June to 5 September, 6 Edward VI.—Imperfect Roll (twenty
membranes, stitched together in book-fashion) of three hundred and
twelve Victuallers' Recognizances, taken on 5 June or on days of the
three next following months, before Sir Roger Cholmeley knt. and Ralph
Cholmeley esq., Justices of the Peace, in accordance with the requirements of the Statute 5 & 6 Edward VI. c. 25, which ordained "that
none after the first Day of May next coming shall be admitted or
suffered to keep any common Alehouse or Tipplinghouse, but such as
shall be thereunto admitted and allowed in the open Sessions of the
Peace, or else by two Justices of the Peace, whereof the one to be of
the Quorum; And that the said Justices of the Peace, or two of them
(whereof the one to be of the Quorum) shall take Bond and Surety
from Time to Time by Recognisance of such as shall be admitted and
allowed hereafter to keep any common Alehouse or Tiplinghouse, as
well for and against the using of unlawful Games, as also for the using
and Maintenance of good Order and Rule to be had and used within
the same, as by their Discretion shall be thought necessary and convenient:" each of the three hundred and twelve persons, thus admitted
to keep an Alehouse, being bound in the sum of ten pounds, together
with two sureties, bound in the sum of five pounds each. Disappointingly silent on matters especially interesting to antiquaries, the Recognizances in no single case gave the name, sign or precise locality of
an Alehouse; but in giving the names of the parishes or districts of
parishes, in which the bound victuallers were licensed to follow their
trade, the Roll affords the data for the following table of the number
of taverns, licensed in forty-six parishes or districts of Middlesex in the
6th year of Edward the Sixth.
MIDDLESEX ALEHOUSES temp. EDWARD VI.
|No. of Houses.|
|2. City of Westminster||42|
|5. Bednall Grene||4|
|8. Grenestret in the parish of Kyntyshtowne||1|
|11. Muswell Hill juxta Harnyngsey||1|
|12. Saynt Clementes-Danes within the Libertie of Westminster||10|
|14. St. Clementes within the Duchey||13|
|15. Saint Gyles-in-the-Feilde.||11|
|16. Norton Follye||5|
|19. Highe Holbourne||14|
|20. Fynnesbury, Whyte-Cross Strete||2|
|22. Golding Lane||7|
|No. of Alehouses carried over||179|
|23. St. Martin's nigh Charing Crosse||16|
|34. Saynt Johns-Strete||12|
|35. St. Katherin's||8|
|36. Chancery Lane||11|
|37. Smithfild and St. Katherin's||11|
|40. Knight Bridge||1|
|41. Westburne-in-the parish of Paddington||1|
|45. Wallock Barne||1|
Of the 312 persons, thus licensed to keep taverns, twenty-two were
women, designated in their respective Recognizances "widow" or
"spinster." In their Recognizances the men, admitted to Alehouses,
are invariably styled yeomen (spelt 'yomen'),—the comprehensive and
elastic designation, that in Tudor London covered all the various sorts
and conditions of men, who neither bore arms, nor followed a profession affording them at least a colour of gentility, nor subsisted by any
known and lawful avocation that gave its followers a more precise and
7 November, 6 Edward VI.—True Bill that, on the said day at
Monken Hadley co. Midd., Roger Daldorne laborer, Thomas Daldorne
yoman alias laborer, and Richard Misterley serving-man, all three of
Monken Hadley aforesaid, stole a sheep worth three shillings, of the
goods and chattels of an unknown man. Putting himself 'Guilty,'
Roger Daldorne received the King's pardon by Letters Patent dated
4 March, 7 Edward VI. Thomas Daldorne was at large. G. D.,
. . . . Edward VI.
30 November, 6 Edward VI.—True Bill that, at Holbourne co.
Midd. on the said day, William Harris and John Warren, both late of
London yomen, stole a black gelding worth four pounds, of the goods
and chattels of. Richard Whalley esq. Both prisoners put themselves
'Guilty.' G. D. R., . . . . Jan., 6 Edward VI.
2 December, 6 Edward VI.—True Bill that, at Westminster co.
Midd. on the said day, Moyses Bartlett late of London yoman, stole a
quarter of an angell of gold worth two shillings and sixpence, of the
goods and chattels of an unknown man. Clerical memorandum at
the head of the bill, "Po se cul ca null petit libra' leg' vt cl'icus vst in
man' et committ ordinario." He puts himself 'Guilty,' has no chattels,
asks for the book, reads like a clerk and is delivered to the Ordinary.
G. D. R., . . . . Jan., 6 Edward VI.
6 December, 6 Edward VI.—True Bill that, at Westminster co.
Midd. on the said day, Thomas Davyd late of the said city yoman
stole a leather purse worth fourpence, and two shillings of numbered
money being in the same purse, of the goods chattels and moneys of an
unknown man: and that William Holland, knowing him to have committed the said felony, on the same day harboured and aided the same
Thomas Davyd. Putting himself 'Guilty,' Thomas Davyd was sentenced to be hung. No memorandum of sentence on William
Holland, who also put himself 'Guilty.' G. D. R., . . . . Jan.,
6 Edward VI.