Particulars from the Gaol Delivery Register
Temp. Commonwealth

Sponsor

Centre for Metropolitan History

Publication

Author

John Cordy Jeaffreson (editor)

Year published

1888

Pages

283-301

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'Particulars from the Gaol Delivery Register: Temp. Commonwealth', Middlesex county records: Volume 3: 1625-67 (1888), pp. 283-301. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=66057 Date accessed: 24 July 2014.


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FURTHER PARTICULARS TAKEN FROM THE GAOL DELIVERY REGISTER temp. COMMONWEALTH.

1649 A.D.
(1.) Sessions of Gaol Delivery held at the Old Bailey Court-House on 4 April, 10 May, 21 June, 27 July, 5 September, 10 October, 12 December, to January, 20 February—nine sessions.

(2.) Felons hung on verdicts given against them at these S. G. D., —males 76, females 9=85.

(3.) Entries of Session, 27 July, 1649.

(a.) Record of the indictment of Peter Archer, Thomas Somervell and Roger Lovejoy, for stealing a mare and a gelding belonging to John Welbrowne; with record of the arraignment and trial of Thomas Somervell and Roger Lovejoy for the said felony, and record of verdict 'Guilty' against each of them; with further record that, after judgment to be hanged, the same Thomas Somervell and Roger Lovejoy were "Repr. pro Virginia"=reprieved for Virginia. Peter Archer was "at large."

(b.) Record of the arraignment and trial of John Jones, for stealing and carrying off a gelding and a mare belonging to John Coombes, with record of verdict 'Guilty'; with further record that, after being sentenced to be hanged, the samejohn Jones was "Repr. pro Virginia" =reprieved for Virginia.

1650 A.D.
(1.) Sessions of Gaol Delivery held at the Old Bailey Court-House on 24 April, 5 June, 10 July, 28 August, 3 October, 11 December, 15 January, 19 February—eight sessions.

(2.) Felons hung on verdicts found against them at these S. G. D. —males 41, females 11 = 52.

(3.) Record, in the entries of Session 24 April, 1650, of the arraignment of Edward Rowe and Thomas Rowe for some felony not named in the entry, with record that Edward Rowe stood mute and was sentenced to the peine forte et dure (Stat mutus et h'et judiciu' pene fortis et dure), and further record that Thomas Rowe put himself on a jury of the country, was found 'Guilty' and was sentenced to be hanged, when he was reprieved by the Court after judgment.

(4.) Record, in the entries of Session 5 June, 1650, of the arraignment and trial of Elizabeth Smith "pro sorcer' sup'corpus Jane Gwyn" = for witchcraft upon the body of Jane Gwyn, with verdict 'Not Guilty.'

(5.) Record, in the entries of Session 10 July, 1650, of the indictment of Joan Roberts "pro sorcer'" = for witchcraft, who was remanded to the next Session, because "she came late."

(6.) Entries of Session 28 August, 1650.

(a.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Joan Roberts "pro sorcer'" = for witchcraft, with record of verdict 'Not Guilty.'

(b.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Paul Williams and his wife Mary Williams for speaking scandalous words respecting the parliament, with record of verdict 'Not Guilty' for each.

(c.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Paul Williams and his wife Mary Williams, for speaking scandalous words against Thomas Lord Fairefax "nuper ducem generalem &c." and Oliver Cromwell "nunc ducem generalem &c." and Colonel Thomas Pride; with record of verdict 'Guilty' against both culprits, and of judgment that each of the two pay a fine of fifty marks, be required to put in good sureties for their good behaviour, and be suppressed from keeping an ale-house.

(7.) Entries of Session 3 October, 1650.

(a.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Joan Allen, for witchcraft upon Joan Tuttle, with record of verdict 'Guilty' and of judgment that the said Joan Allen be hanged.

(b.) Record of the indictment of Henry Lord for high treason; together with minute that the said Henry is "at large."

(c.) Record of the arraignment and trial of William Peirse for speaking "scandalous words," with record of verdict 'Not Guilty.'

(d.) Record of the indictment of Edward Ordway for speaking "scandalous words," together with minute that the said Edward was "at large."

(e.) Record of the arraignment and trial of John Parsons, for speaking "scandalous words" together with record of verdict 'Not Guilty.'

(8.) Record, in the entries of Session 11 December, 1650, of the arraignment and trial of Edward Ordway, for speaking "scandalous words," with record of verdict 'Not Guilty.'

(9.) Entries of Session 19 February, 1650/1.

(a.) Record of the arraignment of William Johnson, for stealing and carrying off two geldings, with record that the said William stood mute and was sentenced to the peine forte et dure (Stat mut' et h'et judiciu' pene fortis et dure).

(b.) Similar Record of the arraignment of Robert Rose for stealing and carrying off a mare belonging to Edward Sheafe, with record that the said Robert stood mute and was sentenced to the peine forte et dure (c.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Thomas Cheney "pro massa" (sic) = for a mass, with verdict 'Guilty' and minute "repr. usq' prox' sine judicio" = reprieved to next session without judgment.

(d.) Record of the arraignment and trial of George Baker, for celebrating a mass, with record of verdict 'Guilty' and of sentence "Fin' et imprison' s'c'd'm Statut'" = to be fined and imprisoned according to the Statute.

(e.) Record of the indictment of William Cobb, for recusancy.

1651 A.D.

(1.) Sessions of Gaol Delivery held at the Old Bailey Court-House on 9 April, 14 May, 25 June, 13 August, 8 October, 10 December, 14 January, 18 February,—eight sessions.

(2.) Felons hung on verdicts given against them at these S. G. D.— males 41, females 16 = 57.

(3.) Culprits standing mute and therefore sent to the peine forte et dure at one or another of these S. G. D.—males 4.

(4.) Woman burnt to death for murdering her husband.

(5.) Entries of Session 9 April, 1651.

(a.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Elizabeth Lanum "pro sorcer'" = for witchcraft, with record of verdict 'Not Guilty.'

(b.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Anne Horton, "pro verbis scandalosis" = for scandalous words, with record of verdict 'Not Guilty.'

(c.) Record of the arraignment of Thomas Barnes for stealing and carrying off certain goods belonging to Alexander Bourne, with record that the said Thomas Barnes stood mute and was therefore committed to the peine forte et dure.

(d.) Record of the arraignment of William Palmer and Richard Shelley, for stealing and carrying off goods belonging to Edward Knight, together with record that both culprits stood mute, and were therefore committed to the peine forte et dure.

(6.) Entries of Session 14 May, 1651.

(a.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Prudence Lea for killing her husband Phillipp Lea, with record of verdict 'Guilty' and of the sentence that she "be burned to death."

(b.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Mabell Pawlin "for being incontinent with Peter Gardiner," with record of verdict 'Not Guilty.'

(c.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Alice Cawdell "for counterfeitinge coyne," with record of verdict 'Guilty' and of sentence to "be burned" to death, and further record that she was reprieved by the Court after judgment.

(d.) Record of the indictment of George Gage "for being a Seminary Preist," with minute that he was "at large."

(e.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Peter Wright "for being a Seminarye Preist," with record of verdict 'Guilty,' and of sentence that he "be drawne, hanged, headed and quartered &c."

(f.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Thomas Dale "for beinge a Seminarye Preist," with record of verdict 'Not Guilty.'

(7.) Entries of Session 10 December, 1651.

(a.) Record of the arraignment of Alexander Baker, for stealing and carrying off a mare, belonging to Thomas Ellis; with further record "Hee standeth mute, he hath judgment of the punishment strong and hard."

(b.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Elizabeth Traps, for stealing and carrying off "a moheir gowne to the value of iiii li. of the goods of Jacob Easterbrooke," with record of verdict 'Not Guilty neither did she fly.'

(c.) Record of the indictment of Robert Vaughan, "for treason in proclayming Charles Stuart by ingraving King of England," with minute that the said Robert Vaughan is "at large."

N.B.—The entries of this session are noteworthy for being made in English, the minutes over the records of the arraignments being in the mother tongue as well as the notes of the crimes and descriptions of the criminals. The misrenderings of the old Latin form "Non cul' nec se retr'" are noteworthy for their evidence that the criminal lawyers of the period were ignorant of the true meaning of "nec se retr'," so fully explained in the preface to the second volume of the Middlesex County Record Society's publications. For instance, in lieu of "po' se non cul' nec se retr'" the registrar, in the entries of the earlier sessions, makes the note of acquittal "Not Guilty nor did he (or she) fly" instead of "Not Guilty, nor did they" (viz. the jury or jurors) "withdraw themselves" from their verdict. In the entries of the later sessions of the same year the registrar gives a still wilder translation of the antiquated minute, thus "Nor Guilty noe flyinge." That the official keeper of the register and annotator of the indictments was so completely at fault as to the meaning of "nec rec' " "nec ret'" "nec se retr'" &c., indicates how obsolete had become the usage in which the minute originated. Had it still been usual or permissible for juries to reverse their verdicts of acquittal at the last moment, either from a sincere change of opinion or from submissiveness to judicial dictation, the registrar would have known the significance of the minute which he misconstrued so drolly.

1652 A.D.
(1.) Sessions of Gaol Delivery held at the Old Bailey Court-House on 5 April, 28 April, 2 June, 14 July, 30 August, 13 October, 8 December, 12 January and 23 February—nine sessions.

(2.) Felons hung on verdicts given against them at these S. G. D.— males 32, females 16=48.

(3.) Culprit standing mute and therefore sentenced to the peine forte et dure, at one of these S. G. D.—male 1.

(4.) Entries of Session 5 April, 1652.

(a.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Joan Peterson "for murdring Mary Lady Powell by witchcrafte," with record of verdict "Not Guilty noe flying."

(b.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Joan Peterson "for wasting the body of Christofer Wilson by witchcrafte," with record of verdict 'Guilty,' and of sentence "to be hanged."—Joan Peterson pleaded pregnancy, but a jury of matrons found her 'Not Pregnant'

(5.) Entries of Session 28 April, 1652.

(a.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Margery Scot "for bewitchinge Cassandra the wife of James Godwyn to death," with record of verdict "Not Guilty noe flyinge."

(b.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Robert Vaughan "for promoting Charles Stuart &c.," with record of verdict "Not Guilty no flyinge."

(6.) Entries of Session 14 July, 1652.

(a.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Michael Morrell for stealing and carrying off goods belonging to Richard Cromwell esq.; with record that Michael Morrell confessed the indictment, pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

(b.) Record of the arraignment and trial of William Leech "for the ancor of the States " (sic), with record of verdict "Not Guilty no flying."

(7.) Entries of Session 30 August, 1652.

(a.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Ursula Powell, wife of Robert Powell for "whoredome with a man unknown," with record of verdict 'Guilty' and of sentence that she be hanged, and record that after judgment, Ursula Powell pleaded pregnancy effectually, it being found by a jury of matrons that she was pregnant. The Latin minute over Ursula's name runs thus, "Po se Cul Ss. Pl'itat pregnans et comp't est qd. est &c. Io' &c."=She puts herself; Guilty; Be hanged; She pleads pregnancy, and it is found that she is &c.; Therefore &c. The execution of Ursula Powell, wife of Robert Powell, was therefore deferred, but that after her accouchement she was hung for the adultery appears from the marginal minute "Ss."

(b.) Record of the indictment of Mary North "for adulterye with William Woddington," with a minute "extra"=at large over her name.

N.B.—In the entries of this session, and henceforth to the end of the Commonwealth period, the minutes of arraignments and of consequences of arraignment are kept in Latin. Possibly the registrar's dissatisfaction with "nor did he (or she) fly" and "noe flyinge" disposed him to think he had better return to "nec se retr'" and the other Latin forms.

(8.) Entries of Session 13 October, 1652.

(a.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Temperance Fosset "for witchcraft upon Elizabeth Peirson," with record of verdict 'Not Guilty.'

(b.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Elizabeth Alford "for incontinency," with record of verdict 'Not Guilty.'

(c.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Ursula Whittington "for adultery," with record of verdict 'Not Guilty.'

(9.) Entries of Session 8 December, 1652.

(a.) Record of the arraignment of Richard Jordane, for stealing and carrying off a mare worth ten pounds, belonging to John Veale; with record that Richard Jordane stood mute, and was therefore sentenced to the peine forte et dure.

(b.) Record of the arraignment and trial of John Diswicke "pro Seminar' Sacerdot'" = for being a Seminary Priest, with record of verdict 'Not Guilty.'

(10.) Record, in entries of Session 12 January, 1652/3, of the arraignment and trial of Christiana Adams "for being carnally known by one James Anderson," with record of verdict 'Not Guilty.'

(11.) Entries of Session 23 February, 1652/3.

(a.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Arthure Knight "for murdring Henry Furnifold gentleman," with record of verdict 'Guilty,' and of sentence "to be hanged on a gibbet in Covent Garden 3 houres."

(b.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Thomas Larret "for killing his wife," with record of verdict 'Guilty,' and of his sentence "to be hanged on a gibbet at Islington before his doore 3 houres."

1653 A.D.
(1.) Sessions of Gaol Delivery held at the Old Bailey Court-House on 20 April, 26 May, 13 July, 10 August, 12 October, 14 December, 13 January, 22 February—eight sessions.

(2.) Felons hung on verdicts given against them at these S. G. D.— males 22, females 5 = 27.

(3.) Culprit standing mute at one of these S. G. D., and therefore sentenced to the peine forte et dure—male 1.

(4.) Entries of Session 20 April, 1653.

(a.) Record of the arraignment of Zouch Ireland for stealing and carrying away goods belonging to William Angell gentleman, and also (on another indictment) for stealing and carrying away goods belonging to John Baylie esq., with record that Zouch Ireland stood mute to both indictments, and therefore was sentenced to the peine forte et dure.

(b.) Record of the indictment of George Brewer, Elizabeth White, Richard Standley, Thomas Arrington, his wife Mary Arrington, Matthew White, Anne White, Margaret Wood and Mary Standley "for being counterfeit Egyptians." Arraigned and tried at the next Session, viz. 26 May, 1653, on this indictment, all of these persons (with the exception of Matthew White) were found 'Not Guilty' of counterfeiting themselves Egyptians, but 'Guilty' of being vagabonds, and were sentenced to be whipped and returned to their respective places of birth. Matthew White was respited because he was extremely feeble.

(5.) Record, in the entries of Session 26 May, 1653, of the arraignment and trial of Andrew Walters and Dorothy Sutton "for incest" with one another, with record of verdict 'Not Guilty.'

(6.) Entries of Session 13 July, 1653.

(a.) Record of arraignment and trial of Richard Clavell "for killing John Milton," with record of verdict 'Not Guilty.'

(b.) Record of the indictment of Robert Dorrington "pro Seminar' Sacerdot'"=for being a Seminary Priest; with record that Robert Dorrington is "at large."

(c.) Record of the arraignment of Mary Dowse "for incontinency with Edward Hipsley." After she had put herself 'Not Guilty,' Mary Dowse was remanded to the next Session, at which Session she was found 'Not Guilty.'

(7.) Record, in the entries of Session 14 December, 1653, of the arraignment and trial of Elizabeth Newman "for witchcraft," with record of verdict 'Not Guilty,' and of order by the Court that the said Elizabeth be held prisoner without bail till next session.

(8.) Record, in the entries of Session 13 January, 165¾, of the arraignment and trial of Elizabeth Newman "for invocatinge of evill spirits to the hurt of John Gale and others," with record of verdict 'Guilty' and of the sentence that she be hanged.

1654 A.D.
(1.) Sessions of Gaol Delivery held at the Old Bailey Court-House on 5 April, 10 May, 21 June, 16 August, 11 October, 13 December, 12 January, 21 February—eight sessions.

(2.) Felons hung on verdicts given against them at these S. G. D.— males 22, females 3 = 25.

(3.) Culprit standing mute and therefore sentenced to the peine forte et dure at one of these S. G. D.—male 1.

(4.) Record, in entries of Session 5 April, 1654, of the arraignment of Robert Warren for stealing and carrying off goods belonging to Randolph Maninge; with record that Robert Warren stood mute, and was therefore sentenced to the peine forte et dure.

(5.) Entries of Session 10 May, 1654.

(a.) Record of the arraignment and trial of George Jones "for adultery with Isa Herring," with record of verdict 'Not Guilty.'

(b.) Record of the Recognizances of Edward Barham of Fuller's Rents in Holborne, and Timothy Clerke of Graies Inn Lane, Doctor of Phisicke, in the sum of five hundred pounds each, "To appeare at the next Gaole Deliverye, and that, if in the meane tyme ther yssue out a speciall Commission to trye the Portugalls, they upon notice given them attende that Commission."

(6.) Entries of Session 21 June, 1654.

(a.) Record of the indictment of Elizabeth Burke, wife of Thomas Burke, for adultery; with minute that the said Elizabeth is "at large."

(b.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Margaret Clerke, wife of John Clerke, "for adultery with Andrew Dedenham," with record of verdict 'Not Guilty.'

(c.) Record of the arraignment and trial of John Southworth "pro Seminar' Sacerdot'" = for being a Seminary Priest, with record of verdict 'Guilty,' and of sentence that the said John Southworth "be drawne hanged and quartered."

(d.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Simon Parry for slaying James Medici (pro interfectione Jacobi Medici), with record of 'Not Guilty of homicide but of killing in self-defence.'

(7.) Entries of Session 16 August, 1654.

(a.) Record of the arraigement and trial of Elizabeth Burke for adultery with an unknown man, with record of verdict 'Not Guilty.'

(b.) Record of the arraignment and trial of William Grubbe "for adulterye with Ellen the wife of John Hawkins," with record of verdict 'Not Guilty.'

(8.) Entries of Session 13 December, 1654.

(a.) Record, in the entries of Session 13 December, 1654, of the arraignment and trial of Richard Minurs, for stealing and carrying goods of great value belonging to John Cromwell, with record of verdict 'Not Guilty.'

(b.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Alice Browne "for adultery with John Hodgkins," with record of verdict 'Not Guilty.'

1655 A.D.
(1.) Sessions of Gaol Delivery held at the Old Bailey Court-House on 25 April, 30 May, 18 July, 5 September, 10 October 12 December, 11 January, 20 February—eight sessions.

(2.) Felons hung on verdicts given against them at these S. G. D.— males 32, females 5 = 37.

(3.) Culprit standing mute and therefore sentenced to the peine forte et dure at one of these S. G. D.—male 1.

(4.) Entries of Session 25 April, 1655.

(a.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Anne Lane and George Dawson "for fornicacion" with one another, with record of verdict 'Not Guilty.'

(b.) Record of the arraignment of George Davyes for stealing and carrying away goods belonging to John Osborne, with record that George Davyes stood mute, and was therefore sentenced to the peine forte et dure.

(5.) Entries of Session 30 May, 1655.

(a.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Nicholas Shelley, for stealing with violence and carrying off goods belonging to Edward Wray, with record of verdict 'Guilty' and of sentence on the same Nicholas Shelley, that he be hanged.

(b.) Record of the indictment of Ursula Wheeler "for burninge an out-house and other goods of William Urlyn," with this memorandum "Shee is sent to the house of Correccion because shee is lunaticke."

(6.) Entries of Session 18 July, 1655.

(a.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Joan Backhouse, wife of John Backhouse, for adultery, with record of verdict 'Not Guilty.'

(b.) Record of the arraignment of Bridget Bathurst for stealing and carrying off goods belonging to Richard Hather, with this minute over her name, "Shee pleadeth not Guilty but will not be tryed by the jury, Shee is distracted ut dicitur."

(7.) Record, in the entries of Session 5 September, 1655, of the arraignment and trial of John Vaughan for a trespass in taking away "a wooden box worth iid. and writings worth xlli." Over his name appears the note "To be transported."

(8.) Entries of Session 10 October, 1655.

(a.) Record of the arraignment of Mary White "for adultery," who puts herself 'Not Guilty' on a jury.

(b.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Damaris Page for bigamy, with record of verdict 'Not Guilty.'

(9.) Record, in the entries of Session 12 December, 1655, of the arraignment and trial of John Duke, "for murdringe Thomas Tisdale of Graies Inne esq.," with record of verdict 'Guilty,' and of sentence that the said John Duke "Ss. in chaines" = be hanged in chains.

(10.) Entries of Session 11 January, 1655/6.

(a.) Record of the arraignment and trial of William Ardington and his wife Mary Ardington "for murdringe Thomas Tisdale of Graies Inne esq.," with record of verdict 'Guilty' against each, and of sentence that each be hanged.

(b.) Record of the indictment of Francis Hanmer "for a Seminary Preist," i.e. for being a Seminary priest. No minute touching arraignment or consequences thereof.

(11.) Entries of Session 20 February, 1655/6.

(a.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Hester Griffin "for adultery with Gilbert Mabbott," with record of verdict 'Not Guilty.'

(b.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Alice Ashbury and Thomas Barrett "for adultery" with one another, with record of verdict 'Not Guilty.'

(c.) Record of the indictment of Mary Pitman and James Bastine for committing adultery with one another.

(d.) Record of the indictment of Joan Davies and Edward Bastine for committing adultery with one another.

(e.) List of prisoners, to whom free or conditional pardons have been granted, standing thus:—

Prisoners Convict Frances Jackson als. Atkinand Pardoned sonNowe Prisoners at the Gaole of Newgate were pardoned and are to be Transported.
Elizabeth Edwards
Peter Wheatley
Sarah Sutton
Anne Haiward als. Howard
John Phippe als. Phipps
Mary Joice
Henry Timmes
Richard Baskerville
Mary Gibbs and
Joan Parsons
Mary CottonNow Prisoners as aforesaid were pardoned and are to be delivered.
Sarah Parry
John Miller
Thomas Dawson

N.B.—It is in the records of this S. G. D. that one comes for the first time in the Middlesex records on the word 'transported,' as descriptive of the shipment of felons across the sea.—In the time of James the First several felons were "reprieved for Virginia," but in the brief records of their fate they are not spoken of as convicts "to be transported"

1656 a.d.
(1.) Sessions of Gaol Delivery held at the Old Bailey Court-House on 16 April, 21 May, 2 July, 13 August, 15 October, 10 December, 14 January, and 18 February—eight sessions.

(2.) Felons hung on verdicts given against them at these S. G. D.— males 19, females 5 = 24.

(3.) Felons convicted at these S. G. D., and subsequently pardoned on condition of transportation—males 9, females 2 = 11.

(4.) Culprit standing mute and therefore sentenced to the peine forte et dure at one of these S..G. D.—male 1.

(5.) Entries of Session 16 April, 1656.

(a.) Record of the arraignment of John Thompson "pro morte Joh'is Bradshawe" = for the death of John Bradshawe, with record that the same John Thompson stood mute and was therefore sentenced to the peine forte et dure.

(b.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Anne Cooke "for deceavinge Anne Ipsly," with record of verdict 'Guilty,' and of sentence that the said Anne Cooke pay a fine of forty shillings, "be set upon a stoole in New Markett, be whipt backe to Newgate and there remaine untill &c."

(c.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Edward Bastine and Joan Davies for committing adultery with one another, with record of verdict 'Not Guilty.'

(d.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Mary Pitman and James Bastine for committing adultery with one another, with record of verdict 'Not Guilty.'

(6.) Record, in the entries of Session 21 May, 1656, of the arraignment and trial of Francis Hanmer "pro Seminar' Sacerdot'" = for being a Seminary Priest, with record of verdict 'Not Guilty.'

(7.) Record, in the entries of Session 2 July, 1656, of the trial, on four several indictments, of Grace Boxe alias Cherry for killing Richard Cooke and Adam Esterley (? Isgare:—vide p. 223) by witchcraft, and for bewitching Mary Pettiman and Anne Esker (? Mary Isgare:—vide p. 224), with verdict 'Not Guilty' in respect to each of the indictments.

(8.) Entries of Session 15 October, 1656.

(a.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Daniell Smith, for stealing and carrying off goods belonging to Henry Field, with record of verdict 'Guilty,' together with record that the said Daniell Smith pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded, and was then sent to the House of Correction, to remain there "untill transported."

(b.) Record of the indictment of Richard Midlemore als. Maplemore "pro Seminar' Sacerdot'" = for being a Seminary Priest, with minute that the same Richard is "at large."

(c.) Record of the indictment of John Singleton and Mary Meggs for committing adultery with one another, with minute that both offenders are "at large."

(8.) Entries of Session 10 December, 1656.

(a.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Mary Meggs, for committing adultery with John Singleton, with record of verdict 'Not Guilty.'

(b.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Miles Harris and his wife Mary Harris "for sterving to death Benjamin Stone their apprentice," with record of verdict 'Not Guilty' in respect to each culprit.

(c.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Thomas Bullocke and Elizabeth Wilkins, for committing adultery with one another, with record of verdict 'Not Guilty.'

(9.) Entries of Session 14 January, 1656/7.

(a.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Henry Baker, William Woodamore and John Greene, for stealing and carrying away goods belonging to John Lite, with record of verdict 'Guilty of stealing &c. to the value of ten pence,' against each of the three culprits, with this further record touching each of the three—"Flagelland Repr' dom' Corr' &c. whiles he wilbe transported by consent" = To be whipt and imprisoned in the House of Correction &c.

(b.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Jane Eglin for adultery, with record of verdict 'Not Guilty,' followed by order (Repr' dom' Corr' &c.) for her committal to the House of Correction &c.

(c.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Anne Capell for adultery, with record of verdict 'Not Guilty,' followed by order that she be held in prison till she put in good sureties before the Mayor of London.

(d.) List of Capital Felons, pardoned on condition of transportation:—

Elianor wife of Thomas Farrewere conditionally pardoned to be Transported &c.
Thomas Snell
Abraham Staple
James Mason
Elizabeth Smith and
Thomas Haughton

1657 a.d.
(1.) Sessions of Gaol Delivery held at the Old Bailey Court-House on 8 April, 13 May, 25 June, 12 August, 14 October, 16 December, 15 January and 19 February—eight sessions.

(2.) Felons hung on verdicts given against them at these S. G. D.— males 26, females 3 = 29.

(3.) Felons convicted at these S. G. D. and subsequently pardoned on condition of their transportation—none.

(4.) Culprit standing mute and consequently sentenced to the peine forte et dure at one of these S. G. D.—male 1.

(5.) Entries of Session 8 April, 1657.

(a.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Mary Hooke, for adultery with an unknown man, with record of verdict 'Not Guilty,' and of subsequent order for her detention in prison until she put in good sureties for her good behaviour.

(b.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Mary Ledger for adultery, with record of verdict 'Not Guilty', and of subsequent order for her detention in prison till she put in good sureties for her good behaviour.

(6.) Record, in entries of Session 14 October, 1657, of the arraignment of . . . . Broughton for stealing and carrying away goods belonging to John Lea, with record that the said . . . . Broughton stood mute and was therefore sentenced to the peine forte et dure.

(7.) Entries of Session 16 December, 1657.

(a.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Elizabeth Barrett, for fornication with a person unknown, with record of verdict 'Guilty.' No minute of sentence.

(b.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Elizabeth Crowley for witchcraft, with record of verdict 'Not Guilty,' and of subsequent order for her detention in the House of Correction.

(c.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Grace Bostwicke and Richard North, for committing adultery with one another, with record of verdict 'Not Guilty,' and of subsequent order for their detention by Master Hubbert, till they put in good sureties for their appearance at the next Gaol Delivery &c.

1658 a.d.
(1.) Sessions of Gaol Delivery held at the Old Bailey Court-House on 21 April, 26 May, 8 July, 18 August, 14 October, 15 December, 12 January and 23 February—eight sessions.

(2.) Felons hung on verdicts given against them at these S. G. D.— males 27, females 5 = 32.

(3.) Felons convicted at these S. G. D. of capital felonies, and subsequently pardoned on condition of transportation—males 9, females 3 = 12.

(4.) Culprit standing mute and consequently sentenced to the peine forte et dure at one of these S. G. D.—male 1.

(5.) Record, in the entries of Session 26 May, 1658, of the arraignment on five different indictments of William Taboe als. Taburre (? Talbott:—vide p. 270) for as many different felonies (one of them being the stealing and carrying away of goods belonging to "Senior Franco Barnardo Phillippson, Resident for the Commonwealth of Genoway"), with record that the same William stood mute, and was therefore sentenced to the peine forte et dure.

(6.) Record, in the entries of Session 14 October, 1658, of the arraignment and trial of Thomas Coates and Jane Curtis, for committing adultery with one another, with record of verdict 'Not Guilty.'

(7.) Entries of Session 12 January, 1658/9.

(a.) Record of the arraignment and trial of Francis Overing for blasphemy, with record of verdict 'Guilty' followed by this minute, "Repr' dom' Corr'" = Sent for imprisonment to the House of Correction.

(b.) Two separate lists of freely pardoned and conditionally pardoned felons, entered beside one another in the register, thus :—

These persons following pleaded their Free Pardon and [it] was allowed by the Court,—The persons following pleaded their Conditionall Pardon and [it] was allowed by the Court,—
Mary BillingThomas Napp
John EdwardsDaniell Paine
John StewkleyNathaniell Pratt
Thomas SealeRobert Parris
Jonathan BarnesPriscilla Carswell
Anthony RobertsThomas Cooke
Peter HewettJohn West
Mary EltonWilliam Sinclaire
Richard HadleyMary Board als. Horne
William StibbsDamarise Baker
John DaniellJohn Potter
Henry WimbleSimon Stephans.
Joseph Clerke.

1659 A.D.
(1.) Sessions of Gaol Delivery held at the Old Bailey Court-House on 13 April, 18 May, 29 June, 17 August, 5 October, 13 January, 22 February—seven sessions.

(2.) Felons sentenced to be hung on verdicts given against them at these S. G. D.—males 7, females 7 = 14.

(3.) Culprits convicted at Session 13 April, 1659.

1. Richard Eden, arraigned for grand larceny, confessed the indictment, pleaded his clergy effectually, and was branded.

2. John Williams, arraigned for grand larceny, confessed the indictment, pleaded his clergy effectually, and was branded.

3. John Bird, arraigned for grand larceny, was found 'Guilty' by a jury and sentenced to be hung.

4. John Whipham, arraigned for ox-stealing, was found 'Guilty' by a jury, pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

5. Edward Moulton, arraigned for ox-stealing, confessed the indictment, pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

6. Samuel Hakes, arraigned for grand larceny, confessed the indictment, pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

7. John Child, arraigned for cow-stealing, was found 'Guilty' by a jury, pleaded his clergy effectually, and was branded.

8. Peter Clerke, arraigned for grand larceny, confessed the indictment, pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

9. Sara Best, arraigned for grand larceny, was found 'Guilty' by a jury of stealing to the value of eleven pence. No record of sentence.

10. Thomas Wayford, arraigned for burglary, was found by a jury 'Not Guilty' of burglary but 'Guilty' of grand larceny, pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

11. Alice Williams, arraigned for grand larceny, was found 'Guilty' by a jury of stealing to the value of nine shillings and was branded.

Against these eleven convictions, the record gives seventeen perfect acquittals,—3 culprits 'Not Guilty' of murder, 1 culprit 'Not Guilty' of burglary, 13 culprits 'Not Guilty' of grand larceny.

(4.) Culprits convicted at Session 18 May, 1659.

1. Rebecca Bullocke, arraigned for "felony" (? grand larceny), was found 'Guilty' by a jury and sentenced to be hung.

2. Elizabeth Mackie, arraigned for "felony" (? grand larceny), was found 'Guilty' by a jury and sentenced to be hung.

3. Anthony Ashburner, arraigned for grand larceny, was found 'Guilty' by a jury, pleaded his clergy effectually, and was branded.

4. Sara Lacey, arraigned for burglary and grand larceny, was found by a jury 'Not Guilty' of the burglary &c. but 'Guilty' of stealing to the value of ten pence, and was sentenced "to bee whipped untill &c."

5. Peter Phillipps, arraigned for burglary, was acquitted by a jury of the burglary but found 'Guilty' of the felony of stealing from the house. Having been branded in former time, he was sentenced to be hung, but was reprieved by the Court after judgment.

Against these five convictions, the record gives three perfect acquittals,—1 culprit 'Not Guilty' of murder, 1 culprit 'Not Guilty' of coining false money, and r culprit 'Not Guilty' of grand larceny.

(5.) Culprits convicted at Session 29 June, 1659.

1. Anne Ashborne, arraigned for an assault, was found 'Guilty' by a jury, and fined three shillings and four pence.

2. Richard Capper, arraigned for grand larceny, was found by a jury 'Guilty' of stealing goods to the value of ten pence, and sentenced "to be whipped until &c."

3. Sampson King, arraigned for horse-stealing, was found 'Guilty' by a jury and sentenced to be hung.

4. Edward Marshall, arraigned for horse-stealing, was found 'Guilty' by a jury and sentenced to be hung.

5. Isabell Jones, arraigned for grand larceny, was found 'Guilty' by a jury and sentenced to be hung.

6. John Arnold, arraigned for grand larceny, confessed the indictment, pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

7. William Garner, arraigned for grand larceny, confessed the indictment, pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

8. Rose Owen alias Greene, arraigned for larceny to the value of thirty shillings, was found by a jury 'Guilty' of stealing to the value of nine shillings, and was branded.

9. Richard Verlyn, arraigned for grand larceny, was found 'Guilty' by a jury, pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

10. Robert Batchelor, arraigned for burglary, was found 'Guilty' by a jury and sentenced to be hung.

11. William Peacocke, arraigned for burglary, was found 'Guilty' by a jury and sentenced to be hung.

12. Margaret Everington, arraigned for grand larceny, was found 'Guilty' by a jury of stealing to the value of nine shillings and was branded.

13. Katherine Waterford alias Wilson, arraigned for grand larceny, was found 'Guilty' by a jury, of stealing lo the value of nine shillings and was branded.

14. Robertine Sumner, arraigned for grand larceny, was found 'Guilty,' by a jury, of stealing to the value of nine shillings (sic), and sentenced "to bee whipt untill &c."

15. John Jennings, arraigned for murder, was found by a jury 'Not Guilty of murder but Guilty of manslaughter,' pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

16. Thomas Carter, arraigned for murder, was found by a jury 'Not Guilty of murder but Guilty of manslaughter,' pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

17. Peter Phillip, arraigned for burglary, confessed the indictment and was sentenced to be hung.

18. Henry Meaden, arraigned for felony (? grand larceny) confessed the indictment, pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

19. Peter Gudger alias Williams, arraigned for grand larceny, was found 'Guilty' by a jury, pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

Against these nineteen convictions, the record gives twenty-seven perfect acquittals,—18 culprits 'Not Guilty' of grand larceny, 7 cul prits 'Not Guilty' of burglary, 1 culprit 'Not Guilty' of murder, 1 culprit (Elizabeth Kennett alias Smith) 'Not Guilty' of witchcraft.

(6.) Culprits convicted at Session 17 August, 1659.

1. John Holt, arraigned for grand larceny and found 'Guilty' by a jury, pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

2. William Vincent, arraigned for grand larceny and found 'Guilty' by a jury, pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

3. John Browne, arraigned for grand larceny, confessed the indictment, pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

4. John Miller, arraigned for grand larceny and found 'Guilty' pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

5. Andrew Robinson, arraigned for grand larceny and found 'Guilty' by a jury, pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

6. Anne Madlocke, arraigned for trespass in poysoning Paul Young, was found 'Guilty' by a jury and fined twenty shillings.

7. John Tommey, arraigned for grand larceny, confessed the indictment, pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

8. Thomas Fairfax, arraigned for grand larceny, confessed the indictment, pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

9. Andrew Heydon, arraigned for murder and found by a jury 'Not Guilty of murder but Guilty of manslaughter,' pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

Against these nine convictions, the record gives five perfect acquittals,—2 culprits 'Not Guilty' of grand larceny, 1 culprit 'Not Guilty' of manslaughter, 1 culprit 'Not Guilty' of murder, and 1 culprit 'Not Guilty' of robbery.

(7.) Culprits convicted at Session 5 October, 1659.

1. William Drake, arraigned for grand larceny and found 'Guilty' by a jury, pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

2. Margarett Smith, arraigned for grand larceny to the value of twenty shillings, was found 'Guilty' by a jury of stealing to the value of eight shillings, and was branded.

3. William West, arraigned for grand larceny to the value of five shillings, was found 'Guilty' by a jury of stealing to the value of ten pence, and was sentenced "to be whipt untill &c."

4. Samuel Bennett, arraigned for grand larceny to the value of five shillings, was found 'Guilty' by a jury of stealing to the value of ten pence, and sentenced "to bee whipt untill &c."

5. John Garton, arraigned for murder and found by a jury 'Not Guilty of murder but Guilty of manslaughter,' pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

6. Timothy Hare, arraigned for grand larceny and found 'Guilty' by a jury, pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

7. Garrett Roche, arraigned for grand larceny and found 'Guilty' by a jury, pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

8. John Berry, arraigned for grand larceny and found 'Guilty' by a jury, pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

9. William . . . ., arraigned for grand larceny, confessed the indictment, pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

10. Robert Smith, arraigned for grand larceny and found 'Guilty' by a jury, pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

11. William Hale, arraigned for grand larceny and found 'Guilty' by a jury, pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

Against these eleven convictions, the record gives eighteen perfect acquittals,—1 culprit ' Not Guilty' of bigamy, 1 culprit 'Not Guilty' of burglary, 10 culprits 'Not Guilty' of grand larceny, 3 culprits 'Not Guilty' of housebreaking and larceny, and 3 culprits 'Not Guilty' of murder.

(8.) Culprits convicted at Session 13 January, 1659/60.

1. Henry Key arraigned for "felony" (? grand larceny) and found 'Guilty' by a jury, of stealing to the value of ten pence, was sentenced "to bee whipt."

2. John Gaseley, arraigned for "manslaughter upon the statute of stabbinge" and found 'Guilty' by a jury, was sentenced "to bee hanged by the necke untill &c."

3. Anne Soare, arraigned for grand larceny, and found 'Guilty' by a jury of stealing to the value of five shillings, was sentenced "to bee branded."

4. James Edwards, arraigned for "felony" (? grand larceny) and found 'Guilty' by a jury, of stealing to the value of ten pence, was sentenced "to bee whipt untill &c."

5. William Vincent, arraigned for . . . ., and found 'Guilty' by a jury, was sentenced to be hung.

6. William Foster, arraigned for . . . ., and found 'Guilty' by a jury, pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

7. William Weedon, arraigned for "felony" (? grand larceny) and found 'Guilty' by a jury of stealing to the value of four pence, was sentenced "to bee whipped untill &c."

8. William Ashbury, arraigned for "felony" (? grand larceny) and found 'Guilty' by a jury of stealing to the value of ten pence, was sentenced "to bee whipped untill &c."

Against these eight convictions, the record gives twenty perfect acquittals,—1 culprit 'Not Guilty' of bigamy, 2 culprits 'Not Guilty' of burglary, 12 culprits 'Not Guilty' of grand larceny (including culprits described vaguely in the register as indicted "for felony"), and 5 culprits 'Not Guilty' of murder.

(9.) Culprits convicted at Session 22 February, 1659/60.

1. Richard Hickman, arraigned for "felony" (? grand larceny) and found 'Guilty' by a jury, pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

2. Richard Peeters alias Benfield, arraigned for "felony" (? grand larceny), confessed the indictment, pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

3. Sarah Spurgin, arraigned for "felony" (? grand larceny) and found 'Guilty,' was sentenced to be hung.

4. Robert Litle, arraigned for "felony" (? grand larceny) and found 'Guilty,' pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

5. Luke Wallis, arraigned for "felony" (? grand larceny), confessed the indictment, pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

6. Mary Pendocke, arraigned for "felony" (? grand larceny) and found 'Guilty' by a jury, was sentenced to be hung.

7. Mary Warner, arraigned for murder and found 'Guilty' by a jury, was sentenced to be hung.

8. Mary Wood, wife of James Wood, arraigned for murder and found 'Guilty' by a jury, was reprieved before judgment.

9. Jeoffry Lloyd, arraigned for "felony and burglary," and found by a jury 'Not Guilty of burglary but Guilty of felony,' pleaded his clergy effectually and was branded.

10. Elizabeth Sturges, wife of Thomas Sturges, arraigned for "felony" (? grand larceny) and found 'Guilty' by a jury, was branded.

Against these ten convictions, the record gives only two perfect acquittals,—1 culprit 'Not Guilty' of burglary and grand larceny, and 1 culprit 'Not Guilty' of grand larceny.