|1. 1576. British Museum.||Northamton, Bedfordiæ, Cantabrigiæ, Huntingdoniæ, et Rutlandiæ . . .
descriptio . . . 1576. C. Saxton descripsit. Scala miliarium, 10 [= 85 mm.
or 33/8 in.] [In C. Saxton's Atlas of England and Wales.] 520×395 mm. or 20½×155/8 in.|
[London,] 1579. fol.
|B.M.||—[Another issue. With the date altered to 1642.] (In The Maps of all the Shires
in England and Wales . . . described by C. Saxton.) William Web: London, 1645. fol.|
|B.M.||—[Another edition.] The County of Northampton . . . corrected . . . with many
additions by P. Lea. (In The Shires of England and Wales, described by C. Saxton.)|
Phillip Lea: London, [1699?] fol.
|Gives an interesting but meagre representation of the Cambridgeshire Fens. As far
as it related to the Fens, this map was copied in the various editions of Camden's
'Britannia' (1607) and of Speed's 'Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine' (1611).
Owing in part to the dissolution of the monasteries and the many changes in the ownership of land which followed upon it, the Queen had to appoint in 1577 a new Commission of Sewers to superintend the upkeep of the Fenland drains and allocate
the work to be performed and the taxes to be paid among the various landowners and
|2. 1604. B.M.||A Generall Plotte and description of the fenns and other grounds within
the Isle of Ely and in the Counties of Lincolne, Northampton, Huntington,
Cambridge, Suffolke and Norffolke . . . Miles, 8 [= 108 mm. or 4¼ in.]
[Signed by the owner, in the lower right-hand corner:] Ro. Cotton. [MS. map,
coloured.] 805×641 mm. or 317/8×25¼ in. [1604.]|
|A very accurate, artistic and important map. Gives much detail, including names of
landholders, lodes, banks and single houses. The 'hards' are coloured green. Oriented
with the north to the right. After 1600, when an Act was passed for the general
drainage of the Fens, Sir John Popham, the Chief Justice, and other gentlemen became
interested in the reclamation of land there. Sir Robert Cotton the antiquary, who
lived at Conington on the edge of the Fens, and was a Commissioner of Sewers, collected
maps of the Fenland such as this and No. 78. About 1604 William Hayward, who
had made a map of Marshland in 1591 (see No. 77), was commissioned to survey the
Fens. His report (1605) has been preserved, but his map (1604. See Nos. 23, 24)
has disappeared. It is possible that this map is a reduced copy of his, especially as
it seems, from internal evidence, to have been drawn between July 1603 and January
1605. Cotton's maps were often copies of contemporary originals, and this has
copyist's errors, e.g. 'Kerrow' for Merrow. The Holland fens are almost blank.|
|3. 1632.||A General Plott and description of the Fennes and surrounded grounds in
the sixe Counties of Norfolke, Suffolke, Cambridge, with in the Isle of Ely,
Huntington, Northampton and Lincolne . . . A scale of Miles, 7 [= 74 mm.
or 3 in.] 550×432 mm. or 21½×17 in.|
Sumptibus Henrici Hondii: Amstelodami, 1632.
|B.M.||Copied from No. 2, of which Hondius evidently had the use. He may have secured
it through Henry Hexham, the 'Quartermaster,' who translated into English for
Hondius the text of Mercator's 'Atlas' in 1632–33. There was close intercourse
between Holland and the Fenland at this time and later, and the Dutch were the leading
publishers of maps from 1570 to 1680. This map was included in the English edition
of the 'Atlas' (1633). The chief alterations from the Cotton map were the addition
of the drainage works made in Deeping Fen by the Earl of Exeter and the substitution
of the name of Sir Henry for that of Sir John Willoughby. The royal arms of England
and a dedication to the Earl of Bedford were also added. The obvious reason for
the publication of the map was the contract entered into by Francis, 4th Earl of Bedford,
by the 'Lynn Law' of 1630 to drain the 'marsh, fenny, waste and surrounded grounds'
of the Fenland in return for 95,000 acres for himself and participants. Bedford possessed
large estates at Thorney. In 1631 work was commenced, and in 1635–36 William
Hayward made another survey of the fens for Bedford and his 'Adventurers.'|
|4. 1645.||Regiones Inundatæ in finibus Comitatus Norfolciæ, Suffolciæ, Cantabrigiæ,
Huntingtoniæ, Northamptoniæ, et Lincolniæ. A scale of Miles, 6 [= 63 mm.
or 2½ in.] (In Guil. et Ioannis Blaeu Theatrum Orbis Terrarum sive Atlas Novus. Pars
quarta.) 542×635 mm. or 21¼×25 in.|
Apud Iohannem Blaev: Amsterdami, 1645. fol.
|—[Another issue.] 1648. fol.|
|All B.M.||—[Another issue.] Sumptibus G. Valk et P. Schenck: Amstelodami, [1683 ?]|
|These were all copied from Hondius' map. A similar copy was published by
J. Janszoon in his 'Novus Atlas,' Amstelodami, 1646.|
|5. 1660.||A Mapp of the Great Levell, representing it as it lay drowned. The Scale
of Miles, 6 [= 55 mm. or 21/8 in.] [In Sir William Dugdale's MS. notes for his
'History of Imbanking and Drayning of Divers Fenns and Marshes.' British Museum.
Harleian MS. 5011, fol. 627.] MS. 380×330 mm. or 15×13 in. [1660 ?]|
|Reduced from Hondius' map of 1632, No. 3. Although Dugdale is best known as a
herald and antiquary, his 'History of Imbanking and Drayning' is still a standard
work of reference, as he consulted many manuscripts and maps which have since
|6. 1662.||A Mapp of the Great Levell, representing it as it lay Drowned. The Scale
of Miles, 6 [= 55 mm. or 21/8 in.] (In The History of Imbanking and Drayning of
Divers Fenns and Marshes . . . By William Dugdale. p. 375.) 380×330 mm.
or 15×13 in. Alice Warren: London, 1662. 4°.|
|B.M.||From the MS. map in Dugdale's notes, Harl. MS. 5011, fol. 627.|
|B.M.||—[Another issue.] W. Owen & P. Uriel: London, 1772. 4°.|
|Oriented, like all the early maps, with the north to the right.|
|7. 1642. B.M.||[A Map of the Fens.] T. Cross sculp. 1642. [Scale, about 1 inch = 4 miles.]
(In A Discourse touching the drayning the great Fennes . . . By Sir C. Vermviden.)
353×287 mm. or 14×11¼ in. T. Fawcet: London, 1642. 4°.|
|Vermuyden was engaged in draining the Cambridgeshire Fens from 1637 to 1653,
with little intermission. This work, written in 1638, was printed by order of the
Company to meet the objections of critics.|
|8. 1654.||A generall description of the great Levell of ye Fenns extending it selfe in the
Countyes of Northampton, Norfolke, Suffolke, Lincolne, Cambridge & Huntington & the Isle of Ely w:th the severall works described thereupon for
draining thereof. Anno 1654. By Jonas Moore. A scale of Miles, 5
[= 97 mm. or 37/8 in.] MS. 1000×950 mm. or 393/8×373/8 in.|
|Fen Office, Ely.||The Company of 1630, which had fallen upon evil days in 1637, was re-formed, with
William, 1st Duke of Bedford, at its head, in 1649. In August 1650 they appointed
Jonas Moore as Surveyor of the Great Level, and ordered £200 to be paid to him for
'a map of the Great Level.' This map is, therefore, his first known of the Fens,
representing them as he found them before the new drainage works were begun; the
works actually completed 1650–1654 are not shown. This is not, however, Moore's
original map, but a copy—almost certainly the copy made for the Corporation in 1727
by Payler Smyth for a fee of 15 guineas. Many of the old drains, such as Bevill's Leam,
Popham's Eau and Vermuyden's ('The New') Drain, are coloured red.|
|9. 1654. B.M.||A true Mapp of ye great Levell of the Fens as itt now lyeth drayned, with
ye great works, made at ye cost & charges, of . . . Wm. Earle of Bedford his
participants & ye Adventurers, for ye perfect drayning thereof. Described by
Ionas Moore. Miles 10 [= 126 mm. or 5 in.] 556×529 mm. or 217/8×20½ in.|
|This map, though finely engraved, shows no details except the drainage works, which
it was probably designed only to show; the configuration of the district is deformed
so as to bring all these on to the map. It is probably the map mentioned by R. Stonyclift in his 'Proposals and Inducements,' p. 9 (1726), as showing the work done by the
Earl of Bedford and the Participants between 1650 and 1654, since it shows most of the
drains made during that period. The Sixteen-Foot Drain (finished 1651) is represented as
unfinished, but Tong's Drain (finished 1653) as completed. The date of the watermark
of the paper is about 1650. As Moore was given permission by the Company in April
1654 to 'print and publish his map,' it may be dated, provisionally, at 1653–54. A
unique map. It also contains the earliest examples of hill shading that I know.|
|10. 1660.||[A manuscript map, without title, of the Great Level as it lay drained.
Scale, Miles] 38 [=382 mm. or 151/8 in.] [On the back: The draught of the Map for
the Great Levell. In Sir William Dugdale's MS. notes for his 'History of Imbanking
and Drayning of Divers Fenns and Marshes.' British Museum. Harleian MS. 5011,
fol. 629.] MS. 380×292 mm. or 15×11½ in. [1660 ?]|
|Though drawn in Dugdale's hand, this map must be a copy of one by Jonas Moore,
and has all the appearance of being a copy of an early draft of his great map of c. 1706
(No. 14). The only differences are that this map is very much smaller, has fewer
details and omits certain drains and banks which were constructed later. It has the
marginal scale-figures which are a noteworthy feature of Nos. 10 to 16. Many allotments
of shareholders have been added in red ink. This shows that before the old Company
was in part reconstituted as the Bedford Level Corporation (1663) many of the allotments of the adventurers had been fixed. The allotments are fewer than on No. 14,
and bear no names or acreage. Moore went out to Tangier in 1663, and subsequently
became Surveyor-General of the Ordnance.|
|11. 1662. B.M.||The Map of the Great Levell Drayned. [Scale, Miles] 38 [=367 mm. or 14½ in.]
(In The History of Imbanking and Drayning of Divers Fenns and Marshes . . . By
William Dugdale. p. 416.) 375×289 mm. or 14¾×11¼ in. 1662. 4°.|
|B.M.||From the MS. map in Dugdale's notes, Harl. MS. 5011, fol. 629.|
|B.M.||— [Another issue.] 1772. 4°.|
|12. 1705. B.M.||A Mapp of the Great Levell of the Fenns called Bedford Levell, with the
Rivers and Outfalls thereof to the Sea. [Scale, Miles] 38 [= 358 mm. or 14 1/16 in.]
2 sh. 365×725 mm. or 14¼×28½ in. [London ? 1705 ?]|
|The Fen Office, which possesses the copper plates from which this map was printed,
dates the map at 1663. The sheet covering the southern region is a copy of Dugdale's
map (No. 11), but shows Denver Sluice and has two names changed from those on its
model. Col. Archer's copy bears a MS. note describing briefly the works to be carried
out under the 'Bedford Level Bill' [of 1663], and the positions of these works are
marked in red. The sheet covering the northern region and 'the Rivers and Outfalls,'
since it shows a much larger area than that covered by No. 11, including both Skegness
and Holme in the north, and is engraved in a style characteristic of a later period, seems
to be an addition to the southern sheet, made perhaps after 1700. The map is therefore
composite; and we may reject Fordham's theory that it was published in 1684 as an
index to No. 14, which covers a much smaller area. It has the marginal scale which
is characteristic of Nos. 10 to 16. The long and honourable labours of the Earls of
Bedford to reclaim the Fenland caused the Great Level to be renamed 'The Bedford
Level' when the Bedford Level Corporation was established by Act of Parliament
|13. 1793.||A Map of the Great Level of the Fens, Extending into the County's Norfolk,
Suffolk, Northampton, Lincoln, Cambridge, Huntingdon and the Isle of Ely.
[Scale, Miles] 39 [=355 mm. or 14 in.] (In An Historical Account of the Great Level
of the Fens, called Bedford Level . . . By the late W. Elstobb.) 366×280 mm. or
143/8×11 in. W. Whittingham: Lynn, 1793. 12°.|
|B.M.||Copied from No. 11, with many omissions. Elstobb, an engineer and surveyor, had
been working on the Bedford Level forty years earlier.|
|14. 1706.||A Mapp of ye Great Levell of ye Fenns extending into ye Countyes of Northampton, Norfolk, Suffolke, Lyncolne, Cambridg, & Huntington & the Isle
of Ely, as it is now drained. Described by Sr Jonas Moore, Surveyr. Genll.;
A scale of miles . . . 2 [= 100 mm. or 4 in.] 16 sh. 450×355 mm. or 17¾×14 in.|
C. Browne: London, [1706 ?]
|B.M.||This map is generally dated 1684, on the strength of a statement by Gough (i, 197)
that Moore's map was 'published in 1684 in 15 sheets.' But this map is in 16 sheets,
so Gough must have had another edition in mind. In 1685 Moses Pitt published a
little anonymous book (by Samuel Fortrey), 'History or Narrative of the Great Level
of the Fens.' On the title page of that appeared the words 'With a large map of
the said Level . . . by Sir Jonas Moore,' and these words are repeated in the list of
contents of the book, with the addition 'and new printed and enlarged by Moses
Pitt.' The Term Catalogue (ii, 126) also lists this map under 1685 as published by
Pitt at 30s.; and later, in 1726, Richard Stonyclift refers to it in his anonymous 'Proposals
and Inducements' as published by Pitt with the 'History or Narrative.' As for the
publisher of the present edition, Christopher Browne, he published no map, as far as I
can discover, before 1690, and nearly all his known maps were issued between 1701
and 1707. Moreover, when this map is examined, it shows that Browne's name was
substituted on it for another, shorter name. Now in July 1705 the Corporation
ordered Mr. Hope, the Register, to 'reprint and fitt up 28 large maps of the Levell,'
one for each member of the council. This was done, and Hope presented the bill
in 1707. The only 'large map of the Levell' then in existence was Moore's; and it
is a remarkable fact that there are still several copies of Browne's edition of that map
in the Fen Office. It is suggested, therefore, that this reprint was carried out in
1706–7 by Browne, who had somehow come into possession of Pitt's plates, but that he
issued more than the 28 copies required for the Corporation. From the foregoing it
seems clear that Pitt must have published an edition of the map in 1684–85; but no
copy of it is now known. It must, in any case, have been an 'enlarged' edition of an
earlier map by Moore, probably a revision of No. 10, and perhaps printed privately
for the Company in 1663. The present map thus represents the fourth stage in evolution from the model of No. 11. It is the finest map of the Bedford Level ever published.
Moore had died in 1679.|
|15. 1720.||A Map of the Great Levell of the Fenns . . . Surveyed by Sr. Jonas Moor.
I. Harris sculpt. A Scale of Miles, 37 [= 395 mm. or 15½ in.] (In Magna Britannia
et Hibernia, etc. vol. 1, p. 232.) 403×294 mm. or 16 × 11¾ in.|
M. Nutt & J. Morphew: London, 1720. 4°.
|Reduced from No. 14, but still shows the allotments, acreages, and many of the
|16. 1789. B.M.||To the Honourable the Corporation of Bedford Level this reduced map of
that Level is inscribed by Charles Nalson Cole, etc. [Scale, Miles] 39 [= 740 mm.
or 291/8 in.] 757×555 mm. or 29¾×217/8 in. C.N.C.: London, 1789.|
|In 1772 the Corporation, finding that no large map of the Bedford Level had been
made since Moore's of 1684–85 (1706), ordered Cole, the Register, to 'procure Sir Jonas
Moore's map to be reduced and the Districts under particular Acts inserted, and such
other additions to be made as he shall judge necessary.' The task was not completed
until 1789. The names retained on the map are in nearly every case those of the
proprietors on No. 14.|
|17. 1829. B.M.||To the . . . Governor, the Bailiffs, and Conservators of The Great Level
of the Fens called Bedford Level, this map of the said Great Level and parts
adjacent is ... dedicated by Samuel Wells, Register. Fen Office, 27 March
1829. A scale of statute miles, 10 [= 170 mm. or 6¾ in.] 790×810 mm. or
311/8×317/8 in. G. & I. Cary: London, 1829.|
|B.M.||—[Another edition.] The Great Level of the Fens called Bedford Level.
By Samuel Wells, etc. G. & J. Cary: London, 1829.|
|A modern map, with Moore's map, No. 14, superimposed. Gives the old allotments
and the names of their holders. First published to illustrate Wells's important History
of the Bedford Level.|
|18. 1878. Camb. Univ. Library.||[Another edition.] The Great Level of the Fens called the Bedford Level,
by S. Wells . . . Published with alterations and additions by . . . H. Wells.
Scale of ... Miles, 10 [= 168 mm. or 65/8 in.] 790×815 mm. or 311/8×32 in.|
Hardy Wells: London, 1878.
|19. 1665.||A Mapp of the Great Levell of the Fenns called Bedford Levell. The pricked
Lines represent the New Rivers to be made in and about the Great Levell. By
William Dodson Gent. T. Cross sculpsit. The scale of Miles, 10 [= 51 mm.
or 2 in.] (In The Designe for the perfect Draining of the Great Level of the Fens, called
Bedford Level . . . By Collonel William Dodson.) 270×214 mm. or 10½×8½ in.|
R. Wood: London, 1665. 12°.
|B.M.||Dodson had been employed on the drainage works under Vermuyden.|
|20. 1699. B.M.||Cambridge-Shire and the Great Levell of ye Fenns, extending into the
adjacent Shires, according to Surveys as it is now drained, at ye Charges of
ye . . . . . Earl of Bedford, and ye other Proprietors. By Sr. Jonas Moore,
&c. Scale of Miles, 7 [= 72 mm. or 3 in.] (Cambridg.—Ely.) (In The Shires of
England and Wales described by Christopher Saxton . . . with many additions and corrections by Philip Lea. pl. 2.) 485×400 mm. or 19×15¾ in.|
Phillip Lea: London, [1699 ?] fol.
|B.M.||—[Another issue.] Thomas Bowles: London, 1733.|
|21. 1724.||[A large coloured manuscript map, on vellum, of the Fenland from Earith
northwards to the sea and from Downham in the east to west of Spalding.
Without title or date. Oriented with the north to the right.] Miles, 6 [= 152 mm.
or 6 in.] 930×800 mm. or 36½×31½ in. [1724 ?]|
|Camb. Univ. Library.||The style and writing of this map, particularly the use of Gothic letters for the names
of rivers, point to Thomas Badeslade as the draughtsman. But it represents the Fenland much as it was about 1600. Ely House, the Bishop's palace at Somersham, and
the Benedictine convent at Chatteris are shown, as well as the mansions and names
of several county families, such as 'Cottons' at Conington, 'Powlets,' 'Scott' and
'Welby' near Sutton, and 'Balam' at Elme. Marshland is portrayed as a group
of large inclosed areas called 'Worme feild,' 'Sibley field,' 'West new feild' and
so forth. The drains and banks of the Holland Fens are shown in great detail, but the
latest work in the Cambridgeshire fens is London Lode (c. 1600). The spelling of
some of the names betrays ignorance: e.g. 'Mere' for Moor, 'Ladwers' for Ladus
and 'Somertome' for Somersham. The Cambridgeshire 'hards' are shown accurately. As the map shows no resemblance to any known map, we can only assume that
it is a copy of a very old map, c. 1600, made by Badeslade, who added the scale and
perhaps made small alterations. The Holland fens on No. 88 seem to have been copied
from the original of this map.|
|22. 1723. B.M.||A Mapp of the great Level of ye Fenns called Bedford Level . . . by
T. Badeslade. S. Parker sculpt. 1723. A scale of miles, 10 [= 88 mm. or
3½ in.] (In The History of the . . . Port of King's-Lyn, etc. p. 26.) 390×320 mm. or
15¼×12½ in. R. Standfast: London, 1725. fol.|
|B.M.||—[Another issue.] L. Davis, C. Reymers & B. White: London, 1766. fol.|
|Based, with many alterations, upon No. 11, but shows the northern coast districts.
Badeslade was a surveyor, map-maker, publisher and writer of great energy and originality, to whom we owe some excellent road-maps of England. His 'History of the
. . . Port of King's Lyn' is as important for the history of the Fenland as Dugdale's
'History of Imbanking and Drayning.' It gives a detailed account of the many and
diverse schemes for the drainage and irrigation of the Fenland which were put forward
between 1630 and 1724. Badeslade believed that nothing useful could be effected until
the course of the Ouse had been deepened and straightened. He had access to important early manuscripts dealing with the Fens and to maps like Hayward's of 1604
(see No. 23).|
|23. 1724. B.M.||A Plan and description of the Fenns . . . Survey'd by W. Hayward . . .
1604. Copied by T. Badeslade, 1724. S. Parker sculpt. A scale of miles, 10
[= 88 mm. or 3½ in.] (In The History of the . . . Port of King's-Lyn, etc. p. 68.)
390×320 mm. or 15¼×12½ in. 1725. fol.|
|B.M.||—[Another issue.] 1766. fol.|
|No copy of Hayward's original map is now known (see No. 2). It can, however, be
reconstructed from this map and from the copy made at second-hand by Payler Smyth
in 1727 (No. 24). This map has additions and alterations by Badeslade. Oriented with
the north to the right.|
|24. 1727. Fen Office, Ely.||A Generall Plotte and Discription of the Fennes and other Grounds within
ye Isle of Ely, and in the Counties of Lincoln, Northampton, Huntington and
March . . . Compassed by Mr. Wm. Hayward Anno 1604 . . . An Exact Copy
. . . from ye Originall By Mr. Payler Smyth Anno Dom. 1727 . . . A Scale of
Milles Furlongs and Perches An° 1618 . . . Milles, 6 [= 157 mm. or 61/8 in.] MS.
1315×960 mm. or 52×37½ in.|
|The map here copied by Smyth was not Hayward's original, but a very faulty copy of
it, made probably in 1618 for Sir John Peyton of Doddington (who was a friend of
Cotton's—see No. 2). The composite arms of a member of the Peyton family appear
on this map, and were presumably upon Smyth's model. The Fen Commissioners
paid Smyth 15 guineas for making this copy. Hayward was still surveying for the
Commissioners in 1636. His map of 1604, with that of 1591 (cf. No. 77) and the original
of No. 21, may have perished when the Fen Office in the Temple was burned in 1666.
This map has been reproduced by the Ordnance Survey. Oriented with the north to
|25. 1751. B.M.||A Map of the Great Level of the Fens, together with the Rivers that pass
thro' the said Level into the Bay call'd Metaris Aestuarium. [By Nathaniel
Kinderley the Elder.] W. H. Toms sculp. A Scale of Miles, 20 [= 78 mm. or 3 in.]
(In The Ancient and Present State of the Navigation of the Towns of Lyn, Wisbeach, etc.)
205×158 mm. or 8×6¼ in. J. Noon: London; J. Hollingworth: Lyn, 1751. 8°.|
|B.M.||Nathaniel Kinderley the Elder was an engineer ahead of his time, who from 1720
agitated for cuts in the Nene below Wisbech and in the Ouse above King's Lynn.
His proposals met with much opposition both in Wisbech and King's Lynn, but the
Wisbech cut, called after him Kinderley's Cut, was made in 1773, and the Eau Brink
Cut in 1821. This map was reissued in the edition of Dugdale's 'History of Imbanking
and Drayning' which was published at Lynn in 1792.|
|26. 1779. B.M.||[Another edition.] To the Hon.ble Corporation of the Bedford Level. A Map
of the Great Level of the Fens . . . Drawn by Kinderly, corrected by
M.J.A[rmstrong]. S. Pyle sculpt. Published . . . 1779 by M. Booth, Norwich.
Scale of Miles, 10 [= 39 mm. or 1½ in.]. (In History and Antiquities of the County of
Norfolk. vol. 5.) 200 × 157 mm. or 77/8 × 6¼ in. M. Booth: Norwich, 1781. 8°.|
|This map should show Kinderley's Cut, but does not.|
|27. 1766. B.M.||A Map of the Fenn-Rivers and of the New Cutts propos'd in the following
Scheme: for the effectual draining of those Fenns, and restoring Lynn Harbour
. . . S. Parker sculpt . . . A scale of Miles, 10 [= 44 mm. or 1¾ in.]. (In The
History of the . . . Port of King's-Lyn, etc. p. 99.) 191×303 mm. or 7½×12 in.|
L. Davis, C. Reymers & B. White: London, 1766. fol.
|Not in the first edition of this work.|
|28. 1793.||A sketch or map of Bedford Level, and country adjoining, showing the
divisions, rivers, drains &c. with the proposed new cut, from Eau Brink to
Lynn. Scale of Miles, 10 [= 47 mm. or 1¾ in.] 320×220 mm. or 125/8×8¾ in.|
|Camb. Univ. Library||Bound with 'Reasons in support of the Bill for making a new Cut.' Between 1775
and 1819 there was constant controversy on the advantages of making a cut to alter the
course of the Ouse between Eau Brink and King's Lynn. The people of Lynn opposed
the Cut, but the reports of notable engineers like Golborne, Watté, Mylne and Hodskinson were all in favour of it. The first Act ordering the construction of the Cut was
passed in 1795, but the Cut was not completed until 1821.|
|29. 1794. B.M.||[Another issue.] A Sketch or Map of Bedford Level, and Country adjoining . . .
S. I. Neele sculpt, etc.|
|30. 1810. B.M.||A Plan of the Bedford Level with the intended new lines of Drainage, 1810.
Scale of Miles, 10 [= 93 mm. or 35/8 in.] (In Report and Estimate on the Improvement
of the Drainage and Navigation of the South & Middle Levels of the Great Level of the Fens,
in consequence of a reference from the Honourable Corporation of the Bedford Level . . . 1809.
By John Rennie.) 390×410 mm. or 152/8×16⅓ in. S. Blackader: London, 1810. 4°.|
|Recommends the Eau Brink Cut and the straightening and scouring of the Ouse up
to Earith. Several new proposed Cuts are shown, including one from Whittlesea Mere
to Popham's Eau. John Rennie was the greatest engineer of his time, and had already
done much good work in the Lincolnshire Fens.|
|31. 1827. B.M.||Map of the Level of the Fens called Bedford Level, as divided into North,
Middle, & South Levels. Scale of Miles, 10 [= 55 mm. or 21/8 in.] (In An
Historical Account of the ancient Town and Port of Wisbech . . . By William Watson.
p. 50.) 243×195 mm. or 95/8×7¾ in. H. & J. Leach: Wisbech, 1827. 8°.|
|The 'Ouse Cut' below Ely was made in 1827.|
|32. 1840. B.M.||Sketch of the Bedford Level. Scale, Miles, 10 [= 38 mm. or 1½ in.] 238×285 mm.
or 93/8×11¼ in.|
|33. 1840. B.M.||Map of the Level of the Fens, called Bedford Level. Scale of Miles, 10
[= 53 mm. or 21/8 in.] (In Regulations and Orders of the Governors, Bailiffs and Conservators of the Bedford Level Corporation . . . By Samuel Wells, etc.) 188×202 mm.
or 73/8×8 in. Mills & Son: London, 1840. 8°.|
|34. 1842. Camb. Univ. Library.||Bedford Level. Plan of the Middle Level and parts adjacent with the lines
for the proposed improved drainage. Referred to in Mr. Walker's report
dated 28th August 1842. Scale 1 in. to 1 mile. 990×542 mm. or 39×213/8 in.|
|35. 1842. B.M.||Plan of part of the Bedford Level and lands adjacent, subject to the Eau Brink
Tax. J. G. Lenny, Surveyor . . . 1833. Scale of chains, 160 [= 145 mm. or
5¾ in.] 6 sh. 1120×860 mm. or 44×34¼ in. R. Cartwright: London, 1842.|
|A large, detailed map made for purposes of taxation.|
|36. 1849. B.M.||Fens of the Bedford Level and Lincolnshire. Scale of Miles, 15 [= 76 mm. or
3 in.] (In The History of Wisbech, and the Fens. By Neil Walker and Thomas Craddock.
p. 3.) 202×210 mm. or 8×8¼ in. R. Walker: Wisbech, 1849. 8°.|
|37. 1852.||Map showing the Land to be Reclaimed from the Norfolk and Lincolnshire
Estuary, also that which has been reclaimed from time to time: Part of
Norfolk, Cambridgeshire, Lincolnshire and Bedford Level, with the drainage
improvements in the Middle Level of the Fens. Engraved at the Ordnance
Map Office. [Scale 1 inch = 1 mile.] 920×1195 mm. or 365/8×47 in.|
Fred Harding, Surveyor: Lynn, 1852.
|Camb. Univ. Library.||A very fine map, showing the size of the areas reclaimed and the dates of reclamation.
The 'Marsh Cut' at the estuary of the Ouse was made in this year.|
|38. 1875. B.M.||Map of Fens. Scale, 1 Inch to a Statute Mile. (In Reminiscences of Fen and
Mere. By J. M. Heathcote.) 132×142 mm. or 5¼×55/8 in.|
Longmans: London, 1876. 8°.
|A photographic reduction of a larger map entitled 'Plan of Middle Level' and dated
1875, which is unknown to me. Includes more than the Middle Level.|
|39. 1877. B.M.||Geological Map of the Fenland, by Sydney B. J. Skertchly. Scale, 1 inch
=4 miles. (In Memoirs of the Geological Survey, England and Wales. The Geology of
the Fenland. By S. B. J. Skertchly.) 338×460 mm. or 133/8×181/8 in.|
Longmans: London, 1877. 8°.
|Valuable as showing the soils, peat and 'hards.'|
|40. 1878. B.M.||The Fenland. Scale of Miles, 8 [= 50 mm. or 2 in.] (In Fenland Past and
Present. By S. H. Miller . . . and S. B. J. Skertchly.) 340×468 mm. or 133/8×18½ in.|
Longmans: London, 1878. 8°.
|41. 1890. B.M.||Map of the Fenland. English Miles, 10 [= 37 mm. or 1¼ in.] (In The HandBook to the Fenland . . . By Samuel H. Miller.) 220×306 mm. or 8 11/16×12 1/16 in.|
Simpkin, Marshall: London; Leach & Son: Wisbech, [1890.]