THE HUNDRED OF CLEEVE
The large parish and manor of Bishop's Cleeve, with the exception until
the late 18th century of part of its hamlet of Stoke Orchard, (fn. 1) alone formed the
hundred of Cleeve. Cleeve was named in 1327 as a distinct hundred, comprising the townships of Cleeve, Brockhampton, Cockbury and Wontley,
Gotherington, Southam, Stoke Orchard, and Woodmancote. (fn. 2) Earlier, Cleeve had
formed part of Tibblestone hundred, (fn. 3) and became separated because of the extensive
liberties which the Bishop of Worcester exercised in his manor of Cleeve. In 1207 the
king confirmed to the church of Worcester its liberties in the manor, including quittance
of the view of frankpledge and of shire and hundred. (fn. 4) Until 1258 the manor of Cleeve,
the manor of Gotherington, and the two manors of Southam were each represented at
the sheriff's tourn twice a year by four men and a reeve. In 1274 the bishop claimed
return of writs, vetitum namium, gallows, assize of bread and ale, hue and cry, and
bloodshed there; (fn. 5) in 1287 he was summoned to answer by what warrant he claimed
view of frankpledge, waif, free warren, vetitum namium, and return of writs in Cleeve. (fn. 6)
The hundred of Cleeve, 1845
The bishop had a three-weekly court at Cleeve by 1280, (fn. 7) as in the 14th century. (fn. 8)
In 1299 it was said that all the free men of Cleeve were summoned to Tibblestone
hundred twice a year, but that they did not answer touching the king's pleas and did
not go as tithingmen. (fn. 9) Rolls of the Cleeve manor or hundred court survive for courts
in 1412–14, 1450–1, 1462, 1493, and 1514–16. The court dealt mainly with pleas of
debt and with breaches of the assize, presented by an ale-taster in 1413, but it also dealt
with agricultural and tenurial matters. (fn. 10)
|| Cf. V.C.H. Glos. vi. 186; Census, 1801–41; see below,
pp. 2, 12.
|| Glos. Subsidy Roll, 1327, 28–29.
|| Dom. Bk. (Rec. Com.), i. 165; Pleas of the Crown for
Glos. ed. Maitland, pp. 18–20; Feud. Aids, ii. 236, 252, 257,
264, 274–5, 289–90.
|| Cf. Rot. Chart. (Rec. Com.), 168.
|| Rot. Hund. (Rec. Com.), i. 179, 181.
|| Plac. de Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.), 264.
|| K.B. 27/53 rot. 13 (formerly 12).
|| Cal. Pat. 1334–8, 269.
|| Red Bk. of Worc. 346.
|| Worcs. R.O. 009:1 (BA 2636/161/92113/4/6;
/162/92115, 92117; /171/92414/4/6; /174/92470/6/6;