DISTINGUISHED NATIVES AND RESIDENTS
Naturally a very large number of eminent persons
have been connected with Cambridge, and most of
them are mentioned in the articles in this volume.
It is permissible, however, to pick out here a few,
most of them born in the Borough, who are not so
mentioned. Among ecclesiastics born or baptized in
Cambridge are Godfrey Goldsborough (d. 1604),
Bishop of Gloucester; Robert Townson or Toulson
(d. 1621), Bishop of Salisbury; Jeremy Taylor (d.
1667), Bishop of Down and Connor; G. H. Law (d.
1845), Bishop successively of Chester and of Bath
and Wells; and Thomas Musgrave (d. 1860), successively Bishop of Hereford and Archbishop of York.
Writers born in the Borough include Edward Grim
(fl. 1170–7), the biographer of Becket; Thomas Hatcher (d. 1583), antiquary; James Drake (d. 1707),
political writer; Richard Franck (d. 1708), author of
Northern Memoirs; Damaris, Lady Masham (d.
1708), theological writer and friend of John Locke;
William Whitehead (d. 1785), poet laureate; James
Gifford (d. 1813), unitarian; T.S. Whalley (d. 1828),
poet; Mary Pilkington (d. 1839), novelist; George
Brimley (d. 1857), essayist; John Purchas (d. 1872),
divine; and Mary Ann Kelty (d. 1873), who wrote
on religious subjects. Edward Norgate (d. 1650),
illuminer and herald-painter, Alexander Bannerman (fl. 1766), engraver, and P. S. Lamborn (d.
1774), engraver and miniaturist, were all born in
Cambridge; the portrait-painters James Sharples (d.
1811) and John Downman (d. 1824) worked in Cambridge. Other distinguished natives of the town were
Edmond Beales, political agitator (d. 1881), J. A.
Paris, physician (d. 1856), F. C. Hengler, circus
proprietor (d. 1887), and George Fordham, jockey
(d. 1887). Israel Lyons the elder, Hebraist, settled in
Cambridge and died there in 1770; his son, Israel
Lyons the younger, mathematician and botanist
(d. 1775), was born in the Borough. (fn. 13)
|| Biographies of all these persons are to be found in D.N.B.