Wills
24 Edward III (1350-1)

Sponsor

Centre for Metropolitan History

Publication

Author

R. R. Sharpe (editor)

Year published

1889

Pages

624-645

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'Wills: 24 Edward III (1350-1)', Calendar of wills proved and enrolled in the Court of Husting, London: Part 1: 1258-1358 (1889), pp. 624-645. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=66887 Date accessed: 31 July 2014.


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ANNO 24 EDWARD III.

Monday next after the Feast of Purification of V. Mary [2 Feb.].

Atte Barnet (John).—To Margery his wife for life all his tenements in the parish of S. Thomas the Apostle, charged with the maintenance of Roger his son and with the payment of an annuity to Thomas his son, to whom he gives the reversion of the said tenements; remainder to the house of S. Thomas the Martyr of Acon, (fn. 1) London. The master and brethren of the said house to maintain the aforesaid Roger until he receive advancement in religion either in their house or elsewhere, and to provide two chantries in their church of S. Thomas the Martyr for the souls of the testator and others. Dated London, Monday next after the Feast of S. Gregory, Pope [12 March], A.D. 1348.
Roll 78 (3)

Sheringge (Thomas de), barber.—To Idonia his wife his tenement in the parish of S. Botolph without Bysshopesgate for life; remainder to Robert Verely, "gyrdelere," in fee, so that, however, he maintain four chantries in the church of S. Botolph aforesaid for the space of one year, and provide two silver chalices and a missal of the value of sixty shillings, as well as bestow twenty shillings on the repair of the church and find vestments for the chaplain, deacon, and sub-deacon. Dated London, Thursday next after Feast of S. Hilary [13 Jan.], A.D. 1348.
Roll 78 (6).

Lincoln (Richard de), "felmongere."—To be buried in the church of S. Benedict Shorhog. Various bequests to the said church for tithes and oblations forgotten or withheld, for funeral expenses, keeping his obit, and for chantries for his soul for the space of two years after his decease. To the churches of S. Thomas the Apostle and S. Mary de Aldermarichirch respectively a chalice of the value of forty shillings; and to each of the four orders of friars in London, viz., the Friars Minors, the Carmelite Friars, the Preaching and Augustinian Friars, he leaves ten shillings for their pittance, and five shillings for a trental of masses immediately after his decease for the good of his soul. To Elizabeth his wife, by way of dower of all his movable goods, one hundred and forty pounds, her entire chamber, and all his vessels of silver, brass, or any other metal, to be disposed of by her absolutely as she may wish as of her own proper chattels, excepting only his armour. His tenement in the parish of H. Trinity, Lincoln, in the street called "Wyckeford," to be sold in aid of his testament. To Thomas his son the reversion of a tenement in the parish of S. Benedict aforesaid in tail; remainder in trust for sale, and one moiety of the proceeds to be devoted to pious uses, and the other to be divided among his surviving children. Also to the said Thomas and to Johanna and Agnes his daughters fifty pounds respectively. Pecuniary bequests to Robert de Lincoln, Simon Chaumberlein, Geoffrey de Stanelee of Lincoln, Ms kinsman, Richard son of Walter de Lincoln, Richard son of John de Bixle, Mabel daughter of Thomas de Leveryngton, and others; and to Friar John his son for celebrating masses for his soul for the first two years after his decease, as well as for providing necessaries for his said son. Dated London, Tuesday next after the Feast of S. Lucia, Virgin [13 Dec.], A.D. 1348.
Roll 78 (12).

Monday next after the Feast of S. Valentine [14. Feb.].

John de Rameseye or John the Mason.—To Juliana his wife his tenement in the parish of S. Michael atte Come for life; remainder to his children for their lives; remainder to pious uses in the church of S. Botolph without Aldrichesgate. Also to his said wife for life a tenement in Goldyngelane, parish of S. Giles without Crepelgate, with similar remainders. Nicholas his brother to have certain houses in the aforesaid lane near le Brewehus until he shall have repaid himself out of the rents the sum due to him by the testator. Master William de Rameseye, his brother, mentioned. Dated London, Sunday next after the Feast of S. Gregory, Pope [12 March], A.D. 1348.
Roll 78 (15).

Hakeneye (Alice, late wife of Richard de).—To be buried in the church of S. Mary atte Huile. To Alan her. son ten pounds and a cup of silver. To Richard her son a standing cup with cover of silver. To Johanna her daughter a silver cup and silver goblet (cum uno godetto). To Lecia her daughter a silver cup with circlet; also a vestment with super-altar, and a mazer cup (murram) with silver foot. To Petronilla and Isabella her daughters pecuniary bequests, and also two enamelled pots and two enamelled cups, four silver pots, a silver ewere, six silver cups with two silver covers, a spycedische and twenty-four silver spoons, ten necklaces (monilibus), and twelve rings with two bracelets (singulis), to be divided equally between them. Other bequests of chattels to each of her aforesaid daughters follow, among them being a bequest of a nouche (fn. 2) to her daughter Petronilla, as well as to Alan and Richard her aforesaid sons. Also to Isabella her daughter she leaves her tenement within Aldrichegate for executing services to it appertaining. The aforesaid Richard her son and Nigel her son appointed (with others) her executors. Dated London, Wednesday within the octave of Easter [12 April], A.D. 1349.
Roll 78 (18).

Miles (Matilda, late wife of John).—All her tenements in the parish of S. Sepulchre without Neugate, viz., in Smethefeld and Hosiereslane, to be sold by her executors, and the proceeds to be devoted to the fulfilment of her testament; the residue, if any, to be devoted to pious uses in the church of S. Sepulchre aforesaid. Dated London, Friday next before the Feast of S. Laurence, Martyr [10 Aug.], A.D. 1349.
Roll 78 (19).

Miles (John) de Smethefeld.—To Matilda his wife her chamber, with all vessels and utensils of silver and wood appertaining to his hall, larder, and kitchen, and ten pounds of silver. After the decease of his said wife his tenements in the parish of S. Sepulchre are to be sold for pious and charitable uses, and Richard le Clerk to be preferred as purchaser. Dated London, Thursday the Feast of S. Edmund, King and Martyr [29 April], A.D. 1348.
Roll 78 (20)

Tyldheye (Thomas de).—TO Matilda Parteriche his tenement within Neugate, parish of S. Sepulchre, for life, so that she maintain Matilda his daughter, to whom he gives the reversion of the same. After the decease of his daughter the same is to be sold for pious and charitable uses. Dated London, Monday next before the Feast of S. Gregory, Pope [12 March], A.D. 1348.
Roll 78 (22)

Wybourne (Margery de).—Houses and shops which she had by gift from Isabella de Wybourne, late "Thredwomman" (fn. 3) of London, in the parish of S. Mildred de Bredestrete, to be devoted to the maintenance of a chantry in the said church of S. Mildred for the souls of the said Isabella, the testatrix, and of others. Dated London, Wednesday next before Easter [12 April], A.D. 1349.
Roll 78 (24).

Graspays (Henry), fishmonger.—To Henry his son divers chattels and household goods, including his wardrobe, his books of "Romanse," and others; a moiety of his ship called "le Lancastre," Gerald Groldyng being master, and a moiety of its apparel; and a half mark annual rent issuing from a tenement in Temisestrete, parish of S. Michael in Candelwykstrete, to be held in tail; remainder to pious uses. To Roger Sterre, his nephew, ten marks of silver, a silver cup, and a small white mazer. Also to the aforesaid Henry his son, Eoger Sterre, and John Curtoy one moiety of a certain ship called "le Palmere," John atte Nasshe being master, and a moiety of a certain small creyer, (fn. 4) of which John le Herde is master. Also to his said son the residue of his hall, chamber, and larder not otherwise disposed of, and the residue of all his other goods. Sir Peter de Wotton, prebendary of Brumeswode (fn. 5) in the church of S. Paul, appointed one of the supervisors of his will. Dated London, Tuesday next after the Feast of S. Andrew, Apostle [30 Nov.], A.D. 1348.
Roll 78 (28)

Lyndeseye (Margery, late wife of William de).—To John her son in tail a messuage called "le Wachouce" (fn. 6) in the parish of S. Nicholas at the Shambles, and a messuage in the parish of S. Owan (fn. 7) within Neugate; remainder to the maintenance of a chaplain in the church of S. Nicholas aforesaid for the souls of the testatrix, John de Lyndeseye and Johanna his wife, and the aforesaid William de Lyndeseye. Her leasehold interest in lands and tenements in the vill of Acton and its neighbourhood to be sold, and the proceeds devoted to pious and charitable uses. No date.
Roll 78 (30).

Hodesdon (Alice de).—To Margery her daughter, a nun of Haliwell, an annual rent issuing from a shop in the parish of All Hallows de Graschirche for a term of twenty-five years if she shall so long live; remainder to the Prioress and Convent of Halliwell. To Matilda her sister, wife of William de Dalby, "hostillar" of London, for life, a tenement in the same parish; remainder to Johanna her daughter in tail; remainder to Henry de Parys, her kinsman, in tail; remainder to pious uses. If, however, the sum of forty pounds be paid by Cristiana Fulbert or some one on her behalf by the Feast of the Nativity of S. John the Baptist next after the date of this will, the tenement is to be surrendered, and the aforesaid sum to be divided among the same legatees. Dated London, Saturday the Feast of S. Valentine [14 Feb.], A.D. 1348.
Roll 78 (31).

Cavendish (John, son of Thomas de, mercer).—Bequests of money to Thomas his son, Margaret his daughter, John and Alice, children of Margery his wife; also to Simon, John, and Alice, children of Simon Bakere. To his aforesaid wife he leaves the reversion of a tenement in the parish of S. Mary de Colchirche near the Conduit after the decease of Agnes his mother, to hold for life; remainder to Thomas his son and Margaret his daughter in successive tail; remainder to the aforesaid Alice, daughter of Margery his wife, for life; remainder to pious uses. Also to his said wife the reversion of a tenement in the parish of S. Dunstan towards the Tower for life, with remainders over; and the remaining term of service of Thomas de Godestone, his apprentice. Dated London, Friday next after the Feast of Annunciation of V. Mary [25 March], A.D. 1349.
Roll 78 (32).

Monday the Feast of S. Peter in Cathedra [22 Feb.].

Karlel (John de).—To Margaret his wife all his tenements within the City of London for life; remainder to his sons; remainder in trust for sale for pious uses. Dated London, the Feast of SS. Fabian and Sebastian [20 Jan.], A.D. 1348.
Roll 78 (38)

Writele (Margaret, relict of John de, fishmonger).—To Alice, wife of John le Moy, Flemyngg, citizen and armourer of London, her god-daughter (commatri mee), a house and shops in the parish of S. Botolph without Aldresgate for life, with the exception of a certain solar which she leaves to Nicholas de Bury, "masoun," for life; remainder in trust for sale for the souls of the testatrix, John her late husband, Peter de Eusslep and Cristiana his wife, the aforesaid Alice and Nicholas, and others. Dated London, 21 April, A.D. 1349.
Roll 78 (39).

Demenel (Richard).—To Agnes his wife tenements in Wendegayneslane (fn. 8) in the parish of S. Sepulchre without Neugate in tail; remainder in trust for sale by the churchwardens of S. Sepulchre, and one moiety of the proceeds to be devoted to chantries in the said church of S. Sepulchre, and the other to be given to the poor. Dated London, Monday next after the Feast of Conversion of S. Paul [25 Jan.], A.D. 1348.
Roll 78 (41).

Watford (William de), fishmonger.—Devise of a house in S. Peter's Lane to the church of S. Peter the Less for the maintenance of a chantry, provided that the parson of the said church or parishioners of the same pay his executors the sum of twenty pounds; otherwise the house is to be sold by his executors for pious uses. Bequests of sums of money to Richard Smelt, Margery, wife of the same, and their children; Richard Raven, the wife and children of the said Richard; and to John Torgold. The residue of his goods he leaves in trust for pious uses. Dated London, Friday next before the Feast of Pentecost [31 May], A.D. 1349.
Roll 78 (42).

Monday next after the Feast of S. Mathias, Apostle [24 Feb.].

Egham (Thomas de).—TO be buried in S. Paul's Churchyard. To Cristina his daughter and her heirs rents in the lane of S. Michael near Candelwykestrete; remainder to the church of S. Martin near Ludgate in aid of a chantry. Dated London, in the parish of S. Martin near Ludgate, Friday next after the Feast of S. Vincent [22 Jan.], A.D. 1348.
Roll 78 (44).

Carduyl (Thomas de), late Rector of the church of S. Michael in Bassieshawe.—Bequest to Grod and S. Michael of an annual rent of twenty shillings, charged on his tenement in the churchyard of the said church, in aid of a chantry founded in the said church by William de Sydemanton, his predecessor; the residue of the rent of the said tenement to be devoted to keeping his anniversary from year to year. Dated London, the Feast of S. Laurence [10 Aug.], A.D. 1348.
Roll 78 (53).

Monday next before the Feast of S. Gregory, Pope [12 March].

Atte Broke (Robert).—To be buried in the church of S. Mary Matefeloun without Algate. To Avice his wife all his lands, tenements, and utensils of his house for life; remainder to pious uses. Dated London, Feast of S. Gregory [12 March], A.D. 1348.
Roll 78 (57)

Wodhull (Juliana, relict of Roger de).—Her tenement in the parish of S. Michael Queenhithe, and leasehold interest in her mansion house in Watlyngstrete and Cordwanerstrete, parish of Aldermarichirch, with shops, &c., to be sold by her executors by virtue of the testament of William de Spersholte, (fn. 9) late waxchandler, for pious uses. Dated London, Monday, 11 May, A.D. 1349.
Roll 78 (58).

Baudri (Jordan), fishmonger.—To be buried in the church of S. Peter de Cornhull. To John his son a certain tenement in Graschirche Street, near le Ledenehallin the parish of S. Peter aforesaid, in tail; remainder in trust for sale for pious uses; also an annual rent of half a mark issuing from a tenement belonging to Nicholas Horn, late fishmonger, situate near la ledenehalle, in the street and parish aforesaid. John de Hastinges, fishmonger and partner with the testator, appointed guardian of the testator's said son during minority, and to enjoy the above tenement and rent during that time in compensation for maintaining the said son. Dated London, 5 March, A.D. 1345.
Roll 78 (62).

Gressonner (Ralph de la) de Ickelyngham. (fn. 10) —To be buried in the church of S. Margaret in Fridaystrete. After the decease of Agnes his wife a certain tenement in the parish of S. Margaret Moyses in Fridaystrete is to be devoted to the maintenance of a chantry in the said parish church. To William his son the reversion of a tenement in the parish of S. Bartholomew the Less in tail; remainder to pious uses. Also to John and Hamo his sons in tail the reversion of a tenement in the parish of S. Margaret upon Lothebury, with similar remainders. The residue of his goods to be divided equally among his said wife and sons. Dated London, 7 March, A.D. 1348.
Roll 78 (63).

Mire (Henry), saddler.—To Juliana his daughter for her marriage twenty marks sterling. The guardian or guardians of his daughter, whoever he or they may be, to give security to his executors according to the use and custom of the City. His brewery with six shops in Chepe, parish of S. Vedast, to be sold by his executors, and the proceeds devoted to the fulfilment of his testament and payment of his debts; if his executors or their executors be not alive, then the same is to be sold by the rector and certain parishioners of S. Vedast, and the proceeds distributed for the good of his soul and the souls of others. Dated London, Tuesday next after the Feast of Pentecost [31 May], A.D. 1349.
Roll 78 (65)

Joye (Hugh), of London.—To Katherine Joie [his wife ?] a certain shop in Shitebournelane in London for life; remainder to Walter his son. A tenement in the lane of S. Margaret Patyns, held by him on mortgage from John de Buri, to be sold for pious uses unless redeemed. Dated London, Saturday the Featst of S. Nicholas, Bp. [6 Dec.], A.D. 1348.
Roll 78 (66).

Monday the Feast of S. Alphege, Abp. [19 April].

Andreu (Matilda, late wife of William).—To Margaret her daughter in tail a tenement which she and her late husband acquired by gift from William de Kent, tanner, and Johanna wife of the same; remainder to pious uses in the church of S. Andrew aforesaid (sic). Gerard Andreu appointed guardian to her said daughter; and Walter Gautroun, the father of the testatrix, appointed one of her executors. Dated London, Wednesday next after the Conception of V. Mary [25 March], A.D. 1348.
Roll 78 (83).

Neuport (John de).—To be buried in the church of S. Sepulchre without Neugate. All his tenements and reversions in the parishes of S. Sepulchre, S. Andrew de Holbourne, and S. Brigid in Fletestrete to be sold, and the proceeds devoted to payment of his debts and to pious and charitable uses. Dated at Holbourne in the parish of S. Sepulchre aforesaid, Thursday next after Easter [12 April], A.D. 1349.
Roll 78 (85).

Anketeil (John), woolmonger.—All his tenements, rents, &c., within the City of London and its suburb to be sold by his executors and by two good men of the ward wherein the same are situate within one year after his decease, and the proceeds to be devoted to payment of his debts and fulfilment of his present testament. Also all rents and tenements acquired by the testator and Agnes his wife from Hugh de Lemynstrete in the City and suburb for an estate tail to be similarly disposed of, in default of an heir of their bodies, for the good of his soul. Dated London, Saturday next after the Feast of Nativity of V. Mary [8 Sept.], A.D. 1348.
Roll 78 (89).

Cavendissh (Thomas, son of Thomas de, late draper).—To Isabella his sister for life tenements in the parish of S. Mary de Aldermarichirche; remainder to Robert, son of Robert de Stodham deceased, in tail; remainder over. Dated London, Thursday, 9 April, A.D. 1349.
Roll 78 (91).

Monday next after the Feast of S. George the Martyr [23 April].

Turk (Petronilla, relict of Godwin, fishmonger).—To be buried in the churchyard of All Hallows de Berkyngchirch. To Richard and Richard her sons a tenement, with shops, brewing utensils, &c., in Tamistrete near le Wollewharf (fn. 11) as joint tenants in tail, they paying annually twelvepence to the Hospital of S. Mary without Bisshoppesgate; remainder in trust for sale by the rector and certain parishioners of the church of All Hallows aforesaid for pious uses; also to the same a brewery, &c., in Martelane, charged with the maintenance of a chantry in the aforesaid church. To Andrew her son her tenement in Tamistrete, parish of S. Dunstan, in tail; remainder to her next heirs. Dated London, Tuesday, 20 April, A.D. 1349.
Roll 78 (97).

Kere (William), fishmonger.—Houses and shops in the parishes of S. Mildred in Bredestrete and S. Nicholas Shambles to be sold for pious and charitable uses. Cristina his wife appointed one of his executors. Dated London, IV. Nones March [12 March], A.D. 1349.
Roll 78 (99).

Monday next after F. of S. John ante portam Latinam [6 May].

Scot (John), poulterer.—To Agnes his wife a certain tenement which he bought of John Thurstone. No date.


Whereupon came the aforesaid Agnes and renounced the fee and accepted a freehold of the said tenement for life.

Roll 78 (104)

Monday next after the Feast of S. Dunstan [19 May].

Sterre (Henry) de Halibourne, fishmonger.—Certain rents in the parish of S. Botolph near Billingesgate to be devoted to a chantry in the said parish church for the good of the souls of the testator, William his brother, and others. To Isabella his wife all his lands and tenements in the same parish for life; remainder to the infant en ventre sa mère in tail; remainder to pious uses. To James Sterre, his late servant, his fishmonger's shop which he acquired by grant and release of Matilda Sterre in Bregestrete, parish of S. Magnus the Martyr. To William, Thomas, and Johanna, children of his said wife Isabella by Thomas de Farndon, her former husband, ten marks sterling to be divided equally among them. Dated London, Thursday the Feast of S. George [23 April], A.D. 1349.
Roll 78 (111).

Kent (William de).—To Johanna his wife for life his tenement in the parish of S. George in S. Botolph Lane at Billingesgate; remainder to pious and charitable uses. Dated London, Wednesday, 3 March, A.D. 1349.
Roll 78 (114).

Cros (William) de Martelane, near the Tower of London.—To Robert his son forty shillings. His houses to be sold by Felicia his wife, his executors, and the rector of the church of S. Olave. Dated London, Sunday next after the Feast of Purification of V. Mary [2 Feb.], A.D. 1348.
Roll 78 (116).

Monday next before the Feast of S. Barnabas [11 June].

Salesburi (John, son of Adam de, late pepperer).—To be buried in the church of S. Mary Bothawe. To Idonia his wife two hundred and fifty pounds sterling, her entire chamber, with robes, beds, jewels, chests, &c., thereunto appertaining, all his vessels and utensils of gold, silver, brass, iron, and wood; also quitrent of a shop formerly held by Anketin de Gisors and Johanna, wife of the same, at the corner of Soperlane in the parish of S. Antony, for life; remainder to Thomas his brother. To Agnes his mother tenements in the parish of S. Stephen in Colmanstret for life; remainder to his aforesaid wife for life, subject to a charge of six marks annually towards a chantry in the said church of S. Mary de Bothawe; remainder to the rector and parishioners of the same for similar uses. An iron-bound chest is to be deposited in the aforesaid church, and in it are to be placed forty pounds sterling, to be lent to poor parishioners of the same upon certain securities, to be repaid at a fixed time, so that no loan exceed sixty shillings, and the security must be greater than the loan. Three parishioners to have each a key to the said chest, so that it may be opened and closed with the assent of all three; and one of his executors to have one of the said keys in his custody so long as he shall reside in the parish. (fn. 12) Dated London, Friday in Easter week [12 April], A.D. 1349.
Roll 78 (137).

Monday next after the Feast of S. Barnabas [11 June].

Gyns (Thomas de), carpenter.—To be buried in the church of S. Martin de Otteswich. To Matilda his wife the houses which he had by feoffment of Sir John de Hycche, (fn. 13) late rector of the church of S. Antony in the parish of S. Martin aforesaid, situate between the tenements belonging to the Earl of Oxford and the nuns of S. Mary de Chesthunt, for life; remainder to pious uses at the discretion of the rector of the said church of S. Martin. Dated London, 4 April, A.D. 1349.
Roll 78 (144).

Basyngstoke (Thomas de), goldsmith.—To be buried in the church of S. Michael de Wodestrete. After the decease of Sarah his wife without lawful issue by the testator all his tenements in the City of London to be sold for pious and charitable uses. Dated London, Thursday next before the Feast of Conversion of S. Paul [25 Jan.], A.D. 1349.
Roll 78 (146).

Monday next before the Feast of S. Margaret, Virgin [20 July].

Werlingworth (Nicholas de).—To be buried in S. Paul's Churchyard. To Johanna his wife (fn. 14) and Thomas his son, and the heirs and assigns of the said Thomas, all his lands and tenements in the City of London. Dated at Chepe, in the parish of S. Matthew in Fridaystrete, Friday the Feast of Apostles Philip and James [1 May], A.D. 1349.
Roll 78 (157).

Monday next after the Feast of S. James, Apostle [25 July].

Felstede (Robert de), vintner.—TO be buried in S. Paul's Churchyard, and forty shillings, or more if necessary, to be devoted to funeral expenses. Bequests to the churches of S. Martin in the Vintry and of S. Paul, the churches and orders of the Friars Minors, the Carmelite and Augustinian Friars, and the orders of the Brethren of the H. Cross and Preaching Friars, by way of pittances; the churches of S. Thomas de Acon and H. Trinity within Algate, &c.; also to Nicholaa late servant of Henry le Vannere, his mother, his sister, Juliana his daughter residing with his mother, and to John his sister's son. Provision made for chantries in the churches of S. Martin in the Vintry, S. Thomas de Acon, and All Hallows de Honylane, and for distribution of money and clothes to the poor. Among other bequests are the following:—to John de Heurle, called "de Tiffeld," forty shillings and a book called "le Byble"; to John de Foxton, clerk of Henry le Vannere, a psalter written in Latin and English; to Robert his son forty pounds sterling; and to John Michel his apprentice, at the expiration of his term, fifty shillings. To Isabella his wife for life the reversion of a tavern and two shops in the parish of S. Katherine, at the entrance (in atrio) of H. Trinity Church, (fn. 15) after the decease of Walter Costantyn de Croydon; remainder to the aforesaid Robert his son in tail; remainder to the aforesaid church of H. Trinity within Algate, so that the prior and canons thereof maintain one chantry for the good of his soul. The Alderman of the Ward of Algate for the time being to receive half a mark annually out of the issues of the said tavern and shops for maintaining and visiting the said chantry. Should the chantry fail or be withdrawn, the said tavern and shops to remain to the Minoresses (fn. 16) without Algate. Dated London, the Feast of S. Vincent, Martyr [22 Jan.], A.D. 1349.
Roll 78 (190).

Monday the Feast of S. Luke, Evangelist [18 Oct.].

Elsingg (Robert, son of William de, citizen and mercer and founder of the Hospital of S. Mary within Crepelgate (fn. 17) ).—To the high altar of the church of S. Laurence in the Jewry twenty shillings. Bequests for the maintenance of chantries within the hospital aforesaid for the souls of the testator, Alianora his late wife, his father, mother, and others. To Thomas his son eighty pounds sterling; the same to remain in the hands of John Edmund, junior, of Finingham, late his apprentice, to trade withal until the said Thomas shall come of age, the said John finding surety for the same, according to the use and custom of the City of London, and receiving for his trouble and for necessaries to be supplied to the said Thomas, according to an agreement made upon oath, one half the profits arising therefrom. If the said Thomas should die under age the aforesaid sum of eighty pounds is partly to be distributed among various religious orders for pious uses, and partly to be devoted to the new work without Alderisgate commonly called "Newechirchehawe," the new work called "Newechirchehawe" near the Tower of London, and to the work of S. Thomas de Acres (fn. 18) over against the Conduit of London. Also to his said son rents of shops in the lane of S. Laurence de Jewry for life; remainder to the nuns of Chesthunte in pure alms. His household utensils, including cups of silver, mazer cups, spoons, gowns, &c., to be sold for charitable purposes. Dated London, Friday next after the Feast of Apostles Peter and Paul [29 June], A.D. 1350.
Roll 78 (201).

Monday most before the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.].

Causton (Henry de), mercer. (fn. 19) —To be buried in the church of S. Thomas the Apostle. Divers bequests, among others to the said church; to the rectors of the churches of S. Pancras and S. Benedict Shorhog; to the four orders of friars in London, the Crossed Friars, the Friars and Minoresses without Alegate, the Minoresses of Waterbech (fn. 20) near Cantebrug; to the abbot and hermits of the hermitage within Crepelgate, (fn. 21) the anchorite at the church of S. Peter de Cornhulle, and to every other anchorite in London; to the hermits of every hermitage within a circuit of two miles from London, as well as to every hospital within and without London for the same distance, &c. Also bequests to Johanna, a "sister" at Tankerwyk, (fn. 22) formerly servant to his father; to Katherine his daughter and to Isabella her mother; to Margaret his sister, a nun at Mallyngg, (fn. 23) and Idonia his sister, a nun at Berkyngg; as well as to the nuns of Clerkenewelle, Haliwelle, and S. Elena, London. To Margaret his wife, by way of dower of all his movable goods, three hundred pounds, her entire chamber, all his vessels of silver, brass, tin, wood, &c.; the custody of the aforesaid Katherine his daughter, to whom he leaves one hundred marks for her marriage, during minority; and a life interest in all his tenements acquired from William Graleys and Alan atte Munte in the parish of S. Thomas the Apostle; remainder, in default of heirs of their bodies, to William de Causton his brother for life; remainder to Thomas, the son of the said William, in tail. Provision made for a chantry in the said church of S. Thomas the Apostle. Further bequests to Dionisia his mother, Katherine his sister, his aforesaid brother William and Isabella wife of the same, various servants and apprentices, Sir Thomas Horn his father's chaplain, and to Henry Pycard and Adam Fraunceys, two of his executors. Dated London, Saturday the Feast of S. Lucia, Virgin [13 Dec.], A.D. 1348.


Here follows a certificate of probate having been taken of the above will before the Official of the Archdeacon of London on the VI. KaL May [26 April], A.D. 1350, when, the executors named in the will having renounced, administration was reserved. It was again exhibited on the VII. Ides October [9 Oct.] of the same year to the Official, who granted administration to John Ferthyng de Sullyston [by whom it was brought into the Court of Husting for probate].

Roll 78 (210)

Monday next before the Feast of S. Martin [11 Nov.].

Trumpeton (William de), of London.—Numerous bequests, among which are the following: divers sums of money to religious orders in London and Cambridge for the benefit of his soul and the souls of Sir Nicholas de Bokelond, William Juge, Adam de Trumpeton, and others; to the chapel of S. Mary de Bassingburn and to the work of the church of Trumpeton; (fn. 24) to every parish chaplain of churches within the walls of London; to John and Henry his brothers, Agnes and Sarah his sisters; to the fabric of the churches of S. Paul and S. Pancras and of the church of Bokelond; and for lights in the church of S. Margaret in Fridaystrete. To William his son twenty shillings of silver, a tunic with party hood, one black cloak, one piece of tapestry, two sheets, and a blanket. To John his son one diaper cover, two sheets, a blanket, a piece of canvas, and forty shillings of silver. To John Treweman, "bakere," a green tunic with curtepi (fn. 25) and hood to match, and one long bidewe. (fn. 26) To William Mycham, his groom (garcio), a tunic with hood of "raye" (fn. 27) and ten shillings of silver. To Sir Henry de Greystok a folding tablet for accounts (tabulam plicabilem ad desuper computandum). To Alice his wife and Margery her daughter and their heirs his brewery in Distaflane, situate in the parish of S. Margaret Moysi in Fridaystrete; remainder to John his son in tail; remainder to pious uses. Also to the said John his bakehouse in the same lane and parish in tail, with remainders over. The sum of three shillings and fourpence to be devoted to the making of two crosses to place at the tomb of Margaret his late wife, and seven shillings and sixpence to be expended on the celebration of three trigintals (fn. 28) for the good of her soul. To Sir Geoffrey de Shadenfeld, rector of the church of S. Margaret aforesaid and one of his executors, six silver spoons of the value of thirteen shillings and fourpence, and a brass pot holding two gallons. Also to Sir William, rector of Wodyton, a "Dum" (fn. 29) (sic) horse which was in the said Sir William's keeping. Dated London, Saturday next before the Feast of S. Margaret, Virgin [20 July], A.D. 1350.
Roll 78 (218)

Bolynton (Peter de).—To be buried in S. Paul's Churchyard. To Alice his wife a shop and houses in the parish of S. Nicholas Coldhabbey for life; remainder in trust for sale for pious uses. A bequest of twelvepence to the high altar of the church of S. Nicholas aforesaid. Dated London, IV. Nones May [12 May], A.D. 1349.
Roll 78 (219).

Monday next before the Feast of S. Katherine, Virgin [25 Nov.].

Stokwell (Walter de), "peyntour."—TO be buried in the church of S. Giles near Crepelgate. Various bequests to the said church and ministers thereof for funeral expenses, &c. Also to the altar of S. Mary de pictoribus an entire vestment with cope, of the value of one hundred shillings; to the said church of S. Giles a gilt cloth of the value of four pounds to be used at funerals, the same to be placed over his body [whilst being conveyed] towards the church when God should so will; and to the rood of S. Mary (trabi beate Marie) in the same church ten shillings. Also bequests for chantries and to every religious order around the City of London, to the poor prisoners in Neugate, and to the hospitals of S. Bartholomew and S. Mary without Bisshopesgate. Certain sums of money to be expended upon stones to be placed over his body and the body of William de Stokwell. To Johanna his wife the tenenent wherein he lived in Whitecrouchestrete for life; remainder to Cristina and Imania his daughters and the heirs of their bodies; remainder to pious uses. Bequests of money and household chattels to his said daughters, as also to his daughters Agnes and Alice, William his brother at Saun ford, Laurence his son, and Isabella, sister of Walter de Stokwell (sic). The testator appoints by name those with whom each of his daughters respectively is to reside during minority. Release to Thomas his apprentice of the residue of term of service, and bequest to the same of a surcoat of a large "Raie" (fn. 30) furred. Also a bequest of sixty gold scudi for a pilgrim to visit the Holy Land for the good of his soul, as soon as arrangements can be made by his executors. Dated London, Saturday next after the Purification of V. Mary [2 Feb.], A.D. 1348.
Roll 78 (225)

Monday next after the Feast of S. Hilary [13 Jan.].

Baudry (John), "tannere in la More."—To be buried in the churchyard of S. Giles without Crepelgate, near the tomb of his father. Bequests to the said church of S. Giles. To Johanna his wife a certain messuage and garden for life; remainder to Isabella his daughter. To each of his children twenty shillings, the same remaining in the custody of their mother until they arrive at full age or are put to a trade; also bequests to the children of his deceased brother Bartholomew; to the four orders of friars for trigintals to be celebrated for his soul; and to Hugh le Wrighte, his apprentice. Dated London, Thursday next after the Feast of S. Andrew, Apostle [30 Nov.], A.D. 1348.
Roll 78 (234)

Robury (Hugh de), glover.—To be buried in the church of S. Magnus, Martyr, near London Bridge. Bequests to the said church, also for funeral expenses and monumental stone, obit, &c. Provision made for a chantry in the said church for the souls of the testator, Agnes his wife, Alice his daughter, John his father, Agnes his mother, John de Stowe, Alan de Eobury, and others. Bequests to the Priors and Convents of Crichirch (fn. 31) and S. Mary de Suthwerk, to both of which he belonged, and to various religious orders for pious uses; to the poor in the hospitals of S. Bartholomew de Smythfeld, S. Mary without Bisshopesgate, S. Thomas de Suthwerk, S. Giles without Holbourne, and Elsynges Spital; (fn. 32) to every anchorite in London; to the fraternity for providing a chaplain for the Blessed Mary in the church of S. Magnus aforesaid for celebrating Salve Regina in manner accustomed; to the new work of S. Paul's, and the work of London Bridge. The following individuals (among others) also take money or chattels under the will, viz., Hugh, son of Margaret the testator's sister, Hugh Fourbour, Robert Goldesburgh, Thomas de Gloucestre and Sarah wife of the same, William the testator's brother, and Edith daughter of Clement Mannyng. The residue of his goods to be divided among those who, having been reduced from affluence to poverty, are ashamed to get a livelihood by begging, and those poor men who come up from the rural districts to the City of London to get a living by selling brushwood, timber, heather, &c. Debts due to him from persons unable to discharge the same to be pardoned. Dated London, Friday next after the Feast of Exaltation of H. Cross [14 Sept.], A.D. 1349.
Roll 78 (235).

Estmare (Katherine), late wife of John de Aulton.—To be buried in the church of S. Laurence [Candlewick Street] before the altar of the martyrs Stephen and Thomas, Archbishop of Canterbury. Various bequests to the said church, its ministers, master of its college, &c., including two altar-cloths, two pieces of tapestry, one red and the other parti-coloured, silver cups and spoons, and a mazer enamelled with the image of the Blessed Mary. The following bequests also occur among others: To Elianora Malmayns thirteen shillings and fourpence, and a long black robe, a coverlet, two sheets and a "Wyltel," (fn. 33) a mazer, and four caps (flameola). To Aubrey (sic) three shillings and four-pence, a long white robe, and two caps. To Sir Eoger de Wynchecombe twenty shillings and a white horn (j. cornu album). To Nicholas Ledeseye de Aulton, clerk, forty shillings, so that he be diligent in recovering sums of money due to the testatrix and her late husband. To Johanna, a nurse, a ccrtepy, a tunic with hood of murre, (fn. 34) and two nightcaps (flameola nocturnalia). To Friar John de Colewell of the Order of S. Augustine a cup of silver with cover and six silver spoons; and to every poor Flemish woman sixpence. To Sir John de Wynchecoumbe, rector of the church of S. Leonard in S. Vedast Street, she devises her mansion house in the parish of S. Laurence before mentioned, and her tenement in the parish of S. Mary Apechirch, (fn. 35) charged with the maintenance of a lamp to burn before the cross in the said church, for life; remainder to the Master and Chaplains of the College of Corpus Christi adjoining the church of S. Laurence near Candelwikstrete, (fn. 36) subject to the same charge, and so that they pray for the souls of the testatrix, her aforesaid husband, Estmare her father, Isabella her mother, and Margaret her daughter, and perpetually keep their obits. The residue of her goods she leaves to the aforesaid John de Wynchecombe for the maintenance of Robert atte Flode de Aulton and Agnes, sister of the same, until they come of age. Dated London, Thursday the morrow of the Translation of S. Thomas the Martyr [7 July], A.D. 1350.
Roll 78 (236).

Gysors (fn. 37) (John).—To be buried before the rood in the church of S. Martin in the Vintry. (fn. 38) Bequests to the said church, as well as to the church of S. Paul, to London Bridge, to the Preaching Friars and Friars Minors; also for a general bell-ringing (pulsacione generali). Provision made for a chantry in the same church for the souls of the testator, Isabella his wife, John and Margery his father and mother, John his grandfather, and others. The Mayor of the City of London for the time being to present to the same, under certain circumstances; and in case there should be no such Mayor at the time then the presentation to be made by the Dean and Chapter of S. Paul's. The chaplain of the said chantry to have a chamber allotted to him, and to be provided with a chalice weighing— (fn. 39) ; a missal in two volumes, to wit a gradual (fn. 40) with epistles and communion of the saints (commune sanctorum), with divers special masses, and the other volume containing the gospels appertaining to the said missal; also a portifory (fn. 41) with notation (fn. 42) (notatum) of the Use of S. Paul; (fn. 43) a psalter with manual combined; a vestment with apparel complete and a cope of fine linen (de camaca); for the deacon a white amice and stole; and for the sub-deacon a white amice and maniple (fn. 44) (fanonem), a cascorperas, (fn. 45) corperas, three towels, and a surplice, two cruets, (fn. 46) a pix, (fn. 47) one chaufepoun (fn. 48) for winter, a cloth of silk and gold, and a chest for keeping the same. Numerous devises and bequests, among which are the following:—To Henry Pykard and Margaret his wife, daughter of Thomas Gysors and granddaughter of the testator, all his lands, rents, and tenements in the parish of S. Martin in the Vintry in tail; remainder over. Similarly to Felicia, daughter of the said Thomas, his tenement caDed "Gysors halle" (fn. 49) in the parish of S. Mildred de Bredestrete, subject to a rent-charge of one hundred marks sterling due to Henry Pycard. To Alice his wife divers rents, shops, &c., in the parishes of S. Peter de Cornhull, S. Mary Wolnoth, and elsewhere, for life; remainders to Edward and Nicholas his sons in tail male. To Juliana his younger daughter rents in Candelwykestrete, parish of Abbechirche, and in the parishes of S. Peter de Cornhull and S. Mary de Berkyngcherch; and to the aforesaid Edward and Nicholas his sons rents in the parishes of All Hallows opposite the Augustine Friars, S. Giles without Crepulgate, S. Magnus de Bryggestrete, S. Martin the Less in Ismongerelane, S. Dionisius in Lymstrete, and elsewhere. To John de Wendovre and Juliana wife of the same he leaves houses and gardens in the parish of S. Mary atte Naxe. Dated London, Wednesday, 5 January, A.D. 1350.
Roll 78 (248).

Monday next before the Feast of Conversion of S. Paul [25 Jan.].

Pilk or Pylk (Thomas).—To be buried in the churchyard of All Hallows near the chapel of S. Mary de Berkinge near the Tower. Bequests to the said church and its ministers, and to various religious orders for pious uses. To Elena Pilk, his mother, all his lands, tenements, &c., in the parish of All Hallows near the Tower for life; remainder to Alice his wife for life; remainder to a chantry in the said parish church for the souls of the testator, Richard Pilk, Elena his mother, Alice his wife, Elena, daughter of the said Alice, and others. Dated London, Saturday the Feast of S. Valentine [14 Feb.], A.D. 1348.
Roll 78 (251).

Footnotes

1 See note supra, p. 441.
2 A brooch or clasp. Not a corruption of "an ouche," as some suppose. See Way's 'Promptorium,' sub voce "Nowche."
3 Dealer in thread or yarn. Cf. Cris, tina "Flexwyf" (Flaxwoman) and Agatha Fowlere, "Silkewoman" (City Records, Letter-Book H, fol. 102 b, and Journal I. fol. 34).
4 A small merchant ship. See note supra, p. 611.
5 Or Brownswood, the name of a pre-bendal manor situate in the parish of Willesden, co. Middlesex.
6 Wash-house (?).
7 See note supra, p. 296.
8 Windagain Lane.
9 The will of a William de Speresholt (but whether he was a wax-chandler or not. does not appear) is enrolled supra, p. 324. The testatrix was probably the granddaughter there mentioned as being daughter of Peter Cosyn and of Hawysia his wife, a daughter of William de Speresholt.
10 Co. Suffolk.
11 Woolwharf, where the king's tron for weighing wool and other heavy goods was situate. The weigh-house was rebuilt, according to Stow, anno 6 Richard II., by John Churchman, a notable pepperer or grocer, to whom the king granted the right of tronage for life. The weights used for the purpose (otherwise called "Troy" weights) were in Saxon times known as the "Hustings Weights of London," being kept in the "Hustings." Cf. the following passage cited by Strype from the 'Book of Ramsay': "I, Ethelgina, Countess, &c., bequeath two silver cups of twelve marks of the Hustings neightof London" (Stow's 'Survey,' Strype's ed., 1720, bk. v. p. 369).
12 The testator's instructions relative to this chest are continued on the dorse of the membrane on which his will is enrolled.
13 His will enrolled supra, p. 526.
14 Her will, enrolled supra, p. 605. is dated Tuesday next after the Feast of Invention of H. Cross [3 May], A.D. 1349, by which day her husband appears to have died, in all probability from the plague known as the "Black Death," to which is to be attributed the large increase of wills enrolled in that year. The delay in the enrolment of the husband's will is not accounted for.
15 See note supra, p. 356.
16 See note supra, p. 573.
17 See note supra, p. 362.
18 See note supra, p. 441.
19 Mercator.
20 An abbey built by the Lady Dionisia de Mount-Chesny, A.D. 1293, in honour of the Blessed Virgin and St. Clare; removed in A.D. 1348 to a religious house of the same order founded by Mary de St. Paul, Countess of Pembroke (see note supra, p. 450), at Denny.
21 See note supra, p. 450.
22 Ankerwyke, co. Bucks, where there was a nunnery of the Benedictine Order, founded temp. Henry II. It was afterwards granted to the Abbey of Bustelesham or Bisham, co. Berks, concerning which see note supra, p. 473 (Tanner's 'Notitia,' ed. 1744, p. 28).
23 Co. Kent.
24 Trumpington, near Cambridge.
25 A kind of short cloak.
26 Query, a weapon of some kind. See Dr. Murray's 'New Engl. Diet.,' s.v. "Bidowe."
27 Striped cloth.
28 Offices of thirty masses. Cf. "Trental" and "Tricenal," supra, p. 18, note.
29 Probably for "Dun," a term for a horse, e.g., "To draw Dun out of the mire." It was also a common colour for a horse.
30 Or cloth with broad stripes.
31 See note supra, p. 596.
32 See note supra, p. 562.
33 Probably a quilt or blanket. Cf. "and I bequeth to v poure men pat neden Beddyng......to euery off heme j. couerlete, j. wytele, & j. chete" (will of John Olney, 1420, 'Fifty Earliest English Wills,' ed. by Dr. Furnivall, p. 48).
34 A dark red colour.
35 Abchurch
36 See note supra, p. 554.
37 A pepperer; Alderman of Vintry Ward, and seven (?) times Mayor. He was also member for the City at the Parliament at York, A.D. 1314 (Riley's translation of Aungier's 'French Chronicle,' p. 249, note).
38 "There lye buried in this Church [viz., S. Martin, Vintry] Sir John Gisors, Mayor, 1311; Henry Gisors, his son, 1343; and John Gisors, his brother, 1350. He gave to his son Thomas his great Mansion called Gisors Hall, in the parish of St. Mildredin Bredstreet.This Thomashad issue Johnand Thomas: Johnmade a Feoffement and sold Gisors Halland other his Lands in Londonabout the year 1386 [not apparently enrolled in the Court of Husting]. Thomasdeceas'd 1395" (Stow's 'Survey,' Strype's ed., 1720, bk. iii. p. 9).
39 Blank left in MS.
40 Or gradal; according to Riley a book containing the responses sung by the choir. See the Inventory of Articles belonging to the Chapel on London Bridge in 1350, printed in 'Memorials' p. 263.
41 Or breviary, containing the daily service of the Romish Church.
42 Musical notes.
43 Dr. Sparrow Simpson has printed what is probably the only extant fragment of this Use, consisting of three parts, viz., an office of S. Erkenwald, an office for the Commemoration of SS. Peter and Paul, and a short series of detached collects ('Documents illus. Hist, of S. Paul's Cath.,' Art. vii.-ix., Camd. Soc.).
44 Known also as "fannel" or "fanon," a sort of scarf worn about the left arm of a mass priest.
45 A case for holding the cloths used for covering the consecrated elements. Cf. unum corporas de serico cum le case(Hist. MSS. Commission, Ninth Report, p. 55 b).
46 Small vessels of glass or metal to hold the wine and water intended for consecration at the altar, or perhaps vessels for holding the holy oil, otherwise called "chrismatories."
47 A small box for holding the consecrated wafer.
48 Some kind of warming apparatus or "chafing dish," for use during winter time at the early celebration.
49 Afterwards known as "Gerards" Hall and used as a common inn. It was remarkable for its crypt of great architectural beauty, a model of which is preserved in the hall of the Worshipful Company of Grocers. In 1852 an accumulation of earth, which partially hid the columns supporting the vault, was removed by order of the Corporation. The edifice was eventually taken down and removed to the Crystal Palace, on the understanding that it should be set up again there, so that one of the most interesting memorials of a wealthy citizen's house of the Middle Ages might be preserved. For this purpose the stones were numbered; but in spite of all promises to the contrary they were broken up to compose the bodies of the antediluvian monsters which still exist in the Palace gardens. (Stow's 'Survey,' Strype's ed., 1720, bk. iii. pp. 204-5. See also remarks by Mr. Alfred White, F.S.A., in the 'Historical Account of the Guildhall,' pp. 108-9, recently printed under the direction of the Guildhall' Library Committee.)