Wills
43 Edward III (1369-70)

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Centre for Metropolitan History

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Author

R. R. Sharpe (editor)

Year published

1890

Pages

123-134

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'Wills: 43 Edward III (1369-70)', Calendar of wills proved and enrolled in the Court of Husting, London: Part 2: 1358-1688 (1890), pp. 123-134. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=66910 Date accessed: 28 November 2014.


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ANNO 43 EDWARD III.

Monday next after the Feast of Conversion of S. Paul [25 Jan.].

Broun (Matthew), merchant.—To be buried in the churchyard of S. Dunstan towards the Tower. Bequests to the church of the same and ministers thereof; also to John Bolag his servant, upon the said John rendering account of all the testator's goods and chattels in his charge; to his apprentices and servants, to Blase de Bury and Amy, wife of the same, and others. To Simon his son he leaves the reversion of a certain tenement in Thames Street, parish of S. Dunstan aforesaid, after the death of Johanna his wife; remainder in default of heirs of the body of the said Simon to William, Thomas, and Robert his sons, and Johanna his daughter, in successive tail; remainder to pious uses. Similarly to William his son a tenement in the parish of S. Botolph without Algate, with remainders to his other sons and daughter in successive tail, and further remainders to Peter de Bradeleye in tail and James Wesbroun, late his apprentice, in fee. Also to Thomas his son in tail certain shops in Pourteslane in the parish of S. Dunstan aforesaid, with similar remainders. Also to Robert his son in tail rents in the parish of S. Margaret Patyns issuing from a tenement once belonging to Richard de Causton, late mercer; and to Johanna his daughter in tail a tenement and wharf in the street of Petiwales in the parish of All Hallows de Berkyngcherche, with similar remainders. The aforesaid Blase appointed guardian of Johanna his daughter until she arrive at the age of seventeen years or marry; the custody of his sons being left to Johanna his wife, she giving security according to the custom. Dated London, 21 October, A.D. 1368. Roll 97 (2).

Durham (John), of the parish of Southmymmes. (fn. 1) —To be buried in the church of S. Giles, Southmymmes, near the west window. Bequests to the said church and ministers thereof, and to the old work of S. Paul's. To Johanna his wife tenements in the parish of H. Trinity the Less for life, and other tenements in the parish of Aldermariecherche during the minority of John his son. To Margaret his daughter for life the reversion of the above, on condition that she maintain two chantry priests for the space of ten years; remainder to Henry, son of Thomas de Frowyk. Dated Friday next after the Feast of S. Margaret, Virgin [20 July], A.D. 1368. Roll 97 (3).

Monday next after the Feast of Purification of V. Mary [2 Feb.].

Chaucer (Nicholas), pepperer.—To be buried in the church of S. Antonin near the font. Bequests to the said church and ministers thereof, also for three trentals of masses. His estate and interest in certain houses and tenements he leaves to Sir William Dalton and to Matilda his (the testator's) wife. Pecuniary bequests also to Isabella his sister and to Margaret his kinswoman. The residue of his goods he leaves to the aforesaid Sir William and Matilda in trust for the good of his soul. Dated London, Saturday, 13 January, A.D. 1368. Roll 97 (6).

Glendale (William de).—To be buried in the church of All Hallows de Bredestrete, to the high altar of which church he leaves the reversion of a missal after the decease of Agnes his wife. Pecuniary bequests to Robert Wygg, cook, Richard Colbrok, John le Fauconnere, and others; and to Sir John de Saxton, Dean of the King's Chapel, he leaves a white horse. To his aforesaid wife all his lands, tenements, &c., for life; remainder to his children and the heirs of their bodies, and in default of such heirs to the maintenance of a chantry in the church aforesaid, under the supervision of the Mayor and Recorder of London. The seal of the aforesaid dean appended as the testator's own seal was but little known. Dated at le Moreshende, Thursday the Feast of S. Bartholomew, Apostle [24 Aug.], A.D. 1368. Roll 97 (7).

Monday after the Feast of S. Mathias, Apostle [24 Feb.].

Vanne (Peter), grocer. (fn. 2) —To be buried in the church of S. Antonin near the tomb of John Vanne his father. Bequests to the said church and ministers thereof. To Johanna his daughter a sum of money, and a bed of blue colour, viz., a coverlet with tester and a pair of sheets. To Hawysia his wife all his tenements in the parish of S. Antonin for life; remainder to his right heirs. Dated London, Saturday next after the Feast of S. Bartholomew, Apostle [24 Aug.], A.D. 1368. Roll 97 (14).

Holewelle (Richard) of Ipswich (de Gippewico).—Makes his will seeing the peril of this world and especially of the existing plague. (fn. 3) A certain tenement with three shops in the parish of All Hallows the Great, viz., in the Ropery, he leaves to Geoffrey Sterling, Robert de Preston, and John Holt de Ipswich in fee. The official seal of the bailiffs of the vill of Ipswich appended, his own being but little known. Dated at Ipswich, Sunday next after the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 42 Edward III. [A.D. 1368]. Roll 97 (15).

Monday next before F. of SS. Perpetua and Felicitas [7 March].

Charwelton (Robert de), clerk.—To be buried in the convent church of Catesby. Bequests to the said church and nuns of Catesby of sums of money, a vestment of Raye, a chalice, and a silver Byker. To Agnes his daughter ten marks, an antique mazer, a piece of silver with the image of S. Katherine and covercle, and a coverlet with tester of white. To the belfry of Charwelton ten pounds. To Sir Simon de Charwelton, senior, Sir Simon de Charwelton, junior, Adam Fraunceys, Robert the testator's son, Johanna and Margaret his daughters, Isabella Daveys, and others he leaves divers sums of money and chattels, comprising a Byker with covercle and acorn, a coverlet with tester of knots (cum testero de nodis), a mazer with the image of S. Martin on the bottom, a Byker and covercle with unicorn, coverlets with testers of green and blu, a cup and covercle with Saracen's head, a gilt goblet (gotet'), &c. To his executors he leaves all rents he had by demise of Thomas de Grantham, and also the marriage of Elizabeth, [daughter and] heiress of the said Thomas, to hold the same until the said Thomas has discharged his debt to the testator. Dated the Feast of S. Anne [26 July], 42 Edward III. [1368].

Roll 97 (24).

Hengham (Edmund de), clerk.—All his movable goods to be sold, and after payment of debts and funeral expenses the proceeds to be divided into three parts, whereof one part he leaves for the good of his soul, another part to be divided between Robert his brother, John de Hardyngham, junior, Peter Wareysoun, and their respective wives and families, and the third part he leaves to the church of All Hallows de Stanyngchirche and other pious and charitable uses. No date. Roll 97 (25).

Monday the Feast of S. Gregory, Pope [12 March].

Lincoln (Robert de).—To be buried in S. Paul's churchyard called "Pardounchirchehawe." Bequests to the old and new work of the said church, the church of S. James near Garlekhethe and ministers thereof; to each of the mendicant orders in London, viz., Preaching Friars, Minors, Carmelite, and Augustinian; to the lepers at le Loke, Hakeneye, and near the Hospital of S. Giles without Holbourne, and to poor prisoners in Neugate. Provision made for chantries in the church of S. James aforesaid. To Thomas Kyppyng, draper, he leaves his tenement in the parish of S. James aforesaid. Further bequests in aid of the Fraternity of the Blessed Mary in Bow Church, to the Minoresses of S. Clare without Aldgate, and various individuals. Dated London, Monday the Feast of S. Edmund, King and Martyr [20 Nov.], A.D. 1368.

Roll 97 (29).

Monday the Feast of S. George the Martyr [23 April].

Hanhamstede (William de).—To be buried in the church of S. Laurence de Pulteney. Bequests to the high altar and ministers of the said church. To Johanna his wife tenements in Basynglane in the parishes of S. Mildred de Bredestrete and S. Mary de Aldermaricherche in fee, and an annual rent issuing from tenements in Bogerowe in the parishes of S. Antonin and S. John de Walbrok. Dated London, 3 December, A.D. 1368.

Roll 97 (43).

Monday next before the Feast of S. Dunstan [19 May].

Hanampsted (Johanna, relict of William de, late grocer.—To be buried in the church of the College of S. Laurence de Pulteneye by the side of William her husband. Bequests to the master and chaplains of the said college, and divers orders of friars, for their prayers; also to the vicar and church of Eltham and the church of S. Antonin, London. To Johanna, Cristiana, and Margaret her daughters she leaves cups, Bolles, and divers household chattels, and tenements in the parishes of S. Giles without Crepulgate, S. Antonin, S. John upon Walbrok, S. Mildred, S. Mary de Aldermaricherche, and elsewhere. The custody of the said Cristiana and Margaret she leaves to Thomas de Hanampstede, grocer, their uncle, until they arrive at the age of sixteen years, at which age they may marry without disparagement (sine disparagatione (fn. 4) ) with the consent of the said Thomas, Sir Robert de Wytherdeleye, master of the aforesaid college, and Johanna de Duresme her aunt. The said Thomas to give security at the Guildhall. Certain tenements jointly acquired by her and her husband in the parish of S. Laurence aforesaid to be sold for the maintenance of chantries and for charitable uses. Dated London, Monday next after the Feast of S. Mathias, Apostle [24 Feb.], A.D. 1368. Roll 97 (64).

Monday next before the Feast of S. Margaret, Virgin [20 July].

Cane (fn. 5) (William).—To Alice his wife all his tenements in the City of London, and all his lands and tenements in the vill of Berkyng, for life; remainder to Matilda and Margaret his daughters in equal portions; the residue of his goods to be disposed of for the good of his soul. Dated London, the morrow of SS. Peter and Paul [29 June], A.D. 1369. Roll 97 (101).

Monday next before the Feast of S. James, Apostle [25 July].

Croucheman (Thomas), potter.—To be buried in the church of S. Andrew upon Cornhull near his children. Bequests to the said church and ministers thereof; also to his servants, apprentices, and others. His lands and tenements in the parish of S. Andrew aforesaid to be sold to pay his debts. The residue of his goods after payment of debts and execution of his testament he leaves to Isabella his wife. Dated Sunday next after Feast of S. Bartholomew, Apostle [24 Aug.], A.D. 1368. Roll 97 (102).

Oudeby (Simon de).—To be buried in the churchyard of S. Andrew in Holbourne. To Isabella his wife a messuage in the parish of S. Andrew aforesaid for life; remainder to William his son in tail; remainder to the child (if any) en ventre sa mère in tail; remainder to pious uses. Dated at Holburn, Monday next after the Invention of H. Cross [3 May], A.D. 1365.

Roll 97 (103).

Monday next before the Feast of S. Peter ad Vincula [1 Aug.].

Cosyn (William), potter.—To be buried in the church of S. Botolph without Algate. Bequests to the said church and ministers thereof; to poor prisoners in Newgate, William Lumbard his servant, and others. To Johanna his wife he leaves the tenement which he acquired from Thomas de Caxstone, butcher, and Alice, wife of the same, daughter of Nicholas Derman, situate in the parish of S. Botolph aforesaid, for life; remainder in trust for the maintenance of a chantry in the said parish church. Also to his said wife all his jewels and implements of gold, silver, wood, lead, and tin, and the residue of his goods not otherwise disposed of, in trust for pious uses for the good of his soul. Dated London, Friday the morrow of S. Margaret, Virgin, viz., XII. Kal. August [21 July], A.D. 1368. Roll 97 (105).

Monday next after F. of Translation of S. Edward, King [13 Oct.].

Evenefeld (John de), pepperer.—To be buried in the church of S. Mary de Aldermariechirche near the tomb of Dionisia his late wife. Bequests to the said church and ministers thereof; to the four orders of friars in London for masses, &c.; to the new and old work of the church of S. Paul, the church of S. Thomas de Acon near the Conduit, and the work of London Bridge; to each anchorite in the City and suburbs, and to various individuals. His body not to be left above ground, but to be placed in a chest (fn. 6) underground, and to be previously covered with ten ells of black or russet cloth of the value of forty pence the ell; the same to be afterwards distributed to five poor people. Provision also made for wax tapers. All his tenements in the parishes of S. Mary le Bow and S. Laurence in the Jewry to be sold to pay his debts and for the maintenance of chantries in the churches of S. Mary de Aldermariechirche and S. Antony, for the space of one year after his decease, for the good of his soul, the souls of Dionisia his late wife, Thomas his father, Agnes his mother, Thomas his brother, and others. To Imania his wife by way of dower he leaves forty pounds and all the merchandise in his shop in Chepe; also all his household goods except six dishes and six sausers (fn. 7) of silver which are pledged with Robert de Louthe, junior, for six pounds sterling, and which he desires his wife to redeem and devote their value to pious and charitable uses. Also to his aforesaid wife he leaves by way of dower his dwelling-house. In case his wife be not content with these bequests by way of dower, she is to forego the whole of them and take only what the law allows her for dower. Bequest of twenty marks in aid of the advancement of Henry, son of his aforesaid wife. To John his son a sum of money and all his other tenements in the parish of S. Mary de Aldermariechirche, together with the reversion of the tenement devised to his wife; and in case he die under age the said tenements to be sold, and the proceeds divided in a specified manner, the Mayor and Recorder of London being left one hundred shillings respectively to see that his wishes are carried out. Dated London, 20 August, A.D. 1368. Roll 97 (125).

Careswell (John de), baker.—To be buried in S. Paul's churchyard. Bequests to the church of S. Mildred in Bredstret for maintenance of chantry, &c., and to the church of S. Paul. To Cristina his wife a tenement in the parish of S. Alban in Wodestret for life; remainder to John and William his sons in successive tail; remainder in trust for sale for pious and charitable uses. Bequests to the Friars Minors (fn. 8) and Carmelites (fn. 9) for a trental of masses. Dated London, 5 July, A.D. 1361. Roll 97 (131).

Monday next after the Feast of S. Luke, Evangelist [18 Oct.].

Breton (John).—To be buried in the chapel of the Friars of the Holy Cross, (fn. 10) to whom he leaves a certain tenement and garden. Bequests to Berkyngcherche and ministers thereof. To Elianora his wife all his lands and tenements in the parish of All Hallows de Berkyngcherche, situate in Syvetheneslane, (fn. 11) for life; remainder to John his son. Dated Saturday next after the Feast of S. Lucia, Virgin [13 Dec.], A.D. 1364. Roll 97 (143).

Wodegate (John), tapicer.—To be buried in the place mentioned in another testament concerning his goods movable. His dwelling-place in the parish of S. Dionisius de Baccherche in Fancherchestrete to be sold after the decease of Alice his wife, and the proceeds devoted to pious and charitable uses. The rest of his tenements in the said parish to be sold by his wife as executrix, and the proceeds to be divided into two parts, one part of which he leaves to his said wife, and the other to be devoted to pious and charitable uses. A tenement in Bredstret to be also sold, and the proceeds disposed of in like manner. Dated London, the Feast of the Decollation of S. John Baptist [29 Aug.], A.D. 1369. Roll 97 (145).

Yerdelee (Henry de), "fellmongere."—To be buried in S. Paul's churchyard. To Sabine his wife he leaves one thousand marks sterling, her entire chamber, with jewels, &c., appertaining thereto, and all household goods. Bequests to the old and new work of S. Paul's, the church of All Hallows at the Hay and ministers thereof, and the churches of S. Swythin de Candelwykstrete and S. Augustine near S. Paul's Gate. Provision made for chantries in the churches of the Grey Friars of Stratford, of the Priory of H. Trinity within Algate, the Priory of S. Bartholomew de Smethefeld, S. Mary de Ovree, and in the chapel of the H. Trinity at the New Cemetery (fn. 12) towards the Tower, and elsewhere. To Katherine his daughter he leaves the reversion of a certain tenement in the parish of All Hallows aforesaid, after the decease of his wife, in tail; remainder in trust for sale, and the proceeds to be devoted to the old and new work of S. Paul's and the work of London Bridge. Also to Sabine his wife certain tenements in Watlyngstrete in the parish of All Hallows de Bredstrete and elsewhere for life; remainder in trust for sale, and twenty pounds of the proceeds to be given to the prisoners in Neugate, and the residue to be devoted to pious uses. The entire residue of his goods and chattels movable to be devoted to the education of poor children and in aid of the marriage of poor girls. Dated London, 24 May, A.D. 1368. Roll 97 (146).

Monday next before the Feast of S. Clement, Pope [23 Nov.].

Bonere (Geoffrey), "paternostermakere."—To be buried in the church of S. Michael le Quern under the stone which covers the body of Elena his late wife. Bequests to the said church and ministers thereof. All his movable goods to be sold, and the proceeds divided into three portions, one of which he leaves to Johanna his wife by way of dower, a second to be expended for the good of his soul, the souls of Ada, Matilda, William Bonere (sic), and others, and the third to be divided among his legitimate children. His executors appointed guardians of his children during minority, they giving security according to the custom. To Johanna his wife and to her children he leaves all his tenements in Brugges in Flanders, situate in Carmestrete and Bongarestrete, to be divided among them according to the custom of that country. His executors to collect a certain dower assigned to him by Cristina, late wife of John Bonere, issuing from a tenement called "le Horsheved" within Ludgate, together with a certain other rent, and to divide the same among his children, reserving one third for pious uses. Also to his children he leaves for their lives his estate in a certain tenement in Fletestrete without Ludgate in the parish of S. Martin, reserving to his aforesaid wife her dower according to the law of England; remainder to Richard Bonere his brother and Geoffrey, son of the same, for their respective lives; remainder to the brethren of the Guild of S. Hilda in the church of S. Michael aforesaid. Further bequests to Katherine his illegitimate daughter, the Fraternity of S. Katherine of the Haberdasshers (fn. 13) of London, Johanna, wife of Richard Brente, and others; also of the sum of twenty shillings for gathering together the chief parishioners of S. Michael aforesaid, and other friends and neighbours, within one year next after his decease, and giving them drinks. Dated London, Friday next after the Feast of S. James, Apostle [25 July], A.D. 1368.

Roll 97 (164).

Monday next after the Feast of S. Andrew, Apostle [30 Nov.].

Potenhale (John de), "wodemonger."—To be buried before the image of S. Mary in the chancel of the church of S. Andrew de Castel Baynard. Bequests to the said church and ministers thereof. To Alice his wife he leaves all his tenements and rents in the parish of S. Andrew aforesaid for life, charged with providing a wax torch of twelve pounds weight to burn before the high altar in the said church at the elevation of the Host; remainder in trust for sale for the maintenance of chantries in the same church. To William his son a wharf and house. Also to his aforesaid wife a certain shout (fn. 14) (shotam meam) and Batell (fn. 15) with their apparel, his other shouts being sold to pay his debts. To Elias his son and to Isabella his daughter he leaves specific sums of money. Further bequests for the repair of the bridge of Beuerhich, (fn. 16) to the four orders of mendicant friars in London, to his servants, to Nicholas and Walter his brothers, Friar John his wife's son, and others. Dated London, 4 September, A.D. 1368.

Roll 97 (180).

Monday next after Feast of SS. Fabian and Sebastian [20 Jan.].

Bretford (Henry de).—To be buried in the church of All Hallows de Graschirche. Bequests to the said church and ministers thereof. To John and Richard his sons shops in the parish of All Hallows aforesaid in tail, with cross remainders. Also to the said Richard his term in a tenement called "Cardinalhatte." In the event of his sons dying without heirs of their bodies the aforesaid tenements are to be sold for pious uses for the good of his soul, the souls of Alice his late wife and others. Guardians appointed for each of his sons. To his official (officiali meo) for probate of his testament he leaves the sum of six shillings and eightpence because he does not wish his executors to be distressed with accounts, but they are to pledge themselves upon the Bible (super librum) to carry out his last will. Lucy his wife mentioned as one of his executors. Dated London, 20 November, A.D. 1368. Roll 97 (204).

Footnotes

1 1 Co. Herts.
2 1 The City was in early times much subject to infectious disorders from over-crowding, want of drainage, &c. Within a year of the date of this will it was ravaged by what was commonly known as the third pestilence, lasting from 2 July to 29 September, 1369.
3 2 Lat. grossarius=engrosser.
4 1 Co. Northampton, where there was a priory of Benedictine nuns.
5 1 Disparagement in a legal sense signifies the marrying an heiress to one not equal in degree. It was not unusual in early times for guardians to dispose of their wards in a very arbitrary, unequal manner; and it was on this account that it was provided by the Great Charter of King John that heirs (i.e., heiresses) should be married without disparagement ita maritentur ne disparagentur).
6 2 Cave (?).
7 1 Cista, the common term for coffin. So when Joseph died in Egypt, the Bible text says he was embalmed and put in a coffin (Genesis, chap. I. 26); but in the chapter heading it is "He dieth, and is chested." For an instance of coffin being used as synonymous for chest or coffer for keeping valuables in, see Riley's 'Memorials' (p. 429).
8 1 Saltcellars.
9 2 Franciscans or Grey Friars.
10 3 Or White Friars.
11 4 Crossed or Crutched Friars, who had their house in Hart Street, Aldgate.
12 1 Seething Lane.
13 2 "In the year 1348, the 23rd of Edward III., the first great pestilence in his time began, and increased so sore, that for want of room in churchyards to bury the dead of the City and of the suburbs, one John Corey, clerk, procured of Nicholas, Prior of the H. Trinity within Aldgate, one toft of ground near unto East Smithfield, for the burial of them that died, with condition that it might be called the churchyard of the Holy Trinity...... and the same was dedicated by Ralph Stratford, Bishop of London, where innumerable bodies of the dead were afterwards buried, and a chapel built in the same place to the honour of God" (Stow's 'Survey,' Thoms's ed., 1876, p. 47).
14 1 The haberdashers of London were first incorporated as a guild or fraternity in honour of S. Katherine by charter of Henry VI. (3 June, 1448).
15 1 Or schuyt. (See Calendar, Part I. p. 440 n.) They are mentioned in the fleet which conveyed the army of Richard Cæur de Lion to the Holy Land.
16 2 See Calendar, Part I. p. 474 n.
17 3 Benerhich (?); possibly meaning "Bearidge-bridge," in the parish of Bagendon, co. Gloucester, crossing the river Churn, on the road from London to Gloucester (Atkyns's 'History of Glouces.,' second ed., p. 129).