Notes on the books
II.—Notes respecting, and Extracts from, the most noteworthy books.
(1.) Edward II. Book of Laws, Ordinances, and Customs of the
Town of Southampton, known in the annals of the borough as "The
Oak Book," containing at the present time sixty vellum leaves, clogcovered. Resembling in several particulars the far more perfect and
exemplary Little Domesday Books of the Borough of Ipswich, this
volume (comprises with divers inconsiderable memoranda of comparatively recent penmanship) the following matters:—
(a.) List (imperfect) of the boroughs of England, with particulars
touching the dates of their respective charters of incorporation.
(b.) The Oath (French) administered to and sworn by the "Meyre
Baillif e bones gents" of the town.
(c.) The Laws and Usages (French) of the town, in seventy-seven
chapters; each chapter being headed with red letters, setting forth
concisely the subject of the chapter.
(d.) The List of Dues and Customs on merchandize coming into the
town by sea or land.
(e.) Copy of the Deed of Concord, dated 3 Edward III., between
the Mayor and Community of the city of New Sarum of the one part
and the Mayor and Community of the town of Suthampton of the
other part, for the determination of controversy respecting tolls and
(f.) Table of Rates, for regulating the price of bread.
(g.) Copy of the Charter of Inspeximus (of the charter dated by
King John in the 9th year of his reign and also of the charter dated by
Henry the Third in the 16th year of his reign, "de libertatibus Wynton'
ecclesie"), dated by Nicholas bishop of Winchester A.D. 1268.
(h.) Copy of record of the proceedings, with verdict for the plaintiff,
in the cause (6 Edward II.) of John le Cowper of Farnham, a tenant of
the Bishop of Winchester, v. John Shirlee, William Foghel and William
Basyngrom the younger, of the town of Southampton, for unlawful seizing
for payment of toll unlawfully demanded as due to the said town "unum
" coreum bouum precii vnius denarii ipsius Johannis le Couper."
(i.) Collection of Maritime cases and legal decisions touching ships
and seamen, headed "Ceo est la Chartre Doylyroun de Jugements du
(j.) Copy of the Charter, dated by Edward the Third in the 2nd
year of his reign, of Inspeximus and Confirmation of Edward the
Second's Charter of Inspeximus and Confirmation, of Edward the First's
Charter of Inspeximus and Confirmation, of the Charter of concessions
dated by Henry the Third at Winchester on the 20th of June in the
37th year of his reign "Deo et beate Marie et Sancto Johanni Baptiste
"et Fratribus Hospitalis Jerusalem."
(k.) Copy of the Letters Patent, dated 28 June 29 Edward III.,
of the Burgesses of the town of Southampton, of power for ten years to
levy one penny from every pound, one half-penny from every ten
shillings, and one farthing from every five shillings, of goods imported
into or exported from the said town, the revenue from the said grant to
be applied to the works for completing the enclosure of the town, for
its greater security.
(l.) Copy of a Concord and Agreement, made 24 Henry III.,
between the Burgosses of Suthampton and the Burgesses of Portesmothe.
(m.) Copy of the Inquisition taken and made, 38 Henry III.,
by twenty-four lawful men, before Sir Ernaldus de Bosco, the said
King's Justice "de Foresta,"—"qui dicunt super sacramentum suum
quod hec est meta et divisa inter forestam de la Beri et villam domini
Regis Suthampton, scilicet, de Ponte de Acardy sicut via extendit se
per cruces versus Aquilonem usque Cuthorn et de Cuttethorn usque
ad Burleston, Et de Burleston usque ad Fursewelle, et de Furswelle
sicut descendit in Ychene infra quas metas et divisas libertatis Ville
domini Regis Suthampton canonici Sancti [Juliani ?] . . . et
tenent quemdam boscum qui vocatur Porteswode ex concessione Ricardi
quondam Regis Anglie i liberam et puram et perpetuam elimosinam,
Et est . . . . . et bosco pro quo bosco et terra que vocatur
Kyngeslond dominus Rex predictus remisit de firma sua Ville Suthampton imperpetuum centum solidos."
A notion of the literary style of "The Laws and Usages," by far the
most important and interesting of the several matters of the volume,
may be gained from the following transcript of the first four of the
"1. Coment le Alderman Seneschal Chapellayn Eskevyns Usser
seront esluys en Gilde. En primes chief que de la Gilde Marchaundz
soient eslus e etablis, un Alderman, un Seneschal, un Chapelayn e iii.
eskevyns e un Usser, Et est assavoyr que celuy que serra Alderman
deit avoyr de chescun entraunt en la Gilde iiiid., le Seneschal iid., le
Chapeleyn iid., e le Usser id. Et doit la Gilde feer deuz foyz en le
an, Cest asavoir le Dymaynge prochain apres la Seintz Johan le Baptistez
e le Dymaynge proschayn apres la Seintz Hyllery.
(2.) Quant la Gilde serra nul entre eux ne vendra si ne seit par
le Alderman. Quant la Gilde serra nul de la Gilde ne doit mener
nul estraunge, si il ne soit requis par le Alderman ou le Seneschal,
Et le Alderman doitz avoir un Sergaunt aler nyer devaunt ly, le Seneschal un autre Sergauntz e les deuz eskevyns un Sergauntz, Et les
autr' deus eskevyns un sergaunt e le Chapeleyn auera seon Clerk.
(3.) De ceo que le Alderman auera mizt tauntoi la Gilde y serra.
Et quaunt la Gilde serra le Alderman doit avoyr chescun muytz
tauntz come la Gilde sietz ii. galouns de vin Et deus chaundeles e
le Seneschal autresy e les iiii. eskevyns e le Chapelayn chescun de
eus un galoundd e vyn de une chaundele e le Usser un galoun de
(4.) Que les Meseaus auerount de la Gilde tantu' y serra. Et
quaunt la Gilde serra les Meseaus de la Maudelyne auerount del
Aumune de Gildeyns ii cestres de la ceruoyse. Et les Malades de
la Maysun Deu e de Seintz Julian auerount deus cestyers de cervose.
Et les Freires menors auerount ii cestres de cervoyse e un cestr' de
vyn. Et iiii. cestres de cervoyse serrount donetz a poveres la ou la
The entries of this volume, which the Hampshire archæologists
would do well to edit, are by various hands, and were made at different
times; the earliest of the entries, the Copy of "The Laws and Usages,"
being of a penmanship that justifies the reporter in assigning it to some
clerk of the earlier time of the 14th century.
(2.) 16 Richard II. to 12 Elizabeth. The Black Book, otherwise
styled the "Liber Niger nigro carbone notatus," otherwise styled the
"Niger Papyrus," otherwise styled "The Blak Papyr" of the town of
Suthampton; a large folio register containing 144 leaves of unusually
thick paper, the last thirty-two of which are blank. Used from the 16th
year of Richard II. to the 12th year of Elizabeth as a Book of Record for
the enrolment of acknowledgments of deeds, this well preserved volume
(covered with black flexible leather), together with writings of conveyance and quitclaim, and other legal instruments and writings of record,
comprises the following matters:—
(a.) 16 Richard II. Ordinances by the Mayor and Community,
"quod quilibet burgensis ac alius commorans infra libertatem ville
Suthampton seu commoraturus respondebit versus alienigenas ac extraneos in placitis pedis pulverosati non obstante aliqua libertate prius
habita seu possessa in placitis debiti pro aliquibus rebus vel merci
moniis venditis seu emptis infra libertatem predictam. Et quod inter
indigenos seu infra libertatem ville commorantes ac burgenses
placita terminentur in Curia Regia ville secundum consuetudinem ante
(b.) 1 Henry V. Ordinance by the Maior, Bailiffs, and Community,
"quod omnes meretrices commune Hospicium in Estrete tenentes a
dicto Vico omnino ammoverentur; Et quod nec ipse nec alique alie
huiusmodi vite mulieres ad aliquod tenementum sive cotagium in eodem
vico inhabitandum aut tenendum aliqualiter de cetero admitterentur
et precipue propter continenciam dictum vicum pertranseuncium sive
ad ecclesias beate Marie Sancte Trinitatis ac Sancti Andree peregre
proficiscencium conservandam quam quidem ordinacionem supradictam
imperpetuum tenendam ac observandam in nigro papiro eiusdem ville
fecerunt irrotulari ut de recordo hic in futuro videatur esse permanend."
(c.) 17 October 22 Edward III. Ordinances by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Community of the town of Suthampton, for the amendment of
proceedings in the Town Court—Cestassavere.
Que apres ascun accion de dette affirme en le comyn courte de mesme
le vile envers ascun home demeurant deinz mesme le vile que le processe
sera tielle,—Em primes le defendant serra somone et apres en le
procheyne court il auera un essoyne sil voet et apres en le procheyn
courte il auera un defaute saunz rien perder, Et apres sil ne vient un
Attachment. Et sil trove un home destre son plegge sur mesme latachment sil face defaute le proime jour il serra amercie ii. d. le seconde jour
iiii. d. le tierce jour vi. d. le quarte jour viii. le quinte jour x. d. le vi jour
xii. d. et issint apres achescun courte sil fait defaute il serra amercye a
xii. d. jesqz il veigne et respoyne al pleyntif et auxi en mesme le manere
lissues serront retournes apres vn distresse agarde envers le defendant
sicome est dit dez amercimentes avauntditz si le sargent retorne le
Item est assentu et accorde mesme le jour que apres ceo que ascun
issue est ioine entre lez pleyntiffs et defendantes en mesme le courte
que si le pleyntif ne voile suer . . . effects pur auer son jurre
deinz trois moys proscheyn apres lissue ioine que le pleintif perdera son
accion pur mesme le temps.
Item est assentu et accorde mesme le jour que apres ceo que ascun
issue est ioine come est avauntdit auxibien en le comyn court come en
le courte de pee poudres si le summe en demande soit declare a x.
marces ou deinz que le Sargent auera pur faire son retourne del panelle
forsq xii. d.
Et si le summe en demande soit declare ouster x. marcs come a x.
li. xx. marcs xx. li ou ouster, Donqz le Sargent auera pur faire son
retorne del panelle forsqz ii. s.
Item est assentu et acorde que en un plee de trespas le defendant
pledera al Issue et tiendra son ley si les damages soient declares a
xl. s. ou ouster et priera que le pleyntif soiet examyne si ces damages
atteygnent a xl. s. ou ouster par reson de mesme trespas, Et si le pleyntif
refuse le examynacion donqz le defendant ferra son ley, Et si le
pleyntif sur son serement sur un liver dit qil est en damage a xl. s. ou
ouster donqz lissue serra trie par pais.
Item est assentu et acorde mesme le jour que le Clerk del ville prendera de chescun Burgeys pur faire ou pur entrer son declaracion si le
summe en demaunde soit declare a x. marcs ou deinz forsqz xii. d. Et
si le summe en demaunde soit declare a x. li. xx. marcs xx. li. ou ouster
il prendera pur faire ou pur son entre del declaracion de mesme le plee
forsqz ii. s. Et des estraungers ou Foreyns il prendera sicome ils
Item est acorde et assentu mesme le jour que quaunt un estraunger
ou Foreyn afferme ascun accion en le comen courte ou en le courte de
pee poudres il gagera al Sargent que doit son affire de mesme le pleynt
en nawn' de plegge iii. d.
(d.) 9 December 22 Edward IV. "Hit is agreid assentid and by a
comen accorde concludid in fourme folowyng that is to say emonge
other, A Pavyour to be ordeyned to dwell in a house of the Towne
price of xiii. s. iiii. d. rent free, and to have yerely a gowne to this
entent, that he shalle with a Sargent of the same towne doo serche the
pavement of the seid towne and also to pave in alle places nedefulle
withyn the seid towne and doo all thyng that longeth to that office
withyn the seid towne takyng for his wages for his labour as it is used
. . . ., Provided alwey that the Stone and alle maner thyng to the
seid pavement belongyng be ordeyned by hym or theym afore woes house
the pavement shalle be noyouse or nedefulle of reparacion."
(e.) 16 Richard II. Enrolment of Probate of the will (testamentum) of
Richard Mey the elder of the town of Suthampton burgess, dated 8 July
1392 A.D., running in these words,—"In dei nomine amen . . . . . Ego
Ricardus Mey senior burgensis ville Suthampton condo testamentum
meum in hunc modum, In primis lego animam meam deo ac corpus
meum ad sepeliendum in Cimeterio Sancte Marie Suthampton
predicte ville per disposicionem executorum meorum, Item lego
Agnete uxori mee omnia terras ac tenementa mea que vel quas habeo
infra libertatem ville Suthampton supradicte habendum ac tenendum
omnia predicta terras ac tenementa prefate Agneti uxori mee usque
ad terminum vite sue, Et post decessum vero ejusdem Agnetis volo
ac concedo quod omnia terre ac tenementa predicta cum suis pertinenciis integre remaneant ac revertantur Ricardo Mey juniori ac Ranulpho Mey capellano filiis meis habendum ac tenendum omnia predicta terras ac tenementa prefato Ricardo Mey juniori ac Radulpho
usque ad terminum vite eorum seu uni eorum diucius viventi tantum,
Et post vero decessum eorum volo quod omnia predicta terre ac
tenementa cum suis pertinenciis integre vendantur per executores
meos vel per executores executorum meorum, ac pecunia inde reddita
distribuatur pro anima mea ac animabus omnium fidelium defunctorum secundum disposicionem executorum predictorum, Item lego
Ranulpho Mey filio meo predicto unum Basnet unam loricam unum
par cirotecarum de plate ac unum aphorum argenteum secundum
meliorem,—Item lego Ricardo Mey juniori filio meo sexaginta solidos sterlingorum quos michi debet Johannes Patrik de Wynton.
Residuum vero bonorum meorum superius non legatorum lego Agneti
uxori mee debitis meis primo persolutis, Ita quod idem Agnes ordinet ac disponat pro anima mea tam in exequiis meis quam in die sepulture mee pro cera ac distribucione pauperum ac in aliis necessariis
faciendis sicut ipsa melius viderit expedire &c."
(f.) Henry II. Charter of Licence to have a Gild Merchant, with
grant of freedom of toll throughout the realm to the men of Andover.—
Henricus dei gratia &c. &c. salutem. Sciatis me concessisse hominibus
de Andewra vt habeant gildam mercatorum in Andewra quod sint quieti
de Theolonio Passagio consuetudine per totam terram meam sicut Burgenses Wintonie qui sunt de Gilda mercatorum sunt quieti. Et super
hoc nullus eos disturbet iniuste pro consuetudine super x. libras forisfacture. Testibus &c. Apud Wyntoniam.
(g.) 29 April, 5 Ricardus I. Charter of Licence to have a Gild
Merchant, together with freedom from toll throughout the realm, to the
men of Andover, "sicut dominus Henricus Rex pater noster eis concessit
"ac carta sua confirmavit." Testibus &c. apud Portesm'.
(h.) 8 Henry IV. Petition (French) of the Taylors of Suthampton
to the Mayor Aldermen and Burgesses of the said town, together
with record of consent of the same Mayor Aldermen and burgesses
to the same petition, which in the clauses following the preamble
runs in the following words,—"Please a votre tressage discrecion par
advys de voz Aldermans prudeshommes et autres voz avaunditz
bones burgeis ordeigner et establler en icest present assemblee que
nulle aliene Tailloure ne soudier Taillour Engleis ne autre veignant
en Carrike Galeye ou nief des aliens priegne ne tiegne shope meson
ne chambre deinz mesme la ville pour tailler ne deinz la Fraunchise
dicelle taille robes jepone ne autres garnementz a qi que soient devaunt que tielle Taillour aliene ou soudier Taillour ad fait fyu et gree
ove les mestres de mesme de mestier pour le temps esteauntz sur
peyne denprisonement et ceo le primer foitz que soit trove trespassaunt encountre ceste ordynaunce et le secunde foitz dencorger la
peyne de c.s. a leuer par le commaundement de vous ou del mair pour
le temps esteauntz par les ministres de dite ville . . . . . Et
auxi que nulle Taillour estraunge veignant sodeynement de tailler en
mesme la ville ne tiegne shope ne chambre de tailler drape saunz
conge del Maire et des mestres del dit mestier et tanque il ad feat fyn
solons lour discreciouns en manere suis dit. Et &c. &c."
(i.) 21 Henry VII. Ordinance made in Common Assembly "that
fromhensfurth the Mayr of this Towne for the tyme beyng have and
resceyve of the Stuard of the Towne or of his depute toward his
charges so occupying oon hole yere x. li. to be allowid to the sayd
Stuard by the Auditours vppon his accompt, To thintent folowing
that is to say that no Mayre for this day forward take uppon hym to
resceyve or handill any of the Townys money that is to wete he shalle
make no fyne except it be at the Audit-hous callyng to hym ij. or iij.
of thaldermen or of the discretes at the lest, and the money therof
comyng to be put in to the Comen Boxe in the seyd Audithous, Of the
which box the seyd Mayre to have oon key and oon of the Aldermen
the toder &c. &c." With further order "that the Blacke Boke be alle
weyes kept vnder ii. lokys" ; and other regulations touching the
revenues of the town.
(j.) 8 November 1458 A.D. The will (testamentum) of William
Soper, esquire and burgess of the town of Suthampton; by which, after
directing that his body shall be buried beneath a certain marble tomb
which he has caused to be made "in australi parte corporis ecclesie
Fratrum Minorum in villa predicta," the testator makes divers bequests
to pious and charitable uses in which the community of the same town is
(k.) 3 February 1457 A.D. The will (testamentum) of John Estwelle,
burgess of the town of Suthampton, whereby, after directing that his
body shall be buried in the church of the blessed Mary Virgin near
Suthampton ("videlicet in corpore ejusdem ecclesie juxta pulpitum
"coram Imagine Sancte Crucis"), the testator makes divers bequests
to pious and charitable uses.
(l.) 30 October 1462 A.D. The will (testamentum) of John Bedil
alias Bidell burgess of the town of Suthampton, containing bequests to
pious and charitable uses.
(m.) 14 December 1443 A.D. The will (testamentum) of Robert
Florice of the town of Suthampton; containing bequests to pious uses.
(n.) 6 December 1486 A.D. Enrolment of the petition made by the
Cowpers of the town of Suthampton to the Mayor Aldermen and burgesses
of the said town in Common Assembly, and of the consent of the same
Mayor Aldermen and burgesses to the prayer of the said petitioners.
That no cowper alien sowdiour comying in Carrake Galey or in any
othr' ship ne non other aswell englisshe as any other estraungier
resortyng unto the said town from this day forward take nor holde
howse shop nor chambre within the saide towne, nor within the
Fraunchies of the same Toune for to make or to use the seid occupacion and crafte of Coupers Crafte unto the tyme that the same cowper
be he alien sowdier straungier englysshe or any other what soever
he be have made fyne and gree with the Mayre for the tyme beyng
and with the Maisters of the said occupacioun and crafte of Cowpers
that for the tyme shalbe vpon payn, &c. &c."
(o.) 1 August 1492 A.D. The will (testamentum—Latin in the earlier
part, with a lengthy statement in English setting forth minutely the
intent and purposes of a principal bequest) of William Gunter of the town
of Suthampton, the enrolment of the said will being made during the
testator's life and whilst he was Mayor the said town; under this heading "Testamentum Willelmi Gunter irrotulatum tempore ejusdem
Willelmi Gunter maioris." Bequeathing "Willelmo Justice unam
togam meam penulatam vocatam Crymsyn coloris vocatam Weddinggowne," the testator bequeaths three tenements in the town of Southampton to his wife Alice for life, with remainder to certain persons in
trust, "to thentent that the said Alice my wif shalle finde during her
lif in Holy Rode Church in Suthampton aforesaid at the Holy Rode
Awter in the same Churche a discrete prest dayly with gode disposicion
masse syngyng and other divine service seying and the quere in holy
dayes there contynually kepying in tyme of goddys service doing for the
sowlys of me the seid William Gunter my father Moder John Jamys all
my frendys sowlys and all cristen sowlys taking for his wagis yerely ix
markes laufull money &c. &c." The remainder (a full half) of the
will is an elaborate statement of the testator's disposition of the
surplus of the issues of the said tenements, for pious and charitable uses.
(p.) 23 March, 11 Henry VII. Tempore Johannis Walssh maioris.
"Hereafter followeth a copy of a bonde that the Mayre of Suthampton
ballieffes and burgeys and comminaltie be bounden [in] to Philip Archeduke of Austria and Duk of Burgone.—Omnibus Christi, &c. &c. Johannes
Walsshe maior ville Suthampton, Johannes Bavdewyn ac Johannes
Warde ejusdem ville ballivi necnon burgenses ac communitas ville predicte Salutem in domino sempiternam: Cum inter illustrissimum principem supremum dominum nostrum Henricum dei gracia Anglie &c. ex
una et serenissimum principem Philippum eadem gracia Austrie &c. ex
altera partibus quedam amiciciarum intelligenciarum ac mercimonii intercursus mercatorumque communicacionis ac alia eciam eosdem principes
ac subditorum suorum regnorum patriarumque utilitatem concernencia
tractatus ac federa de dat' xxiiij die mensis Februarii anno domini
millesimo quadringentesimo nonagesimo quinto London' inita conventa
conclusa ac finaliter determinata fuere, que quidem tractatus amiciciarum
et mercimonii intercursus, &c. vidimus ac intelleximus, Ac pro hic insertis
haberi voluimus, Noveritis nos prefatos Maiorem ballivos burgenses ac
communitatem ville supradicte necnon successores nostros maiores
ballivos burgenses ac communitatem ville predicte qui pro tempore
fuerint, ad requestum ac mandatum prefati domini nostri Regis ac ad
suarum literarum nobis in hac parte directarum ac deliberatarum quas
pro hic insertis haberi volumus contemplacionem bona fide promisisse
ac nos ac successores nostros prefato illustrissimo principi Philippo Archeduci Austrie duci Burgundie &c. ejusque heredibus ac successoribus
sub ipotheca ac obligacione omnium bonorum nostrorum presencium
ac futurorum obligasse sicque per presentes promittimus ac obligamus
guod effectualiter procurabimus instabimus ac quantum in nobis erit
efficiemus, quod idem dominus noster Rex ejusque heredes ac successores
omnia ac singula predicta tam amiciciarum quam mercimonii intercursus
omniaque singula in eisdem contenta et specificata bene plene et fideliter
tenebunt ac perimplebunt, Ac per suos subditos et vassallos quatenus
eos concernunt aut imposterum concernent bene ac fideliter facient
teneri observari ac perimpleri, Incontinentes que iusticiam ministrabunt
seu ministrari facient. In cujus rei testimonium presentibus sigillum
communitatis ville Suthampton predicte apponi fecimus. Dat' vicesimc
tercio die mensis Marcii anno domini supradicto, Et anno regni dicti
domini nostri Regis Anglie undecimo.
(q.) 18 March, 11 Henry VII. Tacked, together with the two
following matters, to the leaf of the Black Book, setting forth the
enrolment of the afore-copied bond, are these Letters under the King's
sign-manual and signet:—Trusty and Welbiloved We grete you well,
And where as our Cousin Tharcheduc of Austriche and Duc of Burgoyne hath sent unto us of late the Lord Bever and other grete personages on his solempne ambassade, With his requeste for to have with us
our Royaume and subgiettes both amitie intelligence and entrecours of
merchandise, Whiche is gretly to our honour seing that the ruptur and
discontinuaunce therof hathe not stand by us, and redoundeth also to the
Wele and prouffite of the lieges on either side, We havyng tendre
consideracioun to the good and libertie of our subgiettes have bettered
and made more vaillable to them the said entrecours and passed also
those ambassadours booth the amitie intelligence and entrecourse
forsaid, And where over this the said Ambassadours have offered
instanced and promised to bynde diverse estates and diverse grete townes
of thobeissaunce of our said Cousin under the seales and signmanuelles
for the inviolable and ferme observyng of that is concluded betweene
us and theim As by a byll herin closed of the names of the said estates
and Townes it appereth more at large, The said Ambassadours for
equalitie and stablenesse of the matier that We shold doo in like wise
oblige certain estates and Townes of this our Royaume, We therfor
remembring wele their reasonable demaunde in that behalve and that
ye also be oon of the Townes they mynde to have bounde in this caas,
Wol and desire you that under your commune seale annexed by a
labelle to such writing in perchemyn as this berer shal deliver unto you
the copie, ye sende the same soo sealed unto us by the same berer.
Geven under our Signet at our Manoir of Shene the xviij day of
(r.) The form of the bond to be executed by the Mayor and community of Suthampton.
(s.) This schedule of the ambassadors referred to in the King's signmanual:—The Bisshop of Cambray, the Prince of Symay, Therl Nassou,
the lord Ravesteen, the Lord Berres, the lord Berghes, the lord Egmond,
the lord Tlybre, the lord Aymery, the lord Molenbais, the Provost of
Liege and St. Donas, With the Capitaigne of Bruges, and the Burghmaistres of Gaunt, Ipres, Bruges, Dunkerk, Newport, Anvers, Berghes,
Dordraight, Delve, Leyd, Hamsterdam, Middelburgh, Zyversee, Vere,
Molynes and Bryele.
(t.) 4 May 1487. The Will (testamentum) of Richard Gryme of the
town of Suthampton burgess, containing bequests to pious uses.
(u.) 3 May 1495. The Will (testamentum) of John Shropshire,
containing bequests to pious and charitable uses.
(v.) 2 September 1471. The Will (testamentum) of John Jamys
burgess of the town of Suthampton, containing bequests to pious uses.
(w.) 6 October 1503. The Will (testamentum) of John Browne
citizen of New Sarum, containing bequests to pious uses.
(x.) 18 June 1513. The Will (testamentum) of Robert Bysshchoppe
of the town of Suthampton burgess and alderman, containing bequests
to pious uses.
(y.) — 1549. Depositions by seven several aged men touching
the common lands of the town of Suthampton, headed "the Sainges of
the Ayntchiant olde men whiche hath byne of the towne of Suthampton
conserning the Comens of the same town."
(z.) — 1570. A Notte of all such Charters and other Writtinges
with suche bookes of Statutes and other bookes as Richard Godderd
latte maior of the towne of Suthampton lefte in the Auditt House at
the tyme of his going out of his Maioraltie.
(aa.) 26 September, 1 and 2 Philip and Mary. Deed (under this
heading "Copia vera feodi libere schole Grammaticalis in villa Suthampton") of grant, release and confirmation of the West Hall in
English Street and three tenements in French Street in the town of
Suthampton, by Thomas Pace of the said town esquire, Thomas Mille
of the same town gentleman, and William Britton gentleman (one of
the executors of the testament and last will of John Capon D.D. deceased),
to John Capelin mayor, Richard Hawkins and Nicholas Capelin
bailiffs, and to the burgesses of the said town, "pro manutenencia et
continuacione schole predicte ac in performacionem et complementum testamcnti et ultime voluntatis predicti Willelmi Capon
defuncti, et ad intencionem quod pueri in eadem schola educandi
et erudiendi quotidie imperpetuum orent pro anima ejusdem Willelmi
Capon." Reciting the substance of a certain deed of bargain and
sale dated 20 January, 1 Mary, at the Guildhall of the said town,
whereby in consideration of a payment of 100l. the aforementioned
Mayor (John Capelyn) the bailiffs (Richard Hawkins and Nicholas
Capelin) and the burgesses conveyed Westhall and the three other tenements to the aforementioned Thomas Pace, Thomas Mille, and William
Britten, the present deed also sets forth the substance of the Letters
Patent, dated at Westminster by Edward the Sixth on the 4th of June
in the 7th year of his reign, for the foundation and institution of a Free
Grammar School in the said town under the style and title of the
"Libera schola grammaticalis Maioris ballivorum et Burgensium dicte
ville et comitatus Southampton." In his remarks upon this instrument
in his excellent "History of Southampton" (1883) the Reverend John
Silvester Davies, M.A., calls attention to the misdescription at the
opening of the deed of Dr. Capon, who is there styled John Capon,
whereas his Christian name was William, the name rightly assigned to
him in subsequent clauses of the writing.
The absence of chronological order of the foregoing notes points to a
similar absence of order in the register, matters having been put on
vacant places of leaves chiefly occupied with writings of an earlier date.
Perusers of this report will however exaggerate the disorder of the
the book, unless they bear in mind that the notes touching testaments in
the foregoing list exhibit the dates of execution and not those of
(3.) 15th Century. Treatise in English verse on the Philosopher's Stone
and Aurum Potabile, in twelve chapters, with a Preface and concluding
"Recapitulacio totius Operis," eleven of the chapters being entitled
respectively "Of noble Calsynacioun," "Of Solucioun," "De
Separacione," "De Conjunctione," "De Putryfactione," "De Congelacione," "De Cibacione," "De Sublimacione," "De Exaltacione,"
"De Multiplicacione," "De Projectione." Much defaced and torn,
and bearing on the vellum-cover this note by a modern hand, "This a
Treatise upon the Philosopher's Stone in English Verse. I suppose
that this book was found in the Friary. It seems to me to be a
Translation from Roger Bacon, who was of the Order of Friars Minors,
of which order were the Friars in this Town, and it is probable that his
great reputation would induce those of his own order particularly to
study his writings. In the Preface there is mention of Raymond.
When Roger Bacon was imprisoned on suspicion of Witchecrafte, one
Raymond, a Brother of his order, procured his Release upon his discovering to him the secrets of his occult Philosophy. Perhaps the Raymund
here mentioned may be Raymund Lully," referred to by name in the
30th page of the tract. An opinion of the literary style of the treatise
may be formed from these opening lines of the Preface,
"In the begynnynge when thow made all of nowght,
A globose mater and derke undur confusion,
By the begynner marvelously was wrought
Conteynyng all thinges withowte division,
Of whiche thow made in vi daise clere distinction
As Genesis appertly doth record
Then hevyn and erthe perfyteyd wer with thy word,
So throw thy will and power oute of oon mase
Confusid was made all thyng that beyng ys,
But in thy glorye afore as Maker thow was,
Nowys shaull withoute yend be I wys
And puryfyde souleys up to thy blyse
Schall come, A principal thys may be oon
For the declareyng of oure stone
For of oon mas was made all thynge
And Ryght so moste hit in oure practike be,
All our secretes of oon Image most spryng
In p[hilosop]hers bookes that for who lyste to see
Oure stone ys called the lesse world oon and thre
Magnesia alsoe of Sulphur and Mercurie
Proporcynate by nateure most profitable
But may oon mervelyth and mervelich may
And muse on suche a mervelos thyng."
The reference in the Preface to Raymond is made in the following
"And when thow has made calsinacioun
Encresyng not wastyng moisture radicall
To thy base by ofte subtilacioun
Woll lyghtly flowe as wax appon metall
Then lowse it with thy vegeterboll mesticall
Tyll thow have oyle ther of in colour bryght
Then ys that mesture vysyble unto syght
And oyle hyt ys drawen owte in colour of golde
Or lyke ther to oute of oure fyne rede led
Whych Raymonde seid when he was old
Moch moré then gold wolde stonden styde
For when he was for age nye dede
He made ther of Aurum Potabile
Whych hym revyvyd as menne myght see."
(4.) 1445 A.D. to James I. The Book of Remembrances of the
town of Suthampton. A medley of writs, warrants, mayoral accounts,
indentures, and lists of municipal officers, with other matters touching
the affairs of the corporation and inhabitants of the town, this book
contains, together with other multifarious memoranda that should be
carefully examined by future historians of the community,
(a.) 17 Henry VII. Letter from the Mayor bailiffs and burgesses of
the town of Suthampton "to the v. portes for certeyne variaunces
betwene this Towne of Suthampton and the same v. poortes"; with
answer to the same letter, addressed to the same Mayor bailiffs and
burgesses by "youre Lovers the bailif and Jurates of Hastynges."
(b.) Henry VII. Memoranda of arrangements for receiving His
Majesty on the occasion of his visit to the town; under the heading
"Provision for to resceyve the Kynges Grace."
(c.) 10 December, 1 Edward IV. Precept directed to the Sheriff of
the town of Suthampton for payment of cxxxiijli. vis. viiid.
"Johanni Fogge militi thesaurario hospicii nostri vel ejus in hac parte
deputato . . . pro expensis hospicii nostri predicti."
(d.) 3 December 1 Edward IV. Precept, dated under the Privy Seal
at Westminster, and directed to the Mayor bailiffs sheriff and burgesses
of the town of Suthampton, for the payment, out of the fee-farm of the
said town, of cxxviili. vis. iiiid. to Richard Earl of Warrewyk, for considerations set forth in these words, "Wher' Humfrey late Duke of Buk
and late Constable of oure Castell of Dovowr dud (sic.) the x daye of
Jule in the yere of the Reigne of Henry the Sext late in dede and not
in righte King of England xxxviiiti the same late kyng gave in commaundement to oure right trusty and welbeloved cousin Richard Erle
of Warrewyk to occupie and exercise that office and to attende and
provide for the sustentacion of the prestes servauntes watchemen officers
and artificers ther for the saufgard of the same, by force of which
commaundement the same Erle occupied that office having the charge of
the other officers servauntes and other aforeseide contynuelly from the
saide x daye of Juylle unto the fourthe daye of Marche in the fyrst yere
of oure Reigne, and by oure commaundement occupied and exercised the
saide office of Constable of the seide Castelle of Dovorre from the same
daye of Marche vnto the vii daye of May the seide first yer of oure
Reigne and contynually by alle the tymes founde and had within the
same Castelle prestes and servauntes wacchemen officers and artificers
according to the nombre of them aforetyme had, and for that the seide
Erle hath no paiment nor contentacion of or for eny wages for him self in
this behalve or for the fyndyng of the saide prestes wacchemen officers
and artificers for the seide tymes, We understond that the seide late
Duke had for his sustentacion and for the sustentacion of the seid
prestes servauntes wacchemen officers and artificers amonges other
cliiijli. by yere of the fe-ferme of the towne of Southampton, &c."
(e.) 7 May, 1 Edward IV. Letters Patent of the grant of the office of
Constable of the Castle of Dovor, together with office of Warden of the
Cinque Ports, and all powers and privileges pertaining to the same
offices, to Richard, Earl of Warwiek. Dated at Middelham.
(f.) 20 Richard II. Concordia inter Priorem Sancti Dionisii et
Maiorem ac Communitatem ville Suthampton.
(g.) 5 July, 2 Richard III. Writ of Precept and Mandate directed by
the King to the Mayor sheriff and bailiffs of the town of Suthampton,
for the prohibition of the wearing and bearing of "livereis clothinges
conusaunces or bagieus" in the said town. Dated under the Signet at
the Castle of Scarburgh.
(h.) 2 Richard III. "Fines facte ad opus ville Suthampton tempore
Vincencii Tehy maioris ibidem anno regni regis Ricardi III. secundo."
Containing a recipe for curing the cancer, inserted in the midst of
particulars congruent with the heading of the record, this curious
account exhibits the following items "per finem iiiid. Item for a swerde
left in the courte and brought over to the Audite Hous and afterward
sold to Robert Tregolle, and in so moche the lasse for be cause it was of
"A medicyne for a canker. Take the juce of the rote of a bethewynde
other wise callid Wethewynde and a noynte the cankyr therwith ix or
x days till he be hole.
"Item receved the xvith day of Janyvere of on' John Galyman taken
with a woman in Sent John's parishe—xiid."
(i.) On a later page of the book appear, without a date, the following
items of another account of the same reign:—
"Item for a fyne made by Laurens Baker for his wyf because she is
endyted at Sessions for a mysgyded woman and she hath fyned here be
fore. And nowe in lyke wise vpon this condicion that if she may be
founde gilte herafter she shalbe banished owte of Towne with grete
"Item for a fyne of Agnes Couper in Seint John' parisshe in lyke
"Item that Market and his wyf be warned agenst Michaelmasse next
cummyng to voyde the towne if they may be founde in any fawlte
"Item that Agnes the wyf of Thomas Staunton is warned in like
wise to voyde if she maye be founde any more fawte.
"Item that John Walys [? and his] wyf voyde in lyke wyse if they be
founde any more fawte at the saide fest of Mychelmasse.
"Item that Nicholas de Prese and his wyf voyde in lyke wyse if they
may be founde any more fawte."
(j.) 1 Henry VII. The account of the receipts and disbursements of
the town during the year of William Gunter's mayoralty. Containing
the following entry:—"Per Johannem Godfray senescallum. Also paied
unto Thomas Reynold one of the burgeses of parlament the fryday next
afore Seint Leonardes day anno primo Regis Henrici VII. by the
handes of John Godfray then Steward of Suthampton lxvis. viiid. of
the whiche he shuld have fer hymmeselfe and Thomas Overey, burgese
of the parlement for theyr wages in parte xls., and xiijs. iiijd. to delyver
to Edmund Denny our attorney in the Estcheker for the Shiriff
Mighelmas pro...., and xiijs. iiijd. to delyver unto the same Edmunde
for his fee due att Mighelmash last past."
(k.) 2 Henry VII. A similar account for the next mayoral year,
containing these entries having reference to Prince Arthur's birth.
"A Prynce is borne at Wynchestere. Memorandum, that in Vigilia
Sancti Mathei Apostoli videlicet the xxthe day of Septembre the iide
yere of the reigne of our sovereigne Lorde Kyng Henry the VIIth,
One John Burnard yoman of the menys chambre comme unto Suthampton unto the Maire and to his brethern and tolde the tythynges and
seid ther is a Prynce borne that nyght next affor at Wynchestre,
And that the Kyng commaunded that alle the Curetes prestes and
clerkes of the seide town shold goe in prossesssion and aftre synge
Te Deum laudamus yn wurshipyng God therfor.
"And for the gode tydynges the said John Burnard had yn reward of
the Maire and his bretherne paid by the handes of John Godfray steward
of the same day vis. viiid."—Followed in the same account by this
entry. "Also the steward John Godfray hath rescevid the xxiiithe day
of September anno secundo Regis Henrici viii. for a fyne made with
John Pyper in estrete for kepyng a Sklosshe pley contrary to the
Mairis commaundement and other defautes &c.—iijs. iiijd."
Affording divers matters of some value to general historians, and of
especial interest to illustrators of Southampton in olden times, these
Remembrances comprise numerous entries, having reference to the yearly
pension of 154l. accruing from the fee-farm of the town to William,
Earl of Arundell, as Constable of Dover Castle and Warden of the
Cinque Ports in the times of Edward the Fourth and Henry the Seventh,
which annuity the earl was wont to receive altogether or in part from
the town "in kind," i.e., in wine, forreign fruits, spices, and other articles
of necessity or luxury for the provision of his household; a form of
payment that of course lightened considerably the burden of the feefarm to the burgesses.
(5.) 1489 to 1593 A.D. The "Liber De Finibus ville Suthampton."
Consisting of yearly accounts of the moneys coming to the municipal
exchequer by way of fines and forfeitures for offences and petty perquisites, this ledger affords a general view of the orderliness and disorderliness of the town throughout successive generations, and also
exhibits for a shorter period the yearly disbursements of the corporation
on such petty affairs and exceptional incidents or 'Mayoral Casualties,'
as in the case of boroughs with chamberlains usually pertained to the
financial duties of those officers. Amongst the Elizabethan accounts of
expenditure appear the following particulars of the costs and charges
incurred by the town for the Queen's entertainment in 1569 A.D.:—
|"Imprimis, presented to the Quene's Majesty in the forsaide
purse the ixth of September||xl li.|
|Item, geven to the clarke of the markette for rewarde||xx s.|
|Item, to the Quen s harwarde||xx s.|
|Item, to the Sergeantes of the Arms||xx s.|
|Item, payed her fotemen||xx s.|
|" " her trumpeters||xx s.|
|" " the musicions||xx s.|
|" " the Marshall for a proclamacion||v s.|
|" " the Marshall for his fees||v s.|
|" " to the clarke of the marketes cryer||ii s.|
|" " to the skylers||v s.|
|" " to the drome and flute of Portismothe||v s.|
|" " certaine Lordes minstrelles||v s.|
|" " to the yemen of mayell||v s.|
|" " to the yemen of the bottells||v s.|
|" " Peter Glasier for his drome and flutes||v s.|
|" " the Quene's Majestis porters||v s.|
|" " William Mr whiche he must give accompts of||x li.|
|" " for iii lode of bowes sett by the commaundement of Sir Francis Knowells||v s.|
|" " for the helping of the gonners||ii s. vi d.|
|" " Mr Torner for newe-making of the Buttes||ix s.|
|Item, payed for fiftye yeardes of London russett that daye to
Mr Hotson for the townes liueries at viii s. the
|" " for canvas to wrape the clothe in||xvi d.|
|" " for Mr Stanelis charges and myne with twoe
men and iiii horses xviii dayes at ii s. viii d.
the daye man and horse||ix li. xij s.|
|" " for fyer dueringe that tyme vi d. per daye
amounteth to ixs., for washinge of shertes,
shewinge of horses, mending of saddells and
reward to the howse where we laye||xix s.|
|" " for Mr Hoopers charges at Winsor vij dayes and
his twoe men at iiij s.||xxviii s.|
|" " &c. &c.|
Occasionally the searcher of the accounts comes upon payments to
players, such as the following of 19–20 Elizabeth,—
|Item, paid by consent to xi players, beinge the Lorde of
Bathe's players, the firste of Maie 1577||xiijs.||iiijd.|
|Item, paid by consent to my Lorde Delawarre's plaiers
being tenne of them the vith of May||x s.|
|Item, paid by consent to the Earle of Worcester his players
the 14 of June, beinge x of them||x s.|
|Item, paid the 24th of June to sixe of my Lord Clinton's
Save that they usually tell the number of persons in the wandering
troops (information seldom given by municipal chroniclers) the entries
touching players are unimportant.
(6.)—1496 to 1704 A.D. The Book of Oaths, ordinances and burgesses, admissions. Opening with forms of oaths to be sworn on
admission to franchise or office by (1) Burgesses, (2) Commoners
"admytted to set vp in any arte, scyence or occupacion withyn the
towne, (3) Maiors, (4) Aldermen and Justices of the Peace, (5)
Constables of the Staple, (6) Recorder or Town Clerke, (7) the
Sheriffe, (8) Bailiffes, (9) the Crowners, (10) Cunstables, (11) the
Pettye Customer, (12) the fower Discretes of the Market, (13) the
Fower Serjantes, (14) the Receaver of Custome and Brocage at the
Bargat, (15) Brokers betwixt merchante and merchante, (16) Measurers of Clothe, (17) the Steward, (18) Measurers of Salt and Corne
and other, (19) the Teller of Leather, and (20) the Alderman of
Portiswoade, this book of record contains on later pages more recent
forms of oaths to be sworn by Assistants, Packers of Herrings, and other
officers of the community; the earlier set of oaths being followed in
the register by "Certaine olde auncient and laudable ordinaunces
touching the Burgesses and their duties of and within Suthampton,"
in eighty chapters, comprising the French ordinances of the Oak Book
translated into English and other orders.—Beginning with the record
of Richard Wotton's admission into the gilde on 15 June, 11 Henry
VII., the Register of burgesses' admissions is continued to 21 July
1704, and contains the records of the enfranchisement of the following
more or less notable persons:—
Maurice Barkeley, seconde sonne of Edward Barkeley late burgesse of
this towne, 10 September, 22 Henry VII.
John Arpit vicar of St. Michaelle's churche in the towne of Suthampton, on Friday next after the feast of St. Michael, 2 Henry
John Wilcok, D.D., vicar of the parisshe churche of Holy Rodes in
the towne of Southampton, on the Friday after Michaelmas, 2 Henry
William Seint-John, otherwise called William Poninges, 18 March,
3 Henry VIII.
Walter Maye, Prior of the priory of Sainte Dennys by the towne of
Suthampton, 2 April, 3 Henry VIII.
Thomas Skevington, Bishop of Bangor and Abbot of the monastery of
Sancte Mary the Virgin of Kinges Bewly, on Friday after Michaelmas, 6 Henry VIII.
John Corne, Abbot of Letley, 3 August, 16 Henry VIII.
William, the Honorable Erle of Arundelle, 13 January, 16 Henry
Master John Alen, Doctour of both lawes, Chancelour of our Lorde
the Kinge, one of the Maisters and . . . of the churche of
Sainte Mary the Virgen of the towne of Suthampton, 28 March,
18 Henry VIII.
Thomas Pace, gentleman, 31 December, 25 Henry VIII.
John Newton, esquire, 24 October, 26 Henry VIII.
Anthony Guidotty, merchante of Florence, 14 January, 26 Henry
Thomas Welles, gentleman, 1 July, 27 Henry VIII.
Thomas Bettes, son of James Bettes esquire, 18 October, 27 Henry
John, Abbot of the monastery of Saint Mary the Virgen of Kinges
Bewly, 28 January, 27 Henry VIII.
Thomas, Abbot of the monastery of Sainte Mary the Virgen of Kinges
. . . ., 28 January, 27 Henry VIII.
William, Abbot of the monastery of Sainte Mary the Virgen of
Kinges Waverley, 28 January, 27 Henry VIII.
William, Abbot of the monastery of the blessed Virgen Mary of Kinges
Guarre, 28 January, 27 Henry VIII.
Michael Lyster esquire, 12 September, 27 Henry VIII.
Francis Dautrey esquire, 12 September, 27 Henry VIII.
William Thorpe esquire, 12 September, 27 Henry VIII.
William Barkeley knt., 18 January, 28 Henry VIII.
James Wursley knt., 20 August, 29 Henry VIII.
The Honorable Lord Maltravers, 27 September, 29 Henry VIII.
John Walloppe knt., 27 September, 29 Henry VIII.
Thomas Lisle knt., 27 September, 29 Henry VIII.
Clement Harleston knt., 27 September, 29 Henry VIII.
Richard Blounte esquire, 27 September, 29 Henry VIII.
Thomas Welles the elder esquire, 16 September, 32 Henry VIII.
Thomas Sherley gentleman, 27 February, 32 Henry VIII.
John Warener, barbour and surgyn, 4 January, 35 Henry VIII.
William Kalway esquire, 29 July, 1549 A.D.
Sir Hugh Paulet knt., 23 November, 3 Edward VI.
Sir John Kingesmill knt., 8 April, 7 Edward VI.
Olyver Saint-John esquire, 26 September, 2 & 3 Philip and Mary.
Richarde Worsleye esquire, 2 January, 1555 A.D.
William Bowier gentleman, 16 August, 2 & 3 Philip and Mary.
Thomas Shukborowe, 16 August, 2 & 3 Philip and Mary.
Edmund Cockerrelle gentleman, 30 September, 1 Elizabeth.
Thomas Carewe esquire, 19 September 1561 A.D.
John Hoper esquire, 28 November 1561 A.D.
Charells Vaghan gentleman, 12 December 1565 A.D.
Henry Wallopp esquire, 20 April 1569 A.D.
John Worsley esquire, 16 September 1569 A.D.
Oddet de Colligny, Cardinall de Chastillon 29 October 1570 A.D.
Edward Horssey esquire, Captayne of the Quene's Majesties Isle of
Wight, 29 October 1570 A.D.
James Pagget esquire, 29 October 1570 A.D.
Gilbert Wells esquire, 13 January 1571 A.D.
John Searlle gentleman, 13 January 1571 A.D.
John Barnabie gentleman, servant to the Rt. Hon. the Earle of
Lecester, admitted at his lordship's request, 31 March 1572 A.D.
John Penrodocke esquire, Recorder of the town of Southampton,
21 May 1572 A.D.
The Rt. Hon. Henry, Earl of Suthampton, 1 December 17 Elizabeth.
The Right Worshipful Roger Manwood, one of the Quene's Justices
of the Court of Comen Place at Westminster, 28 March 1577 A.D.
Thomas Fleming esquire, 28 February 1579 A.D.
Sir Thomas Leighton knt., Captain of the Quene's Majesties Isle of
Guarnzey, 1 April 1580.
Foulk Grevill esquire, son and heir of Sir Foulk Greuill knt., 27
Thomas Wilkes esquire, one of Her Majesties clarkes of the Privy
Council, 28 January 1580.
Richard Knight esquire, 9 September 1581.
William Lewkner esquire, 1 February 1581.
Henry Knowlls esquire, 17 March 1581.
Martin Furbusher gentleman, 17 March 1581.
Frauncis Mills gentleman, 17 March 1581.
Sir Humfrey Gilbert knt., 27 August 1582.
The Rt. Hon. Henry, Lord Haward and Viscount Bindon, 14 September 1582.
William Wallope esquire, 20 March 1584.
Sir George Carie knight, Marshal of Her Majesties Household and
Captain of the Isle of Wight, 2 August 1584.
The Rt. Hon. Sir Henry Carey, K.G., Baron Hunsdon, 28 October
Thomas West esquire, 28 October 1585.
The Rt. Worshipful Sir Walter Raleigh knt., 10 September 1586.
Caro Raleigh esq., 10 September 1586.
Sir Edward Hobbi knt., 2 May 1587.
Sir John Norrys knt., Lord President of Munster in the realm of
Ireland, 1 May 1588.
The Rt. Hon. Sir Edward Seymour knt., Lord Beauchamp and Earle
of Hertforde, 4 June 1588.
John Seymour esquire, 4 June 1588.
The Rt. Hon. Charles, Lord Howard and Baron of Effingham, Lord
High Admiral, 23 June 1589.
The Rt. Hon. Robert Earl of Essex, 13 August, 31 Elizabeth.
The Rt. Hon. George, Earl of Comberlande, 13 August, 31 Elizabeth.
The Rt. Hon. Ferdinando, Lord Straunge, 3 October, 32 Elizabeth.
The Rt. Hon. Henry, Earl of Suthampton, 9 January, 33 Elizabeth.
The Rt. Wor. Thomas Candishe esquire, 9 July, 33 Elizabeth.
The Wor. Olliuer Cromewell esquire, son and heir to Sir Henry
Cromewell knt., 9 July, 33 Elizabeth.
Don Anthonio, King of Portugal, 11 May, 33 Elizabeth.
The Right Wor. Julius Caesar D.C.L., Judge of Her Majesty's High
Court of Admiralty, 10 August, 34 Elizabeth.
The Rt. Hon. Sir Edmunde Anderson knt., Chief Justice of the
Common Pleas, 19 March, 34 Elizabeth.
The Rt. Hon. Thomas Gent, Baron of the Court of Exchequer, 16
July, 34 Elizabeth.
Sir Walter Sandes knt., 30 December, 35 Elizabeth.
The Rt. Hon. Lord Henrie Seymour, 7 January, 35 Elizabeth.
Sir John Savadge knt., 8 August, 35 Elizabeth.
The Rt. Hon. Robert, Lord Riche, 28 May, 36 Elizabeth.
Sir Charles Blunt knt., Governor of Portesmuthe, 28 May, 36 Elizabeth.
Rt. Wor. Robert Duddeley esquire, 6 November, 36 Elizabeth.
Rt. Hon. Sir Thomas Wallmesley, Justice of the Court of Common
Pleas, 6 February, 37 Elizabeth.
The Wor. Edward Fermer esq., one of the Justices of Her Majesty's
Bench, 13 August, 37 Elizabeth.
Sir Anthonie Sherley knt., 16 April, 38 Elizabeth.
Thomas Lambert esquire, 16 April, 38 Elizabeth.
Hampden Pawlett esquire, 20 July, 38 Elizabeth.
The Worshipful John Trevor esquire, 13 August, 38 Elizabeth.
The Worshipful Robert Sackvill esquire, son and heir of the Lord
Buckhurst, 5 September, 38 Elizabeth.
The Rt. Worshipful Sir Mathewe Arrundell knt., 30 September, 38
Sir Olliver Lambert knt., 27 November, 39 Elizabeth.
The Rt. Hon. William, Lord Seint John, 16 January, 39 Elizabeth.
The Rt. Hon. William, Lord Sandys, 16 January, 39 Elizabeth.
Henry Wallop esquire, son and heir of Sir Henry Wallop knt., 16
January, 39 Elizabeth.
Benjamin Ticheborne esquire, 16 January, 39 Elizabeth.
William Uvedall esquire, 16 January, 39 Elizabeth.
Gyles Hobbie esquire, 16 January, 39 Elizabeth.
Henry Audeley esquire, 16 January, 39 Elizabeth.
Richard Kingeswell esquire, 16 January, 39 Elizabeth.
Henry Collthorpe esquire, 16 January, 39 Elizabeth.
Sir Henry Durant knt., 5 November, 39 Elizabeth.
Thomas Connawaye esquire, 5 November, 39 Elizabeth.
Carey Reynolds esquire, one of Her Majesty's gentlemen pensioners,
5 November, 39 Elizabeth.
William Cotton esquire, 5 November, 39 Elizabeth.
William Duttson esquire, 7 November, 40 Elizabeth.
John Yonge of Chichester esquire, 7 November, 40 Elizabeth.
William Gressham esquire, 7 November, 40 Elizabeth.
Thomas Kervyse of Stanbridge esquire, 9 November, 40 Elizabeth.
Roger Tuchborne of Shervill co. Southampton, 9 November, 40 Elizabeth.
Thomas Cheeke esquire, 8 January, 41 Elizabeth.
Thomas Fleminge esquire, son and heir of Thomas Fleminge esquire,
Her Majesty's Solicitor-General, 8 January, 41 Elizabeth.
Symon Steward esquire, 8 January, 41 Elizabeth.
William Fletewood esquire, Her Majesty's Receiver-General of the
Court of Warde and Liveries, 8 January, 41 Elizabeth.
Robert Wright D.D., 8 January, 41 Elizabeth.
Thomas Clerke of Avington esquire, 3 May, 41 Elizabeth.
Sir William Clarcke knt. 13 August, 41 Elizabeth.
Sir Robert Needham knt., 13 August, 41 Elizabeth.
Sir Michael Blunt knt. 13 January, 42 Elizabeth.
The Worshipful Rowland Litton of Knebbworth, co. Hertford, esquire,
2 May, 43 Elizabeth.
Sir Richard Fetteplace knt. 4 June, 44 Elizabeth.
Thomas, Lord Dellawarr, 22 September, 44 Elizabeth.
Sir Thomas Sherley the elder knt., 22 September, 44 Elizabeth.
Sir John Tracey of Tuddenham, co. Gloster, knt., 22 September, 44
Sir Peter Warberton, knt., Justice of the Common Pleas, 31 July,
1 James I.
Edward Savadge, esquire, 31 July, 1 James I.
Sir William Rider knt., Lord Mayor of London, 12 August,
1 James I.
Sir Thomas Laake knt., Clerk of His Majesty's Signet, 12 August,
1 James 1.
Sir William Peyton knt., Gouernor of Jersey, 30 August, 1 James I.
Sir John Peyton knt., son of the said Sir William, 30 August,
1 James I.
Sir Thomas Edmondes, a Clerk of the Privy Council and His Majesty's
Secretary for the French Army, 7 September, 1 James I.
Sir Lewis Lewckner knt., Master of the Ceremonies and one of the
Honorable Band of His Majesty's Gentlemen Pensioners, 19
September, 1 James I.
Sir Robert Sidney knt., Lord Sidney of Penshurst, Lord Chamberlain
to the Quene's Majesty and Governor of Flushinge, 14 October,
1 James I.
Sir Frauncis Knollys knt., 14 October, 1 James I.
Sir William Courtney knt., 14 October, 1 James I.
John Leweson esquire, "Querry to the Quene's Majesty," 14 October,
1 James I.
The Rt. Hon. Henry, Earl of Northumberland, 15 October, 1 James I.
The Rt. Hon. Lodovike, Duke of Lenox, 21 October, 1 James I.
The Rt. Hon. Thomas, Earl of Suffolke, 21 October, 1 James I.
The Rt. Hon. William, Earl of Pembroke, 21 October, 1 James I.
The Rt. Hon. John, Earl of Marr, 21 October, 1 James I.
The Rt. Hon. the Lord Hewme, 21 October, 1 James I.
The Rt. Hon. William, Lord Effingham, 21 October, 1 James I.
Sir Thomas Areskin, knt., captain of His Majesty's Guard, 21 October, 1 James I.
Sir Philipp Harbert knt., 21 October 1 James I.
Sir James Haye knt., 21 October, 1 James I.
To the records of these admissions of 21 October, 1 James I., is appended this marginal memorandum " The Kinge's Matie was this daye
in this towne & came hither yesterdaye the xxth of October & this daye
went to Sarum."
The Rt. Hon. John, Lord Ramesey, 14 September, 4 James I.
The Rt. Hon. John, Lord Areskin, son and heir of the Earl of Marr,
14 September, 4 James I.
Sir Patricke Moory knt., 14 September, 4 James I.
Sir Thomas Savage knt., 28 July, 5 James I.
Sir Walter Tichborne knt., 28 July, 5 James I.
Sir Peter Bucke knt., 1 September, 5 James I.
Sir John Doddridge knt. S. L., 14 September, 5 James I.
Sir Myles Fleetwood knt., 14 September, 5 James I.
Sir Gerrard Fleetwood knt., 14 September, 5 James I.
Sir Richard Gifforde knt., 21 December, 8 James I.
Sir Frauncis Castilian knt., 21 December, 8 James I.
Robert Wallopp esquire, 21 December, 8 James I.
Payne Fisher gentleman, 21 December, 8 James I.
William Conaway, Doctour of Phisicke, 1 September, 9 James I.
Hennage Finche of the Inner Temple, London, esquire, 6 September,
12 James I.
Frauncis Asheley of the Middle Temple, London, esquire, 6 September, 12 James I.
The Rt. Hon. Charles, Lord Lambarte, 17 September, 17 James I.
The Rt. Hon. Lionell Lord Cranfield, Earl of Middlesex and Lord
High Treasurer of England, 4 June, 21 James I.
The Rt. Hon. . . . Lord Marquesse Hamilton, Earl of Cambridge,
K.G., 4 June, 21 James I.
The Rt. Hon. Thomas, Earl of Arundell and Surrey, 4 June,
21 James I.
The Rt. Hon. Arthur lord Chichester, Baron of Bellfaste, Lord
Treasurer of Ireland, 4 June, 21 James I.
Sir William Spooner knt., 4 June, 21 James I.
Sir Thomas Badger knt., 4 June, 21 James I.
Inigo Jones, esq., 4 June, 21 James I.
James, Lord Wriothesley, son and heir of the Rt. Hon. Henry, Earl of
Southampton, 6 July 1623.
Thomas Wriothesley, esq., 6 July 1623.
Richard Cromwell of Henshinbrook co. Hunts. esq., 6 July 1623.
The Rt. Hon. Sir Robert Ritche knt., Earl of Warwick, 25 October,
2 Charles I.
Raphael, Allen, barber-surgeon and servant to the Rt. Hon. Edward
Lord Conway, 25 October, 2 Charles I.
The Rt. Hon. Edward, Lord Conway, 9 December, 2 Charles I.
Sir Henry Mildemay knt., Master of the King's Jewel House,
11 December, 2 Charles I.
Bearing in mind that it might be extended to three times its length,
the peruser of the foregoing list of exemplary names will not hesitate to
infer that during several successive generations, it was the practice
of chiefs of the corporation to draw within their lines, by means
of complimentary enfranchisement, most of the persons of rank or
considerable quality who passed through the town. The entries of the
commonwealth period may be especially commended to the consideration
of students and historians of Hampshire in the seventeenth century.
(7.) Extracts from the Books of examinations, informations, and
depositions; an imperfect series of books, beginning with Volume
16 June 1590. Letters (from Lords of the Council to all Mayors,
sheriffs, &c., &c.) of safe-conduct and free passage for John
Battrae, Michael Hornet, and Mathias Petrus, all of Hungarie, who
in defence of the Gospel have been taken prisoners by the Turk, and are
bound to redeem themselves by the payment of heavy ransoms, "for the
answeringe whereof they have accordinglie putt their friends in
pledge;" With permission to the same John Battrae, Michael Hornet,
and Mathias Petrus to return beyond the seas, and on their way to
gather money of Her Highness's "subjects towards their relief, recoverie
of theire estate and redemption of theire pledges abovesaide." Dated
(with nine signatures) from the Court at Greenwich.
22 February 1663. Deposition of Richard Massey of Milbrook co.
Southampton gentleman, aged sixty-three years, before John Stepto,
mayor of Southampton. Deposing "that hee hath alwaies hitherto
heen a true and faithfull subject to our souverein Lord the King that
now is, That he never searched either in the Lord Treasurer's house or
any other house or place whatsoever for him (as maliciously hath been
lately affirmed against him); but on the contrary ever earnestly desired
his Maties restauracion and was and yett is ready to serve him with his
life and fortune and hath alwaies been conformable to the discipline of
the Church of England as it is now established; Further he deposeth
that hee suffered very much in the late troubles by being plundered by
the Parliament's forces and was not only by their power carryed a
prisoner to Portsmouth but unduly put out of the Surveyor's place in
the Custome House of the Port of Southampton."
3 May 1577. From the Lords of the Council to all Justices of the
Peace, maiors &c. Letters (copy) of safe-conduct and free-passage for
the bearers thereof, viz., "Mounser de la Persone, Mounser de Hearcourt,
Mounser de Bonecourte and Mounser de la Hugnery frenche gentlemen
wth their traynes and servantes to the number of xxx persons," who
have "hir Maties good favor and licens presently to repayer into
Fraunce." Dated from Westminster.
29 March 1628. Deposition of George Gregorie of London merchant,
aged 24 years, that Richard Tirrill of Southampton "sett forth in a
voyage to St. Christopher's Island from Yarmouth in the Isle of Wight
about the xxixth day of Aprill last past in a shipp called the Faith of
London, of the burthern of 300 tonnes or thereabouts, . . . and dyed
on that voyage"; the deponent being qualified to speak to the facts,
"because he went the same voyage in the same shipp in the companie
of the said Richard Tirrell, being factour for one Mr Maurice Tompson, a
merchaunt of London, who was an adventurer in that same shipp."
13 September 1629. Relation of Steven Day of St Katherine's near
London, "Marriner-gunner of a shipp called the St. Claude, whereof
Capteine Leonard Caluert, soune of the Lord Baltimore was capteine, in
a voyage to Newfoundland, set forth about Aprill last past, being one of
His Majesty's shipps, lent to carrie provision thither for the Lord
Baltimore." With several other depositions touching the same ship
28 November 1624. Several depositions respecting the suspicious
behaviour and language of one William Morgan B.A. Oxon, and clerk,
charged with saying that the Queen Elizabeth was a whore and a witch,
that the King of Spain paid his soldiers more in a single year than all
the revenues of England were worth, and that before the body of Henry
late Prince of Wales was cold on earth "his soule was frying on a gridiron in hell;" one of the depositions being the same William Morgan's
account of his education, employment in England, travels in foreign
countries, and experience since his return from foreign parts to his
proper country. In this long and curious narrative of his personal
adventures, the deponent certified that he was born in Merionethshire,
was a Bachelor of Arts of Oxford, and had kept a school and served a
cure in Somersetshire, when moved with desire to see lands beyond sea,
he threw up his school and cure, and starting forth with 18l. in his
pocket and no other resources went to Boulogne, Paris, and Rome, on
withdrawing from which last-named capital, he "travelled over the Alpes
into Germanye" and concluded his continental wanderings by taking
ship at Dunkirch for Ipswich co. Suffolk, whence he journeyed to
Cambridge, Bedford, Wallingford, Newbury, and Southampton, being
aided and sustained on his way by the hospitalities of the clergy, who
befriended him as an unfortunate member of their own order, and by
the benevolences of other charitable individuals. As to the charges made
against him, the deponent averred, that in answer to a question, he had
said of Queen Elizabeth "In Spayne they say shee was a whore and a
witch," and only repeated what was said on the authority of a Catholic
priest in Rome to the late Prince of Wales's discredit, viz., "that before
his body was cold on earth, his soul was frying in hell."
Containing particulars of evidence touching the more important of the
various criminal matters and civil causes, that held the attention of the
Borough Magistrates, these books of depositions and examinations are
notably rich in evidential writings, having reference to suits in the
Southampton Admiralty Court, and the doings of our merchant
adventurers from the reign of Elizabeth to the close of the seventeenth
century. The historian of England's maritime interests, desirous of
producing a complete narrative of the exploits of our merchant
adventurers—and more especially of those of them who were concerned
in the first settlement and maintenance of our plantations in the West
Indies and the mainland of North America—should seek access to these
books, in order that he may search them for particulars respecting the
vessels, seamen, and colonizing adventurers who crossed the Atlantic in
the days of Elizabeth and the seventeenth century Stuarts.
(8.) 1591 to 1689 A.D. Book of Remembrances of the town of
Southampton; with Assembly orders and minutes, &c.: Containing
the following copy of Letters certificatory and commendatory, dated
by Anne of Denmark in behalf of her players:—"Warrant from the
Queene's Majestie of her Players. Anna Regina.—Anne by the grace
of God Queene of England, Scottland, Fraunce, and Ireland. To all
Justices of the Peace, Maiors, Sheriffs, Bayliffes, and all other his
Majestes Officers and loving subiectes to whom yt shall or maye appertaine greetinge, Know yee that of our speciall grace and favour, Wee
are well pleased to authorize under our hand and signett the bearers
hereof our sworne servauntes Robert Lee, Martin Statier and Roger
Barfeld with theyr fellowes and associates being our Commedians vppon
theyr humble suite unto us for theyr better mainetenaunce, Yf att annie
time they should have occasion to travell into anie parte of his Majestes
Dominions to playe Tragedyes, historyes, commedies and pastoralls as
well in anie about the Cittye of London, and in all other cittyes
vniversities and townes at all time anie times (the time of divine seruice
onlye excepted), Theise are therefore to will and requier you uppon
the sight hereofe quiettlye and favourably with your best favours, to
permitt and suffer them, to use theyr sayd qualitye within your Jurisdiccions without anie of your molestacions or troubles, and also to
affourd them your Townehalls and all other such places as att anie time
have been used by men of theyr qualitye, That they maye be in the
better readiness for our seruise when they shalbe thereunto commaunded,
Nott doubtinge butt that our sayd servauntes shall find the more favour
for our sake in your best assistaunce, Wherein you shall doe vnto us
acceptable pleasure. Given att the Court of Whitehall, the seaventh
daye of Marche 1605."
(9.) Extracts from the Assembly Books: An imperfect series of
volumes, beginning with the register of 1602–3 A.D.
2 October 1, 1605. "Uppon the repaire hither of iiiixx x Irishmen
souldiers bounde for Flushinge vnder the conduct of one Lieutenant
Tirrell under Captain William Darsie, whose cominge to the Towne
was from St. Ives in Cornewall, hopinge here to meet with a barke for
there transportacion as was promised them as they saye, and missinge
the said barke and againe the winde beinge contrarie not likelie to
come thither a longe time, they beinge in great want of monie for their
reliefes, not havinge anie to supplie there wantes, exhibitinge there
peticion to that effect vnto the Maior, desiering that he or the Towne
would take order for there victuallinge and diettes in this Towne for
iii or iiii dayes within which time (as they alleadged) they hoped to
receave monies from there Capten.—Yt was rather ordered by the
Howse to ridd them out of the Towne, and to bestow vppon them in
monie fortie shillinges which was by the consent of the Howse presentlie
giuen them by Mr Maior, together with a passport for there travell to
2 April 1613. "This daie Stephen Chaplyn is admitted to be one of
the musitians of this towne in the place of William Tompson, and the
saide Stephen Chaplyn is to furnisshe the companie with him selfe and
two others, and William Greene one other the said musitians is to
furnisshe the said companie with himselfe and one other. And the
saide Stephen Chaplyn doth hereby covenaunt . . . . to redeliver or
cause to be redelivered unto the said Mayor bailiffes and burgesses and
their successors or assigns, one of the Cognizaunces or Badges above
mencioned (which he is presentlie to receave) at any tyme or tymes
when he shalbe thereunto required.
12 August 1608. "Alsoe this daye Judith Bradinge, daughter of
Besse Brankie (sic), approoved to be a whore by her owne confession, As
also Walter Bands wife, a notable Bawde, havinge bene heretofore
punished for bawdrye and now alsoe approved against her: Yt is
ordered that the saide bawde Wooddye bande shalbe soundlye whipped
at a carts tayle throughout the towne, and the said Judith to be whipped
closelye in the Townehall.
10 February 1608. "Hughe New a Sargeweaver havinge by letter
complayned to Mr. Maior of a lewd houswife named Judith Bradinge
daughter of Elizabeth Brankin (sic), heretofore detected for her honestie
and punished, was this daye sent to the house, and the said Judith alsoe
present; Uppon heeringe of whiche complainte in the presence of both
parties, yt plainelie appeareth by her owne confession uppon her knees
askinge God and said Hughe New forgivnes, acknowledginge she hath
slaundered him without anie cause . . . . . . Yt was thought
fittinge by the House that she should receave open punishment, but
that, uppon her humble suite and peticion promissinge to depart this
towne, her punishment is respetted."
28 April 1615. "This daie Jane Maiior being presented at last Sessions
by the Grand Jurie for a churwoman and this daie sent for to this
house was appoynted to place herself in service within a month now
next comynge at her perille."
28 April 1615. "Susan Vibert a churwoman, who latelie came out of
Jarsey is this daye appoynted to returne againe into the saide Ile of
Jarsey in the next barcke that saileth thither."
28 April 1615. "Margaret Rumboll a churwoman was this present
daie sent for to this house and charged to gett herselfe into service
presentlie uppon payne of a whippinge."
28 April 1615. "Mary Quinton a churwoman was this present daie
alsoe sent for and charged to gett herselfe into service within one moneth
next at her perill."
27 October 1615. "This day Ordered, that whereas it hath pleased
Almightie God to vysite Mrs Toldervey, wife of Mr Phillip Toldervey,
alderman, with a lunacy and great distemperature of minde, as too
notoriously appereth; The like wherof he may (if so be it his pleasure)
lay uppon any one of us: from the which we humblie beseech his
Majestie to preserve us and all others, and for his mercies sake to restore
her to her former sence and understanding: In the meane time, seeing
that her speches are manie times most idle odious and scandalous
againste His Majestie and the state, and that also her walking abrode
appereth to be verie daungerous, bothe in regarde of her owne percon
and also of others her neighbours whoe stand in great feare of her: It
is thought fitt and so ordered by the Assembly of this house this day,
that the said Mr Toldervey be required to take course, that she may
not hencefourth walke abrode out of his house, but be closely kepte upp,
untill it shall please god to geve her a feeling of his grace. All which we
require to bee done, as well to prevent all daunger of hurte unto her
owne percon as aforesaid as to others, Whoe alredie stand in great feare
of her, to avoide all disquiettnes in the Church at the Assemblies, both
on the Sabboth daies and other daies for Christian exercises, As also all
occasion of scandall by reason he is one of our Company: which if he
shall refuse or wilfully neglect to do, we shalbe forced to take such
further order, as we are and shalbe unwilling to proceede unto."
5 May 1620. "Stephen Chaplyn one of the Musitians of this towne
beinge for drunkennes and other mysdemeanours by him oftentimes
committed thought an unfitt person to be one of the Companie of the
Musitians of the same Towne, and therefore he being this daie called to
this house and forbidden to be anie more of the saide Companye, his
Lyverie was taken from him: It being then agreed that he shall have so
much allowed him as the making of the Lyverie amounted unto . . . .
Memorandum that he had his lyverie redelyvered againe, uppon promise
that he will not be drunken againe hereafter."
6 February 1623. "Stage players. Forasmuch as the grauntinge of
leave to stage players or players of interludes and the like, to act and
represent theire interludes playes and shewes in the towne-hall is very
hurtfull troublesome and inconvenyent for that the table benches and
fourmes theire sett and placed for holdinge the Kinges Courtes are by
those meanes broken and spoyled, or at least wise soe disordered that
the Mayor and bayliffes and other officers of the saide courts comminge
thither for the administracion of justice, especially in the Pipowder
Courts of the said Towne, which are there to bee holden twice a day yf
occasion soe require, cannot sit there in such decent and convenient
order as becometh, and dyvers other inconvenyences do thereupon
ensue, It is therefore ordered by generall consent that from hensforth no leave shall bee graunted to any stage players or interlude
players or to any other person or persons resortinge to this towne to
act shewe or represent any manner of interludes or playes or any
other sports or pastymes whatsoever in the said hall."
18 May 1632. "This day there was a certificate made and sealed with
the lesser seale of office of mayraltie and was signed by those whose
names are in the margent directed to the Lords and others of His Majesties
most Honble Privie Councell concerninge the venting and selling of
tobacco by retaile, what persons were thought most fitting within this
towne to use that trade, according as the Mayor and aldermen of this
towne were required by theire honors letters, bearing date the last of
Aprill last paste, And Joseph Mason, Richard Cornelius, and William
Stanley, grocers, James Mason. John Harman, and Thomas Dowse
chaundlers, and John Thackham apothecaric were returned in the
certificate fitt persons to vent and sell Tobacco by retayle."
10 May 1639. "This day Jacob Thring a fencer being sent for to this
house and questioned for infamous words and lyes by him reported about
the Towne concerning Mr Gollop alderman, and constantly denying
them till it was proved to his face by William Higgins, was committed
to the bargate prison, there to remaine till hee shall finde sufficient
sureties for his appearance at the next Sessions, there to be ordered for
his lewd carriage. Hee reported that hee had putt a tricke vpon Mr
Gollop by way of scoffe and derision, saying that Mr Gollop mett him in
the streete and called him Syrrah, askeing how often his servant had
beene in the said Thringes schoole: And that hee the said Thring disdayning to be called Syrrah presently clapt on his hatt and stucke it up
before Mr Gollop: And that Mr Gollop asked him whether hee knew
to whom hee spake, and that hee the said Thring answered him scoffingly, that hee did not ride a gallop, but hee knew that hee spake to
Alderman Gallop. . . . . . . All which are notorious lyes."
8 November 1642. "It is this day ordered and agreed in the presence
of Mr Maior and Mr Whitehead, Mr Button, and Mr Hooper esqrs.,
three of the Deputie Lieutenants of the countie of Southampton, and
of the towne and countie of Southampton with the assent of the
aldermen and assistants then present, That the said Mr Whitehead,
collonell of a regiment in com. Southampton, doth or shall bring into
this towne and countie of Southampton the number of 300, 400 or
500 men for appeasing the present tumult within this towne and such
as may in future time arrise, and for the defence of the same towne,
shalbe admitted into the saide towne, Provided that the said collonell
doth duly and orderly pay the said 300, 400 or 500 men."
27 November 1642. "It is this day ordered and agreed that the persons undernamed shall have authority for the defence and safegard of this
Towne, to summon by beating [drum], in case any assault shalbe made
upon the same, the inhabitants of the several wards to them hereby
assigned, and in the meane time to putt them into such a posture of
defence as they shall thinke best for the security and keeping of the same
towne, vizt. For the ward of Holly Roodes Henry Bracebridge . . .,
Peter Legay, Robert Mason, and James Mason: For the ward of All
Sts Peter Clungeon and Robert Wroth aldermen, Roger Pedley and
William . . . . ; For the wards of St Michaell's and St John's,
Edward Richards esq. Joseph Delamotte and Gyles Clement."—Also, on
the same leaf (1 December 1642). An order for deferring all enquiry
respecting the recent tumults in the town, lest the inquisition should
occasion fresh tumults, which "might draw forces upon the Towne from
the Kinges ships."
2 December 1642. Letter from Richard Swanley to the Mayor and
aldermen of the Town of Southampton.—"You well know in what distraccions this kingdome is in at this Time. I am placed here by authority of
Parliament, for the quiett and peace of this parte of the kingdome, which I
shall endeavour to maintaine as farre as my abillity of life and fortune may
extend. Your Towne is a considerable place of merchandizing, and by
reason thereof are men amongst you of very good fortune and estates, and
to preserve their estates and soe in generall through the whole kingdome,
with their religion and libertie is the only ayme of Parliament, and noe
question those that shall oppose either of these are vnfitt to enjoy either,
but to be branded with baseness; There are divers reports in the County
of your forwardnes in opposing the Parliament herein, but I hope you wish
your owne peace herein, better then soe, if you should there can nothing
befall you but ruin and destruccion. To know the truth of this I have sent
my letter unto you, as likewise whether you will submitt your selves
obedient to the commands of Parliament, and soe consequently to the
direccions and commands of the Gouvernor of Portsmouth, and the Committee there authorized by both houses of Parliament for the peace of
this parte of the kingdome. I have seized Cashott Castle, disabled St.
Andrewes Castle and Netley Castle, I have seased all the boats at Hirth
and thereabouts, I have given order to stop all provision from comming
out of the Isle of Wight, all wch I have done by Command of the Committee at Portsmth. I have alsoe authority to summon you and that
Towne to your obedience to the Grand Councell of England to which I
desire an answer, if noe answer I shall take it as a deniall, and then if
any unhappines befall you thanke yourselues, for I shall to my uttermost endeavour use all my power to bring you thereunto. I pray you
lett this letter bee knowne to the Commons as to your selves. Thus
expecting an answer by this messenger I rest Yours as you use your
selves. Ric. Swanley.
Dated from "On board his Majesties ship the Charles."
3 December 1642. Letter from the Mayor and aldermen of Southampton to Captain Swanley aboard the Charles, riding at anchor neere Cowes.
—"Sir, Yours of this month wee received this day about one of the clocke,
the contents whereof cannot be communicated to the Inhabitants of this
Towne untill Munday next; in the meanetime, We cannot but marvell
that reports of our disaffeccion to the Parliament should bee spread of
us, not knowing that wee haue done any acte to deserve the same. A
more full answer to your letter you shall receive some time the next
weeke. This with our hearty commendacions unto you remembered,
Wee remaine Your very loving Freinds, Peter Seale, Maior" (with nine
5 December 1642. Letter from the Mayor aldermen and burgesses of Southampton to Captain Richard Swanley; with a copy
of the following letter of the same date, from the same Maior aldermen
and burgesses to the Committee for the Countie of Southampton at
Portesmouth.—"Worthy Sirs, It may please you to take notice that Wee
lately received from Cap. Swanley a letter which wee thought fitt herewith
to send you: We are heartily sorry that such suspicions should be uppon
this Towne, being confident that there will appeare noe just cause for
the same: Mr Maior hath summoned the Inhabitants of the Towne
according to direccions and they whose names are hereunder written
doe cheerefully and unanimously consent and agree to submitt themselves in obedience to the commands of the King and Parliament
(according to the protestacion by them taken), and to the direccions of the
Committee authorized by the Parliament for the Countie of Southampton.
Our due respects presented wee humbly rest. Your Affectionate
Servants." (With ninety-four signatures.)
22 August 1655. Letter from the Lord President Lawrence to [the
aldermen and burgesses of Southampton]. "Gentlemen, His Highnesse
and the Councell haveing taken into consideration the miscarriages and
misdemeanours of William Higgens, Mayor of your Town of Southampton, William Stanley alderman, Edward Downer late High Sheriffe
of that Corporacion, appearing by severall examinacions, have resolved
That the said William Higgens, William Stanley and Edward Downer
be dischardged from holding bearing or exercising the respective offices
or places wherein they now are in that Corporacion, and doe hereby
require that you and such others as have right in elections of this
nature doe forthwith proceede to the elections of other fitt persons in
their respective places, and that the persons so to bee chosen bee men
of integrity piety and well affected to the present government.
Whereof his highnesse and the Councell expect a due observance.
Signed in the name and by order of His Highnesse and ye Councill, Hy.
Lawrence, President." Dated from Whitehall. Followed in the book
by the record of the elections made in accordance with the letter.
1659 December 11; Portsmouth. Letter from Sir Arthur Heselrigge
and Colonels Robert Waller and H. Morley to the Mayor aldermen and
burgesses of Southampton.—"Gentlemen, God by his providence having
brought us hither to the Towne of Portsmuth, the Garrison hath declared
for the Parliament. Wee are now considering how the forces and garisons
of the Commonwealth according to the trust reposed in us by the
Parliament can be disposed of and settled: And having busines of great
importance to advise with you about, Wee desire that you or some of
you come with all convenient speed to us at Portsmouth where wee shall
readily advise with you for the publique good, and the welfare of your
Towne. Wee are gentlemen," &c., &c.
13 December 1659. Letter from the Mayor aldermen and burgesses
of Southampton to Sir Arthur Hesibrigge and Cols. Waller and Morley.
"Gentlemen, Your Honours' of the xith of this instant is this day come
to our handes, which hath beene communicated to the Common Councell
of this Towne, who have desired us to acquaint your Honours that this
Towne is, and hath for a long time beene under the Command of a
Major and Company of Foote Souldiers sent hither by order of the
Parliament, who have the keyes of the gates in their possession, and of
late they are reinforced which some horse and foote which quarter in this
Towne, so that at present the Civil Magistrate hath not any power or
capacity left in them to answere Your Honours' desire in waiting on
Your Honours, in order to any treaty about it, and doe therefore humbly
begg your Honours charitable opinion of us and this Towne, and your
favourable excuse of us here in desiring and praying that God may dispose Your Honours hearts and all others of this nation to a generall and
settled peace, which hath beene is and shall bee the dayly continued
prayers of" &c., &c. (With fourteen signatures.)
8 June 1660. Subscriptions of acceptance of the King Charles the
Second's Free and General Pardon, dated at Breda under His Majesty's
sign-manual and signet on 4/14 April last past.
23 June 1662. Letters dated under the Sign Manual and Signet of
Charles the Second, and directed to the Mayor and Common Council of
the town of Southampton, for the suppression of factious and disobedient persons within the Corporation.
11 July 1665. Letters from Lords of the Council to the Mayor and
aldermen of Southampton. For the relief and due care of poor
sufferers from the pestilence of the plague, raging within the said town.
Followed by a list of contributions towards the relief of the same sufferers,
headed "The Charitable Guifts of well Disposed Persons for the
Releife of the Poore of this Towne and County in this tyme of visitacion
and distresse." Several other entries, having reference to this outbreak
of the Plague, appear in the book about the same time.
. . . . August 1669. Orders for the loyal reception of His Majesty
the King, on the occasion of his visit to Southampton.
26 November 1669. This House (haveing taken into consideracion
the practice of the Citty of Winton and the Corporacion of Rumsey in
setting out of halfe pence and farthings for changeing of Money) have
unanimously ordered, That whereas severall Inhabitants of this Towne
and County have heretofore put forth halfe pence and farthings upon
their own private account, Proclamacion to be forthwith made that
they severall Inhabitants of the Towne and County aforesaid doe by
the first day of January next call in all their half pence and farthings
by them severally sett forth, against which said first of January, It is
decreed that the Mayor of this Towne send for twenty-five pounds
worth of brasse halfe pence and farthings, and cause them to be stamped
with the Towne Armes on one side and this Inscripcion on the other
side, vizt., "The Corporacion of Southampton to be distributed to the
several shop keepers, that have occasion for the same, for the benefitt of
the Poore of the Corporacion."
(10.) A Group of Seven Books that may be styled the Molyneux
Books, as they pertained in former time either to William Molyneux (the
mathematician, who was John Flamsteed's friend) or to his son Samuel
Molyneux, and were probably placed amongst the muniments of the
Corporation by some Town Clerk, who acted as attorney for either the
said William Molyneux or Samuel Molyneux, or some other member
of the Molyneux family.
(1.) 2 September 1681, to 10 May 1690. John Flamsteed's and
William Molyneux's Letters: a Folio (lettered at the back 'Mr
Flamsteed's Letters No. 7') containing seventy-one original letters
that passed between John Flamsteed of the Greenwich Observatory and
William Molyneux of Dublin between the above-given days; the
epistles, which relate chiefly to questions arising from the scientific
pursuits of the correspondents, being arranged in chronological order
between the leaves of the volume in which they are preserved, without
being stitched or otherwise fixed. Flamsteed's letters, dated usually
from the Greenwich Hospital, are addressed in most cases "To Mr
William Molyneux at his father's house near Ormond Gate in Dublin;"
and several of the scientific intercommunications of the two correspondents are illustrated with carefully executed diagrams. Reference is
made once and again in the correspondence to the labours of Sir Isaac
(a.) 1681 September 17; Dublin. From William Molyneux to John
Flamsteed. ". . . . I must returne you my thanks for the troble you
put yourself to in trying my glasses. I hope their goodnesse will incourage me to use them to some purpose, especially now that I have the help
and advice of one of the most celebrated Astronomers of Europe. . . .
But, Sir, I must confesse to you I have not the advantages I expect
hereafter. One thing I wanted was the assistance of one skilled in this
Cœlestiall Knowledge, but in this I am abundantly and beyond my
deserts releived by your generous selfe, for which I shall never be able
to make a competent returne. The other is that living here in a kingdome barren of all things, but especially of ingenious artificers, I am
wholly destitute of instruments that I can rely upon; but in this too I
hope in a short tyme to be supplied."
(b.) 1681 December 3; Dublin. From William Molyneux to John
Flamsteed. "Honor'd Sir, I deferd my answer to your last of October 12,
knowing the ingagements you are under in Terme Time by your
Gresham Lectures, which I am hartily sorry to hear you call allmost
ruined. Truly 'tis pity so noble a designe shoulde fall to the ground.
And 'tis a shame for the gentry of London to suffer the Great Professors of that Colledge to read sometimes to almost bare walls. Were
a seditious balling (sic) fanatick in the pulpit, he would have a thick
audience to hear his infernall doctrines, whilst the Cœlestiall Discourses
of a learned astronomer or other mathematician are heard but by a few,
and perhaps by them neglected."
(c.) 1686 February 20; Dublin. From William Molyneux to John
Flemsteed. ". . . . There is lately come up to this Town from the
country a gentleman that pretends to discover the Longitude, Jonathan
Alland, a man perfectly ignorant of Mathematicks and Astronomy, and
yet pretends to this (I believe) by inspiration, for he has no reason; he
has pestered our Society with his banter severall times, and tho' what he
proposes is to no manner of purpose, yet so hardened he is, as to print
his stuff, and has already gotten a Silly Astrologicall Almanack-Scribler
in this place to prefix before his Almanack, that the Dublin Society have
approved of his (Alland's) Folly, whereas nothing can be more false,
for we have told him in a civill way that he is an Asse, but thinking
himself a Hind will find his mistake in leaping a ditch. His way in
brieff is by the distance of the moon from fixt stars, and he thinks he
has invented an instrument for avoiding of errours of Refraction and
Parallax, whereas certainly the poor man never heard of either Refraction or Parallax till our Society hinted it to him, and to this
moment he understands neither fully."
(d.) 1688 June 16; . . . From John Flamsteed to William Molyneux. ". . . . I have read some 60 pages of Mr Newton, after which
I found the most materiall parte of that booke being mastered the rest
would be easy, but it cost me many dayes paines to get through them,
and yet I thought my time well requited. At present I have layd him
by, but as soone as Mr Sharpe (whom I have hired to supply Stafford's
place) returne to me, I shall resume and goo through with him. Mr
Sharpe is become an excellent geometrician and algebraist. As soone
as he comes to his post and is setled, I shall acquaint you with my
labours, for I have resolved that I will persist to the accomplishment of
my designe, without any consideration of our present circumstances,
and by so doeing I thinke I shall be lesse troubled with the thought of
(2.) . . . October 1681. Of the Motion of Heavy Bodys Falling and
Projected; In Two Books; Wherein are shewn the Ingenious Performances of Nature by Motion in a Parabolick Line, and the universal
Doctrine of Projects is Dispatched by the Description of a Semicircle.
By Evangelista Torricellio. Translated from the Latin by W. M.
(William Molyneux) for his Father's Use. Dublin: October, 1681.
(3.) "Ogygia seu Rerum Hibernicarum Chronologia. Ex pervetustis monumentis fideliter inter se collatis eruta atque e sacris ac profanis literis primarum orbis gentium tam genealogicis quam chronologicis
sufflaminata præsidiis &c.: Liber Primus ab universali deluvio ad annum
Virginei Partus 428 &c. With dedicatory Letter to the Duke of York
(Epistola Dedicatoria Duci Eboracensi) by Rodericus O'Flaherty.—MS.
Copy in William Molyneux's handwriting.
(4.) . . . . . . Galileo's Dialogues: Translated into English by
William Molyneux. With this dedicatory letter to the translator's
Honoured and Affectionate Father. "Sir,—I here present you with as
much of Galileo in English as serves for your designs. I need not tell
you (who very well know already) the disadvantagious circumstances
under which I set upon this Translation. But because no one knows
the fate of his papers, or into whose hands they may fall hereafter, I
must needs intimate, that I had not look'd into an Italian Grammar or
other Italian Author over three days before I undertook this work.
This I am the more willing to prefix before the following sheets, least
hereafter they may be viewed by some that may censure me for the badness of the Translation. But these I will inform beforehand, That I [?did]
this only for your Private Use; And also, that tho' I dare not undertake
for the litterall exposition of some few places herein, yet I will promise
for the full sense of the Whole, two or three passages (which are not at
all materiall to the Doctrine) of which I am something distrustfull being
excepted. And moreover I will venture to go a little further, and will
aver in my own justification, that I do veryly beleive, taking the whole
work together, I have performed it better than one more skilld in the
Italian, and wholy ignorant in the Doctrine could possibly have done;
and for Proof of this I could instance severall passages of the following
work, which [? could] not easily (if at all) be rendred by the greatest
Masters of that Language, that understood not the matter treated off. As
for the baldnes, and sometimes impropriety of the English hereof, I was
e'en forced thereto by the Italian, to which (where it was possible with
any manner of fairnes) I have indeavoured to keep close, least otherwise
(especially in matters of the Doctrine) I should vitiate the author's
sense, not studying so much Netitude(?) as plainess of expression.
Lastly, least I should seem in this translation 'Actum agere,' I must
intimate also, That Mr Salisbury's Translation of these same Dialogues
perishing all in the Fire of London, not one copy thereof could possibly
be procured, or else I should never have undertaken a work for which
in some circumstances I must confess myself so unfitt. And if any one
on this my confession ask me, Why then did I undertake it, I answer
them by saying, it was only for your perusall, to whose service,
obedience and satisfaction my whole life shall be devoted, and in part of
that great debt of duty and love which is owing to you by, Your Most
Affectionate Sonn, William Molyneux."
(5.) 9 January 1707 to 19 December 1709. The Letter-Book of
Samuel Molyneux of Trinity College, Dublin. Containing copies of the
following letters, that passed between the said Samuel Molyneux and
various correspondents between the above-given dates.
(a.) 1707. January 9.; Wine Office Court, Fleet Street, London.
F. Hauksbee to Samuel Molyneux. Letter about air-pumps. Dated
from Wine Office Court, Fleet Street, London.
(b.) 1707 January 25; Dublin. Samuel Molyneux to the abovementioned F. Hauksbee. About air-pumps.
(c.) 1707 February 27; London. F. Hauksbee to Samuel Molyneux. About an air-pump and apparatus with bill for the same,
amounting to £26 8s. 0d.
(d.) Paper entitled "A Description of the Air-Pump," with illustrative
(e.) 1707 June 24; London. A. Churchill to Samuel Molyneux.
About certain "letters of Mr Lock's," which Mr Molyneux has kindly
contributed to a collection that is being made of Mr Lock's (John
(f.) 1707 June 24 . . . . Samuel Molyneux to
Short note in which Mr Molyneux begs his correspondent to transmit
an enclosed letter "to the ingenious Mr Derham" who "is well known
to all the gentlemen of the Royal Society."
(g.) 1707 June 24 . . . . Samuel Molyneux to Mr Derham.
Respecting "an extraordinary phenomenon of an unusual glare of light
visible in the heavens at Dublin on 2 March 1706 (? 1706/7), and the
eclipse of the moon that occurred on the 6th of last April." In a postscript the writer says, "Sir I know not whether my Father, Wm.
Molyneux, had ye honour of being known to you during his life. If he
had the happiness of your acquaintance, I beg yt may in some way
excuse the ill manners of his son in thus troubling with an impertinent
letter a person no otherwise known to him than as he is to the whole
learned world by his great worth and learning."
(h.) 1707 July 31; London. F. Hauksbee to Samuel Molyneux.
Containing "the farther account of the Condensing Engine."
(i.) 1707 August 31; Upminster. Mr William Derham of Upminster
to S[amuel] Molyneux. Touching the spots on the sun observed by
Captain Stanyan in the year 1703, the last eclipse of the moon, and
other matters of astronomical interest.
(j.) 1707 September 27; Trinity College, Dublin. Samuel Molyneux
to the Rev. Mr William Derham, Rector of Upminster near Rumford,
in Essex. On astronomical matters.
(k.) 1707 November 27; Dublin. Samuel Molyneux to the Reverend Father in God the Lord Bishop of Clogher. Touching the
affairs of the Dublin Philosophical Society, and beginning thus—"My
Lord, The underserved honour ye Philosophical Society of Dublin have
lately done me in commending me to officiate as their Secretary I am
never more sensible of than when it gives me power of addressing
myself to such worthy persons as your Good Lordship."
(l.) 1707 November 29; Trinity College, Dublin. Samuel Molyneux
to the Revd Mr John Keogh of Strokestown co. Roscommon. Touching
"the Revival of the Philosophical Society of Dublin, who have lately
honoured" the writer "with the office of their Secretary."
(m.) 1707 November 30; Clogher. The Bishop of Clogher to Samuel
Molyneux. Touching the Dublin Philosophical Society, and beginning
with these words, "Sir I doe very heartily congratulate you on your
being chosen Secretary to the Philosophical Society. Your worthy
Father was our first Secretary upon our Establishment, and you are so
upon our Revival. May you still succeed to and inherit every one of
your father's valuable good qualitys."
(n.) 1707 December 6; . . . . Samuel Molyneux to the Bishop of
Clogher. Comprising the list of the recently elected Council and Officers of the Dublin Philosophical Society.
(o.) 1707 December 6; Trinity College, Dublin. Samuel Molyneux
to "the Ingenious Dr. Hans Sloan, Secretary to the Royal Society."
For the establishment of correspondence between the Royal Society of
London and the Philosophical Society of Dublin.
(p.) 1707 December 6; Trinity College, Dublin. Samuel Molyneux
to Mr Ansham Churchill," at ye sign of ye Black Swan in Pater Noster
Row, London." Relating chiefly to books published or about to be
published. "I fear," says the writer, "we cannot yet awhile hope to see
the excellent Mr Lock's Letters in Print. It would be a great satisfaction
to me to know what measures you have taken concerning 'em. But
while this brings to my mind the late Death of the worthy Dr Burrige,
I can't but with sincere sorrow condole with you and all the world on the
loss they have lately sustained of so deserving a person. You will
oblige me in sending me a late [ ] Book of Algebra called 'Arithmetica
Universalis sive de Compositione et Resolutione Arithmetica Liber,'
which goes under Mr Isaac Newton's name."
(q.) 1707 December 6; Trinity College, Dublin. Samuel Molyneux
to his former Tutor, the Revd Mr Walter Alkins, Roxborough, near
Youghal co. Cork. Touching the Philosophical Society.
(r.) 1707 December 22; Stokestown near Elphin. John Keogh to
Samuel Molyneux. Communications for the Philosophical Society,
including memoranda in respect to a giant's bones examined by Mr
James Reynolds of Loughscurr co. Letrim, and the Ambergrise gathered
by the natives at Broad Haven, Eris co. Mayo, "who make thereof
candles for themselves not knowing the value of it."
(s.) 1707/8 January 29; Trinity College, Dublin. Samuel Molyneux
to Mr Charles Norman at his house in Londonderry. Inviting communications to the Dublin Philosophical Society, and asking particularly
for "an account of your Barnacles in the Lough of Derry, and particularly as to their being fat and good meat, and no where else in Ireland,
proceeding as we are informed from their peculiar feeding on a Sweet
Tasted kind of Grass growing in an Island in that Lough."
(t.) 1707/8. February 13; Londonderry. Mr Charles Norman to
Samuel Molyneux. In reply to the last described epistle. Touching
the barnacles of the Lough of Derry, the writer says, "As to
the account which you desire of our barnacles, all that I can be
informed of them is, that they come in here in vast flocks about the
beginning of September, and goe away I suppose to a colder climate
about the middle of March. They are the shyest birds that can be
when they are abroad, but no sooner are they taken, but they become
as familiar as any Tame fowl whatsoever, and will feed and grow
fat upon oats or any other food that is thrown to common Poultry.
They are usually taken here by Netts in dark nights, sett in the places
which they frequent. You are rightly informed that the reason why
they are good meat here and not fit to be eaten in other places is from
their feeding upon a certain kind of sweet grass; but it is the roots and
not the stalks which they eat, of which according to your desire I send
you some inclos'd. The same kind of grass is also in Lough Swilly in
the county of Donnegall where the barnacles also are very good."
(u.) 1707/8 February 16; Antrim. Mr John McLean to Samuel Molyneux. Touching an invitation for communications to the Dublin Philosophical Society.
(v.) 1707/8 February 19; Trinity College, Dublin. Samuel Molyneux
to Mr John Me Lean of Antrim. Touching communications to the
Dublin Philosophical Society.
(w.) 1707/8 March 13; Trinity College, Dublin. Samuel Molyneux
to Mr Francis Nevill at Dungannon. An invitation to Mr Nevill to
communicate with the Dublin Philosophical Society.
(x.) 1707/8 March 13; Trinity College, Dublin. Samuel Molyneux
to Mr Rotherick O'Flagherty at Park nigh Galloway. Inviting Mr
O'Flagherty to correspond with the Dublin Philosophical Society, and
making reference to his extremely interesting MS. Description of Gallway.
(y.) 1707/8 March 13; Trinity College, Dublin. Samuel Molyneux
to the Revd John Keogh at Stroaks near Elphin. Soliciting communications to the Dublin Philosophical Society.
(z.) 1707/8 March 13; Trinity College, Dublin. Samuel Molyneux
to Mr Walter Alkins at Roxborough near Youghall or Cork. Letter for
the same purpose.
(aa.) 1707/8 March 13; Trinity College, Dublin. Samuel Molyneux
to —. Asking for communications to the Dublin Philosophical
(bb.) 1708 April 5; Upminster. The Rev. William Derham to
Samuel Molyneux. Touching Mr Flamsteed's Calculations in respect
to Circumjovial Eclipses, the Migration of birds, experiments with the
Air-Pump, and other matters of scientific interest.
(cc.) 1708 April 9; Park nigh Galway Westward. R. O'Flaherty to
Samuel Molyneux. Declaring the writer's readiness to further the ends of
the Dublin Philosophical Society, and concluding with petulant remarks
on the unfriendly critics of the "Ogygia." In the earlier part of the long
letter, the writer, speaking gratefully of his dear friends Mr Molyneux
and Dr Loftus, the said Mr Molyneux's successor in the Court of
Chancery, observes "your father was a means (perhaps not unknown
to you) of the good Bishop of Meath's bounty to me, wch wd prove
more bountifull, had not he been prevented by Death at your father's
(dd.) 1708 April 10; . . . . Walter Alkins to Samuel Molyneux.
Communications (of no moment) for the Philosophical Society.
(ee.) 1708 April 11; London. A. Churchill to Samuel Molyneux.
Making reference to the printing of "your collection of letters,' and
other matters of interest to the book-trade.
(ff.) 1708 April 20; Trinity College, Dublin. Samuel Molyneux to
Walter Alkins, Touching Dr Harris's Lexicon Technicon, and containing observations on the migration of birds and other matters; with
long postscript on the ways of finding the time for celebrating Easter.
(gg.) 1708 April 20; Trinity College, Dublin. Samuel Molyneux
to Mr Rotherick O'Flagherty.
(hh.) 1708 April 25; Park, Westward of Gallway, St. Marks. R.
O'Flaherty to Samuel Molyneux.
(ii.) 1708 May 4; Upminster. The Rev. William Derham to Samuel
Molyneux. Having reference to astronomical observations.
(jj.) 1708 May 19; Park. R. O'Flaherty to Samuel Molyneux.
(kk.) 1708 June 8; . . . . Dr Hans Sloan to Samuel Molyneux. A
communication that Dr Wall has demonstrated, to the satisfaction of the
Royal Society, "that jet-black amber, gum-lacca or sealing-wax made
of it, and diamonds, espetially table ones, when rub'd in the dark after
sunsett, ye first 3 or 4 with flannell and the last with silk will emitt a
(ll.) 1708 July 15; London. A. Churchill to Samuel Molyneux.
Announcing that the collection of letters (i.e., John Locke's and
William Molyneux's letters) is at length published, and that eight copies
of the work have been dispatched to Dublin,—two copies for Dr Molyneux, and the other six copies for the recipient of the letter.
(mm.) 1708 August 3: Trinity College, Dublin. Samuel Molyneux
to the Rev. William Derham of Upminster. Long letter touching
eclipses, atmospherical phenomena, migration of birds, and other matters.
"As to the Migration of Birds," the writer observes, "I have not myself made any observations as yet, but I hope next Spring I may from my
own or my friends' observations let you know something of the matter.
I find among some notes of my Father the following observation to have
been made by Coll. Solom. Richards, an inhabitant of Wexford, that it is
most certain the Barnacles in the Harbour of Wexford from the 21 of
August on which they come to the 21 of May on which they goe every
year, are in numbers wonderfull, but on May the 21st they all leave it
going northwards by sea and in the opinion of many curious observers
they goe to the northern Isles of Scotland to breed, for on the 21st of
August following they doe certainly and constantly return, bringing their
young ones with them in numbers beyond expression. This relator, as
he rode forward and backward between Dublin and Wexford, hath often
seen them at sea, coming a day or two before their arrival as also going
a day or two after their departure, and for above 20 years hath observed
their not failing the time of going and coming, as also of their swimming
when the Tide is with them, and flying when against them, and now
and then resting on the water."
(nn.) 1708 August 15; . . . . Christopher Ussher to Samuel
Molyneux. Memoranda for the Philosophical Society.
(oo.) —. R. O'Flaherty to Samuel Molyneux. Entreating that
Mr Molyneux will use his influence to procure for the writer's son-inlaw (Mr Edward Tyrrill of Gallway, a protestant) the "place of a
boatman in Her Majesty's boat in Gallway." No date.
(pp.) 1708 August 5; Trinity College, Dublin. Samuel Molyneux
to Mr R. O'Flaherty. Reply to the last-described epistle.
(qq.) 1708 August 5; Trinity College, Dublin. Samuel Molyneux
to Mr A. Churchill. Respecting the publication of John Locke's letters.
"The originalls," says the writer, "will come to my hands if you please
to bundle and seal them up, directing for Mr Samuel Madden at Young
Men's Coffee House in London who will bring them for Ireland to me."
(rr.) 1708 August 5; Trinity College, Dublin. Samuel Molyneux
to — [? Dr Hans Sloane). Touching Dr Wall's experiments for the
production of light by friction.
(ss.) 1708 August 19; London. A. Churchill to Samuel Molyneux.
Respecting the publication of Lock's Letters.
(tt.) 1708 August 20; Park. R. O'Flaherty to Samuel Molyneux.
(uu.) 1708 August 27; Portadown. Edward Chichester to Samuel
Molyneux. Reminding Mr Molyneux of his promise to lend one of his
father's books, "relating to the Priviledges of Ireland," to the writer.
(vv.) 1708 September 9; Trinity College, Dublin. Samuel Molyneux to —, who is thanked for civilities offered to the writer's cousin,
(ww.) 1708 September 10; Trinity College, Dublin. Samuel
Molyneux to Sir Patrick Dunn "at his house on the Inns." Making
reference to mathematical calculations and instruments.
(xx.) 1708 September 27; Park. R. O'Flaherty to Samuel Molyneux.
Another letter in behalf of the writer's son-in-law, Mr Edward Tyrill.
(yy.) 1708 October 2; Park. The Same to the Same. Touching
Mr Edward Tyrill's affairs.
(zz.) 1708 October 10; Park. The Same to the Same. "I writt
you in relation to the quæries of the Dublin Society, that some time
this year a star was seen as near the Compass of the Moon, as was to the
wonder of many. . . . But this day a nephew of mine being at his
Ant Madame Stafford's house at Karrow Barr in the County of Antrim
at the same time saw a Resplendent Starr in the middle of the Moon,
much wondered by the people. You read the Shining Star seen at noon
in London on May 29th 1630, the Birth-day of King Char. the 2d."
(aaa.) 1708 November 30; Upminister. The Rev. William Derham
to Samuel Molyneux. A long letter of astronomical observations; with
a reference to Mr Molyneux's enquiries respecting "the pictures of the
(bbb.) 1708 December 17; Park. R. O'Flaherty to Samuel Molyneux. Making reference to modes of calculating the right time for
the celebration of Easter. "I doe not," the writer observes, "offer
this to carry coales to New Market,"—a curious slip for an Irish
(ccc.) 1708 December 25; . . . . . Samuel Molyneux to R.
O'Flaherty, who is asked for information respecting the money used by
the Irish before the Conquest, if indeed they used any. I shall," says
the writer in a postscript, "soon be better acquainted with the Ogygia
and your Manuscript, having set about the reading them together this
(ddd.) 1708/9 January 2; Park. R. O'Flaherty to Samuel Molyneux,
Long letter in reply to enquiry about the money of the ancient Irish.
(eee.) 1708/9 January 18; Trinity College, Dublin. Samuel Molyneux
to Mr Tooke, book seller near Temple-Bar in Fleet Street, London.
Offering notes, if they may be discovered, for the amendment of the
advertised 2nd edition of his father's Treatise of Dioptricks, Mr Molyneux
invites the bookseller to communicate with him.
(fff.) 1708/9. February 8; London. Benjamin Tooke to Samuel
Molyneux. Announcing that the advertised second edition of the
"Treatise of Dioptricks" is no genuine second edition of the work, but
merely an effort to dispose of 200 " remainder copies," by offering them
under a new title-page and with the diagrams printed on better paper, the
bookseller says, "I had no expectation of making those" (i.e., the 200
copies, wanting the "cuts," in stock) "perfect so soon, but the letters
which were published some time agoe between Mr Molyneux and Mr Lock
having several times mentioned the Book, it occasioned a fresh demand
for them, which soon took away the few which I had perfect and
printing all the cutts again for' em on much better Paper than the former,
and this occasioned my calling it a Second Edition, and printing a new
title to it, which has turn'd to so good an account that since the advertisement I have disposed of 25 of them which is more than I did in 2
(ggg.) 1708/9 February 17; Park. R. O'Flaherty to Samuel
(hhh.) 1708/9 March 8; Trinity College, Dublin. Samuel Molyneux
to R. O'Flaherty. Touching Irish coins, and certain proposals for the
publication of a work, at present in MS., by Mr O'Flaherty.
(iii.) 1709 April 2; Trinity College, Dublin. Samuel Molyneux to
Rev. William Derham. "I beg the favour of you that you would be
pleas'd to send me the Satellit Eclipses for 1709, if you have received
them from Mr Flamsteed."
(jjj.) 1709 April 11; Killeglaw. Samuel Molyneux to Dr Molyneux.
Familiar gossip about the writer's journey into Connaught, the aspect
of the country, and matters of domestic interest.
(kkk.) 1709 April 12; Upminster. The Rev. William Derham to
Samuel Molyneux. Scientific notes and intelligence.
(lll.) 1709 April 21; Dublin. Dr T. Molyneux to Samuel Molyneux.
In acknowledgment of Samuel Molyneux's account of his Aunt
Ussher's health, and his successful journey into Connaught.
(mmm.) 1709 August 1; Burton near Charleville. George Berkeley
to Dr Molyneux. Containing notes on the Monastery of Buttefont and
the Castle of Liscarol,—places recently visited by the writer. Dated
from Burton near Charleville.—Also, three other letters (of some
value for the personal historian) from George Berkeley to the same
correspondent; dated respectively 26 November 1709, 8 December
1709, and 19 December 1709, from Trinity College, Dublin.
(6.) Copy in Book-form of the Testament (dated 18 August 1819),
with Codicil, proved on 1 June 1721, of Dorothy Lady Capell, Baronessdowager of Tewksbury, widow of Henry Lord Capell, Baron of Tewksbury:
Containing bequests In Trust to the Honble Samuell Molyneux esq.,
Principall Secretary to his Royall Highness George, Prince of Wales,
Sir Philip Jackson knt., John Lely esq. and Christopher Appleby
gentleman, and bequests to the Right Honourable the Lady Elizabeth
Molyneux, wife of the said Samuell Molyneux esq. and eldest daughter
of the Rt. Hon. Algernon Earl of Essex deceased; With appointment
of the aforesaid Samuell Molyneux to be one of the executors.
How these seven volumes came into the hands of the Corporation of
Southampton is unknown; but it is reasonable hypothesis that they were
left with the muniments of the borough by some Town Clerk, who acted
as Attorney for Mr Samuel Molyneux or some other member of the