The city of Exeter
Miscellaneous deeds and documents

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Institute of Historical Research

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Historical Manuscripts Commission

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1916

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279-301

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'The city of Exeter: Miscellaneous deeds and documents', Report on the Records of the City of Exeter (1916), pp. 279-301. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=67130 Date accessed: 27 November 2014.


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(n)Miscellaneous Deeds.

A vast collection of documents (D. 590–1860, with numerous intercalations), of which Nos. 590–888, extending from temp. William I to Sept. 29, 1355, appear in abstract in Notes and Gleanings [i.e. from S. Moore's Calendar ], the rest are still only accessible through the Calendar itself which still remains unpublished. They relate chiefly to property in the City and suburbs, and comprise wills, leases, grants, quit-claims, conveyances, releases of debts, letters of attorney, covenants, licences for structural alterations, indentures, bonds and deeds of various kinds. Many of them bear the seal of the Mayoralty (e.g. D. 923, 924, 925, 927a,b, 928, 940, 943, 946, 953, 965, 985 and passim), or the City seal (e.g. D. 929, 954, 955, 961, 970), pointing to a connection of the documents as a whole with the Mayor's Court, e.g. D. 786a (Jan. 15, 1322) is endorsed "Inrotulatur in libro nigro" [i.e. the "Black Book," Oliver, Hist., 309 ; or "Blacke Rolle" (Bk. 52, f. 223 ; see Misc. Rolls No. 2), or "Black Leiger" (Book 51, f. 155, pages 85, 95)]. D. 800 (Dec. 11, 1326) is endorsed: "Ind of inrolment on City Court rolls." D. 805, Feb. 8, 1328, is an agreement made before the Mayor and others in full Court in regard to the will of Peter Soth, with the Mayoralty seal appended. D. 812a (Oct. 23, 1329) and D. 971a (1349) are extracts from the City Court Rolls. D. 904 (1361, printed in Oliver, Mon., 308) is an extract from the Mayor's Court Roll; also D.909 (1357–1367).

D. 1016, March 5, 1347, is endorsed: "Md, of the enrolment on the Mayor's Court Roll." D. 1031 (May 22, 1402) is a Final Concord made "in full court of the City of Exeter." D. 1524 (May 11, 1562) is a copy from the Court Roll of the Manor of Duryurd.

The earliest document in the collection is the undated grant by William I of the church of St. Olave's at Exeter to Battle Abbey (D. 590, printed in Oliver, Mon., 116; Dugdale, Mon., iii, 243), attested by Lanfranc, Archbishop of Canterbury, Osbern Bishop of Exeter and others. This is followed by a confirmation by Henry I (D. 591) of a grant to the Chapter of the Cathedral at Exeter of the churches of St. Petrock, St. Peran [? Perranzabuloe, Oliver, Mon., 71], St. Doquin [alias Lannow or St. Kew—Staff. Reg. 318, called "Tohov" in confirmation by King Stephen, 1136—Hist. MSS. Var. Coll., iv, 43], St. Probus and others (see Oliver, Mon., p. 59).

In D. 592 (1155) the land in St. Martin's Street is granted by the Cathedral Chapter, subject to the payment of a gersom of half a mark and 3s. yearly. In D. 599 (circ. 1200) is a reference to land where Eswald the Leper dwells. In D. 614 circ. 1225 ?) William de Mariscis refers to "my Isle of Lundi" and a "court of the Island." In D. 619a (circ. 1224; or circ. 1220 in Oliver, Mon., 154) Henry Archdeacon of Exeter and William Prior of Cowick are deputed by Randulph the Papal Legate to arbitrate in a dispute between the Abbot of Buckfestre [i.e. Buckfastleigh] and the Hospital of St. Alexius; and in D. 624 (circ. 1240) the "virgata" [i.e. rod or pole] of land is defined as 181/2ft. There are grants to the Exe Bridge in 1247 (D. 632) and 1256 (D. 661); a grant by the Abbot of Ford that Charmouth shall be a free borough (D. 663b —printed in Oliver, Mon., 352), and a grant [? 1270] of a house in Exeter by Avelina Prioress of Polslo (D. 682a, with seal of the Priory—see Oliver, Mon., 163, 408). In D. 696 is an agreement between the City and Bishop Quivil for enclosing the churchyard of the Cathedral in 1286 (see Misc. Rolls II, No. 30; printed in Izacke, pp 23–25). In D. 698 (see Oliver, Mon., 330) is the grant of Friernhay to the Grey Friars by Edmund Earl of cornwall on Feb. 2, 1287, with confirmation by Edward I on March 2, 1288 (D. 701; Oliver, Mon., 330) and an injunction (D. 702; Misc. Rolls 54, m. 3), dated March 3, 1288, at "Burgum Regine" [i.e. Blanquefort, near Bordeaux—Bémont iii, 33] forbidding the Mayor &c. to molest them in their close or place next the City wall. This was confirmed by Richard II on March 8, 1399 (D. 1023; Misc. Rolls 54, m. 8; Oliver, Mon., 331, where it is called March 28, 1399). In D. 707, June 16, 1291 (see Oliver, Mon., 335) is an agreement between the Mayor &c. and the Black Friars for quittance if a rent charge on "Crykenepet" Mill (see p. 71). In D. 737 (1240—see Oliver, Mon., 224) is a quit-claim from the Prior of Leigh [i.e. Canonsleigh in Burlescombe]. In D. 743a is an indenture dated April 30, 1303, between the Mayor &c. and the four owners of a ship called La Sauveye (sic) of Exemouth to be used in the King's service for the Scottish wars, and similarly in D. 956 (Sept. 29, 1310), where the St. Marie Cogde Exemuth is engaged to serve for 40 days with a master (receiving 8d. per day) a "burser et conestable" (at 8d.) and 28 mariners (4d. each). In D. 786, Jan. 15, 1322 (printed in Brantyngham, Reg., i, 272) is an agreement between the Bishop and the Mayor &c. as to right of access to the City walls (see Oliver, 72). In D. 791 (Feb. 23, 1324) the Mayor and others are about to appear before the Barons of the Exchequer to show cause why the King should not commit the custody of the City to whomsoever he will, In D. 801 (1291—Oliver, Mon., 331) is a seal of the Grey Friars.

In D. 1111, Aug. 5, 1421, is a letter from Archbishop Chichele setting forth a compliant of the Grey Friars of Exeter concerning a profanation of their house, with "Sigillum ad Causas" of the Archbishop. (Printed in Oliver, Mon., 333.)

For a subsequent letter on the same subject from Bishop Beaufort as Conservator of the Order of Friars Minors in England, to the Dean and Chancellor of the Cathedral of Exeter and others, see D. 1112 (Oct. 30, 1421) with a fragment of Bishop Beaufort's seal.

Early Wills.

The Miscellaneous Deeds include copies of several Wills of an earlier date than those which form a separate class among the records entered in the Calendar, vol. ii, which extend from March 3, 1555 to June 4, 1765. Those included in this collection are usually proved in the Mayor's Court, sometimes in the Archdeacon's office also.

In D. 802 is a copy of the will (April 3, 1327) of Peter Soth with the Mayoral seal, containing references to property in "Waterber Strete," a tenement in the High Street called "Marsheles Hous Bakere," "cum coffino quod vocatur wylye," lands &c. in "Tyghertehaye," rent of a falasis"; (cliff) without the Northgate next the bank of the Exe, a garden called "la Medehaye," a tenement called "La Cage" opposite St. James' Church, and a place in South Street, which he recovered as Chief Lord for non-payment of rent by process of "Gavelack and Shorford" in the City Court. In D. 809 (March 6, 1329) is the will of Ralph Atte Lane or Atterlane, in which he names a garden in "Chollefelde" and 2 "sullines" (i.e. selions) of land in "Serlyshey" (or "Serlesheye" D. 159). D. 914, the will of Nicholaa Woterford, dated June 2, 1369, in which he leaves 12d. to the Rector of Trinity for forgotten tithes; the will of Nicholas de Alberton proved in the Mayor's Court in 1348 (D. 969) and recited in D. 971 (March 28, 1384); the will of Joan Wilde (D. 994), dated Sept. 3, 1391, showing her furniture, utensils &c.; the will of John Nymet (D. 994a), dated Oct. 27, 139+1, containing some curious bequests; the will of Roger Hethman (D. 998), May, 1393, with a note of probate in the City Court. In D. 1002 (Feb. 16, 1395) is a reference to the executors of the will of Thomas Smythesheghes. In D. 1007 is the will of William Row, dated Aug. 31, 1395, proved Nov. 15, 1395, in which he leaves two "Sullones, Anglice Rygges" of land without the East Gate on this side "Maudelynhey," a close called "Averysland" and a "dayva" of land next the lane towards Polslo. For a half "davva" of land lying byne the wey without the Eastgate, see D. 862 (July 20, 1347). In D. 1014 (Oct. 3, 1396) is the will of Andrew Poleworth, baker, in which he leaves his house in "Corrystrete" with a garden next "Pacyestrete." This will was proved both in the Archdeacon's Office on Nov. 24, 1396, and in the City Court on Feb. 19, 1397. In D. 1108a is the will of Philip Courtour, dated May 26, 1421. In D. 1150 (July 20, 1432) is the will of John Hethman, in which he leaves 1s. 8d. to the Curate of St. Paul's on account of forgotten tithes, also 16d. each to the monks of St. Nicholas, the Friars Preachers and the Friars Minor if they shall be present at his burying at St. Peter's. The will was proved before the officer of the Archdeacon of Exeter on Sept. 24, 1432. In D. 1241a (Aug. 20, 1464) is the will (in English) of Mawte, wife of Hugh Courtenay, knight, in which she leaves houses in "Prestonstrete" and "Tygherstrete" to pay 13d. to 13 poor men in Grendon's Almshouses [i.e. the Ten Cells in Preston Street founded by Simon Grendon in 1406—Izacke, 207; Rept. on Char., 91; Endowed Charities, 331. Grendon, who was Mayor in 1395, 1398 and 1405, left his charity to be administered by the Chamber]. She also left 3s. to the Prior and 2s. to each of the monks of St. Nicholas' Priory, who after "complyn sayd or songe" daily for evermore shall sing an anthem of Our Lady there and say the psalme De profundis with Pater Noster and Ave Maria, "wyth preces and orysons thereto belonging at my tumbe and buryell there for evermore for my soul, &c." In D. 1264 (Oct. 6 1472) is the will of Edward Benet, smith, in which he leaves his "toga de scarleto et mustardevylics," and "lytell poyntyng anvyld." The tools &c. in his shop are left to his wife if she chooses to carry on the business, and if not to his two servents. The seal of the Archdeacon is appended, and there is a memorandum of probate on March 16, 1474. In D. 1266 (July 20, 1473) is the will (in English) of William Duke, in which he directs his executors to find "mete, drynke and honest housherber" for his daughter Elizabeth and her issue if she have any according to their degree, "as teywill aunswere for byfore God at the dredfuly day of judgement.

In D. 1279, March 8, 1479, is the will of Joan Benet with the Archdeacon's seal, in which she leaves sundry articles of dress to her daughter Eleanor.

In D. 1312, 1314, Aug. 18, 1491, Master Robert Rydon as Executor of the mayor is bound to pay 3d. a week to a tailor for of life and to keep an anniversary for the testator and his wife Margery in the chaple of St. George.

In D. 1361, May 5, is the will of William Doun. Yeoman, in which he leaves his house in "Bochcrow," situate next to the tenement of Nocholas Wadham, Knight, and land called "Chambernounsmershe," together with a tenement and garden in Cowykstrete, arranging for 6s. 8d. Yearly to be paid for the maintenance and continuation of a mass of the name of Jesus to be celebrated every Friday in the church of St. George next the Guildhall (see page 44). In D. 1377 (Dec. 31, 1511) is the will (in English) of William Wilford, Esquire, in which he leaves his lands and tenements without Westgate to pay 13s. 4d. to the "Pryste the whiche shall syng in Synt George ys Chapell withyn the Gyld Hall of the cite aforseyd over and above his olde wages, wherefore I will that the same priste dayly when he syngyth masse schalle say in the same masse for the soulys of me the seyd Willyam, and the seyd Annye {his wife} the colettes of Deus cui proprium and Inclina Domine aurem tuam, and in the ende of everye masse De profundis. Appended is the testator's seal "S. Willelmi Wyllford." Also in D. 1376 (Dec. 31, 1511).

Water supply

In D. 192 (undated ? 1260) the Prior and Convent of St. Nicholas in Exter grant leave to Martin Durling (called Derling in Coll. Top. i, 376; or Dirling in Oliver, Mon., 116) and his herirs to draw water "ab aqueductu que est in cemeterio nostrum quod est in occidentali parte que ducit a magno vico usque ad Fratres Minores.

In D. 718, Jan. 16, 1299, is an agreement on the part of the Mayor and Commonalty of Exeter by consent of Edmund Earl of Cornwall with Master Henry de Bolleg' (fn. 1) , Archdeacon of Totnes, concerning the building of a tower next the said Archdeacon's house per quam communis aqua civitatis ingreditur.

In D. 864, Nov. 2, 1347, King Edward III grants to the Warden and Convent of the Grey Friars of Exeter, quod ipsi duos modicos (sic) atque ortus se jungentes in profunditate fossati civitatis Exon inter orientalem et australem portas ejusdem civitatis profundius fodere et muro lapideo basso includere et aquam de ortibus illis sive fonte inde facto exinde per fistulam subterraneam in fossato predicto et ultra stratam regiam usque ad domum sive habitacionem fratrum predictorum, qua in loco sicco situatur et ad quam aque cursus non habetur, ponendam ducere ac caput fontis predicti dictamque fistulam quotiens reparacione et emandacione indigent reparare et emendare ac de novo construere et facere prout magis expedire viderint &c. (printed in Oliver, Mon., 333, from Pat. 21 Edward III, 24; see Cal. Pat. Edward III, vol. vii, p. 424).

In D. 859 (May 3, 1346) is the settlement of a dispute between the Prior of St. Nicholas on the one side and the Dean and Chapter of the Cathedral and the Mayor &c. on the other, in regard to the making and repairing of the common water "conduit," the water of which rises without the East Gate in St. Sidwell's parish. The Dean and Chapter are to bring the water from the spring to the churchyard of St. Peter's, where the water is divided into three channels, of which the Mayor and Citizens take one and the Prior and Convent of St. Nicholas one each paying 8s. yearly to the Dean and Chapter.

For references to the "Town will" (i.e. well, fons villoe), see D. 1024, D. 1066 (Oct. 24, 1413), D. 1124 (Sept. 21, 1425), D. 1141 (March 21, 1430). For the Head-well in St. Sidwells, see D. 1097 (May 3, 1420), where the Chamber acquire permission to dig a trench from it through two closes to the high road and bring the water in leaden pipes through the said trench.

In D. 761, Sept. 24, 1312, is a reference to a lane called "la Hevedwill" called the lane to "la Heavedwill" in D. 1028 (Dec. 15, 1400) or "Hedwille," D. 1105 (Sept. 8, 1420). In D. 1188, 1189 (May 1, 1444), the Chamber obtain licence to dig for water in a close of land without the East Gate in St. Sidwell's Fee next a lane called "Cakelane," and to carry away the water there found in leaden pipes to the new conduit.

In D. 1229, Sept. 8, 1458, is an agreement as to the a batement of a nuisance caused by rein water and other waters issuing from St. John's Hospital and the intermediate places to the almshouse erected by John Steven, situated opposite St. Stephen's Bow (i.e. St. Katherine's Almshouse extra portam clausi versus fratres ordinis prædicatorum Exon. Oliver, Mon., 407, from the will of the founder, John Stevens, M.D., Canon of the Cathedral, dated Feb. 3, 1457, proved Feb. 27, 1460), and descending to the head of the lane which leads to the city walls between the area of the Dominican Convent on the east and the houses of some of the Canons of the Cathedral on the west. The head of the lane was sometimes so obstructed by the waters as to form a great marsh and became a receptacle for filth and putrid carcases, exposing the inhabitants to the immediate danger of infection. It was now agreed that the Mayor &c. should erect a new gate at the head of the said lane of 8ft. wide, by which hay and fuel might be brought to the houses of the Canonwho had doors opening into the lane, viz., the Archdeacon of Totnes, the Sub-Dean and Canon Martin Dyer and a stone pillar was to be made through the lane to convey the water into the Town Ditch.

In D. 1418 (A.D. 1534) is a small paper book of 14 leaves containing a note of the expenses of making the Great Conduit. "Mdm. that John Newtun and John Geboons beganne to make the grete condet of Exsetur the viij. day of Novembre, and here folowyth the costes and charges." The expenses are entered under weeks as "The wyke of Saynte Marten." At the end, "Thys ys the hole boke, the sum thereof trewly caste as y can do—xxviijli. xjs. viijd."

In D. 1690, Sept. 27, 1600, John Moore, plumber, of Exeter, contracts in consideration of 60l. to lay new leaden pipes to the two conduits from the Chamber's two chief cisterns in the parish of St. Sidwell.

In D. 1763, Jan. 1, 1649, John Canne, plumber, of Exeter, contracts for the repair of all lead pipes, cisterns &c. connected with the water works of the city for seven years. For a similar contract by christopher Cann, plumber, see D. 1768 (Dec. 25, 1653). In D. 1793a, Nov. 10, 1694, Jonathan Pyrke and Richard Lowbridge contract with the Mayor &c. concerning the water- works and the supplying of the City with water; and in D. 1794a, Feb. 12, 1695, the Mayor &c. make a grant to them of the water works of the city and several parcels of land for a term of 200 years. [See L. 456.]

John Shillingford.

In D. 1196, Aug. 8, 1447, is a bond in 500l. from the Bishop and Chapter of Exeter to the Mayor and Commonalty of Exeter toabide by the decision of Archbishop Stafford and other arbitrators in the dispute between Bishop Lacy and the city, and to appear before the said arbitrators on the quinzaine of Michaelmas next—("whiche day we kepte," Shillingford, p. 2; cf. "to kepe the day of apparence atte XV. of Synt Michell as the city was bounde to as hit appereth by a bounde condiycionell" —Ibid., p. 5). The document is printed in Shillingford, p. 135 ; see also Book 51, f. 97b.

In D. 1198, 1199, Dec. 12, 1448, is the final settlement of the dispute with seals of Bishop Lacy and the Chapter. Printed in Shillingford, p. 136 ; see also Book 51, f. 98b, 99 ; Misc. Rolls 69. For Bishop Lacy's bond in 2,000l. (Dec. 12, 1448) to perform the covenants made, see D. 1200—printed in Shillingford, p. 140.

John Shillingford's name occurs as an owner of property in Exeter in D. 1179 (Sept. 28, 1441); D. 1210 (April 26, 1454); also that of several of his colleagues in the conflict with Bishop Lacy, e.g., Thomas Dowrish (D. 1105, 1107, 1138, 1158); William Speer (D. 1192); Richard Druell (D. 1268); John Coteler (D. 1164, 1177, 1181, 1184, 1203, 1225, 1226); Hugh Germyn (D. 1179, 1203, 1259, 1332, 1364—for property belonging to him in "Archelane" in the parish of St. Mary Arches as to which a dispute arose subsequently with the Prior of Launceston, see D. 1332, Sept. 30, 1499); John Germyn (D. 1114, 1210, 1222); Thomas Montagu (D. 1169, 1179, 1192, 1207); John Copleston (D. 1212); and Master Roger Kyes (D. 1259, or Keys, Treasurer of the Cathedral 1467–1477).

Sundries.

In D. 1202 is a bundle of copies and memoranda of writs (A.D. 1367 to 1449) with references to the Memoranda Rolls of the Exchequer relating to the scrutiny of gold and silver, the exportation of provisions &c., &c., contrary to statute and proclamation.

In D. 1235, June 20, 1461, is a letter of protection from Donald McKayard, Prince of Dece [? Decies, co. Waterford, or Deece, co. Meath] (see Loch Cé, i, 57 ; ii, 553), and Dermitius O'Sull[ivan], capitaneus sue nacionis to Vulialm Neil, master of a ship called Maria Otresmuth [i.e. Ottermouth] of protection and defence on land and sea so long as the said ship remains in their dominion (with seal much defaced).

City Gates.

In D. 918 (A.D. 1370) is a licence by the Chamber to john Nymet, citizen of Exeter, to make two doors, one in the east part of the tower over the North Gate and another in the east part of his garden next the city wall, provided that the keys of the said doors remain in the custody of the Chamber.

In D. 1248, Sept. 29, 1466, is a lease by the Mayor &c. for 87 years of a "Chambour in oure towre over the Estgeate with le house thereto adjoinante being and lyinge immediately betwixte the said chamboure in the Est party and the chapel of Seynt Bartholomewe in the West party," subject to the condition that it shall not be sublet "to any Lord or Lady by the whiche the said city shulde be troubled or vexed, but only to priests beneficed above the sum of 20l. or to wymmen or dwellers within the city and suburbs."

In D. 1280, June 28, 1480, this chamber is described as being "ultra" the East Gate, though endorsed: "the towre over the yeate."

In D. 1315, Sept. 8, 1491, is a lease by the Mayor &c., to Henry Grymston, clerk, of a tenement with chambers and chapel annexed above the Eastgate.

In D. 1275, Sept. 25, 1477, is a grant from the Mayor and Commonalty of Exeter to Robert Russell of "our Tower above the Westgate."

In D. 1293, March 1, 1486, the wardens of the church of St. Mary Steps grant a licence to Robert Russell to fix a chimney upon a house belonging to the church of St. Mary Steps.

In D. 1334, Sept. 8, 1500, John Russell, son and heir of Robert Russell, gives a receipt to Edward Carswell of Plymouth for 64 dozen of white woollen cloths in full satisfaction of a sum of money owing to him for five tenement in Westgate with a small seal and signature "per me John Russell."

In D. 1352 (April 21, 1506) is a grant from Edward Carsewell and Alice his wife to John Orenge and others of all their property in the parish of St. Mary's Steps as well as a Chamber above the West gate.

Letters of Fraternity.

D. 1256c (A.D. 1468). Letters of fraternity issued by Friar Robert Munst, of Thelisford (fn. 2) , Vicar General of the Trinitarians, admitting Robert Yonge, Chaplain, and Ralph and his wife, Anastasia, into the brotherhood and granting to them participacionem omnium bonorum spiritualium quce fient et erunt in toto ordine nostro predicto.

Endorsed : Ego absolvo te ab omnibus peccatis tuis perte contritus (sic) et michi vere confessus (sic) necnon et de oblitis quorum non recordaris de quibus velles confiteri ac plenariam absolucionem omnium peccatorum tuorum in quantum claves ecclesiae se extendunt tibi do et concedo. Ita ut sis absolutus ante tribunal domini nostri Jhu Christi habeasque vitam eternam in secula seculorum.—Amen.

Connection with London.

In D. 1288, Sept. 28, 1482, Thomas Percy, (fn. 3) Prior of the Church of the Holy Trinity [in Aldgate], London, acknow-ledges receipt of 12 l. 16 s. 3d. paid to him by the Mayor out of the farm of the City of Exeter due to the Priory by the alms of the progenitors of the King [Edward IV—i.e. since the time of Queen Maud (wife of Henry I), who in 1108 granted to the Priory duas partes redditus civitatis Exonie —Dugd.,Mon., vi, 150, 153; or 25 livres blanches—lbid., 157; Stow, London, i, 140].

In D. 1345, May 26, 1502, is a memorandum that the Lord Chancellor has decreed that the citizens of London should return to the citizens of Exeter all such distress as they have taken from hem in times past for scavage [or "shewage," which was made illegal in the Parliament that met at Westminster on Jan. 25, 1504—Stat., ii, 653. For this claim of the Mayor of London, see Book 51,f. 36; Book 52, f. 280; Misc. Rolls, 82].

In D. 1430b(28 Henry VIII, i.e. 1536–37) the Chamber petition that in their new Charter [i.e. Charter XXXIII, granted Aug. 23, 1537] the Mayor, Bailiffs and Commonalty may hold a Gilda Mercatoria cum Hansa, as the Mayor and citizens of London do, so that no one except those belonging to the Guild shall traffic in the city.

In D. 1623b, Jan. 29, 1584, are the London rates for woolles, the charges and duties at the King's beame in Leden Halland the wages of the officers and ministers of the Staple at Westminster made in 18 Edward IV (1478–9) and ratified and confirmed in 1584.

Cowley Bridge.

In D. 1428, 1430a, Jan. 10, 1537, is a letter from Sir Thomas Denys, Kt., and other Justices of the Peace for the County of Devon to the Sheriff of Devon and all Mayors, Bailiffs, Constables &c., praying for aid to rebuild Cowley Bridge "and wheir by the greatt habundance and vyolence of the water of Exe a greytt parte of the brygge comynly callyd Cowlegh Brygge whiche of old tyme by the charytabyll actys of well disposed people wasse of olde tyme buylded and make over the Ryver of Exe betwene the citie of Exceter and other parties necessarye to have recors to the said citie and other parties abowte or ny the sayd citie there laboryng and travayling ys nowe lattely fallyn downe brokyn and decayd yn a greytt part theirof and nott lykely to be reedyfyed and made ageyn without grett cheryte and the cherytabyll ayde and helpe of the inhabitants of thys countie—and for as moche as the sayd brygge wasse the King's hygh waye and the comyn passage of all the Kyng's subjects and people over the seid ryver of Exe and that the lake theirof wul not be only a greyt hurte and decay to the comyn welth but also many daungers thereby also ensue and chauns to the Kyng's subjects laboryng and travaylyng the countrey both by day and by nyght &c. Therefore they pray for charytabyll helpe and socour for the new buyldyng and amendyng of the seyd brygge after your habilities and good willes." "And thus ye schall deserve the rewarde of God and to be yn goode and godly reporte of and for the comyn welth." With four seals and the signatures of the justices.

Attached to this is a letter (D. 1429, 1430), dated Dec. 25, 1536, from John [Voysey] Bishop of Exeter [1519–1551] to all Abbots, Priors, Provosts &c., reciting the breaking of the bridge and the peril and inconvenience thereform arising, requesting them to make aid to the rebuilding and offering 40 days of pardon to all who shall contribute. [For a voluntary contribution made by the inhabitants of the County in 1536, see Izacke, 118.]

In D. 215, Nov. 20, 1499, is a reference to the highway from Exeter to Cowley Bridge, which is called "the great bridge called Cowley Bridge in the manor of Duryurd" in D. 1477 (April 24, 1553).

Exmouth Ferry

In D. 1437, April 28, 1542, is a lease from the Chamber to John Drake of Exmouth for 29 years at a rental of 26s. 8d. of "all that our Ferry and passage at Exmouth and our boat called "le passage bote" with all gear pertaining to the same, "together with a piece of land next the sea at Exmouth called "Prattishedd," measuring 110ft. by 80ft., with small seal and signature "by me John Drake the eldear of Exmouth.

In D. 1512, June 1, 1558, is a similar lease for 70 years to Gilbert Drake of Lytelham, gent., who covenants to repair and maintain the ferry.

For composition between the Abbot of Sherbome (Dorset) and the Mayor and Commonalty of Exeter in regard to this ferry in 1265–66, see Misc. Rolls II,34.

Farming of Dues.

In D. 1442, Oct. 1, 1543, is a lease for 5 years at a rental of 11l. granted by the Mayor &c. to John Johys of Exeter, capper, of "all that oure ferme of Baggavell [for "perticulers of such duties as dothe appertaine to Bagavell," see Book 52, f. 244], Chepgavell and Brythyngavell [called "brethyngavell" in D. 1487; 'brithingavel," Misc. Rolls II, 35; "bethu- gavel," Izacke, proem., 20; Oliver, 310], with the custome of apples, oyle and hony," also "all that oure ferme of weying of yerne [called weyng and wyghtyng of yarn and woll in D. 1487], as well at the feer tymes as at every markett tyme"-the rates being set out in the document. For similar leases see D. 1487 (April 13, 1554) for 21 years at a rental of 12l.; D. 1626 (Sept. 28, 1584) where "there ferme of wool" is leased to Henry Wynnam, weaver; D. 1671 (Sept. 12, 1595), where the "ferme of waighynge of yarne" is leased to Thomas Jurden, weaver; D. 1689 (Sept. 20, 1600), where their farm of weighing wool is leased to Raichard Miller, glover.

In D. 1480, Jan. 20, 1554, is a lease of "the custome ofwode and foyell called the wodhay" to John Hayward of Exiland, "flaccher."

In D. 1622, Sept. 18, 1583, is a lease for 17 years at a rental of 20l. p.a. to Nicholas Spicer, merchant, of "the Towne Custome due to the Mayor &c. for the entrye of all manner of shippes, barkes, boates and vessells whatsoever arryvynge within the Porte of Haven of the citye of Exeter," and "of all manner of wares and merchandizes laden and brought in them," with all forfeitures and profits in terms of the yearly farm paid by the city into the Exchequer. For similar leases, see D. 1715 (Nov., 1610), for 20 years at 20l. rental; D. 1756 (Jan. 2, 1638), for 5 years at 32l, rental. See also pp. 72, 73, (Topsham).

In L. 351 (circa. 1630) is a reference to the Quay Lime Kilns belonging to the Chamber.

For the town custom or duties mortgaged for 500l. on June 11, 1700, see D. 1801, 1803, 1807, 1817, 1822, 1833, 1834, 1835, 1839; also for 1,000l., see D. 1846 (Feb. 25, 1761)

The customs of Exeter (consuetudines, see Oliver, pp. 310–312) were collected "from all persons bringing goods into the markets to be sold" (D. 1818, Jan. 20, 1712; Misc. Roll II, 35). For Accounts of the Collectors of the Town Custom, Town Duties and Cellarage, 1701 to 1827 (with gaps), see Books 169–181. Also Books of the Rates of the Towne Custom from the reign of James I onwards, see Books 234–244, of which Book 239 contains: "A Table to know what goods or merchandize there is allowed to the ton and what every man is to pay for that which is not compted by tonnage," made in 1598.

For law-suits in connection with the Town Customs from temp. Elizabeth onwards see Law Papers in Calendar II, pp. 231–234.

For Customs Rolls, i.e. accounts of the collectors of the Town Custom, Petty Custom or Town Duty levied in the Port of Exeter from temp. Edward I to 1610, with occasional gaps, see Calendar II, pp. 186–192.

In D. 1731, Sept. 29, 1615, is a lease from the Mayor &c. of the farm or custom commonly called "Barelbearing." For similar leases see D. 1738b (Sept. 29, 1621), D. 1746 (Oct. 6, 1628), with schedules of rates attached. In D. 1632 (Sept. 16, 1585) is a reference to Edward Wagband, of Exeter, "barelberer."

Property of Religious Houses.

In D. 1465a is a paper book showing rents arising from the property in Exeter and the suburbs lately belonging to the religious houses, viz., St. John's Hospital, St. Nicholas Priory, the Nunnery of Polslo, the Abbeys of Ford, Dunkeswell, and Newenham, the Priories of Pilton, Plympton and Launceston and St. John's Hospital at Bridgwater. All this property was purchased for 899l. Is. IId. on April 2, 1545, by John Haydon and Thomas Gibbes (see L. 19, page 20),by whom they were surrendered on March 7, 1546, to Sir John Williams, Knight, Treasurer of Augmentations, and Henry Norryce (or Norres), Esquire (D. 1452, with seals and initials of Harvey and Gibbes), of whom they were purchased by John Blackaller, John Mydwinter, William Hurst, William Buckenham, Thomas Prestwood and John Peryam for 1,460 2s. 3d. on May 20, 1549 (D. 1464, 1465; Misc. Roll 28), from whom they finally passed into the hands of the Corporation on Oct. 7, 1555, see D. 1498, (in which the details are again enumerated); D. 1499 (i.e. a letter-of-attorney from the Chamber to Edmund Wytcumbe and Humphrey Jewne to take over the property from John Blackaller and others); D. 1499a, 1499b (showing the rental); Book 52, f. 171b. Attached to D. 1449 is a slip of parchment showing "the charges of John Wyllams, Wyllam Huste, John Blackaller, Thomas Prestwood, John Mydwynter, Wyllam Bucknam and John Peryham for a write of dedimus postestatem for theyr fealties."

Some Leases.

In D. 1468, May 26, 1550, Alice Heth of Exeter, widow, grants a reversionary lease of a tenement at West Teignmouth near the sea-shore to the south to John Mugge and Joan his wife, with the following note: Item if the said Alice be disposed to come to the said John Mugge's house iiij. tymes in the yere the said John is contentyd to his cost and charges to fend hur mete, drynk and beddyng and as God schall send hym at every tyme a wyke."

In D. 1477, April 24, 1553, is the lease of a meadow called "Cowemarshe" for 90 years or terminable with 3 lives, the survivers paying a heriot or "ffarleve" at each decease with sundry other covenants.

In D. 1523, May 20, 1562, is the lease of a house in Racke Lane in the Parish of St. Mary Major, together with a "bruying mantell" and a well.

The Gaol.

In D. 1500, March 10, 1566, Elizabeth Howell, widow, gives a bond for 50l. to the Chamber for the proper discharge of her duties as keeper of the gaol, which office she has by lease dated Sept. 24, 1547. In D. 1501, 1502, 1503 (same date) three other sureties (male) give bonds for her, each for 50l.

In D. 1721, April 4, 1613, are orders for the establishing, continuance and governance of a house of correction in the city of Exeter ; also in D. 1776, July 10, 1665.

In D. 1761, March 23, 1646, the keepership of the gaol is granted to Gabriel Thomas of Rewe, yeoman.

In L. 480, April 2, 1722, is an order for appointing the Town Clerk Treasurer of the Gaol and Hospital money for 1722.

In 1833a, Aug. 4, 1729, is a table of fees to be taken by the gaolers of Insolvent Debtors at Exeter.

In D. 1838a, Dec. 21, 1741, the Governors of St. John's Hospital grant to the Mayor &c. a lease of two tenements in Paris Street to erect a Bridewell. For a reference to the French prison, see D. 1840 (Feb. 9, 1750).

The Ten Cells.

In D. 1533, April 22, 1554, William Hurst [see Cotton, Guild, 36], as surviving feoffee of John Fulforde, clerk, under a deed dated Oct. 20, 1517, grants to the Mayor &c. the Ten Cells, with 10 gardens adjacent in Prestestrete [i.e. Simon Grendon's almshouses, with seal and signature "by me William Hurst." For Maud Courtenay's gift to these Almshouses, see D. 1241. For Alice Heyth's (see D. 1468, p. 291) gift to them by deed dated May 8, 1556, see Rept. on Char., p. 91.

Duryurd Wood.

In D. 1556, Oct. 2, 1568, is a lease from the Mayor &c. of "a certeine rawde" in their wood of Duryurd for the taking of woodcockes and other byrdes in the same and also the mastage and pannage of the said wood.

In D. 1796, Aug. 11, 1698, the Chamber lets "all mynes of Led, Tyn, Copper or Iron and all mynes of Coale" in Duryard Wood for three lives, the Chamber to have the 5th part of all ores or coal found.

Felon's Goods.

In D. 1595a is the sale to Anthony Floyer [d. Nov. 28, 1608—Worthy, Suburbs, 162] of lands formerly belonging to Charles Floyer, gentleman, which came into the possession of the Mayor &c. "by reason of a felonye by the said Charrelles commytted and done in killinge of one Walter Harris, and whereof he is outlawed and attainted" (see Charter XXVIII). For Floyer Hayes near the Snayl Tower, see Worthy, Suburbs, 161.

The Bonyfield Family

In D. 1645, Sept. 6, 1587, is a lease of a tenement in Southgate Street now in the tenure of Lawrence Bonyfield, endorsed with a memorandum showing the history of the Bonyfield family.

In D. 1727, May 20, 1615, is a note concerning some furniture in a tenement at Southgate.

Licence to beg

In D. 1733, Nov. 25, 1615, is a licence from the Admiralty to Mary, widow of Thomas Parker, mariner, late of West-minster, who was shipwrecked and lost over 500l., to pass through the country unmolested to receive alms and benevolence of kindly disposed persons, with seal and signature of "Chas. Nottiggam" [Charles Howard, Earl of Nottingham, Lord High Admiral].

In D. 1734, May 1, 1616, is a similar licence signed "Charles Nottingham," the latter word having been previously written "Howarde" but altered.

Hele's Hospital.

D. 1777 (Oct, 21, 1669—Rept. on Char., 77). Deed of settlement between the executors of Robert Snowe, clerk, of Exeter, who was executor of Dr. Robert Vilvayne (see page 12) and the Mayor and others of the brewhouse and malthouse in Exilond as Trustees for pious uses, chiefly for Hele's [i.e. the Blue Maids] Hospital (see Izacke, 176; Rept on Char., pp. 77, 85, 86).

In D. 1779, April 22, 1674, is a feoffment from Richard Crossinge and Christofer Clarke, surviving trustees of Hele's Charity, to John Butler, Nicholas Izacke and others, of the property belonging to Hele's Hospital.

In D. 1851, Sept. 22, 1789, is a lease from the Mayor &c. of a piece of ground adjoining the brewhouse with liberty to lay trees in the river for bringing water to the brewhouse &c.

Exeter and Crediton Navigation.

In D. 1856, 1857, April 21, 1819, are surrenders from the Company of Proprietors of the Exeter and Crediton Navigation to the Mayor &c. and to the gavernors of St. John's Hospital.

Proper Names.

The Miscellaneous Deeds contain a large number of reference to place names in Exeter and the suburbs, of which the following specimens may prove of service as a guide to local topography, as in many cases the original documents supply details as to boundaries &c. by means of which the localities may be exactly defined and identified.

(a)Streets, Lanes &c.

Archelane, D.957, 1332.

Le Baly, 869, 975, 1091.

The Barbican (at East Gate), 769a, 787c; the Barbigans, 1592, 1594; a piece of land called the Barbycan with-out Southgate, 1479, 1589, 1681.

Barbicane Lane (in St. Paul's Parish), 1560, 1634.

The Bishop's Gate, 1094, 1128.

The Bocherow, 1361; see Smythenstrete.

The Bolehull, 790, 932; i.e. the site of Wynard's Hospital,see plan in Izacke. Bolehille stret, Bulhilstrete, Bulhylstrete (in St. Mary Major's Parish), 900, 1080, 1372, 1369, 1373, 1444, 1466, 1640.

Britayne, the street or via regia opposite the wall of St. Nicholas Priory, 858, 865, 875, 876, 1059.

La Broadgate, 836, 870, 1403.

Busselane, 760, 1208.

Cakelane, Kaklane, 761, 844, 981; without Eastgate, 1190a; in St. Mary Major's Parish, 1349.

Carfoix, 879, 908, 1186, 1361.

Carternstrete, Carterystrete, 706, 749, 1136.

La Comba, 667.

Combestret, 837a, 961.

The Cookerewe, 1571, 1729.

Correstrete, 794, 850a, 860; in the Parish of St. Stephen, D.134; Oliver, Mon., 303.

The Cornmarket (in St. Olave's Parish), 1774.

Covelegh Bridge, 697, 715, 750.

Cowleybridge Road, 1667.

Cowykstret, 703, 714, 780.

Crolledych, 811.

Culverlond Lane, 1067.

Doddeheghstrete, 613a, 682a, 904—now Bedford Mews; Oliver,Mon., 334.

Few Lane, 1276.

Le Fleshfold, la Fleyscheffolde, near Smithenstreet, 834, 840, 895; see Shambles. For making pentises for the fleisfolde adjoining the Guildhall, see Wright, 315, from Receivers' Accounts, 1387.

Frerenstrete, 786—in vico fratrum minorum, 682a. 738.

Le Fysshefoldegate, 854, 893.

The Gaol, 1045, 1147; gaolo domini regis, 1193, 1256.

Garstonyswey (al. Voxlane), 1099; Garstoneweye, 707a.

Gennestrete, 767, 1035, 1155.

Goldsmithstrete, 1222.

High Street, 607, 620, 634c.

Idle Lane, L. 96.

Langbrokestrete (without Eastagate), 913, 1270; Lange-brok, 634a, 795.

The Littel Stile, 1598.

Lyverdole, Luverdole, Leweredole (without Southgate), 685, 710a, 774, 1007.

Maudeleyn Street, 681, 807, 920.

Northstreet, Northyetstret, 665, 666, 669b, 726, 802.

Pacystrete, Pastrete (next St. John's Hospital), 685, 717a, 850c, 888, 1012.

Pancras Lane, 774a.

Parrysstrete, 1553.

Paulestrete, 624, 747.

Prestonestrete, Prieststreet, Prustestret, Prustonstrete, 159, 668, 763, 971, 1049, 1174, 1514.

La Rigweye, or Ruggewaye, 766a, 883a, 990, 1007.

St. Mary Lane (near Westgate), 719, 1808.

St. Martin Street, 625.

St. Nicholas Ditch, 680.

Serells Lane, 1553.

The Shambles (with entrance in St. Mary Arches), 1261, 1440; Old Shambells, 1615; the Shamells—Wright, 319, from Receivers' Accts., 1594.

Shetebrokstrete, Shitbroke Street, 765a, 776a, Seytebrocstrete, Sitabrokstrete, 683, 690; Scheotebrokstrete, 748; Schitebrokestrete, 707a, 788.

Shitebroke, Sytebroke, Schytebrok, 630, 661a, 765, 785, 812; Shetbroke, 1498; Schutebrok, 689.

Le Smalle lane, 802.

Smythenstrete (alias le Bocherew), 604, 618, 668, 685, 1422, 1423; at the back of the Shambles, 1770.

Snayletour, 865, 1166.

South Street, Southyetstret, 603, 634a, 657, 661e, 687, 897, 955.

Stonylane, 1028.

Styppecotehyll, 675.

Tythestrete, Tygherstrete, 806, 1241a.

Le Vyntery, 1272.

Waterberestret, 648, 697, 774a, 802.

Wethypytlane, 1467.

Wyggamoreslane, 1099.

The Yarmmarket (or Wool and Yarnmarket, 1683), a house in Cookerewe adjoining the house of the Vicars Choral, 1571, 1729.

Houses, Tenements &c.

Barrowhill (a tenement), 1669.

Le Barton of Polleslowe, 1720.

Le Bertynhouse, le Bertynplace, or the Halle House of Duryurd, 1378.

The Bulle (a hospice), 1525.

La Cage (a house), 634, 760, 782, 798; la Coghe, 688.

The Choristers' House (in South Street), 771, 1080, 1139, Misc. Rolls, 63.

Communes latrinas (A.D. 1467), 1251.

The Cornishe Choughe (a place), 1590.

La Crofte, 707a, 951a

La Dupeseler, 932.

Le Egle (in High Street), 1286, 1318, 1401.

La Five selers, 1254.

The George (a tenement), 1436.

Heghhalle, 951.

Helle, 687, 710.

Holehere, 733, 753.

Holmes (a messuage), 1670.

The Inne at Beare (in South Street), 1466.

The King's Arms (inn) in High Street, 1804.

Turlox (a tenement), 1513.

The White Horse (a tenement), in St. Paul's, 1579, 1583.

Wells, Springs &c.

Cakewylle, 981, 308.

Crockernswylle, 1034.

Duryurd well, 1604.

Felwill, 1119; Fellewill (next Tadyforde), 845, 852; Velhwille, 850; in parco de Fellwell, 880.

La Hevedwill, 761, 1028.

Orwelle, 1092.

Pacyeswill, 851.

Le Town Will (fons villoe),1124.

Wellewylle (without Northgte), 759, 795.

Ywyll (beyond Eastgate), 1058.

Closes, Gardens, Hayes, Lands, Parks, &c.

Asschelande, 710a

Averaislond, Avereyslond (a cultura without the East Gate), 776a, 804a, 927a, 928.

Beldamehey, 748.

Boghaye, 1010.

Broadparks (in Exweek), 1656.

Chaldefeldehay (a park), 947c

Chaldewellehay (land and garden), 748.

Challefelde, Chaldefeld (without Eastgate), 789a, 806a

Chambernonsmershe, 1361.

Clapermersshe, 1241.

Cockworthy (a close), 1552, 1641.

Colehay, 1278.

Colemanneshei, 634a

Colleywood (in Exiland), 1690b.

Collynsmarsh, 1614.

Cowemarshe (in Duryurd, near Cowley Bridge), 1477, 1628.

Crykelepythaye, 860.

Culverhay (a close), 1467.

Culverpark (without Eastgate), 1135, 1242.

Duryard, Duryerde, 680, 707.

Le Estarcumbe, Starecumbe, Starcombe (a meadow in Duryurd),759, 797, 1242,1386, 1417.

Foghaye, 1388; or Voggeheyes (a meadow in Duryurd), 847, 1388.

Frerynhay (in the parish of All Saints), 1427; (next the Snayle Tower), 1511, 1518.

Furzepark, 1433.

Gooseford (a close), 1450, 1456.

Garlikparke, 1242.

Heghys atter Esche, or att Esche in the manor of Heghys, 1092, 1109.

Holmismede, 1242.

La Langacre, 749, 757.

La Langeland (a cultura, without Eastgate), 676, 766a, 773a, 779a, 788a, 769a.

Langeparke and Marsh (in Duryurd), 1388.

Marepolhed, 1574.

Maudeleynhaye, 787, 1007.

Milislond, 776a.

La More, 776a.

Morkeshillyshaye (without Eastgate), 769.

The Mylhay, 1432, 1457.

North Duryurd Downe, 1390.

Northynghay, 1068.

Paradys (a garden), 1084, 1119c, 1127.

Pastellys Downe, 1475.

Pitacre (a close), 1213.

La Rededowne, 683.

St. Leonard's Down, 1830.

Le Schortelond (without Eastgate),776a,b.

Serlesheye, 683.

Southynghaie, 678, 784, 843, 963.

Stouteshills (in Exweek), 1658.

Tadieford, 686, 697, 796.

Weare mead (a close next Calabear Wear), 1586.

Wiggamore, Wigmore, 883a, 1069.

Withybedd Medowe (in St. Sidwells), 1476, 1574.

La Woodehaye, 872, 950, 1056, 1175.

Wylpark (a close in Exwick), 1603, 1677.

Wysdomshay, 704, 753c.

Women's Names.

The Miscellaneous Deeds contain a large number of women's names, of which the following are specimens:—

Acelina, Ascelin, 150, 612.

Agatha, 684, 747.

Amice, 663, 706, 816.

Aumeye, Misc. Rolls, 56.

Aveline, 682.

Avice, 686.

Blandeva, 1050.

Cecilia, 669b.

Clarice, 712, 759, 836.

Cristyan, 1495.

Dewnys, 1450 ; Dionysia, 658, 670, 682e,f, 730.

Edevia, 661a.

Elisoba, 1097, 1152a.

Emmoba, 728, 1038.

Felicia, 663, 958.

Gesiana, 1047.

Gilda, 625, 789.

Giliana, 621.

Gonilda, 797.

Hawisia, 729.

Helewisa, 744, 925.

Heleynora, 736.

Lyvena, 618a.

Mariata, 670, 671a.

Martyne, 1435.

Mawyte, Mawde, 1450, 1451.

Maysanda, Maisanta, 724, 1071, 1190a.

Miralda, 908, 912, 997.

Nicolaa, Nycoll, 915, 1480.

Parva Rosa, 819a.

Paschasia, 1406.

Pauline, 658.

Philpota, 1593.

Rawlyn, 1627.

Ricarda, Richawde, 930, 1387, 1520.

Sabina, 806b.

Savra, 726.

Sibylla, 621.

Sonotta, 726, 784.

Thomasia, Thomasyn, 937a, 1474.

Urith, 1595, 1631.

Willa, Willelma, 1033, 1068c, 1327.

Yllaria, 783.

Ysolda, 709, 940.

Trades and Occupations.

The following trades and occupations are mentioned in the Miscellaneous Deeds :

Barboure, 1207, 1008.

Barelbearer, 1632, 1731.

Basketmaker, 1659.

Bellmaker, 1215.

Berebruer, 1378.

Bocher, 941, 1154.

Brasyer, 1669.

Bruer, 1483.

Candeler, 892.

Capper, 1349, 1452.

Carpenter, 721.

Caryer, 1417.

Clerk, 668.

Clothworker, 1167.

Cobbler, 734; Soutere, 822.

Comber, L. 325.

Copiner, 747.

Cordwainer, Cordoner, 739, 788, 1264.

Cotiler, Cutler, 663a, 828, 1432a.

Deyher, 1085; Tinctor, 762, 660.

Dowere, 793.

Espycer, 754, 763, 800.

Felterer, Felter, 668, 1709.

Feltmaker, 1668.

Ferour, 911, 938; Verour, 700, 775.

Fisherman, 1232; Vyssher, 762, 831.

Flaccher, 1480.

Fourbour, 804a, 857a.

Glasyer, 1325.

Glover, 836.

Goldsmith, 1403.

Gurdeler, 834.

Gyngerer, 1216.

Haberdasher, 1683.

Hatmaker, 1400.

Harpour, 623.

Helyere, 683, 713, 734; Coopertor, 640, 732.

Heyr, 708.

Hopere, 664, 670, 658.

Hosier, 743, 1444.

Husbandman, 1515, 1617.

Kalende Fratres, 655.

Ledyntere, 762.

Marchal, 842, 907.

Masyhoun, 771, 832.

Molendinarius, 624.

Panter, 1046.

Parcheminer, 910; Parcaminator, 752, 789.

Pavyer, 1515.

Perour, 722, 741, 756.

Pistor, 665.

Plumbur, 692, 705, 1677.

Potecary, 1270; Apothecarius, 768.

Poynnur, 682.

Roper, 794.

Saddler, 1057.

Saugere, 634, 680.

Scherer, 753d, 887.

Sergemaker, 1827.

Sewer, 791.

Skinner, 836a, 1120.

Smith, 1156, 1219.

Soper, 1106.

Taillour, 705.

Tanour, 632, 719, 787a.

Taverner, 663, 895.

Teler, 666.

Towker, Tooker, Tucker, 1106, 1519, 1685, 1712.

Tynner, 1347.

Vychelere, 623; Vytler, 1615.

Wayte, 743a, 743b.

Webbe, 806 ; Webster, 1222.

Seals

There is also a valuable collection of seals, of which the following may be taken as samples :—

Edward I, 137.

Edward VI, 1471.

Protector Somerset, 1460.

Elizabeth, 1649.

Commonwealth, 501.

Edmund Earl of Cornwall, 698.

The Exchequer (1495), 234.

The Staple of Westminster (1437), 1161.

Baldwin, Archbishop of Canterbury, 226.

Wareham (do. do.), 1413.

Battle Abbey, 590.

Canonsleigh Priory, 718

Cowick Priory, 847.

Exeter

Archdeacon of, 1273.

Bishop Bartholomew (1161–1184), 226.

Bishop John (1185–1191), 229.

Bishop Grandison, 233.

Bishop Oldham, 1353, 1380.

Bishop Osbern (1073), 148.

Bishop Quivil, 696.

Bishop William Warelwast, 222.

Chapter of, 223, 591, 598, 695, 696, 1353, 1397.

Exeter City, 349, 719, 722, 753, 829, 848, 872, 885, 904, 929, 961, 1116, 1129, 1189, 1233, 1234, 1237, 1255 [see Oliver, p. 224].

Exebridge, 671, 675, 705, 779.

Grey Friars, 801, 968.

Mayoralty, 142, 261, 349, 762, 802, 805, 871, 912.

Merchant Adventurers, 1687.

Polslo Priory, 682b.

St. James' Priory, 771.

St. John's Hospital, 139, 141.

St. Nicholas Priory, 161, 179, 206, 217, 221.

Staple of, 251, 259.

Vicars Choral, 1782.

Bonvile, William, 979.

Shillingford, John, 573, 575, 579.

Wynard, William, 577, 578.

Footnotes

1 * Bollegha. i.e. Bolhay, Bolegh, Bollet. Oliver, Mon., 49, 59, 60. Called Bolleys in Le Neve, 1, 402
2 * i.e. the Priory of Thelesford near Charlcote in Warwickshire.
3 * Appointed October 2, 1481. Dugd., Mon., vi., 151.