mclxxxvij Orta est in hoc anno magna werra inter Philippum
cognomine Deo datum Regem Francie filium
Ludovici et Henricum Regem Anglie, talis
werra quidem congregatis ex utraque parte
totis viribus, dum ad dimicandum venitur,
Standardum in medio elevatur sed jubente
Deo et miserante tanti sanguinis effusionem
predicti duo Reges . . .
Obiit Urbanus papa in die Sancti Luce Evangeliste
et subrogatus est Gregorius vi [octavus?] qui
Gregorius viij dies ante natale domini obiit cui
Eodem anno Baldwinus archiepiscopus Cantuariensis
visitans ecclesias totius archiepiscopatus
sui ex officio sue legationis venit Cestriam in
die Sancti Johannis Baptiste in feria quarta et
fuit in Abbatia Sancte Werburge usque ad
Sabbatum ubi plurimis negotiis peractis in
Sabbato post nonam (fn. 1) a Cestra recessit.
Item kal. Maii venerunt Saraceni in Sanctam
terram Jerusalem primo et occidunt magistrum
Templi nomine [Theodoricum] cum ducentibus
militibus et Mille peditibus deinde infra octavas
Apostolorum Petri et Pauli, id est, vij id. Julii
venit Saladinus cum manu forti in terram
Sanctam Jerusalem et omnia castella preter
quatuor cepit, totamque terram vastavit . . . . S.
et Sancta Crux capta est et asportata. Rex
quoque nomine Galfridus [Guido?] cum quibusdam
aliis captivis abductus est, occisis fere
omnibus aliis Christianis qui illa bella interfuerunt,
inter quos Comes Ebroensis nomine
Simon vulneratus interiit et Hugo de Bello
Campo coram Sancta Cruce occidit, et Roger
de Munbrai cum rege captivatus: deinde in
translatione Sancti Martini (fn. 2) Sancta Civitas
Jerusalem capta est. Quibus auditis Christiani
per universum mundum tam pauperes quam
divites crucem domini assumpserunt et inter
alios Ricardus filius Henrici II. Regis Anglie
et c[..]c[..] (fn. 3) heres ejus crucem Domini assumpsit
cum aliis multis.
1187In this year a great war began between Philip
[Augustus] surnamed Dieu donné, king of France,
son of Louis [VII.], and Henry, king of England;
such a war, indeed, as that when the whole forces of
each side were assembled together for the purpose of
fighting, the standard is raised in the midst, but
by the will of God, who looked with compassion on
the effusion of so much blood, the two kings aforesaid
[effected a truce].
Pope Urban [III.] died on S. Luke the Evangelist's
day [October 18], and in his place Gregory VIII. was
elected, who died eight days before Christmas day,
and Clement [III.] succeeded him.
In the same year Baldwin, archbishop of Canterbury,
in the course of his official visitation as legate, of the
churches of the whole of his archbishopric, came to
Chester on S. John the Baptist's day [Wednesday,
July 1], and was at the abbey of S. Werburg until
Saturday, when, after transacting very much business,
he departed from Chester on Saturday afternoon.
Also on May 1 the Saracens invaded the kingdom of
Jerusalem in the Holy Land, and in the first battle
killed the grand master of the Temple [Theodoric]
by name, and two hundred horsemen and a thousand
infantry. Afterwards, within the octave of the
Apostles Peter and Paul, that is to say on July 9, came
Saladin with a strong force into the Holy Land of
Jerusalem and captured all the fortresses except four,
and laid waste the whole territory. And the Holy
Cross was also captured and carried away. The king
also, Gui [of Lusignan] with certain others was carried
away captive, and almost all the other Christians who
were present at those battles were killed; among
whom Simon, count of Evreux, died after having been
wounded. Hugh de Beauchamp was killed in the
presence of the Holy Cross, and Roger de Mowbray
was taken prisoner with the king. Afterwards on
the feast of the Translation of S. Martin [July 4] the
Holy city of Jerusalem was captured. When these
events became known the christians throughout the
whole world, rich and poor, assumed the Cross of the
Lord. Among others, Richard, son and heir of king
Henry II. of England, assumed the Cross of the
Lord with many others.
mclxxxviijDominus noster Ihesus Christus visibiliter in
crucis triumpho apparuit in aere hora xij diei
usque ad noctem videntibus omnibus in Dunestapel
et per centum infinitis poplorum milibus.
Stella quoque, mire claritatis ultra crucem ad
verticem paulatim in celum precedendo cum
cruce et yconio domini aere. (fn. 4)
Philippus Rex Francie et Henricus II. rex Anglie
et Philippus Comes Flandrie et multi alii
comites Francie, archiepiscopus quoque Rotomagensis
Walterus de Constantiis cum aliis
episcopis quibusdam et aliis innumeris tam
clericis quam laicis assumpserē crucem domini
inter Gisors et Trie in die S. Angnetis feria
quinta cohortante eos ad hoc archiepiscopo de
Tyr qui ibi presens erat et ob hoc de sancta
terra ierusalem venerat. Quibus actis rex
Francie Philippus et Rex Anglie Henricus II.
in firma pace confederati sunt, sicque rex
anglie Henricus II. in anglia rediens post
purificationem Beate Marie omnes primates
totius Anglie et archiepiscopum Cantuariensem
Baldwinus et omnes episcopos et abbates,
aliosque primates regni sui apud Gaertune
venire fecit. Quibus voluntate sua exposita,
Baldwinus archiepiscopus Cantuariensis apud
Briexcoc et Johannes episcopus Norwicensis
crucem Domini assumpsere.
1188 Our Lord Jesus Christ in the triumph of the Cross
appeared visibly in the air, from the twelfth hour of
the day even until night, and was seen by all in
Dunstable, and by an infinite number of people for a
hundred miles round. There was also a star of
wonderful brightness beyond the cross gradually preceding
it to the highest point of the heavens, followed
by the cross and the image of the Lord in the air.
Philip, king of France, and Henry II., king of England,
and Philip, count of Flanders, and many other counts
of France, and Walter de Coutances, archbishop of
Rouen, with certain other bishops and innumerable
other persons, as well clergy as laity, assumed the
Cross, between Gisors and Trie, on Thursday the
feast of S. Agnes [January 21] at the exhortation of
the archbishop of Tyre who was present there, and
had come for this purpose from the Holy Land
of Jerusalem. And when this was done, Philip,
the king of France, and Henry, king of England,
became allied together in a firm peace; and thus
Henry, king of England, having returned to England
after the feast of the Purification of the Blessed
Virgin Mary [February 2] called together all the
chief persons of the whole of England including
Baldwin, archbishop of Canterbury, and all the
bishops and abbots, and other chief men of his
kingdom at Geddington [in Northamptonshire].
And after he had explained his wishes to them,
Baldwin, archbishop of Canterbury, and John [of
Oxford], bishop of Norwich, assumed the Cross of
the Lord at Bristol.
mclxxxviij Item anno revoluto Rannulphus comes cestrie
factus est miles ab Henrico rege Anglie in die
circumcisionis domini apud [Cadomum]. (fn. 5) Cuietiam
dedit Henricus rex anglie in uxorem relictam
v K1. Cui (fn. 6) comitissam britannie filia
Alani Comitis britannie nomine Constancia et
toto comittatu de Richemund quam ipse comes
Cestrie Rannulphus desponsavit in die Sancte
Werburge virginis, id est, tertia nonas Februarii
apud . . . . .
1188 In the course of the same year Randle [Blundeville],
earl of Chester, was knighted by Henry, king of
England, on the feast of the Circumcision of our Lord
[January 1, 1189 N. S.] at [Caen]. To whom also
Henry, king of England, gave as a wife the countess
of Brittany, widow of his son Geoffry, and daughter
of Alan [Conan], count of Brittany, Constance by name,
with all the county of Richmond; the said Randle,
earl of Chester, married her on the feast of S. Werburg
the Virgin, that is, February 3.
mclxxxix Obiit Henricus rex anglie filius Matildis imperatricis
infra octavas Apostolorum Petri et Pauli.
Occisio iudæorum per totam angliam.
(fn. 7) non. Septembris coronatus est Ricardus
rex anglie filius Henrici regis.
Mocio imperatoris alemanie apud ierusalem.
Eodem anno in quadragesima ante Pascham
Ricardus anglie cum archiepiscopo Baldwino et
multis aliis transfretanis ierosolimam profecturus
una cum Philippo rege Francie.
Imperator Constantĩ captus est ab imperatore
alemanie. (fn. 8)
Rex Sicilie obiit.
1189 Henry, king of England, son of the empress Maud, died
on the octave of the Apostles Peter and Paul [July 6].
A great slaughter of the Jews throughout England.
Also on September 3 (?) Richard, son of king Henry,
was crowned king of England.
The start of the emperor of Germany [Frederic I.]
In the same year [1190 N. S.] in Lent, before Easter,
Richard, king of England, with archbishop Baldwin
and many others from beyond the seas, set out for
Jerusalem, together with Philip, king of France.
The emperor of Constantinople was defeated by the
emperor of Germany.
[William II.] king of Sicily died.
mcxcj Rex Francie reversus est de civitate Acres in
terram suam Rex vero anglie dux totius exercitus
Christi adhesit peregrinationi sue.
1191 The king of France returned from the city of Acre
into his own country; but the king of England, the leader
of the whole army of Christ, remained faithful
to the object of his expedition.
mcxcij Rex anglie Ricardus audito rumore quod Rex
Francie terram suam vastasset et castella sua
preoccupaverat in Normannia cum Saladino et
turcis triennio pacem fecit, et ita redire cepit
cum paucis, id est, sex cum hominibus ut dicunt.
Sed cum in terram ducis Austrie devenisset
deprehensus quod rex Anglie esset captus a duce
Austrie imperatori alemanie traditus et vinculatus
diu detentus est.
1192 Richard, king of England, when he had heard a report
that the king of France had devastated his territory,
and had seized upon his castles in Normandy, made
a three years' truce with Saladin and the Turks, and
then undertook to return with very few followers-
only six as they say. But when he had arrived in
the territory of the duke of Austria, having been
detected to be the king of England, and having been
made prisoner by the duke of Austria, he was handed
over to the emperor of Germany, and was detained
in chains for a long time.
mcxciij Ricardus Rex Anglie multis marcarum milibus
promissis vinculis exemptus est, non cum libertate
donatus. Ad cujus redempcionem lana monachorum
et canonicorum per totam Angliam data est
necnon quarta pars redditus aliorum. Sed cum hoc
non sufficeret decretum est ut episcoporum et
abbatum anuli, vasa aurea et argenta calices
quoque ubique per Angliam ob regis liberationem
tribuerentur. Decrustata sunt et feretra necnon et
cruces et philacteria (fn. 9) et coadjuncta est pecunia.
1193 On the promise of many thousand marks, Richard, king
of England, was freed from his chains, but was not
set at liberty. For whose ransom there was given the
wool of the monks and canons throughout England,
and also a fourth part of the income of other persons.
But as this was not sufficient it was ordered that the
rings of the bishops and abbots, and the golden
vessels and silver cups wheresoever they could be
found should be given up for the liberation of the
king. The shrines were also stripped and the
crosses and reliquaries, and so the money was got
mcxciiij Rex Ricardus ab imperatore dimissus sed potius
centum sexaginta milibus marcarum redemptus
est, relictis quibusdam obsidibus in Anglia rediit
infra quadraginta dies die Veneris ante dominicam
ramis palmarum apud Notingham venit. Eadem
die . . . . . . . . . . insultum fecit acerrimum, die
lune proxima reddiderunt castellum qui illud defenderant
in manu regis se ponentes et rex ipse
paschalem solempnizavit celebritatem, consilio
autem instituto cum Huberto archiepiscopo Cantuariensi
et Galfrido archiepiscopo Eboracensi et
cancellario ejus episcopo Gulielmo Elensi, et
Hugoni episcopo Dunelmensi, et rege Scotie et
comitibus anglie et baronibus apud Wintoniam
profectus est, ibique collecta regni nobilitate
dominica in albis gloriose coronatus est. Reliquit
apud Notingham Willelmum de Bruiare (fn. 10) ad
custodiendum comitatus Notingham et Derby.
1194 King Richard was set free by the emperor, or rather
was ransomed for a hundred and sixty thousand
marks, and having left certain hostages returned to
England in Lent, and came to Nottingham on the
Wednesday before Palm Sunday [April 1]. On the
same day he made a very sharp attack [on the
castle]. On the Monday following, those who had
defended the castle [of Nottingham against the king]
surrendered it, and placed themselves in the king's
power. And the king himself kept Easter with much
solemnity. And after a council was held, in company
with Hubert, archbishop of Canterbury, and
Geoffry, archbishop of York, and his [the king's]
chancellor W[illiam Longchamp], bishop of Ely, and
H[ugh de Puiset], bishop of Durham, and the king of
Scotland, and the earls and barons of England, he
set out for Winchester, and there the nobility of the
kingdom being collected together, he was gloriously
crowned on the Sunday after Easter [April 17]. He
left at Nottingham William Brewer in charge of the
counties of Nottingham and Derby.
mcxciiij Confirmatus est abbas Galfridus in abbatia de Cestra
disceptans et litigans coram archiepiscopo
Huberto Cantuariensi contra Robertum de
Hastinges quondam abbatem Cestrie tandem
patrocinante Sancta Werburga et glorioso Comite
Cestrensi Rannulpho Galfridus optinuit dignitatem
suam reddendo annuatim supradicto Roberto de
Hastinges xx marcas duobus terminis et sic
1194 The abbot Geoffry was confirmed in the abbey of
Chester after much dispute and litigation with Robert de
Hastings the former abbot, before Hubert, archbishop
of Canterbury; at last, by the assistance of
S. Werburg, and of the glorious earl Randle, of
Chester, Geoffry obtained his dignity on the terms of
paying an annual pension to the above-mentioned
Robert de Hastings of xx marks by two half-
yearly payments; and so peace was made between
mcxcv Fames maxima per totam Angliam ita ut summa
bladi x solidis venderetur.
1195 A very great famine throughout all England, so that a
load [or seam] of corn was sold for ten shillings.
mcxcvj Obsidio exercitus Regis et archiepiscopi circa Polam
(fn. 11) ad festum exaltationis Sancte Crucis, cum reddiderunt
polam et castellum domino Regi. Idemque
non post longum tempus a Walensibus captum
1196 Siege of Welshpool by the army of the king and the
archbishop [of Canterbury] on the feast of the
Exaltation of the Cross [September 14] when [the
besieged] surrendered Welshpool and the castle [of
Powis] to our lord the king. The same, not long
after, was re-captured by the Welsh.
mcxcvij Obiit Hugo Nonant episcopus Lichfeldensis.
1197 Hugh Nonant, bishop of Lichfield, died.
mcxcviij Infinitus numerus Walensium ut dicunt ad quatuor
milia ije idus Augusti a Francis (fn. 12) apud castellum
Paui occisi sunt multi nobiles totius Norwallie
et precipue homines Lewelini interempti sunt
omninoque dispersi et obsessum est castellum
Moald et captum in die epiphanie domini a
Consecratus est Galfridus de Muschamp in episcopatum.
1198 A great number of Welshmen, amounting in the whole
as they say to four thousand, were slain by the
French at Powis castle. Many of the nobles of the
whole of North Wales were killed, and especially the
men of Llewelin were killed and altogether dispersed,
and the castle of Mold was besieged and
captured from Llewelin on the day of the Epiphany
of Our Lord [January 6, 1199 N. S.].
Geoffry de Muschamp was consecrated to the see [of
mcxcix Obiit Ricardus Rex Anglie sagitta ictus cui successit
Johannes sine terra coronatus est apud
1199 Richard, king of England, died, having been struck by
an arrow. John Lackland succeeded him, and was
crowned at London.
mcc Talagium Rex Johannes misit per omnes carucates
terre totius anglie duo denaria propriis carucatis. (fn. 13)
Rannulphus comes Cestrie desponsavit uxorem filiam
Radulphi de Feugis, nomine Clementiam, relicta
comitissa Britannie, nomine Constancia.
W. de Waren meunch (fn. 14) fil Regis occiditur.
1200 King John levied a tallage upon all carucates of land
throughout all England. Two pence for each carucate.
Randle, earl of Chester, having left the countess of
Brittany, Constance by name, married the daughter
of Ralph de Feugeres, Clementia by name.
W. de Warren, the mother of the king's son [Richard]
mccj Rex et regina simul coronantur in Pasca Cantuaria.
1201 The king and queen are crowned together at Canterbury
mccij Rex Anglie Johannes cepit Arthurum nepotem suum
et Hugo Brun et multos alios hostes suos apud
castellum de Mirabel, et Fulco filius Warini de
mari fugatus apud abbatiam de Stanleye vix
evadere potuit cum paucis ibi regalibus obsessus
et post per archiepiscopum Hubertum et clero
multo abductus est et secum in curia sua moratus.
Post apud regem Francie clam cum armis multis
1202 John, king of England, took prince Arthur, his nephew,
and Hugh le Brun, and many others of his enemies
at the castle of Mirabeau; and Fulk Fitz Warin
having fled by way of the sea to the abbey of Stanley,
was hardly able to escape with a few followers thither,
and being besieged by the king's forces, afterwards
he was carried away by archbishop Hubert, with
many of the clergy, and was kept by him some time
in his court. Afterwards, with many armed men, he
set out privately to join the king of France.
mcciij Rex Johannes terra et castella multa trans mare perdidit.
1203 King John lost much land and many castles beyond
mcciiij Due lune plene vise sunt in celo claro, adhuc jam
die post vesperas.
Rex Johannes filiam suam Nocham Lewelino principi
Wallie dedit et cum ea castellum de Hellesmer.
Item Rex Johannes nobili et maximo congregato
exercitu apud Portesmue mare intravit sed cito
rediit exercitum dimisit et ad sua quisque rediit.
Hoc anno celebratum est concilium la [Arelatense].
1204 Two full moons were seen in a clear sky after vespers,
but whilst it was still daylight.
King John gave his daughter, Joan, to Llewelin, prince
of Wales, and with her the castle of Ellesmere.
Also king John, having assembled a noble and very
large army at Portsmouth, put to sea, but soon
returned, and dismissed his army, and every one
returned to his own home.
In this year the council of Arles was held.
mccv Hubertus Archiepiscopus Doroberniam obiit iiij idus
1205 Archbishop Hubert died at Dover [Teynham], July 12.
mccvij Kal. octobris natus est Henricus filius Johannis
1207 On the first of October, Henry, son of king John, was
mccviij Interdictum cepit in Anglia.
Nonis octobris obiit Gaufridus de Muschamp presul
Item Ricardus filius Regis natus.
Item Hugo abbatis cestrie electio. (fn. 15)
1208 The interdict began in England.
Geoffry de Muschamp, bishop of Chester, died October 7.
Also Richard, son of the king, was born.
Also the election [took place] of Hugh [Grylle] as
[8th] abbot of Chester.
mccix Rome Othoni datus honor imperialis.
1209 The imperial crown was conferred on Otho [IV.] at
mccx Johannes Rex Anglie cum navigio transfretavit in
Hiberniam et castellum Cracfergus fuit ei redditum
et plures Hyberniensum fecerunt ei homagium.
1210 John, king of England, crossed the sea into Ireland
with a fleet, and the castle of Carrickfergus was
surrendered to him, and a great number of the Irish
did homage to him.
mccxi Johannes rex Anglie cum exercitu in Nivenia[m]
(fn. 16) montem ascendit et ibi venit Lewelinus princeps
Wallie ad pacem ejus.
1211 John, king of England, with his army, ascended into the
mountain region of Snowdonia, and there Llewelin,
prince of Wales, made submission to him.
mccxij Londonia combusta est et multi igne extincti.
1212 London was burned down, and many persons were
destroyed by the fire.
mccxiij Johannes Rex Anglie fecit homagium domino pape,
solvens ei singulis annis mille marcas argenti.
1213 John, king of England, did homage to our lord the
pope, agreeing to pay every year a thousand marks
mccxiiij Cessavit interdictum anglie et ceperunt celebrari
divina infra octavas apostolorum Petri et Pauli.
1214 The interdict ceased in England, and [men] began to
celebrate divine service within the octave of the
apostles Peter and Paul [June 29-July 6].