Index

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Institute of Historical Research

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Author

Richard Copley Christie (editor)

Year published

1887

Pages

135-152

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'Index', Annales Cestrienses: Chronicle of the Abbey of S. Werburg, at Chester (1887), pp. 135-152. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=67185 Date accessed: 27 August 2014.


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A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.K.L.M.N.O.P.Q.R.S.T.U.V.W.Y.Z.

NOTE.-This Index does not contain references to the Introduction, nor to the authorities cited in the notes.

A.

ABERCONWAY, 64

Abergele, 64

Abingdon
-, Nicolas prior of, elected abbot of Burton, 34
-, Alfred, prior of Rochester, elected abbot of, ib.

Adam, see Asaph, S., bishops of

Africanus, 6

Agatha, S., martyrdom of, 6

Agnes, S., martyrdom of, 6

Aigueblanche, Pierre de, see Hereford, bishops of

Aix-la-Chapelle, 74

Alan, prior of Christ Church, Canterbury, with the whole convent, refuses to allow the election of archbishop Baldwin, 30

Alban, S., martyrdom of, 6

Albemarle, William earl of, accompanies Henry III. and his army into Wales, 64

Aldeford
-, Robert de, death of, 32
-, his land and daughter given to Robert Pipard, ib.

Aldon, brother William, the cellarer, death of, 82

Alexander II., king of Scotland, knights John le Scot, 54 Alexander III
-, pope, holds council at Rome, 26
-, death of, 28 Alexander IV
-, succeeds Innocent IV. as pope, 70
-, death of, 78

Alfonso IV., king of Castile, 81 Alfonso prince, son of Edward I., death of, 114

Alfred, king of England, establishes schools at Oxford, 12

Alvestone, castle of, taken and destroyed, 88

Anagni, 62

Andover, 60

Andrew of London, see Winchester, bishops of

Anglesea
-, capture of by Edward I., 104
-, sixteen knights drowned at the bridge of boats between Snowdonia and, 110
-, Madoc ap Meredith makes war in, 118
-, taken by the king, ib.

Ansbert, S., see Rouen, arch bishops of

Anselm, S., see Canterbury, archbishops of

Aquila, 2

Aquitaine subjugated by Charles, count of Valois, 116

Arator the subdeacon, 8

Arles, council of, 48

Arneway
-, John, death of, 106
-, gives of his goods to church of S. Werburg, ib.

Arnulf of Flanders, kills William, duke of Normandy, 14

Arthur, prince, son of Geoffry, duke of Brittany, captured by king John, 46

Arundel, William de Albini, third earl of, 79 Arundel Hugh de Albini, fifth earl of, 79

Asaph, S., bishops of:- Adam, death of, 28 John, consecrated, 28 Reiner, canon of Haghmon, elected, 34

Astbury
-, advowson of church of, unfairly obtained by Roger de Venables, 76
-, regained by the abbot of S. Werburg, 78

Athelstane, king, crowned, 12

Audley, James de, see Chester, justciaries of Audley William de, drowned, 110

Augustine, S., of Hippo, 6, 8 Augustine apostle of the English, see Canterbury, archbishops of

Aurelius Antoninus, Marcus, emperor, Britons converted to Christianity in his reign, 4

Austria, duke of, makes Richard I. prisoner, 42

Avranches, 16

B.

BADLESMERE, Gonselin de, see Chester, justiciaries of

Baldert, bridge of, a multitude of Welshmen slain at, 24

Baldwin, see Canterbury, archbishops of

Baliol
-, John, begins war in Scotland, 118
-, captured and taken to London, 120

Barfleur, William son of Henry I., Richard earl of Chester, and others drowned at, 18

Barons of England
-, dissensions between Henry III. and, 82
-, imprison and expel the foreigners, ib.
-, lose castles, 84, 86
-, repulse W. la Zouche from Stafford, 86
-, several nobles of their party captured, 88
-, win the battle of Lewes, ib.
-, great slaughter of, at Chesterfield, 96
-, Henry III. makes peace with, 98

Bartholomew, see Exeter, bishops of

Basilissa, S., martyrdom of, 6

Basingwerk
-, foundation of the abbey of, 22
-, is fortified, ib.

Basset, Fulke, see London, bishops of Basset Ralph, overthrown with others at Evesham, 94

Béarn, Gaston de, released by Henry III., 80

Beauchamp, Hugh de, is killed, 36

Beaumaris, castle of, Edward I. begins to build, 118

Bec, abbey of, 16

Beck, Anthony, see Durham, bishops of

Becket, Thomas à, see Canterbury, archbishops of

Bede, the venerable, 10

Bedford, castle of, captured, 52

Beatrice, daughter of Henry III., marries John, duke of Brittany, 78

Beeston castle
-, building of, 53, 54
-, seized in the name of prince Edward, 94
-, H. de Bohun and others imprisoned at, ib.
-, prince Edward at, ib.

Benedict, the blessed, 8

Benedictines, the abbots of the order of, assemble at Oxford, 50

Bertrada
-, daughter of count of Evreux, marries Hugh Kyveliok, 24
-, death of, 54

Berwick, town of, captured, 120

Bethlehem, 2

Bishopsbridge, Roger of, see York, archbishops of

Blood, a great fall of, in Cheshire, 66

Blundeville, Randle, see Chester, earls of

Bobbio, abbey of, founded, 8

Bordeaux subjugated by Charles, count of Valois, 116

Bosbury, 84

Bog lane, Chester, houses pulled down in, 88

Bohun, Humphrey de, captured at Evesham and imprisoned, 94

Bolsover, castle of, taken, 88

Bolton, Thomas de, see Chester, justiciaries of

Boniface, see Canterbury, archbishops of

Braose
-, William de, captured by Llewelin, 54
-, is charged by Llewelin with adultery and hanged, 56

Breauté, Falkes de, castle of Bedford captured from, 52

Bretton, manor of, 76

Brewer, William, left in charge of the counties of Nottingham and Derby, 44

Breys, land of, burned by the Welsh, 84

Brienne, John de, king of Jerusalem, comes to England for aid, 52

Brittany
-, Geoffry count of, son of Henry II., death of, 34
-, his widow marries Randle, earl of Chester, 40
-, his son captured by king John, 46 Brittany Conan, count of, 40 Brittany John, son of John duke of, marries Beatrice, daughter of Henry III., 78

Bromborough, manor house of, burned down, 114

Bromfield
-, castle of, burned down, 20
-, taken by Hugh, earl of Chester, 26

Bromscombe, Walter, see Exeter, bishops of

Bruera, advowson of church of, 76

Brun, Hugh le, captured by king John, 46

Builth, Llewelin killed in the land of, 108

Burdet, Amaury, drowned, 110

Burdred, king of Mercia, flight of, 12

Burgh, Hubert de, made prisoner, 58

Burgundy, five thousand persons crushed in the mountains of, 68

Burnell, Philip [Robert ?] drowned, 110 Burnell William, drowned, 110

Burton, Nicolas prior of Abingdon, elected abbot of, 34

Butler, Richard the, 112 Butler William the, drowned, 112

C.

CADUGAN, son of Goronou, killed, 19

Cadwallon, killed, 18

Caen, Randle Blundeville earl of Chester, knighted at, 40

Calixtus
-, S., five years pope, 4
-, institutes the fasts of the four seasons, ib.

Campden, John of, see Werburg, S., priors of

Cantelupe, William de, goes to Henry III. in Wales, 64

Canterbury
-, king John and his queen crowned at, 46
-, the prior and convent of Christ Church, refuse to allow election of archbishop Baldwin, 30

Canterbury, archbishops of:- Augustine
-, comes into England, 8
-, Pope S. Gregory sends pall to, as bishop of the English, ib. Lanfranc, death of, 16 Anselm
-, comes to England, 16
-, founds abbey of S. Werburg, ib.
-, made archbishop, ib.
-, death of, ib. William de Curbolio,
-, made archbishop, 18
-, death of, 20 Theobald,
-, made archbishop, 20
-, death of, 22 Thomas à Becket,
-, consecrated, 22
-, departs out of England, ib.
-, returns, 24
-, martyred, ib. Richard
-, consecrates bishop of Chester, 28
-, death of, ib. Baldwin
-, elected, 30
-, prior and convent of Christ Church, Canterbury, refuse to allow the election, ib .
-, receives pall and celebrates mass, 32
-, places Robert of Hastings as abbot of Chester, 34
-, with the king fills up bishoprics and abbeys, ib.
-, present at council held at Northampton, ib.
-, visits abbey of S. Werburg as legate, 36
-, present at council held at Geddington, 38'
-, assumes cross, 40
-, sets out for Jerusalem, ib. Hubert
-, goes to Winchester with Richard I., 42
-, captures Welshpool, 44
-, carries away Fulk FitzWarin, 46
-, death of, 48 Stephen Langton, death of, 54 Richard Weathershed
-, elected and consecrated, 56
-, death of, 58 Edmund of Abingdon
-, consecrated, 58
-, death of, 62
-, miracles done for, ib. Boniface
-, consecrates bishops, 74
-, his goods wasted, 84 Robert of Kilwarby
-, consecrated, 102
-, crowns Edward I., ib.
-, made bishop of Porto and cardinal, 104 John de Peckbam
-, visits diocese of Chester, 106
-, comes to reform church of Wales, 114
-, death of, 117, 118 Robert Winchelsea, election of, 117

Capenhurst, Thomas of, see Werburg, S., abbots of

Carloman, son of king Pepin, blessing of, 10

Carnarvon, Edward son of Edward I. born at, 114

Carrickfergus, castle of, surrenders to king John, 48

Cataphrygian heresy, beginning of the, 4

Cattle, mortality of, 102

Cecily, daughter of earl of Arundel, marries Roger de Montalt, 78

Ceolred, king of Mercia, death of, 10

Cevnllys, castle of, taken by Llewelin, 82

Chad, S., bishop of Mercia, 8

Chalcedon, council of, 6

Charlemagne enters Spain
-, 10
-, enters Saxony, ib.

Charles, king of Sicily, 100 Charles count of Valois, 116

Chartley castle
-, building of, 53
-, taken by W. la Zouche, 86

Chateau-Thierry, Gualter de, made bishop of Paris, 68

Chelford, township of, given to church of S. Werburg, 100

Cheshire
-, fall of blood in, 66
-, county of, granted to Simon de Montfort, 88
-, war between Wales and, ended, 90

Chester
-, men of Hanbury flee to, 12
-, S. Anselm comes to, 16
-, burned down, 20
-, mound formed of Welshmen's heads at hospital outside, 24
-, almost burned down, 28
-, king John begins his sea voyage to Ireland at, 32
-, bridge of, falls down, 54
-, burial of Randle, earl of Chester, at, 58
-, burial of John, earl of Chester, at, 60
-, Owen, son of Griffin, escapes from, 66
-, entered by prince Edward for first time, 72
-, church of, places itself under interdict, 84
-, citizens of, make preparations for being besieged, 86
-, houses pulled down in Bog lane, ib.
-, castle of, granted to Simon de Montfort, 88
-, besieged 94
-, surrendered, ib.
-, Edward I. comes to, 102
-, almost entirely burned down, 104
-, the bridge at, broken down by the sea, 106
-, Edward I. and his queen come to, 112
-, the king and queen pass through, 114
-, the king comes to Chester, 118

Chester, Coventry, and Lichfield, bishops of:- Wilfric, helps to found church of S. John at Chester, 10 Robert of Limesi, death of, 18 Walter, death of, 22 Richard Peche
-, succeeds as, 22
-, death of, 28 Gerard Puella
-, consecrated, 28
-, death of, ib. Hugh Nonant, death of, 44 Geoffry de Muschamp
-, consecrated, 44
-, death of, 48, 54 Joybert, or Jorbert, or Josbert elected, 54 Walter de Grey, elected, 54 William of Cornhill
-, chosen bishop, 54
-, death of, 52, 54 Galfredus, elected, 54 Alexander de Stavensby
-, consecrated, 52, 55
-, death of, 60 Hugh de Pateshull
-, agreed upon as bishop, 55
-, consecrated, 60
-, death of, 62 Roger of Weseham
-, resigns, 72
-, death of, ib. Roger de Meulan
-, elected, 72
-, consecration of, 74
-, confirms and gives benediction to Simon, abbot of S. Werburg, 92
-, confirms all tithes of demesne, pensions, and appropriations belonging to the house of S. Werburg, 114
-, death of, 118
-, burial of, 72

Chester, abbots of, see Werburg, S., abbots of Chester priors of, see Werburg, S., priors of Chester archdeacon of, Ralph of Maidstone, 58

Chester, earls of:- Leofric, repairs and confers privileges on churches of S. John and S. Werburg, 14 Hugh [Lupus]
-, invites Anselm to Chester to found abbey of S. Werburg, 16
-, death of, ib. Richard
-, inherits the earldom, 16
-, marries Matilda, daughter of earl Stephen, 18
-, drowned, together with his wife, ib. Randle Meschines
-, made earl, 18
-, death of, ib. Randle II. [Gernons]
-, suceeeds as earl, 18
-, takes king Stephen prisoner, 20
-, made prisoner by king Stephen, ib.
-, death of, 22
-, said to have founded abbey of Basingwerk, ib. Hugh II. [Kyveliok]
-, born, 20
-, knighted 24
-, takes to wife Bertrada, daughter of Simon, count of Evreux, ib.
-, slays a great multitude of Welshmen, ib.
-, his daughter, Matilda, born, ib.
-, assists prince Henry in his conspiracy against his father, Henry II., 26
-, taken prisoner by the king, ib.
-, takes the whole of Bromfield, ib.
-, death of, 28
-, death of his widow, 54 Randle III. [Blundeville]
-, born, 24
-, knighted, 40
-, marries Constance, countess of Brittany, ib.
-, helps Geoffry to obtain the dignity of abbot of Chester, 44
-, leaves the countess of Brittany and marries Clementia, daughter of R. de Feugeres, 46
-, captures Lincoln, 50
-, peace made between Llewelin and, ib.
-, sets out for Jerusalem, ib.
-, returns from Damietta to Chester, ib.
-, Llewelin comes to him, ib.
-, levies a tax upon all persons passing through his dominions, 52
-, begins to build Beeston and Chartley castles, 53, 54
-, the territory of S. James de Beuvron restored to, 56
-, left by Hen. III. in Brittany, ib.
-, comes from S. James de Beuvron, ib.
-, quarrels with and leaves the king, ib.
-, returns to the king, 58
-, death and burial of, ib. John Je Scot
-, marries daughter of Llewelin, 50
-, knighted by king of Scotland, 54
-, made earl of Chester, 58
-, death of his mother, ib.
-, death and burial of, 60 See Edward I. Montfort, Simon de

Chester, constables of, see Halton, barons of

Chester justiciaries of:- Philip de Orreby resigns, 54 William de Vernon, succeeds as, 56 Richard Fitton, appointed, 58 Richard de Draycot, appointed, 60 John Lestrange, removed from the office of, 64 John de Grey, appointed, 64 Alan la Zouche
-, appointed, 68
-, resigns, 70
-, made justiciary of Ireland, ib. Gilbert Talbot
-, succeeds as, 70
-, removed from the office of, 74 Roger de Montalt
-, succeeds as, 74
-, extorts a manor and divers advowsons from the abbey of S. Werburg, 74, 76
-, death of his son, 76
-, other misfortunes of, ib.
-, resigns, ib.
-, his marriage, 78
-, death of, 76, 78 Fulke de Orreby
-, succeeds as, 76
-, death of, 78 Thomas de Orreby
-, succeeds as, 78
-, resigns, 82 William la Zouche
-, succeeds as, 82
-, violently takes possession of the abbey of S. Werburg 84
-, insults clergy of Chester, ib.
-, collects an army, 86
-, takes Stafford and Chartley castle, ib.
-, burns town of Stone, ib.
-, again attempts to take Stafford, ib.
-, burns town and castle of Eccleshall, ib.
-, prepares for being besieged in Chester, ib.
-, promises restitution to abbot of S. Werburg, 88
-, imprisoned at London, 90
-, released, ib. Lucas de Taney
-, appointed, 90
-, hinders admission of Simon, abbot of S. Werburg, 92
-, besieged in Chester castle, 94
-, surrenders, ib.
-, imprisoned, ib.
-, liberated, ib.
-, drowned, 110 James de Audley
-, seizes Beeston castle, 94
-, besieges Chester castle, ib.
-, made justiciary, 94
-, advises prince Edward that the revenues of S. Werburg should be restored, 96
-, resigns, 98 Thomas de Bolton
-, succeeds as, 98
-, resigns, 100 Reginald de Grey
-, succeeds as, 100
-, resigns, 102 Gonselin de Badlesmere, succeeds as, 102 Reginald de Grey
-, puts to flight Llewelin and his brother David, 108
-, Ruthin given to, ib.

Chester, seneschals of, see Montalt

Chester, sheriffs of:- Robert Mercer, makes preparations for city being besieged, 86 Stephen de Russeton, appointed, 90 Robert de Huxley, killed, 102

Chesterfield, great slaughter of barons at, 96

Chichester, Seffride, bishop of, 29

Cinque ports, dispute between the wardens of the, and the French, 116

Clare, Roger earl of, death of, 24. See Gloucester, earls of

Claudius, emperor, death of, 2

Clement III., succeeds as pope, 36 Clement IV., pope, death of, 98

Clementia, daughter of Ralph de Feugeres, marries Randle, earl of Chester, 46

Clergy, university of the, expelled from Oxford, 86

Clergy, the twentieth penny demanded from the, 116

Clermont, council of, 16

Clifford, Roger de, captured at Hawarden, 108 Clifford, Roger de, junior, drowned, 110

Coddington, advowson of church of, 76

Coinage
-, new money coined, 64
-, Jews and goldsmiths seized for clipping the coin, 104
-, coinage of round half pennies and farthings, 106

Coleshill
-, battle royal fought at, 22
-, Henry III. stays at, 64

Cologne, Philip archbishop of, visits the shrine of S. Thomas of Canterbury, 30

Columbanus, erects monasteries of Luxeuil and Bobbio, 8

Combermere, abbey of, foundation of, 20

Comnenus, Isaac, emperor of Constantinople, defeated, 40

Constance
-, countess of Brittany, marries Randle, earl of Chester, 40
-, is deserted by him, 46

Constantinople, emperor of, see Comnenus

Cornhill, William of, see Chester, Coventry, and Lichfield, bishops of

Cornwall, Richard earl of, see Richard

Coutances, Walter of, see Lincoln, bishops of. Rouen, archbishops of

Coventry
-, disputes between the churche of Lichfield and, 54
-, termination of, ib. Coventry council held at, 98 Coventry monastery of, 14 Coventry bishops of, see Chester, bishops of

Cross
-, the sign of the, appeared upon the garments of men, 10
-, the Holy Cross captured, 36
-, Richard, afterwards king of England, with many others assume the, 38
-, our Lord Jesus Christ appears visibly in the air in the triumph of the, ib.
-, Henry II. and many others assume the, ib.
-, fifty thousand shepherds assume the, 68
-, Edward I. and many nobles assume the, 98

Cruthglas, castle of, taken by Llewelin, 82

Cumin, John, first of the French, archbishop in Ireland, comes to Dublin, 32

Curbolio, William de, see Canterbury, archbishops of

D.

DAMIETTA
-, capture of, 50
-, Randle, earl of Chester, returns from, ib.
-, captured by Louis IX., 66

Danes
-, first arrival in England, 10
-, teach the English to drink too much, ib.
-, make their winter quarters at Repton, 12

Darnal
-, 72
-, death of John, earl of Chester, at, 60

David I. of Scotland
-, invasion of England by, 21
-, death of, 22 David I. of Scotland son of Griffin
-, dissension between him and his brothers concerning the partition of territory, 70
-, captured and imprisoned by Llewelin, ib.
-, released by Llewelin, whom he assists in seizing upon Englefield and Mold, 72
-, comes into the king's peace, 82
-, accompanies W. la Zouche and an army into Staffordshire, 86
-, promises restitution to abbey of S. Werburg, 88
-, becomes a disturber of the peace, 108
-, captures lord Roger de Clifford and besieges Rhuddlan castle, ib.
-, is put to flight, ib.
-, captured, 112
-, brought to the king at Rhuddlan where his wife and children are imprisoned, ib.
-, perishes by a miserable death, ib. David son of Llewelin
-, places himself at the mercy of Henry III., and gives up Griffin, 62
-, takes castle of Mold, 62
-, death and burial of, 64 David son of Owen, assists Hugh, earl of Chester, to take Bromfield, 26

De la Mare, see Mare

Derby
-, Robert de Ferrers, earl of, captures castles, 88
-, imprisoned, 90
-, taken prisoner at Chesterfield, 96
-, deprived of his earldom, ib.

Despencer, Hugo, overthrown with others at Evesham, 94

Diocletian, 4

Dioscorus, council held against, 6

Disserth
-, castle of, built, 62
-, captured and destroyed by Llewelin, 84

Dol, Hugh earl of Chester, taken prisoner at, 26

Doncaster, William of, see Werburg, S., priors of

Dover, 48

Down, Malachi bishop of, 28

Draycot, Richard de, see Chester, justiciaries of

Dunbar, town of, captured, 120

Dunstable, our Lord Jesus Christ in the triumph of the Cross appeared in the air, and was seen at, 38

Dunstan, S., death of, 14

Durham, bishops of Hugh de Puiset, goes to Winchester with Richard I., 44 Anthony Beck, Edward I. present at consecration of, 114

Dyganwy, castle of, Griffin, son of Llewelin, imprisoned in, 54

E.

EADBALD, king of Kent, death of, 8

Earthquake in England and elsewhere
-, 32
-, at Holywell, 66

Eccleshall, castle and town of, burned, 86

Edmund, S., monastery of, 26 Edmund of Abingdon, see Canterbury, archbishops of

Edneved, justiciary of Wales, death of, 66

Edward
-, S., king and confessor, 14
-, his body translated to a new shrine, 98

Edward I.
-, born, 60
-, lands conferred upon him by his father, 68
-, receives seisin of the earldom of Chester, ib.
-, crosses into Gascony, ib.
-, marries Eleanor, daughter of king of Castile, 70
-, sent by his father to make peace in Gascony, ib.
-, enters Chester for first time and receives the homage of the nobles of Chester and Wales, 72
-, inspects his lands in Wales, ib.
-, goes into Wales with an army, 74
-, grants licence to men of Cheshire to enclose Lyme wood, 76
-, crosses into France, 80
-, dissensions between the barons and, 82
-, castle of Gannoch surrendered by his servants, 84
-, gains castles, ib.
-, with his father captures Northampton, 88
-, captured and imprisoned by the barons, ib.
-, grants Chester and other places to Simon de Montfort, ib.
-, escapes, 94
-, attacks, and overthrows Montfort at Evesham, ib.
-, goes to Beeston, ib.
-, Chester castle surrenders to, ib.
-, imprisons and liberates L. de Taney and others, ib.
-, refuses Simon, abbot of Chester, access to the monastery, ib.
-, admits abbot Simon, 96
-, assumes the Cross, 98
-, expedition of, to Jerusalem commences, 100
-, returns by way of Gascony, vanquishing many enemies, 102
-, crowned king, ib.
-, makes statutes and obtains a subsidy, ib.
-, is treated with contempt by Llewelin, ib.
-, enforcement of his writs and statutes, ib.
-, enters Wales, 104
-, captures Anglesea, ib.
-, submission of Llewelin to, ib.
-, forbids the sale or gift of lands in mortmain without licence, 104, 106
-, comes to Chester, 108
-, pitches his tent at Newton, ib.
-, fortifies the castle of Hope, ib.
-, fortifies Flint castle, ib.
-, comes to Rhuddlan, ib.
-, gives lordships to Henry, earl of Lincoln, ib.
-, gives Ruthin to Reginald de Grey, ib.
-, David, son of Griffin, brought to, 112
-, in danger from fire, ib.
-, comes to Chester, ib.
-, hears mass in church of S. Werburg, and offers a valuable cloth, ib.
-, takes oath to preserve liberties of church of S. Werburg, ib.
-, comes to Rhuddlan, ib.
-, with the queen comes through Chester, 114
-, establishes English laws in Wales, appointing judges and sheriffs, ib.
-, holds a tournament at Nevin, ib.
-, birth of his son Edward, ib.
-, death of his son Alfonso, ib.
-, demands from the clergy the twentieth penny, 116
-, crosses into Wales [France?] ib.
-, fifteenth penny granted to, ib.
-, comes to Chester, 118
-, sets out for Wrexham, ib.
-, a moiety of the goods of the churches given to, ib.
-, takes Anglesea, ib.
-, builds castles of Beaumaris, ib.
-, Madoc sent to, ib.
-, crosses the sea to Flanders, 120 Edward I. son of Edward I., born at Carnarvon, 114

Eleanor
-, daughter of the count of Provence, marries Hen. III., 60
-, crosses the sea with the king, 62
-, goes into Wales, 64
-, crosses into Gascony, 68
-, crosses into France, 76, 78
-, her goods wasted, 84 Eleanor daughter of king of Castile
-, marries prince Edward, 70
-, comes to Rhuddlan, 108
-, in danger from fire, 112
-, comes to Chester, ib.
-, comes to Rhuddlan, ib.
-, comes through Chester, 114

Eleutherus
-, S., made pope, 4
-, makes Lucius and the Britons, Christians, ib.

Ellesmere, castle of, given to Llewelin, 48

Ely, William Longchamp bishop of, goes to Winchester with Richard I., 42

England, Church of, oppression of, by Innocent IV., 70

Englefield
-, seized by Llewelin, 72
-, English settlement at, ib.

English, the, taught by the Danes to drink too much, 10

Ercombert, king of Kent, death of, 8

Essex, William of Maundeville earl of, proceeds to Jerusalem, 26

Ethelbert, king of Kent, death of, 8

Ethelred
-, king of Mercia, founds church of S. John at Chester, 10
-, gives up kingdom to Kenred, ib.

Ethelreda, S., death of, 10

Ethelwolf, king of the English, first allows S. Peter's pence, 12

Eustace, son of king Stephen, death of, 22

Eutyches, abbot, council held against, 6

Evesham, battle of, 92, 94

Evreux
-, Simon count of, his daughter marries Hugh, earl of Chester, 24
-, death of, 28 Evreux Simon count of, death of, 36

Exeter, bishops of:- Bartholomew, death of, 28 Godfrey de Lucy, elected, but refuses the see, 34 John, sub-dean of Salisbury, elected, 34 Walter Bromscombe, consecrated, 74

Eynaun, son of Owen, killed, 19

Eyville, John d', enters London with other barons, 98

F.

FAMINES in England in 822
-, 12
-, in 868, ib.
-, in 869, ib.
-, in 1144, 20
-, in 1183, 28
-, in 1195, 44

Fecamp, abbey of, foundation of the, 14

Ferdinand, king of Castile and Leon, his daughter marries prince Edward, 70

Ferns, bishop of, foretells the death of the children of William, earl of Pembroke, without issue, 66

Feugeres
-, Ralph de, captured by Henry II., 26
-, his daughter Clementia marries Randle, earl of Chester, 46

Fitton, Sir Richard, see Chester, justiciaries of

Fitz Geoffry, John, appointed justiciary of Ireland, 64

Fitz-Gerald
-, Maurice, goes with soldiers to Henry III. in Wales, 64
-, removed from his office of justiciary of Ireland, ib.

Fitz-Nigel, Robert, see Werburg, S., abbots of

Fitz-Osbert, Simon, death of, 32

Fitz-Warin
-, Fulk, escapes from king John to the abbey of Stanley, 46
-, carried away by archbishop Hubert, ib.
-, joins the king of France, ib.
-, his daughter marries Llewelin, 60

Flanders, Edward I., crosses to, 120 Flanders Philip count of
-, assists prince Henry to conspire against his father, Henry II., 26
-, goes to Jerusalem, ib.
-, visits the shrine of S. Thomas of Canterbury, 30
-, assumes the cross, 38

Flavius, S., see Rouen, archbishops of

Flemings, the, who had come to make war against England, killed, 26

Flint, castle of, fortified, 108

Foreigners, expulsion of, from England, 82

Frederick I.
-, emperor of Germany, starts for Jerusalem, 40
-, defeats or reduces to subjection the emperor of Constantinople, ib. Frederick II.
-, emperor of Germany, marries Isabel, sister of Hen.III., 60
-, dissension between pope Gregory IX. and, ib.
-, captures Otho the legate on the sea, ib.
-, death of, 68

French
-, war between the, and the Scots, 20
-, dispute between the wardens of the Cinque ports and the French, 116

Frend, Roger, see Werburg, S., abbots of

Frost, severe, in 1262, 82

G.

GALEN, 2

Galfredus, see Chester, Coventry, and Lichfield, bishops of

Gannoch
-, Henry III. stays at, and erects fortifications, 64
-, castle of, surrendered to Llewelin, 84

Gascony
-, Richard earl of Cornwall crosses into, 52
-, Henry III. returns from, 62
-, crosses into, 68
-, conferred upon prince Edward, ib.
-, prince Edward sent to make peace in, 70

Geddington, council held at, by Henry II., 38

Geoffry, see Werburg, S., abbots of

George, S., martyrdom of, 6

Gernons, Randle, see Chester, earls of

Giffard, Walter, see York, archbishops of

Giles of Bridport, see Salisbury, bishops of

Gisors, 38

Glanville, Ralph de, marches against the sons of Rees, and is defeated, 30

Gloucester, Robert de Clare earl of, takes king Stephen prisoner, 20 Gloucester Richard de Clare earl of
-, goes into Wales, with soldiers, 64
-, death of, 80 Gloucester Gilbert de Clare earl of
-, fights against Henry III. at Lewes, 88
-, joins prince Edward, and attacks Simon de Montfort at Evesham, 94
-, enters London, 98

Godfrey, abbot of Shrewsbury, death of, 18

Godiva, wife of Leofric, 14

Goosetree, manor of, 76

Grandison, Otho de, with difficulty escapes drowning, 112

Gregory
-, S., pope, sends pall to S. Augustine, 8
-, death of, ib. Gregory VIII., pope, election and death of, 36 Gregory IX.
-, pope, his decision as to the churches of Coventry and Lichfield, 55
-, dissension between the emperor Frederic II. and, 60
-, death of, 62

Grey, John de, see Chester, justiciaries of Grey Reginald de, see Chester, justiciaries of Grey Walter de, see Chester, Coventry, and Lichfield, bishops of

Griffin Cloyt, captured and taken to London, 118 Griffin son of Madoc (of Bromfield)
-, deserts the king, 74
-, with Llewelin lays waste the marches of Hereford and Salop, ib.
-, with Llewelin captures and destroys Disserth castle, 84
-, meets Henry de Montfort, and with Llewelin ends war with Cheshire, 90 Griffin son of Llewelin
-, imprisoned by his father, 54
-, leaves his prison, 58
-, given up to Henry III. by his brother David, 62

Grippo, see Rouen, archbishops of

Grosseteste, Robert, see Lincoln, bishops of

Grylle, Hugh, see Werburg, S., abbots of

Guenelon, the sons of, 101

H.

HAGHMON, Reiner, canon of, elected bishop of S. Asaph, 34

Halton, barons of, constables of Chester:- William Fitz-Nigel
-, second baron, founds priory of Norton, 20
-, to have founded priory of Runcorn, ib. William Fitz-William, third baron, said to have removed priory of Runcorn to Norton, 20 Eustace Fitz-John, fourth baron, death of, 22 John de Lacy
-, baron of Halton, earl of Lincoln, marries daughter of Robert de Quency, 50
-, appointed custos of Cheshire, 60 Lacy
-, Henry de, baron of Halton, earl of Lincoln, Edmund, son of, born, 100
-, John, son of, born, 104
-, Alice, daughter of, born, 106
-, lordships given to, by Edward I., 108
-, leader in a tournament at Nevin, 114

Halton, Thomas de, drowned, 112

Hanbury, men of, fly to Chester, 12

Harestan, castle of, taken and destroyed, 88

Harold
-, king of England, joins battle with William, duke of Normandy, 14
-, is killed, ib.

Hastings, Henry de, captured at Evesham and imprisoned, 94 Hastings Robert of, see Werburg, S., abbots of

Havering
-, John of, justiciary of Wales, captures Madoc, 118
-, captures Griffin Cloyt, ib.

Hawarden
-, death of seneschal of, 58
-, Llewelin and Griffin, and Henry de Montfort meet at, 90
-, Lord Roger de Clifford captured at, 108

Hegisippus, 4

Henry I. gives his daughter Matilda in marriage to Henry V. of Germany
-, 16
-, his niece marries Richard, earl of Chester, 18
-, death of Matilda, his wife, ib.
-, death of, 20 Henry II. leads an army into Wales against Owen
-, 22
-, fortifies Rhuddlan and Basingwerk, ib.
-, considered to have founded Basingwerk abbey, ib.
-, leads an army into Wales, and kills the hostages of Owen, 24
-, gives Bertrada, daughter of Simon, count of Evreux, to Hugh, earl of Chester, ib.
-, goes into Ireland, ib.
-, captures Hugh, earl of Chester, and many others, 26
-, pacifies the Welsh, 30
-, gives his son John the lordship of Ireland, 32
-, gives the land and orphan daughter of Robert de Aldeford to Robert Pipard, ib.
-, places Robert of Hastings as abbot of Chester, 34
-, prepares to send John into Ireland, but recalls him, ib.
-, fills up bishoprics and abbeys, ib.
-, holds a council at Northampton, ib.
-, war begins, and truce effected between, Philip I. of France and, 36
-, assumes the cross, and becomes allied with Philip I. in a firm peace, 38
-, holds a council at Geddington, ib.
-, death of, 40

Henry III. born
-, 48
-, crowned king, 50
-, surrender of castles to, 52
-, captures Bedford castle ib.
-, leads an army to Kerry, 54
-, assembles an army, and crosses to St. Malo, 56
-, war between Llewelin and, ib.
-, quarrels with Randle, earl of Chester, ib.
-, commands earl Randle to return to him, 58
-, makes John le Scot, earl of Chester, ib.
-, war between earl of Pembroke and, ib.
-, marries Eleanor, daughter of the count of Provence, 60
-, comes to Chester, and enters Wales, 62
-, David, son of Llewelin, places himself at his mercy, and gives up Griffin, ib.
-, builds castle at Disserth, and lays foundations of Mold, ib.
-, crosses the sea, ib.
-, returns from Gascony, ib.
-, comes to Chester, 64
-, sets out for Wales, ib.
-, remains at Gannoch, making little progress, ib.
-, returns, ib.
-, crosses into Gascony, 68
-, confers lands on his son Edward, ib.
-, arrives in England, 70
-, sends prince Edward to make peace in Gascony, ib.
-, goes from Chester into Wales with an army, and returns, 74
-, enriches his half-brothers, ib.
-, crosses into France, 76
-, makes peace with king of France, giving up territories, ib.
-, returns to England, 78
-, crosses into France, 80
-, returns to England, having obtained territories for boon of peace, ib.
-, releases Gaston de Béarn, ib.
-, dissensions between the barons and, 82
-, his relations deprived of their benefices, 84
-, expels the university of the clergy from Oxford, 86
-, captures Northampton, 88
-, captured by the barons, ib.
-, bound to observe Provisions of Oxford, ib.
-, grants Chester and other places to Simon de Montfort, ib.
-, besieges Kenilworth castle, 96
-, comes with an army to Stratford and makes peace with the barons, 98
-, enters London, ib.
-, makes peace with Llewelin, ib.
-, twentieth penny given to, 100
-, demands a tenth from the clergy, ib.
-, death of, 102

Henry V.
-, emperor of Germany, marries Matilda, daughter of Henry II. of England, 18
-, his supposed death and burial at Chester, ib. Henry VI.
-, emperor of Germany, imprisons Richard I., 42
-, liberates Richard for a ransom, ib. Henry son of Henry II.
-, marries Margaret, daughter of Louis VII. of France, 22
-, crowned at London, 24
-, begins to disquiet his father, 26 Henry of Germany, son of Richard, earl of Cornwall, slain, 100

Heraclas, S., patriarch of Alexandria, 6

Heraclius, patriarch of Jerusalem, seeks English assistance against the Saracens, 32

Hereford
-, 92
-, prince Edward escapes from, 94

Hereford, bishops of:- William de Vere, succeeds as, 34 Ralph of Maidstone, formerly archdeacon of Chester, consecrated, 58 Pierre de Aigueblanche, imprisoned and expelled, 82

Hereford and Salop, marches of, laid waste by Llewelin, 74

Herod kills all male children in Bethlehem
-, 2
-, death of, ib.

Hilary, bishop of Poitiers
-, returns from exile, 6
-, death of, ib.

Hilda, S., abbess of Whitby, death of, 8

Holland (Lincolnshire), the sea breaks in, in, 26

Holy Land
-, the, Saracens invade, 36
-, Louis IX. of France goes to, 66
-, Alfonso, count of Poitiers, goes to, ib.
-, battle in, 68

Holywell, earthquake at, 66

Honorius III.
-, pope, consecrates Alexander de Stavensby, bishop of Chester, 52
-, litigation as to bishopric of Coventry, Lichfield, and Chester prosecuted before, 55

Hope
-, castle of, fortified, 108
-, burned down, 112

Howel, son of Griffin, drowned, 110

Hubert, see Canterbury, archbishops of

Hugh, S., see Lincoln, bishops of

Hugo, see Rouen, archbishops of

Huns, the, lay waste Saxony and Thuringia, 12

Huntingdon
-, earl David of, 50
-, death of his widow, 58

Husseburne
-, Thomas de, monastery of S. Werburg, committed to the custody of, 30
-, receives procuration of monastery of Abingdon, 34

Huxley, Robert de, see Chester, sheriffs of

I.

INNOCENT III., pope, king John does homage to, 48 INNOCENT IV.
-, pope, consecrated, 62
-, death of, 70
-, his oppression of the Church of England, ib.

Interdict
-, the, begins in England, 48
-, ceases, ib.
-, general, over Wales, 52

Ireland
-, lordship of, given to John by Henry II., 32
-, John begins his sea voyage to, at Chester, ib.
-, conferred upon prince Edward by Henry III., 68

Irenæus, 2

Isabel, sister of Henry III., marries Frederick II., emperor of Germany, 60

J.

JAMES, S., de Beuvron, 56

Jay, Walter le, drowned, 112

Jerome, S., death of, 6

Jerusalem
-, Louis VII. returns from, 20
-, Philip of Flanders and others proceed to, 26
-, patriarch of, seeks assistance in England, 32
-, kingdom of, invaded by Saracens, 36
-, the king of, captured ib.
-, city of, captured, 38
-, Richard I. and others set out for, 40
-, earl of Chester sets out for, and returns, 50
-, the king of, seeks aid in England, 52
-, earl of Cornwall sets out for, 60
-, returns, 62
-, patriarch of, made pope, 78
-, the expedition of Louis IX. and Edward I. sets out for, 100

Jesus Christ born
-, 2
-, appears visibly in the air in the triumph of the Cross, 38

Jews
-, a great slaughter of, throughout England, 40
-, citizens of London extort money from, 86
-, conversion, and killing of, ib.
-, seized throughout England for clipping the coin, and many hanged, 104
-, compelled by Edward I. to hear sermons, 106

Joan
-, daughter of king John, marries Llewelin, 48
-, imprisoned by Llewelin charged with adultery, 56
-, taken back by Llewelin, ib.
-, death of, 60

Jocelin, see Salisbury, bishops of

John
-, S., exiled to Patmos, 2
-, writes the Apocalypse there, ib.

John
-, S., church of, at Chester, repaired and privileges conferred on, by Leofric, earl of Chester, 14
-, Robert II., abbot of S. Werburg, receives benediction in, 26 John king
-, the lordship of Ireland given to, 32
-, sends Philip of Worcester to undertake the defence of Ireland, ib.
-, arrives at Pembroke, and starts for Ireland to be crowned, ib.
-, starts for Ireland and is recalled by his father, 34
-, crowned king of England, 46
-, levies a tallage, ib.
-, crowned together with the queen, ib.
-, takes prince Arthur, with many others, at the castle of Mirabeau, ib.
-, loses much land and many castles beyond seas, ib.
-, gives his natural daughter, Joan, to Llewelin, 48
-, puts to sea with an army, but returns, ib.
-, crosses to Ireland with a fleet, ib.
-, the Irish do homage to him, ib.
-, ascends into Snowdonia with his army, ib.
-, Llewelin submits to him, ib.
-, does homage to the pope, ib.
-, captures Rochester castle, and many barons, 50
-, death of, ib. John son Edward I., born, 98 John of Oxford, see Winchester, bishops of John see Asaph, S., bishops of John see Exeter, bishops of John see Rouen, archbishops of

Joybert, Jorbert, or Josbert, see Chester, Coventry, and Lichfield, bishops of

Julian, S., martyrdom of, 6

K.

KATHERINE, daughter of Henry III., marries duke of Brittany, 78

Kenilworth,
-, castle of, besieged, 96
-, surrendered, 98

Kenred, king of Mercia, goes to Rome, 10

Kerry (near Montgomery), Henry III. leads an army to, 54

Kilwarby, Robert of, see Canterbury, archbishops of

Kineton or Ludham, Godfrey of, see York, archbishops of

Kyveliok, Hugh, see Chester, earls of

L.

LACY, Alice de, born, 106 LACY Edmund de, born, 100 LACY Hugh de, killed in Ireland, 34 LACY Hugh de, goes to Ireland, 52 LACY John de, born, 104

Lacy, John de, see Halton, barons of Lacy Henry de, see Halton, barons of

Lambeth, council held at, 106

Lancaster
-, Edmund earl of, second son of Henry III., born, 62
-, crosses into France, 80
-, marries Blanche, queen of Navarre, 102
-, with his wife to Chester, 108

Lanfranc, see Canterbury, archbishops of

Langton, Stephen, see Canterbury, archbishops of

Lawton, manor of, 76

Lee, manor of, 76

Leek, death of Hugh earl of Chester, at, 28

Leicester, Robert earl of, assists prince Henry in his rebellion against his father, Henry II., 26 see Montfort, Simon de

Leofric, see Chester, earls of

Leominster, monastery of, building of, 14

Lestrange, Hamo, accompanies W. la Zouche and an army into Staffordshire, 86 Lestrange John, see Chester, justiciaries of

Lewes, battle of, 88

Lichfield
-, Robert abbot of Chester, receives benediction at, 22
-, disputes between the churches of Coventry and, terminated, 54 Lichfield, bishops of, see Chester, bishops of

Limesi, Robert of, see Chester, Coventry, and Lichfield, bishops of

Lincoln, captured by the earl of Chester and others, 50

Lincoln, bishops of :- Walter of Coutances consecrated
-, 28
-, elected archbishop of Rouen, 30
-, assumes the cross, 38 S. Hugh, elected, 34 Robert Grosseteste, death of, 68

Lincoln, earls of, see Halton, barons of

Lindsey, William de, drowned, 110

Llewelin,
-, son of Jorwerth, castle of Mold taken from, 44
-, marries Joan, natural daughter of king John, 48
-, makes submission to king John, ib.
-, peace made between the earl of Chester and, 50
-, comes to the earl of Chester, ib.
-, his daughter marries John le Scot, ib.
-, imprisons his son Griffin, 54
-, captures William de Braose, ib.
-, charges W. de Braose with adultery and hangs him, 56
-, imprisons his wife, ib.
-, takes back his wife, ib.
-, war between Henry III. and, ib.
-, death of his wife Joan, 60
-, marries the daughter of Fulk Firzwarin, ib
-, death of, ib.
-, buried at Aberconway, 64

Llewelin
-, son of Griffin, divides the territory of David with his brother Owen, 66
-, dissension between his brothers and, 70
-, captures and imprisons his brothers, ib.
-, releases David, and, with his assistance, seizes upon Englefield and Mold, 72
-, with the help of Griffin of Bromfield lays waste the marches of Hereford and Salop, 74
-, takes and destroys castles of Roger de Mortimer, 82
-, with Griffin, son of Madoc, captures Disserth castle, 84
-, castle of Gannoch surrendered to, ib.
-, meets Henry de Montfort, 90
-, ends war between Cheshire and Wales, ib.
-, makes peace with Henry III., 98
-, treats Edward I. with contempt, 102
-, excommunicated, ib.
-, submits to Edward I., 104
-, advises his brother David to become a disturber of the peace, 108
-, put to flight by Reginald de Grey, ib.
-, killed, ib.
-, verses on, 110
-, his head sent to London, 112

London
-, king John crowned at, 46
-, burned down, 48
-, citizens of, extort money from the Jews, 86
-, citizens of, at the battle of Lewes, 88

London, bishops of:- Fulke Basset, death of, 76 Henry de Wingham
-, the king's chancellor, succeeds as, 76
-, death of, 80 Richard Talbot
-, succeeds as, 80
-, death of, ib. Henry of Sandwich succeeds as, 80

Longchamp, William, see Ely, bishop of

Longespée, William, killed in the Holy Land, 68

Louis VII.
-, king of France, returns from Jerusalem, 20
-, his daughter Margaret marries Henry, son of Henry II., 22
-, assists his son-in-law to conspire against his father, Henry II., 26 Louis VIII., king of France, enters England, 50 Louis IX.
-, king of France, Randle, earl of Chester, accepts truce from, 56
-, goes to the Holy Land, 66
-, captures Damietta, ib.
-, taken prisoner by the soldan, 68
-, Henry III. makes peace with, giving up territories, 76
-, Henry obtains his foreign territories from, 80
-, expedition of, to Jerusalem commences, 100

Lucius king of the Britons, made a Christian, 4 Lucius III.
-, pope, archbishop Baldwin receives pall from, 32
-, death of, ib.

Lucy Godfrey de, see Exeter, bishops of

Ludham see York, archbishops of

Lupus Hugh, see Chester, earls of

Lusignan Gui of, captured by Saracens, 36

Luxeuil monastery of, erected, 8

Lyme wood, prince Edward grants licence for enclosing, 76

Lyons, council of, 64

Lythelas, Thomas de, 116, 117, 118

M.

MADOC AP MEREDITH makes war in Anglesea
-, 118
-, captured and sent to London, ib.

Malbanc
-, Hugh, the founder of the abbey of Combermere, 20
-, death of, ib.

Malgerius, see Rouen, archbishops of

Marcellus, S., martyrdom of, 6

Mare, Peter de la, drowned, 110

Margaret, S., martyrdom of, 6 Margaret, daughter of Henry III., born, 60

Marmion, William, see Werburg, S., abbots of

Matilda, wife of Henry I., death of, 18 Matilda wife of Stephen, death of, 22 Matilda daughter of Henry I. of England,
-, marries Henry V. of Germany, 16
-, invasion of England by David I. of Scotland on behalf of, 21
-, death of, 24 Matilda daughter of Henry II., marries the duke of Saxony, 24 Matilda daughter of Stephen
-, marries Richard, earl of Chester, 18
-, is drowned, ib. Matilda daughter of Hugh
-, earl of Chester, born, 24
-, death of, 58

Maunsel
-, John, the king's counsellor, banished, 84
-, death of, 90

Maurilius, see Rouen, archbishops of

Melrose, the abbot of, begins war in Scotland, 118

Mercer, Robert, see Chester, sheriffs of

Mercians, the, become Christians, 8

Meschines, Randle, see Chester, earls of

Meulan, Roger de, see Chester, Coventry, and Lichfield, bishops of

Mirabeau, castle of, prince Arthur and others captured at, by king John, 46

Mold
-, castle of, captured from Llewelin, 44
-, foundations of, laid, 62
-, taken by David, prince of Wales, ib.
-, valley of, captured by Llewelin, 72

Montalt, barons of, seneschals of earldom of Chester, 21 Montalt Robert de, slays many thousands of Welshmen at Nantwich, 20 Montalt Robert de, delivered from captivity, 98 Montalt Roger de, seneschal of Hawarden, death of, 58 Nibtakt Roger de, see Chester, justiciaries of

Montanist heresy, see Cataphrygian

Montfort
-, Guy de, captured at Evesham and imprisoned, 94
-, murders Henry of Germany, 100 Montfort Henry de
-, receives for his father the fealty of the city and county of Chester, 90
-, meets Llewelin and Griffin, ib.
-, ends war between Cheshire and Wales, ib.
-, appoints justiciary and sheriff of Chester, ib.
-, overthrown with his father and others at Evesham, 94 Montfort Peter de, overthrown with others at Evesham, 94 Montfort Simon de
-, earl of Leicester, goes with Henry III. and his army into Wales, 64
-, counsels citizens of London to extort money from the Jews, 86
-, joins battle with Henry III. at Lewes, 88
-, captures Henry III., and others, ib.
-, grant of Chester and other places to, in exchange for other lands, ib.
-, Henry de Montfort receives fealty and homage for, at Chester, 90
-, makes peace with Llewelin and Griffin, ib.
-, appoints justiciary and sheriff of Chester, ib.
-, admits Simon as abbot of S. Werburg, 92
-, prince Edward escapes from, 94
-, attacked, and overthrown at Evesham, ib. Montfort Simon de
-, the younger, captured by Henry III., 88
-, murders Henry of Germany, 100

Moons, two full, seen in the sky, 48

Morgan, prince of South Wales, comes to Edward I., 118

Mortality among men, 12, 14

Mortimer, Roger de, castles of, taken and destroyed by Llewelin, 82

Mortmain, Edward I. forbids the sale or gift of lands in, without licence, 104, 106

Mowbray, Roger de, captured by the Saracens, 36

Muschamp, Geoffry de, see Chester, Coventry, and Lichfield, bishops of

N.

NANTWICH, battle at, 20

Navarre
-, Blanche queen of, marries Edmund, son of Henry III., 102
-, comes to Chester, 108

Neot, abbot of Hamstoke, advises king Alfred to establish schools at Oxford, 12

Nero
-, Roman emperor, succeeds Claudius, 2
-, first persecutes the Christians, ib.

Neston, advowson of church of, 76

Nevin, tournament held at, 114

Newcastle-under-Lyme, granted to Simon de Montfort, 88

Newton, Edward I. pitches his tent at, 108

Nobles of England, great slaughter of, 74

Nonant, Hugh, see Chester, Coventry, and Lichfield, bishops of

Norfolk, Roger Bigod earl of, goes to Henry III. in Wales, 64

Normandy, given up to king of France, 76

Northampton
-, council held at, 34
-, John le Scot made earl of Chester at, 58
-, capture of, by Henry III., 88 Northampton countess of, death of, 30 Northampton Simon de Senlis, earl of, death of, 30

Norton, foundation of the priory of, 20

Norwich, crucifixion of boy at, 20

Norwich, bishops of:- John of Oxford, assumes the cross, 40 Symon de Walton, consecrated, 74

Nottingham
-, Richard I. comes to, 42
-, castle of, surrendered, ib.

Novatian heresy, beginning of the, 6

O.

OCTAVIAN CAESAR AUGUSTUS
-, 2
-, death of, ib.

Odingsels, William de, drowned, 112

Origen, 4

Orreby, Fulke de, see Chester, justiciaries of Orreby Philip de, see Chester, justiciaries of

Orreby, Thomas de, see Chester, justiciaries of

Oseney, Otho the legate attacked by the clerks of Oxford at, 60

Oswald, S., king of Northumbria, killed, 8

Otho IV., the imperial crown conferred on, 48 Otho cardinal
-, comes to England as legate, 60
-, attacked by clerks of Oxford at Oseney, ib.
-, departs, and is captured with others on the sea by the emperor Frederic II., ib .

Othobon the legate
-, at a council. at Coventry, 96, 98
-, brought out of the Tower, 98
-, leaves England with a great treasure, ib.

Owen
-, Henry II. leads an army into Wales against, 22
-, his hostages killed by the king, 24 Owen son of Griffin
-, flies into Wales, 66
-, divides the territory of David with his brother Llewelin, ib.
-, dissension between him and his brothers concerning the territory, 70
-, captured and imprisoned by Llewelin, ib., 82

Oxford
-, schools first established at, 12
-, assembly of Benedictine abbots at, 50
-, the clerks of, attack Otho the legate, 60
-, university of clergy expelled from, 86 Oxford parliament of
-, the laws renewed by, 82
-, Henry III. bound to keep the provisions of, 88 Oxford Hugh, earl of, accompanies Henry III. and his army into Wales, 64 Oxford John of, see Norwich, bishops of Oxford John of, see Winchester, bishops of

P.

PAIN castle
-, strengthened by Henry III., 56
-, quarrel between Henry III. and Randle, earl of Chester, at, ib.

Pantaleon, martyrdom of, 6

Paris
-, king Pepin blessed at, 10
-, death of William, bishop of, 66
-, Gualter de Chateau-Thierry made bishop of, 68
-, fifty thousand shepherds come to, ib.

Pasey, Hugh de, is killed, 50

Pateshull, Hugh de, see Chester, Coventry, and Lichfield, bishops of

Paul, bishop of Constantinople, author of a heresy, 8

Peak castle, granted to Simon de Montfort, 88

Peche, Bartholomew de, prince Edward receives seisin of earldom of Chester by the hands of, 68 Peche Richard, see Chester, Coventry, and Lichfield, bishops of

Peckham, John de, see Canterbury, archbishops of

Pembroke
-, William Marshal earl of, captures Lincoln, 50
-, deaths of his five sons without issue, 66
-, excommunicated, ib. Pembroke William Marshal earl of
-, left in Brittany by Henry III., 56
-, death of, ib. Pembroke Richard Marshal earl of
-, war between Henry III. and, 58
-, death of, 66 Pembroke Gilbert Marshal earl of, death of, 66 Pembroke Walter Marshal earl of, death of, 66 Pembroke Anselm Marshal earl of, death of, 66 Pembroke William de Valence earl of, his son William killed, 108

Penda, king of Mercia, slain, 8

Pepin, blessing of king, 10

Peter's pence, S., first allowed in England, 12

Philip, Roman emperor, becomes a Christian, 6 Philip Augustus
-, king of France, war begins between him and Henry II., and truce effected, 36
-, assumes the cross, and becomes allied with Henry II. in a firm peace, 38
-, sets out for Jerusalem, 40
-, returns to France, ib.
-, death of, 52 Philip III. of France, dissension between Alphonse X. and, 102 Philip of Worcester
-, sent by king John to undertake defence of Ireland, 32
-, again sent to Ireland, 34

Pelagius, the heretic, 6

Pigot, William, gives advowson of Prestbury to church of S. Werburg, 98

Pincebeck, Walter de, see Werburg, S., abbots of

Pipard, Gilbert, 32 Pipard Robert, the land and orphan daughter of Robert de Aldeford given to, by Henry II., 32

Plantagenet, Geoffry, see York, archbishops of Plantagenet Hamelin de, see Warren, Hamelin de

Pliny, the historian, 2

Poitiers, Alfonso count of, goes to the Holy Land, 66

Portsmouth
-, Henry III. assembles an army at, 56
-, crosses the seas from, 62
-, lands at, ib.
-, crosses from, into Gascony, 68

Powis castle
-, capture of, 44
-, a great number of Welshmen slain at, ib.

Prestbury, advowson of, given to church of S. Werburg, 98

Provence, count of, 60

Puella, Gerard, see Chester, Coventry, and Lichfield, bishops of

Puiset, Hugh de, see Durham, bishops of

Q.

QUARERE, Peter de la, drowned, 112

Quency, Robert de, his daughter marries John de Lacy, 50

Quincy, Roger de, see Winchester, earl of

R.

RALPH, see Werburg, S., abbots of RALPH of Maidstone see Hereford, bishops of

Reading, prior of, 34

Rees, king of South Wales, his sons disturb the land of Henry II., 30

Reiner, see Asaph S., bishops of

Repton, the Danes make their winter quarters at, 12

Rhuddlan
-, fortified, 22
-, Henry III. stays at, 64
-, Llewelin submits to Edward I. at, 104
-, besieged by David, son of Griffin, 108
-, the king and queen come to, ib.
-, David, son of Griffin, brought to the king at, 112
-, the king and queen come to, ib.

Richard I
-, assumes the cross, 38
-, crowned king, 40
-, sets out for Jerusalem, ib.
-, Philip I. returns, but Richard remains faithful, ib.
-, makes truce with Saladin and returns, 42
-, made prisoner by duke of Austria, ib.
-, detained in chains by emperor of Germany, ib.
-, is ransomed, ib.
-, returns to England, ib.
-, surrender of Nottingham castle to, ib.
-, holds a council, ib.
-, crowned at Winchester, 44
-, death of, 46 Richard I.
-, earl of Cornwall, born, 48
-, goes to Gascony, 52
-, sets out for Jerusalem, 60
-, returns, 62
-, crosses the sea with the king, ib.
-, goes with the king and his army into Wales, 64
-, elected king of Germany, 72
-, crowned, 74
-, captured and imprisoned by the barons of England at Lewes, 88
-, goes to Germany, 98
-, his son slain, 100

Richard, natural son of king John, 46 Richard the old, succeeds to the dukedom of Normandy, 14 Richard, see Canterbury, archbishops of Richard, earl of Chester, see Chester, earls of Richard, of Bec, see Werburg, S., abbots of

Rising, castle of, 78

Robbery committed by clerks, 62

Robert, see Rouen, archbishops of Robert, see Werburg, S., abbots of Robert, see Werburg, S., priors of

Rochester, Waleran, bishop of, death of, 28 Rochester, castle of, captured by king John, 50 Rochester, Alfred, prior of, elected abbot of Abingdon, 34

Romain, S., see Rouen, archbishops of

Rome, council held at, in 1179, 26

Roos, lordship of, given to Henry de Lacy, 108

Rouen, archbishops of:- Flavius, S., 8 Romain, S., 8 Ansbert, S., death of, 10 Grippo, succeeds as, 10 Hugo, death of, 10 Robert, succeeds as, 10 Robert, succession and death of, 14 Malgerius, succeeds as, 14 Maurilius, death of, 14 John, succeeds as, 14; death of, 16 William, succeeds as, 16 Walter of Coutances
-, elected, 30
-, assumes the cross, 38

Roweynoke, lordship of, given to Henry de Lacy, 108

Runcorn, 20

Russeton, Stephen de, see Chester, sheriffs of

Ruthin, given to Reginald de Grey, 108

S.

S. MALO, Henry III. comes to, with an army, 56

Saint Pierre, Urian de, siezes Beeston castle, 94

Saladin
-, invades kingdom of Jerusalem, 36
-, Richard I. effects a truce with, 42

Salisbury, bishops of:- Jocelin
-, becomes a monk, 30
-, death of, 28 Giles of Bridport, death of, 82

Sanchia, wife of Richard of Cornwall, crowned, 74

Sandwich, Henry of, see London, bishops of

Saracens
-, Heraclius seeks assistance against, 32
-, invade kingdom of Jerusalem, 36
-, capture fortresses, ib.

Saxons, conversion of the, 10

Saxony
-, Charlemagne enters, 10
-, conquered, ib.
-, laid waste, 12 Saxony, Henry, duke of, marries Matilda, daughter of Henry II., 24

Scot, John le, see Chester, earls of

Scotland conquered, and the king led captive to London, 120

Scots, war between the French and the, 20

Sea
-, the, overflows its boundaries for a space of ten miles, 18
-, breaks in, in Lincolnshire, 26
-, breaks in at Stanlawe, 106
-, carries away the bridge at Chester, ib.

Sebastian, S., martyrdom of, 6

Seffride, see Chichester, bishop of

Segrave
-, Stephen de, sent by king to command Randle, earl of Chester, to return to him, 58
-, death of, 62

Severus, Roman emperor, encloses Britain with a dyke, 4

Shepherds
-, fifty thousand, assume the cross, 68
-, kill the clerks and many Christians at Paris and elsewhere, ib.

Shrewsbury, Godfrey abbot of, death of, 18 Shrewsbury, great Parliament at, 112

Shropshire, 86

Sigila, daughter of king Pepin, blessing of, 10

Siward, Richard, begins war in Scotland, 118

Snowdonia
-, mountain region of, king John ascends into the, 48
-, sixteen knights drowned at the bridge of boats between Anglesea and, 110
-, all the castles of, captured, 112

Soldan, the, captures Louis IX. and others, 68

Spain, Charlemagne enters, 10

Stafford
-, taken, 86
-, W. la Zouche repulsed from, ib.

Stanlawe, the sea breaks in at, 106

Stanley, abbey of, 46

Statius, 2

Stavensby, Alexander de, see Chester, Coventry, and Lichfield, bishops of

Stephen
-, king, made prisoner at Lincoln, 20
-, makes Randle, earl of Chester, prisoner, ib.
-, death of Matilda his wife, 22
-, death of, ib.

Stephen, S., pope, blesses king Pepin, 10

Stone, town of, burned and church plundered, 86

Storm
-, great, in 1171, 24
-, in 1224, 52

Stow, St. Mary's at, monastery of, building of, 14

Strata Florida
-, burning of the church of the abbey of, 114
-, miraculous preservation of the presbytery, 116

Stratford, Henry III. comes with an army to, 98

T.

TACHERBROOK, 92

Talbot Gilbert, see Chester, justiciaries of

Taney, Lucas de, see Chester, justiciaries of

Tax, levied by Randle, earl of Chestèr, 52

Temple, grand master of the, killed, 68

Teynham, 48

Thames, the river, completely dried up, 18

Theobald, see Canterbury, archbishops of

Theodoric, master of the Temple, killed, 36

Theodotion, 4

Thuringia, laid waste, 12

Tiberias, battle of, 36

Tiberius, emperor, succeeds Octavian, 2

Tickhill, castle of, taken, 88

Trie, 38

Tripoli, 100

Tyes, Henry, drowned, 110

Tyre, archbishop of, the kings of England and France and others assume the cross at exhortation of, 38

U.

UDESCALCUS, see Henry V. of Germany

Ulster, John de Courcy earl of, 28 Ulster
-, Richard de Burgh earl of, knighted, 112
-, leader in a tournament at Nevin, 114

Urban III
-, elected pope, 32
-, death of, 36 Urban IV
-, consecrated pope, 78
-, nullifies elections to see of Winchester, consecrates John of Oxford as bishop, 80
-, death of, 90

V.

VALENCE, William de, killed, 108

Venables
-, Roger de, dispute with convent of S. Werburg about advowson of Astbury, 76, 78
-, loses it and dies miserably, 78

Vere, William de, see Hereford, bishops of

Vernon, William de, see Chester, justiciaries of

Vesci, William de, joins Henry III. in Wales with a band of soldiers, 64

Vincent, S., martyrdom of, 6

Viterbo, Henry of Germany slain at, 100

W.

WADIECE [Nanneudni?] battle at, 18

Waleran, see Rochester, bishop of

Wales
-, interdict over, 52, 102
-, conferred upon prince Edward, 68
-, war between Cheshiré and, ended, 90
-, English laws established in, 114
-, church of, in a tottering condition, ib.

Wallingford, death of Randle earl of Chester at, 58

Walter, see Chester, Coventry, and Lichfield, bishops of

Walton, Symon de, see Norwich, bishops of

Wardships of heirs, surrendered to the king, 52

Warren, earl of, 30 Warren W. de, is killed, 46 Warren daughter of the earl of, 46 Warren Hamelin de, death of, 46

Warwick William, earl of, death of, 30

Weathershed, Richard, see Canterbury, archbishops of

Wells, Richard de, drowned, 110

Welsh
-, the, lay waste the province of Chester, 20
-, many thousands slain at Nantwich, ib.
-, conquered by Henry II., 22
-, justice done on their hostages, 24
-, a great multitude slain by Hugh, earl of Chester, and mound formed of their heads, ib.
-, defeat Ralph de Glanville, and are pacified by Henry II., 30
-, re-capture Welshpool, 44
-, a great number slain at Powis castle, ib.
-, burn the land of Breys, 84

Welshpool
-, captured by archbishop Hubert, 44
-, re-captured by the Welsh, ib.

Wenlock
-, monastery of, building of, 14
-, prior of, imprisoned and expelled, 82

Werburg
-, S., 8
-, death of, 10
-, her body taken to Chester, 12
-, it resolves into dust, ib.
-, Geoffry confirmed as abbot, with the assistance of, 44

Werburg S., abbots of:- Richard of Bec
-, appointed first abbot, 16
-, death of, 18 William
-, elected, 18
-, death of, 20 Ralph
-, succeeds as abbot, 20
-, death of, 22 Robert Fitz-Nigel
-, elected abbot, 22
-, receives benediction, ib.
-, death of, 26 Robert II
-, elected abbot, 26
-, receives benediction, ib.
-, death of, 30 Robert of Hastings, placed as abbot by Henry II.
-, and archbishop Baldwin, receives benediction, 34
-, succeeded by Geoffry, and receives pension, 44 Geoffry, after much litigation, succeeds as abbot, 44 Hugh Grylle
-, elected abbot, 48
-, death of, 54 William Marmion
-, succeeds as abbot, 54
-, death of, ib. Walter de Pincebeck
-, elected abbot, and receives benediction, 54
-, death of, 60 Roger Frend
-, elected, 60
-, death of, 66 Thomas of Capenhurst
-, the prior, succeeds as abbot, 66
-, action against, concerning advowson of Astbury church, 76
-, given full power to settle dispute with Roger de Venables, 78
-, death of, 92 Simon of Whitchurch
-, elected, 92
-, his admission hindered, ib.
-, receives benediction, ib.
-, refused access to monastery by prince Edward, 94
-, arrives at Beeston, 96
-, is admitted by prince Edward, ib.
-, death of, 116, 117

Werburg, S., priors of:- Robert
-, death of, 18
-, government of abbey confided to, ib. Thomas of Capenhurst succeeds as abbot, 66 William of Doncaster, death of, 76 John of Campden, death of, 102

Werburg S.,
-, monastery of, secular canons, and afterwards regular monks serve in, 12
-, church of, repaired and privileges conferred on, 14
-, abbey of, founded by Anselm, 16
-, seized into the hands of the king, 30
-, visited by Archbishop Baldwin as legate, 36
-, Roger de Montalt extorts a manor and divers advowsons of, 74, 76
-, dispute with Roger de Venables, 76, 78
-, rebuilding of the, 78
-, death of cellarer of, 82
-, violently taken possession of by William La Zouche, 84
-, houses belonging to, pulled down and restitution promised, 88
-, Lucas de Taney wastes the goods of, 92
-, goods of, ordered to be restored, ib.
-, prince Edward commands revenues of, to be restored, 96
-, lord of Cheshire ought to have no revenues of, during vacancy, ib.
-, advowson of Prestbury given to, 98
-, township of Chelford given to, 100
-, endowment given to, by John Arneway, 106
-, Edward I. hears mass in church of, and offers a valuable cloth, and takes oath to preserve liberties of, 112
-, the bishop of Chester confirms all tithes of demesne, pensions, and appropriations belonging to, 114
-, the king hears mass in church of, 118

Weseham Roger of, see Chester, Coventry, and Lichfield, bishops of

Westminster
-, great hall at, built, 16
-, royal palace of, burned down, 82
-, Edward I. crowned at, 102

West Kirkby advowson of, litigation respecting, 23

Whitby 8

Whitchurch Simon of, see Werburg, S., abbots of

Wilfric see Chester, Coventry, and Lichfield, bishops of

William I.
-, crosses the sea into England, 14
-, joins battle with Harold, ib.
-, raised to the throne, ib.
-, death of, 16 William II., killed, 16 William I., king of Scotland, at the council held at Nottingham, 44 William king of Sicily, death of, 40 William duke of Normandy, is killed, 14 William son of Henry I., drowned, 18 William bishop of Paris, death of, 66 William first abbot of Fecamp, 14 William of Eccleshall, goes into Ulster, to Down, and receives priory of church of S. Patrick, 28 William of Malmesbury, his chronicle, 14 William a boy, crucified at Norwich, 20

William, see Rouen, archbishops of William see Werburg, S., abbots of William of Taunton, see Winchester, bishops of William of Northall, see Worcester, bishop of

Winchelsea, Robert, see Canterbury, archbishops of

Winchester, Richard I. crowned at, 44

Winchester, bishops of :- William of Taunton, election of, nullified, 80 Andrew of London, election of, nullified, 80 John of Oxford, consecrated, 80

Winchester, Roger de Quincy, earl of, accompanies Henry III. and his army into Wales, 64

Wingham, Henry de, see London, bishops of

Winter, hard, in England, 98

Wirral, 114

Witford, 64

Witham, S. Hugh, prior of, elected bishop of Lincoln, 34

Worcester, William of Northall succeeds as bishop of, 34 Worcester sheriff of, killed, 30

Worth, Robert de, gives township of Chelford to church of S. Werburg, 100

Wrexham, 118

Wulferus, king of Mercia, death of, 8

Y.

YORK, 114

York, archbishops of :- Roger of Bishopsbridge
-, crowns prince Henry, eldest son of Henry II., 24
-, death of, 28 Geoffry Plantagenet, present at council held at Nottingham, 42 Godfrey of Kineton or Ludham, death of, 90 Walter Giffard, with other bishops, brings Othobon from the Tower, 98

Z.

ZOUCHE, Alan la, see Chester, justiciaries of ZOUCHE, William la, see Chester, justiciaries of