TRANSLATION OF ALDERMEN.
The removal of an Alderman from one Ward to another, which was an
exceedingly common occurrence in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, appears to have
been not unusual in the earliest period of which we have records, and continued with
diminishing frequency till nearly the end of the seventeenth century; after that time the
only instances have been in the case of Bridge Without, the Aldermanry of which Ward,
since the Act of 1711, is always given to the senior existing Alderman, who, having
served the office of Lord Mayor, is willing to accept the office. The earliest definitely
recorded instance of an Alderman of one Ward being elected to another is that of
Simon de Abyndon, who, while serving for Tower, was elected to fill a vacancy in
Billingsgate, in January, 1320, but did not accept removal, his constituents in the
former ward being unwilling to part with him. There were, however, several earlier
cases, as will be seen from the ward lists in the foregoing pages, the first being that
of John de Banquell who removed from Cripplegate to Dowgate in 1291, unless
(see page 239) the Lansdowne MS. is correct in assigning Robert de Basyng to Castle
Baynard before serving for Candlewick, of which there is no other evidence.
On January 19, 1479, an order was made that no Alderman should be transferred
from one ward to another until he had served at least two years for the one which he
then represented [Journal 8, fo. 192] and this order was renewed September 2, 1550
[Letter Book R, fo. 90 b] with the further restriction that the Aldermen of Farringdon
Without and Bridge Without should not be eligible for removal until the end of three
years from their election. These orders were not always strictly observed, though at
times the Court refused to accept nominations, whereby it was infringed.
The latest instance of the translation of an Alderman (other than of those
removed by Royal Commission during the suspension of the Charter and of those who
accepted Bridge Without after 1711), was in the case of Sir Robert Hanson who removed
from Bassishaw to Farringdon Without, April 1, 1680. Some, however, of James II.'s
Aldermen, who were superseded on the restoration of the Charter in 1688, were,
immediately, or after short intervals, elected to fill vacancies in other wards than those for
which they had previously served.
There are three instances of Aldermen serving for five different wards, viz.:
W. Baret, H. Vanner and Sir R. Chiverton; thirteen sat for four, viz: Sir N. Twyford,
A. Karlill, A. Bamme, S. Eyre, Sir W. Taillour, Sir H. Colet, Sir M. Bowes,
Sir W. Chester, Sir R. Haywarde, Sir G. Barne, Sir J. Harte, Sir W. Cokayne,
Sir J. Wollaston.
The following (seventy-one in all) served for three wards, viz.: R. de Refham,
J. de Wengrave, R. de Conduit, J. de Caustone, Sir J. de Pulteney, W. Halden,
A. Stable, J. Organ, T. Welford, J. Southam, W. Tonge, J. Eston, J. Rote,
W. Staundon, J. Shadworth, D. Barentyn, W. Askham, J. Gedney, J. Reinwell,
J. Brockle, N. Wyfold, Sir T. Cook, Sir H. Hayford, Sir B. James, R. Gardyncr,
R. Rawson, J. Mathewe, Sir J. Tate (the younger), Sir S. Jenyns, Sir R. Acheley,
Sir J. Milbourn, Sir W. Bayley, Sir R. Dodmer, Sir N. Lambarde, Sir S. Pecocke,
Sir J. Champneys, Sir W. Laxton, Sir J. Gresham, Sir W. Garrarde, Sir T. Leigh,
Sir J. Whyte, Sir A. Avenon, Sir J. Ryvers, Sir A. Nicholas, Sir J. Langley, Sir J. Allott,
Sir C. Buckle, Sir John Spencer, Sir S. Slaney, Sir R. Lee, Sir T. Bennett, Sir L. Halliday,
Sir J. Watts, Sir R. Goddard, Sir T. Cambell, Sir W. Craven, Sir J. Leman, Sir J. Gore,
Sir R. Deane, Sir R. Ducye, R. Backhouse, Sir T. Soame, Sir T. Atkyn, Sir T. Adams,
Sir A. Reynardson, Sir T. Alleyn, Sir J. Robinson, Sir T. Bludworth, Sir R. Ford,
Sir W. Gostlyn, Sir J. Parsons.
The following table shows the number of direct removals from and to each ward.
I have omitted cases where an interval elapsed between the Alderman's ceasing to
represent one ward and being elected for another, but have included the instances when
at the annual elections between 1384 and 1394 an Alderman transferred his services to
a different ward
|From||Aldersgate.||Aldgate.||Bassishaw.||Billingsgate.||Bishopsgate.||Bread Street.||Bridge.||Bridge Without.||Broad Street.||Candlewick.||Castle Baynard.||Cheap.||Coleman Street.||Cordwainer.||Cornhill.||Cripplegate.||Dowgate.||Farringdon Within.||Farringdon Without.||Langbourn.||Lime Street.||Portsoken.||Queenhithe.||Tower.||Vintry.||Walbrook.||Total.|