Translation of aldermen

Sponsor

Centre for Metropolitan History

Publication

Author

Alfred P. Beaven

Year published

1908

Pages

240-241

Citation Show another format:

'Translation of aldermen', The Aldermen of the City of London: Temp. Henry III - 1912 (1908), pp. 240-241. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=67219 Date accessed: 02 August 2014.


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TRANSLATION OF ALDERMEN.

The removal of an Alderman from one Ward to another, which was an exceedingly common occurrence in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, appears to have been not unusual in the earliest period of which we have records, and continued with diminishing frequency till nearly the end of the seventeenth century; after that time the only instances have been in the case of Bridge Without, the Aldermanry of which Ward, since the Act of 1711, is always given to the senior existing Alderman, who, having served the office of Lord Mayor, is willing to accept the office. The earliest definitely recorded instance of an Alderman of one Ward being elected to another is that of Simon de Abyndon, who, while serving for Tower, was elected to fill a vacancy in Billingsgate, in January, 1320, but did not accept removal, his constituents in the former ward being unwilling to part with him. There were, however, several earlier cases, as will be seen from the ward lists in the foregoing pages, the first being that of John de Banquell who removed from Cripplegate to Dowgate in 1291, unless (see page 239) the Lansdowne MS. is correct in assigning Robert de Basyng to Castle Baynard before serving for Candlewick, of which there is no other evidence.

On January 19, 1479, an order was made that no Alderman should be transferred from one ward to another until he had served at least two years for the one which he then represented [Journal 8, fo. 192] and this order was renewed September 2, 1550 [Letter Book R, fo. 90 b] with the further restriction that the Aldermen of Farringdon Without and Bridge Without should not be eligible for removal until the end of three years from their election. These orders were not always strictly observed, though at times the Court refused to accept nominations, whereby it was infringed.

The latest instance of the translation of an Alderman (other than of those removed by Royal Commission during the suspension of the Charter and of those who accepted Bridge Without after 1711), was in the case of Sir Robert Hanson who removed from Bassishaw to Farringdon Without, April 1, 1680. Some, however, of James II.'s Aldermen, who were superseded on the restoration of the Charter in 1688, were, immediately, or after short intervals, elected to fill vacancies in other wards than those for which they had previously served.

There are three instances of Aldermen serving for five different wards, viz.: W. Baret, H. Vanner and Sir R. Chiverton; thirteen sat for four, viz: Sir N. Twyford, A. Karlill, A. Bamme, S. Eyre, Sir W. Taillour, Sir H. Colet, Sir M. Bowes, Sir W. Chester, Sir R. Haywarde, Sir G. Barne, Sir J. Harte, Sir W. Cokayne, Sir J. Wollaston.

The following (seventy-one in all) served for three wards, viz.: R. de Refham, J. de Wengrave, R. de Conduit, J. de Caustone, Sir J. de Pulteney, W. Halden, A. Stable, J. Organ, T. Welford, J. Southam, W. Tonge, J. Eston, J. Rote, W. Staundon, J. Shadworth, D. Barentyn, W. Askham, J. Gedney, J. Reinwell, J. Brockle, N. Wyfold, Sir T. Cook, Sir H. Hayford, Sir B. James, R. Gardyncr, R. Rawson, J. Mathewe, Sir J. Tate (the younger), Sir S. Jenyns, Sir R. Acheley, Sir J. Milbourn, Sir W. Bayley, Sir R. Dodmer, Sir N. Lambarde, Sir S. Pecocke, Sir J. Champneys, Sir W. Laxton, Sir J. Gresham, Sir W. Garrarde, Sir T. Leigh, Sir J. Whyte, Sir A. Avenon, Sir J. Ryvers, Sir A. Nicholas, Sir J. Langley, Sir J. Allott, Sir C. Buckle, Sir John Spencer, Sir S. Slaney, Sir R. Lee, Sir T. Bennett, Sir L. Halliday, Sir J. Watts, Sir R. Goddard, Sir T. Cambell, Sir W. Craven, Sir J. Leman, Sir J. Gore, Sir R. Deane, Sir R. Ducye, R. Backhouse, Sir T. Soame, Sir T. Atkyn, Sir T. Adams, Sir A. Reynardson, Sir T. Alleyn, Sir J. Robinson, Sir T. Bludworth, Sir R. Ford, Sir W. Gostlyn, Sir J. Parsons.

The following table shows the number of direct removals from and to each ward. I have omitted cases where an interval elapsed between the Alderman's ceasing to represent one ward and being elected for another, but have included the instances when at the annual elections between 1384 and 1394 an Alderman transferred his services to a different ward

To
FromAldersgate.Aldgate.Bassishaw.Billingsgate.Bishopsgate.Bread Street.Bridge.Bridge Without.Broad Street.Candlewick.Castle Baynard.Cheap.Coleman Street.Cordwainer.Cornhill.Cripplegate.Dowgate.Farringdon Within.Farringdon Without.Langbourn.Lime Street.Portsoken.Queenhithe.Tower.Vintry.Walbrook.Total.
Aldersgate031112202121111110300111027
Aldgate002000222100230100000022019
Bassishaw00000010000001100120000107
Billingsgate003001221010110000110100015
Bishopsgate011200102100132201110110223
Bread Street002100200011100000010000110
Bridge00201010000000000000001005
Bridge Without000001001001110410100120014
Broad Street001010020002120100220030219
Candlewick00100021010000000000000027
Castle Baynard002012124220021220021233236
Cheap01000001000001000002001006
Coleman Street102100011102032000210000219
Cordwainer00000000000300100011000107
Cornhill00000000000001000011000003
Cripplegate004000011122100310040011022
Dowgate111011220203030100010101425
Farringdon Within100104001203120100310010324
Farringdon Without321401413120301161120413247
Langbourn003100021102002020010000015
Lime Street00110003100000000000000006
Portsoken210123321010300010010010224
Queenhithe001121002001113101011001220
Tower210011010213112000020000018
Vintry001003022101200000023100119
Walbrook001002021002101000000001011
107301610201534222110281816271223722425211191425448