Aldermen in Parliament for other constituencies

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Centre for Metropolitan History

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Author

Alfred P. Beaven

Year published

1908

Pages

298-316

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'Aldermen in Parliament for other constituencies', The Aldermen of the City of London: Temp. Henry III - 1912 (1908), pp. 298-316. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=67224 Date accessed: 24 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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B. ALDERMEN IN PARLIAMENT FOR OTHER CONSTITUENCIES THAN THE CITY.

The following list is arranged chronologically in order of Parliaments. The dates of the Parliaments are calculated from the first elections (not the day of meeting), till the respective dissolutions.

I have included, for the sake of completeness, Sheriffs, Recorders, Common Serjeants and other civic dignitaries as well as Common Councillors.

1302A Richard de la Pole sat for Bodmin, who may possibly have been the future Alderman.
1314Walter Crepyn (afterwards Alderman of Cornhill and M.P. for the City), sat for Middlesex.
1316 (July)Walter Pappeworth, who sat for Huntingdonshire, may have been identical with the future Alderman of Langbourn and Candlewick.
1322 (May)W. Crepyn again represented Middlesex, and R. de la Pole was returned for Hull.
1322 (November)[One Roger de Ely who sat for Seaford may have been identical with the Sheriff of 1322–23]
1327 (September)R. de la Pole again sat for Hull.
1336 (Mar.-Apr.)R. de la Pole (now Alderman of Bishopsgate), sat for Derbyshire.
1338 (July)A John Costantyn, who sat for Dorchester, may have been identical with the future Alderman of Castle Baynard.
1339 (January)Hugh de Sadlyngstanes, who sat for Northumberland, was probably identical with the future Recorder and Alderman of Candlewick.
1339 (October)
1340 (January)A Simon de Swanlond sat in this parliament for Middlesex, probably the ex-Mayor and Alderman of Candlewick. A John Malewayn, who represented Salisbury, may have been the future Alderman of Castle Baynard.
1340 (March)S. de Swanlond and J. de Costantyn again sat for Middlesex and Dorchester respectively.
1343H. de Sadlyngstanes again represented Northumberland.
1344 (June)S. de Swanlond again sat for Middlesex.
1352A W. de Welde represented Bridgewater, who may have been identical with the Alderman of Coleman Street (afterwards M.P. for the City).
1361H. de Fastolf, who sat for Yarmouth, was almost certainly identical with the future Alderman of Tower and Bridge and M.P. for the City.
1366
1371 (February)N. Exton (afterwards Alderman of Billingsgate) sat for Middlesex.
1373H. Fastolf again sat for Yarmouth.
1377 (January)Exton and Fastolf sat for Middlesex and Yarmouth respectively, the latter retaining his seat in the next Parliament (October, 1377).
1380 (January)Richard Lyons, formerly Alderman of Broad Street, sat for Essex [N. Exton again represented Middlesex]
1380 (November)Baldwin de Radington (afterwards Custos of the City, 1392), sat for Middlesex.
1384 (Apr.-May)N. Exton, lately and subsequently Alderman of Billingsgate, sat for Middlesex.
1388 (Feb.-June)John de Northampton (ex-Mayor and former Alderman of Cordwainer and Dowgate, M.P. for the City in 1378), sat for Southwark.
1390 (Nov.-Dec.)H. de Fastolf, ex-Alderman of Tower and Bridge, sat for Norfolk.
1392W. Norton, who represented Middlesex was probably the future M.P. for the City and Alderman of Candlewick.
1393T. Aleyn who represented East Grinstead may possibly have been the future Alderman of Cripplegate.
1395 (January)John Wade, who sat for Lyme Regis was probably the Alderman of Aldgate, who had represented the City in the preceding parliament.
1407John Loveneye, who sat for Middlesex, may have been identical with the John Loveye or Loneye who was Alderman of Cripplegate, 1388–1394.
1413Thomas Aleyn, who sat for East Grinstead, may have been the future Alderman of Cripplegate.
1414John Welles, who represented Southwark in these parliaments, had been M.P. for the City in 1417, and became Alderman of Langbourn in 1420.
1419
1422 (Nov.-Dec.)N. Wotton, who sat for Marlborough, was almost certainly the Alderman of Dowgate who represented the City in four previous and again in two subsequent Parliaments.
1430–1431J. Welles [Langbourn] sat for Southwark.
1432 (April-July)R. Whytingham, who represented Hertfordshire, was probably the Alderman of Walbrook, who had sat for the City in 1416.
1436–1437Alexander Anne, the Recorder, sat for Middlesex. He had already represented that county in the Parliaments of 1431 and 1432, before becoming Recorder.
1447 (Jan.-March)T. Burgoyne, one of the Under-Sheriffs or Judges of the Sheriffs' Court, who sat for the City in 1445, now represented Bridgewater.
1453A Robert Whytingham, who represented Bucks, may have been the ex-Alderman of Walbrook.
1460A Robert Horn, who sat for Kent, may have been the ex-Alderman of Bridge.
1467–1468John Yonge, who was elected for Guildford, was almost certainly the Alderman of Billingsgate, Mayor of London at the date of election. He had represented the City in 1455.
1489–1490The Recorder, Sir T. Fitzwilliam, was Speaker of this Parliament, sitting for Lincolnshire.
1529–1536William Dauntsey, who sat for Thetford throughout this Parliament, was Sheriff 1530–31, and was elected Alderman of Langbourn in January, 1536.
[John Baker, who was elected for Bedford, may have been the Recorder who sat for the City]
1553 (Jan.-March)John Eston, High Steward of Southwark, sat for that borough: he had represented Wigan in the Parliament of 1545.
1554 (March-May)J. Eston was re-elected, and Ranulph Cholmley, one of the Judges of the Sheriffs' Court (afterwards Recorder and M.P. for the City), represented Boroughbridge.
1554 (November)Eston continued to sit for Southwark and Richard Forcet, one of the Common Pleaders, represented Bossiney, having sat for Stafford in 1547, and Heytesbury in the first Parliament of 1554.
1555 (January)
1555 (Oct.-Dec.)Eston was re-elected for Southwark.
1558 (Jan.-Nov.)
1559 (January-May)Eston was re-elected for Southwark and Humphrey Mosley, one of the Secondaries, sat for Wootton-Bassett, which he had represented in the preceding Parliament, before his appointment to that office. He had sat for Marlborough in 1547, for Aylesbury in 1554 and for Gatton in 1555.
1572–1583William Sebright, who sat for Droitwich, was elected Town Clerk in 1574.
1584–1585Thomas Owen, one of the Common Pleaders, sat for Shrewsbury.
1588–1589Benedict Barnham (afterwards an Alderman) represented Minehead.
1593 (Feb.-April)Peter Proby (afterwards Alderman of Queenhithe and Broad Street and Lord Mayor) sat for Hull. Nicholas Fuller, one of the Common Pleaders, represented St. Mawes, and Richard Hutton, Bailiff of Southwark, was returned for that borough, which he had already represented in the Parliaments of 1584, 1586 and 1588.
1597–1598Benedict Barnham [Bread Street] sat for Yarmouth (Isle of Wight).
P. Proby represented Liverpool, and T. Myddelton (or Middleton) afterwards Alderman of Queenhithe and Coleman Street, Lord Mayor and M.P. for the City, was returned for Merionethshire. [R. Hutton, who had ceased to be Bailiff, still sat for Southwark]
1601 (Oct.-Dec.)J. Swynnerton, afterwards Alderman of Cripplegate, was returned for Petersfield [Matthew Dale, Deputy-Recorder and one of the Judges of the Sheriffs' Court, sat for Southwark, having represented Liverpool 1572–1583.
1604–1611Sir J. Swynnerton [Cripplegate] sat for East Grinstead.
Sir T. Smith, ex-Alderman of Farringdon Without, was elected for Dunwich in March, 1604. [Sir G. Rivers (Knighted in 1605) sat for Southwark, of which he was High Steward: he had represented East Grinstead in the Parliaments of 1597 and 1601]
1611 Mar.-June)Sir T. Smith sat for Sandwich. [Sir G. Rivers returned to his former constituency of East Grinstead]
1620–1622Sir T. Smith sat for Saltash, M. Abbot [afterwards Alderman of Bridge Without and Coleman Street, Lord Mayor and M.P. for the City] represented Hull. [R Shute, who sat for St. Albans, was elected Recorder a few days after the opening of Parliament, and died a month later whereupon that office was conferred on Heneage Finch, who was representing West Looe]
1624–1625M. Abbot again sat for Hull in both these Parliaments. [In the latter Sir G. Rivers, High Steward of Southwark, represented Lewes]
1625 (April-August)
1626 (Jan.-June)Sir M. Abbot was again returned for Hull, but being also elected for the City, abandoned his old constituency. [Sir G. Rivers continued to sit for Lewes]
1628–1629Sir G. Rivers, who was re-elected for Lewes, lost his seat on petition.
1640 (Mar.-May) [The Short Parliament]T. Atkyn [Farringdon Without], a strong opponent of the Court, sat for Norwich.
G. Garratt, who sat for Hindon, was probably the future Alderman of Castle Baynard. W. Bell, who sat in this and the next Parliament for Westminster, was probably the future Alderman of Farringdon Without.
1640–1653 [The Long Parliament]No Alderman was chosen at the General Election except the City members, Soame and Penington; Atkyn who had either voluntarily given up his seat at Norwich or been rejected in 1640 was returned for that city in November, 1645, having in the interim been translated from Farringdon Within to Lime Street Ward.
In June, 1648, Richard Browne, M.P. for Wycombe, the Presbyterian General who had commanded for the Parliamentarians, but was altogether out of sympathy with the Independents who now ruled in the Councils of the army, was chosen Alderman of Langbourn. He was one of the victims of Pride's Purge in the following December and in the same month of 1649 was deprived of his Aldermanry.
In November, 1648, Rowland Wilson, junr., who sat for Calne was chosen Alderman of Bridge, which office he held till his death in 1650.
In October, 1649, Francis Allen, representing Cockermouth, was elected to the Aldermanry of Farringdon Without which he resigned in 1652; he died in 1658, between the expulsion of the "Rump" in 1653 and its return in 1659.
Both Wilson and Allen were named as members of the High Court of Justice that tried the King, but the former did not act; Allen signed the death warrant.
William Bell, who sat for Westminster, and who was one of the members secluded in 1648, was probably identical with the person of that name who was elected Alderman of Farringdon Without in October, 1652, and retained that office till April, 1653.
1653 (July-Dec.). [Barebone's Parliament]No Aldermen were chosen for this assembly except the two City representatives Tichborne and Ireton.
John "Bawden" who was one of the members for Cornwall may possibly have been the Sir John "Bawdon" (as his signatures give it), usually written and printed "Bawdin," who was Alderman of Aldersgate in James II.'s reign.
[John Sadler, the Town Clerk, represented Cambridgeshire]
1654–1655William Gibbs, who sat for Suffolk, was ex-Alderman of Farringdon Without.
John Barkstead, the regicide, who sat for Colchester, was afterwards Alderman of Aldersgate.
Colonel Wildman, who sat for Scarborough, was Alderman of Portsoken more than thirty years later.
[Lislebone Long, the Recorder, sat for Wells, which he had represented in the Long Parliament from 1648 to 1653]
1656–1658Sir J. Barkstead, who was elected Alderman of Aldersgate a fortnight after the dissolution, sat for Middlesex (being also returned for Reading). One of his colleagues in the representation of Middlesex was W. Kyffin, the Baptist preacher, who became Alderman of Cheap in James II.'s. reign. W. Gibbs was re-elected for Suffolk.
[L. Long, the Recorder, was one of the Somersetshire members]
1659, Jan.-AprilFrancis Warner [Bridge] sat for Tiverton.
W. Bigg (late Alderman of Cripplegate) represented Wallingford; J. Benec. afterwards Alderman of Bishopsgate, was elected for Aldeburgh.
[The Recorder, Sir L. Long, sat for Wells till his death, March 16, 1659, a week after his election to the Speakership, J. Sadler, the Town Clerk, represented Yarmouth (Isle of Wight); Slingsby Bethell (the "Shimei" of Dryden's Absalom and Achithophel), well known in Charles II.'s reign as a leader of the City Whigs and Sheriff 1680–1681, sat for Knaresborough]
1659–1660 [The restored Long Parliament]Sir T. Atkyn [Bridge Without] was the only Aldermanic representative of the "Rump" at its restoration; Penington, one of the City members, who also came back, had resigned his gown in 1657.
When the "secluded" members were re-admitted in February, 1660 Sir T. Soame and R. Browne, both of whom had been ejected from their Aldermanries and W. Bell (who, if the suggested identification above is correct, had resigned his seat in the Court of Aldermen), were amongst those who were now permitted to sit.
1660 (April–Dec.)J. Frederick [Vintry] sat for Dartmouth.
R. Staughton [Bread Street] was elected for Wigan in October, a few days after he had been chosen Alderman.
J. Langham, who had been ejected from his Aldermanry of Bishopsgate, and T. Bludworth, who had resigned that of Dowgate in the preceding year, but in 1662 became Alderman of Portsoken, were returned for Southwark. Langham (who had been created a Baronet in June) was restored to his Aldermanry in September, but at once resigned it.
R. Ford, afterwards Alderman of Farringdon Within, was elected for Exeter, but unseated on petition.
1661–1679Sir T. Aleyn [Aldgate] sat for Middlesex throughout the Parliament.
Sir T. Bludworth (who was restored to the Court of Aldermen when the Corporation Commissioners appointed him to replace Love, one of the City members, in Portsoken in 1662, and was translated to Aldersgate in 1663) represented Southwark, where his late colleague, Sir J. Langham, was defeated.
Sir R. Ford [Farringdon Within, whence he was translated successively to Bread Street and Lime Street] sat for Southampton till his death in 1678.
Sir J. Robinson [Cripplegate, afterwards Tower] and Sir R. Browne [Langbourn] who had lost their seats for the City at the general election, were returned for Rye and Ludgershall respectively on vacancies in November and December, 1661. The latter died in 1669.
Three ex-Aldermen were elected to fill vacant seats in the course of this Parliament: J. Bence (late Bishopsgate) for Aldeburgh in November, 1669; Sir W. Bucknell (late Bread Street) for Liverpool in December, 1670, and E. Backwell (formerly Bishopsgate) for Wendover in January, 1673. Of these Backwell was unseated on petition in the following March, Bucknell died in 1676, and Bence retained his seat till the dissolution.
J. Parsons (afterwards Alderman of Portsoken and Bassishaw) was elected for Bramber at the General Election, but unseated on petition in May, 1661. In 1674 T. Papillon (afterwards Alderman of Portsoken) was returned for Dover.
In November, 1678, the seat at Southampton, vacated by Ford's death, was taken by B. Newland, afterwards Alderman of Vintry.
N. Herne (afterwards Alderman of Billingsgate) contested Dartmouth in February, 1673.
[E. Smith, High Steward of Southwark, sat for Yarmouth (Isle of Wight)]
1679 (Mar.-July)Sir J. Robinson [Tower] was re-elected for Rye in the Court interest.
Sir P. Ward [Farringdon Within] represented Pontefract, supporting the Country party.
Sir N. Herne [Billingsgate] came in for Dartmouth as an adherent of the Court. He died shortly after the dissolution, before the elections to the succeeding Parliament.
Sir J. Shorter [Cripplegate] contested Southwark unsuccessfully for the Country party.
Of future Aldermen, B. Newland was re-elected in the Court interest for Southampton: Sir R. How (who had been Alderman of Cordwainer for a few days in 1668) and P. Rich (both afterwards Aldermen of Aldersgate) were successful against Shorter in Southwark.
Ex-Alderman Backwell recovered the seat from which he had been ejected at Wendover: he appears to have belonged to the Court party. T. Papillon continued to represent Dover in the interest of the Opposition.
1679–1681Sir P. Ward was re-elected as a Whig for Pontefract. The Court or Tory Alderman, Robinson, was not re-elected, and Sir J. Shorter was again unsuccessful in Southwark for the Whigs.
On the Whig side John Eyles (afterwards Alderman of Bread Street) was chosen for Devizes; Papillon was re-elected at Dover; ex-Alderman Dorrington (Farringdon Within) came in for Haslemere on petition in November, 1680, having been defeated at the General Election.
The Tories re-elected How and Rich in Southwark, and Sir B. Newland at Southampton: also J. Bence resumed the seat at Aldeburgh, which he had abandoned or lost in the preceding Parliament. Ex-Alderman Backwell again sat for Wendover.
1681 (Feb.–Mar.)Sir P. Ward, now Lord Mayor, was again returned for Pontefract.
Of the Whigs, Papillon was re-elected, but Eyles and Dorrington were defeated in their respective constituencies. How and Rich again came in for Southwark, their Whig opponents being the High Steward of the Borough (E. Smith), and Sheriff Bethell. Newland again sat for Southampton, Bence for Aldeburgh, and Backwell for Wendover. A Whig recruit was Colonel Wildman the plotter (afterwards Alderman of Portsoken) who sat for Great Bedwin: on the Tory side, Sir W. Russell (afterwards Alderman of Langbourn) sat for St. Michael's. T. Cooke, a future Tory Alderman, made his first attempt to find a Parliamentary seat at Truro, being defeated by H. Ashhurst (Whig), who also was afterwards elected an Alderman, but did not serve the office. G. Gore, who sat for Queenborough, may have been the ex-Alderman of Farringdon Without.
1685–1687Four of the Tory Aldermen secured seats, viz.:
(fn. 1) Sir B. Newland [Vintry] re-elected for Southampton.
Sir P. Daniel [Bridge] elected for Southwark.
(fn. 1) Sir B. Bathurst [Cripplegate] elected for both Beeralston and Romney, who sat for the former.
(fn. 1) C. Duncombe [Broad Street] elected for Hedon.
Also Sir M. Vincent (Lostwithiel) was appointed Alderman of Aldgate by Royal Commission in 1686; he died in June, 1687.
Ex-Aldermen Bence and Sir D. North sat for Aldeburgh and Banbury respectively. J. Parsons sat for Reigate and J. St. Amand for St. Ives, both of whom were made Aldermen (of Portsoken and Castle Baynard respectively) shortly after the dissolution. [The Recorder, Sir T. Jenner, sat for Rye, and the Common Serjeant, H. Crisp, for Lancaster]
No Whig connected with the Corporation was returned: all the foregoing were Tories.
1689–1690Sir Peter Rich [Aldersgate], was returned for Southwark as a Tory.
Sir John Parsons (late Alderman of Portsoken), was re-elected for Reigate, and in May, 1689 was chosen Alderman of Bassishaw, but in the meantime had lost his parliamentary seat on petition.
Sir H. Ashhurst who sat for Truro as a Whig was Alderman-elect of Vintry, but he did not serve in that office and was soon discharged.
T. Papillon, the Whig M.P. for Dover, who had been one of the candidates for that party in the great contest for the Shrievalty in 1682 was elected Alderman of Portsoken in October, 1689, but resigned in the following December.
A few days before the dissolution, Colonel Wildman, now Whig M.P. for Great Bedwin, was chosen to succeed Papillon in the Aldermanry of Portsoken.
Two Tory ex-Aldermen (Sir B. Newland and J. Herne) obtained seats; the former was again chosen to represent Southampton and Herne was seated on petition for Dartmouth: ex-Alderman Sir John Eyles (Whig), failed to secure election for Devizes. [Sir George Treby, the Recorder, sat for Plympton as a Whig; E. Smith was an unsuccessful candidate for that party in Southwark against Rich]
1690–1695Sir John Parsons [Bassishaw] recovered his seat for Reigate.
Sir Jonathan Raymond [Bishopsgate] also a Tory, succeeded the Whig Alderman Wildman at Great Bedwin.
Sir Robert Clayton [Cheap], who was ejected from the representation of the City, secured election as a Whig in his pocket borough of Bletchingley.
Sir Thomas Fowle (ex-Alderman of Vintry), was elected as a Tory for Devizes, but lost his seat on petition in the following December; he became Alderman of Vintry again a year later.
Sir Thomas Cooke (who with Sir P. Rich as his colleague, had been defeated in Southwark at the general election), became Alderman of Queenhithe in 1692 and in November 1694 was elected Tory M.P. for Colchester.
The Whig ex-Alderman Papillon was re-elected for Dover; of the Tories, Newland and Herne again represented their old constituencies, C. Duncombe (late Alderman of Broad Street), came in for Yarmouth (Isle of Wight), and in December, 1690, Sir B. Firebrace (formerly Alderman of Billingsgate), was elected for Chippenham, defeating the Whig Alderman Sir H. Edwin (Tower). Being unseated on petition, Firebrace stood again and defeated General Talmash to whom, however, a second petition assigned the seat, and on Talmash's death in 1694, he was again a candidate but did not secure election. Jeffrey Jefferies, a future Tory Alderman sat for Brecon.
1695–98Sir John Parsons, re-elected for Reigate, was the only Alderman returned at the General Election in addition to the City members.
Sir Thomas Cooke (Queenhithe), was defeated at Colchester, and Sir F. Child [Farringdon Without] at Devizes, both in the Tory interest.
Of the ex-Aldermen, Sir B. Newland and Sir. J. Herne were re-elected, Papillon exchanged Dover for the City, and Duncombe Yarmouth for Downton; the last-named was expelled the House in February, 1698. J. Jefferies also was re-elected, and J. Bateman, a future Alderman and Lord Mayor, failed as a Whig at Totnes.
1698–1700Sir T. Cooke recovered his lost seat at Colchester, and Sir F. Child came in for Devizes.
Sir R. Clayton retired from the City representation and went back to Bletchingley.
Two Whig Aldermen, Sir O. Buckingham, [Bishopsgate] and Sir T. Stampe [Cripplegate], stood in conjunction for Reading, but only the former was returned.
Sir J. Parsons either voluntarily retired or failed to secure re-election.
The Tory ex-Aldermen Newland and Herne were returned for the last time by Southampton and Dartmouth, both dying in 1699. W. Jolliffe, who sat for Poole as a Whig, may perhaps be identical with the ex-Alderman of Queenhithe of that name. Of future Aldermen, Jefferies lost his seat for Brecon; Sir H. Furnese sat as a Whig for Bramber until February, 1699 and R. Heysham as a Tory for Lancaster throughout the Parliament.
1701 (Jan.–Nov.)The Tory Aldermen were well represented; Child and Cooke were re-elected; Parsons recovered his seat for Reigate, Sir C. Duncombe (now Alderman of Bridge), though defeated both in the City and at Downton came in for Ipswich, and by his local influence, no doubt, helped to secure the return of Sir R. Bedingfeld [Dowgate] for Hedon. Sir J. Jefferies, who recovered his former seat for Brecon was chosen Alderman of Portsoken in September.
The only Whig Alderman elected, except the City members was Sir O. Buckingham, re-chosen at Reading.
W. Jolliffe was re-elected for Poole. Of future Aldermen, Furnese (who became Sheriff in September), exchanged Bramber for Sandwich, but was disqualified as being a Trustee of Exchequer Bills, and Heysham was again returned for Lancaster. Sir S. Garrard, a Tory, came in for Agmondesham at a bye-election in March.
[Duncombe's colleague at Ipswich was Joseph Martin, also a Tory and for many years a Common Councillor for Billingsgate]
From September, 1701 till the dissolution the Aldermanic Members of the House of Commons reached the highest number on record (11), viz: Sir R. Clayton, Sir J. Parsons, Sir W. Ashhurst, Sir J. Fleet, Sir F. Child, Sir T. Cooke, Sir O. Buckingham, Sir R. Bedingfeld, Sir W. Withers, Sir C. Duncombe, Sir J. Jefferies. Of these, three (Clayton, Ashhurst and Buckingham) belonged to the Whig party, the other eight being Tories.
1701–1702The Whig representation of the Court of Aldermen in Parliament was confined to the City where all four seats were secured by that party, Buckingham being defeated at Reading.
Four of the Tory Aldermen in the late Parliament (Parsons, Child, Cooke and Jefferies) were re-elected.
Sheriff Sir H. Furnese recovered his seat for Sandwich and Heysham was re-elected for Lancaster, as also was W. Jolliffe for Poole.
1702–1705The four Tory Aldermen of the preceding Parliament (Parsons, Child, Cooke and Jefferies), who were re-elected were reinforced by Sir C. Duncombe, who being returned for both Downton and Hedon made choice of the former seat, and at a bye-election in the following November by Sir S. Garrard, now Alderman of Aldersgate. Child, who was returned both for Devizes and the City gave up his old seat for the former borough and served for the City.
For the Whigs, Buckingham was successful at Reading, and Sir R. Clayton, after losing his seat for the City, had a seat provided for him at Bletchingley.
Ex-Alderman Sir B. Bathurst returned to the House after fifteen years' absence as Tory M.P. for Romney: he died in 1704. W. Jolliffe was re-elected for Poole.
Furnese and Heysham were also re-elected.
After November, 1702, the Aldermanic representation in the House of Commons again stood at the highest point on record, eleven Aldermen (3 Whigs and 8 Tories) having seats in that assembly, viz: Sir R. Clayton, Sir W. Prichard, Sir J. Parsons, Sir J. Fleet, Sir F. Child, Sir T. Cooke, Sir O. Buckingham, Sir J. Jefferies, Sir S. Garrard, Sir C. Duncombe and Sir G. Heathcote, five other members of the Court having had parliamentary experience (Sir S. Dashwood, Sir W. Ashhurst, Sir T. Abney, Sir R. Bedingfeld, Sir W. Withers).
1705–1708Five of the six Tory Aldermen who sat in the previous Parliament were re-elected (Parsons, Child, Jefferies, Duncombe and Garrard) Child returning to his old seat at Devizes.
Sir T. Cooke lost his seat for Colchester and contested it again unsuccessfully at a bye-election in December, 1705.
The Whig Aldermen, Clayton and Buckingham, were re-chosen for Bletchingley and Reading respectively, but the former being also elected for the City, naturally retained that seat and abandoned the pocket borough.
Furnese and Heysham were also re-elected.
1708–1710The Tory Aldermen, Parsons, Jefferies, Duncombe, and Garrard were re-elected, Child giving up his seat to contest the City again, where he was defeated. Jefferies died in 1709.
W. Lewen, Tory M.P. for Poole, was elected Alderman of Castle Baynard in November, 1708.
Ex-Alderman G. Page (Farringdon Without) came in for Shoreham on the Whig interest; Furnese and Heysham were once more re-elected, and two future Aldermen, both Whigs (T. Scawen and R. Baylis), represented Grampound and Thetford respectively.
[P. King, one of the Whig members for Beeralston, was elected Recorder in July, 1708]
1710–1713The only Aldermen re-elected were Parsons and Duncombe, the latter of whom died in 1711.
W. Lewen who lost his seat for Poole at the general election, recovered it at a bye-election in March, 1711.
Sir F. Child, who had left Devizes in 1708 to contest the City, now returned to that constituency.
In May, 1711, Sir H. Furnese, who had again been returned for Sandwich, was elected Alderman of Bridge in succession to Duncombe; he died in the following year.
In June, 1711, Sir J. Bateman [Coleman Street], one of the Whig candidates for the City at the general election, found a seat at Ilchester. He, however, supported the Tory Government in the division on the French Commercial Treaty, although three of the four Tory members for the City, together with Lewen, voted with the Whigs on this question.
Ex-Alderman Page was re-elected at Shoreham, and J. St. Amand (former's Alderman of Castle Baynard) stood as a Tory, without success, at Steyning.
Robert Child, son of Sir Francis, whom he afterwards succeeded in his Aldermanry, came in for Helston on the Tory interest in December, 1710 Heysham was again elected for Lancaster.
[The Recorder (King) was re-elected; Joseph Martin represented Hastings as a Tory, being knighted in 1712, and Serjeant Richardson, one of the Judges of the Sheriffs' Court, sat for Dunwich in the same interest]
1713–1715The Tories, Parsons and Lewen, were again elected, as also was Sir J. Bateman, who was now identified with the Tories.
R. Child succeeded his father in the representation of Devizes and on his death became Alderman of Farringdon Without (October, 1713).
Sir Ambrose Crowley [Dowgate] who sat as a Tory for Andover, died a little earlier in the same month.
Ex-Alderman Page was defeated at Shoreham; Heysham was returned for Lancaster again, being now practically a Whig, which party adopted him as one of its candidates for the City at the next election. John Eyles (afterwards Alderman of Vintry) nephew of the late Sir John Eyles, represented Chippenham as a Whig.
[The Recorder (Sir P. King) again sat for Beeralston and Sir J. Martin for Hastings; Serjeant Richardson was defeated by the future Recorder, W. Thompson, at Ipswich, but regained the seat on petition and died a few days before the dissolution]
1715–1722Sir J. Parsons and Sir W. Lewen were re-elected; the former died in 1717, and the latter a few weeks before the dissolution.
Sir J. Bateman was defeated at Ilchester, where two Whigs were returned, but secured a seat for East Looe; he died in 1718.
The Lord Mayor, Sir W. Humfreys [Cheap], was elected as a Whig for Marlborough, and Sir G. Heathcote [Walbrook], who had been out of Parliament since his defeat in the City when Lord Mayor-elect, now returned to the House as Whig member for Helston.
John Eyles, who was re-elected for Chippenham, succeeded to the Baronetcy and became Alderman of Vintry in 1716, and Charles Cooke, who was returned for Grampound, was chosen Alderman of Bassishaw in 1717 on the death of Parsons. He acted with the Whigs and was rewarded with the post of a Lord of Trade, which office he held at his death in 1721.
Sir G. Page, who had been made a Baronet on the return of the Whigs to power, recovered his seat for Shoreham, which he represented till his death in 1720.
[The new Recorder, W. Thompson, who from 1717 to 1720 was also SolicitorGeneral, regained his former seat at Ipswich; Sir J. Martin was ejected from his seat at Hastings and G. Caswall, who was returned at a bye-election for Leominster as a Whig in 1717, was expelled the House as one of the South Sea Directors in 1721, being at the time one of the Sheriffs of London]
1722–1727Sir John Eyles was re-elected for Chippenham. The only other Alderman returned at the general election, except F. Child elected for the City, was Humphrey Parsons [Portsoken] son of the late Sir John, who had unsuccessfully contested Reigate on his father's death in 1717 and now came in on the Tory interest for Harwich, being again unsuccessful at Reigate and also in the City.
Sir G. Heathcote returned to the House in October, 1722, as member for Lymington, and Sir John Ward [Candlewick] who had failed to secure re-election for the City, came back in the following December as a Whig representative of Dunwich; he died in 1726.
John Crowley, son of the late Sir Ambrose, and himself a future Alderman (then Common Councilman) of Dowgate, sat for Okehampton as a Tory and Joseph Eyles (Sir John's brother) afterwards Alderman of Cheap, represented Devizes as a Whig; W. Smith, a future Alderman of Aldgate, contested Lyme Regis against two Whigs.
[The Recorder, Sir W. Thompson, continued to sit for Ipswich and Sir G. Caswall returned to his old seat for Leominster]
1727–1734Sir John Eyles exchanged Chippenham for the City; Sir G. Heathcote (now Alderman of Bridge Without) sat for St. Germans; he died in January, 1733.
F. Child [Farringdon Without] who had been a Tory member for the City in the preceding Parliament, now sat for Middlesex.
J. Crowley, who was elected for Queenborough, became Alderman of Dowgate in September, 1727, and died in the following January.
Sir John Williams [Cripplegate] who had been one of the Tory candidates for the City at the General Election, came in for Aldeburgh in May, 1730.
Sir Joseph Eyles was returned for Southwark. George Heathcote (afterwards Alderman of Walbrook), was returned as an anti-Walpolean Whig for Hindon [The Recorder, Thompson, retained his seat for Ipswich until his elevation to the Bench in 1730, and Sir G. Caswall continued to sit for Leominster. Henry Neale, a Common Councilman for Tower, contested Weymouth]
1734–1741Sir F. Child retained his seat for Middlesex till his death in April, 1740. The only other Alderman returned at the General Election (except for the City) was G. Champion [Bridge] who was returned for Aylesbury. He was a staunch Walpolean and lost the Lord Mayoralty through his vote in Parliament for the Spanish Convention in 1739. Sir John Eyles was defeated in his candidature for his former seat at Chippenham.
Sir Joseph Eyles, who retired from Southwark and was elected by his old constituency Devizes, became Alderman of Cheap after a keen party fight in January, 1739, and died in February, 1740. His Southwark seat was taken by George Heathcote, who in October, 1735 was chosen Alderman of Walbrook.
Henry Marshall, who sat for the Tory borough of Agmondesham, was elected Alderman of Farringdon Within in November, 1737.
E. Gibbon (future Alderman of Vintry and father of the historian) sat for Petersfield in the Tory interest [Sir G. Caswall, now a Common Councilman for Langbourn, continued to represent Leominster, voting generally with Walpole. J. Strange, the Solicitor-General, who sat for Totnes, became Recorder in 1739]
1741–1747Alderman Marshall retained his seat at Agmondesham: C. Ewer [Broad Street] was elected as a Tory for Shaftesbury, and died in June, 1742.
E. Gibbon, who exchanged Petersfield for Southampton, was elected Alderman of Vintry in March, 1743, but resigned that office in 1745.
Sir J. Barnard, who was re-elected for the City, was also nominated for Tiverton against the Attorney-General (Sir D. Ryder) but polled only 2 votes against 22.
Sir W. Billers [Cordwainer] contested Romney unsuccessfully for the Walpoleans.
[The Recorder, Sir J. Strange, gave up his seat for Totnes, but was again elected there in January, 1742: in the following December he resigned the Recordership. John Caswall, who succeeded his relative, Sir George, at Leominster, was also his successor in the Common Council: he died early in 1742]
1747–1754Sir H. Marshall continued to represent Agmondesham till his death shortly before the Dissolution in 1754.
W. Baker [Bassishaw] was elected for Plympton in December, 1747, and W. Beckford, who a few days earlier in the same month had been returned for Shaftesbury, was chosen Alderman of Billingsgate in June, 1752. Both were strong Whigs.
E. Ironside [Cordwainer] a Tory suspected of Jacobitism, contested Gatton in November, 1749, polling 7 votes to 6 for Admiral Knowles who, however, was declared elected on a scrutiny.
[In Southwark, two ex-Common Councilmen, W. Belchier (Walbrook) and Sir J. Creed (Langbourn) were candidates, the former being successful]
1754–1761W. Baker again sat for Plympton: W. Beckford, who was elected for the City, was also returned for Petersfield. He appears at this time to have been acting in concert with the Tories in opposition to the Whig Government; his brother Richard Beckford (who was chosen Alderman of Farringdon Without in October, 1754. and died in January 1756) stood at the General Election for Bristol in conjunction with Sir John Philipps, a prominent Tory leader, and secured his own return: Philipps, who was defeated, was given the seat vacated by William Beckford at Petersfield.
Three other Aldermen were elected at the General Election, besides the above and the four City members, viz.: M. Dickinson [Queenhithe] for Brackley, S. Fludyer [Cheap] for Chippenham, J. Porter [Lime Street] for Evesham. Fludyer was a Tory, the others Whigs: Porter died in 1756.
Sir W. Calvert, who lost his seat for the City at the General Election, came in for Old Sarum in March, 1755.
Sir C. Gascoyne [Vintry] contested Southwark unsuccessfully against ex-Councilman Belchier.
John Wilkes, future Alderman and Lord Mayor, contested Berwick at the General Election, and obtained a seat for Aylesbury in 1757.
[Sir W. Moreton, the Recorder, was elected to fill a vacancy at Brackley in March, 1755, thus becoming the colleague of Alderman Dickinson, and Sir J. Creed was returned at Canterbury]
During the year 1755 the 26 existing Aldermen included 10 sitting members of Parliament (Barnard, Baker, Ladbroke, Calvert, Bethell, Dickinson, Fludyer, W. Beckford, Porter, R. Beckford) and two ex.-M.P.'s (Jannsen and Champion).
1761–1768Three Aldermen were re-elected, viz.: Sir W. Baker, M. Dickinson (who died in 1765, being then Chairman of Committees in the House of Commons) and Sir S. Fludyer, who contested the City unsuccessfully, but was again returned for Chippenham. The last-named died in January, 1768.
Wilkes sat for Aylesbury till his expulsion in 1764: J. Townsend (afterwards Alderman of Bishopsgate), was elected for West Looe in the Whig interest in 1767: W. Lee (afterwards Alderman of Aldgate), stood as a Whig for Bridport.
[Sir J. Creed was defeated at Canterbury, John Paterson, Deputy for Farringdon Within, represented Ludgershall, and Sir T. Fludyer, ex-Common Councilman for Bassishaw, after an unsuccessful contest at Devizes in 1765, was elected for Great Bedwin in December, 1767, a seat which he exchanged early in the following year for that at Chippenham vacated by his brother's death]
1768–1774B. Crosby [Bread Street] sat for Honiton as a Whig.
Wilkes, who contested the City unsuccessfully, was returned for Middlesex, and promptly expelled; he was then three times re-elected, the House of Commons on the last occasion (April 1769), seating his opponent, Colonel Luttrell. In the meantime Wilkes had been chosen Alderman of Farringdon Without in January, 1769.
Sir R. Glyn [Dowgate] who had been defeated in the City at the General Election came in for Coventry as a supporter of the Government in December, 1768, and held that seat until his death four years later.
Three sitting Members in the course of this Parliament joined the Aldermanic body, viz: J. Townsend (West Looe), elected for Bishopsgate in June, 1769, J. Sawbridge (Hythe), for Langbourn in the following month and B. Hopkins (Great Bedwin) for Broad Street in February, 1773. Townsend was an adherent of the Chatham and Shelburne section of the Whigs, Sawbridge was an advanced Radical of the Republican type, Hopkins was nominally a Whig, but generally supported the Court.
Sir W. Lewes, elected Alderman of Lime Street in 1772, stood two unsuccessful contests at Worcester in November, 1773 and March, 1774, in the Whig interest.
[Serjeant Glynn, who became Wilkes' colleague in Middlesex in December, 1768, was chosen Recorder in 1772. W. Baker, who succeeded his father, Sir William, in the representation of Plympton, served as Sheriff 1770–1771 in conjunction with Joseph Martin, M.P. for Gatton (both Whigs); the latter was elected Alderman of Lime Street in September, 1772, but refused the office and was succeeded by Sir W. Lewes. Sir T. Fludyer, who was re-elected for Chippenham and ex-Sheriff Sir R. Darling, who was Burke's Tory colleague at Wendover, died in 1769 and 1770 respectively. P. Feilde, one of the Judges of the Sheriffs' Court, sat as a Whig for Hertford after January, 1770. W. Belchier attempted, without success, to regain the seat for Southwark which he had given up in 1761]
1771–1780Wilkes recovered his seat for Middlesex and retained it unmolested, having the Recorder as his colleague till the latter's death in 1779.
Sir W. Rawlinson [Dowgate] represented Queenborough as a Tory, he resigned his gown in May, 1777.
Alderman Harley retired from the City and contested Herefordshire unsuccessfully, but was returned for that county in May, 1776 in the interests of the Court.
Sawbridge, who secured his election for the City, stood also again for Hythe, where he was lowest on the poll, and Sir W. Lewes was again defeated at Worcester.
Ex-Sheriff W. Lee, afterwards Alderman of Aldgate, was an unsuccessful Whig candidate for Southwark.
[Ex-Sheriff Sayre, an extreme Whig, stood for Seaford. Ex-Sheriff Martin sat for Tewkesbury till his death in 1776; ex-Sheriff Baker, who contested the City at the General Election, was elected for Aldborough in 1777: P. Feilde again represented Hertford and Serjeant Adair, the Whig M.P. for Cockermouth, was chosen Recorder in 1779 in succession to Glyn]
1780–1784Aldermen Harley and Wilkes were re-elected for Herefordshire and Middlesex respectively.
Sir T. Hallifax [Aldersgate] was returned for Coventry as a Whig in November, 1780, the Sheriffs having made no return at the general election (at which he was a candidate) owing to the interruption of the poll by rioting. He was unseated on petition in February, 1781.
J. Townsend [Bishopsgate] came back to the House after eight years' absence in April, 1782 as M.P. for Lord Shelburne's pocket borough of Calne.
Ex-Alderman Sir W. Rawlinson was re-elected for Queenborough as a supporter of the North administration, through the influence of Lord Sandwich. He followed Lord Sandwich in adhering to Lord North when the latter coalesced with Fox against Shelburne and Pitt in 1783.
Sir W. Lewes [Lime Street] made a fourth unsuccessful attack on the representation of Worcester at the General Election, but was returned for the City of London, whilst Lord Mayor, in the following year (1781).
T. Wooldridge [Bridge] stood as a Whig for Abingdon, and after his defeat presented a petition which the House voted to be "frivolous and vexatious."
Ex-Sheriff Baker, representing the Whigs, sat for Hertford; B. Hammett (a future Alderman), then a Common Councilman of Farringdon Within was elected as a Tory for Taunton in March, 1782. [Serjeant Adair, the Recorder, contested Southwark as a Whig at a bye-election in September 1782]
1784–1790Harley, Wilkes and Townsend were re-elected for their respective constituencies, the last-named dying in 1787. Both Wilkes and Townsend were, equally with the Tory Harley, supporters of Pitt. So also was Sir T. Hallifax, who now came in for Aylesbury and died in 1789.
Sir B. Turner [Cordwainer] one of the Sheriffs, a strong Reformer, but like Wilkes, opposed to the Coalition, was elected for Southwark; he died two months later, being succeeded in his parliamentary seat by Paul le Mesurier, who in the following October was chosen Alderman of Dowgate, and in the Aldermanry of his Ward by Brook Watson, one of the City members, both being supporters of Pitt.
On the day of Le Mesurier's election to Dowgate, R. Atkinson, who had been a Government candidate for the City at the general election, and in June had found a seat at Romney, was chosen Alderman of Tower; he died May 26, 1785. A week later (June 3. 1785), B. Hammett, who had been re-elected for Taunton in the Government interest, became Alderman of Portsoken.
Sir W. Rawlinson was returned by the influence of his patron. Lord Sandwich, for Huntingdon at the General Election as a supporter of the Coalition.
Alderman Sawbridge, who was re-elected for the City, stood also for Hythe where he was defeated.
Ex-Sheriff Baker was in the number of "Fox's Martyrs," as the victims of popular indignation against the Coalition were styled, being rejected at Hertford. In July, 1788, Sheriff M. Bloxam, a future Alderman, came in on the Government interest for Maidstone.
Between 1785 and 1787 there were (inclusive of the City Members), ten Aldermen sitting contemporaneously in Parliament, viz: Harley, Hallifax, Wilkes, Townsend, Sawbridge, Lewes, Newnham, Watson, Le Mesurier and Hammett, two others (Turner and Atkinson), having died within a year of each other since the General Election. The four City members with Wilkes and Le Mesurier supported Pitt's motion for Parliamentary Reform in 1785.
1790–1796Harley, Le Mesurier and Hammett, all supporters of Pitt's administration, were re-elected for Herefordshire, Southwark and Taunton respectively. J. W. Anderson [Aldersgate] was one of four elected on a double return for Okehampton. On petition he lost his seat, but in 1793 came in for the City as a Ministerialist. Sir J. Sanderson [Bridge] was elected for Malmesbury in the same interest in February, 1792.
N. Newnham [Vintry] who had lost his seat for the City at the general election and unsuccessfully contested Ludgershall in April, 1791, was returned for that borough in June, 1793; he had been a Foxite, but now was included in that section of the Whigs, which, led by the Duke of Portland and Burke, transferred its support to the Government when Fox and his followers opposed the war with France.
M. Bloxam continued to represent Maidstone, and ex-Sheriff Baker came back to Parliament as Whig member for Hertfordshire, having teen again defeated in the county town.
1796–1802Aldermen Harley and Sir B. Hammett (who died in 1800, having resigned his Aldermanry in 1798), were re-elected for their respective constituencies, and Sir J. Sanderson exchanged Malmesbury for Hastings, dying in 1798.
Sir R. C. Glyn [Bishopsgate] was returned as a supporter of the Tory Government for St. Ives.
Sir J. Eamer [Langbourn] stood unsuccessfully as a Tory for Ilchester.
M. Bloxam was re-elected for Maidstone, and was knighted in 1800.
[Ex-Sheriff Baker, who gradually forsook his Foxite connexion and became a supporter of the administration, retained his seat for Hertfordshire]
1802–1806Both Harley and Glyn retiring from the House of Commons, the former after forty years' service, no Alderman was elected at the beginning of this Parliament, except the four City members.
In June, 1803, Sir M. Bloxam, who still represented Maidstone, was chosen Alderman of Bridge, and J. Prinsep, who sat for Queenborough, became Alderman of Lime Street in December, 1804. Both were Tories, the former appears to have supported the Addington section of the party.
The Lord Mayor, Sir J. Eamer [Langbourn] came forward as a Tory candidate for East Retford but did not go to the poll.
Ex-Alderman Williams (Cornhill), sat for Wootton Bassett as a Tory and J. Atkins, afterwards Alderman of Walbrook, for Arundel as a Whig.
[Ex-Sheriff Baker, now an avowed Tory, was defeated in Hertfordshire, but recovered the seat in 1805]
1806–1807Both Bloxam and Prinsep lost their seats, the former being defeated at Maidstone and the latter who retired from Queenborough being unsuccessful at Colchester.
J. Perring [Broad Street], was returned in the Tory interest for Romney.
Ex-Aldermen Williams and Hibbert (Bridge), sat for Wootton Bassett and Seaford respectively; the latter supported the Whigs, except on the Colonial Slavery question.
Of future Aldermen, W. Jacob was returned for Westbury as a Tory and C. Smith, then Common Councilman for Cordwainer, was defeated at East Looe.
[Ex-Sheriff Baker was re-elected as a Tory for Hertfordshire, and Sheriff Jonathan Miles contested Tregony in the advanced Whig interest]
1807–1812The four City members were the only Aldermen returned at the General Election.
W. Jacob who then contested Yarmouth unsuccessfully for the Tories, came in for Rye in 1808, and was chosen Alderman of Lime Street in November, 1809, which position he resigned in March, 1811.
Sir J. Perring returned to the House as Member for Hythe in 1810.
Ex-Alderman Hibbert retained his seat for Seaford; Williams contested Grampound at the General Election, won the seat on petition in March, 1808, and was unseated on a counter petition two months later. In January, 1809, he stood for St. Albans without success, but in the following month came in for Kilkenny.
[Sheriff Sir J. Miles was an unsuccessful candidate for Barnstaple and John Elliot, Common Councilman for Bread Street, stood for Westminster in the Tory interest against Sir F. Burdett and Lord Cochrane]
1812–1818Sir J. Perring was re-elected for Hythe and C. Smith [Cordwainer] won a seat for the Government at St. Albans.
M. Wood [Cripplegate] was a Whig candidate for Grampound at a bye-election in 1814.
Ex-Alderman Williams was returned for Dorchester, a seat which he retained for more than twenty years, giving a steady support to the Tory party.
[Two ex-Common Councilmen sat in this Parliament, B. Shaw [Queenhithe] representing Westbury as a Tory pro-Catholic till 1814, when he retired, and C. E. Wilsonn (Langbourn) coming in for Bewdley as a Tory in that year]
1818–1820Sir J. Perring again sat for Hythe and W. Heygate [Coleman Street] represented Sudbury as a moderate Whig who generally supported the Government.
Sir W. Curtis, having been defeated in the City, was returned for Bletchingley as a Tory in February, 1819.
The Lord Mayor, C. Smith, who stood for re-election at St. Albans, was unsuccessful.
Ex-Alderman Williams was re-elected for Dorchester.
[D. W. Harvey, a prominent metropolitan ultra-Radical, who was then Common Councilman for Bishopsgate, came in for Colchester, which he had contested at the General Election of 1812 and at a bye-election in 1817. Three ex-Common Councilmen were candidates at the General Election. B. Shaw was defeated at Grampound, and N. Atcheson (Broad Street), a Whig, at Petersfield; M. Attwood (Bridge) was elected in the Tory interest for Fowey in March, 1819, but unseated on petition]
1820–1826W. Heygate was re-elected as an avowed ministerialist for Sudbury; C. Smith recovered his lost seat at St. Albans.
W. Thompson who was seated on petition for Callington in June, 1820 (with ex-Councilman M. Attwood as his colleague) became Alderman of Cheap in August, 1821; he was a moderate Reformer.
J. Atkins [Walbrook] a former Tory representative of the City, stood unsuccessfully for Barnstaple in March, 1824.
Ex-Alderman Williams continued to sit for Dorchester.
[D. W. Harvey, who had retired from the Common Council, was re-elected for Colchester; B. Shaw was defeated at Hedon. N. Atcheson again contested Petersfield; ex-Sheriff Parkyns, a very eccentric person, stood as an ultraRadical for Arundel in February, 1823, having contested Carlisle in 1818. T. Denman, Whig member for Nottingham, became Common Serjeant in April, 1822]
1826–1830C. Smith was re-elected for St. Albans; J. Atkins [Walbrook] was returned for Arundel in the Tory interest, having represented that borough as a Whig in the Parliament of 1802.
Sir W. Curtis [Bridge Without] the "Father of the City" was returned for Hastings, but resigned his seat and retired finally from Parliament in December, 1826.
Ex-Alderman Williams still sat for Dorchester and W. H. Hughes, a future Alderman, contested Oxford as a Whig without success.
[M. Attwood and D. W. Harvey were re-elected; A. Spottiswoode, who represented Saltash as a Tory, served as Sheriff for the year 1827–1828; the Common Serjeant (Denman) contested Leicester unsuccessfully. Two Common Councilmen, F. Gye (Bridge) and T. Bish (Cornhill), the former a Tory and the latter a Whig, were elected for Chippenham and Leominster respectively; Bish lost his seat on petition, and B. Smith (Cripplegate) stood as a Whig for Rye]
1830–1831Atkins was re-elected and H. Winchester [Vintry] sat as a Tory for Maidstone.
Ex-Alderman Williams continued to represent Dorchester; W. H. Hughes was returned for Oxford and T. Farncomb, afterwards Alderman of Bassishaw, contested Southwark for the Tories at a bye-election in November, 1830. [The Common Serjeant (Denman), was elected at Nottingham; he resigned his civic office at the end of the year on becoming Attorney-General. D. W. Harvey and ex-Sheriff Spottiswoode were returned in opposite interests for Colchester, the latter losing his seat on petition. M. Attwood forsook Callington for Boroughbridge. F. Gye, who had left the Common Council, gave up his seat at Chippenham and contested Berwick; J. Mirehouse, a Common Pleader (afterwards Common Serjeant), was an unsuccessful candidate for Marlborough. B. Smith was again beaten at Rye]
1831–1832Atkins retained his seat, but Winchester was defeated at Maidstone.
W. T. Copeland [Bishopsgate] who contested Coleraine as a Reformer at the General Election was seated on petition in August, 1831.
W. H. Hughes, who was re-elected for Oxford, was elected Alderman of Portsoken by the Court of Aldermen on the rejection of Michael Scales in January, 1832, but ousted by the Court of King's Bench on a writ of quo warranto in the following July. (He became Alderman of Bread Street in 1843, after his parliamentary career had closed).
Ex-Alderman Williams, D. W. Harvey and M. Attwood were re-elected for their respective constituencies, and B. Smith stood a third unsuccessful contest at Rye.
1832–1834The City members (Wood, Waithman and Key), were the only Aldermen returned at the General Election.
Alderman Thompson, late one of the City members, unsuccessfully contested Sunderland as a Moderate Whig, and was returned for that borough in April, 1833.
W. T. Copeland repeated the experience of the preceding Parliament: he was defeated at Coleraine by the Mayor's casting vote at the General Election, but recovered the seat on petition in May, 1833.
W. H. Hughes similarly was thrown out at Oxford, but was elected for that city in March, 1833, being (like Thompson and Copeland) a very moderate Reformer.
Ex-Alderman Williams was returned for Dorchester for the last time; J. Lainson (afterwards Alderman of Bread Street), unsuccessfully contested East Surrey as a supporter of the Grey ministry, and J. Humphery, afterwards Alderman of Aldgate, was returned by the Reform party for Southwark.
[M. Attwood, a staunch Tory, was the first Member for Whitehaven, his former constituency, Boroughbridge, having been disfranchised by the Reform Bill. D. W. Harvey was re-elected at Colchester and T. Bish was returned for Leominster as a Whig]
1835–1837Aldermen Thompson and Copeland were re-elected, nominally as Reformers, but they gave a steady support to Sir R. Peel, both in office and opposition and before the end of the Parliament were definitely identified with the Conservative party. W. H. Hughes, who was re-elected for Oxford, adopted the same course.
M. P. Lucas [Tower] received a few Conservative votes at Maidstone but was not a serious candidate.
J. Humphery, who was re-elected for Southwark as a Liberal (having D. W. Harvey as his colleague), was elected Alderman of Aldgate in December, 1835.
C. Farebrother [Lime Street] unsuccessfully contested Lambeth for the Conservatives.
[M. Attwood was re-elected for Whitehaven and T. Bish for Leominster. Sheriff Raphael, a Roman Catholic Liberal, who had stood for Evesham in 1830, contested Pontefract at the General Election; in the following June he was returned under the patronage of O'Connell for Carlow County, but was unseated on petition and subsequently published an address to the electors, detailing his pecuniary transactions with O'Connell in connection with the election, in which the Irish agitator's conduct was represented in a very unfavourable light. The Recorder (the Hon. C. E. Law) was elected for Cambridge University as a Tory in March, 1835, and his future successor, the Hon. J. A. Stuart-Wortley, for Halifax in the same interest, having contested it in 1832. B. Smith sat for Sudbury as a Liberal]
1837–1841Aldermen Thompson, Humphery and Copeland were re-elected, the last-named exchanging Coleraine for Stoke-on-Trent.
Sir James Duke (then Sheriff and Common Councilman for Billingsgate) was returned as a Liberal for Boston at the General Election: in December 1840, he became Alderman of Farringdon Without.
W. H Hughes, standing as a Conservative, was defeated at Oxford by the future Chief Justice Erle.
Ex-Sheriff Salomons, who had been elected Alderman of Aldgate before Humphery, but had been unseated owing to his inability as a Jew to take the required oath, was an unsuccessful Liberal candidate for Shoreham.
[M. Attwood and the Recorder were re-elected, as also was D. W. Harvey, who quitted Parliament in 1839 on appointment to the newly instituted office of Commissioner of the City Police. B. Smith was defeated at Norwich, but gained the seat on petition]
1841–1847Thompson, Copeland, Humphery and Duke were re-elected, and in September, 1841, Thompson exchanged his seat at Sunderland for the representation of Westmorland.
J. Johnson [Dowgate] was an unsuccessful Conservative candidate for Plymouth and ex-Sheriff Salomons contested Maidstone as a Liberal.
In the disruption of the Conservative party on the Corn Law question, Thompson voted with the Protectionists, whilst Copeland joined the two Conservative non-Aldermanic members for the City (Lyall and Masterman), in support of Free Trade.
[M. Attwood, B. Smith and the Recorder were re-elected. A. Galloway (Common Councilman for Farringdon Without) was defeated at Dover, standing as an advanced Liberal. Ex-Sheriff J. Pilcher unsuccessfully contested Southwark in 1845 as a Conservative against Sir W. Molesworth, and in January, 1847, ex-Sheriff W. J. Chaplin was returned for Salisbury as a Liberal]
1847–1852The old members, Thompson, Copeland, Humphery and Duke were re-elected; the last-named (then Lord Mayor), resigned his seat for Boston in 1849 and was returned for the City, which during the past six years had been, for the first time in more than five centuries, without a direct Aldermanic representative in Parliament.
T. Sidney [Billingsgate] was elected as a Conservative Free Trader for Stafford.
In May, 1851, W. Cubitt, who sat as a Conservative Free Trader for Andover, was chosen Alderman of Langbourn.
D. Salomons contested Greenwich at the General Election, and (having been in December, 1847 chosen Alderman of Cordwainer), was returned there in June, 1851, defeating Alderman D. W. Wire [Walbrook] (like himself a Liberal), who being then a Common Councillor for his Ward, had contested Boston as Sir J. Duke's colleague in 1847 and again on Sir James's retirement in 1849, and had stood a third unsuccessful contest (after his elevation to the Aldermanry), in April, 1851.
R. W. Carden [Dowgate] then Sheriff, contested St. Albans as a Conservative unsuccessfully in 1850, on the death of ex-Sheriff Raphael who had been returned at the General Election; a petition against the successful candidate was followed by a Royal Commission of Inquiry which elicited revelations of wholesale corruption in the electorate, resulting in the disfranchisement of the borough.
A future Alderman, R. Hartley Kennedy, contested the Inverness boroughs as an independent Liberal against a member of the same party.
[The Recorder (Law) was re-elected; on his death in 1850, the Recordership was given to the Right Hon. J. A. Stuart-Wortley, the Peelite Member for Buteshire, which he had represented since 1842. Ex-Sheriff Chaplin retained his seat for Salisbury; C. Pearson, the City Solicitor, an ex-Common Councilman for Bridge, was elected for Lambeth as an Independent Liberal (ousting a Member of the Whig Government): he resigned his seat in July, 1850. Another ex-Member of the Common Council, A. Pellatt, stood as an advanced Radical and anti-State-Church candidate for Bristol, polling under 200 votes, and two existing members of that body, J. Hartley (Farringdon Within), a Conservative and C. Gilpin (Bishopsgate), a Liberal, were defeated respectively at Sligo, in July, 1848, and at the Perth boroughs, in May, 1852]
1852–1857W. Thompson continued to sit for Westmorland till his death in 1854.
Cubitt was re-elected for Andover and T. Challis [Cripplegate] came in for Finsbury as a Liberal.
Copeland and Salomons lost their seats and Sidney, who abandoned Stafford, was an unsuccessful Peelite candidate for Leeds.
[The Recorder, who resigned that office on becoming Solicitor-General in November, 1856, continued to sit for Buteshire as a Peelite: T. Chambers, Liberal Member for Hertford, was elected Common Serjeant in January, 1857. Sheriff Swift was returned for Sligo county at the General Election in the Liberal interest; ex-Sheriff Chaplin was again elected for Salisbury; ex-Sheriff Laurie, a Conservative, who was elected for Barnstaple in 1854, lost his seat on petition, his unsuccessful opponent, W. Tite, the eminent architect (formerly a Common Councilman for Aldgate), becoming Liberal Member for Bath in 1855; ex-Sheriff Nicoll (a Common Councilman for Cornhill), stood for Frome as a Liberal in 1854, and again in 1856, when he lost by one vote only; ex-Sheriff Kennard was elected for Newport (Isle of Wight) in the Conservative interest in February, 1857, a few weeks before the Dissolution. J. Locke, one of the Common Pleaders, contested Hastings unsuccessfully for the Liberals and A. Pellatt came in for Southwark in succession to Alderman Humphery, who retired at the end of the preceding Parliament. J. T. Norris, Common Councilman for Aldersgate, contested Abingdon as a Liberal in 1854.
1857–1859Cubitt was re-elected; Alderman Copeland recovered his former seat for Stoke-on-Trent and Sir R. Carden [Dowgate] was elected in the Conservative interest for Gloucester.
In February, 1859 Alderman Salomons came in again for Greenwich at a bye-election.
Alderman Sidney stood unsuccessfully as a Peelite for Worcester, and W. A. Rose as a moderate Conservative (in conjunction with ex-Sheriff Kennard) for Newport (Isle of Wight), where both he and his colleague were defeated.
Ex-Alderman White (Bassishaw) was returned in the advanced Liberal interest for Plymouth.
[The late Recorder (Stuart-Wortley) was re-elected for Buteshire; the Common Serjeant (Chambers), lost his seat at Hertford; J. Locke (Common Pleader, an office which he resigned in the following July), was elected as a Liberal for Southwark, ousting A. Pellatt: ex-Sheriffs Nicoll and Laurie were elected at Frome and Barnstaple respectively: ex-Sheriff Swift lost his seat for Sligo county. W. Tite was re-elected at Bath. Three Liberal Common Councilmen, secured seats in this Parliament: C. Gilpin (Bishopsgate) being elected for Northampton, W. Cox (Broad Street) for Finsbury and J. T. Norris (Aldersgate), for Abingdon]
1859–1865Aldermen Cubitt, Copeland and Salomons were re-elected. Cubitt resigned his seat for Andover to contest the City in July, 1861, was again elected for Andover in December, 1862, and died in October, 1863, having resigned his Aldermanry in the preceding January.
Alderman Sidney contested Stafford as a Liberal at the General Election and secured a seat there at a bye-election in August, 1860.
W. A. Rose [Queenhithe] was elected for Southampton as a Conservative during bis Lord Mayoralty in December, 1862, and J. C. Lawrence [Walbrook] was returned for Lambeth as a Liberal in May, 1865.
Sir R. Carden was defeated at Gloucester, and unsuccessfully contested Marylebone in 1861.
Ex-Alderman White was rejected at Plymouth, but was elected for Brighton in 1860.
[Ex-Sheriff Kennard recovered his lost seat at Newport; ex-Sheriff Nicoll was defeated at Frome; Stuart-Wortley, the ex-Recorder, contested the West Riding of Yorkshire unsuccessfully for the Conservatives; Messrs. Gilpin (who retired from the Common Council in 1860), Norris, Tite and Locke were re-elected, the last named again defeating A. Pellatt. W. Cox lost his seat at Finsbury, but recovered is at a bye-election in December, 1861. P. A. Taylor, formerly Common Councilman for Farringdon Within, was elected for Leicester as an advanced Radical in 1862, having contested that borough in 1861, and Newcastle-on-Tyne at the General Election]
1865–1868Alderman Salomons was re-elected, and A. Lusk [Aldgate] was returned for Finsbury as a Liberal, defeating W. Cox, who professed the same creed.
J. C. Lawrence and W. A. Rose lost their seats, though the latter's colleague as a Conservative candidate at Southampton (the Recorder, Russell Gurney), came in at the head of the poll.
Alderman and Sheriff T. Dakin [Candlewick] was the unsuccessful Liberal candidate for Thetford.
Ex-Alderman White was re-elected at Brighton; two future Aldermen were defeated at the General Election, F. W. Truscott (then Common Councilman for Dowgate), who stood as a Conservative for Dudley, and W. M'Arthur, who contested Pontefract as a Liberal. In 1866 R. N. Fowler was the unsuccessful Conservative candidate for Penryn at a bye-election.
[Ex-Sheriff Kennard, J. Locke, C. Gilpin, W. Tite and P. A. Taylor were re-elected, J. T. Norris lost his seat at Abingdon, the Common Serjeant (T. Chambers), was returned for Marylebone and ex-Sheriff T. Cave for Barnstaple, both as Liberals]
1868–1874Aldermen Salomons and Lusk were re-elected; the former, who had Mr. Gladstone as his colleague at Greenwich, died in July, 1873.
J. C. Lawrence recovered his seat for Lambeth, having as his colleague W. M'Arthur, who was chosen Alderman of Coleman Street in September, 1872.
Sir S. Waterlow [Langbourn] was elected as a Liberal for Dumfrieshire; being disqualified as having held a Government contract at the date of his election, he lost his seat and standing again was defeated in March, 1869. He also stood for Southwark unsuccessfully in 1870.
Reading was contested for the Conservatives by Sir R. Carden and Southwark for the same party by W.J.R. Cotton [Lime Street] at the General Election.
J. Figgins, Common Councilman for Farringdon Without, was elected in the Conservative interest for Shrewsbury: in June, 1873, he succeeded Sir J. Duke as Alderman of his Ward.
Ex-Alderman White was again returned for Brighton and R. N. Fowler won a seat for the Conservatives at Penryn.
[The Recorder (R. Gurney), the Common Serjeant (T. Chambers), ex-Sheriff Cave, C. Gilpin, P. A. Taylor and Sir W. Tite (who died in 1873) were re-elected, and C. Reed, Deputy of Farringdon Within, was returned as a Liberal for Hackney, defeating Common Councilman J. J. Homer (Cornhill), who stood also as a Liberal in the licensed victualling interest. W. Cox was again defeated at Finsbury; ex-Sheriff Sir F. Lycett contested Worcester for the Liberals at the General Election and was also unsuccessful at Liskeard in 1869. Ex-Sheriff Sir J. Bennett (Common Councilman for Cheap) was one of many Liberal candidates for the seat at Greenwich, vacated by Sir D. Salomons' death in 1873]
1874–1830Aldermen Lusk, Sir J. C. Lawrence and M'Arthur were re-elected, and Sir S. Waterlow was returned for Maidstone.
Alderman Figgins was defeated at Shrewsbury and Sheriff Sir C. Whetham [Bridge] at Bridport, which he contested for the Conservatives.
Sir R. Carden [Bridge Without] stood unsuccessfully for Barnstaple. in February, 1880.
Ex-Alderman White and R. N. Fowler lost their seats at Brighton and Penryn respectively.
[The Recorder (Gurney), was re-elected to represent the Conservatives of Southampton with ex-Sheriff Sir F. Perkins as a Liberal colleague. The Common Serjeant (Sir T. Chambers), who was re-elected for Marylebone, succeeded to the Recordership on Gurney's death, when the former office was conferred on W. T. Charley, Conservative member for Salford. Ex-Sheriff Cave, P. A. Taylor and C. Gilpin were re-elected, the last-named dying the same year. Deputy Reed was again returned for Hackney, but lost the seat on petition. Ex-Sheriff Sir J. Bennett contested Maldon at the General Election, and ex-Sheriff Sir F. Lycett fought two unsuccessful contests at St. Ives, in December, 1874 and March, 1875, and also stood for Worcester in 1878. Commissioner Kerr, Judge of the City of London Court, was defeated at Peterborough as an independent Liberal]
1380–1885Sir J. C. Lawrence, Sir A. Lusk and Alderman McArthur were re-elected, and Sir R. Carden returned to the House after 21 years' absence as M.P. for Barnstaple.
Sir S. Waterlow lost his seat for Maidstone and the Lord Mayor, Sir F. Truscott (Dowgate), contested Gravesend unsuccessfully in the Conservative interest against ex-Sheriff T. Bevan, who, however, lost his seat on petition, when Sir S. Waterlow, who afterwards (September, 1883) resigned his Aldermanry, succeeded him (July, 1880).
In June, 1884, Sir J. W. Ellis [Broad Street] was elected for Mid-Surrey as a Conservative, bringing the number of Aldermen in Parliament to eight, at which number it had stood from 1880 until Sir S. Waterlow's resignation of his Aldermanic position in 1883, being the largest number on record since 1796.
J. E. Saunders, Deputy (afterwards Alderman) of Coleman Street was a Liberal Candidate for Greenwich.
[The Recorder (Sir T. Chambers) and P. A. Taylor were re-elected, the latter retiring from Parliament in 1884. The Common Serjeant (Sir W. Charley), lost his seat at Salford and afterwards (1883), contested Ipswich. Deputy Sir C. Reed was elected for St. Ives and died in 1881. Commissioner Kerr failed at Kilmarnock and ex-Sheriff Shaw at Aberdeen at the General Election, the latter, who was a Conservative, having previously contested that constituency in 1872 and 1874]
1885–1886The election of 1885 was singularly disastrous to the Aldermanic candidates; nine members stood for election and only two were successful, viz.: Sir R. Fowler in the City and Sir J. W. Ellis in the Kingston division of Surrey, both being Conservatives.
The unsuccessful candidates were Sir W. J. R. Cotton in the City, W. Lawrence [Bread Street] in South Paddington, Sir J. C. Lawrence in North Lambeth, Sir W. M'Arthur in West Newington, Sir H. E. Knight [Cripplegate] in West Marylebone, J. Whitehead [Cheap] in North Westmorland and P. Cowan [Cordwainer] in Whitechapel. Of these Sir W. Cotton was a Conservative, standing against two other Conservatives and a Liberal, Aldermen Whitehead and Cowan were the official candidates of the Liberals and Conservatives respectively, and were defeated in straight party fights; the remaining four stood as moderate Liberals against more advanced members of that party as well as Conservatives, the latter being in each case successful.
Ex-Alderman Sir S. Waterlow also was defeated in Mid-Kent.
Two future Aldermen, Deputy Saunders and G. Faudel-Phillips, were unsuccessful Liberal candidates for the Dartford division of Kent and for West Hertfordshire (Watford) respectively.
Ex-Sheriff T. Bevan was defeated at Gravesend, and the Common Serjeant (Sir W. Charley) again at Ipswich. Common Councilman B. Fletcher (Farringdon Within) sat as a Liberal for the Chippenham Division of Wilts. Four other members of the Common Council were amongst the rejected, viz.: Messrs. Alpheus Cleophas Morton (Farringdon Without) at Hythe, E. Dresser Rogers (Aldgate) at Peckham, W. Malthouse (Farringdon Without) at Walworth, and B. S. F. McGeagh (Castle Baynard) in North Aberdeen. Of these the last stood as a Conservative, the rest represented various shades of Liberalism (that of Mr. Morton being the most pronounced), the fissiparous tendencies of that party being to an exceptional degree brought into evidence at this election. Mr. E. M. Nelson, ex-Common Councilman for Dowgate attacked, but without success, in the Conservative interest Speaker Peel's seat at Warwick and Leamington]
1886–1892Sir J. Ellis was re-elected. Two Aldermen were defeated at the General Election, viz.: Alderman Whitehead in North Westmorland and Sir J. C. Lawrence in West Carmarthenshire, and Alderman H. D. Davies [Bishopsgate] was unsuccessful at Rochester in April, 1889. The first of these represented the Gladstonians, the second the Liberal Unionists, and the lastnamed the Conservatives.
Deputy Saunders again failed to carry the Dartford division against Sir W. Hart Dyke.
[Three Gladstonian ex-Sheriffs were unsuccessful candidates, Mr. E. K. Bayly in North Camberwell, Sir J. Bennett in North Wilts, and Mr. Clarence Smith in West Cambridgeshire, where Sir C. Hall was returned, who became Recorder in February, 1892. The Common Serjeant, Sir W. Charley, was defeated by another Conservative in North Belfast in March, 1892. Of the existing Common Councilmen, Mr. B. Fletcher lost his seat for the Chippenham division; Mr. J. Judd (Farringdon Within) led the Liberal forlorn hope against Sir M. Hicks-Beach in West Bristol, Mr. E. J. Stoneham (Cheap) contested Bethnal Green (North-East) as a Liberal Unionist, and Mr. A. C. Morton was unsuccessful at Chistchurch, but secured a seat for Peterborough in October, 1889. Ex-Common Councilman T. P. Baptie (Broad Street) was the defeated Gladstone candidate at Maidstone]
1892–1895Sir J. Whitehead [Cheap] was elected as a Liberal for Leicester, but retired from Parliament in August, 1894.
The seat for North Westmorland which Sir James had twice contested for the Gladstonians fell to a Conservative ex-Lord Mayor, Sir J. Savory [Langbourn]
Alderman Davies won the seat at Rochester for the Conservatives but was unseated on petition.
[The Recorder, Sir C. Hall, lost his seat for West Cambridgeshire, but came in for Holborn in the following August: his old opponent, ex-Sheriff C. Smith, won a seat for the Liberals in East Hull, and ex-Sheriff Bayly achieved a similar success in North Camberwell. Sheriff Foster was elected as a Conservative for the Lowestoft division of Suffolk, defeating Common Councilman Judd; Mr. A. C. Morton was re-elected at Peterborough, and Mr. W. O. Clough, Common Councilman for Cheap, was returned in the Liberal interest for Portsmouth. Another representative of that Ward, Mr. H. H. Bridgman, contested Taunton as a Liberal, Mr. J. H. Lile (Farringdon Without) stood in the same interest for the Truro division of Cornwall, Mr. T. P. Baptie was defeated at Bath, and Mr. B. Fletcher at Christchurch]
1895–1900Sir J. Savory (who in 1898 exchanged the Ward of Langbourn for Bridge Without) was re-elected for North Westmorland, and Alderman Davies came in for Chatham.
Mr. W. M. Guthrie (a future Alderman) was returned by the Conservatives for Bow and Bromley.
[The Recorder, Sir C. Hall, held his seat for Holborn till his death in 1900: in that year Mr. Clough, who had been re-elected for Portsmouth, retired from parliament. Ex-Sheriff Foster was re-elected, but ex-Sheriff Bayly was defeated in North Camberwell, Sir C. Smith in East Hull, and Mr. A. C. Morton lost his seat for Peterborough, the constituency which has the unique distinction of having, in contests between Liberals, rejected successively Sir G. Cornewall Lewis and the future Lord Penzance in favour of the late Mr. G. H. Whalley]
1900–1906Sir H. D. Davies was re-elected for Chatham, and Mr. Guthrie, who continued to represent Bow and Bromley, was elected Alderman of Cornhill on Sir J. C. Dimsdale's retirement in December, 1902.
Sir J. Savory was defeated in North Westmorland by a very youthful Liberal, who has since been converted to Conservatism, and the Lord Mayor, Sir A. J. Newton [Bassishaw], failed to carry West Southwark as a Liberal Unionist.
[Ex-Sheriff Dewar, who in 1897 had been the unsuccessful Conservative candidate for the Walthamstow division of Essex, now secured a seat in the St. George's division of the Tower Hamlets. Sheriff Joseph Lawrence unsuccessfully contested Cardiff at the General Election for the Conservatives (against Sir E. Reed, who, like Mr. Rigg, Sir J. Savory's successful opponent, has since joined the Unionists), but in May, 1901, was returned for the Monmouth boroughs. Sir Clarence Smith was defeated in North Bristol, Mr. A. C. Morton at Bath, and Mr. A. M. Torrance, of the London County Council (an ex-Common Councilman for Bread Street) was the unsuccessful Liberal candidate for East Islington. Mr. J. A. Rentoul (Conservative) member for East Down was appointed one of the Judges of the City of London Court in 1901, and thereupon retired from parliament]
1906For the first time since 1328 a House of Commons was elected including not a single Alderman of London among its members. Indeed no Alderman or ex-Alderman was a candidate, Sir H. D. Davies and Mr. Guthrie voluntarily retiring from parliament.
[Ex-Sheriffs Sir T. Dewar and Sir J. Lawrence also retired from parliament. Ex-Sheriff Sir T. H. Brooke-Hitching unsuccessfully contested the Elland Division of the West Riding of Yorkshire for the Conservatives. Mr. A. C. Morton returned to the House as member for Sutherlandshire and Mr. E. H. Lamb (Common Councilman for Candlewick) was elected in the Liberal interest for Rochester. Mr. A. M. Torrance won a seat for the Liberals in Central Glasgow]
The London County Council, the parliamentary aspirations of whose prominent members have always been in evidence, returned thirty—all belonging to the Liberal or Labour parties.

Footnotes

1 Bathurst and Duncombe were included in the batch of Aldermen removed by James II. in April, 1686. Rich, one of the four Aldermen representing the City, followed in March, 1687, and Newland in June, but inasmuch as Parliament, which was not formally dissolved until July 2, 1687, had been prorogued since November, 1685, the Aldermanic representation in the House of Commons was practically unaffected.