Confirmation by King Edward [I] of the great charter of liberties and the charter of the forest made in the time of King Henry [III], with orders to publish the same; and renunication of all aids, tasks and prises saving those anciently due, and all customs saving that on wool, hides and leather formerly granted him. Tested by Edward the king's son at London, the morrow of St. Edward K. 25 Edward I. (French).
R.I. f. 223. (See Statutes of the Realm, I. 123–4).
Pardon by Edward the king's son, with the assent of Richard bishop of London, William bishop of Ely, Henry [archbishop] elect of York, and the council, to Humphrey de Boun earl of Hereford and Essex constable of England and Roger Bygot earl of Norfolk marshal of England, for all offences committed by them, John de Ferers and their company.
R.I. f. 223d.
Great charter of Henry III; second reissue, with some variations, including the grant of a fifteenth, and the date, London, 6 November 2 Henry III.
R.I. ff. 224–226. (See Statutes of the Realm, I. Charters of Liberties, pp. 17–19).
The charter of the forest, with some abbreviations and variations, including the grant of a fifteenth, and omitting the date.
R.I. ff. 226d.–228. (See Statutes of the Realm, I. Charters of Liberties, pp. 20–21).
Sentence of excommunication, dated id. May 1253, in the great hall of Westminster, against all transgressing the great charter and the charter of the forest, or publishing statutes contrary thereto; passed in presence and with assent of King H[enry III], Richard earl of Cornwall, R. earl of Norfolk and Suffolk marshal of England, Humphrey earl of Hereford, R. (*H.) earl of Oxford, J. earl of Warenne (*of Warwick), by W. (*B.) archbishop of Canterbury and primate, F. bishop of London, H. bishop of Ely, R. bishop of Lincoln, W. bishop of Worcester, N. (*W.) bishop of Norwich, P. bishop of Hereford, W. bishop of Salisbury, W. bishop of Durham, R. bishop of Exeter, S. bishop of Carlisle, W. bishop of Bath, L. bishop of Rochester, T. (*Th.) bishop of St. Davids.
R.I. f. 228: III. f. 249d., where the readings marked *are found. See Statutes of the Realm, I., p. 6, where the date is iii id. May; Reg. Drokensford, Somerset Record Soc. I. 26.
The provisions of Merton, dated the morrow of St. Vincent 20 Henry [III], with some variations.
R.I. ff. 228d.– 230. See Statutes of the Realm, I., pp. 1–4
Statute of Windsor, concerning the extra day in leap year, dated 9 May 44 Henry III.
R.I. f. 230. See Statutes of the Realm, I. p. 7, where the date is 9 May 40 Henry III, with the variant 4 June 54 Henry III.
Dictum of Kenilworth (Statuta de Kenyngworth), dated pridie kal. November 1267 (sic) 51 Henry III, with numerous variations.
R.I. ff. 230–2, See Statutes of the Realm, I. pp. 12–17.
R.I. ff. 232–5. See Statutes of the Realm, I. pp. 19–25.
The statute of Westminster, dated the morrow of the close of Easter at the first general parliament after the coronation of Edward I, with variations; incomplete, ending in the middle of the 18th clause.
R.I. ff. 235–8. See Statutes of the Realm, I. pp. 26–31.
Indenture of the offical of John bishop of Bath and Wells, dated 9 April 1377 at his visitation, of ornaments belonging to the chantry at the altar of St. Martin in the cathedral of St. Andrew Wells for Ralph late bishop of Bath and Wells and John de Somerton formerly abbot of Muchelnye, found in the custody of Sir William Purchas otherwise Palmere the chantry priest, namely one missal with notes, one chalice gilt, 3 pairs of vestments etc., 3 pairs of corporals with 3 cases woven of silk, 3 pairs of towels for the altar, 2 napkins, 2 stoles, one candlestick of tip, one pyx for the Eucharist covered with silk, another of wood to put the bread in, one pax painted on panel, and one coffer bound with iron to keep the same in.
R.I. f. 238d.
Induction and installation by proxy of Master John Silvestre alias Codeford doctor of laws as prebendary of Cumba quartadecima 9 July 1379, by Master William Camel precentor then presiding at Wells: canon Thomas Munt' proctor. Present: Master John Wareyn and John Hope canons of Wells, W. Craas.
R.I. f. 239.
Petition of William de Camera canon of Wells to the president and chapter, in the dean's absence, being desirous to reside but having no house, for licence to keep his residence in the hired lodging of Margaret Moners.
R.I. f. 239.
Memorandum that on the morrow of the Conversion of St. Paul 1383, about the first hour, in the lodging and in presence of William de Camel precentor of Wells, Sir John de Wyke rector of Bowrcler in Winchester diocese and vicar of the prebendal stall of Clyve resigned his vicarage to Sir William de Camel formerly vicar of that church, on condition that should he be ousted from the said rectory without fault of his own he should return to his vicarage not withstanding such resignation. Subsequently the said William appeared before the dean and chapter, and at the request of John bishop of Bath and Wells, in presence of the dean, the precentor, canon John Hope, and Walter Craas notary public, was immediately inducted.
The same day the dean and chapter admitted John Elcombe clerk to the vicarage of the prebendal stall of Tymbrescombe upon the presentation of Thomas Hynton treasurer and prebendary of Tymbrescombe.
R.I. f. 239d.
Allotment by John bishop of Bath and Wells to William Camel vicar in Wells, so long as he be a vicar, of a chamber in the new vicars' close on the east side, vacant by the death of John Rodeneye vicar. Dated Woky, 3 June 1382.
R.I. f. 239d.
Inspeximus and exemplification by King Edward [III], tested at Westminster 18 November 17 his reign, of the record of proceedings before William de Shareshull and Simon de Furneux, justices assigned to hear and determine certain matters in county Somerset. Commission, tested at Claryndon 18 July 17 his reign, to Hugh de Courtenve earl of Devon. Thomas de Berkele, the said William and Simon, and William de Chiltenham (reciting the plaint of Ralph bishop of Bath and Wells against John le Kyng, Thomas le Saltere, Stephen de Wedmor, John Markaunt, Hugh de Somerton, Richard atte More, William Wynd, John Bradewell, John Or', Stephen le Somenor, Walter de Middleton and John his brother, William de Cheleworth, Henry Martel, Walter de Compton, Richard le Eyr, Walter Braseyeterer, John Gunnild (Gunyld),
William Jurdan the younger, Robert de Lovyngton, John de Cote, John le Ropere, William de Excestre skinner, John le Eyr, Adam le Nywmaister, John le Lange dyer, John Frankeleyn, John le Lange barber, and Thomas Chaloner, for conspiring with other disturbers of the peace to obstruct his view of frankpledge twice a year, his hundred court every three weeks, his court of his men and tenants as lord of the town of Wells, wherein he had cognisance of pleas, such as contracts, covenants and trespasses within the town, and his four fairs a year granted by royal charters, for setting up a new court of their own authority to be held every eight days, and causing his tenants to implead one another therein, whereby he lost 100 marks, for rescuing the distraints levied by his ministers for customs and services, assaulting his servants, confederating to maintain such trespasses, and imprisoning his men who refused to confederate with them) to hear and determine the said trespasses and conspiracies: by virtue whereof summonses were issued to them to appear at Batheneston on Thursday after St. Bartholomew, also to eighteen jurors. Pleas there on that date: the bishop (by John de Cumbe his attorney) pleads his right to hold the above mentioned courts from time immemorial, fairs, etc., and the trespasses of defendants as above. Defendants do not appear. Names of mainpernors, who are in mercy: John brother of Walter de Middelton and John le Lange barber have nothing whereby to attach them. Order to distrain the rest, and to have them before the justices on the Beheading of St. John Baptist, and to take the said John and John. Inquisition on Thursday aforesaid by oath of Geoffrey atte Grene, Geoffrey Harsrigge, Roger Carvyle, John Franceis, Nicholas Frankeleyn, John Sampson, Robert de Fersshforde, John de Burys, Robert, Peyt, William de Berwyk', William le Vynor, William le Ryght, who say that Guy de Astyngton, John Gille webber, Walter Sparke, Richard de Carpetree (Harpetre), William le Lodere, Walter de Mulverton, John de Wynchestre tanner, Thomas de Brydeport, Jordan le Bakere, William Jurdain chaplain, Nicholas atte Wode chaplain, Nicholas de Crydyton tailor, Nicholas Garselade, William Styghele, Roger le Goldsmyth, Richard Curteys, John de Sobberi webber, Adam de Schipton, John Markaunt butcher, John son of Jordan le Bakere, John Garscoyne, John Horn of Wells dyer, John Muntz, John Wynmowe dyer, John Snyggere dyer, Nicholas Portere, John de Rollebury barber, William son of Hugh le Barbere, John Janne, Philip Seyes souter, John Frere toukere, John Huchon vinter and Robert de Forde, with John le Kyng and the others above named, made trespasses and conspiracies as in the commission suggested: wherefore summonses were issued to them to appear on the feast aforesaid. Pleas at the same place on the Beheading of St. John Baptist: John le Kyng and the others above named in mercy for default; also with Guy de Astyngton and the others they were attached to answer the bishop's count, claiming his view of frankpledge after Michaelmas and after Hockeday, his hundred court, and his court as lord of the town of Wells twice a year, after the Purification and after Midsummer, and his fairs lasting from two days before to two days after St. Kalixtus, from
two days before to two days after St. Andrew, during the vigil and feast of the Invention of Holy Cross, and during the vigil and Nativity of St. John Baptist; and giving particulars of distraints levied by John de Cumbe and William de Coker, John Botiller and John Chamberleyn his ministers, and rescued by defendants, for fealty, a custom called tolcestre on every brewing, the profits of his fairs, the compulsion of Roger and Robert de Asschbury to plead in the new court, the assaults on John Goldwegge, Walter Pelyter, William atte Welle and Robert de Asschbury his servants, the imprisonment of Roger and Robert de Asschbury and John Bakere until they gave certain bonds; and claiming 3000l. damages. Defendants crave licence to imparl, but afterwards fail to appear; wherefore there is judgment for the bishop with damages. (Memorandum that the within written letters are in the king's Chancery; but only enrolled on the back of the record.)
R.I. ff. 240–3. See below, p. 262.
Inspeximus and examplification by King Edward [III], tested at Westminster 20 November 17 Edward III, of the record of proceedings in the Chancery at Westminster in the quinzaine of Hilary 15 Edward III. Writ of scire facias, tested at Stanford 16 November 15 Edward III, addressed to the sheriff of Somerset (reciting the king's charter to the burgesses of Wells granting them quittance of toll, passage, pontage, quayage, tronage, picage, keverage, morage, murage, works of castles, houses, walls, dykes, causeways, bridges etc., the right to elect a mayor, bailiffs, a constable of the peace, and coroners, to have a gaol and the custody of prisoners within the borough liberty, the return and execution of writs and summonses, so that no sheriff or officer should enter or meddle therein, that all pleas within the borough and liberty, whether of land therein or of trespasses, contracts and convenants, should be held before the mayor and bailiffs, that they should not be put on assizes, juries or inquisitions with foreigners, unless the same concern the king or his heirs, and power to enclose the town with a wall and moat and to crenellate the same) ordering the said burgesses to appear in the Chancery in the quinzaine of Hilary to shew cause why the charter should not be revoked. Return to the same by John de Glastyngbury clerk and Guy de Astyngton their attorneys. John de Clone, for the king, alleges manifest error in the issue of the charter, namely the omission of an inquisition ad quod damnum; also that the bishop of Bath and Wells holds the town in chief in right of his bishopric, and all the burgesses are his tenants, many by knight service; that the above quittances are to the king's loss, the right of electing a mayor etc. can only be enjoyed by tenants of the crown, and that the said quittances would either exclude the king from the royalties of the whole county or transfer the charge to others; also that the bishop enjoys certain liberties in the town by grant of the crown, namely his hundred court every three weeks, with cognisance of pleas, fairs, markets, tolls, infangthef and outfangthef, fines and amercements, as appears by the account of Nicholas Fernbant
during the vacancy of the see after the death of bishop William de Marchia, who answered for 96l.; that the burgesses are bound to the bishop yearly in 100 marks, and pay him a composition rent for the issues of the liberties, which should fall to the king during a vacancy, and therein the charter was to the king's loss and the bishop's prejudice; also that the king's gaol for Somerset is at Somerton, and the keeper should have custody of all prisoners within the county, and pays yearly 24l., part of which farm would be lost; also that the bishop has the return and execution of writs and summonses concerning his liberty, so that he answered for 18s. for forfeitures in one sheriff's account, which profit would be lost, to the prejudice of the king and the bishop: wherefore he craves the revocation of the charter. The burgesses say that they have been quit of the toll, works etc. above mentioned from time immemorial; as to the election of mayor etc., the return and execution of writs and summonses, and the other liberties granted them (except the custody of the gaol), the profits thereof are casual matters and not yearly, and cannot fall within an extent, wherefore the king of the plenitude of his power and for their fine can grant the same without inquisition ad quod damnum, as he has often done; as to the custody of the gaol, that is a charge and not an advantage, for they would be answerable to the king for the profits. The said John (for the king) replies that there is no mention in the charter that they are in possession of the quittances above mentioned, nor is it alleged in the burgesses' answer that they have ever been allowed in the king's courts, and their claim is so wide that no proof is possible; as to the election of mayor etc. the return of writs etc. and other liberties (except the gaol), that the burgesses do not deny that the charter without any process went forward to the prejudice of the crown and others, that even casualties can be estimated, and the usual process should have been observed, as is clear by the omission of the clause ex certa scientia sua from the charter; as to the gaol, that the loss of profit from Somerton gaol is not denied, nor the prejudice to the farmer of it. A day is set in Easter term, when the said John produces a certificate of the Exchequer that, during the last vacancy of the bishopric from 10 May to 22 July 3 Edward III, John de Clyvedon and Gilbert de Berwyk guardians of the temporalities accounted for 4l. 3s. 1¼d. of the issues of the borough; an inquisition finding that the bishop is lord of the town, holding it of the king in chief, part in demesne, part in services and rents, and has therein divers liberties and customs, some by royal charter, others by ancient use, by reason whereof he takes divers issues and profits, which the king should take during a vacancy, and these would be lost if the charter hold good; moreover the grant that they should not be put upon juries etc. with foreigners would give them a cause as well of slaying, as of indicting and arresting strangers. A day is set in the octave of Michaelmas, when the court holds upon the evidence that the charter was to the prejudice of the king, the bishop and others, and judgment is given that it be revoked and annulled, with an order to the sheriff to publish the fact, and distrain the burgesses to bring up the same to the Chancery to be cancelled, which was accordingly done.
(Memorandum that the within written letters are in the Chancery among writs of 17 Edward III, but only enrolled on the back of the record).
R.I. ff. 243d.–246. See Placita in Cancellaria, No. 11; and compare Year Books (Rolls Series) 16 Edward III, i. pp. 108–121 and Introd. lxxvii–lxxxii.
Bond of Richard le Eyr steward of the guild of Wells, Thomas de Testwode, Thomas le Saltere and the whole commonalty of the town to the dean and chapter in 20 casks of wine, to be paid at Wells, 10 on Sunday after Christmas and 10 on Sunday after Trinity. Dated Wells, Thursday after Michaelmas 10 Edward III.
R.I. f. 246d.
Note of a fine between John de Alre and Agnes his wife deforciants and Peter dean of Wells, of common in Saltmore, 18 Henry III: from that date to 10 Richard II is 151 years.
R.I. f. 246d. See above, p. 11.
18 September 1360. Before William Cammel subdean of Wells, Master Richard de Carleton, Master Stephen de Hulle, Master John Hywyssh and Master John Power canons constituting the chapter, in presence of nearly all the vicars, the subdean (as chief of the chapter in the dean's absence) commanded the vicars upon their oath to certify him whether Stephen Ferror a vicar probationer who had stood for a year and more in the church were a fit person to be made perpetual vicar; and they after secret deliberation certified that the said Stephen had knowledge of chanting and reading, but had so borne himself in manners and conditions that he ought to be altogether rejected from his vicarage and from their company: wherefore by consent of the said canons the subdean removed him.
R.I. f. 247.
17 November the same year. Before William de Cammel subdean, Master John de Horsyngton chancellor, Master Hugh de Monyngton, Master John Hywyssh, Master John Aunger and Master William Cokham canons of Wells, nearly all the vicars appeared, and presented to the chapter John Jene a vicar novice, who had stood in the church during a year and more of probation, and deposed that he was a fit person to be made perpetual vicar; wherefore the subdean (as chief or president of the chapter in the dean's absence) made him a perpetual vicar, first administering the oath.
R.I. f. 247.
Letter [from the chapter to the dean, in margin] acknowledging letters of the king on his behalf addressed to them, and requesting him not to pursue an answer until they could consult together at his coming to Wells. Dated Wells, 22 November.
R.I. f. 247.
30 November the same year. Admission by W. Cammel subdean and the chapter, in the dean's absence, of John Wodenam to the vicarage of the prebendal stall of Tanton, upon the presentation of Master Adam Trewelove proctor of Master John Lugwardyn prebendary thereof.
R.I. f. 247.
3 December the same year. William Cammel subdean, by consent of the chapter, admitted John Benet as sacrist of Wells, and he was sworn, Thomas Nywman being surety: the canons protested they would only receive him at dinner as a guest until the dean's arrival.
R.I. f. 247.
Form of citation by the president and chapter of Wells to the canons and prebendaries (the offices of dean and subdean being vacant) to be present at a special chapter to elect a dean after the death of dean John, licence having been obtained from Ralph bishop of Bath and Wells.
R.I. f. 248.
Licence of Ralph bishop of Bath and Wells to the chapter of Wells to elect a dean after the death of dean John de Carleton. Dated his manor of Wyvelescombe, vi kal. September 1361.
R.I. f. 248.
Mandate of Ralph bishop of Bath and Wells to the president of the chapter of Wells (the offices of dean and subdean being vacant) to install William de Cammel rector of Pokelchurch in a canonry of Wells and the prebend of Comba quinta, void by the resignation of Edmund Gournay the precentor, upon the bishop's collation. Dated his manor of Wyvelescomb, x kal. September 1361.
R.I. f. 248.
Similar mandate to install Edmund Gournay precentor of Wells in the prebend of Wormynsterre, void by the death of Richard de Rodeneye. Dated Wyvelescomb, x kal. September 1361.
R.I. f. 248.
Similar mandate to install John de Pulle rector of Hemyngton in the prebend of Wedmor quinta, void by the resignation of William de camel. Dated Wyvelescomb, 1 September 1361.
R.I. f. 248d.
Similar mandate to install Walter de Aldebury rector of Honespulle in the prebend of Comba quartadecima, void by the death of Poncius de Verreriis. Dcated Wyvelescombe, x kal. September 1361.
R.I. f. 248d.
Writ of privy seal recommending to the chapter of Wells Master William de Loughteburgh doctor in laws for election as dean by reason his great fitness and renown for learning. Dated at the abbey of Beaulieu, 6 September.
R.I. f. 248d.
Reply of the chapter that they were bound to elect a person known among them and profitable to their church, and they have already done so, having power from the canons not present to elect one of their own body and no other. Dated in chapter, 28 September [1361 ?].
R.I. f. 248d.
Mandate of Ralph bishop of Bath and Wells to the president of the chapter of Wells to induct William Whyte acolyte to the vicarage of Wermynstre prebend in that church, void by the resignation of Robert atte Sloo, the collation whereof belonged to the bishop by reason of the vacancy of that prebend. Dated Wyvelescomb, 14 September 1361.
R.I. f. 249.
Monition in writing by John de Horsyngton chancellor of Wells and president of the chapter, at the election of a dean after the death of dean John de Carleton, to all under suspension, excommunication of interdict or other disability to withdraw.
R.I. f. 249.
Presentation by John Beneyt canon of Wells and prebendary of Combe terciadecima, addressed to the dean and chapter, of William Janne clerk to the vicarage of his stall. Dated Shaftesbury, 10 September 1361.
R.I. f. 249.
Similar presentation by Robert atte Sloo canon and prebendary of Wedmore quarta of Nicholas Spicer of Bridport clerk to the vicarage of his stall. Dated Wyvelescombe, 6 October 1361.
R.I. f. 249.
Citation by John de Horsyngton chancellor of Wells president and the chapter (the offices of dean and subdean being vacant) to canon Adam de Hilton prebendary of Cumba duodecima, to be present at a chapter on Wednesday the morrow of All Souls in order to elect a dean, the bishop's licence having been obtained, in consequence of the refusal of William de Cammel, whom they elected dean after the death of dean John. Dated Wells, 13 October 1361.
R.I. f. 249d.
Notification dated 5 November the same year to Ralph bishop of Bath and Wells by John de Horsyngton chancellor and president of Wells (the offices of dean and subdean being vacant) of the
induction and installation of John Power archdeacon of Bath in the prebend of Doultecote, void by the death of Michael de Drokenesford, upon the bishop's collation, and in accordance with his mandate dated Wyvelescomb, 11 October 1361.
R.I. f. 249d.
Monition by John de Horsyngton chancellor and president, at the election of a dean, to all persons under any disability to withdraw.
R.I. f. 249d.
Form of solemn adjuration at the election of a dean after the death of John de Carleton.
R.I. f. 249d.
Mandate of Ralph bishop of Bath and Wells to the president of the dean's jurisdiction without the city and suburb of Wells to induct Robert de Edyngdon priest to the vicarage of Westbury upon the bishop's collation and institution. Dated Wyvelescombe, 5 November 1361.
R.I. f. 250.
Proxy by John de Horsyngton chancellor and president of Wells and the chapter to Master Robert de Nettelton and Master Adam Trewelove canons, to require the consent of Master Stephen Pympel dean elect. Dated the chapter house Wells, 3 November 1361.
R.I. f. 250.
Letter of credence by John de Horsyngton chancellor and president of Wells and the chapter, addressed to Ralph bishop of Bath and Wells or his commissary, in favour of Master Stephen de Hulle and Thomas Bray two of their number deputed to inform him of the election of Master Stephen Pympel canon of Wells as dean, and all the circumstances. Dated the chapter house Wells, 4 November 1361.
R.I. f. 250.
Presentation by Stephen de Pympel dean of Wells, addressed to bishop Ralph, of John Brounyng priest to the vicarage of Wedmor. Dated Exeter, 15 December 1361.
R.I. f. 250.
Notification by John de Horsyngton chancellor and president of Wells and the chapter to Ralph bishop of Bath and Wells of the election of Master Stephen Pympel one of their congregation as dean; with proxy to canons Robert de Nettelton, John Sydenhale and William Derby to obtain the bishop's confirmation. Dated the chapter house Wells, 4 November 1361.
R.I. f. 250.
Mandate of Ralph bishop of Bath and Wells to the president and chapter of Wells (the deanery being vacant) to induct Nicholas Golston priest to the vicarage of the prebendal church of Hengestrigge, void by the death of Ralph Tomer, whom the bishop has instituted upon the presentation of Master Simon de sudburia prebendary of Hengestrigge. Dated Wyvelescombe, 11 November 1361.
R.I. f. 250d.
Form of lease or assignment to farm by the dean and chapter to one of the canons, so long as he be a canon, at a yearly cess.
R.I. f. 250d.
Mandate of Simon archbishop of Canterbury primate and papal legate to Master Robert de Netelton canon of Wells, his official guardian of spiritualities and vicar general in the cities and diocese of Bath and Wells during the vacancy of that see, upon complaint of John the prior, Adam de Cristmalleford subprior, John Brok precentor, Robert Lake sacrist, Walter de Alyngton almoner, Nicholas de Bath' fourth prior and the chapter of Bath, to revoke within six days an ecclesiastical censure against them, published by the prebendal official of Chyw (pretending to be his commissary but having no such power) as special commissary of the archdeacon of Bath and deans of Bath and Redeclive, in letters dated Wells, xv kal. January 1363, addressed to the rectors, vicars and chaplains of the said city and deaneries, denouncing upon them a sentence of excommunication and suspension, for disobedience to his monition to seal and forward to the chapter of Wells a decree of the election of Walter de Monyngton abbot of Glastonbury as bishop of Bath and Wells; otherwise citing the said official and his pretended commissary to appear before him twenty one days later; and annulling the decree of election before mentioned as altogether outside their jurisdiction. Dated Ch[a]ringges, vid. January 1363.
R.I. f. 251.
Memorandum that 15 December 1366 in the chapter house of Wells it was proposed between the dean and the chapter that all proceedings relating to the recent admission of John Beuchamp as a vicar in Wells and his suspension be annulled, in order that the statutes and customs of the church be saved in their former estate, and the boy come and renounce his right. And on the morrow the said John came and resigned his vicarage.
R.I. f. 251d.
Petition of the chapter of Wells to Pope Urban [V] to expedite the business and return of Master Stephen Pempel bachelor in arts and doctor in civil law, who has been elected dean and confirmed by their diocesan, for that his absence in consequence of a controverted election is a grievous loss to them.
R.I. f. 252.
Indenture between Stephen Pempel dean of Wells and the chapter on the one part and Hugh de Remygton and Maud his wife on the other, whereby the dean and chapter, by reason of the ruinous state of the houses by the western steps in the churchyard of St. Andrew in the borough of Wells, which the said Hugh and Maud hold to them and their heirs and dwell in, and the cost of repairing and in great part rebuilding the same, remit the arrears of a yearly sum of 16s. which they have received of the said houses from time immemorial under the will of Ralph de Lullyngton, to be divided among the poor by their communar; granting them during their lives to pay instead 10 s. to the communar, namely 2s. 6d. a quarter, to be so divided, with power of entry to distrain. Dated the chapter house Wells, Saturday St. Matthew (38?) Edward III.
R.I. f. 252.
Manumission by the chapter of Wells (in the dean's absence abroad) of John Chaumbre, son of John Chaumbre the elder, their neif. Dated the chapter house Wells, v. kal. November 1364.
Similar manumission of William Chaumbre, the same date.
R.I. f. 252d.
Indenture whereby the dean and chapter of Wells grant to John Webbe and Agnes Lene his wife for their lives a tenement with curtilage in Torlane, between that late of Peter Legh on the north and that of John Budde on the south, at a yearly rent of 6s. 8d. payable quarterly, with warrenty. Witnesses: J. atte Stone, J.Kyng, J. Deneman, J. Waryn, W. Erl, Walter Bole, Cok, Masson. Dated Wells, Sunday the Translation of St. Thomas M. 37 Edward III.
R.I. f. 252d.
Indenture made 1 February 64 (sic) between the chapter of Wells (in the dean's absence abroad) and Master William Wyneforde mason (lathamus) granting to the said William for life a messuage in Wells in Byestewall street, wherein William de Schepton late vicar dwelt, at the yearly rent of one rose at Midsummer; and granting him also a yearly pension of 40s. for life payable quarterly, and every day he shall be in the city of Wells engaged upon the fabric of the church 6 d. payable by the warden of the fabric: in consideration whereof the said William was sworn in the chapter house to be their good and faithful servitor for term of his life, to oversee the fabric and the workmen thereupon. Dated the chapter house Wells, as above.
R.I. f. 252d.
Collation and instituation by the chapter of Wells (in the absence abroad of Stephen Pempel the dean) of Sir W. Moder clerk to the perpetual chantry at the altar of holy rood in their church, lately held by Sir Ralph de Carleton chaplain. Dated v id. April 65 (sic.)
R.I. f. 253.
General letter of credence by the chapter of Wells (in the absence abroad of Master Stephen de Penpel the dean) in favour of Richard Holebrok their cursitor general in the provinces of Canterbury and York. Dated v id. April 65 (sic.)
R.I. f. 253.
Presentation of R. de B. priest by the president and chapter to John bishop of Bath and Wells for institution to the vicarage of Burnham. Dated iv id. July 64 (sic.)
R.I. f. 253.
Proceedings on vi kal. October 1365 in the chapter house of Wells. Present: Master Stephen Penpel dean, William Cammel precentor, John de Horssyngton chancellor etc.
Ordered that moneys in arrer during the vacancy of the deanery after the death of J. de Carleton be levied by the dean's ministers
That order be taken by the subdean touching the pension payable by Berlynch priory, and how much is due.
That the arrears of the ancient payment of Worspryng be postponed, and it be fully paid in future.
That the dean in person speak with the officials of the archdeaconries of Wells and Tanton for two thirds of the fruits of vacant benefices.
The dean promised to speak with their attorney in the king's court, and will provide another if he is not more diligent in future.
That Robert Dunyngton, executor of Thomas Avebury, answer for the pension due from the church of Norton under Hamedon while the said Thomas held it.
That the rector of Westludeford of the dean's jurisdiction be summoned before him touching the pension.
That order be taken concerning the farm of Bidesham which William Odecumbe has surrendered.
Memorandum that the amercement made by Sir Richard Acton is yet in suspence.
That the charter of John atte Ya farmer of Okhamton be inspected to see why he retains 6s. of his rent.
That a pyx be made at the tomb of bishop Ralph with two locks and keys, one of which J. Lumbard shall keep and R. Brere the other: the oblations to be put in a box in the treasury with two locks and keys of which the subdean shall keep one and T. Bockyng' the order, and be applied to making a new frontal for the high alter, and afterwards as the dean and chapter shall order.
That the steward have one key of the oblation chests against the master of the fabric.
That the treasure of the church be put in a chest in the treasury with two locks and keys, of which the precentor shall keep one and the communar the other
That the houses in Torrelane which Hugh de Monyngton held be offered to canons waiting for canons' houses.
That the dean endeavour to rebuild Knapp mill, and appropriate houses for the obit of Walter de Compton and Joan Mogge.
By consent of William de Odecumbe, ordered that he pay in future to the communar 2s. cause money (?) and 6s. of the chantry of Milton, but arrears before Michaelmas are remitted.
That the communar pay for repairing the house of the church school.
That the bailiff of Cory be under the control of the steward, and come before the dean to answer.
That Philip the subtreasurer be granted the oblations at the cross of St. Mary's chapel for 6s. 8d. a year, so that he be sworn to inform the chapter of the amount.
That 100l. be allowed of the profits of the church manors for the coming year to stock the manor of Cory with cows and swine.
That inquisition be made concerning the truth of the earl of Salisbury's drift in Cory marsh; and whether there should be a ditch between the earl's soil and that of the church.
That Walter de Cory pay 6s. 8d. to the fabric of the church for carrying oaks from Stoke park, and come before the steward at the next court at Cory to give security for good behaviour, and to receive a monition from the dean. To this he consents.
That the bishop's executors pay 10l. bequeathed to the church, as they are ready to do, and consider whether they will deliver up a new cross, or pay the value of the old one the bishop had.
That no common of pasture be granted to the tenants of Hamme until the king's charter of Cory be inspected and further considered.
That Sir John Aunger's plaint against Richard for the right to redeem the custody of the son and heir of Lawrence de Combe be hastened.
That the chantry of John de Godele be celebrated according to the ordinance.
That Ralph de Carleton chaplain be summoned to answer for a chalice and missal missing at the altar of holy rood during his time.
R.I. ff. 253–4.
Letter from the bishop of Bath and Wells to the dean and chapter of Wells desiring them to seal certain agreements made between Ralph his immediate predecessor and Robert de Cheddre. Dated London, 6 November.
R.I. f. 254.
Memorandum that on the feast of St. Luke 1366 Harnald Brocas was inducted to the prebend of St. Decuman, upon an exchange with Bernard Brocas for the chapel of Wyppestrode, Winchester diocese.
The same day Master Robert Romeston of Corffe was admitted to the canonry and prebend of Wytchurch (late of Thomas de Edyngton) instead of the office of dean in the conventual church of Shaftesbury which the said Robert formerly held.
On St. Simon and St. Jude the same year, Sir John de Crykkelade was admitted to the canonry and prebend of Lutton (late of John Blebyry) by exchange for a portion of the predial tithes of Northangre in the parish of Kingescler.
R.I. f. 254.
Indenture of appointment and grant by Stephen de Penpel dean of Wells and the chapter, with the consent of William Lullok (Lailloc) chaplain and Margaret Moniers executors of Walter de Compton burgess of Wells deceased, in consideration of his bequests of 6 marks yearly rent of a burgage and shop in the high street of the town held by Henry Bouedich and Joan his wife for their lives, one rose rent of the moiety of a winecellar thereto belonging held by Margery late wife of the said Walter for life, Id. rent of the other moiety held for a term by John le Ropere, with the reversion of the whole, a shop adjoining thereto held at will by Henry Bouedich at a rent of one mark, and 10s. issuing from another burgage in the said town by Jacobes Welle held by Alice Croceres for life, with the reversion thereof, of which 10s. the wardens of the church of St. Cuthbert shall receive yearly 4s., so that a perpetual vicar chaplain shall celebrate daily at the altar of St. Stephen in their church for the said Walter, his kinsfolk and benefactors, bishop John, and Margery the widow, and receive yearly 4 marks; that 2 marks shall be divided at his obit on iii id. January among the canons and vicars present, whereof the sacrist shall have 8d. for sounding the gong and the treasurer 12d. for five lights; and that the dean (or in his absence the subdean or next cheif parson in the church) shall yearly collate such chaplain on the morrow of Michaelmas, subject to the bishop's distraint upon motion of the wardens of St. Cuthbert's for neglect. Dated the chapter house Wells, Sunday after St. Gregory P. 1366.
R.I. f. 254d.: repeated f. 279d.
Memorandum that 5 November 69 (sic), at a meeting of Stephen Penpel the dean, William Cammel the precentor, John Horsyngton the chancellor, Nicholas Pontesbury the subdean etc. in the church of Wells, it was agreed that for twenty four years the feast of St. Martin had not been kept as a double feast, and for some years omitted; and resolved upon the motion of Master Robert Stonore that it be not kept as a double feast in future.
At the same place and date Robert Samborne canon was elected steward of the chapter, and Sir John Wareyn noimnated to oversee Sir John Hulle master of the works and his workmen.
R.I. f. 255.
Two days later William Cammel was granted by the dean and chapter the burying place he had chosen; and 6 November Sir Thomas Curteys vicar was elected communar with John Tyntenylle as assistant, and both sworn.
It was ordered that any canon sent abroad for church business during his residence be content with his daily portion for expenses, and the allowance of the time so spent.
R.I. f. 255.
Memorandum that 21 February 1369 Master Walter Boketon canon of Chichester, proctor of Simon cardinal priest of St. Sixtus, was inducted and installed by Stephen Penpel dean of Wells in the prebend of the archdeaconry of Wells, by grace of Pope Urban
V., and sworn, in presence of John Horsyngton chancellor, John Benet, Master Thomas Bockyng' canons, William Benet, John Hulle, John Tyntenhulle vicars.
R.I. f. 255.
Master Thomas Porter doctor of civil law the bishop's official was sworn in chapter notwithstanding his former oath, by reason that he demised or lost the prebend he formerly held.
iv non. March, Sir Roger Holme was inducted to the provostship of Welles by John Stourton clerk his proctor, who was installed and sworn.
R.I. f. 255.
Account of Nicholas de Pontesbury and Thomas Bockyng', guardians of the proventions from the chest of Ralph late Bishop of Bath and Wells, up to 1 March 1368.
Received of John Lumbard and Richard Brere guardians thereof up to St. Kalixtus 66(sic) 88l. 2s. 8d., and from that date to Pentecost after 15l. 2s. 5d. by one tally; and of John Lombard, William Cammel, Simon Ercheffont and Richard Carleton guardians to 1 March aforesaid 148l. 17s. Total (beside money paid for wax) 252l. 2s. 1d.
Paid to John Hulle master of the works 34l. 4s. 5½d. by one tally, 12l. by tally: advanced to him by order of chapter 14l. by tally, and 100s. by tally. Total 65l. 4s. 5½d. Balance due 186l. 17s. 7½d.
Afterwards they were charged by the auditors (John de Horsyngton chancellor, Nicholas Iforde, Richard de Carleton and Robert Samborn) with 74l. 12s. by a tally found with those above mentioned by John Wareyn and others executors of Sir John Lombard, bearing the names of Nicholas Pontesbury and Thomas Bockyng' in the hand of the said Thomas, as he acknowledged formally in chapter: with 22l. 5s. received of John Spalding vicar of St. Cuthbert Wells, which Bockyng' acknowledged: and with 30l. received of John Aunger—making the sum due 313l. 14s. 7½d., whereof in gold and silver in the treasury 186l. 18s. 9d.: due 126l. 15s. 10½d., of which 9l. delivered to Thomas Bockyng' for making bells: balance 117l. 15s. 10½d.
Memorandum that the dean mainprised for 265l. 5s. 1d. in the treasury, in presence of the precentor, the chancellor and John Waryn.
Memorandum that 5 March 1368, in presence of the dean, the precentor, the chancellor, John Power archdeacon of Bath, Nicholas Ifrode, Richard Carleton, Thomas Bray, Thomas Madefray, Roger Blakedon, John Benet, Robert Samborne, William Odecumbe, John Waryn, Nicholas Pontesbury and Thomas Bockyng' constituting the chapter, Robert Samborne, Nicholas Iforde, Richard Carleton and William Odecumbe auditors reported that the said receivers were justly charged with three tallies made by John Lombard against them, and Bockyng' acknowleged the same to be in his hand, but said that the first tally was covered by one of the others, though no man living knew of the fact but himself and one of his servants; and at the exchequer Nicholas
Pontesbury said he was present in the chamber of William Cammel the precentor's lodging when Thomas Bockyng' made a schedule (bulla) of the bishop's obligations between himself and the precentor, but Thomas contradicted him.
[Several lines scratched out.]
The same day the dean and chapter directed the auditors to proceed with the account.
Memorandum that Master Thomas Bockyng' has to answer for 13s. 11½d., for 301 quarters of tin less 1lb., value 4l. 4s. 4d., and for 42 stone of copper at 14lb. the stone, in all 528lb. (sic) value 7l. 0s. 2d., for one brass pot of the gift of John Hulle, and one basin of the gift of John Tyntenhull. Total in money due 11l. 18s. 5½d.
Further he is charged with 9l. delivered by his auditors towards making bells.
R.I. ff. 255–6.
Indenture made 18 April 40 Edward III between the dean and chapter of Wells on the one part and Hugh Caucy of Northcory on the other, being the defeasance of a bond given by the said Hugh in 100l. payable at Midsummer and St. Peter ad vincula next, upon condition he pay their costs and damages in a suit in the king's court by reason of his unlawfully hunting in the warren of their manor of Northcory, as he publicly acknowledged in the chapter house; and provided he shew some title to fish in the waters of Tone or other waters within their said manor, and a decree of Henry de Persay in his favour, or else make amends for so doing.
R.I. f. 256: III. f. 212.
Proxy by Stephen de Penpel dean of wells and the chapter to Master Thomas de Schepton doctor of laws and Master John War[eyn] learned in the law to represent them in a parliament at Westminster in the quinzaine of Michaelmas. Dated the chapter house Wells, 7 October 72 (sic.)
R.I. f. 256d.
Indenture of Stephen Penpel dean of Wells and the chapter granting to Master Thomas de Schepton rector of Melles for life a messuage cottage and curtilage in Wells in the street called Tor Lane by the gate called Toryet, between the watercourse on the south and a messuage held of them by Robert le Honte on the north, as fully as Walter Rosesone held the same, at a yearly rent of 16s. payable quarterly to their escheator, with a proviso that when a canon's house shall be provided for the said Thomas he shall immediately surrender this to the dean and chapter, seeing that it has never been a canon's house. Witnesses: Master John de Horsynton chancellor, Master Richard Carleton, Master Nicholas Ford (Iforde) canons of Wells, John le Ropere, Nicholas Crysteham burgesses. Dated the chapter house Wells, 6 July 1372.
R.I. f. 256d.: repeated f. 264d.
Proceedings 12 October 1372 in the audit chamber over a gate on the west side of the cloister at Wells, in presence of Thomas Bockyng notary public, Stephen Penpel dean, William Cammel precentor, John Horsyngton chancellor, Richard Carleton, Thomas Bray, John Aunger, William Odecumbe, Thomas Madefray, Thomas Bockyng', John Benet canons, touching the bishop's procuration for reconciling the church after pollution by shedding of blood: Sir Philip Erdesleygh (the alleged casuse of the pollution) and Sir Richard Brere vicars therein promised to content the communar by Michaelmas next for the sum necessary, and the dean (by consent) condemned them therein. Immediately after, on a question of the appointment of a new subtreasures, the dean protested that he had no intent by such appointment to prejudice the treasurer or his dignity. On the morrow Sir Thomas Curteys the communar, in presence of the said Master John Horsyngton and Master John Aunger, after the reconciliation of the church, delivered 100s. in gold to the said Philip and Richard as a loan from the chapter, and they accepted the same to be paid as aforesaid. Done in the church by the font. Attested by Thomas Bockyng notary.
R.I. f. 257.
Collation by Stephen Penpel dean of Wells and the chapter of William Mey priest to the free chapel of St.Mary the Virgin in the churchyard of Northcory, void by the death of John de Stanwygg. Dated Wells in chapter, 12 January 1372.
R.I. f. 257d.
4 November, SirJohn Aunger and Sir John Jeny were condemned in 20l. at the exchequer before Master Stephen Penpel the dean and the chapter, to be paid by instalments.
R.I. f. 257d.
Memorandum that 20 December 72 (sic) Sir Richard Tryvethyk [entry incomplete.]
R.I. f. 258.
Bond of Hugh Caucy of Northcory to the dean and chapter of Wells in 100l. Dated Wells, 17 April 40 Edward III.
R.I. f. 258.
Order dated in chapter 14 January, present: Stephen Penpel dean, William Camel precentor, John de Horsyngton chancellor, Nicholas Iforde, Richard de Carleton, Thomas Bray, William Odecumbe, John Aunger, Thomas Bockyng', John Wareyn and John Benet, that 10l. be paid to the bishop towards making a cut (cissura) at Redeclyve, so that it be not made a precedent.
Also that the steward ride at Cory to see and report what damage the tenants there have suffered by a new purchase of lands.
R.I. f. 258.
Special proxy by Stephen Penpel dean of Wells and the chapter to Master Thomas Schepton, Master John War[eyn], and Master Robert Samborn canons to represent them in convocation before William archbishop of Canterbury and papal legate on 30 May in the church of St. Paul London. Dated Wells, 20 May 1373.
R.I. f. 258.
Fine levied at Westminster in the quinzaine of Michaelmas 24 Edward III, and recorded in the octave of Trinity 26 Edward III, between William de Luttulton, Stephen de Hull and John de Huwyssch plaintiffs and Robert Gyene of Northcory and Christina his wife deforciants, of a messuage and mill, one carucate of land and 4 acres of meadow in Northcory, which Thomas de Sowy held for life of the inheritance of the said Robert, assuring the reversion to plaintiffs and the heirs of the said Stephen, with warranty, in consideration of 100 marks.
R.I. f. 258d: III. f. 43. (Somerset Record Sce. xvii., p. 17).
1 October 1375, met in the chapter house of Wells William Cammel precentor, John Horsyngton chancellor, Thomas Byngham subdean, William Cokham succentor, John Aunger, Richard Carleton, Robert Stonore, Thomas Spert and John Wareyn canons and computed their days with the communar to Michaelmas.John Hulle, vicar of Master Stephen Pynpel the dean, presented a paper to them on his behalf with a memorandum that he was at wells until the morrow of the Translation of St.Thomas M., and after in London for defence of the deanery and church until 1 Augest, and travelling to Wells until the Beheading of St. John Baptist, then at Wells until now except six days at Modesleigh; and after deliberation he was allowed the time at Wells, thirty-five days and no more.
The same day Master Thomas Spert was granted the fruits of the prebent of Wyveliscombe, void by the death of [ ], for one year for 51l. 6s. 8d.
R.I. f. 259. The last name left blank.
Presentation by Stephen dean of Wells and the chapter, addressed to John bishop of Bath and Wells, of Sir John Palton chaplain to the chantry of Henry Husee formerly dean in the church of Wells. Dated the chapter house Wells, 3 October 1375.
Similar presentation of Sir John Wode chaplain to the same chantry. Same date.
R.I. f. 259.
1 October the same year at Wory, Sir John Horn rector of Weston supra Mare made oath and promise, laying his hand in that of John de Harewell bishop of Bath and Wells, that he would pay to the church of Wells a yearly pension of 100lb. of wax due from his church, in presence of william Cammel precentor, John de Horsyngton chancellor, John Waryn canon of Wells.
R.I. f. 259d.
12 August 1375. Profession of obedience to the bishop of Bath and Wells, read and sealed in the chapel of the manor of Woky near the city of Wells before bishop John, by John Chynnok monk and abbot elect of the monastery of St. Mary Glastonbury, in presence of Master Robert Sloo, Master William Wolleye, Master William Hetheryngton, and Master Thomas Benet notaries public. Certified by Robert de Welisborn notary public of the diocese of Worcester.
R.I. f. 259d.
Memorandum that 13 October the same year Roger Glost' chaplain of the diocese of Exeter appeared in the chapter house of Wells before Master Th[omas] Byngham subdean, Master William Cammel precentor, Master John de Horsyngton chancellor, Richard Carleton, William Cokham, John Waryn and other canons assembled, and alleged that the vicarage of the prebendal stall of Luskeuill had so long been void that the collation devolved upon the dean and chapter, and that Stephen Penpel the dean had promised him the same subject to the consent of the chapter. Whereupon the chapter consented, and having caused him to be examined by a vicar, directed him to take his place in the church for a fortnight in his vicar's habit at the usual hours on probation of fitness as to chanting and reading, after which time he was presented to be unfit; wherefore he put off his habit and withdrew by their leave.
R.I. f. 260
Memorandum that the dean was at Wells until the morrow of the Translation of St. Thomas M., then at London for defence of the deanery and church until 1 August, then at London and on the road to Wells until the Beheading of St. John Baptist, then at Wells until now, except six days when at Modeslegh.
Memorandum that Master Stephen Penpel the dean is allowed only thirty-five days when he was actually at Wells. Present in the chapter house, W.Cammel precentor, J. de Horsyngton chancellor, T. Byngham subdean, W. Cokham succentor, J. Aunger, R. Carleton R. Stonore, J. Wareyn, T. Spert constituting the chapter, 1 October the same year.
R.I. f. 260.
Memorandum that Stephen Penpel the dean left town (devillavit) for London on Thursday before St. Simon and St. Jude the same year, and returned April 1.
R.I. f. 260.
Appointment by the president and chapter of Wells (in the absence of the dean) of John Waryn canon of Wells as steward to oversee all their manors and the bailiffs and other ministers thereof, to hold courts, hundred courts and halmotes etc. as peertains to that office, with proviso that in the sale of lands he shall grat to no one the custom calledgestum, or the great trees of their groves. Dated the chapter house Wells, 4 December 1375.
R.I. f. 260d.
Similar appointment of John Waryn as steward, without the above proviso. Dated the chapter house Wells, 18 January 1375.
R.I. f. 260d.
Public protest or proposition read in chapter and confirmed by an oath 10 January 1375 by John Warin canon of Wells, in virtue of a special proxy given him for the purpose by Master Thomas de Byngham the subdean, Master Richard Carlton, Master Robert Stonore, Master John Waryn, Master Thomas Mount, Master Thomas Bockyngg' and Master Robert Samborne canons constituting the chapter, that the controversy between John bishop of Bath and Wells and Master Stephen Penpel pretended dean of Wells, pursued by the said dean in the court of Canterbury, was not begun by their consent or for the good of their church, but for the advantage of the said Stephen; also that they will be prepared to content the said Stephen concerning his commons and other profits due to him as to any other dignitary of the church so soon as he will come to the city and church of Wells there to perform his residence according to the custom thereof; and that this protest shall be affixed to the door of the church, that it may be made known to him and others whom it concerns. In presence of Master William Wolleye and Richard Horsforde clerks notaries public of the dioceses of Salisbury and Exeter. Certified by Thomas Benet clerk of the diocese of Bath and Wells notary public, and by William de Wolleye.
R.I. f. 260d.