Liber albus II
Fols. 63d-80

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Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

Historical Manuscripts Commission

Year published

1907

Supporting documents

Pages

336-352

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'Liber albus II: Fols. 63d-80', Calendar of the Manuscripts of the Dean & Chapter of Wells: volume 1 (1907), pp. 336-352. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=67381 Date accessed: 23 July 2014.


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Custumal of Wynescombe.

One day's ploughing 2½d., ploughing 1 acre 4d., harrowing 1d., haulage 2s., one day's mowing 1d., one day's carriage 4d., one day's reaping 1½d., daywork ½d.

Inquisition by John West of Sidecote then reeve, Nicholas Bulemer, Henry le Url, Walter le White, Henry de la Hale, William de Thinghurst, William de la Stone, 1290.

Free Tenants.


Robert de la Nye, 1 virgate and 12 acres of moor: rent 16s.: suit at the lord's court every 3 weeks: enfeoffed by bishop William and dean Edward: heriot, a horse and harness or his best beast. (Margin: Robert Cheddre. Now Lord de Lyle).
Hugh de Langelonde, 1 virgate and 1 acre: rent 8s.: suit of court and heriot as before: enfeoffed as before. (Richard Acton. Now Barbe).
Henry le Frye, 1 virgate: rent 12s.: suit of court etc. as before. (Now William Pleysted).
William de Molendino, ½ virgate with water mill: rent 8s.: suit of court and heriot as above: held by ancient tenure, to do two boon ploughings (value 5d.). Also one piece of meadow by Wamenhill in exchange for arable land in Brunerigge: additional rent 3d. at Michaelmas (Robert Chedder. Now Lord de Lyle).
Adam le Frye of Barthon, ½ virgate: rent 2s. and 12d. lard money: two boon ploughings, as he ploughs his own land: heriot as before: St. Peter 1d., wardpeny 1d. at Hokkeday, morepeny 1d.: of ancient tenure. (Now John Frye).
[ ] 1 virgate: rent 3s. and 12d. lard money: St. Peter 1d., wardpeny 1d.: suit of court and heriot as before. Also 1 acre of meadow in Sandford More for 1d., and 2 acres in Moreham for 1 plough share (?) and 1 grain of corn (?) at Michaelmas: of ancient tenure. (Thomas Smith: one placeman).

Tenants at Will.


Maud Langeman, ½ virgate: rent 2s. and 12d. lard money, St. Peter 1d., wardpeny 1d., morepeny 1d., cherset ½d. and one staka of wheat: two boon days with all her oxen. Also 2 acres freehold for 12d. a year: heriot her best beast.
Alice Puretut, 1 ferling: rent 3s.: suit of court: no house, and no other service.
Alice Est of Barton, ½ ferling: rent 12d. only.

Tenants by Villenage. [Virgaters.]


Thomas Well', 1 virgate: rent 3s. and 18d. lard money, St. Peter 1d., wardpeny 1d., cherschet 1d. and 1 bushel of wheat: to plough one day a week from Michaelmas to Martinmas


(estimated at 7s.), plough and harrow 1 acre for wheat after Martinmas, plough once on a boon day for wheat and once for spring corn, and one day a week from the Purification to the Ascension (estimated at 14 weeks): to harrow every day when required for oats (estimated at 6 days): 6 days' labour in winter, if threshing to thresh and winnow one tenth of a heaped quarter of wheat (1 bushel stricken) against Christmas, and after Christmas 4 bushels of oats, and haulage when required: to fallow 1 acre in summer, hoe two days a week from morning till noon with one man from Trinity to August (estimated at 8 weeks), mow for 3 days the demesne meadows (Langemede, Dutford, and great Lapemede) called Laghmede, taking every day 1 aueret of grass as much as he can lift from the ground with his scythe, and find one man to lift hay, and half a wain to carry the same when required (estimated at 2 days): to reap 3 days a week from St. Peter ad vincula to Michaelmas, and with two men on 3 boon days in autumn, and carry corn with half a wain when required, or if hay and corn be all carried before Michaelmas, plough one day a week with half a plough: winter work, to carry one faggot of brushwood to the lord's court for the gestum, fence 3 perches on level ground, or carry one faggot of fencing and make a hedge thereof, or carry fencing and hedge 2 perches on a dyke: may not marry his daughters without licence, or sell a male horse of his own breeding, and if he does vendor and purchaser shall pay 1d. each for toll: if he [make] a brewhouse, 1d. every brew for toll: heriot his best beast. Value of services 14s.
Alice Upehulle, 1 virgate: rent etc. as the last. Value 14s.
William de Thinghurst, 1 virgate: rent 4s. and 18d. lard money, St. Peter 1d., wardepeny 1d., morepeny 1d., cherschet 1d. and 2 stakas of wheat: services as before. Value 14s.

Half Virgaters.


Walter le Kyng, ½ virgate: rent 18d. and 6d. lard money, St. Peter 1d., wardepeny 1d., churschet ½d. and one staka of wheat: to plough one day every other week from Michaelmas to Martinmas, plough, harrow and sow ½ acre after: one boon ploughing for wheat and one for oats: to plough one day every other week from the Purification to the Ascension (14 weeks) and harrow for oats any day when required (6 days): 6 days' winter work, threshing and winnowing wheat and oats, or carrying brushwood or fencing: to carry hay or corn with one fourth of a wain when required: reap with one man 3 days a week from St. Peter ad vincula to Michaelmas, and 3 boon days in autumn: if all be carried before Michaelmas, to plough one day a week with one fourth of a plough: the rest as above. Value of service 8s. 9d.
John de la Plested, ½ virgate: Tent 18d., and 9d. lard money, St. Peter 1d., wardepeny 1d., churschet ½d. and one stacha of wheat: services etc. as the last. Value of service 8s. 9d.
John Upehull, ½ virgate: rent 18d. and 11d. (sic) lard money, St. Peter 1d., wardepeny 1d., churschet ½d. and one


stacha of wheat: services etc. as before. Value of works 8s. 9d.
John Purytout (otherwise Sparuer: written above) ½ virgate: rents etc. as before. Value of service 8s. 9d.
Alice Boueton, ½ virgate, as before. Value of service 8s. 9d.
John le Wyte, ½ virgate as before. Also 2 acres of meadow in Sandforde Moor: rent 2d. Value of service 8s. 9d.
Walter Barfot, ½ virgate as before. Also 1 acre of meadow in Sandforde Moor: rent 1d. Value of service 8s. 9d.
William Horych, ½ virgate as before. Also 1 acre of meadow in Sandforde Moor: rent 1d. Value of service 8s. 9d.
Robert le Erl, ½ virgate as before, but 3d. more lard money. Also 1 acre of meadow in Sandeforde Moor: rent 1d., and 4 acres of land and 1 acre of meadow: rent 12d. Value of service 8s. 9d.
William Bonyete, ½ virgate as before. Also 1 acre of meadow in Sandforde Moor: rent 1d. Value of service 8s. 9d.
William Alayn, ½ virgate as before, but 2d. more lard money. Also 1 acre of meadow in Sandforde Moor: rent 1d. Value of service 8s. 9d.
John le Kyng, ½ virgate as before. Also 2 acres of meadow in Sandforde Moor: rent 2d.
John Eggolfs, ½ virgate as before. Also 1 acre of meadow in Sandforde Moor: rent 1d. Value of service 8s. 9d.
John de la Wynch, ½ virgate as before. Value of service 8s. 9d. Also 2 acres of meadow in Sandforde Moor: rent 2d.
Walter Knyghwyne, ½ virgate: rent 2s. and 12d. lard money, St. Peter 1d., wardepeny 1d., churschet ½d. and 1 staka of wheat. Value of service 8s. 9d. Also 1 acre of meadow in Sandforde Moor: rent 1d.
John Bytheweye, ½ virgate: rent 19d. and 7½d. lard money, St. Peter 1d., wardepeny 1d., churschet ½d. and 1 staka of wheat. Value of service 8s. 9d. Also 1 acre of meadow in Sandforde Moor: rent 1d.
John Edward, ½ virgate as before. Also 1 acre of meadow in Sandforde Moor: rent 1d. Value of service 8s. 9d.
Henry Ourych', ½ virgate: rent 2s. and 12d. lard money, St. Peter 1d., wardepeny 1d., churschet ½d. and 1 staka of wheat. Value of service 8s. 9d. Also 1 acre of meadow in Sandforde Moor: rent 1d.
Isak de la Combe, ½ virgate as the last. Also 1 acre of meadow in Sandforde Moor: rent 1d. Value of service 8s. 9d.
Edith de Sydecote (John de Banewell clerk, written above), ½ virgate, as before. Value of service 8s. 9d.
Cristina Bolemer, ½ virgate as before. Value of service 8s. 9d.
John de Quercu, ½ virgate as before. Also2 acres of meadow at Wamenhull: rent 12d.
Gilbert de Okrygge, ½ virgate as before, and 3d. more lard money. Also 2 acres of land above Sydecote: rent 2d. Value of service 8s. 9d.


Cristina atte Stone, ½ virgate as before. Also 2 acres of land and 3 acres of meadow: rent 17d. Value of service 8s. 9d.
Gilbert Frisel, ⅓ virgate: rent 12d., and 7d. lard money, St. Peter 1d., wardepeny 1d., churschet ⅓d. and 2/3 staka of wheat: to do as Richard Est for 1 fardel. Value of service 6s.d. Also 1 acre in Sandeford Moor: rent 1d.
William Gerneys, ⅓ virgate, as the last. Value of service 6s.d. Also 1 acre in Sandforde Moor: rent 1d.
William Abraham, ⅓ virgate, as before. Also 1 acre of land in Sandforde Moor: rent 1d. Value of labour 6s. 1⅓d.
Richard Warre, ½ virgate: rent 3s., and 9d. lard money, St. Peter 1d., wardepeny 1d.: to come once to boon ploughing for wheat, and once for spring corn, and take nothing, because he holds of grace at the will of the lord. Value of labour 2½d. Also 2 acres of meadow in Sandeforde Moor: rent 2d., and 2 acres of pasture over against la Nye: rent 6d.
John le Pope, ½ virgate: rent 4s., two boon ploughings as the last, and to find one man to lift hay, but no mowing: to come with one man to the rick for one day, reap 3 days in autumn by one man at boon work, and do one day's labour before Christmas. Value of labour 9½d.
Edith de la Hale, ½ virgate: rent 4s. and 8d. lard money, St. Peter 1d., wardepeny 1d.: to mow 3 days, lift hay, reap on 3 boon days in autumn with one man, plough at boon ploughings, and do one day's labour before Christmas.
Walter de Okrygge, ½ virgate: rent 18d. and 9d. lard money, St. Peter 1d., wardepeny 1d., churschet ½d. and one staka of wheat: two boon ploughings and three boon days in autumn with one man, one day at the hay rick, one day's labour before Christmas. Value of labour 8d.
William de la Schete, ½ virgate: rent 3s. 6d. and 9d. lard money, St. Peter 1d., wardepeny 1d., churshet ½d and 1 staka of wheat: two boon ploughings, three boon days in autumn with one man, to toss and lift hay when required, one day's labour before Christmas. Value of labour 7d. Also 1 acre of meadow in Sandforde Moor: rent 1d.

Furlingers.


Richard Est, 1 fardel of land: rent 12d. and 6d. lard money, St. Peter 1d., wardepeny 1d., churshet ¼d. and ½ staka of wheat; two days ploughing between Michaelmas and Martinmas, and after to plough sow and harrow ¼ acre, one boon ploughing for wheat and one for spring corn, one ploughing a month from the Purification to the Ascension, harrowing for oats with horse and boy any day when required, to fallow ¼ acre in summer, and haul one turn in two: labour in winter, summer and autumn as Walter le Kyng, but reaping only 2 days a week in autumn by one man: 3 days boon ploughing in autumn with one man: to find one eighth of a wain and plough with his neighbours: may not marry his daughters nor sell a horse as Thomas Well'. Value of labour 6s.d. Also 1 acre of meadow in Sandforde Moor: rent 1d.


Henry Nortbouere, 1 furling as the last. Also 1 acre of meadow in Sandforde Moor: rent 1d. Value of labour 6s.d.
Robert de la Drove, 1 furling as before. Also one acre of meadow in Sandforde Moor: rent 1d. Value of labour 6s.d.
Walter de la Drove, 1 furling as before. Also 1 acre of meadow in Sandforde Moor: rent 1d., Value of labour 6s.d.
Alice Broun, 1 furling as before. Also 1 acre of meadow in Sandforde Moor: rent 1d., Value of labour 6s.d.
Henry le Rede, 1 furling as before. Also 1 acre of meadow in Sandforde Moor: rent 1d., Value of labour 6s.d.
Richard de la Stone, 1 furling as before. Value of labour 6s.d.
Dennis de la Wyke, 1 furling as before. Value of labour 6s.d.
Thomas atte Wyke, 1 furling as before. Also 1 piece of waste land by Brounrygg Wood: rent 6d. Value of labour 6s.d.
Henry Northlond, 1 furling: rent 18d. and 4d., lard money, St. Peter 1d., wardepeny 1d.; 2 boon days as before; to lift hay 3 days by one man, but no mowing; 3 autumn boon days by one man; to toss and lift 3 days, one day rick making, one day's labour before Christmas. Value of labour 9½d. Also 1 acre of meadow in Sandford Moor: rent 1d.
Robert Hollok, 1 furling: rent 2s. and 6d. lard money, St. Peter 1d., wardepeny 1d., churshet 3 hens: two boon ploughings, 3 days mowing and 3 days lifting hay, 1 day at rick making by one man: one day's labour a week from St. Peter ad vincula to Michaelmas: 3 boon days reaping in autumn, 1 day in the grange or at the rick in autumn: to thresh 1/10 seam (1 stricken bushel) and carry one faggot of brushwood for the Christmas gestum. Value of labour 2s. 3d. Also 1 acre of meadow in Sandford Moor: rent 1d.
William Rawell, 1 furling: rent 12d. and 6d. lard money, churshet ¼d., and ½ staka of wheat, St. Peter 1d., wardepeny 1d.: two boon ploughings; to fallow ¼ acre in summer, 2 days a week reaping from St. Peter ad vincula to Michaelmas, 6 days winter work, 3 boon days reaping in autumn by one man, 3 days mowing and lifting, ½ day a week hoeing from Trinity to August (value ½d.)

Half Furlingers. Cottars.


William de gardino, ½ furling: rent 3d. lard money at Martinmas (sic), St. Peter 1d., wardepeny 1d., churshet 3 hens: 2 days' labour a week from Michaelmas to August (except the three holy weeks) and every day from St. Peter ad vincula to Michaelmas, taking daily 1 sheaf when reaping and another auerok when at other work. Total (rent, labour etc.) 7s.d. and 2 hens.
William Bomour, ½ furling, as the last. Also 1 acre of meadow on the moor: rent 4d.


Stephen le Balde, ½ furling as before.
Robert le Bomare, ½ furling as before.
John Crey, ½ furling as before.
Robert Faber, ½ furling as before. Also the site of a smithy in Wynescombe: rent 4d.
John Berd, ½ furling as before.
John le Balde, ½ furling as before.
William Pokerel, ½ furling as before.
Thomas le Kyng, ½ furling as before.
Nicholas Sparuer, ¼ furling: 1d. lard money, St. Peter 1d., wardepeny ½d., churshet 2 hens: half the above labour. Rent, labour etc. 3s. 9d. with 2 hens.
Henry de la Hale, ¼ furling, as the last.

Cottars. Monedaymen.


John Draclyve, messuage, 2 acres of land, and 1 acre 1 perch of meadow: rent 6d. and 1½d. lard money, St. Peter ½d., wardepeny ¼d., churshet 3 hens: to reap one day a week with one man from St. Peter ad vincula to Michaelmas, and 3 autumn boon days by two men, taking one sheaf a day, one day at rick making, one day stacking by one man in the grange in autumn. Also a house and one acre of meadow: rent 4d.: 2 days' labour in the meadow with a rake by one man, and 2 days reaping with one man, taking one sheaf a day.
Walter le Houpere, messuage, 4 acres of land, 2 acres of meadow: rent 12d. and 3d. lard money: St. Peter 1d.. wardepeny 1d.: labour as the last.
Geoffrey de Okrygge, messuage, 4 acres of land, ½ acre of meadow: rent 18d.: to reap on three boon days in autumn, and one day at making the hay rick with one man.
John Batyn, messuage and 2 acres: rent 6d.: to reap on three boon days with one man taking 2 sheaves, and one day at making the hay rick.
John Roddok, messuage and 2 acres: rent 12d. and 1½td. lard money, wardepeny ½d.: to reap one day a week from August 1 to Michaelmas by one man taking a sheaf, and 3 autumn boon days taking a sheaf a day, one day with one man at the hay rick: to thresh for the gestum, and carry one faggot of brushwood against Christmas.
Edith Knappe, messuage and 3 acres: rent 12d.: 2 days at lifting hay and one at making the hay rick: to reap on 3 boon days in autumn by one man taking one sheaf a day, and one day by one man at the grange.
William Dollyng, cottage by the smithy at Wynescumbe: rent 12d. Held at the will of the lord.
Totals—Lard money at Martinmas, 40s. 1d.

  • Churshett at Martinmas, 20d., 2½ quarters of wheat, 40 hens.
  • Rents at Christmas, 39s. 9½d.
  • Rents at Easter, 39s. 9½d.
  • Rents at Midsummer, 39s. 9½d.
  • Rents at Michaelmas, 40s. 4½d.
  • Wardepeny at Hockeday, 5s. 1¾d.
  • Morepeny at St. Margaret's day, 4s. 1d.
  • Peter's pence on August 1, 5s. 2½d.
  • Whereof to be paid to the archdeacon of Wells by ancient custom, 11d.
  • Total, 10l. 15s. 10½d.

Parsonage of Wynescombe: Rents, Services and Pensions.


Robert Roddok, messuage, 1 acre of land, 1 acre of meadow: rent 3s.
William le Hopere, 2 acres: rent 6d.
Thomas de Okrygge, 2 acres: rent 18d.
John Compedene, messuage and 1 acre: rent 12d.
Thomas de Okrygge, ½ acre: rent 4d.

R.III. ff. 63d.–68d.

Custumal of the Manor of Hacche.


Walter de Hache, ½ virgate, messuage, curtilage, meadow and pasture adjoining: gavel 2s. and ¼lb. of pepper at Christmas: suit at the hundred court. (Margin: now Henry Seward gentleman.)
Value of a day's ploughing 2½d., 1 acre 4d., harrowing 1d., haulage 2s., mowing 1d., cartage 4d., reaping 1½d., daywork ½d.

Villeins.


Hugh le Poair, messuage with curtilage, 1 fardel of land with meadow adjoining: gavel 2s.: to come once to boon ploughing for winter wheat and have his corrody twice in the day, namely breakfast (bread, beer and cheese) and dinner (bread, beer, meat or fish and cheese), but quit of that if he have no oxen: one boon ploughing for spring corn (if he have oxen) as before: to find one plough horse (if he have one) for harrowing for spring corn: to thresh and winnow 1 bushel of wheat for the Christmas gestum (value ¼d.): to make one hurdle for the fold of stakes and saplings which he shall gather, and have for his aueroc 30 cut saplings (value ¼d.): one day hoeing with one man from dawn till terce (value ½d.), and one day from dawn till noon, having his breakfast of bread and cheese (value nil); 3 days mowing with one man at Hacchemede from dawn till prime taking every day his aueroc of grass, as much grass bound with one rope as he can lift on to his back (value ¾d.): to come when summoned to turn and lift hay with one man till the rick be made, taking for 3 days his aueroc of hay, worth ½d., as much as the bailiff with two fingers and one knee could lift so that the wind could blow between the aueroc and the ground (value nil): to help carry the hay to the barton of Hacche with one man, his wain and oxen (if he have any) till all be carried (estimated at 2 days, value 3d. a day): if he have no wain, to yoke his oxen to another man's wain, and if no oxen, to find a man for another man's wain: and after the last load those who have wains and oxen may go, but the others stay in the barton to make


the winter rick, and when the rick is finished all the homage shall have for their puture 2s. apiece: to reap ½ acre of wheat in autumn (value 2d.): two days with two men at the bedripes in autumn from dawn to sunset taking his corrody once in the day, namely wheaten bread, potage, a mess of meat or fish, and cheese (value 2d. a day), also one bedrip with one man taking his corrody twice in the day, for breakfast bread and cheese and dinner as before (value 1d.): when carrying hay may unyoke his oxen in the meadow till the load be complete: may not marry his daughters without licence: must haul his lord's corn to the nearest market town with his horse, if he have one, and likewise fetch his lord's corrody when he comes thither: haulage now redeemed for all the homage, who instead thereof plough 40 acres (20 for wheat and 20 for spring corn) or fallow, as the lord may choose: to have his gestum at Christmas, 1 quarter of wheat for bread for the homage, 6 bushels of wheat for strong beer and 12 bushels of oats for small beer, 2 quarters of beef, 2 hams and 1 quarter of pork, 12 hens, ½ stone of cheese, saffron, pepper, cumin, salt and flour, fuel of the lord's wood of Halsangre for baking, brewing, and to burn during dinner: to come with one other to the lord's court of Northcory on St. Stephen's day, and take his medale with the homage at Cory sitting in the lord's chamber on the east side of the lord's hall: to be reeve, berbrettus, or bailiff if chosen, and while reeve to be quit of gavel and labour, and have his meat and drink of the lord from August till the corn is all in the grange, ½ acre of the lord's meadow at Hacch to maintain his draught horse in winter and pasture for it in summer at Teddelegheswey, when berbrettus to have his dinner while [sowing ? ] or threshing, when bailiff to be quit of gavel and labour and have his portion as one of the lord's drivers, 2 bushels of corn for 3 weeks, to drive a plough or wain when needed, and afterwards go round his bailiwick as belongs to his duty, and to have one boy from August to Michaelmas receiving for him 4 bushels of corn of the household portion and for wages 18d.: suit to the hundred of Northcory and any halmote on summons: heriot, his best beast, if none the best acre of land sown, if neither no heriot: the wife to find security for maintenance of his tenement, and hold the same for life after his decease. Total, rent 2s.: value of works 3s.d.
William Red, messuage and 1 fardel: gavel 2s.: as the last.
Stephen Dru, messuage and 1 fardel: gavel 2s.: as before.
Simon Clake, messuage and 1 fardel: gavel 2s.: as before.
William Chapeleyn, messuage and 1 fardel: gavel 2s.: as before.
Walter atte Breche, messuage and 1 fardel: gavel 2s.: as before.
Robert Stylham, messuage and ½ virgate: gavel 4s.: the rest as before.
Margery Gale, messuage and 1 fardel: gavel 3s.: the rest as before.


Richard Swete, messuage and 1 fardel gavel 2s.: the rest as before. To be the lord's oxherd if chosen, and then quit of gavel and labour, but to go with the oxen to all labour, and have the twelfth working day with the lord's plough from Michaelmas to August, 5 bushels of wheat and 1 quarter of oats for his sulghmete at Michaelmas, and his puture when the men of the homage take victuals for ploughing or hoeing. Value as béfore.
Joan in ye Toune, 1 fardel with messuage, etc.: gavel 2s.: the rest as the last.
Robert atte Forde, messuage and 1 fardel: gavel 3s. 4d.: the rest as the said Hugh.
Robert Pode, messuage and 1 fardel: gavel 2s.: the rest as the said Hugh.
Alice Cornewaleys, messuage and 1 fardel: gavel 2s.: the rest as the said Hugh, but no aueroc of grass or hay, and no ploughing or fallowing of the 40 acres.
William de Dodescumbe, messuage and 1½ fardels: gavel 3s. 2d.: the rest as Hugh Poer.
William Smeth, messuage and 1 fardel: gavel 2s.: the rest as Hugh Poer.
John de Dodescumbe, messuage and 1½ fardels: gavel 3s.: the rest as Hugh Poer.
Stornucus (?) Dighte, 1½ fardels with messuage: gavel 3s.: the rest as the said Hugh.
Stephen Keche, ½ virgate with messuage: gavel 4s.: the rest as Hugh Poer.
Gervase Rolegh, messuage and 1 fardel: gavel 2s. 4d.: the rest as the said Hugh.
Gilbert Stonhard, messuage and 1 fardel: gavel 2s.: the rest as the said Hugh.
Walter Courtenay, messuage and 1 fardel: gavel 2s. 2d.: the rest as the said Hugh.
John le Frenshe, messuage and 1 fardel: gavel 2s.: the rest as the said Hugh.
Richard Frisel, messuage and 1 fardel: gavel 2s.: the rest as the said Hugh.
Richard le Bole, messuage and 1 fardel: gavel 2s.: the rest as the said Hugh.
Thomas in Toune, messuage and 1 fardel: gavel 2s. 1d.: the rest as the said Hugh.
Richard Chiuue, messuage and 1 fardel: gavel 2s.: the rest as Hugh Poer.
William Hardegrey, messuage and 1 fardel: gavel 2s.: the rest as the said Hugh.
Richard in ye Toune, messuage and 1 fardel: gavel 2s.: the rest as Poer.
Richard [sic: ? William] Swette, messuage and ½ fardel: gavel 20d.: to thresh and winnow 1 bushel of wheat for the Christmas gestum (value ¼d.); make one hurdle as Hugh Poer (value ¼d.): two days hoeing the lord's corn with one man, and have breakfast one day (value ½d. and ¼d. respectively):


to mow, turn and lift in the lord's meadow, taking his aueroc as before, and three days mowing (value 2¾d.): to help make the winter rick in the barton with one man, taking his share of 2s. (estimated at 2 days, value 2d.): to reap 1 perch of wheat (value 1d.): 3 bedripes with one man taking his victuals (value 1d., a day): marriage of daughters, heriot etc. as Poer. Total rent 20d.; value of labour 1¼d. (sic).
John de Dodescumbe, messuage and ½ fardel: gavel 12d.: the rest as the said William Swete (sic). Value of labour 10¼d.
Walter Emesone, 4 acres with messuage: gavel 12d.: the rest as William Swete, but no mowing or turning or making hurdle, and no reaping save at the bedripes. Value of labour 6d.
Roger Groggeheye, messuage and ½ fardel: gavel 20d.: the rest as William Sweet. Value of labour 10¼d.
Robert le Taillor, messuage and 1 acre: gavel 2s.: to thresh and winnow 1 bushel of wheat for the Christmas gestum (value ¼d.): one day hoeing with one man from dawn to noon, taking breakfast (value nil): to toss, turn and lift behind the mowers at Hacchemede with one man, taking his aueroc (estimated at 3 days at least, value ½d. a day): at the winter rick as William Swete: to reap ½ perch of wheat (value ½d.): one bedripe one whole day with one man taking his corrody twice in the day (value 1d.): marriage of daughters as before: heriot, his best beast or plough horse. Value of labour 5¼d.
Margery Swete and Robert her son, messuage and 1 acre: gavel 12d.: the rest as the last.
All the above to come to Northcory moors to the drift upon the usual summons.
Richard the carpenter, water mill, 1 piece of land with meadow adjoining (½ acre): rent 5s., the lord finding great timber and straw for the mill, and carriage thereof: he shall have couples of such timber anywhere save in the lord's court; and shall buy new millstones when required and pay for them himself, the lord finding the carriage thereof from Langport, Brugwauter, Tanton or any less distance.

Overland.


William Red, ½ fardel of land at la Wodelond: rent 12d.
Richard Chyuue, 2½ acres there: rent 6d.
Walter atte Breche, 2½ acres: rent 6d.
These three jointly perform the same services as Poer: value 3s.d.
Thomas in Toune, 1 acre by la Broke: rent 12d.
William Chapleyn, 3 acres of meadow in Carsemede: rent 5s.
All the men of the homage of Hacche pay at Michaelmas for the pasture of Schortewode 2s.

  • Total rents of assise of the manor 4l. 10s. 1d.: value of labour 101s. 2½d.

Extent of Arable Land.

The cultura of Hacchehull 108 acres at 6d. per acre 54s.
Ceddelegh 45 " " 22s. 6d.
Wodelak 9½ " " 4s. 9d.
Sidegore 3 " " 18d.
Loneheye 21 " " 10s. 6d.
Gerlegh 5½ " " 2s. 9d.
Total 4l. 16s.

Extent of Meadow.


Hacchemede, 16 acres at 3s. per acre, 48s.
Value of the manor (besides fines and heriots), 16l. 15s.d.

R.III. ff. 70–74.

Bidesham.

Extent of the manor made Monday before the Annunciation at the end of 1332 by oath of all the homage, in presence of Master John de Wamberg' and Henry de Fulham canons of Wells.


Perquisites of courts, ½ mark.
Drift in la Marche, 8d. 7s. 4d.
Meadow: Bideshammede at Welfold by la More, 10 acres. Redeclyvemede, 9 acres.
Total 19 acres at 3s., 57s.
Rush bed, 5 acres at 5s., 25s.
Pasture of fallow, 13s. 4d.
Pasture in autumn, from Michaelmas to the Purification, 26s. 8d. Total 40s.
Arable. The cultura of Radclyvemede, 37 acres.
" of Welsham, 9 acres.
" of Northfifacres, 8 acres.
" of Langelong about the court, 16 acres.
" in la Uttermede, 33½ acres.
In Pipershurst and Whelfold, 12 acres.
Total 115½ acres, less 14 acres (the rector's portion) 101½ acres at 15d., 6l. 6s. 10½d.

Chevage Tenants.


Richard le Smyth, ½lb. wax.
Martin Denshef, 6d.
Robert Mervyn, 12d.
William Bolof, 1d.
Stephen Bolof, 1d.
Stephen Diggel, 9d.
Robert Arnay, 8d.
Simon Pors, 3d.
William Wynshef, 6d.
John Cowherde, ld. Total, 3s. 11d. and ½lb. wax.

Custumal of Neifs.


John Benshef, 23 acres: gavel 4s. 11d. and 11d. lard money: two days ploughing for wheat, two days for spring corn (value 4d. a day), and one boon ploughing for spring corn taking 1½d. (value 2½d.): one harrowing for spring corn (value 4d.):


two days trenching (grapiandum) the lord's land with two men (value ½d.): half a day ditching with two men (value 1d.): half a day hoeing with two men (value 1d.): half a day mowing with two men (value 2d.), taking his aueroc, as much as he can lift with a scythe: to find one man to carry water for sharpening scythes (value 1d.): to lift hay when required, taking his aueroc as much as he can lift with a fork (value 1d.), and to carry the same to the barton (value 2d.), and at the rick making (value 1d.): to reap 4 days with 5 men, taking 5 sheaves of oats and beans (value 2s. 6d.), to carry and stack the lord's corn till all be stacked, taking 9 sheaves of beans (because he comes with 3 men and his neighbours with only one), and cover the corn stack (value 3s.) gathering and carrying the covering at his own cost: ditching about the barton with two men when required (value 2d.): to make drains towards the sea, and fetch timber (value 2d.): if he sell a colt within a year he shall give the lord 6d.: heriot to be given: may not marry son or daughter without licence: to be reeve or bailiff if chosen, and have 2½ acres of arable land, 1 feldwal of meadow, the grass upon the roads and the paths between the corn. Value of labour 8s.d.
John Mervyn, 20 acres: gavel 3s. 11d., and 11d., lard money: one ploughing for wheat, one for spring corn (value 4d., each), one boon ploughing for spring corn taking 1½d. (value 2½d.): one harrowing for spring corn (value 4d.): twice to trench (grapiare) the lord's land (value ½d. a day): half a day ditching with one man (value ½d.): half a day hoeing (value ½d.): half a day mowing with one man taking his aueroc (value 1d.), to lift the hay taking one fork thereof (value ½d.), carry it to the barton and help make the rick (value 3d.): 4 days reaping with two men, taking one sheaf of wheat, one of beans, and one of oats (value 12d.): to carry and stack the lord's corn, taking 3 sheaves, and cover the stack, gathering and carrying the covering for the same: ditching about the barton, drains towards the sea, timber for the same, sale of colt as before: heriot his best beast: marriage of children, reeve and bailiff as above. Value of labour 4s.
Geoffrey Bolehaft, 17 acres: gavel 3s. and 7d., lard money: services as the last. Value 4s. (Margin: Now Stephen Jeie).
John Algar, 7 acres: gavel 16d. and 3d. lard money: services as before. (Now Cristina Pope).
Edith Smithes, 1 fardel: rent 5s. and 6d. lard money, for all service. (Now Richard Bordenbrigg).
William Loppe, 1 fardel: gavel 2s. 6d. and 6d. lard money: services as John Mervyn. Value of labour 4s. (Now Nicholas Hacche).

Fardellers.


William atte Brigg (Now John Yrish).
Andrew Galeware (Now Thomas Hobby).
William Rosnel (Now Richard Taillor).
John Strot (Now William Gilbert).


Robert Pope (Now John Hackes).
William Strote (Now John Hyne).
Robert atte Nasshe (Now John Chiw).
Walter Arney (Now John Arny).
John Martyn (Now Richard Brigman).
William Pope (Now John Barwe the younger).
William le Cok (Now G. Griffyn).
Adam le Walshe (Now Julian Leget).
Walter Mervyn (Now T. Banham).
William atte Stille (Now W. Skerde).
These 14, as William Loppe. Value of their labour, 56s. William Pope the younger, ½ fardel: gavel 15d. and 3d. lard money: services as John Mervyn.
William Legat, ½ fardel: as John Mervyn.

Cottagers.


John Keche, cottage with curtilage: gavel 8d.: to reap 3 days with one man, taking a sheaf of wheat, one of beans, and one of oats: heriot, marriage of children, sale of colt as above. Value of labour 3d. (Now in the lord's hand).
John Gilbert, cottage: rent 6d.: to reap any two days by one man. Value of labour 6d. (Now Richard Webbe).
Andrew Dalbel, cottage with curtilage: gavel 6d.: marriage of son or daughter and sale of colt as before. (Now John Hopere).

Overland.


Walter Arney, 5 acres: gavel 3s.
Stephen Algar, 2 acres: gavel 2s.
All the above shall have 2s. 6d. at Michaelmas for medmete. Also their gestum at Christmas, namely for bread 23d., for drink 46 gallons of ale, for meat 3s., and ½ stone of cheese value 4d
Total rent, 64s. 10d.
Total lard money, 11s.
Total value of labour, 4l. 8s. 10½d.
Total value of the manor, besides fines and heriots, 21l. 5s. 5d. and ½lb. wax.

R.III. ff. 74d.–76.

Extent of Bikenalre.

[Freeholders.]


Walter de Reod (Sir John Streche, by reason of his wife: written above), one knight's fee: rent 12d.: suit of court every 3 weeks etc.
Thomas de Raleyth knight, now Henry Sydenham, half a knight's fee: rent 6d. etc.
John le Bret, one fourth of a knight's fee in Selver: rent 2d. etc.
The said John holds of the lord 1 virgate in Thornecombe: rent 3s. and 4½ slabbes of iron value 11¼d. at Michaelmas and Easter, suit etc. as before. Note that John Bastard (Richard Merl: written above) holds the tenement in Selver for life by


demise of the said John Bret, performing his service to the chief lords.
William le Taillour, freehold cottage with curtilage: rent 6d., and suit of court.
Simon de Chamannescombe, messuage and 12 acres, by the custody granted him during the minority of Simon his son: rent 4d., and suit of court.
Walter Saffyn, messuage and 12 acres: rent 3s. and 1lb. cumin or 1d., and suit of court.
Edmund de Betisleth, messuage and 18 acres: rent 4s. 1d., and suit of court.
Henry Jordanesone, messuage and 6 acres: rent 2d., and suit of court.
William Emmes, messuage and 8 acres: rent 12d., and suit of court.
Alice de Furshull, cottage and curtilage: rent 3s., and suit of court.
John Kneyth, for life, messuage and 5 acres: rent 2s. (or 2s. 6d. ?), and suit of court. Total rents for life 5s. 6d.

[Villeins.]


John (sic) de la Yerde, messuage and 24 acres: rent 6s.: to be wikman: one ploughing for winter seed taking his food (value 3d.), and two for spring corn taking 1½d. a day (value 6d.): harrowing any day with one man and one horse (estimated at 6 days) taking only two handfuls of oats (value of labour 6d.): to mow ½ acre, toss, turn and lift the grass (value 4d.), and help carry all the lord's hay with oxen and wain, taking his food the first day (value 6d.), and help make the rick, sharing 4d., with the rest: to reap 4 days taking his food each day (value 4d.), and hoe 2½ days with one man (value 1½d.): to scour the oxlend (?) pool with the other villeins when required, help cover the hall, and make the water leat, taking his gestum at Christmas: to cart every other day throughout the year with one man, one horse and his scutum. taking ¾d. for supper if he sleep out, otherwise nothing, and if the cartage be to a greater distance, at the lord's cost (not valued, because not usually commuted): may not marry his daughters nor put his sons to school without licence: heriot his best beast, if he have none nothing. Value of labour 2s.d.
John Farrer atte Yerde, as the said Gilbert (sic): rent 4s.
John atte Yerde, messuage and 12 acres: rent 3s.: services as Gilbert (sic) de la Yerde.
William Pope, as before: rent 3s.d.
John atte Hille, as before: rent 3s.
Richard atte Burghyate, as before: rent 3s. 6d.
Ralph atte Castle, as before: rent 3s. 6d.
Richard Villedieux, as before: rent 3s.

Lesser Villeins.


Roger Placegreue, messuage and 6 acres: rent 18d.: services as Gilbert de la Yerde, but no carting, ploughing or


harrowing, and he shall drive the lord's cattle fourscore leagues taking 1½d. a day except the first day, also hold the lord's plough, taking the twelfth day (value of service ½ mark, labour 15½d.), and be oxherd in his turn.
John Wagger, as the last.
Walter Pope, as before.
John Mannelond, as before.
John Gormond, as before.
Joan atte Hulle, as before.
John Manlond, as before.
Total rent of 7 lesser villeins 10s. 6d.: value of labour (fn. 1) 15s.d (sic).

Cottars.


William Chillecombe, cottage and 5 acres: rent 2s. 6d.: 2 days reaping (value 4d.): to help at making the hay rick daily until finished with one man (value 2d.)
John Dollyng, cottage with curtilage: rent 12d.: labour as the last.
William Bikewylle, cottage with curtilage and 1 acre: rent 16d.: 3 days reaping (value 3d.)
John [ ], cottage with curtilage: rent 16d.: no service but suit of court.
John Wagger, cottage with curtilage and 3 acres: rent 3s. and one slabbe of iron worth 2½d.: no service but suit of court.
William atte Forde, cottage with curtilage and ½ acre: rent 2s.: no service but suit of court.
William Tromppeny, cottage with curtilage and ½ acre: rent 2s.: no service but suit of court.
Total rent of 7 cottars 13s. 10d. (sic): value of labour 3s. 6d.: 1 slabbe of iron 2½d.: Peter's pence at Bikenalre 14d.

Chevage of Neifs.

John Canoun. Adam son of Roger.
Thomas Thorn. William son of Roger.
John Thorn. John Davy.
Walter Pope. William Davy.
John Eliet the elder. Adam Wodelef.
John Eliet the younger. Walter atte Castle, each 1 slabbe

Chevage of Freemen.


Robert Dilryche.
Walter Louel, each 1 slabbe.
Total 14 slabbes of iron, value 2s. 11d.

In demesne are one messuage value 5s. a year, 75 acres of arable land value 4d. each, 13 acres 1 rood of meadow value 4s. per acre, 2½ acres of moor of alder wood upon parcel whereof the value of pasture is 14d., 3 acres of high wood whereof the value of pasture is 6d., and of underwood 2d., the moiety of one water mill value 1 mark, waste on the hill value in sheep pasture and in baticio ad campipartem 10s., pleas and perquisites (besides fines of land) ½ mark. Total 6l. 12d.


Total rents of assise and of tenants for life, 73s. 10½d.
Value of labour, 6l. 6s.d.
Slabbes of iron, 4s.d.
Peter's pence, 14d.
Messuage, land, mill etc., 6l. 0s. 12d.
Total, besides fines of land, 16l. 6s.d.

R.III. ff. 76d.–78.

Gift by Walter de Cadamo to John de Godelee of the manor of Knapp, and the reversion of 18 acres of land and 5 acres of meadow therein of grantor's inheritance, held for their lives by Richard de Fonte and Cecily his wife, 18 acres of land and 2 acres of meadow by the said Richard and Cecily and Margery late the wife of Richard Tria, 22 acres of land and 5½ acres of meadow by William Hughet and Emma his daughter, a messuage 15 acres of land and 1 acre of meadow by John de la Knappe, a messuage, 24 acres of land and 1 acre of meadow by the said John and Margery his wife, 10 acres of land and 4 acres of meadow by the said John and John his son, 10 acres of land and 1 acre of meadow by John son of Gilbert de Helnaked, 10 acres of land and 1 acre of meadow by Walter atte Flodyat and Maud his wife for her life, 1 acre of meadow by Robert Curtius and Simon his son for their lives, 2 acres of meadow by William de Pilewell, a messuage, 2½ acres of land and 4 acres of meadow by Edmund atte More and Cristina his wife, a messuage, 15 acres of land and 2 acres of meadow by Roger atte Wode, a messuage, 10 acres of land and 3 acres of meadow by William Ferthing and John his son, 4 acres of land and 1 acre of meadow by the said William and Joan his daughter, a messuage, 5 acres of land and 1 acre of meadow by the said William and Juliana his daughter, 1 acre of land and 1 acre of meadow by the said William and Edith his daughter, a messuage, 20 acres of land and 7 acres of meadow by Walter atte Wode and Edith his wife, a messuage, 1 acre of land and 2 acres of meadow by Henry le Daye and Gunna his wife, a messuage and ½ acre of land by the said Henry for the life of Robert atte Welle, a messuage and 10 acres of land by Roger de Wottone and Joan his wife for their lives, a messuage and 2½ acres of land by Walter Tonere and Clarice his wife, a messuage by Gilbert de Helnaked and Alice his wife, a messuage, 10 acres of land and 1 acre of meadow by Richard le Brun and Emma his wife, 1 acre of land and 2 acres of meadow by the said Richard, 5 acres of land by Felix de Hynelonde and John his son, 1½ acre of meadow by Jordan Wyther, a messuage and ½ acre of meadow by Richard le Smyth, ½ acre of meadow by Edward Loueryng, 2 acres of land and ½ acre of meadow by Gunnilda la Whyte, with warranty. Witnesses: Sir John Derlee, Sir Robert de Sancto Claro, Sir Gilbert de Bere, Sir Hugh de Popham, Sir William de Wygebere knights, Robert Guyen, John de la Slou, Robert le Irreys, Thomas de Bere (sic). Dated Winchester, 5 May 34 Edward I.
R.III. f. 79.

Gift by Walter de Cadamo to John de Godelee of the manor of la Knappe, with the rents and services of Robert le Brun and Cristina his wife, Walter Tonere and Clarice his wife, Alan Abbat, Richard de Fonte and Cecily his wife, Margery late wife of Richard Trul, William Hughet and Emma his daughter, John de la Knappe, Margery his wife and John his son, John son of Gilbert de Helnaked, Walter atte Flodyat and Maud his wife, Robert Curteis and John his son, William de Pilewell, Edmund le Parker and Cristina his wife, John and Maud children of Cristina, Roger atte Wode, William atte Ferthyng, John his son, Joan, Juliana, Edith and Emma his daughters, Walter atte Wode and Edith his wife, Henry le Daye and Gunna his wife, Robert atte Welle, Roger de Wotton and Joan his wife, Gilbert de Helnaked and Alice his wife, Richard Broun and Emma his wife, Richard de Hynelonde and Felicia his wife and John son of the said Felicia, Jordan Wither, Richard atte Burgh and Maud his wife, Edward Louering, Gunnilda la White, Nicholas Osdern, Hugh atte Hele, Hugh Cauci, Richard Bussel, and Cristina de Helnaked, and all that may accrue by their decease, to hold of the chief lords by the services due and accustomed, in consideration of 500l., with warranty. Witnesses: Sir John de Erle, Sir Robert de Sancto Claro, Sir Gilbert de Bere, Sir Hugh de Popham, Sir William de Wygebere knights, Robert Guyen, John de la Slou, Robert le Irreys, Thomas de Mere. Dated Winchester, 5 May 34 Edward I.
R.III. f. 80.

Fine levied at Westminster, in the octave of St. Martin 34 Edward I, between John de Godelee and Hamelin de Godelee plaintiffs (by Elias de Godelee their attorney) and Walter de Cadamo deforciant (by William de Scotho), of the manor of Knappe with the homage and services of William Hughet, Richard atte Welle, William Bussel, John Knappe, Richard atte Welle, Hugh atte Hele, Hugh Caucy, and their heirs, and the reversion of lands held for life by Richard de Fonte and Cecily his wife, William Hughet and Emma his daughter, John Knappe, the said John and Margaret his wife, Walter atte Wode and Edith his wife, Walter de Tonere and Clarice his wife, Richard atte Bergh and Maud his wife, John de Knappe and Margaret his wife, which are assured to the plaintiffs and to the heirs of Hamelin in consideration of 200l., with warranty, in presence of the said tenants who do fealty to the plaintiffs in court.
R.III. f. 80d. Somerset Record Soc. vi. 349.

Footnotes

1 * Probably an error for 4l. 15s.d., a sum which represents the above ½ mark (6s. 8d.) and 15½d. multiplied by 7.