||(i) "Woorks and reparacions donne uppon … the Tennis Courte called the Brake,
nere adioyninge to the bowlinge alley." (P.R.O., E 351/3240, 1604–5.) As will be shown, the
Brake covered the site of the later Tennis Court. (ii) "These are to require you to repayre speedily
the further End of the place called the Bowling Alley next Mr. Cookes lodgings neere the Tennis
Court." (P.R.O., L.C. 5/137, p. 345, dated 3rd June, 1662.)
||"Taking up the old bourds of the flore of the passage over the bowling Alley leading to
the Cockpitt." (P.R.O., E. 351/3269.)
||"There is also a long-stretched building, in which they play with wooden balls. Upstairs
the gentlemen play, the common people below; they do not play in the German manner, but in
another fashion. This is called 'the Boule-house.'" (Royal Historical Society's Transactions,
2nd Ser., IX, p. 234.)
||"Stopping and pryming of a seat under a Tree in St James Parke in the bowling place."
(P.R.O., E. 351/3233, 1597–8.) For the post-Restoration bowling-green on the other side of the
road, see Survey of London, Vol. XIII, pp. 230–1.
||See p. 106 for suggested identification of this.
||"For Purbeck paving … in the Phesant Yard." (P.R.O., E. 351/3313, A° 1708.)
||"Et insuper … dedimus … prefato Philippo … custodiam de le Conye Yarde
scituatum … prope le cocke place" (Appointment of Earl of Montgomery as Keeper of the
Palace, P.R.O., C. 66/2104); "of keeping the … Coney yard near the Cockpit." (Appointment
of George Kirke to same position, Cal. of S.P., Dom., 1663–4, p. 45.)
Op. cit., p. 234.
||"A warrt to the tr[easur]er of the Chamber to pay … unto Robert Long, Marker in all his
Maties Tennis Courts, the sume of thirty-six pounds twelve shillings & five pence in a Bill Specified
for long Paulins & shuttlecocks for his Matie … 19 March 1660–." (P.R.O., L.C. 5/137,
||"Warrt [21st October, 1634] to the survayer to cause the 3 Tennice courts at Whitehall
to bee mended in places needfull." (P.R.O., L.C. 5/134, p. 20.)
||"Newe lathinge and layinge of xxxty roddes square of tyleinge worke over the little
close tennys courte nexte the Parke" (P.R.O., E. 351/3236, 1600–1); "making a newe roofe
in the little Tennis Courte next ye parke." (P.R.O., E. 101/504/16, A° 1601.)
||"Lathing and laying of plaistr with lyme and heere on Tymber walles in the Tennys
Courte next the gallery to the tylte." (P.R.O., E. 351/3235, 1599–1600.) "CCth foote of
wroughte wyerwoorke for a wyndowe in tilte yard Gallery looking into the Teniscourte." (Ibid.,
||"By order, 2nd of September, 1604, To Andrew Kerwyn … the sum of 200l.,
in prest, parcel of a more sum, limited by the said Privy Seal, towards the repair of the Great Tenniscourt, commonly called the Brake of Whitehall." (Issues of the Exchequer, James I, ed. F.
Devon, p. 15.)
||See description of the latter as "jacentem juxta le Brake vel le great Tennys Court"
in the inquisition taken in 1611 on the rights of the Keeper of the Palace. (P.R.O., Exchequer
Special Commission, 4192, Middx.)
||"To Nicholas Stone, Maurice and Richard Flewellein and other Masons … for taking
upp all the Purbecke paving in the Brake, and new squaring and laying downe againe, VmCC xiij
foote of the said stone." (P.R.O., E. 351/3269, 1635–6.)
||P.R.O., E. 351/3252, 1617–18.
||"A strong & moving sport in the open fields, with a great ball of double leather fild with
winde, and driven to and fro with the strength of a mans arme arm'd in a bracer of wood." (Gervase
Markham, Country Contentments, Book I., p. 109.) In Marshall's Annals of Tennis is a view
(reproduced above) showing tennis being played in a close tennis court, while outside persons are
engaged in a game of Balloon-ball.
||Nichols' Progresses of James I, I, p. 465.
||Afterwards Lord Kinclaven (see Survey of London, Vol. XIII, pp. 231–2).
||"Richard Rider, Carpenter, for frameinge and settinge up a small buildinge betweene
twoe Brickwalls adioyneinge to the Tennis Courte or great Brake, beinge for the Prince to make
himselfe ready in, to play at Tennis there, the said buildinge conteyneinge in length xxviij foote di,
and in widenes at one end thereof xjen foote, and at thother end thereof viij foote di: for frameinge
and reareinge three flores there, whereof twoe are boorded wth plaine Deale boordes and the other
wth Oken boordes, wth dores and dorecases to them; makeinge a paire of staires leadinge into the
first and second stories, beinge three foote wide goinge with railes and Ballasters." (P.R.O., E.
E.g. "1660/1, Jan. 26, London. The King is in very good health … most of his
exercise is the tennis court in the morning when he doth not ride abroad." (Hist. MSS. Comm.,
5th Rept., p. 169.)
Diary, 2nd September, 1667.
||(i) Order, dated 12th February, 1676–7, to the apothecary in ordinary "to deliver unto
Capt. Thomas Cook, Master of his Mats Tennis Courts, such sweet powders and perfumes, from
tyme to tyme, as shalbe necessary for his Mats Bedchamber at the Tennis Court"; (ii) Order,
dated 25th October, 1677, to the Master of the Robes to provide "a new bedd for his Mats
service in ye Tennis Court at Whitehall (vizt) a crymson damaske bedd with silke fringe of severall
coloures, the bedd to be somewhat larger than ye other, the bedsted, quilts, bedding and blanketts
to be fitted up as for his Mats other bedds, with one elbow chaire and 2 stooles with covers of
crymson serge … 2 window curtaines and a Portugall matt under the bedd"; (iii) Order,
dated 26th March, 1663, to supply to Robert Long, "his Maties marker … one bedd and bedstead with all furniture belonging to it (vizt.) a decent bedstead, a good feather bedd, two fine
cloath blancketts, one feather bolster, curtaynes and valence and counterpayne suiteable to the same,
two paire of fine hollande sheetes, one pillow of feathers, for his accommodation, whereby he may be
neere to attend his Matie at his Maties Tennis Court neere the Cockpitt in Whitehall." (P.R.O., L.C.
5/141, 142, 118.)
||"Taking upp some parte of the Purbeck paving wch was sunck, filling it upp to a Levell
and laying it downe againe in the great Brake. (P.R.O., E. 351/3271.)
||See Grant to Cornwallis mentioned below; also Warrant, dated May, 1662, "to pay
Unto Thomas Cooke, his Mata Servant, the Summe of 1500l. out of the Receipt of his Mats Customes,
to be by him employed in the building & erecting of a Tennis Court in the place of the Brake at
his Mats Pallace of Whitehall." (P.R.O., Ind. 6814, p. 33.)
||See petition of Long "for his charges … goeinge to Hampton Courte on the 16th
day of November last  by order with the respective Workmen now upon worke on the New
Tennis Courte at Whitehall, beinge there with them three dayes to take the demencions of some parte
of the Tennis Courte there. . . . And lastly for his charges for horse hire and his owne expences in
goeinge againe to Hampton Courte by order with the sayd Workmen, stayinge there two dayes
and a halfe to take the demencion of some other parte of the Tennis Courte there tendinge to the
worke aforesayd." (P.R.O., L.C. 5/137, pp. 410–11.)
||P.R.O., C. 66/3170.
||P.R.O., L.R. I. 64, 35.
||For example: (i) "Last Monday a great Match at Tennis was play'd at his Majesty's
Tennis-Court at the Cockpit, between several Persons of Quality for 500l." (Read's Weekly Journal
or British Gazetteer, 19th May, 1750; (ii) "On Tuesday last another grand Match at Tennis
was played at his Majesty's Tennis Court, Whitehall, between Madam Bunell and Mr. Tomkyns,
for a considerable Sum; there were six Games played, four of which were won by Madam Bunell"
(St. James's Chronicle, 3–5 March, 1768); (iii) Letter from John Calvert, dated 20th June, 1794,
"stating that the Tennis Court & House adjoining at Whitehall are very much out of repair."
(P.R.O., Works, 4/18, p. 76.)
||No account of its destruction has been found among the records, but that such had taken
place before 1812 is evident from a reference in that year to certain rooms of the Board of Trade
having been useless "since the old Tennis Court was pulled down" (P.R.O., T. 1/1272). The late
Lord Welby was therefore mistaken in supposing that the tennis court remained until 1823 (London
Topographical Record, VII, p. 48).
||(i) "Lost from Chelsea a few Days ago, a middle-siz'd Liver-Colour and White Shock
Spaniel Dog, his Hair being then very thick and rough. Whoever brings him to the Master of the
Tennis-Court Coffee-House in the Cockpit, Whitehall, shall have a Guinea Reward, and no
Questions asked" (London Gazette, 1st-4th April, 1721); (ii) "Recd a Letter from [Charles]
Meynell, Esq, Master of the Kings Tennis Court, of the 27th Ult., requesting that some of
the floors at the Tennis Court Coffee house might be repaird." (P.R.O., Works, 4/17, 3rd
||A letter, dated 5th May, 1708, to his wife was written from the "Tennis Court CoffeeHouse," and on 22nd December in the same year he tells his "dear Prue" that "James will find
me at Mr. Delafay's house in Downing-street, or at the Coffee-house." (Life of Richard Steele
by Aitken, I, pp. 206, 231.)
||Appointment not found.
||"Thos. Johns, a page of the Chamber. To be master of all the King's tennis plays
within the palace of Westminster and elsewhere in England vice Oliver Kelly dec." (Cal. of L. & P.,
H. VIII, Vol. 18, pt. II, No. 529/24.)
||P.R.O., E. 403/2453, f. 122.
Cal. of S.P., Dom., Addenda, 1580–1625, p. 343.
Cal. of S.P., Dom., 1603–10, p. 75. Webb was further appointed on 23rd November,
1607, to the office of master of the King's tennis plays throughout England. (Ibid., p. 383.) On
8th November, 1611, a warrant was issued to pay £20 a year, and £20 already due, to Jehu Webb
"master of the Tennis Plays, for instructing the Duke of York [afterwards Charles I] in that exercise,
and providing rackets and balls for him." (Ibid., 1611–18, p. 86.)
||"The office of Master of his Mats tennis playes aswell wthin Westm' as elsewhere wthin
the Realme of England graunted to Gedeon Lozier and John Webb, wth the fee of 8d by the day
during their lives, or the longer liver of them in reversion after Jehu Webb, who now enioyes the
same." (P.R.O., Ind. 6805.) Jehu Webb evidently retired, for in Sir Adam Newton's Account
Book for the year ended Michaelmas, 1621, is an entry: "The said Accomptante is to be allowed
for … Jehu Webb gent' for his Annuitie or pencion at cxxll per Ann. paieable quarterlie for
provision belonging to Tennis playe due to him." (P.R.O., E. 101/43 5/5.)
||P.R.O., E. 403/2523, f. 112. The grant mentions that the privileges of the office are
to be as full as "Jehu Webb, Gedeon Lozier and John Webb … have or hath had, received or
enioyed." Lozier was probably and John Webb was certainly dead at this time. The latter's will
(P.C.C., 18, Berkley) is dated 26th December, 1655, and was proved on 20th January, 1656–7.
His widow married again, and in 1660 a petition was presented by Simon Smith and Ann, his wife,
widow and executrix of John Webb, praying for compensation for £1, 596, due to Webb for wages,
and for buildings, lodges, etc., erected at his cost "in his office of master of the tennis court; also
for 500l for freestone squared at his own cost, for the buildings at Whitehall. (Cal. of S.P., Dom.,
1660–1, p. 451.)
||Appointment not found, but he was certainly in tenure of the office in May, 1662 (see
p. 42n). It may be assumed that Bird's office was terminated at the Restoration.
||P.R.O., Ind., 6816, p. 313.
||When Cook was approaching his end ("above 80 and is bedrid"), Henry Baker, whose
salary as solicitor to the Treasury was very small, and who had "a great family" to provide for
(Cal. of S.P., Dom., 1697, p. 58), sought to get Moore passed over in his own favour. (P.R.O.,
T. 29/10, pp. 16–17.) In this he was unsuccessful, and on 23rd August, 1698, Moore was sworn
in "in the place and Quality of Master of his Majesties Tennis Courts." (P.R.O., L.C. 5/166,
||See notice, 28th March, 1690, by Villiers, that he had appointed John Wright his deputy
(Cal. of Treasury Books, 1689–92, p. 1358.) Marshall (Annals of Tennis, p. 93) notes that subsequently Villiers' name was erased and that of Cook reinstated.
||P.R.O., L.R. 1/65, f. 50.
||P.R.O., Ind., 6822.
||P.R.O., Ind., 6826.
Ibid., The office is stated to be held at the King's pleasure "in the Room of Richd
Beresford. Esqr., whose Letters Patents for the same are hereby Determined."
||"In the Room of Sir Richard Beresford, Esquire, deceased." (P.R.O., Ind., 6829.)