East Indies, China and Japan
November 1617

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Institute of Historical Research

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W. Noel Sainsbury (editor)

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1870

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70-81

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'East Indies, China and Japan: November 1617', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 3: 1617-1621 (1870), pp. 70-81. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=68825 Date accessed: 30 October 2014.


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November 1617

Nov. 2. 181. Wm. Carmychel to Carleton. Complains of the proceedings at law in his case. Beseeches him to consider what justice he can look for with such dealing, and begs him to help him with his discretion and industry. [Holland Corresp.]
Nov. 3. Mandoa. [Mandow.] 182. Sir Thos. Roe to Thos. Keridge and Company at Surat. "The alterations of humours here change me as the wind doth the best seaman." The King has declared for Ahmedabad, and will no doubt winter in Guzerat ; the presents and other fine goods had, therefore, better not be sent thence until the King's arrival ; will meet them two days journey to prevent misusage. Steele has safely delivered the pearl ; fears not so fit for this market ; the great foul, of black water, well known in India, the others small and dear, but hopes to pass them being come so privately and so return the money to Agra speedily. Steele gives Roe satisfaction ; hopes they may live like friends ; the principal difference will be about his wife ; is sorry for both their misfortunes ; thinks he has prevailed on her to return home. Capt. Towerson must be discouraged from his purpose to stay. Further remarks in reference to the departure of Steele's wife, also concerning Towerson's father, his mother-in-law at Agra, and his wife's aunt, who is promised in marriage to Frans Swares, "the prodigal Portugal." Hopes they will use Steele with courtesy, forgetting on all sides past passions ; desires he may return to Roe with the presents. Mr. Jackson has arrived, recommended by Sir Thos. Smythe and many honorable Lords of his Majesty's Council, whom Roe must obey and respect, "the misfortune is at home that such are sent out upon the hopes in the air ;" desires all courtesy may be shown to him, and assistance to go to the southward if he desire it, to seek a better fortune, and to advise him which way he may reap some honest recompence of two years' travel without injury to the Company. Mr. Harbert, weary of the progress, is bound for England. To beware in dealing with Towerson for his jewel, that the emerald be of the new rock, for those of the old are of less price. [One and a half pages. Indorsed, "Some mention of Mr. Steele herein. Read." O. C., Vol. V., No. 556.]
Nov. 4. Madrid. 183. Francis Cottington to Sec. Winwood. Sir Robert Sherley well entertained in Lisbon, where he has 500 crowns a month allowed for his diet, but as yet he has no order for coming hither. [Extract from Corresp. Spain.]
Nov. 4-6. 184. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Letter read from the Lord Admiral in behalf of James Erwyng to be a captain ; Committee to make excuses to his Lordship. Cannon's business. No further use for Capt. Harris' services. Joshua Bainbridge to be purser in the Moon. Business of Lawrence Walldo to be heard. Hogshead of pepper to be delivered to Guy Wood's widow. 100 barrels of oil to be delivered to [Rich.] Mountney, at 56s. a barrel. Business of Peter Floris heard. Gratuity of 50l. to Wm. Ebert for his services at Patani. 50l. adventure of Nathaniel Basse in the old joint stock to be sold. Minutes of a Meeting of the Committees at Blackwall on the 25th September 1617. Nov. 6.-Employment of Lawrence Potten. Objections against Lawrence Walldo for his behaviour to Rich. Sadler at Surat, "which struck such a grief unto him as that he never recovered it, unto his dying day ;" certificates produced of his honest carriage abroad ; Ambassador Roe's unfavourable opinion of him ; the Company contented to let him have his wages and certain mace free of freight. Propositions of Richd. Fursland for employment ; intention to send him to Acheen ; Nicolls to be brought away from thence, but the manner to be left to Capt. Jourdain, to have it effected quietly, lest he might incense the King to do some mischief. Payment of Joseph Salbancke's wages. Nathaniel Martyn to have his goods upon paying freight. Grant of 200l., upon the account of the sixth voyage, to Capt. Jourdain for his services. Agreement with Giles James to serve the Company seven years, dated 25th Oct. 1617 ; also with John Jourdain to serve the Company five years, dated 5th Nov. 1617. [Five and a half pages. Court Bk., IV., pp. 52-58.]
Nov. 7. Jacatra. 185. Nich. Ufflete to Geo. Ball at Bantam. Has laden on board the bark Robert the cargo left by General Keeling. In want of English steel for the matchlocks ; that at Jacatra cannot be worked. The Sabundar wishes to know from the King what Ball intends doing. Destitute of ink and quills. The Flemings have landed cloth from the Golden Lion. [Half a page. O. C., Vol. V., No. 557.]
Nov. 8. Lescar, six courses from Mandow. 186. Sir Thos. Roe to the Factors at Surat. His former letters sufficiently approve their proceedings ; "I am not a man of forms and ceremony." Takes very gratefully Keridge's readiness to join with Roe to assist in the Company's affairs ; as to his wages, also of Biddulph, Browne, and Fettiplace. Doubts not Capt. Pring will execute the orders Roe has given concerning the men-of-war and their goods. The "advisal" to Persia required more expedition, for that Roe must return some reasonable answer to the King ; such a man as Monox need not have been employed. Fears some error ; does not intend to continue a factory by any supply. The cloth and other goods must be convoyed to Ahmedabad, where they say the King will go, by Steele, who Roe wishes may be used fairly. "I understand him well, suffer me, we must not rashly disgrace any man, it is more honesty to reclaim one than to persecute 100." Knows his error in his wife's coming, which Roe would rather bury than blame ; reminds them that it was not long since they despised not Steele's judgment so much, but that they made it against Roe the ground of their Persian project ; writes this to put them in mind that passion sees not always clearly ; as to Steele's wife, is resolved she shall return, to which Steele has consented. Desires the contentment of their Governor [the Governor of Surat] as much as they do ; wishes he might be induced to buy goods of Towerson or Steele ; knows not what the phirmaund may do. The box sent to Mocrob Khan is more than he deserves ; a piece of Towerson's arras would stop his mouth and be best sold so ; promises to help him to some, but not before the King ; if the dogs will please any, reserving the water spaniel, use them, the Governor cannot give the Prince anything more acceptable ; he begged one of Roe, and if both will content the Prince give both, they will cost more coming up than the thanks are worth. Hopes to augment the investments from Agra. Has written to all the factories at large, "we must purge the country and ease unnecessary charge, the factories will not be so many, nor such want of servants." Thanks Keridge for his resolution to satisfy Aseph Khan's servant with the gold ; Nourmahal's man and his are one. The Governor will not put Keridge out of his house ; cannot trouble the Prince on such matters ; advises him to keep possession, and if force is used then Roe will step in. Cochineal is no commodity for ordinary markets ; the King's painter is now at Ahmedabad about a work, if it be sent thence it shall be tried, it is too dear ever to be a commodity for this country. Wishes some sack and red wine to be sent to him ; the Court will vend all that they cannot sell. If the preacher be a silent man he is fit for nothing, "encourage him, so will I, and hope the best." No long apology is needed for Steele's letter ; is not moved on every report, nor do his [Roe's] resolutions hang on others' lips. Sends back their consultation ; approves of what they have done, but of none of their reasons for so doing, except the Admiral's, who fell right ; it is all vanity to talk of authority ; "let us all despise all authority to control us from any ill, and you shall all find me a tame lion." Thinks all the fault of Steele's waste in his expenses is with them, if he will be vain, let him do it at his own cost, for Roe will not allow any extraordinary charge for Steele's wife ; if she return and Steele stay, Roe will do all kindness according to his desert, and recommend her to the Company's care. They who have the Company's purse must order it, money is dear ware in India ; would have them use Steele's wife and Capt. Towerson with courtesy, but not to live upon them lest they stay too long. Gogo, Sindu [Scinde], Bengala may be tried, but no port so fit as Surat to send their goods up to by their own pinnace. Will order Banggam down speedily. Is most glad Capt. Towerson affects not the Court, his wife's help Roe needs not ; Nourmahal is Roe's solicitor, and her brother his brother. Has written to Capt. Pring about the disaster of the James, thinks she may be saved if sent home a new ship, but may be lost if continued on a long voyage. "Thus extreme faint and weary and no help, I commit you all to God's direction." [Three pages and a half. Indorsed, "Somewhat concerning Mr. Steele. Read." O. C., Vol. V., No. 558.]
Nov. 8. Lescar, six courses from Mandow. 187. Sir Thos. Roe to Capt. Martin Pring. Fully approves the course he took with the men-of-war, wishing he had made profit of one of them to the Dutch in want, for that as they are they will be a burthen to us. What to do with the goods and the men ; the honest entertain in his service, the rest ship home. Is of his opinion that force from Goa will not molest him this year, and that he may the bolder attempt the Red Sea with the less force ; thinks one ship will serve the project ; to move the Prince is in vain, he scorns to confess the English can help him. Thinks a ship should be sent for trade to Mocha ; not more than one man and but few goods should be trusted ashore at once, or else a Guzerat should father the goods and they should be secured by him to make a trial of, if the Bashaw will grant the English free trade they may secure those seas from piracy, but in no case should a factory be left this year. It is impossible for Roe to leave the Court and return, his body will not endure hard travel, and there is no need of him where Martin Pring is. Will make excellent use of the pearl and all that has been sent to him ; wants nothing but his health ; the wine will refresh him, and a small quantity keep him alive. Keridge and the writer will well agree, "though last year I was set behind the door." Opinion on the disaster to the James, thinks she is only fit to relade for England, though half empty. Pring will do little at Goa this year, as he cannot be dispatched hence until February. Wishes that in his way to Dabul he would view the bar and entrance at Goa which no English seaman knows, and see what revenge they can take of "that beggarly false Samorine." [Two pages. Indorsed, "Read." O. C., Vol. V., No. 559.]
Nov. 8. Aboard the James Royal. 188. Commission from Capt. Martin Pring to John Hatch, master of the Bee, bound for Jask on the borders of Persia. Sanderson, who went there last year in the James, to accompany Hatch. To "seriously consider" the inhabitants of Ormuz who, having certain intelligence of his coming, will seek by all means his utter subversion. To use all possible care to escape "all treacherous attempts of our guileful enemy the Portugal," and on no account to remain more than 13 days at the port. To assist Edw. Monox in whatever Sir Thos. Roe has given him commission to do. To use his best endeavour to take any Portugal vessel he may chance to meet ; and to take an inventory of all her goods which properly belong to the Company towards the regaining of their losses yearly sustained. [Two pages. O. C., Vol. V., No. 560.]
Nov. 10. Surat. 189. Thos. Keridge and Thos. Rastell to the East India Company. Refer to their previous letters for relation of all occurrences [see ante Nos. 38 and 61]. Sales at Surat and other factories:-most of the elephants' teeth sold, the prices ; those remaining of the choicest ; a similar quantity to that sent by Capt. Pepwell [36 tons] will undoubtedly find an annual sale. The lead unsold ; all the coral, both branch and beads, has found a ready sale, the polished in less esteem than the unpolished, yet on both there is a loss of at least 20 or 25 per cent. ; better prices obtained in Surat than abroad, the charge of transport considered. Quicksilver sold but basely ; the vermillion but slowly. Of the broadcloth the worst colours are left ; Banggam has sold all his at Burrampoor. Swords, knives, looking glasses, &c., are scarcely looked on, except for gifts ; the swords and knives are every sailor's commodity, and unprofitable to the Company to send, except some few choice ones for presents. Have been constrained to give satisfaction to three times the value for the boat of Surat seized by Capt. Pepwell [see ante No. 61.] ; their broker is still detained prisoner, and they are likely to lose the now continued favour of an honest and just Governor ; the commander and master are both much blamed for plunging them still deeper in dishonour with this people. The inhabitants of Masulipatam have also had their share of sufferance by the unlimited disorders of the ships' companies, as Lucas Antheunis vehemently declares. The Charles and James departed 11th June, and soon after the Solomon and Osiander with Lucas, who left Adam Denton, chief at Masulipatam, with three other factors ; the goods left for sale there. They stand on the same terms at Court as before, notwithstanding Roe's painful and utmost endeavours. The Dutch have taken privileges in Surat ; two Holland ships lost upon the coast, but men, goods, and ordnance saved ; they have left factors, a preacher, and divers youths for linguists, the captain with some 140 persons have gone overland to Masulipatam. The Hollanders settling a trade in Surat will, doubtless, prove ruinous to the hopes of the English in this trade, as the Company must know by good experience of their proceedings in all other places ; it is by their great supplies of money principally that the Hollanders will be able to oversway the English, as they have done wherever both have had traffic together. Arrival of Capt. Pring with the James, Anne, Gift, Bull, and the Bee, his whole fleet. "The multitude of their businesses" prevents their answering the Company's letters, received by Capt. Pring, until the ships return to England, but copies have been sent to all the factories. Prizes taken by the fleet after leaving the Cape with 1,200l. specie, and a great junk of Gogo rescued and given up to the right owners, to the no small content of the King and merchants at the instant performance, although, as in their most base ungrateful natures, soon again forgotten. Capt. Pring arrived at the bar 26th Sept., five days after the rest of the fleet. The whole power of ordering all businesses conferred upon the Lord Ambassador, the cause of much delay in the dispatch of their business. The money landed and amount sent to Agra and to Ahmedabad under convoy of 40 English. Intended lading for the Gift, which is the proportion for this year's return. Many Bannian merchants bankrupt through the failing of trade in the Red Sea ; the danger of trusting in so dangerous a time or breaking. Quantity of indigo expected from Agra and Ahmedabad doubt if they can provide sufficient, the Portugals and others being also large buyers. Robt. Younge sent to Agra to assist Fras. Fetiplace. Diligence of Thos. Keridge at Baroach, for causing the people to make their calicoes both for Bantam and England according to advice ; the quantity the Company may expect in the next ships. The reprisal goods, 38 tons of elephants' teeth, they have no doubt of selling at Surat ; also 350l. in gold taken from the prize, for the most part gathered by Capt. Pring's honest care from his men, who had converted it to their own use. One month's pay given to all the sailors of the fleet for their fees in taking the prize and their better encouragement hereafter. The coral well liked, great quantities will sell ; 300 chests come from Mocha every year ; recommend as much to be sent by every fleet as is now received ; the prices and profits. Great doubts of the recovery of their debts at Court. The pearls have been landed without custom, and by Sir Thos. Roe's express order consigned to Rich. Steele for their speedy conveyance to Court, and they have appointed Jackson, a land captain, to accompany them ; they have left for Mandow, and the writers have no doubt Roe will dispose of Steele and the supposed maid, now manifested his wife, brought with him. No advice received from Persia since the return of the James ; the Bee sent thither empty, the "full intention" being only to receive due information of the state of their people there ; instructions from Sir Thos. Roe and the Company sent to Edw. Monox and the factors there and to those now employed hence to assist. The Bee limited to 20 days stay at Jask. Steele has just returned from Court ; the pearls have safely reached the Lord Ambassador, great hopes of their sale, the greater ones preferred to the lesser. "Kept 'till the dispeed of the Bee this present 13 Nov. from aboard the James Royal." Indorsed, "Sent first unto Persia by the Bee, and received overland by the way of Aleppo, the 21 Oct. 1618 by William Nelson. Mr. Steele and his wife are both herein named." [Fourteen pages and a half. O. C., Vol. V., No. 561.]
Nov. 10 ? Sakaii. 190. Wm. Addames to Rich. Wickham at Firando. Has sent sundry parcels by the bearer, and been at Miako and talked with the "makeman," who has promised that he will have done in a short time ; he has 50 men who work night and day. Wickham's candlesticks were not done. "Salute me to all my children and countrymen." [Half a page. O.C., Vol. V., No. 562.]
Nov. 11. Jacatra. 191. Nich. Ufflete to Geo. Ball at Bantam. The Dutch have dispatched a great ship and pinnace for the coast, laden with sandal wood and other things ; also four great ships for the Bandas with great store of powder and shot, rice and rack and "strengthened to the uttermost of their power with good quantity of men ;" also two other ships for Timor and 12 ships with "their great General" for Ternate, all freemen that heretofore have been free are forced to serve them anew. Thos. Tite, an English fugitive from the Charles, reports that he was entertained at Bantam by "the longbearded President," but it seemed "that the Flemish flesh pot, which smelt of nothing but boiled rice, could not digest with his lean stomach, therefore he resolved, having offended, to return and crave mercy rather than live with so hungry a nation. [Indorsed, "I pray pay the bearer hereof 1s." One page. O.C., Vol. V., No. 563.]
Nov. 11. 192. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Request of Richard Deane to have Francis Coles, one of his servants, admitted into the Company's service. Peremptory demand of Capt. Best for six or seven musicians, allowed as before. Henry Christien, heretofore purser in the Globe, to be fourth or fifth mate. Request of Capt. Christien, for employment ; testimonies of Capt. Best to his skill, judgment, and care ; proposal of Sir Jas. Lancaster to make him lieutenant ; arguments for and against him ; referred. Complaint against Capt. Best for employing his son as a master's mate. Cannon having procured two orders and a decree of Chancery, the money is to be paid him on giving security both against Capt. David Middleton and his son. Provision of ryals. Wm. Smyth, supposed to have "a crazed brain," to be questioned respecting his sufficiency for employment. Propositions for employment of Richard Fursland and John Jourdain, the younger, entertained in January 1616, but left behind through sickness, entertained. Nathaniel Eyle's accounts to be examined. Threat of Sir Alex. Temple to defeat Ellis Crispe's purchase of 400l. adventure in the first joint stock from Wm. Temple, because of a pretended mortgage on it, to be disregarded, the Court conceiving that it concerns the whole Company very near if such fraudulent conveyances may take place, and having power by their charter, order that no such conveyances shall be good that are not publicly acknowledged by the Company ; resolved to pay the money to Crispe. Wilson, of Brazenose Col., Oxford, recommended for a preacher ; the especial exceptions were against his youth, and that he is too much in the fashion, whereas a man of a grave countenance is rather to be required, because it will be unsavoury to have a young man reprove ancient men, especially of such vices as may reign in themselves. Knowing that many men are not fond of this voyage, his suit referred to inquire whether he will stay a while in the country, as will be expected, if he be entertained. Purchase of gold lace by advice of Sir T. Roe. Discussion on the proportion of powder and shot for the fleet ; also on firing salutes. Suit of a Greek for employment with 100l. a year, refused as too high a salary. Francis Sadler to draw out a list of factors already entertained. [Three pages and a half. Court Bk., IV., 58-61.]
Nov. 12. Swally Road, aboard the Royal James. 193. Martin Pring to the East India Company. Writes by the Bee, sent to Jask by Sir Thos. Roe's orders in quest of the English factory sent thither last year. Left Saldanah Bay 13th July last ; account of the voyage. At Damaun, the people have good store of ryals of eight, which are melted together in lumps, being taken out of the carack that was fired by Capt. Joseph. Portugal prize, taken by the Gift, in which were Bannians and negroes and 38 tons of elephants' teeth. Two ships belonging to Sir Robt. Rich and Philip Barnard prevented from surprising a Guzerat junk belonging to the Queen ; had the junk been taken, all the Company's goods in India could not have made satisfaction according to their desire, and that is commonly their law in these cases. The goods taken out of the two English ships at Swally have been delivered to Keridge ; the ships Pring intends to employ in the Company's service ; the sailors knew not whither they were bound, and they are importunate for a continuance of their pay. The Lord Ambassador writes that never was anything more kindly taken at Court than the rescuing of this junk ; "what effect it will work upon this unconstant King is yet unknown, for he is able to forget a good turn very suddenly." Hopes soon to dispatch a ship for England, "if we be not infested by the Portugals ;" rumour of the arrival of seven of their ships ; intends, it true, going to meet them. "Our establishment in this country will no longer continue firm than we shall be able to uphold our reputation against the Portugals ;" the charges exceeding great unless they trade in the Red Sea, whereto he finds the Lord Ambassador very willing, but the country people very backward, being loth to have the secret of their trade discovered. Has solicited Roe to move the Prince for a freight into the Red Sea. Projects for surprising the Portugal fleet recommended by Roe to Pring. Dissatisfaction of the sailors because they were not allowed to pillage the Portugal prize ; one month's wages given to them as a gratuity ; the chief commanders and merchants rely upon the Company's reward on their return. Had hoped that the Bee might have commanded the river Surat, and so their gross goods have been passed by water and that saved which is ordinarily spent in cart hire, but the river is full of shoals and flats, and frigates can pass in and out at their pleasure, without his ordnance being able to reach them. [Indorsed, Read. 21 Oct. 1618, and read." Three pages. O.C., Vol. V., No. 564.]
Nov. 14. 194. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Part of Raphe Coppindall's wages to be paid to Boothbye. Paul Johnson, a Dutchman, who has served the Company 11 years, to have his goods free of freight. Leate to hasten the arrival of certain great skeans with fair hilts. It is thought somewhat strange that Best should have recommended Wilson as a preacher, for though a good scholar and practised as a schoolmaster, he is not known as a preacher ; none knew that he preached. Augustine Spalding to be employed. James Poultney again referred. Richard Welden who has lived seven years in India and knows the languages of Banda, Amboyna, and the Moluccas, to be a factor. Discussion on the employment of Capt. Christien, to be referred for another year. Wm. Smith, formerly purser's mate in the Clove, to be seen about his petition for employment. Purchase of morse teeth and hides of the Muscovy Company. Suit of Nicholas Wolley to go abroad ; his wages to be increased, but to remain in the counting house another year ; also petition of Richard Weekes acknowledging his folly and craving favour. Petition of Joseph Colfe, who served 22 months at Bantam under Capt. Jourdain, to be again employed. Request of Thos. Wood, master's mate, and employed by Capt. Keeling to go in a junk to Jambi, to have some pepper he has brought home free of freight. Similar request of Bartholomew Ayle. Two new ships to be built [Three and a half pages. Court Bk., IV., 62-65.]
Nov. 14 Osaka. 195. Wm. Addames to Rich. Wickham, at Firando. Has been forced to go to Miako, and went to see if Wickham's things were done ; his candlesticks were not made. Has sent his man away with such money as he received which is not much. His efforts to sell certain goods ; has sent the Captain the reckoning. [One page. O.C., Vol. V., No. 565.] This letter is dated October by mistake.
Nov. 17. 196. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Richard Welden entertained for three years at least to proceed to the Moluccas. Augustine Spaldinge to be conferred with as to his employment. [Half a page. Court Bk., IV., 65-66.]
Nov. 17. Jacatra. 197. N. Ufflete to Geo. Ball, at Bantam. Rash proceedings of the Dutch ; report that within ten days "this General" will depart for the Moluccas. News of the Dutch fleet at Malacca. Present sent by the Dutch to Japara for the King of Mataram, with request that they might build a castle at Japara, to which the King consented, but the nobility telling the King they were now free men and wherefore should they suffer themselves to be in subjection, the King reversed his decision. Five ships arrived in the road this day, four from the island, and one from Bantam ; will try and learn their designs and advise him thereof. [One page and a quarter. O.C., Vol. V., No. 566.]
Nov. 18-20. 198. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Muster of silks brought home from Surat by Lawrence Walldo ; some to be dyed for their better experience and satisfaction. Security for 2,000l. or 3, 000l. to be taken from Capt. Harvey who is suspected to be about to sail to the East Indies with a ship well victualled and furnished with 20 pieces of ordnance. A copy of the new patent procured by Sir James Cunningham, with sundry new privileges for the East Indies, wherein the south-east passage is included, to be obtained. Request of the executors of Humphrey Basse to sell his adventure agreed to. Dividend to be declared on the 9th voyage and a final dividend of 20 or 22 per cent. next Christmas on the 11th voyage. The remainder of the capital of the 9th voyage to the value of about 20,000l. to be turned over to the joint stock, as if all prove good the 9th voyage will produce three for one. Five dozen leather buckets to be provided for Blackwall, and five dozen for Deptford, to be hung up in case of fire. Capt. Best to confer with the musicians selected to go with him. James Rynd who is willing to stay five years in India to be a preacher. As to the proposition for paying in adventures. Discussion on the demands of Capt. Best ; the Governor, Deputy, and Sir James Lancaster to inform him how distasteful his courses are to the Company, and to settle as to his going the voyage one way or the other. Minutes of a General Court: Dividends to make up two capitals on the 9th voyage, and of 20 per cent. on the 11th voyage confirmed. Whether the stock for four years should be enlarged to eight years. Sale of 200l. of Humfrey Basse in the first joint stock ; bought by Hamersley at 203l. per cent. profit. Sales of goods, with names of purchasers and the prices. 50l. in the first joint stock of Nat. Basse sold to West for 104l. 5s. ; 200l. of Hum. Basse to Wm. Leake for 206l. per cent. profit, and 100l. in the new joint stock to the Governor for 15l. 5s. per cent. profit. Nov. 20. Appointment of Richd. Griffin, with salary of 80l., and annual increase of 20l. for seven years. [Five pages. Court Bk., IV., 66-71.]
Nov. 20. Amsterdam. 199. Matthew Slade, to Carleton. Has put Sir Adrian Paw in mind of the map [see ante, No. 178], but he says it is still out of his hand. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
Nov. 21. 200. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Concerning the goods of the late Peter Floris, and the payment of Richard Burrell's adventure in the first joint stock. Wm. Marshall to be disfranchized. 40l. interest granted on Cannon's account. 50l. to be distributed to poor ministers. Demands of Capt. Best considered. Gratuity to Edward Seager. Committee to try the ordnance, and settle the number for each ship. Roger Gill and Robt. Barker to be sailors. [Two pages. Court Bk., IV., 71-73.]
Nov. 21. Firando. 201. Rich. Cocks to Johnson and Pitts at Siam. Has returned from the Emperor's Court, where he spent much time to little purpose ; nothing done to enlarge their privileges ; they remain as they were last year. Understands Eaton has told them of Eaton's arrival in Japan. The junk belonging to the English will be the last to depart hence this year, so that in the meantime they may look out for skins and wood for her lading. Wickham has returned from Bantam and brought a cargo of silk, broad cloth, lead, and other English commodities ; the most part are sold but to small profit. Arrival of three Dutch ships from the Moluccas, and two from Bantam ; the chief commander is called Derick Johnson Lamb, "a very fair conditioned man and one that hath used himself very circumspectly towards our English nation, as I also do find the like in Capt. Jacob Specx, principal in this place and all others, which I wish that the like decorum were observed betwixt our nation and the Hollanders in all other places." [One page. O. C., Vol. V., No. 567.]
Nov. 22. Whitehall. 202. Sec. Lake to Carleton. In France they are upon a course to be established for a safe traffic to the East Indies, and would fain join with us. "But that is not for our good." Finds our merchants as unwilling to join the Dutch as the French or any other, hoping they have the start, and assuring themselves to keep it. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
Nov. 22. Agra. 203. Joseph Salbancke to the East India Company. Description of the country "by all the people of Europe called India ;" of Tamerlane the Great, and his lineal descendant the Great Mogul, also of his family, and "his abundance of women that he keepeth for his own body which are said to be at least a thousand," and his habits and government. Every person going to the King for any suit must take presents with him according to the custom of the country ; what they should consist of. The King, though willing to give content to strangers, is wholly given up to luxury and voluptuousness, and refers suits either to his third son, Sultan Kharrum, who with a stepmother hates the Christian religion and all who profess it, or to Aseph Khan, who coldly considers their suits and never or very seldom grants them. Inconveniences of the delay in sealing the articles for establishing and ratifying the English trade. Whether the King is worthy of the presents yearly lavished on him. Why the Ambassador should solicit the King for leave to convert the money brought over by the English into the currency of the country by passing it through the mint. Suggestions on the selection of preachers and on "merchandising affairs." Personal affairs "I will descend at length to some discourse of myself." Concerning cloth, the main staple commodity of their land ; is sorry he cannot give the Company the comfort that he could wish ; tin, lead, vermillion, quicksilver are little regarded, of elephants' teeth some quantity may be sold ; remarks on other commodities and the advantage or otherwise of trading in them. [Indorsed, "Received 1 January 1618. Four pages. O. C., Vol. V., No. 568.]
Nov. 25. Tecoe. 204. Lewis Smyth to Capt. Ball, at Bantam. Small quantity of pepper received since the Rose's departure. Some of their debtors are dead, some deny their debts, and those who confess them are very slack in their payments. Complains of Rich. Harris who takes upon himself to be chief, and would give presents without Smith's authority. Refusal of the country people to buy the salt because of a report "that the English used to do their needs among the salt." [Indorsed, "Rec. le 14 Decemb. 1617 in Bantam from Tecoe." One page and three quarters. O. C., Vol. V., No. 569.]
Nov. 25-28. 205. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Gratuity to Capt. Harris for his services. Purchase of nine tons of elephants' teeth from Abraham Chamberlain. Grant of 50l. towards the building of a chapel of ease for the inhabitants of Wapping. Request of Rigdon ; gentleman of the King's Chamber, who had formerly had his freedom given to him, to become an adventurer without purchase, refused. Request of Sir Henry Hubbert [Hobart] and Sir Henry Montague, Lords Chief Justices, to be admitted free brethren, and to become adventurers. Hobart's opinion on the legality of the Company's sales by the candle in open court, and the sale and delivery of adventures. Capt. Best's proceedings very much disliked ; resolution to send for him to know his intentions ; names of others recommended to take his place, should Best not go the voyage. Answer to the overseers of Peter Floris. Discussion with Capt. Best on his demands and behaviour to the Company ; he refuses to sign a bond for 5,000l. to perform the articles agreed on, and is dismissed their service. Nov. 28.-Gratuity of 40l. to Sir Arthur Ingram for former kind nesses. Complaint of Capt. Best ; begs them to think of some other man ; Sir Thomas Dale, Sir Rich. Hawkins, and Capt. Parker suitors for the place of chief commander ; resolution to appoint Dale chief commander, and Capt. Parker second ; Capt. Jourdain to go agent and chief merchant to the Moluccas. Complaint of Capt. Pepwell ; the portholes of the Charles and Unicorn too small. James Rynd to be entertained as a preacher. Claim of the executors of the late Richard Battye for wages. Preparation in France of an East India Company ; committee to attend Secretary Lake thereon. [Five pages and a half. Court Bk. IV., 73-78.]
Nov. 30. Firando. 206. Richard Cocks to Richard Wickham at Nangasaki. The bearer, Andrea Dittis, the Chinese captain, has promised to send Cocks 3,000 or 4,000 taels of refined Japan plate. Means to send off the junk for Siam at once. Has written to Capt. Whaw to thank him for assisting Eaton in changing some money. Will have need of 10 or 12,000 taels more. The Holland general has sent word that he is sick, and will not come to-morrow to dinner, but thinks the rest will. [Three quarters of a page. O. C., Vol. V., No. 571.]
Nov. 207. Relation of abuses to the English merchants committed by Zulyher Khan, Governor of Surat, and other subordinate officers under the Great Mogul. [Two and a half pages. O. C., Vol. V., No. 572.]