East Indies, China and Japan
September 1618

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Institute of Historical Research

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W. Noel Sainsbury (editor)

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1870

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189-201

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'East Indies, China and Japan: September 1618', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 3: 1617-1621 (1870), pp. 189-201. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=68836 Date accessed: 18 September 2014.


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September 1618

Sept. 1. Jambi. 419. William Gordone to President Ball. Delivered his letter to Capt. Westby at the house at Jambi on 30 Aug. Hopes to be fully laden within twenty days. [Half a page. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 690.]
Sept. 4. Jacatra. 420. Ufflete to President Ball. Conference with the King respecting the price the English are to pay for the ground (they occupy) ; he demands 800 ryals per annum and two whole culverins for the 39 months they have been there, and 1,200 ryals yearly hereafter ; message sent to the King to persuade him to accept less. [One page. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 691.]
Sept. 4. 421. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Letter read from Richard Steele, from Saldanha, of 10 July 1617, craving pardon for carrying his wife with him against the Company's orders, and relating how the Saldanhans were forced to sell to them bullocks and sheep. Letter read from Nicholas Ufflete from Jacatra of 7 January 1617-8, describing the abuses committed by the Flemings against the English ; giving notice of their providence in having kine kept near that place to relieve their people, of their building, repairing, and carrying many ships there yearly, and the great quantities of goods they bring in, which they robbed the Chinese of, and other people upon those coasts, under English colours. Discourse also read by Ufflete, Edward Young, and John Powle, relating the original cause of the Flemings abusing the English in taking a pinnace betwixt Jacatra and Bantam, killing a man, and cutting another asunder after boarding ; and "the arrogant, bold, and audacious insolency that durst set up the French colours in the poop of one of these frigates, in manner of a triumph, the English in the middle and Prince Maurice's colours above all the rest, maintaining and triumphing in the doing thereof, because they have overcome both." Concerning the punishment of [Robert] Jones (see his petition, 20 January 1619,) for his notorious abuse and wrongs done at the Mogul's Court to Sir Thos. Roe, to whom he was recommended by Lord Carew. The mariners to pay freight for goods brought home by them. Complaint against George Ball, Cape merchant at Bantam, for detaining the ships so long in the road. Letter read from George Ball on the state of the Company's affairs in the East Indies (see ante, No. 245). Ellam appointed to collect, out of the several writings, the most material things relating to the outrageous abuses committed by the Flemings against the English at Bantam, the Moluccas, Jacatra, and elsewhere in the Indies, that they may be made known to the King and the Lords of the Council. [Two pages. Court Bk. IV., 194-196.]
Sept. 4. Easthampstead. 422. Sec. Sir Robt. Naunton to Carleton. Reminds him anew of Ald. Sir Wm. Cockayne's suit, which he assures him his Majesty takes more and more to heart. Assures him that the whole city and all parts of the kingdom they come to are extremely exasperated against the pride of the Hollanders and Zealanders, and complain of their indignities both in the East Indies, the Moluccas, the fishing in Scotland, Newfoundland, and our coasts, and where not. The merchants are preparing a general remonstrance against them, by his Majesty's return from progress. Would gladly have Sir Wm. Cockayne relieved before the fever comes to its paroxysm. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
Sept. 5. Aboard the Royal James (Jacatra). 423. Capt. Martin Pring to President Ball. Presented at Court to the King, Queen, and Prince, and gave the presents allotted to them ; tedious discourse in a private room with the King ; but Pring found "the gentleman so avariciously benumbed that he was not sensible of any reason at all ;" his desire to know the utmost the English would give ; Pring's answer was 600 ryals a year, and two whole culverins. Received letter from the King two days after that they must pay 2,400 ryals for their residence in his land for three years, and 1,200 ryals a year henceforward, because Capt. Jourdain promised to give more than the Flemings, and two whole culverins for the ground where they live ; reasons for the King's high demand ; has promised to reply within three days. Remembrances to Spurway, Bindon, and Jackson. [Two pages. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 692.]
Sept. 7. Bantam. 424. Extract of a letter [written by Thos. Spurway] to the East India Company. In Acheen the Dutch have offered the King great store of money to turn the English out, and at Bantam they do all they can for the same purpose ; the King, nobles, and commons being content to receive their bribes ; "but while the Flemings continue these practices to circumvent us, what is it that we may do more than look on ?" The Thomas, Solomon, and Attendant sent last year for Banda ; the two latter seized by the Flemings, after some small resistance, and the English taken prisoners ; the Thomas never since heard of. Mr. Davies and the rest dispersed in Banda, Amboyna, and the Moluccas. The English, notwithstanding, make good their forts of Pooloroon, in hope of being succoured this next monsoon. The spices provided by the Company's factors in Banda bartered away for victuals to certain junks, which were waylaid by the Flemings. Such insolent courses are to the shame and dishonour of the English nation till revenge be taken. Bargains for pepper prevented by the outbidding of the Dutch. The house is covered in, but at a stand, though much work has yet to be done ; "thus are we every way abused and know not how to remedy the same." The Hollanders have made large offers to the Pengran to turn the English out. Capt. Ball gone this day to Jacatra ; Capt. Pring already there, with the Royal James and Advice, to have parley with the King about building a gedong. The Hollanders have already built a house there, which they have mounted with 30 pieces of ordnance and put 300 people in it, Dutch soldiers, and black men, women, and children, and do marry divers in the house. In the Solomon and Attendant were taken by the Hollanders Geo. Jackson, Cassarian David, and Kellum Throgmorton, merchants ; Hugh Lane and Mathew Wills, masters. [Two pages. This letter was brought by a French ship to St. Malo, and was read at a Court of Committees, 21 May 1619. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 693.]
Sept. 8. Windsor. 425. Secretary Naunton to Carleton. Sends two complaints, which have been presented to the King and to the Privy Council, which will show the cause of resentment which the Dutch have given to all that have any sense at all of the honour of his Majesty and of our whole nation. The King requires Carleton to present them to the States, and to demand their answers how far they will allow these insolences of their subjects, or how they will punish them and make reparation ; and to insist particularly that they send commissioners, articulately instructed, to give satisfaction at the treaty to be instantly held between us and them. To press them to accelerate all they can, commissioners having been expected in England on the 1st, upon a former agreement between the Lords here and Sir Noel Caron before the progress. Besides his general remonstrance to the States General, Carleton is, in particular, to acquaint them with these high aggrievances and indignities, from whom his Majesty will expect an exemplary animadversion upon the delinquents, as being Admiral, &c. [Holland Correspondence.] Incloses,
425. I. Declaration of the East India Company to the King. "Of the manifest and insupportable wrongs and abuses lately done by the Hollanders unto your Majesty and your Majesty's subjects in the East Indies." That the English sent last year from Bantam two ships to trade to Pooloron, where they were well received, and the island was voluntarily surrendered to his Majesty. That soon after the island of Rosingyn and the free town of Wayre, on the island of Lantar, likewise surrendered and desired to trade with the English. Efforts of the Hollanders to dispossess the East India Company, by force, of these places ; capture of the Swan ; five of her men slain, eight wounded ; their most outrageous behaviour, "as any mortal enemies could do," showing "our chained men" to the people of the isle of Neira, the mother of the isles of Banda, "saying, Lo, these are the men whom ye made your gods, in whom ye put your trust, but we have made them our slaves ;" 20 since dead through bad usage ; the rest still detained prisoners. Unjust seizure of the Company's ship Defence ; refusal of Lawrence Ryall, the Dutch Admiral, to restore her, unless the English would give up all claim to Pooloroon ; and his assertion that he could show the King's own writing for authority to take any English ships to the east of the Celebes Islands. Difficulties of getting from Pooloroon to Bantam for fear of the Dutch. Outrage upon the Speedwell ; taking the men forcibly out of her and keeping them prisoners in irons. They threaten mortal war against any English who dare trade to the Moluccas, Amboyna, or Banda, and declare they will take from the English all the trade in the East Indies ; they have often robbed the Chinese under English colours, "to bring us into hatred and contempt." Their endeavours to disgrace the English nation ; "one Holland ship would take ten English, that they care not for our King, for St. George was now turned child," and other insolencies. [Indorsed by Carleton, "The petition of the East India Company to his Majesty." Three pages. Domestic, Jac. 1., Vol. CIV., No. 62, Cal. p. 607.]
425. II. Statement of the injuries done by the Hollanders to the English in the East Indies ; to the King in his dominion and in his honour by word and by fact ; and to his subjects in their fame, in their persons, and in their estate. [Indorsed by Carleton and also by Bradshaw, "Abstracted One page. East Indies, Vol. I., No. 70.]
[1618.] 426. Copy of the last inclosure, indorsed by Sir Edward Coke 1. The King's honor. 2. Restitution, &c. 3. The time to come to be free.(?) 4. That each of them may henceforth equally and justly trade thither without any disturbance or interruption one of another, any claim or pretence of title or right on either side heretofore made or hereafter to be made notwithstanding. [One page. East Indies, Vol. I., No. 71.]
[1618.] 427. Another copy of the above. [One page. East Indies, Vol. I., No. 72.]
Sept. 8. 428. Court Minutes of the East India Company. The mariners to be made to pay freight for their pepper. A copy of the abstract of the abuses committed by the Flemings against the English to be given to each Lord of the Council before being presented at the Council table. Letter read from the Countess of Nottingham to borrow 300l. declined. Promise to Sir Thos. Lowe to give employment to a kinsman of his. Concerning Norden and Bryan Edlyn's accounts. Dividend upon the first joint stock to be referred to the auditors. The ships being expected at Gravesend this night or to-morrow, some of the committees to go there to welcome Lucas Antheunis on his return. Sir W. Garway to be spoken with concerning the custom taken for pepper. Whether any tin shall be sent by the next fleet. [Two pages and a quarter. Court Bk. IV., 196-198.]
Sept. 9. 429. Sir Thos. Smythe to Sec. Sir Thos. Lake. Has received information that a ship of great burthen is preparing to sail from Flushing for the East Indies, and that it is intended that another shall follow within a month. [Holland Correspondence.]
Sept. 11. 430. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Concerning a dividend on the first joint stock. No tin to be bought until the return of some ship from Surat, to know whether it is needed in those parts. Petition from Anne Herod for payment of a debt due from Daniel Dunkyn, deceased. Petition from Alice Reade for payment of a debt due to her from John Reade. Names of the committees to go daily on board the Hope and the Charles to superintend the unlading of them. Lee's brother to assist Mountney. The Merchant Royal to be made ready and victualled for 100 men for two years, and with as much provision as she can carry to relieve other ships at the Cape and Bantam. The Muscovy account for Greenland to be seen by this Company. Complaint against Gordone, master of the Hound, for wasting her provisions. Barwick to be sent with the Merchant Royal to Bantam. The Hope and Charles to be made ready to sail with the fleet. Letter read from W.Methwold, from Bantam (see ante, No. 246), commending the trade between Surat and Bantam, at Tecoe and Acheen, to be very profitable. [Two pages and a quarter. Court Bk. IV., 198-200.]
Sept. 12. Leadenhall. 431. Robert Bell to Carleton. Two ships have arrived from the East Indies ; out of their advices complaints to the King have been framed, a copy of which he incloses ; begs him to keep it private, as the King has not yet seen it. Understands it is purposed to send over commissioners to treat upon these businesses ; "God grant we may agree, else will it be ill for us both." Although the Dutch have done us wrong this year above 100,000l., yet have they little occasion to brag, their charges and losses are so infinite. They maintain 22 forts in the Indies, wherein they keep 4,000 men in pay continually, and have near 30 sail of ships in the Indies ; "the trade of merchandise is not able to support any such charge." [Holland Correspondence.]
Sept. 15. The Hague. 432. Carleton to Sec. Naunton. Although his Majesty "was born in hand" by Sir Noel Caron that deputies should be sent to accommodate all differences with his Majesty's subjects, the States waver in that resolution. Deputies from the States and the Company will have commission only to treat of the East Indian business ; this is not all that his Majesty expects or the present differences require. Requests instructions upon which to ground his complaint in their public assembly. Has recommended Sir Wm. Cockayne's affairs in general terms with much earnestness. [Extract from Holland Correspondence.]
Sept. 15. 433. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Suit of John Martyn to make nails referred. Shareholders to be allowed to take out one capital upon the first joint stock in pepper, and to receive their dividends in money with the rest. Tender of surrender by John Lamprier of the lease [of a house] at Blackwall. The diamonds, cotton yarn, bezoar stone, and ambergris to be sold. Petition of Lydia, widow of Edward Mason, to continue the nail-making at Blackwall. Petition of Millicent, wife of William Lucas, boatswain in the Unicorn, now in the Indies, to have some pepper sent to her by her husband. Petition of a prisoner for a debt of 12l. due to him from Hugh Greete. Letters brought in the ships for the Low Countries to be sent over, though "their discourteous carriage towards the English doth not deserve it." Crathorne, one of the custom-house, gratified with five jacobus. Answer to be sent to the letter from the Lords of the Council, that the Company has not more than 20,000l. in the Low Countries in indigo or spices, not meddling with money. Letter read from Robert Lorkyn, a factor in the East Indies, to Sir John Wolstenholme, endeavouring to justify his proceedings by giving an account of how he had raised that estate he left. Desire of Sir John to receive his estate for the use of Lorkyn's friends. It was suspected Lorkyn was poisoned by a black who he took into his house. [One page and three quarters. Court Bk. IV., 201-202.]
Sept. 16. London. 434. Robert Bell to Carleton. Sir Thos. Smythe is very thankful to Carleton, and begs him to continue his favour to the East India Company, especially at this time when the wrongs done them by the Hollanders are insupportable, as he may perceive by a declaration which they have drawn out of their own informations and delivered to the King. Grievances with the Hollanders at Greenland. If, when those nominated by the States and the Dutch East India Company to treat of these businesses come, they do not agree with them, it will not be their [the English Company's] fault. They have long foreseen that except they do agree it will be the ruin of both, and agreeing there is the richest trade in the world before them. Requests him to advertise the time of their [the Commissioners] departure, and if need be to dispatch away an express messenger beforehand. [Holland Corresp.]
Sept. 16. Amsterdam. 435. Matthew Slade to Carleton. Our Burgomaster Basse is shortly to go for England about the Indian Company. Thinks Carleton well knows that business lost a great furtherer in the Advocate Coen, who died at the Hague in Carleton's absence. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
Sept. 16. Bantam. 436. Thos. Spurwaie to President Ball at Jacatra. Arrival of the Bee. The Bandanese lodged in the new "godowne" until the old house be fitted for them. Kewee still in his house. Very still with them ; they hear nothing from the Pengran or any of the nobles. The French ship left ; the surgeon of the prize and three Japanese gone with her ; gave the letter for the Company into the hands of the French captain, Sig. Christophe, who promised its safe delivery. [One page. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 694.]
Sept. 17. 437. Minutes of a General Court of the East India Company. Concerning the disposal of the cargoes of the Hope and Charles. Sales in the first joint stock at 206l. per cent., and in the second joint stock at 11l. 6s. and 11l. 10s. profit per cent. [One page and a quarter. Court Bk. IV. 202-3.]
Sept. 18. 438. Minutes of a Court of Commissioners for both Companies. Concerning the sale of some wax sent from Muscovy to Hamburgh, and some oil at 20l. a ton. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Committees appointed to overlook the goods brought home by the sailors, and to regulate the cost of freight, and those belonging to Lucas Antheunis to be given up to him. Letter read from the Merchant Adventurers concerning impositions on foreign commodities from such as are not free of their guild. Two ships to be sent to the Cape with money and provisions to relieve the Company's ships and men there. "A very honorable answer" received from the Privy Council in reply to the relation of the wrongs done by the Dutch to the English in the Indies. Some contracts read betwixt the governors and principal men of the islands of Pooloroon, Rosingyn, and Waire of the free surrender of their countries and themselves under the obedience and sovereignty of the English, together with some attestations of the Flemings in the Indies concerning the differences between them and the English, showing the insolent behaviour of the Flemings, and their endeavours to confine the English to such places only as the Flemings pleased, presupposing contracts with those islands who deny the same and utterly renounce them, hating them to death ; together with such matters against the English as are altogether most false and scandalous, and are manifest proofs of their insolent, proud, inhuman, and bloody courses held both against those poor people and continued against the English, professing open hostility and threatening fire and sword against them except they surcease from their trade in those places where the English are possessed with the love and entire affection of the inhabitants. [Two pages. Court Bk. IV., 204-205.]
Sept. 19. Sambopa Macassar. 439. Thos. Staverton to President Ball. His last was by Geo. Muschampe, who sailed 25th Aug. News brought by a Portugal that Hawkridge had been at Tidore, and partly through his own good carriage he and all his company received kind usage from the governor, and laded thence a quantity of cloves, being, as it is said, fully minded to come to Macassar. Hopes he has safely arrived at Bantam ; has no doubt of Hawkridge's care in looking after the goods, and of those who so unfortunately left the ship, Geo. Jackson, Wm. Swetland the purser, Tatton, [? Totten] and others, to fall in all likelihood into the same misery as Cassarian David and the rest of the two ships' companies. The directions from Courthopp left by Muschampe the writer fears he cannot accomplish, having had to satisfy King of Gooa, King of Tallo, and Crayne Angillo. In favour of the bearer, a Chinaman. Not to forget the piece of ordnance for the King of Tallo, and also send him a small case of English hot waters for a present ; also a present for the King of Gooa, and some small remembrance for Crayne Angillo. [One page. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 695.]
Sept. 19. The Hague. 440. Carleton to Sec. Naunton. His letter of the 8th pres. arrived late last night ; will speak to the States in conformity therewith. Regrets the absence of the Prince of Orange, but delay in cases of this nature breeds danger. The States have already had in deliberation the sending deputies to his Majesty ; hopes what he shall say will quicken their dispatch. Has already spoken in private with some who do much lament these just occasions of complaint given his Majesty's subjects. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
Sept. 21. Firando. 441. Edmund Sayer to Rich. Wickham at Bantam. Was obliged to put in at one of the Leques islands for a new rudder ; heard that Eaton was at one of them with the junk, but believes he has since sailed for Siam. On his return to Japan found the Jurabassa, who Sayer left in Cochin China, returned, he having taken the thieves who stole the money, the most part of which is in the King's hands. They are alone this year and desolate, without ship or junk ; the Hollanders monopolize the whole cloth trade ; afraid whether Wickham reached Bantam last year or was taken by the Hollanders. Capt. Cocks and Nealson gone to Yedo to make known to the Emperor how the Hollanders use them. [One page. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 696.]
Sept. 22. 442. Court Minutes of the East India Company. A prohibition for bringing in whale fins from other parts to be inserted at the end of the proclamation intended for logwood, according to the Company's wish made known to Sec. Naunton. Wages of the sailors of the James and Hope to be stayed until their bad conduct in the Indies be examined into. Petitions read from Robt. Perkins, executor of Henry Perkins, claiming satisfaction for fifty ryals, delivered to Christ. Newport and paid over to Ball at Bantam ; from Will. Croft for a debt ; and from Joan, widow of Thos. Bacon, for payment of money due to her from John Baylye and Thomas Sheppard. Letter read from Sir Dudley Diggs, wherein he seemed to be doubtful about going into Moscow by reason of the troubles of the country, the Poles having given the Emperor an overthrow, and quite close to the city. The governor communicates the promise of the King to speak to Sir Noel Caron, and to write to the Landgrave Maurice, governor of Zealand, "to right the wrongs and outrages committed by the Flemings." Petitions read from James Bayley that the two sailors for whom he was bound, were drowned in the Company's service ; and from Margaret Porter concerning the estate of Thomas Heath, her deceased brother. Complaint against Decrowe for absenting himself, there being a want of money to satisfy debts due by the Muscovy Company. [Two pages and a half. Court Bk. IV., No. 206-208.]
Sept. 24. Hampton Court. 443. Sec. Naunton to Carleton. Instructions for his speech at the next assembly of the States General ; that they of their own accord first propounded, by Sir Noel Caron, that there might be a meeting of Commissioners on both parts to treat of the settling a joint stock between the companies of the merchants of both States that trade in the East Indies ; that the King was again moved to the same effect by Caron, who undertook to the Privy Council that Commissioners should come over instructed not only to accommodate the former business first propounded by themselves, but with full power to treat and conclude and give satisfaction of all differences ; and that they should have been here by the 1st pres. The King's dissatisfaction at the delay ; the daily insolencies and wrongs done to his subjects, and the indignities to his own person and the whole nation, cannot with honour be endured by any prince ; he is enforced to call upon them to hasten away their Commissioners, fully instructed, to give speedy justice and satisfaction to the King and his subjects, that he may not be driven to right himself, which their further delay will in honour force him to. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
Sept. 25. Jacatra. 444. Capt. Martin Pring to President Ball. Glad to hear of the safe arrival of the Gift. According to what Pring has heard in the Chinese quarter, he means to find out whether they have been fortifying at the islands by sending a boat to sound the channels. Hopes to effect his business with the King to-morrow, who has invited Pring to his park, where he hopes to make an absolute, though high priced conclusion, for the King is no changeling in his insatiable desires, yet as inconstant as the ocean in performing his promise. Remembrances to Spurway, Jackson, Beaumont, and Holman. [One page. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 697.]
Sept. 25-26. 445. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Sea-horse blubber belonging to the united companies to be sold at 6l. 10s . or 7l. a ton, to save the trouble of boiling it into oil. Richard Brand, a clothier, to be paid. Decrowe not to exceed his commission, nor to mix the two accounts of the old and new joint stock. Westrowe to pay his debts to the Muscovy Company. Hugh Greete's accounts to be examined, and his diamonds sold. Edward Charley to be guardian to Edward, son of the late John George, deceased, late gunner of the Defence. John Bickley, master of the Hope, referred to the committees to regulate the question of freight of goods brought home. Concerning the wages of three Dutchmen employed in the Company's service, and the stoppage of the wages of those of the Osiander for having robbed divers junks in the East Indies. Petition read from Katherine Gybon for a debt due to her by John Brackstone, deceased. Peter Nedham left at Cranganore by Capt. Keeling, and much condemned for his carriage in the country, to pay freight for his pepper. Barrett, the King's grocer, to have four bags of pepper for his Majesty's use. Petitions read from Joan Allen widow, whose husband died three years since at Bantam, for relief : from Richard Furbusher, master carpenter of the Charles, to have his goods without paying freight ; and from Alice, widow of Richard Taylor, of the Osiander, who was taken by the Flemings and kept in chains till his death, for relief. Decree made by the States at the Hague, authorizing the Dutch to use all violence against the English in the Indies, to be inquired into. Petition read from Abbacuck Kirbye, glazier, for two of his servants sent to the Indies as glaziers to be sent back, as there is no employment for them there ; from Joseph, brother of John Tucker, who died two years since at Jambi, for his late brother's wages and goods according to his will ; and from Eliza, widow of Richard Clare, to have her goods without paying freight. Petition read from Margery, widow of Thos. Archer, who died in the Hope, to have her very small estate without a letter of administration. Letter read from Richard Carmarden to have the legacies bequeathed to his children by Capt. Pepwell at his disposal for their benefit. Minutes of a General Court. Sale of diamonds and other, commodities, with names of purchasers and the prices. 300l. adventure in the second joint stock belonging to Mr. Buxton sold for 10l. per cent. to Morris Abbott, deputy governor, and 200l. in the first joint stock sold to Geo. Swynnhowe for 203l. 10s. per cent. Sept. 26.-Court Minutes. John Bickley, master of the Hope to have his goods on paying freight. The mariners questioned for robbing the frigates in the Indies, laying the whole fault upon their commanders, were discharged from all complaint, and ordered to have their wages paid. [Six pages and a half. Court Bk. IV., 208-214.]
Sept. 27. Ispahan. 446. Edward Pettus to the East India Company. Barker and the rest of the merchants arrived from Court 25 July with a reconfirmation of the capitulations procured by Connok and two several phirmaunds, one for the export of their silk lying at Moghistan, the other for the Shah's treasurer to take all their imported goods and deliver them silk all at price current. Connok had the like promise last year from the King's mouth, who, however, refused their lead, quicksilver, looking-glasses, and whatever he pleased, and took their cloth at his own price. In case of disagreement with Lalabegg, the King's treasurer, merchants are to estimate the price, though whatever Lalabegg says they dare not gainsay. What happened last year in that way. The English have not credit in the country for a penny, either upon pawn or otherwise, and were deceived in the loan of some money from Lalabegg, who gave them a letter to his vizier in Ispahan to receive it a month past ; a portion only paid to Barker and Bell ; they left for Jask 1 September, leaving Monox and Pettus behind, who were put off from day to day with the answer, I have no money. Thinks it a wilful excuse, and that the treasurer is bribed by the Spanish Ambassador now resident in Ispahan, and with no small sum of money ; is sure the great present which the Spanish Ambassador has lately given to this King will work some strange effect contrary to their expectation. Does not believe that the Spanish Ambassador was only sent to congratulate this King and give him presents ; thinks the King will see the event of their proceedings this year, whether they continue not to lie to him as his Treasurer says they have, talking of ships to come in, but he sees none, and as they keep promise, so answer the Spanish Ambassador, "Indeed upon his honour he must give us this year trial." If the ships fail to arrive this year, they will be at their wit's end ; they are masters of neither means nor money to buy themselves bread, neither have they credit in the least, and the merchants of all ports are generally their enemies, and throw every impediment they can and dare upon them, filling the King's ears with doubt. The fault lies with their deceased principal (Connok), but the survivor is the most to blame. So undeserving a servant as Barker the Company never employed. This place requires a man of spirit and presence, who dares talk to the greatest of them. The Company have lost a worthy servant in Connok, who would rattle the best of them ; such an one must be here, or all will be nought. These people full of lies from the greatest to the least, especially those with whom they have had to do. Disgraceful conduct of Barker at Court, when he went to obtain new capitulations of the King, striving to make void those procured by Connok, making a dragoman of Mr. Robins, whom he commanded to say nothing to the King but what he was bade, and offending the King, who perceived he was in drink and called him opprobrious names. Fears the trade will not fall out according to their expectations ; his reasons : the country most miserably poor of money with little trade in itself, the Banians, the chief merchants, selling linens from India of all sorts and prices, which the country cannot be without, except the people go naked ; and unless the King be a mere merchant, as he half promised, the Company will never receive benefit from the trade, nor themselves, the merchants, any credit. To be plain, the experience of this year teaches him that this country will not vend so much as expected. The writer's sudden change of opinion must not discourage the Company from giving all the furtherance they may to "this once hopeful trade ;" another year's experience will give a true light to all, for ever since their arrival in the country they have lived in want, occasioned through the ill husbandry and quarrellings of their principals. The chief reason why the country at present is without money, is because of the wars between the Turk and the King ; no merchant or caravan can pass to or fro in safety. The Banians, in return for their linens, carry most of the silver and gold out of this country, which being prohibited, if taken they suffer death, and this happened to several when the English were at Kasbin, one of Connok's dear friends being the principal person who suffered. This King is a tyrant and will not suffer any of his subjects to be rich ; he caused one of the richest merchants in Ispahan to be beaten to death with cudgels, took away his estate, and then had him hanged up in the Midan, to the annoyance of any coming near, and no man knows the cause. The King's cruelty makes the merchants afraid to have any quantity of goods, which is the reason of "their peddling dealing." The King is a merchant, and has the refusal of all goods that come to town, forcing his subjects to take them at his price ; the danger therefore of overloading the country with commodities, the King having conditioned to take all. A great quantity of money with commodities must work this trade. The King's successor is doubtful ; he has three sons, the eldest most butcher-like, having some five years past attempted to murder the King and seize his crown ; the youngest son the favourite upon whom it is thought the King will confer his crown. There are two other potent and mighty princes who the King suffers to keep state, Emanguiliok Khan, Duke of Shiraz, and Cassum Khan, Duke on the frontiers between Turkey and Persia, both of whom it is feared will rebel at the King's death. The King is not beloved by his nobles, but feared for his tyranny. Insecurity of their goods in the event of the King's death. Ispahan is being daily beautified and enlarged by the King, who makes it the chief mart town for all merchants ; in his father's time it was nothing to what it is now. No fear of anything happening during the present King's life ; he is willingly obeyed in everything, and this year the Duke of Shiraz in person with 16,000 horse served him against the Turk. Money owing to Lalabegg and others. Incloses particulars of the English and Indian commodities which will vend in Persia, and what this country affords for investments, with the places set down where to be had, especially those commodities which Pettus thinks are unknown to the Company, and which he has collected together with the help of sundry brokers. Rhubarb, being subject to sweat, will not keep good because of the heat of the ships ; the Portugals have not exported any for many years ; all that goes to Aleppo goes direct from Tartary, where it grows, and is so transported overland for Venice. Description of the coins, weights, and measures in Persia. Complains of the principal (Barker), keeping Monox and himself ignorant of all proceedings. Monox will send the Company copies of letters which will explain the whole passage of their business up to Connok's departure for Jask in October 1617. Geo. Pley and Connok's accounts given to Pettus to perfect. Methwold's perverseness in all the Company's affairs. Arrival at Tauris of Malill Bashaw, the grand vizier of Aleppo and General of the Turkish army, with 400,000 men ; his success against the Persian army not known. The vizier's aim is to take Ardabil, where all the King's ancestors lie interred ; the Turks will never again be able to bring such a force against the King if he be able this year to hold his own ; his army of 100,000 men he has divided into three parts, and does everything by policy, cutting off the supplies of his enemies ; if the Turks have provisions for two months, all will be endangered, but wisdom and valour were never daunted, nor is the King. William Nealson dispatched with letters from the Court to the Company ; was met by a Frenchman fifty days since within three days' journey of Aleppo ; "if he accomplish his journey he escapes fair, considering the great wait laid for Englishmen and their letters ; if any, of what nation soever, be taken carrying letters for England, nothing more sure than death." The merchants at Aleppo in a hurly-burly about this new intended trade of the English ; fears Nealson will put the English consul at Aleppo to much trouble and danger before he can ship Nealson away. Incloses,
446. I. Particulars and prices of all sorts of commodities, both English and Southern, vendible in the Empire of Persia, as also the commodities that Persia affords for investments. Indorsed, "Edward Pettus, from Persia, dated 27 and 28 September 1618. Received 13 September 1619 by the Ann." Together fifteen pages and a half. O.C., Vol. VI., Nos. 699-700.]
Sept. 27. Jacatra. 447. Ufflete to President Ball. On the 26th the General (Pring), Wickham, the writer, and others were with the King at his park, with whom the General has agreed for the ground, 1,500 ryals to be paid at six months' time and 700 yearly. John Come arrived from the island ; is informed that for certain the Hollanders fetch away the earth from Hector island to build a fort upon their island. For licence for Waddon to stay and finish the accounts. [Half a page. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 698.]
Sept. 29. The Hague. 448. Carleton to Sec. Naunton. Will punctually observe his instructions. The return of the Prince of Orange, and the arrival of certain deputies from Zealand, who are all expected before the end of the week, will be the most proper opportunity to draw the States to a resolution. Has given his Majesty an account of what he has already performed. Causes of the delay in sending over Commissioners. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
Sept. 29. [The Hague.] 449. Carleton to the King. Has made a remonstrance to the States General upon the complaints presented to his Majesty by his subjects against the Dutch for their violences committed in Greenland and the East Indies. The difficulty betwixt the provinces is laid aside, it being judged more than necessary to send deputies to his Majesty, but who will be sent, and how they will be instructed, will yet ask some few days of deliberation. Trusts the King will excuse the delay, it being not as heretofore an artifice to gain time, but real and serious, caused through the distraction of an unsettled government. [Draft. Holland Corresp.]