East Indies, China and Japan
February 1619

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Institute of Historical Research

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W. Noel Sainsbury (editor)

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1870

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243-252

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'East Indies, China and Japan: February 1619', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 3: 1617-1621 (1870), pp. 243-252. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=68841 Date accessed: 02 August 2014.


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February 1619

Feb. 3/13. The Hague. 583. Reply of the States General of the United Provinces to Sir Dudley Carleton's proposition. (See ante, No. 541, 12 Jan. 1619.) Excuse themselves for not having been able to instruct their Commissioners upon all the five points. The distracted state of their state and government does not allow of their devoting the necessary time to call together the many persons interested in those points other than the traffic in the East Indies and the whale fisheries. Pray his Majesty to let the treaty proceed upon these two last points until their present dissensions, both political and ecclesiastical, are in a quieter state. [French. Five pages. Holland Corresp.]
Feb. 5. 584. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Robert Younge, who returned in the Bull, entertained for employment at 150l. per annum, "but because it is extraordinary and not fit to be known to others they appointed to have it recorded but 100l. per annum." Petition read of Elizabeth, wife of Richard Swanley, master's mate in the Swan ; Mary, wife of Arthur Archer ; Julian, wife of John Gunter ; Elizabeth, wife of Aaron Burt ; Joan, wife of Josias Undrill [Underhill] ; Helen wife of Thos. Hewes ; Anne, wife of Ambrose Bursted ; and Elizabeth, wife of Geo. Yeomans in the Swan, craving some means for their own and families' relief, and the Company's assistance to procure the release of their husbands from the Hollanders. The ships to be dispatched away. Capt. Jourdain to be reminded to write more fully than Geo. Ball has done. Advice to be sent to Bantam for all unprofitable factories to be dissolved, and exorbitant or insufficient factors to be sent home. News from Aleppo that the King of Persia has overthrown the army of the Turk and slain most of his men, the rest escaping with great difficulty back to Turkey ; that the Persian had prohibited the sending of any more silks into Turkey, and refused to deal with the Spaniard for the same, but continued constant in his promise to the English ; what signs and tokens had been seen in the element by a blazing star and fiery sword, which hath much daunted the Turks and quite dismayed them ; and of a great mortality and plague now raging in Constantinople, which consumes 1,000, 1,200, and 1,500 a day. Letters to be written to the factors in Persia to capitulate with the Emperor, that no nation should intercept the English, but that he should forbid all others trade by sea, and to let him know that the trade shall be furnished. Business about the pirates. Lord Lincoln's adventure respecting the appointment of a principal factor at Jask., and the indiscretion of Monox in contending for "principality" there. Necessity of keeping secret what is daily done concerning the treaty between the English and Dutch. Thos. Kerridge's wages increased to 150l. a year. Committee to be appointed to look to the general business of each ship. Means to be taken to suppress the disorderly conduct of the mariners and prevent their running away. Committee appointed about the matter depending with Lord Rich. As to sending ships to Greenland. [Two pages. Court Bk. IV., 292-295.]
Feb. 5. [Pooloroon.] 585. Nat. Courthope, Robt. Jackson, and Robt. Haies to Cassarian David and the rest of his loving friends [prisoners of the Dutch at Pooloway]. Duplicate of No. 554. Endorsed, "Wherein he writeth of all secrets which I make account the Hollanders were acquainted withal." [One page. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 751.]
Feb. 6. London. 586. Chamberlain to Carleton. On Saturday last [30 Jan.] Sir Thos. Smythe's house at Deptford was burnt down to the ground, and nothing saved that was in it, except the people, who escaped narrowly. [Extract from Dom. Jac. I., Vol. CV., No. 83, Cal., p. 11.]
Feb. 6. [The Hague.] 587. Carleton to the King. Sends the States' answer to his proposition concerning the businesses their Commissioners have in hand. A different temper will be observed by the modesty of the terms, yet doubts whether the King will receive satisfaction in the substance. Arguments against the dispatch of all these five businesses pari passu. [Extract from Holland Corresp.] Encloses,
587. I. The answer of the States General of the United Provinces to Carleton's propositions, see ante No. 583. The Hague, 3/13 Feb., 1619. French. [Six pages and a quarter. Holland Correspondence.]
1619. Feb. 8. Aboard the Clove, Bantam. 588. Henry Bosvile, purser to Sir Thos. Smythe, "at his mansion in Philpot Lane." Commending John Bonfoy, purser of the Clove, who has been appointed factor at Japara. [One page. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 752.]
Feb. 9-12. 589. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Monox, whose carriage in Persia is much distasted, to be sent home except the business in his hand be found to prevent it. The Victualler to be called the Supply. All the ships to sail together from Surat to Jask. Brockedon to proceed with the fleet for Bantam as chief factor, but not to have command of the ship thither. Letter to be procured from the King to the Emperor of Persia, in answer to the one sent to his Majesty. George Finch, appointed a factor, to be left behind, his master, David Bourne, claiming his time till Christmas, besides a debt. Necessity of calling in a greater sum of money next year for the new joint stock, the payment of debts, and the prosecution of the trade with Persia, which will require great sums. Petition of Sam. Squier concerning some money he borrowed in the time of his sickness at Bantam of Hugh Greete, and which Greete left to him as a legacy. The Deputy-Governor to attend the Lords about the pirates and confirm the Company's former resolution of 2,000l. a year [sic, see ante, No. 582] ; as the Governor and Deputy could not both be spared from a meeting of the States Commissioners to be held at the same time at Merchant Tailors' Hall. 50l. a year out of Capt. Jourdain's salary to be paid to Robt. Lee, appointed to receive the same. Feb. 12.-Coral to be bought ; advice received that 100 chests a year will sell. Benj. Charke, formerly a factor in the East Indies, recommended by Sir Thos. Smythe to be warehouse-keeper at Leadenhall. Amount in ryals to be sent in the Palsgrave, the Elizabeth, the Hope, the Charles, the Ruby, and the Diamond for Surat and Persia, and all the dollars for Persia. Letter to be written to the Chancellor of the Exchequer in favour of Capt. Vaughan. The Governor again urges sending into Greenland and Muscovy to know whether the East India Company will lose the half of their 47,000l. disbursed last year. Joseph Hopkinson entertained factor for seven years. [Three pages and a half. Court Bk. IV., 295-298.]
Feb. 12. Acheen. 590. W[illiam] N[icolls] to Thos. Kerridge and the rest [at Surat]. Their two years' trade expired in July last ; his earnest suit for a renewal of trade, but could give no present answerable to the King's covetous mind, and the Hollanders suing likewise and giving great presents, his hopes were frustrated. Purchase of pepper from the King of Acheen, much to the discomfiture of the Hollanders, who were ready to quarrel with him, but durst not. Goods and money laden aboard the Gift, which set sail 19 July 1618 with the Unicorn's horn that would not sell. Nothing to maintain this chargeable factory but the stock that ought to be left for investment in pepper against the next ship's arrival. These people buy cloth from hand to mouth only, which they pay for in pepper. If it be possible ruinate the Dabuls and restrain the Guzerats and Gogo shipping from going to Acheen. Has had no news from Bantam this year and a half. John Beamond writes from Tiku that the Hollanders have taken three English ships at the Moluccas. "God send revenge or a fair peace." They cleave to the King of Mataram, who Nicolls hears is cutting way through mountains and woods to take the King and country of Bantam, and is like to prevail. The English must be indifferent on both parties. Thinks the Hollanders will join with the King of Acheen in besieging Malacca ; in such case this King may unhappily give them the privilege of this island's trade. The English should be beforehand with the Dutch in a present to this King's content, to gain two years more trade with Tiku as the Hollanders lately did, "by being indeed open fisted, * * * this King being so covetous as our lawyers, doing little or nothing without a fee." The Flemings basely respected at Tiku ; they endeavour to persuade the Governor to stand out against the King of Acheen, and they will deal with him by sea ; also that they would fortify some of the adjoining islands. As to the sale of Surat goods. Plenty of pepper to be bought, but has neither money nor goods to purchase ; difference of the prices at Acheen and Bantam. [Four pages. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 753.]
Feb. 14. 591. Sir Thos. Wynne to Carleton. A ship from the East Indies, called the Bull, arrested by Lord Rich upon an action of 1,600,000l. Some of the merchants complained to the King, who sent for Lord Rich to compound the business. Lord Rich very earnest with the King that he might have the benefit of a subject to wage law against them, but the King would not yield to it. [Extract from Domestic Correspondence, Jac. I., Vol. CV., No. 104, Cal., p. 14.]
Feb. 15 Aboard the Dragon, in Swally Boad. 592. Kerridge, Rastell, and James to Nicolls at Acheen, by the Dragon. The Company's letters will show their desires and what they have sent, together with his Majesty's letter to the King of Acheen for presents. Goods laden on board the Dragon for Acheen and Tiku. To use all possible endeavours to lade the Dragon with pepper from Sumatra, and take especial notice of the most profitable commodities for sale. Steel and opium sent on trial. Refer him to Capt. Bonner and Mr. Fursland for their opinion touching the Expedition which accompanied the Dragon, and they hope will procure lading on the coast of Calicut. Advice received from the Masulipatam factors of the expulsion of the English from Tiku and the reception of the Dutch in their stead ; hope this news "may be but as some of their accustomed bravos, fabulous." Rely on his industrious care under all circumstances, and to get a settled factory there. [Two pages. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 754.]
Feb. 16. Surat. 593. Sir Thos. Roe to the Governor of Mocha. Received his honourable letters with much joy, by the hands of Joseph Salbancke and Ed. Heynes, which give great testimony of his noble disposition and good affection to the English nation, "wherein you show yourself to be a worthy and discreet man." The good correspondence which has always existed between his Majesty and the Grand Signor should by all means be maintained by their subjects ; and whereas intercourse and traffic are the principal bonds of amity, the English desire to resort yearly to the Governor's port to trade in love and friendship as honest merchants, not doubting but that he will confirm the privileges granted last year and procure more ample privileges from the Grand Signor and his Viceroy, the Bashaw of Synan [Sana], whereby the English may be encouraged to bring them all sorts of commodities as well from Europe, as spices from the southward and cloth from India, by which means his port will be more famous and become the mart of all Asia. This on the honour of his Majesty will be faithfully performed, and their ports and seas kept from all trouble to his utmost, neither to molest any trading thence, the Portugals, their utter enemies, only excepted. Has sent according to his desire the same men as last year, desiring him to receive them as friends. [One page. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 755.]
Feb. 19. Lambeth. 594. Geo. Abbot, Archbishop of Canterbury, to Sir Thos. Roe. Approves of his making observation of the religious rites of those eastern people, but confesses it must needs be a great labour, since he understands not the language, and the Indians have no books to express their superstition and idolatry. Thinks his account of how a heathen lord came to his end by the pulling off of a hair a marvellous example of the power of God upon rebellious atheists. "Sir Walter Raleigh amongst us did question God's being and omnipotency, which that just Judge made good upon himself in over-humbling his estate, but last of all in bringing him to an execution by law, where he died a religious and christian death, God testifying his power in this, that he raised up of a stone a child unto Abraham." Wishes for Thos. Coryat's, return to England, because he would report of the furthest eastern countries in a better fashion than any Englishman hitherto hath been able. Recommends him to get together all the papers which Coryat hath written. The King blames Coryat for writing in his memoirs that he saw men have their eyes pulled out and their tongues cut off, which before an idol were speedily restored again. The King says this cannot be done by the power of Satan, and he is sure it is not by the finger of God. Finds English traffic has a double rub in India by the Portugal and the Hollander. Commissioners are come out of Holland ; one of the principal points first to be resolved is the business of the East Indies ; they carry themselves with insolency, and sometimes speak very high, "but our men give no ground unto them ;" and there is good hope of accommodating differences, and by that means of very soon gaining upon the Portugals in those parts. The King of Spain carrieth fair quarter with the English. Not certain whether the Emperor Matthias be living or dead. Commends him that he is so wary in settling a trade for Persia. Sir Robert Sherley entertained by the King of Spain at Madrid as Ambassador Lieger for the Persian. News from Constantinople that the Turks have taken Tauris, razed it to the ground, and forced the Persian to seek for peace ; if so, it is more than probable that the trade of silk will go on to Aleppo as formerly, "and then there is an end of all our debates concerning the silk of Persia." Lord Rich before the King and Council about his men-of-war which he set out to the Indies ; "I think he was so handled among us that you shall hear no more of him there ;" he had procured commissions from the Dukes of Savoy and Florence, so it is manifest that he intended his men should bring home some taken goods. Our new admiral, the Marquis Buckingham, has promised to be wary that no more such commissions issue forth. Sir Thos. Lake's strange business against the Countess of Exeter. [Six pages. Domestic, Jac. I., Vol. CV., No. 118, Cal., p. 16.]
Feb. 19. 595. Sir Thos. Wynne to Carleton. The English and the States Commissioners begin "of late to piece better together." They were this day feasted by Peter Van Lore ; they say the Lord Commissioners will feast them one after another, and then the Company of the East Indies. [Extract from Domestic Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. CV., No. 117, Cal., p. 15.]
Feb. 19. 596. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Petition of William Waterworth, employed by Mr. Browne at Ahmedabad, for some indigo. Wages of Robert Gould, the preacher at Surat. [One page. Court Bk. IV., 299.]
Feb. 20. Succadana. 597. Cokayne and Hayward to Staverton at Macassar. Advantages of his situation, from the constant recourse of strangers from all places. Hope Capt. Jourdain or Capt. Dale will be with him at Macassar by the end of June, on their return from the Moluccas. Capital delivered to them at Bantam by Capt. Ball, in money, cloth, copper, iron, and lead. Return of the Rose with diamonds ; worthlessness of those found in the factory with Collins. A small Dutch ship here twice within seven months. Eight Landak prows in Succadana at present. Small means to defray their present charges. Through "that lewd and base fellow Greete," this factory hath been in disgrace ; "that rascal Collins" hath done the like. Succadana, if stocked with 10,000 or 12,000 ryals worth of vendible commodities, and honest men, would be found as profitable as any ordinary factory in the Indies. The Dutch visit Java, Sumatra, and Borneo, all under one voyage. Reasons why the factory is imputed not to be worth the keeping. Request that Collins, if at Macassar or Bantam, may be sent hither. Arrival of three junks from Patani ; also letter from Gilman, who says he is chief there. News from Acheen that the Dutch there have so wrought with the King as to prevent the English from trading at Tiku and Priaman. Imprudent conduct of the English chief in conference with the King, telling him that if he would not grant his request this year, he would force him to it next. "How can business take any good effect when they babble they know not what, and the hearers understand neither head nor foot, for all these kings in these countries, although they be but beggarly kings, yet in their country they think themselves as great as the greatest emperor in the world." Arrival of a Dutch ship at Bantam in October last, with the King of Jhor. Any quantity of gold may be employed. The diamonds they have must be sold, though at a loss. Cokayne has lost his passage this year for England, through Ball, "which is much to my disgrace to stay in every beggarly place to make clean what others have berayed." [Three pages and a quarter. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 756.]
Feb. 22. [Bantam.] 598. Spalding to Sir Thos. Dale. Conference as to the demands to be made of the Pengran. Without he would permit them food fitting to maintain health, and assurance of their being settled, in writing, was certain there could be no agreement. The Pengran not likely to condescend to most of the articles. [One page. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 757.]
Feb. 22. Aboard the Moon, Bantam Road. 599. James Rynd to Sir Thos Smythe. Replies to the false charge and gross untruth of Barnard Wright, purser's mate of the Sun, that prayers were never read in that ship but when there was nothing else to do. He read prayers with some portion of Scripture twice a day, except during his sickness, when Sir Thos. Dale did so. [One page. Endorsed, "Received 6 Nov. 1619 by the Little James." O.C., Vol. VI., No. 758.]
Feb. 23. 600. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Difference between the Company and George Scot. Letter read from Edward Monox, from Ispahan, of 28 Sept. last, complaining of the want of supplies in Persia, whereby some have taken advantage to disgrace the English and their trade, but yet that the Emperor's resolution is to make a little further trial in expectation of some goods being sent according to Connok and Barkers promise ; that he hoped to have speedily settled a most worthy trade, seeing how gracious the Emperor was in granting their goods custom free ; confirming the former capitulations made with Connok, and commanding his treasurer, Lalabegg, to buy all the English commodities that arrived and deliver silks for them at the prices current for both, and condemning Barker for a most unworthy servant, to whom he attributed the ill success of the business past. Also letter read from Wm. Robbins, from Ispahan, of 29 Sept. last, showing the distress they had been in for want of supplies, his expectations of a profitable trade hereafter, and the departure of Monox and Pettus to Jask, to meet the ships and commodities expected there. Gratuity of 100l. to Robbins for his past services, and to have some certain yearly salary if further employed. Also two letters read from Libby Chapman, Consul at Aleppo, dated 18 Nov. last, giving notice of having sent certain letters overland to Connok in Persia, the charges 3l., and requesting payment. Ellam to write letters to Monox and the rest of the factors, acknowledging their care in sending letters by sundry conveyances, but that the charge of sending messengers overland directly with letters is too great ; advising them to make use of Georgian or Armenian merchants, who travel safely and freely, without suspicion, between Persia and Turkey ; and wishing them to make use of the "character" that is sent, so that nothing may be discovered, though some letters should be intercepted. Notice to be given at a general court of the despatch of the ships, and of a dividend to be declared on the first joint stock in April next ; also to let them know how gracious his Majesty has been to the Company in Lord Rich's business, and to show the seal of the Admiralty that the suit is dismissed ; and that the fourth part of the main capital be paid in next year, in regard of the Persian business, for which there is sent this year 180,000l. in live stock (sic), besides shipping and provisions ; "and, moreover, care must be had to discharge the Company's debts, although not fit to speak of them publicly." Letter read from Rowland Quoitmore, master of the Royal James, from Swalley Road, of 1st March last ; a voluntary contribution on board, of upwards of 180l., towards building a new chapel at Wapping parish ; account of the voyage and the danger they were in through a great leak. Motion for one ship to be sent off to Persia deferred. [Two pages. Court Bk. IV., 299-301.]
Feb. 23. Aboard the Sampson, Bantam Road. 601. John Pery, purser, to the East India Company. Outward voyage of the Sun, Moon, Clove, Peppercorn, and Sampson. Parted company with the Globe through foul weather. Met with a Portugal vessel of about 120 tons, but took nothing from it ; also with a carac, from which they received 22 small chests and barrels of commodities "in part of wrongs done." Death of Capt. Parker, 24 Sept. 1618. At their coming to Bantam, heard of the unhappy overthrow of the Sun, and the loss of most of her company. On 19 November following, the Moon, Clove, Peppercorn and Sampson anchored within four leagues of Bantam Road ; "most part of all the company in the fleet very weak." Capt. Jourdain landed at Bantam 22 Nov. Safe arrival of the Globe 2 December. On 5th took a Holland ship called the Black Lion, of about 800 tons, laden with pepper, rice, and other goods. Fight within three leagues of Jacatra between the English and Dutch fleets, which continued near three hours ; above a thousand pieces of ordnance shot from the English fleet, and few less from the Dutch ; some four Englishmen killed, and divers hurt. Anchored, 27 Dec., near Jacatra, purposing to unload the Black Lion, but next morning, about two o'clock, she was on fire, and burnt in five hours close to the water, without saving anything. "The fire came by some idle fellows, which broke down upon the orlop (deck) in the night." Ordnance and powder carried ashore at Jacatra to lay battery against the Flemings' castle. Departure of the James Royal with Admiral Capt. Pring, the Gift, Unicorn, Globe, Sampson, and Bee, sent to meet some Fleming ships ; gave chase to four sail, but could not fetch them up. Arrived at Bantam 31 January. Notice of the arrival of two Flemings (ships) at Jacatra ; and orders for all the last fleet to sail with the Rose and Bee thither. [Three pages and a quarter. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 759.]
1619. Feb. 23. Aboard the Unicorn, Bantam Road. 602. [Capt. Pring ?] to the East India Company. In favour of Richard Bragg, who lost the use of one of his hands, and was dangerously hurt in the fight with the Flemings. [One page. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 760.]
Feb 23. Aboard the Moon. 603. Minutes of a Consultation. Certain intelligence received of the arrival of the Dutch ships in Jacatra Road. Resolved to send the Moon, Clove, Globe, Sampson, Peppercorn, Hound, Rose, and Bee, under the command of Sir Thos. Dale, and that Capt. Pring remain at Bantam with the James Royal, the Gift, Unicorn, and Little James ; the Advice and the Prize [the Black Lion] to attend upon the President. Signed by Sir Thos. Dale, Martin Pring, John Jourdain, and Geo. Ball. [One page. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 761.]
Feb. 24. Aboard the Rose, Bantam Road. 604. Robert Carter, purser, to Sir Thos. Smythe. Sends by Robt. Hind, purser of the James, accounts, inventories, and wills of all men deceased in the Rose, from Jan. 1618 to February 1619. Came forth in the Charles an attendant on Capt. Joseph, and, at the desire of Wm. Watkins, was made purser's mate, afterwards purser of the Rose, by Captains Pepwell and Ball. [Half a page. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 762.]
Feb. 25. Aboard the Peppercorn, Bantam Road. 605. Andrew Bredgate, purser, to Sir Thos. Smythe. Hitherto great many men have died on the ten months' voyage between England and Bantam ; putrified beef and pork, "not man's meat," the chief cause of sickness. When arrived at Bantam not six men were able to work ; the whole fleet in the like distress. The master and seven men drowned at the Cape. Altogether twenty-five men have died and been drowned, whose names and accounts are sent. Concerning the carac, the fight with the Flemings, and state of the country. [One page. "By the Little James." O.C., Vol. VI., No. 763.]
Feb. 25. Gwalior, "a great castle and city 40 course [coss] from Agra." 606. John Banggam to Thos. Kerridge and Company at Surat. His arrival at Gwalior from Agra with 170 camels laden with goods. Will make every possible haste to get to Surat. Is sorry to hear of John Young's disaster. Danger of the route between Burrampoor and Surat. [One page. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 764.]
Feb. 26. Aboard the Unicorn. 607. Capt. Pring, Jourdain, Ball, and Denton to Spaldinge at Bantam. Received intelligence half an hour ago, from the Portugals, of four Flemish ships riding without the entrance of the straits. Are resolved with the James Royal, Gift, Unicorn, and Small James to go in quest of them, leaving the Advice and Owl for guard. To send forthwith all seamen ashore at Bantam, for they are getting their anchors aboard ; also a prow to Jacatra to give intelligence to Sir Thos. Dale and his fleet. [Three quarters of a page. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 765.]
Feb. 26. 608. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Mr. Scot's business. Concerning a dividend of one capital in the first joint stock. About indigo, whale fins, and logwood. Building of victualling houses at Blackwall, to prevent the men going forth to breakfast and afternoon drinkings. Complaints from India of tainted beef ; the fault of the butchers knocking down so many oxen together and letting them lie in their blood until it be settled, without cutting their throats whilst alive, whereby they would strive and strain the blood out of their bodies, and for want thereof their flesh cannot take salt. Petition of Richard Doves, master of the Zouch Bonaventure, of London, with 14 English captains in Argier (Algiers), "who having made a long, bloody, and dangerous fight with the Turks and slain many of them, were at last taken and captived." Doves lost 1,000l., and their ransom is set at 1,000l. more. Craves the King's favour to collect charity from certain companies of merchants ; to be considered, wishing them to procure what they can of the rest of the companies. Want of a good ship-carpenter in India ; agreement with Richard Furbusher, an old servant, who built a pinnace in the Somers Islands, and is known to be very skilful, and willing to go and live in India for seven years with his two sons. Minutes of a General Court. Return of the Bull laden with calicoes, indigo, conserves, bloodstones, gumlac, carpets, &c. Declaration of a dividend of one whole capital on the first joint stock. The Company having great occasions to employ large sums of money next year in regard of their trade in Persia and other urgent occasions, a fourth part of their whole underwritings to be paid next year by the adventurers. Lord Rich's suit discharged out of the Admiralty ; the King's gracious favour to them. Because of the reports that the Hollanders in the Indies have with a strong hand offered violence and wrong to the English, and have brought home great quantities of goods taken from the Chinese and others, "which prosperity maketh them somewhat too peremptory in the eyes of the world, and gives a great deal of distaste to all men in general," but this Company having desired ever to proceed peaceably as merchants, have carried themselves in another nature towards them, it is hoped that some good accord and conclusion may be effected between the Commissioners on either side ; but if the Hollanders stand too stiffly upon unreasonable terms, then it was resolved to strengthen themselves sufficiently to withstand and counter-check their violence ; and to have a double proportion called in for next year, being a fourth part of their whole adventure for the second joint stock, which if necessary they are contented to double again, or at all events to pay the whole of their adventures ; full authority to the Governor to call in what was needful ; a double proportion to be paid in next year. Tickets of the amounts to be paid in, to be left at each adventurer's house, "whereby all pretended excuse of ignorance shall be avoided." Leave to the Virginia Company to sell by the candle 1,000 weight of tobacco in rolls, lately brought from the Somers Islands. [Three pages. Court Bk. IV., 301-304.]