East Indies, China and Japan
March 1620

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Institute of Historical Research

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W. Noel Sainsbury (editor)

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1870

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353-365

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'East Indies, China and Japan: March 1620', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 3: 1617-1621 (1870), pp. 353-365. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=68854 Date accessed: 28 July 2014.


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March 1620

March 3. Ispahan. 811. Edw. Monnox, Robt. Jefferies, and Thos. Barker to [Thos. Kerridge and the factors in Surat]. Their last was by the Charles from Jask of 17th December last. Cannot perform what they intended for want of time, the messengers, Sr Vincentio Mattsso and Sr Antonio Doro, having three days since departed this city in company with Zenalbeagg, this King's ambassador, now sent unto Shaserim ; neither can they rely upon reports for the price of any commodity vendible here. No Indian commodities have arrived of late, so they hope to improve the prices of those last sent, and could wish the quantity had been greater. "As we increase so doth Ormuz decrease ; for the very report of the arrival of five English ships in Jask did strike such terror and amazement into these hen-hearted inhabitants, that even their own houses and churches escaped not the fury of their mattocks and pickaxes, fearing lest the English in landing should possess themselves of the said churches and houses, and therein lay siege and battery into their invincible fort." Have removed all their goods from Jask to prevent the danger of their being carried away by the rebels of Macrone. Account of their journey. Wm. Bell and John Amy sent to Gombroon to procure camels to carry their goods to Lar, because of the demands of the "grating" governor of Moghistan. Heard at Moghistan the unhappy tidings of the decease of Thos. Barker the last of November. Result of their consultations thereon. Agreements made with the Governor of Minau for carriage of their goods, which they left with Bell, Purifie, and Benthall, leaving Minau with Cardrowe the preacher, John Amie, and Laurence, one of the coachmen, meeting at Shiraz Jefferies and Barker, and all arriving at Ispahan 23rd of the past month ; the way in some places impassable through the rains, snow, and ice. The imperfect state in which they found Barker's books very inconvenient to the Company's affairs. Inventories of goods, &c. taken. He died without a will, and his estate is yet unknown. Lalabegg's promises of good offices with the King. "He is the heifer that we must plough withall if we will do any good in this country." He told them how much the King rejoiced at the safe arrival of their ships, and that he had sent his royal mandate to the Khan of Shiraz, and to his substitute governors, to prevent any impediments in the transport of their goods. The King has promised to grant their request, which consists of six several articles. Hope to send 1,000 bales of silk by this fleet, which in their last they jestingly promised. Beg a fitting supply of India commodities may be sent to them with the 14,000 ryals the Surat factors borrowed from their this year's cash. It will be seen by the 4th and 5th article of their petition to the King that they resolve to make Jask their port ; their reasons. Description of the qualities and quantities of Indian commodities with which they wish to be furnished. Hope it will be no news to them to hear of the happy agreement made with the Hollanders of the uniting of the two companies, with an article equally to divide the profits accruing by the whole trade of the Indies ; only from the Moluccas the Hollanders, in consideration of the great charges of fortifications, are to have two-thirds of the profits. Doubt not they have had a more ample relation by way of Masulipatam. Hope they will send a ship with spices and other commodities from those parts, to add more vigour to this our infant trade. In their next letters for England they shall be no whit doubtful to advise the sending of 2,000 broad cloths and 500 Devonshire and northern kersies, for all of which they are already assured to find vent ; as also for a good quantity of copper. If they have such mines in India, to send some by the next fleet. Remarks on the trade. The Sophy "now in quiet," and hath no wars, but sometime of his own people he cutteth off head, hands, and feet of some, and of others he openeth their bellies to see if they have any evil disease in their hearts. This some doth term tyranny, but without this the crown would not stand long upon his own head, whose life we have just cause to pray for, as if he should die before his subjects had experience of the honest intents of the English they would much fear woeful times. This very morning the King well approved every article of their petition, and they do not doubt but in due time to get an abatement of the prices of his silks. [Eight pages. O.C., Vol. VII., No. 835.]
[March 3.] 812. An "apology" of Robert Jefferies against an act of Edward Monox in frustrating a bargain made by Jefferies and others for camel hire in Persia. [Two pages. O.C., Vol. VII., No. 836.]
March 5. The Hague. 813. Carleton to Chamberlain. Many thanks for the courtesy intended him by the East India Company. Sends his letter to Mr. Bell unsealed. "And though we say a man must not take a pig in a poke, yet Sir Dudley Diggs advising me to accept it, howsoever (though neither he nor Mr. Bell tells me what it is) I will not so much as deliberate on the matter ; yet because it may be such a lean pig that it were a shame to see it, I put you to this trouble, because I will not put the matter to other men's censure, nor myself to the hazard of going less in my credit with these men when they may have knowledge how slightly I may be valued at home. This jealousy of mine proceeds of your niceness amongst you to name the child, for in three letters which tell me of such a thing none tells me what it is." Sends answer to Sir Dudley Diggs. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
March 5. Jacatra. 814. Samuel Foxcroft to the East India Company. Arrived at Jambi 27 Sept. last, and set sail for Patani, but met with Henry Johnson, commander then of five ships, the Sampson and Hound among them, which they had taken at Patani with three ships, and in the fight had slain the president, Capt. Jourdain, with divers others, and many hurt and maimed ; the particulars Geo. Muschamp the bearer can relate, who was present aboard the Sampson, and lost a leg in the fight. Returned to Jacatra in December, where they have continued since, and are now ready to go aboard the Nassau for Succadana. About the beginning of October they (the Hollanders) surprised and took at Tecoe, with six ships, the Dragon, Bear, Expedition, and Rose, and gave our people the Rose, with some small provision, to carry them away wherever they pleased to go. Sir Thos. Dale died upon the Coromandel coast, and now Mr. Pring is chief, with some nine or ten ships, but knows not whether they be come on the coast of Sumatra. The Dutch have at present in India some 34 or 36 ships, 14 or 16 being about Bantam and this place. Knows only of the said 9 or 10 English ships with Capt. Pring, and those that were to come after, the Charles, Palsgrave, Elizabeth, and the rest of that fleet. [One page. Endorsed : "Re. 19 Sept, 1621, by the Royal James." O.C., Vol. VII., No. 837.]
March 6. The Hague. 815. Carleton to Sec. Naunton. The Black Bear, of 300 tons, arrived in the Texel from the East Indies, but hears not what lading she brings. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
March 6. 816. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Mr. Barkeley's accounts and the money due to his widow. A committee appointed to supply Mr. Treasurer's place during his sickness. Grievances concerning Leadenhall. The oldest ships in the Indies to remain there for men-of-war, as recommended by the president and council of war, with advice of the carpenters. Concerning the payment of wages to the servants of master carpenters, and their proceeding on the voyage if stayed by Richard Furbusher. Price of cloves. Conclusion with Mr. Totten about his goods. Motion on behalf of Nedham, who went forth servant to Capt. Keeling, for wages for his (pretended) service in nature of a factor. March 8.-Letters from Capt. Shilling, commander, and Nicholas Crispe, purser of the London from the Downs, complaining of the badness of her chains. Complaint that the proper punishment to runaway sailors is not inflicted, through Mr. Clifton compounding with the offenders. Nedham's business. Gratuity to the masters of the vessels who brought the coral, "the rather lor that at Zante they carefully saved the custom, by translating the coral in the night from one ship to another, which otherwise must have paid custom if notice had been taken thereof." Richard Dikes' debt. Loan of the Company to the fourth voyage. Petition of Christopher, brother and administrator of John Gettins, late carpenter's mate in the Defence, who died at Bantam, for the rest of his brother's goods. Mrs. Barkeley and her late husband's goods. Coral to be bought of John Brooke at 10s. per lb. No gratuity to be given to Capt. Towerson to set him forth to sea. The Supply to carry 50 men, and to be victualled for 12 months. [Three pages. Court Bk. IV., 530-3.]
March 10. Nangasaki. 817. Wm. Eaton to the East India Company. Refers to his last, of 20 Dec. 1617 (see ante No. 22l.) Account of his voyage to Siam in the Sea Adventure ; sailed in January 1618, but through stormy weather and damages to the junks did not arrive at the city of Judea, where the English factory is settled, before the end of the following December. Found Edward Longe, chief, George Savage, second, Wm. Barrett, Rich. Pitt, and some other Englishmen there. Forced to buy a new junk. Sold the Sea Adventure ; her lading for Japan. Left Siam 9 June 1619, and arrived at Firando 8 of August following. A Dutch ship, the Angel, came in Sept. last from Patani, out of which ship three Englishmen escaped, one Wm. G[ordone], master of the Hound, by whom they were informed of the fight in Patani road, in which Capt. Jourdain was slain, and the taking of the Sampson and Hound by the Dutch. A junk of 50 tons sent with provisions to Bantam with 14 Englishmen, there being so many in the factory, and 10 Japanners. But small store of goods sold this year ; in want of broad cloths. The Emperor has bought all the lead that came from Siam. Goods brought this year from Cochin China by Sayers, and yellow silk by Wm. Addames. Refers the Company to Capt. Cocks' letter for an account of the injuries the English have received in this country at the hands of the Dutch. [Three pages. Endorsed, "Received 19 Sept. 1621 by the Royal James." O.C., Vol. VII., No. 838.]
March 10. Nangasaki. 818. Rich. Cocks to [the Clothworkers Company ?] Since his arrival in Japan, nearly seven years ago, he has written by a Dutch surgeon named Abraham Blancard. The English much molested in these parts of the world with the unruly Hollanders, who have proclaimed open wars against them both by sea and land, to take their ships and goods, and kill their persons, as mortal enemies. They have brought two English ships this year into Japan, the Swan and the Attendance ; they also took the Sampson and the Hound in the road of Patani, when "hurly burly Capt. John Jourdain, our president of the Indies, lost his life, with many others." The Dutch in great dudgeon at the escape of some of the English from the ships, demanding the return of their captives as they called them. They then demanded of the Tono or King of Firando that "their English slaves" might be returned, but the King said he took no Englishmen to be slaves to the Dutch, and referred them to the Emperor. Their attempts to enter the English house, and cut all their throats, which had been successful, the Dutch being 100 to 1, but that the Japanese took part with the English. Their general or chief commander, Adam Westarwood, offered 50 ryals of 8 to any one who would kill Cocks, and 30 ryals for the life of any other English merchant, "with many other stratagems they used against us, too long to be repeated." Thought good to advertise them of all this, knowing many of them are members of the East India Company. [Two pages. Endorsed, "Received 19 Sept. 1621 by the Royal James." O.C., Vol. VII., No. 839]
March 10 Nangasaki. 819. Rich. Cocks to Thos. Wilson, one of H.M. secretaries at his house at Britain Burse. Almost three years since he wrote, caused by the unlooked for and unruly proceedings of the Hollanders. They have seven ships in the port of Firando, and with sound of trumpet have proclaimed there open war against the English as their mortal enemies, through their Admiral, Adam Westarwood. Their endeavours to murder all the English prevented by the Japanese. Richard, son of Capt. King of Plymouth, carried prisoner by them to their own house. The King of Firando does not execute justice against them. Two of the ships the Dutch brought into Firando were taken from the English in the Indies ; two others were taken in Patani road, and Capt. Jourdain killed. Escape of some of the English mariners to the English house. Demand of the Dutch to the Tono or King of Firando to have their English slaves (as it pleased them to call them) delivered up to them, but were told to go to the Emperor. This the chief cause of their picking quarrels with the English. "Noble parentage" of their Lord Commander Westarwood : his father a close-stool maker, and the best of their captains either shoemakers', carpenters', or beer brewers' sons. "God bless such an honorable worshipful generation ; I mean God bless me from them." Was this year at the Emperor's court at Miako, to complain of abuses contrary to their privileges, and had very good words, and promise that they should have justice, and the King or Tono of Firando commanded to see it performed, "but as yet nothing done, although I have many times earnestly sued for it." Account of his visit to the Emperor's palace, where were Portugals and Spaniards, "to do their duties to the Emperor as they do every year when shipping cometh." When a Hollander who had lived at Japan almost twenty years, and speaks the language well, in Cocks' hearing, extolled the King of Holland as the greatest king in Christendom, and one that held all the others under, Cocks was not behind hand to tell him he needed not to laugh so loud, for that they had no King at all in Holland, but were governed by a court, or rather they governed him, and that but for his Majesty of England they had never bragged of their States, "at which speeches both Spaniards, Portugals, and others did laugh apace, and so the Hollander's mouth was stopped, &c." This Emperor, a great enemy to the name of Christians, especially Japans ; all that are found put to death. Saw 55 martyred at Miako at one time, because they would not forsake their Christian faith, and among them little children of five or six years old burned in their mothers' arms, crying out, "Jesus receive their souls." In Nangasaki 16 more were martyred ; five burned and the rest beheaded, cut in pieces, and cast into the sea 30 fathoms deep, yet the Christians got them up again, and keep them secretly for relics. Many more in prison, who look hourly when they shall die, for very few turn Pagans. The Emperor has displaced one of the greatest princes of Japan, called Fushma Tay. It was thought there would have been much trouble about it, for all his subjects were in arms, having fortified the city of Fushma, but the Tay himself and his son being in the Emperor's court commanded them to lay down their arms, and submit themselves to the Emperor's pleasure or else forthwith to cut their bellies, so life was sweet, and all submitted to the Emperor, and were pardoned. The Emperor has given the Tay's dominions to two of his own kinsmen, and pulled down this year his castle at Fushamy, which was far bigger than the city of Rochester, and "a very beautiful gallant thing." All the stones carried to Osaka, and that old ruinated castle, which Taico Same built and Ogusho Same pulled down, must now be built again three times bigger than before, so that all the tonos or kings have each one his task set him to do at his own proper charge, not without much grudging, and obliged to go to the Emperors court, which angereth them not a little, but go they must, on pain of belly cutting. Secret muttering that Fidaia Same, the son of Taico Same, is alive, and in the Dairo's house at Miako, but thinks "it is but tales," for previous reports of the same kind have proved untrue. Fear of the Emperor burning Miako, if it be true, it may turn the Emperor's estate upside down, for he is no martial man, but a great politician. "Howsoever it be, it cannot be worse for us than it is." Advice in his last of the pulling down of all the churches in Japan, yet there were some remnants standing in Nangasaki till this year, but, they are all now, with the monastery of Misericordia, and churchyards and burial places, pulled down by the Emperor's orders, and all graves and sepulchres opened, and dead men's bones taken out, and carried into the fields by their parents and kindred, to be buried elsewhere. Streets have been made in the place of churches and churchyards, except where pagodas have been commanded to be erected, and heathen priests sent to live in them, the Emperor thinking utterly to root out the memory of Christianity in Japan. In Nangasaki, in Ogusho Same's time, divers fathers and other Christians were martyred, and in certain places, a little without the city, their parents and friends had planted green trees, where hundreds went every day to pray ; but now, by the Emperor's command, all said trees and altars are quite cut down and the ground made even. "Such is his desire to root out the remembrance of all such matters." Account of the appearance of two comets in November and December 1618. The wizards in these parts prognosticate great matters thereof, but hitherto nothing of moment has happened, but the deposing of Fushma Tay. Is ashamed to write of a report by the Spaniards and Portugals of "a bloody cross seen in the air in England, against which an English preacher, speaking in the pulpit, was struck dumb, which miracle, as they term it, caused our King's Majesty to send to the Pope, to have some cardinals and learned men to come into England, so that he meant all England should turn Roman Catholics. I pray you pardon me for writing such fopperies, which I do to the intent to have you laugh a little." Hopes by the next shipping to come towards England. [Five pages, O.C., Vol. VII., No. 840.]
March 10. Nangasaki. 820. Rich. Cocks to the East India Company. Through the indirect dealings and unlooked for proceedings of the Hollanders, this is the third year since they have had any shipping either from England or Bantam to Japan, The Hollanders have, by sound of trumpet in the harbour of Firando, "proclaimed open war against our English nation, both by sea and land, with fire and sword, to take our ships and goods, and destroy our persons to the uttermost of their power, as to their mortal enemies." His life "set at sale" for 50 ryals of eight, and 30 ryals for each other Englishman they could kill. All this came to pass through the Spaniards sinking the Holland admiral's ship at the Manillas, burning two others, and committing other outrages. Arrival of the Attendance, but not an Englishman in her. The Hollanders sent her from the Moluccas, "to our greater disgrace." Complaint to the "Emperor, but answer made that for facts committed in other places the Emperor would not meddle, but for anything done in his own dominions he would see us have right." The Attendance and another sailed to the Manillas to meet another Holland fleet, in search of six Spanish galleons which had been there cast away. Seven sail of Hollanders arrived since last Christmas, including the Attendance, out of which John Moore, John Zoones, and Edward Curwin escaped ashore, and came to the English house, and said they had been used more like dogs than men. Their demand of the Tono or King of Firando, "that their English kengos, which in Japan is slaves," should be sent back to them, referred to the Emperor. Arrival of the Fox pinnace from the Moluccas, with news of the fight between the English and Hollanders at Jacatra. and that these ships (the Hollanders) should make haste thither, with powder, shot, victuals, and other provision ; also of the Angel, the (Dutch) admiral, of three ships sent purposely to take the Sampson and Hound in Patani road ; escape of Wm. Gordone, master of the Hound, of Michael Payne, carpenter of the Sampson, and of Hugh Williams to the English house. Violent endeavours of the Hollanders to get back these escaped Englishmen. Their assaults on the English house, five or six hundred against five or six English, wounding John Coker and another. Interference of the Tono. Seizure by the Hollanders of Richard King, who had returned with Edmund Sayer from a voyage from Cochin China. Capt. Jacob Speke, principal of the Hollanders, taken and kept prisoner by the Tono until Rich. King was set free. Further proceedings of the Hollanders against them on the arrival of W. Eaton from Siam. His repair to the Court to demand justice of the Emperor of Japan. Order given to the Tono or King of Firando to hear both parties, and see justice performed, "yet from that time 'till now there is nothing done, although I have divers times very instantly desired it of the King." Quarrel picked in the street by the servants of a gentleman called Semidono against Sayer, Eaton, and Osterwick ; Sayer knocked down and wounded very sore, the others "shrodly" beaten, and had they not got into a house they had all been killed. Two of Semidono's men banished by the Tono, and Ed. Sayer sent to Nangasaki on pain of being killed ; Cocks' fruitless appeals to the Tono. So many Englishmen living idle in the factory, and wishing to seek out the fleet at Java, Sumatra, or elsewhere, at their own earnest request shipped on board the junk Godspeed, of 50 tons, well armed ; besides Ed. Sayer, Jas. Burges, Thos. Harod, William Gordone, Robt. Hawley, John Porter, Mich. Payne, John Coaker, John Moore, John Jones, Ed. Curwin, John Yonge, Hugh Williams, and Peter Griffin, went nine Japan mariners. Account of the voyage of the Sea Adventure to Siam, Eaton chief commander ; refers to letter from Denton, out of four voyages made for that place they lost two and the others proved unprofitable, all the benefit falling to the Japan mariners, who are so unruly that when a ship is wholly manned with them there is no dealing with them. May say as much for their trade with Cochin China ; nothing to be got there but words and danger of life, the King himself or his son and nobles being the greatest thieves of all. Is every day more out of hope of any good to be done in Japan except trade be procured into China. Merchandize received from Siam, Cochin China, and Tonquin ; cannot make sale of anything. A company of rich usurers the chief cause of spoiling the Japan trade ; by their means the English lost the privileges they had from Ogusho Same. By this Emperor Shongo Same they are penned up in Firando and Nangasaki only. Junks set out by them for Siam, Cochin China, Tonquin, Camboja, or any other place, to furnish Japan with all sorts of commodities. Great store of silk and silk wares brought every year by Portugals from Amacon (? Macao) in China. No great quantity of broad cloth will be vented in Japan ; they use it not for garments, except some few as an outward cloak ; chiefly used for cases for armour, &c. Colours that sell the best ; yellow, straw colour, and bays will not sell at any rate. Coney skins, lamb skins, and other furs not worth anything here. Value of other commodities. If the Company determine to set foot in the Moluccas, Japan must be their storehouse, as it is for the Hollanders ; these last provide in abundance brass and iron ordnance, powder and shot, &c. ; beef, pork, meal, biscuits, and pilchards in great quantity either pickled or otherwise. Commendatory of Jas. Burgess, Robt. Hawley, John Coaker, Wm. Gordone, and the others. Concerning Thos. Harod and John Portis ; the misery and imprisonment of the former in the Inquisition House at Goa. His accounts, forwarded to Bantam, detained there. George Ball not a good friend to Cocks ; "he never gave me roast meat, but he did beat me with the spit." His own accounts. The best accountant may sometimes err, but he which is false is a thief. "I shall, as I came a poor man out of England, return a beggar home." Nealson and Osterwick extremely sick ; doubts much of their recovery. Permission given by Shongo Same for English shipping to go to Nangasaki as well as Firando. The harbour at Nangasaki the best in all Japan ; 1,000 sail may ride, land locked, and the greatest ships in the world go in and out at pleasure, and ride before the town, within a cable's length of the shore, in 7 or 8 fathoms water at the least. It is a great city, and many rich merchants dwell in it ; whereas Firando is a fisher town, and a very small and bad harbour, wherein not above eight or ten ships can ride at a time ; with other inconveniences. No king or nobleman at Nangasaki, but the Emperor's Bongo or Governor, so that presents need only be given to one at a ship's entering. At Firando, the King, his brothers, uncles, and many other noblemen, all look for presents, and they are always borrowing and buying, but seldom or never paying, except it be the King himself. The Hollanders give other men's goods, which they never pay for. Wishes their housing at Firando stood at Nangasaki. Heretofore a papist Portugal bishop lived in the town, and there were ten or twelve parish churches besides monasteries, but all are now pulled down, and streets made where they stood. Wishes all Japan were Christians, yet in that bishop's time there were so many priests and Jesuits that one could not pass the streets without being called Lutranos and Herejos, now no one dare open his mouth to speak such a word. Encloses,
820. I. Adam Denton to Rich. Cocks. Has come to Patani with the Sampson and Hound, which were taken when at anchor by three Fleming ships, and the worthy President, John Jourdain, slain. Intreats he may hear from Cocks vid Siam, whither send no more goods till further advice. Burges is here, and demands a debt from Eaton. [Together sixteen pages. Indorsed, "Rec. by ye Royall James 19 Sept. 1621." O.C. Vol. VII., No. 841.]
March 10. 821. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Wm. Stone to perform the duties of treasurer during Harrison's sickness. No more adventures to be accepted upon discount. Report of the master and wardens of the surgeons on the state of the surgeons' chests now prepared [by Woodall] for the Indies. Letter read from Nicholas Crispe, purser of the London, from Sandwich, with notice of ryals and coral taken aboard, and intent of the commander to set on shore some of the most insufficient men, but it was distasted, that he should discharge any at his pleasure ; also, letters from Capt. Shilling to the same effect ; from Edward Withers and John Hay ward, purser of the Eagle, that pursers be admitted of the Council, "which motion was so much distasted, that such young youths should entertain such thoughts before they can tell how to govern themselves, as that it was held a great note of arrogance and pride, and no way to be hearkened unto ;" lastly, from Richard Swanne, master of the Roebuck, and John Woolhouse, preacher. Disposal of 180,000 ryals aboard the ships in the Downs. Gratuities to Jesson and Egglesfield, for their care and the hazard they ran at Zante in putting the coral aboard the ships in the night, whereby they saved 100l. in custom at least. Clifton's account to be audited. Minutes of a meeting of committees appointed to confer with A. B. about putting off the trade in Muscovy. Sir William Russell's offer ; his purpose to be at the charge of sending an ambassador, without which no good can be done ; debate thereon. March 11.-As to the disposal of goods belonging to the Muscovy Company. Henry Short to go in the Unity as chief factor, with John Gonning in the Exchange. Gratuity to Henry Short. To provide a ship to supply the loss of the Anne. Peter Kenton, having one of 350 tons with three decks, fore and aft, to be spoken with. Committee to go to Gravesend and dispatch the Exchange. March 13.-Complaints against the negligence of Moreton, master of the Unity ; Robt. Symons discharged by him to return to his ship in the Downs. Ingots of silver to be sold. Letter from Richard Blieth, master of the Hart, complaining of the ironwork of his ship. Motion of William, on behalf of his brother Gabriel Towerson, to proceed in the Exchange, and have part of Fitzherbert's cabin. [Five pages and a half. Court Bk. IV., 533-8.]
1620. March 14. Bantam. 822. Richard Woyes to Sir Thos. Smythe. Remains with Capt. Ball, who was deposed from the place of President and Chief Commander of the Indies by Capt. Jourdain's suggestion. The English and Hollanders at war, "with whom we made two fights, the one being performed by Sir Thos. Dale, of Jacatra, the other by Capt. Pring in the straits of Sunda." The Sun cast away upon Engano, with the loss of 60 men ; not a pennyworth of goods saved. John Neve, purser's mate of the Moon, leaving. Prays for his health, his lady's, and his two sons. [One page, O.C., Vol. VII., No. 842.]
March 15. 823. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Suit of Lord Warwick on behalf of Anthony Morebeck, a sailor, for consideration for his services. No more ships to be bought at present. Letters read from Capt. Shilling, with receipt of stores for the London, the Hart, the Roebuck, and the Eagle ; and from Edward Wythers, with receipt of 2,100 ryals aboard the London, from John Harris, servant to Lawrence Greene. Petition of Wm. Ellis, surgeon's mate of the Unity, complaining of Moreton turning him ashore to entertain another ; referred to Captains Fitzherbert and Shilling, to report upon, and displace Moreton. Hall, the anchor smith, to be punished for the bad quality of the stores supplied by him. John Taylor thought fit to be mate of the Unity. Request of Lord Warwick to have a meeting with the Company ; is willing to make a peaceable end, and not urge them to go to the King any more ; the Company resolved to hold themselves to their first offer. Committee appointed to meet him. [Two pages. Court Bk. IV., 538-540.]
March. 16. 824. Consultation on board the Royal James. Concerning the sending home of the Bee ; deferred because of the importunity and obstinacy of so many suitors to go home, and of so many principal men who have been long in the Indies, and can by no means be possibly spared, nor yet in any reason well denied, having been so often promised licence to return by the next ship. Signed by- Martin Pring, Aug. Spaldinge, Chas Clevenger, Thos. Brockedon, Edmund Lennes, John Munden, John Hatch, and John Lemon. [One page and a quarter. O.C., Vol. VII., No. 843.]
March 17. 825. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Examination of Swanley, and letter read from the committees at Gravesend concerning the Anne, and that Capt. Fitzherbert desires a copy of the articles of agreement between the English and Dutch, that he may the better understand the state of that business upon occasion. Concerning the sale of 800 tons of oil belonging to the United Companies, supposed to be worth 13l. per ton. Cater's debt. Gratuity to Edward Meade, factor, employed since October last. Diego Fernandez, entertained a factor, conditionally, to carry himself honestly, civilly, and carefully, dismissed for his ill and deboist (debauched ?) behaviour, and that at his going forth he demeaned himself like a beast in drunkenness. Report of Sir Thos. Roe of his conference with Lord Warwick. Resolved to proceed fairly in their former resolution. Proposition for the ships to proceed singly, as each shall be ready. March 18.-Minutes of a meeting about the Muscovy trade, &c. Reasons why Sir William Russell is quite fallen off from his offer of 14,000l. ; the course to be followed taken into consideration. Resolution to put off about 800 tons of oil at 13l. per ton for a sixth dividend upon the first joint stock. March 20.-Committee to go down to Gravesend, to be eyewitness of what may be done for recovery of the Anne. Consideration about the treasurer's office, Mr. Treasurer (Wm. Harrison) lately deceased, "held to be very honest, just, painful, and careful in his place ;" yet he thought the business too great and weighty to be managed hereafter by one particular person. Wm. Stone held very fit and sufficient for the new stock, resolved to have the old stock managed by commissioners until the next general court. Letters read from Capt. Shilling and Blieth, master of the Hart, complaining of the want of sufficient master's mates, and of the badness of all their ironwork. Two letters read from Capt. Fitzherbert concerning his salary, and to be furnished with an honest and sufficient preacher. Philip Bradshawe recommended by Woodall for the chief surgeon's place at Bantam ; referred to the President and Council there. Concerning the drunken carriage of John Smith, formerly steward of the house at Jacatra ; referred to the President of Bantam. Gratuity to W. Moore, a factor. [Four pages and a half. Court Bk. IV., 540-5.]
March 20. London. 826. Chamberlain to Carleton. A ship [the Anne ? from the East Indies] worth more than 16,000l. cast away between London and Gravesend, a thing never heard of in a ship of eight or nine hundred tons. They [the East India Company] have had 1,000 men about her these eight or ten days at least, and are at the charge of 100l. a day to recover her ; but hears they have little other hope but to cat her in pieces, and save what they can by morsels. These mishaps, both outward and homeward, and factions and jars among themselves, have much impaired the reputation of that company. [Extract from Domestic Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. CXIII., No. 32, Cal., p. 131.]
March 24. Aboard the Royal Exchange, in the Downs. 827. Capt. Humfry Fitzherbert to the East India Company. Report of the bad conduct of two young men ; their trial, and punishments. Signed also by Eustace Man, Edward Meade, John Gonninge, Edward Grant, Wm. Moore, Thos. Johnson, and John Tomell. Further reports of other misdemeanours on board, dated 29 March and 4 April. Also copy of the articles given on board the Unity and the Bear for the better keeping company. 1620. April 9. Report of the misbehaviour of some of the ship's company. Aboard the Royal Exchange. 1620. April 10. Copy of the writing published for finding the offenders mentioned in the former certificate. Aboard the Royal Exchange. 1620. April 10. Copy of a certificate put aboard the Bear for the better manifestation to all men of whence she was and to whom she did appertain, &c. Aboard the Royal Exchange. 1620. April 19. Capt. Fitzherbert to the E. I. Company. Journal of his voyage to 16 July 1620, in company with the Unity ; lost sight of the Bear 4 May, but met with her in Saldanha Road on 10 July. Signed by Math. Moreton, Henry Short, and John Cartwright, in addition to the above. Saldanha, 16 July 1620. [Together, twenty-one pages. O.C., Vol. VII., No. 844.]
March 25. Ispahan. 828. George Stracban to the East India Company. Certifies to his having been retained in the Company's service last year by the deceased Thos. Barker and the rest of the factors, much against his inclination, as he was passing through Persia to the court of the Great Mogul. Wishes to know what he can hope for yearly. Laying aside physic, which is the principal cause of his entertainment, not only can he serve the Company by his language in this place, but also by the friendship which he has with the Arabian and Venetian merchants in Babylon and Aleppo, and his facility for conveying letters to the consul at Aleppo. Saved Wm. Nealson two years ago from burning, together with his letters. Can also choose in the buying of all drugs which the country affords. Demands and hopes to obtain 100l. a year. [One page. O.C., Vol. VII., No. 846.]
March 27. 829. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Desire of the Company to free the Anne from her disaster, and to have her buoyed up. Arrival in the Downs of ryals from Amsterdam to the value of 6,000l., to be sent away by the next shipping. Dismissal of Thos. Clay, carpenter, and Rich. Rayner, sailor. Letters read from Henry Short, factor, from the Downes, touching the long stay of the Unity at Cowes ; also from Capt. Fitzherbert, signifying his arrival in the Downs, and readiness to take advantage of the first fair wind. Request of Lord Warwick to know the Company's resolution concerning the three propositions set down in writing ; referred. 30l. lent by the Dutch to John Davis to be repaid. March 28.-Letter read from Mooreton, master of the Unity, from the Downs, complaining of the scandalous accusations of the surgeon. Norgrave's accounts. Letters read from Capts. Fitzherbert and Shilling, from Henry Darrell and Thos. Thompson, factors, of the 25th inst. ; their readiness to sail that day. Resolution to put to arbitration the differences with Lord Warwick. Minutes of a general court. The price of the hard and rich indigo to be six shillings per lb. to transport as before. Debate on the business betwixt the two Companies of Muscovy and East India, for putting off those goods." The East India Company to write for a sixth capital in oil. Death of the late treasurer, and appointment of one or more treasurers in his stead ; William Stone and Robt. Bateman chosen, the former for the new stock, the latter for the old stock. The Governor's complaint of Mellyn's arrogance. March 29.-Auditors of both the Muscovy and East India Companies to review all that is passed for the satisfaction of the court. Touching the account of the new stock, the old oweth a matter of 35,000l., but the new oweth much more. Gratuity to Nathaniel Curtis, labourer at Blackwall. Request of Martha, administratrix of Ralph Wilson, deceased, master of the Tomazin when cast away, touching her husband's estate. March 31.-Concerning a bill of Sir Thos. Roe's for 100l. found amongst Mr. Treasurer's writings. Petition of Mary, wife of Randall Jesson, master's mate in the Great James, touching her husband's goods. About removing the Anne to Northfleet. Jarvis Hocket to be discharged from the Company's service. Sir Wm. Harvye and Sir Ferdinando Gorges, chosen arbitrators by Lord Warwick ; Sir Dudley Diggs and Alderman Halliday by the Company ; Lord Chief Justice Hubberd [Hobart] proposed umpire. Henry Garway chosen auditor in the room of Bateraan appointed treasurer ; Kirby to audit Mountney's accounts. Increase in the price of ordnance. Letter read from the commissioners for the East India Company in the Low Countries from Amsterdam, of 25 inst., stating the cause of the backwardness of their ships' departure, and desiring that our ships may stay at the Cape till 20 July, and order for restitution, expecting the like from the English ; with news of the Royal James and the Unicorn on the coast of Coromandel. [Eight pages. Court Bk. IV., 545-553.]