East Indies, China and Japan
July 1621

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

W. Noel Sainsbury (editor)

Year published

1870

Pages

434-443

Annotate

Comment on this article
Double click anywhere on the text to add an annotation in-line

Citation Show another format:

'East Indies, China and Japan: July 1621', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 3: 1617-1621 (1870), pp. 434-443. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=68870 Date accessed: 31 October 2014.


Highlight

(Min 3 characters)

Contents

July 1621

July 1. Fort of Malayo. 1035. "The resolution of a consultation." That the forts of Salmalte and Marieque (?) shall be razed, and those of Sabowe and Tocombe spared as yet, to see what benefit the companies can have from them, but not to be put in execution before the King and Council of Ternate shall be advertized of this resolution. Signed by the Dutch General Houtman aud eleven other Dutchmen, also by Capt. Hump. Fitzherbert and Wm. Nicolls. [One page. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 965.]
July 2. 1036. Sir Noel de Caron to the States General. Was amazed when he understood that notwithstanding they had used all possible endeavours with those of the East India Company, they yet found it not good to send their deputies hither for accommodating differences ; so that he fears his Majesty will be abused in his expectation of their coming, which God forbid. Knows the English will have letters of mart for reprisal of all Dutch ships that go or come from the East Indies ; this his Majesty hath said, yea, sworn that his subjects will not give him rest until he hath granted them the same. "If we shall think his Majesty will not do it for a certainty we deceive ourselves." Truly at such time as England shall separate from us we shall sigh, for upon all occasions we have need of his Majesty's friendship ; "but as it seems to me that is here little respected and considered." Remarks touching the friendship of England with Spain. His Majesty's subjects very inveterate through the East India business. Was refused an audience and told that his Majesty would not speak with him, seeing we jested with him, and did not make good our promise. So many desire to see this breach. that it is to be lamented no course can be found for avoiding this danger. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
July 2/12. Malayo. 1037. Consultation aboard the Royal Exchange. Said ship having no occasion of employment in the Moluccas to endeavour "to return unto and recover Amboyna," and thence proceed on her voyage for Macassar and Jacatra, but in case of unfavourable weather that Amboyna cannot timely and commodiously be recovered, then to proced for Jacatra. [Half a page. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 966.]
July 4. Endregerie [Iudraghiri], Sumatra. 1038. Consultation removing Arthur Some, steward of the English house at Indraghiri, from the shore to the ship, to avoid any further conflict between him and the Hollanders ; cause of the conflict for which Some is removed. [One page. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 967.]
July 4. 1039. Minutes of a General Court of the East India Company. Election of officers according to annual custom. Sir Thos. Smythe. expressing his own weakness of body, begged the Company would spare him, that they should see he could as well obey as command, and was an adventurer of almost 20,000l. Sir Thos. Smythe, Alderman Hallidaie, Sir Wm. Cokayne, and Morris Abbott put to the election ; Alderman Hallidaie chosen governor for the year ensuing, took his oath in open court. Thos. Munns, Morris Abbott, who excused himself modestly, Henry Garroway, and Christopher Clitherow nominated for deputy governor ; Morris Abbott chosen. Robert Bateman and Wm. Stone, heretofore treasurers with Henry Robinson, [Henry] Polstead, Anthony Abdy, and Thos. Munns put in election for treasurers ; Bateman and Stone chosen. They were informed by the governor that they should not again be losers by their places, as they had complained they had been, without cause. Concerning the election of the 24 committees, four to be changed yearly ; motions that each should hold not less than 2,000l. in the joint stock, and that no one should stand to the election "that was run into broke," fell to the ground. Names of those chosen. Two of those chosen, Lawrence Greene and Edward James, desired to be spared, but the court would in nowise consent. The bookkeepers and secretary continued. Sir Thos. Smythe entreated to assist at consultations, and authorized to have a voice in the courts. Names of the auditors general chosen. [Two pages and a half. Court Bk. V. 1-3.]
July 6. 1040. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Dowbridge, an Englishman lodging at his brother's house in Bow churchyard, newly come out of Holland, sent for by the governor, said he had served the Dutch seven years, but excused himself from giving any information in open court, whereupon Towerson, Westrowe, Bell, and the governor had conference with him in another room. Message from Sec. Calvert for the committee to attend the Lords [of the Privy Council] about the business of the Dutch. Sir Noel Caron delivered confidently that the deputies for the Dutch East India Company would come suddenly over ; it was replied that news had been received from Holland that they were resolved not to come over ; the Archbishop of Canterbury supposed some mistake might be of either part ; the Lords said that his Majesty was doubtful of their purpose to come, because Sir Dudley Carleton had not advertised him thereof, but their Lordships pressed Sir Noel Caron, and he had undertaken to hasten them over so as to be here before the progress. Eyres, Keightley, and Abdie, or any two of them, to audit Robinson's accounts. Mountford blamed for not accounting for sundry matters. Things sold by Walker without the Company's order. Officers to account to Robinson and he to the Company. Committees appointed to entertain mariners, and for the warehouses. Crosby House not yet fitted ; Sir Thos. Smythe allows the Comp. to use his house so long as they please for their offices and meetings. Wheatley to have 18 barrels of indigo. Application of Barrett for 100l., a quarter's salary ; complaint that "they had no spices come of a long time." Committee appointed to provide cloth for Persia. Names of committee who took the oath in open court. [Three pages. Court Bk. V. 3-6.]
July 7/17. Hague. 1041. Sir Dudley Carleton to Sec. Calvert. What has passed since the parting of the States of Holland in the business of the East Indies. Sir Noel Caron's relation of his Majesty's pleasure at the Council table has been a chief subject of deliberation amongst the States General. All the provinces now resolved to give his Majesty content in sending into England, Amsterdam only excepted, which has some of the directors of the East India Company for magistrates, and those now in government persisted in the wonted difficulties and delays. The States solicited against the sending ; the reasons represented for their consideration. The arguments on the two points in dispute, restitution of ships and goods, and jurisdiction in the Indies. Yesterday a few days' further delay were won by presenting letters to the States General from the several chambers of the East Indies that on the 10/20 present the 17 directors with deputies from every chamber were to meet expressly at Amsterdam about this business, and to desire the States in the meantime to suspend their resolution ; they write to Sir Noel Caron to acquaint his Majesty therewith. All must be done by inducement, nothing by authority ; every province, every town, and every particular college being a state within a state, and any one serving to hinder or delay resolutions. His reasons for hoping that the sending (to England) will be resolved upon and put in execution by the end of the progress. How the (Dutch) Company seek to put up his Excellency and the States with the wind of their, pretended sovereignty in the East Indies may appear by a printed letter wherein they make two, who they style East Indian kings, write themselves his Excellency's subjects, upon occasion of five Indian boys brought in the last ship out of the East Indies, and now put to school at Leyden. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
July 7. Hague. 1042. Sir Dudley Carleton to Morris Abbott. His letter concerning the failing of the restitution of the English ships and goods by the Dutch in the East Indies, and the excess of authority they use over our men in those parts, came very opportunely to show how small credit is to be given to these men's reports, who upon their last letters received by the Walkaron set a fair show upon the matter as ifall went well in the Indies as well as here, and thattherefore the sending into England upon that occasion is not so necessary, especially since matters are accommodable between the two Companies without troubling his Majesty and the States. Memorials presented by Boreel to the States and arguments used by him to this effect. The business now only rests upon the Company, of which the 17 directors with certain deputies of every chamber meet at Amsterdam on Monday next. Believes a resolution of sending will be taken and put in execution, but with what commission or instruction he cannot yet promise. The States now write to Sir Noel Caron to excuse themselves upon the Company to his Majesty for these long delays, and to desire his Majesty to have patience for these few days. Is sure he will not think it amiss to have the States warmed again by some new remembrance in case they should be cooled by any new practice of the Company, and thereof prays him to put Sir Thos. Smythe in mind, to whom he will not fail write to as soon as he understands what is resolved at this meeting at Amsterdam. [Holland Corresp.]
July 7. Hague. ["The 7th of a stormy July here hath been yet seen no summer."] 1043. Sir Dudley Carleton to John Chamberlain. Nothing has been omitted here from first to last to advance his Majesty's desire of having a new envoy into England, which in the end will be effected, "but to make this Company dance as soon as ours pipe is not in my power." This is a State where all goes by inducement, nothing by authority. Deputies like to be sent into England about the end of the progress. God send them better luck than here is imagined, where most men suspect this earnest pressing of a sending into England doth proceed from some disaffected persons to the conjunction of the two Companies. The charge of the journey (valued at no small rate by example of the last) and question who should bear it (the generality or the Company) hath held the business back all this while ; and so would still have done, and these men have continued restive if they had not been suffered to bite on the bridle, and then rather be led than driven as they now have been by the Prince of Orange and such of the States as prefer his Majesty's satisfaction before the interest of this Company, of which some of the chiefs remain still obstinate, but in the end they will be overruled. Owes Sir Dudley Digges much more service than such an advertisement comes to, and though Carleton finds himself bitten in this business, he cannot suspect him of so much indignity, and therefore must impute it to some (God knows who) who neither know him, the nature of the business, nor the men he has to deal with. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
July 8. Hague. 1044. Sir Dudley Carleton to Sec. Calvert. The States have sent M. Gogh to acquaint Carleton with their affection, both in general and particular, to give his Majesty contentment in their envoy into England touching the business of the East Indies and their endeavours with the Company to bring it to effect, whose final answer can now be no longer delayed than this week which now enters. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
July 8/18. Batchian. 1045. Thomas Johnson to Wm. Nicolls, agent and chief commander in the islands of Moluccas for the East India Company in Malayo. Has deferred the cutting of planks, Roll having promised him timber. Wishes him to send ten or twenty pieces of chintz, which he thinks will not lie long unsold. Will send Muschamp's letter as soon as any prow goes. Remembrances to Roll and Perry. [Half page. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 968.]
July 13. 1046. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Officers to be re-elected and sworn 1 August next. Wheatley's stock to he legally passed over for security for 18 barrels of indigo sold to him. The King graciously inclined towards the Company to right them of the Dutch, "but as they have ever feared, so it fell out that their Lordships (of the Privy Council) propounded the continuance of a rateable charge from the Company as they now pay." Mountney's re-election suspended until his accounts are perfected. Fotherby's account books shown in court. Suit of Mr. Swanton to be master of the Trial, referred. Committees appointed for the purchase of provisions, also to execute the office of husband until his accounts be perfected. Burrell's salary to be paid according to contract ; legal contract to be made with him for building two ships. Account of ordnance in store ; fifty new pieces to be provided. Project of Browne, an ironfounder, to make ordnance of iron that shall be as light as brass, and of as good effect ; the court had no liking to make trial of his skill therein. Woodall the surgeon's account to be audited ; his desire to answer any complaints against him in open court. [Five pages and a half. Court Bk. V. 6-12.)]
July 13/23. Batchian. 1047. Thomas Johnson to Wm. Nicolls, agent and chief commander in the Moluccas, in Malayo. The Queen has desired him to write, promising her servants should deliver this letter. Account of a disturbance between the "Antchent" and the "Sargent" at supper, Giles Cole catching the arm of the former and breaking the stroke of the "Antchent's" sword. Cole begins to be a forward scholar. [One page. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 969.]
July 13. Patani. 1048. John Jourdain to Edward Long in Siam. The King of Ligor desirous for the English to go there and build a "goodowne ;" quantity of pepper to be had there. Hopes they shall settle a factory there next year if they had the King of Siam's trade it were fully finished, for the King of Ligor himself hath promised that if the English go thither they shall build a goodowne where they will, whereupon he thought it necessary to send his second, William Welby, with a present for the King, for without presents in these parts there is no business. Goods purchased. Remembrances to John Dodde. [One page. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 970.]
July 14. London. 1049. John Chamberlain to Sir Dudley Carleton. Sir Thos. Roe is to succeed Sir John Eyre at Constantinople. Sir Thos. Smythe at last removed from his warm seat of being so long governor of the East India Company ; Alderman Holyday [Hallyday] elected [governor] last week. [Extract from Domestic Corresp., Jac. I., Vol. CXXII., No. 23, Cal., p. 276.]
July 14/24. Malayo. 1050. Wm. Nicolls to Capt. Cocks and the rest of the English merchants in Japan. Arrived in the Moluccas 31 May with the Exchange, Capt. Fitzherbert, and the Ruby, John Alexander master. According to agreement one-third of the returns was expected for their Company, as they had been liable to one-third of the charge from the publication in Amboyna 1st March last. Fraudulent dealings of the Dutch by their alteration of accounts. Like to have nothing but the charges monthly until the harvest from October to the latter part of February. The Dutch purpose to delude them with pretence of more old debts ; they gain both better respect and profit and the English discommodity by the base Machiavelian tricks of the Dutch, of all of which he has advised at large to Jacatra. The new Dutch governor here is called Houltman ; he has begun with such violence, as claiming the "joustisinge," the people of Batchian, Machian, Motir, &c., that considering they have lately at Banda hanged 40 of the principal of those people and carried 800 persons along with General Coen to inhabit Jacatra, "breeds such fear and doubt in these people, as they remain in ecstasy ;" many of them fled, and no doubt many more daily will follow from all parts where the Dutch have any pre-eminence, all which the Dutch have devised to weary the English Company. Requests some silk stockings, cups, also candlesticks and such things fit for a house furnishing. [One page. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 971.]
[July] 16. [Patani.] 1051. William Webb to Edward Long, chief, and John Dodde, second in the factory of Siam. Has had an extraordinary fit of sickness. Begs to be acquainted with what news he hears from the President, for they cannot expect any ship this year for anything they can perceive by their letters from Jacatra. Are at present in worse state than they are in at Siam, for they owe a great deal more than they have [money] in the house to pay for, and cannot expect any relief. [One page. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 972.]
July 18-19. 1052. Court Minutes of the East India Company. The poor box delivered up by Sir Thos. Smythe ; 40s. to be paid to one of the women that complained of the Company to the Parliament House. Motions of Burrell touching the ships about building ; masts borrowed of his Majesty to be repaid. Message from the Privy Council touching the recovery of the ancient sovereignty of the narrow seas ; the protection of his Majesty's subjects from the insolencies to which they are subjected, and the Company contributing thereto. Letter read from Sir Dudley Carleton that it is cunningly insinuated on his side that the matters in difference may be ended in Holland without troubling his Majesty or the States, but letters since received by Sir Noel Caron that deputies will be sent over before the progress, further that they will do somewhat in the point of restitution, but for the other difference they will devise as much as is possible to make good their claims. Letter from Swanley from Plymouth that the Trial will be ready to put to sea within ten days ; application of Swanton to be master. Eyres, Keightley, and Robinson to execute the office of husband till Michaelmas. Barrett's salary. Newport to be master of the Trial. Suitors for the porter's place at Crosby House ; rent demanded by my Lord of Northampton for the same ; the Company find themselves ill dealt withal by the steward of the Countess of Pembroke, with whom they treated wholly for the lease ; Westrowe and Bell to take care of this business, and "to compel the steward to reason." Complaint against the Custom House officers for not entering the Coaster until she has contributed to Dungeness light and to the fleet employed against the pirates. Petition of Thos. Foster and Anne his wife, administrators of Alex. Edmundes, who was employed six years ago to Macassar and has never since been heard of, for his wages. July 19.-Fotherby's house at Blackwall to be let. Old ordnance to be sold, the iron at 5s. the cwt. The house on Bridge House land to be repaired and the lease to be looked into. Concerning the ships building by Burrell and the stores for same. Proceedings of committees at Blackwall. [Ten pages. Court Bk. V. 12-21.]
July 19. Hague. 1053. Sir Dudley Carleton to Sec. Calvert. The directors of this East India Company assembled at Amsterdam have at length returned a good answer touching the sending into England, and as concerning the differences betwixt the two Companies they submit themselves to their (the States General) pleasure ; whereupon the resolution of sending was immediately taken by the States. They are not resolved what their instructions or commission shall be ; remarks thereon. Two ships lately arrived from the East Indies, their cargo valued at 20 tons of gold [upwards of two millions sterling] ; two more expected. Report that only one English ship is on the way, and that the English have lost two by the Portugals taken about Goa. A French ship arrived out in great misery, having lost 80 men and but 14 alive, the Dutch report they relieved and suffered to lade at Bantam as a place of free trade. The Denmark ships settling in Ceylon, where these men judge they will come to ruin. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
July 19. Hague. 1054. Sir Dudley Carleton to Sir Dudley Digges. Touching the sending deputies into England, and ships arrived from the East Indies. Shall be glad to know whether it be true that these men give out, of our loss of two ships by the Portuguese taken about Goa. All means used for the advancement of the West Indian Company ; no man can yet see where the money will be raised ; where they have been so many years settled, General Coen complains of want of money. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
July 19. Hague. 1055. Sir Dudley Carleton to Morris Abbott. Resolution to send deputies to England to give his Majesty contentment. But who goes, or whether in the name of the States General or of the Company, or what instruction or commission, is not yet concluded. Wishes to be informed of the true state of things in the East Indies, lest the differences being but slightly laid forth, the deputies go with slight instructions. [Holland Corresp.]
July 19/29. Malayo. 1056. Acknowledgment signed by the Dutch General, Frederick Houtman, governor and director of the Moluccas, for twenty bahars of cloves. [One page. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 973.]
July 20-23. 1057. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Barrett's business touching his salary. Newport named for master of the Trial. The two new auditors to begin with Harrison's accounts. Some man to be trusted at Middleburg to receive the Company's letters on the arrival of the Dutch ships [from the East Indies] and despatch them hence. Committee appointed to ship carpenters and settle their wages. The lease of the stone wharf at Blackwall held of the Bridge House to be viewed ; to be let. Iron and brass ordnance at Deptford to be sold. Committee appointed touching the ship now building at Deptford ; also for a ship to be built at Blackwall. July 23.-Letters read from the Indies, received out of the Dutch ships returned this July, from Fursland, Brockedon, and Spaldinge from Jacatra, of 29 Dec. 1620 (see ante, No. 942), from Capt. Fitzherbert from Jacatra, of same date (see ante, No. 943), and from Capt. Batten to Sadler, late the Company's secretary, (see ante, No. 947,) together with a declaration of how the Dutch employ the Company's ships, "whereby is gathered that their intent is to supplant the English and to gain the trade wholly to themselves." Committee for the letters to be sent by the Trial ; to inquire whether Newport intends to go master. [Three pages. Court Bk. V. 21-24.]
1621 ? 1058. "Abstract of the complaints related in the Company's letters out of the East Indies by the Dutch ship the Walkaron." Concerning the matter of restitution, the building of a Dutch fort at Jacatra, the evil results of their claim of "sovereignty," and the injustice of their "General," whenever complaints are made to him by the English president or assistants. The East India Company implore the King's aid in accommodating all differences between the two companies. [One page and a half. Another copy endorsed by Bradshaw (see also ante, No. 982), "Shewg. ye insuffrable injuries of ye Duch there," is placed in the interregnum period. East Indies, Vol. I., No. 91.]
July 24. St. Martin's Lane. 1059. Sec. Sir Geo. Calvert to Sir Dudley Carleton. Sir Noel de Caron showed him three or four days ago a letter from Mons. Aerssens, by which it appeared that the States had resolved to send commissioners to his Majesty about the East India business, and that it remained only to nominate the persons to be employed. Cannot tell what account they make to give his Majesty satisfaction, but assures Carleton that this usage and neglect, if they do not look to it, will shake the amity betwixt this Crown and those provinces in such sort as Calvert believes the latter will be the first that will repent it. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
July 25-27. 1060. Court Minutes of the East India Company. The contract with Burrell for building the ship at Deptford to be examined and sealed. Boate's account to be audited and paid ; his request to have the contract for building the ship at Blackwall, discussion thereon ; the committee previously appointed for this service confirmed. Bartholomew Waytes and Valentine Markham, formerly elected auditors, sworn. Suit of the wife of Powell de Cooke touching her husband a mariner and inmate of St. Thomas' Hospital ; also of Rich. Mathews, master of the coaster, returned out of Ireland with a freight of knee timber ; payments to him. July 27.-Burr to receive the Company's letters at Middleburg out of the Dutch ships from the Indies. Request of Sir Ferdinando Gorges for the loan of certain stores for a ship he is building of a new fashion, such as the Company might make use of, and that he hoped to find a way to outsail the Dutch. Mr. Treasurers Stone and Bateman to let the stone wharf and house at Deptford. Decrow and the Coopers. Wm. Davyes touching timber purchased by him. (Six pages. Court Bk. V. 26-31.]
July 28. London. 1061. John Chamberlain to Sir Dudley Carleton. Nothing has passed at the Council Table to Carleton's disadvantage. Sir Noel Caron having assured the King that commissioners or deputies for the East India affairs should be in London before Midsummer Day, and they not having yet arrived, the King took it very ill to be so delayed and deluded, and Sir Noel was expostulated with. [Extract from Domestic Corresp., Vol. CXXII., No. 46, Cal., p. 279.]
July 28. 1062. Sir Dudley Digges to Carleton. Thanks for letting him know that the writer stands so upright in the States opinion for the complimental part of his speech before the Privy Council. If the States send not over sufficient power to conclude the matter in difference upon the plain letter of the treaty, Digges verily believes it will break all, and perhaps prove of pernicious consequence to both States. It is strongly pursued in court, and the merchants, finding that the Dutch in the Indies have no money, nor can hope for any possibility of means to make returns answerable to their infinite charge, are desirous to shake off the amity or at least the conjunction in traffic, the rather for that the Dutch by their fort at Jacatra have discontented the Javas and left the King of Bantam and the pepper trade, which is of more worth than all their Moluccas. Shall do his best to hold up the treaty ; if these companies were free from jealousies, with the charge of 100,000l. they would get yearly 7 or 800,000l. Has received advertisement, as he is writing, from his colleague Mr. Abbott, that "our affaire" are worse in the Indies than ever they were ; Cera ? [Coen] has used "our men" extraordinarily ill, and openly breaks the treaty in many points wherein he may hurt the English, so that our men are mad. The State will no longer endure the complaint of the merchants from all parts ; order is given to manifest the King's power and strength in the Narrow Seas. Fears some blow will speedily be given if the deputies Carleton speaks of come not away, and resolved to deal plainly and honestly and call home Caron, which Digges knows is not to be expected if none but merchants come. Conjures him, as he loves the peace of the two Companies and consequently of the States, to be a means that some impartial men of the States body may come to see the truth and the proceedings of Caron. Without Mr. Gogh the treaty had never been concluded, nor will be again without some such honest umpire. [Extract from Domestic Corresp., Jac. I., Vol. CXXII., No. 47, Cal., p. 279.]
July 28. 1063. William Hallidaie, Governor, Morris Abbott, and others of the East India Company to Sir Dudley Carleton. Thanks for his watchful care over their business. The breach of the articles in the points of restitution and sovereignty will take up the greatest part of the question. The business of merchandise will be so mixed up with matters of state that the commissioners should also be mixed, and deputies from the States be joined with deputies from directors of the Company. Desire that the deputies be instructed in all the articles of the treaty ; conceive there has been a breach in most of them. Acknowledge their obligation to him. [One page. East Indies, Vol. I., No. 92.]
July 31. Hague. 1064. Sir Dudley Carleton to Sec. Calvert. It is resolved that three deputies of the States General and three of the directors of the East India Company shall go into England, but neither the persons nor the time are yet determined, save only the instruction and commission is being prepared, and that it is intended they shall be in England against the end of the progress. Sends translation of a letter from Sir Noel de Caron to the States General, which has been going from hand to hand and is published in print. Wishes him more discretion in writing or his masters in suffering things of such nature to be divulged, at which most of them are displeased. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]