Mr. Hare's Report. Part 1
TO THE CHARITY COMMISSIONERS FOR
ENGLAND AND WALES.
In pursuance of a Minute of the Board of the 7th day
of November 1862, I have inquired into the condition and
circumstances of the following charities under the management of the Haberdashers' Company of the City of London,
and I have stated in the Report under the head of each
specific endowment, the result of my investigation.
The Haberdashers' Company, under the style of "The
Master and four Wardens of the Fraternity of the Art
or Mystery of Haberdashers in the City of London,"
consists of the master, four wardens, and court of
assistants, and the livery and freemen of the Company.
The master and wardens are chosen by the court of
assistants, the court electing each year a master and two
senior wardens from the court, according to their standing,
and they elect also, two junior wardens, from the livery,
not on the court. The senior is the first warden, and the
next the second warden, each serving as well as the master,
for a year, and succeeding to each other's office in turn.
Of the two junior wardens, one serves as third, and the
other as fourth warden, and at the end of the year, these
two junior wardens are elected on the court.
The number of the court of assistants varies from 30 to
about 46. The number of freemen are about 800, of whom
444 are liverymen.
William Adams' Charities.
By indenture of the 27th November 1656, made by
William Adams of the one part, and the Haberdashers'
Company of the other part, after reciting that the said
William Adams had conveyed to the Haberdashers' Company certain lands and tenements in Staffordshire, it was
declared that the said Company should pay the several
yearly sums following:—
|To a minister at Newpert for catechising
|To a schoolmaster||40l.|
|To an usher||20l.|
|For apprenticing 3 poor boys||24l.|
|To 4 learned ministers and 3 other
persons for visiting the schoolhouse, &c.||2s.|
|To a poor boy as bellringer at the school||20s.|
|To a poor boy for cleaning the said
|For repair of the said school-house and
|For 4 exhibitions at Oxford or
|To the 4 poor aged almspeople||20l. 16s.|
|To 20 poor people of the Company||20l.|
|To the clerk and beadles||2l.|
The institution was further established and regulated by
Acts of Parliament passed in the 12th and 13th years of
King Charles the 2nd. The deeds and accounts are set
forth in the Report of the Commissioners of Inquiry for
the county of Salop. (Vol. 5, p. 416, et seq.)
The property of the charity in Staffordshire seems to
have been demised for long terms of years to a person
named Justice and his representatives, under the direction
in the will of the testator, which appears to have given the
lessee a right of renewal. The renewed lease granted
under this direction expired in 1784, and no further claim
to renewal seems to have been made on the part of the
lessee. The estate was then let to several tenants at a
great increase of the aggregate rent, and a suit was
instituted in the Court of Chancery by the AttorneyGeneral at the relation of Richard Whitworth, Esq.,
against the Haberdashers' Company, and Randle Tonner,
the heir-at-law of W. Adams, the founder of the charity,
for the direction of the Court as to the application of the
increased income. The surplus rents were claimed in this
suit by the heir-at-law of W. Adams.
The Court, however, in this suit, determined that there
was no resulting trust in favour of the heir-at-law of the
founder, and the usual reference was then made to the
master to approve of a scheme, which was settled in the
The rents were further increased in or previous to the
year 1808, when a further scheme was settled, having
regard to the augmented income, and many of the foregoing payments were increased not only beyond the sums
fixed by the original trust, but by further additions made
to the augmentation of 1797.
The Commissioners of Inquiry set forth the state of the
property of the charity, and the condition and administration of the institution at the time of their inquiry in May
The property consists of the following particulars:—
|1. The estate at Woodseves, in the parish
of Drayton, Staffordshire, which was
purchased in 1667, under the direction
of the founder's will; with the produce
of the timber. It consists of a farmhouse and buildings and 92a. 0r. 15p.
of land, let to Thos. Thompson, on
lease for 21 years from Michaelmas
1861 (determinable by either party at
the end of 14 years) at the rent of||138||0||0|
|(This rent is an increase from 95l.,
the rental under the preceding
lease, improvements having been
made in draining on the land and
|2. Knighton Mount Farm.—A farmhouse
and buildings and 240a. 2r. 2p. of land,
let to Wm. Peover for 21 years from
Michaelmas 1861 (determinable as
|(This is an increase from 306l., the
rental under the preceding lease.)
The new demise includes two
plots of land, 10a. 0r. 30p., taken
from Palin's farm (see No. 5 infra).|
|3. Knighton Grange Farm.—A farmhouse
and buildings and 238a. 3r. 2p. land,
let to Thos. Clark on lease for 21 years
from Michaelmas 1861 (determinable
|(This is an increase from 243l.)|
|4. Knighton Hall Farm.—A good farmhouse and buildings and 220a. 1r. 37p.
of land, let to Henry Clark on lease
for 21 years from Michaelmas 1861
(determinable as above)||406||0||0|
|(This is an increase from 290l., it
includes 2a. 3r. 15p. of land taken
from Palin's farm (see No. 5
|Part of Palin's farm, let to Thos.
Lycett, bought and held by the
Haberdashers' Company in trust for
this charity and for Jones' (Monmouth)
Charity, under the following circumstances:—|
|In the year 1856, the Company presented their petition to the Court
for its sanction to the application
of 1,938l. 12s. 4d. 3 per cent. consols,
the produce of an investment of the
purchase money for a strip of land,
crossing the Knighton Hall farm,
taken by the London and Birmingham
Canal Company, together with other
funds belonging to the Company as
Governors of the Grammar School of
William Jones in Monmouth, in the
purchase of a farm called Palin's, the
lands of which were intermixed with
the property of Adams' Charity. The
Court approved the purchase, and
1,750l. 15s. 9d. and 18l. 7s. 11d. stock
was sold out, and producing cash for
payment of 1,689l. 10s. 10d., the purchase money and interest for 31a. 3r.
26p. of land, part of Palin's farm,
which is now divided between the
tenancies of Peover (No. 2). Henry
Clark (No. 4), Lycett (No. 5). The
entire farm consisting of a farmhouse
and buildings and a. r. p. of land|
By an order of the Court of Chancery of the 1st April
1856, it was ordered (inter alia) that the messuages and
lands and the purchase money for the same be apportioned
between the charities of William Adams at Newport, and
the charities of William Jones at Monmouth, respectively,
in manner following, such parts of the said messuages,
&c., as with the timber thereon should be equal in value
to the proportion which the produce of the 1,938l. 12s. 4d.
Consols, thereinafter directed to be sold should bear to the
entire purchase money of 7,460l., or as near thereto as
circumstances would admit, and as were convenient to be
held with other lands belonging to the said charity estate
of William Adams; and the remaining parts of the said
messuages, &c., be apportioned to the said charity of
William Jones of Monmouth. Under this order the
apportionment was made and separate conveyances were
taken, to the Company as governors of the two several
charities. By a deed of the 24th January 1856, settled by
the Court, Palin and others the vendors, conveyed to the
master and wardens, as governors of the possessions of the
free grammar school of Newport, of the foundation of
William Adams, all and singular the lands and hereditaments containing in the whole 31a. 3r. 26p. mentioned in
the schedule thereunder written, all which said lands were
then in the occupation of Maria Hodgkins, and were
situated in Knighton, in the parish of Adbaston, Staffordshire, and were formerly known by the description
following:—All those several closes of land situate in
Knighton aforesaid, called or known as Holly Meadow,
containing 1a. 3r. 18p.; Wards Yard or Garden in three
parts, and called Near Wards Yard, Far Wards Yard, and
Wards Yard Meadow containing by estimation 6a. 0r. 25p.,
part of the Cliff Field, the entirety of which contained
7a. 3r. 3p.; the upper and lower Millings, containing
together 7a. 3r. 7p., or thereabouts; the Solomon, then
laid to lower Millings aforesaid, containing by estimation
0a. 2r. 22p.; the Davipott, in two parts, containing
together by estimation 10a. 0r. 24p.; the Yard, containing
by estimation 1a. 0r. 10p.; and which lands and hereditaments were formerly the estate of Robert Pigott, afterwards
of William Waller, afterwards of Thomas Lloyd, afterwards
of Thomas Borrow, and since of Sarah Palin,—
|5. Lycett's tenancy under this charity
comprises 18a. 3r. 21p. land, part of
Palin's farm (purchased as aforesaid),
3a. 0r. 29p. land, part of the old
estate of this charity, formerly let
with Knighton Hall farm. The
22a. 0r. 10p. land belonging to Adams'
Charity, is demised by a separate lease
to Thos. Lycett for 21 years from
Michaelmas 1861, at a rent of||45||0||0|
|6. A public house called the "Haberdashers' Arms" (formerly a cottage
and shop let to Hayward), and a
blacksmith's shop, and 9a. 2r. 23p.
land, let to Joseph Hayward as a
|7. The woodreve's cottage and 12a. 0r. 6p.
land; the woodreve, John Wood,
occupies the cottage rent free, and
pays as a yearly tenant for the land||18||15||0|
|The tenant also pays as interest on
about 30l., advanced for the purchase
of bones as manure for the land||1||10||0|
|8. The Woodlands, the total quantity
76a. 3r. 38p. The average produce
for seven years from 1854 to 1861 was
283l., and for 14 years up to 1861
the average annual produce was
159l. 11s. 9d.||230||0||0|
|The estate was managed for many
years, and a receiver appointed by the
Court of Chancery, up to 1852|
|9. The school forecourt and playground
and schoolmaster's house, and four
almshouses and gardens, containing
altogether from about 1½ to 2 acres||In hand.|
|The cottage, stable, and barn formerly let to widow Watkins, was
some years ago pulled down, and the
land held with it was thrown into the
adjacent farm, of which it now forms
a part; the cottage and land let to
Eleanor Ray, is now included in the
Knighton Hall demise.|
In the arrangement for the apportionment of Palin's
estate, belonging to the two charities, the freehold called
the Cliff Field was divided between them. As a matter
of convenience, it was subsequently found expedient to
exchange 2a. 3r. 15p. of the land apportioned to Adams'
Charity for the same quantity of land belonging to the
Monmouth Charity. This was effected under an order of
the Enclosure Commissioners of 22nd May 1862.
At the expiration of the last leases in 1861, the farms
were let by tender, and in most cases the old tenants, who
were not persons of much capital or enterprise, were
removed, and new tenants introduced. The rents, it will
be observed, were thus generally and considerably increased.
The surveyor of the governors makes a half-yearly report
of the state of the farm and buildings, and looks after the
performance of the covenants of the lessees.
The sum of 12,426l. 0s. 5d., 3 per cent. consols, which
at the time of the Report of the Commissioners of Inquiry,
stood to the credit of the cause, on the account of this
charity, has been for the most part expended in rebuilding,
in a substantial manner, the farmhouses and buildings on
the Staffordshire property. This application being approved in Court, was necessarily made under the orders
of the Court, and was therefore sanctioned by its authority.
The sum now in Court to the credit of the cause, The
Attorney-General v. Haberdashers' Company, (—),
is 3,993l. 2s. 9d., 3 per cent. consols.
The above sum includes the remainder of the 1,938l. 12s. 4d.
3 per cent. consols, the produce of an investment for
land taken by the governors from the London and
Birmingham Canal Company (see No. 5 above), which
was not expended in the purchase of Palin's farm, and
which was transferred to this account by order of the Court
of the 24th November 1856. The following statement
shows accurately the disposition of this fund:—
|3 per cent. consols, Birmingham
|1856, Aug.—1,750l. 15s. 9d. sold,
produced in cash 1,672l.||1,750||15||9|
|18l. 7s. 11d. ditto for interest
on purchase money produced
17l. 10s. 10d. cash||18||7||11|
|1857, Feb.—28l. 2s. 2d. transferred
for redemption of land tax||28||2||2|
The above 141l. 6s. 6d. the residue was transferred to
the sum of 3,851l. 16s. 3d., making the above amount of
3,993l. 2s. 9d., 3 per cent. consols.
There has been no general scheme for the administration
of the charity since that of 1808.
By an order of the Court of Chancery of the 13th
February 1821, made upon the petition of the Company in
the suit, the salary of the head master of the school was
increased from 150l. a year to 175l. 10s., and the salary
of the usher was increased from 75l. to 87l. 10s. These
augmentations were ordered to commence from March
By an order of the 25th July 1835, upon a like application, the salary of the head master was increased to 190l.
a year, and 10l. a year was granted to him for his remuneration in acting as secretary to the visitors; and the salary
of the usher was increased from 87l 10s. to 100l.; the
writing and arithmetic master's salary was raised from 45l.
to 100l. a year, and he was at the same time appointed
The woodreve's salary was raised from 2l. to 30l.
Under an order of the Court of Chancery of the 23rd
December 1852, a subscription of 5l. was allowed to the
Adbaston National Schools.
The suit having been terminated and the receiver discharged in 1853, the Haberdashers' Company thenceforward
took upon themselves the duty of making such necessary
alterations and arrangements as appeared to be necessary.
At Christmas, 1855, the salary of the clerk of the
governors was raised from 6l. to 45l. After the receiver
was discharged, the clerk received the rents of the estates,
without commission. The former salary had been regarded
as covering the minor duties, and all special services had
been paid for as costs. The augmented salary the governors
fixed to include all business except special law expenses.
In 1856, the Company allowed the head master and the
usher, each a further sum of 10l. for teaching French.
Under the order of the Court of Chancery, a surveyor had
been appointed in December 1852, at a salary of 10l. a
year; his duties being confined to a survey of the buildings
on the charity land.
At Midsummer, 1854, the governors raised the salary of
the surveyor to 25l., and included in his duties the survey
of the land and the making a half-yearly report of the
state of the property. At Midsummer, 1856, this was
raised to 42l., and the superintendence of the surveyor was
extended to the new purchase of Palin's land. At a recent
court of the Company, held in the past year, the salary of
the surveyor was raised to 65l., having regard to the increased income of the property. The care of the woods is
entrusted to him, and he is considered to have exercised a
very beneficial superintendence over that part of the
The salary of the woodreve has also been raised since
March 1856, from 30l. to 40l. by the authority of the
At Midsummer, 1854, under the authority of the Charity
Commissioners, a retiring pension of 50l. was allowed to the
Rev. William Sandford, who has been usher of the school.
Mr. Sandford is the incumbent of Newport.
The company have recently appointed an examiner of
the school; the gentleman who has been appointed is one
of the masters of the City of London School. His allowance is 10l. for each half-yearly examination, and travelling
and other expenses for printing and otherwise.
The first examination under this appointment was at
Midsummer, 1861, and at that time the number of boys in
the school was only 38. Before the appointment of the
examiner there had been only 32, subsequently the number
of scholars on the foundation had been gradually increased,
until in August last, as hereafter stated, they amounted
The successive modifications of the original scheme are
shown on the following table, the objects described in
italics, being those for which the founder had made no
|Founder's Scheme.||Scheme of 1797.||Scheme of 1808.||Subsequent Alterations by Order of the Court of Chancery.||Subsequent Alterations by the Governors.||Totals.|
|The minister of Newport||20||0||0||40||0||0||60||0||0||—||—||60||0||0|
|The head master of the school||40||0||0||100||0||0||150||0||0||190||0||0||—||—|
|Additional as secretary to the visitors||—||—||—||10||0||0||—||—|
|For teaching French||—||—||—||—||10||0||0||210||0||0|
|The usher or second master||20||0||0||50||0||0||75||0||0||100||0||0||—||—|
|For teaching French||—||—||—||—||10||0||0||110||0||0|
|The English master, formerly writing and
|The four exhibitioners||20||0||0||60||0||0||90||0||0||—||—||90||0||0|
|The bellringer and sweeper, 1l. each||1||0||0||2||0||0||3||0||0||—||—||6||0||0|
|Allowance for books, including coals and
|The visitors of the school||1||4||0||2||10||0||—||—||3||10||0||3||10||0|
|The repairs, average of the last seven
years, of the school and almshouses||—||—||—||—||32||9||0||32||9||0|
|The three apprentices||24||0||0||36||0||0||54||0||0||—||—||54||0||0|
|Examiners average fees and travelling
|The four almspeople||20||16||0||52||0||0||78||0||0||—||—||78||0||0|
|The woodreve and bailiff||—||2||0||0||—||30||0||0||40||0||0||40||0||0|
|The beadle and porter||—||—||—||—||3||0||0||3||0||0|
|The 20 poor of the Haberdashers' Company||20||0||0||50||0||0||75||0||0||—||—||75||0||0|
|Planting the wood, drawing, &c., average
of last seven years||—||2||0||0||2||0||0||—||96||6||10||—|
|Insurance of school premises and farm
|Subscription to Adbaston School||—||—||—||5||0||0||—||5||0||0|
|Rent, Audit, and deputation expenses, and
average of 7 years||—||—||—||—||32||9||0||32||9||0|
In addition to the above charges, there is at this time
an additional incumbrance in the pension of 50l. per annum
to Mr. Sandford.
I am informed that the prospective surplus income is
for some time expected to be absorbed by the improvements in the farm buildings and the erection of cattle
sheds. The average expenditure of the past seven years
for the improvements, erection of buildings, and draining,
fences, &c., have been 135l. 14s. 10d.
The Company, by a deputation of its members, visit the
school and premises once in every two years, or every
alternate year. The deputation on these occasions inspect
the farms as well as the institution itself, and require and
receive information as to all local matters affecting the
charity and its arrangements.
Among other things, they occasionally inquire whether
the duties imposed by the founder on the minister of
Newport have been performed. A letter from Newport
of the 25th October last from the head master, states, that
about 60 boys (of whom about five only belong to the
school) attend at the national schoolroom on Sunday
mornings, and are catechised. The catechising, I am
told, is sometimes by the minister or curate, and sometimes
by the teachers of the Sunday school. The churchwardens
have occasionally been requested to certify that the catechising has been performed. The Rev. William Sandford, the
present minister, was formally usher of the school, and in
that character has a retiring pension of 50l., which was
sanctioned by the Charity Commissioners (Order, 3rd June
1854) in consideration of his yielding up possession of the
usher's house, which he had been allowed to occupy since
his retirement from the school in 1852). I am told that
he claims an addition to the foundation allowance in consequence of the great increase on the rents. It may be
material to remark that the gift to him is, not only entirely
for catechising, "but for his better encouragement in the
works of the ministry," a declaration which may afford
some ground for the claim of the minister to augmentation.
In the course of the enquiry, I was attended by Mr. Heane,
who appeared on behalf of the incumbent and the parish,
and urged the claims of the living to an augmentation of
the minister's allowance, pro ratâ with the increase of the
income of the charity.
He stated that at the time of the endowment the income
of the minister was only about 15l. a year, and the Easter
dues; but that since that time the tithes had been purchased by the Governors of Queen Ann's Bounty, and
annexed to the living, which is now worth about 220l.,
with a parsonage house, let for about 5l. or 10l. a year to
the parish clerk, and not suitable for the dwelling of the
minister. He represented the parish as purely agricultural,
with a population of about 3,000 and about 600 houses,
rated to the poor's rates. I append to this report some communications I have received from Mr. Sandford, both on
the subject of the claims of the incumbent and on the
improvement of the school.
The visitors of the school are chosen or nominated by
the Company, vacancies being generally filled up on the
recommendation of the remaining members.
The present visitors are—
The Earl of Bradford.
Sir Thos. F. F. Boughey, Bart.
John Cotes, Esq.
Charles B. Borough, Esq.
Rev. J. D. Piggott.
Rev. F. C. Twemlow.
Rev. H. G. Bunsen.
Rev. Edwd. Meredith Longdon.
Rev. J. K. Charlton.
Rev. G. T. O. Bridgeman.
The school comprises three principal classes or divisions,
the upper school, the middle school. and the lower school.
Every boy generally enters into the lower school, which is
under the superintendence of the English master. The
master admits scholars as probationers, but the regular
admission takes place at the quarterly meetings of the
visitors, and under their order. At these meetings the
boys are examined and promoted from the lower to the
upper school. There is in the town an English school,
having some endowments partly from the same founder,
and there is also a national school. The visitors require
that every boy should be able to read tolerably well before
he is admissible to this school.
The number of boys in the school since the year 1850
were as follows:—
|1862, February||58 "|
|" August||63 "|
It is contemplated to appoint a French master specifically
for the teaching of that language, which is not considered at present to be efficiently taught, in which case
the 10l. allowance to the present master and usher will be
The present head master is the Rev. Dr. Saxton, who
was appointed in 1846. His emoluments consist of the
210l. a year, above stated, together with his house rent
free. Each boy pays an admission fee of 2s. 6d., of which,
1s. 6d. goes to the head master, and 1s. to the usher, and
no further payment whatever, either for books or otherwise.
This payment by a recent order of the court of the
Company has been increased to 10s. to be divided in the
same proportion, subject to the sanction of the Charity
The Rev. J. R. Heawood is the second master, and
Mr. R. Crowther the English master.
The schoolhouse consists of a large room for the school,
which affords space for all the classes, and an adjoining
room occupied by the library, which is for the most part
composed of works bequeathed by the founder. The
Company have lately added some modern books of a more
popular kind to be lent to the school boys; about 30l. has
been applied to this purpose.
Both of the masters' houses are of sufficient capacity to
enable them to take boarders.
Several suggestions have been made by the head and
second masters, as well as by Mr. Sandford, for the
improvement of the school. I append their letter to this
report. It has also been proposed to enlarge the area from
which the boys are to be admitted, and to comprise
within it all the parishes in the Newport Union, which
include a part of the county of Stafford.
This would seem to be a very desirable measure. It is
impossible not to feel that the educational results of this
charity are quite disproportioned to the amount of its
income, and to the advantages which a better organization
would afford. Any scheme for the extension of the benefits
of the school should probably be considered in connexion
with the other schools for the poor in Newport, and
especially embracing also arrangements by which the
other endowed school in Newport may be made ancillary
to the educational wants of the parish and district.
The four exhibitioners are appointed by the visitors in
conjunction with the head master.
They receive the 22l. 10s. per annum, and the allowance is tenable for four years. They are paid by the clerk
of the Company on receipt of the certificate of residence.
The present exhibitioners are Hartshorne, Lindop, and B.
and L. Jones.
The school has also jointly with other schools in Shropshire the benefit of a share of the exhibition founded by
Mr. Careswell in 1689, in Christ Church College, Oxford.
The estate of this foundation has, I am informed, been increased in value, and is now administered under a decree of
the Court of Chancery settling a scheme. I have not,
however, been able to ascertain the title of the cause. In
May 1861, the visitors report that Thos. C. Lindop, one of
the scholars of the Newport school was elected to a Careswell
exhibition. The name of the same young man is found in
the list of the exhibitioners under this foundation. I have
been furnished by the head master with a return of the
Careswell exhibitions elected from the Newport school
since 1821. This is contained in a letter containing also
some suggestions for the improvement of the institution, to
which I have before referred, and which I append.
The apprentices are chosen by the head master, minister,
and churchwardens as provided by the statutes. A form
of certificate is forwarded to the clerk of the Company, and
the payment is made to the vestry clerk of the parish of
The premium of apprenticeship is 18l. apiece, as settled
by the Court of Chancery, 1808.
There are four almshouses, each containing a sittingroom and small washhouse below, and a sleeping room
above. The furniture belongs to the inmates.
The almspeople receive 7s. 6d. a week each, under the
scheme of 1808; they are all single persons. The two
houses on one side are occupied by men, and the two on
the other side by women, elected by the parish in vestry;
the allowances are paid by an agent of the clerk of the Company who resides in the town.
The payments to the 20 poor of the Haberdashers'
Company of 3l. 15s. each are made according to the
scheme of 1808. The same recipients are not chosen two
years in succession. The master, wardens, and fifteen
oldest members of the court of assistants who may be
present make the election, each of these gentlemen nominate one person in turn.
The accounts of the charity are made up by the Company to the 24th November (St. Katherine's Day) in every
year. The balance of cash to the credit of the charity on
the 24th November 1861, was 290l. 14s. 9d. The accounts
are not finally made up until February. It has been usual
to invest any balance, but this was not done last year, the
Company having received the rents earlier than usual, are
now in advance upwards of 200l., a balance which constantly fluctuates, and has been in the course of the year
upwards of 400l.
The Company have recently received an application from
the churchwardens, and guardians, and overseers, and other
inhabitants of Adbaston, the parish in which the lands of the
charity are situated, requesting some annual allowance for the
vicar of that parish. The lands, I am informed, were tithe free
under the Local Act of the 12th Car. 2, set out in the report
of the Commissioners of Inquiry (Vol. 5, p. 422). I should
doubt, however, whether this Act would extend to tithes.
It provides that all the lands and hereditaments conveyed
by Adams to the Company for the purposes of the charity
should be at all times therein-after free, discharged and
acquitted of and from the payment of all, every, or any
manner of taxes, assessments, or charges civil or military
whatsoever thereafter to be laid and imposed by authority
of Parliament or otherwise; and that the said manor,
messuages, and premises, and the owners and occupiers
thereof or any of them should not at any time thereafter
be rated, taxed, or assessed to pay any sum or sums of
money or be otherwise charged in any way whatsoever for
or in respect of the said manor, lands, and hereditaments,
or any of them, for or towards any manner of public tax,
assessment, or charge whatsoever." This most remarkable piece of legislation has thus exempted and been held
by the Courts of Law to exempt the estates of the charity
from every public burden. It may be observed, however
that the exemption of tithes is of no importance to the
incumbent as the tithes are in lay hands. The court of the
Company have recently, in the present month (Nov. 1862)
agreed to an allowance of 20l. per annum, if sanctioned by
the Charity Commissioners. The tithes of the parish are in
the hands of a lay impropriator. The vicar has only a
stipend of 90l. a year.
I append documents which have been forwarded to me
by the incumbent and the head master of the school. (fn. 1)
By letters patent of Queen Elizabeth of the 2nd
January 1594 reciting the intention of Thomas Aldersey
to establish a free grammar school in Bunbury, Cheshire,
and for maintaining a preacher and curate, and for the
relief of the poor of Bunbury. It was ordained that there
should be for ever there a free grammar school to be
called "The Free Grammar School of Thomas Aldersey in
Bunbury," to consist of one schoolmaster, and one usher,
and that there should be for ever a preacher, and a vicar
or curate assisting the said preacher for the care of souls,
the master and wardens and the preacher and schoolmaster
to be governors by the name of "The governors of the
possessions and revenues purchased and assigned by
Thomas Aldersey for the maintenance of the free
grammar school, and preacher of the Divine Word, and
the relief of the poor in the parish of Bunbury."
By a lease of the 20th October 1593, Thos. Aldersey
demised to John Aldersey for 500 years at 122l. a year, the
rectory of Bunbury, the tithes within the parishes and
hamlets of Bunbury, Alpeckham, Beston, Tarnton, Calvely,
Wardell, Tirleston, Haughton, Spurstall, Petferton, and
Bowesley in Cheshire.
By a subsequent lease of the 12th November, 1594, the
said Thomas Aldersey demised to Ralph Egerton for 2,000
years at the yearly rental of 8l., all his tithes within the
township of Ridley, in the parish of Bunbury.
And by deed poll of the 28th February 1594, Thomas
Aldersey granted to the governors of the school, the said
rectory of Bunbury and the tithes, etc., adding thereto
Ridley. To hold to the use of the said governors for the
purposes of the said letters patent.
And by a further lease of the 31st March 1595, Thomas
Aldersey demised to the governors for 2,000 years at the
rent of a red rose, all that messuage called the Chantry
House, in Bunbury, and parcels of land containing 7 rods
in length and 4 rods in breadth and all that tenement late
of Thomas Bunbury and the orchard meadow and all that
parcel of land called Barncroft and the fourth part of
Gorston's Croft to be for the better maintenance of the
preacher, schoolmaster, and usher of Bunbury school that
they might be provided with competent dwelling-houses,
and for the better applying themselves to their several
offices. Under these instruments the governors take the
two reserved rents of 122l. and 8l. yearly, making 130l.
a year, both of which arise out of the rectory and tithes
comprised in the gift, and which are now vested in the
representatives and descendant of the lessees.
The governors also take under the instrument of 1595:—
1.—A house, buildings, and lands 23a. 2r. 3p. (subject
to a quit rent of 8s. yearly), occupied by the preacher.
2.—The school house and playground. The house has
been repaired and improved by the aid of a recent
grant from the Committee of Council on Education.
3.—The Chantry house, orchard, garden, and croft
which was directed to be appropriated to the schoolmaster. The schoolmaster, Mr. Baily, appointed
in 1861, has now a cottage and 3a. 0r. 20p. land.
It does not appear whether this is the same house
and land originally appropriated to the schoolmaster.
The present lettings of this property are set forth in
Appendix F to this report.
The master and wardens appointed the preacher or chief
incumbent of Bunbury and also the perpetual curate. The
present preacher is the Rev. W. B. Garnett; who was appointed or presented in 1853, and the present perpetual
curate is the Rev. Wm. Lowe, who was appointed or presented November 1861. On the occasion of the last appointment an estimate was made by the order of the master
and wardens of the income of the vicar and curate. This
estimate I append, marked G, by which it appears that the
total income is about 169l. a year, and that there is a new
vicarage built in 1847, with contributions chiefly from
the governors of Queen Anne's bounty. It appears that no
residence or land was originally assigned for the vicar, the
statutes as to him saying, "that being sole and unmarried
he is to have one room in the preacher's house."
The entire payments out of the funds provided for the
original foundation are:—
|Poor of Bunbury||10||0||0|
|Poor of Haberdashers' Company||3||6||8|
The Haberdashers' Company receive annually from Mr.
Aldersey 3l. 6s. 8d., deducting 15s. 6d. for land tax, and
leaving 2l. 11s. 2d., which is given by the master and
wardens to the poor of the Company together with 4l. 8s. 10d.
supposed to be the dividend on 148l. 1s. 1d., 3l. per cent.
annuities represented as standing in their corporate name.
It appears to have been the habit of the Company to
distribute 7l. a year, in sums of 20s. each, to seven poor
persons of the Company, and this 7l. they ostensibly derive
from the 3l. 6s. 8d., part of the Bunbury tithe rentcharge,
and the dividends of a nominal sum of 148l. 1s. 1d.,
3l. per cent. consols, being part of a larger sum of stock
standing in the name of the Company. The sum of 7l.
and 1l. to the clerk should, however, be the produce of a
separate investment, and not mixed up with the 3l. 6s. 8d.
It appeared primâ facie that the annual payments for the
poor of the Company from this gift had in fact fallen short
of the obligation of the Company by the amount of the
3l. 6s. 8d. a year brought in aid of the attributed dividends.
The Commissioners of Inquiry do not seem to have been
aware of the gift of 300l.; they allude to the 7l. a year
being made up of the 3l. 6s. 8d., and other moneys.
Upon an examination of the instruments, it appeared,
however, that the 3l. 6s. 8d. is in fact given to the Company, and not to the poor of the Company, as is stated in
the Report of the Commissioners of Inquiry (Vol. 10,
p. 194). That Report, in describing the statutes made by
the founder, concludes (line 9 from the bottom), "and
3l. 6s. 8d. among the poor of the Haberdashers' Company." On referring to the statutes, copies of which are
preserved in the books of the Company, it appears that the
same (It. 20), after providing for the application of the
122l., and 8l. for the preacher, curate, usher, schoolmaster,
and poor people, concludes:—"The remainder thereof,
being 3l. 6s. 8d. yearly, to be paid to the master and
wardens of the Haberdashers' Company for the time
being to the use of the said Company."
"Item:—It is ordained by the said T. Aldersey that the
aforesaid 300l. given by him to the Company shall be
either bestowed in lands to the use of the Company, or
otherwise; the same 300l. to be from time to time employed
for the benefit of the brethren of the Company and at their
discretion. And of the profit thereby arising, or by the
revenues of such lands as shall be purchased, that the said
master and wardens in the month of November shall give
and dispose as follows:—Unto seven poor men of the
Company, or unto poor widows of deceased brethren,
20s. a piece, and the other 20s. to the clerk of the Company
for his pains."
The question upon this is, whether the Company ought
not actually to invest 300l. and apply the interest or
dividends, so far as it will go, in payment of 20s. a year to
as many poor men of the Company as it will extend to pay,
or divide the income equally amongst seven; or whether,
as the Company insist, it is sufficient for them to pay
20s. each to seven poor men; such being the limit of their
liability. The question is one of little importance. In the
future accounts the supposititious sum of 148l. 1s. 1d.,
3l. per cent. consols, will be expunged, and the Company
propose to insert in its place a nominal investment of
enough to produce 7l. a year.
The master and wardens have recently abolished or
suspended the office of usher, and appointed Mr. Baily,
the master of the school, with the joint salary of master
and usher, he providing, at his own expense, a proper
qualified teacher. It would appear that a portion of the
land apportioned to the master and usher is now let, and
the income carried into the school accounts, and forms a
portion of the school income. These changes have been
gradual since 1855. It had been recommended to them in
October 1855 to apply for a grant from the Committee of
Council, and submit the school to the Government inspector,
a course, however, of which they did not then approve.
Later, in December 1855, the master and wardens accepted
the recommendation of Mr. Garnett to appoint an usher,
who was a certificated master, and at the same time sanctioned a rule that weekly and quarterly payments should
be taken from boys of a better class, the amount to be left
to the preacher. In July 1856, Mr. Garnett, the preacher,
as visitor of the school, reported that the school, which in
February 1856 contained only 36 pupils, had increased in
June of the same year to 95, of whom about 12 were sons
of farmers, tradesmen, and a professional man paying the
full quarterly charge of 10s., the rest being of the labouring
class paying 2d. a week, and a few free boys. In September
1856 the court overcame its reluctance to admit the interference of the Council and to apply for a grant, which, to
the amount of 50l., together with a small capitation grant,
was subsequently obtained. The school is an example of
the advantage of introducing reasonable capitation charges
into a free school.
The state of the school subsequently in 1856, and its
improvement, and the income or value of the vicarage, will
appear from the documents appended hereto, viz.:—
A.—Report of the Rev. W. B. Garnett, 19th October
B.—Letter of the Rev. W. B. Garnett, 1st September
C.—Reports of the inspector of schools from 1855
D.—Printed report of rules.
E.—Printed account of the school, 1856.
F.—Table of the rents of the school premises.
G.—Printed notice to candidates for the presentation
to the vicarage.
To the Master, Wardens, &c., of the Haberdashers'
October 19th, 1861.
I beg respectfully to present my report upon this
school up to the present time, and the accounts of the
school up to 1st January 1861. I could not finish the
latter sooner, as I waited for the payments of the late
Rev. J. Martin, which I did not receive, as he was in
difficulties, so that the amount due from him is not
The school is in a most flourishing condition, and I am
sure the court will read with pleasure the statement of its
finances, and the tables numbered I. and II. sent herewith,
showing the grades of the parents who send boys to the
school, and also the attendance and age of the boys.
I may also call the attention of the court to the reports
of H.M.'s inspectors for five years, commencing with 1856,
where it is called a "degenerate grammar school," and
ending with that for 1860, our last inspection, where it is
styled this "excellent school." I should feel gratified if
the court will permit these reports to be read before them,
and I feel sure they will then take into favourable consideration my suggestion that the present master, who now
only holds the appointment of usher (though he has had
the entire work of the school, the late head master giving
up his money stipend and retaining a house and land in
accordance with a permission from the court when the
school came under my management), that the present usher,
Mr. Wm. Bailey, be appointed head master, and that the
office of usher be not filled up, that office being now most
efficiently filled by two pupil teachers paid by Government,
and two monitors paid out of the school funds. The
school was intended by the founder to be a free school,
but the original endowment being quite inadequate, your
Worshipful Company sanctioned my making a scale of
payments from the boys. The highest sum is 10s. a quarter,
the lowest 2d. a week. Every boy is admitted by myself,
and I always tell the poorer people that if they really
cannot afford to pay, that their children shall be taught
free, and I am proud to say that I have not a single boy
who avails himself of the privilege. All books, except
copy books, are provided by the school, though I encourage
as much as possible the pupils to purchase books, which,
being their own, they take care of and have for study when
they leave school. By the means that I have adopted,
added to voluntary subscriptions from three of the principal
landowners, I am enabled to give the master a salary of
110l., to provide pupil teachers, defray all expenses, and
have a balance in the bank of 71l. 15s. 7¾d. I may also
mention that we have a drawing master from the Chester
School of Art, who gives a lesson each week of one hour's
duration; he is paid by voluntary contribution from some
of the boys themselves, but the whole school gets the
advantage; and I may mention, as a striking instance of
the attention the lads pay to their work, that out of 26 boys
who competed for prizes last year, given by the Government
School of Science and Art, 24 were successful.
If the new minute of the Privy Council comes into
operation, the master, Mr. Bailey, will lose 33l. per annum,
his guaranteed augmentation by the Government. I shall
then have to consider whether I can make this sum up to
him out of the funds of the school, and I trust that I may
be able to retain him, for his conduct of the school has
been worthy of the highest praise.
I trust that the court will approve of what I have done
as visitor of this school, and I have great pleasure in again
being able to make a favourable report.
I remain, &c.
W. B. Garnett,
Preacher of Bunbury and Visitor of the
Tables above referred to.
|Professional men.||Farmers.||Small tradesmen.||Labourers.||Total.|
|Rates.||10s. a Quarter.||6s. a Quarter.||5s. a Quarter.||3s. a Quarter.||2d. a Week.||1d. a Week.|
Bunbury Rectory, Tarporley,
December 1st, 1862.
In reply to your letter, I beg to furnish you with
the following statement, and shall be glad to afford more
detailed information if necessary.
Thos. Aldersey, haberdasher, of London, in the reign of
Queen Elizabeth, by letters patent made the following
arrangements with regard to the church and schools in
It was ordained that there should be "one preacher of
God's word," with a salary of 100 marks, a house, and
about 28 acres of land.
"One vicar or curate assistant to the same," with a
salary of 20l., and if not objected to by the preacher, a
lodging in the preacher's house.
One schoolmaster, who was to have for his salary 20l.
and the chauntrey house.
And one usher, who was to have 10l. and a house.
These money payments are now paid by Thos. Aldersey,
Esq., of Aldersey, high sheriff of the county, to those
holding the respective offices. Mr. Aldersey is lessee for
|Preacher, Rev. W. B. Garnett, M.A.||66||13||4|
|Vicar or curate, Rev. W. Lowe||20||0||0|
|Master||Mr. W. Bailey||30||0||0|
|A sum of ten pounds to poor of the
parish, at discretion of preacher,
schoolmaster, and wardens||10||0||0|
The full value of the tithes was at that time 127l.,
which the founder distributed amongst the officers as
stated above. The balance of 1l., or thereabouts, he gave
to the poor of the Haberdashers' Company.
The tithes now are worth some 1,000l. a year, but the
payments of those who do the work, alas, continues as in
the time of Elizabeth.
However, the payments are all duly made. The ten
pounds to the poor of the parish has been, I believe, added
to other parish monies, and distributed on St. Thomas'
Day; but I have written to the agent to pay it to me and
the master, so that we may be able to give an accurate
account of its distribution according to the founder's
direction "that it be distributed by the preacher, schoolmaster, &c."
For an account of the houses and land under the endowment, see Note (A.) F.
I come now more especially to the grammar school,
which when I came to Bunbury I found in a useless condition, see Note B., a. b., where it is described by Her
Majesty's Inspector, Rev. J. P. Norris, as "a degenerate
grammar school of very little use indeed." I obtained
permission from the Haberdashers' Company to re-organise
the school, I being, by virtue of my office of preacher, the
visitor of the school.
I prepared a scheme, which I submitted to the
parishioners and to the Haberdashers' Company, which is
stated in Note C.
The school was intended by the founder to be free, but
owing to the poverty of the endowment it was quite impossible to obtain masters for the stipends allotted. It
became necessary then to organise a scale of payments
which was proposed to and approved by a parish. Indeed
for years, when the Rev. Mr. Martin was head master
1l. 1s. a year was charged.
I, accordingly, taking into consideration the amount of
the endowments, endeavoured so to arrange the scale of
payments, that all in the parish might receive a share of the
benefit. In this, I think I have been most successful;
though had I again to make the arrangement, I should
raise the payments of the better classes of the people to one
At this rate the school would be actually self supporting.
At present, we receive 30l. per annum from voluntary
contributions, and the voluntary payments are requisite in
order that we may obtain Government grants.
As to the efficiency of the school, I will merely refer you
to the seven reports, Note B., of Her Majesty's Inspectors
for the seven years during which the school has existed in
its improved form. But when I say that it furnishes an
excellent education to the children of the farmers and professional men, including my own (for I have three sons
there), and at the same time affords the same advantages to
the boys of the poorest person in the parish, I think that its
present state will be appreciated.
I would observe further, in reference to the payments of
the pupils, that I myself admit each applicant, and in
doing so I ask every poor person whether they can afford
to pay the sum charged (2d. a week), at the same time
telling them that if they can honestly state that they
cannot really pay that sum we will take their children free.
I am pleased to say that we have not, at present, one free
boy on the books.
I may also state, in confirmation of the reports of Her
Majesty's Inspectors, and of myself, that we this week
received an application from a Commission under the
French Government to afford them statistics of the working
of this school.
You make inquiry as to a sum of 18l. 14s. 2d. under the
head of endowment. When I re-organised the school, I
found that the then head master, the Reverend John
Martin, late vicar, held his office of master as a sinecure,
paying to the usher his share of the endowment paid by
Mr. Aldersey, and retaining in his own hands the house
and land attached to the head master's post.
This arrangement I did not alter. Mr. Martin continued to pay to the funds of the school the 20l. (less
income tax, which I suppose accounts for the 18l. 14s. 2d.)
and to retain the premises.
At his death, in September 1861, I recommended the
Haberdashers' Company to unite the two offices of head
master and usher, which they decided to do during their
pleasure. But that the school may not suffer from want
of an usher, we have two pupil teachers and two paid
monitors, so more than supplying his place.
Out of the endowment and general funds, I pay
Mr. Bailey, the head master, salary 100l., in lieu of house
10l., head master's stipend 20l. = 130l. The remainder is
spent on the general expenses of the school, and the
balance reserved for a fund for rebuilding it when it shall
have arrived at a sum sufficient to warrant our making the
In addition to the reports of Her Majesty's Inspectors
on the condition of the school, I append also their endorsements of the master's certificate.
I also send a list from which you will at once see the
numbers out of each rank attending the school, and their
respective payments; also the average attendance of
those who pay the highest fees, and also of those paying
I trust that this statement may be satisfactory; if it is
not sufficiently complete I shall be happy to supply any
omissions. If the Charity Commissioners come to any
decision upon the matter, I would suggest that there
should be a provision by which the scale of fees might be
raised as circumstances required.
The alteration in the Educational Code, which is about
to come into operation may injuriously affect our means.
I believe that the school now is fulfilling to the utmost
the intention of the founder.
Before I conclude, I will draw your attention to the fact
that in the statutes allusion is made to the education of
"women children" in the school. For this purpose we
have a separate national school for girls and young boys,
at which about 100 children are taught.
In the hopes that what has been done will meet with
W. B. Garnett.
I see there is an enquiry to be carried on at Haberdashers' Hall. on Saturday next. May I ask that this
statement may be given to the Commissioner for his
Reports on the Aldersey Grammar School by Her
Rev. J. P. Norris, 22nd November 1855.
Schoolroom, a spacious room; floor, tiled. Playground
unenclosed. Residence, two cottages belonging to trust.
Desks loose, of a clumsy heavy form, placed against the
wall. The clergyman is the master, the school being conducted by his usher. It is about to be re-organised as soon
as the consent of the Haberdashers' Company shall have
been obtained. It is proposed to make it a model school
for farmers' and labourers' children combined.
P.S. 1856.—This has been done very successfully. The
school is now under a certificated master.
Rev. J. P. Norris, 25th November 1856.
Last year I visited this school under the old regime, a
degenerate grammar school of very little use indeed. This
year I find it re-organised, under a most promising
certificated master, trained at Welshpool and Battersea
(Mr. Bailey), who is carrying it on after the most approved
methods as a model school for farmers' children, combined with those of labourers. He is prepared to teach
Latin to any whose parents may desire it. The school
appears to be already very popular, and the results are
strikingly good, considering the short time the master has
Rev. J. P. Norris, 11th November 1857.
My examination of this school was most satisfactory.
Instead of the decrepit grammar school of former years,
the parish has now a prosperous and efficient school of
elementary education, in the higher classes of which the
farmers' sons are receiving an excellent commercial training.
The first class not having been grounded by Mr. Bailey,
are unequally advanced in some respects, but they have
caught the hearty spirit with which their master does his
work, and are making good progress. The singing and
drill are excellent. I wish the building was more worthy
of the school.
Rev. J. P. Norris, 4th November 1858.
This school has passed an excellent examination. It is
rapidly winning for itself a place among the best schools
of my district. Twenty of the boys are farmers' sons,
paying 10s. a quarter, and twenty of them were over
14 years of age. The sum arising from pence last year was
80l. Thus it may be instanced as a very successful as the
King's Somborne type of school. It is highly to be
desired that the girls' school in the same village would be
Rev. S. J. G. Fraser, 20th October 1859.
The admirable order of this school is highly creditable to
Mr. Bailey's skill and power of command. The children
render a cheerful and willing obedience, and show great
interest in the subjects of instruction. Mr. Bailey has
succeeded in obtaining a high level of attainments, and in
inducing habits of thoughtfulness and industry. I was
well pleased with the results of my examination, especially
with the command of thought and expression shown by the
Rev. J. P. Norris, 7th November 1860.
This excellent school is going on most satisfactorily. I
only wish the building were more worthy of the teacher
and his work. The first class consists chiefly of farmers'
and tradesmen's sons. They learn Latin or algebra and
book-keeping, besides the usual subjects. Both this class
and the second passed a very good examination in
religious knowledge, English grammar, and arithmetic.
The order and discipline are excellent. Mr. Bailey
conducts the school with energy and ability. That the
parents appreciate his work is shown by the fact that the
school fees last year reached the sum of 97l.
More than half the school are labourers' children, paying
twopence a week and under.
Rev. S. J. G. Fraser, 4th December 1861.
This school is still as cleverly conducted as ever, and the
results are most satisfactory. The attainments are of a
high average, and the boys use their knowledge with considerable facility and intelligence. The order is very good.
The average attendance is 88 per cent. of the number who
have attended, and the number of boys who have attended
at least 176 days is 68. These good results are very creditable to the school.
Reports on Mr. Bailey's Certificate.
N.B.—A schoolmaster on leaving the training college is
classed, but does not receive his parchment certificate until
he has been two years in charge of a school. Mr. Bailey,
at the end of two years, received the highest certificate
which is granted to any teacher until he has been seven
years principal teacher of a school, viz., First Division of
Class II. The following was the report on Mr. Bailey by
the Rev. J. P. Norris, Her Majesty's Inspector of Schools:
—"Mr. Bailey has shown already that the possesses more
than ordinary qualifications for the work of a teacher."
Report by Rev. J. P. Norris, 4th November 1858.
"Mr. Bailey's school is steadily advancing. He has
interested his boys in their work, and given them habits of
Report by Rev. S. J. G. Fraser, 20th October 1859.
"The instruction is soundly given, and the attainments
of the scholars are well advanced. The general tone of the
school is good, and the order excellent."
Report by Rev. J. P. Norris, 7th November 1860.
"The school has passed an excellent examination
throughout, and the general order is most satisfactory."
Report by Rev. S. J. G. F e, 4th December 1861.
"The attainments of the boys are of a high average, and
the general order excellent."
Report by Rev. A. T. Bonner, 27th November 1862.
"The condition is excellen in respect of both order and
attainments, and reflects much credit on Mr. Bailey's ability
Table showing the class of Children in the School,
and the Fees paid by them.
|Professional Gentlemen.||Farmers.||Tradesmen.||Small Tradesmen, Artizans, or Labourers.|
|10s. per Quarter.||6s. per Quarter.||5s. per Quarter.||3s. per Quarter.||2d. per Week.||1d. per Week.|
Table showing a Comparison between the better and
poorer Boys as to Attendance and Age (for Year
ending 31st October 1862).
Average number of days attended by poorer boys = 168.1.
Average age = 11.0.
Average number of days attended by better boys = 166.4.
Average age = 11.2.
Average attendance for year ending 31st October 1861
= 88.1 per cent. (fn. 2)
Average attendance for year ending 31st October 1862
= 87.5 per cent. (fn. 2)
Bunbury Aldersey Grammar School.
This school will open on Monday, the 4th of February,
under the superintendence of Mr. W. Bailey, certificated
master, of Battersea Training College, London.
The school was intended by the founder to afford a free
education for the children of the parish and neighbourhood,
but the salary arising from the old endowment being insufficient to secure the services of a competent master, it
was agreed at a public meeting of the parishioners that
payments should be received from the children attending
The visitor, the Rev. W. B. Garnett, has received permission from the governors, the Haberdashers' Company,
to re-organise the school in such a manner as to meet the
requirements of the present time, provided the master
selected bears a Certificate of Merit. It has, therefore, been
his object to place the school in such a position as to
afford the best possible education at a reasonable charge.
The course of instruction will embrace the following
subjects:—Scripture, reading, writing, grammar, history,
geography, Latin, music, agricultural chemistry, bookkeeping, arithmetic, mensuration, land-surveying, algebra,
mechanics, and geometry.
The visitor confidently hopes from the position held by
Mr. Bailey on the list of Queen's Scholars, from his Certificate of Merit (1st Class) in his first year, and from the
high testimonials he has received of him, that he will be
able to impart instruction in the foregoing subjects, so as
to give satisfaction to the parishioners.
School hours will be from 9 o'clock till 12 in the
morning, and from. 2 o'clock till 5 in the afternoon. In
the winter months the school in the afternoon will open
at half-past 1 o'clock, the time of leaving being at the
discretion of the master.
Every Saturday will be a whole holiday.
Terms of Admission.
1. A few boys, the children of poor widows, or of parents
whose circumstances render them quite unable to
pay the the lowest fee, will be admitted free at the
discretion of the visitor; and it is earnestly
requested that none who can afford to pay will
apply for a free admission.
2. Children of labourers will be admitted at 2d. a
3. Children of farmers renting less than 40 acres of land
and of small tradesmen, will be received upon payment of six shillings a quarter.
4. Children of farmers and tradesmen, not included
in No. 3, will be admitted at ten shillings a
In cases where two or more children of the same family
attend the school, the first only will be charged the full
price, every additional child being admitted at half-price.
All payments must be made in advance; the quarterly
payments at the commencement of each quarter, and the
weekly payments on each Monday.
The above charges include slates, pencils, pens, all
books (except writing books), &c.
It is hoped that these charges will meet the approbation
of the parishioners; but should any cases present themselves to which the foregoing rates do not strictly apply,
the visitor will be happy to make a special arrangement.
1. All scholars must be kept clean and tidy, and attend
school with regularity. It is particularly requested,
should any child through sickness or any urgent
cause be unable to attend the school, that notice to
that effect be given to the master, either by a note
from the parent, or a message by a grown-up person.
Absence without leave from the master, cannot on
any account be permitted.
2. The scholars must attend regularly, on Sundays, the
place of worship selected by their parents.
3. Those parents who wish their children to be admitted
to the school are requested to call at the Rectory,
on any morning between the hours of nine and
(Signed) W. B. Garnett.
Bunbury Aldersey Grammar School. Receipts and Disbursements for the Year ending December 31st, 1856.
|Marquis of Cholmondeley||10||0||0|
|J. Tollemache, Esq.||25||0||0|
|Mr. Catherall (Chester)||1||1||0|
|T. Cawley, Esq.||1||0||0|
|T. Aldersey, Esq.||10||0||0|
|Dowager Mrs. Aldersey||10||0||0|
|A. H. Davenport, Esq.||10||0||0|
|To annual subscriptions||40||0||0|
|Rev. J. Martin||18||14||2|
|Rents of cottages (¾ year)||7||16||0|
|" fields (½ year)||1||7||6|
|" Committee of Council on Education:|
|Grant towards floor, desks, &c.||50||0||0|
|" school pence:|
|Sale of books||6||4||0|
|" Mr. Large (for boards)||0||5||0|
|By master's salary||90||0||0|
|" books, maps, &c.:||£||s.||d.|
|Com. of C. on Education||13||4||7¾|
|Soc. for promoting Christian
|" Mr. Bunce||84||11||4½|
|" " Walton||0||10||3|
|" " Dutton, glazier||5||4||7|
|" " Oakley||0||7||0|
|" Mrs. Elson||1||2||7|
|" carriage of coals, &c.||0||6||11|
|" rent of playground||4||0||0|
|" expenses to London||5||0||0|
|To balance in hand||0||12||9¼|
|Number of boys admitted during the past year||124|
|" " left " "||13|
|" " on Register, December 31st, 1856||111|
W. B. Garnett, Visitor.
Bunbury Aldersey Grammar School.
|Chauntrey House||Benjn. Cook||Head Masters.||10||0||0|
|Heath Field allotment||S. Dodd||1||10||0|
|Usher's house||Saml. Kirkham||4||4||0|
|In two dwellings||J. Harding||5||5||0|
|Small field||B. Cook||1||0||0|
|Small allotment||S. Dodd||0||14||0|
Income from all sources, including Government grant,
endowment, scholars' payments, and voluntary subscriptions for 1861, 170l. 19s.
Vicarage or Curacy of Bunbury, near
The vicar or curate of the parish of Bunbury is appointed
by the Worshipful Company of Haberdashers, under a
charter granted by Queen Elizabeth on the request of
Thomas Aldersey, Esq., by which it is ordained that there
shall be for ever appointed "a preacher of the Divine word,
and also a vicar or curate to the same preacher, assistant,
for the observation of the cure of souls and divine
ministration within the parish."
The present preacher is the Rev. W. B. Garnett. The
estimated annual value of the vicarage or curacy is as
|Rentcharge on land||14||0||0|| (fn. 3) |
|Land, now let for||24||0||0|
|Dividends on 942l. 10s. 1d.,
Reduced 3l. per Cent. Annuities, from Queen Anne's
|Estimated value of house,
garden, and paddock||60||0||0|
|Total estimated gross income||£169||5||6|
The vicarage house is a good one. It was built in 1847.
There is a district church and a chapel within the parish,
and the care of other portions of the parish is also provided
for, whereby the population under the charge of the vicar
or curate numbers about 1,800 only, but it is widely
Under the charter, the vicar is removable by the Haberdashers' Company for absence from his duties for 30 days
in the year, and for other misconduct, also for undertaking
any other charge.
Applications from candidates, with original testimonials,
must be sent in, addressd to the clerk, on or before Monday,
the 11th of November instant.
Jno. Curtis, Clerk.
Gresham Street West, London, E.C.,
November 1, 1861.
Rev. W. Lowe.
Thomas Arnold, prior to 1669, gave to the Company a
rentcharge of 26l. out of lands at Islington for them to
distribute to 20 poor men at St. Katherine's tide, for ever,
as Sir Nicholas Rainton directed by his will. The charge
is payable out of the lands mentioned in the decree of the
court referred to by the Commissioners of Inquiry, comprising the "Angel" Inn at Islington. It is paid by
Messrs. Child, the bankers, on account of Mr. George
Thornhill, or his representatives. The whole sum of 26l.
is now paid without deduction of land tax, and is distributed in donations of 1l. 6s. to 20 poor persons of the
Company, in the month of October of every year. (fn. 4)
Robert Aske, by will of the 18th January 1688, gave to
the Haberdashers' Company 20,000l. to be laid out in the
purchase of land within one mile of London, to build an
almshouse for 20 poor single men free of the Company, and
to buy so much land as thereout might be paid to each
poor man 20l. per annum; and the remainder of the money
which should not be disbursed at the finishing of the
houses and the purchase of the said land, was to be laid
out in land for the maintenance of so many poor boys as
the remainder of the said money would produce at 20l. each
for meat, drink, clothing, and schooling. And the testator
gave the residue of his estate to the Company for the
maintenance of the said charity.
And by a codicil of the 20th January 1688, the testator
appointed the master wardens and assistants of the Company to be governors of the said hospital, and directed that
the 20 poor boys should be freemen's sons of the Company,
and if it happened thereafter that any of the revenues
should fall short the same should be deducted out of the
income for the poor boys.
By an Act of Parliament passed the 20th December
1690, the master and wardens of the Company were made
a corporate body by the style of "Governors of the possessions and revenues of the hospital at Hoxton, of the
foundation of Robert Aske."
By the evidence taken before the Commissioners of
Inquiry (Vol. 2, p. 127, and Appendix, p. 286), it was
represented that the governors under the will and under
certain ancillary bequests, became possessed of the sum of
31,905l. 1s., of which nearly 4,000l. was absorbed by
legacies, debts, and charges, and that out of the residue
there was laid out—
|In the erection and furnishing of the hospital||11,787||6||7|
|In the purchase of land at Hoxton, in the parish of St. Leonard, Shoreditch||2,000||0||0|
|In the purchase of the Kent estates||13,211||6||0|
It is difficult to reconcile this account with the tables
then laid before the Commissioners, but it would be vain at
this distance of time to re-open the inquiry.
With reference to the hospital and the estates, and their
present condition, it may be stated, broadly, that the
hospital including the chapel, school, officers' residences,
and almshouses have been rebuilt, since the report of the
Commissioners of Inquiry, at an expense which would seem
not to fall greatly short of 18,000l. that the Hoxton estate
has been entirely let on building leases (except the portion
occupied by the hospital), and that the property is now
covered with upwards of 500 houses, the leases of many of
which are about to expire, and all of which will have fallen
into hand in little more than 20 years from this time, that
the Kentish estates consist of somewhat less than 2,000
acres of which nearly one-fourth is leasehold of the Dean
and Chapter of Canterbury, and the lease will expire in
about 13 years, the Chapter having declined to accept a fine
for renewal as heretofore, and the governors of the charity
having resolved not to adopt the alternative of enfranchisement, but to let the lease run out.
The freehold portion of the Kent estate is as follows:—
|1. Butterland farm in the parish
of Kings North, a good
farm house and new barn
built in 1855 at a cost of
640l., and other farm buildings, and the old farm
house converted into cottages, and 584a. 2r. 39p. of
land let to Wm. Scott, for
21 years from Michaelmas
|and interest on the 640l.
at 5 per cent.||32||0||0|
|Subject to a deduction of 15l.
per annum for drain tiles||15||0||0|
|In the report of the Commissioners of
Inquiry (Vol. 2, Appendix, p. 289) the
farm is stated to be 448a. 2r. 34p. In
1848, 41a. 3r. 5p. of land adjoining
was purchased at the price of 2,150l.
out of the purchase money for 16a. 3r.
11p. taken by the Hastings and Ashford Railway Company (London and
South Eastern) for 2,200l.|
|2. Park Farm in the parish of Kings
North, a farmhouse and buildings
and 294a. 1r. 14p. of land, let to Wm.
Hart for 21 years from Michaelmas
|3. Lime Kiln Farm in the same parish, and
a farmhouse and farm buildings and
90a. 2r. 22p. of land, let to Horace
Wills for 12 years from Michaelmas
|and Interest on 229l. 9s. 9d.
expended in draining||11||9||4|
|4. Singleton Farm in the parish of Great
Chart, and a good farmhouse with a
moat and buildings and 246a. 1r. 16p.
of land, let to Clarke Wills for 14 years
from Michaelmas 1854||250||0||0|
|Interest on 250l. expended in draining||12||10||0|
|5. Bevenden Farm in the same parish, a
new house and buildings and cottages
made of the old farmhouse and a brick
granary and 143a. 1r. 35p. land let to
Henry Buss for 21 years from
|Interest on 394l. 3s. 4d. expended in
|6. The woods in the parishes of Kings
North, Great Chart, and Buckinge,
182a. 2r. 5p., average receipts for
timber and underwood for 14 years||219||0||0|
|The leasehold property held under the
Dean and Chapter of Canterbury, of
which the last renewal was obtained
in Michaelmas 1854 at a fine of
968l. 12s. 6d., is as follows:—|
|7. Chart Court Lodge and Court Reed
Farm in the parish of Great Chart.
The Old Manor House and the Court
Reed Farmhouse and buildings and
373a. 2r. 14p. of land, let to Henry
Andrews for 14 years from Michaelmas
|Interest on 170l. 3s. 6d. laid out in
|8. Worting Mill in the same parish, a water
corn mill and dwelling house and farm
buildings and 38a. 0r. 24p. of land, let
to Henry Andrews for 14 years from
|The tenant is holding over with the
consent of the Company.|
|Interest on money expended on the
mills, and in draining pipes||5||13||0|
|9. Prior's Mead in the same parish, a
meadow containing 1a. 3r. 1p., let to
the Dean of Norwich, the Rector of
Great Chart, tenant from year to year||4||10||0|
|10. Rowfrith and Hele Wood containing
27a. 2r. 33p. wood land. The Company having the underwood but not
the timber. The underwood is cut
about every 12 years, and used chiefly
for hop poles. This is included in the
average of the produce of the woods.|
The total acreage of the Kent estate, according to the
latest leases and reports is, freehold land, including the
woods, 1,542a. 0r. 11p., and of the leasehold, including the
woods, 441a. 0r. 12p., making together 1,983a. 0r. 23p.
The property includes the manor of King's North, but
there are no manorial rights or receipts.
The outgoings on this estate:—
|Leasehold rents to the dean and chapter||19||13||2|
|In the year 1861 the expenses of draining
on the four farms, exclusive of the 15l.
allowed to the tenant of Butterland, was
92l. 8s. 3d.|
|In the same year, the cost of a new cart shed
at Norton Mill was 43l. 4s. 6d., and other
repairs 3l. 3s. 11d., which should of course
be considered as annual charges (expenses
on other estates in 1861, 18l.) say yearly||140||0||0|
|Labour and expenses in the
woods and nursery||140||15||0|
|Trenches and planting, etc.|
|Rates and taxes on the woods and
|Cartage of timber, timber flaying,
grubbing, manure, bailiff, etc.,
draining pipes, being expenses
generally referrable to the
|Making the total disbursements on the woods||209||9||6|
|It thus appears that the wood lands, considerable as is the quantity of land which they
comprise, really produce to the charity no
more than about 10l. a year.|
|The insurance on the farm buildings, in seven
different policies for an amount in the
whole of 16,300l.||57||1||1|
|The deputation and receiving rents:—|
|Three members of the Company once in two
years, and the clerk twice a year, visit the
estates. The latter receives the rents.|
|There are dinners to the tenants
on these half-yearly receipt of
|1860—The receipt of rents by the
clerk without the deputation||28||12||5|
|The surveyor receives a commission, say
annually of 5l. per cent. on the amount of
rents and the produce of the underwood.
The present surveyor is Mr. Dickson, he
surveys and superintends the farms, and
reports to the Company twice every year,
and he also makes occasional visits as circumstances require||66||1||7|
Taking, therefore, the gross produce of the Kent estate to
be 2,149l., and outgoings specially chargeable on that estate
to be 535l. the net income of the Kentish property under
the management of the Company would be 1,614l.
The Hoxton estate is described in the report of the
Commissioners of Inquiry, Appendix (p. 287), as about 21
acres of land. It is situated within the parish of St.
Leonard's, Shoreditch, and it is now entirely covered with
buildings. The property is bounded on the north by
Bevenden Street, and Aske Terrace, and Pimlico Walk;
on the west by a road called East Road, which leads to the
City Road; on the south by property behind or lying south
of Park Street, belonging to, by a section
of Great Chart Street and property abutting at the back
of Great Chart Street and the (closed) burial ground of the
Company, thence eastward by a line drawn towards the
north along Pittfield Street and Haberdashers' Walk, and
again on the south by property behind and abutting at the
back of Ashford Street, and thence again eastward by Fontain's Soap Manufactory, and again southward by property
abutting at the back of East Street, and again eastward to
a line drawn irregularly from a point about 20 ft. from High
Street, Hoxton, to a place called Pound's Buildings, and
thence joining the northern boundary in Pimlico Walk near
the Britannia Theatre.
The chapel, schoolhouse, and houses for the chaplain,
schoolmaster, and matron, with the open ground in the
front and the rear occupying a space of about 230ft. frontage
in Haberdashers' Walk, and about 283ft. in depth. The
present buildings do not stand exactly on the site of the
former buildings. The almshouse and other buildings
originally formed one long line covering a space which
now forms the east end of Buttesland Street, and a part
of the north-east corner of the buildings from that Street.
The old buildings were pulled down in 1822, and the new
buildings were completed in 1827. The old materials were
sold for 3,185l.
The estimated expense of repairing the building, was to
have been 6,860l., and the removal of the old buildings was
supposed to afford a better opportunity of laying out the
The Commissioners of Inquiry report that the Company
had accumulated a fund of 4,500l. to meet repairs and
fines (Vol. 2, p. 129).
The entire cost of the new buildings including sewers,
extra walls, architect, etc., is stated to have been 15,699l.
—thus considerably exceeding the estimate. The expense
was met by a sale of the accumulated consols then belonging to the charity which had increased to—
|making||7,188||3 per cent. consols.|
These sums of stock were sold and produced 6,454l. 14s. 6d.
The governors borrowed of the Company at various times
sums of stock, on account of the charity, making together
12,669l. 15s. 5d. 3 per cent. consols, which is stated to
have produced 10,482l. 6s. 3d. cash, and adding that sum
to the 6,454l. 14s. 6d. cash, and the fund arising from the
sale of the materials, the total expenditure would seem to
be about 20,000l., the accuracy of which at this distance of
time it is not easy to test.
The actual cost of the new hospital and works connected
with it, as it appears in the account books was:—
|Extra works, etc.||317||0||0|
|Boundary walls to the back of the hospital
and burial ground||814||0||0|
|Sewer in front||356||0||0|
|Levelling and laying out ground, clerk of
the works, etc.||630||0||0|
|Fittings up and furniture, clock and
|Net Architect's charges||1,575||0||0|
The sum produced by the stock, which is not thus
accounted for went into the general balance.
It must be stated that the governors undertook the rebuilding and laying out of the land and charging the charity
estate, upon their own authority, without any application
to the Court of Chancery or other sanction.
The Hoxton estate was let upon building leases, for
various terms varying from about 50 to 65 years, under
which 529 houses were built; whereon an aggregate ground
rental was reserved of 1,432l. 11s.
I subjoin a table of the leases, and of the holdings under
them, as they lately appeared upon an account forwarded to
Rental of the Hoxton Estate.
|Houses 7 and 10 to 15, East Street||J. Wilkinson||49½ years, from Ladyday 1823||15||10||0|
|Nos. 1 to 24 and 32 to 51, Singleton Street||F. Hooper||65 " " Christmas 1829||188||10||0|
|" 28 to 30, Buttesland Street||F. W. Gerish||65 " " Christmas 1834||0||10||0|
|" 1 to 16, Great Chart Street, and Nos. 1 and 2, Haberdashers Walk||J. Emanuel||61 " " Midsummer 1834||60||0||0|
|" 14 and 15, East Road||W. Walker||65 " " Christmas 1829||0||10||0|
|No. 16, East Road||F. W. Gerish||Same term||9||0||0|
|Nos. 56 to 59, Buttesland Street||J. Stone||61 years, from Christmas 1829||9||12||0|
|No. 3, Haberdashers' Place, East||J. J. Stephens||54¼ " " Midsummer 1818||4||10||0|
|Nos. 54 and 55, Singleton Street||A. Tillett||61 " " Midsummer 1824||6||4||0|
|No. 62, Buttesland Street||T. Rotton||Same term||0|
|Nos. 60 and 61, Great Chart Street||T. Hanson||"||0|
|No. 39, Buttesland Street||H. Greely||"||0|
|Nos. 38 and 39, Great Chart Street||T. Neave||"||8||0||0|
|" 25 and 26, Bevendon Street||W. S. Reynolds||"||10||0||0|
|" 2 to 5, Haberdashers Place, West, and 1
to 8 and 19 to 23, Haberdashers
Street||J. Jones||61 years, from Midsummer 1802||5||10||0|
|" 40 to 49, Ashford Street||W. Bennett||59 " " Michaelmas 1813||27||10||0|
|No. 34, Ashford Street||J. Paynter||59½ " " Ladyday 1813||4||0||0|
|Nos. 17, 33, and 35, Ashford Street||J. Hall||Same term||12||0||0|
|" 9 and 10, Ashford Street||T. Dunston||54¼ years, from Midsummer 1818||8||0||0|
|" 3, 7, and 8, Ashford Street||T. Ordway||55¼ " " Midsummer 1817||8||5||0|
|" 37 to 42, Aske Street||C. Looseley||59¼ " " Midsummer 1813||15||9||0|
|" 10 to 11, " "||C. Jones||60 " " Michaelmas 1823||6||0||0|
|No. 9, " "||M. Carter||Do.||2||15||0|
|Nos. 3, 4, and 5, Robert Street||S. Henny||54 years, from Michaelmas 1818||9||0||0|
|No. 42, " "||T. White||55 " " " 1817||2||15||0|
|" 41, " "||S. Tasker||Do.||2||15||0|
|Nos. 31 and 32 and 43 and 45, Robert Street||Holdom and Simmons||52 years, from Michaelmas 1820||8||5||0|
|" 26 to 28, Robert Street||R. Honeychurch||61 " " Midsummer 1822||6||0||0|
|No. 25, Robert Street||W. Hurt||60 " " " 1823||3||0||0|
|" 3, Aske Terrace||W. Watkins' executors||57 " " " 1806||1||0||0|
|Nos. 1 and 2, Aske Terrace||W. Whiting||Do.||2||0||0|
|" 29 and 31, Ashford Street||S. Collins||53½ years, from Ladyday 1819||8||0||0|
|" 18 to 23, Ashford Street||Wm. Hanley||52¼ years, from Midsummer 1820||50||15||0|
|" 12 to 23, Aske Street|
|" 34 to 36, Aske Street|
|No. 16, Ashford Street||J. Wilkinson||53½ years, from Ladyday 1819||4||0||0|
|Nos. 14 and 15, Ashford Street||T. Trendall||53¼ " " Midsummer 1819||8||0||0|
|No. 11, Ashford Street||J. Carter||54½ " " " 1818||4||0||0|
|Nos. 43 and 44, Ashford Street||J. Wilson||51 " " Michaelmas 1821||7||10||0|
|" 23 to 25, Ashford Street||L. Child||50½ " " Ladyday 1822||6||0||0|
|" 6 to 8, Ashford Street||R. Weston||58¼ " " Midsummer 1825||7||2||0|
|" 4 to 7, Kingsworth Place||J. Pullen||50½ " " " 1820||11||0||0|
|No. 30, Robert Street||W. Cleak||47¾ " " Christmas 1824||2||15||0|
|" 29, " "||J. Cloutman||51½ " " March 1821||2||15||0|
|" 19, " "||J. Aspin||55 " " Michaelmas 1817||4||0||0|
|" 28, Robert Street, and No. 1, East Street||W. Holcombe||59¼ " " Midsummer 1813||6||0||0|
|" 16, East Street||J. Greed||50 " " Michaelmas 1822||4||0||0|
|" 11, " "||W. Paice||53 " " " 1819||4||0||0|
|Nos. 7 and 14, East Street||T. Comerford||51 " " " 1821||7||0||0|
|No.2, " "||E. Joyne||54½ " " March 1818||4||0||0|
|" 12, Haberdashers Place, East||M. Dickie||54¼ " " Midsummer 1818||4||11||0|
|Nos. 6 to 9, Haberdashers Place, East||J. Jeffery||54 " " Michaelmas 1818||17||13||0|
|No. 3, Haberdashers Place, East, and Nos. 1 to 3, Aske Street||J. Young||Do.||9||15||0|
|Nos. 41 to 43, Great Chart Street||J. Cuff||61 years, from Midsummer 1824||12||0||0|
|No. 40, " "||R. Hall||Do.||4||0||0|
|" 37, " "||P. W. Field||Do.||4||0||0|
|Nos. 30 and 31, " "||E. J. W. Shepherd||Do.||8||0||0|
|No. 27 " "||T. Eldridge||Do.||4||0||0|
|Nos. 25, 26, 28, 29, 33 to 36, Great Chart
Street, and Nos. 7 and 10, East Road||E. F. Yates||61 years, from Midsummer 1824||3||6||0|
|The Cottage at the north corner of Park
|No. 21, Bevendon Street||G. Hughes||Do.||5||0||0|
|Nos. 19 and 20, Bevendon Street||J. Power||Do.||10||0||0|
|No. 11, " "||E. Messenger||Do.||5||0||0|
|Nos. 5 and 6, " "||T. Brand||Do.||10||0|
|No. 24, Haberdasher Street||J. Chaplin||57¼ years, from March 1807||4||10|
|Nos. 13 to 17, Haberdasher Street||M. Jones||56¼ " " " "||1||15||0|
|No. 10, " "||G. Britton||Do.||4||10||0|
|No. 9, Haberdashers Street, and 9, Haberdashers Place, W.||J. Holcombe||56 years, from Midsummer 1807||9||10||0|
|No. 8, Haberdashers Place, W.||W. Leese||56½ " " Christmas 1806||1||0||0|
|" 7, " "||S. Pay||Do.||1||0||0|
|" 6, " "||G. Heslop||57 years, from Midsummer 1806||1||0||0|
|Nos. 16 and 17, Aske Terrace||H. Reeves||Do.||10||10||0|
|No. 14, " "||T. Leonard||Do.||5||5||0|
|Nos. 12, 13, 17, and 18, Robert Street||R. Honeychurch||49½ years, from March 1823||2||15||0|
|No. 6, " "||J. Brettell||51 " " Michaelmas 1821||4||10||0|
|Nos. 5, 8, 13, 36, and 37 " "||J. Stiles||53 " " " 1819||13||15||0|
|" 14 and 15, Haberdashers Place, East||J. Edwards||54½ " " March 1818||9||13||0|
|" 26 and 27, East Road||W. Johnson||61 " " Midsummer 1824||12||0||0|
|No. 75, Buttesford Street||W. Oliver||Do.||6||0||0|
|" 63, " "||M. Downing||61 years, from 1824||7||0||0|
|Nos. 3 and 4, East Street Road||D. Gibbs||61 years, from 1824||12||0||0|
|" 1 and 2 " "||B. G. Maltby||Do.||22||0||0|
|Nos. 17 and 18 " "||W. Potter||Do.||11||10||0|
|No. 38, Buttesland Street||W. Norris||Do.||4||0||0|
|" 12, East Street Road||T. Douglas||Do.||6||0||0|
|" 25, " "||J. Lay||Do.||6||0||0|
|Nos. 52 and 53, Singleton Street||J. S. Gray||Do.||8||8||0|
|" 33 to 37, Buttesland Street||J. Watson||Do.||8||12||0|
|No. 32, " "||W. Dore||Do.||4||0||0|
|" 19, East Street Road||J. Bond||Do.||6||0||0|
|" 39, Robert Street||J. Hart||Do.||2||15||0|
|Nos. 5 and 6, East Street Road, and Nos. 1 to 6, Park Street||W. Baker||Do.||3||10||0|
|" 17 to 24, Great Chart Street||T. Dunston||Do.||24||0||0|
|" 45 and 46, Great Chart Street, and Nos. 8 and 9, East Street Road||G. Barwick||Do.||14||4||0|
|No. 44, Great Chart Street||R. Marter||Do.||4||10||0|
|" 6, Aske Terrace||J. S. Englehart||57¾ years, from Michaelmas 1805||5||5||0|
|" 8, " "||T. Lloyd||Do.||5||0||0|
|" 2, Ashford Street||T. Lloyd||53½ years, from March 1819||2||15||0|
|" 22, Bevendon Street||E. Woollen||61 " " Midsummer 1824||5||0||0|
|" 2, Haberdashers Place, East||T. Knight||56¾ " " Christmas 1815||4||10||0|
|" 44, Robert Street, and No. 4, Haberdashers Place, East||E. Letch||Do.||7||8||0|
|" 20 to 22 Robert Street, and No. 1, Haberdashers Place, East||T. Phillips||60 years, from Michaelmas 1812||17||0||0|
|Nos. 27, 28, and 30 to 33, Haberdashers Street||R. Viney||56 " " Midsummer 1807||3||8||0|
|" 12 and 13, Ashford Street||T. Walton||53¼ " " " 1819||8||0||0|
|No. 62, Great Chart Street||J. Morris||61 " " " 1824||8||10||0|
|Nos. 38 and 39, Robert Street||J. Adey||52 " " " 1820||5||10||0|
|" 25 and 26, Haberdasher Street||E. Snowdon||55 " " Michaelmas 1808||9||0||0|
|No. 32, Great Chart Street||A. McWilliams||61 " " Midsummer 1824||4||0||0|
|Nos. 36 and 37, Ashford Street||T. Goddard||54¾ " " Christmas 1817||8||0||0|
|" 7 and 8, East Street||W. Smith||55 " " Michaelmas 1817||8||0||0|
|No. 1, Ashford Street||J. Richardson||54 " " " 1818||2||15||0|
|Nos. 64 to 72, Buttesland Street||T. Elsom||61 " " Midsummer 1824||3||13||0|
|" 52 to 55 " "||W. Austin||62 " " " 1837||2||0||0|
|No. 24, Robert Street||T. Goodman||Yearly tenant||18||14||0|
|" 2, East, Street||J. Miller||21 years, from Christmas 1837||12||0||0|
|Nos. 20 to 22, East Road||J. Brent||65 " " Midsummer 1834||3||0||0|
|" 74 to 76, Great Chart Street||L. Willcock||Do.||12||0||0|
|" 28 to 31, Singleton Street||G. Livan||56 years, from Midsummer 1834||14||10||0|
|" 22 to 24½, East Street Road||—||—||—|
|" 11 to 33, Haberdasher Street||T. Simon||56¼ years, from March 1807||5||5||0|
|" 12 to 14, " "||Wm. Jones||Do.||1||0||0|
|No. 34, " "||J. S. Gray||55 years, from Midsummer 1808||5||0||0|
|" 5, Aske Terrace||R. Chubbs||57¼ " " March 1806||5||5||0|
|" 57, Great Chart Street||T. Eldridge||55¾ " " Michaelmas 1829||3||10||0|
|Nos. 7 to 16, Park Street||T. Bilham||57 " " Midsummer 1828||3||10||0|
|No. 5, Aske Street||S. Rushton||53 " " Michaelmas 1819||2||15||0|
|" 73, Great Chart Street||L. Willcocke||61 " " Midsummer 1838||4||0||0|
|Nos. 24 to 27, Buttesland Street||J. Lermitte||59 " " " 1840||10||0||0|
|" 9 and 15, Aske Terrace||T. Westwood||57½ " " Christmas 1805||10||10||0|
|" 1 to 3, Kingsworth Place||G. T. Ovenden||53 " " Michaelmas 1819||8||15||0|
|" 1, 3, 4, 9, and 10, Robert Street||J. Edwards||Do.||10||0||0|
|" 33 to 34, " "||T. Killingly||52 years, from Michaelmas 1820||8||5||0|
|" 26 to 33, Aske Street||H. Selby||51 " " " 1821||12||0||0|
|" 24 and 25, Ashford Street||T. Foster||53 " " " 1819||3||15||0|
|" 26 and 27, " "||A. Tillett||54¾ " " " 1817||7||0||0|
|No. 10, Haberdasher Place, East||J. Spiers||56 " " Midsummer 1807||5||5||0|
|" 11, " "||J. Davis||Do.||4||10||0|
|" 13, " "||J. Claybrook||52¾ years, from Christmas 1819||4||12||0|
|Nos. 18 and 19, Aske Terrace||W. Taylor||56½ " " " 1806||3||0||0|
|" 12 and 13, " "||A. Warner||55 " " Midsummer 1808||4||0||0|
|No. 25, Haberdasher Street||J. Ware||Do.||5||5||0|
|Nos. 11 and 13, East Street Road||S. A. Fuller||61years, from Midsummer 1824||6||10||0|
|" 56, 64, and 65, Great Chart Street|
|" 1 to 4, and 7, 8, 10, 12 to 18, and 23
and 24, Bevenden Street|
|No. 27, Bevendon Street||S. Harrington||Do.||4||0||0|
|" 28, East Street Road||J. Hemming||Do.||7||0||0|
|" 9, Bevenden Street||W. Shelton||Do.||5||0||0|
|Nos. 66 and 72, Great Chart Street||W. Austin||61 years, from Midsummer 1838||1||0||0|
|No. 31, Buttisland Street||R. Dougal||65 " " " 1834||4||10||0|
|Nos. 40 to 48, Buttisland Street||W. Austin||58 " " " 1841||1||13||0|
|" 5 to 10, " "||W. Austin||60 " " " 1839||1||0||0|
|No. 51, " "||T. Gilbert||62 " " " 1837||1||0||0|
|Nos. 60 and 61 " "||F. J. McCarthy||61 " " " 1824||12||0||0|
|" 73 and 74, " "||G. Burge||Do.||10||0||0|
|" 46 to 48, Great Chart Street||J. Bamford||55¾ years, from Michaelmas 1829||13||10||0|
|No. 49, " "||E. Woollen||61 " " Midsummer 1824||4||10||0|
|Nos. 52 and 53, " "||G. Selby||65 " " " 1834||2||0||0|
|No. 63, " "||J. W. Cropley||61 " " " 1824||4||10||0|
|Nos. 11 to 20, Buttesland Street||W. Austin||59 " " " 1840||1||0||0|
|No. 19, Ashford Street||W. Browning||49¼ " " " 1823||4||0||0|
|Nos. 17 and 18, Park Street||J. Davies||61 " " " 1824||9||0||0|
|No. 4, Ashford Street||W. Fryett||55¼ " " " 1817||2||15||0|
|" 7, Aske Terrace||R. Parvin||57¾ " " Michaelmas 1805||5||5||0|
|" 40, Robert Street||P. W. Wood||54 " " " 1818||2||15||0|
|Nos. 5 and 6, Ashford Street||G. Herring||55 years, from Michaelmas 1817||5||10||0|
|No. 4, Aske Terrace||G. Waller||57 " " Midsummer 1806||5||0||0|
|Old North Wing of Aske's Hospital||R. Stanton||49 " " " 1814||72||0||0|
|Nos. 1 to 4, Buttesland Street, and 4, 5, and
55, Great Chart Street||W. J. Hurst||60 " " " 1839||0||2||0|
|No. 21, Buttesland Street||T. Fairful||61 " " " 1838||0||2||6|
|Nos. 22 and 23, Buttesland Street||J. Lermitte||59 " " " 1840||0||2||6|
|" 3 and 4, Haberdashers Walk||T. Orchard||61 " " " 1824||0||10||0|
|" 8 to 10, Kingsworth Place||E. Milbank||52¾ " " Christmas 1829||0||5||0|
|No. 35, Robert Street||W. Clapham||53 " " Michaelmas 1819||2||15||0|
|" 4, Aske Street||T. Chote||Do.||2||15||0|
|" 29, Haberdashers Street||T. Simon||56¼ years, from March 1807||5||0||0|
|Nos. 58 and 59, Great Chart Street||G. Bankhurst||61 " " Midsummer 1824||9||0||0|
|No. 36, Haberdashers Street||R. Evans||55 " " " 1808||0||7||0|
|Nos. 28, 30, and 32, Ashford Street||J. Scarffe||52 " " Michaelmas 1820||0||10||0|
These leases, it will be seen, terminate at various periods
from the present time to the year 1885.
The following table has been furnished to me as
exhibiting their progressive extinction:—
Leases expiring at Midsummer 1863.
|North Wing (Stanbridge)||1|
|Aske's Terrace (South Side)||19|
|Haberdashers Place (West)||12|
Leases expiring at Michaelmas 1872.
|East Street (No. 2, Rack-rent)||15|
|Aske Street (44 houses, 17 expire
|Haberdashers Place (East)||15|
Rents, 448l. 6s.
1 Rack-rent, 21l.
Leases expiring Michaelmas 1883.
Rent, 45l. 12s.
Leases expiring Michaelmas 1885.
|Great Chart Street||76|
Rents, 619l. 14s.
The Haberdashers' Company have lately issued advertisements for tender with a view to re-letting the property,
the leases of which are near the time of their expiration.
The proposals for letting are for terms of 21 years. I
append a printed copy of these proposals.
The income of the Hoxton estate at present is, 1,450l. 17s.
This is somewhat more than the reserved rental, owing to
the Company having entered upon one of the tenements,
in default of performance of the covenants by the lessee,
and the same is now let at the rack-rent.
The outgoings on the Hoxton estate are scarcely
separable from the general expenses of the hospital, except
perhaps the salary of Mr. W. Snooke, the surveyor, whose
business is to superintend the Hoxton estate, 50l.
As the times of the expiration of the leases approach,
the surveyor makes a special survey of the premises with a
view to dilapidation. A survey of the property now about
to be re-let was made in 1849 when a charge of 21l. was
If this be considered as a special charge of management
on the Hoxton property, it reduces the net-rent to
The net produce from the two great sources of the
charity income is, therefore, as follows:—
|Kent estate (as above stated)||1,614|
|Hoxton estate (as above stated)||1,400|
But this is subject to an incumbrance in respect of the
stock borrowed from the Company by the governors for the
rebuilding the hospital. Of this there was repaid at
different times previously to 1844, 2,753l. 3s. 3d., 3 per
cent. stock, leaving in that year 9,916l. 12s. 2d., 3 per cent.
stock, due to the Company.
From 1844 to 1861 nothing was paid in reduction of
In 1861 the governors repaid a sum of 1,169l. 15s. 5d.,
3 per cent. stock, which was purchased with 1,077l. 13s. 1d.
cash, leaving a debt of 8,746l. 16s. 9d., 3 per cent. consols.
The interest payable upon this remaining debt is,
therefore, 262l. a year, or thereabouts, which being
deducted from the clear income of 3,014l., leaves 2,752l.
applicable to the purposes of the endowment.
This sum which would appear to be the clear income of
the charity, after full allowance for every charge on the
property is, however, subject to further deduction before it
becomes applicable to charitable purposes, in respect of
what are called the general expenses.
These are the salaries of—
|Mr. Curtis (clerk)||105|
|Mr. Fisk, accountant||55|
|Mr. Hooper, beadle||30|
The available income is, therefore, further reduced to the
sum of 2,562l.
The average disbursements of the charity for nine
yeare (1853–1861), exclusive of the general expenses above,
viz., clerk, accountant, and beadle, are stated to have been
2,104l. a year.
An average of the total income of the estate for 14 years,
from 1848 to 1861 inclusive, is stated to be 3,512l., and
the total expenditure on all accounts, including interest
for the same period was 3,427l.
A detailed account of the present disbursements on the
existing charitable establishments will afford a more
accurate representation of the proportion of the general
income actually applied to charitable purposes.
Up to 1853, the chaplain the Rev. John L. Turner,
received 800l. a year for the board and education of 20
boys, with an additional allowance of 54l. 5s. 6d. for
nurses, &c. In the year 1852, Mr. Turner was not
re-elected, and the Company gave him a retiring pension
50l. a year, an application was made to the Commissioners
for their sanction, but no decision was come to, and the
Company has still continued to pay the pension.
The chaplain has since that time been paid a distinct
salary, and the maintenance of the boys has been placed
under the direction of a matron.
|The clothing of 20 scholars average||100||0||0|
|The house-keeping expenses amount to
nearly 30l. a year for each boy, but it
includes also the board of the schoolmaster and matron, and the additional
women servants. An account of these
expenses are kept by the matron, showing
under weekly tables the amount of the
bills, of the baker, brewer, butcher,
grocer, and greengrocer, milkman, &c.;
and the wages of extra servants and
payments for occasional labour.|
|The matron, schoolmaster, and boys have
a common table. The expense in 1861
was, house-keeping 434l. 14s. 10d.,
washing 41l. 10s. 3d., wages 38l. 13s. 3d.,
coals 31l. 4s.||596||2||4|
|Schoolmaster's salary—The present schoolmaster is Mr. George Casterfield, who
was appointed in November 1852.
(Duties, see Appendix, 13–15, Statutes)||100||0||0|
|French master.—Monsieur Thebaudin||30||0||0|
|Drawing master.—Mr. Sankey||20||0||0|
|The Matron's salary.—Mrs. Elizabeth
Williams, who was appointed in November 1852. (Duties, see Appendix, 16–18,
Statutes.) The stipend has been raised
in the last year from 35l. to 40l.||40||0||0|
|Examiner.—Half-yearly examination 2l. 2s.,
and other expenses at examinations||5||14||0|
|Stationery for the school||14||15||8|
|There are at present 13 pensioners, who
receive 16s. a week, and 5s. each on the
Founder's day, and the offerings at the
Sacrament. Average expenditure for
7 years, 1856–1861, has been||608||3||8|
|(In the year 1861 the sum was only
|One of the almsmen is the gatekeeper, for
which he is allowed 2s. per week||5||4||0|
|Winding clock, &c.||4||14||6|
|Occasional expenses, burial of a deceased
almsman, advertising, &c.||10||0||0|
Officers whose duties extend both to the school and
|The salary of the Chaplain.—The duties of
the chaplain are the sound religious
instruction of the 20 scholars. He is to
officiate twice on Sunday in the chapel,
and also on Wednesday and Friday, and
to visit the pensioners. (See pp. 9–13,
Statutes, Appendix.) The present chaplain is the Rev. Alfred Jones, who was
appointed in April 1854||150||0||0|
|The Chapel Clerk.—His duties are to
attend the chapel on Sundays, and the
quarterly meetings, and he also teaches
singing to the boys||10||0||0|
|The Surgeon.—Dr. Sparke. (Duties, see
pp. 35–36 Statutes, Appendix)||31||10||0|
Other expenses both applicable to the school and the
|Insurance (on 12,000)||38||6||9|
|Rates and taxes (1861)||85||3||8|
|Repairs and painting, average of 8 years
The condition of the endowment of the Charity may in
round numbers be thus summed up:—
|Interest of mortgage debt||262|
|Governors' general expenses||190|
|Board, lodging, and education
of 20 boys||912|
|Pensions and allowances to
aged men, varying in number from 13 to 20||628|
|Chaplain, chapel clerk, and
|Repairs, insurances, &c.||305|
|Annual surplus income about||£526|
The future variations in this surplus, supposing the
establishments to continue as they are, will be principally
caused, first, by the increase of the Middlesex rental, by
the proximate falling in of the leases, and secondly, by the
diminution of the Kentish rental, about 13 years hence by
the termination of the Chapter leases; to which may be
added the payment of the mortgage debt by the application
of the existing surplus.
The hospital consists of 20 houses, each containing a
sitting-room and wash-house on the ground floor, and a
bed-room over, all of which have a separate outer-door;
covered portico extending the length of the building on
each side. The almsmen are limited to single men or
widowers, and above 50 years of age, freemen of the Company. At the present time, only 13 houses are occupied, a
sufficient number of qualified applicants not being found.
The chapel forms the centre building at the bottom of the
quadrangle, and the chaplain's house and the schoolmaster's are on each side of the chapel. The matron's
house is between the chaplain's and the school, and over
the committee room. The schoolroom consists of a single
room, under the boys' dormitory, having access from the
master's house, one part of the lower floor of which latter
house forms the boys' dining-room.
The chaplain is a married man, but the schoolmaster
is unmarried. The matron is a widow.
The boys are appointed by the court of assistants as a
body. The applications are referred to the Charities Committee, who return to the court three names for one
vacancy, four names to two vacancies, and so on, selecting
always two names beyond the number of vacancies. I do
not find any rule adopted as a principle of selection, but
generally speaking, preference is given to liverymen's sons
over those of freemen. The court are generally, but not
universally, bound themselves by the decision of the
Committee having before it the number of votes for each
candidate. The Committee of Charities consists of master
and wardens (5), and about 12 more. They are elected by
the court of assistants for two years, half going out
every year, but the election generally proceeds by rotation.
The boys are admitted between 8 and 10, and they leave
the school at the age of 15. No record is taken of the
subsequent career of the boys, but I am informed that the
present master and two members of the court were
brought up in the school.
Joseph King, by will of the 20th May 1717, gave to the
hospital 500l. as an encouragement to taking boys into
the hospital. It is probable that this sum forms part of
the stock mentioned in the Report of the Commissioners
of Inquiry (see p. 225), and before referred to.
Sir John Smith, by will of the 15th January 1733, gave
100l. to the hospital. This formed part, as it would
appear, of the stock mentioned before, which existed at the
time of the last inquiry.
Mrs. Mary Turgis, by will of the 12th September 1704,
gave 50l. for the poor of the hospital. This forms part of
the general funds of the charity.
Peter Pope, by will of the 28th of November 1807, gave
to the hospital 500l. consols, for the use of that institution. This formed part, it is assumed, of the stock of
the Company, sold out under the circumstances before
stated. (fn. 5)
John Banks, by will of the 21st March 1716, gave to
the Company his leasehold estate in St. James's, West
minster, to pay thereout 220l. a year, as he should by deed
appoint; and further, out of the residue, to discharge a
mortgage debt of 10,000l., and to make some other
And by deed of appointment of same date he directed
payment of the said 220l. as follows:—
|For two dinners at the hall for the trustees||12|
|Ditto for his relations therein described||6|
|To the clerk of the Company||20|
|To his clerk||5|
|To the beadles||12|
|For a sermon at the meeting house adjoining the
|Clerk and sexton||1|
|To the minister and deacons of the congregation
to which he belonged (10l. to be distributed,
and 2l. for an entertainment)||12|
|To his wife during widowhood||20|
|To several relations various annuities, with remainder to their descendants||130|
The deed then directed that after the payment of the
mortgage debt the annuities to his relations should be
|And that the following additional sums should
|For putting out apprentices or towards the
marriage of the descendants of his relations||200||0|
|To 10 poor men free of the Company and on
|To 10 other poor men||50||0|
|To 20 poor freemen's widows||100||0|
|To 5 poor men of St. Bennett, Paul's Wharf||25||0|
|To 5 poor single women of the said parish||25||0|
|To 5 poor men of Battersea parish||12||10|
|To 5 poor single women of Battersea parish||12||10|
|To 5 poor men of St. Mary Overy, Southwark||12||10|
|To 5 poor single women of ditto||12||10|
|For a dinner for the poor freemen, widows, and
inhabitants on the days of payment||12||0|
It appears by the recitals in an Order of the Master of
the Rolls of the 6th May 1824, made on the petition of the
Haberdashers' Company in a cause of Elizabeth Mitchell
and others against Sarah Holloway and others, that for
several years prior to the determination of the lease, which
expired on the 26th February 1822, the trustees, in pur
suance of John Bank's directions, applied for a further
grant of the said trust estates, but the terms proposed by
His Majesty's Commissioners for a further grant of the
said premises were, in the opinion of the trustees and
surveyors with whom they advised, so high, both with
respect to the fine and rent required, that the trustees did
not feel themselves justified in acceding to them, conceiving
that it would have been prejudicial to the interests of the
said charities to have accepted such terms; and His
Majesty's Commissioners having refused the terms proposed
by the trustees, the said trust estate was delivered up to
them on the 26th February 1822, when all the rents of the
said leasehold estate ceased, and a sum of 1,152l. 10s.
was on the 9th May 1822 paid by the said clerk to the said
Commissioners of the balance then remaining in his hands,
and was accepted in full satisfaction of all claims and
demands on the trustees in respect of dilapidations or
otherwise. That the trustees, on examining and auditing
the account of receipts and payments by their said clerk up
to Midsummer 1823, found a balance of 564l. 4s. 11d. in
his hands, which it was necessary for him to retain for
the purpose of making the annual payments directed by
the said John Banks up to Midsummer 1820. That there
was then standing in the name of the Accountant-General,
in trust in the cause at the bank, the sum of 58,580l. 12s. 10d.
consols, which had arisen from the investment of the said
receiver's and clerk's balances and of the dividends of
stock purchased therewith. That great part of the dividends
which would in future become due on the same stock
would be applicable to the payment of the several annuities
and charges directed to be paid by the said John Banks,
inasmuch as there was no other source from which the
same could be defrayed, except the rents of two freehold
houses in St. John Street, Middlesex, the annual rents
whereof do not exceed 45l. 13s. 6d.
And by the said ordre it was ordered that the dividends
which should become due and payable the 58,580l. 12s. 10d.
consols, standing in the name of the Accountant-General
in trust in the ause, be from time to time paid to Thomas
George Knapp, clerk and receiver, or to any future clerk
and receiver to be approved by the said Company, the
Company undertaking thereout to pay the various charities
and annuities directed by the will and deed of appointment
of the said John Banks, and the order of the court of the
22nd May 1792 from time to time as the same should
become due, and for the purposes aforesaid the said
Accountant-General was to draw on the bank, &c., &c. And
it was ordered that the petitioners should be at liberty to
retain the surplus of such dividends for the use of the
said Company as directed by the said will and deed of
appointment of the said John Banks.
The present endowment, therefore, consists of:—
|No. 99, St. John Street, Clerkenwell, let
to Samuel Hooker for 21 years, from
|No. 98, St. John Street Clerkenwell, let to
Henry Thomas Wood, from Midsummer
|The dividends on 58,580l. 12s. 10d. 3 per
cent. consols standing in the name of
the Accountant-General in trust in the
cause of Mitchell v. Holloway||1,757||8||4|
The tenants are bound to repair, and they insure the
The General Expenses.
|The clerk of the Company as receiver||30||0||0|
|The surveyor of the premises in Clerkenwell||8||8||0|
|The disbursements on account of the charity are:—|
|The sermon at the meeting house adjoining
|The chapel is situated in Staining Lane,
on the property of the Company, and has
lately been rebuilt by them. It is let by
the Company to a Mr. Hobbs, the minister
of an Independent Congregation (who I
am informed is blind). There are sermons
in the chapel twice on Sundays. Two
sermons are preached on the half-yearly
days of meeting in January and July, when
the 12 members of the court of assistants,
who are trustees of the charity, and all the
pensioners under it attend. On that occasion an extract from the deed of appointment is always read.|
|The clerk and sexton (who is the same
|The 10 poor liverymen of the Company, aged
40 years and upwards. (They are continued for their lives on the list)||100||0||0|
|The 10 poor freemen of the age of 50 and
upwards. (They also are continued for
|The 10 inhabitahts (five men and five women)
of St. Benet, Paul's Wharf. (The list is
filled up as vacancies occur on the certificate of the parish officers that they are not
receiving parochial relief. The vestry recommend two persons on every vacancy, of
whom the trustees select one. (5l. each)||50||0||0|
|(The Company add a donation of 10s.
each, in addition to the endowment.)|
|The 10 inhabitants (five men and five women)
of Battersea, who are likewise recommended by the vestry of that parish, who
select two names as vacancies occur,
|The ten inhabitants (five men and five women)
of St. Mary's Overy, Southwark, recommended in like manner by the vestry (each
|20 poor widows of freemen of the Company,
selected by the trustees (5l. each)||100||0||0|
|The sum of 3s. 6d. each to the above 70
recipients of pensions, in lieu of the 12l.
appointed for the dinner||12||5||0|
|The Company allow the beadles of the three
|For the putting out apprentices, helping to
set up in business or towards the marriage
of such or so many of the issue and
descendants of his brothers and sisters, and
in such proportions as the trustees should
|A pedigree of the relations of John Banks,
showing the descendants of the heirs of
testator, and his sisters Elizabeth Hopkins
and Ann Deane and Mary Mitchell.
Additions are made to the pedigree as
parties apply claiming to be descendants
and producing statutory declarations and
|The descendants reside in various parts of
England and Wales, many being in the
Principality. They apply first for apprentice fees, and, secondly, for setting up in
business, or for portions.|
|The trustees meet on these occasions, yearly,
in May for distribution, when applications
are made in writing, on printed forms
(copies of which I append). Those who
live near the town attend the meeting, and
the cases being then considered, the sums
In the year 1861–2 there were the following
applications and gifts:—
|John Ashman||25||0||Shoemaker, Board and lodging.||20||0|
|John Davis||30||0||Coachbuilder, five years. Apprenticed without board.||10||0|
|Sarah Jane James||48||0||Dressmaker for three years, with board and lodging.||15||0|
|David P. Jones||—||Chemist, three years.||Nil.|
|Mary Osborne||60||0||Music Teacher, three years. Board and lodging.||Nil.|
|Thomas Price||38||0||Carpenter, four years. Board and lodging.||15||0|
|Ann Rees||48||0||Dressmaker, three years. Board and lodging.||15||0|
For setting up in business.
|Martha, C.||43||10||Dress and bonnet maker.||20||0|
|Edward Charles Cross.||65||0||Printer||20||0|
|Charles James R. Davis.||50||0||Engineer||15||0|
|Mary Griffiths||200||0||General shopkeeper.||20||0|
|William Edward Lowes.||35||0||Scale machine maker.||15||0|
|(All these had grants as apprentices.)|
|Mary Frances Ashman||35||0||35||0||0|
|(who had been apprenticed)|
|The minister and deacons of the testator's
congregation near the "Three Cranes"
(Jewry Street, Minories). An information was instituted by the AttorneyGeneral at the relation of John Thomas
Halret v. Rev. Henry Heap, to establish
the right of certain persons to the annual
sum of 12l., and by a supplemental
information which was afterwards filed at
the relation of Thomas Palmer, and others,
against the Company, and under the two
informations a decree was made on further
directions, dated 20th December 1839,
whereby the relators in the said cause
were declared entitled as the minister and
the deacons of the congregation assembling
in Jewry Street Chapel, to the future
payments of the annuity as well as to the
arrears which had accrued pending the
proceedings, after deducting the Company's
|(The annuity has ever since been paid to
the minister and deacons.)|
|The last receipt was signed—|
|Frederick Silver, minister||12||0||0|
|Francis Elliott and William
J. Terry, deacons||12||0||0|
|The clerk of the Company||20||0||0|
|To his assistant||5||0||0|
|The beadle of the company||7||0||0|
|The under beadle or porter||5||0||0|
The testator, by his will, gave certain annuities of 10l.
and 20l. per annum to his sisters and nephews and nieces,
named in his will, amounting in the whole to 130l. a year,
and to their respective children, and if any failure of issue
in one branch the annuity to be added to the other branch,
and the issue of the other families at the discretion of his
trustees, or the major part of them, and upon the discharge
of the debt and interest and charges on his estate in
Westminster, the said annuity should be doubled and
made 260l. a year.
The Commissioners of Inquiry (Vol. 10, p. 229) reported
that 157l. 10s. per annum of these annuities had been
purchased by the Company. I have not entered into the
question of this purchase, but it would appear that there
were difficulties in the way. If the estate was construed
as a charity, no person would take more than a life
interest, and it would, perhaps, be difficult to construe it as
an estate tail. As a gift in perpetuity it would be void.
The general gift over being to the use of the Company,
the matter is probably not important, as in that case the
Company would be alone benefited by the failure of the
The annuities paid to the representatives of the persons
whose annuities have not been disposed of, are—
|Mrs. Catharine Johnson, a daughter of
S. Ricketts, under a marriage settlement.|
|Mrs. Ricketts was daughter of Thomas
K. Atkinson, of, who was
the grandson of Josh. Rand, and which
Thomas Atkinson was in right of his wife
entitled to an annuity of 15l. per annum,
as representative of the Rand family, and
also to 2l. 15s. per annum, part of Hopkins'
Annuity, making together 17l. 15s. Mrs.
Holloway died 14th January 1788, and by
her will gave Miss Atkinson an annuity of
21l. 10s., which increased her annuity to
39l. 5s. In 1791 Miss Atkinson married
Edward Rhodes, and in 1792 the annuities
were doubled making 78l. 10s.||78||10||0|
|David Jones, executor under the will of
Samuel Jones, another descendant||12||0||0|
|William Price Do.||3||0||0|
|Mary Price Do.||3||0||0|
The expenses of the trust:—
The dinner to the relations, or any allowance in respect
of it has been discontinued, the Company (as above
stated) having purchased many of the annuities.
|The dinner to the trustees, for which 12l. is
provided, is now commuted and forms a
part of the charge of the expenses of the
trust, as a guinea each to the trustees on
each of the three attendances in the year.
Refreshments on such occasions, and two
dinners in 1861||84||9||4|
The surplus of the income is paid over to the general
account of the Company. There was in 1861,
820l. 7s. 7d.
Sir George Barnes' Charity.
Sir George Barnes, by his will of the 15th February
1557, gave to the Company his interest in the lease of a
windmill in Finsbury for the poor of the Company in the
almshouses in Staining Lane. The property devised by
this will seems by the Report of the Commissioners of
Inquiry (Vol. 10, p. 190), to have been alienated so far
back as 1678. It was sold for a sum of 100l. and the
Company in respect of this sum pay annually 4l. to four
poor freemen of the Company. The Company hold more
than sufficient stock in their corporate name to pay this
and the other charges on their funds in respect of
In July at the quarterly court of the Company the
following charities, including this of Sir George Barnes,
are distributed:—Raynton's, White, French, Barnes, Thos.
Barnes, Aldersey, Monox, Gourney, Trotman, Bowcher,
Johnson, Hall, and Cleave. Four persons received 1l. each
on account of Barnes' Gift, in 1861. Occasionally the
gift is larger, but the rule is that no person receive more
than 2l. 6s. at any quarterly distribution.
Thomas Barnes, by will of the 20th August 1663, gave
to the Company a house in Lombard Street to dispose of
the rent as follows:—
|To four poor old freemen||32|
|To four poor old freemen's widows||10|
|To 12 poor old men or widows||12|
and the residue for the Company.
The devised estate consists of the house, No. 50, Lombard Street, let to Mr. Fisher, a stationer, for 21 years from
1852, at the rent of 130l. a year.
The Company pay pensions to four freemen f the
Company of 8l. a year each, and 2l. 10s. each to four poor
freemen's widows. The sum of 1l. is also given to each
of 12 poor freemen or freemen's widows at the July
distribution (see Sir George Barnes' Charity).
The residue is carried to the account of the Company.
Martha Barrett, by her will dated between 1580 and
1590, gave to the Company 200l., to be lent to four young
men for four years, two of them to pay 3l. 6s. 8d. for the
poor of Isleworth and Totteridge, and the other two to pay
5l. for a scholar at Magdalen College, Cambridge.
Of the capital fund there is no present trace; but the
Company charge themselves with 3l. 6s. 8d. a year,
nominally attributing 111l. 2s. 3d., 3l. per cent. consols,
part of the stock belonging to them, as representing the
capital of one sum of 100l. Two sums of 1l. 13s. 4d.
yearly are paid, one to the churchwardens of Isleworth,
and the other to the churchwardens of Totteridge. The
exhibition to Magdalen College has not been paid for a
century and a half.
Ralph Benskyn, by will of the 14th September 1603
gave 50l. to the Company to be lent to a young man
paying yearly 20s. to St. Martin Orgar parish. The 20l.
which formed the whole sum received by the Company in
respect of this legacy, is stated to have been lent out and
lost in 1662; but the Company pay 8s. to the churchwardens of the parish of St. Martin Orgar, and attribute
of their 3l. per cent. consols a sum of 13l. 6s. 8d. stock as
Peter Blundell, by will of the 9th June 1599, gave to
the Company 150l. to purchase lands, and thereout pay
40s. for poor prisoners in Newgate. The fund was
invested in the purchase of a house, now No. 8, Poultry,
which is let to Robert Burchall for 21 years from
Christmas 1851 at the rent of 110l. The Company pay
2l. a year to Mr. Temple, at the Guildhall, for the
prisoners. The residue is given to the Company.
Boddington and Boulter's Charity.
Robert Boddington, by will of the 4th February 1700,
gave to the Company 400l. to pay 20 poor people 20s. a
year apiece; and
Edmund Boulter, in 1702, gave 100l., to be laid out
with the said 400l. The Company laid out, it appears, a
sum of 480l. 3s. 6d. of these bequests in the purchase
of the ground rent of 20l. a year, upon the reversion of
an estate now Nos. 92, 93, 94, 95, and 96, Bishopsgate
Street, and four houses in Montague Court (which is
entered by a passage between Nos. 94 and 95), three of
which, Nos. 9, 10, and 11, are at the east end, and one at
the north side of the court. The ground rent is payable
during the continuance of a lease which was for 200 years,
and expires in 1897.
The Company have since 1831 ceased to allow the land
tax on the rent, and have received the clear sum of 20l.,
which after allowing 2l. 2s. as a salary to the surveyor is
distributed in April, yearly, in sums of 17s. 6d. each to
20 poor of the Company, men and women. The April
gifts include these and Adams', Carpenter's, and Offley's
Charities. The surveyor in his report on this estate made
in June 1862, states, "that the boundary marks in
Bishopsgate Street are so placed as to define the extent
of the property in the simplest manner possible." In
the Report of 1861 the surveyor says, "that No. 95
requires some internal painting in consequence of the
re-erection of the house in the rear, and the tenement
on the left-hand side of Montague Court, and Nos. 10
and 11 in the south-east corner, require repair and
painting. Marks were ordered to be placed on the back
walls of Nos. 92, 93, and 94, Bishopsgate Street."
William Bond, by will of the 3rd August 1671, gave to
the Company a rentcharge of 50l. a year, payable out of
messuages in Allhallows, Bread Street, viz., 24l. to six
poor single aged freemen, and 26l. for the relief of the
poor of the Company in general.
An ex officio information was filed by the AttorneyGeneral against the Company to obtain a declaration that
the surplus rents of a house in Bread Street in possession
of the Company might be declared to belong to William
Bond's Charity; it appearing, as stated in the Reports of
the Commissioners of Inquiry (Vol. 10, p. 223), that the
Company had assumed possession of the premises in virtue
of their title to the rentcharge. The Court declared that
the surplus rents belonged to the Charity and the amount
was settled by the master, and a sum of 2,185l. 19s. 9d.,
3l. per cent. consols, was transferred by the Company to
the credit of the cause, Attorney-General v. Haberdashers'
Company, where the same now remains, the dividends
being payable to the clerk of the Company for the time
being under the order of the Court of 29th July 1829.
The property and income of the Charity, therefore, now
consists of the following particulars:—
|House, No. 52, Bread Street, let to Peter
Poland for 21 years from Midsummer
|Dividends on 2,185l. 19s. 9d., 3l. per cent.
consols, in Court||65||11||8|
The scheme settled and approved by the Court in the
suit for the administration of the Charity is as follows:—
That instead of the six poor single aged men free of the
said Company receiving the 4l. yearly apiece, as directed
by William Bond, they should yearly receive 10l. apiece,
at such times and by such proportions as the master,
wardens, and assistants should think fit, and that the
residue of the dividends of the said bank annuities, and
the rents and profits of the said estate after payment for
the insurance of the premises from fire, the surveyor's
annual charge, and any other incidental expenses regarding the management of the Charity or Charity
property, should be yearly laid out in purchasing good
warm woollen coats and cloaks and other articles of
wearing apparel or bedding, or fuel to be distributed by
the said master, wardens, and assistants among the poor
in general of the said Company, at such times and by
such proportions as to the said Company should seem
expedient. But, nevertheless, the said master, wardens,
and assistants were to be at liberty in cases of emergency,
and where it should appear that a small pecuniary
assistance would be usefully bestowed by any written
order or orders to make donations in money at their
discretion, such donation not at any one time to exceed
That in the distribution of the charities thereby directed
preference should in all cases be given to the most
deserving of such persons as had never received parochial
relief, or had been the longest without having received
such relief, and in no case was any part of the said
Charity to be given to any that at the time should be in
the receipt of parochial relief or who should have been in
such receipt, and should for the purpose of enabling themselves to receive the benefit of the said charities colourably
or for a short time only have ceased to receive such
That distinct accounts should be kept of the receipt
and expenditure on account of the said Charity, and such
accounts should be audited once a year, and when so
audited signed by the master and wardens.
That the estate and premises belonging to the said
Charity should be duly and properly managed, and let
to the best advantage at an annual rent under the
superintendence of the said Company and their officers.
The insurance of the premises is repaid by the tenant.
|The annual charge of the surveyor is||2||2||0|
|Charges of management (calculated at 5l.
per cent.) on the income (1861)||13||5||10|
The Company under the scheme pay pensions of 10l. a
year to six poor single men of the Company who generally
retain their pensions during their lives, unless their
circumstances materially change.
The Company have always confined the distribution of
the clothing to eight poor freemen and eight poor freemen's widows, although their discretion as to the increase
of this distribution was unlimited, whilst they have disposed of the whole of the residue in gifts of 20s. each to
the poor of the Company although their power as to this
distribution in money appears to be intended by the Court
to be restricted. In the clothing gifts every man has a
complete suit of blue cloth, with underclothing and shoes.
Each woman has also a complete outfit of clothing. The
sum allowed for the men's clothing is about 5l., and about
3l. for the women. The men's clothing is obtained from
the tradesmen of the Company, and the materials of the
women's clothing are purchased and given to them with
25s. for making it up.
Both sets of recipients are required to appear annually
before the court in their new apparel. The same persons
generally continue to receive the clothing year by year.
After paying the pensions and the expenses of the
clothing, the balance has of late years considerably exceeded
100l. a year. The whole of this, except a small balance
kept in hand (in 1861 a balance of 21l. 13s. 3d.) is given
away in sums of 1l. each to poor freemen or widows of
freemen of the Company, the numbers of the recipients
ranging from 110 and upwards. This distribution is made
at the December court with Buckland's and Paradine's
Gifts. In 1855 the number of recipients were increased
from 90 to 110. In 1857, in addition to the 110, a
further number of 110 gifts of 1l. was made, to dispose
of the balance. In 1859 the extra distribution beyond the
110 was 55. In 1860 the extra distribution was 10, and
in 1861, 25 additional gifts were made. (fn. 6)
A loan charity created by the gift of 100l. by Thomas
Bowcher. This capital is in the same situation as Gournay's,
and the other loan fund to be lent at interest. Notwithstanding the scheme, no sums are lent at interest, and
66l. 13s. 4d., 3 per cent. stock, is nominally appropriated
to meet the 40s. a year. That sum is given to the poor of
the Company in two sums of 20s. each, at the July
Thomas Bramley, by deed of the 20th August 1602,
assigned to the Company several leasehold premises in
St. Bartholomew Exchange of the yearly value of 61l. 5s.,
to be distributed as follows:—
|To the poor of the Company||10||0||0|
|" St. Thomas's Hospital||5||0||0|
|" Christ's Do.||5||0||0|
|" St. Bartholomew's Do.||5||0||0|
|" Poor of St. Margaret, Lothbury||5||0||0|
|" Poor of St. Bartholomew's parish||5||0||0|
|" Master and wardens||1||6||8|
|" Beadle and porter||0||10||0|
And he directed that the wardens should deduct 20l.
a year out of the rents to be lent out to young men of the
Company. The premises conveyed by this deed were burnt
at the Great Fire, and the Company having, it is stated, no
funds to rebuild, surrendered the site to the Clothworkers'
Company (the lessors of the premises) for 150l., for which
sum they charge themselves with interest at 3l. 6s. 8d.
per cent., making 5l. annually, appropriating 166l. 13s. 4d.
consols, which dividend is equally divided between the
two parishes of St. Margaret, Lothbury and St. Bartholomew, Royal Exchange, and paid on the receipt of the
Richard Buckland, by will of the 22nd August 1573,
gave to the Company three messuages in the parish of
St. Michael le Quern, London, to pay—
|To four poor householders of the Company||4|
|To the poor of St. Michael le Quern||1|
|To the poor of Shepperton||1|
The Company appropriate 200l., 3 per cent. consols,
as representing the fund produced by the sale of these
messuages not long after the Great Fire. The sum of
6l. a year is disposed of—as to 4l.—in sums of 20s. each
to four poor freemen of the Company, at the December
distribution, and 1l. to each of the parishes of St. Michael
le Quern (on the receipt of the churchwardens) and the
parish of Shepperton on the receipt of the rector.
Lady Burghley's Charity.
Lady Mildred Burghley on the 11th September 1583,
gave to the Company 200l., in consideration of which they
granted to the dean of St. Paul's and the dean of Westminster 10l. a year, to be distributed as follows:—
|To four sermons, yearly, at Cheshunt,
each 13s. 4d.||2||13||4|
|For 20 poor householders or widows||4||6||8|
|To setting the poor at work||3||0||0|
And she further gave 200l. to the Company; 120l. to be
lent to six inhabitants of Romford, and 80l. to be lent to
the inhabitants of Hoddesdon, Cheshunt, and Waltham
The Company charge themselves only with the sum of
10l. a year, under the circumstances mentioned in the
Report of the Commissioners of Inquiry (Vol. 10, p. 192),
and in respect of which they nominally appropriate
333l. 6s. 8d., 3 per cents.
The sum of 10l. a year is still paid to the churchwardens
The sum of 100l. for loans to poor tradesmen of Romford,
without interest, is still occasionally lent on these terms.
It appears by memorandum in the books of the Company,
and the letter of the vestry clerk of Romford of the
27th December 1831, that a sum of 20l., lent to Wm. Sarell
on the 24th February 1825, was lost by the failure of the
principal and the sureties. The vestry clerk of Romford
prepares the bonds, which are sometimes deposited with
the Company. There is at present one bond of 20l. in the
strong box of the Company, and the remaining sum is
supposed not to be lent, but to be in the hands of the
Florence Caldwall, who died in 1614, by her will gave to
the Company a messuage on Ludgate Hill of 20l. a year,
|To St. Martin, Ludgate, for bread||2||12|
|To the parish of Rollestone, Staffordshire||7||0|
|For gowns, &c. for six poor men of the
And the residue for the Company.
This Charity appears to have been one which suffered at
the Great Fire. The ground on which it stood was sold to
the City for widening Ludgate Hill, in 1667, for a sum
of 92l. 10s. In respect of this the Company appropriate
99l. 8s. 11d., 3 per cent. consols, sufficient to produce
2l. 19s. 8d. a year, of which the Company pay 16s. 4d.
a year to the parish of St. Martin, Ludgate, and 2l. 3s. 4d.
a year to the parish of Rollestone, Staffordshire.
Thomas Carpenter, by will of the 29th April 1731, gave
to the Company 400l., and the produce disposed of to
20 poor people.
The Company appropriate 400l., 3 per cents. consols, as
representing this Gift. The dividends on that sum
amounting to 12l. a year, are distributed to 20 poor freemen
of the Company at the April court in sums of 12s. each.
Frances Clarke's Charity.
Mrs. Frances Clarke, by indenture of the 20th January
1608, gave 200l. to the Company, they covenanting to pay
yearly to two poor scholars 5l. each. The Company doubled
the amount of these exhibitions under the circumstances
mentioned in the report of the Commissioners of Inquiry
(Vol. 10, p. 198), and they appropriate nominally a sum of
666l. 13s. 4d., 3 per cent. consols, as the capital fund.
The dividends or interest of 20l. a year are paid to two
exhibitioners, one at Christ Church, Oxford, and one at any
college at Cambridge. The present exhibitioners are
George Plumtree Howse, of Pembroke College, and Sidney
Richard Maynard Walker, of Christ Church, Oxford.
Thomas Cleave, by his will (date unknown), gave to the
Company 54l., on consideration to pay 10 poor widows 40s.
a year. The Company appropriate nominally 66l. 13s. 4d.,
3 per cent. consols, as the capital of this Gift, and they
distribute 2l. a year, in sums of 20s. each, to two widows
of freemen, as part of their July distribution, amongst the
poor of the Company.
Wm. Cleaves's Charity.
William Cleave, by will of the 11th of May, 1665, gave
to the Company two messuages in St. Swithin's parish for
the poor of the Company.
And by a codicil of the 16th April, 1667, he gave to the
Company 300l.,—200l. for the relief of the poor of the
Company, and 100l. towards rebuilding the Company's hall
The premises devised by this testator are:—
|No. 83. Cannon Street with No. 6, Oxford
Court, forming one continued tenement of
about 100ft. in depth, 16ft. breadth of
frontage, and 25 ft. breadth in Montague
Court, is let to John Shaw for 21 years
from Midsummer 1853||90||0||0|
|Interest on 333l. 6s. 8d. consols, nominally
appropriated from by the Company in respect of the legacy of 200l. given by the
|A compensation or reimbursement of 50l. for
rebuilding a party wall to the house in the
court, which cost the Charity 59l. 5s. 0d.,
for which they received 50l., and invested
the same in 52l. 0s. 4d., 3 per cent. consols||1||11||2|
The outgoings are:—
|The salary of clerk||5||0||0|
|" " surveyor||1||16||0|
The Company have comtemplated the imposition of an
additional charge of 5l. per cent. for management on this
and other charities.
The Company pay 16 poor widow of freemen a pension
of 5l. each, annually—80l.
This distribution has been increased in the number of
recipients or pensioners as the funds have augmented.
There is at present a balance of cash to the credit of this
Charity amounting to 83l. 2s. 7d. (fn. 7)
Nicholas Culverwell, by will of the 22nd October 1569,
gave 300l. to the Company, whereof 100l. to be lent to five
of the poorest young men of the Company, and for the
remaining 200l. the Company to pay 10l. a year to two of
the poorest preachers, one at Christ's College, Cambridge,
and one at Magdalen College, Oxford.
The Company appropriate 333l. 6s. 8d., 3 per cent.
consols, the interest or dividends on which, amounting to
10l. a year, is paid to two preachers at the universities,
nominated by the Bishop of London. The present preachers
are the Rev. W. D. Macray, at Magdalen College, Oxford,
and the Rev. I. P. Sandberg, of Christ's College,
As to the 100l. to be lent out, I refer to my report upon
the loan charities without interest.
Mrs. Elizabeth Freeman's Charity.
Elizabeth Freeman, by Indenture of the 3rd December
1630, gave to the Company 100l., they covenanting to pay
5l. a year for putting forth poor children, apprentices, in
the parish of Aspeden, Herts.
The Company appropriate 166l. 13s. 4d., 3 per cent.
consols as representing this gift, and they pay the dividends
or interest, amounting to 5l. a year, to Sir Henry Lushington,
the present lord of the manor of Aspeden, to whom the
selection of the objects is entrusted.
George French, by will of the 10th May 1699, directed
his executor to pay 20 poor aged freemen of the Company
or their widows 2s. 6d. each.
The Company having received 40l. in respect of this
bequest, appropriate 83l. 6s. 8d., 3 per cent. consols as
nominally the capital fund, and pay 25s. each to two of the
poor of the Company at the July distribution.
Thomas Gale, by will of the 27th August 1540, gave 50l.
for the payment annually of 1l. 6s. 8d. to St. George,
Botolph Lane, for the churchwardens to distribute,—
|To the clerk and beadle of the Company||2||0|
|To six poor housekeepers of the parish||4||0|
|To six poor haberdashers||4||0|
|And for an obit||16||8|
Under a Covenant of the 1st September 1589 this gift
was settled at an annual sum of 20s., to be paid to the
parson and churchwardens, which the latter were to distribute in certain portions amongst the poor of that parish,
and the parson and churchwardens, the poor householders
of the Company, and the clerk and beadle; but the practice
at the last inquiry was, and still is, to pay the 20s. a year
to the churchwardens, leaving the entire distribution to
them; nothing is paid to the clerk or beadle of the
Company, nor is there any evening service in the church at
which the recipients could attend.
A nominal sum of 33l. 6s. 8d. consols is appropriated as
the capital of the Charity.
Garrett or Gerrard's Charity.
The will of Henry Garrett, alias Gerrard, purported to
devise to the Company, a house in Holborn, but it is stated
that the devise was declared void, but that the Company
purchased and again sold the house, reserving a quitrent
of 1l. 1s. 8d. It is still paid to the Company as charged
on two houses lately occupied by—Tregham, a confectioner, on the north side of Holborn, west of Hatton
Garden. The Company pay 15s. a year to the Churchwardens of St. Sepulchre, and 6s. 8d. a year to the
Churchwardens of St. James Clerkenwell.
This is one of the loan charities, arising from the gift of
300l. by Richard Gournay, to be lent out at 5 per cent. and
the interest to be given—
|To the poor of the Company||5||0||0|
|To Christ's Hospital||5||0||0|
|To a poor scholar studying Divinity at
Oxford or Cambridge||5||0||0|
There is no fund lent by the Company at interest, and
therefore, notwithstanding the scheme, the sum is not
appropriated as a loan charity. The Company charge
themselves with a nominal sum of 500l., 3 per cent. consols
to produce 15l. a year, out of which they pay to an exhibitioner at the University 5l. (the present exhibitioner is
Mr. N. G. Wilkins, of St. John's College, Cambridge); a
further sum of 5l. to Christ's Hospital, and the remaining
5l. to the poor of the Company, in sums of 20s. each at the
Catharine Hall's Charity.
A loan charity, founded by the gift of 50l. by Catharine
Hall, for which she directed that the young man of the
Company receiving it should distribute a load of coals
yearly to the poor. Like the other funds for which interest
was to be paid (see Bowcher's, Gournay's, &c.), it is not
lent, and the Company appropriate 66l. 13s. 4d., 3 per cent.
consols to meet an annual charge of 40s. settled as equivalent to a load of coals, which is given to two poor persons
of the Company at the January court.