HABERDASHERS' COMPANY. APPENDIX.
Equitable Adaptation, or Improvement without
Shall we the Founder's competence disown?
For his will shall we substitute our own?
The points mainly at issue with respect to the charitable benefactions of Mr. Adams are, in the first place,
What was his original intention? Secondly, How far
that intention ought to be departed from or adhered to
in the circumstances of the present period? We have
to look at once to the equity and to the expediency of
the case, that we may ascertain whether these are
necessarily conflicting, or are capable of reasonable,
comprehensive, and beneficial adjustment. It is now
very reasonably and rightly desired and proposed that
French, German, and Drawing should be added to the
branches of education already existing in the school.
The application for this addition has my sincere and
cordial concurrence. My persuasion is that it is both
desirable and requisite, and that it may be afforded in
a manner highly conducive to the prosperity of the
school, and without any unfair infringement of the
claims of the other parts of the charitable foundation or
of the just rights of any class of the community. Long
acquaintance with the working of the school, long
experience also of it, and much consideration of all the
circumstances connected with it, have led me to the no
less deliberate than confident conclusion that the only
principle on which the school can attain to respectability, prosperity, and efficiency, is that of everything
the founder made free of charge being continued free
of charge; but that for the additions of writing and
arithmetic, French, German, and drawing, there should
be such a moderate charge to those who wish for them
that the children of the less wealthy of the middle
classes should not, as now, be driven from the school
by the very large proportion of the boys who come to
it from no other motive than its cheapness, without any
desire of their parents that they should learn either
Greek or Latin, and who, going to servile labour soon
after they come to their teens, will make no useful
progress in French or German.
We are not to suppose that Mr. Adams had never
heard of writing and arithmetic, or that it was a mere
casual omission on his part that it was not included in
his very considerately worded Will. The so probable
as to be an almost certain conclusion is that it was from
deliberate forethought that he stopped short of making
writing and arithmetic free of charge, being aware
that to make this free of charge would be to impair the
character of the school as a classical establishment, and
frustrate the chief ends of its endowment by filling it
with a class of boys to whom the ancient languages
would be of little comparative benefit. Reference to
the Foundation Deed plainly shows that the intention
of Mr. Adams was not to found a pauper infant school,
which is in a very considerable degree its present character, but an establishment to prepare scholars for the
Universities. If his principal object had been to provide
for the education of the labouring classes, he would not
have assigned an express preference to the Justices, of
Hinstock, one of the oldest and most respectable
families in the county; nor would he have augmented
the endowment of the English school of this town to the
extent of one half of its income. What also is the
advantage of this English school with a teacher of
such very superior abilities and attainments as its
present excellent ill-remunerated master, Mr. Lees, is
known to possess, if it is to be nearly emptied, as it now
is, by the mass of the boys being drawn from it to the
Latin school by the inducement held out to them in
the opportunity of being there taught writing and
arithmetic free of charge?
I am aware that the argument, that since the fine end
of the wedge has been introduced the broad end has a
right to follow, and that, a precedent having been once
set, and the principle of transferring the funds of the
charity to other objects than those contemplated by the
founder established, this precedent and principle may
be carried out to its utmost length, will be appreciated
according to its worth. But while it is open on the one
side to consider how much further this principle is to
be carried, it is open on the other side to consider
whether this principle has been rightly established;
whether its practical working has been beneficial or
hurtful; and whether, therefore, it would not be wiser
and better to restore the original character of the
charity, as indicated by the letter and spirit of the
The truth is that the teaching of writing and arithmetic without charge was added for the greater advantage of the boys who came for the sake of the Latin and
Greek. The practical result has been that the large
proportion of the boys, who come to the school for the
sake of having their writing and arithmetic free of cost,
has driven away the boys who would have come for the
sake of the Latin and Greek.
The first and most necessary step towards raising the
school from its present resemblance to a pauper infant
school is to have such a charge for writing and arithmetic as will not, from its cheapness in this particular,
draw to it a large proportion of those who will care no
more for French and German than for Latin and
By a scale of charges, not at all onerous to parents
whose sons would be likely to receive real benefit from
learning French and German, there might probably be
obtained a sufficient sum to pay 100l. a year to a new
master, to teach French, German, and drawing. The
school would thus have again a fair chance of flourishing,
by attracting to it such scholars as those for whom it
was originally intended,—to whom it could impart
substantial benefits, and who, it might be hoped, would
reflect credit upon it by their attainments in literature
Gentlemen of superior scholastic qualifications would
have much greater inducement to accept and retain the
masterships if the constitution of the school were now
to afford them the same favourable prospect and opening
for combining the profit of boarders with their present
very moderate salaries, as was afforded them by the
scheme settled by the founder.
That youths of superior talent and promise may be
better enabled to become competitors for the many
valuable appointments now thrown open to the candidates
who pass the best public examinations, the augmentation of the exhibitions, founded towards their maintenance at the University, is of material importance; but
the amount of such augmentation cannot but be lessened
by that impoverishment of the funds of the foundation
which would be the inevitable result of the diversion of
those funds to the teaching of writing and arithmetic,
French, German, and drawing without charge.
The apparent surplus in the funds of the charity is
not necessarily a real equitable surplus. Common
reason and common justice plainly require such a scheme
of distribution as shall make the payments to parties
entitled to a definite share in the benefaction of
Mr. Adams not inferior in substantial value to what
they were at the time of their allotment by the founder.
It is but frugal honesty to take advantage of the change
in the value of money to give a merely nominal instead
of a really virtual equivalent. Were I much more
indifferent to my own personal interests than I profess
to be, I should not consider myself justified in being
either an assisting or a consenting party to such transference of the funds of the charity to new objects as
should tend to prejudice the fair claims and just rights
of my successors in the living of Newport, and to debar
them from obtaining redress of the great injustice
which the living has sustained from the unfair arrangements which have been made in schemes obtained
without notice to parties interested, or opportunity
afforded them of setting forth their several claims.
That which Mr. Adams allotted to the Minister, the
first-named in the order of his benefactions, was more
than a ninth of the income of the charitable foundation; that which is now paid to the minister is about a
twentieth,—less than one half of the original proportion.
The principle of keeping free of charge all that the
founder made free of charge, but of a moderate payment
being required for the additions necessary to afford a
complete system of education, has been adopted, and is
acted upon in most if not all similar foundations in
Shropshire. It would not be a novel experiment, but
one that has been tried with success. Consistent with
honesty and with policy, equitable, expedient, and
benevolent, it is further recommended by the satisfactory
character of its results. It is that which is at once
the most probably attainable and the most really
If a guinea a year each were charged for writing and
arithmetic, French, German, and drawing, and if each
boy under fifteen years of age were every day to read
in class to one of the masters selections from English
standard writers, the school could hardly fail to become
what the benevolent founder intended it to be, a real
benefit and blessing to the town and its vicinity, and to
still more distant parts.
In the hope that these few pages may in some degree
contribute to "a consummation so devoutly to be
wished," I venture to submit them to the consideration
of the governors, visitors, and masters of the school,
and of such other persons as feel interested in the
restoration of its respectability, and the increase of its
usefulness, by its adaptation to the requirements of
the present state of society.
November 8th, 1862.
Being in my seventieth year and in precarious
health, I avail myself of the notice issued by you concerning the Newport School Charity to address to you
a communication on that head, not being able to attend
personally, having not left the house this last five
weeks, and not knowing when, if ever, my medical
adviser will allow me to do so. My statement will, I
hope, be considered entitled to attention, both from my
position as the incumbent of the living of Newport
and from my having been the second master of Newport
School, and from my having had a thorough insight
into the working of a public school from having been
three years in the head class, and second boy in it
under Dr. Butler, one of the most successful and
eminent, if not the most illustrious, of ancient or
I have long held and still firmly hold the persuasion
that a very important step toward the greater efficiency
and usefulness of Newport School and of many similar
schools is to further the doing away of the requirement
that the second master should have taken an university
degree. It is very seldom that a very superior scholar
will accept a second mastership, but a second master,
if he, as such, has conducted himself well for a few
years, will on a vacancy of the headmastership have
established a claim to the succession, whether he be or
be not a superior classical scholar. This leads to a much
less satisfactory election of headmasters.
That which would most conduce to the beneficial and
satisfactory working of Newport School would be this,
viz., for the headmaster to be of superior attainments
and qualifications as a classical instructor; that the
second master should be well qualified to be a commercial master, and as teacher of the sciences pertaining
to school tuition; and lastly, that the third master
should be a good French and drawing master.
Nearly the whole of the classical department should
be the province of the headmaster. It is in no degree
probable that this town and its vicinity will furnish
pupils sufficient to make it desirable that there should
be two classical masters; for the greater part of the
last hundred years the headmastership, so far as the
day scholars or free boys are concerned, has been very
nearly a sinecure; and of all the boys now in the head
school not more than one boy, I believe, if so much as
one, was removed into it because he had reached the
standard for such promotion, but because it was
desirable that the lower schools should be relieved from
their undue proportion of numbers, and that the headmastership should be no longer so much of a sinecure.
The truth is that about nine out of ten of the boys,
or perhaps a larger proportion, come to the school not
at all for the sake of the classics, but simply and solely
for English, writing, and arithmetic. Not one out of
20 goes to the university: nine out of ten leave the
school to go to some trade or mechanical employment
just before or just after they are 14. The second
master should take them just so far in Latin as for it
to be a foundation for their better progress in French
and other modern languages. Their promotion into
the head school is so far from being a benefit that it
is an injury. The boys intended for the university or
for the learned professions the headmaster should take
himself nearly from the first, and then he would be
very far indeed from being distressed by excessive
numbers, especially as the boys in the head school
might be instructed by the second master in writing,
arithmetic, and mathematics.
It is scarcely possible for the second master, whatever
may be his diligence and whatever his qualifications as
to teacher, to gain credit in the classical department,
for the cream is continually skimmed off from him and
he is expected to do in one year the work for which
three years, and often more, is required.
The second master has also to teach so many parts
of literature and science that he cannot have time for
such parsing as to make the boys perfect in critical
niceties and in the application of the more difficult rules
of the Latin syntax.
That which would give lively and abundant satisfaction in this town and in its vicinity would be one
classical master eminent for his attainments as a
scholar; one well qualified commercial master; and a
third master to teach French and drawing.
This communication is not at all confidential. My
wish is that you should make the contents known to
the Haberdashers' Company.
Hoping that I have not trespassed more upon your
attention than I may be deemed entitled to do from my
long experience of the school and acquaintance with its
I am, Sir,
Very faithfully yours,
Incumbent of Newport, Salop.
December 5th, 1862.
I thank you for your courteous, though very
brief, reply to my written and printed communications.
My letter having been penned on the very day that
I saw your notice issued to the Newport churchwardens, I find on maturer consideration that I set
forth the state of Newport School much less clearly
and fully than I might have done. From the best
information afforded me I learn that in the head school
there is now only one boy intended for the University.
Nearly the sole reason why boys go from Newport
School to college is that, besides the smaller exhibitions
founded by Mr. Adams, there are four much more
valuable exhibitions founded by a Mr. Cardwell. These
are 60l. a year for the first four years, and at a smaller
rate of payment are tenable for ten years, becoming on
an average vacant, that is, one of them at each 2½ years.
The Cardwell and Adams exhibitions taken together
will defray the college expenses of a servitor at Christ
Church without any cost to the parents: therefore,
poor boys when they see a prospect of getting them
when about 17 wait for them and take them, first pass
their admission examination to the college, and then
just pass for some degree and to
they are put into one of the
priest's offices that they may eat a piece of bread, the
working of which is alike bad for themselves, for the
church, and the congregations to which they are to
minister. It is of extreme importance that the
standard of examination for an exhibition, which is now
ridiculously and mischievously low, should be made
very much higher; for though superior scholarship is
no decisive proof of moral and spiritual worth, it is for
the most part the fact as evidence of that diligence
which generally goes together with good conduct, as
idleness generally goes together with bad conduct and
For the last 50 years only one boy from Newport
School has done so much as to take a second class.
The suggestion which I venture to make to you on
an occasion when the vital interests of the school are
at issue is that, if you can make it convenient to come
down to us, you should be present at the examination
of the whole school by Mr. Sealy on the 16th of this
month. This will disclose to you the true state of the
school, and by consultation with Mr. Sealy, the present
examiner, and with his brother, the late examiner, you
will more clearly see your way as to what new arrangements you may deem most desirable.
I have myself little prospect of being present at the
examination, as I am suffering with a most debilitating
illness, which has confined me to the house for more
than two months, and during great part of the time to
Requesting and hoping that you make indulgent
allowance for a communication from me in a state of
sickness and great debility,
My dear Sir,
With my sincere respect,
Your obliged Correspondent,
Newport Grammar School (Salop),
10th November 1862.
In reply to your communication, I beg first to
remark that you do not seem to have been furnished
with the Reports of the Paid Examiner, which give full
accounts of "the condition of the school," you only
mention being furnished with reports of the visitors.
The Paid Examiner has now performed his functions in
three half-yearly examinations. There is kept here a
visitors' book recording all meetings from 28th November 1827. My own opinion of the school is that it is
satisfactory, and that the appointment of an able paid
examiner will prove very beneficial. With regard to
popular appreciation of the school, I may state that in
February 1862 I admitted 21 boys to the school, of
whom nine were rejected by the visitors after examination. I will attach a list of the exhibitioners, which
will answer all your enquiries on that subject, and I
will add a few proposals.
I have the honour to be, Sir,
Your obedient servant,
C. W. Saxton, D.D.,
To Thos. Hare, Esq.,
Inspector of Charities.
List of Cardwell Exhibitioners elected from Newport
School since 1821. On the average four vacancies
occur in 10 years, but this average may be increased
|25 years.||1821 John Justice||Age 17 years||Rev. Edwd. Meredith, Head Master.|
|1824 John Matthews||" 20 "|
|1824 John Meredith||" 20 "|
|1831 Henry Ralphe Smythe||" 18 "|
|1834 Ebenezer Pritchard||" 18 "|
|1839 Henry Wright||" 17 "|
|1839 Samuel Watson Steedman||" 19 "|
|1842 John Caswell||" 19 "|
|1845 Frederick Burd||" 19 "|
|16 years.||1846 Joseph Theodore Hope||" 17 "||Dr. Saxton, Head Master.|
|1847 Henry Wood Sandford||" 18 "|
|1849 Thomas Evans||" 18 "|
|1851 James Bartley||" 16 "|
|1855 Henry Pooler||" 17 "|
|1859 William Crump Lindop||" 17 "|
|1861 Thos. Crump Lindop||" 16 "|
The following scholars from Newport School have
been elected to open exhibitions in default of candidates
from the schools to which the exhibitions are attached
|1823 William Davis Vickers||Age 19 years||Rev. E. Meredith, Head Master.|
|1826 William Cureton||" 18 "|
|1837 William Cobb||" 18 "|
|1856 John Harper||" 18 "||Dr. Saxton, Head Master.|
|1856 Alfred Bright||" 16 "|
|1857 John Ashford Hartshorne||" 17 "|
N.B.—The Rev. E. Meredith had a large school of
boarders. Dr. Saxton does not take any.
Item.—A new scheme has lately come into operation by which a boy not Shropshire-born can take
a Careswell exhibition in default of a privileged
Item.—Dr. Saxton has sent up three Newport scholars
to Oxford who were not privileged to hold Careswell
Basil Jones, now at Jesus College.
Herbert Jones, now at St. Mary Hall.
Proposals of Dr. Saxton, Head Master of Newport
(Salop) Grammar School.
No. 1. That, as Staffordshire comes close up to the
town of Newport, the privileges of a Shropshire-born
boy be extended to a radius of five miles from Newport
No. 2. That the entrance money of one half-crown,
as originally appointed in Cromwell's time, should be
raised to an adequate sum in proportion to the advance
of other payments, particularly as the boys pay no
No. 3. That a practice abolished by the Governors in
the time of the Rev. E. Meredith be revived, viz., that
whenever the parents of a boy choose to pay 10 guineas
to the headmaster their son may have the privilege
of immediately coming under his care.
No. 4. That if a boy wish to learn Greek the headmaster may at the option of the latter take him up into
the upper school.
To Thos. Hare, Esq.,
Inspector of Charities.
Haberdashers' Estate, Hoxton.
A free public-house, adjoining the high road, and 66
To be let, by tender, by the worshipful Company of
Haberdashers, Governors of Aske's Charity Estate,
Hoxton, on repairing leases, for 21 years, from Midsummer, 1863:—
The free public-house, known as the "George and
Vulture," situate in Haberdashers' Street, which
might be enlarged so as to form a corner house
to the main street.
Also 12 houses, Nos. 1 to 12, Haberdashers' Place,
which may be converted into shops, at the option
of the lessee.
Also 19 houses, Nos. 1 to 19, on the south side of
Aske's Terrace; and 35 houses, Nos. 1 to 35, on
the north and south sides of Haberdashers' Street,
in the parish of St. Leonard, Shoreditch, in the
county of Middlesex.
Plans of the property, and specifications of the
repairs to be performed, may be seen at the offices of
Mr. William Snooke, the surveyor to the governors,
No. 6, Duke Street, London Bridge, between the hours
of 10 and 4 o'clock.
Tenders, in writing only, are to be sent in to Haberdashers' Hall, Gresham Street West, on or before
Thursday, the 27th day of November 1862.
Particulars and Conditions.
First.—The premises to be let are particulary shown
by the map; the divisions and boundaries of the several
houses are to be the same as at present.
Second.—Tenders, in writing, according to the
accompanying form only, are to be made for one or
more of the houses, singly or together, at the option of
the parties tendering.
Third.—The several houses and premises are to be
effectually and completely repaired by and at the cost
of the lessee, and agreeably to the specifications, within
six months from the commencement of the terms
respectively. Upon the completion thereof, the leases
will be granted. The works are to be performed under
the directions and to the satisfaction of the governors'
surveyor, to whom due notice in writing is to be given
one week at least before the commencement of the
repairs. The amount (if any) which may be received
of the present tenants for dilapidations will be paid to
the new tenants upon the satisfactory completion of the
Fourth.—With respect to the houses in Haberdashers'
Place, the party tendering is to state whether it is his
intention to convert them into shops. If so converted,
they must be done to the satisfaction of the governors'
surveyor, and according to plans to be previously
approved by him.
Fifth.—The parties tendering must give references
to two or three respectable persons.
Sixth.—The existing leases will expire at Midsummerday next. The new rent will commence from the time
of possession being given.
Seventh.—The new leases will contain the provisions
Eighth.—The governors will not be bound to accept
the highest or any tender or tenders.
Ninth.—The fixtures and plant at the "George and
Vulture" tavern must be taken at a valuation in the
usual way, if required by the outgoing tenant.
Provisions of Leases to be granted.
Affidavit to verify marriage extract.
Terms, 21 years, to commence at Midsummer, 1863.
Yearly rent, £, payable on the usual
quarterly days, clear of the sewers', main drainage, and
all other rates, taxes, and charges whatsoever (property
tax excepted). The land tax is redeemed. The
premiums on fire insurance, which will be paid by the
landlords, to be repaid by the tenant and secured as
The tenant is to keep the premises in substantial
repair; and to rebuild, if necessary, the party and other
walls, arches, and drains.
To paint in every three years the external wood,
iron, and other work, and colour the cemented parts;
and paint, paper, and colour the internal work usually
done, in every seven years of the term.
To give up the premises so repaired, painted, &c., at
the expiration of the term, with all additions and improvements and landlords' fixtures.
Power to the landlords to enter and see the condition
of the premises. The tenant to make good all dilapidations within three months after notice.
Affidavit to verify baptismal extract.
The tenant is not to cut or injure the walls, or main
timbers, or make openings, or alter the construction or
elevation of the premises, without the landlords' previous
consent. He is to keep open the doors and windows,
and if the same or the light be obstructed by other
persons, he is to give notice to the landlords.
No shop or manufactory to be opened (except in
Haberdashers' Place West), but the premises to be
occupied as private dwelling-houses only. No nuisance
or offensive occupation to be carried on, nor to be used
as brothels. No materials to be kept, nor any act done,
which may vitiate or increase the rate of insurance.
The lease not to be assigned, or the premises underlet,
without the previous licence of the landlords; and all
assignments and underleases are to be prepared by the
clerk of the Company.
In case of non-payment of the rent, or non-performance
of the covenants, the lease will be forfeited.
The landlords will restore the premises in case of
injury by fire, unless by the act or default of the tenant
the policy of insurance shall have been forfeited.
N.B.—Permission will be given for opening shops in
Haberdashers' Place West, the plans to be previously
approved by and the work to be done to the satisfaction
of the Company's surveyor.
Public-houses, or ale or beer shops, will not be
allowed to be opened without previous express licence
by the Company.
Form of Tender to be filled up and signed.
Insert name, place of abode, age, and description.; State the relationship.
I agree to take upon lease or leases from the Haberdashers' Company the houses Nos.
in Hoxton, for the term of
21 years, from Midsummer, 1863, at the net yearly
rent of £ and to execute a counterpart
thereof; such leases to contain covenants and provisions
to the effect above mentioned, and to be prepared by
the Company's solicitor at my cost. And I further
agree to comply with all the particulars and conditions
also herein-before mentioned.
State the grounds of application.
In the Matter of Mr. Banks's Legacy to his Relations.
The person applying must procure documents to
prove their parents' marriage, and also their own
baptism; a person of known respectability must make
affidavit that they are true extracts, and that he saw
them signed by those whose signatures they bear.
Affidavit must also be made of the identity of the
person applying, as being the person described in the
baptismal extract, and that the signature to the memorial is the proper handwriting of the applicant.
The affidavits are to be sworn before a master
extraordinary in Chancery or other competent person.
maketh oath and saith that he this deponent hath
carefully compared and examined the paper writing
hereto annexed, marked (No. 1), with the original entry
thereof in the book of the register of marriages kept at
in and for the parish of
and that the same is a true and
correct extract therefrom, in the words and figures as
the same doth appear in the said register book, and that
he this deponent was present, and did see the Reverend
, minister of the said parish,
compare such extract with the original entry of the
said registry, and did afterwards see him sign the same
with his own proper hand; and that the name
thereunto set and subscribed is of the proper handwriting of the said.
maketh oath and saith that he this deponent hath carefully compared and examined the paper writing hereunto annexed, marked (No. 2), with the original entry
thereof in the book of the registor of baptisms kept at
in and for the parish of
and that the same is a true and
correct extract therefrom in the words and figures as
the same doth appear in the said registry book; and
that he this deponent was present, and did see the
Reverend, minister of the
said parish, compare such extract with the original
entry of the said registry, and did afterwards see him
sign the same with his own proper hand, and that the
name thereunto set and subscribed
is of the proper handwriting of the said
And this deponent further saith that,
the person whose name is set and subscribed to the
following memorial, addressed "To the trustees under
the will of Mr. John Banks, deceased," is the person
mentioned and described in the foregoing baptismal
extract, and that the name set
and subscribed to such memorial is of the proper
handwriting of him the said
Form of Application.
To the Trustees under the Will of Mr. John Banks,
The memorial of
That your memorialist is the
That the testator, by his will, dated 21st March 1716,
directed that after payment of certain incumbrances
with which his estate stood charged the annual sum of
200l. should be appropriated by his trustees for the
putting out apprentice, helping to set up in business, or
towards the marriage of such and so many of the issue
and descendants of his brothers and sisters, and in such
proportions, as his trustees should think fit.
That by an Order of the Court of Chancery, dated the
22nd May 1792, it appeared that the incumbrances had
been discharged, and it was therefore ordered that the
200l. should be applied as directed.
That your memorialist
He therefore humbly requests to be apportioned such
part of the 200l. to be distributed for the present year
(towards ) as your Worships shall
N.B.—Must be signed by the applicant himself, and
such signature witnessed by some respectable resident
having knowledge of him and the facts above stated.
Instructions to Applicants under Mr. Banks' Will
for aid in Setting up in Business.
State clearly and definitely—
1st. The nature of the business which you propose to
2nd. Whether by yourself, or in partnership.
3rd. If in partnership, give the name and address of
the proposed partner, how long he has carried
on the business in which you propose to join
him, and where.
4th. If by yourself, have you taken, or conditionally
engaged, any premises for the purposes of your
intended business, and where, or why not. If
you have engaged them, what is your arrangement with the landlord of them as regards
your holding or occupation of them, and the
rent to be paid.
5th. Send a letter from him, stating his willingness
to let the premises upon those terms.
6th. Also state what you are to pay for fixtures and
fittings on the premises.
7th. What will be the cost of the stock upon which you
propose to commence business, and what means
have you of paying for such fixtures, fittings,
8th. Let your father (if living) or your mother, or
guardian, sign the following certificate:—
"I, hereby certify that the above statement of the arrangements made by my son or daughter,
with a view to his, or her, setting up in business, is in
all respects correct and true, and that I have made
every prudent inquiry into the safety and eligibility
of such proposed arrangements, and do fully approve
thereof, and consider that it will be desirable and
beneficial to him, or her, to be enabled to set up in
business in manner and upon the arrangements above
stated; and in case the trustees shall allot any portion
of their Trust Fund to my said son, or daughter, for
such purpose, I undertake to see it duly and faithfully
applied to that object, and that it shall not be used or
spent in any other way."
Write your answers on this page, placing each answer as
nearly opposite to the question as possible, and sign
your name at the end.
Instructions to Applicants under Mr. Banks' Will
for aid in Apprenticeship.
Applicants for assistance from the late Mr. Banks'
trust fund, on their being put out apprentice, must state
accurately the following particulars, and procure declarations by the father, or, if he be deceased, by the
mother, or guardian of the applicant and by the intended master or mistress, to the effect stated below;
also a certificate from the minister of the parish, or a
magistrate of the place in which the proposed master or
mistress resides, in the form and to the effect set forth
The christian and surname, and age
of the applicant.
The christian and surname, residence and business, of the proposed master or mistress.
How long such master or mistress
has carried on such business at
The sum to be paid as the consideration for such apprenticeship.
The term of years for which the
applicant is to be bound.
Whether the master and mistress
is to provide the applicant with
board and lodging or not.
I, the father, mother, or guardian
(as the case may be) of the above-named applicant, do
hereby declare my full and free consent to being
bound to the above named for the term and
upon the conditions above stated.
* The master or mistress.
I, the above named*, declare
that I am ready and willing to take the above named
as my apprentice, for the
term and upon the conditions above mentioned.
The master's name.; *The sum to be paid.; †The master.; ‡The father, mother. or guardian as the case may be
I, officiating minister of
the parish, or acting magistrate for the town, county,
or division of ( (fn. 1) )
in the county of hereby
certify to the trustees of the will of the late Mr. John
Banks, that ( (fn. 2) ) now
carrying on the business of a
at No. in Street, in the
town of ( (fn. 3) ), has been known to me
for a period of years, during the whole of which
time has carried on said business at that
place, and that appears to me to be still carrying
on the same in a respectable and creditable manner, and
I consider a fit and proper person to be entrusted
as the master or mistress of an apprentice, paying a
premium of £*, and
I further certify that the said†
and‡ have both appeared
before me this day, and signed their respective
declarations on the preceding page in my presence.
The minister or magistrate to
sign his name and subscribe
his address and proper ministerial or official addition.
The Grammar School, Monmouth,
January 19th, 1863.
I only returned from town at the end of last week
and now take the earliest opportunity of answering your
The number of boys in the classical school is 19, the
average age is 13, and the number in the commercial
school is 81, and their average age 11.
The course of instruction in each department of the
school is precisely the same as that laid down by the
scheme of 1854.
With respect to the present condition of the school, I
have great pleasure in being able to state that it seems
to be considered satisfactory to all persons connected
with the establishment, the examiner's last report (of
which I enclose a copy) speaks in the highest terms of
the discipline of the school and the sound education
imparted to the scholars. The three other masters of
the school are good and useful co-operators with me,
and thus we have been enabled to send in pupils who
have with success competed against others from schools
at Cheltenham, Gloucester, and the neighbourhood.
I might state many means by which in my opinion
the school might be made more useful, for at present,
owing to the school being perfectly free, even with
respect to books and stationery, we receive many whose
parents object to paying the few pence for the National
School, our standard of respectability is thus reduced,
and boys, to whom the education we give would be
more useful, are to a certain extent kept away; the
existing restriction against boarders also has the same
effect, for many parents living at a distance from the
town are prevented sending their boys to the school,
owing to the present necessity of boys lodging at houses
where there is no direct supervision by the masters of
the school; but, whatever I may here have said, I hope
you will fully understand that I do not wish to urge
anything in opposition to the Haberdashers' Company,
who will, I have no doubt, use their best endeavours to
increase the usefulness of the school.
I am, Sir,
Your obedient servant,
C. M. Roberts.
T. Hare, Esq.
Jones' Free Grammar School.
December 15th, 1862.
Having completed the Christmas examination of
the Monmouth Grammar School, I proceed to record the
conclusions at which I have arrived. They are the
result of an inquiry which occupied two days, and which
I spared no pains to make as searching as possible. I
have also had the benefit of comparing my impressions
with the experience of the late examiner, whose reports
I have read with much interest. The highest class
during the past six months has consisted of the same
two boys, Pinn and Lewis; you will be glad to learn
that they continue to merit the characters given to
them on former occasions. They are pupils who would
do credit to any public school in the Kingdom. They
also continue to hold the relative positions assigned to
them at the last examination. Pinn still retains the
first place, rather by the advantage of seniority than by
force of superior industry or greater natural ability.
In mathematics Lewis has made much less progress
than his class-mate, and accordingly I have no difficulty
in adjudging the prize for this branch of study to Pinn.
In other subjects the difference between the two boys is
not considerable. It is therefore much less easy to
award the other prize, which is given for classics,
history, geography, and divinity taken together; for the
most part Lewis' answers show a better command of
style, while those of Pinn indicate the riper and fuller
knowledge of an older boy. To this remark I must
make one exception, Lewis' performance in history and
geography was the better in matter as well as in language, and was in all respects excellent. But his gain
in this one paper, though appreciable, did not compensate for his inferior success in the classical and divinity
papers. These turned the scale in favour of Pinn, who
therefore takes the prize. In the English part of their
examination both these boys surpassed my expectations.
In mathematics also they acquitted themselves respectably, each according to his attainments. The translations from Sophocles and Tacitus which I required of
them were executed with an accuracy and vigour
deserving of much commendation. It is in their composition, both Greek and Latin, that I discover most
room for improvement. In the second Latin class the
prize is well earned by Nelmes, who I am informed has
won it twice before; by persevering industry this painstaking lad keeps his ground against the second boy,
Ducker, whose evident ability is not so well seconded
by application. In addition to the subjects for which
the prize is given, viz., Greek, Latin, history, geography,
and divinity, this form passed a very creditable examination in elementary algebra and geometry. The third
Latin class translated fairly an easy passage of Cornelius
Nepos and a fable of Phædrus, rendered simple English
sentences into very tolerable Latin, and answered well
questions in Latin accidence, Roman history, geography,
and divinity. Here the prize is taken by James, Hiscocks being a good second. In the fourth class, which
has not advanced beyond the first rudiments of Latin,
Roberts may be mentioned with commendation.
Leaving the upper section of the school, I pass on to
speak of those classes in which no other language than
English is taught; no part of my task afforded me
greater pleasure than my examination of the senior boys
in this department. If a commercial education is not
to range beyond the mother-tongue, then I will venture
to say in few institutions of this kind can such a training be obtained in greater perfection than at Monmouth.
The first English class especially profit by a mental discipline which is far more thorough and complete than
might be inferred from its limited programme. The
principles of grammar as imparted here by a highly
competent teacher, when combined with the principle of
arithmetical science, also well taught, afford full scope for
the exercise of the intellectual faculties. The effects of
this instruction are apparent in the general intelligence
displayed by the pupils. Nor would I restrict this observation to the two or three boys at the top of the form, it
applies throughout. The prize in the 1st English class
is obtained by J. E. Wilson, but Hitchings and several
other boys have also done remarkably well. That
belonging to the 2nd class I award with some hesitation to Embry. His answers, correct in substance, are
disfigured by so many faults of spelling, probably the
result of carelessness, that I had nearly preferred to him
Lock, who stands second, and who, if he does not show
quite so much knowledge, has been guilty of fewer oversights. In the 3rd class the prizeman is McDougall. The
English classes below the third consist of boys whose instruction is purely elementary. The 4th class alone could
usefully be set to answer questions in writing. The
result was such as to reflect great credit on their master.
The two remaining divisions I examined orally, and
had every reason to be satisfied with their condition.
The prize in the 4th class is gained by Godwin, nearly
equal to whom are Herbert and Pritchard. In the 5th
there is a still closer approximation between Cullis and
Woollett, and it was with great difficulty that I at
length decided in favour of Cullis. In the 6th the best
boys seemed to be Scoging, Dance, and Frost. To all
classes which were examined in writing the same set
of divinity questions was proposed. In most this paper
was very well done, and I may notice that no boy in
any class who failed in it has succeeded in gaining a
prize. Another subject in which the whole school, with
the exception of the head form, were examined is arithmetic, for proficiency in which two prizes have to be
awarded. The higher of these I adjudge to Webb of
the 2nd Latin class, who has left all competitors a good
way behind. The lower I adjudge to G. Wickham of the
3rd English class, to whom H. Scudamore of the class
below is second, at no very great interval. The writing
prize must be assigned to Hiscocks of the 3rd Latin class,
not without honourable mention of Webb, who adds the
praise of a good penman to the distinction of the 1st
arithmetic prize. On turning over the copy books of
the half-year, I was pleased to find in most of them
evidence of progressive improvement, while the best
performances both in writing and arithmetic are extremely good, the average ones reach a standard of
merit which is creditable not only to the scholars, but to
their instructor. The neat labours of the 1st English
class in book-keeping also bear witness to sensible and
careful superintendence. Understanding that I have at
my disposal an additional prize, with which to distinguish
any merit that would otherwise go unrewarded, I
adjudge it to Lewis for his very admirable answers in
history and geography. In conclusion, Gentlemen, I beg
leave to congratulate you on the flourishing state of the
well organised and well administered institution of
which you are invested with the government, and on the
benefits which the Monmouth Grammar School is made
the means of conveying to the district in the centre
of which it is situated.
I have the honour to be,
Your most obedient servant
(Signed) Leonard Benton Seeley, M.A.,
late Fellow and Assistant Tutor of
Trinity College, Cambridge.
To the Master and Wardens of the
Worshipful Company of Haberdashers,
Governors of Jones' Free Grammar School
I certify that the above is a true copy of the report of
the Monmouth Grammar School, made by L. B. Seeley,
Esq., after his examination of the school held at the
close of the half-year ending December 15th, 1862.
C. M. Roberts, M.A.,
The bearer (born 18 )
has been this day elected to Mr. Trotman's school by
the Haberdashers' Company; you will accordingly
I am, Sir,
Your obedient servant,
Statutes for the Regulation of the Almshouse and Free
Grammar School of William Jones, in Monmouth,
in the County of Monmouth, made by the Worshipful Company of Haberdashers of the City of
London, the Governors; and approved by the
Order of the Court of Chancery, July 26th, 1854.
William Henry Wood, Esq., Master.
|Jeremiah Pilcher, Esq.||Wardens.|
|Edward C. Bracebridge, Esq.|
|George Keen, Esq.|
|John Phillips, Esq.|
|John Curtis, Clerk.|
In the 20 almhouses of this establishment there shall
be placed from time to time 20 poor old decayed
men and women, sole and unmarried, of honest life
and conversation, of the town and borough of Monmouth, if so many there be found, or else of the county
of Monmouth, each of whom shall have a house and
garden for dwelling, and the weekly sum of 8s.
for maintenance; also, every alternate year, at Christmas, a cloth cloak each, value 30s., upon which the
escutcheons are to be worn as heretofore accustomed.
The almspeople shall attend Divine Service together
at the parish church on the occasions when the same is
performed there by the lecturer in pursuance of the
7th clause herein-after contained, and also the lecturer's
service in the schoolroom, under that clause, unless
prevented by infirmity, ill-health, or other good cause,
to be approved by the lecturer.
In case of the death or removal of any of the almspeople, notice thereof shall immediately be given by
the lecturer to the magistrates of the town of Monmouth, who shall thereupon forthwith nominate and
return to the governors the names of three persons of
the description above-mentioned, and who have not
received parochial relief within the two preceding
years; out of whom the governors shall, as soon as
may be after receiving such return, appoint another
person or persons in the place or places so becoming
void. The lecturer shall also take charge of the cloak
and escutcheon of each deceased or removed almsperson,
and deliver them to his or her successor.
If any almsperson shall be given to drunkenness, or
be a frequenter of alehouses, or shall take any inmate
or lodger into his or her house without permission of
the lecturer, in writing, to be reported by him to the
visitors and governors, or shall live contentiously with the
rest of the almspeople, or others, or shall fail to attend
Divine Service as herein-before directed, or shall lodge
out of his or her almshouse, the lecturer shall have
power, of his own authority, to retain from such offending almsperson, as forfeited for the first offence, one
week's pension; and for the second offence two weeks'
pension, to be applied by him for the benefit of the rest
of the almspeople in such comforts or necessaries of
clothing or nourishment, but not in money, as he may
think necessary; but every such offence and forfeiture
shall be immediately entered under its proper date in
the said report book; and for a third offence the almsperson so offending shall be liable to expulsion from his
or her almshouse; and it shall be the duty of the
lecturer to temporarily suspend such offender, and
immediately report the fact and offence to the
visitors as well as to the governors, and also to enter it
in his report book; but the order for final expulsion
shall vest with the governors only, whose decision shall
Any almsperson who shall be found or justifiably
suspected to live incontinently or disreputably, or shall
marry, or shall become possessed of any property,
sufficient in the governors' judgment for his or her
maintenance, shall, under the order of the governors,
be subject to the immediate loss of his or her pension
or allowance, and to absolute displacement from the
almshouse; and it shall be the duty of the lecturer,
as soon as any such circumstance shall come to his
knowledge or suspicion, forthwith to report the same
to the visitors, and the visitors shall with all reasonable
speed investigate the case and report their opinion
thereupon to the governors; and in cases requiring
immediate interference, the visitors or any three of
them, after such investigation, are empowered forthwith to suspend such almsperson from the almshouse,
and stop the payment of his or her pension or
allowance, until the decision of the governors on the
case, which shall be final, shall be known.
Every person to be appointed to the office of Lecturer
shall be of approved good character, piety, and ability,
and shall have taken the degree of Bachelor or Doctor
of Divinity or Laws, or Bachelor or Master of Arts, in
one of the Universities of Oxford or Cambridge, and
shall be in Priest's Orders.
It shall be the duty of the Lecturer to read the Church
Service and preach a sermon twice on every Sunday,
Good Friday, and Christmas Day, and once on every
Ash Wednesday and Ascension Day, to the almspeople
in the church if permission for that purpose can be
obtained, but if not, then in the schoolroom; and also
administer the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper to them
four times at least in the year, and at such other times
as shall be reasonably required, and also upon all fitting
occasions to afford them religious consolation and advice.
To visit the almspeople weekly, and keep a report book,
and therein regularly enter the date of his visits and his
remarks upon their health, wants, conduct, and cleanliness, and all applications (whether granted or not) which
may be made by the almspeople for relaxation of these
Statutes or for permission to do anything for which such
permission is hereby required; to lay such book before
the Visitors at their quarterly and other meetings, which
shall be regularly forwarded by them to the Governors
after the quarterly meetings, with any remarks which
they may deem it requisite to make thereon; and to
personally attend the Visitors' meetings for the purpose
of giving all requisite explanations.
It shall also be the duty of the Lecturer to examine
the scholars in the school half-yearly at Lady Day and
Michaelmas, and to exercise a general superintendence
over the school, and to report thereon to the Visitors
and Governors; and also to report to the Governors all
irregularities in the conduct of any person belonging to
the establishment at Monmouth.
The Lecturer shall have, in addition to his stipend,
the occupation, rent free, of the Lecturer's house and
garden, and he shall, at his own charges, repair, maintain, and keep the same in tenantable repair, in the
following particulars; videlicet:—in glazing, tiling, and
slating the same and the copings and upper courses of
the wall; keep the premises wind and water tight, and
do such repairs as a tenant from year to year who had
agreed to keep premises in tenantable repair would be
bound to do.
The Lecturer shall give such security as the
Governors may require for doing such repairs, and also
for giving up the house and premises to the Governors
upon his ceasing to be Lecturer.
The Lecturer shall not absent himself from his duties,
nor take any other charge, employment, or living which
the Governors may consider likely to interfere with his
duties. In case of the Lecturer not duly performing his
duties, or of immoral conduct, of which the Governors
shall be sole judges, the Governors may remove him;
and thereupon, and also in case of his death or
resignation, appoint another Lecturer in his place.
The school shall be free for one hundred boys, to be
elected by the Visitors at their quarterly meetings, from
applicants born of whose parents or guardians are
resident in the town or borough of Monmouth, or in the
county of Monmouth, or in one of the counties of
Hereford and Gloucester; preference being given,
between candidates in other respects equally eligible, to
those born or whose parents or guardians shall reside in
the said town or borough.
No boy shall be admitted into the school who has
not had the small pox or been vaccinated, or who is not
perfectly free from any contagious or infectious disorder,
or who is unable to read and write, or who is under eight
or above fourteen years of age; and no boy shall
continue in the school after attaining the age of
Applicants for admission shall obtain from the Head
Master printed instructions for the purpose at least
10 days before the then next quarterly meeting of the
Visitors. It shall be the Head Master's duty to point
out and require the production of what he shall consider
sufficient evidence of the date and place of the boy's
birth, of his parents' or guardians' residence, and other
information required, and also to make inquiries into
the character of the parents or guardians and boys
applying, and to report the result to the Visitors at their
quarterly meetings; to prepare a list of the candidates,
classed according to the above rule of preference, and
specifying the date and place of the boy's birth and
parents' or guardians' residence, and to certify at the
foot of such list whether or not the candidates are, in his
opinion, in all respects qualified for admission; and, in
cases of doubt, to state the particulars to the Visitors,
and to transmit a duplicate of such list and certificate to
the Governors immediately after every election.
At the time of admission, one of the parents or the
guardian of. the boy admitted shall sign, in a book to be
kept for that purpose, an undertaking that the child
shall conform himself. to all the school regulations; and
a printed copy of the rules applicable to the boys and to
the parents shall be given to each party at the time of
the boy's admission.
The school hours shall be as follows, viz.:—from the
25th of March to the 25th of September, both days
inclusive, from half-past seven o'clock in the morning
to nine, from ten to twelve at noon, and from two to
five in the afternoon; and, between the 25th of September and the 25th of March, from nine to twelve
at noon, and from two until half-past four in the
The boys shall come to the school cleanly washed and
combed, and decently and properly clothed.
The boys shall have the free use and enjoyment of
the school playground in the interval of school hours,
and the same shall be open from eight o'clock in the
morning till eight o'clock in the evening in the summer,
and from eight in the morning till four in the afternoon
in the winter.
A correct list or muster roll of the boys shall be kept
and regularly called over at the commencement of every
school sitting by one of the masters; the names of the
boys then absent shall be distinctly shown or recorded
thereon in such manner as the head master may
direct, and the roll be regularly laid before him before
the business of the school commences. It shall also be
at all times open to the inspection of the Lecturer; and
regularly laid before the Visitors, at their meetings, by
Each morning, at the opening of the schools, prayers
selected from the Liturgy of the Church of England,
the collect for the day, and a chapter (or a portion of
one) of the Bible, shall be read by one of the masters;
and, before closing the schools in the afternoon, a
chapter out of the Bible shall be read by one of the
scholars, and a short prayer from the Liturgy by one of
The scholars shall be instructed in the Liturgy and
the religious principles of the Church of England; and
they shall attend church, accompanied by one of the
masters, twice every Sabbath Day, and on Christmas
Day, Good Friday, Ash Wednesday, Ascension Day,
and all general fast or thanksgiving days appointed
by proclamation, the master always sitting with them;
but no scholar shall be compelled to receive such
religious instruction, or to attend church, if his parents
or guardians shall object thereto in writing.
Monday and Tuesday in Easter Week, and Whit
Monday, are to be holidays, and the afternoons of
Wednesday and Saturday in every week half holidays;
but no other holiday or half holiday shall be allowed.
The vacations are to commence three days before and
terminate four weeks after Christmas and Midsummer
Days respectively, unless such four weeks shall end
on a Saturday or Sunday, and then on the Monday
If any scholar shall be, in the judgment of the head
master, insubordinate, or grossly misconduct himself,
or shall absent himself from school without leave or
cause satisfactory to the master, or shall remove to any
other school, or shall in the opinion of the head master
be found, after diligent pains and sufficient trial, not to
profit in learning, or shall prove so corrupt in principles
or manner that his example is or may become pernicious, the head master shall have power to suspend
such boy until the next meeting of the Visitors, who
shall then have power to expel him, and whose judgment as to his having incurred the penalty of expulsion
shall be final.
Public examinations of the scholars shall be held halfyearly at or about Midsummer and Christmas, before
the Visitors, by an examiner (who shall be a Master of
Arts of one of the Universities of Oxford or Cambridge)
appointed for the purpose, and who shall report to the
Governors and to the Visitors as to such examinations
and as to the state of the school generally. At each of
these examinations honorary rewards may be conferred
by the Visitors on such boys as they may think most
deserving thereof. The scholars are also to be examined
half-yearly, at or about Lady Day and Michaelmas, by
the Lecturer, who shall make to the Governors and the
Visitors reports of such examinations.
Such boys as are approved by the head master shall
have the free use of the library, which shall be opened
at such hours daily as he shall appoint. He is to take
care that all the library books are kept clean and carefully preserved, and that no book be lent out or removed
from the library on any pretence whatsoever: he shall
also once a quarter examine the catalogue of the books,
and report to the Visitors any books that may be missing
from the library. Donations of books to the school
library may be received, subject to the approbation of
A register shall be kept by the head master of the
names and ages of the boys, the date of their admission
and discharge or departure from the school, and the
cause of such discharge or departure, with the name,
residence, profession, or trade, of the parents or
guardians, with a column for remarks by the Visitors
or masters; and a copy of each quarter's entries (to be
made by the writing master, under the head master's
direction) shall be regularly sent by the head master to
The school shall be divided into the upper or
classical school, and the lower or commercial school.
In the classical school the subjects to be taught, in
addition to the religious instruction to be given under
the 21st clause, shall comprise the Greek and Latin
classics and composition, history, English composition,
natural philosophy, geography, common and physical,
writing, arithmetic, book-keeping and drawing, and
such other subjects, including the French and German
languages, as may be thought advantageous by the
head master, the Visitors, and the Governors. The
instruction in this school shall be given by the head
master, assisted by the third master.
In the lower or commercial school, in addition to the
religious instruction to be given under the 21st clause,
instruction shall be given in English grammar and
composition, history, geography, common and physical,
the elements of physical science, mathematics, arithmetic, book-keeping, writing, drawing, and the rudiments of Latin to those scholars whose parents may
require it, with such other subjects as may be approved
by the head master, the Visitors, and the Governors,
subject to the general superintendence of the head
master. The instruction in this school will be given
by the second and third masters. Writing, arithmetic,
and book-keeping are to be taught by the writing
master to the whole of the scholars in both schools.
The present and future scholars shall be admitted
into either school as their parents may desire.
The exhibitions shall be open only to scholars at the
time of election actually in the school, and who shall
have been admitted according to the preceding regulations, and shall have been bonâ fide in the school for at
least three consecutive years immediately preceding the
election (occasions of temporary absence, which the
Visitors shall have allowed, excepted).
Upon a vacancy occurring and being duly notified to
the Visitors by the head master, they shall with all
reasonable speed make such arrangements as they may
consider advisable for making it known in the school,
and for fixing and conducting the examination. The
election shall take place at one of the regular halfyearly meetings in the month of June or December,
after the public examination. The Visitors shall choose
such candidate or (if there shall be more than one
vacancy, such) candidates as they, with the assistance
of the examiner, may deem most deserving, and forthwith report the name, age, and period of education in
the school of such candidate or candidates to the
Governors, for their confirmation, and at the same time
transmit them an accurate list of the candidates
admitted to the examination, with the like particulars
as to their respective ages and periods of education in
the school. The elections are in all cases to be subject
to confirmation by the Governors.
The payment of the exhibitions will commence from
the date of the scholar's actual residence at college.
The period of holding them is in no case to exceed four
years from the time of the scholar entering college.
They will cease upon his taking his degree of Bachelor
of Arts, and may at any time be suspended or entirely
withdrawn, in case of the misbehaviour of the holder at
college, or for any other cause which the Governors in
their absolute discretion shall deem sufficient.
The examiner shall be a Master of Arts of one of the
Universities of Oxford or Cambridge, appointed for that
purpose from time to time by the Governors. It shall
be the duty of the examiner to examine the scholars
half-yearly at Midsummer and Christmas, and to make
a detailed written report thereof, and of their proficiency,
to the Visitors and the Governors.
There shall be a head master, second and third
masters, and a writing master, all of whom shall be
elected to their offices by the Governors whenever
All the masters shall be elected on probation only,
and shall remain upon trial in the school for six calendar
months, at the expiration of which period the Visitors
or the major part of them, for the time being, shall
report to the Governors their opinion of the character
and abilities of the master so elected, and the Governors
shall thereupon either confirm or annul such election
at their discretion.
None of the masters shall on any pretence be allowed
to take boarders or pay boys, or any fee or gratuity,
either annually or otherwise, from the parents or the
The head and second masters shall, in addition to
their stipends, be entitled to the occupation, rent free,
of the dwelling-houses and buildings now appropriated
to the present head and second masters respectively;
and shall, at their own charges, repair the dwellinghouses and buildings appropriated to them respectively,
as specified in the section relating to the Lecturer, and
shall give such security as the Governors may require
for so doing and for delivering up the premises on
ceasing to hold office.
The head and second masters shall at all times be
resident, and they, as well as all other masters, shall be
constantly attendant upon their duties; and if either of
them shall be absent, except during the holidays, or
unless the cause of absence shall be sanctioned by the
Visitors or Governors of the school, then the Governors
may, at their pleasure, remove and displace him, and
appoint another master in his place; and on no occasion
shall two masters be absent at the same time; and if
either of the masters shall in the opinion of the Governors
be incompetent, insufficient, or otherwise unfit for his
duties, or of immoral life or conversation, or negligent
in the exercises of religion, or shall, without the
Governors' permission, take any other charge or be
preferred to any other employment or living, or shall
break or infringe any of these statutes—of all which
matters the Governors shall be the sole judges—then
the Governors may remove and displace the master so
offending, and appoint another in his stead.
The Governors shall appoint 12 gentlemen, residing
within 25 miles of the school-house, to be Visitors of
the school, and shall appoint one of such Visitors to be
chairman, and shall, from time to time, fill up any
vacancies in the number which shall arise from death
or resignation, or from ceasing to reside within the
specified distance. It shall be the duty of the Visitors
to visit the school four times a year for general business;
but the chairman or any three Visitors may call a special
meeting when occasion may require.
The Visitors shall report to the Governors quarterly,
or oftener if they shall think proper, the state of the
school, the proficiency of the scholars, and the efficient
discharge of their duties by the masters and Lecturer.
The Visitors shall be at liberty, if any doubt arise on
these Regulations, to explain the same.
The absence of any Visitor from the meetings for
12 months shall be considered a resignation of his
appointment, and the Governors may proceed to appoint
another. Nevertheless the same gentleman may be
reappointed' on the recommendation of the Visitors, who
shall notify each case of vacancy to the Governors.
To the Master, Wardens, and Court of Assistants of
the Worshipful Company of Haberdashers.
I have the honour most respectfully of informing
you that this school was closed on the 22nd December
1862, and was re-opened January 5th, 1863, and that I
have admitted one boy in obedience to your order.
The present number of scholars is 49.
I am, Gentlemen,
Your obedient Servant,