East Indies
January 1622

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Institute of Historical Research

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W. Noel Sainsbury (editor)

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1878

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1-8

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'East Indies: January 1622', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 4: 1622-1624 (1878), pp. 1-8. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=69742 Date accessed: 01 October 2014.


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January 1622

COLONIAL PAPERS. EAST INDIES.

1622. Jan. 1.
Tacomy.
1. Philip Harison to William Nicolls, agent at Malaya in the Moluccas. Was prevented from visiting him at Christmas, for want of means, not will; the Mardykers not yet returned from Sabowa, and business goes forward slowly for want of help; the Dutch have promised to entertain them until next week. A prow has arrived bringing three Mardykers fled from the Spaniard Gamalama. [Quarter of a page. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 1023.]
Jan. 4.2. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Complaint of Phœbe Adcomb and Sarah Wellins, against John Lamprier, for an unreasonable demand on bonds of their husbands. Success of the Governor at the Council table, with reference to the Treaty. The Lords disliked the course of the Company's complaints, restitution being placed foremost, but when altered according to their direction, being done in more than ordinary haste in respect the King demanded the delivery of them by an hour, were pleased to take liking "of that which was done." He doubted that some of the Lords might think themselves neglected, in that the gratifications in the kind of New Year's gifts heretofore annually given at Court were now forborne. It was generally held that to stop from giving now were an unthrifty sparing, at this time of the treaty with the Dutch, though now the Company be poor. 1,000l. voted this year as the last, and a committee appointed to consider of the persons to whom to give, of the proportions and quality of the gifts, whether in gold, in plate, in carpets, or other commodities of the Company. A saving to be effected if possible without leaving out any eminent person whose favour might be useful to the Company. Great want of masters for ships now to go to the Indies. Only Slade entertained. Weydmore fallen sick of the jaunders at Bristol. Slade appointed to the Discovery. Michael Crooke and Henry Cheetam stewards in the Blessing and Discovery. [Two pages and a half. Court Bk. V., 299–301.]
Jan. 7.3. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Richard Newall appointed to the Reformation, with 20 nobles per month, and Richard Weydmore to the Blessing with 7l. per month. [Half a page. Court Bk. V., 305.]
Jan. 7/17.
Batchian.
4. Thomas Johnson to William Nicolls at Malaya. Complains of Rowle; "I vow upon my salvation he writes falsely." The wares he has left; has been forced to borrow of Giles Cole. By Rowle's account the steward's rats have eaten 4,592 pounds of our rice, this may be examined into, "he may well be the Dutch's steward for he knows how to make a Flemish account." Cocoa-nuts would do him great good yet. Rowle refuses to let him have a cocoa-nut tree, but says he may send for two or three nuts when he wants them; would not go daily to bag a nut so long as he can buy four or five for 1/4d. A junk is bound to Amboyna in five or six weeks, by which letters may safely be sent. If the Chinese durst deal with him he could exchange rice for boards at a good rate. [Two pages and a half. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 1024.]
Jan. 8/18.
Batchian.
5. Giles Cole to William Nicolls at Malaya. Rowle, the gunner, and Bastian De Castro, assistant, are partners in catching fish, which they sell at 6 lbs. for 1s., whereas if the blacks sell it to them they "truck for rice and cloth." Advantages of his having two or three slaves. Complains of the extortions and knaveries of the Dutch. Staves most useful for many purposes. The Dutch do not allow them any cocoa-nuts, and do not pay the poor Chinese till necessity makes them to take rice to eat. No accounts have been passed; if Rowle affirms the contrary it is an untruth and a flat lie. No fear of occasion of strife, for they now remain as two Companies, "our wares asunder, our counsell apart, and our love from the teeth outward only, and us thought unworthy of the knowledge of the least of their actions and passages . . they ordering all things as kings and conquerors." They endeavour to obtain information from soldiers, good and bad, "as the bee doth honey out of the sour grass of the field." Rowle's "courteous handling" of them is all "quillitts and tricks" to ensnare them. [Two pages and a half. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 1025.]
Jan. 8/18.
Batchian.
6. Giles Cole to William Nicolls at Malaya. A Council has been called to consider their complaints of ill-usage by the Dutch, especially their refusing them any servants to do household business. "Few days pass that they are not in councill, either at the Gunner Steward's house or Ancient's chamber, and the end or conclusion is a bamboo of towacke, which finisheth all things." The Chinese forbidden by Rowle to serve the English with timber, or anything, who said he had received the like order from Governor Houtman. All their wants to be made known to him through Tise Stevens. Thos. Rowle, "a Cheny who was lately christened," and all the Chinese in fear of the Dutch. As for the Ancient if he be sober one day in five it is a great matter, if he had the means he would be continually drunk; his justice is like the Mayor of Easom, that will commit men to the stock till after dinner, if to the bilboes there they must be till he be sober. The report of the Dutch that, "like brokers of Amsterdam," they carry a handful of rice up and down the town is not so; but the Dutch have boys with a thimbleful of rice to barter. Since the arrival of Gunning's last letter the Dutch have done their utmost to send a prow to Amboyna; and "cunningly inquired" whether they had any letters from their President for Amboyna or Jacatra. Hears that "the Dutch have taken a Chinese junk, and our ships with theirs is gone to sea to encounter with the Spaniard or Portugal." [Two pages. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 1026.]
Jan. 8.7. Account of munitions of war found on board the Orange, by the master and purser of the Ruby, on their visitation of her on the 8th of January. Referred to the Council of Defence at Batavia to be taxed, and to know whether she will be accepted as "a ship of defence or not." [One page and a quarter. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 1027.]
Jan. 9.8. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Dungeness Light. John Lamprier to pay for mending the walls about the Marshes for the Company's part for 10 acres 4l. Petition of John Woodfall; to be released. Wages of Robert Francis, boatswain. Mr. Amy, a preacher, thought too young to go to the East Indies; decision postponed. Thomas Conway entertained. Offley appointed to the Blessing at 10s. per month. [Half a page. Court Bk. V., 301–302.]
Jan. 11.
Batavia.
9. President Richard Fursland, Thomas Brockedon, and Gabriell Towerson to the East India Company, Their last was dated 10 Dec. [see No. 1172 in the last vol. of Cal.] Their "new-seeming friends, the Hollanders," still give them cause of complaint, and will do so as long as they "are conjoined with them." They bought the goods of a Portugal prize ship from the bailiff of the place, but General Coen would not let them have them, claiming one-third for the States, and having commanded the goods to be put to "an open outcry," which he said was the custom in Holland, forced the sale in his own favour, and afterwards offered half to the English. The Dutch do not suffer them to trade in anything, but make them their "stales," and will do so as long as they are subject to their authority. All their complaints of wrong to the Dutch General are put off with false accusations against their people, which their want of power compels them to endure. Hope shortly to have redress from the Company, or they will be quite tired out with living in this kind of slavery. Arrival of a Dutch pinnace with news of the Goa fleet, on the 4th December, at the islands of Nassau. Hear from Capt. Fitzherbert they have lost both their monsoon and voyage through the wilfulness or unskilfulness of the Dutch admiral, who overruled the captain's opinion. The Dutch have more ships than they know how to employ, and make account that the English will pay part of the expense, "which they will be sure to make large enough." "Their false allegations," in their last "shameless protest," that the English were the cause of the loss of the voyage, "our consultations will annihilate." The non-arrival of the ships puts an unlooked-for stop to their proceedings. Death of Walter Bennett, master of the Anne, with 14 men of the fleet. Since their departure many more fell down sick daily. The Dutch losses are no less. The Swan found unserviceable, and so they refused to receive her from the Dutch, whereupon their General protested. It is referred to the decision of the Companies at home. "We wish there were no greater difference than this between us and the Hollanders." The messenger sent by the Dutch to Bantam returned without effecting anything, the Pengran not vouchsafing to see him. Will make another attempt to buy pepper from the Pengran (at Bantam) when they have means, and hope to succeed unless hindered by the Dutch. Perceive by letters from Acheen and Jambi that what contracts soever they make here with the Dutch they violate at the factories, "using all sinister means to circumvent us," so impossible is it ever to find faithful dealings from those insolent Hollanders. The Unity left Acheen two-thirds laden, and is seeking the rest along the coasts of Sumatra. A great store of money and goods kept by George Robinson (at Acheen). Want of experienced men in the factories. The Bee gone to Jambi with a cargo of cloth for [Robt.] Johnson. Wish the debts "so desperately" made of him may come in better than they expect. Hope the James is now at Jambi, and will return in a month, when she will forthwith be sent to England, though they have barely victuals to furnish her. So many men are deceased that they have not enough to man all the ships now in the roads. The Globe, almost worn out, is sent to Amboyna and the Moluccas instead of the Star; she carries a considerable store of coast and Surat cloth for the factories there, but a much larger sum must be disbursed if the trade is to be profitable. Gabriel Towerson sent in this ship to be agent in Amboyna, with Emanuel Thompson as assistant for language and accounts, in the place of Muschamp, who returns because of his disability of body. The Company's factories must suffer much prejudice until they can be supplied with more able factors. The General has promised that they may sell their goods without hindrance, which he cannot well deny until March next, as they have paid the whole year's charge; by that time the spices will be all received from Amboyna and the Moluccas. How the Dutch will deal with them afterwards is not resolved, for they are so faithless in all their promises that we can give no trust to them, and they neither "fear nor care to offer us wrongs" "to serve their own purposes." Two Dutch ships sent to the Red Sea have taken two rich ships of Dabul, but the prize crew being drunk the Moors "cut all their throats," and so escaped with their ships. The Sampson arrived at Surat so weakly manned that they could hardly bring her in; she brought no news of the other ship. The Dutch purpose to close all those places hitherto free to the English, "stirring to make us as odious to all the world as themselves are." They are grown "a most cruel and bloody people," and have lately in these parts committed such inhuman acts, in murdering all they take and taking all they meet abroad, as well friends as foes, that it is abominable before God and man, and we hope your worships will seek to clear yourselves from the conjunction of such inhuman people." The London and other ships did not reach the Red Sea, but dispersed along the coasts of India, where they took three prizes and a Choul ship, which they offer to return upon satisfaction for their lost caphila. Two ships departed from Surat for England in November, and four great ships and two pinnaces arrived at Surat from England. Report that the Portugalls keep six galleons before Ormus to expect our ships which go for Jask. The long stay of the Whale and Trial put them in fear "that they are fallen on the back side of Java;" unless they arrive soon the pepper expected from Jambi cannot be shipped to England, nor their lack of provisions supplied. The Dutch have had more than 500 tons of pepper this year from Sangora, yet their heavy expenses will make their pepper dearer than ours. Europe will this year want no pepper at dear prices. Hope for orders to pay a less price for it next year. The factory at Siam to be dissolved as unprofitable. Good hope of recovering the greatest part of their debts at Succadana, though the country is full of troubles; Edward Pyke expected thence by the next passage. Urge the necessity of provisions and sufficient merchants. Request a yearly supply of 10 tons of beer, 10 firkins of butter, cheese, olives, and capers, which would save treble their cost in other things, also some choice pieces of canary wine for their table, with which to return the courtesies of the Dutch. [Endorsed, "Received from Holland the 23rd September 1622, by a Dutch ship, the West Friesland." [Six pages. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 1028.]
Jan. 11.10. "Copy of the articles of Ormuz," signed by Thos. Kerridge on behalf of the East India Company. Provided the English Company assist in taking the country of Teroone, all money and goods taken in the city, castle, ships, and houses to be equally divided between the King of Persia and the Company. A Persian and an English governor to reside in the castle. Kerridge will make an earnest request to the Shah to give it up to the English. Persian and English Companies' ships and goods to be custom free; the duties on goods belonging to others, and prizes taken, to be equally divided. Christian and Mussulmans prisoners to be left to their own countrymen. Also concerning Capt. Moore and the Capt. of Teroone. Any ports in India hereafter conquered by the English Company and Persians to be equally converted to the use of both. Division of the expenses. No Mahometan slaves nor Christians going over to the Musselmauns to be converted, but each to be restored to his countrymen. The word Teroone means only the island of Ormuz, and not other countries adjacent. [Endorsed as above, and "as it was delivered by the Company to the Lord Chancellor," dated 8th of the month, Rabiul-Euvel, in the year of Mahomet 1031. It appears by another copy, placed in 1664, with the same endorsement by Sir Joseph Williamson, that the copy was delivered "upon debate at Worcester House, 1664." A copy of the articles concluded with the King of Persia in Dec. 1621, "about the customs of Persia," is also placed in 1664, when the amounts received for customs was in dispute. Three pages. East Indies, Vol. II., No. 1.]
Jan. 11–18.11. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Request of Sir Robert Heath for the freedom of the Company for one John Beale refused, but offered for 50l. 6l. 13s. 4d. per annum required by Lamprier for Dungeness Lights. [Henry] Hawley to go the voyage, and have 300l. per annum. Business of the Court to be kept secret.
Jan. 16.—Captain Christian refused for this voyage. Mr. Amy, a preacher, dismissed as too young.
Jan. 18.—Ellam to give notes of commodities to be bought. Next Court to set down what Barbary gold, elephant's teeth, quicksilver, and spangles they will send in the ships. George Sommers' petition about oars. Letters and commissions to be hastened. No more wine to be bought; the 80 pipes to be divided amongst the three ships. [Three pages. Court Bk. V., 302–4.]
Jan. 20.12. "Memorial presented to my Lord Ambassador (Carleton) by Sir Dudley Diggs and Morris Abbott." The demands of the English Commissioners are:—That all goods brought into Europe be restored here, since the treaty and explanation appoint no place of restitution, but only that they shall be restored immediately upon publication; that General Coen be punished for not obeying the letters sent from the Dutch Commissioners into the Indies, and that the Dutch Company be ordered to make full satisfaction if the English sustain any danger of that fault of Coen's. To accommodate this, as the Dutch profess their sincerity to perform the treaty, Carleton may satisfy the English if the States order that the arrival of the English Bull in the Indies, with the copies and letters, was a sufficient publication of the treaty; that on that publication, on both sides, without delay, men, ships, and goods ought to be restored, and if any dispute about the value of goods arise, only the value of so much as is in question shall be detained, and the restitution of the overplus made without staying for a liquidation from Europe; that if the next ships out of the Indies bring news that there is no satisfaction made there for the goods brought into Europe, then the Dutch shall restore the goods here, or that they now deliver a good sum to be restored by the English upon notice of satisfaction made in the Indies, as Carleton first proposed. Last of all, that the Dutch deliver unto the English all bills and inventories of their goods taken in the Indies, and that the duplicate of this order, together with letters from the Company, be immediately sent into the Indies for real and sincere execution of the treaty on both sides by the English ships now ready to depart. [Extract from Holland Correspondence. Endorsed as above.]
Jan. 23–25.13. Court Minutes of the East India Company. A committee to treat with Joshua Downing about the chief command of the ships. Beef and pork to be taken to Bantam for victualling, the cargo of goods not being sufficient to fill up the holds of the ships. The supply of victuals to the King's ships in the narrow seas to be continued for three months, though computed at 5,000l. or 6,000l. Letters to be prepared for Persia and one procured from the King to the King of Persia that the Company may have better privileges than formerly and more security, upon which motion a dispute arose whether that trade should be continued or not. Resolved to be forborne for one year, thereby to obtain better privileges. The manner of forbearing the trade considered. [A marginal note states that this entry was found fault with by the Court, "for they have no meaning wholly to relinquish the trade but to draw better con ditions to their merchants."] A commission for this fleet to be only under the Company's seal, and not under the broad seal of England as time is short. Examination of Philip Woorgan. He accused Capt. Ball, the President at Bantam, of negligence of the Company's interests, for he had sent home but one ship when the Dutch sent home eight or nine in the year "by reason whereof the English ships rotted, the men died and were not regarded" notwithstanding he had good store of money by him, that came in the Hope, Hound, and Charles, and that there was pepper enough to be had. His testimony confirmed by John Mason. Both of them to be further examined. Mrs. Wickham desires the Company's absolute answer about her son's estate, alleging she had attended two years and a half, but as he had gained it by employing the Company's stock, and it amounted to 1,400l., it was resolved not to give way to this private trade and to defend the detaining thereof, "wherewith no ways satisfied she refused to submit herself, and departed." Mr. Kirby and Mrs. Harrison sued by Mr. Decrow for money due to the joint account of the East India and Muscovia Company. Request of Mrs. Greenwell to transport some stock to her creditors referred.
Jan. 25.—Petition of Isaac Crowder, steward, for goods taken from him in the Indies: is allowed his travelling expenses for going into the country to see "a mariner (that as he said) can say much in the business of Ball." Concerning the estates of Thomas Crowther and Harris the factor, both deceased. Debate about John Hall having the chief command of the fleet, is both honest of behaviour, able in the knowledge of "navigation, and a very valiant man." His plainness compared with Totten's eminence; the Company has seldom gained by employing eminent men; to have 10l. per month. The stock at Surat of the value of 170,000l., besides 10,000l. now to be sent. 20,000l. a year employed there; it is considered that a great part of this may be employed in Persia. Crispe to write to Middelburg for 2,000 or 3,000 weight of quicksilver for Surat. Timber lent for the King's service. [Six pages and a half. Court Bk. V., 305–312.]
1622?14. "Sundry reasons why the trade of Persia by the way of Cape de Bona Speranza should not be fitting for the English nation," considered under six heads, viz., the distance and length of the voyage; "the price of the commodity" supposed to be so high; the port offered, situate in a desert, and its security doubtful; the whole trade of the silk so far above our reach, having to be bought chiefly with ready money; and the great doubts whether Persia will ever vent any great quantity of English commodity. It is therefore generally concluded by the merchants that it is not fit to entertain the voyage, there being no probability of benefit to them, nor good to the commonwealth in general. [One page and a third. East Indies, Vol. II., No. 2.]
Jan. 27.15. Extract out of the Register of the Resolutions of the States General of the United Provinces. Lord Muys reports that he has told the Lord Ambassador Carleton, by order of their Lordships, that they promise that the Englishman, Robert Salmon (whose pretensions Carleton has seriously recommended), shall within three months be paid 3,000 grs. for all his pretensions for himself and his owners or merchants, for his pretended losses, as well of his artillery taken from him as other goods of his ship. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
Jan. 28.
Tacomy.
16. Philip Harison to William Nicolls at Malaya. Richard Hanger arrived on the 22nd. Has received letters, per the Corporal, abouts Dent's debts, of which he sends a copy. The Ruby passed on Sunday. [Quarter of a page. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 1029.]
Jan.17. Protest by the Dutch General Carpentier against the English President and Council respecting the ship Swan. [Dutch. One page and a quarter. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 1031.]
Jan. 28 to Feb. 4.18. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Reports concerning Hall's sufficiency for chief command of the fleet for Surat. Examination of Philip Woorgan and John Mason as to the state of affairs at Bantam, who were there in 1617. The Dutch sent home eight or nine ships laden mostly with pepper; but Ball, though he had six ships and a good store of money, sent home only one. The cause supposed to be that Capt. Pepwell and Ball had fallen out. Wedmore, master of the Blessing, refuses to serve under Hall, and for his comparisons between himself and Hall, and his insolent disposition, is discharged from the Company's service. Hall to take charge of the Blessing till a sufficient master be found.
Jan. 30.—John Crane entertained for a good fellow. 850 barrels of indigo in warehouse, and great store expected this year from Surat, the prices raised to 5s. 4d. and 5s. 8d. Robert Owen and Thomas Jones to be defended by the Company at the suit of Lady Dale. Joseph Bethell, entertained for this voyage, to have leave to return home in the first ship that returns from Surat. Thomas Butler, surgeon, to be called home at the request of the Countess of Bedford. Denton to forbear his business until these disputes with the Dutch may be overpast.


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