East Indies
September 1623

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Institute of Historical Research

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W. Noel Sainsbury (editor)

Year published

1878

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147-155

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'East Indies: September 1623', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 4: 1622-1624 (1878), pp. 147-155. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=69765 Date accessed: 21 November 2014.


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Contents

Sep 1623

Sept. 2/12.
The Hague.
326. Advices from the Hague. Four ships richly laden from the East Indies, bring news that the Hollanders with help of their friends have besieged Goa. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
Sept. 3–26.327. Court Minutes of the East India Company. License to be given to Richard Andrews, that went mate in the Discovery, to return by the next shipping. The calicoes to be set at such a price that the Company may make 2¾ for 1. The schoolmaster of Merchant Tailors' School presented a youth named Richard Heyne as an appentice to serve the Company in India; the Court found him to be "but a learner," either for his pen or arithmetic, and conceived it must be a grounded merchant and accountant that must serve their turns. Motion on behalf of [Robt.] Johnson at Jambi, who has made over 109l. to be paid here out of men's wages; he hath served the Company long, and "carries a good report," therefore given way that he should have it. The men of the Charles refuse to weigh anchor except they have their imprest money; and as it would be a great loss if the ship should lose her monsoon, ordered that they come up 20 at a time and receive it, but that three or four of the ringleaders be discharged. Concerning Beversham's goods remaining at Ipswich, and Wheatley's, purser of the Lion. The indigo to be sent up hither. John Phelp's journal to be examined, and his services aboard the Little Richard reported to this Court. Mr. Leate to have his dividends upon condition that he discharge his own and his son's arrears within one month. Composition made by the committees for compounding with the men for goods gotten by private trade with John Barber, who is to have 250l. for his 244 pieces of calicoes. Offer of Alderman Hodges and partners for all the Company's rich indigo; they shall have it at 6s. 8d. per pound. Request of Mr. De la Barr for his son to be made free of the Company; the books to be searched. 10l. to be given to John Rand, of Deal, for pilotage of the Lion. William Mosse, cook of the London, 10l. to be stopped out of his wages for calicoes. Capts. Blythe and Weddall to receive the full of their wages. 148,000 ryals of eight to be sent in the Charles. [Wm.] Methwold, returned in the Palsgrave, to have 100l. on account of wages, and his goods brought up to the house. A list of "parcels" to be delivered to George Ball out of the great chest and the lesser chest, including cloaks, hangings, cushions, neckcloths, girdles, "two standishes of ivory," nightcaps, waistcoats, napkins, &c. John Rose sent home in irons, and formerly condemned to be hanged for mutiny, to be heard together with the master, Mr. Hinchley. Mr. Tichburne, who follows the Company's business in the Star Chamber and Chancery, to receive 20l. on account for fees and disbursements. Concerning the wages of John Roberts, late master of the Lesser James. Petition of Henry Bate for better wages, having served seven years, and his wages never above 40l. a year; the Court remembered that he was in the Bear, when Barwick rendered her to the Dutch, &c., and would not grant it. 40s. out of the poor box given to Paul Sogosino, a "Polonian," that escaped out of slavery and came home in the Jonas, to enable him to pass to his own country; and 20 nobles, as a free gift, to John Muskett, a man maimed in the Company's service. Report of Mr. Martin that the Lesser James is not worth repairing. At the request of Elizabeth Pierce, her son William, in the Discovery, is licensed to come for England. Complaint of John Heath, quartermaster in the London, that some lewd woman, under colour of being his wife, had received 5l. of his wages; Mr. Hurte doubts not to find out the woman. 16l. to be paid to Lady Dale for tobacco she had sent to her husband, who being dead it was sold for so much. 3l. paid to David Gilly for advertising the arrival of the Jonas and Lion. Petition of Thomas, brother and executor of William Nicolls, deceased, for his brother's estate; the testator was found indebted to the Company; besides it was remembered he was the man that had persuaded the King of Acheen to the prejudice of the Company. Mr. Ellam to look up his letters.
Sept. 4.—Report of Swanley and Stephens on the insufficiency of the Little James; to be broken up, and the Jonas brought into dock at her stern. An inventory presented by Mr. Ball of his three cabinets; referred for an answer till Monday next. Agreed to rent a slip of ground adjoining the south end of the long storehouse (at Blackwall).
Sept. 5.—Surgeons' chests having been provided for the Charles by Drs. Atkins and Winston, and also by Mr. Woodall, against whom objections are made, the Company do not hold it just to displace an old servant before they have heard him; the chests to be viewed by the master and wardens of the apothecaries, the master and wardens of the surgeons, and certain physicians, who are to give their judgments on both chests. The Governor of opinion that a smaller proportion of ryals than has been set down to be sent to the Indies will serve the turn; the Court considering that a good proportion is to be sent to Masulipatam for diamonds, that Bantam will surely open, that the Moluccas must be furnished, and there is hope of a new factory elsewhere, and that there is no likelihood of so good a ship to carry stock; ordered that 37 chests be sent by the Charles. Capt. Clevenger, of the Palsgrave, welcomed home: Messrs. Bell and Harby report the hull as well stowed and in as good order as ever they saw any. Clevenger desired to be righted against a company of mutinous people, the men "of so dissolute conditions, as either he must make his ship a Bridewell to punish their vices, or suffer them to be so ill-governed as he should be ashamed to see his country." Stay to be made of their wages, and the Company will stand by Capt. Clevenger. The principal men of the mutiny aboard the Charles to be next day "convented before the masters of the Trinity House," also Rose, the mutineer. Concerning frauds committed by Robert Stone and Robert Pretty in making show to ship out pepper without doing so. Ordered that the merchants who take goods to ship out enter into a bond to bring a certificate where they are landed. Concerning the prize; the hold was opened by Evans, who affirms they had no drink aboard but what was in the hold, and necessity enforced him. Roe's bill of charges to be audited; he desired he might purge himself of the charge of being "a common drunkard, a vice he hath ever hated," by questioning his accuser; the Court made answer that it is not their manner to beget suit in law by delivering parties names, much less in this case where they find one man merely mistaken for another, but they acquitted him of the accusation, and assured him of their opinions to the contrary. Richard Bix, "an ancient sober man, entertained to go factor in the Charles, to be one of the four of council (at Jacatra), if there be a place void, otherwise to come in the first vacancy, and to have an imprest of one third of his year's wages. Suit of William Bennett for release from prison in St. Katherine's for misspending the Company's stock in the Indies; answered until he makes confession of his fault in writing he must expect no favour. Request of Mr. Levett, a brother of the Company, to have 13l., left him by a friend deceased in the Indies.
Sept. 10.—Drs. Atkins and Winston, having had their surgeons' chest viewed and allowed by the College of Physicians, will not come into contestation by surgeons; as a thing ill becoming their calling: the Court, however, resolved to view both it and Woodall's. The Trinity House advise the Company to proceed against the mutineers in the Charles before the Judge of the Admiralty; and for Rose, who was sent home in irons for the like offence, their opinion is that he had been punished enough: he is to be called to the Court to receive his dismission as a favour from the Company. George Ball's caskets to be viewed by Messrs. Garroway and Eyres, and "such toyes" delivered to him as they shall think fit. Pilotage allowed to Thomas and John Punnyett for the Lesser James, London, the Jonas, and Palsgrave. The estate of Thomas Trewman, deceased in the Indies, a freeman of the city of London, to be stayed, at the request of the Lord Mayor and Court of Aldermen, till the orphan's part be paid to the Chamber. On a motion that Browne, the engineer, may be sent abroad, in respect he undergoes some danger of arrest, "the Court entered into a serious consideration of their fortification intended in the Indies, that the same may be undertaken with that foresight that may not deserve censure either from the Dutch, who are very intentive upon our proceedings, or from his Majesty and the State, by whose direction and command the work is undertaken, and therefore to leave the weight of such a business upon one man's shoulders, whose life is casual, will not stand with the gravity of this Court; it was therefore considered where to find a man fit to be joined with Browne, that hath skill in fortification;" Walter Mountford and another mentioned, and the matter referred to Messrs. Stile and Venn; if Browne has a lusty man to carry with him, skilful in bricklayer's work, they will allow him. Request of Mr. Fisher, a brother of the Company, to take out his dividend in goods, though his payments are in arrear; the precedent dangerous, referred to committee. Petition of Andrew Evans, master's mate in the London, acknowledging the opening of the hold of the prize taken in the Persian Sea, and showing his many services, and the miseries he had sustained in captivity with the Dutch after the taking of that prize, and submitting to the Court; a fine set upon him of 5l. for the relief of mariners' widows. Request of Mrs. Stevenson concerning her husband's goods; the committee wished her to have patience till the President of Surat's accounts arrive. Petition of Thomas Bottes, late gunner of the Globe, that in saluting Amboyna by night it was his hard fortune to kill a couple of slaves, for which he was fined by the Dutch 150 ryals; the Court made answer that it was wholly the gunner's fault that had not laden pieces for that salutation without shot, or been sure to clear the mouth from any object of danger, but being moved with the poverty of the man, gave him freely 10l. towards that loss. Petition of Thomas Powell, a corporal, maimed by the discharge of his piece, which brake in his hands; to receive 10l. as free charity from the Company. The wages of deceased apprentices to be paid to their masters and not to their friends. Request of Thomas Nicolls for the wages of his deceased brother William; brings a letter from Sir William Bird, his cousin, to that purpose: is told he has troubled Sir William needlessly, for he cannot fail of right from the Company without the help of letters, but must have patience till the accounts and letters be looked upon. Petition of John Broker, an apprentice, whose hand and arm were shrunk and scorched with powder at the siege of Ormuz, for charity; to have 3l. Cloths to be bought for the Indies. Petition of Alice Harrison for the wages of her son Philip, who went out in the London, and (as she says) was enticed ashore and slain; the Court conceived that he ran away, but understanding she is very poor, and grieved with the loss of her son, the Court was contented she should receive them. Request of Sir William Pytt for some consideration for his sister-in-law, the wife of his brother, deceased, for his extraordinary pains in accommodating the Company's ships in Ireland; the Court having lost much already by their ships going into Ireland, desired to be spared more charge. Report of Messrs. Stile and Abdy in favour of Mr. Towerson, of Portsmouth, who has been ever forward to do the Company all kindness; the Court willingly condescend that he shall be gratified, and because his quality is not mercenary, ordered that a piece of plate, value 10l., with the Company's arms upon it, be presented to him. Request of David Germane about his goods; referred to the committee for the goods of private trade. Petition of Robert Sargeant, who in rowing the barge to fire five ships before Ormuz, was shot through both knees and one of his feet burnt, for charity; to have 20 nobles as a free gift.
Sept. 12.—View to be taken of both the surgeons' chests provided by Drs. Atkins and Winston and Mr. Woodall, at which Drs. Mountford Mayerme, and Hudson, the masters and wardens of the Apothecaries and Surgeons, and such of the surgeons now returned (from the Indies) as can be found, are to be present. Allen Colly, a factor for 30 years in Russia, Prussia, &c., who has the French, Italian, and Russia languages, and comes recommended by Sec. Conway, to be thought upon for purser when their servants returned from the Indies are provided for. Thomas Thornborough, who has faithfully served in three voyages, to be purser of the Great James. Pursers to take the oath set down, and for their better countenance, instructions shall be drawn to warrant their authority. Request of Bryan Beddowes, who was stayed to testify in the business of George Ball, about his imprest for going in the Charles. The men of the Palsgrave to be paid, the boatswain to be convented before the Judge of the Admiralty for the supposed killing of one of the men by disorderly and cruel beating. William (mistake for Thomas) Nicholls, who had been a suitor for his brother's estate, now informs the Court that he now stood upon no other pretences but desired only his brother's wages. The gunners, masters, and factors to be warned of their "intemperance" in the use of powder, a material proper for defence, and not for causeless triumph. No witness to be examined for the Company before the commission at Bristol for examining witnesses on behalf of Mrs. Wickham. Concerning the wages of one Pichell or Prichell, a trumpeter in the Palsgrave, who was to be examined on the Company's behalf against George Ball. Complaint against Hinchley by three men of the Palsgrave, that besides striking them and keeping back their due of victuals, he had thrown overboard some of their clothes; the answer was that the linen "was no other but a company of noisome rags able to poison the whole ship," but one of the men replied that "one piece was a shirt which cost him 10s. of Mr. Spalding, and stood Mr. Spalding in 9d." The Court saw not how they could relieve these men save only by way of treaty to procure them recompense from Hinchley.
Sept. 17.—Hugh Cooley, boatswain of the Charles, to be paid 50s. The Court approved of the 17 or 18 chests of coral provided by "the Guadania of Florence." The purchase of a parcel of wheat come out of Barbary to be referred to a committee. Mr. Hinchley refrains to come to this Court, "because it is given out that six or seven persons have vowed his death;" to come on Friday. In reference to Thomas Nicolls' request, the Court found that upon examination his brother, William Nicolls, "had been an ill-servant to the Company," but were content to pay 30l. for his wages, and in respect he came recommended by Sir William Bird, gave 10l. more as a free gift. Methwold's calicoes to be delivered to him "only of each sort that the Company hath not, some few to be reserved for musters." Mr. Treasurer Stone acquainted the Court of important reasons that the payments for Michaelmas quarter must be brought in.
Sept. 19.—Application of [Arthur] Hatch for his full wages, amounting to 357l.; ordered to be paid. James Troughton entertained factor, to go in the Charles; leaves a boy, his kinsman, George Jackson, with Alexander Gill, master of Powle's [St. Paul's] School, to whom 8l. per annum of Troughton's wages are to be paid. The wages of Francis Mayors, deceased, to be paid to his widow, Ann Mayors. William Kendall, reported to have been good for little while he stayed in the Indies and now good for nothing, and who says he was taken and "miserably handled" by the Dutch, to have his wages. Concerning the bond of Robert Hutchinson employed at a factory at Surat. William Lovering, son of the master's mate in the Supply, entertained in the Company's service, and a gratuity bestowed upon him. Resolution not to pay Edwards his wages, and to proceed against him for his neglect of service aboard the Palsgrave, and his slander concerning John Slatter to the Company. Request of the master and wardens of the watermen that John Taylor, prisoner in the Compter for striking the boatswain of the Palsgrave, and servant to Thomas Bleake, a waterman, may be delivered to them, to ease his master of the charge of his imprisonment, and they will handle him with more severity than a bare restraint; it was answered he must first answer for his misdemeanor and battery at the sessions. Complaint of Capt. Clevenger that Nicholas Cripps, coxon of the Palsgrave, challenged him into the field, which he refused, "knowing the disproportion of their qualities;" to be called before Mr. Recorder, as well as William Lovering, and any other whom Capt. Clevenger shall name of the dishonest crew. A sessment of 5s. per acre upon the Company's lands at Blackwall, for the maintenance of the East Marsh of Poplar, ordered to be paid. Committee appointed to inform themselves of the reasons for bringing in the Michaelmas payment, and report next Wednesday. William Kitchin, surgeon of the Lion, to pay freight for 150 pieces of calico at 3s. a piece, for the Court will in no sort give encouragement to their men to bring home by private trade commodities proper to the Company's trade. Concerning the estate of John Bindon, deceased. Letter read from the Earl of Rutland requesting employment for Stephhen Robinson as a purser or purser's mate; he was held incapable of either, but might go in the quality of a soldier if that stood with his liking. Allen Colly recommended by Sir John Merricke, Decrowe, and Sec. Conway, as a purser; if they need one at the time of election they will as soon make choice of him as of any other. Estimate for repairing the Jonas. Petition of John Hinchley, who excused his not attendance at the Court because he went in danger of some envious and bad persons, for his wages; he is to have a quarter of them.
Sept. 24.—Messrs. Keightly and Coxe to be gratified with 50l. for bringing about the Eagle and Star. On the arrival of any of their ships Mr. Mountney to make entry of the Company's goods, and see that entry is made by other men, and that all the goods are conveyed to the custom house. Garroway and Abdy to confer with such as are held fit to be masters of the Great James and Jonas. To consider about calling in the Michaelmas quarter's payment. Petition of James Browne, lately entertained engineer to go in the Charles, that when aboard at Tilbury he was arrested for a matter of 20l., and prayed the Company to pay the debt on account of his wages; the Court suspected it to be a device between him and his creditors, and entreated Messrs. Stile and Munnes to take care that the Company be not cozened. About John Bindon's estate. Report of Mr. Munnes that Capt. Blythe said he had been forewarned to take heed how he went in the Great James, for she is so rotten "that a man might thrust out her side with his foot"; but Mr. Stephens affirmed she is as strong a ship as can be. Capt. Blythe to be warned at the next court and bring with him the author of that report. No wages to be allowed to servants taken by masters and captains of ships into the Indies and there placed in factories. Dividend of Charles Coxe.
At Mr. Governor's House in the afternoon.—Proposition of Morris Abbott, Deputy Governor, for calling in the Michaelmas quarter's payment; Mr. Stone said the known receipts between this and Christmas will be but 77,000l. towards payment of the dividend of the half capital and the debt to the old stock, and that he conceived the next year's payments will not countervail the disbursements, and that it were better to call in monies than to stand at interest, wherein he for his part had gone as far as he could; but it was answered that it is now too long driven to call for a Michaelmas payment, and that the returns having been such last year and this, have bred an expectation in many of thicker dividends rather than of more payments; and it was therefore better that the Company made some shift for money to supply the necessities of their disbursements than by a sudden call for money to discredit the action which needs no such discouragement, and as for next year's disbursements they may be supplied by sales of commodities, and money may be raised upon their silk. In the end it was resolved that the Michaelmas payment be spared and monies taken up at interest if there be cause, and that it be published at the next General Court that there must be payments at Christmas and Lady Day next. Hard indigo rated at 6s. 4d. Mr. Deputy acquainted Mr. Governor that the complaints of our people of the Dutch out of the Indies are very frequent and importunate, and instanced the difference about the fruits of the Moluccas, and the imposition of the fine of 40,000 ducats on the Company at Jacatra, and the levy of part thereof on the Company's goods, which if put up with, will beget new insolencies and injuries not to be suffered. Opinion of the Governor that they should send over to require satisfaction. Divers men were propounded, but the matter was referred to another time; in the interim two men to be found out, one of whom shall "have the French," and one or both well understood in the Company's affairs; and the opinion was that the Dutch will more willingly treat with merchants than gentlemen. Mr. Governor brought to their remembrance the favours done by Sir Dudley Carleton in the late treaty with the Dutch; that now no man shall be able to give a good account of his employment if not countenanced by him; that notwithstanding he had never been gratified since he received 200l. for his favour to Mr. Deputy and Sir Dudley Diggs, and to leave him unremembered until they employed over others, were to tell him that they thought not upon him but at their need; that his lady is now in town and upon the point of her departure. The motion generally applauded, and it was resolved that Lady Carleton shall be presented with 200l. as a thankfulness from the Company to her husband, and with a carpet and calicoes to the value of 20l. for herself. James Browne, the engineer, discharged from arrest for debt upon certain terms.
Sept. 26.—Claim of Mrs. Stevenson to be deferred until the Company receive satisfaction from their President at Surat. Letter to be presented to Lady Carleton at Gravesend, to certify that the Company have given orders to Mr. Barlow to deliver to his Lordship [her husband] 200l., and also a Persian carpet and silk quilt to the value of 20l. Request of [Edw.] Monnox to know the Company's pleasure concerning his goods and wages; his goods to be viewed and his accounts prepared, and the objections against him looked out. Request of Capt. Weddall concerning his goods, intimating his hopes to speed as well as Capt. Blythe, who hath both wages and goods; discussion thereon; Weddall's goods to be viewed, and Blythe questioned for his private trade. Order concerning the goods of the master, purser, and mariners of the Lion. Bill of 4l. 19s. 4d. of Mr. Woodall for curing John Martin, who fell from the main-yard of the Charles and broke his leg, to be paid. Cappur, with advice of the Company's proctor, to proceed against the nine pirates surprised by Sir Richard Bingley taking a hoy with cables and other goods belonging to the Company, and Sir Richard to be gratified with three or four pieces of calicoes. The names of the Company's debtors to be brought to the next court. Petition of William Thomas, mate of the Lion, for 5l. of his servant's wages, detained for five pieces of calicoes purloined by the servant; the calicoes being re-delivered to the Company and the party whipped for taking them. Petitions of John Heath, quartermaster of the London, for 5l. paid in his absence to one that pretended to be his wife; and Nicholas Sneering, for two months' wages paid in the same way: the Court ordered payment, but charged Mr. Hurte to be more careful hereafter. [Forty-six pages. Court Minute Bk., VI., pp. 97–143.]