America and West Indies
March 1677, 16-31

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Institute of Historical Research

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W. Noel Sainsbury and J.W. Fortescue (editors)

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1896

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36-54

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'America and West Indies: March 1677, 16-31', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 10: 1677-1680 (1896), pp. 36-54. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=69959 Date accessed: 25 July 2014.


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March 1677, 16–31

March 15–17.90. Journal of Assembly of Barbadoes. Two Acts passed 21st February last read a third time and passed. Ordered, that those members of the House who do not appear to-morrow at the hour of adjournment be fined, and the Speaker, if he fail, double.
March 16.Orders concerning the "filling up" of all strong liquors on shore out of ships in presence of a searcher; also for raising a levy on land, negroes, town traders, and jews, for repairing the fortifications, supporting the Government, and other public occasions; Act passed accordingly, also three other Acts.
March 17.Several Acts passed, including an Act empowering Benjamin Middleton to sell his estate for the payment of his debts. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XIII., pp. 244–249.]
March 16.
Drury Lane.
91. Lord Anglesey to Secretary Sir Joseph Williamson. Indisposition prevented his going to the Council. Desires him to more for directions to be sent to Newfoundland by the first shipping for all things to continue in that Plantation as they are till His Majesty, upon full consideration, shall settle affairs there as he shall judge best. Several ships from the West have gone already, and others go daily who may disturb affairs there. If orders be not sent to prevent mischief we shall run great hazard to lose that country with the trade and give it up entirely to the French, which he hopes Williamson will prevent by speeding away with orders, the agent attending here from that country. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., No. 46.]
March 16.
Barbadoes.
92. Governor Atkins to Lords of Trade and Plantations. Received their letters of 13th November and made all suitable provision, but advice has since been brought that Sir John Berry and the fleet had safely arrived at Virginia. Has acquainted Secretary Coventry that the French fleet has totally destroyed the Dutch fleet at Tobago, though with great loss to the French who have retaken Cayenne and sent all Dutch prisoners to Martinique, and they may have Surinam for the asking. The Dutch at Tobago in a miserable condition, everything burnt, and must have starved if not relieved from this island. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., No. 47, and Col. Entry Bk., Vol. VI., pp. 159, 160.]
March 20.93. Journal of Assembly of Barbadoes. Ordered that Colonel William Bate, Treasurer, pay to Thomas Larkham, gunner of Charles Fort, and his two assistants, 11, 262 lbs. of muscavado sugar for salary to 14th instant; also to said Thomas Larkham, 1,772 lbs. as gunner of James Fort from 6 September to 14 January last; also the salaries of William Bragg, gunner of Willoughby Fort, of John Hare, gunner of the New Battery, of John Higinbotham, Clerk of the Assembly, of Joseph Withers, Marshal; and to Paul Gwynn, 5l. 15s. sterling for accommodation of the Assembly's officers at their several sittings. Several Acts passed, including an Act to suppress seditious conventicles, the House having considered the dangerous consequence of the Quaker's meetings. Address presented to the Governor concerning the sect of people called Quakers who, when elected to the office of Constable, refused to take the oath and were fined at Quarter Sessions, yet gained from the Governor an order of pardon of such fine which the Assembly represent as a grievance to the country, as also that some of the same sect have gained license from the Governor to keep schools in the island which the Assembly pray may be called in and none of the like kind granted in future. Finding their year expired the House ordered the records to be left in the hands of the Speaker until there be a new election of Representatives. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XIII., pp. 249–251.]
March 21.
Swanns Point.
94. The Commissioners for Virginia to Governor Berkeley. Have complied with the Commission of Oyer and Terminer "that the country might well perceive we came not in the least to countenance but to try and condemn criminals"; but cannot comply with his letter desiring their further sitting on the same occasion without neglect of immediate service of His Majesty. Beg him to be mindful of emergent matters that have long been before him and are yet unanswered, and that he will make it his present care to make out a particular account in writing of all seizures, compositions, fines, and forfeitures which by the late rebellion devolve to the Crown without any diminution, concealment, or embezzlement of all criminals impeached, convicted, sentenced, and executed as well before as since our arrival in Virginia, whereof a strict account will be exacted at his return to England 3 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 125–127.]
March ?95. Memorandum by Samuel Wiseman [Clerk to the Commissioners for Virginia]. That no answer was returned to the preceding letter, neither did Sir W. Berkeley vouchsafe any more letters to the Commissioners till the occasion of the scandalous postillion. The Commissioners seeing Sir William Berkeley would not comply with their request, caused Wiseman to draw up a Commission, directed to Lieutenant-Colonel George Jordan and Major Theophilus Hone, to empower them to inquire into the estates and forfeitures of delinquents which during the late rebellion devolved to the Crown, which was accordingly done, and an account upon oath taken of the same. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 128, 129.]
March 22.
Swanns Point.
96. The Commissioners for Virginia to Mr. Watkins. Are now upon preparing their intended despatch for England by Captain Grantham against next week, but take this opportunity to give this general advice, that the face of things is much amended since their arrival, and they hope by degrees this poor country will recover its former peace and prosperity. There is a general submission of the whole Colony and a joyful resentment of His Majesty's royal favour and compassion. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 130, 131.]
[March 23.]97. Petition of John Downing, inhabitant of Newfoundland, to the King. That the inhabitants at His Majesty's restoration had a Governor and fifty-six guns and forts for their security, maintained by the six admiralties and imposts there. They have been neglected by the last patentees, and said inhabitants oppressed and left defenceless, especially to French invasion. Prays His Majesty to appoint a Governor and Minister to live amongst them to whom the inhabitants will allow a competent maintenance, and being allowed guns will erect and maintain forts and pay and secure to His Majesty such imposts and customs as have been accustomed to be received by such Governor. "Read in Council, 23 March 1677." [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., No. 48.]
March 25.
Swanns Point.
98. Colonel Francis Moryson to Lady Berkeley. In favour of one Jones, a poor condemned person, whose ignorance chiefly led him from his allegiance, and whose loyalty first brought him hither for refuge. Does not find that he was a bloody malicious rebel, but seduced by the artifice of others. Doubts not she will intercede with the Governor in behalf of this poor unfortunate wretch. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 178, 179.]
March 25.99. Lady Berkeley to Colonel Francis Moryson. There needs only his opinion in the case of Jones to make the Governor consent to it, and he may be pleased to assure Jones' friends that Jones shall be pardoned. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 180, 181.]
March 26.
Whitehall.
100. Journal of the Lords of Trade and Plantations. In pursuance of an Order of Council of 23rd instant (see ante, No. 97) to examine the present state of the fishery and plantations of Newfoundland, and report their opinions what is proper to be done. Mr. Downing complained that the masters of fishing ships molest the planters by violently possessing themselves of their houses, stages, and goods, and threaten to drive them out of the country upon pretence of a charter lately granted by the King, whereby the planters are not to inhabit within six miles of the shore, all which he presumes has been committed contrary to law and former patents granted to others. Arguments of Downing's Counsel; the inconveniences that would follow if the plantation were deserted, the French who have forts and are very numerous would possess themselves of the English part of the island, and by that means interrupt the fishery. The gentlemen and merchants concerned in the west country fishery, among whom were several members of the House of Commons, declared they were unprepared to answer Downing's objections as to the validity of the western charter not having had time to provide themselves with Counsel, but doubt not to be able to make good the right and true grounds of their charter, and desire in the meantime that nothing be concluded to their prejudice. After debate their Lordships agree to report accordingly, and to assign the 10th of April for a further hearing, in order to a final settlement of the whole matter. In the meantime orders to be sent to the Admirals in Newfoundland that no violence be offered by the masters of ships and seamen to the planters upon pretence of the western charter, but to permit them to inhabit and fish according to the usage of past years. And that the inhabitants be directed to continue on their parts a good correspondence with the fishermen until His Majesty proceed to a further resolution. The parties concerned are then again called in and declare themselves satisfied with the present resolution. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. CIV., pp. 305–307.]
March 26.
Council Chamber (Whitehall).
101. Report of Lords of Trade and Plantations to the King. Have taken into consideration the present condition of the fishery and plantations of Newfoundland, and called before them John Downing of Newfoundland, appearing on behalf of the Colony also several gentlemen of the west country and merchants concerned in this fishery who ask for fifteen days to make out their pretensions to the validity of their charter, which reasonable request their Lordships could not but allow. But in the meanwhile, lest the inhabitants should be molested by the masters of the fishing ships upon pretence of their charter, whereby no person is to inhabit within six miles of the shore, and for the maintenance of peace, humbly offer that orders be sent by the St. John, now lying at Dartmouth, to the Admirals in Newfoundland, directing masters and seamen fishing this year to forbear any violence to the planters, upon pretence of said charter, and suffer them to inhabit and fish according to the usage of past years. Draft with corrections, also fair copy signed by Anglesey, Danby, Ormonde, Carlisle, Craven, Fauconberg, J. Bridgewater, and Robert Southwell. 3 pp. and 2 pp. [Col. Popers, Vol. XXXIX., Nos. 49, 50.]
March 26.
Port Royal.
102. Minutes of the Council of Jamaica. Present: The Governor, Colonel John Coape, Colonel Charles Whitfield, Colonel Arthur Collyer, and Colonel William Ivey, besides some of those named, ante No. 39. The Provost Marshal brought in the returns of the elections, viz.:—
St. Elizabeth's, Major Richard Scott and Thomas Raby.
St. Ann's, Richard Hemmings and Benjamin Smith.
St. George's, Charles Morgan and George (? Robert) Philipps.
St. Maryes, Charles Atkinson and Thomas Trapham.
St. Thomas, Edward Stanton and Clem. Richardson.
St. David's, Thomas Reeves and Thomas ? Fargoe.
St. Andrew's, Samuel Barry and Richard Brayne.
Port Royal, William Beeston, Ant. Swimmer, and Hartbottle Wingfield.
St. Thomas in the Vale, George Nedham and Fulke Rose.
St. John's, Whitgift Aylemore and Richard Offeild.
St. Jago de la Vega (St. Katherine), Samuel Bernard, John Bourden, and William Bragg.
Clarendon, Tnomas Sutton and Jonathan Ashurst.
Vere, Andrew Knight and Andrew Langley.
St. Dorothy's, John Colebeck and Theodore Cary.
Ordered that masters of wherries give security not to carry any person without the fort without a license. Adjourned to 4th April. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XXXV., pp. 550–552.]
March 27.
Swanns Point, James River.
103. The Commissioners for Virginia to Secretary Coventry. Although the Assembly have sat a whole month they have not proceeded to answer the joint letter of the Commissioners. Have sat together on the Commission of Oyer and Terminer, both at the trial and condemnation of seven or eight of the most notorious criminals, and openly advised to have them executed in their own respective counties, nor have they been wanting by all means to make the people rightly apprehensive of His Majesty's most transcendant acts of favour and indulgence to his oppressed 'and seduced subjects, which have been generally received with suitable impressions of joy. Good and timely effects of His Majesty's Proclamation and other gracious acts of mercy and pardon. Bacon's death was not pretence enough to frustrate and stifle this proclamation or suspend the punishment of it, so long as Lawrence, a Colonel and grand accomplice of Bacon's, a most stubborn, desperate, and resolved rebel (with others fit to head a new faction) is still out, but rather that Berkeley might impose on the ignorant his own terms and conditions as nevertheless he has endeavoured to do. They have been mistaken or deceived in their former character of Berkeley; he has since appeared much contrary to his first professions. While Berkeley continues Governor upon the place, things will never be put into that peaceable posture and happy composure desired and by the Commissioners endeavoured, for it is his only artifice to persuade the people that Colonel Jeffreys is but his deputy and that he shall next year return Governor again. The general grievances like to come within a very narrow compass, that of the great salary at this time under the Assembly's consultation and redress; the main grievances chiefly concern Fort money and other public accounts, and levies of this Colony proper also for redress of the Assembly. Complain of Berkeley's studied evasions and his interrupting and diverting the course of their proceedings and the ill effects; also of his illegal and arbitrary proceedings as to seizures of estates of persons not convicted of any crime; they are pursued every day with petitions and complaints of this nature. They declared their opinion in open court that the country might perceive they did not combine with or connive at such unwarrantable practises. Have heard he hath compounded several treasons, &c., for hogsheads of tobacco, cattle, &c. Hope this candid relation may not be mistaken at home as if there were any feuds or differences between them and the Governor. The gaol is now almost clear, the Governor having condemned some and pardoned and transported others. Complain as pernicious to His Majesty's interest the dispersing of copies of the King's private additional instructions, a rebel having publicly produced and pleaded in open court a copy which the Governor called God to witness he has never let go out of his hands or trunk. Readiness of the Indians to enter into a firm peace with the English which they hope a short time will accomplish. It will not be long before the Assembly rise when they will send by the Deptford ketch a more ample account of their proceedings. 16 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 132–147.]
March 27.104. Queries for the learned Counsel at law to resolve [sent with the Commissioners letter of this date to Secretary Coventry]. Whether a person dying before conviction his estate be forfeited to the King. Whether persons' estates condemned and executed by court martial and not by a legal jury of twelve men be forfeited. Whether any seizure be legally executed before conviction or attainder. Whether the estates of banished or transported persons be liable to seizure and forfeiture. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 147, 148.]
March 27.
Swanns Point.
105. The Commissioners for Virginia to Secretary Coventry. The occasion of their coming and present residence here, no house being within four or five miles, invites a constant resort of people from all parts of the country upon public business whom they are forced to entertain at no small expense. Beg he will lay this their pressure before His Majesty so that a limited salary may not include an unlimited stay and expense. 3 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol., LXXXI., pp. 149–151.]
March 27.
Swanns Point, James River.
106. Colonel Herbert Jeffreys, Sir John Berry, and Colonel Francis Moryson to Secretary Sir Joseph Williamson. The peoples return to their obedience has been as general as their late disloyal revolt, and had the Governor been as open handed as his Majesty's acts of mercy, the whole country would now be composed. Complaints against Governor Berkeley for treating men as delinquents before any due attainder, seizing their estates and making their tobacco for his private use. How the merchants and factors complain of their trade being retarded and their ships made gaols for rebels and refugees without any recompense. Have observed that those who call themselves the loyal party are the only chief disturbers and obstructers of this calamitous country, so that now nothing but a general penal act of oblivion can make up these breaches. Advised the hanging in chains in his own county of one Arnold, a horrible resolved rebel and traitor. Have now no reason to fear any new mutiny, but have advised a stop to this rigid prosecution, and the Assembly have also by address voted the Governor to forbear and hold his hand from all future sanguinary punishments. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., No. 51; also Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 152–159.]
March 27.
Swanus Point.
107. Colonel Francis Moryson to Mr. Cooke. The Commissioners doubt not but matters will be shortly composed to His Majesty's satisfaction if Sir W. Berkeley would please, but with freedom to permit His Majesty's acts of grace to pass as His Majesty royally intended them. To acquaint Secretary Coventry how he has managed that affair he left Moryson to acquaint the country with; his Royal Highness' promise that the two patents shall be taken in and vacated, without any charge to the country, which he has made known to the Assembly. His gratitude for being joined with his worthy and generous fellow Commissioners, a fitter person than Colonel Jeffreys could not have been found to quell this rebellion; Sir John Berry, of unbiassed principles, prudent conduct and unwearied industry for the service. Protestations of his own sincerity as an agent and in his present character. The straitness of his salary and fortune, desires Secretary Coventry's exertions in his behalf. 8 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI. pp. 160–167.]
March 27.108. Colonel Herbert Jeffreys, Sir John Berry, and Colonel Francis Moryson to Thomas Watkins. Directions as to public papers sent for Secretary Coventry and the Lord Treasurer. The country in a peaceable quiet condition; all that obstructs it is the Governor's abiding upon the place and the fierceness of those who call themselves the loyal party, which are not many, and among them not twenty eminent sufferers in estate. Their rapacious insolence exasperates the other party and their importunate solicitations to try and condemn the guilty party "which indeed is little less than the whole country." The necessity of a general act of oblivion, which the Assembly will hardly be brought to without His Majesty's express injunctions compel, as in the case in England. The general grievances, so few and trivial that but for the Governor's contrariety they see no further occasion to stay a fortnight. Have been forced to urge again and again their instructions for retrenching the great salary of the Assembly, now reduced to 120 lbs. per diem, the very lowest allowance the burgesses can support their charges under. The estates of tobacco, cattle, &c., carried off by the Governor. Bland executed this day at James Town. Fines imposed by the Governor detested by Jeffreys and his officers. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., No. 52; also Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 168–175.]
March 27.
Swanns Point.
109. The Commissioners for Virginia to the Lord Treasurer of England. Send transcript of a joint letter to Sir W. Berkeley with his answer, and copies of petitions relating to His Majesty's revenue, which they thought it their duty to advertise him of referring him for further satisfaction to other letters which Mr. Watkins will communicate to his Lordship. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 176, 177.]
March 28.
Whitehall.
110. Order of the King in Council. Approving report of Lords of Trade and Plantations concerning Newfoundland (see ante, No. 101), and directing their Lordships to prepare and dispatch forthwith to the Admirals of the several ports and harbours in Newfoundland said orders accordingly. 1¼ pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., No. 53.]
March 29.
James River, Virginia.
111. William Sherwood to Secretary Sir Joseph Williamson. The confusions and ruins caused by the late horrible rebellion. On his return, his houses and goods were consumed amounting to at least 1,500l. This general destruction and Governor Berkeley's severe proceedings had put this country into a desperate condition but for the arrival of His Majesty's Commissioners. The people have cause to complain though not to rebel. The Governor seems backward in returning to England, but presumes our long-winded Assembly sitting prevents Colonel Jeffreys from acting as Governor though it is generally hoped he will soon do so. The bearer, Captain Grantham, infinitely serviceable in reducing the country from ruin can particularly inform of all things. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., No. 54.]
March 29.112. Certificate of Governor Berkeley for the receipt of goods and two servants consigned to William Hunt in the Richard and Elizabeth, Captain Nicholas Pryn, according to a bill of lading annexed. 2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., Nos. 55, 55 i.]
March 30.
Whitehall.
113. Orders of Lords of Trade and Plantations to the Masters of the fishing vessels riding as Admirals in the several harbours of Newfoundland, and to the Planters thereof, and all other persons whom it may concern (see ante, No. 101). 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., No. 56.]
March 30.
Whitehall.
114. Similar Orders sent by John Downing to the several Harbours of Newfoundland, as follows, viz.:—
St. John's.
Trepassa.
Renoose.
Fermoose.
Carboneare.
Tar Bay.
Witless Bay.
Bonavista.
Porta Grave.
Solvage.
Silly Cove.
Bay Roberts.
Ferriland.
Capelin Bay.
Cupid's Cove.
Petty Harbour.
Brisket Bay.
Quide Vide.
Bay of Bulls.
Little Harbour.
Haver de Grace.
Balline.
Old Perlican.
The Bay of Vards.
Harbour Maine.
Toads Cove.
Barrow Harbour.
Bona Ventura.
Brigass in the North.
Muskeeto Bay.
Trinity.
2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., No. 57.]
March 31.
Whitehall.
115. Journal of Lords of Trade and Plantations. In pursuance of the Order in Council of 7th February 1677 (see ante, No. 47), Mason and Gorges on one side, and the Boston agents on the other, are heard by Council, who having made objections against the validity of the petitioners' grants, their Lordships are of opinion that they cannot proceed to examine the respective titles without the assistance of the Lords Chief Justices of the Queen's Bench and Common Pleas, who were ordered to attend, but not as yet summoned, as it was thought their Lordships would just have entered upon the matter of fact complained of by the petitioners. Hearing put off till Thursday (5th April), when the Judges are desired to attend by a letter, as follows:—
April 3. Lords of Trade and Plantations to the Lords Chief Justices Rainsford and North. Desiring their attendance, and enclosing Order in Council and abstract of the grants. [Col. Entry Bks., Vol. LX., p. 199, and Vol. CV., pp. 7, 8.]
March.116. Grievances of James City County, Virginia, presented by Colonel Robert Holt and William Sherwood, one to his Majesty's Commissioners the other to the Assembly of Virginia. In 10 Articles which refer to the imposition of 2s. per hogshead on tobacco; the money paid yearly for Fort duties; the Indians painting and disguising themselves; the slow prosecution of the Indian War, a main cause of the late rebellion; the often meeting of Assemblies; that they have liberty to keep guns and ammunition for their own preservation. Signed by George Woodward, Will Browne, Mathew Collins, Nicholas Bush, and others. Also, The Answers of Her Majesty's Commissioners. Endorsed, "Brought March 16." Two papers. 4 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., Nos. 58, 59; also Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 293–297.]
March.117. Grievances presented by Rappahanock County to his Majesty's Commissioners for Virginia and to the Grand Assembly. Under fifteen articles. The want of able, pious, and orthodox Ministers, and the due administration of Divine ordinances; that peace be concluded with the Indians; the imposition of 2s. per hogshead on tobacco; the levy of taxes; qualifications for judges; the meetings of the Assembly and General Court. Signed by Warwick Cammock, Alex. Doniphann, Henry Torndey, Elen Awley, and Thomas Gouldman. Also, The Answers of His Majesty's Commissioners to same. Two papers. 5 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., Nos. 60, 61; also Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 297–300.]
March.118. Grievances of the Inhabitants of the upper parts of Citternborn parish in the county of Rappahanock, presented and signed by Cadwalladen Jones and John Bowsie, to His Majesty's Commissioners for Virginia. Under fourteen heads. Concerning the Indian war; the levies of 1674 and 1675, and how disposed of; the impost upon tobacco; the Militia who should not sit in the Courts of Judicature; the approach of the Indians; a supply of arms and ammunition. Also, The Answers of the Commissioners to the same. Two papers. 6 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., Nos. 62, 63; also Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 300–302.]
March.119. Grievances of the inhabitants of Stafford County, Virginia, presented to His Majesty's Commissioners, under seven heads, signed by Richard Gibson, Samuel Hayward, and eight others. Against the burthen of Annual Assemblies; of the 2s. per hogshead; of the incursions of the Indians, and paying towards the building of forts, Two copies. Also, The Answers of the Commissioners to same. Three papers. 5 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., Nos. 64–66; also Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 302, 303.]
March.120. Minutes of a meeting of the Commission of Stafford County, Virginia. The several proclamations and declarations being read, the persons named took hold of His Majesty's and the Governor's pardon and accordingly took the oath of allegiance, but said oath being tendered to Jonah Revelt, a freeholder and housekeeper, he utterly refused to take the same. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., No. 67.]
March.121. Representation of the people of Surrey County, Virginia, to the Grand Assembly. Earnestly desire them to draw up, in behalf of the whole country, a most humble submission to His Majesty, with a letter of request to the Duke of York to intercede with his brother to be restored to His Majesty's good grace and favour as formerly, that the Assembly would make an Act of Oblivion, and that no person for the future may be abused by injurious and provoking names, with list of grievances which they desire may be remedied, 4 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., No. 68.]
March.122. Grievances of the inhabitants of Surrey County presented to His Majesty's Commissioners for Virginia, and signed by Thomas Busby and George Procter. Under 19 heads. The pressure of frequent assemblies and great charge of the members salaries; the quantity of tobacco raised for building houses at James City; the levy raised for building forts and the insufficiency of their defence; the imposition of 2s. per hogshead; seizure of estates before the owner is convicted of any crime; and erecting forts. Also, The Answers of the Commissioners. Two papers. 4 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., Nos. 69, 70, and Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 304–307.]
March.123. Return of William Peirce, John Lord, and Thomas Youll to a warrant of Governor Sir William Berkeley addressed to the High Sheriff of the county of Westmorland. For calling a court and summoning the inhabitants to draw up their several grievances to present to His Majesty's Commissioners for Virginia; that they have met and find no grievance presented to them. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., No. 71.]
March.124. "The Proposals of Westmorland County to the Grand Assembly of Virginia," being their grievances under 12 heads. Concerning a day to be set apart for thanksgiving for restoring Virginia from the late rebellion; the propagation of the gospel; removing scandalous ministers and strict observance of the Sabbath day; the punishment of those engaged in the late rebellion; every man to be settled in possession of his land and estate; an address to His Majesty for pardon for the late rebellion. Also, The Answers of the Commissioners to same. Two papers. 3 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., Nos. 72, 73; also Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 307–309.]
March.125. Grievances of the inhabitants in general, that is to say, housekeepers and freeholders of Northampton County, committed to their burgesses to present to the Governor, Council, and Burgesses of Virginia. In reference to the division of the county; liberty to choose a new vestry; the repeal of the Act for killing wolves, bears, &c.; taxation; taking copies of records on paying fees; liberty of appeal; selling drink within a mile of the courthouse on court days; against petty tipling houses; the absence of magistrates from their duty; qualification for office. Also, The Answers of His Majesty's Commissioners. Two papers. 4 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., Nos. 74, 75; also Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 309–312.]
March.126. Grievances of the inhabitants of the County of Accomack, delivered to Sir John Berry, one of His Majesty's Commissioners for Virginia, by Mr. Littleton, of the House of Burgesses, on 29th March 1677. In reference to their great losses through hindering the rebels landing, and protecting Governor Berkeley, and desiring that he may be continued Governor; that their county be free from country taxes for 21 years, exempted from defraying any part of the charge of the late rebellion and from quit-rents for many years. Also, The Answers of His Majesty's Commissioners, who say His Majesty hath an eminent object for his royal favours in this truly loyal county. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., No. 76; also Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 312, 313.]
March.127. Instructions from the inhabitants of Lancaster County to their Burgesses Colonel William Ball and Major Edward Dale, to be by them presented to the Assembly for redress. That the war against the Indians be more speedily and effectually prosecuted, and all trade with them prohibited upon pain of death. That losses by the late rebellion be borne by the sufferers, and delinquents estates given to the poor and loyal sufferers. That this county be divided into two divisions, and the courts be kept in some part of York River. That the 2s. per hogshead be employed to the uses for which it was first raised after the Governor is paid his dues settled by His Majesty. That the Acts be revived against hog stealing, and for the encouragement of servants; against the frequency of assemblies and their long sittings. The incapacity of our forts for offence and defence; that the money in bank be employed in purchasing arms and building magazines for the people's security. Also, The Answers of His Majesty's Commissioners for Virginia. Two papers. 3 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., Nos. 77, 78; also Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 313, 314.]
March.128. Certificate of John Stritchley on behalf of the inhabitants of Lancaster County to His Majesty's Commissioners for Virginia. That they have no more grievances to present than what they have returned already, and have nothing to say against the Government. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., No. 79.]
March.129. Grievances under eight heads of the inhabitants of Warwick County, certified by their Burgesses, John Langhorne and Francis Rice, and presented to His Majesty's Commissioners for Virginia. Justification of their conduct during the rebellion; thankfully embrace the King's pardon and desire that all taxes upon them be imposed by the Assembly; against taxing by poll; no person to have two places of profit; the limitation of attorneys' fees and regulating of clerks' fees. Also, The Answers of His Majesty's Commissioners to same. Two papers. 3 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., Nos. 80, 81; also Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 315, 316.]
March.130. Grievances of the inhabitants of the Isle of Wight County, [Endorsed]: "For the Burgesses. To be perused and returned to His Majesty's Commissrs. Sam. Wiseman." Excuse themselves for taking up arms in the late rebellion as being necessitated by the reasons set forth and complain of the oppressions of Colonel John Bridger; of the great taxes; of employment of Indian forces to apprehend their Christian neighbours; the seizure of estates before conviction; against sheriffs holding office more than one year. These grievances consist of 26 articles, and are signed by Richard Jorden, senior, "one of Bacon's representatives," Richard Penney, "a very busy man in these times," John Marshall, Edward Miller, "an armless poor man," John Davis, "one that hath been in arms against the Government," and Thomas Fulgham, "a busy person that brought this paper to the rest to subscribe, which was written by Marshall's servant at the desire of the subscribers hereof." Also, The Answers of His Majesty's Commissioners, with Mem.—There is remaining in our hands a protest against these grievances as complained of without cause by another part of the same county. Two papers. Together, 10 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., Nos. 82, 83, and Col, Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 316–319.]
March.131. Humble remonstrance of divers of His Majesty's loyal subjects in the upper parish of the Isle of Wight County to His Majesty's Commissioners for Virginia. Against the grievances complained of without cause by another part of the same county. Signed by John Bridger, John George, James Powell, Edward Wickins, and 68 others. Endorsed: "To be perused and returned to his Maj. Commissioners. Sa. Wiseman." 2 pp. (Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., No. 84.)
March ?132. Petition of His Majesty's most loyal and obedient subjects of the Isle of Wight County in Virginia to His Majesty's Commissioners. In behalf of William West, "a rebel abseonding," who took up arms against the Indians by whom his father was most barbarously murdered, was taken prisoner, carried aboard a ship, from hence to prison and condemned to death, but has made his escape, and, as yet, cannot be heard of. Pray for his life and the restitution of his estate to his wife and children. Signed by about 70 persons mostly with their mark. 2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., No. 85.]
133. Grievances of the inhabitants of the parish of Blisland, in the county of New Kent, presented to His Majesty's Commissioners for Virginia. Under six heads, viz., the 60 lbs. (of tobacco) per poll; the many murders, rapines, and depredations by the Indians; the extortions of Sheriffs: selling strong liquors where the county courts are kept; of the Fort duties as misemployed and of the 2s. per hogshead. Also, Answers of His Majesty's Commissioners to the same. Endorsed, "Brought April 4th, Col. Jeffreys and Sir John Berry absent." Two papers. 3 pp. [Col Papers, Vol. XXXIX., Nos. 86, 87, and Col. Entry Bk., Vol. 81, pp. 319, 320.
March.134. Grievances of part of the inhabitants of Elizabeth City County under two heads presented to His Majesty's Commissioners for Virginia. In reference to the great charge by the frequent meeting of assemblies and the high rate of the levy of tobacco upon them by reason of their not being above 300 tytheables in their small county. Certified by the representatives of said County—Anthony Armistead and Ber. Servant. Endorsed, "Brought in March 9th." Also, The Answer of His Majesty's Commissioners to the same. 2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., Nos. 88 and 89; also Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., p. 320.]
March ?135. Grievances of the inhabitants of Henrico County presented to His Majesty's Commissioners for Virginia under six heads. In reference to the evil consequences of the monopoly of the Indian trade; the uselessness of the forts built to defend them from the Indians and their murders and incursions; the heavy taxes and especially the 60 lbs. per poll. Signed by William Glam, John Pleasants, Solomon Knibbe, Will Hatcher, and John Lewis. Also, The Answers of His Majesty's Commissioners to same. Two papers. 3 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., Nos. 90 and 91; also Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 321, 322.]
March.136. Grievances under twelve heads presented by the inhabitants of York County by their Burgesses, Thomas Roberts and John Tiplady, to His Majesty's Commissioners for Virginia. Justifying Sir W. Berkeley from all blame in reference to the rise and occasion of the late rebellion and attributing it only to disaffected persons, their pretence being the dilatory proceedings of the Assembly against the Indians. Complaint of the too frequent meetings of the Assembly; that the chief and only town being burnt may be built at Middle Plantation; for liberty to export wheat and to import salt; against extortionate fees; about Thomas Hansford's estate, who was executed; and reviving a law for advancing the price of tobacco; Courts of Justice taxes. Also, The Answers of His Majesty's Commissioners to same. That as to the first part, they in charity believe it, but refer to the general complaints from all other counties in Virginia in reference to the dilatory proceedings for security of the people against the Indians. Two papers. 4 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., Nos. 92 and 93, and Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 323, 324.]
March.137. Grievances presented by the inhabitants of Gloucester County to His Majesty's Commissioner for Virginia. The imposition of 2s. per hogshead laid on tobacco by the Assembly about 17 years since; of the 60 lbs. per poll; of the great number of Christians murdered by the Indians and the ill-management of the war; confirmation of laws made by the June Assembly of 1676 before Bacon's rebellion, and restitution of estates plundered by the rebels; against Major Robert Beverley; for arms and ammunition; against the too frequent meetings of the Assembly. Signed by Phillip Lightfoot, and nine others. Also, The Answers of His Majesty's Commissioners. 3 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., No. 94, and Col. Entry Bk., No. 81, pp. 325–327.]
March.138. Grievances presented by the inhabitants of Lower Norfolk to Governor Sir William Berkeley, the House of Burgesses, and His Majesty's Commissioners for Virginia. In reference to a fort erected at Point Comfort; the levy of 60 lbs. of tobacco per poll; to be exempt from all public charge arising from the late rebellion; liberty to export tobacco to any of the plantations without paying the impost payable by Act of Parliament; the abuse of putting strangers into places of great honour; and prohibiting the selling of ammunition to the Indians. Also, The Answers of His Majesty's Commissioners. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., No. 95, and Col. Entry Bk., No. 81, pp. 327–328.]
March.139. The first grievances presented by the inhabitants of Nancymond County to His Majesty's Commissioners for Virginia. Under 20 heads beginning with a preamble of the rise and occasion of the late distractions, tumults, and disturbances in Virginia, and hearty expressions of sorrow for their late disloyalty. Complain of the uselessness and charge of forts built in the woods against the Indians; desire the confirmation of the Acts of June 1676; war with all Indian nations, an excuse for sending men to Bacon's army; for the restitution of arms taken from them; that they pay no tax this year; the accusations against the two Lears; oath imposed upon them by the Commissioners; leave to buy powder and shot; to pay nothing towards useless forts; collectors of the levy for building a fort at Point Comfort to be called to account; the use of the 60 lbs. levy against Castle duties; justices, clerks, and sheriffs pleading in their own Courts; bounds of their county; laws to be irrevocable. 6¼ pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., No. 96.]
March.140. The second grievances of the inhabitants of Nancymond County presented to His Majesty's Commissioners for Virginia. Complain against the forts on the frontiers, that they were pressed under Bacon by the lawful magistrates, and such as refused were forced thereto by the militia officers; against men holding more than one office at a time as Colonel Lear, and against the great taxes imposed the last three or four years; for an account of the 62 lbs. of tobacco per poll. Also, The Answers of His Majesty's Commissioners to the first and second heads of grievances. Signed by 122 persons, many by mark only. Two papers. 6 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., Nos. 97 and 98, and Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI, pp. 329–333.]
March.141. Remonstrance of divers of His Majesty's loyal subjects of the county of Nancymond to His Majesty's Commissioners for Virginia. Humbly beg the King's pardon condemning those who, instead of so doing, rather seem to justify than deplore their late wicked defection, and declaring that it is their greatest grievance that even they should have occasion of His Majesty's pardon, which they own they have in some measure reason to beg, and lay hold of and are thankful for. Signed by Thomas Godwin, Thomas Milner, John Lear, David Lear, James Jossy, and 42 others. 2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., No. 99.]
March.142. Return of John Mottrom, Sheriff of Northumberland County, to a warrant of Governor Sir William Berkeley of 3rd February last, to call a county court to inquire into the grievances of said county; that His Majesty's proclamations and declarations have been published, and the people have unanimously declared no grievances. 2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXIX., No. 100.]
March to
May.
143. The personal grievances of divers inhabitants of Virginia to His Majesty's Commissioners, as follows, viz.:—
Petition of the four poor distressed orphans of Anthony Arnold to the Commissioners for Virginia. For restitution of their father's small estate, who was executed for being concerned in Bacon's rebellion. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., No. 1.]
145. Petition of Thomas Bobby of James City County, Planter, to His Majesty's Commissioners for Virginia. Against Hartwell for imprisoning him and forcing him to pay a composition of 500 lbs. of pork, 200 lbs. of bacon, and 100 lbs. of butter. With deposition upon oath annexed, and memorandum that it was owned by Hartwell himself. 1677, April 20 and May 19. Together, three papers. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., Nos. 2–4.]
146. Petition of Richard Clarke, of New Kent County to His Majesty's Commissioners for Virginia. Although he was seduced into the late unhappy rebellion, he truly repenteth himself and continued quietly under his own roof; that armed men under the command of Roger Potter and Bryan Smith, with others, carried away his servants and goods to the amount of 400l. sterling; prays for examination into the same. With deposition on oath annexed, and order of the Commissioners thereon, part of said estate being in the possession of Major Robert Beverley. 1677, May 19. Two papers. 2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., Nos. 5, 6.]
147. Petition of John Dean of James City County, Planter, to the Commissioners for Virginia. Confessing and repenting having taken Bacon's oath, and that he has laid hold of His Majesty's pardon, and praying remedy against Hartwell for seizing his whole crop of tobacco. With deposition on oath annexed. 1677, March 6. 2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., No. 7.]
148. Elizabeth Dudley, James Dudley, Thomas Dudley, and William Dudley to James Cary, living at the "Dager" in Watling Street. The distractions of this Colony by the wise carriage of His Majesty's Commissioners are most happily reconciled and in a posture of quiet and peaceable settlement for the future. Beg his assistance in relation to certain hogsheads of tobacco seized from their deceased father unjustly by Sir William Berkeley and illegally converted to his own use. Virginia, 1677, April 25. 1½ pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., No. 8.]
149. Petition of Thomas Glover of James City County, Planter, to His Majesty's Commissioners for Virginia. Against William Hartwell for imprisoning him five weeks and forcing him to give a horse for his discharge of the value of 1,200 lbs. of tobacco. Also Deposition of Thomas Glover and Francis Robinson, and Mem.—That Hartwell owns what the petitioner alleges was by the Governor's order. 1677, April 20 and May 19. Together, three papers. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., Nos. 9–11.]
150. Petition of Andrew Goedean of James City County, Planter, to His Majesty's Commissioners for Virginia. Against William Hartwell for imprisoning him ten days until he passed an obligation for five months' work. With Mem.—That Hartwell owns imprisoning petitioner, but denies the rest. Also Affidavit of petitioner. Two papers. 1677, May 19. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., Nos. 12, 13.]
151. Complaint of Henry Gord, addressed to the Commissioners for Virginia. Against Captain Roger Potter, jailer of the prison at Green Spring, where he had been confined one month by the Governor's orders, for not suffering him to leave without giving him a cow and a calf. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., No. 14.]
152. Petition and Grievance of William Hoare of James City County, Planter, to His Majesty's Commissioners for Virginia. Against Hartwell for detaining him prisoner ten days and taking from him his cattle, hogs, and other goods, and for demanding ten thousand pounds of pork to save his life. Also Hoare's certificate to the truth of the above, and Mem.—That Sir William Berkeley demanded the pork to save Hoare's life, confessed to be true by James Garey, the Governor's servant. 1677, April 20 and May 19. Two papers. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., Nos. 15, 16.]
153. Petition of Henry Jenkins of James City County, Tanner, to the Commissioners for Virginia. Against Sir William Berkeley for seizing his cattle under pretence that petitioner had some raw hides belonging to the Governor, but which Bacon's soldiers had taken and brought from Green Spring. With two depositions on oath annexed. 1677, April 20. Together, three papers. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., Nos. 17–19.]
154. Petition of John Jennings, of Isle of Wight County, to the Commissioners for Virginia. To be admitted to take the oath of allegiance and to be included in His Majesty's pardon, being truly sorry for his acting in the late rebellion, and that he may have his estate released to him. Endorsed: "Pet. was ordered to be banished into England, but falling sick is respited till next shipping, unless His Majesty admit him to the benefit of his pardon." 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., No. 20.]
155. Petition of John Johnson and James Barrow of James City County, Planters, to His Majesty's Commissioners for Virginia. Against Hartwell for imprisoning them and forcing from them a composition of ten thousand shingles. With two depositions on oath attached, and Mem.—That it was owned by Hartwell, who said it was done by the Governor's order. 1677, May 19. 2 pp. Together, three papers. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., Nos. 21–23.]
156. Petition of Edward Lloyd [Mulatto] of James City County, Planter, to His Majesty's Commissioners for Virginia. Against Captain William Hartwell for imprisoning him three weeks, during which time his house was plundered by Governor Berkeley's servants, and petitioner's wife, great with child, so affrighted that she died. 1677, April 11. Annexed,
156. i–ii. The oath of Edward Lloyd and depositions of William Hucford and the midwives Mary Colby and Mary Robinson. Together, 3 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., Nos. 24, 24 i., ii.]
157. Petition of Robert Lowder, John Cocker, and Robert Porter, Planters of New Kent County, to the Commissioners for Virginia. For relief against Bryan Smith who has forced them to give bills for 4,250 lbs. of tobacco and cash under pretence of their having killed his hogs in the late rebellion, though petitioners have laid hold of His Majesty's pardon. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL. No. 25.]
158. Petition of Thomas Lushington to His Majesty's Commissioners for Virginia. Against Captain William Hartwell for imprisoning him, stripping the clothes from his back, and taking his papers out of his pocket. With memorandum by Samuel Wiseman that Hartwell confessed that when others were plundering the petitioner he plundered too, but by order of his Colonel (Ballard). 1677, May 19. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., No. 26.]
159. Petition of Thomas Palmer to the Commissioners for Virginia. Complaining of Governor Berkeley for seizing tobacco paid to petitioner for building a house for one Thomas Hansford, who was executed by martial law for a rebel at Accomack. 1 p. This petition and many others are entered in Col. Entry Bk. Vol. LXXXI., pp. 337–352, with "Opinion" of the Commissioners "That this seizure is illegal, the said Hansford having no tryal or conviction by a lawful jury." [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., No. 27.]
160. Petition of Nicholas Pryn, Master of the Richard and Elizabeth of London, riding in James River, to the Commissioners for Virginia. For restitution of goods to the value of 265l. sterling, consigned by Alderman Booth and owners of said ship to William Hunt, their factor in Virginia, but seized by Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Hill under pretence of a warrant from the Governor. With depositions annexed, and letter of Colonel Thomas Ballard about same. 1677, March 19. Two papers. 3 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., Nos. 28, 29.]
161. Petition of William Rowland and William Whore to the Commissioners for Virginia. Were pressed into Bacon's service, imprisoned, and forced to give security for payment of 8,000 lbs. of tobacco. Prays for relief. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., No. 30.]
162. Petition of Stephen Tarleton of New Kent County to the Commissioners for Virginia. Acknowledges being seduced into the late horrible rebellion and taking that unlawful oath imposed by Bacon. Beseeches mercy for his crimes, and to be admitted to the full benefit of His Majesty's Act of pardon. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., No. 31.]
163. Petition of Nicholas Toope of York County, Tanner, to His Majesty's Commissioners for Virginia. Against Hartwell for imprisoning him five weeks after he was in the King's service, and forcing petitioner to give a bill for 20 pairs of shoes for his discharge. With disposition on oath annexed, and Mem.—That Hartwell owned same for which he had none of the Governor's order but by word of mouth. 1677, May 19. 2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., No. 32.]
164. Petition of John Williams of James City County, Planter, to His Majesty's Commissioners for Virginia. Against Hartwell for imprisoning petitioner ten days and forcing him by hard usage to a composition of two hogsheads of tobacco and six barrels of Indian corn to the value of 16l. sterling. With deposition on oath annexed, and memorandum of Hartwell's confession that it was done by the Governor's order. 1677, April 20 and May 19. Together, three papers. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., Nos. 33–35.]
165. Petition of W. Wyat in behalf of William and Elizabeth Rookeings, orphans of William Rookeings of Surrey County, to the Commissioners for Virginia. That the estate of William Rookeings, condemned by martial law during the late rebellion, who died in prison, may be secured for the benefit of his children and creditors until. the King's pleasure be known therein. With deposition annexed. Two papers. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., Nos. 36, 37; also Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 337–352.]
March ?166. The King's Warrant for the Governor of Virginia. To receive to his own use as Governor out of the first moneys and revenues raised there the yearly sum of 2,000l. from the death or avoidance of Sir William Berkeley, our late Governor, together with a third part of escheats, fines, and forfeitures, also 150l. a year till the Assembly shall have provided a sufficient house and plantation for the Governor and Government there. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., No. 38.]