America and West Indies
May 1-15, 1677

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

W. Noel Sainsbury and J.W. Fortescue (editors)

Year published

1896

Pages

72-88

Annotate

Comment on this article
Double click anywhere on the text to add an annotation in-line

Citation Show another format:

'America and West Indies: May 1-15, 1677', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 10: 1677-1680 (1896), pp. 72-88. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=69961 Date accessed: 21 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


Highlight

(Min 3 characters)

Contents

May 1–15, 1677

May 1.
(Virginia.)
207. Commission from the Commissioners for Virginia to Colonel George Jordan and Major Theophilus Hone. To inquire into, take account of, and report to said Commissioners what estates, real and personal, have been forfeited or seized for or in the late rebellion within James River, New Kent, and York Counties, and by whose order, that same may be returned to the Lord High Treasurer of England. 2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., No. 60; also Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 287–289.]
May 1, 2.208. Minutes of the Council of Jamaica. Two Bills read a third time and passed, and two Bills brought from the Assembly. A Committee appointed to confer with the Assembly about the Act of Privileges which was afterwards sent to the Assembly with the amendments noted.
May 4.Further amendments on said Act of Privileges, some of which are consented to, others not consented to. Committee from the House attend with the message that they adhere to their own amendments, that it is the just right and inherent privilege of His Majesty's subjects in this island to have the benefits of the laws of England, and therefore until their Bill of Privileges be made into an Act they think not fit to proceed on any further business, but intend to adjourn for a month. Upon which the Governor sent for the Speaker and Assembly, and they conferred together. Then a Committee came to acquaint the Governor and Council that in order to a better agreement of both Houses, they would appoint a Committee of Council to meet a Committee of Assembly to draw up a new Bill, but it was answered that it was altogether unparliamentary to draw a Bill in both Houses at once, to which the Assembly replied they would venture to begin the Bill in their own House.
May 16.Various Bills read, and debate on the first and second reading of the Bill for governing the Militia.
May 17.Bills consented to, message of thanks from the Assembly for the Governor's ready consent to their Bills, and that they would proceed cheerfully in all their business, and that nothing in them should be wanting to make a happy conclusion to this Session. Several Bills sent up which had passed their House.
May 18.Several Bills read a second and a third time and passed.
May 19.Proceedings on several Bills, and provisoes to the Act of the Militia.
May 21.Debate on amendments to several Bills.
May 22.Conference on certain clauses of the above.
May 23.The Bill for governing the Militia read a third time, with the amendments, and passed, as well as several other Bills.
May 25.Adjourned to the 6th June.
[Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XXXV., pp. 568–588.]
May 1.209. Journal of the Assembly of Jamaica. Several Acts read the first time, others the second time and the third time. Committee to wait on the Council to be informed of the practice of the Parliament in England in reference to amendments to Acts.
May 2.Voted that Acts read three times in the House be signed by the Speaker before being sent to the Council. Resolved that St. Anne's should not be a free port. On motion whether the House should stand by their own Act of Privileges, or consider the Act sent in by the Council, voted to abide by their own Act, not finding it any way infringes the Governor's Commission. Upon this message the Council desire their own Act to be returned to them. Committee appointed to confer with Committee of Council thereon. Report of the Committee of the House, the result being that the Council excepted against all in our Bill which was not contained in theirs, and desired that the next conference might not be so frivolous as this.
May 3.Committee appointed to compare all Acts transcribed, and bring them in attested. Debate in conference on the Act of Privileges, which was again read, and the amendments of the Council debated, some were assented to, and some were dissented to.
May 4.The Act of Privileges with the Council's amendments read the third time, and the same amendments assented or dissented to, as in the first and second readings. Voted that no leave be given to any Member to absent himself at the next meeting. Message from the Council that they adhered to their amendments. Unanimously voted that the House adhere to their amendments in said Act. Message delivered to the Council by a Committee of the House. The further proceedings are abstracted, in the previous Minutes of Council.
May 5.Moved that the House adjourn to 10th May.
May 10–12.Debate on the Act of the Militia and other Acts.
May 15, 16.Mr. Richardson, who by reason of his sickness had not before given his attendance, sworn. Debate on amendments to various Acts.
May 17, 18.The Speaker and Assembly sent for by the Council when the Governor signed several Acts. Thanks of the House to his Excellency. Proceedings on various Acts. Voted that Mr. Speaker write to Augustine Gavell, Member of the Assembly, to order him to give his attendance, or show cause for his absence.
May 19.Several Bills read a third time. Debate on amendments to others. Petition of Mr. Green whether the Marshal ought not to take as effects a parcel of pots and not his body; voted that pots are not accounted effects. Consideration of the case of (Thomas) Martin; relation of his conduct to the Governor and his remarks on the Assembly, that to induce the Governor to admit him to his place (as Receiver) he had once offered him a bribe, and laid down a purse of gold upon the couch, and that the Governor then told him he mistook his man, and was like then to have broke his head. Voted that Martin had broken the privileges of the House, for which reason he ought to be committed. The Marshal was ordered to bring Martin to the Bar of the House, and he was committed till further order, as was also Mr. Story, said Martin's attorney. Message to the Governor, informing him of the above, and thanking him for preserving their just rights and privileges, and assuring him that the House would on all occasions be as careful to defend his Honour. About a conference of both Houses.
May 22.Proceedings on various Bills and Mr. Ryves, and the Bill filed in Chancery by Martin. Fees to be paid by persons committed by the House. Story called to the Bar of the House, but refused to make his recantation in the form set forth, acknowledging that filing a Bill in Chancery against the Speaker and Thomas Ryves on behalf of Martin was against the undoubted rights and privileges of the House, and that he deservedly suffered punishment and so was remanded to prison till further order.
May 23.Resolved that there be a Conference with the Council to compose the differences concerning the amendments to the Bill of nonclaims. Mr. Speaker acquainted the House with a letter he had received from Martin, which was read, praying for a hearing. Committee appointed to inquire into Martin's business. Petition of Story not thought fit to be taken notice of.
May 24.Message from the Council about the conference asked for, which was consented to. Various Bills advanced a stage. Petition of Edward Story, attorney-at-law, read, and he ordered to be sent for, and upon his submission and signing the above entered recantation, he was released, paying the fees. Debate on various Bills. Report of Committee on Martin's business. Voted that his report to the Governor that the House laughed at His Majesty's patent is altogether false and untrue. Various Bills advanced a stage. Thomas Martin sent for to the Bar, and the articles drawn against him read in his presence, and was not allowed to reply verbally, but to give his answer in writing. Debate on several Ats.
May 25.Proceedings on various Acts. Adjourned to 6th June. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XXXVII., pp. 163–174.]
May 3.
Council Chamber.
210. Report of Lords of Trade and Plantations to the King. Have lately received letter from Governor Atkins, dated 6th December last, that Barbadoes is provided with all sorts of ammunition except match. Humbly offer to His Majesty that Sir Thomas Chicheley, Master of the Ordnance, be ordered to send Governor Atkins a convenient quantity of match. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., No. 61.]
May 3.211. Sir John Heydon, Deputy Governor, and Council to the Somers Islands Company. The printed book entitled "The Just and Unjust Proceedings of the Somers Islands Company," sent by Mr. Trott in the magazine ship, they have by proclamation endeavoured to recover into their hands, but cannot hear of above 16 or 17 of them, which they have, according to order, caused to be burnt at St. George's, near the pillory and whipping-post, by John Bristow, Provost-Marshal. [Extract.] Signed by Sir John Heydon, John Rawlings, Arthur Jones, John Darrell, junr., Thomas Dickinson, Thomas Scrogham, and Christopher Burrowes, and Henry Tucker, secretary. Certified copy by Henry Tucker. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., No. 62.]
May 3.
Somers Islands.
212. Henry Tucker, Secretary by order of the Governor and Council to the Somers Islands Company at Saddler's Hall, Cheapside, London. Send attestations against George Bullen, and the person himself prisoner in the magazine ship, for dangerous words spoken against the King, "not thinking it safe to make any proceed against him here until order be given unto us according to His Majesty's law in such cases made." Annexed,
212. i. George Bullen to Sir John Heydon. Begs he may be permitted the privilege to go aboard the ship in which he is to be sent to England where he may be serviceable, or that he may go the voyage he was bound upon. For the words testified against him he was overcome with drink and not himself. 1677, May 7. Certified copy by H. Tucker.
212. ii., iii. Declarations of Samuel Newton, Elizabeth Keele, and Ann Atwood of the treasonable words spoken by George Bullen, master's mate of Abraham Knott's Ketch of New England, "That the King was a very swarthie man in the face, but of a cleere skin, and he said if I were a judge and he brought before me, I would hang him for his look." 1677, May 2. N.B.—From an extract of a general letter of the Somers Islands Company, dated 1st October 1677, printed in Lieuteuant-General Sir J. H. Lefroy's "Memorials of the Bermudas," Vol. II., p. 460, we learn that, after George Bullen had received some days imprisonment in the Tower, His Majesty was graciously pleased to pass by his offence and order his discharge. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., Nos. 63, 63 i., ii., iii.]
May 3/13.
Barbadoes.
213. Governor Sir Jonathan Atkins to Lords of Trade and Plantations. Is endeavouring to prepare the laws to send. The new Assembly will meet on the 15th and give them a ready dispatch. Has inquired as far as he could, but made little progress, in the estates of merchants and others; to make public inquiries puts the people into strange jealousies and confusions, as happened in Lord Willoughby's time, when the people generally declared against that proceeding, said their estates were their own and none else had to do with them, and that they would keep them. Explains the umbrage taken from some of Lord Francis Willoughby's actions, who called in question some lands set out by the first Earl of Carlisle, called the 10,000 acres put into the hands of trustees approved by the creditors for payment of his lordship's debts. Finds an objection in His Majesty's letter to his speaking of discouragements, and not naming what they are—'its meant of new plantations or new settlements, which he explains. Excuses for being constrained to give long discourses for letters. Has heard nothing of the French since their engagement with the Dutch, who are in a most miserable condition at Tobago, many coming hither to get shipping for England, and a great number dead. 2 pp. Rec. 20th July. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., No. 64. Col. Entry Bk., Vol. VI., pp. 175–177.]
May 3.214. Attestation signed by Colonel William Ball and Dr. Walter Whitaker, that (Mathew) Bentley, a shoemaker, notoriously known to be a very great actor and abettor in the late rebellion, who had often said he would be like death, and spare neither man, woman, nor child, was discharged without any trial. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., No. 65.]
March 3–4.
Whitehall.
215. Journal of Lords of Trade and Plantations. Letter read from Sir Jonathan Atkins of 61/6 Dec. (see preceding Volume, No. 1174). It is agreed to report to His Majesty as follows (see ante No. 210), it not appearing that His Majesty had ever sent any stores to Barbadoes for which payment was not to be made there. Also was read another letter from Governor Atkins of 81/8 February (see ante No. 48).
In pursuance of the King's order (see ante No. 97,) their Lordships met to find out what is proper to be done for security of the fishery of Newfoundland, and settlement of that plantation, both parties concerned called in; their Lordships' report of 15th April 1675 (see previous Volume of Calendar, No. 524) and Sir John Berry's letter to Sir Robert Southwell having first been read, Counsel on behalf of the Adventurers argues that the manner of catching fish by ships is very ancient and the plantation settled of late years, since which the fishery is very much decayed by reasons of abuses committed by the planters. That they debauch the seamen, destroy the stages, and are of no security or strength against any enemy in time of war, and that in time of peace His Majesty's sovereignty is sufficiently provided for by the yearly sending out of ships, by which possession is actually maintained for half the year. That the French have so large a tract of land, and so great conveniency of harbours to exercise their fishery, as that they will not easily be provoked to encroach upon us or disturb our fishery. Mr. Perrot being sworn alleges several instances of injuries he supposes to have been done by the inhabitants to the Adventurers. Benjamin Scutt assures their Lordships the fishing ships are forced to leave England six weeks sooner by reason of damages done by the planters, that of late years the fishery is decreased one half upon the encouragement the inhabitants have received out of England. That upon renewal of the Western Charter two years ago, whereby no person was to inhabit within six miles of the shore, the trade again revived, and last year 7,500 men went out on fishing ships besides those on the sack ships. Mr. Pollexfen also sworn to the same effect. Counsel on behalf of the Planters deny what is alleged against them and offer to give security not to destroy the stages of the fishermen or do them any injury and conceive in case the Plantation ceases, His Majesty can by no means secure his right to the country. Besides that the planters are already settled there by virtue of former patents, whereby the soil is granted to them. John Downing, as agent for the planters, assures their Lordships he has frequented the island above thirty years, that there is a colony of one hundred and fifty families amounting to sixteen or seventeen thousand souls (sic). That the fishermen belonging to the ships at their departure pull down their stages for firing on board, and ruin the flakes to brew drink. That the planters are very useful to them in keeping their stores, and he had one year six hundred hogsheads of salt in his custody for the fishermen. And by Sir John Berry's order, undertook to preserve their stages preferring the admiral to make good all damages. That it is impossible for the planters to inhabit six miles from the shore, all their houses are near the water and none farther off than a quarter of a mile. He affirms the French have at least 250 families of about 2,000 men and 400 soldiers, that the King of France daily encourages the plantation, so it is much increased since 1670, and the French have at length exempted themselves from the impost of five fish for one hundred and twenty which they paid to the proprietors in Sir David Kirke's time, and during the late usurpation unto the men of war that were sent thither. That the French forts are not maintained for the security of the beaver trade against the Indians, there being none that live, or ever come near the French plantations. That we ought to be more apprehensive of the growth of the French Colony as so near to ours, from Placentia Bay to Trinity harbour but three miles. Mr. Downing's account of how the inhabitants employ themselves after the fishing ships are gone away and during the winter season. Captain Davis who had been many years in Newfoundland says if the inhabitants be obliged to desert the island, the French will immediately possess themselves of it and destroy our fishery. Several points may be made defensible, as St. John's Harbour, which is of so great a strength as De Ruyter confessed if there had been six guns mounted he could have done the ships no injury. That the abuses against the charter are practiced by the ships' companies who cut down their stages. All persons being withdrawn their Lordships agree to report to His Majesty according to these several informations, with their opinions that no alteration be made this year in relation to the Colony or the fishery. And meanwhile that three Commissioners be sent over with the convoys to enquire into the French trade and plantation, and the present complaints.
May 4.Instructions to be given to said Commissioners considered and all means to be used to get information from France as to their trade and plantation. Report made to His Majesty in Council which is ordered to be referred back to hear the Western men and planters and consider of fit regulations to prevent the adventurers receiving any prejudice from the planters. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. CV., pp. 31–38.]
May 4.
Swanns Point.
216. The Commissioners for Virginia to Mr. Watkins. The late base indignity thrown upon them by Sir William Berkeley they wish Secretary Coventry to be acquainted with, in having appointed the common hangman to be their postillion from Greenspring to the landing-place, instead of the usual postillion, of which abuse be Berkeley never so innocent yet the whole country rings of the public odium and disgrace cast upon us, which will not be easily defended considering by whom it was done. "My Lady (Berkeley) went into her chamber and peeped through a broken quarrel of the glass to see how the show looked, but God be thanked we had the grace and good luck to go all the way on foot … this trick looks more like a woman's than a man's malice." Sir W. Berkeley has not advised with them upon any one particular instruction, nor has he settled any peace with the Indians. They have reduced some of the Indians to their duty, and have examined several Kings and Princes to meet them at the Middle Plantation for the making a general peace, after which they will return home and make good their charge against Berkeley. Endowed, "Recd 5 July 1677." 3 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., No. 66; also Col. Entry Bk. Vol. LXXXI.pp. 221–231.]
[May 4.]217. Petition of the Royal African Company to the King. Complaining that several persons, in particular George Parris and John How, trade within the limits of their charter, carrying negroes thence to the plantations, and boast that if resisted they will fight. That the ship Blossom is now in the Thames, which though entered for the Canartes, petitioners are well assured is bound for Guinea, thence to proceed with blacks to the Plantations. Pray for such remedy as to His Majesty shall seem meet. Annexed,
217. i. Order of the King in Council. Referring above petition to the Commissioners of Customs, and ordering them to take security from the Blossom if needful. 3 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. I., pp. 69–71.]
May 6.218. Representation of Edward Randolph. The state of New England depending before the Lords of Trade and Plantations is reduced to two heads, viz., matter of law and fact. Matter of law arises from the title claimed by Mason and Gorges, and the right of Massachusetts, which are referred to the Lord Chief Justices for their opinion. Matters of fact concern the King as well, and against the Government of the Massachusetts these articles will be proved:—(1.) That they have no right to land or government in any part of New England and have always been usurpers. (2.) That they have formed themselves into a commonwealth, denying appeals to England, and do not take the oath of allegiance. (3.) They have protected the late King's murderers contrary to the Proclamation of 6th June 1660 and letters of 28th June 1662. (4.) They coin money with their own impress. (5.) They have put to death for opinion in matters of religion. (6.) They opposed in 1665 the King's Commissioners, and by armed forces turned out the King's Justices of the Peace in contempt of His Majesty's declaration of 10th April 1666. (7.) They impose an oath of fidelity to their Government to all within their territories. (8.) They violate all the Acts of Trade and Navigation to the loss of 100,000l. yearly to His Majesty's customs. Reasons inducing a speedy determination:—(1.) His Majesty hath an opportunity to settle that country under his royal authority with little charge, Sir John Berry being now at Virginia, and New England lying in his way home, where are many harbours free from the worm, convenient towns for quartering soldiers, and plentiful accommodation for men and shipping. (2.) The earnest desire of most and the best of the inhabitants to be under the King's government. (3.) The Indians on settlement of that country it is presumed would submit, and would be useful for improving the country, there being upwards of 300,000 English there. Proposals for settling the country:—(1.) The granting of a pardon on conviction of having acted with contempt to the King's authority will make the most refractory comply. (2.) A declaration of confirming possession of lands and houses on payment of an easy quit-rent, and the granting of liberty of conscience in matters of religion. (3.) The King's commission to the most eminent persons for estates and loyalty to consult for the safety of the country and the allowance of a pension with some title of honour to the most deserving magistrates will cause a general submission. "Recd from Mr. Bridgman 6 May 1667. Mem. 13 May Mr. Sec. Williamson acquaints their Lordships that His Majesty had referred it to them." 2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., No. 67.]
219. Copy of first part of the preceding with slight alterations. "Read at Council 7 June, 8 June, 12 June 1677. Original remains in Council Chamber." 2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., No. 68.]
220. Copy of preceding, with minute that it was presented to the Committee for Foreign Affairs, referred to the Committee of Plantations by His Majesty's Order, signified by Mr. Secretary Coventry 31st May, and read 7th June. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., No. 69; also Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LX., pp. 206–209.]
May 7.221. The Duke of York to Governor Andros. Acknowledges letter of 1st November. Is glad to find the quiet condition of his government, notwithstanding the late troubles in his neighbourhood. Authorises him to publish the Duke's pleasure to continue the same rates and customs for three years longer. Agrees to his request to visit England, if he comes away at the end of the summer with the latest shipping, so as having the winter to himself he may be ready to return with the first ships that go in the spring. Grants his request touching the 200l. advanced by the Duke's Treasurer, which he freely gives, and will on all occasions be mindful of his diligence and faithfulness. 1/4 p. Printed in New York Documents, Vol. III., p. 246. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol., LXX., p. 24.]
May 7.
St. James.
222. Sir John Werden to Governor Andros. Sees by his General Account sent to Sir Allen Apsley that by the balance to 1st October (1676) His Royal Highness was creditor 126l. 12s. 7¼d., which gives some hopes he may in time have returns for his expenses, since already the receipts come to equal (at least the payments). Thinks he does very wisely to make Dyre's payments as frequent as he can, for though he be sensible of his error in giving credit in the customs (which he excuses from former practice and want of ready money), and would not venture to do the like hereafter, yet the practice of frequent reckonings is of great use to make men just; thinks he means very honestly and deserves as much kindness as is consistent with the security of the revenue. It is still the Duke's pleasure that nothing further be done touching the bounds towards Connecticut; believes a time may come, either on a regulation of matters in New England or some other way, when His Royal Highness may without scruple insist on all his rights; there is no question as to the northern bounds, which have always been esteemed to extend as far as the lake or river of Canada, and the French have no colour to pretend right of conquest from any of their invasions there, unless they had such possession before the Dutch were settled in Albany, which he believes is nothing so. Repeats Sir John King's opinion concerning Delaware, that it is not worth the Duke's while to pass a patent for it alone, he being already possessed of it as an appendix to New York gained by Andros' predecessors. If he comes for England this next autumn will see what can be further done; would be glad it were confirmed in the Duke's possession by a better title. Could give no encouragement to the wife of Mr. Phillips in her desire to buy a Dutch ship in hopes to make her free, but dissuaded her from it by reason of the strict orders of late prohibiting any of those practices, though frequent heretofore, and the Customs are very strict in opposing all such endeavours. The greatest news here is the meeting of Parliament on the 21st instant; wishes it may be for as much good as the last meeting, wherein a sum of money was given for building 30 ships of war and the additional duty of excise continued for three years, worth about 100,000l. per annum. 1¾ pp. Printed in New York Documents, Vol, III., pp. 246, 247. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXX., p. 25.]
May 9.
Whitehall.
223. Order of the King in Council. Approving Report of Lords of Trade and Plantations of 3rd instant (see ante, No. 210), and ordering Sir Thomas Chicheley to send a convenient quantity of match to Governor Atkins, upon such terms as have been practised in cases of like nature. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. VI., pp. 151, 152.]
May 9.
Whitehall.
224. Order of the King in Council. On petition of LieutenantColonel William Stapleton, Governor of the Leeward Isles, setting forth the condition of said islands, the great want of men, arms and ammunition, and of a frigate for their better defence, and the arrears of pay due to the soldiers there. Referring same to Lords of Trade and Plantations to enter into a serious inquiry and make a full report to His Majesty of all things necessary for the safety of said islands. Enclosed,
224. i. Petition of Lieutenant-Colonel William Stapleton to the King above referred to. Endorsed, "Read at the Committee 10 May 1677." [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., Nos. 70, 70 i., and Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XLVI., pp. 196–200.]
May 10.
Whitehall.
225. Journal of Lords of Trade and Plantations. Consideration of the present state of the Leeward Islands. Ordered that Colonel Stapleton's Answer to the Heads of Inquiry, dated 22nd November last (see previous volume of this Calendar, No. 1152), be read. And besides the particulars of the great wants of those Islands, it is thought fit that application be made to His Royal Highness (the Duke of York) for a commission to Colonel Stapleton to be Vice-Admiral there. Ordered that Colonel Stapleton be required to send over all the laws now in force, and to return a more particular account of the number of whites and blacks,—men, women, and children. Having proceeded as far as the 21st article, their Lordships refer the rest to another time. Ordered that the Master of the Ordnance be desired to furnish their Lordships with an account of arms and warlike provisions sent to the Plantations since His Majesty's return, and how paid for. Order of the King in Council of 9th May read, with Colonel Stapleton's petition, whereupon their Lordships agree to report to the King the state of the Leeward Islands and to repeat the several particulars of their Report of (3rd) February 1676 (see previous volume, No. 808), and to set forth that the wants are in no part decreased, but grown greater and more pressing. Ordered that the Agents, Captain Gorges and Mr. Freeman, bring in account of the arrears due to the Governor and the Companies. Also that care be taken to provide a seal for the Leeward Islands, and that Mr. Harris make haste to finish it.
Having perused all the laws of Jamaica transmitted by Lord Vaughan, ordered that their Lordships' minutes thereon be sent to the Attorney-General, together with said laws. The letter to the Attorney-General. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. CV., pp. 39–42.]
May 10.
Whitehall.
226. Sir Philip Lloyd to Mr. Attorney-General. The Lords of Trade and Plantations having perused the laws of Jamaica, refer them for his consideration, with their minutes thereon, for his opinion how far they are agreeable to the laws of England and His Majesty's right of dominion in those parts. He is particularly desired to consider the Act declaring the laws of England to be in force in Jamaica, how far necessary and useful to the island and consistent with His Majesty's interest. Likewise to prepare a Bill like Poyning's law in Ireland, directing the manner of enacting laws in Jamaica, the transmitting them, and how to be received after His Majesty's amendments and additions. Sends also the Governor's commission and instructions the foundation of these laws. He has the objections of two merchants to the Act against suing persons for foreign debts "This was returned with the laws of Jamaica, 22 Sept. 1677." 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., No. 71.]
May 10.
Whitehall.
227. Sir Philip Lloyd to the Master of the Ordanance. The Lords of Trade and Plantations desire him to transmit an account of the arms, ammunition, and other warlike provisions sent to the Plantations before and since His Majesty's restoration, with the dates and value. Annexed,
227. i. The account above mentioned which shows that warlike provisions and stores were sent to the Bahamas, Barbadoes, to the amount of 8,695l.; Bermudas, Cape Corso, Carolina, New England, 2,437l.; Guinea, 645l.; Hudson's Bay, Jamaica, 18,922l.; Leeward Isles, 2,579l.; Montserrat, Nevis, Virginia, 5,625l., and New York, 2,158l. Total to all these plantations, 44,237l. Office of the Ordnance. 1677, May 22. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., No 71*; also Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XCVII., pp. 40–45.]
May 10.228. Humble remonstrance and address of the inhabitants of Charles City County, Virginia, to Herbert Jeffreys, Sir John Berry, and Francis Moryson, His Majesty's Commissioners for Virginia. A long document of sixteen pages, chiefly against the ill-management of the war against the Indians, and charges against Edward Hill. It was presented, and is signed on behalf of the inhabitants of this county, by Bernard Sykes, James Minge, N. Wyatt, William. Dicke, Thomas Blayton, Thomas Grendon, and James Bisse. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., No. 72.]
May ?229. Answer of Edward Hill addressed to Herbert Jeffreys, Governor of Virginia, and to Sir John Berry and Colonel Francis Moryson, Commissioners for Virginia Affairs. To divers false scandalous articles drawn up against him by the hands, cunning skill and industry of James Minge and Thomas Blayton, delivered your honors in the behalf and as from the people of Charles City County. Endorsed by order of His Majesty's Commissioners, "Charles City grievances being in itself one entire thing against the ill-management of the war, and more particularly a charge against Hill, which we, to be the more fully informed, and to give satisfaction on both sides, granted a Dedimus to examine witnesses therein, which came not to our hands before we were ready to set sail for England, and so we must here (for want of time to peruse and consider of it) humbly leave it to the decision of His Majesty and Council." 28 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., No. 73.]
[May 10.]230. Petition of the Royal African Company to the King. To stay the ship Blossom, which petitioners believe to be bound for Guinea, until security be given she will not trade within the limits of their charter, the Commissioners for Customs, to whom the case was previously referred, not having done so. Annexed,
230. i. Affidavit of John Adams that the ship Blossom is loaded with calicoes, muskets, and other goods proper for Guinea, and that some of the seamen said they were going to the Canaries, and thence to Cape Verde to carry blacks to the Plantations. 1677, May 10. 2 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. I., pp. 72, 73.]
[May 11.]231. Petition of Merchants and Planters of Barbadoes to the King Being under some fears of war with France, and considering the unprovided condition of Barbadoes, especially in small arms, which were mostly broken and destroyed in the late great hurricane, pray His Majesty to grant a supply and such other assistance as shall seem most fit. Signed by John Bawdon, James Lueie, and Edw. Thornburgh. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., No. 74, and Col. Entry Bk., Vol., VI., pp. 152, 153.]
May 11.
Whitehall.
232. Order of the King in Council. Referring the preceding petition to Lords of Trade and Plantations for consideration, and ordering them to cause a state of the condition of Barbadoes and of the rest of the Leeward Islands, to be presented to His Majesty in Council, with all convenient speed. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., No. 75, and Col. Entry Bk., Vol. VI., p. 154.]
May 11.233. "Account of money with the Agents of St. Christophers." Certify that they have received out of His Majesty's Exchequer certain sums of money for the pay of His Majesty's two foot companies in St. Christopher's, and the salary Governor Stapleton, viz., on 3rd July 1676 the sum of 2,278l. 7s., a year's pay for the foot companies due July 1673, and 700l. for salary due to Governor Stapleton June 1673, similar amounts in January 1677, due June and July 1674; and on 8th instant May, two years pay and salary due June and July 1676. That Colonel Stapleton's Company consists of 49 soldiers besides officers, and Captain Abed. Mathews' Company of 54 soldiers besides officers, and offer that the two Companies be filled up according to His Majesty's establishment and have a speedy supply of arms and ammunition. Signed by Ferdinand Gorges and William Freeman. "Rec. 12 May 1677," 1¼ pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., No. 76.]
May.234. Memorial of some persons concerned in a Spanish ship, the Santo Domingo, Captain Pedro de Lagos, lately left Spain for Barbadoes to purchase negroes and transport them to the Spanish West Indies. That the Royal African Company will procure letters from His Royal Highness or the Council of Trade to the Governor of Barbadoes that said ship may receive all encouragement, and continue a further trade from the Spanish West Indies to Barbadoes for buying and transporting blacks without exacting more duties or other impositions than the law appoints. Endorsed by Williamson, "African Company, May 1677. Letters were written to Jamaica and the Barbadoes." 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., No. 77.]
May 12.
Whitehall.
235. The King to Lord Vaughan, Governor of Jamaica. Have been informed by the Royal African Company that permission will be granted from Spain for Spanish shipping to come to Jamaica to buy blacks, and that persons will be sent thither for the better settlement of that trade, which will probably be of considerable advantage to His Majesty's subjects. The King, at request of said Company, requires him to take special care that such ships or persons be civilly treated, and receive all fitting countenance in their design, provided they do nothing contrary to the Act of. Navigation or the laws of the island, and that said persons have free admission, bringing in either money or goods of said countries, and that no other duties or impositions be demanded than the law appoints. [Col. Entry Bks. Vol. XXVIII., pp. 150–151, Vol. XXIX., p. 197, and Vol. XCIII., p. 152.]
May 12.236. The King to Sir Jonathan Atkins, Governor of Barbadoes. A Spanish ship, the San Domingo, [Capt.] Pedro de Lagos, has lately sailed from Spain with permission of that Government for Barbadoes to purchase slaves and transport them to the Spanish Dominions in America and to continue a further trade. The remainder of this letter is the same as the preceding. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XLIII., p. 152.]
May 12.237. Mem.—Sir John Berry, Commander-in-Chief of His Majesty's ships bound to Virginia, and one of His Majesty's Commissioners, having seized on board a ship then in port a parcel of wine and brandy to the value of about 130l., belonging to a malefactor executed upon the place, and being driven to make use of some to entertain some extraordinary Company, His Majesty at a meeting of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, was pleased to grant Sir John Berry's request to have said wine and brandy. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., No. 78.]
May 12.238. Order of the Lords of the Admiralty. Granting a request of Sir John Berry from Virginia form some wine seized from a malefactor in port there, and made use of by Sir John in entertaining extraordinary Company resorting on board him as Admiral, and one of the Commissioners upon the condition he proposes of His Majesty being truly entitled to said goods. Certified Copy. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., No. 79; also Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXX., p. 195.]
May 13.
Whitehall.
239. The King to Sir William Berkeley. Letter of recall. Refers to a previous letter of recall, dated 5th November 1676, whereby Herbert Jeffreys is constituted Lieutenant-Governor to act in Berkeley's stead; is not a little surprised that he makes difficulty to yield obedience to His Majesty's commands being so clear and plain that we thought no man could have raised any doubt or dispute concerning same. He is now strictly commanded forthwith upon receipt of these letters to put the execution of the government into the hands of said Herbert Jeffreys and then without further delay or excuse repair to His Majesty's presence. [Col. Entry Bks., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 542–544, and Vol. XCV., pp. 198–199.]
May 13.240. The King to Colonel Herbert Jeffreys. Being given to understand that the late rebellion in Virginia is brought to an end and His Majesty's subjects there reduced to their former obedience and tranquillity, he is directed, if the Commissioners judge it consistent with the safety of the Colony, to return hither the greatest part of the soldiers, except only one hundred to remain with the usual number of officers, notwithstanding if any of the soldiers of their own free will desire to stay as planters or servants to give them their discharge and leave them to dispose of themselves accordingly. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XCV., p. 200.]
May 13/23.
Barbadoes.
241. Governor Sir Jonathan Atkins to Lords of Trade and Plantations. Arrival of a Spanish ship from Cadiz desirous to trade for negroes. Finds they once obtained a trade but lost it again by the petulancy of the then Lieutenant-Governor, but are resolved to come again by the persuasions of the Guinea Company, being a new society of merchants who have contracted with the Crown of Spain to furnish them with negroes. Advantages to the Guinea Society and the island, which will also be rid at good rates of refractory, dangerous, and bad negroes, and there will be always a stock ready upon the island for the Spaniard to come and buy within ten or twelve days sail of Havanna, where they carry them all. "Read 17 July." [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., No. 80, and Col. Entry Bks., Vol. I., pp. 74, 75, and Vol. VI., pp. 178, 179.]
May 14.
Whitehall.
242. The King to Colonel Jeffreys and the Council in Virginia. By His Majesty's letters of the 13th of this instant, Sir William Berkeley is strictly commanded to put the execution of the government into the hands of Colonel Jeffreys and without further delay to repair to the King's presence. In case he shall still persist to make any excuses or scruples, they are commanded to cause said Berkeley to be put on board some convenient vessel there to be forthwith transported to England without further delay. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XCV., p. 201.]
May 14.
Jamaica.
243. Governor Lord Vaughan to Secretary Sir Joseph Williamson, Account of a privateer landing about 150 negroes in a remote bay of this island. Finding the ship gone, discovered and apprehended some of the seamen, who were examined. The commander was a Scotchman named Brown, most of his men English, the rest French and Dutch; that they left Jamaica about eight months since for Carthagena, where they met with this Dutch vessel trading on the coast and killed the Dutch captain and several of his men. Sent out the frigate and seized 100 negroes concealed in several planters hands. Intends to have them condemned in the Admiralty as goods piratically taken, and to be restored to the right owners. Is sending to Curacao to acquaint the Governor with what he has done. "Rec. 31 July." 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL., p. 81.]
May 15.
Whitehall.
244. The King to Colonel Herbert Jeffreys and the Council in Virginia. Abrogating and revoking Sir William Berkeley's proclamation of 10th February last, and requiring and authorising them to acquaint His Majesty's subjects there with his royal will and pleasure that the said Governor's proclamation shall be deemed to be null and of no validity, and that His Majesty's own proclamation of 27th October last past be punctually obeyed and observed in all points. 2 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., No. XCV., pp. 202, 203.]
May 15.
Whitehall.
245. Secretary Coventry to Sir William Berkeley. Has received his of 2nd February with relation of the tragical actions in the Colony, and acquainted His Majesty with them and the happy composure of all things by the death of Bacon, and this latter part was very welcome to His Majesty, and Coventry heartily congratulates Berkeley's good success in it. Upon pretences which are no ways understood here, he has delayed if not refused the obedience due to His Majesty's positive commands to return with all speed to England and put the command of the Colony into Colonel Jeffreys hands. His Majesty seemeth not a little surprised as well as troubled also to find a person that had for so many years served his Royal Father and himself through the worst of times with so unshaken a loyalty fall into such great errors as to affront his proclamation by putting out one of his own at the same time, and in that to exempt several persons from pardon. The King hath very little hopes that the people of Virginia shall be brought to a right sense of their duty to obey their Governors when the Governors themselves will not obey the King. Prays he will redeem as much as he can by a ready compliance with his present orders. His long services and great loyalty of himself and family have kept the King from resolutions of resentment. Hopes his services will prevail above the present offence and he be restored to His Majesty's opinion and favour, but earnestly presses him to take heed of a further persisting in a wrong course. 3 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XCV., pp. 194–198.]
May 15.
Whitehall.
246. Secretary H. Coventry to the Commissioners for Virginia. In reply to their letter of 2nd February last and of the 10th, promising another despatch by the Deptford Ketch, which we expect with great impatience, for by the results of the Assembly the complexion and temper of the people will be better discerned, and so easier for His Majesty to give orders. How His Majesty relishes Sir W. Berkeley's refusing to return a copy of his letter to Berkeley, and his orders to Colonel Jeffreys and the Council will sufficiently show him. For such goods as have been seized from men neither convicted nor indicted, His Majesty would not have them disposed of till further orders. Complains (very strongly) of their sending their despatches, whether to the King, the Lord Treasurer, or the Secretaries of State, under cover to Mr. Watkins their Agent, and that several of their letters are signed only by their Secretary. "This seems very nigh that which you so justly blame in Sir William Berkeley, for he had as much authority to communicate his instructions to the Clerk of the Assembly as you yours to Mr. Watkins." Does not take these mistakes to have proceeded from neglect or disrespect, but will assure them they are great oversights, and such as have hardly a precedent anywhere. Promises of His Majesty's justice and bounty on their return. To consult upon a place to build a fort for security of the ships and landing of soldiers. 4 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XCV., pp. 188–192.]
May 15.247. Secretary Coventry to Colonel Jeffreys. Has received his letter of 14th Feb. (see ante No. 66), is glad to hear of his safe arrival (in Virginia), but troubled to find he meets with difficulties in quartering his men, but much more to hear the refusal of the Governor to obey His Majesty's orders. His Majesty, sensible of Berkeley's services and present age, is unwilling unless forced to proceed to extremities, and has once more written enjoining his immediate submission, and delivering up the execution of the government to Jeffreys; but if the Governor pursue the old subterfuges and excuses, His Majesty hath writ the enclosed letter to Jeffreys and the Council to cause Berkeley to be embarked according to the tenor thereof, but in case the Governor comply, then Jeffreys is to retain this letter and not show it to the Council, His Majesty not desiring to add more severity than Sir William his comportments shall necessarily extract from him. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XCV., pp. 204–205.]
May 15.
Whitehall.
248. Journal of Lords of Trade and Plantations. Read Order in Council of 11th instant (ante No. 232). And their Lordships, taking notice that this complaint is so far from being countenanced by the Governor that he does not affirm in his letters that Barbadoes lies under other want than match, Sir Peter Colleton and Colonel Thornburgh acquaint their Lordships that it is not possible that Governor Atkins should be so soon sensible of the present posture of affairs, and that it is of great use for the defence of the landing place in Barbadoes that a sufficient number of pikes be sent thither, Agreed to report to His Majesty that 1,500 pikes be supplied out of the Office of Ordnance in the usual manner. Report ordered to be prepared concerning the present state and necessities of the Leeward Islands is read. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. CV., pp. 43–44.]