America and West Indies
Addenda 1606

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Institute of Historical Research

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W. Noel Sainsbury (editor)

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1893

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30-34

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'America and West Indies: Addenda 1606', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 9: 1675-1676 and Addenda 1574-1674 (1893), pp. 30-34. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=70036 Date accessed: 20 September 2014.


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Addenda 1606

1606.
April 10.
Westminster.
48. Letters Patent to "our loving and well-disposed subjects," Sir Thomas Gates, Sir George Somers, Richard Hakluyt, Prebendary of Westminster, Edward Maria Wingfield, Thomas Hannam, Raleigh Gilberte, William Parker, George Popham, "and divers others," smotors to his Majesty for license to make habitation, and plantation, and to deduce a colony of sundry of "our people" into Virginia, and other parts in America, appertaining to his Majesty or not actually possessed by any Christian Prince or People, along the Sea coasts and in the main land, between 34 deg. and 45 deg. N. L., and the Islands adjacent or within one hundred miles of the coast; who are desirous to divide themselves into two several Colonies and Companies, the one consisting of certain Knights, Gentlemen, Merchants, and other Adventurers of London and elsewhere, to begin their plantations and habitations between 34 and 41 deg. N. L.; and the other, consisting of sundry Knights, Gentlemen, Merchants, and other Adventurers of Bristol, Exeter, Plymonth, and other places, to begin their plantations and habitations, between 38 and 45 deg. N. L. The King, greatly commending and graciously accepting of their desires to the furtherance of so noble a work, which may, by the Providence of Almighty God, hereafter tend to the Glory of His Divine Majesty, in propagating of Christian Religion to such people, as yet live in darkness, and miserable ignorance of the true knowledge and worship of God, and may in time bring the Infidels and Savages living in those parts, to human civility and to a settled and quiet Government, for himself, his heirs and successors, grants and agrees, that said Sir Thomas Gates, Sir George Somers, Richard Hakluyt, and Edward Maria Wingtield, Adventurers of London, and all others joined with them, shall be called the first Colony, and may begin their first plantation, where they think fit between said 34 and 41 deg. N. L., and enjoy all lands, havens, rivers, mines, minerals, waters, fishings, commodities, and hereditaments whatsoever, for fifty English statute miles along said coast of Virginia and America towards the West and South west, and for fifty like miles towards the East and North-east, with all islands within one hundred miles, directly over against the same Sea Coast, and, directly into the main land for one hundred like miles; with power to inhabit there, and to build and fortify to their best discretions and by the direction of the Council of that Colony, no others to plant and inhabit, without license of the Council of that Colony in writing. His Majesty likewise grants and agrees, that said Thomas Hannam, Raleigh Gilberte, William Parker, George Popham, and all others of Plymouth, co. Devon or elsewhere, joined with them, shall be called the Second Colony, and may begin their said first plantation where they think fit between said 38 and 45 deg. N. L.; with all lands, &c., for fifty miles, &c., and all islands, &c., directly into the mainland, for one hundred miles; with power as before provided for the first Colony, &c. Provided always, that the last Colony planted shall not be within one hundred miles of the other. Each of said Colonies shall have a Council, to govern all matters within said Colony, according to instructions to be signed by his Majesty under the Privy Seal; each of which Councils to consist of thirteen persons, to be ordained and removed from time to time according as shall be directed in same instructions; and Council to have a seal, with the King's Arms engraven on one side and his portraiture on the other; the seal for the Council of said first Colony, to have engraven round about on one side, these words, "Sigillum Regis Magnæ Britanniæ Franciæ et Hiberniæ," and on the other side "Pro Consilio primæ Coloniæ Virginiæ"; the seal for the Council of said Second Colony to have on one side, said inscription, and on the other side "Pro Consilio secundæ Coloniæ Virginiæ." A Council also to be established in England, to consist of thirteen persons, to be appointed by his Majesty, &c., to be called "Our Council of Virginia," to have the superior direction of said Colonies, and to have a seal with said like arms and portraiture, with the inscriptions "Sigillum Regis Magnæ Britanniæ Franciæ et Hiberniæ "and" Pro Consilio suo Virginiæ." With power to the said several Councils to dig for all mines of gold, silver, and copper, within any part of said Colonies, and to enjoy the same, yielding to the King, &c., the fifth part of all gold and silver, and the fifteenth part of all copper; and to establish and cause to be made, a coin to pass current there, for the more ease of traffic amongst them and the natives. And power to said Sir Thos. Gates, Sir George Somers and the others aforenamed, and to the said several Companies, Plantations, and Colonies, to lead in said voyage to inhabit in said Colonies, such of his Majesty's subjects as shall willingly accompany them, with sufficient shipping and furniture of armour, weapons, ordnance, powder, victuals, and all other things necessary for said plantations. Provided always that none of said persons be such as shall be hereafter specially restrained by his Majesty's license to said Sir Thos. Gates and others aforenamed, to expulse and resist by sea and land, all persons that shall without special license attempt to inhabit within the precincts of said Colonies, or do anything to the hurt, detriment or annoyance of the same; to take all persons, with their ships and goods, found trafficking within the precincts of said Colonies, until they, being his Majesty's subjects, shall agree to pay to the Treasurer of that Colony two-and-a-half upon any hundred bought or sold, and if strangers, five upon every hundred; said sums of money for one and twenty years to be employed to the use of said plantations, and afterwards to the use of his Majesty, his heirs and successors. With liberty to said Colonies to transport the goods, chattels, armour, munition, and furniture needful for their apparel, defence, or otherwise, out of his Majesty's Dominions for seven years free of customs, or other duty. With power to all inhabitants of said Colonics and their children to enjoy all liberties, &c., as if born in his Majesty's Dominions. If any person shall transport any wares, &c., with the pretence of disposing of the same within the precinets of said Colonies, and shall carry same into any Foreign country, with a purpose to dispose of the same without license of his Majesty, said goods to be forfeited to his Majesty. Provided always that if any person rob, spoil, or commit any act of hostility by sea or land upon the subjects of his Majesty, or of any Prince in amity with him, and after Proclamation shall not make full satisfaction, said person to be put out of his Majesty's allegiance and protection. Finally, his Majesty for himself, his heirs and successors, grants and agrees that upon petition in that behalf to be made, his Majesty will, by Letters Patent, grant to such persons, as the most part of the Council of each Colony shall nominate, all the lands, tenements, and hereditaments which shall be within the precincts of that Colony aforesaid; to be holden of his Majesty, his heirs and successors, in fee and common soccage only, and not in capite; all which lands, &c., shall be so distributed and divided amongst the Undertakers for plantation of said Colonies and the planters therein, in the manner to be ordered by the most part of said Councils of said Colonies. [Patent Roll, 4 Jas. I., Part 19, No. 1709. Printed in Hazard.]