America and West Indies
September 1675

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Institute of Historical Research

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W. Noel Sainsbury (editor)

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1893

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271-293

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'America and West Indies: September 1675', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 9: 1675-1676 and Addenda 1574-1674 (1893), pp. 271-293. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=70098 Date accessed: 01 September 2014.


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September 1675

Sept. 1.Adjourned, at his Excellency's desire, to Tuesday next come 3 weeks, most of the Assembly being gone home by reason of the lamentable hurricane last night and this morning. 2½ pp. [Col. Entry Bk., No. XIII., 190–193.]
Sept. 2.660. Sir Chas. Wheler to (Sir Robert Southwell, Secretary to the Committee of Council for Plantations). Did not receive his of the 11th till the 17th current [Aug]. Left the papers that were done between M. de Bass and himself with Sir Robert or Mr. Prescott, for fear the originals sent to the Earl of Arlington might be mislaid, so must trust to his own memory. Continues in his judgment that the wording of those propositions that were sent to him will much perplex Lord Berkeley, and though he should at last prevail and the French King send positive orders to De Baas and St. Laurence to do what is proposed to his own certain knowledge they cannot do it, (1) because the French Planters have not ability to make satisfaction, and (2) would not obey if they had. As to the first, computes the English pretence for negroes to be near 40,000l. (from which ought to be deducted about 5,000l. for diet of prisoners), and for other spoils and damages to be near 20,000l., and all the French Islands are not worth those sums. As to the second, the Frenchman produces his contract and makes oath that he really paid so much, the Englishman swears he received but half, the process is brought to the National Court, which never decided any point, the judges of one nation pronouncing a contrary sentence to the other. The appeal from this Court is to Stapleton and De Baas who agree like fire and water, or to the two Governors, Mathews and St. Laurence, who are yet more irreconcileable; how is it possible then that this estimate can be made? The like again as to meliorations, of which though there is not a word in the Treaty of Breda, yet Lord Arlington in his letter signed by M. Colbert, has given some ground to the French to insist upon. The French say he has " meliorated" the plantation; the English say he has "pejorated" it; the National Court deputes an Englishman and Frenchman to survey, who report diversely, and the judges adhere to the report of the surveyor of their nation, and so in other instances. But yet a greater difficulty seems to be in the matter of the negroes, many were distributed amongst the officers and soldiers for pay and booty, and by them sold in the market, and the planter who legally bought them will die before he will part with them until reimbursed. This is so tender a point that for those few negroes that ran to Sir Charles at St. Christopher's for protection and chose again their English masters, the French planters did so mutiny that M. de Baas was very unsafe in his government, and gave Sir Charles notice that it might not be in his power to prevent the fury of the populace from running upon Sir Charles and violently taking away their negroes, so that Sir Charles was forced to the great hazard of his life to lie in the field with cannon about him to defend the negroes. But should the French King's orders be so strict that they must be obeyed, it can never be proved that the tenth part of those negroes were ever in possession of any Frenchman now in being, for many were conveyed to the Continent, sold to the Spaniards, transported to other islands, or have died since the Treaty of Breda. In this great difficulty, although pressed, M. de Baas utterly refused to make proclamation in the other islands, fixing a day for the English negroes to be brought to make their choice before English Commissioners, or to point out any other way, saying that there was no such method directed in the Articles of Breda, and that the English must find out where the negroes were; which refusal did not trouble Sir Charles much, knowing that he would not have got 50 negroes, and he wrote to Lord Arlington his Majesty should lay hold of this great damage, and at least strike off the money for diet of prisoners, and so keep alive his pretension for 35,000l. damage, believes he will find copy of that paper amongst others. Must trouble him with one particular more. The first violence of the French was their taking possession of the houses and plantations of those English who went off the island but did not sell their estates, for by the capitulations they were at liberty in person or estate to stay, go, or return at pleasure, so that when the French obtruded the oath to the French King upon them contrary to the capitulations the loyal English would not take it nor sell (for not above 20 or 30 sold), but went off to Nevis or adjacent islands, till they should know his Majesty's pleasure. What had the French to do to take possession of their houses? much less had they any right to carry their materials and those of six fair churches and all the timber growing in the English mountains into the French dominions, or to plantations bought of the English, and use them in buildings, and afterwards pretend to be paid for meliorations. Has been the longer that his wording of the propositions may be the more clearly understood, viz.: 1. That such as did not sell their estates on St. Christopher's may without delay be restored to possession thereof in as good condition as when they left them, going off for a time only to avoid the injustice of an oath tendered contrary to the capitulations of peace, the French King proposing a way for satisfaction for spoils without putting upon them the impossibility of proving every particular carried away in their absence. 2. That a further time be agreed on for repayment of the price received by the English on sale of their estates, and a means directed for ascertaining the same in such cases as Mr. Loverain's and others, where the French pretend to more than the English actually received; and that in such cases as Mr. Freeman's and others, who were paid in shipping or merchandize, and were robbed at sea by the French, they may be put in possession of their estates as though they had never sold them, the French King proposing a way for satisfaction, without their seeking out the captains of ships that violated their passports and robbed them. 3. When any Englishman, who sold his estate, shall (within a time limited) tender the price actually received, he shall immediately be put into full possession, and the French receive satisfaction for melioration by the grace of his Majesty, when satisfied that the estate has been improved. 4. That whereas restitution to his Majesty was delayed for four years after the publication of the peace by frivolous and unjust objections, the French King propose a way to give satisfaction to the English for their losses and damages for that delay, especially to those who are utterly undone by spending all their substance in expectation of the restitution; and also make satisfaction for negroes that have died or have been conveyed away since publication of the peace. 5. That a further time may be agreed on, and a fair way proposed by the French King, for bringing the English negroes of St. Christopher's, Antigua, and Montserrat to make their choice according to the Articles of Breda. 6. That his Majesty's subjects may have reparation for their losses suffered through the French Governor's putting the edict of 31st May/10th June 1670 in execution, contrary to the French Ambassador's memorial, and against the treaties. 7. And that the French King's positive orders be sent to M. de Baas and the Chevalier St. Laurence without any further delay. requiring them to execute the above demands. "Recd., 2 Sept. 1675. Read in part, 16 Sept. 1675. Read again in part, 17 Sept. 1675. 9 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. 35, No. 14; also Col. Entry Bk., No. 46, pp. 14–23.]
Sept. 3.
St. Jago de la Vega.
661. Minutes of the Council of Jamaica. On information of the arrival of divers of his Majesty's subjects from Surinam in the ship Henry and Sarah, and that they desired forthwith to be sent down to the parish of St. Elizabeth where the Surinamers that came with Maj.-Gen. Banister were already settled, ordered, that said ship have orders to put them all ashore at Banister Bay, staying there 14 days, that they may all have time carefully to remove out of the ship, and carefully dispose of themselves and their goods; and that they be supplied with provisions and other necessaries at moderate rates, and that the following proclamation be made upon Port Royal: Whereas his Majesty has caused to be transported to this island divers of his subjects from Surinam, and hath given particular instructions to his Excellency that all possible assistance be given them in order to their better settlement in this island, ordered, that said persons be treated well, and received in all places with all manner of friendship and kindness, that provisions and all other necessaries be sold them at moderate and easy rates, and that none presume to commit any extortion or exactions on them. Proclamation proposed for bidding all persons to go aboard any vessel before the Marshal of the Admiralty or his Deputy had been there, but the Council thought such a proclamation ought to be issued by his Excellency as Admiral. On reading advices from Barbadoes concerning a late rebellion attempted by the negroes there, and on consideration of the dangers that might accrue to this island by the ill-government of negroes, ordered, that no negres concerned in the late rebellion or convicted of any other crime in Barbadoes be permitted to be bought or sold, and that the Collector at Port Royal examine all masters of ships from Barbadoes on their oaths, and take bond of them in 50l. that they will not put ashore any such criminal or convicted negroes, or if any such have been brought hither to send them off the island by the first opportunity; and if any such negroes shall be left on shore or make their escape, then those that have transported them shall, on conviction, forfeit 50l. The Council adjourned to the first Tuesday in October, when a quorum not meeting it was further adjourned to 2nd November. 4½ pp. [Col. Entry Bk., No. XXXV., 434–438.]
Sept. 6.
Boston, New England.
662. Gov. Leverett to the Lord Privy Seal [Earl of Anglesey]. Acknowledges receipt of the King's commands subscribed by his Lordship and 16 of the Privy Council, dated 2nd December 1674, by the hand of Thomas Deane, agent to the African Company, on 21st June 1675. Is ready to afford him due assistance according to the King's command and as their service may call for, which, he thinks, will not be in haste. For 40 years there has not been any attempt on that navigation by any of our Massachusetts adventurers, only some from England or some Barbadoes merchants that have sent upon that voyage, and taken this way to repair their vessels. Thanks him for his favour in appearing to the King when the masts were sent, thinks possibly they may have prejudiced themselves by not manifesting a suitable confidence, but good manners teach them to be sparing in their intrusions. They are not altogether ignorant of the complaints with which the King is unjustly troubled by their adversaries, but are too poor to defray the expenses of some one to appear in answer, and have not meet instruments among them; are thus all the more grateful for the goodwill of the King since his restoration. Must not omit to mention the condition the hand of the Lord has been pleased to bring them into by the breaking forth of the Indian natives by war first on Plymouth and then on them, by their skulking and hiding way in the brushy woods, shooting several English, and firing many hours, thereby doing great damage to many out-plantations, and although on pursuit by soldiers most or all that appeared in open hostility have heen forced to desert their country and places of habitation, yet not without bringing suffering upon many English, the which from the natives is most unjust, they having no provocation, only were vexed at the execution of some of them for wilful murder, clearly proved. Endorsed, "Read at Comtee, 4 Feb. 1675–6." 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. 35, No. 15.]
Sept. 6.
Boston, New England.
663. Copy of the above with Minute that it was read, 4th Feb. [Col. Entry Bk., No. 60, pp. 94–97.]
Sept. 11.664. Caveat that nothing pass in favour of the patentees of Connecticut in America to the prejudice of his Royal Highness' interest at New York before notice be given to Sir John Werden, Bart., his Royal Highness's Secretary. ¼ p. [Dom. Entry Bk., Chas. II., Vol. 45, p. 14.]
Sept. 12.
H.M.S. Bristol, Bay Bulls, Newfoundland.
665. Sir John Berry to Secretary Sir Joseph Williamson. Refers to his former letter of 24th July (see ante, No. 628). Encloses a perfect account of all the fishing ships employed by the merchant adventurers from Cape de Race to Cape Bonavista, with their boats, men, and where bound. This year there are 175 ships, with 4,309 men, and 688 boats, which at 250 kentalls per boat at 12s. per kentall amounts to 103,200l.; 7 hhds. of train oil per boat at 40s. per hhd. is 9,816l.; and 20 kentalls of core fish per boat as 5s. per kentall is 3,440l.; which in all comes to 116,272l. Has likewise sent an exact account of the planters, who are 1,655 men, women, and children, they employ 277 boats, and cured upwards of 69,250 kentalls of merchantile fish, most of it shipped in English vessels, which, with their core fish and oil, will amount to 46,813l., upwards of one-third of the fish taken by the merchant adventurers. By this his Honour may see what a loss his Majesty will have if those poor people should remove, for they design to settle amongst the French on the other side of Cape de Race, unless his Majesty will let them continue. Stands in admiration how people could appear before his Majesty with so many untruths against the inhabitants. It was never known since the memory of the oldest man using the trade that any New England ship brought wine or brandy in exchange for fish, only some provisions, taking those goods for payment. For better satisfaction, encloses a list of all ships that have furnished them this year, with master's names, and where they belong. The masters are the beginners in destroying the stages, and to save 30s. for a seaman's passage care not how many are left behind. Believes his Majesty will never have a regulation of this fishery unless a governor be settled, for the strongest treads down the weakest. Most of the ships bound to a market are gone away two or three in company, scorning convoy. Shall not be above 30 sail, and the weather proving ill for curing will keep them till the 20th or 25th instant. Has sent home one Jno. Bastard, who was apprehended for the supposed murder of John Tozer, his fellow boatman, in May before his arrival, and having examined the matter, has bound over four witnesses to prosecute. Cannot get any certain account of the French and their ships; they have two men-of-war of 40 and 30 guns for convoy, and rendezvous at Trepassey, near Cape de Race; the St. Malo fleet of 20 sail go without convoy, being all considerable ships, and about 40 or 50 with convoy. Endorsed, "R. 11 Oct. 1675." Encloses,
665. i., II. Duplicates of inclosures Nos. I., II. to Sir J. Berry's letter of this date to Sir Robert Southwell. Together, 14 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. 35, Nos. 16, 16 I., II.]
Sept. 12.
H.M.S. Bristol, Bay Bulls, Newfoundland.
666. Sir John Berry to Sir Robt. Southwell. To the same effect as his preceding letter. Incloses accounts of the fishing ships and inhabitants, and list of the ships bringing wine and brandy, above half of which is sold to the fishing ships' crews, who come unprovided, trusting to those ships that yearly bring great quantities, and sell cheap, there being no duty. It will be easy to prevent all this clamour about pulling down stages and seducing men to stay in the country if every commander be bound in 500l. to return all his crew (mortality excepted), and to take down all stages and preserve them in some convenient place to serve next season; for if there be not some course taken, in a few years wood will be very hard to bring out, and the sea and ice destroy many stages. Endorsed, "Read at the Committee, 4 Dec. 1675. Read again at the Committee, 13 April 1676. Read again the 8th Augt. 1676 in presence of Sir J. Berry." Encloses,
666. i. "A list of ships making fishing voyages with boatkeepers who come passengers on their own account; and what ships bound to foreign markets; from Cape de Race to Cape Bonavista;" with the harbours' names, and distance apart; latitude; masters' names; ships' names of whence; burden; guns; men; boats; stages; trainfats; and whither bound; amounting in all to 28 boatkeepers, 172 ships, 13,106 tons burden, 675 guns, 4,309 men, 688 boats, 160 stages and 139 trainfats.
666. ii, "A list of the planters' names with an account of their concerns from Cape de Race to Cape Bonavista;" with the harbours' names; planters' names; children, male and female; men; boats; stages; trainfats; and head of cattle; amounting in all to 146 planters, 187 children 1,253 men, 277 boats, 127 stages, 51 trainfats, and 548 cattle.
666. iii. "A list of those that have furnished the inhabitants and ships' crews with brandy, wines, &c., in the year 1675," with the names of the masters, ships, and ports whence they came, all English. Together, 15 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. 35, Nos. 17, 17 I–III.]
Sept. 13.667. Sec. Sir Joseph Williamson to Gov. Leverett. Encloses an authenticated copy of the Treaty with the States General of 1 Dec. 1674. Mem.—The like letters were sent at same time with authenticated Latin copies and translations in English to John Winthrop, Governor of Connecticut, Josias Winslow, Governor of New Plymouth, and Wm. Codington, Governor of Rhode Island. 1 p. [Col. Entry Bk., No. XCIII., p. 141 a.]
Sept. 14.
St. Jago de la Vega, Jamaica.
668. Exemplification of the trial at a Special Sessions of the Peace before Sir H. Morgan and others of Edward Cran field. On the charge of having maliciously assaulted Thomas Younge, Chief Mate of his Majesty's hired ship America, by running a cane (to the value of 12 pence) into his right eye about the depth of 5 inches, of which he immediately after died; upon which the petty jury found him guilty of chance medley, and he was quitted by proclamation by order of Court. Two large sheets. [Col. Papers, Vol. 35, No. 18; also Col. Entry Bk., No. LXXVIII., 136–141.]
Sept. 15.
St. James'.
669. Sir John Werden to Gov. Andros. Acknowledges letters of 15th and 26th February and 20th April. His Royal Highness is satisfied with his design of loading the Castle frigate with timber from New York, on his being satisfied of the impossibility of having her freighted from New England or Virginia. The ship is safely arrived, and the timber and planks unloaded in his Majesty's yard at Deptford; it is very good of its kind, and comes seasonably for his Majesty's service. Hopes it is come to a good market, although the produce of it and the benefit of the freight, will not countervail half the charge of the seamens' wages, besides the victualling of the ship. As regards the protest against Capt. Burton, sent to the Master Attendant and Mr. Shipwright of his Majesty's yard to survey the ship as she was unloading, who restored (sic) a certificate that she was full and advantageously stored, his Royal Highness has considered of his reasons for letting the Dutch pass with her lading of planks and pipe staves, and is very well satisfied with his care to comply with the Acts of Navigation and his taking the advice of the Council and with his care and prudence in quelling the disorders of the chief of the Dutch with so much calmness. He is to endeavour on all occasions to repress inclinations towards mutiny, but not to impose anything that's hard and severe; he did very well to permit the person who so earnestly petitioned for it to be sworn upon his submission. As regards the Mahakes' propositions at Albany, he is to do his best to bring to pass such an understanding that the French may not come on this side the lake or river Canada to direct the trade or annoy the Mahakes. As regards the stricter peace with the three Southern Indian Nations and the murder of Dr. Reed [Roades] and his servant, leaves it wholly to him to deal with them as may best stand with the honour and safety of the Government. As regards salt refers him to his Royal Highness' letter of April (6). Has consulted the Judge of the Admiralty touching the Bostoner's ship arrested by Mr. Dyre. Has consulted the Judge of the Admiralty, whose opinion is that, if the ship came into possession of the Dutch during the hostilities it was well judged to be a prize by Gov. Calne, and the judgment cannot be reversed, the possessions of the Dutch vesting in them an absolute property of all moveables taken during the war. This Sir Leoline Jenkins declares to be both by the general law of nations and by the Treaty of Breda confirmed by that of Westminster, 13 Feb. 167¾ knows not whether Evertson's letter to the Mayor and Aldermen of New York promising security for all their estates may make an alteration in the case. Sir Leoline Jenkins' opinion is that Calne's judicial proceedings are not to be questioned as either void or unjust. If he has done them wrong they are without remedy (except from the mere generosity of the States General), the peace having established an amnesty extinguishing all right and pretence of action; doubts not but he will thereby know how to govern himself as to those particulars. Is informed that pieces of 8/8 may be current money anywhere according to their true value (as in England), but no proclamation by the Duke ought to make them so without the King's authority under the Great Seal, the like also for putting any stamp thereon; it is worthy his further thoughts what profit will result from these things before they go about to get the King's grant. There is no law prohibiting sending their brass farthings thither if it be worth the while. The Duke is pleased to hear he has probable hopes of settling the fishing trade, he looking upon the fishery as the most likely thing to produce wealth and power at sea for the Plantation. Capt. Salisbury is arrived; will send a clear account of all as soon as he has his Royal Highness's opinion. Presents his service to himself and lady. Printed in New York Documents, III., 232–234. 3 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol., 70, pp. 19–21.]
Sept. 15.
Barbadoes.
670. Edwin Stede and Stephen Gascoigne to [Sir R. Southwell?]. Cannot yet prevent the presumption of interlopers who brave his Majesty's authority. Formerly wrote about the ketch which came hither with negroes belonging to Morris and Fowell, 10 of which they seized; after which said Morris and Fowell sold her to Vaughan and Middleton, who it was apprehended designed to fit her again for Guinea, and therefore obtained the Governor's order that she should come into port or depart the island. But the owners and master obeyed neither, nor could they prevail with Capt. Health or Chevall to send boats and men to take her. Whereupon, seeing she daily took in goods, Stede, as Collector of Customs, ordered his boat, with 3 waiters, to go on board and search for uncustomed goods and set the broad arrow on the mast; but after many threats they shot several muskets and forced the officers on shore. Presented enclosed petition to his Excellency, who had no vessel to send out; but in the nick of time his Majesty's ship Foresight and another came to anchor, and the ketch sailed immediately. It is evident the people will no more obey Acts of Parliament than his Majesty's Patents, the collection of customs being settled by Act. Endorsed, "A paragraph of a letter from Edwin Stede, Esq., and Mr. Stephen Gascoigne, in Barbadoes." 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. 35, No. 19.]
Sept. 16.671. Papers read before the Committee of Council for Plantations, viz.:—Letter from Sir Chas. Wheler to Sir Robt. Southwell [see ante, No. 660], and Sir R. Southwell's report of his discourse with Sir Chas. Wheler about amending the draft of a memorial for reparation to be made to the planters in St. Christopher's, viz., Having on the 5th and 6th instant exposed to Sir Chas. Wheler's amendments the draft of the memorial which lies before their Lordships, Sir Charles observed to the 1st Article, That the illusage from the French arose chiefly from their attempt of imposing an oath of fidelity to the French King, whereof no mention being made in the capitulation the common people of the English were so incensed that they left their houses and fled and the French entered and demolished them. 2, To this must be added that all contracts being in French the English were ignorant of what they had signed, and in some cases the French proceeded by threats of imprisonment, as in Freeman's case when he refused to sign. 3, Stet. 4, The word "Plantation" is not so proper as the words "on the English part of the island." 5, Add, That the said delay was the utter ruin of the English interest, in regard that despairing of ever returning they settled themselves in other parts of the world and in that time the value of ameliorations might exceed the principal; plantations not sold were so overrun with weeds as to be less valuable than new ground, and the mean profits were detained. 6, He remembers no such case. 7, M. Colbert and Lord Arlington agreed to refer meliorations to the parties concerned, with the Commissioners to assist; and M. de Baas and Sir Charles agreed that surveys should be taken of the meliorations and pejorations, and if the parties and Commissioners could not agree the decision was to be left to them, but through the discord of the Commissioners such surveys were delayed and never presented. 8, Instead of "publication of the Articles of Breda," must be said, " publication of liberty to be given to the negroes to come in and make their choice." 9, M. de Baas and the French Commissioners always insisted on having the advantage of the double contracts, i.e., it seems that by the style of France there is always mentioned a greater value paid in the contract than is really received, that the seller might less think of redeeming his lands, but the English not holding themselves obliged to pay more than the just value received were kept off, and this contention wasted the time till the year and a day had elapsed. 10, Nothing of this happened during his time. On the other points of the memorial Sir Charles added to the 1st, That to the best of his memory none were refused their lands, but the goods thereon and the wastes committed were the points contested, and are therefore fit to be separated, for the lands whose proprietors did not return, were yet restored, and called the King's lands and at the King's disposal. 2, To this he queries, How shall any adjustment be made when all the English say their estates are worsted, and the French that they are improved ? 4 and 5, M. de Baas agreed to both points, but said, "Take both the persons if you can find them who did the wrongs, and the things you inquire after." 6, This being subject to replies and delays might be as well laid aside. 7, He advises that the particular means of adjusting differences be set down and negotiated here rather than referred to agreement there, which will not easily be ever consented to. 8, From whom is such satisfaction to be expected ? For the French planters impute those wastes, &c., to hurricanes and time, and though the English have been eye-witnesses of many of their spoils, they cannot bring the proof home to particular persons; and if the French King should impose reparation on the French planters, he does not think them able to make any tolerable satisfaction. Thus much Sir Charles said he had done in obedience to their Lordships' commands and in the way they were going; but that in a paper of his own he would present what he thought most expedient for the security of St. Christopher's and the other Leeward Islands. 13 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., XLVI., No. 14–27.]
Sept. 16–17.
Whitehall.
672. Minutes of the Committee of Trade and Plantations. Sept. 16. Letter from Mr. Cranfield and the other Commissioners of Surinam of 25th June, setting forth the good progress of their business, read and well approved. Their Lordships find a want of maps, and the account given in by Mr. Slingsby ordered to be inspected, and the things paid for, for their Lordships' use. Letter of 2nd instant from Sir Chas. Wheler read in part, being new animadversions on memorial about St. Christopher's, and a new draft made his own way; but their Lordships, not liking the matter, did not read far, but read again his amendments of 7th July. Their Lordships' reflections thereon. It was proposed to have the opinion of Sir Leoline Jenkins and Dr. Lloyd on the Treaty of Breda, whether any meliorations or reparations are thereby to be considered.
Sept. 17.Ordered, that Sir Chas. Wheler and Mr. Slingsby attend the Lords to show what proofs there were to support the complaints in the Memorial, &c., and how Sir Charles makes out his observations. 2 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., No. CIV., 35, 36.]
Sept. 20.
Jamaica.
673. Governor Lord Vaughan to Sec. Sir Joseph Williamson. Advises receipt from the Commissioners sent to Surinam of a letter from his Majesty. About 10 days since arrived three of he Majesty's hired ships, with 1,100 or 1,200 whites, blacks, and Indians that the Commissioners had removed from Surinam. All seem exceedingly satisfied with coming hither; and has, according to his Majesty's instruction, received them with all the friendship and kindness possible, allotted them double the land usually granted, and required all persons to assist them with whatever they want at moderate rates. Has, on their own desire, transported the poorest to the leeward part of the Island, where the Surinamers which came with Gen. Bannister are already settled; the more wealthy intend to disperse themselves, and being so well furnished with slaves and all other necessaries for planting, will in a short time make very considerable plantations, and be much better settled than ever they were at Surinam. Has received from the Commissioners list of the persons put aboard the Hercules and America, and since they came into harbour has mustered all that were brought. Will send by the next ships fair lists of both. The flyboat Henry and Sarah left the Commissioners in the river of Surinam, and came without any Orders or Despatches, so no list was taken of her passengers till her arrival there; she is since sent down to the westward with those Surinamers desiring to be transported thither, and on the Master's return his breach of orders and the whole matter shall be examined, and when the other ships are unladen he will make up the accounts with the Captains concerning the King's provisions put aboard them, and return duplicates to the Commissioners of the Navy. Mr. Cranfield, about 4 days before his arrival, going aboard the America to examine the Captain concerning the King's provisions to be delivered to the passengers, and the Mate giving him very unhandsome language, he struck him with his cane and ran the point of it into his eye, whereof next day he died; on complaint whereof Lord Vaughan issued a Commission for trial of the fact on the Statute of Henry VIII., and the best gentlemen of the Island being returned of the jury, they found it chance medley; for which Mr. Cranfield has sued out a pardon under the Broad Seal of the Island, and has since himself complained against some of the Captains, and a poor man that came from Surinam in his own sloop, for breach of orders and other misdemeanours; on examination will send an account and his opinion thereon, as the King's letter appoints. No ship from England these 6 weeks, and hopes the next will bring advice of the receipt of his by Sir T. Lynch. Exceedingly desires to know how his Majesty and his Royal Highness resent the miscarriage of Knapman, and his declaring Sir H. M. to be the true cause of it. Is every day more convinced of his imprudence and unfitness to have anything to do in the Civil Government, and of what hazards the Island may run by so dangerous a succession. Sir Henry has made himself and his authority so cheap at the Port, drinking and gaming in the taverns, that Lord Vaughan intends to remove thither speedily himself, for the reputation of the Island and security of that place, though he pretends it is only to change the air, having lately had a fever. His Majesty's speedy resolution on what Lord Vaughan proposed would exceedingly satisfy all the sober and wealthy people, who are very doubtful of what may happen in case of his death or absence; in all else they are fully satisfied and everybody bent on planting, which will be much improved by the arrival of these people from Surinam. Expects great numbers, and some of the best quality from Barbadoes; and Col. Freeman, lately come from St. Christopher's, says the people there are almost quite undone by the hurricanes and the French, and would all, if they could, remove hither. The Royal Company have of late very well supplied them with negroes, though at extraordinary rates, none being sold under 22l. per head ready money. What does the most injury is, that our right of cutting logwood is not yet determined, so that that trade can neither be made profitable, nor so governed as to exclude strangers, which might easily be done were the coast once asserted and affixed to this Government. At present the New England men reap the whole profit, and his Majesty receives no Customs for it, and unless his Majesty's authority be settled there they will, under colour of their patent, make the trade of most of the Plantations (as they have their own) independent on that of England, nor will the late Act of Parliament restrain them. It much imports his Majesty's interest that this point be timely considered, and possibly this is a juncture his authority might be easily established, the Indians being in rebellion against Plymouth and the Massachusetts, and not like to be reduced this winter. 2½ pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. 35, No. 20.]
Sept. 20.
Bay Bulls, Newfoundland.
674. [Mr. Page?] to [Sec. Sir Jos. Williamson?] Arrived at St. John's Harbour 11th July, 4 weeks after departure from Plymouth, found the Swan with 40 or 50 merchant ships, and sailed 3rd Sept. for Bay Bulls to make up their fleet. There are here 175 ships, which employ 4,309 men in 688 boats, and have taken 172,000 kentalls, which at 12s. per kentall is 103,200l., besides train oil and core fish to the value of 12,872l. The inhabitants are 1,655 men, women, and children, with 277 boats, and their concerns amount to 47,363l.; and all or most of the things laid to their charge by the merchants, desiring their removal, proved false. If removed they design to settle amongst the French on the other side Cape de Race. Most of the ships are gone 2 and 3 in company, making a jest of convoy; so that if Sir John has 30 convoys, believes that will be the most. The French fish to northward and southward, have 2 men-of-war for convoy, and rendezvous at Trepassey near Cape de Race; the St. Malo fleet of 20 considerable ships goes without the men-of-war, and 40 or 50 sail with convoy. It will be the 25th before they sail, the weather having hindered the fish from curing. Will punctually observe his commands in the Straits, and would have sent him some fish but could not meet with any ship of Weymouth. Endorsed by Williamson, "R. from Mr. Page."1½ pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. 35, No. 21.]
Sept. 22.
Port Royal, Jamaica.
675. Edw. Cranfield and Marcus Brandt to [Sec. Sir Joseph Williamson]. Their last of 13th August only advised of their departure from Surinam, without particulars since Capt. Dickenson left, by reason it is a frequent custom with the Dutch to open letters. The ships being laden and his Majesty's subjects on board, directed the Commanders to issue provisions as ordered by the Commissioners of the Navy Board and mustered the passengers in the Hercules and America at the mouth of the river, but the Henry and Sarah went away without sailing orders and arrived at Jamaica a week before them. Were forced to consent that the families of the removers upwards of seven years old should be victualled from the time of their coming aboard to the day of their landing, though it was at first 12 years old. On 9th August before they passed the Fort of Surinam, the Governor sent to demand all the free Indians on board; but some having voluntarily returned, they were demanded again, and all on the Hercules and America delivered to the Commander of the Snow in the mouth of the river, yet he protested against carrying them away, though at request of his Majesty's subjects who alleged they were domestics and had lived many years in their families and had wives and children. Send copy of his protest, and copy of theirs also, for detaining the Hebrew nation, with list of such as are willing to transport themselves and estates to Jamaica; others resolve to go when occasion shall present. On 13th they got over the Bar. Next day not seeing the Henry and Sarah they sent their clerk back with the order for delivery of the free Indians and her sailing orders, but a small sloop belonging to one Davis, bound for Jamaica, told them she sailed away in the night. Made their way direct for Jamaica, where all the removers desired to go. Cranfield and others went aboard the America to speak about the passengers complaining of want of water to Capt. Paxton, who lay sick, and Thomas Young the Mate behaving rudely, Cranfield with a bamboo cane went to push him away and unfortunately ran it into his eye, of which he died. On arrival at Jamaica, 8th September, he surrendered himself to the Captain-General, and on the 14th there was a trail and the fact found chance medley. The passengers on the Henry and Sarah desiring to settle to leeward, his Excellency ordered the ship to carry them to Blewfield's Bay, and she is not yet returned; the America will be unloaded the 21st instant, and the Hercules the 24th. The Commanders not having yet delivered the provisions to the passengers, they can give no account of the sale of the surplusage. Send list of all his Majesty's subjects and slaves transported in his Majesty's three hired ships from Surinam, and lists to the Hon. Saml. Pepys of those victualled and not victualled. By the first opportunity Cranfield will come for England. Encloses,
675. i. Demand by P. Versterre, Governor of Surinam, from his Majesty's Commissioners, that all the free Indians that are aboard his Majesty's ships may be put on shore to prevent all the mischiefs that may arise by their carrying away, from the cruelties the heathens are wont to practise. Dutch. Surinam, 9/19 August.
675. ii. Translation of preceding. Also answer of the Governor concerning the Hebrew nation. 11/21 August.
675. iii. Protest of the English Commissioners against Gov. Versterre for refusing their demand for the removal of the Hebrew nation, and free Indians that are domestics to his Majesty's subjects, having lived many years in their families. Which being read to the Governor, he sent the following answer in Dutch, dated 11/21 August 1675. Will always be ready to let the Hebrew nation pass when he shall have received more express orders from his masters, but meanwhile believes he has satisfied the Commissioners demand in giving leave to all that were free denizens of England. The Indians he is constrained to detain from a report spread by their friends that the Dutch had sold them to the English for slaves, and that they would revenge it; so that he continues his protest that they be delivered, having not yet received them. 11/21 August.
675. iv. Protest of Peter Versterre, Governor of Surinam, against his Majesty's Commissioners for carrying away the free Indians. Having desired the Commissioners to put on shore certain free Indians, and notwithstanding having notice that there are yet 30 on board designed to be carried away, which not only contravenes the orders but may cause the total ruin of the Colony, in that their friends (people without reason) will accuse the Dutch to have sold them to the ships, whereby nothing else is to be expected by the remaining nation but an utter destruction, he protests that the Commissioners carry them not away, and demands (in case this be not effectual) satisfaction for all mischiefs and bloodshed that may ensue. (In Dutch.) To which the Commissioners answered, That part of the free Indians had been sent on shore, and if any more were on board they should be delivered; that they would make publication on board that if any person privily conceals them, it must lie at their doors, and would use all care to give compliance in this or anything else his Honor should demand. 11/21 August.
675. v. A list of such persons of the Hebrew nation willing to transport themselves and estates to Jamaica but hindered by the Governor, yet humbly request another occasion, numbering 10 with 322 slaves. Several others resolve to go when occasion shall present.
675. vi. Publication by his Majesty's Commissioners (for Surinam). Having received an Order from Governor Versterre, demanding all the free Indians from on board his Majesty's hired ships, and being informed that some are privily concealed on board, they strictly require the Commanders and all his Majesty's subjects not to carry away any free Indians, as they will answer the contrary (except one free Indian belonging to Mr. Arthur Norris to which the Governor gave his concession), ordering them to deliver all said Indians to the Commander of the Snow, who has orders from the Governor to receive them so soon as the ships should come to anchor over the Bar at the mouth of the river of Surinam.
675. vii. A list of his Majesty's subjects and slaves transported in his Majesty's ship Hercules from Surinam to Jamaica, viz.:—Andrew and Dolorosa Knight, Ferdinando and Lucretia Woodstock, John and James Jennison, John Lawtis, John Horne, Thomas Sparkes and Thomas Abraham, Christians, with 64 slaves (the names are given); Major Rich. Scott, with 33 slaves; Hierome and Jane Westhorpe, and John and Mary Creamour, Christians, with 50 slaves; George Gordon, and George Gordon, junr., and Mary Hawkins, Christians, with 26 slaves; Samuel and Eliza Tare, and Benj. Holeman, Christians, with 12 slaves; Arthur and Mary Norris, John and James English, Mary Norris, junr., Grace Norris, Daniel Ohane, Will. Johnson and John Tayler, Christians, with 44 slaves; Matthew Eliza Hide and Mary Eliza Hide, junr., Christians, with 35 slaves; Dorothy Wayle and Eliza Render, Christians, with 83 slaves; Arthur Gally, Robert Hudson and George Tindall, Christians, with 42 slaves; William, Mary, William, Philip and John Yearworth, Christians, with 15 slaves, belonging to Aaron de Silva; Isaac de la Parr, Overseer, and Gabriell de Solis, with 33 slaves; William and Dorothy Boone, James and Joane Grimes, Samuel Earle, and Anne Matthews, Christians. Total, 53 Christians and 449 slaves. List of those transported in his Majesty's hired ship America to Jamaica, viz.:—Mary Urpith, Adam and Dorothy Braythwaite, John and Sarah Urpith, and Robert Hurtly, Christians, with 77 slaves; William and Jane Davidson, Tho. and Anne Robinson, Christians, with 12 slaves; Elias and Jane Ely, Mrs. Sarah Ely, Elias Ely, Sarah Ely, and John Sherwood, Christians, with 34 slaves; Oliver and Jane Hampton, and Philip Shaw, Christians, with 37 slaves; John and Penena Horton, John Horton, junr., and Nich. Colegate, Christians, with 19 slaves; William and Mary Smith, William Thomas, Richard, Sarah, and Mary Smith, Joane Starky, Saml. Gates, Christians, with 25 slaves; Peter Manton, Margaret and Eliza Manton, and Solvodore, Christians, with 16 slaves; John, Katherine and Mary Wood ward, Christians, with 8 slaves; John Spencer, with 8 slaves; Walter and Amy Greene, Christians, with 2 slaves; Edward and Sarah Saule, Christians, with 26 slaves; Henry, Mary and John Long, and Henry Robinson, Christians, with 11 slaves; Henry and Mary Ferrers, Mary Ferrers, Jeremy, Katherine and Mary Chase, Christians, with 20 slaves; William, Martha, Mary, and Martha Vaughan, Sarah Viccers, James Baker, Mingo and his wife, Christians, with 15 slaves; John, Margett, John and Thomas Pearson, Sarah Holland, Samuel Bacon, Rich., Eliza, John and Mary Armstrong, Christians, with 38 slaves; John, Joane, and John Jones, and John Rose, Christians, with 1 slave; Ralph and Rebecca Larkin, and Ralph and Rebecca Larkin, with 3 slaves; Thomas and Frances Gamball, Christians, with 3 slaves; Roger, Bridgett, and John Phillips, Christians, with 2 slaves; William and Eliza Slade, William Slade, and Grace Slade, Christians, with 10 slaves; William and Eliza Whaley, and Richard Loftus, Christians, with 4 slaves; Richard and Prudence Dunn, Christians, with 2 slaves; John and Anne Hanes, Sarah and Patience Haxby, and Rebecca de la Ware, Christians; Eliza Sutton, Anne Larke, and Dorothy Lowe, with 1 slave; William and Margett Carpenter, and Charles Bray, Christians, with 1 slave; Robert and Alice Browne, Christians, with 2 slaves; Thomas Cotton, Christian, with 1 slave; Andrew, Alice and Hierome Clifford, and John and Alice Harwood, Christians; Joyce, John, and Sarah Biggs, Christians, with 3 slaves. Total, 116 Christians and 381 slaves. List of those transported in his Majesty's hired ship Henry and Sarah, viz.:—Anne Waller, daughter and a little negro, with 12 negroes and 2 Indians; Charles Graves, wife, 2 children, maid, and 3 little negroes, with 16 negroes and 6 Indians; Austin Gabriell, maid, and 2 little negroes, with 13 negroes and 2 Indians; Will. White, wife, daughter, 3 little negroes with 14 negroes and 1 Indian; Will. Pauer, wife and son; Teag Matemarah and wife, with 1 negro; Alexr. Godding, wife, 2 children, and 4 little negroes, with 10 negroes; Alex. Wilson, wife, child and 1 little negro, with 4 negroes and 4 Indians; Henry Pearson, wife and 2 children; Edwd. Wooton, with 2 little negroes, and 5 negroes and two Indians; Thomas Wright, wife and maid, with 4 negroes; Peter Clerke, wife and sister, with three negroes and 3 Indians; [Will. Davis, wife and child, John Smith, John Westwood, and William Fowler, with 19 slaves belonging to Davis]. The names in brackets are not in this List, but appear in another List, No. 677 I. Will. Creek, wife and 4 children; Will. Heath, wife, 3 children, and 2 little negroes, with 4 negroes and 3 Indians; John Morris, 2 little negroes, and 4 negroes; Abrah. Baker; John Chambers, wife and 2 children, with 6 negroes and 1 Indian; Edward Edy, wife, 2 children, 2 whites and 5 negroes; Alex. Simms, 2 little negroes, and 5 negroes; Samuel Pincheon, wife, 2 children, and 1 negro; Thomas Scattergood, a child, and 1 negro; George Mascall, a little negro, 3 negroes and 2 Indians; Samuel When, wife, 1 negro and 1 Indian; Robert Gheste, with one Indian; Stephen Fisher, wife, 1 child, 2 little (sic) 3 negroes and 1 Indian; Leonard Pollard, with 1 negro; Saml. Starling, wife, 2 negroes and 2 Indians; George Carter, Daniel Young, Isaac Richardson, Will. Ruddyford, Tho. Foster with 3 negroes, and James Watkins; Total 81 Christians, 31 Indians, and 120 negroes; Total in the 3 ships (and sloop), 1231. Also a general list of the English that depart from Surinam to Jamaica with the number of their slaves. Together, 25 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. 35, Nos. 22, 22 L–VIL; also Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXVIII. pp. 106–118.]
Sept 22.
Port Royal, Jamaica.
676. Edw. Cranfield and Marcus Brandt to Secretary Williamson. Duplicate of preceding letter, omitting the last paragraph; and of all the enclosures. [Col. Papers, Vol. 35, Nos. 23, 23. L–VII.; also Col. Entry Bk., No. 78, pp. 119–131.]
Sept. 22.
Port Royal, Jamaica.
677. Edw. Cranfield to (Sir Robt. Southwell ?). Almost word for word the same as the letter of Edw. Cranfield and Marcus Brandt of this date, except the last clause about enclosures. Has brought from Surinam 250 whites, and 980 slaves. Endorsed, "Read at the Commtee the 6th of Octobr 1678." Encloses,
677. i. Another list of the names of his Majesty's subjects and their slaves transported from Surinam to Jamaica in his Majesty's hired ships Hercules and America. The Henry and Sarah going away from us at Surinam without her sailing orders could not take a particular list of the names, but the whole number of whites and slaves is 232. Together, 13 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. 35, Nos. 24, 24 I.; also Col. Entry Bk., No. LXXVIII., 132–135.]
Sept. 23.678. The King to Sir Jonathan Atkins, Governor of Barbadoes. Understands by his letter of 30 June last to Sec. Coventry that six persons have been tried for the murder of Capt. Swanley, Master of a ship bound for Barbadoes, five of whom were found guilty and three executed, but William Knowles and William Sherlock reprieved, the one only assisting to throw Capt. Swanley overboard when dead, and the other being at the helm pushed him back to prevent his misfortune. His Majesty has thought fit to issue his pardon under the great seal to said Knowles and Sherlock, and the Governor is authorised to set them at liberty on giving security for their good behaviour in future. 1½ pp. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. 110, pp. 77–78.]
Sept. 23.
Spring Gardens.
679. Sir Robert Southwell to Mr. Bertie. The Committee for Plantations propose two queries: (1) whether all Governors abroad have taken the oath to perform what the Act of Navigation requires, and before whom they do it; (2) whether all such Governors return the bonds they are to take according to the Act, and who have omitted the same. Desires the answer of the Commissioners of the Customs. [Col. Entry Bk., No. 97, p. 21.]
Sept. 23.680. Certified copy of charter party between Richard Hall, merchant, of New York, and the owners of the ship Nevis, factor about 100 tons, riding at anchor in Rhode Island, and William Dervall and William Williams, merchants, of New York, for a voyage to Jamaica and the Bay of Campeachy to take in eighty tons of logwood for New York or Boston, as shall be agreed. 1 large sheet. [Col. Papers, Vol. 35, No. 25.]
Sept. 24.
Whitehall.
681. Minutes of the Committee of Trade and Plantations. The Minutes of April 22, May 1, and May 24, read, in order to open the state of Messrs. Mason and Gorges' pretensions in New England, but the business put off to a time of more leisure. The memorial for redress in the business of St. Christopher's to be prepared with haste, and Sir Chas. Wheler and Mr. Slingsby to be called on for the vouchers of the many allegations therein specified touching the injuries of the French. Discourse on the return of Mr. Cooke from Madrid without any redress of injuries sustained in the West Indies; and letter read from Sir W. Godolphin showing how indifferent the Spaniards appear to our friendship or enmity owing to the late proceedings in Parliament, and that foreign ministers there testify as much in reference to insolencies from those of Ostend, and the privateers of Biscay, and injuries suffered from the Spaniards. Report by Mr. Secretary of a letter from the Duke of Courland, desiring his Majesty's protection touching his pretensions to the island of Tobago, but the Lords said it was not fit for his Majesty's concern if the Duke would not hold it under his Majesty. Proposal to have Greeks from Morea, &c., to plant in the West Indies, discoursed and laid aside as a thing of charge. Copy of Colonel Stapleton's letter of 18th February last, touching the exploit in San Dominico, to be given to Colonel Warner in the Tower. Complaint of Sir R. Southwell that it was impossible for him to make searches up and down in offices, and put together the patents and charters of all the plantations, &c., as directed on 24th May last, without some help, his Majesty to be moved for some allowances. Mr. Sec. Williamson had a list of said patents, and where to find them, and was about some narrative which when perfected he would expose to the Lords. 3 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., No. CIV., 37–39.]
Sept. 28–29.682. Minutes of the Assembly of Barbadoes. An Act for the Settlement of the Militla passed. Ordered, that the Treasurer pay out of the excise on liquors to the gunner, mate, and matrosses of Charles Fort, 15,840 lbs. of Muscovado sugar for salary; also to Thomas Harte, 2,880 lbs. of sugar, gunner of Willoughby's Fort; and that he give credit to James Houlsworth, merchant, for the duty of 9 pipes, 2 hhds. of Madeira wine, turned eagar and unsaleable. Resolved, on petition of Thomas Cullam in relation to hire of his boats in the war time in 1666 and 1667, that the Assembly are in no way concerned therein. Resolved, that the presenting of something to his Excellency for his charge of holding the last general sessions, and for his support in the Government, lie under consideration till the morning; as also an Order from his Excellency and Council for payment of the charge of the Commissioners sitting upon examination of negroes. Motion that the Assembly again address his Majesty touching the 4½ per cent., setting forth the great and general calamity the island lies under by the late dreadful hurricane, to the destruction not only of their buildings, but crops of canes; as also for a supply of servants from Scotland to strengthen the island against the outrages of the negroes, laying before his Majesty their late plotted rebellion; and to move that the late Custom laid on the growth of Barbadoes transported to New England may be taken off, the island already suffering great scarcity, the former trade in provisions from thence being much decayed by reason of that impost.
Sept. 29.Ordered, that the Treasurer credit John Strode and John Tibbotts on their accounts of Excise for the duty of six pipes of Madeira wine turned eagar and unsaleable; also that he pay to his Excellency 200,000 lbs. of sugar out of the imposition on liquors imported, presented by the country for the support of the Government, and that the concurrence of his Excellency and Council be desired. Adjourned till Tuesday come 7 weeks. 3½ pp. [Col. Entry Bk., No. XIII., 193–196.]
April 6 to Sept. 29.683. Edwd. Cranfield's Narrative of Proceedings upon his Majesty's Commission and Instructions of the 28th Mar. 1675, for the bringing of his subjects from Surinam. Sailed 6th Apr. from the Downs, and from Torbay on the 12th; met some ships on 21st, and wrote by them to Sec. Williamson, as follows (see ante, No. 527); anchored at Madeira 27th, where the Governor refused to return gun for gun, and declared that unless they would enter the King's ship as a merchantman they should not have so much as a drop of water, whereupon they resolved to make the best of their way to Surinam. The merchants of the place being debarred coming off to them sent the following letter to the King's Commissioners, signed by John Shattocke, Madeira, 27 April. Cannot express their resentment for the unmannerly behaviour of their unworthy Governor, who hath a second time rejected his Majesty's concern that have touched at the island to buy refreshment. Have some days since dispatched their complaints both for Portugal and England, and hope for a speedy redress, for he did the same with Lord Vaughan and Sir Thos. Modyford. Has not spoke with the Governor himself since Lord Vaughan departed, for whose sake the Governor is continually molesting him; has forced away one of his servants, limited him a time for stay on the island, yet will not let him compose his affairs, nor pay him a penny of above 5,000 crowns he has owned him these two years. The answer of Edw. Cranfield, dated the same day, thanks them for their generous resentment of their reception by the Governor, and he is not less concerned to hear of their barbarous treatment, of which he has given account to the Secretary of State. Thanks them for their letter of credit to the Canaries, but having no orders is resolved not to touch there though they come short of water. Then follows copy of Cranfield's letter to Sec. Williamson (see No. 542). Sailed the same night, and 14th May met two ships, and wrote to the Secretary of State with duplicate of their former letters (see No. 560). Arrived at the river of Surinam the 2/12 June, and dispatched a letter to the Governor giving notice of their arrival and desiring him to send a pilot; copy of their letter. The 4/14 th June Cranfield and Brandt taking with them all the letters from the StatesGeneral, the Prince of Orange, and the States of Zealand, landed at Paramaribo, the residence of the Governor, who received them with civility, and had a list of those that had then given in their names to remove, by John Trott, who had directions in case of Capt. Baker's death, who died before the Advice boat arrived, to execute his Majesty's instructions. The next day the Governor published at Paramaribo and Toororica the orders from the StatesGeneral, and on 10/20 June a Proclamation, signed by Governor Versterre and the King's Commissioners, appointing the 30 June/ 10 July for deciding all differences concerning debts between the Dutch and Hebrew nation and English; ordering them to draw their accounts of debtor and creditor between themselves, discounting one debt with another as much as possible; and giving notice to all that will depart that his Majesty's ships will make no longer stay than 4 or 5 weeks from their arrival. The Governor having granted permission to confer with his Majesty's subjects, the King's Commissioners sent a letter to acquaint them with the provisions his Majesty had made for their transportation and settlement, and to desire them to repair on board the America. Copy of said letter, dated 9 June 1675. Afterwards they visited in person the several divisions, to encourage them to embark and inform themselves of each man's case that might fall under debate at the General Court, and found they would all be in readiness to embark the 26 July/5 Aug. Took care to avoid menaces which was also observed by the Governor, but some of the Dutch raised a report that they were to be carried to Providence, next the Bahamas, which a little startled the common people. Their demands concerning debts owing by the Dutch, and the cattle, provisions, and other goods taken during the war were fairly complied with. The Jews who were inhabitants at the time of surrender, having demanded transportation with his Majesty's subjects, the Governor said his orders were only to let the English go, and produced a Dutch translation of the Articles of the late Treaty; but they told him they were to be governed by the Latin original, which used the word subject, which the Jews were to his Majesty before the articles of surrender, and that Scotch and Irish might be as reasonably detained as Jews; whereupon he made publication that they were free to depart, and several sold their estates and made preparation for departure, and desired his Majesty's Commissioners to move the Governor to appoint some persons to settle all matters between the Dutch and them, which they did. Copy of the Commissioners' letter dated from on board Hercules, 6/16 July. At the same time there came a ship from Zealand, by which the Governor pretended to have received orders not to suffer the Hebrew nation to remove, but he would not, neither indeed could he produce these orders. Mr. Cranfield found from the Major of the garrison that a list had been taken of the Dutch inhabitants, and that there were but 130 besides the garrison who, with the merchants in the town, consisted of about 140 more. The Governor finding more Jews would depart than he expected, feared it might too much weaken the colony. With much importunity the Governor gave way for Sigr. Aaron de Silvis to send off 33 slaves under an overseer, but finding the Governor deaf with regard to the rest the Commissioners resolved to protest against him the day before their departure. In 4 days all matters were brought to a final determination at the General Court, according to equity. The Governor's "Publication" that discounts and transferring of debts be accepted by creditors as payment. The Commissioners found that the English in general were rather creditors than debtors, and had good debts to satisfy what they owed; except one, Wm. Wyat, whose land, cattle, and some moveables were valued on oath by English and Dutch men, by which means be removed with his family and slaves. One Rowland Simpson selling two plantations in Nov. 1674 to Messrs. Pringall and Henry Mackentosh, and to Francis Browning to be paid by half-yearly payments, hindered their removing, the Governor and Simpson's agent arguing they could not make void the contract. A debt of Simpson's to Andrew Clifford for 240l., and one of Francis Watson to his brother-in-law Matthew Hide for 21,733 lbs. of sugar, were the only debts unsatisfied due to his Majesty's subjects who removed. Having prepared a list of the passengers and proportioned them to the ships according to their tonnage, it was found an absolute necessity to employ all the ships. The Governor and his officers in all appearances kept themselves within their superior's orders, except the detaining of 2 orphans whose fathers had committed them and their estates to the guardianship of the Governor and Council; and the Jews and Free Indians that had lived many years in the families of his Majesty's subjects as domestics, some of whom came voluntarily on board, and being delivered on the Governor's demand, returned again, on which the King's Commissioners sent an order to the masters of the ships to forbid their transportation. The order of the King's Commissioners about the Free Indians. This order was no sooner published than great discontents arose on board, and on request of the masters of the Indians the Commissioners protested against the Governor for hindering the free Indians and Jews from coming off, the Governor afterwards did the like against the Commissioners for carrying off the free Indians, notwithstanding their care to prevent the Indians going off. The Commissioners protest. It was proposed by the Governor mutually to sign an instrument to acknowledge everything had been accommodated according to the Articles and Orders, excepting the particulars mentioned in the protest; but believing that which concerned the Jews to be of importance, his Majesty's Commissioners thought it not reasonable, the Jews being in the same condition as his Majesty's natural-born subjects. Took leave of the Governor 12th Aug. 1675, and all his Majesty's subjects petitioned to be transported direct to Jamaica without touching elsewhere, no person wishing to go for England or Virginia. Their petition signed by Edward Saul and 28 others. Found on arrival at Surinam the provisions in good condition, except the bread, and gave orders to the several masters for the issue of victuals to all passengers above 12 years of age, which not giving content were obliged to alter it to 7 years. The Henry and Sarah going away without them, and ordered by Lord Vaughan to Blitchfields (Bluefields) Bay, have not heard how they were satisfied with this order. The Commissioners order for victualling to Capt. Geo. Broad of H.M.S. Hercules and Capts. Packston and Piper. To issue to every passenger over 7 years on their list, 1 lb. of biscuit, 2 lbs. of beef or 1 lb. of pork, and ¼ pint of oatmeal a day, and 1 pint of oatmeal when they have neither beef nor pork, giving out for 4 days fish and 3 days oatmeal. Copy of order to Capt. Roger Packston of the America, and Capt. Wm. Piper of the Henry and Sarah, for the America to keep company with the Hercules, dated 13 Aug. After a tedious passage they arrived at Jamaica 8th Sept., and delivered his Majesty's letters to the Governor. The Henry and Sarah got there a week before, and was ordered down for Bluefields Bay. Had one James Davis before his Excellency for bringing off a planter and 3 free Indians in his sloop, pressing he might give security to indemnify his Majesty in case the Dutch assigned damages, but his Excellency judged it not reasonable. Were commanded by his Excellency to give him a narrative of all proceedings, but they refused, finding no commands in his Majesty's instructions to that purpose, but gave him copies of all orders concerning the passengers, provisions, and masters of the hired ships. The America being unladen 21st Sept. and the Hercules the 24th, his Majesty's Commissioners left them to their sailing orders, and the Henry and Sarah returning from Leeward 29th was discharged the same day. Have performed this service with their best care, and hope a favourable interpretation will excuse their defects. 21½ pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. 35, No. 28.]
April 6 to Sept. 29.684. Copy of the above. Mem.—Mr. Cranfield having on the 18th May 1676 presented to the Committee for Plantations the foregoing narrative, and given account of all his proceedings, their Lordships remained satisfied with his behaviour and agreed to their report of 30 May 1676 as contained in his Majesty's Order in Council dated 31 Jan. 1676–77. 24½ pp. [Col. Entry Bk., No. LXXVIII., 142–166.]
Sept. 30.
Port Royal. Jamaica.
685. Edw. Cranfield and Marcus Brandt to Sec. Sir Jos. Williamson. Have advised of their arrival with his Majesty's subjects, since which, have had James Davis before his Excellency for bringing off from Surinam persons that had not given in their names to the Governor 10 days before departure as directed, all they desired being that Davis might give security to indemnify his Majesty in case the Dutch assigned any damages. He used means to make Cranfield his friend, as appears by enclosed deposition. Would have sent copy of the examinations, but Atkinson, his Excellency's Secretary, denied them, refused his Excellency a narrative of all their proceedings, not being so directed by his Majesty's Instructions, at which he has taken great offence; but they sent him a copy of the orders from the Navy Office, and all that concerned the victuals or hired ships which was in their Instructions; but he will not be satisfied. Presume they are to be accountable to his Honor and not to his Excellency. The number of those brought off is a sufficient demonstration that they have not violated his Majesty's Instructions. Left the America and the Hercules to their sailing orders, but the Henry and Sarah is not returned from the leeward, where she was ordered by his Excel lency to carry the passengers. The Henry and Sarah has come into Port Royal, but have not spoken with the Commander. Enclose,
685. i. Deposition of Daniel Eyrs, sworn before Sir Hen. Morgan, Antho. Swimmer, and R. Wilson. At the desire of James Davis he told Cranfield that Davis would give him 20l. if he would not prosecute, but he replied that as the King's interest. lay at stake 10,000l. should not bribe him. Yet Davis has reported that Cranfield sent him to discourse privately with him about the matter, but Eyrs declares that Cranfield never sent him to Davis on any business whatever. 1675, Sept. 19. Together, 1½ pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. 35, Nos. 26, 26 I.]
Sept. 30.
Whitehall.
686. Minutes of the Committee of Trade and Plantations. Ordered, that Mr. Attorney-General hasten the Proclamation for bringing in the head of FitzGerald the Pirate from the Havana. Capt. Cooke attended touching the unsuccess of his negotiation at Madrid, Sir Leoline Jenkins to be spoken with, whether Capt. Cooke ought to be sent for reparation to the Havana, or whether it should be made at Madrid. 1 p. [Col. Entry Bk., No. CIV., 40.]
Sept. 30.
Whitehall.
687. Minutes of the Committee of Trade and Plantations. Ordered, that Mr. Attorney-General hasten the Proclamation for bringing in the head of FitzGerald the Pirate from the Havana. Capt. Cooke heard touching the ill-success of his negotiation at Madrid for reparation for ships Virgin and Thomas and Mary; Messrs. Littleton, Stamp, &c., also heard on several points touching the answer given by the Queen of Spain. Forty papers transmitted by Sir Wm. Godolphin to Mr. Sec. Coventry (see ante, Nos. 640, I.–XL.) touching this affair (many of them) perused; and Sir Leoline Jenkins to be spoken with to-morrow morning, touching the validity of the Queen's answer; whether Capt. Cooke ought to be sent for reparation to the Havana, or whether it should not have been made at Madrid; and whether the valuation made here in the Admiralty should not be conclusive, but a new one be made there, which seems intended by the Queen's order; for by the value of the fifth part assigned to her Majesty, the whole if so paid would be of little importance. The Lords to meet again on Monday afternoon, and petitioners then to attend. Endorsed, "Mem.—Sent to Sir L. Jenkins by order of the Lords the 2nd Oct. the letter of Sir Wm. Godolphin to Mr. Sec. Coventry with 40 papers, also 2 letters that belong to the E. of Anglesey. What is the method of reparation by the Treaty? If the method be right, what judgment ought to be made of the reparation proposed?" 1½ pp. (see also No. 683). [Col. Papers, Vol. 35, No. 27.]