America and West Indies
November 16-30, 1676

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Institute of Historical Research

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W. Noel Sainsbury (editor)

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1893

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494-507

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'America and West Indies: November 16-30, 1676', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 9: 1675-1676 and Addenda 1574-1674 (1893), pp. 494-507. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=70115 Date accessed: 21 September 2014.


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November 16–30, 1676

Nov. 17.1138. Edward Randolph to the King. Has, since his return to England, seen the answer of the Boston magistrates alleging the Indian war and an epidemical sickness as the reason of their not convening the General Court with whom it lies to make answer; knows that these are notorious falsehoods. The Indian war was ended and the articles of peace published before he left Boston; moreover, the Massachusetts has not suffered so much as New Plymouth and Connecticut; neither was there any extraordinary sickness among them; only a little before his arrival three or four rich old men died, more of age than any other disease, among them Mr. Russel, the Treasurer, about 70 years old. Had solicited the Magistrates to call a General Court at a time when all the Magistrates were at Boston together, and particularly on June 23 gave in a memorial to the Governor and Council to that effect; received no answer but that they had replied to the King's letter of 13th June; was, for doing this his duty, judged to have exceeded his errand, and in a menacing way was advised not to be found slighting or imposing on their authority. By their constitution a full and General Court can be formed of the Governor or his Deputy and six assistants, and on urgent occasion when seven cannot meet, the act of those who do meet is considered valid; when the King's letters were read there were seven Magistrates present in council, and the country was so quiet that about 21st June some of the Magistrates went to Hampshire and Maine to try causes. It was the opinion of several eminent inhabitants of Boston that the Government would not send over agents to appear, and having often disobeyed the King's commands, especially of 10th April 1666, with impunity would still persist in their disobedience. 1 p. Endorsed, "Rec. 30 Nov. 1676." [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXVIII., No. 57.]
Nov. 18.1139. Mem.—That Colonel Herbert Jeffreys took the oaths of allegiance and supremacy as Governor of his Majesty's plantation of Virginia on 18th November 1676 before the Lords of the Privy Council. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXVIII., No. 58; also Col. Entry Bk., No. LXXX., p. 133.]
Nov. 19.
Whitehall.
1140. Secretary Coventry to Herbert Jeffreys. That there may be no scruple remaining, is commanded by the King to signify his Majesty's pleasure that the printed book of articles of war now in Jeffreys' hands published in 1673 and signed by his Majesty is the form of articles he is to follow during the war in Virginia. [Col. Entry Bk., No. XCV., p. 186.]
November ?1141. List of persons appointed for Virginia whose freight is not yet contracted for. These are the commissioned and non-commissioned officers, including an adjutant, five captains, ten lieutenants, and five ensigns. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXVIII., No. 59.]
Nov. 21.1142. Commission from the Lords Proprietors of Carolina to Thomas Eastchurch. Appointing him Governor and Commanderin-Chief of Albemarle during pleasure with all the powers and authorities, civil and military, which by virtue of our Fundamental Constitutions a Governor and Commander-in-Chief ought to have. 8 lines. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XX., p. 114.]
Nov. 21.1143. Similar Commission. Appointing Thomas Eustchurch Governor and Commander in-Chief of all such settlements as shall be made upon the rivers of Pamplico and Newse in Carolina. [Ibid.]
Nov. 21.1144. Commission from the Lords Proprietors of Carolina to Thomas Eastchurch. Appointing him Surveyor-General of Albemarle and of such settlements as shall be made on the rivers of Pamplico and Newse, during pleasure. [Ibid.]
Nov. 21.1145. Similar commission appointing Thomas Miller Registrar of Albemarle, during pleasure. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XX., p. 115.]
Nov. 21.1146. Appointments by Anthony, earl of Shaftesbury, to Thomas Miller to be his deputy of the Province of Albemarle; by Henry, earl of Clarendon, to John Radcliffe to be his deputy of the Province of Ashley River; by Christopher, duke of Albemarle, to James Hill to be his deputy of the Province of Albemarle; and by William, earl of Craven, to Timothy Biggs to be his deputy of the province of Albemarle; all during pleasure. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XX., pp., 115, 118, 119.]
1147. Instructions from the Lords Proprietors of Carolina to the Governor and Council of the Province of Albemarle. To observe the rules of strict justice, friendship, and amity with the neighbour Indians and not suffer them to have any just cause to complain of oppression or injustice. To send account of what tribute or payments are received from any Indians, and upon what account demanded. To take special care that justice be duly administered, and that it be neither tedious, troublesome, nor troublesome to attain it, "for men of prudence and estates have no reason to venture themselves in any place where liberty and property are not well secured." To promote and propose in the Assembly the making of such laws as may best secure the ancient and native rights of Englishmen, and in particular the trial of criminal causes and matters of fact by a jury of freeholders according to the 6th Article in the Fundamental Constitutions. To propose to the Assembly an Act against arresting or restraining a man until first lawfully summoned to appear; also as to how far the great Council shall be allowed to arrest for debt or judgment given, so as to have assistance for his defence. To prohibit trade between the Indians and any others not freeholders. To settle plantations and towns on the south side of Albemarle River, being a frontier settlement. Expressly order the settlement of three towns to be the port towns of the county of Albemarle (see letter ante, No. 1075). Earnestly recommend them to advise what privileges, concessions, and rules may be granted either by the Lords Proprietors or by their Lordships and the Assembly by an Act by the next despatches that orders may be given concerning them. To do all in their power to divert trade from New England to England "it being a certain beggary to our people at Albemarle if they buy goods at second hand" and sell their tobacco and commodities at a lower rate than in England. To send exact account of the number of feet in the several inlets at low-water mark, and where a ship may best ride to lade and unlade, "for this has been so concealed and uncertainly reported here as if some persons amongst you had joined with some of New England to engross the poor trade you have and keep you still under hatches." To give account of the number of inhabitants, how much tobacco they make yearly, the number of cattle, and what commodities they have to trade with to induce merchants to come. On all opportunities to give account how matters stand. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XX., pp. 116–118.]
Nov 22.1148. Petition of the Company of Royal Adventurers trading to Africa to the King. That their agent Edwin Steed having seized the Anne of Barbadoes and her landing of negroes imported thither contrary to his Majesty's charter, James Vaughan, Bernard Schencking, and Arthur Midleton, merchants, brought an action in Barbadoes against Steed grounded upon the statute of monopolies for recovery of treble damage contrary to law. Pray his Majesty to command the governor of Barbadoes to secure petitioners and their agents all those privileges granted to them. Endorsed, "Read in Council, Nov. 22, 1676." [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXVIII., No. 60.]
Nov. 22.
Whitehall.
1149. Order of the King in Council on preceding petition. Referring it to the Committee of Trade and Plantations to report what they conceive most fit to be done for the petitioner's relief, and then his Majesty will declare his further pleasure. Annexed,
1149. i. Opinions of the Attorney and Solicitor General on two queries in an action brought in Barbadoes upon the Statute of Monopolies, for seizing goods imported from Guinea contrary to the privileges granted to the Royal African Company. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXVIII., Nos. 61, 62; also Col. Entry Bks., Vol. I., pp. 53–56, and Vol. VI., pp. 115–117.]
Nov. 22.
Nevis.
1150. Governor Stapleton to Lords of Trade and Plantations. Sends answers to their Lordships' inquiries, and craves a favourable construction if there be anything preposterous or any omission. Nothing wanting but the map of Antigua, "which is a drawing," but will take more time. Supplicates that his Majesty's orders on their Lordships' report of 18th June 1675 may be punctually observed as to arrears, &c. Has no vessel for his transportation from one island to another but what he hires, his government being different from Barbadoes or Jamaica. Beseeches payment of his arrears in Sir T. Bridges' regiment as Lieutenant-Colonel and Captain from February 1666 to October 1671, and for other expenses. Endorsed, "Rec. with answers to inquiries, 25 Jany. 1676–77." 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXVIII., No. 63, and Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XLVI., pp. 137, 138.]
Nov. 22.
Nevis.
1151. Governor Stapleton to Sir Robert Southwell. Has at length completed his answer to inquiries, and desired his friends, Captains Gorges and Freeman, to present his respects. Colonel Warner is after his great sufferings come off with credit by a learned ignoramus of the grand jury, and was cleared by proclamation, which could not be otherwise unless they would hang him right or wrong. The fellow who falsely deposed against him is sent to Holland in irons upon a letter Stapleton wrote to the Governor of Curaçao to have him sent thither, or punished for stealing 30 odd negroes from the English part of St. Christopher's, which he did twice, and other felonious acts. Begs him to press the readings of his answers to inquires, and endeavour to get a suitable answer. Endorsed, "Rec. with answer to inquiries, 25 January 1676–77." 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXVIII., No. 64.]
Nov. 22.1152. Answer to inquiries sent to Colonel Stapleton, Governor of the Leeward Islands, by command of the Lords of Trade and Plantations by Sir Robert Southwell. 1. A Council in each island, in number twelve, where persons enough to be chosen, but in most of the islands, except Nevis, there cannot be twelve, not being half populated. An Assembly composed of two freeholders from each parish, yearly chosen. Monthly courts of judicature in each parish, held by the Justice of the Peace, who is commissioned Judge, with two or three members of the Council or Assembly as assistants, in causes not exceeding 1,000 lbs. of sugar, or 6l. 5s., at 12s. 6d. per 100 lbs., otherwise referred to the General Sessions, held twice a year by the Governor and Council, or oftener if necessary; a Court of Equity is also held by the Governor and Council. Recites the custom in Nevis since the infancy of settlement to this day. 2. Courts of Judicature relating to the Admiralty. 3. The legislative power is in the votes of the Council and Assembly, assented to by the Governor, who has a negative voice; laws so passed in force only for two years if his Majesty gives not his assent. The executive power in the Provost Marshal by warrant from the Governor, who also signs all executions, letters of administration, probate of wills, and licenses of marriage after publication made in churches. 4. Many laws in force too tedious to be mentioned, some being frivolous, but those in force conformable to the laws of England, and those of moment sent home. 5. Two standing companies of foot in St. Christopher's, which should be eighty in each company, besides officers, but now are only forty-nine in one company and fifty-four in the other, besides officers, and are in the greatest necessity ever soldiers were in, in sight of the French nation, whose soldiers are well paid, well armed and accoutred. Seven companies of Militia, foot, English, French and Dutch, but little credit to be given to the aliens for all their oath. Nevis: only twenty-two in pay, and five gunners to guard the guns, a troop of sixty horse, ill-armed and horsed, because generally used to carry sugar. A regiment of 1,300, the Deputy-Governor Randall Russell, Colonel, Francis Morrison, Lieutenant-Colonel, Daniel Lanhather, Major, "sees" them all four times a month, when they are exercised; this country the worst for arms he has ever been in. Antigua: but two files of men in pay, a troop of 33 horse, a regiment of 770 foot, Colonel Philip Warner, Colonel, LieutenantColonel Rowland Williams, Major Thomas Mallett. Montserrat: two files of men paid by the country in two forts, a troop of forty horse, a regiment of 877 foot, the Colonel, his brother Edward Stapleton, who is also Deputy Governor. Small number of people in Statia, Saba, and Anguilla, where Captain Abraham Howell is Deputy-Governor, with sixty men ill armed. In Statia and Saba four files of men, these islands of no advantage, but rather of disadvantage to his Majesty, being refuges for any who design fraud, and were better under water than above. In Barbuda some twenty servants belonging to those who have farmed the Island from Lord Willoughby for thirty years, they look after a considerable stock of horses, cattle, and sheep, which may in time be an advantage for victualling his Majesty's ships, or the inhabitants of these islands. In Tortola good supply of timber. 6. Describes the castles and forts within his government in St. Christopher's, Nevis, Antigua, and Montserrat. 7. Concerning the number of privateers that frequent the coast, their burthen, number of men and guns, &c. The number cannot exactly be given. The French have several at Hispaniola. The Dutch have had sixteen privateers last year in those parts, but none exceeded 25 guns; they much molested our merchants in the late war. Can name but few, Captain Barnes with 12 guns and 150 men, Captain Francis, a mulatto, with 12 guns and 60 men, William Hamlyn, who took a false oath against Captain Warner and ran away with a sloop from Antigua to Curacao; is informed Hamlyn is sent to Holland to be punished. The French and Dutch have considerable men-of-war every year, wars between them at Martinique, where De Ruyter landed soldiers. Whoever is master of the sea, and has good soldiers, from October to June, can carry or destroy the strongest islands. 8. The strength of his neighbours, whether Indians or other nation: About 1,500 Indians in St. Vincent, Dominica, and St. Lucia, six hundred of these bowmen are negroes, some run away from Barbadoes and elsewhere. There are about 1,800 French on St. Christopher's, about the same number at Gaudaloupe, 5,000 at Martinique, and 300 in the Grenadas. Cannot tell the number on other islands plundered by the Dutch. At St. Cruce 600 men, and at Hispaniola upwards of 4,000. The Dane has no other Colony but St. Thomas, with 300 inhabitants, they are but new planters, and have but two trading ships every year. The Dutch have a considerable fort at Curacao, and are settling Tobago where are 600 soldiers, in Surinam 600 inhabitants, but knows not their strength in other places. Cannot give account of the Spaniards and their Indians. Has not during the ten years he has been out seen any trade with the Indians. Trade between the Dutch and Spaniards for negroes several thousand yearly. The French very considerable as to their trade and commerce. 9. The correspondence he keeps with his neighbours: With the Indians none at all, who are detestable for their villanies and barbarous cruelties. 10. The arms and ammunition he found on the place, and has since received, and what remain. 11. The money paid by his Majesty or levied within his Government towards buying arms, or maintaining fortifications, and how spent. 12. The boundaries, longitude and latitude, and land within his Government, number of acres patented, settled or unsettled, and manurable: Nevis contains by computation 320,000 acres, about 7 miles in breadth and 15 miles in length, 2,000 acres patented, the whole Island settled, except the top of the mountain. Antigua, 28 miles in length and 12 miles in breadth, 120,000 acres whereof 100,000 acres manurable, whereof 70,000 taken up. About 3,000 acres in the several small adjacent islands. Montserrat, 25 miles in length and 8 miles in breadth, 60,000 acres, one-half not manurable because very mountainous, 20,000 acres patented, 4,000 acres unsettled. Statia, Saba, and Anguilla never surveyed, fitter for raising stocks of cattle than to yield sugar or other commodities. Barbuda computed as big as Nevis, never surveyed, fit for cotton and indigo. 13. The principal towns and places of trade, buildings, and their strength and size: In St. Christopher's, Sandy Point, and Old Road, the places of trade, the buildings but ordinary of timber, covered with thatch, very few shingled. In Nevis, five places for trade, but two considerable; Charles Town, where are good dwellings and storehouses, built with the country timber, not exceeding 60 feet long and 20 broad, story and a half, the "Hurri-Canes" having taught the people to build low. Morton Bay, where are but few houses, because ships ride at Charles Town and send their long boats to Morton Bay for lading. In Antigua, six places of trade, but only two very small towns; in St. John's and Falmouth houses built as in Nevis. In Montserrat, three places of trade, Kingsale, Plymouth, and the Road, trade and houses small; there were here some stone buildings, but the earthquakes having thrown them all down, they build with timber only except the boiling-houses for sugar, which in part must be built of stone. 14. As to parishes, precints, or divisions: In St. Christopher's, six parishes or precints, seven divisions, termed so from the divisions of the companies, for they are called such, a captain's division; the precints or parishes from the churches formerly there erected and demolished by the French. In Nevis, four parishes or precincts, thirteen divisions, which take their appellations as before from such and such captains. In Antigua, six precincts, which are the places of trade, but one church, and that at Falmouth, which serves also for the Court House, their watching and warding against the Indians not admitting of their public buildings, divisions ten. In Montserrat, four precincts, and but two parishes, only two churches ever built, and those demolished by the French, rebuilt by the Governor's directions on his arrival, but levelled with the ground by a terrible earthquake on Christmas Day, 1672, "and had the people been in the afternoon at church they had been knocked in the head." In some houses persons were killed, as in his own "it is beyond my purpose to express the miraculous escape of my own family and others." Ten divisions from the names of the captains. The other islands were never divided into any parishes or rules. 15. The rivers, harbours, and roads: Six rivers in St. Christopher's, and two roads in the English part. In Nevis, three rivulets, and "a very good hot bath," but one road, the best in all these islands. In Antigua, two rivulets, four good harbours, and many a good road, bay, and creek, all named. In Montserrat, twelve rivulets, whereof three hot at their springs. Four waterworks for making sugar, and might be more if the island were well settled and encouraged. No harbours, but three good roads, several good bays of depths for the best ship in the world. In Barbuda, Statia, Saba, and Anguilla, open roads, no rivers or harbours. 16. Commodities of their own growth or production, and their value also of imports: Sugar, tobacco, indigo, cotton, and ginger; about 3,600 tons of sugar exported directly for England, and not more than 40 tons to New England, New York, and Virginia. Very few materials growing, or can be produced for masts, shipping, unless in Antigua, as Spanish ash, or pines for masts, white and red cedars. Imports of the manufacture of England to the value of 50,000l. sterling, and wines from Madeira. Servants, horses, and provisions from Scotland, Ireland, and New England, about 20,000l. per annum, besides blacks from the Royal Company, of which the inhabitants of the four islands are able to take up and pay for them well one thousand annually, valued at 20,000l. sterling. 17. Knows not of any store of saltpetre, but what Colonel Philip Warner has in cave in Antigua; questionless there are saltpetre, sulphur, and other minerals in most of the Islands. 18. The number of merchants and planters, English and foreign, servants and slaves, and able to bear arms: All English, if under that denomination, all the King's subjects, 3,914, by lists refers to his answer to 5th inquiry, yet never expects two-thirds in the field, much less on service, "for in the exactest disciplined army, unless it be to receive pay or bread, the third part of the number listed does not appear, what by sickness, cowardice, or false musters, much less may be expected from Militia on service." 19. The number coming yearly to plant the last seven years, and blacks or slaves brought in: No register has been kept, there are no foreigners except in St. Christopher's, the number of blacks cannot be given for the same reason; the rates different according to their condition; from 3,500 to 4,000 lbs. of sugar given to the Royal Company's factors, no certain rate but as agreed, from 20l. to 22l. sterling. 20. Number of whites, blacks, or mulattos, born and christened the last seven years: The scarcity of ministers, sometimes having none at all, and no registers kept of births, christenings or burials is what can be said to this inquiry. No records of this Island (Nevis) have been kept "until they have felt the smart of it and built a good substantial Sessions House, and strong chests to secure all things in hurricane time." 21. The number of marriages the last seven years: Shall advise with the Council of a method in future to enable a satisfactory answer to be given. 22. The number of deaths: No register kept of burials. 23. As to the value of the estates of Planters and the wealth of the islands in general: Reasons why no true estimate can be given; they generally conceal the number of their negroes because levies are made for public charges per poll, yet, as near as may be, in St. Christopher's 67,000l., Nevis 384,660l., Antigua 6,700l. (sic) [67,000l.], Montserrat 62,500l., Statia, Saba, and Anguilla 1,000l., Barbuda 2,500l.; by a conjectural estimation the wealth of all is 584,660l. sterling. 24. The number of vessels trading yearly and their burthen: About 100, from 15 to 200 tons, besides ketches and sloops lading from one island to another. 25. Obstructions to improvement of their trade and navigation: The want of a constant supply of servants from England, Scotland, and Ireland; the want of men-of-war; how the French are supplied; has not so much as a sloop to go from one island to another, but has to hire to his great charge. Copy of the King of France's Order to the Marquis de Granée on this subject. 26. The advantages or improvements to be gained in their trade and navigation: A constant supply of servants and of men-of-war; the building a strong fort in each island. The French and Dutch have extraordinary care of their plantations. The Dutch now going to settle Tobago. 27. Duties payable on goods exported and imported: No duties except the 4½ per cent. upon all goods; impost of 200 lbs. of sugar per pipe upon Madeira wines, Spanish and Portugal, and of 50 lbs. per hogshead on French wines. 28. The revenue arising to his Majesty: No revenue but the 4½ per cent. already mentioned. 29. The religion most prevalent: The Protestant most prevalent or professed in all the islands, the generality of the inhabitants being all Protestants, the Common Prayer and Divine Service being read every Sabbath. In Nevis, are some few Quakers, and in Antigua are sixty; in both islands as many various religions as at home, but most frequent the churches when they like the parson or a fit of devotion comes upon them; cannot tell the variety of their religions. In Montserrat most part are Roman Catholics, it being first settled by those of that persuasion, yet they give no scandal to the Protestant Church, which is the prevalent persuasion. Every license of marriage, probate of will, and all other ecclesiastical acts according to the Church of England; in fine, the Protestant religion is as eight to one, the Romish, in Montserrat, six to one Protestant and no Quaker, for they won't let any live among them. The Quakers' singularity and obstinacy have given the Governor more trouble than any others, not content with the peaceable enjoyment of what they profess in their families, they meet and once disturbed a Minister, for which they were imprisoned and fined, and have since been quiet. They will neither watch nor ward against the Caribbee Indians, whose treacherous and barbarous murders, rapes, and enormities discourage the planters in the Leeward Isles more than anything else. 30. As to instruction in the Christian religion, churches, and Ministers, and their maintenance, the poor, and whether any beggars or idle vagabonds: The Ministers preach the word of God, parents send their children to some few schools, and Ministers catechise great and small. In all ten churches, in St. Christopher's two, Nevis four, Montserrat two, Antigua two, in the other islands none; five Ministers in all, one not in orders, six more good ones would be sufficient; their maintenance is 10 lbs. of sugar per poll, white and black, besides what is given at marriages and funeral sermons. In proportion to the number of parishes fifteen Ministers are wanting, besides one each for Statia, Saba, and Anguilla, but indeed ten or eleven are more than can be handsomely maintained by all the islands, so that six, with what we have, is enough. Collections are made for the poor, and by an Act parishioners are also rated, to which all voluntarily submit but the Quakers, whose goods are sold for payment of said rates. No beggars or idle vagabonds, for all who can are obliged to plant and work. 33 pp. Endorsed, " Rec. 25 Jany. 1676–'7'." [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXVIII., No. 65; also Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XLVI., pp. 138–190.]
1636,
May 25,
to
1676,
Nov. 22
1153. "Some of the bye-laws made by the Governor and Company for the plantation of the Summer Islands, offered to the consideration of Parliament." That towards the maintenance of Ministers and other public charges, the duty of a penny be imposed on every pound of tobacco imported from the Somers Islands. Order at a General Court, 18th August 1658: that the Governor and Council be authorized to seize and sell goods or lands of any person refusing or neglecting to pay the Company's duties. "The long Law of Seizure of Ships," at a General Quarter Court held 22nd November 1676, at Sadler's Hall. A law to revive and make perpetual a law made at a Quarter Court, 12th July 1671, entitled, a Law making forfeit all such goods and commodities as are usually imported into the Somers Islands in the Company's magazine ships, in case the same be imported thither in any other ships; also for the seizure of tobacco and cedar sent aboard ships to be transported without license; and also making forfeit all such ships or vessels as shall import or export any such goods, commodities, tobacco, or cedar, without license; and also appointing the Factor to produce his invoice, make oath thereof, and sell according to the same. Order at a Quarter Court, 25th November 1663, that no vessel exceeding five tons be built in the Somers Islands without express orders from the Company, on penalty of forfeiture, one-fourth to the informer and three-fourths to the Sheriff for public uses. Order at a Quarter Court, held at Armourer's Hall, in Coleman Street, London, 10th February 1669–[70]. That no ship be entertained as a magazine ship in any voyage to the Somers Islands, wherein any member of this Company shall have any share or interest. "The 117th Law of the Company printed." All grants from the Company of men's private lands in the Somers Islands shall pass under the Common Seal of the Company, which shall be sufficient evidence for said lands, &c. Order at a Quarter Court, 25th May 1636, that to prevent planters in the islands buying divers shares of land for their own use, which in time may be of ill-consequence to the Company, the Court do give authority for buying all such lands, and do confirm their former order; that no one shall be admitted of the Company by virtue of any land he shall buy, unless same were first offered to the Company, nor any such deed be ratified, under the Company's seal. Printed, 3½ pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXVIII., No. 66.]
Nov. 23.
Port Royal.
1154. Journal of the Council of Jamaica. Patent to William Parker for a ferry over the salt and fresh rivers between the parishes of St. Andrew and St. Katherine. The Clerk of the Enrollment to record the powers of John Ball from the Royal African Company as one of their factors. Unanimous approval of his Excellency's choice of Lieutenant-Colonel Samuel Long to fill the vacancy of the Chief Justice. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XXXV., pp. 531–535.]
Nov. 23.
African House.
1155. Andrew King, sub-Governor, Gabriel Roberts, DeputyGovernor, and seven [? Committees] of the Royal African Company to Secretary Sir Joseph Williamson. In answer to letter from Port Royal of 24th June, send account of the ships of the Company which should have delivered their negroes at Jamaica in 1676, none of which by their last letters thence had arrived, but believe they are all there by this time, viz.: four ships with 1,660 blacks. The planters there owe the Company up to June 1676, 25,000l. Have since designed five ships with 1,540 blacks to be there in 1677, and shall continue to give them a large supply. Conceive it highly reasonable they be minded to be punctual in their payments, otherwise, the Company will not be able to continue as they earnestly desire. Hopes he will be satisfied, the people of Jamaica have no just cause to complain of want of negroes much less of the price. Their own commodities they value at 100l. will not fetch 70l. in England. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXVIII., No. 67.]
Nov. ?1156. Petition of the Royal African Company to the King They have received a memorial from Signor Grillo, requesting, in regard petitioners cannot at present possibly deliver the contracted number of negroes, to be allowed to buy so many of the planters and Portuguese as may complete the contract, and take them on Portuguese or Spanish ships to Jamaica and Barbadoes paying the same duty as petitioners are liable to pay. Pray his Majesty to give order to the Governors of Jamaica and Barbadoes that Signor Grillo's Agents may enjoy said immunities. Endorsed by Williamson "Royal Company." [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXVIII, No. 68.]
Nov. 24.
Council Chamber, Whitehall.
1157. Mem.—The Lord Privy Seal is desired by the Lords of Trade and Plantations to report to his Majesty that, having considered the case of the Royal African Company referred to them by an Order in Council of the 22nd instant (see ante, No. 1149), and thereupon received the opinions of the Attorney and Solicitor General (see ante, No. 1149 I.), their Lordships propose that a clause be inserted in the letter prepared for the King's signature to Sir Jonathan Atkins, Governor of Barbadoes, commanding him to secure the Royal African Company and their agents in the quiet enjoyment of their privileges, and to take care that no vexations or actions be brought and encouraged there contrary to law and in contempt of his Majesty's charter. 1 p. [Col. Entry Bks., Vol. I., p. 57, and Vol. VI., p. 118.]
Nov. 24.
Whitehall.
1158. Order of the King in Council on preceding report of the Lords of Trade and Plantations. That a clause be inserted in said letter to Sir Jonathan Atkins, Governor of Barbadoes, to the effect above-mentioned, with a reprimand to him for suffering said action to be commenced against the petitioners' (Royal African Company) agents for acting according to his Majesty's charter. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXVIII., No. 69; also Col. Entry Bks., Vol. I., pp. 57, 58, Vol. VI., pp. 119, 120, and Vol. CIV., p. 256.] On 30th November 1676 the draft of a letter from the Committee to Sir Jonathan Atkins was read and some additions agreed on, [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. CIV., p. 258.]
Nov. 24.
Whitehall.
1159. Journal of Lords of Trade and Plantations. Petition of John Downing read (see ante, No. 1120), and on reading the Minutes of 8th August last the consideration of this business is referred to a fit time. Mem.—Downing delivered the Commission and Instructions (enclosed in his petition) which are to be copied. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. CIV., p. 254.]
[Nov. 24.]1160. "A brief narrative concerning Newfoundland" signed by John Downing. Patents granted to Lord Baltimore and others. His father sent over with the King's Commission in 1640. Found fifty-six guns mounted in the several forts. All nations in amity with his Majesty might freely buy and catch fish, build houses, and have fishing room on shore in any part of the Island as freely as any English subject, provided he paid his impost. By the patent, inhabitants were not within six miles to destroy the woods or to convert the rooms fit for drying fish to other uses. A generation of men have been practising the ruin of the inhabitants ever since any people settled there, that they might be the better established in the seat of oppression. Describes their position in 1674 and in 1675 under Sir John Berry and Captain Russell in 1676, and how the woods have been fired sometimes carelessly by "the fire they light tobacco." Filling the harbours with ballast and stones is done by ships. As to the furnishing the inhabitants with wine and brandy. Commonly eight vessels come every year from New England with provisions and clothing. Relief given by the inhabitants to shipwrecked men, and those with scurvy and other sickness who mostly "get their cures and become able to do service." Danger of forcing men to quit their houses and employments. Account of the French and their strength in Newfoundland. Placentia fortified with ordnance and a garrison of soldiers, also St. Peter's. Encouragement offered by the French King to his subjects to inhabit Newfoundland. Relation of John Aylred, merchant of Waterford, concerning Placentia; 250 French families there "which, according to our families, may be above 2,000 men," 400 soldiers in garrison in the King's pay, not less than 200 sail of ships. It is said Newfoundland is sufficiently guarded by fogs and ice after the fishing ships go till the arrival of the English fishermen. English ships commonly all gone in September, and by patent are not to sail out of England till March. Ships from England, Ireland, France, Spain, Portugal, and New England come in November and December. Some arrive beginning of March. The best fishing in May. Ice comes on the coast in February and March, sometimes in April, some years none to be seen; the ice is not made here, but breaks up the summer before in some cold straits and winds, and currents bring it on this coast. Endorsed, "Rec. 24th November 1676, from Mr. Downing." 3½ pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXVIII., No. 70.]
[No. 24.]1161. Petition of John Byndlosse to the Lords of Trade and Plantations. Praying when their Lordships take into consideration the papers concerning Sir Henry Morgan, to whom he is agent, and Colonel Byndlosse his brother, he may have leave to give his attendance and offer anything that may tend to their service or their Lordships' satisfaction therein. Endorsed, "Read 24 Nov. 1676." [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXVIII., No. 71.]
Nov. 24.
Whitehall.
1162. Journal of Lords of Trade and Plantations. The preceding petition read, whereupon the Lords resolve to enter upon this business Tuesday next (28th) and order notice to be given to Mr. Byndlosse. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. CIV., p. 255.]
Nov. 28.
Whitehall.
1163. Journal of Lords of Trade and Plantations. His Majesty's order of 10th instant read referring to their Lordships' considerations several papers transmitted by Lord Vaughan from Jamaica concerning Sir Henry Morgan, Deputy Governor, and Colonel Byndlosse accused to have correspondence with the privateers. Also an exemplification of the proceedings on the citation of Sir Henry Morgan and Colonel Byndlosse. Whereupon their Lordships order a breviat to be made of the particular charges and proofs which appear to be brought against them; and then their Lordships will proceed to make a judgment upon the whole matter. Mr. Secretary Coventry takes notice that Lord Vaughan did demand and take from Sir Henry Morgan the letters he had written to him as Secretary of State. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. CIV., p. 258.]
Nov. 28, 29.1164. Journal of the Assembly of Barbadoes. Ordered that the Treasurer pay the sum of 200,000 lbs. of muscovado sugar to Governor Sir Jonathan Atkins, Which is presented by the country for his better support in the government of this Island.
Nov. 29.Ordered that Edward Preston, gunner, and his mate and matrosses be paid their salaries, as also Hugh Jones and Richard Wornell, gunners of the forts at Speights. That a mastick tree be bought of Nicholas Prideaux at 3s. a foot. Passed an Act to burthen those who have rent-charges and profits issuing out of the land and negroes in this Island to bear a proportion of taxes. Also an Act returned by the Governor and Council with amendments to explain a clause in the Act for establishing the Court of Common Pleas within this Island. Ordered that the expenses of the Committee for examining the laws at their public meetings be paid; and that the duty on wines belonging to Paul Gwynn on the Katherine be remitted. Adjourned to 23 January 1677–8. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XIII., pp. 237–240.]
Nov. 30.
Whitehall.
1165. Journal of the Lords of Trade and Plantations. In answer to a letter from the Governor of Boston to Secretary Coventry, dated 13th June 1676 [see ante, No. 945], the Lords order letter to be prepared commanding them to hasten the calling a General Assembly and sending their agents. [Col. Entry Bk, Vol. CIV., p. 260.]
Nov. 30.
St. James'.
1166. Sir John Werden to Major Andros. Acknowledges his of 22nd July. Encloses an order from his Majesty forbidding his admitting any of the accomplices of Bacon, the chief of the seditions in Virginia into his government. The forces designed to reduce those people unto their due obedience are now all embarked and in the Downs. The Duke hath lately had the mischance of a fall of a horse, whereby he broke his collar-bone, but he is now well again and able to use that arm, though the early frosts have a little retarded the bones knitting again. Leaves him to peruse Mr. Dyre's letter. Mem.—This letter with one enclosed from the King went the 4th of December, by one John Test in the ship Charles, bound for Maryland. 1 p. Printed in New York Documents III., 245. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXX., p. 23.]
Nov. 30.1167. Extract of letter from Sir John Werden to Mr. Dyre. Sir George Downing, one of the Customers, says that he may receive and give all encouragement to any inhabitants that will come with their goods and families from any of the other plantations to New York, and that the Customers make no scruple of letting such introduce all their own goods, for their own use and not to sell, customs free. The Deputy-Governor of the Royal Company tells him that they only pretend to the first importation of slaves out of Guinea, and when these are once sold in Barbadoes, Jamaica, &c., they care not whither they are transported, so that they would not oppose the introducing of black slaves into New York from any place except from Guinea, if they were first sold in that place by the Company or their agent. ½ p. Printed in New York Documents III., 245, 246. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXX., p. 24.]